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S. Cnrellua mtos1i Address.
,ildfer" firm tha Itelejjiies of the Suullieio
Right Asaociationa of Sou it Carolina,
Aem!.li in Char lesion, u the S. R. Ai
mm.is.Iob ofoibcr Southern Stitef : .
Having fiietto uk counsel together, and
having greed upon that course which we
thiok il ight sad necessary lo pursue, we
wish lo ly befoie you the considerations by
bich we hnve beeu governed, with lhi
frankneos which our repPl for you, and
ui dean la merit your gwA opinion, re
quire. r i J '
. W .regard the pos!:ipn $f the Southern
Slates' in this confederacy as degraded and
ruinous. ' manrfest tendency ol I hole
systematic ags'emioaa which they bate auf-
(:red for many jreaT jml; 11 to subvert the
institutions ol slavery. II ihode acta ol bos
nla deoominatica, which have been render
ed inere'HnaoJtOig by mockery of language,
under lb ietm compromise, were hual
in their nature, and were not to be followed
by any further aggressions, we should still
regard llem a outrage, lo which sovereign.
't,alefc, -rJoMeasiug the spirit of frecdorq ought
"uever.tri submit. Bui those measures ouy
'fatva part of a system, gradually cotqqienced,
steadily carried forward, gathering siren Hi
frora development, and proceeding with fa- I
'laTmomentuin la its end, , That end is bo
tftioa of negro slavery in be Southern States,
'sod tha lowering Of (lie free white populu
lion of tho South lo the same level with that
- agrarian rabble, which, already strong and
dangerous, seemed destined, before very
nng, to be the controlling power in' the
Northern Stales. .
' We see lio remeuy and no safety for the
Suuil) in ile present Uiifun. But we know
thai to tin wp (Liter lrom very many cilt-
Kens of the Other Southern States spirited
and. intelligent, having the same interests,
aud suUermu under ihe same wrongs, uh.ulr and wnhoui molcsiaiion.
t.ursclves, and who cherish the hope that
tpe righis of ihc Soulh, may bo vindicated
nd secured without dissolving the existing!
confederacy. In this djtfcrence, il does
tiql hCOme us to ae.'iime to dictate, and we
hope to stand free from thai charge. Up io
this lime, the citizens of 8. Carolina, aware
ttiai peculiarity o political position, arming
from past evenls, rendered a certain reserve
on their part' prudent and proper, havq studi
ntisly avoided every thing which 'might look
(ike assuming the lead, in the defonc of Southi
pro Rights.. They Hesired t set, because
'they biieyed (hat safety and honor required
ybtron;'bitt they hoped that they might find
jeadeM in other Stnies whom, they might
'follow in delence of the contrnon cause.
When the ancient common wealth ol Virginia,
he proper leader of the South, declared her
iwrminairoti'to resist, nt all hazards and to
the last extremity, bostilo measures then
tFentened, S. Carolina, with alacrity, stood
Ve4y ta suttBP.rt: Yifgmi in carrying out
Iter high resolution. When Georgia, whose
whose former resistence to fuderal userpation
gnder her heroic statesman, Troupe, gave
prrrrjisO of unflinching firmness in nnj coo
lest in which, Sh9 might engage proclaimed
lies determination lo make a stand for the
tights of the South, South Carolina rejoiced
V r$ prospect of rallying under the banner
of Georg'm. A.nq when her you 114 and gal
lant sister, Mississppi, piopbsed the measure
of a Southern Convention for the purpose of
eudea.vt.ring tq unite the Souihern Siuies in
maintaining their constitutional rights, and
Sit the same time preserving if possible, the
agisting Union, South Carolina heartily en
lred 1 11 Hi tttis ineasme: and she has carried
recommendalion of the Convention
Med at the instance of Mississippi.by
Jtrovtdiiig for. the elec'ion of delegates to ajnny with which she can lie charged towards
'Southern Congress, . lo whose meeting she i thorn. Sovereigns aie equals, lust-ceding
''till took wilh anxious interest. alone, South Carolina would be placing her
' ,ln"all Ihese proceeding, we think that lhc;R;slejS'n,!9i "" 110 const.ni.n. If they
citizens ofS. Carolina have evinced all p.0). j8"ou,d fi"d peU m a position of con
fer anxiety to avoid the appearance of srro-i straini, it would come from the action of the
Vance or dictation, to act in concert with the f erlera Government, not oi South Carolina,
citizens of other Southern Slates, and to do!15"1 'ey "hould insist upon her refraining
oothine seueratelv or precipitately. Aud,lr"m mewrcige oi ner ngni, and submit-
4'iv . " ; , , ,
hnm, stronsly aa we have expressed our be
lief thai there is no hope lor'' the South in the
existing Union, we are prepared to give a
(rial, lairly and in good faith lo any effectual
nlnn whii'h mv lie nreonsnd hv nnv sister I
State of the Soulh, for obtaining redress for
the paw and security for the fuluie, without
a dissolution of the existing Union, if there
tuf' a iifhitihilil v of such a r.nnsumaliun
- i j
JSnt we Gnd ourselves forced to. consider
Ihe olterior question, what we are to do, if," i a isouuvsm congress, to .levtse measures
We M hil ? no. reasonable hope of of 'edteis and reltel.upoii which some of the
'he co-operation of any other Southern State, W'6"1 Stales may mine. We have hcrelo
jn any effectual plan of relief, nnd the allern- tore been wilimg to sacrifice much for South
alive is presented lo us,' of submitting, or! ern Union. We still are. Wo do not de
'sciinif by ourselves. And, reluctant as we8l,e 10 lcB, tii to follow. Piopose any el -are"
ii aeperate ourselves from our natural, f8C,11Rl measures for vindicating our common
Jrienos ahd atli.es, 9 have rnade up our rgh,s, and, providing Vc,r our cqinmon safely,
SoiiWs. Ve cannni' submit. We no that " W8 w" heartily unite vttb You in entry
's. Corolina entered this cdtifederncy as a ,hnm oul- w sllou,d rpg'a' "si decp
ItiveretgB altd independent State, nnd tlmt, 'o incur tho censure of friauds,with whom
'haviiijf been wronged, s lie has the perfect.0 lmve iUo ""onaest des re 10 net in con
tigU 10 withdraw lrom it. Her sons must!""- But we feel a deep couvictiun thai
Exercise the tight and meet the consequent W8 nnve 1,01 acted heretofore wiih any pre
ce. If 00 other Stale will join us in. reliev-'clP,ttt"" ntl 1,181 e 8re ihe righl in
ma outatdves from the wrongs already inflict- Jho determination which we have fotrnr-d.
