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' 1 I i 1 I ! "l 4 ? 1 !i s t i I ! 4 i i 'A Ki -' $ ; - v H ::1 ! 1 ' 1 , t "it r.V? J ft j 1 ! i J,-J:.J ' u I- i 'Z y't. .' tttinufralic Sratincl. ?4 CADIZ', OHSO.- WEP.VfcSRAY tSVfcMNO. -. . . . . v.XMV. 89. l r Blank Dee Ja. . , .-, Wt hy a splendid s:vi-t nciil of C!oi;h iVej or r-laat tin fti-. ,.,,. Notice to., Justices of the Peace, QnAN'S Rrvl.-d u-ut.- f t).iu for Wl. r O tret'-tirt nnd ready kirdtsTrihmitn nf ilw !er'e rttio, HamMi.eoumr, Ohi tto,Hrrisuu.coumv-, Ufiij. Oei. 2.i, 5t. CUARL:s?ATTERSN, Clerk. ' r Take Notice. XXECL'TORS, .AHauiiUtratuf ?ml Gunriliima, JJ lht fcave not ettlod Wi- fe trint is due me u dewiaoc btfura the nrn day oi Joui y jixe eiti to pay cost on tha sanm. Nowiber i, a i. B W probti Judge Legion of BouorJ ,Tb foUowinsr veatlemen hava naid tbei ubscrjpttoqs to the Sentinel bine Novero ha , 1824: , 8, Miller, German township, fi. Houbter, . , . , S. Baxter, preen . " I, Clifford, ; . " J. ?cott, Jttersoq Bounty, , A. Busby, Archer lownship, P, Tbompsoit ; ,, , , , .,( 0. UcKinny, Slook -V., , M Liirbtaer, , ., lloper, TuacHMwaa county, II. B, Heller, Monroe tp, , ; J. Fowler, , " . , t 'II rattoa Runaley N 1711! n't Slu.rt (V..lr In 81,50 75 1. 50 ; 1.50 .00 " '' E. Clirtor-t.' Illinois l1.' "Barllctt, Nnttingliam tp, ' A."M. Mbholnt, Archer tp, Thsnk you, gntlcm;n, thank you.' abVe do:; ivi.ll f.ir nb week. L'.-t - 1,50 3,00 The ever) fier-kni rearl the ' following attich;, and pay heb'd to it,' and the next "Legion of Honor," that-wo will 'publish will exceed anything r( fJiekind tver before pijbljs'.iod in the JJ;tfte,v - ' ' ''' if "&''& hNi ' ' lllC CHUse oftllii embarrassment, ZS: 1 .."1... ' jftad of the tboandaui one perplexities oc e A BIG LEUIOiN' OF HOK OR. ! ioned by It:- It is' said, in reply that the j After this week wa do uui intend lo cub-1 l'auits ft1 discount as freely as thoylkl UtU WKlUev','i,egwn f licnot" ' until) the r u .Mi .. lost week in December. At that time we varvt to publish. Hie largest "Legion of lien. I tt tver publia.iifca m the State. We want 4 : reatlers to show how they intend to sua--.iiu.U; Sentinel.: We Want every subscri ber that o xcs us to be included in that "le tJioti u lioaor;" With all that wish tot pay ier tlveir subscriptions in advance; If vou iiave no errwid up to Cadfa between now t,ud Uiat'tinie grt your postmaster to dv up in a Wtter' wlyu you owo us, and send it to u at our expense, (Jjme, fiiendsBhow us what yoaiii tend to do. If all thoe inlcbt ,d to as will heed this ctll, m will promise uiem one thing, and, tlutt is this; We omujeoce the New .Year without bein . in tf.bw ; If we can do this, the iuk from our vn Mili flow more freely, our m;r..s releiv- I of a great burden, ind our subscribers tarnished, with a better newspaper. L.-t ev - fry subscriber heed huca-l.. And all those who do heed it, glial have their p iper at the ;ad ranee prioe, i,50 a year. Let every subscriber we lure "pitch in," as we. are, ready to give credit,: and write receipts as fatt.as they can come in. S ' i, ,i , -X. i XFW will receive on subscription, if delivered soon, flour, meal, pork, beef, hay, torn and country produce generally, Mok mt will tiot be refused at any time. Publie Meetinyl, We are requested to state that thtre will he public meeting held a', jt.hu.. J'robate Judge's office in Cadiz on this Wednesday veiling, at 6 o'plock, P. M , for the pur Jjoie of taking inty considemiqo the propri ety of eaUb!ihiug a; rcadir.g room in this place, . Thisis sa important movement, and -on tleserting the attention of every citizen of VaaiJt.., i hat such an association is needed, na onm will den. The benefits of such an assoctati )n are incalculable, and should re ive the support of nil. We hope every hirea "'of tdi will be in attendants. k ,; Convenes on next Monday, and we ekpeet reettve the l'rei lent'e Message on the fu-sdy or Wednesday following. Th tet ter writers from Washington ctiy, say that it will be along document,' and one of the Ablest evr written.' 1 " "' i ' '' XSVV think that it is high lime that the Democratic tate Central Comittee were - nsniog their call, for an old fashioned1 eon , vr tjon at Co'itmbui on the apprbachjug Cth vf Januiry. A number of Important num., nations are lo be made, iiftd the! sooner the work is commenced the bettrV1' Let 'tis be f good cheer. Although we are 'drfea toil, we are not conquered. Our'-antis. being ji.t.j and , oai principle correct, there .is 4toihing lo niuder us from triumphing, as jn liiy of i ore. ; uf,r.-ft' ' i-i. ''Hr.K.-..,Know:Ndthlngisra'.;' , ; ; aiWceVwa iend'bj publish along let-. rflsition to litis political clan.' : It j au abk ' fjduat.(oo--ot:d d'a imwci able and should i5eiTe tuieiui pvi u-i ioin eyery luteui .-Xmn- --.,.,!.' 'i -tit ...