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The Cadiz Democratic sentinel. [volume] (Cadiz, Ohio) 1854-1864, April 30, 1862, Image 1

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CADIZ, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30, 1862.
VOLUME 28, NO 52.
TERiMS,-SI,50
a
4' 1 "
TWEXTY-WINEI
i .."'. or THS
CADIZ SENTINEL!
NEW ARRANGEMENT 1 1
A? GJFtHJ.A.T
SEDUCTION IN PRICE!
Only 1,50 a Year!
ADVAHCEPAYMENT
;I2T .AXC-A-SIES!
SVB.SCltlBK! SVBSCllIBG!
. Tbe next volume of the Cash SEtinml will
eornmenca on Wednesday, Mar 7, 18CJ. From
that time on we shall publish the paper on an
ntira new plan.
The next volume of the paper will bo publish
d as followe:
One Copy, on year, 81. SO
. six months, BO
; , three , CO
ADVANCE PAYMENT TO BE MADE IN
ALL CASES. As it is a losing business to
publish a purer on the credit eynem, we wish it
to be distinctly understood by every one, that
no paper will be sent from the "Cadiz Sentinel"
office alter the 7th day of May, I8G2, UNTIL
IT IS PAID FOR.
We have been compelled 'o adopt '.he CASH
SYSTEM, on account of the large amount owing
to us for back subscriptions Wr have been pub
lishing the piper Tor near eleven years, and have
ecounts against our patrons for subscriptions
to the Sentinel amounting to between $6,000
and $7,000. These unpaid subscriptions have al
ways kept us in the bsck ground, and have been
great hindrance in keeping ua from using all
our energies to make the Sentinel such a paper
as it should be. By adopting the ADVANCE
PAYMENT system, our time will not be taken
up in posting Ledgers and dunning our patrons;
but in making our paper such a one as will make
very citizen of the county proud of his County
Paper.
It will also be noticed that we have greatly
reduced our aubecription price from two dol
lars a year, on the credit system, to UN E DOL
LAR AND FIFTY CENTS, in advanced
There is not a msn in the County but what csn,
il be chooses, pay $1,50 a year for his County
Paper. . And we hope that all of our Patrons
will, between this and the first day of May
next, either come or send to ua what they owe
us for papers that they have already received,
and pay ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENT
lor the next volume cf the Cadiz Sentinel.
And we shall esteem it a great favor, if all of
our patrons will spread the word far. and near,
that the Cadiz Sentinel is to be published here
after at ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS
A YEAR, the money to accompany the sub
scription. Induce all you can to become sub
scribers. , . , .
, During the , present month we shall send the
accounts of all subscribers residing outside of
the County to them; and tho?e residing in the
county will greatly oblige us by either calling
or sending us the amount they owe us during
March or April Thore is not one of our sub
scribers but have received the worth of all they
Owe us, and tiny certainly will be manly
enough to pay us what is so justly due us.
' We have published the Sentinel for nearly
eleven years, and our patrons know what kind
of a paper we hate published during that time.
In the luture wo shall try harder than ever to
make the Sentinel a better and more interesting
paper; and we shall especially endrovor to nia!s-i
it a much better COUNTY PAPER..
'' Our pepcr lor ronie time past has contained
but few advrriitrincnts, which haH enabled lis
to give orr rt adt rr more reading mutter than is
contained in any other County Paper in Eastern
Ohio. In the future we shall give tlicm still
more reading end fewor advertisements, and
those only of a business character; and we wish
11 to be distinctly understood that Mir columns
will not be filled up with Patent Medicine ad
vertisements, .flow friends and Patrons, In conclusion,' we
would say, square up your account to the end of
the present Volume; pay us 81,'0 lor the next
year, a id get all you can to become subscribers
to tie Cadiz Sentinel, and we shall be your
most respectful ami
, .. Obedient Servant.
- , .-.CHARLES N. ALLEN.
. Cadiz. Februarv 5; lfS62-3m. . . .
To Township Assessors.
Te Legislature recently passed a
law ordering three-fourths of a mill
levy on the dollar to aid the- families
of the volunteer's ivliich money, when
collected, is to bfl distributed to the
Several counties in proportion to the
number enlisted from each county.
The same law requires' Township As
isessoss while making their annual as
sessments of personal property to take
an enumeration of the number who
have volunteered in their several town
ships, and to return the , same to the
Auditor. That levy as made will raise
bput sixty dollars per man for each
person in the '.service from-Ohio. It
is therefore important that the Asses
sors as well as the citizens of the sev
errl townships in the county should in
terest themselves iti the matter.and see
that none are omitted, as each volun
iteer omitted in their return would be
,'aloss to the county of at least sixty
dollars. , . , , ,. , ' . ,' -
16-In the U-S.' Senate the other
tiayr the bill .'jeslablisliing ' an armed
mail steamship line from San Francisco
to Shanghai, touching at the Sandwich
jlalands awl Japan,' coming up,
; "MrY Sumner briefly Opposed the bill as
Causing expenditures not needed during (be
(resent war.". ,- m , :,
V ', This same Mr. Sumner, who opposes
this measure for the benefit of white
men, because it "causes expenditures
noi needed during the war," had no
'Ingsitanjcy in appropriating millions for
Carrying out Abolition doctrineB in the
District of Columbia -a measure which
the people tbink is causing expendi
tures during thr war." '" '."' ' 1 '
.... ........
