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CHAM. N. ALLEX, XUtor. Only Termt of snbsoriptlon. was yer...-.. ........ ........Il,) Kor il Braatha.i 90 Kir three bmbum M All Suhtm'ptitmt must b$ ttid ia Advance1 Term ot Advert lnln. Om)u ta UoeiJ ar lcss.1 or 3 maw ' liana 1 M Koreaea. additional tnaartkoa.... ti g -iT-mt rorrass an wssilt aiwsririM pTa ail u ixtcnbsrt la the cosnty waer publish. ' ad KREK. piAMirATIO AND ITS ME- .: . : Sl'LTS. ,. . ; .4 7l Ohia o be AfrleaaUcd' ,, The pleasure we enjoyed in reading the fcble speech of that talented and aLle member of Congress from the Co lumbus District, Hon. S. S. Cox, in duced us to give our readers an pppor anity to enjoy the same pleasure. Je have therefore in. this h umber of Ahe. Sentinel, given it to our readers in ye nc'l na'o n0 apology for' ilue space it -occupies'-aa all of our f riders will agree" with tts after reading it, that it is one of the ablest and best Speeches ever delivered in Congress.' "ftllead it, and then hand it to your "republican neighbor to do likewise. r The Liberty of l lie Jtfrgro Ii-.com- paiible with Iliat of tbc White Blan. ;..'.' Iu his speech on the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, in the Senate, Thursday, February 9, 1839, Henry Clay said: "I am, Mr. President, no friend of slayery. The Searcher of all heartsJinows that ev ery pulsation of mine beats high and strong in the causo of civil liberty. IThcrever it is safe and practicable, I desire to see every portion of the hu man family in the enjoyment of it. But I prefer the liberty of my own race to that of any other race. The liberty of the descendants of Africa in the United States is incompatale with the safety and liberty of the Eu ropean descendants. Their slavery forms an exception, resulting from a stern and inexorable necessity, to the general liberty in the United States. We did not originate, nor are we re sponsible . for, this necessity. Their liberty, if it were possible, could only be established by violating the incon testable powers of the States, and in subverting the Union. And beneath the ruins of the Union would be buried, sooner or later, the liberty of both ra ces." , Twenty-Five Cents u Day. In those counties of Pennsylvania bordering eastern Virginia and.Mary land, to which hundreds of "contra bands" have fled; they are being . em ployed as day laborers at twentyfive cents, and some of the ardent patriotic Republicans of that section have dis charged some of their white employees and hired runaway negroes at twenty five cents. Of how much interest abolitionism will be to the white labor ing people of the country, each labor ing man can see for himself. If the Abolitionists succeed in their emanci pation schemes they bring to the North thousands of negroes to come into com petion with the white laborers of the Jtforth, and reduce the price of labor to a inere song! Such will be the prac TAi result of the measures by mem bers of the charcoal party. A fjj00 suggestion. ; ; ' Mr? Crittenden suggests, since Nig ger Hayti is to be recognized, and a Jlinister sent thither from the United States, that all the various tribes of Indians, should receive the same recog nition as nationalities. It would afford a glorious pretext for making Embas sadors out of Black Republican Wide A wakes who are still hungry for office. However, as things are going, there will probably soon be an office provided for every man who voted for Lincoln, whether Crittenden's advice is adopted qt not. ,: ' ,' Things in Washington. '.'" A writer . from Washington Bays "The most corrupt and profligate man we have ever had in public life," except Floyd, has just been sent on a foreign mission to the only really friendly court we have in Europe." -lie refers, of conrse, to Cameron. !; ; 'Again: The - Van Wyck committee has developed an amount of corrup tion and profligacy whieh, pending1 a war, is 'not equalled in the annals of history. This is the fruit of Republi can rule. " -"'Again: The General most conspicu oua in the Van Wyck report, after hay. ing been dismissed in disgrace, is re Btpred to command, with full ; knowl edge by everybody -of his unfitness. . The people jiX .come to their senses some day; but we" fear ' it will be too late: , ; " .?ytfr '. General Joseph Geigef, one of the fussiest politicians to Ohio, ha been appointed Clerk of the. U. S. Court ; for the j Southern Districts of Ohio, in place of John McLean, Jr., a, son pf the late Judge McLean. "'' SSL. We have hud to omit the Con gressional proceedings tha week.' They will ppar in the next Sentinel. TIM PtmMeal mm the Aaalttlaa lata. The Republican Abolitionists have been again applying their rod over the back of President Lincoln. Some months ago, the President, with evi dent good intentions, sent away off to California for Hon. Edward Stanley, asking him to return to North Carolina and accept the position of Military Governor. Stanley came East, and after a personal interchange of Tiews with the President, he agreed to accept the task of aiding in bringing the State of which he had been so long a prom inent citir.cn, again into the Union.- In pursuance of this rfisoiution, says the Newark Advocate, he went to North Carolina, but on reaching there found himself met on the very thresh hold by a brother of the notorious Hin- ton Rowan Helper and a gang of pes tiferous Abolitionists who had been sent there from the North (by a second edition of the New England Emigrant Aid Society,) to stir up trouble be tween the slaves and their masters, and to overthrow guch state regulations ia reference to the management of the slaves as did not suit the Abolitionists of northern states. One of these reg ulations was a prohibition of schools for negroes, and had been established long before the State was in rebellion. Governor Stanley gave prompt intima tion that the lvegro schools which these Abolitionists had opened, must be clo sed, being in open violation of a law of the State hot in conflict with the laws or constitution of the United States. He also gave notice that these