Newspaper Page Text
the oregon corifTnr. Dr. Elija White, who was appointed four years ago a suh-ogcnt of Indian affaires in (be territory of Oregon, and was deputed by its local legisla ture to bear their eloquent memorial to the Con gress of the United Slates, is now in this city He promises to furnish us with a series of short but instructive letters upon the character of that interesting territory. Washington City Union. To tie E Jit or of the Union: Sin- Tue territory of Oregon, extending from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific ocean, a distance of over a thousand miles, and iron 42 to 54 40 north latitude, may asio the general features of the country, be conveniently brough under three great divisans. The first or eastern division is tho most extensive and least valuable. It is sterile in in my portions; but owing to the mildness of the climate, and the nutriciousness of the grass, ast herds cf buttalq have there summered and wintered from time immemorial Domestic herds h ive, at Fort Hall and elsewhere done tbs same; and large caravans of laden hor ses have annually passed through it in the most unfavorable seasons of the year, well subsisting upon the grass indigenious to the country fas tening the conviction, that even eastern Oregon must be of much value as one of the best and mo3t extensive grazing districts in the world. The water-courses from the eastern cxtieme to the Pacific, ocean are rapid in their descent, not "admitting of on extensive navigation even the . Columbia being navigable for only 135 miles. Their frequent interruptions by the cascades and rapids have produced water privileges unlimited ns to extent and power, warranting the conclusion that this country is desiined, by the facilities fur nished by nature to become a large manutactn ring country; more particularly as wool may be grown cheaper and easier than any other portion of the known world. Upon Boar river, between the Rocky Mountains and Fort Hall, and a con siderable district about and embracing that fort some eight miles from the Pacific we find a favorable surface, fine grass, pleasant scenery and good soil, but the country is sparsoiv timber eo with trees of stinted growth, I forbear dwell ing upoti the value and interesting character of the soda springs in tins region, intending to de vote to them a more extended notice hereafter Following the great emigration road at Fremont's Pass, aad pursusntr us direct und onward course oyer a most favorable surface for a highway, we come to another portion of Oregon more valua ble for civilized man to dwell in. The scenery in the neighborhood of the Bois see river, is varied, grand and imposing; the vales, table-ground, and hills well gras3ed; the timbers of better growth, and here and there a little district better adapted to agriculture. VVi now coma to that portion embracing the Blue Mountains, the Grande Ronde, and all that dis trict from Burnt river to the Cascade mountains, covering an extent of outitry of about 400 miles from east to west. Here the climate is remarka ble for its extreme salubrity; the wooded dis tricts are well timbered with cedar, fir, oak, &-c. the scenery pleasingly diversified; and all na ture around the locations of the pious mission ary establishments, planted there, is wearing n milder and more agreeable aspect. ELIJAH WHITE. Washington, December 13, 1845. LETTER III. To the Editor cf the Union: Bin: Itiow come to the description m tnai portion of Oregon, lying west of the Cascade Mountains, embracing not only the Willamette country, but tbe great valley, it it may bo s called, bounded east by the Cascade mountains, ind west bv the Pacific, and, including, tinm lorth to south, the whole of our territory, ave racinc, fiotii east to west. 140 to 150 miles. Ol ihe noith portion of this district we know littl else satisfactorily, than that large sections are heavily timbeied, the soil being represented ns in most places sandy, thin, and impregnated wiih mngnesii:: whilst there are said to be consider;) hie portions along the coast and near the base of ihe mountainsof the choicest description ol lugl rolling praitiee, beautifully clad with fine grass wild; red, and white clover, various herbage and (banning flowers. Yet the general aspect of the country is hilly, rugged, and rather uninviting in its features. I ought here to 6ny that the valley of the Cow erlitz, which river empties into the Columbia some 40 miles from its mouth, is favorably rep resented by the colonists planted there, and said to produce well all the various