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'i ..;.,..,,.( .,)r, ...... . . ( !?.' - sr.: ,, .1-4 ! . J tX' .'ti m. 's .,. , ,- - " t.- -: . ,.-'. --.. f Sr.- - ,t 1 , J. f , r.i .. -.. .VOLUME 2D, NO 3a CADIS OHIO,; WEDNESDAY , DECEMBER A 1862 ; .V Ti ; CI. I:" 1 1- .... . . . . . - . - r. ..- . aim. .m w - . ., v.. 1., t.i . ... - c . . . 7 : . ... i . 4 ' t ." ; .. i . . ' ; ' ' . f - - w - .1 h 9 h '! ; tUt PracUent . LiaooU Ua Wes fored bj tbt Atolltionlatt fro tilt onjtitntionl trotted Kt maintain. 4 Mloag, th rtortionof th Uoiea of out Stti is jrowing mor 4efpr it ad wcerttia erery day. A long Mt! President ttoo4 firrt tro lad om bop ?t Wunited country, bat . til abandoument of hi aettled eon Yictioniand the adoption by aim of rerolationary Abolition theories, ren derj iu future 'gloomy, and, with but little hope.' He, haying adopted the radical propamine ia.iu Imore than a pappet in tne radical eonncui; there is nW no retreat for him, he must act as they - command. J Ilia emancipation proclamation and the dismissal of Mc vieaan, ooinoi wucn ne resistea so Ions, were but the commencement of a series of operations intended to preront the restoration of this Union. ' : These being consummated, a third is already inaugurated. The New York Tribune, the head and front of the radicals, which paper has bullied the President into the commission of so many fatal blunders, now announces that certain jLcmocrais in new ' lorK city are in negotiation with leading rebels to lay down their arms and send members to our next Congress. Now, although this is precisely the rery thing which the President pretends to desire, and the Tery thing for which the Abolition ins Said they had issued their acts of confiscation and emancipation, observe the alarm Which 'a mere report of a possible ending of the war has created. Why is this? the answer is plain; the Abolitionists desire ; no cessation of hostilities as long as there is a alive in the South; this they hare, at length, proclaimed, and they intend to accom pliih it. The reported negotiation be? tween Democrats in New York and rebels in' Richmond, is a mere blind, intended by .the Tribune as an excuse fir another Abolition outrage upon the Constitution.,., After it and its coadju t'rs agitate this falsehood for a few weeks, the President will be in a good condition to accede to their further ex actions and sign any bill which tneir Congress may adopt. That body hav ing reassembled the country , will be pretty well informed of this scheme, which is intended to be a mere pretext for legislution, to utterly prevent any possible reunion of these States. Ma ny, of the present Congress having been lately beaten in their efforts for re-election, are desperate and resent f ul; and having no political future, they will, like, the youth of Ephcsus, firing the phesian Dome to gain notoriety give full swing to all the disunion fury calculated to accomplish their de eignn 'w9 ; ' , Mr. Greeley is playing his disunion game with desperation; some think him indiscreet; in this instance he is not; having been lately repudiated by the pebple, ning but the use of the power which his party ; will lose with the closing of the present short session of Congress will save his schemes from indefinite 'postponement,' The days of the coining , session will be few and fleeting; the fourth of next March will see it buried: so the three short months of its existence must be used most ef fectually, to" consummate the immense and fatal measures - in contemplation. The8 measures are few but terrible, Che principle ones being the adoption of Sumner ' plan for the reduction of the Southern States to the condition of temtories.to take "away from them all representation in Congress, and to govern nh'efri iiereafter as conquered provinces, .!, After destroying the sov ereignty of the old - States, there Is another 'prbjcctrrf first suggested by the North American, of Philadelphia to force into bur Union half a dozen f our new territories, as States,' by wnA the Abolitionists expect to re tain power in -Congress for all time to come.1 The people bavin a condemned these mad disunionists at the late elee- ttonsV th ebming three; months will demonstrate their potency for mischief to their country: ", If they succeed in their designs against the old Common wealth and Jn their efforts 1 to elevate our wilderness into states, tneyjiave tne power in Congress to do what thev choose;Shey' will iave the power to amend th Constitution nd make it Pfsli' sibisiiaQesi'lMiffwiit init their rmrposee. They can then' fix the meas- , hesion to abolitionism; thev can curb the right af 'euflrage, and do all other things necessary 9 ire them tinliml iw1PWs.'M lf (indefinite time; . Soise nowfiaxirig bf.' the New VeVk Tribnt, A99v irjle .schemes are endorsed by the entire radical fraterni ty, is only intended to divert , the peo plVt attention from its dying and des perate effort against th- pcrmaaeney f ber institntioris. .jlf wo arrest the dangera of these cCospiraciea for the