Abolitionists must cease stealing slaves, and that any vessel detected in carry ing them away, would be confiscated on its return to port. This action of Gov. Stanley produced a hub-bub among the Abolition meddlers who un dertook to instruct him in his duties. On receiving a deserved rebuke, some of them hastened to Washington where Sumner and others took the matter up and required that the Pres ident should either dismiss Gov. Stan ley or countermand his proceedings. According to Washington letter wri ters, Old Abe has knocked under, and such instructions has been sent to Gov. Stanley as will compel him to resign. His new orders, according to report, are to the effect, that he must not interfere with the doings of the Abolition thieves nor molest the negro schools, although he may close up ev ery whito school in the State at his discretion! Republican Doctrine. Mr. Gooch, a Republican Congress man from Massachusetts, speaking on the bill to recognize Hayti, by the Government of the United States, said: "If they send us black men (as Embassadors) I doubt not, sir, that we shall find them morally and intellec tually equal to many of the represen tatives we send to other Governments and in the same respects the equals of many sent us from other Govern ments. The day has gone by when men are judged by the complexion of their skin." ' What do white men think of such doctrines as these. Republicanism Iu Maine. The Black Republicans of Maine, calling themselves 'the Republican par ty,' have met in Stato Convention, nominated Republican candidates, and passed Republican resolutions. For a wonder, they did not adopt the false pretense, the cheat and sham of Union ism. If the Republicans maintain their party organization in Maine and elsewhere, may not the Democracy re tain their name and organization in Ohio? We rather guess they wiil do so. No Doubt of It. Mr. Brooks, of the New York Ex press, writes from Washington, that that city is the head of a great conspir acy to destroy the Republic, subvert the Constitution utterly, and substitute for the Government of our fathers, a huge, consolidated, Federal despotism. We don't question the truth of the statement. '. "." " : J "' 'f ' ; KrThe Independent, Henry Ward Beech- er's paper, is, of course, not satisfied with anything that is not abolition of slavery, ira mediately and peremptorily. Cincinnati Commercial. ' i fl"Neither are you, and you would so express yourseii, were ' you not afraid you would lose your Denrocratic patronage, and not obtain the patron age of. the Union .Men of . Kentucky and Tennessee,' about which you are now so much troubled. .' i - 0rMr. Segar, who has. at last got the seat in Congress from the Fortress Monroe District, owns the famous Hclgea House at "Old' Point," now mainly converted into a hospital, and lor which he gets the annual rent from Uncle Sam of $10,000. He also owns the rarm between Old Point and Hampton, which is now used as Camp Ham ilton; for this be also gets $10,000 annually. Add hissallary as Congressman of. $3,000 per year, and be is making a "big thing" out of the rebellion. '; - , , ,.( Ilobiuson, (Secretary of Kansas, Impeached. ; Leavenworth, June 15.The Kansas State Senate, sitting as a Court of Impeach ment, has found Jobo,, W. Bobiosoo, Secre tary of State, guilty ol high misdemeanor, by a vote of 17 to- 4. ' On the remaining charge! the court found bint not guilty. The court, Ay a vote pf 13 to -3, declared that John W. Robinson be removed from the of fioe of Secretary of State. 11m case of Mr. Hilliar. Auditor of State. was" then takou p. , ; Jfr. Coat i feed amdmdti from cmrA )wya This ia ao violence of mine upon arithme tie. Thin ia the corl eakutatmn of anen eager to carry out, at smell cost, their acbemea. I givo credit to the motive wuich prompt col onisation. But where are these enormous tome to come from? "0, the war expense, are as much, and ought to pay it;" or, as Sir Boyle Hoc be would say, "erery man ought to rive his Uut guinea to protect the remain der." Are not the war expanses atrWy Ton. up to euch a sum that men flounder in their Calculation of them? Bat, it m said, the war expeasea are not yet done, and by this scheme we may tare the remainder. I would like to think so. Such schemes of emanci pation will only prolong the war and add to its expenses. This enormous tax i to be paid, it is said, in thirty-seven year, at an annual tax or $150,000,(XX)! We are to use our credit by bonds, and thus establish a na tional debt. Great as our resource are. this burden is loo enormous. It leaves no hope. It crea'e despair. Ask the question ol the people: "Can you meet these liabilities in ad d it ion to the war debt, now estimated by Senator Simmons, at the end ol July, 1862, at $550,000,000, and to be doubled before the war is over, supposing that it will end in a year?" Such a scheme even destroys a large por-' tion of the means to pay for itself. The labor of the negroes after they are freed and colo nised is nothing, worse than nothing. It is a loss to the country of just what will take in time and trouble to replace it by other labor equally good. It H a loss to the coun try of the labor and laborers themselves, es limated at $6uO,0(iO,0UO. Then we have the following results: Con ol eompensaiion to owners ofelaves $1,200,000,000 Coat of deportation and main tenance one yar 600,000,000 Coat of land lo be purchased, bridges, houses, road. Ac. 20,000,000 Loss of the labor and laborers to the country and to the masters before a new sup ply of labor csn be had. 600,000,000 Debt already, according to Sec retary Ci.ase's last report. 