crops peculiar to the northern and middle states; and the fact of the liitle colony of about two hundred being ra pidly advancing and in a flourishing state, is cor- loborative of this statement. During the last year, Rev. Alvin F. Walter, accompanied by two or three other respectable gentlemen, and other small exploring parties, have penetrated into the northern and northeastern district of this coun try, exploring the country east and west of the Cascade mountains; and all unite in more favor- nble representations of the country, both as to crazing and agriculiurul purposes. Several large valleys and districts are not only well watered, timbered, and grassed, but present an agreeable undulating surface. Yet,on the whole, the weight of testimony is against the larger portions of the territory north of the Columbia, ns fit for agri cultural purposes; but as a pastoral and manu facturing district, in view of the mildness of the climate, and its excellent water privileges, I con ceive too much cannot be said in its favor. I reserve to show its immense commercial advan luges, its luibors, its importance as a miuera district in a future number. The valley of the Columbia, though its soil has betn strengthened by rich alluvial deposits is owiiiir to annual inundation in the must unfa vorable season of the year, unfitted for agricullu ral purposes, excepting ut Vancouver and a few other phrces, occasionally met wtth upon the north and south side of the river. 1 lie W mette river, emptying into the Coljmbia,94 miles from its mouth, is estimated to be 600 miles in length, with ship navigation from its entrance for about 35 miles. Of its valley we shall treat at some length in our next number. ELIJAH WHITE. Washington, Dec. 10, 1845. Ije (abif Sentinel EDITED BT I. HARPER. 'HE IS A MEEII13 WHOM THS TRUTH MAKES nig. CADIZ, OHIOt WEDNESDAY MORjnXG. JAJWART 21. FOR NEXT GOVERNOR OF OHIO, DAVID TOD. LETTER II. To tlie Editor of the Union: Sir : I observed in running over your yester day's paper, that the clerk, in copying my first number, had altered a little tnyphraseology,there by perhaps attaching too much importance tojhe eastern portion of Oregon as a pastoral district; for, notwithstanding the fads quoted aro demon stration of its value and, in addition, it might have been said tl at 1 and iny companions met during the presen t season a large emigrating par ty, who had just p issed through this district with a herd of horses, mules, and cattle, estimated at no less than ten to twelve thousand head, all passing the same road, and subsisting by the way, it is but just to say, thai such are the rugged features and the altitude cf this part of the coun try, that it can never yield as much in quantity as, or compare in quality with, the middle and western portions of the territory; which, so far as we are informed, from the north to the south, from the Boisco to the Cascades, yields generally a rich coat of most nutritious grasa throughout the year. This part of the country, judging from the uni ted statements of the gentlemen attached to the missions, and from the concurring testimony of others who have gone out on exploring expedi tions during the last few years, possesses much interest. In the discharge of my official duties, I was once, in the midst of winter, obliged to travel many hundred miles in the central and northeasterly part of this district, and found, from Dallas of tho Columbia to the Wallawalla, and from thence to Waulatpu, Dr. Whitman's station, among the Keyuse Indians, and onward to tha Clear-water station, occupied by Rev. Mr. Spaulding among the Neoperces tribe, numerous herds of horses, and some neat stock, scattered along throughout, appearing everywhere in good condition; and was assured by Mr. Spaulding that not only horses, but cattle and sheep, owing to the quality of the grass and mildness of the climate, kept throughout the winter in a good state even tor slaughter. Ha mantionod a few extreme cases, demon strating this clearly, and presenting it in a strong light; and really, in corroboration, I can hardly avoid saying, never did I witness, at tho same season of the year, all kinds of herbs in so fine a conditionhe assuring me that probably, ow ing to the mildness of the climate, sheep piodu ced unifoimly twice a year; and that disease was yet unknown among the herds of the country. I found the country 'undulating, and admirably watered, and particularly from Wallawalla east ward, well grassed the blue mountains, stretch ins to the north and south, affording a rich sup ply of timber