Nebraska and Slavery. . '
VT wuli direct the attention of rea
ders to Oil (Morning able article (an the
-iilijfl to whii.lt it reUtei, front the Woods,
held (Ohio), Spirit of Hehiorcy, It show
up lhe incuiuMeaey Mhu fusion move
lueut, in a c!e ir styl Real and reflect:
"In thw "ill issued to the People of Ohio ;
for ii'f. "Itti tn" convention, to be held i it ,
ue city nTCjtambni, on the I.Uh of J"1''.)
IhfiT! is this ramarkahle seatt-uee: j
"It i-j Be-swy now t tTn to thr i'mi- i
Kiituiiii'i. ' la tut iastnwuuui it td' bv isis J
to mji k for nv leciinitimi of slavery, ewn I
U4 a tuiU. AUIi,L. nf iiiavu Si -ties, ttl- miiv !
fiuiVrr uiveu l Cwngresst k-gw-Ulc ui Us)
Mr fimGn we are uiv'U t keep itp
.t.. .; . it .. .- .. ..
nil inn fcimv ii ifiis 7vm:iu:v is utit I - .
. -.1. i . i
VoglOUOfl U HOCUIllO CKHUilneil III Hi.1 ;l
v..i..-.a 1 1 f i l. ... i. ,
tiou uor "erogiiU.m of iJ.-mri v, 'm as II i
tact,',' in tbe teriiiiuaos, as irrd ly lhe
l'oregii extract, huw iviiM shivery exist I
ibern, or what right tew Congress to loj-.s- ,
lata un ihesuhject in nsy way. whatever. i
If slavery b ti 4 r-jnised by th Cx.nsti ;
lilllixi, "OULstda ol fUvi! Miites,. it fun i
liol exist in the tiriitorii's of lh. United I
Suite except ly pusUive Suttte: wij uiuli-r
thu Nebraska bill ihiit Statute, must lie en
..... .1 l... ......l.,1...L..I.t..... I .1
:h v nru nhivehders. their sUves will not i
Will lllll All rAl.MLILK L1IB4. ilM III K'HSL II '
L "in the lerriioriw. Who, then, believes ,
that the no,..lvc:b.lJms m,.l of lvu.Sa t
Nebraska will ereiil t1ioei teriilories
No man tu bis kit art belirvs it; but many, 1 lliz ' Saturday, July. l;'r'. ih follow
for purpose purely pjitioal, tnay assert k. , ing resolutions were ur.fuiimimsly ndopted:
'e not J the posiuon that property in man, Jzeshed, That the Democracy of the dif
In wldiUMi tutux being recognised by the! fl..nt ..,,,:, 1)f narr;son Pollntv. are
I ousttliiumi. is also neither lecognmwl by i
il,u !. f ,!,. :.. i... , i,. .
womuion law. To have un existence, then,
in Kanses or Nebraska a positive statute
roust first b passed authorizing it. which we tvvuen th(i ll0urs of one anj follr o'clock, P.
ronCJenlly believe will never be tione. ,,,., e .
Agw-.: The extract, .juoted nbove. fur U- for lhe PurPOS0 of arP0lnt,"3 ti:bm
Iber tli clares Unit "it w'wl be vain lo see" delegates to meet in county convention in
in the Consiuuxion "fur any power given to Cadiz, on Monday, the 21st day of August,
tJongrens to legislate in its slavery's be- 1 354, for the Purpose of nominating the
lialf.": Ifthi be true , uoes knot luMpw f ,, . lo ho voteil for at the cn.
that it will nlso be eiiually "vain to seek 1 " , . 14 ,
in tbe Constitution "lor any power biven to tf Oot.Awx electum: One 1 rebate
tlonrew to legislate" against slaven ? If, Judge, one Clerk of the Court of Common
thu first proposition be trite, so also is the i Pleas, one County Auditor, one County
second. Tlw -luJe .(nestion. then, ought j t!oinmissioner, one Director of the Infrm
lo Iw left lo the decision of the people ol the . ,. ., , ...
, . r 1. 1 1 1 arv. and a Democratic I entral ("ommit ee
territories, wliere it of right bekmg.s and j
just where the iVebraskn bill leaves it. i to serve the ensuing year.
We here give that portion of the Nehras- j tV.WwJ, That at the township meetings
Kausasbill vkiA has vaHsed so mtu-htalk, ! )h,W:im will also aoooint. omk ll-
suid which has bH-n so bitterly denounced.
Head it curcftilly and see if there is anything
in it it)insisleiil with the sentiment pro-
laiiMed, iu the above extract, by those call
kK 'die "fnsiuu" convention:
"Tht the eonstkitution and laws of the
finitod States, which are not locally man-
,. , 1 1 11 ., t 1 r 1
plica le, shall have tu same force and e,f-1
feet within the said territory of Nebraska us I
-kewieve rithin the Uniu;d States, except
iheai.1, section of the net cparatory to the
u , I nn.fltim .,1 llmb.iiit-i int.. ll. Imw.ti fin.
adniiiflM of Missouri into the linutii. ap
proved March O.li, 1!W, which being in
consistent with the -principles of no.v-i.vtkii
VBNTION BV xioNrtRKas WITH M.AV'KkY IX Tllli
sTA riis AiMi TnnarroRtKs, as recognized oyihi
4 ey ialatiun nf HTkJ, commonly called the
01npron11.se measure,) is hereby declared
inoperative and void.it phixq thk tuiie in-
mavery in. any Territory or Slate, nor to ex- i
vlude it therefrom, bat to leave the people j
1 Afii7.itr.d.iiivii ut 11 'a d i ' . 1 iaj iriiniii
...,i.,,.. f ii.;. .i vm,.. i...,;..!...!
iliereotpertecAly Qee to lorm and regulate
their domestic instiUtimis in their own way,
tit'iMK o-Ntv to the eonstuutiou ot the U.
iS. '.Provided, Ibat nothing herein contained
shall be coiiBtrucled lo revive or put in force
any law or regulation which may have ex
isted prior to the act of March li, I'i'M,
either protecting, establishing, prohibiting,
r alxiiishing slavery."