next tore months, thera will bo hope for our country's fatnre fame and glory; ' should theyxflnceeed i their designs, we may exclaim, in the language of a discarded bat penitent: statesman "FarewelL a lonij farewell to all our glory.'V-Pitu. Post , VTUtii a CtiiMs;ci WhHi n Clumf el ( Is there any man of ordinary obser ration, North of Mason and Dixon's line, who has not noticed the nrarvel oua, the WONDERFUL CHANQB that has taken place in affairs, public and pri vate, since the late elections? , . Who does not remember the "noise and confusion, the bustle and turmoil of almost every day for a twelve month or more, previous to that eventful day? Public faith and confidence were de stroyed, and mankind appeared to'be more than usually distrustful of each other.-" ' v - - n . it it'.. i jLvepuDiican-ADoutionisra naa run rampant and rebelled so long againsf the peace, good order, and dignity of the nation and of the people, that mankind began to cry out with one accord, "save us from this wicked and perverse generation, or we are qosk FOREVER!" . Aged men and patriots of the "olden time'' became seriously alarmed at the aspect of things, and began to inquire seriously, wnAT shall be done for the country, by which it can be restored to its former peace, prosperity and happiness? and what can be done to restore confidence, good will, and bro therly love amongst men? To these enquiries the Democracy of the coun try answered: Remove the puerile, im becile, eorrupt and dishonest men from power; "drive the Woths and Vandals from the Capitol;" restore the Govern- ment A8 IT was, preserve the Consti tution AS IT IS; restore the Democratic policy under which the country and the people prospered foa threo quar ters of a century; place honest men in office, in whom not only the peoplo of this country, but those of other na tions, will have confidence, and the work will be more than half done. Yea, let the good old days of Jackson, Van Buren, Polk, and Pierce be again fully inaugurated and the Democracy of the country obtain, as in those days, full power, and the work will be completed. :"' ; The people hears and believed the truth when it came from the De mocracy, and forthwith they set about making the desired change. Their first effort was made in the late elec tions, and the result has been, thus far, eminently successful. Instead of the hang-man's rope, the Bowie-knife, the pistol, the dagger, and other argu ments used and threatened to be used y the party in power, we . have now, since the triumph of Demooracy, peace at home, quictnets within our border, and a degree of prosperity little anti cipated by any one previous to the second Tuesday in October last. , Well may ' We exclaim, what a CHANGE: instead of the dark mid night plottingsf Abolition mercena ries against the lives and the liberties of their fellow-men, for a mere differ ence of opinionj Ve have a comforta ble hope that that class of politicians have been buried so deep beneath the scorn and dension of their country men that the hand of resurrection will never reach them, -Freemen can once more slumber in conscious security up on their own pillows, . and the poor Democrats, who were so recently deri ded and abused by the dominant party have no longer any fears of "Military committees," petty ,. Postmasters, or such brawling, babling burlesques up on humanity as were found in the high ways and byways only a few months g ,r .-.:.:,, :!.;.; The change has been wohderjful. YeajTiAltTELOtJSjj1 jjustead of military raids, intolerence, usurpation,' and ty ranny of the most intolerrble charac ter, buiiiness now prospers in tewn and oountry; and but for the enormous pri ces of goods and the absence of small change, we would scarcely know that oar country is involved in an interne cine wafi'pr! iba the country north of the Ohio river was ever the spene of strife and commotion.''.;? ' '!"','' ,';,' "Ji This all comes from the fact that the Democracy are in a fair way to' obtain the control of, the National and State Governments otrcC fcore. The masses party, and in xo othbx; for the reason that" others lave teen tal airs rctm WAjrrtad, It is the party that has sustained the Government and the Constitution la times past; the party wnder which the oenntry nan always prospered; the party that always ecta manded respect at bono and abroad, : and the party that mast perpetuaU the Government, if it is perpetcated atalL fHillsborough Gasette,' V; '. CoVtd Liweoln Stare FrrvewiM ' this Vnr1Aneiber Sera fresn ; Iltslery. -. j Accompanying the . masterly letter from -ex-Senator Bigler. we give a ' scrap from , Jorney ' Press, showing that the Republicans preferred their PARTY in preference to the Union, be fore war had actually comffic'hccd. -We also gave a letter from Gen: Scott, in which the old warrior said: "Adopt tht conciliatory measure propo sd by Mr. Crittenden, of the Peace Con vention, and my lite upon it we shall bave no new cense of Secession." Which sound and truthful advice was unheeded by Mr. Lincoln and the