to meet the demands of a large district of'country on either hind, of an inviting character. In a futa'e number, the localities of these mis tions will be described, their doings and pros pects dwelt upon, and the movements of the Hud - son Bay Company properly explained. In my next, the lower country, embracing the Willa mette valley and seacoast, will be considered, concerning which ws are a little more salisfacto- . rily informed, though it proper to say that only small portions of it have been duly explored: nod I earnestly hope, for the sake of future emi grating parties, for whose instruction I am wri- tin", that our resident, who nas so much at heart tho woll being of Oregon, will early take into consideration ths propriety of tending there a properly qnalifiad exploring party, to bring more fully to light ths vast resources of this new and interesting country.. &i,uau mil iiv, WANdtNOTo, Doc. J5, 1815, , From the Ml. Vernon Banner. Reception of Col. C. J. McNuliy on his arrival at Home from Washington. On Thursday afternoon of last week, a gentle man fron Licking county arrived here and an nounced the fact that Col. C. J. McNulty was on Ins way home in the Newark Stage. Immediate ly the cannon was got out to welcome his re turn, and a carriage sent out to meet him, ac companied by a number of gentlemen on horse back. Upon his arrival, tho people met him with three hearty cheers, and a National Salute of 2S guns, with 8 additional guns, being one for Ure gon,ono for California, one for Mrs. McNulty, one for Rob Roy McGregor, his son, one for the Washington Jury who tried him and totind him Description cf Ortg on. The beautiful let ters of Dr. White contain the best description of Oregon we have ever read. These letters are being published extensively throughout the country, snd are awakenings lively interest in the breast of every patriot in regard to our pos sessions west of the Rocky Mountains. Three of Dr. White's letter are published in to-day's Sentinel we will make room for tho balance hereafter. The Eighth of January Convention. The proceedings of the Biennial State Con vention to nominate a Gover-or, will be found on ihe fir st page of to-days paper. We requesi our renders to give them a calm and careful pe rusal. It will be seen that the issue of a hurt! money our rency is boldly and unequivocally made. both bv the resolutions of the Convention nnii the letter of David Tod, our standard bearer. We have always been of the opinion that eve democrat, who has at heart the welfare of the party, should sustain the party nominations and he issues presented by our County and State Conventions, when those Conventions are fairly constituted, notwithstanding their individual pre dilections may not have been gratified. Wc have nearly nine months before us to dis cuss the various topics before the people; let ns coolly and philosophically meet the issues which ire henceforth to divide the democratic from the federal parly. Let us present fids calmly and deliberately, and meet the arguments and objec tions of our opponents with reason and good sense. The democratic party of this State heve labor ed for years to establish a safe und sound circu lating medium. They passed a banking law, to prevent the people from being swindled out of their hard earnings; but the federal parly instant ly made war on the system, denounced it as im practicable, and done all in their power to pre vent it fi on) going into operation. I fiat party obtained a majority in our legislative councils,re- pealed the law passed by (ho democrats, and en- acied one themselves, which every man of corn moil sense knows to bo the most iniquitous and corrupt scheme that was ever adopted to "ferti lize the rich man's field with the sweat of the poor man's brow." Bad as every system of bank ing has heietofore been in this slate, the present is ton-fold worse. The people will have to en dure it for awhile, but the time will soon come when it will decay of its own internal rottenness What are the people to do? Their course plain. Let them hencefoith declare war against rag money, resolve to put it down and banish from our flourishing comm nwealth, and de termine to receive nothing for their produce and labor but the currency of the'Constitution, which never fluctuates and never breaks. f5"Col. McNcltt has arrived at home, and has met with a warm reception from his friends, See the piocecdmgs in another column. Mr McNulty is a man of fino talents undoubtedly, but has been guilty of many gross and palpable derelictions from the path of