Here it is emphatically declared to be the
true intent and meaning of this act n4 to
legislate slavery ito any Territury or State,
hor toexeh(e it therefrom, but to leave the
eopl thereof perfectly free to form and
regulate the r domestic institutions in tlteir
awn way, subject -only to the Constitution of
1 he Uuited Slates." . Is there anything in
t hia aall-Re pubficanjr anti-Democratic?
Js it wror,j,( for the people of the territories
1 legislate for themselves? Or must the
Omgresa of the Uuited States, a body in
Vihich they hai no vote, legislate for them?
If the people "form and regulate their do
mestie inslitttUous in their own way, sub
ject onlv to the Constitution of the United
Mtates," as provided in lhe Nebraska bill.
and if "in tbatinstrument the Constitution.
it will be vain to seek tor any recogpitiou
of slavery even as a fact, outside of slave
States'' as declared by those calling the
Convention for July 1.3, how is slavery to
et into Aeuniska or Kansas:
Let Us nee how an extract from this call
to the people of Ohio, and an extract from
llie language of John C Calhoun will look
side'by side: 5:
"The time ha passeJ ' "I see my way in titc
for hull way nieiuuires in CiHmtuutMi; 1 canaoi in
reflf)ect to luvery. The, a coiiiroiuise. A ctxn
repelol tl! Miawuri Pru-!roinise is but an net ol
liitmion h i9ilomoiiBlrulel Congress. llniy be over
ibe uttur all lc- tuleil ut any time, li
isldivecumprouuaes. I, ;;ivesui nowicurity. But
i neeewsry now to recurltlie Constitntinn instable,
to ttw Cohsumiuoii. Iii.lt in n rock. (Hi u Wis ci
tlwt iunlruiHcnt it will UnisiniKl, aitl 00 it we can
van t msek in tuiy r-
cognttiim oi'iurf , evenl
moet our frfeijiis'fruireth
as m taet. Mlsiiie tit SlveIt U a hn ami uihle
Status, or tor uy power,li;rounu, oa whiuli we c-111
;fven 10 Couffrits. to legis-jlieiier Bland in opposition
iMlate in its feth) " Kx-t timatic.ni.tliiiii on th
tract from th caJt tor die 'iiftin j sands of cainpro-
.1 uly Voavi'uuun.
111180. lAtt u be clone
will, comrroiiis)S. lt
U8gih:u:lt Mi l sumj mi.in 1
ttW VOUHtltUtWll'i John.
"I Ml !..
CktnoxJH sai1,'"Lct us go back aixi stand
tipon tbe" Constitaiion." The fusionists"
ay. ,"It is necessary now to roevrr to the
Conslutloh." Where, then, is lhe differ-nefe?-'
About what Is nil thin "noise and
contusion?" . The Cvnstittitiitn is tleinly
true jilatform tipbti which the people of this
rou'htry tan in safely Ktand; ' And the par
ly that adopts a plnrfoniv that is not as
lroad as llie Union, and upon which the
people of tbe JSrort(i aiid: fjoulh,, eaimot all
ftaud, are riiemVs 0 the' l!oiistitiitiii.
Whenever' the JNorlh .iandJJSonih become
coitiplidely divided upon sectional issues,
lhwn ilt lihei-ehd come''t-iben . will the
dissolution ol ibiit Union be omen filed fact.
Athii arinirersitry of the time when the
pcojlle'trfrh'iseonntryi deelared tbemselvt's
free Uil I mdependent, is almost upon us, it
is a'lluiiig oeeWon to pause Jn .otir head
long! career, tmd Consider th toil, and mit'
ferin;' tHd bloodshed. by Which , the ind.
ndehce of ibis ouutry waa g lined, , and
U10 Union tliet State petfeeled. And
wbiic in1 picture the detolatjon und wois that
would 'follow lit Mtwwimti I When the
iiand Wf ttnrtlMir'jihall 1 be. raised againtt
brothe; of ffbei ' again M eon; and i a
irainnt fathorl- Vlw. will Sot, upon lhe re-
iur ortlie ever-memoraiMu 4tn ol July, re-
e bis vows ti'be tnw !t.. Iti eouii'trj-j
Wto the UniMi;n, that Im will ,Her i.
to no partv, -wit maul upon, n.y pbulorirt i
.hat will t,V,.m brac tlw people of all th i
un whether ol the Jiat.1 or West, of the
Niith or South.
Jfr- Ate i
ir R Jtn.t or Tiir. uTtt'it em ir.
or v:i.n:Mi'ir laii'Mrv.
ru Mr.vm or thk n .Attn .ir rrm.io wukks
I jtir 11 5991 I 111)
,1 I 1 . ' i 9 I I V 1 1
J jjY . f . J J JJj ,
or Brri.i.r. roi'MTV.