Republicans in Congress. These facts never have been and never can be ex plained away and are amply sufficient to place the seal of condemnation on the President and his party. But, while looking over, the files of the New York Times, of 1861, a leading Re publican paper, edited by the Lieuten ant Governor of New York, we find the following article in rchtion to the anred exhibition Bent by Mr. Lincoln to menace Charleston: " "And we presume that no military man. whose judgment is ot the least value, cn be found at Washington or elsewhere.' who would take ihe rerpontibility o( attempting to reinforce and hold Fort Sumter with the forces available for that purpose. "II the President did really intend to do this aeainst the advina and without lli sanction oflen. Scott, then his first step bas been a gross and unpardonable blunder. one which, il the same policy were te be per sisted in, would utterly destroy the public confidence of his ability to conduct a cam paign. 07Uur own belter is that the at t.iinpt to reinforce is a feint that its ob set was to put upon the rebels the full and clear responsibility of commencing the war, and that no more obstinate defence was con templa'ed than would suffice to vindicate the honor of the Goernmetit.CO Upon this supposition, we are perfectly satisfied with tne result. Upon any other, we should bave very grave doubts of the wisdom and states manship that preside over our national coun cils. N. Y. Times. Connecting this paragraph with time, the occasion, and the subsequent results, and they become words of fear ful import! It , would appear in the judgment of the New York Times, that the President did not really want Port Sumter but he wanted WAR! but dare not strike the first blow! lense he made a feint, he prepared the stroke, raised his arm, holding the deadly weapon and thus, as was natural, caused the enemy whom he menaced, to strike the first and fatal blow! which was to deluge' the land in blood! And with the result, this lead- ng Republican editor, and no doubt the President, were gleefully satisfied! The Laws of Ohio provide, that where a person rakes his arm in a threatening manner, to strike another, the person thus menaced," is justified n self-preservation, if he strikes his assailant down! We know the Presi dent claims he had, but that did not justify him in disregarding the advice of General Scott, and other patriotio statesmen, disappointing the hopes of the people, and by a contemptible ma ncevre, involve the nation in civil war. Such trickery, if played off by old Abo while practicing law in Illinois, before a Justice of the Peace, , might pass for "sharp practice" but with the destinies of a free people and the life of a great; nation hanging : on the result it was monstrous! ' And we are compelled to say, as Lincoln said ot l oik in tne Mexican war, "we can not approve of the conduct of the Pres ident in the beginning of it." Facts are abundant, and are daily accumulating, which demonstrate that President Lincoln held in his hand the balance "Peace and , War" that he chose to stand on the Chicago Platform and Invited, if he did not provoke, WaEand now the people are suffer ing the bitter fruits of bis reckless and unhallowed course. Coshocton Dem ocrat. C3"There bas recently been mads a largs increase ot military stores ia Canada. Enough, tt is said, to equip and maintain a (ore of two hundred and fifty .'thousand men. , 03rTb Shares Bifle Compear, of Bart ford, Connecticut, hat declared two divl dead of twelve per, cent, each within the put sixty days. That is a paying institu tion. li ' .-nK's" ittt.il .-' .iT (grin Washington, ea Saturday eight, a eontrator gambled away 278,000 bushels of eats belonging to the Government. Hi ii in ism ieii i i msv,v5 WOne of, the nan. ' rumors , of the day is, that Secretary phase will tears lbs Treas ury fbr a seat in the United States Senate. rwsasheratlaaiVWto tavicret. tUviMieea i-J? -( i:.L. .. ejssaasW ' f WAOTWllMlBlwte TVW 4) jfsWftaf rtuftef, , The aaabe & r V. WiM Aknham wnt- 1 ' " " TerU raat AbVmkaaa, ' ? OaetetteprSM - ... Tev rtory tee SeesWaeU ... . i i,. Wele rwi M fe tUde." .', Yeve fergettea att the arni:aaS Made ia ifaeee neecetiM Sne, Wbca traveling te tkeeesiuli : UU Abraaan, mtf at turn eM Kmmi Abrabaaa. - Toe'va killed ibe Canetitation. '' ' . Framed by patriots "Unj tyne:' Te-i've caned the mo'ilhaof Ireement ,: - Oat Abraham, mfcnl i . , foor eld t'tuw Abraham. . Betweea.States one f raleroal, You've drawn your party line Yoa've brouchl ue war inlernal; " Ob! Abraham, reaifn! loer old r'a liter Abraham. , , You've imprisoned honest freemen, . ' And in dungeona let itaera pine, for home, and wile, and ehildreni ' UbJ Abraham, resign! Poor eld Father Abraham. Yonrt leagued with joha Brown Ferney , T Ureeley yon incline,; : , You're hand and glove wiib. Bumnon . Uh! Abraiiam, retign! , , Poor old Kallier Abraham. . The people will not swallow That wicked Klwme of thine, -To 'mancipete the "wooliy beadai' ,. Uh! Abraham, reaigii! Poor old Fame: Abraham. . Pennsylvania has condemned you, Ohio in the line; , . And Ihe Moosier boye are shouting, . Oh! Abraham, resigul . Poor old i'ail.er Abraham. The Empire State bas spoket, The Sucker areon nine;. The Jersey B luis are alter theej OU Abraham resign! . Poor old tamer Abfaham! : ' . i - Against these soUmo warnings Steel uol that heart of thuas; . Far "better late than never," Oh! Abraham, rvaignl - ' Poor old Father Abraham, -T- Dolngs of the Adiiilnittrntlon. The Administration of the' Government has been in the bands of President Lincop and his party about eighteen months. : By their want of discreiion and Statesmanship in the management of affairs, ' The Union has been dissolved. Firs Thousand Millions worth of proper ty bas been destroyed. I More than Three Hundred Thousand Men bave been killed. , The Freedom of Speech bas been abol ished. The Liberty of the Press has been crush ed out, and Religious Liberty itself has been violated. The writ of JJuUas Corpus has been sus pended, by an edict of the President, and it is "considered treason to prate about the Constitution." , ... , Arbitrary Power has been substituted for the Laws. ' Thousands of our follow citizens are ne better than buiied alive, in political bastiles, who bave never hed a trial. We bave a public debt of more than two thousand millions of dollars, with little or nothing to show for it. v The expenses of the Government have been increased from Eighty Millions to One Thousand Millions of dollars per annum, and the burden is still more rapidly accumu lating. ?-; . Emancipation of more thoa Four Millions of Slaves', at the simple nod of the President, to be turned loose upon the While People on termi of social and political equtlity, U threatened. Negroes are being fattened at an expense of more than One Hundred Millions per an num, while white men, women and ohi.dren are pinched for bread. - '.. ' The Liberty of the State b being threat. ened with destruction complete by the en croachments of federal usurpation. Ihe war for the Union, according to the Constitution, has been monstrously pervert ' ed to appease the mad passions of Fanaticism that Drafting has become noqessary to in crease the Army. , , Capital Is favored, while the sweat of the muses is chiefly burdened to ' supply the enormous domands of Hie Administration for money, .,- ,; Fraud is unrebuked it not actually shel tared, by the President, as in ths cast of Cameron.' ' ' ., : ' ' '"' Enterprise M palsied amid . the terrors of the Administration, and gold and silver nee the sight of men, as affrightened foxes seek their holes. ' ",;'';! ' ' , Ircooie is narrowed, and labor bard to be bad, , while the price of everything is burdened by taxation. 1 ; ; ': !"' The Administration is in favor of the Abo lition of slavery; in favor of negro testimony; in favor of ths Centralization of Power: in favor of a Paper Currenoy; in fevor of High Taxeejjand their rallying cry is 'The Union without Slavery, or No Union at all!" WMivillt Patriot, Neutral. Ci , . rr , ( a--w-i ...... fj"Ladiea in Worcester, Mass., are organ ising drill elubs, and have elected a drill master, who is to instruct them in pistol and rifle practice, and the evolutions. : - -' OiTThe collection of paintings formed by ths late Eembrondt Peals are te be sold in Philadelphia. f .,j . ,..i-. !,(, .., feSrCutternot bonnets, we sea it stated, are "all the rage" among ths ladies ef Iadi ana. " .'''' " -' '" 3''i ' ttrJ. Af Mahony, editor of ths Dubuque Btrati, has , beea released from prison at Wubingtoja. ! -;! -.f.i ,;.! .. '-MaweBaaaawwMiaM'( !-,( . C5"TaDkee Notioaa" bas bad news for las girls, thai the manufacture ef ewe is taxed by the new law. '" " 'y ftTVri. Lincoln, Wife of the President has bMa nkin a lour days', .visit, t pos- - frMae tadiaaaIU Mewtiael AavotlteeMS latrtasiee stf M Oess. jrfeCtfllstm flew flee oWeroUtSMs araieit ntrhsareMadl were fe feateel y isaterrevessee wltk bit rtaaae orapkle DeacsitvtUas by Cke Pt ltee De Jeiartlle, Hcaa fees of ascss. Mcdelistsis taflT VatstsiaXe) OsttrtkUs te uis Tba Frinee Ve amville. wbe was a bet ef Oea. MeCUUaafe staff enTfnr ths erramtatioa ef the Army ef the rotoeaas aaid lbs Penirtatilar eampaiga, bas poblisbed a earaml ami elaborate sketch ot the paign which began with the evacuation of Manaaeas by the rebel army and ended with the retreat of MeClellaa from before Rich mond. The review has beea earelully pre pared by one who i versed ia the highest military science and diplomacy of the age, and whose statement ef beta will not be called in question. No one can read the coalmen's of Prince De Joinvilla -witbool being convinced that Gen. McClellan in that memorable eampaiga was the victim alike ot jealousy and a weak and irresolute Cabinet. if he bad been sustained as Da anouia bars been, by the representatives of tbe Govern ment, the rebellion would have received a severe blow, and the condition of public affairs would have presented a far different aspect from what they now do. McClellan was stricken down when it was la the