491,445,984 'Var debt additioua! by 18uJ. according to Senator Sim mons. 500,000,000 This sum almost equals the national debt ofGreat Britain, which as the accumulation of centuries, amount to 757,486, 997, or a- bout $3,787,000,0001 Here is a bridge ofi gold for the Alrican exodus! Ohio builds one span of one tenth, to cost $34,114,459; my district pays one-twentieth of that, or $1,705,722. But how much of the accumu lations of our people will this sum take? Secretary Chase tells us that, according to the census of 1800, the real and personal property of the people of the United Slates is$10,102,a24, 110! Hence one fith of all we have would scarcely meet thU enormous liability! In the name of advantage, economy, sense, and humanity will not the people repudiate this prodigious expenditure? The men who levy it, sir, are running a desperate hazard. Where secession has placed, by the tax to put it down, only yokes of wood on the peo ple, which they will cheerfully bear, this scheme makes yokes of iron 1 Think you the authors of so grand a scheme can escape the vengeance ol the people by resignation or exile? Theirs will be a doom worse than that of the Gracchii or Robespierre! But these dreamers do not intend to buy and colonize. Their ethics, like their speeches are cribbed from the phaiisaical spoutings ol hxeter Hall, lhe House has voted down the project of colonization proposed by the gentleman from Missouri Mr. Blaih. They will not so outrage human nature not they. What 1 says Wendell Phillips, export the four millions which are the lulcrum of the lever by which the nation is to be restored ! Oh, no. Is not this the land of their birth? Even the colonization members do not pro pose coercion. Their bills deny compulsion. What then? HI. It is proposed to free all, and leave chance to distribute them among the people, lhance, sir, is c poor economist, and a worse ruler. Let us consider the effect of this proposition. A distinguished Senator Irom Vermont Mr Coklameb fixed the proportion ol this dis tnbution at one negro to every uve or six whites. He was right. By the census of 1860 there are in the United States 27,008,- 081, whites and 3,999,535 slaves. If the slaves were distributed equally .north and soul a tins would make one negro to every seven whiles, but it ail are driven north by social convulsion, as shown by the gentleman from Kentucky, Mr. Mallorv, it would make more than one black for every five white persons. But we know that the African will not so to New England, at least in such nnmbers as to other States. He does not thrive there. In Bostou the city register shows that for the last five years there were 134 births to 376 deaths among the colored paoplc. It Uhio were open, as my colleague advo cates, we would have at least twice as many negroes flock into that State as to the rest of the North, and twice as many in central and southern Ohio as in northern Ohio; or one negro for every three white persons in the State, and perhaps twice that ratio in routh ern and central Ohio. Take Massachusetts as a fair average of whe North. There every inducement is offered to his immigration. He is made a voter, he is admitted to the bar, be is even made better than a white man in suffrage, provided the white man comes from Germany or Ireland. Vet, in a population of 1,231,065, the blacks number only 9,454, or one black to a 130 of the population; while in Ohio, with not double the population, there is one black to 63 of lhe population. The increase ol blacks in Ohio is 43 30 per cent, while in Massachusetts it is only 23.96 per cent So that I am justified, not alone the census, but most, by the geographical position and nearness of Ohio to the South and the extent of its slave State border, in inferring that she would receive more than double the number assigned lo the States north, by Mr. Collamer's apportionment. What, then, would be the result? Ohio has 2,303,374 while people. She would then have at a ratio of one black to every' three persons, an addition of 767,791 to her black population) My district, composed of Frank .lin, Licking, and Pickaway counties, where I refer to the following in the speech of Sen ator Doolitlle, of Wisconsin, made at this sea aoni 'A distinguished gentleman Jlrom Vermont was first elected to Congress in 184 J. Une of the we'l-to-do farmeYs in his neighborhood fall ed upon him, the evening before he was to go to Washington, to pay his respects. He found him In his office, and told him he had cama for that purpose, and to bid him good bye. ' 'And now judge,' (aid he, 'when you get to Washington, 1 want to have you take hold of this negro bu siness, and dispose of it in someway or other; have slavery abolished and be done with ft ' 'Well"soid the judge 'as the people who own these slaves, or claim to own them, have paid their money lor thenv and hold them as froperiy under their State laws, would it not be just, if we abolish slayery, that some provision should be mads to make them coniueusationf " He hes itated, thought earnestly for awhi le, and in a serious tone, replied: 'Yes. 1 think that would be just, and 1 will stand my share of the taxes.' Altnougn a very close ana economical man, be was willing to bear bis portion of the taxes.'- 'But,' said the judge, 'ihere is; one other ques tion; 'when the negroes are emancipated, what shall be done with themf . They aits a poor peo ple; th.-y will have nothing, (bere must be some plaus for tlmm to live. U yon think it would be any morethan fair that we should take o lr share of themf 'Well, what would be our share in the town of Woodstockf he inquired. The judge replied: 'There are about two 1 housand five hundred people In the town of Woodstock ; and if you take the census and make .lbs com putation, you will Jind that there would be about one for every five hundred.' 'What!' said he, 'five hundred negroes in Woodstock! Judge, I called to pay my respects; 1 bid you good even ing;' and he started for the door and mounted his horse. Ashe was about to leave, he turned round and said: 'Judue.l guess you need not do anything more about that negro business on my account.' L,augater.) MrlTrealdent, per haps i am not going too far wbeh I say that hon orable gentleman sits before me now, Mr. Cm,. IAHEE J .. , "Mr. Colume. As the gentleman has Call be allowed to say that the ed me out 1 may I lufcnbitants of Um town were about thrsa ihnu sand, awl ta proportion was about one to six. negroes toem to eongregafa soar than among tbeir professed trietxia in northern Ohio, would bars scattered among ita 110,941 per. sons, black fo the Bomber of 36,980! This it nearly equal to Jibe whole population of Licking county! The would be distributed as follows: Licking, 12,370; Franklin, 18,. 