W )iiv a ptrintiil afstirinn'iii of lSlanU IVe
.... ... . ,
TlF.MfinR ATTH COM VEN l lONS. I
Al ;l mevtlnir ()f 1)enllH.riUle (Vntral
1 . ,
earnestly requested to meet at then usual
places ot Holding townslitp eleeiions.on oAT'
crdav. the 19th dav of Anirust. 1851. be
gate to meet in convention with Jefferson,
Columbiana and C.irroll counties, for the
purpose of placing in noiniiiatiou a Demo
cratic candidate for Congress in ibis, lhe
lotwl fliin-rrcssinnjil Districl. at such time
, . 1111 c 1
and iilacii as sha. I be hereafter agreed u-
I" a i
, T&WW, Tlat tbe tiiTerent delegates be
r(,qlleste(1 to procure certifcats of th' i
election, from their township meetings.
if'tT'lt will be seen by reference to the
above call, that tbe campaign, ir. this coun
ty is about tode opened. The Democracy
rS tt.tri'iMn dtiiiih' li'iue nn t ip nrni :in t d 11 -
............ - j
., I'i'.ll liltll
W 10 m ' 11 ,re j
who consider themselves LVemocrats will le j
wilting to perform that duty. It is ol the
! tIwwt imnortance to om .success, that our
utmost importance to or .success.
townshp meetings be well attended. Let
men be appointed delegates to lhe different
conventions who will be sure to attends
In this county, at, this time, we, as Dem
ocrats, have more t contend against, tlmn
ever before; and it behooves every man in
tbe pounty who loves pure Democracy and
its principles t be at their post. Our ene
mies will spare no efforts to defeat us.
They have forsaken all their principles in
order to secure a triumph over tbe great
Iemocratic party of the country, a party
that has aVways stood by the constitution,
the Union, and the Country. Our enemies
have used the same means before to defeat
us that they a. e now using; but with unti
ring vigilance othe' part of the Democra
cy, they have always 'been routed. So it
will be again in this campaign, if we all
do out duty. The dumociacy of the coun
try are able k defeat all the isms, fusions,
Ac, that may come up against them; and
we feel satisfied that at this period of oar
history, tbey will not be found faltering.
To work, Democrats, of Harrison county,
and work manfully until you. shall have
routed all the combintd factirAw of federal
ism from the county.
Watches and Jewelry.
Our friend G. B. Barrett has purchased
the silversmith establishment of John Lofl'
land on Market street, where he has receiv
ed in addition to his former stock, a large
and extensive nssortment of al! binds of
jewelry, watches, &c, which he sells cheip.
Bush is a e'ever, accommodating young
man. Give him acall when you need any
thing in his line.
Advertisement next week.-
The mongrel fusionists n Jast Monday
nominated the following titket:
Probite Judge, A. C Turnir, of Cmliz,
an old corrupt office seeking laj whig,
whose principles are anything for the sake
of olH:e. '
Clerk, T. C. Rowl'cs, of Cadiz, whig, h
a lawyer by profession, but ot much of a
one by practice. , ,, , ,., . ',
Auditor, John Sloan, whig;, of Cadiz, a
man who does not understand miy political
Commiu'umcr, John Yost, wbig, of Short
Creek,, the present, incumbent, but incapa
ble of properly filling the office.
Director oj the Infirmary , Mr. Rogers, of
Cadiz towniship; an old abolitionist of formei
years, but will sacrilice those principles for
the mike of tho office he h now running for,
' Ciditt and whiggery have alb. Huirab
for fusion.' Mdreanoii:' ;. '
jtvrWe are glad to enter amonj the list
of our exchanges, the Deim cratic Standard.
tbshed at Akroo,.0., and edited by our
young inemiK, 11. 1 ' floeu, iirjy Jormerly
editof of the Guernsey JctrarwtiUn. Mr. A.
h and m excellent writer
,' . , -a , - ... . '
a" 1 w erful.y recommend bun to the
uemocrucy 01 ouiuiiiiii couniy. success 10
-w . r - in wa. -..-
Our rendci will ri'mriubr tint jrwk be
fore fast a romuiiiaio itioit uppt-iivd in the
Senlim-l, sim-d by "Hopt'dale," which su
U'd lh:it our neighbor had made plodge to
some free noilrr in llopfdale that if tlii-y
would heroine iUrons to hi paper, "that
j here:ifi-r he never would Vote a whij ticket,
and lh.it his paper should he wholly Jevo
j t. d to the free sod lue isures." We pub
lished the couiinunii-ation jul as we reeeiv
ed it from h very respectable c'iti?. n of
dreen township. The truth of the com
munication a hirije number of Hatlon'M rea
ders believed, because certain abolition ar
ticle which nppeareil in hi paper latterly
fully jnsiiiiej the ficts. lie was talked to
iilxuil the course he w:i uii siiiiilJ in very
; plain tcrim, by some of hi best patrons.
He then beeoines very much enraged. The
i truth goads- him. And in his las: piper
i his leader is devoted tJ "Hopcdale's" eom-
mtmicatioii. lie makes a grest fuss, mid
; iries hard yery hard lo throw the author
j ship of the couiiiiuiiieatioii tion ourself.
j In this miller he is in a great very great
! error. We will slate the facts for the ben
jelit of our gomiine whig friends.
