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A -Mr ii im ru r i in fj ia m ts : si a a a a - o?ak. . i :j ! ...- i 4. i pM'.....'. - v r i j r.c t ui or, VOLUME 30, NO. 43. THE CONSCRIPTION BILL. At II Jrassed koih House of Con- To amend n ct entitled "An act for en- ; rolling Mid Cftlliog eut the Mftlioual foree, end for other purpoee," epproved Merch third, eigleen hundred and sixty three. Qe it matted iy' the Senate aud How of Jtepresentativet of IM Luxtea btatet oj jimtn tea, in Congreet assembled, Tbtt the Presi dfnt of the United States (hU be enthorized whenever be shell deem it necessary, dar ing (be present war, to oall for such number of men lor the militry eseivice ol the Uni ted States, u the public exigencies may re uuirs. " ' ' KO. 2.' And be it fttrtiitr enacted, That the qnota Of each ward Of a oity, town, township, pfeojnot or election district, or of county, where the county is not divided into warda, tawtw, towfiships, preciucta or election dis tricts, shall be, as nearly as possible, in pro portiori to the nuinbxr ol inon reuident tliere in 'liable to fnder-military, service, : taking into account, as far as tracticable, the num . bar "which has heon-previously- furnished therefrom; .and ' in -ascenaining and tilling said quota there shall be taken into account th number o( men who have heretofore en tered tho naval service of the United States, and whose names are borne upon the enroll inent lHts as already returned to thf office of - tbe Provost Marshal Ueneralof the the Uoi ted .States. Sue. 3 .4ni be it further enacted, That i the quotas shall not be filled within the time designated by the President, the Provoit SlaisUl or the distrio', within whlob any WirJ.of a city, town, township, precinct, or ole-jtiort district, or couniy, where the sune is not divided ioto wards, Uwni), townships precincts, or elections districts, which is de eient in its quota, is situa ed, shall under tho diction- ol th I'rovaH Marshal (ianeral, mike a draft shall havj bien ordered, and bii'ota it shall be aotatlly made, shill bo de lUicted 'fiom the -number ordered to be drafted--in' tush ward,, town, township, precinct, uleution district, or county. And il the quo ta of any district shall not ba filled by the dra't made in acoordance with the previsions of this act, and tho at to which it is an a mendment. fucthor drafts shall be made, and like proceedings had until the quota of such district shall bn filled. , - - . Si0.t4.-,n.l be il farther enacted, Tint any person enrollnd undor the provisijna ol (he aolj enrolling and calling outol the na tiuniJ forces, and for other purposes, appro ved M weh third, eighteen hundred and sixty three,, or who my be hereafter enrolled may furniili, at any time previjuj to the draft, au-aeeaptabU substitute, who h not liable to diaft, nor at the tima iu.llia. military or na vl HOfvice of the U. 8. an 1 such paisan S3 funiisM"!,' a substitute shall ba excempt froui draft during the tiim for" which snch substitute sh.i'.l not not bo liable todraft not ex: cjmg the timj far which such substitute shail have been accepted.. . . '. go. .fi.:-l.iil i it farther enacted. Teat any person enrolled and drafted into lbesuiilita serrica of tb Unitad tate iiy, before the time fixed for hkappiiarahcs tor duty at the draft rendezvous, furnish an accep'able sub Hti'.uto, subjoct to such rules and regulations as may be prescribbed by tho - Secretary of War." That if Such substitute is no-. lUbla to draft, the person furnishing him ha Hie exempt from draft, during the time for which Kuch substitute 19 not liable to draft; not ex caeding the term for which he was drafted; and'tf such substitu'8 is liable to draft, the name oHfct person furnishing, him htU a gain! be placed oh tbo roll, and shall be liable to. dealt oa futuio calls,, .but. not until , the rriesent enrollment shall be exhausted; and thii exumption shall not ex-?eed the term for w.b ten. such person siiall nave oeen aranea. And. any person now In the military or naval service of ihe U. not physically disquali fied, who has so served more than one year, and: whose lenn of unexpired eervice shall not at the tima of substitii'ion rxcecd six utObtbs, may. be employed to serve as a sub stitute to serve, in tbo troops of the State in which he enlisted; and if any drafted person .shall bcrea-'ter- pay money for tho 'procura tioi.of a substitute, undor tho provisions of the act to. which : this Is and amendment, such payment of money shall operate only to relieve such person from'' draft in filling that quota; and bis -name shrll bo retained on tbe roll iu fit future quota;' but in no instance shall the exemption of.any person,' on ac count of hU payment of commutation money for the "procuration ol a shbstitute,'' "extend boond one year; hut at the end of ono year in everv such case the name of any person so exempted shall bo enrolled again, if not be Jor returned to tbe onrollraont list under the provisions of this section. " ' 'Sxci B. And be it fuuher enacted, That boards bl orrollment shall enroll persons li able to dtaft tinder the provisions of this act, and the act to which this is anamendnun,i whoso pame may have been omitted by the proper enrolling officer; all persons who thill arrive at the ago of twenty year be for j the draft; all aliens who' shall declare their (n leolioh to become citizens; all persons dU. charced frotn'tha military or naval servico of the LT. S.'wbo have not b en 111 such service two ye,ars during tha prosent war; and all persons who have been ex-jmpte.d under the piovistOns who have been exempted under the provisions of the s cond section of the act 0 -which this is an amendment, but wbo are not exempted by