787; and Tickaway. 7,824. But even this doea not do justice to the inexorable figures; lor my district ia peculi arly blessed with negro population. Wheth er it n oecause tne people are mora gener ous in their treatment of the blacks, wbeth er Kentucky and Virginia families who net tled in it are more numerous; or what it is, still it is true, by the census of I860, that witn a population in my district of about one-. twentieth of tha srtinla nnnnUlinn it tt naie, it na one fourteenth ol it blacks, or ,660 out of 36,673. Licking has whites Masks 118 rranklin has white. 4S 73 hl-ka i n Pickaway has whites Si.iSO blacks . , 'sM JOS.18I . - ' 2,660 One would soppoe that in the Western Reserve, where the nrbfession of philanthro py is ever arising tn prayer, in speech, and In print, where for years they cultivated no civil discipline, which interfered with their notions of slavery, there would be the inrongs oi oiacus. is it soT Thou iron tounged census, spek! '-', Colored persons in Ashiabut a " ' 25 Cuyahoga (Cleveland) 894 lake 36 Mahoning t Portage . 76 Truuibull . , 80 lieauga . 7 I . era in (Lorain) 549 Medina "'"' J8 ; Summit 88 Total 1,854 So that, in these ten counties of the West em Reserve, there ia but a few more Africans than in one county of my district! Why they especially avoil Ashtabula I cannot say. Is it the prodigal profession and scant prac tice of humanity? . Laughter. Or has Giddings.with a view to protect property and keep up its price, coaxed them into Canada, where happily he is now domiciled? And there is Geauga, with not as many negroes as Fulton county has Indians! What a com mentary on representative fidelity is here! The member from Ashtabula, Mahoning, and Trumbull, Mr. Hctchims. speaks for 1C6 negroes; but from his piteous ado, one would suppose that he represented at least as many Africans as the king of Dahomey. Laugh ter. And there is my smiling colleague from the northwest, Mr. Ashley, whose rotund form is ready to become like Niobe all tears by bis grief for the poor negro; laughter, whose gushes of elequence in their behali remind one of the Arab lyrics in praise of the dark maidens Of Abyssinia when they sung: "Vhl the black amber! the black am ber! Its perfume by far, is sweeter than all else on earth or in .star; the lotus of Nile, the rose of Cashmere, my senses enthral, when thou art not bere." Groat laughter, j Yet, from tho whole eleven counties of his district, he cannot count as many negroes by half, as live in my own country. I am not particularly proud of representing a greater number ol Afrcans than my col leagues. I think, go far as the chattering goes about their inalienable rights and ever lasting wrongs, I ant entirely unsutted to represent them; yet I hope that in actual kindness to them I do represent the while people of my district, whose practicle be nevolence has attracted to that portion of the State an undue share. What I fear is, and what I deduce is, that this disproportionate share will be continued when the bills voted lor by my colleagues are law, and the black exodus has begun. I understand that it is the intention of some ol my Republican colleagues to begin tne worK ol negro migration by taking a drove of these free negroes to their districts. 11 they will keep them on the reserve, I will not complain. Their motives may be good; humanity and duty may require it of them, sinca their clamor has brought them into their helplessness hare; but such humanity will be like giviog a crumb to a hungry man. The work of negro emancipation is stupend ous, the expense enormous, and' the result will be a perfect (ailure. . But 1 propose, sir, to make a further an alysis ol this subject. ', I have the honor, as it is fondly believed by some, to be a pros pective constituent of either my friend irom the Clark district, Mr. Suellabaroer, or the honored representative . of ' the Madison district, Mr. Harrison, With whose votes I so oliea concur. The Legislature of Ohio nas macie lor my especial contemplation a new district, composed of the counties of Ulark, Madison, franklin,, and Green. II my two friends, who do not agree well in their votes, will consent to make the race next fall, I will, perhaps, edge in a conserva live word for the general welfare. I com. mend to them this question I am discuss in8- This now district, sir, is rich in colored materials. It was the select asylum for the blacks in their northern movements. Green county, to which I have referred for the chastity ol its African damsels, is a second Paradise of free negroes. The benevolence of Horace Mann at Antioch College, led the blacks to beleive that here they would repose in the green pastures as contentedly as tbeir brethren bask in the rays of a Congo sun. They were to be elevated without effort to an equality wite the ! white race; and bere tbey gather to witness the miracle. That it has not been effected is no fault of the disitn guished philanthropist. The people of Green county well understood why it can never be accomplished. Let me then take this new district in band for a moment: Whites. Negroes. Totol Franklin has 48,733 - 1,578 - 50.36! Madison has .12,739 . . 276 . 