-(!. ' ( ' ' ShMBtesn --The hralncli ' a'r'Ai'ron, '.and . ft t;Jf4eQhanicf andjf Tradera. bank V CSn einnaii, have suspended. These were brt eeh- ' t the Stat Bank f 01 io. i .; ' jty ft tilroad iron whidi BolJ few months ; go (of j C5 and Si t per ton, tsnov nnly liringing from t42 tt f 4f. A great rcdnc.' ti n. ' Farrwr of tb 4.' jnrt. j;,., :OU!n.j : ,if - rot-J mialj ta Agricskural t-ubje ct, anJ j bil,;J' t0 PHy fc.t ieUn. In ie pro. ri-vcr bK- in fo'.uics.' Aj tai, wt f k ' P'a to indebtedness U lie nmtmut of fct it ape;Hl:iemton: t . ; Jitork i: .ucJ; anJ it i."y ii the tas5 of oskt M at KMf..W r.rcniu, for At-! t' at ihe UtjUtij cipVtl of flnlrt-J;h tinu- in H,e mj,!st , i t:.-rin; .r- 'Ohio can L ir.frea'. d to an tocA-uUMo r. . ... t. .. . . 1 - I 'li .fit.' u l,"i.. il-.t;,"...' .. nble bailing sj-t-m iWc. .The 4uas " - W V W - tl vTtll till tt.1 i'PUTB, J HIT (mrcs ly uut ol juiCnd ihose h art - j tell ftlrit tl, rn jlter is, hre il.e re tr.in-' te-i ab!t to lewst-wiliinr to rjo ?o.- H inker, brokers ba -alW upon to pay ware than thty are "ml hnver.,-(rf.ia tbi- beiniin Jojie tnd t 'j!e ,0 P7 Ao lvMttl ia the tvtme con o'tle clinptcr, know, prifeedy wH, Vital ' 'l'on be callt l bankritfit. Aa J peo- nJ wln re the dililcuity bii' sines br that ' P e '10 10' 1,18 f the baitk. though crnft ilivy'gt-t tbtir ihi iff. and ami'i fur-i P J'nS f"' every doI!:rf, ar io cortbtant Jau . , rJw 01 lioneit l.ibor ( bich ti.ey are Sou I ;iy ti perform I or filcl. i . i - - . '' tunes otii i,f ilte products of liomn kbor i , . . ' n,y. uniler tn aaucuon t,f lns aiade at iheir in-itigdit.ir; a.J ndmiai&tered for tlitii 1 1,t' f11'', to fXpo.e more effectually the wor secia? nggrandiztment, out of the pockets! kin;; of the bu,king system, and its ruinous of those who aro.Ute actual product rs of al j ul'ou tbe inUns s of the individual subiUntiikl wtal.h tbey are the last neon'e m he world to ulightea an insul.ed aad ufiferipg publio, aa to the tarn of tho eril in question. Perhaps this is going too for po sibly sonw of tbut class do not understand tbe reason ol this thing. We do not feel in clined to compliment their knawledge, or their sagacity, for as a class, they do not de serve it. Few among the financiers of our bamboozled country have either the disposi tion or ability to comprehend the profundi ties of political econont v. Thev undprj, j the ditterence between f ix per etnf , and sixty ana, as, in tbtir estimation, 'the almighty dollar' is ihn hirin.itn -A t, j e n . '- I that is worth lisving on the earth, there be 3.50 gins and there ends the sum to'.al of their '.0Uj wudom. , , a ., , .; j ye Jo not claim to be a whit wiser than 1. j the generality of mankind, and yet we feel i entirely competent to assign tlve trua cause joiine pecuniary embarrassments experien- ceu just now. iue wliole tiling is as plain as need be, and any mtn of ordinary discern ment can comprehend it. Indued, so evident ure the several proposition--, which when du ly .considered,, jreyal ihe, .wUpJe.mysu;ry-of iniquity, tlmt we are almost afraid f. offend ing the iatell;geace of our leaders Ly an at tempt to elucidate them. . But let ua louli to a few simple facts, jtwtiiU mm VVdv : It 1 fn awhile ago. Why not? It is for their in terest, to keep itt circulation as mauy of their bills us possible,, for this is the only. legiti mate source of their piomises to pay.; , Will it be said that the law against circulating, as currency the small bills of othe States causes the difficulty? How does it happen that the embarrassment it just as great in other States as in this? : One would think that tho small bills sent home to Indiana, Il linois, Michigan, Hew York and other States from Ohio would make money quite plenty therebut such U not the fact, The pres sure elsewhere is at thi moment, as great as it is in Ohio, if not worse. Will it be said ithat there is less to seil thin n-.inl. nr.fl I therefore money is. not plenty? It so hap- j Pns tliat llu'r(J ' as 7bi' no 'aclj ol a 6uPPly i 10 meil every demand; and besides, prices ' ftr -'tnusuaUy high presenting the.curious 1 anoma'.y of a great scarcity of money, and i Pr,ce bore. ail ruasonable calculation. -,.n , .i . . , . W hat, then, is the cause of the embarrass - ment? . . v...,c,.u, . ... 'I J'l.e pe-iple of Chi ia find no trouble in gct- vur answer is plain one. Oar entire,.- ' . . 1 , , n ,. v , r tin ' L'old tor their tea and .other, prodncs in ng synlcin w wrong.--. l is founded on i '-. n u . ' r - ' ' '-' . .,' . . , ' and it would be. just ns easy for cotton a principle oi rinanrtai rottenness, and con- '. ,r i i , . taius within itself, the c ements of mcalcuhi , ,n. . . ,. . , ,. ble mischief. The whole thing is a legalized .. , , , , , Iraud a stupendous humbug the curse of , , . . . . . -,.,.. labor, and tne disgrace of the intelligence of , , ,, . . fa the nineteenth century. This is our candid opinion; candidly and honestly expressed. And we skoald be untrue to our sense of duty, were we longer to refrain from giving a reason for the opinion now advanced. - So far as human calculations can gt in de monstrating .a proposition of establishing a fier, it is clear that ike banks in this and other States, under the general banking Jaw are on as good a foundation as aby other. liio bills issued by them are sncured br a deposit of stocks, cd if these stocks are worth in maik t their par