rectitude. "To err is human to forgive divine." Ho is young yet, md by exercising a little more prudence, nnd evincing more regard for himself, be may again win his wav to popular favor. We wish him well. OThe editor of the Stark County Democrat has written many severe paragraphs against the new proprietors of the Statesman; but after dis covering that he has formed an erroneous opi nion as to the Messrs. Hazewell, nnd done them gross injustice, has the magnanimity to make the amende honorable, and concludes thus: "We make this statement for the purpose ofl disabusing the public mind on the subject, and we add, that it affords us sincere pleasure both to be set right ourself, and to do an act of justice lo the Statesman, which our article had a tend ency to injure. And we confess that, in other respects, we had lormed and entertained opi nions unfavorable to ihe Statesman, which have been altogether changed by an acquaintance with ihe Messrs. Hazewell." not guilty, one for J. Mandervillo Carlisle, Esq., one for E. M. Stanton, Esq., his talented and distinguished counsel, and one for his friends in general. Immediately after the firing of the guns, the court house bell rung for a meeting of the peo- n o. In a lew minutes the court house was crowded and the meeting was organized by the appointment of II, D. Hurl as President, and Joseph S. Martin and Joseph Patton, Vice Presi dents, and David Morton, Secretary. On motion of Clark Irvine, Esq., a committee of five was appointed to wait upon Col. McNul ty to request him to address the meeting. The Chair appointed Clark Irvine, Esq., Win. Harl.T, Colopy.jr., R. B. Wright and Wm. Up fold. The committee after filling the duty of their appointment returned and reported that C.J. McNulty would respond to their request. One general and enthusiastic call for McNulty then resounded through the building Mr. McNulty then addressed the meeting in a serious and im press've manner, adverting to the matter between himself and tho Government, the injustice done him by tho latter protracting from time to time a trial of tho cha ges preferred against him, and of which a jury of iiis country found him not guilty. He was frequently interrupted by the plaudits of the assembled multitude, and when. through with his remarks, three hearty cheers went up for him, and the meeting adjourned. FI. D. IIARL, President. J, S, Martin, Joseph Patton, D. Morion, Secretary. In the evening an Oyster Supper was given to him prepared by his friends, and conducted on Temperance principles. (ErConsiderable opposition appear! to exist in the democratic ranks in this state, in refer ence to the proceedings of the late Convention at Columbus, but we hope this will be of short duration. Our government was brought into ex istence by compromise many great measures . . . i.-i r are carried by compromise, lnaiviauai pres ences cannot always be gratified. David Tod has been fairly nominated he has avowed him self to be a "hard money" man. A large body of democrats, who believe that well-regulated banks are essential for the public interest, may decline at first to give him their support; but eventually we sincerely believe they will change their determinations. Suppose a "soft-money'' man had been nominated, would it not bo impos sible to effect his election without the aid of the "hards?" Most unquestionably it would. There fore, having said this much, we must add that we regret to see the course pursued by tho respec table editor of the Wooster Standard. He has hauled down the name of Mr. Tod from the head of his editorial column, comes out fiercely a gainst the proceedings of lha 8th of January Convention, and recommends the assembling of another Convention,and the nomination of a new candidate for Governor! This is not only fool ish, but positively wicked! No good democrat will for a moment lend his countenance to such a ridiculous movement! C1TTTINGS AXD gCIMBBLIXGS. U, "Latter Day Saints.'1'' 'The Grand Jury of the , S. District Court, recently in Session at Springfield, III., found bills of indictment against Brigham Young, Orson Pratt, and ten other lead ing members of the Mormon Church, for coun lerfeiting the legal coin of the United States. riie Prophet, Joe Smith, used to work at the bu- . i i mi XT siness with his own nanus. iiiese luonuoii "saints" are great rascals. 