13 015 Clark has ' .24,808 492 45,:iu0 Ureenhaa 24,732 1,475 .26,197 111,033 , 3,821 114.873 Hero are twice as manv negroes as in the whole Western Reserve! One negro to every three while persons would give: . . Franklin .' r- 16.461 Madison . , 4,246 Clark -.: i . . i 8,269 Greene , 8,210 Making in all a total of blacks in tbia new district of 37,017! A very pretty mosaic! A sweet and fragrant nest! And this is the Africa's coral strand, to which my missiona ry labors are to be directed! Why, here are one-tenth ol the negroes 01 Ohio in this dis trict, with only one twentieth of the popula tion of the Stale! So that in this district, if me ratio conunuea, we snouia nave twice as many as our fair share, (at one negro to three of the white population,) or Borne eighty thousand negroes! . , How will this immigration of the blocks anect labor in Ubio and in the North? . first, directly, it affects our labor, as all unproducing classes detract front the. pros perity of a community, Ohio is an agricul tural Stato. .Negroes will not farm. They prefer to laze or serve around towns and cit ies. This is evident from .the census of C n cinnati, Cleveland, Toledo. Davton. , Colum bus, Zanesville, and Chillicotha, where more than three fourths of the blacks of Ohio are, to be found.. But it is sid that tba nlanta tion hands,, when free, will work the lards? Such is not the experience on the Carolina coast. A writer, n the Boston Journal, irom Port Bbyal, on the 14th of May, 1862, esti- mates mat there are 10,000 contrabands oo the islands. They bare planted some corn; potatoes, and cotton, under the Government direction. This writer says: , ' . "It is difficult to make the negroes work, or induce them to, 01 that sounds better North,) as they find somel hiog toeat from Manas Lin coln, and seem to (eel they are not " free nig gers" if they work. So they olten take a day or several days to Ihenwelves, when their ser vices are perhaps most needed, and go to Hilton Head or Beaufort, for instance, some ground had been prepared for ploughing - and planting, but just as they are needed, the few men who understood that part - went off for two days withoutthe least notics, thus delaying the plant ing, which was even then late. Until soma me thod is adopted to make them feel the necessity f work tor their own good, Government will receive but little benoht comparatively." WiU they do any bstUr North? We know what they bars done. There are except ions I speak of too msanesj of blacks. Have they done any better at Fortress Monroe; or oven here, onder military surveillance? Let their condition anower. Food for the present is what tbey era re: and when that is had, bo mora work till they crave again. But suppose they do work, or work a lit tle, or a part ol them work well, what then it the effect upon our mechanics and labor ing men? It is said that many oftbem make good blacksmiths, carpenters, etc- and es. pecially good aervsnta. If that be so, there are while laborers North whose sweat ia to be coind into taxes to ransom these negroes and the first effect of the ransom is to take the bread and meat from the families of white Congress which ought to be engaged in hold laborers. If the wage of white labor are ing up the hands of the Execytive, and ia reduced, they will ask the cause. That ' giving aid and counsel in putting down this cause will be found m the delusive devices of members) of-CongreM. The helps of German ana Irish descent, the workmen and me ebsnica in the shop and field, will find some if not all, of these negroea, bought by their toil, competing witn them at every turn. Labor will then go down to a song. It will be degraded by such association... Our soldiers, when tbey return, 100000 strong, to their Ohio homes, will find these negroes, or the best of them, filling: their pla ces, felling timber, ploughing ground, gather ing crops, &C now their martial laurels will brighten when they discovei the result of their service! Labor now ranges at from $1 to $2 per day, will fall one-hall. Already, in this District the Government is hiring out tne lugitivea Irom f z to $s per month, while white men are begging for work. Nor is the labor of the most of these negroes desirable. No system ol labor is so unless it be steady. I bey will get their week's wsses and then idle the next week away. Many will become a charge and a nuisance upon the public char ity and county poor tax. One hundred of the fi'teen hundred negroes of Green county, as we nave seen, were drones and Bcamps. So in Brown county. Randolph's negroes, taken to Mercer county were nuisances. If they are distributed into the country, tbey may work for a little time and for small wa ges, and work well for a time; but when work grows irksome, and they "become too lazy to play," they will steal. Corn and chickens disappear in their vicinage, with the fecility of shirts from the hedges where Falstaff marched his tatterdemalliora. And for this result dirtctlti to northern la bor, what compensation is there to the south ern half of our country by their removal? Herein lies the indirect effect of their 'immi gration upon northern labor. By this eman cipation, the labor system of the South ia destroyed. The cotton, which brought us $200,000,000 per annum, a good part of which came to Ohio to purchase pork, corn, flour, beef, machinery, &c, where is ii? Gone. What of the cotton fabric, almost as common as bread among the laboring classes! With 4,000,000 of indolent negroes, its production is destroyed, and the ten millions of artizens in the world who depend on it for employ ment, and the hundred million who depend on it for clothing, will find the fabric advan ced a hundred per cent. So with sugar, and other productions ol slave labor. For all these resul's, labor will curse the jostling elements which thus disturb lhe marketof the world. Another indirect effect upon the labor of the North and especially of Ohio, is that the markets of the South will be closed, not by blockade, but lorever. uur prices ol wheat, pork, beef, &c, will be reduced by a con tracted market. The surplus in Ohio, the past year was ol grain, 25,000,000 bushels; of hogs, 1 000,000; of cattle, 300 000, exports from the State, or more than $50,000,000 worth; while other articles of export were worth $50,000,000 mora. This production is above that which Ohio can use. If our market is restriated who suffers? The far mer. If he suffers, who will pay the taxes in Ohio? Prices must be renutnerative or agriculture suffers in Ohio, every man, woman and child feels it. If this scheme for Afri canizing the State, by destroying southern labor, succeeds, no fostering care or scientific skill can make up the loss to the farmer. ouch schemes, by destroying the sources of labor, destroy