value, bill holders are of course safe i e. in the- last emer gence, they can obtain nearly the amount of what is promised. ' Ibis is (tne of tho free Banks in. Ohio, and probably of must , ot those in other States, organized under a sim ilar law. This is true of the freebanka in In diana, about which so much is said to their discredit and h i likely tht those banks are tit ns tound eondition to day as our own banks would be, wefo f oblitt oontiience in thew gtabillty matenally impaired.' .... . , , - 'To'detnonatraM then the essential trutlr o' ur" statement as ahovpj let -us consider fear a moment, the organic defects of our own bank We miy assume that they are all perfectly-olven:-Table,'il'ton-pelt(nl to ind up their .ttHairs to prty every, dollar, they .owe. , This is alt that corporate bodies can ask of u i, Suppose hen that bill to the amoent of half of their indebtedness should W presented at rfieir' -counters for redetnption,' would they, find themselves in a condition to" redeem thiihil 1 ''Evideritly'i'nnd' ''undeniabK-l-No.- Their promises to pay Kre nbt'tli' predicates ol any available means of paying what they owe. Specie they h ve n ne, or next tb hone; and the se Vurnies pledged for the redemp. tion of tlmtr issue are locked up' and beyond tVeir rijacili.' They toUf tdlj u'sthritthelr'a ieiti' aretutfy' erjiiaf to liieit'liahilitjes; but what of tlifii? "Th-' ir Vssetu ire ai wiilii i the Teach of ihn-bill holder, and pen only e ' re rule re i aai)a!U by Uae proctg of Jaw a proeea cofnctenlly, tihiw to, (brow iheiotiai of misplaced on4noe into the dutches of tle brokers, who will be apt U share lim io tho tone of from ten to City per centw ; , flow i thie-and by what le'rerdemain are decent and honest people exposed to in juries so flagroi t.nnd eofreqiienlly repeated? Here liestlic evil stock pledged its securi i iJtr.ce of the Stnie's inJebto Jnn. or inv mnyr.t , tl.c Si.l!c cm conlrive ta run in!o bl t j nch an x.e:l ihv. i c in uttrer rav ! "'"i ' t " ' . If ' - - 1 Fl"P i leam that our btnk are! j a i'reosrium condition hi !1 i'unc liable ' oer f l-'in ft hr.t they have, Oar liiuiu , brl "'S U!" "ey nave, our uiuua ' pr.-ent a further enliirtrement on this sub'ect ' . . - . . . ... . , . ... ii0W- at fu ure time an attempt will classes. The Conatitutioual Currency. liccent Bnk explosions hare, given lise to animated discussinos at Cincinnati and other places in regard to the various sys tems of currency and banking. Each wri ter ha3 his favorite theory, and with an oc casionally sound idea, we have a flood of that sophistry and nonsense in which our half-fledged political economists are prone to indulge when they touch this sulject.r Money being the great power in this coun try, we are educated from our earliest years in the iciencejof its acquisition, and would resent as an insult a hint that we do not understand thoroughly a matter that we have so censtantly studied. Yet this very familiarity has led to crude and superficial notions, as few have taken the trouble to study the first principles of a science of which theyjiave not suspected they were in any degree ignorant. The consequence has been that plausible but de lusive schemes have taken with the public, aud that tUey have only learned wisdom by slow degrees, ns it was bought too dear ly by haid experience. The statesmen who have contended for'a m-.'tallic currency as the only one tiihersafe ; ju stilled by truj political science, have been derided as shal low eiupiiifs; and the mout eiuiiicnt states man ot the, West, for a long 'time ci.joyed the sobriquet of "Humbug,"" only because he hatl the moral Loiiesiy to advocate 'the true doctriue in'the face of a general publio ten-"' timcnt in favor of bank paper. Time, how ever, has already relieved him from all such opprobrious designations. The : table arts fairly turned, the epithet is uow attached to thoie who strove to "fasten it on him." There are still fcnough, however, to apply it to those who advocate tho adop'.ion of the Sab-Treasury ryjtem and a metallic curren cy in the States. Such results as we uow witness must do much to convince the pub lic mind of the correctness of the Demo cratic .doctriuca. Ingenious, paper, money sophists miy for a time delude by some, uew.and plausible device, but the truth will come at last. A' metallic currency is the only one justi fied by "sound business principles, and rhanv of the most strenuous advocates of paper, mouey no give upilie point asre spects the merits of the currency, and on ly object thi.t it is inipractic.tble. This is a e ' ' . -v- ;i . : J L'i . d mi,, to oe met. xwiLiii is more eajy man 1 , . 1 i .