the provisions ol th 8 act; and said boards of enrollment sball release and' discharge from draft all persons who, botweon the time of enrollment gnd the draft ehall have arrived at the . age of (orty-flve years, and shall strike out the names of such persons rfdm the enrollment, 1 ' ' Seov 7.'' And be it further enacted , That any mariner or able seaman, who shall be dratted under this act, or the act to Which 'this is an Amendment, shall bava the right,, within tight days after the notification of such draft io enlist in tbo naval service as a eeaman, and a certincata that he has so enlisted being made outy -in . eoaformity with regulations Which may be preseribbed by the Sacreary l tha Navy, and duly presented. to 'thaiPro arost' Marshal of tha distriot in which such tnariner or able seaman' shall have been draf tad shall exempt him from such draft: Pro. mided, That tho period for which he shall have enlisted into the naval service shall not be less than tha period for whin he shall have toen drafted into the aailitary servico: And provided furfur, That the said certificate shall declare that satisfactory prof has been made before the naval officer issuing the game that Iba said person so enlisting in the navy is ev mariner I y vocation, or an able seaman. And any pergoa now in tho milia ry service of the U. S. who (ball furnish sat- (Btactory proof mat oe is.a a mariner by vo cation or an able seaman, may enlist into tbe navy under such roles and regulation as may be prescribed by the President ol the Ui tk Provided, ; The such enlistment shall not be for lest than unexpired term of hie. military ervice not feo'less than one ear." .And the -beuatyttnouey which toy mariner or seaman cnliatiag from tbe army, into the the navy Biay, bavf nfieiyed from the army into the naryr may have received c from tho U. S. or from tha State w which he enlisted in tho, army, shall be deducted from tbe prize moo ey to which be may become entitled during the time required to complete his military service: And provided, further, That the whole number ol such trsnster enlistments shall not exceed ten thousand. Bsc. 8. And I it further enacted, That whenever any each mariner or able seaman shall have been exempted from such draft in the military service by such enlistment into the naval service, under such due certificate thereof, then the ward, town, township, pre cinct, or election district, or county, when the same u not divided into wards, towns, lownships, precincts, 'or election district, from which such person has be.n drafteJ, shall bo credited with his services to all In tens and purposes as if he had been du ly mustered into the military service under such draft. Sec. 9. And It itfaiiher enacted, That all enlistments into the naval service of the U . 8. or tuto tha Marine Corps of the U. S. that may be hereaiter made of persons liable to servico under the act 'of Congress entitled "An act lor enrolling and calling out tbe oa tionsl forces, and tor other purposes," appro ved March third eighteen hundred and sixty three, thall be credited to tbe ward, town, township, precinct, or eloction district, or Stounty, when tha same is not divided ioto j wards, towns, townships, precincts, or elec tion districts, in which such enlisted men were or may be enrolled and liable 10 duty under tho act aforesaid, under such regula tions as the l'rovoat Marshal General of the U.S. may prescribe. . Sao. 10. And be it farther enacted, That the following persons be, and they are here by, exempted from enrollment and draft un dor the provisions of this act and of. tbe act to which this is an cm u inunt, to wi': Such as ate nj tcted as physisilly or m.'tuaHy on fit for' the the service, all porsons actually in tbe military or naval se.v.ce- of the U. S. at the time oi the draft, and all persons who have sorvd in the military or naval service two years during the the present war, and been honorably discharged therefrom; and no pe 1 sons but such are herein exempted shall Le exempt. Sec. 11.. And be it farther enacted. That sectiou third of the "Act for enrolling and calling out tbe national forces, and for other purposes," approved Maioh third, eighteen hundred and sixty throo, and so muoh ol sec tion tea of said act an provides for the sepa . rate enrollment of each class, be,: and the same are hereby, realed; and it shall bo tho duty of tho board of enrollment of each dis trict to consolidate the two classes mention tioned in section third of said act. Sbo, 12. And be it further enacted, That any poisou who shall forcibly rcbUt of op pose any enrollment, or who -shall incite, counsel, encourage, or who sball conspire or confederate with any person or peiso s for cibly to resist or oppose any such enrollment or who shall aid or resist, or takt any part in any forcible resistance or opposition tnere to, or who shall assault, obstruct, binder, impede or threaten any officer or other per son employed in making or in aiding to make such enrollment, cr employed in the performacc, or in aiding in tt.e jiei-'otmance ol any serviet) in any way relating to there to, or in arresting or aiding to arrest any spy or deserter from the mili aty service of the U. S. shall, upon conviction thereof in any court competent to try tbe offense, be pun inhed by a fino not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by iinpmonu.ent rot exceeding five yea is, or by both ol baid punishments, in the discretion of the court. And in cases where such assaulting, obstructing, hinder ing, or impending shall produce tho death of sueb tlbcer.or other person, tbe onunder shall be deemed guilty oi murder,, and upon conviction tbereo I npon indictment in the circuit court of the