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CADIZ, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 18G4.
TERMSH?2.00 ahmt correspoxdbsce. . IIo.Qar. Detainment 80th Ohio, IIDST8VILLB, Ala., April 20th. Ma. Editor, Sir: rerhaps a few words from Boldier in the army of the Tennessee would be interesting, at leagt to those of your readers of whom are my friends and relatives. And as I have been some time away from my native State, I feel very anxious to once more have the privilege of roving in my oil stamping ground, and says ing I am once more a free man. ' But till, when I look around here, and see men who are free from the army, on either side, and still they talk trea son to the soldier that came but to protect the Constitution, and lawsof the United States, then I feel as though I could spend my tima here t o 'the best advantage; but still I hope the time is near at hand when we can all return home and reraiiu in quiet nesswhen these traitors will return to their . allegiance and ask to come back under the protection of tho Con stitution. ' But I also fear there will have to bo a change in our policy as well as theirs before ' this "is brought about. The officers of ourgloriou3 ar my are all working toojmuch "at pres ent for laurels and money. They are not looking at the interest and wel Uro of the brave soldier that , stands the hardships of war, nor do they ncc think that theso bravo men, nsarly one-hilf of whom left loving wives and children to. mourn their ab sence. No, they never think once hit the private is the mm that should et the honor. ' They' are raised, as they think, above a common man, and they will stop around cimp with as rnuoh stylo and aristocracy put on, as though they cared not whether this rne.l wr would ever cease or not; this is the appearance of some. But whilst some of our brave boys re-cn-listed as veterans, and are home spend ing thair thirty day's furlough with their loving fathers, mothers, wives n iswcet-hearts, there is a small squad of us left in Dixie, and we will put the time in as beat we can until their re turn; and I hope they may meet their friends and acquaintances, and spend their thirty days in joy, fortliey have stood many hardships since they last parted with them. The boys that did I not re-enlist are nearly all mon that left families at home, and have made up their minds to spend the coming winter with their families. They all look hearty .at present, and doing their duty as good soldiers. We un derstand that thero are some citizens of Harrison eounty who have said that all who did not ro-enli3t arc traitors to their country. I would like to ask theso men, when they talk this way, why they themselves don't turn out and enlist to fight the battles of their oountry, and not crawl round home and talk about boys who have left home and friends, and came to their country's call, and stood the hardships of war aud camp life for three years baok. : Now these men would like to Beo this war' carried on until their views were fully carried out if they ould have somebody else to carry it on, and they be left at homo to talk about otheis that are in tho field, but we who did not enlist to serve three years longap considsr all such men as these, afraid of their own shadows, and hardly worthy of notice. But as it is getting late, I will not say any thing more at present. Hoping all may return home in peace and har mony, I am, Yours respectfully, . Sergt. J. COOKE, . . Co.I,80th O.V. I. , A . Pair of Spasms. The Spiritual Harbinger says: "In the twelfth hour of tho glory of God, the life of God, the Lord in God the Holy Procoduro shall crown the Triune Creator with the perfect dis elosive illumination. Then shall the creation,, in its effulgence, above the divine s eraphine,' ariso into the dome of Ine disclosure in one comprehensive revolving galaxy of supremo croated . beatitude." To which the Cayuga Chief learned ly responds: . . ' ''Then shall blockheadism, the jaok assical dome of disclosire procedure, above the' allfired great leather fungus of Peter Nippinneygo, the great goos berry grinder rise into the dome dis eiosive until ebequal, coextensive, and conglomerated lunaxe, in one grand comprehensive mux, 'shall assimilate into nothing and revolve'likY boh pussy cat after the space where it was." ;i a .1 ,i.u.j't the tail was. - g5A Charleston paper proposes offfriflaCall' amnesty Jo, all negroes m" tbaUaitecl 'States army providing tUt return at. once to slavery. -This jsfapi 0.1 4 An Important itHttfrlcal Letter. The Portsmouth (0.) Times', of the 23rd inst , publishes for the first time, the following letter from Hon. S. V: Chase, to a prominent Republican of that plaee. ' The original recently came into the possession of tho editor of tho Time3, which ho well remarks is of great vlue, as revealing the pol ioy that