-. ? , i i .i i c 'i ' , growers, and the producers of wheat and - ; . r- . : . coin, aoiK aiui njur, to oDtaiu gou lor tteir , A, ,P. ,,; , products. , I ne v are nearer the sources of ; , V, 1 , ,' supplv. How is it then that the precious , T ' ' c ., ' n. . metals ro from us across the ocean to Chi- ng when we have a larire surplus of arti cles which are at least as much in demand as their lea in the markets of the world? The secret ii that the Chinese demand the coin an exchange of real value, and wo are content with a promise. ', Justice cannot be done to the subject in one article. We have brought it up now, because we consider this a favorable time for its discussion. In future articles we may examine the practical difficulties that arc said to be in the way of introducing a gold currency on account of the existence of a bank currency in other States. ' Toledo Kepulllcan. ODfidencs The Basis of Ohio -:" Banks! ''' ; That banks aie -deptndent upon public confidence, and that no bank in Chio Could stand, for a moment if publio confidence should te withdrawn; has lately betn ad mitted by the Ohio- Slate Journal, paper utliinti lifts fttwflt'A ulnnA nn f..t iku iinaar. J 1 ......... antaH assumptions of the rich Banker, in opposition to the interests of , the laboring poruou vi vuiurua'uijr. r j.b accuses me eoi tor of the Statesman and Democrat with attempting ta weaktn .the laith of the pub lic in tbetabjljci eolyencjf oj hio banks! yye- ave yet to 'fiJtie nrsl sentence in this consistent advocate -of exclusive mfviloirps and defender gensral of the llatr-barou fra- .tcmitTi cpndt,nir.alory of the course pursued Jiylhe Banks the nuelvcs in. re sibling the piij uieiJt, ot 'fen juoi j ioiitiinoi oi i lie our thens of the people, in the shape of taxes a' course which of al! others, is most calcula ted to detach from them the affections and which ihey are confessedly to dependent' for their existence and vi'ality,, ' ,, "' "" ; While the lien Bauker tells the tax cof loctor to go about (hi's business that the neonle must sustaia the expenses of (Jover n- raentwhile they bring to their aid the de- CMoacf fulogj., .yoirt; exempting; them I ,m tavinir iacca n nnv tlunrr hut lhiir profits the people are eipeoted to exteud i .1..- 1 genorous confidence I Such a requisition somewhat akin ta the cool operation of a highway robber, who, while abstraating the cash with one band, holds a dogger to the him quirt. Lit Ui j !iiitc "coua iir.ee" j thntJlo bsnls will pa crrj thina bat tLeir I Uncurrent Honey. I'V-r tl:e iofurmuiion of our reader, well ks to ggidt: them in picking up their reniittar.eps to us, esys the Pittt.bur0'h Ad rocaie, o jirient below a lit of bank recenlly broken, discredited or suspended- i jt ldition, we may jtdd that the notes of tVn; ttMt Stock Banks of Indians, 'Illiitom, L'ichigiin ad Wisconsin money do not pass lieica currency. " Lewis County Bink, of Neir York. Carthage B.ink, do ifilrose Bank, ' do Drover' B.ink, ' " ' do " Baiik ef Camel, do Ogdensburg, '' ' do ' . Exchange B.-.nk Buffalo, ' do Fatchtn Bank, Buffalo, do Eighth. Avenue Bank, . do Knickerbocker Bank, ' do ' Farmers' Joint Slock Bank,' Buffalo, N. Y, farmers' and Mechanics' Back Oswrgo. Farmers Bank of Canandaigua. , Farmers' and Merchants' Bank, Maryland, Merchants' Bank of Macon, Georgia. Mutbrd Bank, Deleware. Merchants' Bank Burlington, Vermpnt. River Bank Connecticut. Cumberland Bank, Maine. Kentucky Trust Company Bank, Covington. Newport Safely Fund, Covington, Ky, Commercial Bank, Paducah, Kentucky. Trans Allegheny Bank, Virginia. Kanawha Bank, Ya. Massillon Bank, Ohio. Ohio Savings Institute, Tiffin. Cochitute B:ink, Boston. Bar.k of West Killingly, Connecticut, Bat;k of EilawQUh, Maine. Bank of Circleviliq, Ohij. Clinton Bank of Columbus, Ohio. Canal Bank of Cleveland, do. Miami Bank, Dayton, do. Wocdbury Bank, Connecticut, Shipbuilders' Bank, Maine. Merchants' and Mech'anics's Bank, Chicago. Union Bank,' Chicago, III. ' Xapt lsville Bank. Monetary and Commercial. Al Instates, Ohio six per cent, stocks fftllii'g dne in 1356, were selling in New York at 95 cents. The recent failure of several of 'the Ohio Stock Banks has been chiefly instrumental in producin g this de preciation. The Board ofControl of the State B.ink have also, it is supposed. ' been crowding into the market that portion of ttieir scoefcs invested in the Safety Fund of the btatc JJank. Should the Stock and State Banks continue to explode, Ohio stocks will ot course fall in raluo; but as its an 'ill-wind that blown nobody good,' the State, which is liquidating its debt, will gain by gather ing in its stocks at very advantageous rates. The Stock Bank system in Illinois is shiv ering in tho blast. A meeting of merchants and otheri was he! 1 in Chicago, a few days siuce, winch endorsed their solvency. Such meetings generally immediately precede the explosion of Banks. Indiana was full of such meetings, called to endorse and sweat to the immaculate virtue of their wild cats about three months since. We put down tins Lhieago meeting and tie white wash ing of the Illinois"Whig papers as a bad sign for Sucker rags. Touching the monettry pressure, and the piospectslof the future, the Philadelphia Ledger has the following: " ' " ' ''' ' The impression is daily strenirthenin that we have not yet reached the crisis in our , ' w a moncl.