U. S. (or tbe district within which the offense was committed. shall be punished with death. And nothing in,th:s; section contained shall be construed , to relieve the party offending from liability under proper indictment or process fir any crime against the laws ol a Sta'e, committed by him while violating the pitvisiins of this section. .;.; , ' - .... , Sue, 13. And be it further enacted. That the Secretary of War shall be uuihoiized to detail or appoint such number of additional surgeons (or temporary duty in the examina tion 0! puraous dratted into tbo military ser vice, in any district, as mvy bo necessary to secure the prompt examination bl buch per sons, and to fix the compensation to be paid surgeons so appointed while actually employ ed.. And 6udi surgeons, so detailed or ap pointed, shall per orm the same du ies as the Lsurgcon of the . boards of enrollment, except mat tney snail not oe permmea to vote or sit with the board of enrollment. Sbov 14. And be it furtfier enacted, That tbe Secretary ol War. is authorized, when ever in his judgment the public .interest will be subserved thereby, to permit cr , require boards of exumii.ation of enrolled or drafted men to hold their, examinations at dilicrent points, within tle.r . respective enrollment districts, to be determined by' him: Provided, That in a,l) diatiicts over one bundled miles in ox ent, and in such as are composed of over ten couii.ies. the. board, shall hold their session in at least two places in-such dis trict, and at such points as are best calcula ted to accommodate the pei-plo tbt'ieof..-, Sec 15, And be it futiher enacted, 'That provoat marsttals, boards of enrollment, or any member thereof acting by authority, ol the board, shall have power to summon wit nesses in behalf of the Government, and enforce their attendance by attachment with out previous payment of fees, in any case pending before iheni; and the fcis allowed (or witnesses attending under summons shall be six cents per mile for mileage, counting one (ray, and no other fees or costs shall be allowed under the provisions of this section; and tbey shall have power to administer oaths and affirmations. And any person who shall willfully and corruptly swear or affirm falsely before any provost marshal,, or board of enrollment, , or member thereof, acting by ; authority , . of I ho , board or ; who shall before , any civil magis trate, willfully and corruptly Bwear or affirm falsely to any affidavit to ba nsed in any case pending before any provost marshal or board oLenrollmenv shall,, ou conviction, ba fined pot exceeding five" hundred dollars, and. imprisoned not less, than six months nor more than .twelve months- '.The drafted men shall bava process to bring witnesses, but without .mileage..,'." ',' , . , ' ., , Sua 10. And le it 'ur(her 'enacleil, That copies of any record of a provost marshal, or a majority of said board of enrollment, ball bo deemed and takeo as evidence in ay civil or military court in liko manner as the original record: l'rovided, That if any person shatl knowingly certify any,. liaise copy or copies of such record, to be. used in Lany civil or military court, he shall be sub jected to the pains ana penalties ol penury. Sbia l1 And be it fwtktr enacted, That members 01 the . religious denominations, .who shall by .path, or affirmation declare tbat tney;areeonsoienuously opposed to the bearing of arms, and who are prohibited (rotfl;doing so by the, rulaa, (and ' articles of faith and practioe of said , reljgioui denomi nation, shall, when drafted, kt the militarv servico be considered' nonvcotnbaUota; and sball be assigned by , the Secretary 0 War tb duty in the hospitals, or to the earo 0) CADIZ, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, freedmen, or shall pay the sum of three hundred dollars to such person as the Sec retary of War shall designate to receive it, to be applied to the benefit of sick and wounded soldiers. Provided, That 00 per son ahall be entitled to the benefit of the provisions of this section unless bis declara tion of conscientious scruples shall be sup ported by satisfactory evidence tbat hia de portmeut has been uniformly consistent with such declaration. Seo. 18. And be it further entcted, Tbat no person of foreign birth shall, on account of alienage, be exempted from enrollment or draft under the provisions of ibis act, or the act to which it is an amendment, who has at any time assumed tbe rights of a citizen by voting at any election held under author ity of the laws ef any State or Territory, or of tbe United States, or wbo has held any offico under such laws or any of them; but the fact tbat any such person of foreign birth has voted r held, or shall vote or hold office as a'oresaid, Bhall be taken as conclu-, Bive evidence that he is not entitled to ex emption on account of alienage . ' Sec' 19. And'be it further, enacted, That al! claims to exemption shall be verified by the oath or affirmation of the party claiming exemption, 10 the truth Of tbe facts stated, unless it shall satisfactorily appear to the board of enrollment that such party is, for some good and sufficient reasou, unable to make such oath Or affirmation; and the tes timony of any other party filed in support of a claim to exemption shall also be made upon oath or affirmation. ' Sio. 20. And le il further enacttd, That if any person, drafted and liable to render mil itary service bhatl procure a decision of the boyd of enrollment in Ids favor npon a claim to exemption by any fraud or false rep re. nlatioa practiced by hiuifell or by his procurment, such decision or exemption shall be of no effect, and the person ex.mpt e4 or in whoso favcr the 'decisiun-may be