d, we see no hope in waiting for new out-; The selhaasemetit f submission, appears
raes lo arouse a higher spirit of resistance. I'" 1,9 unworthy of men sfll pretending 10 be
' The new outrages, we are well convinced, fre.e- 'l,e ghiomy prospect or iievitahlo
Mil) pome in due lime; but wo feel no.assu. ,f'iin,to follow submission, appears to us more
ranee that the spirit of tho vassal will rise formidable thnn any d.uigers 10 be rncoun
fr, Proportion to the indignities heaped upiin . ,erei1 ln conteurf iinr alone, against whatever
)iiVad. ' On the contrary, we see that the !,",,,!'' for ''g'1'- VVs ,,ave "" lo 'he de
omh has already bonte what it would not I'horate conclusion Idai if it be our line ti; he
for a irKiineul have submued lo len, vearg lefl a,0"6 in the struggle, olo.ne we must
io. and what the North would not then have vindicate our liberty by secession.
ventured to pcrpctralfl. We are not willing'
lo try the experiment how long it will be.21
iefotv out s writ is coinnletely broke"!!, by
nrHottllv and continuallv ' viefdinv to alow
ind gradual but increasing encroachments. iSta,e of Sontli Carolini canoot aubwit lo the
'nd if theesetcise of the right of secession, r"ngs antj aggressions which have been
be followed by ihe attempt on the pari , perpetrated by ihe Federal Government and
'of Vim Goviprnn'.erti nf ibis confederacr in 'he Northern 8ii'.f without diJionor and
WtH'g' 8- 'QA 5! h hetter that we should '
meet mai attent w'i wo viii nave gosii i "-"'," huuui ins to-
wiwer of lesistenca left. ' Il 'We Rto lo Sub.- peraiion of other Southern Slates.
Wit W the cooditton ! of a conquered' peofite J 2- f1"" concert .'of action with one or
we think It h dishonorable not to do sirimafe tC0".' States of the South.wheth
liotiV we have first lieen conquered. ' And ifjer Uirsugbi the proposed Southern Congress,
VrltNh'cooW add tr the necessity which or "ny ot,,er l"a"eri i n object worth
4w?Y rxtits m a withdrawal lrom the
existing union, wonjq ne tpo oentni oi the
right ot secession.- FoHhe denial of that
right Iftdncates of itself extreme danger.
.The .righT f eceaioji has hcrlMofote, ni
in batter days, been regarded asorirjuestion.
blby all Sottthern politicians, with tho ex
ecpiitlri of ntf inconviderable number of con -'solidotio'nie'ts,
' And if ever thai right can
lie denied without amusing the wbole South
to sustain it, the South will be ripe for the
most inferable fate which, has ever bcful
'lert any -ople. Ill will thoo, as a per ma
uent 'sectWnl minority, have no defence
gaint 'me' 'tyranny of a Government com
hiriiua ill tl.o ''KPf of i'io corrtipicel demnc
racy snJ llie must' opptossive foreign despo.
turn. , .
We kr,nw the conseqiicnco which will fol
low a fail'ii'O in our ittorl to mauitairj our
)ll ety. We fee clearly that n triumph of
poMef f'Tlha Fv.ilfj Govertnnciil, in subju-
1'itii)" 'ltc, will vastly increase inai pow
er n rid ftei-ily aet elnfiite tlui chnnge,tlrendy
(iir iiilvaMPfiJ, ofoor I tolorativo system tlilu
- ,. . . i .' .i w-
to 1 1 ui ?..(;,, ill mil wilier ttio conseqitcn
' . . . " i - i i.. i i
,'fi t linn fiiiyi awiif!, nor nisi uio r"Pi ui
-s ri ;rt'ioi S'.'iie-j niut (tuli'cr in an equal
d 'gire. They will lve ntsafcfUttd sga.it
llie Central Government strengthened by
ciuthing nppovi tiou, and rendered, by tri
umphant force, what our Northern enemies
hive lung beeu endenvnnng lo rtiake it by
ftaudule:tt oserpntion 'lie supreme Govern
meat of a CDtisclidite l nation. Tho sover
eignty of Southern States cannot be deitoy
ed without the Una of their aovereignly by
all the oiheia. W are aware of the iB'pon
sibility of doing aa a:i which' in y hasten
tha consequences. We 'feel the re.pecl
which we owe lo Stales having a common
interest, threatened by a common danger,
but not equally persuaded with onrselves ol
the necesi:y of action. And nothing would
incuse ui to lake without their concurrence,
a course which is to involve ihein in iis con
sequences, but a thorough conviction of the
necessity which urges us, and of our righl
to do so.
Addressing citizens of Southern States,
associated lo maintain the rights of I lie South
we cannot imigine il la lie necessary lo ar
gue a bum the right of secession. We hold
it lo be the great Sinte right, without which
all othots are nugatory, incapable of being
enforced 5 and your piMtion assures us th.t
your (ailh cannot be different from ou is.
