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The Cadiz sentinel. [volume] (Cadiz, Ohio) 184?-1851, November 13, 1844, Image 2

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, Cviiiccuirata w your mU.J all that they have -j
thieved; tho beamy if the firms, Ihe length and'
grinded: of thoirctn ii and nilroads, lhq coutr
I033 fleets of canil lur.'i they have constructed;
their sliips ihal h iv.; vViffl every continent ami
d vorcd a nev rar; tltcit towa enlivening thr
rxbiic plains; tftf'r i:!aj?s that gem the valleys;
ii).? imperil mts .'ffcenre of their cities; and
hen you lnve effected all these things in you'
thoughts, ihcm hear me when 1 ? iy to yob, th:u
oii of livin generation as you outnumber
u!i. il.e dundite bound, before your eyes are
sealed in death, to accomplish "for New Yolk
11ms fir in nil time. Well hare jm taken the
dev'tc on your b mums; the stm as he emerge s
gloiiousiy above the hoAum and comes rejoicing
i,l t!ij List. Well Inve roa chosen your motto:
"Excchior,". upw-mU still upwards. Mighty
onitnoitwi alth I It tip your heart ; lot your sun
as-e;;d with inere ising splendor towards its ze
nith. You shall l; a light lo hunvuiity : a joy
t t lie uatii-n: (he glory of the world.
' tWIT" FllUlilii,
nv JAM1Z4 OUK1),
Willi tin; eiji nkd i,j the last and preceding
Ujurtcily A iMi!ii!Tal Reports, on the failure ol
the potato prop, I quite agree, and have experi
enced the propr;e:y of ihe advice to plant iinri
pened seed. Aly siw.l potatoes List year, (IS 13)
vveie raised belore '.hey were perfectly ripe, and
1 htvo h:ul no failu.c. . Nearly all the seed 1
planted this year, lu vvever, was the small un
saleable tubeig plan'ed whole, rejecting the very
s:iv.;i!i;s 'l'iie crop was very healthy and pro
ductive, Indeed 1 !i tve never seen a failure
where ;:jii ; potatoes uncut, are listed for seed;
and 1 believe tiiii tiii-furitj success to aiise from
the small p:'atoe boin unripe when taken from
the ground. . Th's opinion resis on the assump
tion lhat ' all the small potatoes of a crop have
not reached in ltitiiiy v hen the rest of the ciop
iff ripe, as being the hint formed. If this be no,
it strengthens the c rninon op;nion, that the less
ripened potatoes of the upland districts make the
besi seed. Bui at the same lime we see how
good seed may be had without the trouble or ex
pense of a change iVeiii a Lite d strict, if we ei
ihr plant the sun!! potatoes of our own crops,
or raise a portion for seed before they have reach-
nnturity. Journal of Agriculture.
... Throughout Eu.opc evervthing appeared very
quie'l and r,s happy as thirws can be under mo-
naichitfal govertimeiit?.
Tiiete was ii (i.etiiciidoiis storm in Ireland on
the 8:j) aiicj ilflt in.t in which several lives weie
lost. We h id tlrs sturm on the Gth u!t., therc
i fore, it tcoli thiee d :y.s to cross the Atlantic.
A treaty between fiance and Morocco has
been. iiiade.
The M.ii's!i Queen, steamer, has been sold at
Antwerp, lo M. Van Lecmptit, a mechaniciafi oT
the city, lor the sum of 0,620.
There seems to Le a speculation mania in
jSttglaliuTor railroad shares.
The cotton m ttl.ei is quiet and steady.
The manufacturing districts do not present an
unfivorable appearance.
Louis Phill pe h is been in England, accompa
nied by Guizoi. li's? leceptioii wasa triumphant
, New docks on tlie Cheshire side of the Mer
sey arc to be erected. This will please every
American sh'p owner and master.
O.i the St'M ins'., Dr. iSymous, who was oppo
sed by the Pujeyiies, w is elected Vice Clian-c-'llor
ot 0..!'ouH.'.iive.?iiiy hy a majority of 882
to 183.
' Lcfeis fiom Naples state that they expect
another eruption .l Vesuvius. The crater is
lull of lava, and thu fountains aifd springs no
linger g'vti ttieiri.-.u il supply of water.
ll is said that Lord Francis Egerton intends to
improve the Mors?) ur,d Irwill uavigaiiou, so at
lo 'admit sailing vessels of 200 ions, or iron
s'.e.imeis of 10C, up to the town of Manchester.
