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a. - - v - 1 VOLUME tXl. ttj- Terms. One dollar mid fiftv cents npr nnnnm If paid in advance, or within three months; two dollars at the end of six months; or two dollars itnd fifty cents at the end of the year. (rt These conditions will be tnctly adhered to. 07-Advertising. One square, (twelve lines,) fifty cents for the first insertion, and twenty-five cenis each subsequent publication. A liberal discount made to inose who advertise by the year. 05" Letters to the editor must be post paid. LITERARY MISCELLANY. CADIZ, HARRISON COUNTY, OHIO, JUNE 19, 1811. . ItlY LIFE. My life is like a dark and troubled river , Whose tide is rolling onward to the sea; Its source, the Infinite, All-being-giver Its destiny, eternnlly to be! Each day is like an nngry wave, that dashes And breaks upon some fondly-cherished hope; Each night is like a thunder-cloud whose flushes Make visible the gloom in which I grope. And months and yenrsbut swell to inundation The stream, till with a torrent's rage it moves, Tossing upon its tide of devastation The shatter'd wrecks of fallen hopes and loves! O God ! in that unfathom'd, boundless ocean, To which thepe desolating billows tend, Will souls find rest from every sad emotion, And hearts, to every pang, an end? Then o'er the rapids let me soon bo billowed. And pass that awful gulf, the end of woes! My weary soul is longing to he pillowed, To rest for ever in a calm repose ! Erom the Young Lady's Friend. THE DUEL. BV THE EDITOR OF ZION'S HERALD. The Rev. M whs a veteran itinerant preacher of the West. He related many inci dents of his itinerant life. Among them was the following, which I give in his own words as much as possible. About four miles from N 's an extensive grove, well known as the scent; of several fatal duels. As 1 passed it one morning on my way to my appointment in that town, 1 perceived a horse and vehicle among thelrcos, guarded by it solitary man, who appeared to be the driver. My suspicions were iiiimc.diately excited but I rode on About a mile beyond, I met with ano ther carriage, containing four persons besides the Oliver, and hastening on with all speed. My fears were confirmed and could scarcely doubt that another scene of blood was about to be enacted in those quiet solitudes. What was my duty in the case? I knew too well the to nacity of those fictions and absurd sentiments of honor which prevailed in that section of the coun try, and which give to the duel a character of strangely exalted chivalry, to suppose that inter ference could be successful, yet I thought it my duty to rebuke the sin, if 1 could not prevent it ; and in the name of the Lord I would do it. 1 immediately wheeled about and returned with the utmost speed to the grove. The second carriage had arrived and was fas tened to a tree. I rode up, attached my horse near it, and throwing the driver a bit of silver re quested him to guard him. While treading my way into the forest, my thoughts were intensely agitated to know how to present myself most suc cessfully. ' The occasion admitted of no delay. I hastened on and soon emerged into an oval space surrounded on all sidos by dense woods. At the opposite extremity stood the principles, their boots drawn over their pantaloons, their coats, vests and hats off, handkerchiefs tied over their beads, and tightly belting their waists. A friend and a sergion were conversing with each while the seconds were about midway between them, arranging the dreadful conflict. One of the pjinci pies, the challenged, appeared not more than twenty years or ago. His countenance was singularly expressive of sensibility, but also of determination. The other had a stout, ruffian nice bearing a couutenance easy but sinister and heartless, and he seemed impationt to wreak his venganco upon his antagonist. I advanced immediately to the seconds and de clared at once my character and object. 'Gen tlemen,' said I, 'excuse my intrusion; I am a min ister of the Gospel. I know not the merits o this quarrel, but both my heart and my office re quire me to bting about a reconciliation between the parties if possible. 'Sir,' repl ied one of them, 'the utmost has been done to this eflocf, without success, and this is no place to make further attempts. 