pow er of the Administration to bave given the rebellion a check from which it could not bave recovered, and oow again, when he was on the eve of a decisive battle, be is again removed fiom his command. Who, then, is to blame for tbe indefinite prolongation of tbe war? The conspirators who twice have dona all in their power to produce ths dis asters which our arms have eunered and who have thus given vitality and power to the re bellien, will be held to a fearful account. We have only space for a few extracts from ihe paper of the Prince, but enough to show the embarrassments or wcueiian in tne cam paign of the Peninsula, which should have been, il be bad been properly sustained, a triumphant success instead of a reverse to our arms. With respect to the deposition of McCiellan Irom the chief command, the Prince denounces il as "a restriction of force and dimunitien of usefulness,'' and regards it es a a blow in the rear at the very outset of the campaign." He adds; ... "Yet this was but a part or the mtsbier done by him. McClellan had long known better than any bodv else, the real strength of the rebels at Manassas and Centerville. He was perfectly familiar with tbe existence of "wooden cannon" by which it has been pretended that he was kept in sws lor six months. But he also knew that till tbe month of April tbe roads of Virginia are in such a state that wagons and artillery can only be moved ovei them by constructing plank-roads, a tedious operation, during which the enemy, holding tbe railways, could either retreat, as he was than actually doing, or move for a blow upon some other point, in any event, had McUollan attack ed and carried Centerville, pursuit was im possible, and victory would have been barren of results A single bridge burned would have saved Johnston's whole army.- Such are the vast advantages of a railway for a retreating army advantages which do not exist for the army which pursues it. "We have the rirtit, we trunk, to say that MoClellan never intended to march upon Centerville. nis long determined purpose was to make Washington safe by means of a strong garrison, and then to use the good navigable waters and immense naval resour ces of the North to transport the army by sea to a point near Richmond. For weeks, perhaps for months, this plan bad been se cretly maturing. Secrecy, as well as prompt ness, aud hence bad arisen tbe long illieeiing toward tbe uncommunicative General. "Be this at it may, as the day of action drr-w near, those who suspected the Gener al's project and were angry at not being in formed or it; those whom bis promotion naa excited to envy; his political enemies; (who i without them in America?) in short all those beneath or beside him who wished him II, broke out into a chorus of accusation of slowness, inaction, incapacity. MoClellan, with a patriotic eonrage which 1 bave always admired, disdained tlfese accusations and made no reply. He satisfied himself with pursuing hu preparations in laborious si lence. But the moment came In which, not withstanding the loyal support given bim by the President, that functionary could no Ion ger resist the tempest. A council of war of all Division Generals was held; a. plan of campaign not that of McClellan was propo sed and discussed. McClellan was then forced to explain his projects, and the next day they were knowp to the enemy. In. formed, no doubt, by one of thnee female spies who keep up his communications into the domestic circles of the Federal enemy, Johnston evacuated Manassas at once. This was a skilfull maneuver. Incapable of assum ing the ofimsive; threatened with , attack either at Centerville, where defence would be useless if successful, or at Richmond, tbe loss of which would be a grave check, and unable to cover both positions at once, John ston threw his whole force before the latter of the two" , Ths consequeucs resulting from this un fortunate pressure of the radicals, land the prompt resolution of General MeClellaa to attempt the capture of Richmond from the Peninsula are then described., Anatack on ths rebels in their position on the Rappahannock and at Gordonsyille is shown to be a military ,alurdity. 'I he Prince then describes the embarrassments of McClellau in consequence of his diminished nnks precluding him from concentrating the whole land and sea lorces ol tbe nepublc up on this single point, ; Of the subsequent de lays which greatly retarded the success of theexpepition and the withdrawal of pinions of bis command, ws find ths following ao eount: 'A few days had been half lost In a use less pursuit of tbe enemy, while the trans porta were assembling at Alexandria. At last they ' were assembled, and tbe order came to embark, but hers a new uiaunder standing awaited ths General,- He had been promised transports which could convey 50, 000 men at a time. He found vessels hard ly equal to the conveyance of half that nam ber. Innlead of moving at ones, as MoClel lan had intended, a whole army, with its tqaipags, a number of trips bad to be made. The embarcation . commenced March 17.