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a iti ii 4 VOLUME 30, NO 25 CADIZ,' OHIO, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 18G3. ion no ci-1 rn JL Ji.UiUC, OJl.OVf OBjommnnicaiioiu Cadiz, October 19, 18G3. Ciiaile3 N. Au.es, Esq. Sir. XIatton having made a wanton and un provoked attack on me ii his last pas per, I furnished him with the following reply. He not daring to print it I.v ma papbr, has returned it to me. Will you do me the favor to publish it? Yours, truly, S. B. S1IOTWELL. Cadiz, October 1G, 1803: RtciiARD Hatton. Sir. A friend has placsd your list paper in my hands in which I notice you are again slandering me without cause. You appear very angry beoauso I permit porsous to cjirsult mo as an attorney, and especially because' I give them ad vise thafdies not suit yocii interest. J Now what are the facts? Why John Maffitt, for a third person paid you ten dollars, which you denied receiving. He applied to-mo for advise, stited his case said he would himself swear ho paid you the money ajjd could be sides prove it by a credible witness. 1 told hi in there was no difficulty in his case; that I h id no doubt you inten ded to cheat him; and if you did not fix it, to sue you and nnke you d ) so. Ho afterwards told me you had fixed it, an l that was the whole matter. Njw if you aro as hone3t as you pro feas why insist so stoutly in your paper tint you willingly allowed yourself to la wronged out of ten dollars rather than have a law suit, when you know that two honest men are ready to weiw that you got the money? Would it not be more consistent with honesty to admit that you were in error and ay no more about it? You go on to brag of your remarkable honc3ty and challenge me boastfully to show a case in which you intentionally cheated anyboJy out of a single cent. Well, since you boast and make the chal lenge, I point to your "jraups on the county treasury," whieh I was con strained by a duty to the public, to expose a year ago, anl which you ad mitted and attempted to justify in your puper, on the ground that you could not live without doing ao. It t.hr people of Harrison county taxed from )3)to3)0 pjr animn for yourt eCPPORT, but I doubt whether they see it in that light. You next charge tint I cheated my uncle. Well let m see how much truth there is in this. My undo was secu rity for my father for about 1,000. I was myself liable for his debts for upwards of. $10,000, on which I ex pected to lose anddid lose from 2,000 to $3,000. My uncle wanted me to nssume the debt for which he was lia ble and let him out. I refused to do it. Now would you have done other wise? You next say "I have as an nttqr uey skinned almost evory man I have done .business for;" but you make no specifications, and for that reason' it is impossible for mo to reply to you, ex cept by sayings a3 I do, that it is false, and you know it, if you know aay-. thing about the matter. !I have now practical law in Harrison county 21 years, and have been so fortunate as to have a pretty clever business. That I may have differed with my clients in a few instances as to the value of my ervices is doubtless true; but I believe I have had as few difficulties of that kind a3 any member of tho bar in this or any other connty: My clients seem to be satisfied, as is evidenced by their continued patronage; and if they are satisfied I see no reason why outsiders should complain. I have a recollec tion that YOU employed mo in two ra ther important cases. Did I skin you? You next charge that "I hunt up cslaims against my unfortunate neigh bors aad starve their children." This is. a pretty windy charge and is as false as the other, and still you make no specifications. . RA3CALS, who aro caught in dirty tricks and brought up standing, are apt to talk in that way about the attorneys who detect and bring to light their frauds. They are always SURE that the claims have been "hunted VP? by the opposing attor ney -and that he has or will "skin his client." A' large proportion of my business having been against that class of men men who have a propensity to steal in a fashionable way, commit all manner of frauds, contract large debts which they never intend , or ex peot to pay -it is not at all re markable that they should say some pretty hard things against me; neither is it remarkable that TOC, having a fellow feeling in th.it direction, and i having associations euc as birds of the same feather usually have, should get into the same way of talking and thinking, especially when you are caugut up and made to do justice out of fear of the law. So I am not at all surprised