Newspaper Page Text
CADIZ, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 9, 1864.
ViMAjME 30, NO. 41. . TERMSH52.00 is ' t i v 4 s J . Kaoning Churches as Political Machines. It is the fashion with the infidel and revolutionary Jacobius of the day to indicate those who seek to keep poli tico out of the pulpit, or in other words to prevent the blending of Church and State. The infidel Jacobins op pose this, because such blending serves their corrupt and selfish ends for ob taining power and plunder, whatever may become of the country and its liberties. In the name of God they blaspheme; and in the namo of Free dom trample on the most eacred rights of men. That such is the temper of the lead ing men of the party controlling the Administration, is proved by the daily tone of its journals, and by official documents emanating from men it has elevated to high positions. Its lead" era don't want politics kept out of . churches; but they want the churches run as mere political machines to grind out grists aecording to order. Lin cola and his Cabinet, and such valiant Generals as Ben. Butler and Bob Schenck, are to keepers of the con - ..,!. f An . . . '. . map wnaisoever image is set up, mo it be one of ebony. Secretary of War" Stanton issued last Novembor the following order War Dkpariment, - - Adj't Gen's. Offick, JK, (63. j Washington, Nov. 80, 1863 To the Generals Commanding the Departments of the Missouri, the Tennessee and the Gulf, and all Generals and Officers commanding armies, detachments and corps and posts, and all officers in the service of the United States in the above mentioned Departments. You are hereby directed to place at the disposal of Rev. Bishop Ames all houses of worship belonging to the Methodist Episcopal Church South in which a loyal minister, who has been appointed by a loyal bishop of eaid church, does not now officiate. It is a matter of great importance to the Government in its efforts to re store tranquility to the community, End peace to tho nation, that Chris tian ministers should, by example .and precept, support and foster the loyal sentiment of the people Bishop Ames enjoys the entire confidence of this Department, and no doubt is en tertained that all ministers who may be appointed by Lim will be entirely loyal. You are expected to give him M the aid", countenance, and support practicable, in the execution of his important mission. You are also authorized and direc ted to furnish Bishop Ames and his clerk with transportation and subsis tence, when it can be done without prejudice to the service, and will af ford them courtesy, assistance and protection. By order of the Secretary of War. E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General. This is still a standing order, and under it various action has been ta ken by Generals Schenck, Banks and others,; to make pastors and churchea conform tO; an orthodox political stan dardised become auxiliaries to the radical-' revolutionary party. One of th& wost flagrant cases of political and military interference with the religion of t lie.. people was the ejection near the close of 1862, of the Rev. Dr. Mcleters from St. Louis by order ot -General Curtis commanding in that'Dep'tftpient. This case excited very general in dignation and ' reprobation, and Mr. Lincoln apprehending serious results to himself politically wrote a letter respecting it, dated December 23, 1863, and recently published: That letter contained the following charac teristic passages: On the 2d of January laBt, I wrote to General Curtis in relation to Mr. Dick's order upen Doctor McPhecters; and. as I suppose the doctor is enjoy ing all rights of a civilian, I only quote that part ot my letter which re lates to the ohurch. It is as follows; 'But I must add that thb United States Government must not, as BY THIS ORDER, UNDERTAKE TO RUN THB CHURCHES. When an individual, in the church or out of it, becomes dangerous to the public interest, be must be checked, but the churches, as such, must take care of themselves.