VOLUME
"Unconditional Union," vCon
MMullonal l'liiou." -
- The latest test of loyalty which the
Republicans propose to make the peo
ple subscribe to, is what they call 'Un
conditional Union." The question
seems to be: "Are you an Uncondi
tional Union man?" If you answer
"No," you are held to be a traitor,
and must be dealt with.
It is impossible to concentrate more
of the very .essence of Despotism in
any two words of the language, than
is contained in those two: Uncondi
tional Union. , It is Unconditional
Union which Austria imposes upon
Hungary, and upon the States of Italy.
Unconditional Union is Unconditional
Despotism. ' It is nothing else. : It
means the supreme rule, the "uncondi
tional" sovereignty, of arbitrary pow
er. t
It is enough for us to say, and enough
for the Democracy to say: "We are
in favor of- Constitutional Union."
This expresses the highest degree bf
loyalty to the Government, to all in
tents, and for every purpose, in which
the government is not a usurpation.
We will "go to the country" on the
issue, whether we are to have Consti
tutional Union or Unconditional Union
whether this shall be a Free Gov
ernment or a Despotism. We do not
fear the verdict.
In declaring the doctrine of uncon
ditional Union, the Republicans have
made a bold advance. It is not their
accustomed way of doing things. They
usually accomplish ' their purposes by
indirection, professing to desire one
thing, while industriously effecting an
other. Now probably with a strong
reliance upon the aid of bayonets
they boldly announce their design to
substitute Unconditional for Constitu
tional Government a nation of sub
jects, instead of a Republic of citizens.
We shall see what we shall see.
Look ul litis.
"We Icam from the Portsmouth (Ohio)
TVmM, that Fifty-five negroes (rora Western
Virginia were recently landed at that' place,
and from there sent to the interior of Ohio.
OirThev were brought into ths State at the
expense of the Government, and other in
stallments are promised soon. Logan Oar
So we go.' The negroes are being
rushed into this State by the hundred,
already, at the expense of the Govern
ment. The tax payers have got to
foot the bill; but this, tho bad enough,
is not the worst feature of this Aboli
tion policy. They come to cheapen
and degrade labor. Tho sooty Afri
can will compete with tho white labor
ers of the State. They can afford to,
and will work much cheaper than white
men. What think you of this, white
laboring men of Ohio? And, tax
payers, how do you like it? You arc
compelled indirectly, to become the pur
chaser of negroes, who are to be quar
tered among you, to contend for the
"equal rights" which the abolitionists
tell them they are. entitled to, , Will
you still slumber in the belief that the
Republican party is not abolitionized,
and that they are "opposed to any in
terference with slavery where it already
exists?" Or will you heed the warn
ing voice of the Democracy and other
conservative men of the country, and
act before it is too late? It . js for the
white laboring men of Ohio to say
whether they will submit to have labor
cheapened and degraded by negro com
petition. ; The ballot box is : the rem
edy. U60-it..; '.':.
Astounding Frauds Under Cain
rron's Admintsit atiou . ol I ho
War Department.
' It now appears from official and un
questioned authority, that more than
two millions' pf. .arias were contracted
for by Cameron, ; although our forces
never exceeded .'five f or Six hundred
thousand . men.-, j i
One firm in New Yort, had a bill cf
two millions' iiine . hundred - and, ten
thousand dollars against the ' govern
ment, under Cameron's , contracts.
Mr. Holt, of the investigating commit
tee, struck one million t three, .hundred
thousand off the bill and even then a
profit of twentyfive? thousand dollars
remained. ,1..;i,.fe,,, . et
And Lincoln rewards the guilty au
thor of these unparalelled abuses ' with
the appointment of Minister to Russia! .
Abolidonisiil IMd. it. " "
n "Some twenty-five years ago,
8 few noble men saw , as - they never
saw before the enormity bf Slavery;
and they., set themselves . at work to
arouse the conscience of the nation.
By degrees, men came to , see the sin
and turn from it; and our fRESKNi CON
rucx Of aems is a direct consequence
of this turning fromTtmnevil ways--Newark
N6rth ;American,',wNovi ""28.
Henry Clay'i Mel bod of Treaiinar
tlie Abolllioit Qnktiois-A n In
. tcresiing Ueruuieut for tbCri
in. , ...... . t .
Tho following letter from Henry
Clay was writteu to the Rev. lr. Col
ton, one of Mr. Clay's warmest politi
cal and personal friends, and may be
found in Colton's Life of Henry Clay,
The letter speaks for itself: ;
Ashland, September 2, 1813. .
