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Cme Jincrirk' Z. BAG AS, Xditer.. BTStmEJViriliE. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY!, 1855. FREEDOM OF SPEECH. FREEDOM OF THOUGHT. The J ewiih Rabbis, who lived and flour ished in olden time, claimed and exercised tupremc dominion over the minds of the people. The Roman ecclesiastic?, who are their legitimate successors, havo maintain ed, nnd wherever they have had the power, havo exercised the same dominion. Who has not vend the maxims of their councils, that those who do not suhmit to their de cisions, aro worthy of death ? and their blasphemous assumptions, which declare that they havo a divino right to say what is hw and what is gospel, and the people arc bound to say amen. It was by this oneeision on the part of the people, which - enabled Pope Julian, in 1510, to depose and to anathematize Louis, King of France; the masses submitting to the bull which he issued, condemning all who were found aiding tho French monarch. It would be a very easy matter to mul tiply scores of cases, establishing by the most incontcstiblc historical testimony, where most withering consequences to Church and State have followed such as sumptions and such submission. To yield the right of freedom of thought, or of pri vate 'judgment, is at once to yield the dig nity of a man; for what is it which con stitutes man's real dignity, but the right ) which he possesses to determine for him self in all matters pertaining to his person al interest, whether as a moral or as a so cial being? To examine into the foundation of his faith, whether in morals or in politics, to correct his errors to ascertain the truth, and fearlessly to assert and maintain it, at taches a dignity and an honor to an intel ligent being, which casts into the shade all the glory, and all the honor acquired by those who tacitly submit to the dicta tion of political tyrants or ecclesiastical despots. It is highly commendable to venerate the names, aud tenderly to cherish the me morials of our fathers, and of the wise and the good who have lived in every age and every nation; and to throw the mantle of charity over what we conceive to be error in either their principles or their practice. y But to hold with a death-like grasp to ci pher a political or ecclesiastical party, sim ply on the ground that our ancestors were of-a particular faith, is preposterous in the extreme. Tt is to say that they were per , feet, and above the possibility of error. TCis to close tho door against all improvc , meat; for it is upon the right of private judgment, that ell reforms ere founded. We knew that it has been confidently as serted, that to allow men the privilege of Jjrccdom d thought, is to open a wide door ipr anarchy in the State, and tor herosvin Church; but if over recrimination were Ouc of the privileges guarantied to ev ery man by our Constitution, is tho "free dom of speech," each being personally responsible for the abusoof tho same. It is with regret, that we hear of those disgraceful scenes that have become too frequent in our land, wherein men, whoso sentiments upon some particular subjects, happen to be repugnant to the feelings of a portion of the audience, aro interrupted by the hissings, and- aro sometimes sub jected to the pcltiugs of an ungovernable mob. Such rowdyism is not only disgrace ful to any community, but injurious to the cause it may advocate. It is an argument to which error or fanaticism will never yield. Wc claim to be a freo and intelligent people. Why not act as such, and not. de scend to deeds which a savage would blush to own ? No persons have the right to iu terfero with the free expression of the sen timents of any man, or prevent those from listening to him who wish to do so. If he propagates doctrines that arc erroneous, and dangerous to the civil or religious wel fare of the nation, those can be found who are able to refute his sophistry, and set the subject in its true light. If he is a poli tician, and has betrayed the interests of his constituents, they can meet him with a weapon more effectual than the hootings of an infuriated multitude. They consti tute a tribunal before which he must stand, which will meto out his dues, and from whose judgment there is no appeal. No person can be compelled to listen to what he docs not approve ; and if he cannot stay without interrupting the speaker, he should leave, and let others hear him. The course adopted by many editors in our country, is calculated to encourage such acts. If a man, no matter what his poli tical teuets may be, should be greeted with tho 'cries and groans of an outraged people.' All the journals that cling to a different faith, relate the details of the outrage with a zest that shows plainly their corrupt and vitiated principles. This is not the kind of treatment that a freeman should receive at the hands of his fellows. If the prin ciples ho inculcates are dangerous to lib erty, let them be fully and boldly exposed by the