Nor can we regard it as neceasary any far
ther to discuss the wrongs which have been
inllicted on Southern Slates. 1 hey may be
denied by those who shut their eyes lo them
bill you do not belong lo lint class. South
em and Stale lights men may differ as to (he
necessity of exorcising the righl of secession
at a particular lime, on account of those
wrongs." But as cerinin as the right exis's,
each Slntir must possess thu riht of judging
for'hcrself, ns In occasion and time lor in)
exercise. II Souih Carolina decides thai fion-
or and safely require bet lo secede, Hie has
the right to leave the Conrederacy peacea-
If the ael of of the secession is not per
milled to be tceahlc, it will be from usur-
pntiou of power by the Federal Government,
not from ihe nature of 1 lie set performed by
Soulh Carolina. Accustomed as we have
been lo violations o the Constitution, and of
the righl of the Southern States byOe Fed
erul Government, we have 10 look lorward
lo Ihc probability id another outrage by thai
Government in the attempt lo lorce Ihe
ia(e to remain in the Union. We suppose
(ho attempt will be made, if the other South
em States permit it. Those Slate mugt
decide for themselves, whether tiey will per
mit il, South On roll 11 a must decide for her
self whether il is necessary to ut cede. Her
sister Stales of the South will have 110 right
lo complain that he forces them into a posi
tion where ihey inngl either imerpose to
prevent her subjection, or, by consenting 10
il, abandon ihetr own soveieignly, and lav
themselves at the mercy of a despotic pow
(n seceding, South Carolina will simph
do an nut which nil Southern men who be
lieve in the existence ol Slate righis at all,
must Rtlmil ilul she has a perfect ritrlit to do,
and which she regards ns absolutely neces
sary. She wil be nglicg on her sacred
rights. ,. She will be acluig, us she uMild
bare to net, if none of 1 lie Southern Slate
wero in existence, mid flits were the only ob
ject of aggression by the Northern Slates
and the Feder.il Government. She is not
answerablo fur iIm usurpations and injustice
which may he committed against her. And
for her sibtu'r'iSl.ilcs of ihe Sonlh lo ask her
to refrain fro.m on e.vercise of right which
she regards as inclispeiisiblo for selt'-prescr-
vation, would be nn
iiiledeience with her
ifrce action of a fur different 'character from
ling lo a condition which she regards as in
tolerable, ihey' woufil' make themselves par
ties wilh the Federal Government, in placing
an unjuetinable constraint upon a sovereign
We "lsh ,,,e necessity for separate
jc,lon by South Cniohna, which we have
contemplated, may be averted. He contide
iii iiia giiHHiu hpiriin w iiuiii wo BuurrBs
There rnny be Rome hope ufthe aseemUlinij
' Wr. Gregg, from llie select committee of
ubmiued ihe following resoluiinns.wliich
wore noopieu :
1. That in ihe opinion at ihig, meeting tlw
"lin i "i necessary tu relieve herself
m,l,, n"'"ces, om nui vie sacrtrtce luvol
ved in submission.
3. Thai we hold llie riihl of secession lo
he essential to the sovereignty and, freedom
of the States of this Confederation, aitd t,hnt
the denial of thai right would furnish to an
injured State the strongest additional cause
lor its exercise.
4- Thai ibis meelitiff looks with confidence
and hope lo he convention of the people, to
exert the sovereign powi-r of the Slate in 0e
fence of rights, at the earliesf practicable
penou anq in too mint eiiectiial msnnerjand
to the Legislature, tit adopt the most speedy
and effectual measure i townrdi the -nme
Pommy, May 1(5.
-This morning abo'ii 0 oVIock, one' of llio
boilers In Nve' steam saw mill "exolndpci.
seriouilv injuring Mr. Brit"ks. ("ntnneer; he
bad his jaw bone broke ami a severe rot in
ih head, besides' lema badly scalded; il it
supposed that be can live, but n few hours
mi one else hurt. 1 lie boiler waa lUown
endwise about tiO nuU gainst stwie wall
and bnunded .hack some 50 feet. Several
person near the pull iitiuwly escaped the
flying limbers. ' ' '.
lie aiir, Sentinel.
S ALLEN fc GILES, EDITORS.
WEDNESDAY MORNING. MAY 81.1851
AGENTsI Y'OR THK 'SENTINEL'
D. MAOLKR.Ki..tadulv autlioriind to receive
snbscripiioiis, advertisements, etc., in the city of
WlieeHii. lor Uie !entiiiel. All contracts mane
bv dim will be biithlullv ocrforsjtfxl.
E. W.Caiil. V. B. Puiea, and C. PisacE.are
our regular authorised Brent in Philadelphia,
lo receive advertisements, etc- for tlie sentinel
Thkson Tmompsok, of Steubenville, ia our au
thorized neeiit nt that nlace. for the fecntinel.
i. II. FiTKa,of Ibe Pittuhurih Dispatch, is our
nnthorizetl ngnt nt that place, (or the Sentinel
Those indebted to the "CADI? SENTI
NIC,,' for Volumes 16 and 17. will settle their
necounts with either of the present editota of thn
Sentinel, or Mr. M.At- Bartleson, nud NONE
OTHER. THOS. L JEW KTT,
DAY OF VOTING
For adopting the New Constitution,
THE 17th DAY OF JUNG, 1851.
OCrThiough ihe politenessofR. K. Pbiom
Esq., Auditor of Harrison County, we ore
enabled (o ay before our readers the fol
lowing statement of the Wheat nnd Corn
crops of lite coumy for the year 1850, as re
ported by the township assessors.