"Mr DBA Ma: Allow me to (elect a
subject for one of your tracts, which, treated
in your popular and condensed way, I think
would be attended with great and good effect.
I mean Abolition.
'It is manifest that the ultras of tbat par
ty are extremely miacKevioua, and are hurry,
in; on the country to fearful consequences.
They are cot to be conciliated by tbe Whigs.
Engrossed with a single idea, they care fur
nothing e'.se. ' '
"And yet they would see the Administra
tion, of the Government precipitate the na
tion into absolute ruin before they would
lend a helping hmd to arrest its career.
They treat worse, denounce most, those who
treat them best, who eo far agree with them
as to admit slavery to be an evil. Witness
their conduct toward Mr. Dcigga and Mr.
Adams, In Massachusetts, and toward me. '
"I will give you an outline of the manner
in which I would handle it. Show the origin
of slaverr.' Trace its introduction to the
British Government. Show how it is dispos
ed of by the Federal Constitution; that it is
le(t exclusively to the States, except in regard
to fugitives, direct tuxes and representation.
Show that the agitation of the question in
the free States will first destroy all harmo
ny, and finally lead to disunion, poverty and
perpetual war, the extermination of the Afri
can race ultimate military despotism. ' j
"But the great aim and object of your
tract should be to arouse ie Mioring cJassc cf.
the free Statai against AWivon: Depict
the consequence to them of immediate Abo
lition. The slaves.being tree, would be dis
persed throughout tho Union; the would enter
into competition with the free Mmrer with the
American, the Irisa, the German reduce
bis wages, be confounded with him, and af
fect his moral and social standing And as
the ultras go boih for Abolition and Amalga
mation, show that their object is to unite in
marriage the laboring white man and black
woman, to reduce the white laboring roan to
the despised and degraded condition of the
black man.
"1 would show their opposition to Coloni
zation. Show its humane, religious and pat
riotic aim. That they are those whom God
has separated. Why do Abolitionists oppose
Colonization? To keep and amalgamate to
gether two races in violation of God's will,
and keep the blacks here, that thev may in
terfere with, degrade and debase the laboring
whitesl Show that the British Government
is co operating with the Abolitionists for the
purpose of disolving the Union. I am per
lectly satisfied that it will do great good.
Let roe hear Irorn you on this nbject.' -?.'
v- ; 1 -"" .' "HENRY CLAY."
Five years earlier than this (1838)
the United States Senate adopted the
following 'resolutions offered by Mr.
Clay: v,;.,.;? .i- n lt..r
"Resolved, That when the District of Co
himbii was ceded by the States of Virginia
and Maryland to the United States domestic
slavery existed in both of these States in
cluding the ceded territory, and that as it
still continues in both of them, it could not
be abolished within the district without a
violation of that good faith which was implied
in the cession, and in the acceptance of the
territory, nor, less compensation were made
to tbe proprietors ol slaves, without a maoi
fest infringement of an amendment to the
Constitution of the Unitel States nor with
out exciting a degree of just alarm and ap
prehension in the States recognizing slavery,
far transcending in mischievous tendency any
possible benefit which could be accomplshed
by the alQ!i i n. . ,
" Resolved therefore. That it is the deliber.
ate judgement of the Senate, that the insti
tution of domestic slavery ought not to be
abolished wilhin the District of Columbia;
and it earnestly hopes that all sincere friends
of the Union and ot harmony and general
tranquility will cease to agitate this disturb
ing question " -
The Abolitionists (would we miss it
much if we were to say the Republi
cans?) are resolved, under the specious
name of union, to make this a war a
gainst the Uuion . for , the extermina
tion of slavery with tho Union. All
who arc- opposed to a war against sla
very and for the destruction of the Un
ion under the Constition of '87, are to
be branded as secessionists and trai
tors. :;'.'
Tne Journal of this . city publishes
in its yesterday morning's issue a let
ter from Washington under the date
of the 17th' inst., in' which the writer
says, referring to the President's sign
ing the District of Columbia Abolition
bill-r."Yesterday .the government aim
ed its first blow against slavery.'! And
again "The President has not paid the
whole the country ,., owes , slavery by
signing the bill" "This will do for a
beginning; but God's hand cannot stop
here." Thus, the- Journal's -corres-.
pondent goes on,? belching forth the
abolition trash, and giving the rworld
to understand that no man can be loy
al unless he is a downright ' abolitions
ist. In the ', North,: Jhe' extremists
make a man's loyalty depend upon his
being an abolitionist . djsunion!st;in the
South, the; extremists make it depend
Upon his being a disunion secessionist.
k. ! mt f !! Statesnran-:
jSgThe proposition of th' Aboli
tionists, that the. people should abolish
slavery, in order to get rid bf the agU
tation,"is like the wisdom of the girl
who said she married an unworthy suit
or, in order to get rid of him
Reaction iThe Democracy (of St.