'Under any circumstance, in any place, gen tlemen,7 1 replied, 'it is appropriate to prevent murder; and such, in the sight of God, is the deed you are aiding. It mustnotbe gentlemen, (n the name of the law which prohibits it in the name of your friends, the principals in the name of God, who looks down upon you in this solitary place, J beseech you to prevent it at once: at '.east, wash your own hands from the blood of ;hcse men. Retire from the field and refuso to assist in their mutual murder.' My emphatic remonstrance had a momentary effect. They seemed not indisposed to como to 'erms, if I could get the concurrence of the prin cipals. : I passed immediately to the oldest of them. Ilia countenance became more repulsive as I ap proached him. It was deeply pitted with the small-pox, and there was upon it the most cold blooded leer I ever saw on A human face. lie had given the challenge. I besought him by ev ery consideration of humanity and morality to re call it. I referred to tho youth and inexperience of his antagonist; the conciliatory disposition of tho seconds; tho feariul consequences to his soul if he should fall, and the withering remorse which must follow if he should kill the young man. He evidently thirsted for the blood of his antagonist but observing that his friend and the surgiou sec onded my reasonings, ho replied, with undissem bled reluctance, that he gave the chajlenge for sufficient reasons, and that it those reasons were removed, ho might recall it, but not otherwise. I passed to tho other. I admonished him of tho sin he was about to perpetrate. I referred to his probable domestic relations, and the allu sion touched his heart. He suddenly wiped a tear from his eye. 'Yes, sir,' said he, 'there are . hearts that would break if they know that I was here.' I referred to my conversation with the seconds And tho other principal, and remarked that nothing was now necessary to effect a recon ciliation but the retraction of the language which had offended his antagonist. 'Sir,' replied he, planting his foot firmly on the ground, and assa iling a look which would have been sublime in i bettor cause. 'Sir, I have uttered nothing but 'he truth respecting that man, and though 1 sink into the grave, I will not sanction his villainous character by a retraction. I reasoned with increased vehemence, but no appeal to his reason or his heart could shake his desperate firmness, and I left him with tears which I have no doubt he would have shared under oth er circumstances. What could I do farther? appealed again to the first principal, but he spur ned me a cool smile. 1 flew to tho seconds and entreated them on any terms to adjust the mat ter and save the shedding of blood. But thev had already measured the ground, and were rea dy to place the principals. 'Gentlemen, said I, 'the blood of tins dreadful deed be upon your own souls. I have acquitted myself of it.' I then pioceeded from tho area towards my horse. What were my emotions as I turned away in despair. MViiat! lhou"iit 1, must the duel pro ceed.' Is lucre no expedient to prevent it? In a few minutes one or both of these men may bo in eternity, accursed forever with blood guiltness! Can I not pluck them a3 brands from the burn ing? My spirit was in a tumult of anxiety; in a moment, and just as the principals were taking their positions, I was again upon the ground. Standing on the line between them I exclaimed, 'In the name of Cod 1 adjure you to stop this murderous work. It must not, it cannot proceed.' 'Knock him down,' cried tho eldest duelist, with a fearful imprecation. 'Sir, exclaimed tho younger, t appreciate your motives but 1 demand of you to interfere no more with our arrange ments. 1 he seconds seized me by tho arms and ccmpellod me to retire. But I warned them at every stop. Never before did I feel so deep ly the value and hazard of the soul. My remarks were without effect, except on one of the friends of the younger principal. This is a horrible place,' said he, 'I cannot endure it,' and ho turn ed away with me from the scene. 'Now for it, cried one of the seconds, as they elcirned. 'Take your place." Shudderingly I lasleued my pace to escape the result. 'One two and the next sound was lost the explosion of tho pistols! 'Oh God,' shrieked voice of agony! I turned around. I he young er principal with his hand to hi3 lace, skricket, again, quivered, and fell to the ground! I rush ed to him. With one hand he clung to the earth tho fingers penetrating the sod, while with the thcr, he grasped his left jaw, which was shut tered with a horrid wound. I turned with faint ness from the sight. Ti he charge had pissed through the left side of his mouth crossing iho teeth, severing the jugular vein passing out at the back part of the head, laying open entirely one side of the face and nock. In this ghastly wound had he hxed his grasp with a tenacity which could not be moved. Ulceding profusely, and convulsed with agony, ho lay lor scvera minutes the most frightful spectacle I had ever witnessed. Tho countenance of the spectators expressed a conscious relief when it was announ ced bv the surgeon that death had ended the scene. Meanwhile the murderer and his party had Jolt the ground. uno oi the company was despatched on my horse to communicate the dreacllul intelligence to the family. The dead young man was clen- sed of his blood, and born immediately to his car nage. I accompanied it. It stopped beforo a small but elegant house. 