0,1 "M "7 t!l
I , .. f t tor,
14,4j Ol tfttlll', 1.1,
i we roct'ive'1 ""J"'" communication
Uhrough the Cad.z post of,., with -the post
mark of "Hopedale, Ohio, June Wh," up
on it, and upon opening it, we "lrliiiid that
it was written by a highly respectable eiti
sten of Green township. These arc the facts.
We trust that this explanalton will be sat-
isfactory, and save our neighbor the trouble
of using such nice terms as "false and
slanderous," "so base a falsehood," ' lie,"
"your falsehoods," "coined the lie," "cow
ardly villifyer," "your lies," "fool hardi
ness," when he makes another attempt to
reply to the communication. These are nil
very nice terms for a man of Richard Hat
ton's uge and experience to use they sound
well before lhe public they will be very up!
to give him the name of being a very mod
est, courteous gentleman, the kind of a man
that l.e would like to palm himself oil this
community for. Your rage, Rieliard, only
makes your patrojis more fully believe
Railroad Celebration at
Oa last Wednesday evening, we conclu
ded tha1. we would attend the railroad cele
bration, which was to come off on the next
day at Mastvrsville, a pleasant little village
jn the North western part of this county.
.'0 this nurnose we iumned abo;wd of the
ens, and placed ouself wider the care of
that excellent conductor, D. llilbert, Esq.
A short time brought us to the Junction,
where, after remaining about an kour-and
a-half,. we started for New Market along
with, Mr. La (iaro, one of the excellent con
ductors on the main road, who soon landed
us there, where we stopped f(vr the night
with our old friend Croskey, who keeps ns
good a house as there is in the State.
The nex.t morning, at fM5 A. M. wo got
aboard of conductor Kella train, wbe soon
broiight us to Masletsville, wheie we found
about 25U0 persons awaiting the first arrival
of the cars to their village. In a few min
utes a procession was formed, at the bead
of which was the Cadiz Brass Band, which
discoursed excellent music throughout the
day. After marching a short lime, lhe pro
cession repaired to a delightful grove, at
lhe west end of the town, where the vast
multitude was called) to order, by appoint
ing Judge Jewett President of the Day, who
thanked them for the honor centered upon
him, in a few neat and appropriate lemarks.
Judge Jewet'., then introduced to the au
dience T. F. McGrew, Esq., of Steubenville,
who spoke in an eloquent and happy man
ner of the importance and benefits of Rail
roads. After Mr. McGrew had concluded bis re
marks, T. C. Howies, E.sqr, of Cadiz, was
introduced, who made one ofhis truly hap
After the speaking was over, the proces
sion was again formed, and marched to the
residence of Joseph Masters, Esq., where a
sumptuous repast was spread before them,
which was partaken of with a right good
will by all present.
Every thing passed off orderly and qui
etly, and the committee of arrangements de
serve great eredit for the manner in which
the celebration was gotten up. The liberal
hospitality of the citizens of Mastersville, on
that occasion will long be remembered by'
all who partook of their bounties.
Our subscribers along the lino of the
Steubenville and Indiana Riilroad, will
receive their papers every Wednesday or
Thursday morning, at the following places:
At Cadiz Junction, from Mr. Johu Mc
Guire. , At Fairvicw, at tbe store of Mr. Ar
baugb. At New Market, al thu store of A. F.
At Mastersville, nt the store of Wilson
ifc Demitig. '
They will lie taken to those plates regu
larly. We would be glad if our friends a
akmg the railroad would use a liltlo effoit
to increase our subscription list in their re
spective eommunides. '
For this accommodation to us and our
subscribers, we fire under obligations to Mr.
Thompson the baggage master on the Ca
diz Ilranch,, und to Mr. Mooney one tlie
baggage masters on the main road.
Wiikrk is this Wmo Party. The editor
of the Republican is perfectly w ild on the
subject of the great-Wlug-Free&oil-Abolition-Anti-Nebrftska-Aati-Democratie-State-
Convention, which comes off in Columbus
on the Ifiih of this month. He goes in for
it strong says tlicie is no other way to
make fight against the Democracy but by
fusing with till the factions, odJs, ends, and
isms that can be raked up. Go it, Richard,
on tins amalgamation convention You nre
an excellent band to make suggestions.
In a bad humor.
Richard Hatton, Esq., the CuVaei and
wkll-bkku editor of the Cadiz Republican,
seems to have been in a dreadful bad hu-!
mor, when be published bis last paper.
And what dj you suppose, reader, was the
cause of all his whining and fretting? tsui
ply this. He had discovered in bis loud
exclamations about freedom, that a large
portion of the whig party in this county
were not willing to" be sold to the fieesoileis,
for the sole purpose of getting the members
ot that p u ly to become subscribers to his
paper, lie, some time since, bold himself
to that body for the purpose of getting two
or three them to become his patrons.
Uut their patron i 'e was nut sulli -ient to
makeup the loss of a number of old w higs j
in this county, who wished a good whig p i j
per, aslheyhad been accustomed lo hav- I
before he made his entrance unions t'lem. I
When his lit st effort failed, he Iries the sec
ond, lie makes overtures to the leaders
of the freesoil party, that if they would in
duce their brethren to become his patrons,
he, with two or three other men in Cadiz,
who hUve been about half-aiid-balf-wliig,
would have the whole whig parly in this
county to turn over to the freesoiiers. He
was told that when he done his part of the
contract, theirs would be done also. He
undertakes the job. But as he progresses
with his work, he is told on every hand, that
when, "I wish to turn an abolitionist, Mr.