03- Tho St. Clairsville Gazette, Zanesville Aurora, Newark Constitutionals!, and other de mocratic papers in this State, which have here tofore been opposed to the hard money doctrine have come out iti the right spirit for "Tod and the Constitutional Currency." The Wayne County Standard holds back. Come, friend Kennedy, there's no use in being alone. Unless you fight in the Democratic ranks the whigs will most assuredly take you prisoner! Eli T. Tappan, a son of Judge Tnppan, of Steubenville, has issued a prospectus for publish ing a semi-weekly hard money paper at Colum bus. The Wheeling Times has come out strong for Oregon. Good. The New York News comes to us very irreg ularly. We suppose it don't like to venture out in the country, for fear of soiling that new suit! The small pox lias made its appearance in Nashville, lenn. Out of 106 deaths in Philadelphia Inst week. 22 were from small pox 10 adults and 12 chil dren. The Register of the Treasury reports that the amount of Treasury notes outstanding on the 1st of January, was $o77,805 38. The produce of iron in its various forms, from the pig, for the coming year, in Pittsburgh, will be an average of 1000 tons per week. About one-fifth of this will be in the form of nails. . Preparations are now making at Mackinaw to erect at Copper Harbor, the coming season, a public house, designed to accommodate 200 per sons. Mr. Croswell, of the Albany Argus, contra dicts positively that he had engaged to leave Al bany for Washington, to help edit the Union. The machinery for the first cotton factory ever established in Florida, was received at Pensaco- la a few weeks ago. Elder Knnpp, the great preacher, on the 14th ult., at Pittsburgh, Pa., pray edfflecn hours with out stopping, it is said. Dow, Jr., says, when a human soul has long been exposed to the scorching rays of avarice, it becomes shriveled up like fried shoe strings. It is stated as a fact, that in a certain place up in New Hampshire, they cut up old maids into dried apples, and grind up old bachelors into "hard cider." There is a young woman in Boston so modest, that she had a young man turned out of doors,for saying the "wind had shifted." Vice Pres'ts. A funny case of assault and battery was re cently tried nt Akron, Ohio. The Rev. J. D Pickands, pastor of tho Second Advent Church, was charged with kissing the wile ol Lyman Green, and washing her feet against her bus band's will! Tho revorend gentleman acknow ledged the facts as charged, but justified himself so conclusively on scripture grounds, that the case was dismissed: Preparing for War. The New York Tele graph says: "A brigade ot a,oUU young men has been privately raised in .nat city ana nve aojoui ina counties, who are mustered for service, if a war breaks out with England. The command has beon unanimously tendered to-the gallant Gen.j McNie), and by him accepted. We hear that the service's of his brigade have been actually ten dered lo the government. Woodman spare that few. The N. O. Dcltn savs O. P. Woodman has been fined m one of the Florida courts lor cutting down and convert ing to his own use a large live oak, tho property of Uncle Sam. The Nev York Globe says he should have remembered the exhortation of the song:' Ah! woodman, spare that tree, Touch not a single bough; It ne'er belonged to thee, Why should you steal it nowV , (rNo steamer has as yet arrived from En gland. Of course we are without pews as to the reception of the President's Message, and the foeting it created. . (JirCassiui M. Clay is in New York, hammer J ing away at slavery and its advocates. frJ-Thc last Cadiz Republican contains the Valedictory speech of our " werry paiticular friend" William Rea Allison, Esquire, the late editor of that sparkling gem of wisdom and of wit. He has bade "farewell, a long farewell to all his greatness," and like Alexander, of Ma cedon, after conquering and subduing everything before him, he falls down on a green swarded hillock and weeps like a child because there is nothing left for him to conquer! It is not evory whig editor that can boast that his almighty pen revolutionized a whole county, and "changed it from 300 democratic to 300 whig," in a few short years! It is no wonder he retires lo repose on his laurels! We are afraid that he lias left noth ing for his successor to do! Great and immacu late man, rest thee in peace! Guernsey county has no more editors to fur nish for the whigs of Harrison', Allison was the last Plaiiiagenet! M. P. BnisTKR, Esq., late of Zanesville,is Mr. Allison's successor. He is said to be a young man of respectable talents and possesses much moral worth. We hopo to have a pleasant inter course with him both politically and socially ; and if it ever should become necessary for us to "shi ver a lance" with him in our editorial