1 lie driver ran to the door and rapped. An elderly lady opened it, with Irantic agitation, at the instant when we were lifting the ghastly remains from the carri age, she gazed lor a moment as it thunder struck, and fell fainting in the doorway. A ser vant took her into the parlor, and, as we passed with the corpse into a rear room, 1 observed her extended on a sofa, pale as her hapless son. We placed the corpse on a table, with the stif fened hand still grasping the wound, when a young laity, neatly attired in wnite, and with a face delicately beautiful rushed frantically into the room and threw her arms around it, weeping with uncontrolablc emotion, and exclaiming with an agony of feeling, 'My biother! my dear broth er! Uan it be U, can it bef lhe attendants tore her away. I shall never forget the look of utter wretchedness she wore as they led her away her eyes dissolved in tears, and her bosom stained with her brother's blood. The unfortunate young man was of New En gland origin, lie settled in the town of N , where his business had prospered so well that he had invited his mother and sister to reside with him. His home, endeared with gentleness and love, and every temporal comlort, was a scene o unalloyed happiness, but in an evil hour ho had yielded to a local and absurd prejudice a sen timent of honor falsely so called, which his cdu cation should have taught him to despise. He was less excusable than his malicious murderer, for ho had more light and belter sentiments This one step had ruined him and his happy fam- Iv. Ho was interred the next day with tho re gretsof the whole community. His poor mother never left the house until she was carried to her grave, to be laid by the side of her son. She died after a delerious fever of two weeks duration, throughout which she ceas ed not to implore tho attendants, with tears to preserve her hapless son from the hands of the assassins, who she imagined, kept him concealed for thoir murderous purpose. His sister still lives but poor and broken hearted. Her beauty and energies have been wasted by sorrow; and she s dependant on others for her daily bread. I have hoard some uncertain reports of his an tagonist, tho most probable of which is, that he died three years after, of Iho yellow fever, at New Orleans, raging with tho horrors of remorse Such was the local estimation of this bloody deed, that scarcely an effort was made to bring him to justice. Alas, lor the mlluence ot tashionablc opinion! It can silence by its dictatos the laws of man and God can exalt murder to the glory of chivalry. Boston, Mass., Oct. 1843. , . Eyes.- -Nothing can bo moro certain than that the black cyo indicates loquaciousness. Is not tho sky black before it thunders f and is.it not blue when it is tranquil? But who would; b sal isfied with a sky forever the same sleepy blue? And who would dwell in a f cnniate where the heavens were always black with tempest? There fore we incline to tho hazlo or grey eye, which lightens in anger, or melts in good humor. When a pair of theso grey ones fasten upon us, we feel indescribablo emotions! We feolaswo suppose those flea do in warm weather who turn over on their backa and spin round like whirligigs, in a kind of flyecstacy! From the N. Y. Journal of Commerce, Mrs. Oen. Gaines.-KV Komiutic Story. The history of Mrs. Gaines were it unfolded would be seen to possess something of the roman tic. For a long time her parentage was con ccaled from her. In early life she was brought from New Orleans to the middle states, and for many years lived in the family of a Col. Davis, near Wilmington , Del., passing under the name of Myria Davis, as a niece or perhaps a daughter ot mis man, who was believed to have possess ion olsome portion of her property. As her mind unfolded with the growth of her person, Myria tuiuruny became inquisitive on thesubiect of he bneago, expectations, &c., but obtained little sat istachon trom her eputed father oz uncle. Davis, however, sent her to tho best schools that she might receive a finished education, where she In. ,,,,, I t 1 .1 c . '. . . i.uiuc;u x'leucu, uruwiug, Oic. Arriving at the age oi womannood, with a sprightly mind, a good peison, ana a veiry tranK, altectiouate and conn- ding disposition, Myria became an object of inte est to the other sex, who are not insensible to the charms of the more tender portion of our race I robably the air of mystery that surrounded her, uiu not uimiuisii that