- It will not dp for the United States to appoint trustees, supervisors or other agents for the churches," , i , , This letter going to General Curtis, then in command, 1 supposed, of course it wa Obeyed; especially " as I heard no further complaint from Dr, McP. or his friends for nearly an. entire year.i vl . hayh .kever . inter FERED, NOR THOUGHT OF INTERFERING, A3 TO W;HO SiLL Qt SHAH NOT PREACH IN AN? CHURCH, HOJt HAVB J KNOW- iNayr, ,oa believinoly tolerated AN! ON3 . ELSE 80 TO INTERFERE BY MY authority. If any ope to inter fered' bt color of ay authority, I oalUtf) "tjd hivo it specially - made known to me. . , ,: , If, after allt what ii now fipUght is to have me put Doctor McP. back, over the heads of a majority of bis own congregation, that, too, will will be declined. I will not have control of any church or any side. '. This letter, while it does not revoke Stanton's orkef of November last, di recting Bishop Ames to run the Meth odist churches in the West and South west, seems yet to cast a damper upon it, and shows "Uncle Abe" to be a sly old fox. He don't intend to interfere with preachers or chur ches not he; but he leaves Stan ton's order untouched to be interpre ted by his tools in their own way and to suit their own purposes. Accordingly, we find General Ben jamin F. Butler causing, as late as February last, nearly two months af ter the date of Lincoln's letter, the following order to be issued: IIdq'rs Norfolk & Portsmouth, i Norfolk, Va., Feb. 11. J General Orders No. 8. All places of public worship in Nor folk and Portsmouth arc hereby pla ced under the control of the Provost luaioiiuia VI J.1UI1UIIW U11U X Ul If UiUUlll j jrefPect,ivcJy ho 8''a11 tee the Pu,Pita Pperly filled, by displacing, when NECESSARY, TUB PRESENT INCUMBENTS and substituting men of known loyal ty and the same sectarian denomina tion, either military or civil, subject to the approval of the commanding General. They shall see that the churches are open freely to all officers and soldiers, white or colo.red, at the usual hour of worship, and at other times, if desired; and they shall "see that no insult or indignity be offered to them, either by work, look or ges? ture, on the part of the congregatidji The necessary expenses will he levied, as far as possible in accordance with the previous usages or regulations of each congregation respectively. No property shall be removed, ei ther public or private, without permis sion from these headquarters. By command of Brig. Gen. E. A. Wild. .This insolent order tells its own story. It is one of the blackest ty ranny and despotism. There is no appeal, ecclesiastical or civil, from acts done under this despotic order. If the Provost Marshal dislike3 a cler gymen, all he has to do is to order him out of the pulpit, and put one of his own creatures, even if it should bo a negro servant, in his place. The regular members of the church must support the pastor thus thrust upon them, and not dare by look or gesture to signify their dissent. This is a strong government with a vengeance, and it is making the church an ad- junctof the State in earnest. States man. A Patriotic Oiterinlnutloii I'laiu ly Uttered. "Who would be free. Themselves must airike the blow!" The Democracy of New Hampshire, at their recent State Convention, u nnnimously pronounced the following highly patriotic, out-spoken, and sol emnly determined purpose. We com mend the sentiment highly. It is worthy of exalted praise, and the de termination to maintain a FREE bal lot will meet with universal approval from the Democracy of tho entire Union, who cannot but fully apprcci. ate the high-toned sense of, doty and conviction which prompted the declar ation: Resolved, That the freedom of the ballot-box must and shall'tie maintain ed sacred and inviolable; and that we, the Democracy " of New Hampshire, will unite with our brethren of other States, by force of arms, ifneed bo, in resisttnee to every attempt, from whatever source it may come, to over turn or abride, by menaces or direct interterenee by military lorce, the in dependence and purity of the ballot box in the ensuing elections, State and National; and to this end we pledge, each to the other, and to our brethren of other Statee, our lives, fortunes, and sacred honor, being firmly resol ved to maintain at all hazards our rights as freo and parriotio citizens of tne American Union. Repartee. Some years since, Elder John O'Kane, of Indiana, was holding a publio discussion with the w nr T-;l TV T r t j.m;v, . iu. jLaiiy, u. v., JUU. JJ.. a methodist preacher, and at that time President of the State University at Bloomington. At one period of the debate, (we mean at one period par ticularly, for there were many such,) Daily was logically corvered and com pletely tied up, '.. Becoming highly ex cited and very mad r-as the manner of Methodist preachers is and desiring to overwhelm his opponent with .an idea of the prevalence and univer sality of Methodism, he turned furious ly on Brother O'Kane, and glaring like a tiger;exclaimed, "Sir, you will find Methodist preaohers all the way from here to hell!.", "Yea," said Brother O'Kane,' 'and' the