that nine-tenths of your as sociates (and of course every man thinks his associates are oil the com munity) should agree with YOU in think ing that I am the "meanest nun" they ever knew. You next apologize to the public for having supported so bad a man as me for an important office. You once before in your slanderous articles against me, alluded to this matter, and thought it vngr ateful in mo to ex pose your "frauds." It is now near five years since ou had the honoii of bringing me forward for the office of Auditor of State, I want to refresh your recollection a little about that matter. You will doubtless recollect that before doing so, you talked with me several times about it, and that I uniformly declined being a candidate. You, notwithstanding, brought me out in your paper. I applied to you and requested you to withdraw my name. You refused to do it and persisted in forcing me into the contest. You doubtless had a MOTIVK for this which I think I understand. But in matter about that. Now I never couVl see why I owed you a debt of gratitude. Can you? I'ossibly I may be wrong. But it is now, if. your paper is to be believed, about two and a half years since you discovered I was a bad man, and one year since you saw very plain ly that I was a VERY bad , man, and besides "uxuiUTUFUL," and you now say if you had ever thought I was so cad A man you never would have sup ported me. No, not you. Why, what a disinterested patriot! But pray, having received so much important light, how did it happen that you, last June, ONLY THREE Oil FOUR MONTHS ago, sent a mutual friend to me to in duce me to become a candidate for the same office, saying to him that I "would make a first rate officer" and authorizing him to say to mo that You would SUPPORT me? That is "phunny" and I rather guess you are a "phunny FELLER." You complain that I wanted to "dic tate to you politically." Well, let us see how this was. When the war broke out you and I differed as to what has since proved a very' important matter. You wanted to keep up the old Repub lican party. I wanted to break up ALL old parties until the war was over, and on the ruins build up one grand Union party. This was a mero dif ference of opinion as to what was best for the country about which there was no need of a quarrel, e?en if there was danger as you then feared, that a portion of tho public printing would be thrown to the Sentinel. Ah, my old (some time) friend, there was the rub. You, however, took the matter so much to heart that you attacked me in your paper, and have been pitch ing in ever since, though I havo never replied. I allowed the mutter to pass, trusting to time and the good sense of tho people to demonstrate what was best. You persisted in your course for a year and a half, and the result has been that Bingham was defeated (for this you and I know TOU were not sorry, though you "shed tears, copious, gushing (hypocritical) tears over his burial,") and men all around over the State, who were true to the Union, were defeated by the like course of like pot-house politicians. But not withstanding all this you still persis ted in your stubbornness; but thank God, tho real Union men of all par tics got the control of our Conventions, and a real, honest Union party has been organized, and you, and men like you all over tho State have been whipped into tho traces. The result is that a real, glorious Union victory has been achieved, and our brave sol diers i the field have been sustained and backed up by a popular majority at home so large that it will take us tho next three months to count it.- This is the second time you havo had to be "wnipPED in" since you came to Harrison county, as all will doubtless recollect it had to be done when the Republican party was formed; and al low me to hazard tho prediction that it will have to bo done again within the next year. J3o you may call this "dictation" or whatever you pleaso. -; la conclusion let mo add that you are rotten; we all know you are rotten. You yourself must know you are rot ten from the fact that honest men hold their noses when you pass in the street. Your party wants to be rid of you. You know this, and for that reason put an exorbitant price on your estab-J lishment, and as an excuse for doing so point to the fact that you realize from $000 to $900 out ef the County Treasury for the little county printing you do; another evidence of your "REMARKABLE HONESTY." But. you will change your mind about this mat ter after we shall havo roasted you an other year or two. While you do your party no good, you are too well known in the county to do it