-ir'y troubles.' ; The sooner we know this the better. The weaker incorporated banks continue daily to go by the board, and wi h their suspension the failures of pri vale individuals nfld business firms are on tl e increr se, ' . It is idle to disguise the fact, and worse than folly to attempt to stultify ourselves with the idea that the worst is over, ami tlit stock prices must from this time forward improve. The country is too overwhelm ingly in debt to render any sn?ed7 resus. citation probable.,! 1"im, economy, and great moor can only bring business and prices up to what they have been. ' Now that the banks have commenced breaking, no one can tell how rapidlyjbank rupfcy may overrun Ihe country. Every ad ditional failu.e makes the next more proba- bio. There is daily growing distrust Credit is daily weaker. Ills uehes tb deny it. Panic will but aggravate it,' and that panic mav h .vnM. ed. He would have the trouble while yet at some distance, an' while it may be 'con trolled, boldly faced. Banking must be materially narrowed or it will be entirely uprooted by failure. The bonds of unnro- ductive railroads must be withdrawn, from the market, and every merchan'-s and man ufaclurer's tuiness narrowed lo h'm' cash basis as possible," and this must be done quickly. We heard yesterday of two more failures ',1,1a rtft'r l.,',lK in ftk "I.Li. k. ' '' ' ' T " 7 if' " i UM uui,iness, one of wlijch is. that of quite, a large concern. "11 " ,VT )l,J.s is negoitHled with much 'JlficUy ani' oniy''verjr high rates.' "The Sanaa, as ever when 'their aid is most 'want ed, can do nothing towards relief. ' , ' ,1 0a l,,ie contrary, ' they greatly aggravate the pressure' by b coming grasping in their demanci, and leniarkably close in their ac comxiodations. Necessity forc.ea ilii .All - dilion of things on them. They hare no alternative. It is inseparable from the a vs. iem p, oanaing, ana auoras another illus tration of Ihe folly of making bank accom modations ei. basis of business' ' 'T' The. trader ' who' haY least "to d ' IM. oanks, invariably comes out best in the end. Banks have money when few wanl it and seduce the unwary into erterprises that of. tener man otuerwise swallow them in ruin, iffording no relief in the hour of trial. ' AVitt prudence and economy on the part of all, the financial ciikis may pass) leaving the eoun'ry 'ittle lnrn.el. y ; ii i. i. in, lo i u Ja -vor to crcato tie im presdon that there is nothing in the future I to be apprehended It is true the iflosi of the bank that are now failing are small and unincorporated, but they are nevertheless bank, doing a regular banking business, even to tins issno of notes, and are - more or less lecognizeJ by, and connected in busi ness with regular chartered bunk. ? For ths Chtdia Demuwatie Sr tiwlt v ' " ; Codli3h-Aristocracy.' ' ' "Honur is the aulijeci of niy tury." Ma. Editor: Would you please to give place for a few lines in joui excellent pa per? Beiig a novice in writing I hope you will overlook the crudencss of my remarks, and pas my errors by. My attcntiou has, of hue, been called to the word ."ariatocra. cy." 'I have been informed by the learned, that in its primary and original signification it was applied lo government; being de rived from two Or"e.k words, the one tdgui: fying 'lent," theother lorovern." It there" fore means that government which governs bet. But I believe that the idea of its be ing the government, ia prctty well dis carded ia this cjuntry: Democracy filling our ideas of "the best government." , But the more common signification in which it is used in this country is in refer ence to private individuals in their social ca pacity,.' In this sense there are several kinds, First, aristocracy of flood or birth. Second, nristocracy of wealth. Third, aristocracy of genius. Fourth, aristocracy at beauty. Whatever merit or demerit may belong to these classes, any one possessing the requi sites of either, may properly claim to belong to that class. These four classes form what I shall denomiuate "aristocracy proper." But there is yet another class consisting of those, who make pretention t the requi sites of some or all of the above classes, which is inded only pretension. This clas for want of a better cognomen, 1 shall de nominate the "codli-sharistocracy." I do not find Ihe terra in Webster, yet its mean ing is pretty well underslood in some parts of the country; and I have no doubt bu'hU next adi: ion will contain it classed with the other "lish." Tho first two clashes are sometimes known as "the first circle," and those permitted lo associate with eithei, are. said to tiiov; in "the first circle " Thus Mr, Editor, I .havo endeavored to arrange the various classes of aristocracy. , ., Now I have certain views as to each class. Some. things I can understand, some things I cannot understand. . What I cnnot undci -stand, I hope tha' you, .or Rime of your in: telligcnt readers,- will inform me of through your paper. I cannot mdetland, why a dishonest man or a rogue, should te considered morn re spectable than other men, simply because, his parent were h...ioj,tbhy or of "noble blood." I have heard it said that "An honest man is the noblest woik ot God." That, "Honor and s-lfamo front na condition rise; Act weltvoin put, thkhe all tl io honor lies." Those that