made, shall be deemed a deserter, 'and may ba arrosted, tried by - a court-martial, and punished as such, .and hlmll be held to ser vice for tho full term for which he was draf ted, reckoning from the time ot bis arrest: Pro vided, That the Secretary , of WRr may order, the discharge of all (eiseiis in the mil itafy ierviowho are under the age of eigh teen years at tho lime of tbe application' for their discharge, when it shall appear upon due prool tbat such persons are in tbe er vice without the consent,, tither' express or implied, of their parents or guardians. And pruvided, further, 1' hat such persons, their parents or guardians, shall Hrtl repay to the Government and to the State and local au thoritics all bounties and advance pay which may have been paid to to them, any thing in the act to which this is an amendment to the contrary notwithstanding. Sec. 21. And be it farther enact'd, That any perssn who shall procure, or attempt to proenrj, a lalse rnport from the suigeon 0' the board of enrollment conceining the phy sical condition of any drafted person, or a decision in favor of 6uch persons' by the board ol enrollment upon a claim to exemp tion, knowing the same to be lalse, shall, up en conviction in snv district or circuit court of tho United States, bo punished by im. prisunment for the period lor which the par ty was drafted. - ' Seo. 22. And be it further enacted, That the fees of agents and attorneys tor making out and causing to be executed any papers in support of a claim for exemption, trom draft, or for any services that may be ten dercd o tho claimant, thall not, in any case, exceed five dollars; and physicians or sur geons furnishing certificates of disability to any claimant lor exemption from draft, shall not be entitled to any Ices or compensation therefor. , And any agent Or attorney: who shall, directly or indirectly,-demand or ra ceive any greater compensation for his ser vices under this act,, and any physician or surgeon wbo sball,.' directly or . indirectly, demand cr recieve any. compensation for furnishing said certinca'es 01 disability, and any officer, clerk, ordeputy connected with thv board of enrollment who t-hall receive compensation- from any drafted man (or any services, or" obtaining the performance of such service required from any member of said board by tbe provisions 0! ibis net, snail be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, shall, for every i flense, be lined not exceeding five huntlied dollars, to be recovered upon information or, indict inent before any court ot competent juri3 diction, one half for the use of any informer who may prosecuto lor the samo in the name of the United S ale-', and the other half for the use of the United States, and shall also be subjected to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, at the discretion of the court: ." ' Skc. 23. An& be it fiM.hr enacted, That no uuinhcrof thj board 01 enrollment, and no surgeon detailed or employed to assist ihe board of enrollment, and ho clork, assis tarft, or employe of Jany provost marshal or boa 'd o enrollment, shall, directly or indi rccily, be enjagecl in procuring dr attempt in to procure Substitutes for persons draft ed, or liable' to ho dra'tcd, intp the -military service of the United States; and if any member of a board of enrollment,' surgeon clerk, assistant or employe, Bhall procure or attempt to procure, a substitute' for any per son drafted, ar liablo to ba drafted, as afore (laid, bd shall be deemed guilty of a misrlo meanor, and shall; upon conviction, he pun; Ished by iinpristn niant not less than th rty days, nor more than six months, and pay a fine not less (than ono hundred, nor more than one thousand dollars, by any court compote lit to try the ofTeaso. . Skc. 21. And be It further enartcd,1 That the fi tetn'.b section Of .the act to 'which this is amendatory ba no amended that it will read as folio wsi That any surgoon charged with tho duty of su-h inspeciun, who -shall receive from any ''person whomsoever aDy money or other Valuable thing, or agree; "dw roctly or indirectly, o receive the sanie to his own or another's me, for making an' im perfect inspection, or a false or incorrect re port, or who Bhall willful. y neglect ' to make a faithful Inspection and true report, and each member of the board of ' enrollment who shall wilfully agree to the' discharge from service of any drafted pers-ju who is hot legally and properly entitled to RnaU dis charge, Bhall ba tried by a court martial, and on conviction thereof, be ponishod by a fine uot less than three hundred dollars and not more than tea thousand dollars, shall be im pria 0011 at the discretion of the courts and be cashiered aud dismissed tne service. - Sec. 23. Anile il further enacted, That all able bodied ' male colored persons' be. tweea the ages ol twetvy and forty-five years, resident in tbe United States, Shall be enrolled according to .he provisions of this act, and of the act to - which this is an amtndmer.t, and form part of tho national forces;. and when a (lave of a loyal master ball ba drafted and mustered into the ser vice of the United Slates, hia master shall have a eerliflcata thereof, and thereupon such slave, shall be Iree; and the bounty ql one hundred dollars, now payable by law for each drafted man, shall be paid to the Per son to whom such drafted person was owing aerviee ottaoor m me um, 01 . tilt; muster into the aerfiee'pf ibj Ucted States.,, Tbe SeOretart oL War shall; appoint, , cotnmia. 4iioii4 each of .the slave. Sutef.. leprcsonted i -V I- J lit V !;': H ti::.