any harm. . Will you dare prpit the foregoing in your worthless paper? If not, return it. Yours trulv, S. 13. SIIOTWELL. Itc-ull of Die OSilo i:UrlHiis. We shall not disguise to our readers and the world the disappointment at the result of the "home vote" on the 13t.h inst. We speak of the result, not of the amount of votes given by our noble and glorious old party, which in victory or defeat, in prosper ity or adversity, never loses its faith, and seldom its temper. W e gave, so far as we can learn from the very few unofficial returns yet received at this office, of the full vote given, all tile votes we expected to give, viz: 200,000. We think our vote will reach this for Mr. Vallandigham, but cannot say for a certainty until further full returns are received. We have at least come so near the estimate we raado that the difference will not be much. We have not been defeated, therefore, by any falling off in the Democratic vote, but by an increased vote of "the Govern ment" party, which we could neither control nor estimate. We lost some votes as we all know, and all know the reasons, which we had a right to expect, but had we got them all they would have been of no- service to us, only on the numerical count. A sim ilar state of things existed in 1840, but it did not last a year, and subserv ed but a poor purpose to the men who concocted that campaign. It is to be seen whether this will be of more ser vice to those who have conquered! They have but this advantage: They will now keep up the war in full blast to carry the Presidential election not to conquer the South, but to ride over the North not to Save the Union, but to crush out liberty where no rebellion exists. This, all the elections of 1803 indi cate. The political machinery of "the Government" has worked to its suc cess, and they cannot part with it for the sake of tho Union or for peace, for the lives of our citizens, nor fur the sake of saving the people's money. This is "the Government" idea of the elections of 1803, but in the providence of God, "there is many a slip between the cup and the lip." A well discipli ned and powerful minority, banded together by a holy and noble faith, of ten wields a greater influence on the destiny of nations than the party in power. This is why the leaders of "the Government" party confess so freely that they "hate" the Democrats of the North worse than they do the "rebels of the South." And why? The case is a plain one. Those in re bellion in the South are for war so is "tho Government" of the North. On this they agree, and a state of war is all there is of either of the Govern ments for the time being. One year of peace would commingle the people North and South, and plans for a re union at once be inaugurated. This neither "tho Government" at Wash ington nor "the Government" at Rich-1 mond can afford to rest hence the fellow feeling, and hence the hatred of the true friends of the Union North by tlie political war party, lor tlio war now is a mere political affair as carried on. The heavy vote in Ohio is a clear indication of the people of this State in opposition to the two war parties in power, the one at Washington and the other at Richmond, and the friends of amicable adjustment North and South felt a deep interest in our success, be cause in the person of our candidate, Mr. Vallandigham, every voter had an opportunity to express his real, i.ot imaginary opinion, lie represented n principle, and that principle brought out tho enormous vote and the immense mass meetings all over the State du ring the eanvass. That there are thousands of men South who are as anxious for a reunion of the States on the basis of a Convention as are the Democrats of the North, wo have no reason to disbelieve, but they ore not the especial tavontcs ot "the Govern ment" at Richmond for the same rea sons that the Democrats of the North are not the special favorites of "the Government" at Washington. War, desperate war, is essential to both "Governments," as now administered, and the longer it is continued the more certain is. the ruin of the people, who are taxed in men an l money to carry it on. A Democratic Union "war party" in the North would be as ridic ulous as a Union "war party" in the South. W'ar divides the Union di vides tho States, and divides the peo ple of the States. If the Administration is right in their policy, it was but right that they should succeed they now have the whole responsibility upon their shoul der ntall events", and cannot complain. Tho Democrats took direct issue with them as to the means of re-unitingour people and the Union, and stand