themselves. Yet these dream ers cling to their notions with the happy .im pudence of Munchausen, who went to the moon for the silver hatchet, by meani of a Turkish bean which grew up to its horns. When his bean was dried up bj the heat, he twisted a rope of straw by which to decend, fastening one end to the horns. Alas! like many similar schemes, it was too short. But, holding fast by the left hand, with h'S right he cut the long and useless upper part, which, when tied to the lower end, brought him salely to the earth! Such will be the result of these lunatio experiments upon labor ays terns of the country. The sooner they de scend from the moon with their rope of straw the better. Thus, with loss to the South and damage to the North, both irrep arame and no gam to euner, tne year or negro juuiiee is to be ushered into exia tence. In conclusion then, if the negro cannot be colonized without burdens intolerable, and plans too delusive; il he cannot be freed and left South without destroying its labor, and without ruin to Northern industry and socio ty, what shall be done? Where shall be go? He answers lor himself. The paterfamilias ot a urove ot negroes, the other day in the Valley of Virginia, was asked, "where are you going?" "Dun' no" massa, dun' no; gwine somewhere, I recken." Laughter. His friends can answer very little better. But such answer is not statesmanship. What shall be done? I answer, Renresen tatives! that our duty is written in our oath! It is in the Constitution ok the United States ! Leave to the States their own in stitutions where that instrument leaves them, Keep your laith to the Crittenden resolution. be rid of ambiguous schemes and trust nnder God, for the revalation of His will concern ing these black men in our land, and the ov erthrowby our power of this rebellion. Have you no faith in God, who writes the history of nations? Great as is our power, wise as is our system of government, brave as aro our soldiers, unequalled as are our fleets of iron, it is only for Him to breathe upon us, and our power will fade. I. know that His power can solve these dark problems of our fato. Let us do our duty to the order established by our fathers, under His wise inspiration, and all may be well. In (his night of our gloom, my fai'h has been in Him, even as my oath to the Consti tution which he inspired, ia made, "so help me God!" Cleaving to that I can see the dawn of hope! . Leaving it, I see nothing but perjury, fraud and a darker night ol disas ter.' r In our Constitution alone, under God is ocrr National salvation enshrined I But I have no fiith in, and no hope of una Congress, for they have no faith in God or the Constitution. Greece had a law call ed the indictment of illegality, whereby any man was tried and punished in a common court like a criminal, lor any laws which had passed on his motion in the assembly of the people, il that law appeared unjust' Or pred judiced to the public If there were such a law bere, how lew or the majority of this House weuld escape the dock of the crimi nal and the rope of tba gibbet. The mem her from Illinois Mr. Lovbjoy would then receive the beatitudes which follow suspend ed animation. Laughter But what of the member from Pennsylvania, Mr. Hel ls?. He has been ever ready in bis defense of black men and black character, to assail personally those with whom he differed. He could not pass by my humble speech aa to Hayti without some sarcastic flings and much misrepresentation, which he refused to allow ma to answer, - He did not like my stvle ol description, and wondered why there waa no laugh at my humor about the negro in court dress.1 Ha ia more successful. He never speaks but ha is laughed at. His speeches have been well described as being every word a sepulchre, every sentence a tomb, and overy speeca a grave -yard. I, daugh ter.) In this grave -yard he thought to bury ma. aa he had buried others. But even that' voice xm picterca mtfrwbieb is likened to the "cry of aa itinerant ball, la pursuit of society, moaning opoa the broad prairies of tne west, (great taogbteO would, U that Grecian law existed, be cbvked braver, lis would then find bis snslo dramatic perfor mances close before the fifth act, ia a tragedy, which aa admiring audience would applaud to the echo! Fait hleaa to their own resolves, faithless lo the President's message and p roc Is mat ion i faithless to their cledirea to the array and people faithleaa to the memories of ths past aud the hop of the future faithless to the Constitution and the God of their oath those maddened xealota pursue Iheir work of destruction, A lew short tnon'ds, and' even the blacks of America will curse them aa their worst enemv. This armed rebellion ha striven to circumvent the plans of the President, by Iheir imroa ture and vindictive bills of confiscation. It has been coopering away at (be vessei, boop ing it around with infinite pains, by emaoci nation, while its bottom, like the tub of Danides id full of hole and can hold no water. Weary in watching ita mad designs of rev olution and ita craxy crotchets of black freedom and for the preservation of my na tive State and the North from the blsck im migration with which it ia threatened, I shall go home and ask the ballots to apeak In its denunciation. A few months and that ex pression will be had. On it dependi the late of the Republic' I believe that the people will write the epi aph of this Congress, noarly as Gladstone wrote that of the Coalition minis try during the Crimean war: Here lies the ashes of the XXXVII Corgress It found ths United States in a war of gigantie proportions, involving its very existence. , It wa content to wield the scepter of Power snd accept the emoluments of office; and used them to overthrow the political and social system of the country, which it waa sworn to protect. It saw the fate of 34 white commonwealths in peril; bnt it babbled of the N E G II O I It saw patriotic Generals and soldiers in the field, under the old flag; It slandered the one, and m the absence of tbe other it destroyed his means ol