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iA-y--.'-"i '- ' --- ; . .. ' -- 1 - tv,i- -- - :. :: .- ., .- . VOLUME 29, NO. 43. cadiz, oiiio, Wednesday; February 25, i8ca TERMS,--SI.50 Th ( rltlrnden Compromise-1 Had It Bern AdOBird Til Snalh Offtrrd loTnhe It- Tle 'Itrpablirnnt ltrjerl.lt'.,- . The Cincinnati Commercial, in nh tficle 'iipon some Resolutions jpnsscd by. tha 'Democracy, of Champaign -;'Perlip the Democracy of Cham paigti county were tthfortunate in the cXprcEBion ot their views, anu meant to say- as has Iter very commonly assorted by other Democratic Conven tionsthat if the ltepnUicans had voted for the Crittenden Compromise, thenar would have been averted and peace, preserved. This is nothing but an assumption. There is no probabil ity that, had the Republicans voted for thiUJrmeincatory measure, it would have satisfied the pretended grievnces of those who had deliberately entered into a:; conspiracy to break up the Union."- -- - - ' ' ' . i The declaration that the Crittenden Compromise, if assented to by the Re publicans, would have saved Secession, and prevented civil war, is hot nn as sumption it can be proved. We have shown it in the Enquirer a dozen times,' by indisputable testimony. The Commercial never dared to repub lish' the testimony or to dispute the witnesses. We ask it to notice the following testimony: On pnge 41 of the - Congressional Globo Appendix, for 1800 and 18(31, the Commercial will find the following, in an elaborate speech of Senator Douglas, of Illinois, lie said,' January 3, 1861, speaking of liis own coir promise: "'1 believe this to be a fair basis of nniiealile adjustment. If you of the Republican side are not willing to ac cept c5iis, nor the proposition of the Senator from Kentucky, Mr. Critten den, pray tell us what you aro willing o do? I nddreos the inquiry to the Rep nbli cans alone, for the reason that in the' Committee'; of Thirteen, a few flays ago, every member from the South, including those from the Cotton States -(Messrs. Tooml and Davis) expressed their readiness to accept the proposition of my venerable friend from Kentucky, Mi. Crittenden, as a final settlement of the 'controversy, if tendered and sustained by tlio Repub lican members. Hence, tub sole RESPONSIBILITY OF OUll DISA GliliF.MlvXT AND TUB ONLY DIFFICULTY IN THE way of AN AMICABLE adjustment, is with the Republican party." The Commercial will appreciate the importance of that testimony. All the t Southern members of the Senate, represented by their leaders, Jeff Da vis and Toombs, with others, agreed to take the Crittenden Compromise as final adjustment, if the Republicans would also take it. . The sole respon sibility, says Judge Douglas, is with tho Republican party. When Doug las said this, Davis, Toombs and all the Southern men, save those from South Carolina, were before him, and none of them denied, the truth of the statement. Does the Commercial deny that Mr. Douglas told the truth? Can it dispute his testimony, given under such circumstances? When the future historian writes the : account of this strugglej the above, from the speech of judge Douglas, , will arrest atten tion, and will be regarded as of great importance. But we" have more testi mony for the Commercial. It is to be found in the; Congressioual Globe of March 11, 1861. The debate occur red on the 2d of March, 1861: "Upon the Corwin resolution to ameDd the Constitution of tho United States, in the course of the debate, Senator George E. 'Pugh said: , "- .'The Crittenden l'roposition has been indorsed by the almost unanimous vote of the Legislature of Kentucky, It has been indorsed by the Legis lature of the noblo old Commonwealth jf -Virginia. - It has been petitioned for by a larger number of electors of the United States than ' any proposi tion that; was ever before. Congrcss.-r--I believe in my , heart to-day that it would carry ah overwhelming majority of tho people of my" State aye, sir, and of nearly" every other State in the Union. ; Before the Senators fhom thb State op Mississippi left, this Chamber, I heard one of them, who NOtf A8SCMES; AT LEAST, TO BB PRES IDENT oi the Southern Confeder acy, PROPOSE TO ACCEPT IT, AND TO MAINTAIN THB UXION IF THAT PR0PO 8ITI6S COtTLD 'RECEIVE THE VOTE IT OVokt TO RECEIVE FROM THE OTHER T' n.. . fi'k c of all your propositions, of all your! amendments iWta. tnowinff rs I do. and knowne that the aistoriau will write it down, AT ANY TIME BEFORE ItlE 1st of January, a xwo-imaDa vote for THM-iUHITTENOEN RESOLUTIONS IN TUll CHAMBER WOULD -HAVE 6A VEO EVER? 81'ATK IN 3 UK UNION BUT BOUTtt OA80LUlAt-r.i: t , n "Mr. Pugfr iaid this in the hearing of Seward of Wade, ofiFMsenden, of