controlled the leading states men of the Republican party just pre vious to, and at the time of, their in stallment into power. It throws con siderable light upon the animus of those members of the Peace Confer ence, who thought the Union would not be worth a curse, in the language of Senator Chandler, of Michigan, without a little blood-letting. The following is a copy of Mr. Chase's letter: "Washington, Feb. 9, 1861. "Dear Sir Thanks for your note and explanation of that vote. It may be useful. There is a greater dis position TO COMPROMISE THAN I LIKE TO SEE. BtT I noPB FOR THE BEST. Haifa dozen of the Border State gen tlemen have been in our room to night, Etheridge and Stokes of Tennessee, Adams and Bristow, of Kentucky, Gilmer, of North Carolina, and others. I REALLY SYMPATHIZE WITH THEM, but seo no reason why we should sac rifice PERMANENTLY A LARGE POW ER to help them, for the purpose of GAINING TEMPORARILY A LlLlLhi one. Yours, cordially, S. P. CHASE. Can any ono who reads this letter of Mr. Chase fail to seo who brought this war on, and who is responsible for the present condition of things. Read tho letter over again, particularly the lines in small capitals. When Mr. Chase wroto that thero was a greater disposition to compro mise thon ho liked to see, he meant among his own psrty friends, for the Democrats were all for compromise to avoid civil war and separation. Mr. Chase, of course, resisted the disposi tion to compromise, which ho found among his party friends. Tho result is now upon the country in ono of the most stupendons and sacrificing wars of modern times. To tho entreaties of the Border State men" he turned a deaf ear. - He could see no reason why the Republic can party "should sacrifice permanent ly a large power" to help them, "for the purpose of gaining temporarily, a little ono." He regarded tho perma nent ascendency of the Republican party of far more importance than the peace of the Border States, and their retention in the Union. This letter of Mr. Chase will form a part of the his tory of the fall of the great American Republic, and connect his nanio indis solubly with its destruction. Cin. Enq. Quern Victoria) writing for tlie ! til mi Time An Extraordi nary. Cuiiiinuuicatloai. F om the New York Exnrcisi. In the London Times of the 6th, appeal's tho annexed remarkable com munication, whioh, by unanimous as sent is attributed to Queen Victoria. This communication has excited great attention, not less on account of the high position of the writer than be cause of the sentiments to which she gives utterance.'" It is looked upon as a direct reply to certain articles in the English journals, relative to her Ma jesty's disappearance from public life now, only temporary and to the course which she has marked out for herself in the future. Some of the passages (says the Liverpool Times) are inexpressibly touching and beauti ful, and it reads more like an appeal to the sympathy of her censors than an impeachment of their reasoning. It is, moreover, the first instance in English history in which the occupant of the Throne has held direct inter courto with tho public press of the country: . THE QUEEN. ! "An erroneous idoa seems generally to prevail, and has latterly found fre quent expression in the newspapers, that the Queen is about to resume the placo in society which she occupied before her great affliction: that is, she is about again to hold levees and drawing-rooms in person, and to appear as before af; court , balls, concerts, &c. This idea cannot be too explicitly con tradicted. ,., . .; , "Tho Queen heartily appreciates the desire of hor subjects to see hor, aad whatever sho can do to gratify them In this loyal and affectionate wish she will do. Whenever any real object is to be attained by her appearing on pub iio occasions, any national interest to be ' promoted, or anything to be en couraged which is for the good of her people, her Majesty will not shrink, a$ .she has not shrunk, from any per sonal 6a.crifico pr exertion, however painful." "J""," , " " ) "But there are other and higher du ties' than, those of. mere representation which are now thrownupon the Queen, alone and unassisted duties) which she tnnot negtoci without injury' to the public aerrice, which weigh, unceasing; ' ly upon her, overwhelming her with work and anxiety. "The Queen has tabcired conscien tiously to discharge these duties till j her health and strength: already sha ken by the titter and ever'abiding des olation which has taken the place of her former happiness, have been seri ously impaired. To call upon her to undergo, in ad dition, the fatigue of these mere State ceremonies which cart be as well per formed by other members of her fami ly, is to ask her to run the risk of en tirely disabling herself for the dis charge of those other duties which cannot e neglected