right on their record and ore willing to abide the usue. Had we run a war candi date on a war basis, what would have been our condition to-day? We would have been defeated, most assuredly would have been with a vote, on our side, more disgraceful than that of 1801, without a shred of reputation left us. Had we been successful with a war candidate and a war platform, we should have stood just where John ! Brough stands to-day, or been compel led to change front and submit to the base and dastardly charge of getting office under false pretences! One or the other would have been inevitable, and our party would have stood before the world without principle and without character, led and controlled by a fresh swarm of hungry flies to eat out what substance was left of the people, after the gorging of the stuffed and fattened brood now sucking the life blood of the nation. Thank God, we now stand before the world, proud in character strong in political virtue brave in the con? cious ness of right and stand ready for any emergency when and where character and patriotism may be require. The Democratic party never had but one purpose in its organization, and never can have: That was and is to guard the liberty of the citizen, the rights of the States, aua to preserve the Con stitution and the laws made under it, and in accordance with it. Tho Dem ocratic organization was not marie to plunder the public treasury and tram ple upon the rights of the citizen, but to protect both and this in time ef war as well as in peace. It has no other purpose in electing men to office than the preservation of these great rights, and hence the malignity and slander it has ever had to endure from all sorts of people who Late a demo cratic form of government. Mr. Val landigham and the whole Democratic party may well quote the lines of the poet: '""me Si If approving hour wliole years otitweighs, Of'stupid slure'a uml ol' loud Imz.as; And more true jov Marcellus EXILED fuels, '1 han Cicsar whh a Senate at Ilia heels." It is also a part of the Democratic creed to sympathize with and hold up the hands of all men persecuted for liberty's sake. It was this which gave our country the brightest glow in all its greatness, "the home of the op pn s-.ed of all nations." The exiles of Europe, from Ireland, from Germany, from Fiance, from Poland, Hungary and Spain, ever found with us a hearty welcome, and a happy home. Kings ana Tyrants of all grades scowled at us, showed their bloody teeth, but could not dared not bite u.J, for we had millions of sympathizers groaning in bondage at their feet ready to strike: under this 'sublime spectacle, we grew, wo prospered and became tho terror of all tyrants the world over, and they succumbed to their fate. Could then, dared then, this great old Democratic party so long in power and in glory, bow in humiliation to acts of which few tyrants in Europe were ever guilty? No, no, they dared not do it and live disgrace would have followed us to our graves and no one mean enough to do us reverence. Like brave and noble men we met the issue like inh we contended for the right, and if we have fallen it is with our banners llying, our good name untarnished, our courajrc undoubted, our leaders covered with glory, even of defeat in a righteous cause, a cause which the crucifixion could not blot from its enduring progress, and from life everlasting. !Sueh a defeat is worth a thousand ill-gotten victories, with death and dishonor in their slimy wake. Crisis. ' Exii-nordinui-y Eii !; rntion of Kccwtury i tit'-- ih War tn be Ooistiiiurd if it Costs n Thou Siind Dttllarx to Buy u Break fast. The Cincinnati Gazette, of Oct. 12, had a dispatch from Columbus, giving a sketch of a late speech of Salmon P. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury, at that place. The most noticeable part in his speech was this declaration. He said: "Times had changed sadly during the interval of his absence, but ho hoped and believed the darkest days were past. He had said at the out breaking of the war that the rebellion must be put down, if in doing it we had to come to the old .Revolutionary standard of a thousand dollars for a breakfast. Laughter, and cries of 'Well, guess we cmi stand it.'" How will the people like this intimation from the Secretary, that we may possibly gc on in toe Lincoln policy until our currency is so worthless that it will require a thousand dollars to buy a breakfast. Although the Secretary takes care to express his belief that such a state of things will not come to pass, yet he has some purpose in thus preparing tho public mind for the most