press; but let not the attack be a personal one. Let him meet with the se verest rebuke that can be administered the silent contempt of an enlightened people. I, We have been favored with the 2d and Sd Nob. of the American Eagle, pub lished in York Pa. It is a very neat paper, nnd from tho specimens wc have seen, is ably conducted. II. F. Thomas, editor and proprietor. Bro. T., although you aro three days in advance of us in order of time in your first issue, we hope you will not think us vain, if wc should iudulgc in the impression that wc are one degree ahead of tho "Eagle" in point of stvlo and mechanical execution. Please send us the 1st No. J3? We havo received the January and February numbers of tho fifth vo'ume of Arthur's Home Magazine. Mr. Arthur has discontinued the Home Gazette, merg ing it into the Magazine. It is needless for us to say anything by way of recom mending Mr. Arthur's publications, for he is favorably known to the literary world. The terms of the Magazine are: One copy for one year 82 Two copies " Three 41 " Four " " Address (post paid) T. S. Arthur & Co., 107 Walnut street, Philpdelphia. t the allowable, it is at this point. To permit dead men's bones to say to us what wc -.iust believe, and by what law we n.u.?tbe governed, u the climax of absurdity. Man, by the charter of his creation, Is the equal of his brother man, and he possesses the same rights and the same privileges which were possessed by his ancestors. The maxim of Caesar was, to regard nothing as accomplished, whilst there re mained anything to be done. It was by practising upon this maxim, that the Ro man eagles flew to the interior of Asia, subjugated Caul, rendered Britain their tributary, swelled the Rhine with tho blood of the Germans, followed the shattered re mains of Pompcy's army into Africa, and compelled the river, which flowed into the Adriatic sea, to bear along the news of Ro man victories. The true American party has done much in this country. It has stingingly rebuked many political hucksters and corrupt dem- .... agogues ot ootn ttie old political parties, I5ut there is still ruuuh to be done. Re member Cajsur's maxim: "Consider noth ing done, whilst there remains anything to be done.'' Freu thought, free speech, nnd freo and vigorous action, directed by the liwa of wisdom and prudence, will regene rate tho political world, and compel Hun kcrisra and Fogyism to lick the dust. JJriyYigorous arc the efforts of the Fogy organs of this Congressional d'stri?t, to create the impression, that the tendency of the present American movement is to sus tain the institution of Slavery. Now, we are free to say, that if wc believed the charge to be true, we would consider it our duty to decline the advocacy of tho movement; for we have an uncompromis ing abhorrence to the institution of slavery in every shape and form, whether in Church or State. But it so happens, that the re verse is true in regard to this whole sub ject. Tt was our intention to show up, in the present issue of our paper, the unfair ness of the organs of both the old broken down parties in this part of the State; but finding an article to tho point in an ex change, we copy it entire. Read it, Ohio Patriot, Cadiz Sentinel, Cadiz Republican, American Union, and Steubcnville Herald, and please copy. For the True American. Mr. Editor: In perusing the Ameri can Union of this city, of the 27th Jami ary, we were somewhat astonished, as well as amused, at what seemed to be an effort upon the part of the imported editor of that paper, to identify the Teachers of this county, who were in attendance at the quar terly session of the County School Exam iners, then being held in ths city among whom were quite a number of ladies with the supposed or fabulous Know Nothing organization. The editor says: "A convention of Know-Nethings has been in session in this city for a day or two nast, and delegates were in attendance from different parts of the State." Your correspondent believes that this is only one of those every day misadventures of persons who misunderstand their call ing, and arc ever on the watch to cry "mad dog !" In common with the Teach crs, we consider the attempt as exceeding ly ungenerous; uot only because Know Nothingism is antagonistic with the Teach er's high calling and his fitness for it, but because they are thus placed in the same category with "midnight assassins," who iu their "unseasonable conclaves," plot the "destruction" of the "fair fabric of our Constitution." We hope, however. that nobody is hurt, and, as a self-consti tuted sentinel, we warn community against these fables of imported and Jesuit con ductors of the press. Wc think that Ba ron Munchausen, Gulliver, Robinson Cru soe, Sinbad the Sailor, and the Arabian Nights, arc pretty good "yarns," and see no call for these paragraphers of the press to improve on them. Qui Vive ,The Ohio Patriot comes down with a vengeance upon the Salem Democrat, for what the Patriot claims to be an inconsis tency on