Townships. Acres Bushels Acres Bushel
Shoitcteek 2401 5U0S 1020 73954
Greene 2593 50572 1511 59174
German 1938 31747 679 28150
Alliens 2055 39133 1235 52740
Cadiz 2354 47880 20 10 91282
Archer 2220 31057 1028 30385
Itumley 1283 21097 420 12939
Mooiefield 1980 31309 1283 44050
Noiingham S702 40932 1308 42112
8iock 2258 34312 1020 31393
North 1441 30588 501 19575
Freeport 1432 21236 721 29322
Washington 2284 34401 1232 30594
Franklin 1509 20957 708 34514
Monroe 2754 39740 618 25G30
31415 532778 101G0 009010
OT'Should any one wish to enjoy a luxu
ry ihey had bettor call on Fukb. NEWttcnoit
and try his ipe cream. "Every body and his
wife" should remember that Fred does "busi
ness as it should be done," so of course ihey
will cull on him nnd try his dainties. Do so.
07" What is the reason ihnt tho Wheeling
Artnis does not v'sit us? Has the Doctor
forgot his prom'sc?
(Vj-there is noiliina so conducive to
health :is cJeanlineEd. And to keep the body
clean il is necessary to haihe occasionally.
To meet llie wants of our cilizens.lhat ptince
of tho razor, Lot Willis, lias, at considers
hie cxpei.se fined up a bath, to which he in
vites tho attention of his friends. "Der
Mnshinc" works to a charm, and we advise
our friends to give it a dial.
05" The Watchman in referring to the
opposition lo the New Constitution says that
it is realtv amusing to see ihe sneaking ef
forts made, by the whig press throughout
the State, against the adoption of the New
Constitutor.. They have not the manliness
In come out boldly against il ; but in a whi
ning, sneaking wanner, liter are continually
harping against te "naughty constitution
"O, ihe Lokie-foJuea" We, have not seep
one sound reasot advanced by anyone of
I hem against its adoption. If they have uno
why don't the y give it? and not be continual,
ly crying out against it, "without a why or u
ichereforeV From the Ohio Stalo Journal,
down to 'he smallest wliiggie, that 'grnpe,j
i s way in darkness," we hear one con
tinned howling and mufllod groaning against
Ihe new Constitution... The slrongest, rosi
conclusive and unanswerable reason thai
we have seen given by any whig editor in
the State, against the adoption of the new
Coiistiluiiou, is the followingyhich we copy
from (ho last Portsmouth Tribune nnd Clip
per: "Some cifthe whigs will opposo the
new Constitution, and there are sufficient
reasons for lliem to do so." ' So il appears
that for whigs to have "sufficient reasons for
the in to oppose the new Constitution" is
merely to have a will'" to oppose it.
Well, let them oppose it we trust they
are not so green b to suppose that the peo.
pie "will" oppose it. bo not these Federal
leaders know that the people desire to elect
their own State , county and township officers f
Do they not know thai Ihe people desire
that the Cjiis aad all other incorporated
companies should pay tax on Ihoir capita)
the sains ss the Farmer, and the Mechanic,
am", the Laborer pay on theirsf Do tjjey
not know that the people desire to have the
Legislature meet once in two years, insteftd
of every year, ns heretofore? ' And do they
not know that the people understand fuf well
that if the New Constitution is sdopJcd, they
accomplish al these iuipmiun,!, and to them,
desirable ends? Let Whig editors i squirm
and twisvnd foam.ag'murb ss they pleate
poor things!-;-tho people , utjtlepland iliejr
Lusirji'.ss, and will no doubt attend to it in
I heir own wny. ' llie fact is, rederahsm
always feas. been in favor of keeping' ll pow-.
er 014 oj pi! rjjancts 01 trto people; 0 always
has 'eaur-avored Id uphold and support the
"lich and well born,? at ihe expense of the
laboring classes. " Hence its ripKisiti(n to
iIm New Constitution. It's advocates can
boar the Idea of, seeing its " darllug pels,'
(the Citiks.V como upu th lax duplicate
niaocioted with property of the eontnon pto
pie it would Us such a ditgrace!
now cors thu nanT?
Aye, and what ia the prospect? Are the
skies blight? They are, and the futuie is
'big with promise" to the Democracy. All
that is required of them, is that they remain
1 rue 10 their country and her institutions
true to their avowed snd time hooored prin
ciples of Republicanism and a day of vic
tory will ere long dawn upon them. Long
have the democracy struggled against the
unprincipled leaders of the Federal party,
but the "cloud that lowered upon our house,1
bath passed and a day of rest is at haad.
The prospect s'indawed forth hy the adop
tion ol the NEW CONSTITUTION, is
but one link in the chain of brilliant succes
es which ill eventually perch upon the
Democratic banner. . .. .
The Galphin Whig leaders, conscious
of their doom, seem determined if possible
to avert it. To this end all manner of mali
cious reports are circulated in reference to
this document. This is done for the pur
pose of casting the odium which is resting
upon them ns a party, upon the new Consti
tution. By this means they hope to gull and
deceive the oeoplo as of yore, into the belief
that ihey as a patty, are ihe special protec
tors of their interest. Yes, fellow cm
zens, they win give you proiecuuu sucn
as tho starving wolf gives lo the helpless
Do vou doubt it? Look tit the past. In
every war in which we have been engaged,
the Federal party lenders, have opposed by
nil means in their power, the sustaining ol
our country's flag.
They arc the supporters of sjch boauttlul
institutions ns the United States Bank, the
Gnllipolitf, the Hamilton Bank, nnd host of
others, which have BROHE UP. and
CHEATED THE PEOPLE OUT OF
MILLIONS OF DOLLARS.
These men ore the supporters of that
damning policy whioh requires a POOR
MAN TO OWN PROPERTY BEFORE
HE CAN VOTE!!!
These are the men-who refuse to let the
people have n voice in the election of pub
lic officers. .
We could snj much more, hut for the pte-
sent this will suffice on this head. We urn
now lo the constitution.
We have said that the Whig parly lead-
ers were using eveiy euori 10 ueieai me
new constitution. This opposition is nol ns
yet open. They prefer doing their nets of
meanness in the dark, and at a lime loo
when it is too late to refute their slanders.