In Great B;ita:n there are seventy towns, coii?
faining a" popu:tiio:i of upwards of 15,000, jn
IVancu only 01.
In the metropolis more than nino per cent of
the whole population are domestic servants. '
The Papal gove ruin. :itt has rejected the pro
pesitieu of an ijiiglisli company to cousiruct a
railroad beiv,ceii L'ivitia Veechi and Rome.
" Next year there wii( be an exposition at Vi
enna of the prod'jcs of Austrian industry. The
government has created an order of merit for
the occasion, lo bo eonferied on those manufac
tuiets who chiefly distinguish themselves.
The vessel having on board the Roman Cath-
Mtlic ll.s'.iop, the nuns, and others, which sailed
seme time ugo f'.oiii 15 rest for the Sandwich
Jijlandd, lud uul. arrived at the date of the last
accounts. Humors prevailed in the South Sei.s
tual she had lutimlcied oh Cape Horn.
The Xing of the French through his Excel
lency Couut Jf itoitr Muibourg, Fiench Ainbas
piudpr at ihe Court of Rume, caused a liberal do
nation to be presented to the commission con
stituted in that thy fbr the purpose of the erec
tion of a monument to the memory of the cele
brated pool Tasso. . .....
.Geneinl Uminski, who took so d stinguished
a part in the ate Polish insurrection, attempted
to commit sutciilc, last month, at Spa, where be
has boon rea ding some lime it) groat poverty,
lleiiig arrested for a trifling debt, he opened a
vein in, each arm, and had almost bled to death
when discovered.
. The Qi ekn DoVA:EB.-We are sorry to hear
that he i Majcsty'i health will not admit of her
enjoying tho fesiivities at Windsor Castle during
the visit of Louis Philippe.
, SwKnrsu Pol.tics. A letter fiom Stockholm
(jf the 2ath u'.f, in tbo Berlin Gazette, says:
"Tho States have decided that for the future the
l)iel shnlj be ponvoked every three years, in
stead of five years, as heretofore. The nobles
jidopted this change by a majority of 100 votes
to 70, and the clergy by a majority of 21 to 21.
i hk CoMRr. 1 lie present comet lias ap
proached within 30,000 miles distant from the
arih. ... It is now very slowly receding from us.
The comet was nt. i s least distance from the
tun on tho evening of SeptcmBer 1st. The
mot favontble time lor observing this comet will
Le fitm 10 P. M. to two bonis after midnight,
during the .first, lint t. of the month of October.
Ihe Auusbuii?4iZette mentions Hie proba.
biliiT of matriniouiaf al jinnee between Prince
Geoige of Cambridge end ijje Grand Dnlcliess
Olha ot Kussm one ot Ilia tegults ot the late
journey 10 England, jaf the Russian Czar. The
young Princo is heir pituniptivp lo tLc crovyn ol
Hanover. ; - . : .-. '
Some of- the London clubs have adopted, it
is. said, , at tlie Suggestion of tlie Rev. Sydney
pmith, the plau ot rejecting, lor complimentary
' iidrtiissiou or a- members, the citizens of the
epuiliatiiig Sialei hi America. , . . '
(ri- Bikiiop OviiKKDOMtof New York haa is
sued at) addiisH to tlie Cleigy and people of his
diocese, in relation to the charges winch have
been preferred against him, asking a canonical
investigation'' and a suspension of opinion, until
jht test:!1 of tho iitv s'gniion u known.
WEDNESDAY M01LVl.G, .KOV. 13, 1844.
1 v- - -
lo Tr i if m p Ii c !
I O P M A N !
"Nine are our brows bound iu'.h victorious wreaUis.'"
Wc have tho glorious, the proud,
the joyous satisfaction this week, of an
nouncing to our readers, the TRIUM
LAS, as President and Vice President,
and consequently tjie IGN03IIN
OUS DEFEAT of Henry Clay
and Theodore Frelinghuysen. Dem
ocrats, rejoice!: freemen he glad!
Americans shout r.nd exult! A vitifu-;
oits and honest man is elovatcfi to tlie
Presidency a corrupt traitor and a
hoary-headed, double-faced dema
gogue, is doomed to spend the remain
der of his dityri in his Ashland shades!
For the fourth time he strnrfiilcd for
the Presidency, and again met with
overwhelming defeat! Thanks to the
intelligence of tho People thanks to
their virtue thanks to their patriotism.