read the "Poets" say that these are the sentiments of Pope. , They also say that Pope was a sensible man. Now if these sentiments be true, I cannot understand, why a man, an upright man, ftn intelligent man, a man who sciupulously performs all his duties lo society, to his fellowman and to his God, should be considered d'mhonora ble, simply because hisamir were not hon orable or of noble, blood. Yet thrt is thfi consideration he receives at the hands of this first class of aristocracy. I cannot understand, why a pers n who is not noticed to day, but passed upon the street without a passing nod as if ha were a cur, should bo met to murrain, by, tho very same persons, with the blandest smiles mid most anxious enquires, with respect to self and family allow me to congratulate you; "I should be happy, to have ybu call and see me," simply becvust he had in Ihe mean time received a lgacy of thirty thousand dollars. Yet that is the consideration lie re ceives at the bunds ot the aristocracy of iDcaltu. I cannot understand why a person should be considered better, or mors honorable than his honest neighbors, simply because he it popularly known aa a genius is possessed of high intellectual attainments unless he makes a good use of them, and is, in other respects, a proper man. "Of him to whom much is given, much will be required." The arislocracy ot beauty, is confined pret ty touch to the women; the men not making much pretention to beauty, ant! if they did, it would only be pretension, I cannot icir ttand why a girl or woman whj is as light of head as she ie of foot, who isi aughty, vain and foolish a squarnish flirtish thing, should consider herself,-or-be, considered by olhers, as better or more honorable than a plain, modest, unassuming, sensible woman, sim ply because she has silken hau, bewitching eves, ruby lips, and rosy cheeks, and ivith- all .-, - . ,: . ; ,. : (, 'A combination and a. .roax, indeed, , 1 Where every god did teem to act his seat,''' ' '" Toglve tho world ' assurance of woman.'" ''. , "once thought, Mr." E litor, that a person 1 though no' a millionaire, though nor An in- tclleclu il prodigy, yet if he wera an honest sensible .sort of a felTow.'lie might' be "'A i man fof athat." ' That' though he "shotfld spring into existence in the natural1 way-' tiiougn ue snouia ne campoica ot "common i clay," and even Wsda by "nature's journey-! men, and that, too, UnfathionaL'y yet if he was an honest' man, as "An honest man is the noblest work of God," he might without presumption claim equality with him who was formed ol the Jk t clay, and tn the- most artiatiij'style. '- "' ''!'; '- ' I have sometimes thought,' that in order. to ascertain the trui' worth Ipf miri',h'm houtd consider his inherent nature, as man.1 ifested hy h'u acts, irrespective bfthe extrin tio accidents of wealth or birth. '. Those who have read the ancient philosophers tell me, that' wealth 'generally leads to luxury. cot s i 1 tiii. vi and that Inxury has never been known to1 j I: aud linabl tw eeottcUentto WyndeH nu e'evate moral natuie of man. tory.Wyandott custom and usages, The pe- 4. Jii.It-td it is A in tU'l"i'ii'i whr i i I .... . . -4 1 person t.iou,u te r.-p'cttdlii"ie ti.n aiioili- . tr be unit Le and his ancestors have succee- ded in excluding great multitude from the neeifstariu'S of life, that they 'night fitej in luxurious stjperfiui'.y. ; Can you lee the re' on, Mr. E'ditorf J & for asmy obicrvafton -Ttends, we l.aveLWen, ,1'iankeshaws, JCtckapoos and Kan,, none, or at best, very litih, of lh?s "aristoc racy proper" iu this neighborhottd. Kot but what we have men of good parent; gc. men of wealth and "enius. We have such. -But they are r.ot luuilful of these privileges. Thry do not particularly prixe tLemsclveai'unun5wa, according to the statement. upon tho possession of them, They do noli say stand off Pltbian, I am better than thou." But it may be safely said that e have a few of tha "codfish-aristocracy.", I never expect to understand much about them, Mr. Editor. Their acts, expressions and mo tives, if they have any, are entirely inexpli cable. I should be sorry to think that they were accountable being.. They are the crcar tures tf impulse, entirely devoid of reason. Possessing, none of those external qualifica tions, that would give them the right to en- (er inlo the "aristocracy proper,", they yet make great prelensionn. Being well acquain ted with the pedigree of all persons of "note" in the neighborhood, they are ever officious ly ready to inform tha stranger as to those who do, or do not move in the "first circle." Should he notice a person, a lady for instance passing along the street, and, make the re mark a "fine lady," Codfish would immcdi ately reply, "oh yes, she looks well, but then she don't move in the "first circle." , They make nice distinctions, and distinc tions without a difference in the various oc cupations of men; ns between a mechanic and a lawyer; a grocer and a physician; a smith and a merchant; a carpenter and a horse dealer. Now. some people havo a notion, and I must confess that I am one of them, that a man may be a grocer, a smith, a car penter or any other tradesman, aud if he "acts well his part" be equally as respecta ble, it not more so, aa the physician, the law yer, the merchant or tho hurst-dealer.. But we may be wvong. , Their test of respectabili'y is indued pecu liar. Here is a young lady. She does not move in the "first circle.", Her p .rents are j not rich it is true. She has not had the pri-1 vilege of ufuivy education at a popul.