career we trust neither of us shall lose sight of those cour tesies which should ever characterize gentlemen, and ttlwaye feel "That true pride that warriors feel In foemen worthy of their steel.'1 frtA Democratic Editorial Convention met at Columbus, on the 8th of January. We were scarce of quoin at Ihe time, and were provonted from taking our brethren of tho quill by the OT The scalping knife andf seem to have been bu ried old ditfeiences healed up. " The lion am tho lamb lay down together" the Lethean cup was handed around, and all tho slrilo of the pasi was buried to be forgotten forever. We have not the slightest personal ill-ill towards a sin glo democratic editor in the Stale, and we trust a similar feeling prevails in the bosoms of our brethren of the tripod. Farmer's Library. We have received the Ja n .1 Tl 1- I I unary number ol ma farmers l.iuiiiiy u Monthly Journal of Agriculture. It contains continuation of Thaer's Principles of Agricul ture, the most learned and satisfactory essay ever written in regard to the nature and improve ment of the soil; also a number of well-written essays by the editor, John S. Skinner, on various subjects of deep interest to every farmer. This woik richly deserves success. It is decidedly the best publication of the kind in the world. Published by Greeley & McElrath, Tribune buildings, Now York, at $5 per annum. Expected Revolution. The New York Ex press (rather poor authority in any matter,) con tains a rumor of a new revolution in Mexico, at tlm bead of which is General Paredes. He wish es to overthrow the government ofllerrera and when that is effected, declare war against the United Stales, form a new constitution, and put the government in the hands of three individuals, All smoke, we are inclined to think. Governor of Texas. From the returns in, it is sad that Gen. Henderson, the democratic can didate, has been "elected Governor of the new Slate of Texas. That will do for a beginning. 05" The coon editors are treating their read ers to ridiculous reports of the scenes which took place in the recent Democratic Convention at Columbus. Well, suppose it was "a perfect Bed lam," and all that who cares now? Order will come out of chaos! Let the coons remember the result of the Btltimaio Convention, and be ware the lues of October! Wanted, At this office, immediately, a Microscope, lo dis cover something of interest in the proceedings of the Ohio Legislature, to publish in our paper. Our "naked eye" has ueen unsuccessful in find ing an item of the least consequence! Cavorgia. G. W. Towns (clem.) has been elected to Congress from the Macon district by 380 major ity over Dr. A. B;iber, (whig) in pla ce of Wash ington Poe, (whig,) who was elected by 129 ma jority, and subsequently resigned his seal, decla ring lhat no democrat could "touch bottom." Poe ought to feel bad! The Montreal Pilot, in the course of a para graph on the aspects of the Oregon controversy, ihus speaks of the altitude and course of the A- merican government- "Nothing has yet takon place to prevent an amicable termination of the controversy, and notwithstanding all the abuse heaped on ihe A merican government by ignorant or prejudiced persons, it must be evident lo all who have read the uble papers of Mr. Calhoun ond Mr. Bucha nan, that they advance a very strong claim to the OreiJon territory, and that by ottering to divide it, they have evinced any thing out a uesire lor Old Columbiana. Tho pure and incorrupti ble democracy of Columbiana county held a rat ification meeting at New Lisbon, on tho 12th inst., and responded to the action ot tho btate Convention in the most emphatic and enthusias tic manner. Columbiana is never wrong. fej-The subject of capital punishment is now engaoing the attention of the pulpit, the press and the forum, throughout the country. Petitions praying for the nbolition of hanging and the sub stitution of imprisonment for life, are daily pour iim Into our state legislature. war. This, from a British print, is a concession well worth the attention and imitation of such Amer ican presses as have sought to invalidate 6ur"ve ry strong claim" to Oregon. IIo! for California. A large party of set tlers proposo leaving Arkansas in May next, for California. They will rendezvous al Fop. Smith, Ark., on the fitsl Monday in April. Every per son starling is expected to bo well armed with a rifle, or heavy shot gun, 15 lbs. of shot or lead, 4 lbs. of powder, &.C. . New County. A bill to erect the new county of Chester has been introduced into the Legisla ture by Mr. Ferguson. It