-.-The force consisted of eleven divisions of in fantry, 8,000 to 10,000 strong; one division of Regulars finfantrv snd cavalry) 6.000 strong, and 850 pefees of artillery. ; i 'i "Ths total effective force may have been 120,000 men. . At the moment of departure a wbols division was detached to form, ws knew not why, ea independent commend onder General Fremont, ia Ihs mountains of Virginia. Ws shall see tbe Potomas Army undergo other eel less Inexplicable diminu tions. But we anticipate, s 7 .1 .,"A. fortnight was required to meva ths army to Fortress Monro. This point was ebosen because tbe apparition of the ' Karri- mad,' and her tremendous exhibition ef bar strength, had made It Impossible te regard the Federal aavy as absolutely mis trees ?ef the waters of Virginia, converted e sere end a aaatg eeeopaige. says: Of se1esisiBl -Ws were her twwary-fogv' eniles trees Terttewa, sad are Id act learn srbat weeks las enemy had threwaasv eer what was has force wifhia taste, Tbie wee tbe emsramf, chat r actress ttearee bad atwav bee, held by a etreac eantsea. Which eagni te nave beea amo tt.eveaa eohaatm mrmattoe or te make ate tacoottotasanos this eVireetiem. Bat, by a atraege abetra tloa. this brtrsea. new became) tha baaa ml rparaUowS o( the Army of the FeteeuKkttad Oeea specially sequestered from tbe commend el Ueocral McUlellan, together with It gar- neon, allbongb tbe ueneral la oammaod e it was his inferior in rank. Hence arose mtli tary susceptibilities, which were by no means aavorabio to the exchange of oonndeatial communications. so tbe army 01 tne rotomac moved on ia tha dark towards Yorktowa. We were two days on tbe road. The column of the Ueneral in chief had pasrod some fortified positions abandoned by theemmv. A lew horsemen were occasionally seen at rare in tervals. JNo sooner bad wa come under tbe walls ol Torktown, than we were arrested by tbe cannon." - - . 1 be difficulties of ths situation caused bv the flooding of the country by the rebels Ire graphically described, but with these foots onr readers bave been familiar long since. Ws are then afforded an iasieht into Gen. McClellan's plana and their derangements by tbe blundering of Washington officials.- Tbe Prince says: in order to eain time and avoid tha te. dium of a siege, General McClellan bad loougui out tbe means er tnmng the posi tion. Tbe enemy held the James with the Merrimac and hie gunboats; tbe York was closed by the Yorktown and Gloucester Point batteries. Nevertheless, by a disem barkation on ths Severn, beyond Gloucester, we might carry the latter position and ooen the way of tbe Federal gnnboats into tbe river York. A subseqnent movement np the left hank, in the direction of West point would put us so tar in tbe rear or the army charged with the defence of tha lines of torktown, that it would been in a perilous position. 1 Ins accomplished, tbe Uonleder ates must have abandoned Glouchester and fallen back hastily upon Richmond. Tbe execution of the coup de main had been left to a corps of the army commanded by Gen. McDowell. This corps was to be tbs last to embark at Washington, and it was calcu lated that it ought to reach Yorktown in a body on its transports at the moment when tbe rest of the army moving by land should appear before the post from Fortress Mon roe. ; . '' . -.: "Instead of finding it, ws received the in explicable and, as, yet, unexplained intelli gence that this corps, 85,000, strong, bad been sent to snother destination. .The news was received in the army with stupefaction, although tbe majority could not see the de plorable consequences of the step taken, it must be supposed, with no evil intentions, but certainly with an inconceivable reckless ness. Ftiteen days before, ibia measure, al though it must always have . been injurious, would have beea much less so. We might have made arrangements upon a new basis. Taken when it was, it deranged tbe wbola system of machincy fairly at work. Among the divisions of McDowell's corps thera was one, that of Franklin, which was more re gretted than all the others, as well on ae count of the troops themselves as of their commanders. The Genera!-in chief had be stowed special pains on its organisation dur ing the winter and earnestly . demanded its restoration. It was sent back to bim with out a word ol -explanation, precisely as it bad bren detached from him This fins di vision, 11,000 strong, arrived, and for a mo ment the General thought of intrusting to it alone the Gloucester expedition. But this intention was renounced." -- A regular siege of Yorktown now became necessary, but we dm it the details of this as already familiar to the public. The Prince shows that Gen. McClelhn was always anx ious to bring on a Decisive battle, as be re garded a victory as a necessary means to se cure peace- . , 1 ne constant interference to Ins designs to this end, induces ihe belief that there existed a dominant power at Washington which fa vored a prolongation or the war, and there fore thwarted the intentions