nearer hell the PLENTIER 1 Til S ' PREACH EKb!", . Dailv wilted. Western Christian ' Advo "Who'i Afraldl" "Nobody Hart " These phrases are too memorable and too familiar to leave any occasion for tracing their paternity or explain ing the bearing they wye intended to have at the time of their utterance. Each of these memorable phrases, when uttered, refieoted the feelings and elicited the warm approval of the Republican party. They prove that in the presidential canvass of 18G0, and for some mtmirhs .afterward, there was no statesmanship in that party with forecast ojfsgli to fgfmthe faint est notion of citing events. In our judgment, time? .will show tb.aj these men are politically blind now, ijj. 18G4, as they were if "'the aujaimn of 18G0, and the ensuisg winter. But, for the present, we wish to call attention to the instructive contrast between the light and cavalier manner in which the' Republican statesmen scouted the idea of possible danger, with,the actual consequences of the election . of Mr. .Lincoln. VVlien Mr. fee ward was , gcofl5 at the apprehen8ion3 of more prudent and sagacious men, and jeer ingly crying out, "Who's afraid?" what would his audience have Baid if the curtain of a near futurity CDuld then have been lifted and danger dis closed to their view which has since justified theso enormous calls for troops? April 16, 1861, 75,000 May 4,1801, 63,748 From July to December, '61, .500,000 July 1, 1802, 300,000 300,000 August 4, 1862, Draft, summer of 1863, February 1,1864, 300.000 500,000 Total, 2,030,748 This is the aggregate of the calls for men in only one branch of the service. The navy, indeed, has not, indeed, been developed on tho same enormous scale as the army, but the number of vessels purchased and bnilt, the num ber of seamen enlisted, and the expense incurred in the brief space of three years, has no parallel in the history of any other nation. From the recent report of the Secretary of the Navy we compile the following statistics of that branch of the Secretary of the Navy wo compile the following statis tics of that branch of the service: Total number of vessels in tho service and under construc tion, 588 Total tonnage, 408,000 Number of guns 4,443 Number of seamen July 1st 34,000 1 Patriotism naturally enough exults in theso three exhibits, which so splen didly attest the resource of the coun try; but they equally attest the fearful magnitude of the damger which so enormous a strain put3 upon tho na tional energies. But do they still more emphatically attest the unstates manlike blindness which so misjudged the tendency of eveuts, and laughed to scorn the predictions of those who foresaw what was coming? But our prodigious armies and fleets are not merely displays of power, they are also evidences of debt. The following figures, which we find compiled to our hand, show the various loans and lia bilities of the government thus far authorized by various acta of Con gress: Loan of 1842, 242,721 Loan of 1847, 9,415,250 Loan of 1848, 8,908,441 Texas indemnity loan of '50 3,461,000 Loan of 1858, 2,000,000 Loan of I860, 7,622,000 Loan of 1861 , 18,415,000 Treasury notes, March '61, 512,900 Oregon war loan, 1861, 1,016,000 Another loan of 1861, 50,000,000 Three years treas. notes 130,679,000 Loan of August, 1861, 320,000 Five-twenty loan ' 400,000,000 Temporary loans, 104,933,103 Certifi'e of indebtedness, 156,918,437 Unclaimed dividends, , 114,115 Demand Treasury notes, 500,000 Legal tenders 1862, ' 397,707,114 Legal tender 1863, Postal and Fractional cur 104,969,937 50,000,000 rency, Old Treasury notes out standing, Ten forty bonds Interest bearing treasury 118,000 900,000,000 500,000,000 notes Total, $2,874,912,818 All the loans included in thU table have not yet been raised and expended, but they are no more than sufficient to carry the war through tho next fis cal year. - But all the expenses of the year are by no means included in the expenditures of the federal ' govern ment. If wo include the large sums paid by the Several States, and by municipal corporations in bountiesin the outfit of regiments, for Sanitary purposes, and for supporting the fam ilies of soldiers absent on duty, severs al hundred millions would be added to the enormous total. If we furthering elude the losses occasioned by the shock given to business in the first years of the war, the injury done to our commerce by the rebel privateers, and the wealth which would have been created by the men employed as sol-, dies, the aggregate will swell to a sura so formidable that the party that laughed and sympathized when their