Let one spontaneous and universal
shout of joy fill the land let the peo
ple make bon-fires and illuminations !
We honcstlv believe had the 'federal
party succeeded in electing Clay to the
Presidency, from that moment might
be dated the downfall of our Demo
cratic Institutions the prostration of
American liberty, But, thank Hea
ven! wo are still Freemen i and British
Whiggery and Monarchical Federal
ism arc prostrated in the dust! Oh,
whose heart does not leap with joy,
spontaneous and gushing, at the signal
victory of the American Democracy?
Democrats, enjoy your victory as ra
tional and thinking men should let
there be a feast of reason and a flow of
soul. Treat your defeated adversaries
with civility -and respect; for among
them arc many worthy and respectable
men, who may yet sec the error ot their
ways, and "Come out from among the
foul party," with all its lies, abomina
tions, and Roorback forgeries.
Clay has c irried th s stale by tin increased
majority over Hartley. We presume his majority
will be in the neighborhood of 5000. 'Who is
James K. Polk?"
Is st, II ihe Keystone of the Arch! A thous
and cheers for her indomitable Democracy ! The
Ilasrisbuigh Union say Polk's majority will be
about 7000 in the slate, Huzza! "Who is
James K.Polkr ' ','
Never gave her Electoral vole for a Federal
President, and of course did not vote for the du
ellist and gambler of Kentucky. " Polk's majori
ty in the state, from our Lest information,, wili
be about 5000. "Old Virginia, neber tire!"
"Who is James K. Polk?'1) , .
. . 1CO0 Guns for gallant New Yoik! All eyes
were upon her, for her 30 Electoral votes,- it wan
thought, yvould decide fhe; question, who would
bo President. . All (ho state has beenlieaid front
but three , count ieg. ', Polk's majority thus far is
9,423! but ihe counties to be heard from being
strong whig holds, Pulk'u majority, it ts thought,
will be reduced lo abejui COpO. The majority
for Sins Wright for Governor, i said to be about
17,000! "Who it James K. Polkf .;, .;,:
New Hampshire,
Is as firmly democratic as her Granite bills!
Folk's majority in the state will be 12,000'. ,
' "Who is James K. Polk r , ;
m am
rV " ? '
Si far as heard from, Polk' m ijority is 2uii
The Globe of the 7th inst, expresses the belief
that we will cany the State. Good I "Who is
James K. Polkf
A slip from the Slate .Sentinel contains returns
from nearly the whole Slate which show conclu
sively and beyond doubt that Polk's majority will
be 1300 or 2000 in the State! "Who is James
The Peuiusula Statu is al over democratic.
Not a "Roorback'' has been elected in the State
so far as heard from. Polk's minorities 2,83S.
The same counties give Gen. Harrison in 1810
8G3 majority. The like gain in the balance of
the stale will give Col. Polk 12,500. "Who is
James K. PolL?"'
As usual, has gone lor tlie Federal Roorbacks.
Clay's majority will be very small. The Mary.
indersdoivt know who Jmiics K. Polk is.
Poor, little, insignificant, contemptible Rhode
Island, with her Critish Constitution and tyranni
cal Alg'iriue scoundrels, has gone for Clay. We
are right glad of it. J3'it we predict lhat the pris
on doors will ere long be open, and DOUR
WILL UE FREE! A better state of things
will soon ptevail. The Algcriues don't know
03- We have nothing definite from the other
states, but by our next publication, we shall prob
ably hear fiom the whole unii n.
A joyous day to Democrats
Was Monday lasi 1 Doubt and uncertainty
hung over tiie result before? by reason of all man
ner of runiois being brought to town, as to the
vole of New York and other states. But on that
dny all doubts and forbodings of defeat were dis
sipated, and every democrat "breathed freer and
deeper." Up flew tlie beauiifulDeinocratic flags,
and g lily and victoriously d d ihe glorious stripes
and slats unfold themselves to the breeze! The
democrats danced for very joy; and such a sha
king of hands, and hearty congratulations, we
never before witnessed!1 At night there was a
grand lion-fno at head quarteis, songs were sung
the old drum was beat, and the buby-wuker balk
ed! Wo did not See a democrat under the in
fluence of ardent spirits; nor was a procession
formed, to march, to ihe dwellings of our whig
cit izens, to insult them with apptobions language.