is composed of parts of Harrison, Tuscarawas, Coshocton and Guern sey counties. People who know, incline to the opinion that it will pass, and become a law. Dr. Wm. Kerr, a genuine democrat and a first rate fellow, has been elected Mayor of the city of Pittsburgh, over coons, natives and niggers, Glad of that. Washington Irving, it is said, will return homo from Spain in the Spring. A movement is now making to construct a rail road from Chicago to Galena. An application of soft-soap to tho head is said to be nn excellent cure for love. The Montreal Herald says: "A day of two ago, one of a valuable pair of horses attempted to lick tho other in a playful manner, when the latter seized its tongue, and bit it ort cluse to the roots." Gen. Cameron, Jas. D. Westcott, and J. M. Niles. Senators in Congress, are printers and once worked at case. Why is a young lady just from boarding school, like a building committee? Because she is rea dy to receive proposals. In 1821, the price of wheat in Illinois was 37J cents per bushel: now it is )fil. Corn was 211 cents; it !s now GO. Cows were $4 per head; they ate now 15 to $20. Pork was 1 cent per pound; it is now from 4 to 5. A strange and suspicious sloop, long, lean and sharp, under British colors, commanded by an Indian, with lots of Specie, was lately in the har bor of Curthiigena, but before her true character could be ascertained, sho left the port. January is from Janna, the door, or portal nnd not from Janus, double-laced. So say the encyclopedias. Arrangements are making to light the city of Richmond, Va., with gas. A Seminole chief is preaching in Pittsburgh, and a Chinese in St. Louis. It is said there were some fifty or sixty mail bags on the Belle Zinc, when sho was lost near White river. Hogs. The number of hogs in the United States is estimated at about 30 millions, while in all Europe there are but about 40 millions, of' which Russia has 10, Austria 0, Great Britain 0, France 5, Italian States 3, Bavaria, Netherlands,. Prussia, Sweden and Spain, about 7 millions be tween them, and all other States about 3 millions. The Governor of Virginia has granted Hunter Hill, now under sentence of death for the mur der of Major Smith, a respite for one month. Wo learn from the Baltimore Sun that tho Hon. Dtlazon Smith arrived in that city on the 2d inst., direct from South America via Jamaica,, on his way to Washington. "Delusion," it seems,, was not lost after all! The Philadelphia North American learns by private advices from Washington, that several; Whiff Senators will sustain the views advanced by Mr. Adams upon the Oregon, question. An unsuccessful attempt was lately made to. rob the office of the Treasury of Allegheny city. Mrs. Abby Foster, late Miss Kelly, nnd her Virginia. In the House of Delegates on the 9th inst., a bill was reported from tho Select Committee on the subject for taking the sense of the people on the call of a Convention to a mend the Constitution of the State, and for oth er purposes. I he Lull proviacs lor organizing a Convention on the basis of the present House of Delorates. with 131 members, to bo choseu as distinguished the delegates are now chosen. A minority re port which was pretented at the same time, ob jects lo this organization, and insists upon the white basis as the only truo representative prin- rinlfi. husband, have kicked up a wondorlul fuss in cJ..,.-T7Z7....-..- a f The riusourgn OlC lMH m GJLUWOWl V J t I 11 1 - h,.il,A Shark f!nt. Whim, n the act ot taking a snip ....s " t r I . O 1 U!na rfP Ihn HflV m mw niTt in 15a izo at lcw uricans on me ou ... v.. Consciences of that material 111 lun Mil iliu anw - , . ii t inst., burst her boilers, killing John When, bro- hae been a long time in vogue, as well as souls, ther'of tbe Captain, and scalding the first engi- It is said that those recently employed in tak- neer, James Urivean, so severely tnai nine or ng the census oi uosion, rnei wun uui mree uu no hopo was entertained of his recovery. The married ladies, whoso ages exceeded thirty ta- oilot Shall, and several of the firemen were very king their own word for it ' ... tl 1 ...,l,..,l ... , badly scalded. Captain Whon escaped unhurt. Sineo writinff the above, says the Jeffersonian, ;a lenrn lhat one of the firemen, scalded by the1 explosion, died ofl' the Balize, and that the 1st engineer, M'Kean, cannot possioiy survive. fjf The anti-war federalists are prating about the enormous expenses of a witr with England, provided it should take place. The democracy prefer war before dishonor, be the expenses what they