Hatton, 1 will do so without your advice or
assistance." "I am not willing to sell my
principles, Mr. Hatton, for the purpose of
placing a few dollars in your pocket."
With this kind of reception he became a
larmed. The freesoiiers were notsubsciib
ing for his paper as he thought they would.
Old whigs were deserting him for bis treach
ery to them. Hence he becomes in ft dread
ful bad humor, and his spite must be let oil"
on some one; and the editor of this paper is
the fortunate victim. We are able lo stand
it; and are glad that we can furnish friend
Hatton something to scribble about. Go on,
Richard, and do not cease using yoi.r slang
about "Charley Allen" until your whole vo
cabulary is exhausted which will not be soon,
lor all of which wo will return you oui sin-
Cadiz was the scene of a very melancholy
occurrence on Sunday morning last one ol
those scenes which are so shocking to hu
manity; the particulars of which, as near
as we can gather thein, are these:
Thomas Coieman, an old citizen of this
place, an I who ha been married lo his
present wife about two months, had been
laboring under great depressioa of mind
for some weeks past, under the apprehen
sion that he would come to want. While
haunted with this idea, and in a fit of des
peration on Sundy morning last, a little af
ter sun up, he made an attempt to kill his
wife by striking her upon the back of the
head and neck as was supposed, with an
iron poker, wuile she was in a stooping po
silion, in the act of putting o her shoes.
The neighbors were nlarmed by bearing
her fall upon the floor, Pud rushing into the
loom, found Mrs. Coleman lying upon the
floor, and he standing near her, with a ter
ble gash in the side of his neck, extending
from under the ear to the front part of the
throat, and bleeding pretty profusely. No
vital part being injured, in coiiseqiiffnee of
the cut not being deep enough to injure the
large blood vessels, he will be likely to re
cover. His wife appears to have received
the worst injury of tl e tvo, being badly
bruised about the head and neck, and cut
in several places. It Is thought that both
of them will recover. Mr. Coleman is a
oian of some property, and there existed no
grounds whatever for the apprehension which
was so nearly proving fatal to himself and
Receipts and Expenditures.
Why is it that in this county the receipts
und expenditures are never published un
til after the election? In other counties
they are published immediately after the an
nual settlement in June. Are they held
back for the purpose of deceiving and not
letting the people know the amount that is
expended by tlr;ir county offices. We be
lieve so. Now is the proper and legal time
to publish, them, Mr Sloarr. The people
do not wish to wait until after tbe election
to know how their taxes are expended.
They. wish to know before. Come, Mr.
Sloan, publish them now, and let your con
stituents have light. Your party iu this
cou ity make a loud fuss about high taxes,
but they are always very careful lo say
nothing about what is expended in this
county. It is the county taxes that are so
very high, and not the State taxes, as has
been erroneously charged by your party.
TirCupt. Hiram Kouutz, au old steam
boat captain died a few days since in Louis
ville of cholera.
aTiTA friend from Guernsey county, says
tlvat. our neighbor Hatton now talks just
like he used to do before be became an edi
tor of a whig paper, which was in 1844 or
'45. Then he was an. old blue stocking
Garrisonian aboliiionist of the worst kind.
It is an old saying that a person seldom for
sakes their first love, and Hatton is bound
not to be an exception to the rule. Nine or
ten years is about as long as be an cotitetit
himself to be a whig.
iC-ITlf there is not a change- in the Re:
publican soon, the readers of that sheet will
he hlkst With one of tle rankest INFIDEL
AlJoLITION papers iu the' country.' The
signs at present are portentious.
aVOio or two poetical communication
which have been deferred this ' week will
appear in our next paper, :
iCiTJohn Beall lias just received another
large lot of School Books, which be h sel
ling cheap. " 1 ''".-( ''-.V- '
Advertisement next week. '
Whig politicians and whig presses, are
very busy just now in trying to impress up
on the minds ot the people, a great bug bear
story about high taxes, which thsy charge
upon the democracy. Let us have lhe
facts, and see just how the matter stand.
Last year the total amount of the levy for
State purposes, including school and library
Uxes was - cents on the hundred dollars
Thw year, including school and library it is
TiitRi t-kivk and one-half cents, leaving the
State levy less this year than last, fifteen
and a half rents on the hundred dollars.
Our "fusion" friends as there are no whigs
now, are welcome to make all that they can
out of this extravagance, as they are pleas-
to term it.
I" this county last year, the eonnty levy
which included poor, bridge, building and
county Kind, was .JJ cents on llie muumo.
dollars worth of taxable property. This
year it is 20 cents on the hundred dollars
worth of taxable property including the same
funds as last year. The total amount of
Stat: and county taxes lat year, were ftl
cents, a difference in favor of this year of
25', cents, or nearly one-third.
This levy does not include special levies
for school purposes, railroad and corpora
Then and Now.
Some three or four months since the
whigs were in exstacies at the prospects of
the New York division among the Demo
cracy spreading over the Union. At that
time some of the leading whigs were making
calculations, so as to make the most of the
prospective split. We happened says an
exchange, about that time, to hear a lead
ing whig question a Democrat upon the
subject. They agreed. Both their sympa
thies were with tha Hards. Our old sil
ver grey Whig was unspating in his de
nunciations of the wooly heads, or Aboli
tionists. Their fanatical course, he said,
had done the country harm, and had en
couraged rather than curtailed slavery.