labor. Is talked of liberty to tbe black, and piled burdens of taxation upon white people for schemes Utopian, The people launched or it the thunderbolt of their wrath; and its members sought to avoid punishment, by creeping into dishonored political graves! liequiescat! Another Glorious Victory-Jackson De feated with Great Loss. Headquakiees Army i:j the Field, Oajii- near Port Republic, June 89 a. m. To Hon. E. M. Stanton, Sec. of War: The army left Harrisonburg at 6 o'clock a. m., and at half past eight my advance engaged the rebels about 7 miles from that place, near Union Church.. The enemy was very advan tngeously posted in the timber, having chosen his own position, forming a smaller circle than purs, and with bis troops formed en masse. It consisted undoubtedly of Jackson's entire force. The battle began with heavy firing at 1 1 o'clock, nnd lasted with great obsti nacy and violence until four in the af ternoon. Some skirmishing and artille ry firing continued from that time until dark. Our troops fought occasionally under a murderous fire, and against greatly superior numbers. The hottest of tbe small arm fight being on the left, wing, which was held by Stahl's brigade, consisting of five regiments. f he bayonet and canister shot were used freely and with great effect, by our men. , The loss on both sides is very great ; ours is veiy heavy among-tbe officers. A full report of those who distin guished themselves will be made with out partiality. I desire to say that both officers and men behaved with splendid gallantry, and that the service of the artillery was especially admirable. We are encamped in the field of bat tle, which may be renewed at any mo meut. (Signed,) J. C. Fremont, Major-General Commanding. Official Dispatch from Gen. Fremont. Washington, Judo 10. Tbe follow ing was received at the War Depart ment this aftornoon : Headquartebs Army in tiie Field, ) Harrisonburg, June 7-9 p. m. J Hon. M M. Stanton, Seo,y of War: The attack upon tbe enemy's rear of yesterday has precipitated his retreat. Tbeir loss in killed and wounded is very severe. Their retreat is by an impassi ble road, along which many wagons were left in the woods. Wagon loads of blankets, clothing and other equip ments are piled up in all directions. During tbe evening many of the rebels were killed by shells from a battery of Uen. Stanrs brigade. Uen. Ashby, who covered the retreat with his whole cav alry force nnd regiments of infantry, and who exhibited admirable skill and bravery, was among the killed. Gen. Milroy made a reconnoisauce to day about seven miles on the Port Republic road, and discovered a por tion of tbe enemy's force encatnpted in the timber. (Signed,) J. C. FREMONT, Major-General. F rem out's lteport of the Battle of Port Royal. WA8HtNQT0!, June 12. A dispatch from Fremont, received at the War Department from Port Republic June 9th, via Martins qurg, June 12th, states that there was no collision with the enemy after dark last night 1 We renewed our march this morning, en tering the woods in order of battle, rebel cavalry appearing on our flanks. The enemy was found in full retreat on Port Republic. Ocr advance found his rear guard had barely crossed the river, and burned the bridge. : A cannonading during the forenoon ap prised us of an engagement, which we learn ed was Jackson attacking Shields, who, alter a severe engagement, drove him down the river and is now in pursuit. I have sent cav alry to communicate with Shields. Our loss at the battle of Cross Keys will amount to one hundred and twenty five kill ed and about five hundred wounded. Tbe enemy's loss not ascertained, ha carrying off " uu otuuuubu. Auring ins mgnt we counted on tbe march two hundred rebel dead in one field.-... Stahl's brigade was in the hottest part of id? ngnt, Doing me leit wing, and lost in olH cers five killed and seventeen wounded. Une of the Bucktail rifle company lost all ita officers. One of my staff, Capt. Dunkan, was killed. Officers and. men behaved gallantly and efficiently. Allegheny Cattle RIarRet. June 12. The offerings for the past week were fair, but prices underwent no material ohange. Beef Cattle ranged at Irom 320 P8' R gross. The prices of Bheep was well mamiaineu at i ovigiA ia ana $d per head the latter figure for choice. Hogs were dull and offerings small; price raoeed at from S2 75 to Si per iuu lbs. A few at from xz ia w per iw n8. Horses passed through to route for tho east. Tho Uarrlsoaksinr Baitle-Gea Frtaeemt'a omcial aeeoaat. WasHnroTOH. Jans 1 1- UiaDotraamt Mocktaiw DanaTMEST. rcrtSmMe,Ko Jum 9, rim Martiasburg 1 eh 1 o Hon. E. M. 8tenloa. Secretary of Wir -Tl. no collision with ths cue say last sight. Tula morning wa raanwed tbe marchegtinst him, entering the woods in battle order, his cavalry appearing on ear flonks. Oen. Blenkef bad the lelt, General Milroy the right, and Oen. Bchneck the centre, with a reserve ol uon. sunra brigade and Qan. Bayard's. The enemy waa found to be in full retreat on Kort Republic, and ear sdvanee found bnt rear guard barely across the river and the baidge in flames. Our sdrsnoe came in so suddenly thai some of their officers .re. maining on this side escaped with the lose of tbeir horses. Cannonading during the. fore noon apprised til of an engagement, and I am informed here that Gen. Jackson attack. ed Oen. Shields this morning, and altera se vere engagement, drove him down the river, and i now In pursuit. I have sent an officer w iim m wQLuiuciii wi cavairy 10 open COm- municauon wim uen. onieus. i hil morn ing detachments were occupied In searching the grounds covered by yesterday's action at Cross Keys for our remaing dead and woun ded. I am not yet fully informed, but think 125 will cover our . loss in killed, and 600 that in wounded. The enemy's loss we cannot clearly ascer tain. He was engaged daring ths night in carrying off his dead and wounded in wagons. This morning, upon our march, upwards of two hundred of his dead were counted in one field, the greater part badly mutilated by cannon shot. Many of his dead were also scattered through the