Thai kind of argument and rejoicing is left lo
the crazed devotees of Roorback federalism. .
Native American Keyisldscnns!!!
JohiiQuincy Adams once wrote some doggerel
poetry, in which was this couplet
"And if we cannot alter things,
By , we'll change their name, sirs;"
and with instinct true to their leaders, the Roor
back Federal Clay Coonsof Cadiz, we understand
have resolved to drop the name of whig and a
dopt in its stead that of "Notice American Re
publicans!" O, goody gracious, what along tail,
our cat has got! "That which we call a rose by
any other name would smell as sweet," sang the
immortal Sliakspeare. Napes are nothing, prin
ciples every thing. '
By the way, this thing of coonory changing its
name reminds us of a fable, which is something
Mkc this: An UL'ly ass, that had been kicked
and chased by pvpry beast in the forest, resolved
that it would no longer submit to tlie jeers and
taunts of its fellow quadruped. So seeing the
skin of a lion one day, donkey criwled into it,
md off it marched, with all the "pride pomp, and
circumstaiiccw'of imperial sway! Il curled its
tail aloft in proud defiance and shook its bushy
mane! But unl'oitunaiely, the ass's cars wcje
too long, and could not be secreted under the
lion's skin', ' .
MoitAL.--'fw jus! so with Roorback coonery
it may change its name with every change of
the moon, sail under new garbs, and adopt now
aliases yet the long cars will .stick out a feel!
IM14K M13-I '
On hearing the defeat of Henry Clay, ore of
our whig physicians remarked to a democrat on
Monday, that he expected nothing else, when
the whig parly run a man so destitute of moral
and political principles as Henry Clay! The
Reverend Mr. Campbell and tho Reverend Mr.
Bascom, and the other half dozen of Reverends
who disgraced themselves by publishing whiter
washing certificates of Henry t Clay's., moral
character, shouh) now hang their heads in shame.
OCT After the news reached town on Monday
of this triumphant election of Pole and Da llas,
the Roorbacks were as cracy as inarch hurts!
Sume of them, like my uncle 1 oby s army "swore
terribly in Flanders;" others cried yes, shed
tettrs, copious, gushing tears, fur the defeat of
the Ashland gambler; w hile others got as'drunk
as Bacchus! A lot of choice spirits , under the
influence 110 doubt of soul-destroying alcohol, at
night paraded the streets like demons, scream
ing os if Bedlam was Ict'looseahd stopped in
front of the dwellings of ileaocrat8,'hqlching out.
blucphemous oaths, and all manner of blackguard
and insulting language- Of course we came in
for a full share; but we were' long since used fo
' . . . . , .' :' :
sucn trciumqnt,ana we neca 11 not a wnn more
thnn we do the idle wind that passcth, by us.
, 1 The whig "decency" (hovt an save the mark!)
of Cadiz, encourage and opplriudll theac outra
ges and insults! We have the mtmesof fheJ
hopeful youths, and if their father do riot wish
them exposed, we shall givo them notoriety by
no means enviablel A word to the wise is suffi-
cient. , '.. V,
t'-f. . -.fini' nil' 1 1 1 1 km 1. . .(. ,v
(r-Barki County, Pa., gave Polk a m tjority
of Ct1 i ' Wasn't thnt doing the thing up nice?
1 rvt:vT
1 j-
At a meeting held at the house of A. F. Cros
key. on this morning, it Was unanimously resol
ved, that we celebrate, in a becoming manner,
our late glorious victory in electing James K
Polk rind George M. Dallas as President and
Vice President of these United Siases. It is
glorious, bcciuiso our whole hearis have been
thrown into the cause. It is gloiious because it
was the cause of the Country, of the Constitution
and of Freedom, for which we have been bat
tling, and we have conquered. We had before
us arrayed in order of battle, the most powerful
antagonists that we have ever yet seen marshall
ed ou tho field. And yet we can retoice that
wo have put them all to fl:"ht. We therefore,
vour committee, invite You to join us in the town
lit Cadiz, on FRIDAY EVENING NEXT, the
15,'t instant, for the purpose of celebrating as
above, our triumphant victory. ;
' And now we would say, let every genuine de
mocrat in Harrison County rush with all the
glowing ardor of kindled patriotism to celebrate
and rejoice over this s:gnal, this triumphant vic
tory. It may be understood that our invitation
extends to every good and 11 ue democrat in the
adjoiniii!; counties.