overwhelming calamity to the country. A thousand dollars for a breakfast! Mr. Chase, speaking for the Administration, is resolved to per severe in the ruinous policy it has em barked in, if it brings entire ruin and desolation upon the whole people. That ruin and destruction will come if the Administration docs not alter its course and give up its negro eman cipation theories. Mr. Chase's sug gestions is no idle remark, and people may prepare to see it established, ex travagant as it apparently is. Cin. Enq. Krone the Cincinnati Enquirer. A!1rrf Hie Hon. ' ft.. Viillait l let i a in lo lcmooi-ary wfi (tliio ou the HcmiII ol Hie Lice lion. Democratsof Onio: You have been beaten; by what means it is idle now to inquire. It is enough that while tens of thousands of soldiers were sent or kept within your State, or held inactive in camp elsewhere, to vote against you, the Confederate enemy were marching upon the capital of your country. You were beaten; but a nobler bat tle for constitutional liberty and free popular government never was fought by any people. And your unconquer able firmness and courage, even in the midst of armed military force, secured ypu those first of freemen's rights free speech ami a free ballot. The conspiracy of the fifth of May fell be fore you. Be not discouraged; de spair not of the Republic. Maintain your rights; stand firm to your posi tion; never yield up your principles or your organization. Listen not to any who would have you lower your stan dard in the hour .of defeat. No mel lowing of your opinions upon any question,' even of policy, will avail any thing to conciliate your political foes. They demand nothing less than an ab solute surrender of your principles and your organization. Moreover, if there be any hope for the Constitution or liberty, it is in the Democratic par ty alone; and your fellow-citizens, in a little while longer, will see it. " Time and events will force it upon all, ex cept those only who profit by the ca lamities of their country. 1 thank you, one and all, for your sympathies ami your suffrages. Be assured that though still in exile for no offense but my political opinions and the free expression of them to you in peaceable public assembly, you will find me ever steadfast in those opin ions, and true to tho Constitution and to the State r.nd country of my birth. C. L. Vallandigham. Windsor, O. W., Oct, 14, 1853. fc'w t:ny;3atiI asi! tlio II raft Vak'(! St'Uifcliiiess ISeM:!! ol the Omit. The result of the draft in the Tenth Congressional District of Massachu setts is as follows: K timber Drawn 3.305 Exainpteii from various causas 2,lfi t'uid coramutation 082 Substitutes accep'ed 51 Oonscripts sent to rendezvous SS Drafted mon died in barrack 1 Ca-;e9 under consideration SO Failed to report 3C7 The above paragraph we copy from the National Intelligencer, in Wash ington, a paper that is very particular in allowing nothing to s ppear in its columns that is not strict y correct. Tho State of Vermont gave recmtly a Republican majority of seventy-live thousand in its legislative elections, but the draft realized more than sev enteen hundred men by substitutes ind conscripts to the array. In the city of Worcester, Massachusetts, whore all the leisure of the people is spent in hearing lectures on Abolition and Irec-lovo theories, overseven hun dred men were drafted, but not fifty men were realized to the army. In the State of Maine they have done still worse. The New England States have made nearly all the money by the war. They have a large sur plus population. If they retuse to go to the war, how are the armies to be recruited? Nothing can equal Yankee ingenuity in dodging the responsibil ities cf the draft. They were the principal cause of inaugurating the war, and they have made most of the money arising from it. It was the politicians of New England, acting under the influence of their manufac tures, who rejected the Crittenden Compromise. Their twelve Senators controlled the Republican party. They were a dominant faction in the nation at that time. Their fanaticism was ahead of their political knowledge and patriotism. They wanted war. They supposed they could make money by it, as they have done, and subdue the South (as Seward prophesied) in three months. The results are before the American people. The consequences of their teachings will be disastrous to succeeding generations. Enq. EVERY UEI'AUTltlE.Tl' ROY TEN. Wliy Certain Tatties Want the War 'o in (tilled Ttt Army 'B'aintwl Oilicvrs SclSiiiR 'i ticir Men. A painful proof of the universal corruption that prevails wherever the Washington