leaders so jauntily exclaimed, "Who's afraid?" should at least be convinced that they were then following the blind guides. But what reason is there for supposing that these leaders pos sess more wisdom now? Have the fa natical passions and sectional hate which bliaded their judgments then abated anything of their violence by the progress of the war? , "Nobody's hurt." The shallowness and levity which prompted this noted remark were a shocking prelude to the bloody scenes that were about to open under the direction of the man who uttered it. The corpses that moulder beneath the soil of a hundred battle" fields; the hundreds of thousands of brave fellows who perished in military hospitals; the hundred and twenty four thousand widows that are now applicants for pensions are a sad and terrible commentary on this heedless and heartless text. Do such leaders deserve the confidence of the country? Shall its destiny be longer committed to their keeping? N. Y. World. Self-Evident Truth- These thing3 are self-evident: That our Union of States cannot be maintained without mantaining the States of which it is composed, in their integrity under the Federal Consti tution. That if legitimate and constitutional State Goverment3 have been, from any cauiie, suspended or are dormant, for the time being, they can only be restored and revived by bringing into life and activity their functions under their respective State Constitutions and the Constitution of the United States, . That in this way, and in this way only, can States be reatosad o, or in other words, kept in the Union, and the Union itself be preserved and maintained. That any attempt to "reconstruct" State Governments or to bring ' into, or keep States in the Union on any other basis than that of their Consti tutions and the Constitution of the United States, as these existed at the commencement of the rebellion, is an attempt, no matter what the plea or pretext may be, to destroy the rights and sovereignty of tho States it is a death-blow aimed at the existence of the States themselves, as recognized and guarantied by the Federal Con stitution and the unanimous consent of the people of the United States for more than seventy year3. Such an attempt is consequently revolutionary, and, whether designed or nor, will ultimate, if carried out, in the complete and final overthrow of the Federal Union. That a war carried on for the. pur pose of aiding in, and consumating such a purpose, is as much a war for the destrnction of constitutional Gov ernment in the United States and for tho dissolution and overthrow of our Federal Union,as ia the war which Jeff. Davis and the rebel leaders in the South have waged against that Government and that Union. States man. The Secret of the Florida Move iicnt. The Washington correspondent of the New York Herald refers to the re cent Florida expedition as a curious development of Executive intermed dling in militaay affairs. It is said that upon hearing of the . movement, General Ilalleck was quite tak'en by sui prise, and wrote to General Gil more to know what he was doing at Jacksonville, a place that had been two or three times in our possession, arid was not considered worth holding, and asking how. he came to go there, not only without orders, but without the knowledge and contrary to the pos itive instructions of the Secretary of War and General Ilalleck. In reply General Gilmore is said to have ins closed a letter of instructins from the President, transmitted to him by Mr. Hay, late private Secretary to Mf. Lincoln, directing the movement to be made. Since this statement has been in circulation it is rumored that the expedition was intended simply for the occupation of Florida for the purpose of securing the election of three Lincoln delegates to the Nation al Nominating' Convention, and that of John Hay to Congress. , J. he cost of the operation to the Government is estimated at about one million of dol lars. Philadelphia age. And according to our dispatches this morning, besides costing a million dol lars to fit out the expedition, it has cost us hundreds of lives, cannon and munitions of war, and a hasty retreat. So much for Lincoln management, to secure three delegates to the RepubhN can Convention of the 7th of June. See Where You Stand, Had any of the gentlemen who have persisted in styling themselves "coni servative Republicans," been told three years ago that in this short time they would be on the same platform with Wendell Phillips, Lloyd Garrison and Horace Greeley, how indignantly they would have protested; yet there they are, all in