-irse- imtiiry. It is true, she cannot caiui-claw,; the piano with the dextrous facility of a ne t-.- ly-llcdued boardinir school Miss, vet she k::s' au car tor muMc. iJut as compaiod uhthe j cod lih-aristocracy, how does she st;itid? Are her parents not as. respectable as .tbtita?, ! Ytc. , Are ih.yjnot, at kast, as .wealthy as j theirs? Yes, II is tho not as much native I sense as the-)? Yc-s. Will not her form and , countenance compare without suffering with ' tueirs; 1 es. uan tucy say any thing against! uer cuaracter.' ao. well Hun is she not us gdod as the boasted "first circle?' The parents of this codfish aristocracy may j have ween washer-women and soap-boilers. iheir wealth may consist ol "the stuff that dieams are made ui." Thuir ircnius. a cTjm- kination of dullness, idiocy, and stupidity Their beauty a false combination of ch.ilk, and paint, and ribbons, yet with unparallel ed effrontery they would place themselves upjn the watch-towers of polite society.. They would havs the door to open or shut at their bidding. They would be the urn,. ires to de cide who are to move iu Hie "first circle.",, . Now, Mr. E litor, I may have wrong no tions about. aristocracy; but I must plainly say, that I don't think much of this class. The- common "aris'ocracy proper", is surely ridiculous enough; but is not this codlih-ar. istocracy supremely ridiculous? . I would not be understood as valuing lightly ithe, gifts of genius and wealth. I only mean 10 way, tha1 the possession of-them, need not'sweli one with pride and vanity., No, I would to Ood, all of us could, trace back our. lineage to the "good old days of Adam aiu1 Eve," withou1 discovering tine blot upon our escutcheons Wealth may indeed prove erM blessing, as a means of providing the comfort of life,, cot only for ourselves, but V charitably , inclined for thousunds of others; dissipating the clouds of gloomy poverty in many; a, poor family, ami spreading peace, plenty and joy around their humble hearth stones. j 'Gonitis stil' coutiuues to shower upon us, with no Minted band, innumerable blessings causing our beloved country to "bloom and blossom as the rote." And even beauty as the "handy work of lod;" should not bo lightly esteem ed; for "a thing of beauty is a joy forever." But, Mr. Editor, I look upon the bright side of things. I am a strong believer in the progress of the age. These frivolous dis tinctions are fast passing away. As the va por of the morning vanishes Ifcfore the ra diant countenance of "the kiug of duy," so will these false ,'distino'ioui soon be dispell ed by the genial influence of a more cnlight d opinion. . Tbe aristocracy of government neTer did exist in this country; the "arisloc racy proper" only to a small extent; and may we not hope, that the moit insignificantof all, will soon sink into oblivion? . And if re membered at all, it will only be remembered as the foolishness of a former age. . Ita race is nearly run; and soon .in it stead; will b acknowledged, "the trar dignity vftnau.t' .-.-...." in ri"i:.!i' Your friend, ! ) , ..!, r. :.f - s ; OGLETHORPE.'. ' November 28, .1854. 5 ,: 1 .-, .:" ; ' ' ' ' '';''" 1'"' the Cadiz Bunlfnol. : ' 11 Ma: Alms-: In reading' your' valuable paperof the M 1th ull., my attention was r-' rested by an -article headad '"The Indian clief, 1 llhohunesa"' iu which w lively' and graphic aocoUnt is given of the' memorable rencontre of the Poe and Big-foot parties in 102 -witu me ground ana lotty tumblings, dialer of strength at wrestling,' speed in a qutttietacingrand dexterity in pugilistio ex ercises Ac ,- between the two distinguished leuderi. ''All jtfiis is maMor 'of History, not only American,' but Wyandolt Ilistoryi But I am at o- to-detennmt how Khron- ooess became subseqtienlly, (tome thirteen: or" fourteen' rea'r) itfolwdi tWt7 matter; i t:ii , . 1- Win-ii -.t'.i!i'ir.ss v, -.j iNnpfiSfit to u- -efcti'd '. t x jj'e lb n uioiial ea- geance on Adam i'ou must have been after Wayne' Treaty, coaoludid between the United StaWs and the Vf yandott and their confederates, the Delawarui, Kliawntes, Ot towaa, Chippewas, Pottawallonites, Miamis kaskias, in August 1795, lor the account states, "It was now a lime of peace and tho. Indians, particularly the Wyandotte, were regarded" as fiendlyj"t 1 wi.-h ft tp be boio f inmihd by the rVadev th Ihe empl.Tyrnnt'' national. ct by authority of the Wyan- yoi nmn;.ipr H.siys, T'AfKJs'-n ft? - lion taaJerlmlep ..f tt...:- ..t llL' t lion made choice .of Jliejr . 