of the General, in this respect, by crippling bis resources and weakening his command. The battle of Williamsburg, and the con" duct of General Hooker, who is eulogised as "an admirable soldier," are then described and full merit is awarded to Gen. Kearney. After the battle, the siege of Richmond fair ly commenced, and of ihe situttion at this time we find the following: ."Cavalry reeonnoisances pushed in all di rections demonstrated that nearly the whole hostile army had crowd the Chickabominy, ' and every thing indicated that ws should meet a desperate resistance under the walls of the Confederate capital. Prisoners bad been taken who belonged to a- eorps which had up to this time been stationed opposite General Burnside in North Carolina. It was plain that this crops joined tha Army of Vir ginia. We soon learned of the evacuation of Norfolk. It was manifest that Davis could only have made this sacrifice in order to bring Huger with his 18,U(J0 men to Rich-roond,- .Finally tbe Confederate chief bad ordered a levy en mane of every man able to bear arms. , - r f -.- .; ,' f "Tbe result of all this threatened the army of the Potomac in its only superiority, thatol numbers.: Unhappily, too, while the enemy was concentrating and strengthening his force, ours were lading awsy. ' We have already aeon at Alexandria a division, under McDowell. We had since left garrisons in Yorktown, Gloucester and Williamsburg. We had lost men under fire and disease, as well as by straggling. Nothing cams to fill up tbe gaps. When an American regiment marches to Ihs war it goes as a whole, and leaves behind it no depots of recruits ' to re s ore its ranks as as they ars wasted awy." " After the news of theroin ef ths Merri mac, and the evacuation of Norfolk, ths Prince thinks that General McClellan might perhaps advantageonsly changed its base to James river, bnt bars sgain the evil of depriving him of the supreme command by precluding any cordial cooperation of alt ths forces be came manifest, and rendered tbe success of the movement mors than doubtful. 1 Besides it was impossible for General MoCleHan to foresee tbe Junt treeheta, or thai eighty thousand men would be detained idle around Washington and not eo operate in any way lor tbt reduction of Richmond. 0e this subject tbe Prince De Join villa speaks ia indignant terms, and we commend tee fol lowing te the especial attention of enrteed- Srsi, . .. , ; ' ft :.. .,.; ' - 'Qui here tbs responsibility is for from de longing to tha Chief or his army. Who were the mea wbe driving these fate aa antimaly campaln, aid so ratealad te ths enemy oper ations not yet ripe for execution? , Was Ue. Olellaa responsible tor the want, of unity ia tne enoa ana ue ecvoa ei see uovernmaut which had trammeled the movements eC the artsy since he bad eeee deprived tkeeaief eommend and supreme. dUeotioe of tbe r- satesr Was stcuieiiaa responsible for tbe 1st see foes si the aggissasrattea ef the fcwaaav el the eeernr. ad siitesssasfly daprtved ' awaeetha eampaiga bad spaaed, ef the dirk siea ef Bieece aad twe thirds et MDesreIa eofTje, withewt tending hire owe Solitary ssaa to rU n ths rT mads bv sickaeea and to theoaasarhT vUevitsef tftset obstacles he bad reached tbe wallsuf Eichmesd. baths. mc ee longer tne taseeeerstnkna: tne treat iebmw which peebaMy ereald aawe ended the wet. saaaeetueestetrr what appears simple Tesennsissasa may cwest peaeeesti m and getrftaj attack. There a Urge force is aeaded te guard Against sawprisae and a still larger force te secure Ilrteee eemmsni. eatioa which can not be broke srithowt dan. ger. Reinforcements were needed., .Whence should they eomaT...aaatrat Waol. Jroea Norfolk.Burneide, from North Carolioa.might send soma mem, but very lew. while around WaahingtoB, mora than sight thousand ware colleeted. Of these abeot one half wee making bead against Jackson m the Valley of the Shenandoah. Ths reet were collated under McDowell at FreUrickbarg, tixty miles to the north of Richmond. Th hiA rebuilt the railway bridge over tbs Rappahan nock and ia three or four days they might bars joined the army of McClellan. Thaw covered nothing fit Fredericksburg, end were so notoriously useless to he Federal cause that ia the Confederate Journals tha wa spoken of as ths 'fifth wheel ef the eoech... . ' i t was known tbat McDowell dently to give the lis to these railleries by bringing at ths decisive moment his assistance totheeaue of the Union Accordingly -General McClellan bad no sooner arrived be fore Richmond than be undertook to diaooe. er what fas bad te hope tor on this side. ' neomciai advice,-cither from Washington or Fredericks bo rg, bad iafbrmrd him ol Me-' Dowell's presence at that point nnlv ..; i : miles distant, but rumor and " probability a greed so well ia placing him there, that ths General in chief resolved to make ea attempt ' to establish communications wfth him. Oa U . KtL - .1.. A0.L . . . ' " mgui ui me uiu ne sent forward Uea- ' eral Porter's division with a few squadrons of cavalry, in a lurlous storm to Uanover