Paul,' Minnesota, which town , latterly
has been Republican, carried ' it at the
taie election by a majority bf 3t$
WIihI tlie llaUleul Ueublicau
- . . x Desire. - . ;
In a late debate- In Congress, Mr.
Fessenden, ltadical. Republican from
Maine, said: '
"As the gentlemen from Kentucky has re
ferred to me, I merely wish to say, so far as
that question ia concerned, that so long, as I
hold to tbe view to which he has adverted,
and which 1 advanced, at Iht sentiment of the
President, J much mort desire the extermination
of slavery, if it can be constitutionally ' effected
of I believe tt can than 1 do to see the Union
restored. I wish to see slavery at an end
when this war shall be at so end, if it can be
constitutionally accomplished.
. In the early part of the session, Mr.
Conway, the RadicalfRepublican mem
ber of Congress fjrpm Kansas, said in
a speech in the House:
"For one, I shall not vote another dollat
or man lor the war until it sssumes a diffoi enr
etanding, and tends direotly to an anti sla
very result. Millions lor freedom, but not
one cent for slovery !" ,,
Again, during a late debate, Mr.
Bingham, a Republican ' member from
Cadiz, and Chairman of the Judiciary
Committee in the House, said
- ''II -the gentlemen annexes no condition to
his loyalty then his remarks about the use of
this revenue and the divine civilizer of Afti-
ca, and retaining the cotton States with their
slaves and slavery untouched m the Union,
were simply meaningless) and out not to have
been uttered. He said,, if you allow, under
any condition, tbe cotton States to depart
from this Union, then Kentucky would not
stay in the Union; and annexed the condi
tion that you must not, in the great effort to
retain the cotton State, . touch slavery.
Who, in the name of Heaven, wants the cotton
States in the Union or in any other place tluin
tlm slate of perdition, if they are only to be in
the Union on the condition that fiom day to
day, from generation to generation, and from
age t6 age, slavery, this new civilizer of the
childreu of Dahomey, shall -continue, and be
uphold by the whole power of the Govern
ment." Carl Shurz, late Minister to Spain,
delivered a speech at the late Radical
Republican meeting at Cooper Insti-.
tute, New York, in which he said:
"Thoie were men in the oith and.South
read y to favor the rebellion, as long as it had
a chance of success. But if such an attempt
should succeed, it would lead to a new Strug-
gle- (a voice, 'John Brown' loud applause.
riii i ... ' '
i nose struggles would be more acrimonious
and dangerous in their nature than the pres
cnt conflict. (A voice 'That's so.') The old
Uuion, as they had known it, was gone. (Im
mense applause.) If Jeff. Davis and his ar
my surrendered, and repented at the foot of
Capitol Uill in saohcloth and ashes, it could
never b restored - (trfwd applause.) They
would either have to submit to the South or
conquer the South. (Loud applause.")
' Here, we have the evidence of four
leading Republicans as to the ultimate
designs. , Let conservative men pon
der. : "
Subverting tlm f'oii,tiuitioii
by
Men ns of tlir War rower.
The Albany (N. Y.) Argus and At
las thus speaks of tlie attempt to rev
olutionize our form of government and
convert the Constitution under the
pretended excuse of the war power.
It says: .- - .. s
' "The power to extinguish the Government
and revolutinize the Federal system is call
ed the War Power, and this war power is
another form of Mr. Seward's higher law,
who has a long time been erecting a divnity
which was to be above law, and which was
to absolve all obligations to law, but whose
Moloch features and revolting acts (how him
to be a demon from below instead of a god
from on high. Those who consult this war
power for rules for the administration of a
great Stale, in a crisis like this, are little a
bove the Fetish worship of the Africans, from
whom they seem to derive their crude ideas
of religious and political duty.''
Lending: ttciniblicaii V. S. Sena
tors. ' "
Tho Pittsburg, (Penn.) Post, in some
just comments on Senator Chandler,
of Michigan, says:
; "The Republican parly, which arose upon
the ruins of the old Whig organization, has
performed some extraordinary treaks during
its limited existence; but the selection it has
made of United States Senators ia perhaps
its strangest proceedings. In tbe place ol a
Webster, a Davis or a Choate, we have ; the
fanatic Sumner and the vulgar Wilson, in the
place of Wright, Marcy or Dix,' we have
that ponderous . mass of imbecile stolidity
Preston King; from Pennsylvania they have
given us the virtuous Cameron and his. con
tracts, and alter him the free trader Wilmot,
whose chief characteristics are fondness for
free trade, cheap liquor and strong tobacco;
from Kansas they have given us Jim Lane, a
common marauder; and from Michigan Chan
dler, the person already alluded to. " Wbat a
Senate! compared to the days of the Demo
cratic and Whig parties!" ' i
?.:! ,-,v 1'licy SkwIiicUlle. ' - 'ii-'
0ur excellent personal friend, Rev.
Mr. Wilson, the other night got, into
shallow Water and of course got aground
as any man of his mental calibre would.