the same bed. Tell them to-day that their votes elevated to power men of the same sentiments as those named, and they cannot de ny it; but had they been told at the beginning of this war that they would consent to the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, to tho recog nition of Hayti and Liberia, and the reception of negro ministers from those governments on the same terms as other foreign ministers, and finally to the endorsement of an Abolition proc lamation as a party test, they would have said "Is thy servant a dog that he should do these things." gjyThe refusal of the Californi ans to recognize anything as legal ten der but gold, and the public opinion which sustains that refusal and would drive out of business any man there who should pay a debt in anything but gold or its equivalent value, is cred itable to the citizens of that state. A similar sentiment here, a like protest ..i t! i ii against tne aeoaucnery oi puouc vir tue which Secretary Chase contrived, and at which the whole Republican party and many Republican judges have connived, would go tar to con vince us that worae debauchery is not inevitable in the future. But the party which sacrificed the creditor class once by the legal tender act will be restrain ed by no principal from sacrificing them hereafter by repudiation of our gigantic national debt. jggfThe Wisconsin Legislature or dered the Governor's message to be printed in eight different languages viz: English, German, Norwegian, Irish, Welch, Holland, French and Bohemian SFOne of Senator Sprague's Con necticut cotton mills (the Biltalio) paid an excise tax of 1,000 on the month of J anuary "ft A wag asks: When will the Presidential Chair be like the When there is a man in it. moon? ITIr. Fillmore on the War. His Aldrcss at ,tlic Christitm Com mission Central Fair, in Buffa lo. At the opening of the great Central Fair. inaugurated by tbe Christian Commission at 8t. James Hall, Buffalo, Monday evening, Hon. Millard Fillmore spoke as follows: Three years of civil war have desolated tbe fairest portion of our land: loaded the country with an enormous dobt that the sweet of millions yet unborn must be taxed to py; arrayed brother against brother, and lather against son in mortal cotnhat; deluged our country with fraternal blood, whitened our battle fields with the bones of the slain. and dmkened th skv with tha pill ol mcurn- ng. let these appalling calamities which as yot have touched our city more lightly than any other in the Una have imposed upon m new duties which must be prompt ly met and generously discharged; and new burdens which must bo patiendy and cheer fully borne. We cannot, in our bumble ca: pacity, control the events of this desolating war. We hear its thunders and mark, the track of desolation, and we must meet the emergency as best we can, but never despair of the republic. It is no time now to en quire wheatber it might have been avoided. Let those who seek light on this subjbet read Washington's Farewell Address. Nor are we now to criticise the conduct ol those who control it, awarding praise here and be stowing censure there. The impartial his torian will do this when the passions engens dered by the slrile have cooled, and partisan prejudice, petty lealousise, malignant envy, and intriguing, selfish ambition shall be laid in tbe dust, and, it is hoped, buried in ob livion. And much less are we called upon to predict when or how this war will end. Let these who seek light on the subject read General Jackson's farewell0 address. But let us hope that an all-wise and merciful Providence wil incline the hearts of the peo ple, North and South, to peace to a lading peace, with a restored Union, cemented by fraternal affction. under our well tried and glorious Constitution. Nor is this tho time or place to express an opinion as to the poli cy that should be persued to reach so desira bio an end. Ilia one thing a clear, that much must It forgiven, if not forgotten, on both aides, before- this Union can ever be restored: and tbereiore it is to do nopea mat an un necessary acts of cruelty, or wanton d is true, tion of private property, or insult, or inso lence in triumphing over a fallen foe should be avoided; for all sueb acts only fire the heart of our adversary with resetninent and roveiifte, and thus pi ol race the war, increase its borrom, and leave a sung which will ren der reunion more -difficult, if not impossible. But it must be aooarent to all that the first step toward bringing this war to a close is to conquer tbe rebel army. Any negotiations for pea e be'ore tuis is