A few days ago the Whig Cenirnl Committee
of Ohio, issued their edicl.calling upon their
followers to vote- as they pleased! This is
theit public idvice. But secretly they are
organizing unitedly against it. They fear
public opinion, and hence their underhanded
opposition. Now we have b few questions
which wo wish our neighbor of the Cadiz Re
publican to answer: , . (
If the new constitution is so unjust in its
provisions, why is ii that oil the Whigs in
the Convention, save fourteen. VOTED
FOR IT UPON ITS ADOPTION.
If the new Constitution is unjust, why did
not the Whig members of the Convention
come out in an addies.t and tell the people
so nnd urge them lo vole against it.
If the new Constitution is so unholy and
unjust, why do not the members who were
sent from this county to Ihe convention can
vass ihe county and tell the people wherein
the evils exist?
The people want an answer lo Ihese ques
tions. UAUci rUU AINSvvkk THEM?
we shall see.
Among the many mean, dastardly and in-
famous falsehoods put forth by the rotten
and corrupt politicians that control the Whig
press, o the purpose of bringing the new
constitution into disrepute is. one to this ef
fect :. '
"Under the new Consiitntion.CHURCII-
ES, &.c, may be taxed at the will of a cor
rupt Legislature." ' '' "' ' '
We were awaro that these federal editors
were little soulcd enough to be guilty ot al
most any act of meanness. But we must
admit thai the above iroes ahead of any thing
we ever expected. Out upon such nienn-
itess. It tney wist to oppose 11, wny 00
hey not come out mnly' hud toed tho issues
fairly, and not resort to sucu iricks as the
0110 referred to ' ' " ' '
As the d-iy approaches tho ' conduct of
iee partig-irg become more nnu more recx
ess I ho wing Journals) are panic siiicb'
en, and are callitig upon their Gods to save
hem, but all their pilious appeals and devi-
11a lions will prove as walei cast upon heated
ron, or as ropes of sand.
FRIENDS OF THE NEW-CONST1-
rUT'ON, TO THE RESCUE! The day
of actiou isni hand.' Arouse then freemen
of Ohio freemen of Harrison County. The
duly you will be called upon Id discharge 011
the seventieth day of June, it of the mos(
vilsl importance. . Remember too that to
secure the adoption of a constitution, under
which our good old State will flourish belter
han it ever has, St is necessary FOR EVE
RY MAN TO BE AT THE POU. Don't
stay away, but let all turn out and give one
day more to (heir country; and all will be
well. Our opponents will be active. Let
us redouble out exertions, let us give "a
long pull, n strong pull, and a pull altogeth
er", aod ss "certain as this is dowi., a cur
iam will THE PEOPLE PROVE YICTO-
RIOUS. .... -mv.,t -a
(jjrlh tho Rhode Island legislature a, &w
ays ago a' bill Was introduced restoring
Thomas W. Dorr,' to bir political and civil
rijjlxsV' On '.he final passage of Ihe bill
NEARLY' EVERY !' WHIG ' IN THE
HOUSE "VOTED " AGAINST IT, ' while
the 'Democrats unitedly voted for'it.' Here
after when the Whfg leaders claim lo. be the
only true friends of the people, let l.tem he
atiked why did they tofuse to restore the
patriot Dorr to his rights as a cTtizeii. ' '
! CrThe crops remarkably" weil. "owing nn
doubt to the recent refreshing showers!
We would direct tho attention of our
readers lo the Wbrelii g advertiscrnects lo
be found in our paper. With a majority of
ibem we are perseotlly acquainted, and we
cheerfully recommend them to the citizens
of Harrison county. The fact that they
advertise is proof positive that they can and
do offer good bargains. Any one who re
fuses to advertise, says by that act they are
finid to have the people call on them. Of
one thing be assu'ed reader, when you find
a merchant advertising bis goods, that is the
place to get the worth of your money. But
let us speak more in detail. And first in the
Dry Goods line-
- J. W. Senses?, at No. 133, Main street
has a splendid stock of Dry Goods, which he
offers at uuusual low prices. He charges
nothing for showing goods.
John Elliott, No. 165, Main street, of
fers ereat barerains lo purchaseis. In fcddi-
tion to his lot of dry goods, he has a heavy
stotk of Fancy and Variety goods, which he
will sell al prices to suit purchasers.
W. D. Mottb, No, nO.Market street, says
that ihe people will save money by examin
ing his goods, before purchasing elsewhere
O-.ie thing is certain, his go ids are cheap.
We do not want the people to think
there aro only three dry goods houses in
Whooling. There are othets, but as thev
havtt pot authotized us to announce their
place, of business, we conclude that they do
not want Ihe people of Harrison County to
know their whereabouts.
E. L. Wilms, 011 the corner ol Main and
Union streets has Books of all kinds nnd pri
ces, nnd is prepared to furnish Teachers and
School Committees on tho most liberal
ictms. He has also a splendid stock of wall
paper. Call on him by all menus if you want
any thing in his line.
John II. Thompson, offers good bargans
to those in want of Books, Stationary nnd
Paper Hangings. He says he can sell on as
reasonable terms as any oiher establishment
in Wheeling. To prove this give him a call
Pattebson & Co., No.,33, Monroe street,
offers at ihe very lowest Market prices, a
well selected stock of Drugs and Medicines.
No use of getting sick while they sell medi
cines as cheap as they do.
Titos. G. Culorutson, No. 19, Union
street, has constantly on hand, at low rates,
Stoves of all kinds and sizes and or the most
Samuel Neel, No 27, Monroe street, has
just received a heavy slock of Hardware and
Cutlery, which he will sell on as good terms
as Hardware can be bought in the West.