without serious injury to the public interests. "The Queen will, however, do what she can in the manner least trying to her health, strength and spirits, to meet the loyal wishes of her subjects; to afford that support and countenance to society, and to give that encourage ment to trade which is desired of her. "More the Queen cannot do; and more the good feeling of her people' will surely not exact trom tier. Advice to- Jeff. Invis Growls from the People. A late number of the Richmond Enquirer contains tho following re markable article: , . , - To his Excellency the President of the Confederate States, Sir: A wise and magnanimous Chief Magistrate will not turn a. deaf ear to the well meant suggestions of the humblest citizen; and, therefore, I address these lines directly to you, that you may judge yourself, free from the interven tion of any one else whatever. I will not speculate upon the proba ble results of the loss of Richmond and E-ist Tennessee, and Northern, Eustern and Western North Carolina. But I think I can see very clearly how Richmond and Virginia may bu defended and held by eur armies, and I look forward to the happiest results from such a consummation. We hare arms and ammunition in abundance, and men enough, and ther is food enough in tho country, in my opinion. If this be so, and the whole world must sooner or later know it if it really be so then if Rich mond and Virginia be not snccessi'ully defended, an awful responsibility must rest somewhere. I believe we have not only food suf ficient for the men and horses, but that there is ample railroad transpor tation to place it in Virginia, where it is most needed. I have seen two thousand heavy packages of goods exposed for sale at a single auction; lawns selling at fifty dollars per yard that were not worth fifty cents, and, studying the subject,, I found the se cret of the scarcity and high price of provisions. 1 tound that no uovern raent could compete with banded spec ulators, realizing such profits. . ihey can afford to pay express companies and railroad companies ten times the freight paid by Government." Every day I see express wagons filled with heavy packages of provisions at the doors of the departments and bureaus in this city, and I infer that the fav ored officers (non-combatting) have plenty, even if the soldiers, wading threugh fire and blood, are kept for month on short rations. , These things are still seen and known by tho soldiers, who are still patient and patriotic. It is true, thousands ot dollars are expended in advertising express agents will carry food to tho army thanks to their patronizing omnipotence. But the parents of the soldiers will not send it unless they can be present and deliver it themselves. But the remedy. I would humbly suggest to your excellency the neces sity of exterminating speculation in food and raiment. Let the Govern ment take the entire surplus of these indispensable articles into its own keeping, as it has taken the entire population of certain sge3. Then make everything give way to Govern ment freight, and accumulate in Vir ginia not only enough for the army, but for the families of the soldiers, ic. . Nothing could bo easier or more simple. Let the surplus products be paid for .at schedule prices, and sold at the same, the army being provided for, and there will bo no more specu lation. ' Your Excellency knows how salt has been supplied in Virginia ; ev erything needful can be supplied in tho same way, and we could maintain the war for fifty years. ' ' ' ! ; I trust your Excellency will listen to a word as to men. They are not to be supplied by a few clerks from the de partments. ' Indeed, it would be a crying injustice, such as would ascend in thunder, to Heaven, to remove some of them those who have left house and land, and forsaken all for the cause, having here parents, little sis ters and brothers depending on their salaries for a scanty subsistence.. ' No ; remove only those who cannot ake affidavit that they have no other means of supporting those dependent on them but their. salaries, and this will reach' a large per cent.: ! But look narrowly to the hon-eomriissioned officers here, who arOi patronized by the express wagons i, young men, red-faced and robust, and rich, who go about boast ing their ability to keep their clerks, in .spite of law and orderlook for fhose iqi alVth Departments and Bu reaus ; aye eyeri j,u ff6 Conscription Department itself, ana the, besom, need not be? idle.'"' wef y;-.: ii '-.mv; .1 .:..;.; .,;Mi . f,,;; The community is disaffected by see ing these starred and striped gentry in "soft places" while those near and dear to them are driven like sheep to the slaughter Camp Lee and the officers and soldiers in the field may grow discontented." Let even handed justice be done. And, with God's blessing (which we will have