done wou'U prove a- bortive, and any professed clemency to those in arms who deiy our power, would be mock cry which would be treated with redicule and contempt. But when we hive conquer ed their armies, and disposed of their leaders, then let us show our magnanimity and gen erosity by winning back the deluded multi tude who have been. seduced or ooeroed into this rebellion, by extending to them every act of clemency and kindness in our powet, and by restoring them to all their rights under the Constitution, This I conceive to be Uhristain forgiveness and tin best policy, and the only one,vhxch can ever restore this union. ; 03-What' .whUky bridfingi" inquired large dealer in the article. "Bringing men to the gallows, and women and children to want," was the reply. fry Mrs .Partington v says that because dancing girls are elars.it la no reason tbat they should be 'regarded t heavenly bodies. XXXVIII CONKES$. . Washington, Feb. 29, 1864 Senate. Mr. Grimes introduced a bill for the protection of overland emigrants to tne racitic. Referred to tbe Committee on Military Affairs. Mr. tsumner, from Ibe Select Committee on Slavery and Freedom, presented a report on tbe f ugiiive clave Law, accompanied with a bill tor the repeal of all laws for the rendition fugitive slaves. The bill to extend tbe payment of boun ties to April 1st, was recommitted to tbe Senate Finance Committee to await tbe judgement of tbe President and Secretary of War. The Senate then considered tho bill to e qualize the pay of soldiers. Mr. Chandler presented a joint resolution of tbe Legislatuie of Michigan, asking chan ges in the Enrollment Law. Referred to the Military Committee. Mr. Chandler presented a lengthy peti tion for a unilorm Ambulance Corps. Re ferred. Mr. Lane, of Kansas Legislature, asking lor information in jeference to certain school lands in Kansas. . Mr. Cbandlrr moved (o take up tbe Sen ate bill to make Parkersburg, Va., a port of entry. Mr. Wilson; from the Military Committee reported a bill extending the bounties to At. pril 1st, passed by the Mouse. t mr. w usun innugnt mere was no aouDt that we were enlisting men much more rap idly than we could provide for tbem. We are onlisling them at tbe rate of 2,000 per dav. If we bad to mako a draft it would be a small one. To fill the quota of 300,000 men, we had over 300,000 already under this ci)l. Mr, FesBenden objected to have a bill of such importance as this come before us with out the reccommendation ot tbe Executive Departments, and if we would legislate with out such sanction we should get ourselves iaio trouble. He moved that tbe bill be re mitted to the Military Committee. Mr. Sherman thought if the Secretary of War wished the extension of time for pay ment of bounties, be should nay in writing to us; be would -oppose it without suoh an indorsement. Mr. Lane, of Indiana, concurred with Mr. Sherman. If we strike out tbe three hun dred dollar clause in the present law, it wo'd idsure men enough without impoverishing tbe country. Mr. Nesmith offered an extension of the time. Mr. Wilson thought the bill should go to the Senate Finance Committee, but tbe Mil itary Committee found it on their table this morning, and brought it before the Senate as it came fr m the lioua, with the clause ex tending the payment of bounties to April 1. It would incur an expenditure of $30,000, 000. The bill was recommitted to the Mili tary Coniffiiitee. On motion of Mr. Conness, it was resolved that ten thousand copies of the report of the Committee on Freedinen and Slavery, with the accompanying bill, are ordered to be pria ted for the use of the Senate. Referred to tbe Printing Committee. The Senate proceeded to the consideration oftbe bill equalizing tbe pay of soldiers, the question being on the pending amendment of Mr. Wilson's to insert the word "free, be fore tho word ' person" in Mr. Collamar's Amendment. Mr, Fessenden was opposed to the retro Speotive character of the bill. lie was not willing to put his hands into the Treasury to pay the colored troops money they do not a-k lor. We are not in a condition to do this. Mr. Sumnor replied to Mr. Fessenden, nrcing the justice of making the bill re trospective in cases of the mass of colored troops. Mr. Sumner, from tbe Committee on Sla very and Freedmeo, reported a bill to secure equality in tbe Courts of tho United Stated. Oi'lcred to bs printed. Mr. Sherman, from the Conference Com mittee eu the disagreeing votes of the two Uouses on the Whisky Bill, reported a disa greement. Mr. Sherman said if the Senate would permit its Committee to allow a tax of