Trumbull, of all . thi-epublfcan' Senators, and no one denied the truth' of his assertion-'" Mr." Douglas heard it, and confirmed ita truth'thiis.1 W quote from the Globe report of the I discussion, of March 2. Mr. Douglas "The Senator has aid that if the Crittenden Proposition could ' have Eusscd early in the session, it would ava saved all the States except South Carolina.1 -I firmly believe it would. While the Crittenden Proposition was not in accordance with' my cherished views, I Avowed my readiness and ea gerness to accept it, in order to aave the' Union, if we could unite upon it. No man ' has' labored harder than I have to get it passed. I can confirm the Senator 'a declaration, , that Davis himself, when on the Committee of Thirteen, was ready, at all times, to compromise on the Crittenden Propo sition. I will go further, and Say that Mr. Toombs was also.'' Here we have the testimony of Sen ator Pugh and of Senator Dc-uglas that the Crittenden Compromise "Would have saved the Union, and the South, through its representative men,' offer ed to take U ' But we go to the record of Congress itself, the Congressional Globe. : : ; ; ryuL actio upo this cbittssdkk coat- It was not until Sunday, the "3d of March, 1861, the last day of the Thirty-sixth Congress, that a vote was permitted in the Senate upon tho plan of adjustment known as tho "Critten den Compromise." That vote is given as evidence that the Republican Sena tors never intended that any plan of compromise should be adopted with their approval, but that their party doctrines, and the supremacy of their party in, the control of the Govern mont, were far superior to their desire for the preservation of tho Union in peace and with tho good will of all States, j ' VOTE IN TUG SK.NATG Upon the direct vote, taken March 3, Mil, for the adoption or rejection ef tho Crittenden Compromise, just as it was offered by the distinguished Senator from Kentucky, tho following was the result in tho Senate. 1 ;Yeas 19, nays 20. "YkXh Messrs. Bayard, Bigler, Brieht, Crittftiden, Douglas, Gwili, Hunler, John son, of IVnneNBeo, Kennedy, Lone,; Lallmm, Mason, Nicholson; Poik, Pugh, Hice, Scbas t. nn .Thomson und Wiafali 19, of which 17 were Democrats tnd 2 American. 'Navj Messrs. Anlhony.f liinfhamf Chanriler.f Claik.f Uixnn.f Doolittlef Our kie,t Pes enc!n,f Koot.f Foster. f Orimcs.f larUn.f King.f MorrilLf Humner.f I'en Ejck.f Tiumbiill.f Wale.t Wilkiawn.f and VVilsnnf "20, all Republicans. "The democrats ere in Roniao, Republi cansa f, and Ainoricans in italij. "It thus appears that all the Dem ocrats and Americans present in the Senate, voted for the Crittenden Com promise, and ail the Republicans "pre sent voted agaiust it not a Republi can vote is recorded in its favor. VOTK IN THE HOIIRg. i , "On February the 27th, 1861, Mr. Clemens, a Representative from Vir ginia, proposed to the House .that the Crittenden compromise, should be sub mittal to a VOTE OF THE PEOPLE for adoption or rejection. Ho propo sed the loUowiug joint resolution: "Wjieiieas, the Union is in danger: and owing to the unhappy division ex isting in Congress, it would be diffi cult, if not impossible," for that body to concur, in both its branches, by tho requisite majority, so as to enable it either to adopt such measures of leg islation, or to recommend to the States such amendments to the; Constitution ns are deemed necessary and proper to avert that danger;' and, Wbercas, in so great an emergency, the opinion and judgment of the people ought to be hoard, and would be the best and surest guide to their Representative, therefore, , . f,4 iResolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress as sembled, 'That provisions ought to be made by laws,, without, delay, for ta king the cense of the people, and sub mitting to their vote the following res olutions (Crittenden's) as the basis for tho final and permanent settlement of those. disputes that now disturb the peace of the country and threaten the existence of the Jlmon.1 ' ' '- 44Upon the proposition to submit the Crittenden compromise to the sense of tho people, the following was the vote m the House of : Representatives, February 27, 1861-yeas 80, nays 113. .,. ;: "Ya Messrs. Adrian.f, , IT. 7. Andsr ton, Avery, Barr.f Barriti.f Booock.f Bote Ur, Bauligmy,. Dabxm,-. Iirnncb,t B'iggt, Brittow, Browa.t Burch.f Burnsf H. F. Olark.f John Cochrane.f Oc,f James Craigf Burten Craig.f J. G, .Uatia.t , DJaPntte,t Uemmiek f Kdnnunesou,t Englisb.f Flor ence.f Fuke,t Qrnett,t Gilmtr, Uauiilton.t J. M. Harm, J,s ,X.., Harris, t JJqtten. Hoi aan,t Win. Howerd.f eJncbeM.f Jenkins.t tSunkei.f irsbee,t-v M. Ltath, -Leake.f '.rVll Mah. !. 