-';i T in Congress, charged to award to each loyal person to whom a colored volunteer may owe service a just compensation, not exceed ing three hundred dollars,, for each such colored volunteer, payable out of tha fund derived from commutations, and every such colored volunteer, on being mustered into the service, shall be free. And in all casus where men of color have been heretofore enlisted, or have volunteered in the military service of the United State,, all tbe provi sions ot 'this act, so far as the payment of bounty and compensation are provided, shall be dqually applicable as to tVse wbo may be hereafter recruited. But ,tnin of. color, drafted, or enlisted e who .mvy volun eor ioto the military gar viae, while they shall be c. edited on the quotas ol the several States or subdivisions ol Stales wherein they arc respectively drafted, enlisted or ahall volunteer, shall not be assigned, as State troops, but shall be mustered into rcg . imente or companies as United Slatea color ed volunteers. ., .,! J-.j. j . Skc. 26. And he it fnrthevftnade.il, That the word "preoinci" and "election district." as used in this act, shall not, be construed to require any subdivision for purposes of enrollment and draft, less than the wards into which any city or village may b d'.vid ded, or the towns or touships into which any county may be divided. 5. , Sec. 27 And lc it further tnacte I, That so much ol tbe act entitled "an act tor enroll ing and calling out the national lorr.es, and for other purposes," approved.on tho 3.1 day of Match, 1803, as may bo inconsistent with the provisions of this act, is hereby ropeal el. i Growls from n l,oy;i Military t;iftot'. i,; From iheOliio State Journal, EAST TESSESSEB AOilS. . Tha si uation of affairs in Eit Tanr.osso is. becoming more threatening to our posi tion in that region. There w. no disui.-in the fact that the rebels have "'recovered full possession of the whole valley, eastward and northwestward of Knoxvillo. They occupy tho strongest positions, and aro steadily pres sing our forces back, and still back, until the rebel gunn are now almost in posilionato shell Knoxvillo. Toz;we!i is theirs ,Cumbor land Gap is theirs Aud the rebel forces under Ltngstrcet that were flying and star ving and Ireeaiing (or so tho, 'country' was informed are now, not "only holding their own positions, but are actually driving our commanders from theirs,, and are even now looking grimly down upon Knoxvillo itself. What does this mean? . Are we outnumber ed by the rebels in East Tennessee? Such seems to be the fact; for such is tbo state ment attending tho account of every battle and skirmish, on that line. Wby, then, is not that line strengthened? Tbo re must ba troops in abundance that could now be spared from Chattanooga and other, points within reach, aud which could rendar our poseusions of the Kast Tennessee valley certain and un interrupted. Aud yet the peofilo are con stantly annoyed and (notified by the repeat ed announc 111 ent a that Lo.ngVtreet is daily drawing nearer and uearor to Kooxville, To be fure we are troated toitfernal emols lieuts In the shape of boastful statements that Knoxvillo can't be taken, and that it i9 in good condition to stand asiego. etc., etc. All this may be true; We hope it is. . But, assuming that such is the fact, still this does not meet tho requirements ol . the situation in that quarter. It is not enough that Knoxville be held, while the whole valley is overrun by rebel armies. . To make this matter look more disheart ening, we bear of no measures of any effic iency being on ' foot to resist the rebel ad vance. U bile Longatree' is moving down the Valley and our (otces falling buck be fore his superior numbers, Gen. Grant is eating good suppers at St. Louis, Foster is confined by wounds and siekn.-s-t, aud Sho field is pendulating between Knoxville and Washington. We do not undertake lo say that the rebel advance upon our lines would not have occurred had our commanders been at their posts, i But, it would seem reasons ble to urge tbat, when the advance was oc curring, our commanders should not have remained absent from their f trees. The country well knows the importance, in a mili'arv point of view, ol a firm hold . upon Bast Tennessee. The rebel Generals, as well as our own, huve repeatedly assured their people and ours that the possession of thai v-dloy by the Union forces is fatal to rebel Success, 1 hen why not hava measures taken to (scuro what we bad actually won? Must we be always on the defensive? - Is it sufficient lor us to be told that our army in East Tennessee cannot ba captured?,- Oer tainly, we are loth to find fault with mili tary movements; but wo., are more slow, to a-cept apologies for vin licit on ot muitary blunders. ' And we sincerely. hope that Gen Grant will not permit the splendid reputa tion he has won to bj jcpard ae l by an over weening confidence in. his ''good luck," and and bo ooinpelled once more to eaotilice life and treasure in winning back an - important position which we once occugied and might have held. " , A UEllaltKABI.Y SoC'lAli GoVBRMOU Gov. Powell, of . Kentucky, was never an orator, but his c mvorsa 1011, story telling and so cial qualities were remarkable! His groat forte lay in estatlisbing a personal intimacy with every one he men, and in this way be was powerful in electioneering, lie chewed immenso quantities ol tobacco, and was al ways begging it of every one he met. His residence was in, Henderson, and in coming up the Ohio wo passed that point. , I, hoard the following characteristic auecuo;a ol bim: : A citizen of HanJerson coming on board, fell 1140 conversation with a passenger who .raffle inquiries abont Powell, , , ' "lie lives in your placo, I "believe, don't he?:'. , ; . ;. "Yes, one of our oldest citizens." , . ,. . i "Very sociable man, atn't he?" , , :.. "Remarkably so?" "Well. 1 thought so; I think he is ona of the most sociable men 1 ever saw in my lite . wonderfully sociable. I was introduced to bun over at Urayson bpnngs last summer, and he baden't been with ran . ten, tninutes when bo baegud all the tobacco I had, got his feet up in my lap, and spit all ovr me remarkably aocial.'V -'' , v. : 7 :..r, ' $iopied Ills Wlml. x ' 13 Gonorul Schenck, according to tho Wash ineion correspondent of tbe Gazette, com plains that a wound which hu received in wrist in the field has seriously atlectod his speech-making powers in Congress, so tnat whenever he lifts his band he breaKs down in bis arugtiant.,. .As tho principal i wiped i inent to the progress of business in the Na tjenal Legislature is from the propensity lor Bpeech making with which its members are afflicted, au useful, hint might be taken from the casp of Upneral Scheuck, in respect' to the qualifications for a seat in that body, to amputate, discussion by a judicious, cur'tait beht bf 'physical redundncs.'f''i''- "" ' i fjirAn Aboli'-ioo editor out iWoat, aj that wttrn he thinks el ,som, Pamocrats ip Juis vicinity, he blushed,, that he is a mau,-r Quito Jikoly; but, they blush.', tliali he im't ,PtM.Kit (o 00''l '.t iriv.?n-!j 1 '. fl u -'''t' 1 r .- ' ". T4 ... w MARCH 2, 1864. A nfost Important OocHiitoii- A Socrrt Circular of th Frienifs of nr. 'lmso A Froieatnivtinst . Liucolat'H Itoiiomliiution The Objections Agaitiat Him lie Cnneet be Ko-eleclcd I! Nomi nated lie Cun Not beTrnsfcd by the Friends of Frcetloin. The Cincinnati Enquirer pays: Our corr.espon lent in Washington hna obtainutl, by some diplomatic artifice, a most important, political document, which we give below in advance of any efclier publication. . It is is issued with tfio sanction and under the auspices of three-fourths of the Republican United States Senators: . , ' . "Washington, p. C, .JF tb, lSGi.r , "The ,mqvements , recently, made throughout die country, to securo the renoraination :of President Lincoln, render necessary some counteraction on the part of those unconditional friends of tho Union who differ from tho policy of his Administration. . r "So long as no efforts wero made to forestall the political action of the people, itwas both wise and patriotic for all true friends of "the Government to devote their influence to the sup pression of the rebollion. But when it becomes evident thtit party machi nery and official influence aro being used to secure the perpetuation of the present Administration, those who conscientiously Believe that the inter ests ot the country anil of freedom demand a change in favor of vigor and purity and nationality, have no choice but tb appeal at once to the people', before it shall be too late to secure a fair discussion of principles. "Those in behalf of whom this com munication is made, have thoughtfully surveyed the political field, and have arrived at the following conclusions:, "' "1. That, even were the re-election of Mr. Lincoln desirable, it is practi cally ITnpossible against tiro union of influences which will oppose him. -That, should he be re-elected, gis manifest tendency 'toward compro mises and temporary expedients of pol icy will become stronger during a se cond term than it has in the first, and the cause of human liberty nnd the dignity and honor of the nation suf fer proportionately, while tho war may continue; while the war may continue to languish during his whole adminis tration, till the public debt' shnll be come a burden too great to be borne: "3. That tho patronage. of tho Gov ernment, through the necessities of the war, has been so rapidly increas ed, and to such an enormous extent, and so loosely placed, as to render the application of the 'one-term principle' absolutely essential to the certain safe ty of our Kepublican institutions. "4. That we find united in Hon. Salmon P. Chase more of the qualit ies needed in a President during the next four years?, than are combined in any other available candidate; his record, clear and unimpeachable, showing him to be a statesman of rare ability, and an administrator of tho . yflgy highest order, while hia private character, fur nishes the surest obtainable guarantee of economy and purity in the manager mcnt of public a flairs. " " That the discussion of the Pres idential question, already commenced by the friends of Mr. Lincoln, has de veloped a popularity and. strength in Mr. Chase, unexpected even to. his warmest admirers; and while wo are aware that his strength is at present unorganized and in no condition to manifest its real magnitude, we are satisfied that it only needs systematic and faithful effort, to develop it to an extent sufficient to overcome all oppo King obstacles. . , . "For these : reasons the friends of Mr. Chasa have .determined ..on meas ures, which shall, present, his claims fairly and at onjso to! the country. .. A central organization has been, effected, which already has its connections in all the States, and the ol jectof which is to enable his friends cvery-where most effectually to promote his oleva tion to the Presidency. Wo wish the hearty co operation of all those in fa vor ef the speedy restoration, of the Union upon the basis of universal freedom, and who desire an adminis trationof the Government during the first period of its new life, which shall, to.the fullest extent, develop tho ca pacity of free institutions, enlarge the resources of the country,, diminish the burdens of . taxation; eloyate the stan dard of public and private morality, vindicato the honor of the. Republic before the world, and in all things, make our American nationality the fairest example