may. During the last twelve years, the people of Ohio have lost upwards of two millions of dollars by paper moucy swindling, a sum large enough to feed, clothe, and provide with ammunition a force large enough to expel eveiy lory from the North American continent! A New Map. We are indebted to the pub lisher, S. Augustus Mitchell, of Philadelphia, for a copy of a new map of Texas, Oregon, and Cali fornia, with the regions adjoining, just published by him. It is got up in beautiful style, and ev .r. it.;nr in rerrard to these countries that is known is carefully noted down. 1 he map is ac companied by a neat pamphlet of 48 pages, which contains a vast fund of useful information. Ten comes of the map with th explanatory pamphlet may be obtained for $5--cheap enough in H conscience. ( It has been truly remarked, that "many a man has blown his brains out with a brandy bottle." There is suicide in a turn barrel as well as a pis tol barrel. Of all thieves, fools are tho worst ; they rob you of time and temper. A sufficiency has been tauly and wittily de- a person hasal- Good. It is said lhat the federal clerks in the various departments at Washington city, a- mounting to some two hundred, will be permit ted to go home shortly. Guillotine them, as the hard cider administration did the democrats in 1841. 0-Oregon Territory is -about 880 miles in length, with an average breadth of 550 miles, and contains an area of 450,000 square miles. It has trees 200 to 300 feci in height, and from 20 to 50 feet in circumference. - To die on the callows! Thomas, the murder er of Edwards, at Boiirnvillo, Ross county, has been tried, found guilty, and sentenced to be hung. '.:-',:.)-' ft-The Senate of the United States, within the last few weeks, has confirmed a large num ber of nominations mado by the President during the summer. Among them we 'notice that of Louis McLane, as Minister to England. ' fj-lt is estimated that 40,000 sheep are de stroyed in thii state each year by dogs. v Tae State Bank of Endiana. ti,. T..nu;,u,ii f i Ms in.qiitnt'nn has made a I '"'" . . I I" .1 I-.. report to the legislature of its condiiion.by which tinea as -a nine more man win- nnnonra I 1:1 tho DallK las fh.i.Ol I .Oil I VI, l ---"J K"" m pirrulntinn. and St 1.079.328 24 in spe- The Droperlv held bv Trinitv Church in New rie on hand, being over $3,25 to ono in specie, York, is estimated to be worth one hundred mil- besides a large amount aue depositors m specie; mons oi dollars, lteai esiaie, jjou,uuu,uu uui- How can this bank redtiem its paper ( it cannoi er property jiau,uuu,uuiJ. lo it, until ihe borrowers of its paper pay their jrflot out 0SA Judgo in North Carolina notes, and thereiore, me reaompuonoi us uuies , jB(, ( .j ihntsnonk uir or bowing three times depends upon the siiccoss and honesty of a set , i enuivalont to an engagement; and i i i i. .1 ka rn. . 9 ' ' . i . ill j ot speculators wno iiavn uwiuwcu wo uami . ,nt f tho uent eman does noi iisk ner nana hi the bank. This is the safoty and soundness and mnrrjage, she can sue for breach of promise, and solvency oi an pupor iiiuuejr uumiD. u. .iiy recovor heavy aamnges. Sentinel. A Sad Case. The onlv son of Col. Ethan Al len, of Revolutionary memory, was recently in We had thought lhat nothing could add to the Galena, anxious to get lo Washington, lorihe time profound wisdom of our present Legislature, but purpose of urging the payment of a claim fo L.. r...iA uaii.Ji. i,nr mr. A material volutionarv services, due his taiher ot trie accession was made last night, by the advent of of his death, nnd in such indiffont circumstances. an owl, which made its appearance at the door that De was compeneu ,o Ft:. .B Mf iUa Anilnl nnrl tuna rif Pnil rfl ' llllf PTl in.' If the oublic papers. umi,omi'"" .... - . , n, n r-,.1 am ii ha hnnt nrmner1. tne DIlOll Oil Itnnilnlnfi'A AfrlBM. vC learn iri" " .L 't).ol,li, nf ilia lOivl P.rpnk R:inll ' nrraill I nliilnn .Tnorrinl. that Judue Leish, the executor knocking at the door of. the Legislature for an Lf J Randolph, has purchased a large tract ot act of incorporation, there was a ntness in pre- land iu mercer couiut, v.. -...v.. hi. &;M thMinwArrWiA. Coombs, the iho Iiivaii. anms 800, manumitted by that re. P. . -it aI.-.I ! A 1n.s. ni.n -.rinMsJ in Mnr. ex-cashier of the uallipout U;inKt wm see um markauie man- aiimu","1jw,",,ju ,m -11 lm vtrvk in I Tift RnntA. Wa mirrnest that his Lor rnnntv. comprising three or four townships, owlshin be made a member of the Board of Con-L now owned nearly altogether by colored per. ...... 1 (mh Statesman, sen.