'avnard,. WcCleraand Me KeBtet.ti Millso,t MBtitiieri Laban T. Moor, J N. Mrria,f , AWM, Niblack.f Noa!l,t Peyto8,f Phelps t Pryor.f Quorlu, Rgg.t J C ItobimtoQ f; Hunt.f bicklen, Uiumis.it Wi. ,Smiib.t W- Smith, SievenaoOrt J-H Stewrt,f Stolcef, Stout,f Thomas.f Val'aadigham.f , Joh. Wekttr, W hi tney,f W inslo w,f W oodsoaf , ! .4 WHebt 80. Democrats 6 ; Americans 19. , "XATs--4Ies.rs.ti Adams,. A Id rich, Alley, Ash'ey, Babbitt,., Bealej-Binghna, Blair, BlkeBrayton,i. Bufflogton, Burlin -Beme, BurnhainuUiaul(l,., Uonit)ll; Cr; rey, Carter, Case, Ojbtirn, C, B.i Cochrane, " Colfax, Cookting, Coaway, Corwin, Covode, ff. W, P(ttn, ,Iwe, Dslsao, Duel, Dsns, Rdgertoo, Edwards, Elliott, Ely, Eduridg, Pamaworth, Frntoa, Ferry Foster, Frank, French, Qooch, Graham, Grow, HaU), Hall, Uelmick, llickmao, Hindman.t Haard, W. A. Howard, Hurophrey. Hutohint, IrTine, Jaakia, F. W. Kellofa, W. Kellon. Ka van, Kilgore, Killinfrer, DeWitt, C. Laach, Le, LiOngneclcer, Loornn, Lovejoy, KaratoD, MeKaan, MeKniehl, McHhereon, Morehead, Morrill, Mom, Niion, Olin, Palmar, Perry, Peitjt, Porter, Pottie, E. Ik Reynolds, Rio, C- lWbinaon, - Koyoe, : Hcranton, Bedgwtck, Sherman, Somes, Spanlding, SpinCer, 8tan ton, Stevens, W. Stewart, So rat on, Tappan, Thayer,. Theaker, Tomrkins, Trio, Trim ble, Vandover, Van Wyck, Terree, Wad, Waldron, Walton, C. C. Washburn, U. B. VV'ashburne, Wells, Wilson, Windham, Wood and Woodruff 113.- Republicans 110; Americana 2; Democrats 1. "Democrats with a f; Republicans in Ro man; Americaue in italic '"Thus the Republicans, having a clear majority in the House of Repre sentatives, refused to submit the Crit tenden compromise to the sense of the noonlft. ' v. i" I ' L . "The Republican party, its leaders and its representatives in Congress were determined that No compromise should be submitted to the people. They voted against the Crittenden compromise measures in Congress, and defeated them; they are responsible for the failure of this most humane and patriotic effort to prevent a bloody The above facts ought to be printed in every newspaper and in pamphlet form, and circulated by the million all over the country. We would advise our Democratic friends to cut them out for preservation, to confront their opponents when they lie about the Crittenden compromise. The Commercial having taken issue with the Champaign county people, it is in honor bound to disprove these facts' if it can, or else admit itself mistaken. It can not remain silent. Cin. Enq. . JK3Tho St. Clairsville Gazette says: We seo, by the proceedings of the Legislature, that the Senator from this District, Mr. Welsh, has introdu ced into tho Senate, tho preamble and resolutions, which we publish below, and which we hope will be carefully perused by our readers. The object hoped to be attained by the introduction of those whereases and resolutions, at this time, into the Legislature, Is very palpable to any man of discernment, although this ob ject is attempted, most studiously, to be concealed by their mover. Look at the second resolution carefully. It says: ''That it is with pain and mortification that we hear of the pro position of either persons or parties in the North,jto divide tho loyal States with the ultimate design of attaching uny portion ot tliose Mates to tho so- called Southern Confederacy." From what party has Mr. Welsh, or any body else, ever heard such ft pro position? . The assertion that he has so heard is clearly not true, for even the abolition party itself, although a- vowedlv in favor of a dissolution of the Union, is not in favor of "attaching" any portion of the loyal States to the Southern Confederacy. It is equally certain that he has never heard it from tho Democratic "party," for they have ever been and are now for the Consti tution as it is and the Union as it was, and for nothing else. And therefore if Mr. Welsh 's insinuation was intended for the Democratic "party," we pro nounce it false in all its parts, and a glaring misrepresentation of a large majority of those whose representative he is. But that it was intended for the Democratic'' "party" we have no doubt. Now why should Mr. Welsh send forth to the rebels Bueh news as this? Is there any thing that could give them more aid and comfort than to learn, from a grave Senator of the State of Ohio, in his place in the &en ato Chamber of the State, that the old Democratic party that governed this confederacy so long and so well, were in favor of recognizing the independ ence of the Southern Confederacy, ancl attaching a portion of the loyal States to it? JSo infor1nation that the rebels could receive would so nerve tbem for' combat, both in the . cabinet and in the field, as this information which Mr.' Welsh hesitates not to give them from hishighplucein the Senate of, the State. j Now why does our Sen ator speak words of comfort to the eii cmy by asserting 'what he does not know?; ,,Iiut for ouq njotive,,, and that a mean and partisan motive, that he ' . i . .v. ..i-Vi .