tho part of the Democrat, in re gard to the American move the Democrat being a Free Soil paper. If there was one idea contained in the comment of the Pa triot, we should be glad to give it entire, as a matter of special news. But as there is nothing but words, and they of very ob jectionablc character, we hope tho Patriot will excuse us for not giving them a place in our paper. Perhaps the Patriot will say, that this is "wasting our sweetness on the desert air." jflapWo will now outer the names of all those to whom wc have sent the four first numbers of our paper, and who have not returned thorn, on our regular list of sub scriberssatisfied that no honorable man will bo disposed to decline paying for the paper .after receiving four numbers. In our first issue, wc requested those who did not Wish to take the paper, to signify the same by returning it in tho next mail.- Some few have done ?o it is all ridit and several new subscribers arc daily added to our list. We are thankful to our friends in various parts of the comity for their ef forts m our behalf. It shows that, our ef fort to iinpro? the truth upon the public : 1.. .i mum in yiypcnv appreciateu. An ex change say., that "hard times is a vcrv hard-hearted excuse for not subscribing for a good paper. These aro the very times the newspaper press should receive a lib . oral support, in order that it may be the v tetter enabled to keep the public posted : c : . -in uu muucia vi importance. Please thin!; of these things, and re .rncntbr r thai onr books arc still open for For the True American. Written language No. 1. ncters presented to the eye, which we call writing." Theso characters wefe at .first rude pic tures. Thus, to denote that ono man had illcd another, they drew the figuro of one mau stretched upon the earth, and of an other standing behind him with a deadly weapon in his hand. But these pictures could do no more than delineate external events. They could not exhibit the connections of them, de scribe such qualities as were invisible to the naked eye, nor convey any idea of the words or dispositions of men. "To supply, in some degree, this defect, there arose in process of time, the inven tion of what are called hieroglyph ical char acters, which may be considered the sec ond stage of the art of writing. Hiero glyphics consist in certain symbols, which are made to stand for invisible objects, on account of an analogy or resemblance which such symbols were supposed to bear to the objects. Thus, an eye was the hieroglyph- ical symbol of knowledge, a circle of eter nity, which has neither beginning nor end. "Hieroglyphics, therefore, were a more refined and extensive species of painting pictures, delineating tho resemblance of external visible objects. Hieroglyphics painted visible objects, by analogies taken from the external worldi-' From hieroglyphical symbols, writing advanced to simple arbitrary marks. A peculiar character was appropriated to each object and idea, without reference to the word by which such object or idea was represented. This was an improvement on the former methods, but was objectionable on account of the great number of characters required. Of this nature are the characters used to represent the Chinese language. They number, it is said, about seventy thousand. Hence, to read and write them, is a study of a lifetime. Men at last became sensible of the im perfection, the ambiguity, the tediousncss of this method. They observed the same syllables frequently recurring in the names of things. Hence they invented an alpha bet of syllables. By fixing a particular mark or character for every syllable in the language, the number of characters neces sary to be used in writing, were reduced within a much smaller compass. Thus, the word agriculture, which required by tho former method ehven characters to re present it, by this required but four, one for each syllable. Though this was an im provement on the former method, yet the characters were very numerous, Decision on the Ohio Liquor Law. UTii another column will he found the decision of the Supreme Court of Ohio on the Liquor question, which has been the subject of much speculation since the enactment of the law by our Legislature Yv'e aro glad that tho question is now dc cided in accordance with common law and common justice. ffi,By reference to our advertising col umns, our readers will see the prospectus of Putnam's Monthly Magazine. This magazine is one of the best that is pub lished in the country. As a literary work it has no superior. Its contributors are all Americans, and many of them aro men of great ability. No family should be without this valuable periodical. 