Mine host,JAMns MATHER.3,stiII continues
to keep the Monroe House. Any putting
up with him once, will be certain to cull
again, llo is obliging nnd his servants are
ThcBeymer House by John P. Walker,
continues to be, a capital homo for travellers
and we are sure that no one will bo dissatis
fied with eithev the fare or tho bills.
Tho Columbia llouso, by Cunbad Srno-
nLEsays that he would have tho people of
llanison cuuitty remem'jor, that, ho keeps
a? good a honsc as there is in tho city. Try
The Wm. Tell IIoiis.3 by Lewis S.mdep.,
is close to the market house, and to those
who attend the Wheeling market, it will
be a convenient house to stop at.
Persons having law business to attend to
in Wheeling will find in S. F. Black, a
faithful and untiring advocate.
D. Maclane, Esq., (formerly editor of the
Wheeling Argus,) will attend to all business
entrusted to his care. He will collect mo.
11 ey and take depositions 10 be read in Ohio
courts. We cheerluliy recommend our 01a
friend Mac to our patrons in Ohio, who may
have any business to attend lo in his line.
The public may rest assured that he, 'in the
discharge of duty will prove faithful and com
petent. We would j tst romatk to Wheeling
merchants (and all others who may wish to
adveitise in Harrison county,) that the ra
pidly increasing circulation of the Sentinel
makes it a desirable medium through which
to advertise. Our terms are reasonable..
Celebration of the Foukth'of JulV.
Among the numerous plans for commemo
rating our most glorious Nutiomil.Anniver9ay(
Wilson & Co., of New York, issue the Mam
moth Pictorial Brother Jonathan, made ex
pressly for tha occasion. This years Jona
than has already been published, and is cer
tainly a most beautiful and appropriate sliest.
Among tho large and sp'tiied pictures is u
scene in Boston Harbor, at the beginning of
the Revolutionary War, representing a fa
miliar matter of History, viz; " Throwing the
Tea overboard from the ship Dartmouth.''
This is accompanied by full historical nara
live of that exciting event. , It is the leading
feature of the paper, which contains, in the
aggregate, sumo sixty or seventy engravings
It baa also a historical narative (by J. Fenni-
more Cooper,) of Columbus's ,Veyage on
the Discovery of America. - ' .'
Those who send them three dollars will
receive an extra copy on each dollar's worth
In addition to this, Wilson & Co. hnve pub
lUhed a useful sheet cf information, which
they gtvt away to " all the world, and ihe
rest of mankind! free gratis, for nuthia'.
We cannot spare lime to notice this grand
pictorial, but suffice it to say that it is well
worth 12i cents, or ten copies for one dollar,
which il all the publishers nek for it. Ad
dress, (post paid) Wilson &: Co,, New York.
The Ohio Free Democrat says of1 the
newly, elected,. Senator, Mr." Wade, ."We
have heard him curse ike day that Fillmore
was born, declaring that he was a disgrase to
any country or nation!". ' ; 4" ""'
r--- , ,...:,.;..-! .11 ,.i",i
tThe 'Token," a pBpcr devoted to Odd
Fellowship', has ma'do iti) appearance on oui
table., Jit ,! 0- very neat paper anddeservet
the puiroimge of tho bretliien.- Address
A.iBi Russol, 'Pittsburgh Term, tbrff
ipie for five dollar?.,2 ' -" ' '
For die ("atlii Sentinel.
THE NEW CONSTITUTION.
Mesks. Editobs: It i quite amusing to
observe the efforts of whig politicians lo pre-
judico tho minds of ihe people ugsinat ihe
New Constitution; and how intent they are
in nuking political capital oul of eveiy thing
ihlt turns up.
After tin New Conalitutioa was published
the firs' movement made against it, which
came onder my notice, was by the Ohio
Stale Journal. It Commenced, bv short par
agraphs, put out as feelers, at first mildly
censuring some of the provisions of that ' in
strument; these were eagerly snatched up
and republ'shed by most of the small-fry
whig editor throughout the Slate; this em
boldened ihe Journal, and shortly after it
came out ;n deadly hostility to the whole in
strumeni. During this lime, however, one
or two whig editors hod the courage to brave
the wrath of the Journal, to speak of the
New Constitution as il is, nnd commit them
selves in favor of its adoption.
Much objection is made by ihe whig ps
pers against ihc New Constitution, because,
as they say, the Stale is so distiicted that the
Democratic party might elect a m ijority lo
the Stiae Senate. 'In answer to Ibis, it 13
only necessary to siy to the people that it is
impossible to fo district the Stnto of Ohio,
that the press of one or the oilier pnlitic.il
parties will not find something to nujic com
plaint n huu I. It is perfectly useless for ei
ther party to nvike any calculations for either
gaining or reiaininn power, by tho way in
which the Stale ol Ohio is or may be district
ed, because Ohio people ire a thinking, ac
tive and enlnrprlsmg people, nnd there are
elements al woik otnotirr ihem ihnt must
ever ovetthrow Ihe calculations of politicians.
Owing lo a varieiy of causes, the relative
strength of parties is continually changing
in oitterent parts ot the State.
Another ohjeciion to ihe New Constitu
tion, which is urged by tho State Joiinal,
and re-iterated by the Whig papers in many
parts of the Statu Is, that the Slate Govern
ment will cost the people about $50,000
more under the New Constitution, than un?
der the present one. This objection ap
pears to be most eminently silly, because it
is the reverse of ihe liulb. The Solomon of
ihe Journal shows this excess of expenditure
by figuret, as if he thought that the people
were to be gulled by the old adage that
"fguret won't lie;" but every one well un
derstands how the most mnustroos lies may
be propagated by the use of figures. Here
is some of the Journal's figuring:
. 1 Salary.
A supremo Judges.