interest. I hero was one young man in particular, that was smitten with her charms, Mr. Whitney, son of Gen. Whitney, of your state, a lawyer by profession, an amiablo and excellent youth, and in the estimation of Miss Davis, to be preferred before all others to a place in her affections. To his proposals ior a union, Miss Davis assented with a frankness which presented a strong con trast to the feelings of her uncle. Hewasevi cloudy opposed to it, without it is believed as signing a satisfactory reason. Lvery obstacle however, thrown in the path of the lovers serve d only to strengthen their mutual attachment Miss D. fled from the house of her uncle, took re fugo in a seclusion which he in vain endeavored to penetrate, and awaited with a maiden's modes ty, and a lover s anxiety, the arrival of her be trothed forlovors will exchange pledges, though it ue through stone walls or over tempestuous waves, made a grand mistake in meeting anoth er gentleman by tho name of Whitney, who hap penod to arrive at a certain place iu a train of cars, in which at tho same hour she expected the real Whitney; but at length when the course of true love had run with roughness to which their young hearts had been strangers, they were happ.lv and triumphantly married Mr. and Mrs. Whitney went to New Orleans, the seat ot some millions worth of property which she claimed as her own, and which she contends is fraudulently withheld from her. Mr. Whitney there investigated the matter with untirin" vigil anco, met with usual obstinate resistance in such cases, and was, I believe, even thrown into pris- on. He was not destined cither to recover the property or to continue in lilo with his beloved bride. Mrs. Whitney became a widow, a vouth- ui widow, and a sincere mourner. In this state of womanhood, she was approached by the gal lant old General, who sympathized so deeply with her sorrows as to offer to take that place in her heart which had been occupied by her de parted. Whetfior those substantial charms in expectancy had any hand in vanquishing the heart of the old gentleman, it would be presump tion in any one to determine, without looking in to the interior of his mind, and inspecting his motives, iho hank-hearted girl, however, was understood to have assured tho brave soldier, in accepting his hand, that one condition must be reserved. Site was always to have tho privilege of eulogising tho character, loving the memory, and descanting on the virtues of hci first husband. ad libitum. Who would refuse such a boon? Of late years the General and his lady have been engaged in travelling as the ministers of peace t - i n . . . . .. uiu gooa win to man, at limes in prosecuting an immense fortune. The law's delay has for a long time held the result abeyance. But if justice be done, there EuRon. A man should never be ashamed to own ho has boon in the wrong, which is but say ing, in other words, that lie is wiser to day than he was yesterday. Pope, . little doubt that Mrs. Gaines will wiu tho cause, and come into possession of that property which I sincerely believe has been unjustly denied her. Mrs. G. is a lady of many fine qualities. Hap- pily, among the list of her virtues is to be found perseverance, and ever buoyant hope which have carried her safely thus far. Should she even fail of her object, fortitude will not forsake her. Re signation will then be expected to adorn the mind which has hitherto been equal to every emergency. Tho U. S. Supremo Court have decided the famous case of Gen. Gaines and his wife in their favor. 1 his makes Gen. Games worth about $15,000,000 of property in New Orleans the richest man in this country. TEAKS. As the evidences of a deep, intense feclin of either joy or remorse, pain or pity, gratitude or penitence, noiinng can so surely open the heart and hand of humanity, as tho tear which will out, and cannot bo suppressed. Bloomfmld makes old Richard shed such a tear: "And as he spoke, nbiground drop i'ell trickling on his sleeve. there's some peonlo who have 'em nlwavn rn.idu laid on, and can pull out the plug whenever they -. i ney are nving water-pots, but never re viving anything that comes under their influence GATHERINGS AND GOSS1PINGS. Asnn pper up of unconsidered trifles." men and poor. It is impossible that society can long subsist, and suffer many of its members io Jive in idleness, and enjoy all tho case an pleasure they can invent, without having at th Siime time great multitudes of people that, to make good this defect, will condescend to be quite the reverse, and by use and patience irjure their bodies to work for others and themselves besides. Mandcville. i' bee uovebsmext. Republics furnish th' werid with a greater number of brave and excel. lent