'bravest warrior, in the person of Ithonunens" die. Here ,i a charge made of bo grave a character that no member of iha WymidbtlTnaiion posjtsi ing any spirit or, having any regard for our national name and character can suffer it to pass without an eff.M t to vindicate it from. this load of odium so unjustly thrown upon;1 " t. The truth of history must be vindica ted, as well us our uaiional character,, and I talis this occasion to . pronounce that part , which relates lo Rboimnes' employment -and his expedition to Po i's d welling, uutruef, , It ia weill known t'jat this is an a 'e of tic.ion writing it is the rage ol the times, and even-men of veracity are often lead to in'-"' dulge in this folly of the, times; ''when for the want ef correct historical lore run un- consciously into many errors by filling up their meagre details and isolated scraps and -fragment of history by heavy draughts upv, on that prolifio labratory, the imagination: thus, improving upon the publio a nsixture - a compound of truth and fiction.,' Tha ' article now umler consideration is one of 1 that stamp. Before proceeding to the disproof,' I wilf premise, that tho Wyan iott pation is sub divided into tribes or clans, and the individ uals composing a tribe are bound .together by -Waal or imagyt;vry.J,ies of consanguinity i ' and warmly ''attached -to each. -other. ,&' close is this : tribal relationship considered, that a marriage between 'ineiyberVuf the saute tribe would be looked upon as iu'teslu-' ous. . The Big-fvet were members of the Porcupine, and Uhonunc9, a member of the Bir Turtle tribe. And if the former medi-' tiled revenge, alier.Wayne's trcaly, it can- not come within the range of probability that' thutliil.lv, wou!4 select member tf unith- er ile, jleasi of, nfl a, iuember 1rf tho lilg , turtle; as, uttween these two tiiiits there never was n: licl'i of the leHietite'cordiuie displayed. The ancient' rule was, where ' revenge was sought for a-liin n h'.i've, tho nenreat m.ale.kin claimed br.'was entitieto the privilege; he, inc.ipacited or waiving his' ruht, then the ik-xi nearest, then nny mem. oer o me inue. lst,r It is rendered still more 'Ln probable' from the, fact that Kl-.or.uness was not class ed among the braves as a warrior. The pur suit of arms bi ing in opposition to his in clination iid tastes. His pursuits being civil and religious, being a devoted member cf the Roman Catholic church from early life. 2d. It is also highly improbable that they ' would select one so confessedly inexperien ced in war in Indian war tactics and strat-' egy, and one sn young, he being then, not more than twenty-four or five years of age, when that tribe had in their ranks iwo re nowned wamcrs, Hound Head and Sp'lii-ihe jog, 'besides others. " ' " ' 3l.: Admitting that a plan, to wre ik ven geance upon Poe had been matured by tho Porcupine tribe in conclave, ii cuinpt be supposed that this" projected FiliibiistefTiig foray cpuldt have escaped the Eigie 'eye of Tarhee or,. Crane, a "member, of tlia't 'trllie and ru'inij sachem of tlie naiioii'iitid ii'pbw erful .adyiwate ..fir. an. ra iiu ipstrutnent m bringing about and closing tiie'jt'reaty of '95 which terminated a long;', protracted nnf bloody war. Toeotc'rlnin tfie "ijea'tlHif, ie would, by his silence, or non'-ihterpo'sitio'n acquit see. in sucli measure 'would" sufiject hiin to the charge .'of' insiiicerjf'y, 'litiplicity and base treachery '.Such a charge eannot lie against tiie great and 'gitcx? '"farnee',' tii fr end and confident of' Old N.orth( Bu-ntl, who, in comparing hiraith I)is cot'e'mpofa Vies of other nations, pronounced, im "The Greatest Roman of them all." ' "'' '' "' 4ih, Though last, riot' Jesist,' tthononess repeatedly stated in his life time that'" he never wa south xr east of, the Ohio, river but once, ami that was in the year '97, or '93, when he went in company with some Wyan dotts and a Frenchman to trade. ' The sub ject will be resumed in another communica tion. , .Yours, truly, . '--r- WM. WALKER.'; ,, Kansas T-jkti.it bv, Nov. 10,' l.?5i. ! 1 ' Arrival of the Canadian." ' m " , ; - .7, : Niw 'York, Nov." 2?. The Portland steaiiitr Canadian rwiiTi Liv erpool dates to the morning of the 7th, arri ved at 12 o'clock las-f nighl.s'vv" 1 Intelligence from 'Various- source was re ceived 4t Liverpool up: (6 th (i:h" detailing the progress of Ihe siege up to the 2th. Official despftti'lu 1 from Dundas.i Cfliirc bert,' and Hamelhi detailing the ojerations of the allies .up to the l7thv the tirtst day of he bombaidnutit,- was' oiily'phblhihed on the 6'.bi' Ilani'lin kaya ihat it the Hussiafta had not 'elosed the' entrance of the harbor by sinking shi)sj in it, the allied squadrons, after lie first fiie, iould, have -. ruccessfuHv run iii and placed thVmselia in bomtnunica- lion' with -tho land force without peihaps. greater los thmi ' they Have cow t actually snstairied;' The Knglish iosi op ship board ts 44 killed wn4 6 wounded.;? Their shini ' tereeonsidferhbly- damaged by shot aad shell "1 The- French 'losa was ?'J 'killed and " t-ttijfll. ,n. ,'-,' '---,'-On the morning of 4nV6iurfcwwa,' ''. pot 4od also fn m the dirt cii on of BaMtaea; bttfc'ereKpull,edllWibJ mp-iang jft aeadWlWi1era.'''A'; ;tfi,:''H!V '' According to the in'tcst telegraphic' de I'm:!