for imitation which human progress ha'q ever achieved. s t.'If .these ,objec.ts meet your appro val, you can render; efficient aid .by exerting yourself at onco. to organize your section, of the country,, and .by corresponding with the : Chairman of the 'National Executivo Committee, for tho purpose either .of receiving or imparting information. , - "Very respcctfntly, .j , v "S. C. POMKROY, "Chairman National Executivo Com. gMojor Hunt, wha paid Senator Hale three thousand dollars for servi ces, of some sort, has been acquitted by Court-martial at Fortress -Monroe. It appears that Sens-tor Halo earned his liberal fee by saying 0. kind word to Seoretary Stanton for Major Hunt. The Senate says1 it was all right, and it is hot polito to doubt'it, but. folks will have their 'privato I opihiuit' "AotwitU' statiflins ... -. .; .J ! i "if ; '.'Ill' Urpublir.au, Protects : Agniaist Kiiiruln's ' ftocirinr' of Arbi Irnry military rower. .1 1 In tho late ilebate in the House of Representatives at Washington on the Arkansas" question, there were strong protects put in by Republican members against Lincoln's- schemes "of making rotten, ; boroughs of the ; Southorfl States. . Mr. liwtwell, of Massachu setts, for instance, said: 'There is neither power under the Constitution, there is neither force in1 the nation, there iV neither power in tho Universe, in the absence of Divined interference, to create the State of Arkansas and compel her to take her place in this union, to send members to this Houso and Senators to the other branch of Congress, except WITH TUB CONSENT ASD WILL OF 1HS PEOPLE THEMSELVES. . , "'.,' "Now what remains for us to do? To wait till the people'of Arkansas, 'clothed and in their right mind,' with out the exercise .of Military force, without coercion, . $y . numbers bo GREAT AS TO GIVE ASSURANCE THAT TIIEV WILL REMAIN. LOYAL TO THE Union, shall appear before the Leg' islativc and Executive Departments of the Govcrnmeut, and ask to1 be re placed as a State with a Constitution, and admitted to all the rights of the several State's of this Union."", Henry Winter Davis, of Maryland, a leading and bitter Kepubhcan, said 'Let me refer to the proclamation of General Banks. I refer to it bej cause dangerous doctrines are gaining a hold upon the public mind, in my judgment, touching the foundations of the Kepublic. JNo man has a greater regard for General Banks than I have; for I shudder when I find his procla mation summoning tqe people of Lou isisua to an';eleetion under a ' declara tion that martial law is the fundament tal law of the State of Louisiana. And here in this case what do we find? The. Provost Marshal at Fort Smith, Arkansas, issues this paper: "This i3 to certify that Volney V. Mi lor is a duly authorized Commis sioner of Elections in and for Sebas tian county, in the State of Arkansas, and i3 a duly authorized Acting Com missioner in and for the Congressional District of North-western Arkansas, appointed as such Agent by the Union Association of the State of Arkansas. " "A Prcrvost Marshal certifies that a political caucus, getting together in a corner, authorized a man to erect a State in Arkansas! If there were no other grounds, Mr. Speaker, I would profbst against referring this paper to any committee. "Mr. Dawes Let rae say to the gentleman from Maryland that the certificates of all the Representatives from Virginia, for tho last fifty years, have been signed by a Commissioner of Elections, and the gentleman has never been shocked thereat till to-day, "Mr. ; Davis, of Maryland The gentleman from Massachusetts does not perceive the point, It is not whether a law . of a State may pre scribe one species of certificate or an other, but it is that it appears on the face of the paper produced that tho only authentic certificate 13 that of a Provost Marshal, the marshal of a camp, the executive officer of a mili tary organization! That is not tho law of Arkansas. And he does not certify to the election, but ho certifies to tho fact that this man Milor was appointed 'as such agent by the Union Association of the State of Arkansas.' Is the Union Association a State? IS IT A BODY OF MEN KNOW TO THE law? Is it a Government? - Is it anything excepting a caucus collected together, sanctioned by the military authorities, to send members to this House? ; .,, 7 , ; - "Now, in reference to another point made by the gentleman from Massas chusotts. ' I respectfully say that a Military Governor is appointed un der no law of the United States; he has no , assigned, functions, : it is a mere name created in an office in Washington, nnd given to a man who is not charged with any legal duties. A general is knoyn to the law,' and has a right to exercise all over the rebel country, witnin the limits of his command, tho authority of a military commander; that is, to remove traitors, to suppress violence, and to exercise the ordinary police powers in time of war. ,, Beyond rthfit , he .haa. no power. ,This dobato is noteworthy as bring ing out,' in bold relief,' the growing dissatisfaction with - Mr. Lincoln's plan in his own - party. Received at first by that ,party,:with acclamation and eulogy, it has provoked dissent in proportion a3 it has . been examined, until the bodv ofits defenders "irr'owa small by degreed and beautifully hen." ''" '. .," " "Pltrh" In." ""' " ' Wilkes' Spirit, the jock ey paper of New York,! which - has been so-4ong and bitterly nbusiag General McCleli lan, is now , taking A- Lincoln through, a severe course of sprouts. The issve ol last week contained a most scathing Article against his royal highness. Jt A bitter and vindictive , warfare' is now raging anionc tha' abolition leaders, and if id fondly