Administration throws the shadow of its wings, was brought to light a few days ago by Marshal Nugent, of New York. A report had prevailed for some time that several military officers were engaged in disposing of their enlisted men as substitutes. Three men were arrested belonging to the Eleventh New York Regiment, who had been sold as substitutes by their Lieutenant to parties in Brooklyn. Having pock eted tho bounties, however, he disap peared with all the money, not carry ing out his agroeinent with his men, which was that he was to havo only $100 out of the P00. A Colonel of a certain regiment in New York has been put under arrest on several charges of fraud. Ono of them is that ho had sold the whole of one of his companies to a rural dis trict to complete its quota. He is to be tried in a few days. Melancholy rainm. HY A DEKEATF.ll IiEMOCRAl . We are in a most uji&eiab'.e melancholy mirthful mood lo day Like the immortal Mark Tepley, we arc bound to be 'jol!y." These tquiba are more properly Mutism 3 than" hue-isms. There is a Hyin; rumor that the Republi can,! have elected their State ticket! We aie CurtinAy defeated in I'eonsylva-iiii). The Republicans Lava been Stone ing us j in Iowa I The Republicans "turned up Jack" and I won the "gaine." "Truth crushed to tho earth will rise i at;ain," sy3 tho post, and we feel encour- j The KepuVibais in Porkopolis "acted the pork" and "went the whole hog." I We huvn't got the "nerve," and "can't I stand the pressure" of such a heavy weight as ! John Iirough. J The Democratic pyramid, this year, is 'big at the lililc and bottom at the top." If the Republicans hadn't defeated us, we would linve had a majority in this State! The Republicans have quit counting up their majority for want of Os. Daboll is ex hausted! The largest vegitable furiosity we Tlave teen lately is the mammoth beat given the Democrat at the election. "Sweet are the uses of adversity," says the poet, but it had tn opposite c fleet upon us. We pre soured. The late defeat 'goes against erain,' which accounts for Democrats having (w) facts. It wriltii them. The "wheels of the government," in this State cught to run well, now a large lot o( grease has just been ordered. The Republicans "camo down on us" with a heavy majority, and "crushed our hopes" iUttci'n a pancake. Wo don't know which were surprised the most at the result ol the election the Dom ocrtits or Repulicans. Brough is elected, but we do not propose to "inaugurate civil war." Cause why we aro not a War Democrat. ' Don't give up tho Ship," for "there is a good time coming bayj." We wish it wo'd burr) up. 'If at first yju don't succeed, try, try, again," ii our advice to cur Democratic fi lends. "Grin and bear it" is our motto for Demo crats. "We can bear it, but the grinning is a little too much fi r us. Somebody asked us if we wero baat, or not, in this Sta'e; to which wa very sucjint ly replied "yes" and wen led our winding way. "What can't be cured must be endured," and there is no use of "crying over Fpi'led milk," is the way we feel about the election in this State. S mie ol' our Doraocratic friends think that our de'eat resembles th-it o( WaU.r loo. Con sidering who defeated m. we should call it a Brandy wine de 'eat. "Higher than Gilderoy's kite" i.s playpd out as to the extent of altitude, and the ex pression no h ' Higher than the Republican majority in Ohio." We din'n'. die over lha result of the elec tion, but our countenance changed from the rosy llush o! hope to that of "deeply, diirkly, dreadfii'ly, difmally, blue." Indigo is a drug iii the market Some of our Democratic friend? are ani iously inquiring into the caue ol our defeat. We can tell thoin. It was because the Ro publ'cuns wcro leagued saaiust us. "Va, dut is tue wat wo speaks mit you," but we ain't "going to fi;ht mit Sigel." Hancock Courier . I from Agriciillurol Itfjiort. Patent oRice, I3C3 ivalsiiv cnrN. During tho year 18C0 a g"ol da il lm been said about tho advantage to be derived from the introduction of Italian bees into the United S atew, and importations havo been made for that purpose. The plan is to breed queens, which, beiug impregnated are in troduced into common hives after removing the old queen. A writer in the Country Gentleman news pnper give- the following a i the history of the introduction ol Dalian bies into this country, he tayp; "Mr. P. J.'jTahnn, of Philadelphia is mentioned as b ing the first to land this new variety on cur fhotes; as a matter of history I would state that this Is not so For sev eral years past the attempt has beem made yearly by Mr. Richard Colvin, of Baltimore, Samuel Wagoner, of York, renusylvania, and the Rev. L, L. Ltnjstroth. These at tempts were unsuccessful owing to bud ack ing and mismanagement in transportation, until the nulumn of 1850, when Mr. Colvin leceived some Italian stocks, end hoped to have queens from them fcr Kale tho past sea enn; but these stocks, unfortunately, did not survive tho winter. Next in order of date is Mr. Mahan's importation from Germany, which was successful en account of his per sonal supervision Shortly a'ter Mr. Ma han's importation, Mr. a 15. 