- - .. mignt prostrate mat party Detorj tne people, who swept over the great Statci of.the North jri .last fair s letlb'atid expelled from, place and power - those who had plunged our country into all the hoVrcW of a desolating civil wwr.-i , 'Jlwi , marT that" I ' "willing' to . carry uch information .to our desperate foe at tifnrf RW this; should be ashamed te !poouB,e, t&e, word royalty,", Rut Mr.' Welsh'a party must be saved if it tfosti the ivea of thousands of our brave soldiers in the field, and prolongs the war for years. ns'd: aMoMJTtows or toTAtTT, -i ? ; In the Senate, Mr. Welsh -offered for adoption the following preamble and resolutions: I , Whereas, A Republican form of Go vernment is believed to rest largely upon the consent of the governed, and can otily be maintained when war is waged for its destruction, by a hearty co-operation of the loyal people of such Government; and , . Whereas, The Constitution of tho United States, founded by tho wif dora and patriotism of our father, Very wisely provided for a Government of Legislative, 'Judicial and K.tecutive departments, . with porer believed to be ample to defend tho rights of the people; maintain the authority of the Government and execute the laws of the nation! and, . Whereas, Au unholy warfare is now Waged by certain State against the authority ot the legally "constituted Government of the country; and as no provision is made by tint -Constitution for the suppression of & rebellion and the enforcement of the laws, except through tho legally constituted author ities of tho country; and as the execu tion of the laws, in a republican, or democratic form of Government, de pends largely upon the loyalty and pa triotism of the peoplcj therefore, Resolved by the General Assembly of. the State of Ohio, That. we deem it proper, as the representatives of the peoplo to renew our pledges, in " the name of the people of the. State, to the General Government, tc render it all the aid within our power, both morally and physically, in its budible efforts to put down the rebellion, preserve tho Constitution, and restore the Union. Resolved, That it is with pain and mortification- th:t -we hew of the pro positions of cither persons or parties in the North, to divide the loyal States, with the ultimate dcsi.m of attaches;! any portion oi inose inn tor to the so called Southern Confederacy; and that we do in the name of the people of the State of Ohio solemnly protest against such a heresy, believing runt it not on ly proposes thedestrnctLn of the Con stitution and of tho Unv' br.t would." if encouraged, result finally in the pro bable overthrow of our eivil libcrtit-i. Resolved, That any attempt by persons or parties in the Jk'orth to di vide the territory of i'M-fn, while the General Govet-)hf1'1 Udis wairina wir for ; its preservation, an act of disloyalty, giving aid and comfort to the enemies of the country, and is do serving the severest reprehension and condemnation of all loyal men and good citizens. Resolved, That the Governor bo re quested to- forward copies of the fore going preamble and resolutions to the President of the United State?, and to each of our Senators and Reprcsentai tives in Congress. . On motion of Mr. Hitchcock, the resolutions were laid on the tablq, and ordered to be printed. KinislMf Order. A few days ago the telegraph infor med us that an order had been issued from Washington that no more goods should be shipped West, unlejs under a permit from the Cuntom . House at New York, , Reasons given, that goods had been smuggled through tho West to the South! By whoin, we ask! By the cotton buyers; if anybody, -a ho are, almost' to a man Republicans; aud sanctioned, aided and abetted by ariny officers, as has been again and again asserted. For this is the whole West to be put under the ban, and excluded from a free market with the Eadt? This will amount to an embargo on the West, and throw tho whole trade of this great agricultural poople into the hands of a few favored speculators, who will be made the pets of the Cus tom House. ' It is a monstrons wrong, unless the telegraph ha3 been lying. The West is every way crippled, and this puts tho last nail in tho coilin. Crisis. .