hoped that it way end in (rood to tho country. ., "When rogues fall "out honest men get their dues." ';; - '-;-15- HpalArtemas Ward says there is no daily papers published jn his ' town but there is-'a-'ladifcs'HPwing circld which amotinta to tlut earae ?puvp'op; : TERJlS,-r.OO, yi 'is. '. V ,"" .' . " 1 'J L.IIJt ' How the Aholltionielst ExpeptAd War Vearf Agm Disclosure. The life and correspondence of the Rev. Theodore Parker, of Boslofei V' iiOted-Abolition ieader5 who- died ill 1861, haa just been published. . Thef-: are in it some rich disclosure Thttf,, Mr. Parker wrote in 18:.' ,,'', ' Jf "The political condition of thecoun try is bad, bad, BAD. ' Bnt" it looki : hopeful for the future. I think this id ' the last Presidential election under tbtf Constitution. Yet I do not desire tbd dissolution until we have freed fbuc millions, though I should Vadtljf prefer" ' a dissolution to the present state of' things. But I do not believ ' that " any permanent Union is possible be tween tha North and South, - In idea, aimsand habits of life, there is raot4 nnity between the Nepolitans and tne'' Swiss about the Yierwaldstatter Seo' than between the South and the North." Now, a despotic government, like Aufl tria, can unite nations as unlike ad the Hungarians and the Venitians 14, to one autocracy, for military violence is the stiff iron htsop which holds tneso different staves together. But in a1 Republic a union must , be moral of principles, or .. economical of interest, at any rate internal and automatic None of these conditions seem likely to exist long. Besides, just' now, there is a fierce hostility between the South' and the North the South ' hates the. North worse than the Lombards hate idomoatt Ledkshi worse than the French hated l' ALBtON 1 PEREIDfi in? 18001815." : ; After speaking of the Presidential' election, he said: ' .r. v. ! -;,' .:. , h ' "But if Fremont is not elected, then,, I look forward to what is wotuo , than civil war m the other, viz: power and' concessions by the North, until we ' are forced to take-the iniative of rev- olntiott at the North.' j That will be? the worst form of the case, for then,, the worst fighting will be among the Northern men between the friends jof freedom and the hunkers.' ',' I 'expect civil war and make my calculations ac-1 cordingly. :':st ' 1 "You miy judge of the strength of, my convictious when I tell you that I order no more books from Germany, but send the antiquarian catalogues to" the Antheniura nnopened."" At the same time he writes in hie: journal as follows: : -.. - v..: .: - . -?,t "lhis day is not less critical in our. history for the future . than the 4th, C July, 1776, was for the past. At sua-" rise there were three alternatives: "1. Freedom may put down slavery' peacefully by due course of law.- "2. Slaveiy may put down freedom, in the same way. , ' "3. The friends of freedom and its' foes may draw swords and fight. " ' "At sunset the people had repudiat ted the first alternative.: Now Ameri ca may choose between Nos. 2 and. 3." Op course we shall fight. T ha,ve expected civil,, war for morhs; now 1 buy no more books for the" pres ent. Nay, I thlnk affairs-may come to such a pass that my; own- property may be confiscated for who knows that we shaR beat at the beginning! and I hung as a trator. So I . invest property accordingly. Wife's will be safe. I don't pay the mortgage till iau2." p.'ii'o, ' It is not difficult,' from such letters. for the most blind to see that the Ab olitionist brought on this war. Again; Parker writes: "In New York and elsewhere, Banks. said the election of Fremont would set tle the slavery question, and step agi tation for thirty years. ; "1 opened my eyes when I went ou West, and saw that the: hands ef, the Republicans are not yet clean enough to be trusted with power. There hu a deal of bad, stuff come over to' the Republican party.1 I ain more than ever of the opinion that we must settle; this question in the old Anglo-Saxon wayrr-withthe bword. There are two constitutions for- America ona. writ- on parchment,, but on the HEAD o A Drum. It is to this we must appoal. and before long." I make' all ray ' pe cuniary arrangements with thi expec- tation 01 civil war. 1 buy no books;, have not orders out for fifty dollars: and commonly have at least five hun dred dollars on orders in' all parts of tne woria. ir ,i.!.u s. i 'I saw Smrimer to day. He -talked an, hour .or more quite wolL'f; Page Ayl' r-,- ('!'''1. , Does any one doubt what Mr. Pais keV and Mr. Sumner talked about?' The ItoMasTEAD BiLL.r-ponsi(icr-abl comment is made here upon the letter of Thurlow Weed, just' pubfishi ed, to Governor ' Morgan VecorairMinrl-' ing tho repeal nf the .Homestead Bill, tbn k the- public; lands Ja , t h West may bo re(wrvedVnay,t.wr,deHv,T))l radical Republicans 'all repu3iate such art idea, aim' claim that 'the; real estate bf the' rebols shall be taken and i;aold' for that purpose.!-. It is' welt kaowri here that out) of the heaviest, epecllla- v ors ia whiskey who (are now trying , to wrest the four millions 61 dolhirs From. 'Uncle Sam," by jjroven'tfrig the' ta on whiskey in storo, is this same Thtar low Weed, he being one of . tli ? origi nal operators. Iia measure! r(U..bo, fjiends aaipog the radicals, )ete; jflip now have a majority in both Houses , Philadelphia Inquirer ' t ' ' (rAn atlmtptstratnln editor in thH Shti pretontl-i to bd a great estCidnrUt. Ho tkji tftt vea a Uw i& worth piakirtf up. cly,. Tto hS lwa known lo pk ,up on otUn.At the sij-hi ot eik of liqiwr, ttitt 1.0 Sua it 1 gft in(liu -n-i'ja, iJt .t.U.i-'ft ?;,- r..;.-; ;" I,-,' -- i ; if - . J.. . .. . 1 S t 1 : I 1 2. 'i ' I, . ; if . , rr. y ' ... . u e i i I, It ft 1, is '