He commenced preaching an Abolition
sermon of the old school, and lost near
ly half of his congregation ; and much
of he respect of the other half for his
pains. , Mr.; Wilson is tho presiding
elder of this district, and a ' man 'of
excellent abilities as he is a good chris
tian, and how he came to thus forget
himself, js a mystery to us. ' Aboli
tionism will not go down at this time.
The people are awakened to Its enor
mity. Wo trust bur friend has learn
ed a lesson by iexpcrience.--Marion
County Mirror. , . . VY'"1
13f3&-At the city election, in. Spring'
field,' Illinois, !"the home of Honest
their whole ticket, except .for . Alder
man in one of the wards. Tlq at erage
y&jyqrjtj was sbout. two hundred, jj ,
. EniRucipaiivn In llie District. ,
When the Lecompton Constitution
was " before Congress it encountered
earnest opposition, and was finally re
jected on the ground that it forced
slavery upon an unwilling people.
The whole Republican party which
previously opposed the doctrine of pop
ular sovereignty, suddenly became en
amored of that principle, and insisted
that the will of the people of Kansas
should not be ignored by its admission
under a constitution which did not
meet with their approval.
The Senate of the United States has
just passed a bill for the abolition of
slavery in the District of Columbia,
without regard tlie wishes of the
people of the District. A proposition
to make Abolition, contingent on the
approval of the people was voted down,
and the principle of popular sover
eignty thereby repudiated. Harris
burg (Pa.) Union. ' i
"&One of the" editors,. of the De
troit Advertiser, a leading Republican
paper, has been arrested on the charge
of treason! We believe it was the
Advertiser Srhich originated the charge
of the "Knights of the Golden Circle"
against the' Democrats of Michigan,
and of which organization ex-President
Pierce was to be a member! Mr. Se
ward was so far imposed upon by these
shameless tools of corruption, that he
thought it necessary to notify Presi
dent Pierce of the fact!
An Excellent "Hum fjiiiards."
The war is prolific in humorous screens as
as well as bloody honors. For instance a
brave volunteer is inttoduced by the follow
ing: . -
Kev. Mr. ,a man about sis feet four
in his stockings, and proportions worthy of
a grenadier, and whose heart is as stout as
his frame, a thorough Union man, and in
lor war until treason is thoroughly crushed
out, was recently conducting a religious con
ference meeting, when a brother arose to
speak, who preaches politics regularly every
babbath in the pulpit.and who alter alludrfig
to his hopes and fears io a religious point ol
view, branched out in reference to the state
of tbe country, saying that so great was his
devotion to the stars and stripes that he
had enlisted; and begged an interest in the
prayara ol the church, that he might be pro
tected by Divine rrovidence on the battle
field, and that if he should fall a victim to
the bullets of the enemy he might be pre
pared for the change.
buch tt speech at any time would thrill
with patriotic fervor the brave heart of our
worthy minister, and he consequently spoke
a few words ol encouragement to the hero.
When the wife of the enlisting soldier volun
teered her experience, in the course of which
alluding to her husband's enlistment, she
expressed a wiliingness to give up, even un
to death, in the service of her country.
In a few tninulcs a'ter the meeting came
to an end, when the minis'er, all anxiety lor
the welfare ol the patriotic volunteer, procee
ded to make some inquiries in reference to
his regiment, commencing with the very na
tural question as to its name and number,
when be received the startling reply:
; "I've jined tbe Home Onnrds!"
A Showman's Ki'iucriy.
Artemas Ward is sensible to the last. His
remedy for existing national troubles is, to
send off to Mexico the leading Abolitionists
and Secessionists who have plunged us into
war, and then "fite it out among themselves."
We quote the receipt:
I say to the Sooth don't secesh! I say to
the gaylient people of that sunny land, jes
lock up a few hundred of them tearin & roar
in fellers of yourn in sum strong boxes, and
"end 'em over to Mexico. And we peple up
North here will consine a ekal numbor of
our addlebrancd rip snorters to the same lo
kallerty, and thar let em fite it out among
theirselvo.. No consekents, not the slitest,
which lick. - Why shouldn't the peple who
get tip this fjte do the fiieu? Get these ornery
rii iters ou' of the way, and Ihe sensible peple
of the North and South can fix the matter
up very easy. And when 'tis .fixed let both
secsbuns resolve to mind their own biznoss.
Andrew , Johnson 011 ihe Twin
... .. ; ' Evils..
In a late Speech at Nashville Andrew John
son thus graphically describes the twin broth
ers secession and abolition.
There are two parties in existence who
want dissolut on. . Slavery and a Southern
Confederacy is the hobby. . Sumner wants to
break up the Government, and so do the Ab
litionists generally. They bold that if sla
very survives the Union cannot endure. Se
cessionists argue that if the Union continues
slavery is lost. Abolitionists want no com
promise; but they regard peaceable secession
as a humbug Why? Abolition is diesolu
tion; dissolution is recession; one is ths other.