characters than kingdoms; the reason is, uiat in republics virtue is honored and promoted in monarchies and kingdoms it incurs suspicion inmruavei. Of punishment. There are dreadful punish ments enacted against thieves; but it wero much better to make such good provisions, by whie "'j '" luiyui ue pui iu amciuod how to live and so to be preserved from the fatal necessity of stealing and dying for it. Moore. Liberty. Liberty is, to the collective bodv what health is to every individual bodv. With out health, no pleasure can be tasted bv man wunoui nueny, no happiness can be enjoyed by society . i m wer. Ignorance. It is impossible to make neonl understand their ignorance, for it requires know ledge to perceive it; and therefore he that can percoive it, hath it not. Bishop Taylor. Of Abuses. There is a time when men will a (TV . I 1.1- -. . noi suuer oaa tilings, because their ancestors have suffered worse. There is a time when the hoary head of inveterate abuse will neither draw revenge, nor obtain protection. Burke. Tho London Ago has the subjoined poetical smith nn I -! i mnj In TT., C'..- "So Dulvvermust travel in Dickens' track, And the great western world must explore; Descending to be a mere bookseller's hack, And scribhlo his wanderings o'or. 1 hen look out for thundor, from " down oast " to Tex as, You horde of non-paying debtors it by promises broken and " stocks you can vex us iic njjuy you an on in ms letters. " Woodman, .Spare that Tree."--A fellow named Woodman lately married a vouu" ladv named Tree, and the third day after tho weddin" the brutal scamp whipped her. The London Punch says, Henry' the Eight's tibuai way oi axing tor a new wile, was by choc ping the old one's head off. The police of Baltimore have succeeded in arresting a gang of notorious burglars, who have been prowling about committing their depreda tions in that city. v... : ii . " ii v is muii; luason it) suppose that l ie whirrs of tho great convention wero crazy? Richmond at nr. Because they tried to make a Batik out of Clay, we suppose. "Alligator," "Wildcat," " Tiger Tail," dis nguishod "Native Americans." are on their way to Washington. Count D'Otranto, son of the celebrated French rouche, is now m St. Louis, preparing for expedition to tho Rocky Mountains. The fat Buckeye girl is amusing the rhiladcl- phians at one of the museums of that cilv lliey wonder there how, being so fat, sho has contrived to escape the lard-oil speculators. 1 ne city of Boston pays over one-third the whole State tax. Lowell stands next. The receipts of Ole Bull's first concert in Bos- an A witness which he could not stop, Aim one an ncarts Deiieve." The conflict between simultaneous feelmcs of joy ana griet is wen tut olt in two lines by Sir waiter scott: "She looked down to blush, and she looked up to sigh, With a smile on her lips, and a tear in Iter eye." This is a picture of what Shakspcare calls an April face, one that exhibits sunshine and show er at the satno time. The fear which is shed unseen, in solitude. by him who is in need, and destitute of relative or friend, and feels the chill of neglect, tho ab sence of all responsive sympathy, is perhaps the most bitter tear of any. It is the tear of ono who is isolated, and wretched in his loneliness. " It is not that my lot is low. Which bid this silent tear to flow; It is not grief which makes me moan, It is that I am nil alone." A grief "too deep for tears" has been described by poets: -"Tears do not speak all the anguish of grief; 'Tis deeper when pam stops the springs of the eye; When the heart is conlined and deprived of relief, In the sweet bnlm of nature, the tear or the sigh," The advice of "Don't cry about it," is cold, and oven irritating to the afflicted, when no means of lessening tho affliction itself is ordered. So, also, - , .... - "'Ti madness a fond mother to dissuade From tears, while on his hearse her son is laid; But when grief's deluge can no higher swell, ( Declining sorrow you'll with ouie repel." "No rule without exception," is a rule that ap plies even to tears; for, as Sum Weller says, ton, on the i!3d ult., were only eighteen hundred dollars Good Spukk. An old lady refuses to support mo wing candidate tor vice rresident,sho says sho never did like hyson she always takes souchong. General Buyer, who was driven out of Hayti, is making arrangements to proceed to Jamaica. probably to be near the theatre of operations in Uayti. i. gang ot iounierieiters, some fifteen or twenty, have been arrested iu tho interior of Illi nois. The counterfeits found in their possess ion were principally halt eagles. A child was lately burned fo death in New York having been left alone, by the mother, in a tvicker cradle near tho hre. " Squire," said