-! . ; If cs rocs letter Soldiers than triiita If General Saxton, who is the white negro General at Port Royal, is cor rect, that negroes make better soldiers than white men, why in the name of reason, aro the whito . men not sent homethen, and negroes put in camp iu their stead? ' If white men aro to be thus disgraced by comparson, and that comparson made before a single negro has seep a battle or smelt powder, then white soldiers are in a bad pre dicament under suciifljlcejs as Gener al Saxton. .t ..jj-. :,' .I E3The Administration is urging two: Reading ' mqasurps'. through " Con grQsaJnone ; to recruit Negro TOltK TBEiuJue;; tither : to'draft ; White mep. Wijo wiU dare to claim hereaf ter that a White man is n& jood as a JE-It nowitarns out that this war. instead of being waged for the benefit pf;u'UncJe,Sahi,' '"Va'M'tet 'slips' posed," is waged for the benefit of "Un cle Tom.4 ' bruited men In Battle, . We tsko the following as to the con duct of certain drafted men at tho re cent battle of Rlackwater from ' the Philadelphia Ledger. It shows that the conscripts of a Republic are differ ent from the conscripts of Despotism. Under a Republic, tfrhert tLt ipeoplo own tho goVefuMftnt, v.A not the gov ernment the p50pie, no wsr should be begun 0 prosootitod but for the good of the people, and of that they are sup posed to bo the best judges. They have to bear till its burdens, whether of blood ortreasuro. . If they do :not want tho war, it should be neither be gun nor prosecuted. If they want the war, they will volunteer in sufficient numbers to meet all its demands. If they do not want it, ami are forced in to it, to the peril of health and life, they will be apt to do as tho 'Jvaftcd men are represented to have done at Black water'. Tho Southern, conscripts that are forced 'into the Confederate army are those who desert to our side tlio ftrstopportunity, and who are so unreliable in battls. Congress has before it a conscript bill a bill to compel! citkens to enter the army sg'airist their will; The peo ple are opposed to sncli a measure.. It violates the great idea of a republican government, and is tho child of despo tism. When this War broke out, 'and until within six months past, the peo ple voluntarily supplied the army with forces to make armies stich as the World never before saw. The people were then for the war. Why conscript now? Why force citizens into the ranks? Why do not volunteers come forward 33 heretofore, by thousands and hun dreds of thowsajids? Simply because the people hare taken the second sober thought. ' They have gotten over their Hash of resentment, and hare coolly reflected 'ipon the whole subject. They find that war is not the best for their own liberties and material interests, and that some other mode than lighting should be resorted to to settle our dif ficulties. They find that the expenses of the war are two millions, of dollars every' day ' 3t ' 1? Continued, and 'that they and their posterity will bo ground to the earth by heavy taxation to 'meet even the interest on the public -debt. They feel that, while contractors and officials nre growing fat on war plun der, the country is going to ruin. They feel that homes are being made deso late and widows ancl orphans multiplied. They experience tho deep humiliation that every sensitive American must feel at the violation of all the safe guards the Constitution has thrown a round tho citizen against 'arbitrary power, and see in the future, if tho war is continued, their liberties gone, and a despotism ruling over them. They feel that they are suffering all this experiencing all this risking all -property and liberty far the benefit of the blacks to cive freedom to the slaves, and, in tho language of the Proclamation, to "maintain them in their freedom." And, in addition to that, they have become' satisfied that tho cause is . endless, hopeless, ruinous,' and, therefore, they do not feel like engaging further in it. Now, when the people are or that mind,' why should thoso who are tem porarily in the Administration of the Government attempt to. force the peo plo into tj, seivico'the'yare'ppose to? If they are forced into it, will not the example of tho drafted men at Black water bo generally ..followed? 