We are, very respectfully,
'. ; . Wm. MiLLIG'W.
November 11th 1844.
t lay's Innngiiratiftii Carriage.
The Roorback Coons of Baltimore, have erec
ted a $1500 carriage, which was paid for, we
presume out of British Cold, and brought all the
way to Wheeling to haul one Harry Clay, alias
the "M 11 Boy of the Slashes," to Washington Ci
ty to be inaugurated President, on tho 4lh of
March nest!
Mokal, And it came to pass that an old lad;
set a speckled hen, with twenty eggs, drc.
The reader knows tlie balance.
"Go iiojju G d D ion, where tou;be-
losg." -biich was tlie insulting ana ulaspiie-
mous language pf Henry Clay, addressed to
James K. Polk, when Speaker of tho House of
Representatives. tA. virtuous people have dotcr-
. 1.1 .1 T ..1 tr 11 1 11
mincu mat mo "ooscurc James is., i oik suan
lake possession ofthe White House, while Hen
ry Clay shall stay at "home, where he belongs!"
"Doubtful tilings are very iinsartiii!"
So sang the Roorback chojristers before the e
leetion, to aggravate the Democrats. They
themselves 110 doubt now feel the truth of their
beautiful song! Where is Groinet?'
:.. WOOL, !
A friend at our elbow thinks lhat all the sheep
in Harrison county will certainly die off, since
Pulk is elected. He says thosheep ate all for
Clay to a wiri.' The coons couldn't pull wool
over the eyes ofthe Democrats in Pennsylvania,
New York and Virginia.
07" We hear of Roorback Federal sheets dy
ing in every direction, since the defeat of Clay.
The British Gold, wc presume, has all been ex
pended, and the lying concerns will have to give
up the ghost, i As the idiotic fool of the " White-Bhtck-Bird,
is about departing for Salt River,
or the lunatic assyluin, we understand he offered
the other day to sell his press and type, but could
not get a purchaser, We suppose tbo poor
fool has found out by this time that with all his
ratting and under-bidding, he could Hot work for
nothing and find himself.
"Ha! ha! ha! such a nominee, 1 " .. "
As Jimmy Polk of Tennessee." ' ' '",' 'V
We vyill give the first copy of Roorbacks trav
els we get our hands upon, a gourd of hard cider,
8 coon skius, and an ash cane, to any wlrrjf' who
will sinrj that song, with the abpve chorus! Oh,
Klay! -: ' - . ' - ..;
' 1 ; "Spccinicu of ropisli Cursing."
' 'One of the Roorback Federal sheets in town,
copies an article from the Pittsburgh Spirit of
the Age, which, under the above head pretends
to give a Bull of the Priest of Rome, excommu
nicating the Rev. William Hogan, bf Boston,
from the. Custom House. We are no Catholic,
or apologist for Catholics, but we are determined
that the. Roorback, federalists shall not carry
their forgeries into religious matters, without he
ing exposed, The " specimen of Popish cursing,"
instead of being a"BulI of hislioliness at Rome,"
in an invention of a Roorback English clergy
man, named - Laiscelot Stkrne, and, may be
found in i his minh-exciting wock called Tris
tram' Shandy." --'.. C'. ;";-'' -iKUf',
! We see by the Roorback" sheefs, that the, coons
nave embraced lljo 'church-burning, persecuting'
Natives,- apd are publishing such disgraceful and
horrible blasphemy as is contaiued in .the article
above1 alluded to, Wei presume after thp feds,
get tired of the Natives; they will next join the
mormons 1
Thei inauguration f the Governor pf Ohio to
December nexty' will present s novel feature.
Thd robes' of bfTice .'will be trauferred from son
to sireVracting Gov, Barllcy will, give place to
Gov. Burtley elect. . :ix,t,-.-,,i. !!,.!;
Ma, Everett. -Mr. Everett, the 'American
inister,; who lias oeen aoseui tor some time ou
. ' ' ..'J 'a -
the Couiinent, has returned to England.
(f The following 'article was written several i
days ago, before the result of the Presidential
Election was known: ,
A vile Forgery Exposed!
If Henry Clay is Elected President of these
United Stales, (which Heaven forfeud) it will
not be because a majority of legal voters were
favorable to his Election. Lying, fraud, bribery
aud forgery, will do the work ! Before the Elec
tion, we exposed several federal forgeries, which
were got up lo operate in furor of Henry Clay.