Court house, a village about twenty miles north of Richmond, where the railway to Fredericks burg crosses the Pamunkey. J he troopi ef " Porter moved rapidly and about midday on " the 27th came upon tbe hostile division of : Branch, at Uanover Court house. This they assailed with vigor, dispersed it, and took ' one of its guns. . Assailed ia their . turn by ' Confederate troops who had suffered them to pass by the woods in which they lay bidden, '; tbe Federals turned on their new enemies and scattered them also. , 'ibis brilliant af-' fair cost the Federals 400 men, and left Gen eral Porter In posession of a, cannon, of 5QQ. prisoners, and two bridges, one on the Fred- eri.ksbnrgsnd one on Ihe $hs Virginia Can. tralroad. Tbs advance guard ot McDowell (was then at Bowling Green, fifteen miles' rom thatof General Porter. It needed only aa effort of the will, the twe armies were united snd the possession of. Richmond certain!-- , Alas this effort was not made. . I can not re call those fatal moments without a real sin: lung ol the heart. -,Vi ' - -, .. ? , w. j , "Seated in en prcbard in the bivbate e' General Porter, amid ihejoyoua excitement which follows a successful combat, 1 saw.the fifth Cavalry bring in whole companies Confederate prisoners, with arms and baggage ' their officers at their bead. - Bet neither the " glad confidence ol tbe Federals nor ths die-. couragement of their enemies deceived thai and 1 asked myself bow many of, then giU ! lent young men who surrounded me, relating their exploits of ths day before, would pay : with their lives for the fetal error which was on lbs point of being committed. -Not, only did not the two armies units, but the order came from Washington to, burn Jo bridges ' which had heen seized. This was ths clear- est way of saying to the army of the Poto macj and its chief, .that in no case could they ' count op tbe support of the armies of Upper ' Virginia,, Tbe reason ef this unfortu nate measure was the successful Huh f Jackson. He bad driven Banks bavond tUm . Potomac, and created such a confusion that he was supposed to be on the point of enter ing Washington. With over forty thousand men to defend th city, tha line of tha pot tomac so easy to bold, and tha van Intrench, ed camp around the Capital, it was not thought to be safe e Jack-ion bed , gained his point Henceforth the, Army ol the Potomac must count upon itself lone." . 7. . , Tbe battle ol Fair Oaks, the "evea Days' Battles," and the final retreat to the James River are graphically described.' OfGenernJ. McClellan's skill and coolness tbroagh these eventful scenes the Prince writes in enthu siastic terms. On this subject w find the. following .v..Rfc , . n "Throughout this grand and daring mors.' . ment nothing disturbed tha serenity efjths commander. On the terrible Jih ,of Jul when bis aids sank under tbe beat and ex- citement of the task they were accomplish, ing, -i saw him,' writes tbs Prince, top te,' rest for a moment and sit down in tha var. ' andab of a country house on the road, i The f mistress or the bou came op and complained that tbs soldiers were eating her cherries. -w With a smile tbe General roae himself and went out to stop tbe pillagers?" 01 the battle ef Malvern Hill 1 tbt Frinci' aiaiesr. -. w t.. iiJfc; 'rc-e It was for tns Confederates a uselenis butchery. , The federal success was due to two causes: First, te tbs fortunate foresight of the General, who : in spite , of 'numerous . natural obstacle to tha passage of er tilery: naa spared no'nmg to bring bis on; tnd aex te the firmness o( his troops. Man do not . make such a eampaiga and go though such . experience as they had endured ; without coming out more er less formed to war, J f maw primitive organization naa been better ins survivors of that rods campaign, ,fcar not to assert, might be regarded as tbs eau-f als of the best soldiers in the world." , ' ' Notwihsteding all ths mortify tog blunders and disasters of all ths eampaign.tbe Prince -DaJoinville still expresses bis 1 eocsdeece iq the final occesf of the Union cattM( sod ' remarks: v iwii'.s ,-r.t "I am not one those, bowavav. srhe will tbsnce infer that tbs Federal causa .is lost? Compared to those ef tha Sontku the raour ces of tbs North ere for from being exhaust, sd, snd who knows a'l that ia a dap of peril can be dona by tbs energy ef a free people naming a an f igni an Kf nomantty (7 , j , ittrMavor Duncan, of Detroit, hat n.li tili duttse onder the excise law e4be United tate the ts ea bie.iuanWure and sals of ale sod bserdaf ;n toe ssouti ef tTRoee twe beadred Mtler. sreai JTse York City tested thronea lojncwlis a fata days tips, ea tneir way a $m the fuboes rftrDm-iiie tit last four mouths the Pmi voat Marihal ef PhiUdslpkue tm taken iati custody (30 deserters, Ht. streggIrs,aftA , fsht 1H convalescent solders le their Aegf jinsnfii w ' . (ErWillard's Betel in Washingten'ismai king a profit cf $l,000pef day st .Tas pre- .ant proorietors bought the property .for 0n,oa$. - ' 1 - v i i 1 hi 1 ----- - m?it$im.smprviv'