Both are striving io accomplish tbe same ob
ject. , One thinks it will destroy, tbe other
save, slavery.. - ..... . r ..... . ,-
The Frrcdotii of Speech. '
( The New York JVtiane has beep furiotvly
indignant at the "outrage on the freedom of
speech" in the case of Phillips. Asa fitting
commentary on the course of that paper, the
Poughkeepsie Telegraph recalls the following
atrocious threat against a member of Con
gress from this State, made by the Tribune
just before the opening of the present session.
-Iiiiffalo Uouner. - . - -
' "If he dares to open hit traitorous mouth in
'Conaress for cnmvromist. the strns of the chain-
bcrwillbe CRIMSONED, WITH 8L00D.'
1 3 rs. James K. Plk. '-'-"
A Nashville correspondent ot the Lafay
ette (ind ) Journal, says: , ' ' - ?
Mrs. Polk is assiduous in tier attentions to
the sick in the hospitals, 1 devoting a large
portion of her time in visiting our sick and
furnishing then! with every thing that would
in the leatt contribute to -their comfort.
Such disintested kindness 'to Strangers will
not go unrewarded, and will ever be kindly
remembered by the recipients. ' .
? Tbe National Intelligencer says: "Whea
tbe present war shall be brought to a close
under ihe restored Union, it is to bo hoped
that Southern disuniooista of not more than
nineteen years standing, if selected, like
Mr. Phillies, to lecture their oountrvmen on
thS beauty and duty of loyalty, may do so
ith safety, ana to tne eamcation of all who
hsll deem it a onvileee to kit at -th font of
4uctt politiel,tGaBtalUW,T a Jh j
XXWIITII COIJKES. ! rilf- Clark, frmsi the aeltrt comroittewr
Washjsoto. Apnl 21. the Case of Senator, 8;aik ol Oregon. ,nail
SEX ATE. Ths Vice President pro tern report, but whether Jar or nut wal hot
presented petitions io favor of tbe tankrupt j ''1- Ordered to be p.inted
law; also io favor ol abip canal form Lake f r. Anthony presented a resolution eall
Michigan to the Ki-wUaippi River. j "ng on ihe pieident lor 04 of ail rdT!
Mr. Lane ol lnd., presented a petition j ' the comoiaudin.? GeneisK inairoction,.
from the free colored eititens of the United ietc, given to Gen. Mierinan, lately command-'
States, praTinir lor ettina; wide portions of ;
the territory ouUide tbe national limits for
their colonization, and naming Central Ame
rica. Mr. Lane said that while he did not
believe tbat free eolorrd people were entitled,
to all the r ghts or privileges of white citi
zens of the United Stales, he nevertheless
favored their just rights to petition, a right
awarded even among tbe most despotic Gov
ernments of Europe. It was evident that as
slaves were freed here and by our armies,
something must be done with them, and e
mancipation tor an apprenticeship system
most be adopted, 'or it was not in accordance
with the genius of our institutions that tbsse
people should be returned to slavery. tie
alluded to the great bloodless and moral tri
umph of freedom in the abolition of slavery
in the District of Columbia as fully equal to
the triumphs of our armies by the chivalric
brave sons of the west, to whom he paid a
glowing tribute. The memorial was respect
full and deserving ol the attention or Con
gress, tie desired it should be read and
referred to the committee on Foreign Re
lations, which was agreed to.
Messrs. Howe and Howard presented mem-1
orials from cilizeng ot W lsconsin and Michi
gan, praying for a ship canal from Lake Mich
igan to the Mississippi river.
Mr. Doolittle presented a joint resolution j
from. the Wisconsin Legislature, tendering to
the President ol the United States an ap
proval of his course, tie said these resolu
tions passed almost unanimously.
The resolutions were read and tabled.
Tbe House resolutions for supplying tbe
Smithsonian Institute with a copy of Wilkes's
kxplarotions, was taken up.
Mr. Hale hoped they would pass the reso
lution and have the books neat to the Smith
sonian, as the two most, gigantio humbugs
ought to go together.
Mr. Powell offered a resolution calling on
tbe Secretary of State for names of all per
sons resident of the State of Kentucky; who
have been arrested by his order and con
fined in forts, camps and prisons, since the
first of September last; aUo, the number and
and age of those who had been released, and
tbe number, names and ages of those retain
ed. . . , . '
Mr. Sumner objected, and the resolution
was laid over under the rule. -
The resolution calling for information in
relation to the arrest of Brig -Gen. Stone,
was then taken up.
Mr. Doolitte spoke in favor of the resolu
tion. , r
Mr. Wade replied to him.
The debate continued at great length, when
Mr. McDugal accepted Mr. Wilson's lesolu
tion in place ot his own, calling on tbe Pres
ident, if not incompatible with the public
interest, for all in otmation relative to tbe
arrest and imprisonment of Brigadier Gene
ral Stone, which was then 'passed. - ...
The confiscation bill was then taken up.
Mr. Davis obtained the floor.