20 Common Pleas Judges,
3 Superior Court Judgej,
2G1 Associate Judges,
5 Supreme Court Judges, $2.00;)
27 District Judges, ,, 1,500
87 Coumy Judges (prohMe) . 8U0
Dalartce ayainsl the New System, $51 450
Now, the folly of-the Jmiin-tl's calcula
lions of salaries ns nn objection to the New
Coiis'.ilulion ip, limi iiona of the salaries are
fixed hy ihe Constitution, but are to he fixed
by Ihe LegisUtuir; and the adoption ol" llie
Now Constiliiiion cm fuiirsii no reason why
llie District Judges should be paid a higher
salary .than tho present Judges of 1 ho Com
mon Pleas recuive now, for tho District Judg
es will slnnd in Ihc place of (he 1'iesidciit
Judge of the Common Pleas, n rid their du
ties will not he so onerous. Neither w til it
be necessary (0 pay the Supreme Judges a
higher salary under the New Constitution
than under the old one.
Again, there is no good reason lo appre
hend (hat the Probate Juducs will bo aula,
ried oflices, because, by allowing them (he
foes at present paid for probate matters, by
those who would require their services, the
ofiire would be tha best one In the County,
ind higher abilities nre not 1 required for a
Probnie Judge, than is necessary foi a Coun
Another main r the Journal has foroot to
tell its readers is, that os the Legislature
only meets once in Iwo years, (ho expense
of one session of ihe Legislature in every
two years is saved to the pnople, hinh is an
itemot at least -SlOO.Ot.O. The 'Journal's
fgures then should have been something
like tbiss . 1 " - -'' v ' - - '
UNDER TUB N.-IW SVSTIOI.
. ; t 'fi Salary.
5 Supremo Judi'es, Sl,50l
27 District Judge, : 1,000
Expeuao of tho .legislature
viy. two years, . 100,000 - ,
Pur year, 50,000
Tp'ttI nin't under the new system 81,500
Expense under present system, iu-
j eluding legislature, , , , -108,050
Din'ereuco in favor of new system, $81,150,
, iuih amount, win 00 saved every year. ...
Tlie people. should also undersiand that,
under ihe new sysietn, all officers will be
elected by (he peopla, and Ihe Legislature
win oe conaued to its proper business ma
king laws for ibe State, nod will be shorn
of all patronage, consequently our State will
be no more disgraced by lis Legislature rc
fusing to oiganizo by one.half of the Sena
tors resigning at oo.ee or "absquatu aiing,"
because they cannot elect all the officers in
tArir parly, or district the Slate so as to
secure Ibe triumph otthtir party at the next
kiectioui ;,; v, r ,, , .,
; The whig papers are also calling on the
people to contemplate the beauties and ex
cellsncies of their present Constitution, and
lo not reject and destioy it merely lor Ihe
sake of novelty . And a paragraph has been
going the rounds, of what some wise Vir.
ginisn has said, "(hat lie hoped (he Virginia
Convention would wake ns good a Constitu
tion for Virginia, as ihe people of Ohio were
about to destroy.' I'he Virginian was
uououess sincere, ana 1 most devoutly join
in the wish expressed; for the Constitution
that suited the back-woodsman ol Ohio fifiv
years ago, would do well for Virginia now;
out (is provisions are much more enlightened
and liberal ihnn wi cnu expect lo find in ihe
one wiit.cn will be made ;-by tho Virginia
Convention. "' nv-u
I ?..There is one pretty good , evidence, lo be
found in the vmy opposition that tba Jow
Constiiuiioji meets, which should induce us
10 conclude , that l was , pretiy neartight;
ihul is that one class of its opponents is the
uuier partisan coneorvaiive, wmgi, who re
spect things just in. proportion lo their, anti.
'1'tjly, who lun.g to he errors aud abuse of
M oiu n tten Dunking system wili .tho ts
iiuiny displayed by a young uiuuso 111 liold,
,ng on to tho tont of 'its dam. The other
class nf opponents to the New Constitution io
a few very radical democrats. The whigs
oppose it becauac it is loo radical a few
democrat because it is not radical enough;
the happy mean of the Constitution lies be
tween these extremes.
I shall perhaps have occasion to notice
this subject again. Tho people want light
on the New Constitution.
MARRIED. On Tuesday. Aoril I5th.bv Fev.
J. M. Brny, Mr. Hfujaiiih IIeastor, of ilurrison
county, tu Miss Catiusine A, KirriTB, of Canoll
county. ; . : - -
On Thursday Ihe 1st intt., by the same, Mr.
Bates W. Cdrtek, to Mis Mjria L daughter
of Dr. Samuel StockiDf, all of New Market,
Ilnrriaon County.- v
0- Dr. Guyaotl'a Improved Extract of Yellow
Dock and SarsapariWais a aura remedy for He
reditary Taint. .
Thousand a of individuals are cursed with gr.
vious complaints, which thy inherit from their
parents. The use of tbe Yellow Dock and Sur
aoparilla will prevent all this, and save a vast
amount of misery, and many valuable lives, for
it ihorougly expels from the system the latent
taint, which iathe seed of disease, and to taken
oft the curse by which the (ins or misfortunes of'
the parents are ao often visited upon the innocent
Parents owe it to their children lo guard them
against the effects of maladies that may be com,
municntcil by descent, and children of parents
that have nt any time been affected with Con
enmption, Scrolula or Syphillis, owe jt to them
selves to take precaution against the disease be
ing revived in them. Ruyaott's Extract pf Yel
low Dock and Sarsnparilhi ia a euro antidote in
such cases. Sec advertisement.