1 arsons, ol Flushing, Long Island, succeeded in getting a few swarms alive from Italy. From them he has succeeded, aided by soveral skillful aparians, in raising a lare number of queens, which have been sent to neorly every Suite in the Uuion, including Calaforriia, under the supervision of Mr. Iliglow, a successful apiarian. "The last successful Importation wa? by Messrs. Colvin and Wagoner. All the a bove named are exerting themselves to mul tiply their stock of Italian bees, and they will doubtless havo a demand for all the queens aud s'ocks they can supply next sea son, as thd interest in this new b?e is deserv edly increasing. The question will natural ly arise, of whom shall I purchase? Are these importations equally reliable, and if so. have all taken the same pains and been equal ly successful in keeping the breed port? I would here remark, that some situations are more favorable for maintaining purity than others. The Italian bees now in this coun try are from three different (sources, and eve ry one should decide for himself to which stock he should give the preference, and if the most reliable man and the most reliable bee can be found working together. "Two of the importations are from Ger many, and one from Italy. Of the importa tion from Daly, there can be no reason to question its purity. The two importations Iram Germany are from different breeders One of tha importations from Germany I have the fullest confidence in, from personal inspection; and if the other be equally good, we are in a fair position to havo tho country well supplied with pure stock in a few years, provided sufficient interest U taken lo main tain its purity." fJO""See here, Misther," said an Irish lad of seven summer.!, who was tried by a dog: "II you don't take that dog, away, I'll eat up all your apples.' OrYoung ladies who faint on being pro posed to, can be restored to oonsoiounoesa by just whispering In thir car that you Were only joking. Tbc ltlc in Gultl. The price of gold ha again tUe rapidff undir the pressure of cominercitl f jrgench The laws ol trade cannot be altered by ici of Congres-i, nor can their operti-Ki 1 chanced by judicial decisions. When out raged, they always vindicate their own wrorfirs '.n an Irresistible manner. When Mr Chase compelled the banks to fup-nd specie payments, in order that be rnijiht make an unlimited ifue of paper, whiaa lii ca'U 'borrowing without interest," every well in'ormed man knew that all property and wages were tn b coma th sport of cir cums ances, that no man could tell vlnt his Inhor would yield Id in, what pre fit his busi ness would give, cr what derendence wag la be placed upon bis income. The inevitab'e depreciation of the paper shows i'cll most rcadilv in the apparent price of go'd, and this fluctuates violen ly. Dach upward movement, however, carriea it to a tuc'r figure. The following is a table of ihe Ired est ard lowest points since since the Govern ment bankruptcy, or w hen it failed to pay its notes bearing q their face a fob mn P'omise lo jay gold at the 'ew Yi-rk Treasuij: Tren-ium- Lowest. Highest. Jan. 1, 1802 1 Jan. U, 1S0J 5 April 5 .1862 -1 July 19, ISfiJ 2D Aug. !), 18(32 12 Oct. IS, 1S62 - 37tf Nov. 'Jd, 1SU2 1:9 Jan. 31, 1803 50, Keb. 14, 1803 53 I'Vb. 28, 1G3 72 March 28. 1W3' 41 April 18, 180.1 U July 18, 1803 23 Aug. 1, 1863 20 Aug. 2S, 1803 22',' -r Oct. 13, 1803 C4 These are very violent fluctuations, and they measure not only the rise and fall in the value ol Government "uni orm curren cy," but also in the earoirgs of every la borer. It will be tumenibeied that it is not gold alone that rises and tails, for every wot kin,; man knows too well bow h s week's wage shrink up wt en "gold rises," and he finds that the usual euta in "greenbacks" will t.ot command nearly so many of the lamily sup plies on t-'aturday right. The reason of the rise is, that the Government papar, by ex cess of supply, has declined in value. Thii can never be the case hen specie is the cur rency; because the moment that is in too great supply, and prices of goods llse, tberi goods come from