twenty cents per gilloa on liquors on hand he hoped it would be done; he should bring the subject up and ask a Separate vote. The subject was made the special order for to morrow at one o'clock. The debate on tbe bill equalizing the pay of soldiers was resumed. Mr. Sumner continued his remarks in re ply to Mr. Fessenden, Mr. Grimes hoped the bill would be re committed and reported back in its original form, leaviog all special hardships Buffered for separate legislation. Mr. Wilson would iiot oppose the recom mitment of the bill, although he despaired of its pissiga. He thought when the bill was drawn that ila retrospective character would only apply to some regiments, and thought tbe bill could be improved by a recommit tal. . The bill was recommitted. Senate then went into Executive Session and adjourned. iloustt. Mr. Julian, of Indiana, introdu ced a bill to secure to persons in the milita ry and naval service homesteads in confisca ted and forfeited estates, within insurrection ary districts. Referred to the Committee on Public Lands. - Mr. Ross, of Illinois, offored a resolution, tbat the pay of officers and soldiers in the army and oavy bi increased about thirty three per cent,, and that the Committee on Military Affairs ba instructed to report such a bill immediately. Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, introduced a bill that each and etery person indebted, or who may become indebted to the United States prior to July 1, 1865, on account of duties on im ports may discharge one tenth of the amount ol such indeb edness by payment in legal tender TreaHury notes of the U. 9. Also, bill providing that the provision ol the Act of August, 18(1, whioh authorises a direct tax of $20,000,000, shall be suspended until April 1, 1867. . Both bills were referred to the Committee on Ways and Means. Mr. Arnold asked leave to offer a resolu tion inquiring into the expediency of putting rebel prisoners at work, in order thu (hey may earn a livelihood while in our bands. Mr. Blair, of Missouri objected. Mere than an hour was consumed in re pealing a joint resolution, heretofore passed .. .i , -1 -1 I, aumorisnn? tne uiern oi toe nuuue hi pur chase a copyright ol Lanman's Direotory of Congress. The House pasted the bill reported from the Committee of Ways and Means, last week, and which was then published, au thorising a change in the form of a part ol the loan authorised by the tot of March last. , This is the bill for the issue of 20,000,000 of6-40bonds. ' ' ' Numerous resolutions were offered, among i horn one appointing Peace Commissioners to Richmond, which reoeived but twenty totes in its favor.. The resolution o! Mr. flchenek, declaring that there is no middle ground in the pres ent contest, mon must either bt patriotio or traitors, wss passed. A resolution was adopted request ins) the Secretary of tbe Navy lo furnish tbe Houm full information relative to all movement! in detial, by tbe navy be'ore Cbaileateasinc the first commencement of the seig of and blockade of that port A resolution was adopted instructing tb Committee on Rules to inquire into tbe ex pediency ol establishing a National Banking; Company. , . . Resolution declaring that Mr. Vallaodig ham's arrest and banishment was the result of mere exercise of arbitrary power, wax of fered by Mr. Pendleton end rejected. Teas 47, rays 76. The House then adjourned. . Washihotoh, March 1. . After the presentation of various report from the Committees, tbe bill to provide, for protection to overland emigration to the Pa- cifio was passed. A House joint resolution, granting thanks to the officers and soldiers who have re en listed for tbe war was passed without amend ment. Mr Wade cresented si De til ion . from the German political club of Cleveland in refer ence to the policy of reconstruction. Re- ferred to the Judiciary Committee. - Mr. cumner presented petitions from tha citizens of Ohio praying for tbe repeal of tbe Fugitive' Slave Law and amendments of the Constitution. Referred. ,- ; Mr. Nesmith called up tbe bill lo protect overland emigration. Passed . Un motion or Mr. Howard, the resolution was adopted, calling on tbe Secretary of the Treasury to furnish copies ol tbe reports Ot the Pacific Railway. After Executive ses sion the Senate adjourned. House. Mr. Brandegee offered a resolu tion nxing the Hist day or May tbe Benate oncurring for the adjournment ol Con gress. The Bouse resumed the eonsidera'ioa f a bill to establish a Bureau for the freedinen' affairs. Mr. Enapp, of Illinois, opposed, and Mr. Price ol Iowa, advocated the bill. A message was' reseited