But tho most successful forgery or the Roorback
federalists, was the Birney forgery. We say it
was the most ' successful, because it was got Up
on the very eve of the Election, and circulated
on the wings of the wind, through Ohio and Penn
sylvania, when Mr. Birney was in the East, too
far from the scene of Roorback's operations, .to
brands the old falsifiei, and hail his forgeries to
the counter.. At the time when the letter ad
dressed to J.. B. Garland, and signed James G.
Birney, appeared, we believed it to be a forgery,
for it was a flat contradiction to the whole life
and political career of that gentleman. But
there were whigs. in the town of Cadiz, who moun
ted their horses and rode day and night, and cir
culated this infamous forgery, amongst a certain
class of voters, and by so doing, induced at least
one bundled persons in Harrison county, to vote
lor Henry Clay, who would otherwise have casi
their ballots for Birney. This they do not deny,
but laugli and rejoice at the success of the dam
ning forgery! Some of these men, too, wish to
make the public believe that they monopolise all
ihe "honesty" and ''decency,"" in this community
and ate cousins german to the sainUl and
are, moreover, very exemplary and pious citizens '.
After reading the following letter from J. G. Bir
ney, can the sanctimonious coons of Cadiz look
the men in the face, they so grossly and villain
ously decieved? Will ihey? dare they? Yes,
they will and more! We have no doubt but that
they still adhere to the Garland letter as true and
pronounce tbis.s. forgery!
"To the Editor of the Ohio American:
Cleveland, O., Nov. 1. 1811.
"Sir: I saw at Fairporl, a few hours ago the
Painesville Telegraph, a whig paper, containing
a letter dated - September 2ti, and purporting to
be written by me to J. B. Garland, of Saginaw
county, Michigan, It is a forgery throughout.
So, I have 110 doubt, are tho affidavits Unit ac
compauy it; though they bear the names ol' real
, . Yours, & c.,
Extract of a letter to the Editor, dated ',
Massfxelo, O., Oct. 21! th, 174 1.
L. Harfer, E-ci. :
"I have seen a few numbers of your paper,
1 rid
am pleased with the manner in which you
discuss tho merits of " Roorback"
I have long been an .attentive' observer of. the
twisiing, turning and squirming bf Monarchy
loviiig, liberty-haling Federalism. I well re
mumbur the imperious, domineering deportment
of the old John Adams Federalists, when they
wore their black cockades as a badge of superi
ority in 1795. Then, iis now, their most potent
arguments were lying, bullying and del'un ilion.
They have always arrogated to themselves' a
groat deal of inflated dignity ; yet would they
condescend to the meanest acts, They Will
defame our most 'upright and talented citizens;
while they will flatter the vilest miscreants for
their votes. To hoodvvink the unsuspecting,
they are now making a tremendous bellowing a
bout Protecting Home Industry," when most
of their croaking squabs have seldom if over put
their kid-gloved hands on the plough, the axe or
the hammer; mid "if ever our free, republican,
political institutions are subverted,- it will be
through the instrumentality of olij Federalism or
new whiggery, which, means oye and ihe same
thing. Whiggery, so called, reminds mo of an
anecdote I long since heard, of a boy boasting
of a new shirt he h td'got--he said Hie had got
a ntco .new shirt, m ide out" of his father s old
one, and his uther hid got a nice new shirt m ido
out of the old sheets." Our nice new whigs
are made out of old Federalists, and many of
those nice old 'Federalists . were made put of
Cow-boys and old Tories."
(7- Every editor who desires the perpetuity
of the Republic should give the following poin
ted article au insertion, and i every person who
regards the welfare of the mass of society ought
to preserve it and frequently peruse it. ,
From tlx Rochetter Daily Jldvcrlitcr.
The real Danger of , luo Country. .