then, for wc shall have deserved it,) the host of i the invader will be broken and utterly dispersed. e have the men and the means to end the war gloriously this year, and I know Excellency is as deep ly interested in bringing about such a result as any man in the Confederacy. It is in the power of your Excellency. From the Holmes County Farmer. IMrOKTANl' DOCU.ni NT. Heportof the Conduct of the War Deer Old Ark; It has bin a good while senco you appointed me a cora mitty to examen and report on the konduct of the war. For three months I have put in awl mi time in securen the facts in the case, and I beg leav to report as fpllers : : Over too milliens of men hav bin cawld two the feald, and moar than huff ov them are nix to bea found at this particklar and important time. But tho guverment is fillen thare 'plaices with fre and intcllygent Amerykins ov Afriken descent. I hav countedon at the amount ov munny what has binex pendid until the figgers run out and I had to stop. So that after awl my la bors, I am unable too report what we hav giv in men and munny tit krush the Rebellion, but we started out to giv the last man and the last dollar, and am happee two bea abel to report that we air gitten the men purty well thinned out, ,and will soon bea to the bottom doller. When we spend all the men and munny the rebellion expires as a nateral conseyquence. ' . It affords me grait plasher two stait that the Army Contracturs, Sutlers, Quairtermaeters and Camp rollerers air a wl loyal. All the principel Offcs holpars under the guverment air also loyal, ihnre is a good menny ov the private soldiers what air disloyal Kop purheds; hut tho men what havo big offices and big salaries feal the protec tcn power and tho value ov the guv erment, and thay air loyal ; our cul- lercd -bruthcrs and sisters air awl loyal. - 'Thair is a grait inenny ovthe piivit soldiers in favor of McClellan. This, I think, shood bea considered a dis loyal practice, and in order to punish it, I rekommend the bilden of a very large Nashional Guard House, in which two confine all sich until they bekum loyal. Frequent drafts is a good thing two maik loyal people and give offices two the friends of tho guverment. Your proclamashuns hav dun moar to ro stoar the Union than anything else, and I rekommend that you issue them periodically; say every four weeks, and in order to secure regularity in this matter, I advise the guverment to use plentifully ov Cheeseman's Female Pills. But shood tho guverment be come in a interestcn situation, the use of the Pills and the issuin ov the pro clamashuns must bea temporarily sus pended to secure the personal saiftyov the guvernment. The 'guverment had the small-pox sum time ago, and awl loyal pccpilgU it es fast es thay kin, but sum Koppur- heds is gitten vaxinated to avoid it. Nun but rebel sympathizers will try to keep cleer ov the small pox after the guverment spt the example, and I advise that awl what as git vaxinated be arrest ed and sent beyond the lines for disloy al practises The guverment deserves grait praiz fur carryin the clecshuns in the East ern States, New Ilampslrire, Connecti cut and Maryland, thereby krushenthe rebellion in them rebel stronghold.-. Carryin elecshuns air ov moar impor tance than killen rebels, and sence the guverment desires a re-elccshuh I wood advise it two pay partickler at tenshun two this important depart ment ov the public service. I beg leav to suggest that the guverment was a little remiss in this behaff in Rhode Island, and the loyal peeple kum purty near gitten beet by the Kop purheds. : The loyal noospapersair a grait arm ov the public saryis, and in view ovthe cumming elecshun they should pitch in heavy on the Koppurheds and rebel spmpathisers. . ' . ' ! It is understood to bea the purpis ov the guverment to prosekute the war until every man, woman and child in the rebel states is exturminated, thare property konfisticated and the kuntry settled with loyal peeple,' In this richeous and human undertaken awl loval peeple will giv the , guver ment thare undivided support. I am asshured that' the guvernment will bea viggerously supported by , the Army Kontracters. ' " ;: ,...', , " " , . I rekommend that sumthing be dun for the support ov our culcred bruthers and sisters and our neascs and neffues shood not be forgotten. " "',! 1 I expect Chase two maik me an ap- propriashnn ov about ono million ov doilers to pay fur makin this report. Iam loyal, and shosd be paid promp ly. ,1 will now retire Jwo Yaller erick, and tho munny kin bea sent two VUQJ '; '. ' . f. . .. f..f. ,) , ' Deer Guvernment, beleretao; , , t . -jm-u ) n...cYours,.Truly, -. . u ,., Jy'JJpNATHAQ. SMITH.