Mr. F., entering the office of a well known magistrate, " I have an account 1 wish settled; will you attend to it forme?" "Certainly, sir what is it?" "It's my cash account thirty collars short--wish vou'd col lect tho balance lor me' A letter from Grcnvillo, South Carolina, dated the Z alt., states that Judge baric died sudden ly of a stroke of paralya;s in that village, on the morning ot that day The exports from New Orleans, says the Cres cent City, has, during tho quarter ending 31st :uarcn, amounted to more than SrJ,U0U,000 and more than double those of any previous quar ter. The Protestant Episcopal Convention, for the Diocese of Tennessee, was in sossion at Nash ville on tho 25 ult. The Pcnuc Lands. The sales of tho public lands auring the last calendar year, amounted to l,t)jy,u71 . acres, and produced more than $2,- 000,000, exceeding the proceeds of sales for the previous year, more than six hundred thousand dollars. Fishy!- The host of the Star Hotel, Philadel phia, has received from the west a huge catfish weighing 170 lbs., which was sent on to him by a committee ot tnends trom Cincinnati Gone to Grass. A few days since a cow full from a precipice on tho top of tho Blue Hill, op- posuo iorthtimbcrland, 1'onn., into tho river. The declivity is almost three hundred feet in height, craggy, and almost perpendicular. Large Cargo. Tho British shin Greenock cleared at Mobile on Saturday for Liverpool, wun a cargo ot 4000 bales oi cotton, which, the Herald says, is the largest cargo ever cleared from that port. - Its weight is estimated at 1,011,- 0J1 lbs., and its value at $133,103. What is a Gentleman ? The Richmond Star answers by producing JohnW. Bear! Insane! THE SENTINEL. Cadiz, June 19, 1811. LETTER OF GOVEllXOR POLK, IN FAVOR OF THE RE-ANNEXATION OF TEXAS. We publish befcw the letter of James K. Polk, the Democratic candidate for President, on the Texas question, in reply to a Committee appointed by a large number of citizens of Cincinnati, opposed to the An nexation of Texas. The letter is short, but very clear and expressive. Wo presume there is but one opinion among Democrats relative to Annexation. We be lieve every Democrat with whom we have conversed has expressed himself in favor of the measure; buj while some are for immediate annexation, others agree with Mr. Van Buren that annexation at this time would be premature. We are certain that nothing is gained by the postponement of the settlement of great interna-1 uonal questions. Tho Maine boundary has been defi ned, by a Treaty recently made, but our territory has NUMBER 13. The Letter of a Patriot. We last woek briefly alluded to the letter of Mr. Van BIrex, written to the Democracy of the city of New York. We now take great plea sure in laying that letter before our readers at length, and we are quite confident that it will be read with that attention which the Democracy of the country have ever given to the opinions of the illustrious Patriot of Kinderhook. There is not a sentence in lhe letter that can be distorted into any thing like disappointed ambition ; but it breathes throughout the noble sentiments of a pure heart and clear head. The last paragraph, in which allusion is made to the " lion-hearted Democracy of the city and county of New York," is an eloquent and just tribute to a body of men who never quail when the hour of trial arrives. i t of to been shamefully presented to a nation that has ever bee our natural enemy. Our title to Oregon is as clear a: our title to the State of Ohio, and yet the subjects Great Britain have been occupying it for years, unob structed, and stealing (yes, that's the word, slcalin thousands upon thousands of dollars wort Ii of furs; and yet our Government, instead of taking "possession at once, as a man would take possession of his farm when occupied by an intruder, talks about negalialin font! 'lis shameful 'tis disgraceful! Let us eottl these questions of territory and boundary at once- 1 Tl ' . piuuu uuu oi nucrry spreau ner protecting wincrs from the St. Lawrence to the Rio del Norte, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean let every intruding land pirate of Great Britain be kicked from our shores let our own people occupy our soil, and let our laws protee them in the enjoyment of their rights. But wo are keeping our readers from Mr. Polk's letter : COLVMBIA, TkNNE33EE. April 23d, 18U. Gentlemen Your letter of the 30th ultimo which you have done me the no nor to address me, reached my residence during my absence trom home, and was not received until yesterday Accompanying your letter,' you transmit to me as you state, " a copy of the proceedings ol a ver "large meeting of the citizens of Cincinnat " assembled without distinction of party, on tiie "uth instant, to express their settled opposition to the annexation ot lexa3 to the United States." You request from me "an explici expression ot opinion upon this question of an 'nexation." Having at no time entertained any opinions upon public subjects tvhich 1 was unwi mg to avow, it gives me pleasure to comply with your request. 