woods, and many had been already buried. A number of priso ners bad been taken during the pursuit. I regret to have lost many good officers. Gen. Stahl's brigade was in the hottest part of the field, which was the left wing, from the be ginning of the fight. Thai brigade lost in ofliceis five killed and 17 wounded, and one of his regiments alone, the 8th New York has buried 65. The Garribaldi Guards next after suffered most severely, and following t)is the45th N. Y: Tbe Bucktail R.fles of Gen. Bayard's brigade, and Gen. Milroy's brigade. One of the Bucktail companies has lost all its officers, commissioned and non commissioned. The loss inGan. Sche nck'S brigade was less, although be inflicted se vere loss on the enemy principally by artil lery fire. Of my siaff I lojt a good officer killed Captain Nicholas Dunka. - Many horses were killed in our batteries, . which the enemy repeatedly a' tempted to take, but were repulsed by cannister fire generally. I feel myself permitted to say that all our troops, by their endurance of this severe march, and their splendid conduct in tbe bat tle, are entitled to the President's commen dation, and the officers throughout behaved with a gallantry and efficiency which re quires that 1 should make particular mention of them and which I trust will receive the particular notice of the l'residunt as soon as possible. 1 will send in a full report, but in this respert 1 am unable to mike any more particular distinction than that pointed out in the description of the battle. Respectfully, JOHN C. FREMONT, Major General Commanding. Washinotos, June 11. Advice received at the War Department state that Jackson's army attacked Shield's advance Morda'y morning, near Port liepublie. The conflict is said to have been maintained for four hours by about two thousand ol our men against tbe main body ol Gen. Jackson's army. The enemy's force became so overwhelm ing in numbers that our advance was com pelled to fall back, which it did in good or. dor, until it met the main body of Shields' command, near Conrad's store. As sot.n as this was effected, the enemv in turn retired. The fighting is said to have been seveie, and the loss heavy on both sides. A private letter states that Gen Shields had previously succeeded in destroying a large quantity of supplies belonging to the rebels at Milford and at Conrad's store. Tbe damage by the recent rains, including the carrying away of the bridges over a branch of the Hhenanlonh river, materially inlerferred with the comm'ssariat arrange ments and movements of troops. Suray,' June 10th, via Washington, June 11. Coolnel Carroll, coiuminding the 4th brigade, consisting of the 8lh Penn , 11th Penn., 7th Ind., and 1st Va.t about siatetn hundred strong, reached Port Republic on Sunday, and reconnoitered. lie found the. enemy in town, and had a skirmish. He concluded to hold the bridge, and ordered not to be burned, and put guns in position commanding it. At six o'clock on Monday morning he was opened on by some twenty heavy guns placed in position during tba night. Our lorces tried to reach the bridge repeatedly to destroy it, but were met by storms ot bullets, and had to retire. A large cavalry force crossed and attacked onr troops, while their infantry followed, our men oppos ing them at every step. , --,' After driving then back with heavy loss,, our numbers, after Gen. Tyler's brigade ar rived, being so much inferior to the enemy' at least five to one it was impossible to hold our position, and we were compelled to fall back, our boya fighting every foot o( the. way. After falling back some three or four miles a body of cavalry were sent to attack us, but they were compelled to retire, when the en gagement ended, lasting five hours. ; ,.: Our loss in killed, wounded and prisoners is not known, but is large, as is also that of the enemy. - . , Col. Carroll's horse fell, injuring him. badly. Capt. Kelley of Gen. Shields' stall', was badly hurt in the head. He received praise from all who saw him fighting. . Col. Buckley, of the Twenty-ninth Ohio, was badly wounded. His men charged three times to get his body, but it was carried off by tbe enemy. Capt. Keogh charged with a body of cavalry, and held the bridge for some time, during a terrible storm of grape. This was one of the most hotly contested engagements of the whole war, as indicated by the loss compared with the numbers en gaged. The men fought like demons. - LATER. .;...., - ,,;f Two regiments from the first brigade ar rived m time to assist in covering the retreat.; Tbe pioneer corps also helped. ' Col. Buckley has arrived, wounded. From Corinth. , ; : !f ', Washington, June 10. The "following , message was received at tbe War Departs inent this morning: , , , , , ; - ,'w Corinth, JuneOv.!. lion. E M. Stanton, Secretaijof Wa: , , , ; The enemy have fallen back to Tusoolla, fifty miles from here by railroad and neas seventy miles by wagon road. , ',. Gen Pope estimates the rebel kas from, casualties, prisoners and desertion at oner twenty thousand, and Gen. liuell at between twenty and thirty thousand. , ,., , A person who was employed in' the Con-, federacy commissary depaituent, says tbey-; had one hundred and twenty thousand men in Corinthr- and now tbey cannot muster much over eighty thousand. : .... ;( wr Some of the fresh glares have been open , edand found to bo filled with arms.. t Many oi the prisoners of. war beg not to ; be exchanged, saying they purposej allowed themselves to be taken.,- .. - ' ,,,-r Beauregard himself re-tronted- fuora, Bald'- win on, Saturday afternoon to Okolona. ., . , : (Signed) H. W, HALLECK,, , : ;u ' ; . Major-Goneral.?;- Washington, June 12. No further partio-,( ulars of Gen. Shields' engagement have been received at the War Department. . , v Advices from Gen. McCkllwi's headquart ers this evening,, state a recoaaoissance made this morning a tar as, wendora bridge, found the enemv auiet but In force. . Some ' skirmisher bad taken, place- during the day, ' but with little result on either aide. The. weather ' good and tttf roads inproving. '