-.) P. S. I desire to draw my pay promptly. J. Q. S. N. B. Loyal men shood git thair pay migh ty quick. That's me. ' J. Q. Si . From the Chicago Tribune, Republican. The Ked Kiver Untiles. . Tho later and fuller accounts from the battles in North-western Louisiana do not materially change our former estimate of them, so far as the main results are concerned Thy prove, however, to Ic more serious than at first reported. Our losses, mainly in prisoners, are now put as high as 4,000 to 5,000, with 22 guns, a train of wagons, and the various smaller de bris ot arms, ambulances, animals, etc. Against these we have a few hundred prisoners, three or four guns, and lit tle else, except the losses inflicted up on the enemy in killed and wounded; of which our claim is, that it was large; and from the circumstances, as given, the claim may be allowed as just. It would seem also, that our defeat on the 8th inst.j though quite as com plete as before stated, was finally checked at dark by the stubborn fight ing of Gen. Emery and the 19th Corps; allowing thus our troopsi to be drawn off in safety for the ntxt day's work. The battle, too, on the 9th, is ap parently much more satisfactory than was feared. The enemy were thor oughly repulsed and most signally pun ished. The history of the war scarce ly records a more terrific administra tion of vengeance than wa3 :Ten at Pleasant llill under Gen. Smith, when a thousand men were swept from their ltet by a single volley. As the enemy were then charged, and chased some three or four miles without venturing to make a stand, the final victory re mains with us, but with very serious drawbacksi The disorder of oiir cavalry forces, and the thorough punishment of the day before, foiled any suitable follows ing up of the victor', and give us On ly meagre rewards in prisoners and captured guns and materials. The dis tance, too, of the retreat some fif teen miles left the battle-field of the day before, the 8th, in. possession of the enemy; with all its wreck of npnil and wounded; and thus the latter are relinauished to tho tender mercies of thfi rp.liek. tn sufffir all t.hn want of h.-o and positive barbarity which belong to their treatment of prisoners. In summing up, the advantages are largely with the rebels. They gain much in the way of material, and which is of considerable importance to them west sf tho Mississippi. They gain in prestige; for their success on tho 8th was more sho'Y, and gives better gfotlnd of bragging than ours of the Uth. And finally, they havo effec tually broken up the Red River expe dition, so far as Banks is concerned; and if tbeir repulse of him does not endanger also Steele's command, it will be a matter of profound congratu lation. Banks may talk plucky about advancing, and taking Shreveport yet; but without some new trove upon the chess board not now visible, he will return to New Orleans in bedi aggled feathers. As to tho blame of blun dering, it does not now appear that Stone had anything to do with it. If any blame is attached to it, there seems to bo but one head and pair cf shouldci'3 for it to rest upon. That there was a want of caution, seems to admit of no doubt. When such mon as Ransom, who is bravo as a lion, and who never kept out of a fight a mo ment yet, when thero was a chance to go in when such as he suggest doubt and caution, generals with less experi ence, though superior in command, will do well to pty him some attention. There seems to have been no want of good conduct on the field after the battle began. The great blunder con sisted in bringing on the fight with the advance guard 'while the bulk of the army were out ot supporting dis tance. We fought in detachments; the enemy in solid mass. Wo f tiled in generalship. Our men did their duty nobly. There was terrific fighting and special instances of good generalship and had there been half a , tdiancc, it is evident we should not be obliged to report else than a splendid victory. Great Excitement In Cleveland. The Cleveland Herald furnishes an a hi us ing account of a great excitement in that city growing out of hidden treasures: Woik men had been employed Satuday dredging the channel ol ihe Uuyahogi, near its mouth, and in the following night a heavy rain washed out to viuw a number of Mexican dollars in the mud I , The discovery wsb first made by some boys, but soon extended up town, and the excitement grew as. the news spread.. A Urge concourse wa9 attrac ted to the scene, and many, even In their Sunday dress, were busily engaged in the search for the hidden treasure. Several hun dreds of the 'Mexicans' were discovered and brought to light, end the excitement waxed warmer in proportion'to tba success. Some on their way to church, were diverted from "the narrow path," to geaich .for filthy lu ere, 'Mexicans' were at a premium, and readily exchanged for greenbacks, at a thrif ty profit. But at lenghth ft chemical test was applied, 'when, horror of horrors t they would not abide it 1 Thkt wkrb boous I 1' Those too lato for Church, had time for re Section. : Those who bad parted with green-; backs began to realize that themselves were sold. Thus transitory are the dreams of earthly riches. .