Wistah's Balsam op Wild Cherrt. We haver
not unfrequently called attention to this nrticlo
in the columns of our paper, nnd we have dono
so wilh tho full coiiGdincc that it was a good one,
and deserving the palionngc of the public. Wei
have had a chance to witness its effect upon some
ol our friends, which in ttdtlitionMo the bigh in
oonituns passed upon it by our brethren nf the
Press, not in pnid puffs, but in honest candid
statements, from having derived n benefit them
selves, makes os desirous of advising all thoso
who have occasion to resort to a remedy for pul
monary affections, to avail thcnisevcs of il. Wo
have too much confidence in the proprietors to
believe they would thrust this or any other med
icine upon the community, unless Ihey bad fulj
faith in its efficacy in confirmation of which tbej
proprietors offer n mass of testimony from tho
most unquestionable sources. Neither woul'J
ihey wish to lie understood ns saying ihnt thin
will olwnya core Consumption after il is seated,
ullhough il seldom (ails to relieve the worst cat
but nt this season of tho year almost everybody,
ia linblo'to a cold, which if neglected. Will lend -to
fatal results by taking this medicine we doub '
not many lives may be saved. Refer to th ad
vertisement in nnother column. .
Fire and Marine
Br Till! UNDEHSIONEU AoENT FOR TUB
GtX I'ltOTr, CTION
mjKVB hat m IT1 -ar-w a. t t i"-
OF HARTFORD, CONN. 1
07" Policies ifsned upon thn most favorable
. li. w. flllliLll'S, Agent,
for -Cadiz and Harrison County.
Salo of Ileal Estate. ' 1
ffN MONDAY.the 23d day of June,185I,
at 1 o'clock , in the afioriiton nt Ihe rloor
of ihc Ctmrl llous.e, in ihe town of Cadiz,
will-be sold In the highest bidder,lhe follow
ing REAL ESTATE.- n the property o(
S.'iinuel Harper, deceased, and being a part
of ihc laud of which ho died, seized and,
possessed of, lo wit;
llofjinning for the same al a stone on thov
east line of the lands belonging io the heirat
oflioherl Dealy, deceased,, thence North ,
11 3-4 dp;?.; west HI perches, from the south .
east cornci of the said Boaty tract of land;
thence north 1 1 3-4 deg , west 9 perches, to ,
n post: thence north 40 I 2 des, west 52.
perches to n post; thence north 25 12 deg-,
west 34 perches lo a post; thence loulh .
degs, west 14 perches to a stone; thence,
north '41 degs, weal 20 perches lo a pusi;.
thence north CO 1 2 degs, east 31 perches
to a post; thence soulh 55 1 4 degs east 74.
perches io a stone; thence south 1 deg.east
5 81 100 perches to a stone; thence rtorllt,
89 degs,. east 27 perches lo a post, and an,
ash li inches in diameter, leans north 9dcgv
easl 27 Jinks; thence soulh 15 1 2 degs.
west 01 01-100 perches to a post; thence'
west 31 perches to the place of beginning, '
Containing thirty-seven acres, three roods,
nnd fifteen perches; "all of which tract or
Imd was set apnrt for the Dower of ihe wi
dow, Cassandria Harper, by the appraisers,
nnd is how sold, subject to her Dower, and
was appiaiscd at the sum of $HO subject'
lo the Dower nforeshid. ''Terms of sale1 all
cash. JOSEPH SHARON, Adm'r, "
do Bonis non of Samuel Harper, dee'di 'I
'mny21ts' .:; " v.-.- i
FKKSt! AWO I'Uitlif"
rilIE subscriber is receiving; at his old slnnd,
X i" Cadiz. Ohio, in addition to hi, former
stock, a lar-ro supply of lr c li and pure
DRUGS,im.S, OILS, PAINTS, VAUN1SUES
etc., etc., in short everything usually kept in a
Wesrern Drus; Store.' ,
Mis stock bus been cnrefully selected as to qual
ity ami prices will bo so low that no person ia'
reuaonnhly object. . t.'is stock will be kepi full, and!
ho would call llie particular attention of persons
wishiutr to purchase anything in bis line, to seO'
bis&tock before purchnsing; elsewhere. "
I biinklul for past fuvors, he still hopes, by enro
nnd atriot attention lo business, to merit a lurgo
share of the patronage of n liberal public. ' '
SILK FRING, of a suoeriornualitv. (or sole br,
maygl SHOTVVELL &CBABB. -
flTRIMlVUNUS (or dresses, of late styles, n
JL very pretty article, for snle by
swy2l ' SHOTWELL & CltABB.
CASSIMERES A very suiierlor quality, ondj
new styles, for sale hy .'; ' ' .t
muygl ' ' SHOT WELL to CRABB.
TTE8TING8, MDiliiR( very taU, w! ossiwo
, T oar customers and other tot sjmIo by x
mayai SHOT WELL CKABB, .
PARAAOLS A beali(sA atlicle of Ladtwi
Parasols. leeeixed and lots la by r
mayiU S HOT WELL CRADB.
AKEGE ltXANE3 of new nnd fine style;
Lndiea, corns uud ace Ihem, nt
tnwyai - SHOTWELli & CRABB'S.' M
BONISETnd Hataof various kinds, Jenny
I.inds, Queen's Own, etc., etc., nt ' '"7
. . . til uimniiiinr r iss a nmfl .
un" jm - -t II TUU 9B V'lirtlJII KJf -
!T' A DIES' ami Misses' O AITEK8, half Gntlrrr'
, AJ Jenny Liud and Morocco Slinricrs. nt .'im;
SOTWra,L b CRABB'S, ,
Tj JOLANO mk nnd Lining for Ladles'. Dressc
j. 1isl recuvtuiniw tor sale at
'.1 "V-.-IH- !t
; ,,. SHOT VV ELL St. CRABB'S j,
BrjX'i'ONel Anew sfvlcii for Ladies' dress'
just received nml for stile nl ... ' t, ,U
SHOT WELL. Ai CRABB'S.
, JL nu vivps, at
C ViAULEri. Jumis Miller' ctdebipted Cmy.
J Hies and Scythes, (or sale ty -' ' ' ' " '
iiinai-jtt WELIU & PHILLIPS,