8J?odey's Lady's Book for January, is a brilliant number, containing much in teresting matter. Yv'e refer our readers to the prospectus in our advertising columns. &"Wc publish the present issue on pa. per manufactured by T. Hanna & Sons. It is quite equal to any we have heretofore used. lerWe refer our readers to the adver tisement of the Art Journal, to be found in this day's paper. jaj.,Our readers aro referred to the es say on Language, in this number of our paper. Rend it, and give the author a fuir hearing. The faculty of speech is one of the no blest and most valuable a beneficent and bountiful Creator has conferred upon man. By this curious and wonderful contrivance the fleeting breath becomes the index of the soul, tho divulger and interpreter of the invisible thought, and the great bond and medium of social intercourse." This endowment, more than any other, distinguishes him from the rest of God's creatures. It is from it the gift of reason derives its great, intrinsic excellence and superiority. By the emission of a few simple sounds, his thoughts, desires and purposes are made known to those about him. "Words are the links of that electric chain upon which thought flics from mind to mind, and feel ing from heart to heart." Says an able writer on language: "If man had not possessed this or some other extensive power of communication, that as tonishing system, which wc call the hu man mind, would have remained in inac tivity, its faculties torpid, its energies un excitcd, and that capacity for progressive improvement, which forms so important a part of the mental constitution of man, would have been given in vain, would have been uuknown except to him who gave it." But if man had not the art of preserving his thoughts, however correct and vivid ; of retaining his expressions, however clear, elegant and eloquent, they would fly from his lips to mingle with the winds. They would die w ith the speaker, or be but faiut- ly transmitted to future generations, at last to fade entirely from the memory of man or to be mingled with fables. But possessed as he is, with the art of transcribing his thoughts, they continue sounding on through all time to all gene rations If, then, written language alone gives permanence to thoughts, we may truly style it tho art of arts. Wc worship tho art of printing, but this art is below it, above it and beyond it. It is the genuino lever of civilization. Tho press is only tho instru incut of the pen. This art is of human origin. The date of its origination is unknown, but it is sup posed not to have been invented until man had much improved tho faculty of speech, which, like every other faculty, is susccp tible of progressive improvement. "At first men thought of nothing more than communicating their thoughts to one another, when present, by means of words or sounds, which they uttered. After wards they devised the further method of mutual communication with one another, when nhxent, by means of marks or rhar- The Supreme Court of Ohio delivered the following opinion upon the constitu tionality of the law enacted by the Legis lature of this Stntn o?tliubjcct of vend ing ardent spirits: Frederick Miller v. the State. In error to tho Probate Court of Clermont county. Thchman, C. J., delivered the opinion of the Court. Held 1 . That, for aught that appears in the journals of the Senate and House of Re presentatives of the General Assembly, the act of May 1, 1854, entitled. "An Act to provide against the evils resulting from tho ale of intoxicating liquors in the State of Ohio," was constitutionally enacted. 2. That the provisions of the Constitu tion (Art. 2, sec. 16,) that, "Every bill shall be fully and distinctly read on three different days, unles, in case of urgency, three-fourths of the House in which it shall be pending shall dispense with this rule," docs not require that every amendment to a bill shall be read three times. 3. Every reasonable intendment is to be made in favor of the proceedings of the Legislature. It is not to be presumed that tho Assembly, or either House of it, has iolated the Constitution. When, there fore, it appears by the journals, that a bill was amended by striking out all after the enacting clause and inserting a "new bill," so called, it cannot be presumed that the matter inserted was upon a different sub ject from that stricken out; especially when tho matter inserted is inconsistent with the title borne by the bill before such amend ment. This is the more obvious since the Constitution provides that, "No bill shall contain more than one subject which shall be clearly expressed in its title." (Art. 2, sec. lb.) JNordocs the tact tnat tne in serted matter is called a "new bill," prove that it was not an amendment. 4. No bill can become a law without re ceiving tho number of votes required by the Constitution, and if it was found, by an inspection of the legislative journals, that what purports to be a law upon the statute book was not passed by the requi site number of votes, it might, possibly, be tho duty of the Courts to treat it as a nul lity. But it docs not follow that an act that was passed by a constitutional major ity is invalid, because, in its consideration, tho Assembly did not strictly observe the mode of procedure prescribed by the Con stitution. There arc provisions in that in strument that aro directory in their char acter, tho observance of which by their sense of duty and official oaihs,and not by any supervisory power of tho courts. 