1 have no hesitation in cle ci.iiiug tiiat 1 am m favor ot the immediate re annexation of Texas to tho territory and Gov eminent ot the United toiates. I entertain no doubt as to the power or the expediency of the re-annexation. lhe proof is clear and safsfac ory to my mind, that iexas constituted a par he United States, the title to which I regard lavo been a3 indisputable as that to any other portion ot our territory. . At the tune the ncjo nation was opened with a view to regain the Floridas, and the settlement of oilier questions ana pending that negotiation, the Spanish Gov ernmcnt itself was satisfied of the validity of our title, and was rcadv to recognise a line as far west of the Sabine, as the true western bounda ry of Louisiana, as defined by the treaty of 1803 with France, under which Louisiana was acnui- cd. Th;s negotiation, which had been first opened at Madrid, was broken oil and transfer ee! to Washington, where it was resumed, and esulted in the treaty of Florida, bv which the oabinc was hxed upon, as tho western boundary of Louisiana. From the ratification of tho trea ty of 1803 with France, until the treaty of 1810 with apain, the territory now constituting the Republic of Texas, belonged to the United States. In 1819 the Florida treaty was conclu ded at Washington, by Mr. John Quincy Adams (then secretary ot State) on the part of the united States, and JJon Louis do Unis, on the part ot Spain; and by Ciat treaty tins territory tying west ol tho sabine, and constituting Tex as, was ceded by tho United Stales to Spain. That the Ilio del Norte or some more western boundary than the Sabine could have been ob tained, had it been insisted on by the American Secretary of Slate, and that without, increasing tho consideration paid for tho Floridas, I have not a doubt. In my judgment, tho country west f the Sabine, and now Texas, was most un wisely ceded away. It is part of the great val ley of the Mississippi, directly connected by its navigablo waters with the Mississippi river, and aving ono been a pail of the Union, it should never have been dismembered for it. Tho Gov- rnmcnt and people of Texas, it is understood. not only give their consent, but are anxiously desirous to be re-united to the United States If Iho application of Texas for a re-union into our confederacy shall bo rejected by the United statos, there ts imminent clanger that she will bo como a depency, if not a colony of Great Bri tain an event which no American patriot, anx ious for tho safety and prosperity of his country could permit to occur, without the most strenu ous resistance. Let Texas bo ro-annexed, and tho authority and laws of tho United States be established and maintained within her limits, as also m tho Oregon territory, and let tho fixed policy ot our uovcrnment be, not to permit Great Britain or any other foreign power to plant a colony or hold dominion over any portion of the people or territory ol either. 1 hese are my opinions, and without deeming it necessary to extend this letter, by assigning many reasons which infiuenco me in the conclusions to which I come, I regret to bo compelled to differ so widely trom tho views expressed by yourselves, and tho meeting ot the citizens of Cincinnati whom you represent. Differing howerei. with you and with them as I do, it was duo to frank ness, that I should be thus explicit in the decla ration ot my opinions. I am with great respect, Your obedient servant, JAMES K. POLK To Messrs. S. P. Chase, Thomas Ileaton, T. Finkbrine, . ' G. Bailey, jr., Samuel Lewis, Committee, &lc,,' Cincinnati, Ohio. Tho London Times slates that trade In France is in a deplorable condition. Lisden'wold, June 3d, 1844. Ge:vtlkme:v I had the honor to receive bv the hands of Mr. Gansvoort Melville your com munication requesting me, in behalf of a conven veution of delega tes from tho several Wards of the city and county of New York, to preside at a Mass Meeting of the Democracy to bo held on the 4th instant, to respond to the nominations of the Baltimore Convention. Upon retiring from the Presidency I thought it would best comport with the respect that was due to that high station and to those by whose favor I had been raised to it, to restrict my parti cipation in tho political contests of the day to -the faithful exercise of tho right of suffrage, with unreserved expressions of my opinions upon pub lic questions to those