-, ... :,.,. .,. , Those bogus Mexican dollars all bore the date 1S14, and were extremely well execu ted.' By whom, when, and 'for what pur port they wore depotited in the bed of the river is a matter pi speculation with the Cleveland Savans. . ' vi .-! luO i I .""--! :' : -, :! ,-,..o;.j Tli Battlra of tlic Tear. The military campaign of the year thus far has . resulted in discomfiture or disaster to (he Federal arms. General Sherman's ezpediiion in February, the first event of the campaign, was not only fruitless, but failed to accomplish its purpose. Generals Grierson and Smith were loiled in the at tempt to jon Sherman, and wore driven back with large losses by General Forrest. The battle o' Oulstee, in Florida, with the slaughter of fifteen buudred brave men. end ed Mr Lincoln's unworthy rcheme to estab lish anew order of Government in that State. General Palmer's corps of the Armr ol the Oumherland, in making a reeonnotssance near Dalton, lost a thousand man, and was beaten back. Sonthwtst Krntucdy was overrun by General Bu'ord wiih impunity, and various towns and esrrisons were captU red tshiiA rTAn-.ril Hiifpaat riantimmii n..r1v all the terriiary west of Tennesfee in thut State, excepting Memphis, and captured Port Pillow alter a bloody fight. He also added thousands of recruit to hN arrrtv. and secured a vast dumber of horses and cattle, which be sent South. Plymouth has fallen, and its stores, munitions of war and garrison i of fifteen hundred.or more are in the hinds of the Confedcra 8s. These, however, were minor engagements, and insignificant compared with General Bank's de-eat in Louisiana. That disaster mnv involve the surrender nf wfiat .loan. tapes the Federals had acquired in that State. That he has suffered a tremendous defeat admits not of a douht, and bis losses are now stated to be at least six thousand killed wounr'ert and prisoner. Thev are even es imated at a higher figure It is likewise rumored Ihnt the army will till hack to Alexandria, distant one hundred indeed, it should not retreat to the Ju'is.'iis sipi. At all events, the expedition against Shreveport lias been ahandoned, and the Con'eflerate-i mav either lollow up their srics ceses and attempt to capture the beaten army, ar direct their efforts againft Steel's column, which was advancing from Arkan sas The 'ormer, however, is most rtmha bio. In tho meantime wo hear from Wash ington that Gen Banks i9 to be relieved of bis command. But, notwithstanding the importance of the operations in Louisiana, de'eat or success there is but a trifling matter compared with a like event in Virginia or Georgia. These are the points where great battles will be fought, and if they are decisive the war may be hawened to a concision. It is probable the Carnage will beoin in Virginia, and to ward thai blood stained land aniious- eyes are turned. Generals Grant and Lee have marshalled their mighty hosts, arid already, we are told, are maneuvering for position, and at any moment may hurl their strength upon a vulnerable point. From all accounts Gen. Lee has been largely re enforced by roteraii troops, and his armv is represented to be Superior to' what it was last year, not only in discipline, but in numbers. In fact there ia no reason to believe it inferior to that ol Gen Grant. If this be t'lio. with eT"' ,nrce- fhoish o position and moving lon '"terior lines, fate donbtS may tie on- tertained of the ultimate sheets of the Fed eral commander. Still, he has an array r tried valor, and has proved his abilitv to command. Moreover, he is"luckv." a thing which the great Napoleon esteemed a virtue in a General. So he mav overcome the ob stacles in his march to Richmond and win where others have lost, and thus gam what is dear tu a roMIer's heart, glory and re nown. N. Y. Nnos. IEcubliid!ii m' h;i lor Getting Sick of the Win-. Senator Henderson, of Missouri, one of the most moderate of the Republican lead ers, delivered a speech the other day in his place in the Senate, in which he said: - "If it became evident that the friends of slavoty ar strong enough in this country to resist all efforts to subdue them, I shall act upon it. I am riot prepared to ruin the conn try in a vmn effort to do what can not be done. Shall this war go on forever? I3the common crv of "the last man and the last dollar" poetry, patriotism or braggadocia? Should the war go on untd the public di-bt equals the entire wealth of the country I should the whole capital ol the people be forced into the Federal securities, and these securities made the basis of an irredeemable paper circulation? Should it go on until misery broods over the whale land; until civil authorities shall become