44 You may draft w, but can .net .make' us fight" that is the difference between the conscripts of a republic and those of a despotism. Wo." hope' thcro "may bo no more occasions or excuses for such conduct. The following is the article which we find in the Ledger:- Cin. Enq... , . ...1. "THB BATTLE AT THB BUACKWATEB BAD . OONlJOcT OF 'TUB DBAjfTKI) MKN. ; . . " '.'"It-appears by the intelligence from the army on the Blackwater that the drafted men from New York," Massa chusetts and Pennsylvania behaved: disgracefully. One account says: . I 44 4All the infantry, with tho excep tion pfthejThirteenth Indiana, acted badly. If they, had done their duty1 rryorks force would have been saptur ed. Many ' of the Pennsylvania-eons 1 scripts said: 4 You an make us con scripts, but you can'v pjtake us,, fight.' The Sixth Massachusetts - would, not move, though it waM milew thevpnr of Folktt'a Battorv. The; XtmH TaV regiments ordered to charge, up the narrow causeway,.. exieeptisg the Six, teonth, would not move, "Follett's bat- tery .was . no auppui eu ps, au. . jld A tJotc-Dii n.cu. wkup uui, me ai-tiueH ry killed so many ot them that the re imenter; rjegimente jjwkeandrunii k i ; "The ltn enn8ylynjjj PoP4? sed of drafted men, were ordered i'or wBjrr with the rest. They remained lying in the road, to avoid the shells passing over them, and refused to stir. General Corcoran, on hearing this rode up to them, accompanied by Co lonel Spear, and called for the Colonel. Ho was dangerously Wounded, and did not reply. The Lieutenant Colonel, Major, Adjutant or any Captain, were Juccessivoiy called forj without answcri The General then said that if anv commissioncd oKcer was, there, and would advance the regiment, he should bo recommended for the Colonelcy. A Lieutenant, name unknown, then rose and endesvored to comply, but without effect. The General then ap pealed to them, for the hoor of Penn sylvania, when an Orderly Sergeant 3juung up, saying, 'Yctt'can draft us, but you can't make Us fight He was immediately struck on the bead with tha back of Colonel' Spear's 6word, and felled.. Colonel Spear desired to tharge them with a company of caval ry, but the ucner.il thought it better to leave them as they were.'" ft The resignation of Brigadier General William B. Campbell, for merly Governor ot Tennessee and du ring the Mexican War Colonel of the Bloody First Tennessee Volunteer, has been accepted. General C. has persistently urged tho acceptance of his re.iignatioh since the publication of the emancipation proclamation. CON Hit ES4! OX A L.. WasamtitoS, Fob, 16. Sete. At tho expiration of the morn tag hour, the chair called up the snecial or der, namely, the bill enrolling and callinit out the militia of the United States. Mr. Wilson of Massachusetts said he sim ply proposed-to explain the bill and the rea son why it was introduced VV were now engaged in a gicantlo struggle lor the Dre" crvaiion of the national liie, and for twenty tnuniua we naa oeen aenaing the young men oi me couutiy into toe tteld. Those re(jl ments had suffered much from battle und disease, until now many of tha old regiments numbered no more than (bur hundred man. We were told by tho leaders of the rebellion that they were lighting lor independence, and that they would make no compromise. Thereloie the lolly ol talking of peace and ooinpioiiiift was comprehended by all loyal uieu, and All such talk was little better than treason. This battle was to be fouphc out to the end, and he wanted it so fought as to crush out rebellion ard restore the nation. lie assumed that it was the' duly ol erery good ciliy.on to do his utmost to preserve national life. Congress had the right, under the Constitution, to rait-e rmiea to put down ittxtMfrection, and if necessary, it had the right to cull into the service ol tba country every cilizon either as a- volunteer or by arait. t migtit. never be necessary to put the bill into execution. lie" hopaj it would not, but it was tha duty of Concress to oro- vidfl all necess.iry means to carry on ihis ton test. The bill proposed to enroll the whole people of the country, and not merely the miliiia, . Mr. Cowan movi'd to iiasert members of Congress among the persons exempted . (ro:u tho provisions of the bill. Mr. Whson hoped the amoadment would uot b adopted. Mr. Doolitile thought the amendment would not be ot much piacticle value, for the bill only included persons under forty-five, and tcarcely any senator wouid be included. Mr, Coiiamer ottered rtu amendment ri quiring the President under tho call propoa ed in tho bill to take into account the num ber o( uien any States has lurnished, and make apportionment amon Stales accord ingly. ' , . Mr Cowan thought the amendment could not bo practically carried into effect without great contusion. Tho isonate proceeded to the considera tion of the bdl for enrolling utid calling out the national lerciis. The pun ding amend ment ol Mr. Cotlamcr was adop'ed. Mr. Clark moved an amendment, which wai adopted, allowing the person drafted to oe exempted oy procumng eunsmuie or paying a um ol money not exceeding $KOO, to be taxed by the Secretary of War; but falling to appear, or procure a Kulmiitute or pay tne - required sum, to be arrested aud Hied by conn martial, Mr. Wilson ot Massaehuset's mo7ed an atnenduieui, which' was