who deemod the latter of sufficient importance to call for them. The adoption of this rule was at the time publiclv announced to my political friends, and has ever since been scrupulously observed. Subsequent events have only confirmed the propriety of its continuance and permanent observance. It is therefore with unfeigned regret that I find my self constrained by circumstances, which I can not and ought not to disregard, to decline the request to preside at a meeting of a portion of my fellow citizens, than whom no men possess stronger claims to my respect, my confidence and my esteem. Lut let no ono for a moment suppose that, in thus yielding to the proprieties of my position, I am in the slightest degree influenced by lukevvarmness, much less hostility to the suc cess of the Nominations to which it is the pur pose of those you represent to respond. Far, very far is that from being the truo state of my ngs. i nave Known juessrs. roiu ana Dallas iong and intimately. I have had froquent op portunities for personal observations of Iheir conduct in the discharge of high and responsible public duties. The 1-ttter has, by my appoint ment, represented the country abroad with cred it and usefulness. They are both gentlemen possessed of h;gh character, of unquestioned and unquestionable patriotism rjnd integrity, able to discharge the duties of tho stations for which they have been respectively nominated with ad vantage to the country and honor to themselves. Concurring with them iu the main in tho politi cal principles by which their public lives have been hitherto distinguished, I am sincerely desi rous for their success. 1 am by no means un apprised of the occurrences remotely connected with these nominations which have caused pain and mortification in the breasts of many sincere friends throughout tho Union, who have honored me by tfreir continued and disinterested friend- np. But I am very sure that I can relv on their past fidelity and honor for a ready concurrence in the saving principles of our political creed. that no personal or private feelings should ever nduce us to withhold our support from nomina ions. the success of which would be conducive the permanent interests of the country. Those, therefore, who think as I do, that its fu- ure welfare is m a great degree dependent unon the success of those groat principles in the ad ministration of the Federal Government, which we have hitherto espoused, and in the respect to which the two great parties of the country have for years been divided, cannot, I am sure, fail to merge all minor considerations, m sincere and tndisguisod efforts to promote the success of the candidates of the democratic party. , . Having now said all that tho occasion calls for, m regard to the general objects of the meeting, 1 must be indulged in a few parting words to the lion-hearted Democracy of the city and county of New York. Never before has a public man . been honored by the support of truer, firmer, or more disinterested friends than thov have been me. In prosperity I have scarcely known here to find them; in adversity they havo been ith mo always. Through evil and good report. I havo found the masses of the New York Demo- ' cracy the same unobtrusive, but inshrinking friends. The happiest, by far the happiest day in my whole political career was that on which, on my return from Washington, they met mo on the Battery, in the midst of a storm of wind and rain, which would have kept fair weather friends at homo, end extended tome, a private citizen like themselves, their hard hands, and opened their honest hearts in a welcomo a cordial as man ever received from man. They need no assurances to satisfy them that I shall be forever thankful for their unsurpassed devotion to my welfare they know that I can never cease to cherish with grateful rocollections the honored , relation of Representative and Constituent which has existed between us for so long a period, in such varied forms and which is now forever closed. I have the honor, gentlemen, to be very Respectfully, yonr friend and obed't serv't, M. VAN BUREN. To Gansvoort Melville, Richard B. Conolly, A. Walker, and Wm. AlcAluriay, Lsqs., Conn rnittuo. Tub Whig Pauty. " They have no honest principles to keep thorn together, their only cet mcnt is a sympathy of hatred of every man of purer principles than themselves." J. Q. Adamt, How pregnant with truth the remark of Mr, Jeffehson: " In proportion as a republioan re- maim faithful to Kit profession he is loaded with Federal abuse in propori'tan to reettancy, he i greeted with its praises." ' ' ' The barn of Mr. Fisher, near EmmSusburg Md., was struck by lightning on Sunday evening last and consumed ; and two horses thorein were killed.