There never has been but one real danger
menacing ihe people of any country never but
one great evil attending the governmental affairs
of the world and that one, the parent of all mi
nor inequalities, thfe stealing of power from the
masses and its centralization in the hands of the
few, This is the great governmental evil of the
world, and from' which all the. oppressions of gov
ernment proceed. In some' countries, the cen-
tialization is secured by open and aggressive
war, in others, by the natural heedlessness of
the masses; but in most, by tho falsehoods and
frauds of the - scheeining and " unprincipled,
whereby the great body of the people, deluded
by false profession of friendship for their inter
ests, are made instruments of their country's
liberty, This is the danger against which it is
preeminently tho duty ot Americans to guard
because it is the only one which can ever perm a
neutly injure them by making tbeir diffused
foim of government of "noiie ffecl." How is
this to be done, or. lather, how will it be accom
plished, 'if at all?,, Simply by -persuading ,the
mass of the people that certain lawn, professodr
ly designed for their benefit, ought to be passed
the workings of which, will silently, but not the
less surely, abstract from laboi its proper reward,
for the purjiose of giviug to capitol that, which is
thus robbed from the more deserving and tnore
needy. A national bank, was a machine of this
kind; and although its prostration look the bread
fior tttaoy a widow and many an orphan's moufb,
yet, on the whole, we believe,, the , downfall, , of
the mammoth of Sin and corruption wa s Lies
sing to the nation, if, fipm llio. wreck of its fall.
tve draw that wisdom which shall, preveut the
reinslitution of a power so , fraught with evil to
tluv nation.-!.:'; - .-ncr i:;-..-S 'i ) ;?.;a i
i . But there is yet another insidious power steal
thily advancing, which, if unchecked, will prove
quite as deidly in.its eflocta, and much harder
to shake from the arm of htbor arouud which it
is silently coiling its poisonous folds.,, ,,'I'his pow-
eilliy coning hb ;iduiiuu unun., , a ina
this subtle enemy of tho toiling 'millions,
comes not as an eiicmy--wouid it dij, for iherb
it would prove innoxious but as the friend of
labor, ad blandly whispering In the ear of the
labororU-PROTECTiON ! it is but the rejuven
ized LIE, which lost to our race Edon and it
glories; believed, it will prove a hell of bitter
waters the degradation, the poverty, the sorrow
of those having exercised faith in the delusive
song of protection,'. Tbi is now the last reli
ance ofthe whigs. Ou this they build their
hopes of ultimate triumph over the labor of tho
country, and the final consolidation of the pow
ers of government the breaking up of Stale
sovereignty,, and the acquisition of permanent
sway over a confiding, deceived, and prostrate
people. This is the end in view this the
object of the syren song of "protection," which
means nothing more or less than privilege to.
capital, at the expense of labor. Let the far-- .
mer, the mechanic, and the laborer look to it in,
time, not forgetting the situation of the laborers
in European countries, where this protection ha
been in vogue for hundreds of years, and where
the inequalities of fortune splendid palaces
and splendid hovelsare yearly growing more
conspicuous, .more painfully but hopelessly pro
minent. To this finale do the whis invite the
warm hearted laboring millions of America, at..
the instigation of eold-heartcd capilal, which '
seeks here, as it has obtained in Europe, the do
minion tho iron rule over prostrate and star
ving humanity. Talk of protection-to labor
.It is a lie most infamous ! . Take the Tariff -v .
scan it from Alpha lo Omega and poini to the.
places, if possible, where its discriminations are
not made in favor of wealth, and against tlie toil
of the poor man. This is the principle running;
throngli tho entire law the articles used by- '
the poor being always taxed the highest; and itt "'
is for this reason, and this alone, that Clay final
ly announced himself opposed to all modifica
tion of it. This political juggler this hoary
headed schemer for power, despairing of bringing
the people 16 li's support, has thrown himself"
into the embrace of the capitalists the manu-.
faclurers whom uiijtist legislation . has made
rich and declared himself in favor of continu
ing to capital the undue discrimination made in ,
its favor by tho law of ' Such is the atti
tude of Clay such the working of the law re-,
furred to, which, if gulforcd to remain unmodifi
ed for a series of years, Will certainly work tlie
inequalities in wealth discoverable in England,
and resulting from the same cause partial le
gislation discrimination ill favor of capital, at ,
Ihe expense of labor. This ,the great danger
threatniug us. Let the people look to it. : -
From the JV. Y. Journal of Commerce.
The most perfect exemplification of actual
'fiee trade which tho world ever saw,' is to be
found in these United States, consideted as twenty-six
"sovereign and independent" communities.
Erch buys what it pleases of the otheis, and sells
what they respectively please lo buy of it, with
out let or hindrance without the 'interference
of cusioui.-house olli.ee rs without charges or d n-.,
ties of any kind. Ii it not a 'convenient system r .