adopted, to make the ti r st ciass include those between tha aes of twenty and thirty five, mitead ol eigh teen and mirl votive. ;,t Mr. Diiihnei lu.ivod on . amendment that all ministers be exempt. A'ter dissus'ion, tne amendment was re jected, and the bill reported to the Seuaie 1 be question recurred on agreeing to the ametiUinonl exempting 'Jovernoia and iudi ctary ol States. , Mr. i rumbull favored thi afaiendiaent. Wr. UiXon .hougUt it liii'hlv important that all snouiu lie moiUiied, as it would tend to allay any dissatisfaction that m'ht arise Mr. Kice Mid if the bill didn't exempt thoso exempted ry State construtipns, tliei there would be a revolution. : I bevaral vol CM' Oh ml no "1 ; - , (. . ; Mr. Mcuougoi said it tcere wa to b a revolution in the M orth, let it come now, tie ditl not believe there would be any such revolution. - . ' " .. , Mr. Hice wanted Senators net to touch the conHtitution of any State. ' Tb aiiioudiueat was not concurred in 17 to 19.. , - The amendment to exempt' members ol Couers was rejected 16 to 20. .v. C ,'. Mr. , McU"ugal offered an amerument which was adopted, including citizens ol foreign birth who may have declared their intention to become ciiizeus, in the aruvi- siona of the bill..' Mr. King renewed the amendment to ex empt Governors ol States, which was adopt ed. At 12 o clock the bul passed, the Sen ate. L ' " " - ' Hodsb. The Indian appropriation . bill was reported from the commute of the Whole with amendments, and Will be voted .on to morrow. .'. fv-s is n '! '.:: ) 'The House resumed th consideration, oi the Louisiana eioclinon cases. .i rti ' Wasuikotok. Feb. it. , RBtfAtE.--Mr. Coiiamer, (rotn tbe Post- ofBoe committee, repotted a' joint Resolution auUioriwnj the eollectloO of J" ore igo postage Mr. TrumBun caned tip the bill to prevint agent ot the Oovemment, at. 4rlt (nent U-rl OJ Uoti)?reM ana olacrs 01 Ui Wovern meut, fn rn' tuting lany tOnsiJtiratiJb lot )rouiing place, ctbc or couuactv - Pas- tid. Mr. Grimet called up tha bill authorizing Us briefly Mr. McUougal coold Me be rmold fori f or t r the objection ef tbe Senator from Mas., -len on the bypothesii that he belonged to tba peace establishment, lie eould lee no ree. 0 sen Why, in time of war, our mot effective force on aea should not be. nsed agaioit tbe x enrmy. Mr. Coiiamer said one great obJecttoO to .' the rstem was that ' seemed to be a rem nant comparatively ancient barbarism, f end out vessels to take private property on i ses. . .: Mr. t)ixoa thought there wag no neeessltl for a measure of I tut kind. - ' 1 --';' Mr. DiiU said the rebels only had a fe Taut vesNels, but ho commerce. If theie vea - ' els were captured It would be an end of tbe ' ;' matter. 1 ' ' . ' " - A substitute Was oflared Mr. drlfees all ' thorizing the President, in all Foreign and ;' domestic wars, to issue lei tres ef marque 4 and make all nredtul regulationt. Adopted. - Mr. 8hermtn effered an amendment Wttlflh ; was r.dopied, llinttin the authority bonfered by the act of three years. . . . i a Mr. Summer offered an amendment eon-1' lining the operation 4f the bill to the au.1' pression of the rebellion. ' Mr. McOoogil asked the Senator, chair ' nan of tbe Committee On foreign Relatione, . ; if we Were not Uo threatened with, foreign complication. - ' s:'.i ci i" Mr. Summer said that be had no In forma. tion that was not open to tbe Senate. - Mr McUougal believed that before tha ',' meeting ot another Congress we should be ia- volved in a Foroign wir, and be wanted e).ir have the countrv prencred. . -, The ainenment Was rojected-yas 13j naja Mr. Sdmruer ofTdred an amendment as a substitute, rfviewing the acts ol 1812 and 1813, concerning letters of marque, and 'ap ' plying them to that portMn of the United Stales now in insurrection. - in -m ---f llousn. The ' Indian appropriation bill parsed. The House resntiiid the consideration Of the Louisiana election cases. A fter consider n able discussion, the House adopted tbe reso- lulion of the committee on Elections, declare i ing Meiisra. Flanders and IIhn ntUId to seats, by a vote ol 12 against ii. Hahn WM sworn in; Flanders was not present, s , The case o I Lewis McKeneiet elairaing ' a . seat rom Virginia, was taken Up i .f . .: Mr. Dawes explained that the election We . . without authority of law, and that fayal : to- . .t ters had no opportunity to vote. i Mr. McKenfie briefly advocated hit claims, ,i when the question was taken on tha resolu tion that he was not entitled te a seat, i- A- dopted. -t Aii JCsccllfiiit Iti buKe to (Jencral J'liiroy unt the Ahli(ion Anny Olficcis, IVoiu the Louicvilie " JoHI'IISll.' . , j The LouisVffle Journal, tho staunch, novef 1 faltsring and able organ of tho Union party "' in iu..ujr, uiua aaminisiers a oeservmg, rebuke to military interference in our poli-,! 