from the SenaU fhat tbe Committee on Conference en the Whisky Bill had been unable to agree, - Mr. Washburne, of Illinois, offered a resxx lution, that tbe House insist on its disagree ment to the Senate amendment, and that the House request another Committe of Con ler nee, and tbat the House hereby deolares, as its judgment, that in the adjustment of the differences there should be. an additional tax of not lass than twenty cents, or mors than forty per gallon upon spirits on hand.. Mr. Washburne's resolution was adopted yeas 76; nays 67. The consideration of the Freedm'en's Bill was resumed, and after debate, was passed by two majority. ' . " Mr. Pendleton, of Ohio, moved that ths House recede from its disagreement nega tived 43 against 78. Adjourned. Knowing too Much- We find in one of the Memphis papers the following anecdote of a man who knew too much. During the administration of President Jackson, there was a singular young gentle man employed in the publio P. O. at Wash ington., His name was 0., he was from Tennesee, the son of a widow, a neighbor of the President, on which account the old ' hero had a kind feeling for htm, and always got him out of his difficulties with some of the higher officials, to whom his singular in terforence was distasteful. Among other things, it is said of him that while be was imployed in the General Post ,1 Office, on one occasion ho had to copy a let- tor for Major U., a high official, in answer to an application made by an old g ntleman -in Virginia or Pennsylvania for the estab- lishment of a tew post office. Tbe writer of the letter said the application could not be granted, m consequence of the applicant's "proximity" to another office. , When the lot tar came into G's hand to copy, being a . great stickler for plainness, he altered "prox imity" to "nearness to ' M ijor H. observed it, arid asked G., why be altered his letter. 'Why,' replied G., because I don't think the man would understand what you meant by proxmtry.' .; 'Well,' said Major II. 'try him; put in the 'proximity' again. .. In a few days a letter was received from ' the applicant, in which he very indignantly said, 'That his lather had lought for liberty -in tbe second war of independence, and be should like to have tha name of the scoun drel who brought the charge of proximity or anything else wrong against him.' 'There,' said G. 'did I not ,ay so?' G. carried his improvements so far that Mr. BeTry, the Postmaster General, said to him, 'I do not want you here any longer, you know too much.' Poor G. weut out, but his friend, tha ' General got him another pace. This time, G's ideas underwent a change. Ha was one day very busy writing, when a stranger called in and auked him where the Patent Office was? 'I don't know,' said G. 'Can you tell me where the-Treasury De partment is?' said the stranger. 'No,' said G. ... 'Nor the-President's House?' 'No.' Tbe stranger finally asked if he knew where the Capitol was. , 'No,' replied G. , ft 'Do you live in Washington, sir?' said Ibe stranger. Yes, sir,, said O. -'Good Lord f and don't know where tbe Patent Office, Treasury, President's Houso and Capitol are'" 'Stranger,' said G., '1 was turned out of the Post Office for knowing too much . I ; don't mean to offend in tbat way again. I am paid for keeping this book. I believe I do know that much; but if you find me knowing anything more you may take mf . hat.' - 'Good morning,' said the stranger. ... Irllnd Voir stops. It will be observed that the following ar ticle, which we take from an old scrap book, is descriptive of either a good or bad charao- ter. We give it to the reader to punctuate: - "He is an old experienced man in vice and wickedness be is neverfound opposing ths ' works of iniquity be takes delight in ths downfall of the neighborhood bs never re joices in tbe prosperity of any of his fellow creatures he is always ready to assist in do- . stroying the peace of Society ba takes no pleasuro in serving ths Lord he is uncoruonly diligent in showing discord among bis friends and acquaintances he takes no pride in la -boring to promote tha eause of ehristianuy ' -he has not been negligent in endeavoring to stigmatizo all publio teachers' bs make- no v exertions , to subdue bis svil passions bs -strives hard ts build up Satan's kingdom be lends no aid to support ths Uospls among tbe heathens he contributes largely to tbe " ' svil adversary he pays no attention to good advice he give great beed to ths devil hs ' will never go to heaven be must go where hs will rsceirs the Just iscompsnn of reward.". !...'' v I ! f t