Is it not a just one? Does it not promote the 'in
terests of all? r - " i 1
Apply the protective system to these S'.ates,
and each ol them .would lay duties upon the pro
ducts of each of thein would lay duties upon the
products of each ofthe others... New York would
prohibit the admission of wheat from, the West,,
and of cotton and woollen manufactures; from,
New England, or charge them with exorbitant,
duties, because she can produce her own wheal
and manufacture hei own cloths. Georgia would,
prohibit the importation of 'sugar from Louisiana .
and elsewhere, because she could grow her own
sugar; and by making the duty high enough, tho
business would be eminently profitable to ihe
groweis, though eminently, unprofitable to tho
consumers. Every state, instead of exchanging
the commodities which she could most naturally
and advantageously produce, would, by' dutio'i
and prohibitions, seek to exclude those foreign '
commodities. Thus all would do what they could'
to invert the order of nature raising oranges in
Maine, and making ice iu Louisiana.; , -
Substitute' twenty-six nations for tho twenty-
six .American ijkites, and wo are prepared to see
how mutually Teneficial would be a system of
free trade, if mutually adopted by those nations. .
Bui il is said other nations tax our commodities.
and we must tax theirs in return. : Is this an holi
est argumcut, or only a pretext? If the former,
then in proportion as other nations relax their re
strictive tiystcm, wo shall do the same. If the .
latter, we shall secretly deprecate any suchchango
and perhaps openly denounce it, as in the case,
ofthe British anti-coni-law league, i .The grand
object of that association is the promotion of free .
trade; more especially free trade iu brcadslufls;'
and, first of all, in England herself, lhevaluo,
of breadstufls imported into Great Britain and fre-
land, has amounted, on an average of the last '
twelve vearg, to $17,000,000 per annum; and.
would have been still greater but for the heavy !
duties. No nation, perhaps, is so deeply inter-'
esied in a repeal of those duties the very object
of the anti-corn law league as the United States '
Why then should we, or any ot us, ally ourselves ,
wild tho British corn monopolists against the ef-'
forts of this most excollent and truly noble associ
ation?' .', ::","'..:' .',' -.y '
But we must' have" revenue. ' Undoubtedly ; .
and there is no mode of raising It so little burden- ' .
some to the people, because so little perceived"
by them, as by duties on imports. We propose
no oilier mode of raising if, except the three or 1
four millions realized annually from the sales of
public lands; we know of none better. Still, It
is a mode wnich bears-very heavy upon men' of'
small means, because it compels them to pay al-'f '
most as much per head, as the same nt) 111 her ot .
rich men; whereas the latter ought to pay in pro---portion
to, tfieir property, A man worth $'1000)'
piobably consumes half as much of dutiable- goods'
ou an average, as a man worth $100,000., Con
sequently the latter pays but twice as much ibr'lhe
support of government'a? the former; whereas ho
ought to pay a hundred times as liiiicb' But
waiving all this, we agree that the necessary rev
enue, over and above the procceda'oflaud saresy'
is best raised by duties on imports.' - " " '
I r'Fho average annual expenditures of 'the gov-'j. ,
runienf for many 'years prist; have becri neaTly
or quite $:i0,00t),6o0, ' If weshotild kccp tlekr''
of wars and other extraordinary charges:."-We rfiajr
possibly.' reduce them to $25,000,000.; 'Tp do 1
this, however, will require the. most rigid ecorto-'''
mv If w r.,11 llin ipupniln finrn t lnilJ S:riOlT.V'
000 annually, there will remain, to he raised by
duties on imiiorts, ,2100,000, To wise ihi' J ,
amount would require ah .avetago duty :t)f"21l
per cent, on lOOjOOOOOO'ojr'imitortsj 'hTcb'sl.
about the average of but impdrtatioprfiMhc lirst.
four .years. , Nearly;' -r;Uito'i9n'a-ldtith"of Maf'
imporjs consists of specie, which of course is frfio j
of duty, .Sutulry' bthof articles are 'necessarily'
free 'of duty', or subject to a le duly than ?0 pe.r" r
cen'i: " Making ' fheso " deductions, it' Avbnld pV
found that a horizontal duty tin' all other articlfer' '
must bo in the hcighborheod bf 25 peceutj'lrt ' ,
Cost and charges of imp'of tatioif' woitld bo etytyl
.-. -. ...1 '.'I fill li-i l,a Ainrm '
gotltnt the' worst'
iv uuuu, .....
that could happon to the lanufa.ureTS, sh0,1"
to about y. per cent., more.

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