This was his opinion then.
Xuw, however, this "same old coon" is
vociferous for an anti Nebraska organi.a-
noil. 1 lie ioimiMilsis .lie line leiicwrj-,
lie linds nothing can be made o.f the Dem
ocracy by pitting them oil the shoulders,
and he and other coons are trying ll e Free
soiiers and Abolitionists. They would like
to use them, as in limes gone by. We
shall see what we shall see.
"The Siiok Pinches." Som (enflemer,
who are now trying to move "heaven and
earth" for the purpose of uniting all the
fag ends of every party together in ibis
county, are very much displeased, as they
say, at the course the Sentinel is pursuing
towards their movements. We can't, nor
do we wish to avoi 1 their displeasure. We
use just such terms about them as to us
ipi... a 1. . 1.. c... r..n
seems best, whether it suits them or not.
The old democratic slrp has carried us safe
thus far, aud we have faith to believe that
it will carry us through.
jfciT&b we put our pajier to press this
week one day sooner than usual, in orler
to give our bands an opportunity of cele
brating the glo.-iou; Fourth, we I'm 1 it i m -possible
lo give full proceedings this week
of the whig-fusion convention which
came off on Monday. It opened rich and
ended the same.
ittTWe understand that the Panhandle
Railroad was opened yesterday with "Treat'
-ir"Legion of Honor" next week.
Send in the dimes.
Hard. The advocates of special privilege
think it mighty hard and unfair to make a
man pay taxes on moneys and credits which
he may possess, without being allowed to
deduct his indebtedness; but if he should ex
change his moneys aud credits for land, cat
tle, sheep horses, hogs, or any other kind
of prorerty, no one allowing deductions to
be made from such property 'on. account of
indebtedness. Now, where is the justice or
equality of this distinction? Are not the
moneys and credits as valuable as the prop
erty they will buy? Do they not enjoy e
qually the protection and benefits of the Gov
ernment; Surely they do. Then why should
the deductions be allowed to one and not
to the other? Is it any harder for a man
who has money, but is in debt to pay taxes
on his money, than it is for a farmor who is
in debt to pay taxes on bin farm? And. if
you allow the money bolder to make the
deduction, and do not alio the farmer to
make it, just so far you increase the taxes
upon the farmer for the benefit of tbe money
holder. And this is what is demanded, that
we shall maintain by law a privileged order.
in this State, by shouldering the entire
burdens of taxation upon' the farming and
producing interests, while money mongers
and speculators enjoy an exemption from
this burthen. Portmje Sentinel.
Cholera. The following extract from
the letter of a clergyman to the Lord Lieu
tenant of Ireland, presents a very simple,
and he says, effectual preventative of chol
era, as well as a remedy of reat power:
"The preventative is simple; a teaspoon
ful of powdered charcoal taken three or four
times a week in a cup of coffee or olhar li
quid, in the morning. ' j
"When attacked with cholera, a mixtuie
of an ounceof charcoal, an ounce of lauda
num, and an ounce of brandy, or other spir-
its, may be given as follows: after being
well shaken, a teaspoonful every live Ynin
utes. In half nn hour I have known this
eflectually to relievo and stay the disease.
As the patient becomes better, the nuixlwe
maybe given at longer intervaln. ' 1 ;
"I have known a patient in the bliui stage,
and collapsed, perfectly recovered is- a few
"The charcoal was tried ns a preventa-'
live on a large plantation in the Mauritius,
and not a single individual out of ei'ht hun
kred 1 was attacked to illi cholera," . ; -
jfiTRev. John Reynoldson, of the Bap
tist church, Portsmouth, Ya., was a passen
ger in the missing steamer City of U las-
gw. -' .ii-.-i ,:'.
; Amebican Links. A company, ; with a
capital of oOO,000, has commenced the
manufacture of Jinen at Fall River, Mafis.
' X-SNo debt contracted fof liquor can be
collected in Connecticut ' ' -
From Bnlnell's Peforter.
Their Origin, Progress, and I'tilitr.
We are indebted to a friend for a copy
of an Essay on Plank Roads, by T. P.
Holcombe, Eq., a distinguished Civil
Engineer, who has paid much attention
to the subject. He says that plank roads
were first used in Russia, and were intro
duced iuto Canada by Lord Sydenham,
while Governor of the Provinces, li
the last nine years, upwards of five hun
dred miles of these rondo have been con
structed. They are the.e laid wilh while
or soft pine, a material, apparently, very
indifferently adapted to the purpose.
From Canada, tbey were introduced
into the United States, and the first road
built in New York, was that from Syra
cuse to Central Square, which went iutiv
operation in Julv, 18tt. lhe success
which attended this enterprise, led to the
rapid extension of lhe system, until it is
now stated, that there are in operation
and in progress, upwards of. one hundred
plank roads; and new companies are con
stantly forming under the general Plank
Road Law, which was some time since
passed by the Legislature of that Slate.