all parts of the world, and the surplm gold is carried off in exchango. The prices then fall to the natural level The national industry always supplies its own currency. Thus California supplies the material, and the Mint, under the cunslitu-, tional laws of Congress, "coins ihe gold and regulate its value," makes twenty threo grains of gold one d liar. There was al ways an abundance of ihat money until Mr. Chase undertook to supply "a uniform cur rency" of fraudulent promises. That paper currency is issued to any extent; but it will not leave tho country; no one sends goodi here unless they get gold; consequently, all prices raise with told, and will continue to tall in value through excess of quantity.- This matter is easily demonstrated. la Hunt's Merchants' Magasine, for February last, is a table of fi!tylive leading at tides of commerce 'in New York, with their prices at that lime, forming an aggregate of ( igbf hundred and four dollars as the value of ihe units of those liriy five articles. We h.if . brought that table down t ) tha present tirni', nr ..M .1... ;... I MJU "l ILC Ut j'JlU mill IUO IjlllllllkJT u Mr. Chase's paper outstanding at ea;h date; Friees I'njwr Odd. 55 articles. omst'di.ig. J.in.l?M Par, Sii-l (.'i ..V( :uA April 1962 IS'pr'm. l-'-U 105,fO.OWI Jnii.lSCH 32 pr'm. ,'Jt 24l,3irt.SiI Ft)) lhf.3 '2 irm. l.-lia !(8,37.V01 Marsh I9C3 SI pr'm. 1 Ml 315!.W.SOO July, 18(tt 25 pr'm. 1,3.'J 408851 4:.rt Oct. 153 SI pr'm. 1,4 5 4l0,e00,0D There is fi ty millions more paper print ing by Mr. Oliase, to be put out by Novem ber 1. Now it will be seen that commj dities have not fluctuated like gold, but have more steadily advanced, keepini; always higher than gold. Thus, in April, 1802, g )ld was one and a. half premium, while ti e fi ty five, articles were live per cent, advance. At this day those articles aro eighty per cent, higher than in January, 1302, while rjM ii only fifiy-four per cent, premium. Mr. Chase in the blindness of his intrigues, got Con gress and the Lagisla'ure t pass laws to make gold cheap, that U to truum-I the trade in it. 11a supposed that wauld pre vent it from li-ing iu value. ,lt was the ex act course to make it ul : innately go higher, because, while the. high prices of g iod in duced imports, it made gold the best remit tance, consequently dople ing the country of its stock of bullion. We will suppose thtt Mr. Chase, by denouncing "Copperheads," had been enabled to keep gold ut par, hat would have resulted? In January, 1802, $801 would have f ufliced for the purchase of the (illy five articles enumera'ed in the la bia i'e:arred to'. In January, 18G3, those articles were worth $1,312, consequently they would have given the English merchants a profit pf sixty per cent over that of Janu ary, 1862. it is needless to add that t-uch a profit would have caused an immense impor tation, and gold would only have been re quired in exchange; but gdd rose in price also. The goods brought here were sold; not for gold, but kr Mr. Chase's piper, which could be converted into gold, otily at a high prowium. In February last a specu lation in gold took place. This, it wiU I seen, carried the pii -e of gold tbove that of the other commodities, and, as a constt quen;p, its export demand wn checked. Gold was more in demand to keep here than, to export'. This Mr. Chase exerted himself to btop. Gold then foil, and hut since been exported to the extent ol thirty-six million dollars. The quantity in bank has declined ten million dollars. The general prices of commodities are now eightypercent, higher than in January, 18(52, arid gold is only fifty-four per cent, higher. In illustration, we may take three article! from the labia in question: ' ; Sii2r-. Coffee. : . Cnal. V lot) lb 1" 100 lb Totil Jan. l?6i (4 '25 e 7 17 25 l7 April, " 4 50 tt 00 20 50 5tt t0 Aurch 18f3 7 01) 9 25 28 SU 41 75 July " 8 OO 111 2 ' 28 60 46 75 Oct. " 9 00 1 7 iO DO iJ 2 Those threo articles of piime oecewny present a prodigious use, very far above gold lor which tli-y come in exebanga. . Yet wt arj told by Mr. Chase llmkU is "sympathy With treason that makes gold rise." , As long as the country continue) to import goods largely, aud has little else It, in gold with which to pay for them; gold will be ix ported; but il no gold will be exported at all - as in the case ol li e Con'ederitte Stale! fW comioerciil purposes, lha Hipply of pap will cause it to deprtciate, and lha use of that paper will sooner or later destroy tbeicVcdit ol the Government and lead W national lankrurtcy. AVt mk AVw. 4T"l'll go off in di'gnil,"u lh Datrrt' aid to ll.e whulwiutl'.