impotent, and all lights of pjrson and property stand at ihe mercy of military power ?", The Wlii'til Crop. It is folly to disguise any longer, the un welcome fact, that the wheat crop ot the en tire West is a failure. We stated the fact last winter that the sudden cold about New Years had Irozen the roots of the wheat, and thus des'royed the crop. At the time we made the statement we did hot suppose the damage done extended over so large an area of couo'ry. Subsequent information went to prove that it extended over the whole West worse In some locations, of course, than In others. Tha reason why so many people were deceived and still hoped, was that they judged from ordinary appearances, which Ircquently proved deceptive, after a hard winter, when wheat supposed to be what is called "winter killed," revived on the opening spring. But the cold ol last winter, at one dash, killed the roots of the wheat by actually freezing them. The wea ther had been mild, even warm and moist. The roots were tender, exposed, and grow ing It was so warm, as ono Ol our farmers expressed it, that the hones sweat in the stables The wind nas blowing strong from east-south-east, and the warm rain, about dark, poured down in a flood. This aided in exposing the roots to the air. At this time ibeto was coming from the north-west, a storm Of Cold and snow, more intense in its character and greater in its dimensions than often occurs. These two storms faced each other, and kept the lines of separation so close upon each other,, that wtjen the weight of cold got the mastery, it was less than an hour, when its whole intensity struck every tender tree and root with 1 most tnuans aeatn. .in our wnoie . lite we could inly recollect one or two similar in stances, and this was why we pronounced the wheat killed frczjn, and "declined to put much confidence in tba predictions that the spring would retive, and bring it out again. The lariners in tins, rranklm county, give much mors gloomy accounts of their pros pects of late than they did eome weeks ago. April has been unfavorable and dishearten ing to the farmer in every respect, and it is the opinion of some ol our Best judges that there will be very little, if any, more wheat gathered ' than waa sown lost fall. Thou sands of acres ol wheat sowed land are bei- g ploughed up-to plant in corn. . iiverythlng now depends on the corn and potato crops and what buckwheat may be sown." This latter crop, at best, is uncertain in this re gion, and the scarcity and the high price of seed will confine the crop to a few corapera tivo acres,' OCT Anything 1 lik a- crop of frdit Is Im possible.?' there may that is not jet settled be apple, bat. tnpror4 (treat uccs( the proceads vrfrvi '. , .,,.'r . j " "." I first .three daj monntia le 'K.'Wuf, " 1 --'--" :C,.t:x ..n..:j'I v i " f. -J (KrThe oat eroa will be small ffom the fact that during the proper aeMi for unvr-. ing it the rains kept the ground unfit tj Work and feed being scarce and high, 75-its. per bthel)(but few felt like spending their incfney to ootain U. . 0"ln the more northern rOEiori fnrei will be good deal of spring wheat eiiliiN ed. but it will not go far to. supply the de ficiency. Our own opinion is, and we gW it with reluctance that the sea bntfrd mars''', et must look to sorfce othef pnrt'nn of tho world for tbeir bread darfn the net var, than thii. Our neonla. fur thm Ion tnrM J years, have been reckle of lire, p'rdmsrtr ana labor, and the results will rnmol.l j uPon u at once, when we are unprepared c meei mem, as so few rm k K1 . that there is any "end to our resource . As a nation we have anted verv mit-b. like yaune;, nrstart, brainless vouth.. Who irl. " catne 11110 ""(! " pn.'he death j ',8 Prent. He fl urishea fie sqinr-deri ; 7" f ' ows h'mJ1el'-be, surround-! him'clf I r!v ""refs who help him into trnflMe sni live upon Mis credualitv until ih end comes as suddenly as his wealth, and thon he is left solitary and alone to reflect on his fol ly ho friends, for thev disown hitn, and oo money, for Is is all qmnIird. Our ro sorees are just as "ineihaustsble" as his and no more so. Onris. . . . ; --v . I .Wit la lor BilHlill?. ke clean barrel that will hold water f ' put into It half t bu'hel of qnek lime, end " s'atfk It by pouring over it boiling water suf fluent to sover it four or five inches dtep, ishrrine it until it is slacked. ll Dissolve in wtr and add two pounds ef I sulphate of fire (whi'e vitriol and one pound if of common salt, which will cause the wash to harden on the wood work in a. 