4 tics. It taken the case ol General Milrojf" as a noticoable e2nple. Il snys: i "A Negro Asmt -Io illustration of the " reasons that the people think they hav.t T fear ottr army When the War is over, we will refer to a recent publication by General Mil-- roy and. some other Abolition officers from letters of marque and reprisal, urged tba paaaan of tbe bill. Indiana. After denouncing as traitors the Democratic members of tbe .Indiana LegieVi latuie for fulfliling the wishes and pronoun.- i,! cing tin, vpimoas of their consituonts, tbesd , officers ns.-tiuie to declare for tWualves and ' the whole army: 'When we have crushed armed trsnson at the South,, we will upon . tiur return, while our hands are in, also ex- trmiuate treason at the North, by arms, if need be, and by tho blood of traitors, wher- ., ever lound." 'This infamous threat from hia ' subordinates it U to be hoped tbe President has not seen. In other days iu authors would have been promptly dismissed , in disgrace from tbe army. If uuih threats can b made With impunity by army , : officers against the people, who are taxed to pay, clothe and feed tbem, and be held id terrorem over tbe representatives of tbe peo- pla, the dajs of freedom are nearly gone. 1 We had as well ba preparing the funeral ob- ;' sequies of American liberty. Take this threat in connection with the notorious tact . , that the last eiecnons in Missouri were caN ' rled under the terror of the bayonet, and f ;; the Senato and the President must see that thi is no time lor increasing but for sooth- '' 1 ing these ffars of the people. If they do 1 not see and act they need not ba sumrised at the daily increasing clamor for peace.H ' ' Miltoy, and all the ofllcera who have ia'n '. dulged In such language, should be immedi ately removed from their commands. - f !; -),--4fc - ' .. t- j k The Great West Aasliirflr'd. ' We have olten shown how the policy of Abolitionists would assaHnate eveiy. par-j joj ncleol tho. industry aiid eommerw ol the , Great WeK' ' The armor t)f the West aW' ' J the planter of the South are the haturalalwf. liesof each other. Both are ihteresied in a;riiculture, and both desire free trade with i all tlio world. One- produce Uch as tb '. v othor wants. The nogro consumes the grain. . -i' pork, bee I, &c, of thetemperata latitude, and the former consumes the cotton,, sugar, dec.,"' of the negro. Thus a direct reciprocity ( interest exists. The Abolition Proelamatiotf J strikes a direct blow at all this, i all sets th j- ' A negro "iree" . That destroys production,and jr a, hence all the great interests t)f the West ar assassinated at a single -blow. Governor1"'" -'J Uotiinson ol Kentucy.secs this,' and thhs for-.;:,! cibly refer to il in his message. Speaking '"' of Lihooln'a fre negro edioi, T?e says'. --H -' . And then, too, what a future doefl ,!- present to the occupants of the Missisippi Valley 1 Of What value will be the use of the '"" Ijreat artery of our commerce, when it ; leads : l us through desolated fields or to the bmen; (griculture of a leay ignorant rate, who pro-!'",'''; dncd nothing to tempt enterprise, and whose :- "i sole idea of liberty k to live without labor? The entire upper legion of tbe Ohio and al ii-7, si-ippi is viully interweven in the defeat. of this monstrous edict. It will reach to every larra and workshop of that vast regioai and'O '! it will destroy the best market for whatever the industry of the people might produce.'" " " 1 '' Was there ever a plainer cuse of a nation ' fighting to ruin itself than is faeke psentedii ,. It might be suppowd that persons would be ""' careful of property aud wealth' "which they 1 naa aceumuiaiea oniy py sweat ana JOiI, but, .,ht here is the ssionishini? aimctarta nf 'n.nu - - actoa'ly flgbtihg to make thetiiRelve poorl f ' And when not BtHyHghilflfW'make theni- selves poor, but, i if possible, tHl m'6r ; aa-l tomidini, iCgh ing W Blabs: tliemselvoa o levaiwitn nijrgers! Uauoassian,' , . . , ftrlter, Dr. K. ). Breekinridsre." of Ean i tucky, after giving alt (he "aid end esmfort" la his power to Northern ianatiefcun, at tha ' ' ' that he has been eompleielr 'taken in" b the "irreprea-iiblea, and writee a ttW 4cd powerful article tor tbe Danville JRevUw , r.egro slavery and the cjvil war." in winch hecOndemtt tli Emaicipitioa trFroclafn'ation ' "', pf the pidfnt,and 1 hi; yu4jonj ( tb4, f, Constitution, as ruinous te the, country and subversive of tbe liberties of tbV'people.wi-'i "" What a- pity he did not see this In the ginning, m -. I .',;... ' ' ' .1 . -J s -T v.. il