Among the rosds iu operation and com
menced, are the following:
Syracuse to Central Square, 17 miles
lltica to Home, 15 do
Utica to Bridgewnter, 18 do
Utica to Sherborne, 40 do
Utica to V'aterville, '-'3 do
Ulica to Mohawk. I'l do
llion to L'nadella Forks, do
llion to Cedarville, 8 do
Little Falls to Newport, 10 do
Schenectady to Saratoga 21 do
Rome to Turin, 0 do
Rome to Pulaski, do
Oswego to Syracuse, do
Oswego to Sterling do
Oswego to Hasting:), ' do
Fulton to Hanibal do
From Oswego to Rome, and from Os
wego to Syracuse by way of Central
Square, ate the longest roads yet con
structed; several short roads act as feed
ers to these, one or two of which have
been mentioned above.
It is rather a curious fact, that three or
four of the above mentioned roads are
between points already connected by rail
roads, and some of them also by canals;
which certainly would appear lo afford
every desirable facility in the way of trans
portalion the Railroads affording speed
and comfort fur the. traveller, and the Ca
nals furnishing transportation at low rates
of charge. But there appear to be cer
tain circumstances and seasons of the
year, when with good mads to travel up
on, the farmer prefers to- place his pro
duce upon his wagon, and if (he. distance
is not loo great, lo drive to niaiket and
become bis own ngeut or faclot ;and more
especially, if he is in the least removed
from the Canal or Railroad.
A leading proprietor of a line of stages
on the road iron, Schenectady to- Sarato
ga, states that a team of horses will-per-iron,
nine miles an hour, including slops,
or ten miles travelling lime, on a plank
road, wilh lhe same ease that they could
perform six miles on a good summer
road. He further slates that there is no
description of road on which ahorse tra
vels with so much case as the plank road;
and that there is a slight chisii, ity which
is highly favorable to the motion of the
horse. Others, however, contend thai
with long usage on plank loads, a horse
loses his elasticity id' limb, and becomes
stiffened. The road from Utica to Rome,
N. Y., is one of those which run parallel
and adjacent lo Railroads; and in litis
case parallel and adjacent to one of lhe
best Railroads in the country, viz: the
Ulica and Syracuse Railroad, over which
passes six passenger trains a day each
way; and, in addition to lliis, the Plank
Road is also parallel itnd adjacent to the
best Canal in the country, viz: the Eric
Canal so that, here, we have a- Plank
Road, Railroad, and Canal, iu mutual
The average cost is about SI 500 n
mile. Mr. Holcombe does not antici
pate that Plank Roads will ever become
rivals to Railroads, but that the two sys
tems will work harmoniously together,
and that the former will become important
feeders for the latter. Under the gener
al Plank Road Law of the State ot New
York, on the application to the supervi
sors of any number of persons, not less
than five, for permission to build a Plank
Road, and if, after examining the pros
and cons at a meeting, of which public
notice is given, it appears called for by
the public convenience, a permit is given,
whereupon the company proceed to con
struct their road, and erect toll gates.
This permit or grant, may be for an en
tire new route, the company paying the
damages occasioned by running their road
through private property, in the same
manner, and the amount of damages de
termined mostly in the same way, as in
the case of Railroads; or for a road to be
laid down along a comthon highway pre
viously existing the company paying to
the different townships the just value of
the common' roads taken, which amount
is appropriated by Jaw to the repair and
improvement of other roads.
There are numerous instances in the
State of New York of both descriptions,
that is, on new and independent routes,
and of routes following the common roads,
with all the sinuosities common to litem.
In this case till that is necessary prepara
tory to laying down the plank is, occa
sionally to cut off the crest of a hill or to!
raise a hollow, lo bring lhe inclination
within any maximum which the company
may adopt the law being silent on this
head, though defining the form, Sic, of
the road in many other particulars.
The preliminary steps having been ta
ken, the clearing, grubbing, and leveling
nre commenced. The road is cleared,
grubbed, and levelled 20 feet in width.
Preparations for laying the superstruc-i
tion is then made, by plowing or picking
up (usually lhe former) the surface, and
making it mellow and convenient to be
brought into the precise shape required.
On one side of tbe centre of the graded
track, two channels are then dug, being
guided by a line which is stretched where
one end of the planks will come. , These
channels are dug such a distance apart
that tbe stringers when laid in them, will
be seven feet apart from outside to out
side. At the first glance it might appear
preferable to have them nearer together;
but it is understood this would involve
liability in the planks to tip up when a
heavy loaded wagon drives upon the
road, having a bearing at first only on the
extreme ends of the planks, ..
The process is still further described
by Mr. II. this: !
'.'The mud-sills or stringers having been
i properly adjusted in the trenches, the
earth having been previously made mel
i low, w tilled in around and between the
j stringers, and also for tbe spsee of a few
1 incites oa the outside of Iheni. ; This fill
ing is raised .bout one iucb above the
.inngers and is now ready to receive th.
plant, which are uniformly h'ht feet
long, and any width front tea to fifteen
inches, and Irequently wider al one end
thun the other; which, while it effects a
saving of timber, is at the same tim an
advantage from the facility it affords iu
turning eurves, by pulling several wide
ends 01 butts together iu succession.
The thickness of lhe planks varies on dif
ferent roads from three to four iuches,
though the former is mueh the most com
mon. The stringers are pretty uniformly
for inches square, and any convenient
length from fifteen to twenty feet, and
simply laid end to end without any splic
ing or fastening. 1Q some instances plank
three indies thick and twelve inches wide,
have ben recommended and adopted,
but the four inch stringer, is much lhe
most common, and appears lo answer the
purpose well, as little reliance is placed
upon the stringers for the beariiiT.