'er d.ivs " add snfflciodt. water to bring ft to the Consis tency o' thick white-wash, ' ' i o make the afme wsh of a pfeiairit yeK low cream color add three pou di of yellow ochre. - , For fawn color add four poonds rtmberV' one pound Indian red, and one pou'ed1 latnp-' black. . . -The following is tho formula for the white wash used lor the minor buildings connect-, ed with tha I'res dent's residence at Vah ington, D. C, both externally and internal, . Slack six pounds of lime in hot ivafer. cov ered Irom the air Ps it through a sieve in a liquid state. Add , one-qiur'er of a pound of whiting or the same quantity of pulverized burnt alum, one pound ofwhiU pw" i unco Jiiivo u iice iuMir inane in'O li n paste, and one pound of glue (light colored .J, Auu.uve gsiinns ot noning water to the t1a mi.ln. 1 n.tn . 1 . t. ...... ""iu iiiia.iiid tjiiy III III UK? UUV side of the buildings, and fold In the inside. One pint will cover a square yard of ou sido' work. Country Oeat eman. An lionn! IHmcoh. Deacon X. was an honest old codger, p' kind neighbor, and a good christian, believ; , ing in the religion creed to the fullest cStent; but la-kadav! the deaeton wonld nr jeiMonellv get exceedingly "mellow." and almost every Sunday, at dinner he would in- uniire m in 'ovorna ciner nranoy to S11C " extent that it ws with difflcnltv he got t1 his pew in the broad aisle near the pulpit, and b-ttfeen tha minister's and the villigj squire's. . fine Sundtv morning the p-vr"ori ; told his flock that he should preach sermon touching many glaring sins so con picinus among them; anei he hoped thev would lis-... ten attentively anrfl not flmeh if he happen- -ed to be severe. The afomoon came anil" the hofise' Was 'ull; evr-ryhodr turned nut-1 to.' hear tbeir neighbors 'dressed down by the minister,' who after well opening his sermon commenced upon the transgressors with a loud voice, and with the question where in the drunkard?' A solemn pause succeeded . 1. : : t r-v T i. mo inquiry, wnen up rose Lteaeon .., nm face red from frequent draughts of his favor ite drink, and steadying himself as well a he, ci uld by tho pew rail, locking op ... .iiv pmnvn, lie irjJiicu ill fclCUJUlltlg IUU ninino' VOIPA. "llerA I flm r ' ' . Of course a consternation in the congre- g.ttion was the result of the hottest deacon'S response; however, the parson went on with " his remarks as he had written them, com menting severely upon the drunkard, and closed by warning him to forsuke at one such evil habits, if they would seek salvs-'" tion and flee the coming wrath. , The deal : con then made a bow and seated himself. 'And now,' asked the preacher in hi luuue!, tune, wutjre is ine nypocnie. A pause, bat no one responded. Eyes) were turned upon this and that man, but me mosi glances seemed directea to tho SOllirn'a naar anrt InAaaA tViA rurann Dum.A to squint hard in that direction. The dea- , con saw where the shalt was aimed, or where it should be aimed, and rising once more, leaned over his pew to the squire whom he tapped on the shoulder, and thus addressed him: "Come squire, why don't you get up? I did when he called on me." Drinks All Around. Joe tlarris as a whole-souled merry fel low, and very fond of his glass. After liv- ' inn in New Orleans several veara ha enn ' to the conclusion that be would visit ao old! uncle who lived in Massachusetts whom hrf haa not seen lor manny years, ow mere ! . ' J( , V" .. 1 fl is a ainereucG ueiween .ibw . vnmniv an.u.j Massachusetts in regard to the use of ardent spirits; and when Joe arrived there and luund alt the people temperate, he lelt bud, thinking with the old song that "keeping the f pints no bv pouring spirits down" . wa ona ot ine DeHi ways 10 maao iue ume pass, Hut othe morning after his arrival in tqwnV his aunt came Out to him and said: "Joe yo -have lived in the South and no doubt are io ! the habit of taking something about eleren o'clock. ,. Now I keep some here for medical purposes, but let no one know it, as my bus- " U..J ..... . n . I m mvl ...n.1,1. na . V. V hnra H " i ' - .'...' , V, Joe promised, ar.d thinking that ho 'we'vi' get nu mare that day, took, as he expressed ' it, ' buster." After that he walked out tti 4 the stable and who should he meet but hf . ;. uncle. ; . i' .".., r. , ,, L "Well," says he, , "I expert you re is , the habit of drmkir.g something down, la New Orleans, but you will find us all tein- r perato here, and for my soni, t doo't lei : them know I have any brandy about, but just kevp a little out here fur tnj r'oeuvna . ttm. Will you accept a little f" , ; Joe Signified Iris readiness, and took art. r other horn. Then continuing hts walk, ha went to where the boys were building a fense. '"After conversing awhile, aad of his coiisint saidi-' : " ' "Joe, I expeot yoa 'would like to have, something to driokj and as the folk . are j down on liquor, .we keep some out hers to r neip ns along wua our. worn.. . , ., Out came the bottle,, and down the; SBf; and he says by the time he went bora ho was as tight as be could be, and all iron t visiting a temperate family. . " , j,i OSnThe Irish National bit at Chi&asn '$'f& vtwmmmm nun -JTwa-.