. After Executive ssssion, abjourned.
HOUSE. Mr. Edwards introduced a bill
making appropriation for bounty to widows
and legal heirs of volunteers who have died,
and of those killed or who may be killed in
service. Referred to committee on Ways and
Means.
Mr. Elliott offered amotion that the Sec
retaty of the Treasury be requested tj com
municate a statement ol expenditares ofmon
y in the Department ol the West. -
Mr. Blaka otl'ered a motion that the Secre
tary of War be directed to cause the necess
ary blank forms to be distributed among the
sick and wounded soldiers and their relatives,
in order that they may obtain tbe back pay
and bounty due to said soldires.
,. Mr. Cox of Ohio submitted the following:
Resolved. Tbat the Secretary of War in
form the House of the following lacts:
First. W'hat has delayed the reply to the
resolution of this House calling for informa
tion as to the ge, sex, condition, etc., ol the
Africans employed in General Wool's De
partment. Second. What numbor of slaves has been
brought into this District by the army offi
cers or other agents of the Government,
from the State of Virginia, since the enemy
abandoned the posession of Manassas and
their lines on the Potomac.
Third. . Wfcat number of. fugitives from
Maryland and Virginia are now in the city
of Washington, their sex and probable age.
f ourth. What jiumher is now in and has
been sent to Frederick. Maryland.
Fifth. How many are now fed and sop-
ported by the mocey ol the United States,
appropriated by Congress to prosecute tbe
war. .
Sixth. , By what authority were both old
and young, male and female, sent by rail to
Philadelphia, and at whose expense, ano tne
amount of expense and tbe purposes . for
which they were tent.
Seventh. It be has not the means te an
swer these inquiries, to take the necessary
steps to obtain the in ormation.
On motion of Mr. Lovejoy, the resolution
was tabled by a vote of sixty five against
thirty-one, the Republicans generally voting
in tne annmaiive.
- On motion of Mr. Porter, a resolution was
adopted instructing the committee on Invalid
Pensions to report a mil providing pensions
lor disabled soldiers of the present war. ' '
The House reconsidered the vote by which
the resolution was to-day adopted calling for
the expenditures of the Western Depart
ment, and then rejected it. ' -
Mr Diven' resolution requested the At tor-
General to birng a suit against Gen. Fremont
and Mr. Beard, to recover money obtained on
tbe order of Fremont, Was taken up. t
Mr. Diven condemned tbe extravagance ol
the expenditures on the St. Louis lortiQca-
tions, the money having been drawn without
any just equivalent, and without any form of
law. 1 . ,
Mr. Colfax disapproved of the St. Loofa
contracts, but the otrcuwtisnces under which
they were undertaken ottun d an extension
for them. Why did gentlemen wait tin
Gen. Fremont was in the lace of the enemy,
be'ore tbey malignantly pursued hiinV Why
not wait until the ena 01 tne war, instead 01
so acting as to cause him to lose the eonfi
donee of his army is front of the foe.
Mr. Bar reDlied to Mr. Co fax. tbat St
Louis never was in dancer," except from Gen.
Fremont, whobroueht Willi him gang or
Califurnians 10 the prejudice of tbe good
name of tbe people ol Missouri. He admitt
ed that he was partly influential in placing
Geneial Fremont io eommand of tbe west,
but he had suffered lor it, and lie hoped be
would be pardontd. ' "'
Mr. Divan's resolution was tabled and the
resolution of Mr. Aldrich instructing the
Judioiary committee to report back the bill
for the trial and punishment of military offi
cers charged with swindling, was passed.
Adjourned,, ...
t .. : , '' WAsaiOTost,April83.,. i
SENATE. Several petitions for emanof
ration and for a bankrupt law ware present
ed. .ti'.'ci-.'i io iiiiksU uli
'"iT So" Carolina Department. Mr.
Anthonv said tiiat the credit of taking Fort
Pulaski belonged to Geo Sherman, and be
believed that the corespoudence Could ot
would show tbat he bad discharged all ther
duties required of him. If Savannah tad
not been taken it was because be bad acted
in accordance with orders-, tie did not da
sire to disparage the merits ot any one.
The bill for the establishment of a depart'
ment of Agriculture was taken np, and lb
substitute of Mr. Wright for (he bill was re
jected. . 3
Mr. Foster moved to amend the bill by
substitute providing for a statistical and ag
ricultural bureau. '
Fending a vote, the bill to confiscate ths
property and free the slaves of rebela, was
taken up. i
M r. Davis addressed the Senate oa th bill.
Mr Davis spoke two and a 4ialf hour
against the bill, without concluding. x '
After Executive session, Adjoiuned. f
HOUSK.Mr. McPherson presented mt,
petitions in favor of the establishment of a
professorship of German io the West Point
Military Academy, on the ground of the val-'
ue of the study and its practical utility in
view of the number of Germans in tbe army,'
and tha richness of the German literature
in military science. . .