"Two men place the plank in fts place,
and a third standing upon it, with a hea
vy wooden maul made of r found piece
of timber two and a half feet long, and
eight inches thiek, wilh .1 pin through
one end tor a handle, strikes tlie plank a
blow upon its edge in the middle lo drive
it up to its fellow. Then three or four
blows nie given upon the surface of the
plank nt different points, when it becomes'
firmly and accurately settled dovui lo the
stringers, carrying with it lhe earth which,
had been tilled above the stringers, and on
which t!w! phtuk now mainly depends for
its support. One more blow on thu edge
of tire plank finishes the operation, by
which time another plank is ready, nnit
the process is rapidly repeated. Each
plank is alternately laid in and out, or
jutting past each other about three inches,
lor lbs purpose of assisting lhe wheels to
rise upon the road in the event of a rut
being formed at the ends of the plauk.
The planks, however, are all cut the'
same length, and are either delivered up
on the ground eight feet long, or sixteen
feet. If the latter, they are piled up and
sawed in two with a cross cut saw.
"Tlio timber used -is uniformly hem
lock, whhh is a cheap, but very imper
fect timber. Besides being exceedingly
knotty, it is soft and exceedingly porous,
absorbing water almost like a sponge;
which, under these circumstances is very
prejudicial to its durability. The esti
mate of its durability 'in Plank Roads is,
however, seven-years; which is about all
we could expect of sjood heart pine iu this
"In order to facilitate lhe escape of the
water that falls upon the rend, the planks
are laid wilh an imd-inntion, towards the
ditch, on that side of the graded load on
which lhe plank are laid, of two inches in
six feet, or say three inches in the length
of lhe plank, so that all the water that
does not full immediately at the ;oints, is
conducted oH' at the ends. To effect this,
a straight edge with 11 carpenter's level
properly adjusted to it, is used in laying
down the sluingers, the ends of it resting .
upon either stringer ami their respective
elevations arranged accordingly.
"Now follows lhe filling m of earth nt
the ends of the planks necessary to keep
them from moving laterally as they lire
not attached to the Htringers by any kind
ol fastening whatever; lubber spikes,, pins
or anything of lhe biml, being neccssarv
and to facilitate driving upon and oil' the
road. This filling is cminonly rafserl a
bolit three inches at first above lhe planks,
r.o that when it becomes thoroughly set
tled and compacted by in;e, it will be al.
least as high us ilm ends of the phiuk.
If it should Keltic below this alteiiiioit
must immediately be given to restoring
the proper elevation by the addition of
more earth. A slope on th,. ditdi Mile
should be given of about three inches to
the foot. The earlh which is used in the
filling in may beobt.ained from the ditches.
The (Inches are, of course, an essential
part of the work, mid all lhe care and ex
pnsc bestowed in first op-iiing them, and
nflerwards keeping then) clear and in or
der, will be amply repaid; and on no ac
count must this be neglected. They
should be two feet wide on the bottom,
mid two fect below the top of the planks.
"On that side of thu graded road not"
occupied by the plank, a good earth road
nuisl be rimdo resembling iu contour the
side of the road laid with plunk ditch
, and. all. This, of course, is intended to
npply where a single plank track is used;
and it will be a matter, of surprise with all,
I venture to predict, en first travelling on
a plank road, as it was with me, how
completely and conveniently 11 single track
accommodates a large business. I could
discover no more 'inconvenience iu vehi
cles iiissnrg cac-u oilier man in llie streets
of Macon. This had appeared to me a
great difficulty and objection to a single
truck, and 1 was surprised to find how
little foundation it had, in fact, and how
well a single track answered all demands
upon it. The great hulk of travel being
upon the plank, and tha earth road buim.'
only used to turn out upon, it has littlu
tendency to cut up and become rutted, as
it will seldom happen that a vehicle in
turning out will take the exact track of a
"Some of the roads leading from the
principal marts nre laid with a double
track for a distance of three or four miles;
but, even here, the second track might
apparently have been dispensed with with
out nny inconvenience. ' When a double,
or second track is laid down, it is simply
a duplicate of the first, and has no direct
connection with it; a space of from two to
four feet is left between the two, which is
filled with earth raised a little nbove ei
ther track. ,
"This is obviously, as a general rule,
preferable to doubling the length of thu
planks and laying the two tracks in con
nection. There may be cases, however,
wliere this course might be expedient."'
The experiment thus far has been emi
nently successful in New York. Some of
the roads in that State have paid as high
as 30 per cent. There are now upwards
of one hundred completed, although tho
first was opened no- longer ago than July,
Tim Ftu.'rn-uSTEiis. According to a slabs
menl which appears iu the Memphis Whig
the number of enrolled- Filibusters" in the
United States if fifty thousand. They have;
a cash capital f one million to start busi
ness with. No wonder the President issued'
a proclamation. ' ' t.'
A N.tw Movo. The merchants of Alexan
dria, Va., have entered into nn agreement
by which Indian Corn will be sold by weight
in that place after lhe first day of July?
Tbe bushel will be estimated at 60 ponnjls.
' Mbtiiodist Salaiiiks. According to llm
regulations of thy Methodist OhurTth Snut(j,
single men nre no, to be allowed' !.r.O,
married fcliUO, besides family and travelling
i-xpefises; children undeivseveu i.year fl
iige, M'ifr; over seven and. urnlev 'sistueuk,-
40. . ' ..',e!,,i
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