On motion of Mr. Morrill, of Vermont, it
Was . '';': '' :. -j
Resolved, That the President should be re.
quested to strike from, the roll the name of
any army officer who has been known to be
habitually intoxicated by the use of spiritu
ous liquors while in the service. '
Mr. Morrill stated that he had been as.
sursd that the commanding General what,
failed to reinforce the 2d Vermont companies
who suffered so scverly at Yorklown, waa
drunk and had fallen off his horse into the
mud.
Mr. Morrill was asked for, but declined to
givo the name of the gentleman. - .
An unsucesslul elfort was made to lay the .
fifteen or sixteen cot. fixation bills on tbe ta- '
ble, but the motion to do 60 was lost by yeas
39, nays 6V, . - T
Mr. Bingham's substituto providing for ttta'
capture and condemnation of the .enemy's .
property, ind tq indemnify the United States
for expenses incurred in the ' suppression of
the rebellion, was agreed to 62 against 9. 1
Adjourned
Who are the Authors of Secession'
The Testimony of Wendell
Phillips.,
Less than a year ago Wendell Phillip '
made a speech at the Tretnont Temple at .
Boston, til which he said:
"The anti-slavery party had hoped for and '
planned disunion, because it would lead to ,
tbe development of mankind and the eleva
tion of the white." ' ' . .
And then he exnltingly adds. ,''- T ',
'"In S'X months I expect a separation.
The game is up, the Union is at an end' We '
have purchased nothing but disgrace. ' The
North ia bankrupt in character as in monev. -
Be lore the summer ends we shall see two1
confederacies." ; . j
Tbe Demo rat!i have always charged that
the Abolitionists planned disunion, and here
it will be seen Wendell Phillips, their !eadef -admits
tbe charge to be true. Wbat are we,
to think ol the Union pio'esuions of those
who fraternize with such a man and add
to the power of such a party? . ' , '
Foreshadowing of Denih. '
A Pea Ridge correspondent of the New
York Tribune says presentiments on the f
battle field are of en prophetic. . , Here is an
instance: - . : ,t
While Colonel Osterhaus was gallantly at
tacking the center of the enemy, on the see-i
ond day, a scargeant of the twelfth Missouri
requested the captain of his company to send
his wile's portrait, which he had taken Irom
his bosom, to her address in St. Loois, with
his dying declaration that be thought of bef
in his last moments. ; -
"What is that foi?" asked his captain. '
"You are not wounded, are you'f ;'
"No," answered : the sergeant; , "bot t.
know I shall be killed to day. I have been
in battle before, but I never felt as f do now. '
A moment ago 1 beoame convinced my time ,
had come, but how I connot toll. Will you
gratify my request? Remember I speak to
you as a dying man." . -
"Certainly, my brave fellow; but you will
live to a good old age with your wife. ' Do
not grow melancholy over a fancy or a1
dream." : :';-.'., , , ,.-'(-.
"You will see,'! was the responsS.
The picture changed hands. The Sef-f
geant stepped forward to tbe front of the
column, and . the Lieutenant perceived him
no more. ' ' -
At 'he oarop fire that evening, the offloera
inquired for the sergeant. He was riot pres
ent. He had been killed three hours betore
by a grape shot from one ol the enemy's bit-
teries..-. , t . . , .
The East nnd the Veil. .. w jr
The St. Louis Newt, a Bennblicas organs
in a late article, says: , . . : . ?.
"The Ea-tern States do mtieh talking, lit.
tie fighting, and get nearly all the money.'1
The creditors around the Capitol receive -their
pay, while those at the west are neg-'
lected and almost forgotten. In thisconneo-'i
tion We are prepared to state thai the Eon
torn railroads have been paid for their itrvi-"
ces to the Government np to the 20th of De
cerhber, Vihle the lailrosds ol the Weai
have never been paid, a cent." " '
Is THAT THS SltAPK? Ths) AshtauKa
tinel, proposes tbat - the .Republican t pertf
sssume the name of tbe Erjntm ipation party
and that they at once call their conventions; '
and go t work agitating this question. ' Than
Tribune, wo. suppose, wuljuio its fortunes to ,
this new party. It joins every new one that
comes up. And co emancipation is to be the;
new question of the agitators.S!itaa .."ylaV j
It will not require much ntusnm to tUaW
an emancipation party out of ths Eepublk,
: To Drive Awny lint., ;! ,,,...
Soma aix or eight years, my wifcln order,
as she said, to sweeten the cellar, sprinkled a
solution ot coper as over th bottom; tinea
which I have never observed any signs of
rats in the cellar. Her custom is to use the
solution two or three timeaJuring the summer'
sprinkling on the cellar floor, and 1 au fully.
convincoa wai me raia uo not line 11. i.
Obcbabd Caterpillars may easly be detco
ted at this season of the year, and their dea
truction now ia comparatively eaay. Their
nests resemble small rings er nobs, new th .
extremities ol the branches. Ths readiest ,
way of destroying them Is to clip off the
branch en which the nest Is found, and burst)
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