5. Neithor the 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th or 8th sections of the act under consideration, properly construed, is repugnant to the Constitution. In saying this, we do not mean to affirm that the Legislature has the power to wholly prohibit traffio in intoxi cating liquori in this State. Without de ciding whether the Assembly has anypow er over this subject in virtue of tho geno ral grant of legislative power in see. 18 of Art. 1G, in these words: "No licenso to traffic in intoxicating liquors shall hereaf ter bo granted in this State, but the Gen eral Assombly may, by law, provide against evils resulting therefrom." 6. A violation of cither tho 1st, 2d or 8d sections of the act, subjects the offender to the penalties mentioned in the first clause of sec. 8. It is not necessary, in order to incur these penalties, that all three sections be violated. 7. If a sale violate all three sections, the offender may be prosecuted under cither of them; and his conviction or acquittal will bar a prosecution, for the same sale, under cither of the other two sections. 8. But a conviction or acquittal, under the 1st, 2d or 3d sections i3 no bar to a prosecution under the 4th. 9. To convict for a violation of the 2d section, it is necessary to aver in the in formation, and provo on the trial, that the seller knew tho buyer to be a minor; and to convict for a violation of the 3d section it is necessary to aver and prove, in like manner, that tho seller knew the buyer to be intoxicated, or in the habit of getting intoxicated. (Birncy s case, 8 0. R. 237, followed and approved.) 10. To convict for a violation of the 4th section, it is necessary to aver in the infor mation, and prove on the trial, that the place where the liquor was sold, was a place of public resort. And the proof must also show that it was a place where liquors were habitually sold in violation of the act. A single sale does not make the place a nui sance, or tho seller a "keeper," within the meaning of the act. A series of sales is necessary. 11. No order to shut up, or abate the place, can rightfully be made, unless the nuisance continues to exist at the time such order is made. Unless, therefore, the Court is satisfied that, at the time of mak ing tho order, the place is kept for the sale of liquors in violation of the act, no order should be made. For it is tho unlawful business, (and not the place, per se,) that creates the nuisance; and hence, where the business has ceased, there is no nuisance to abate. No man's property can bo for feited as a punishment for crime, the Con stitution providing, that no conviction shall work a "forfeiture of estate." (Art. 1, sec. 12.) Hence there is no power to de prive a man of the use of his property, un less it be necessary in order to abate an ex isting nuisance. 12. The order is not to be directed to any officer. It is not an order to be exe cuted by an officer. It is an order to the person convicted, obedience to which may be enforced, if the nuisance be continued, by attachment for contempt of Court. Tho order being mnAo, it tho convict cease to keep a house of public resort, of the character named, or referred to, in the 4th section, ho need give no bond, and having so ceased, no attachment can properly be issued against him. But if he desire to continue keeping such house of public re sort, he must, in order to avoid an attach ment, give bond. He has his election, to quit keeping a house of public resort, or to give bond and keep it without violating the law. From the Harriibu'g Telegraph. Enow Jfothingism and Slavery. history has been evidently that of a pro slavery Whig, but we speak now only of I 1,; ...,..i. t t :.. Tee Democratic Union is Stoking itself r . ., , uovernor, is a c ree ooii icmocrai ana t u- exccedingly ridiculous by its efforts to iden tify Know Nothingism with the pro-slavery movement. As wo observed on a for mer occasion, this is a 'trick' on the part of the Uuion (a rampant pro-slavery, anti Know'Nothing organ) to create a schism between tho friends of Freedom in the North, and pavo the way for a triumph of the Slave Power. But the game, however adroitly played, won't win. We are coolly told that Know Nothingism is a pro-slave ry movement, (if so, why docs the Union oppose it?) and has already completely "swallowed up Free Soilism I" This will be news to the friends of Freedom in the sionisi. wi mo senators ana iteprescnia- tives elected, enough is known to bo toler ably certain that a reliable man will bo chosen to the United States Senate, and effectual provision made for protecting the inhabitants of the State against tho fugi- tive Blavo hunt.' " ' "Thus have acted the Know Nothings of Massachusetts. How spoke they ? I will read a resolution from a Know Nothing Convention in Norfolk, Massachusetts : " 'Resolved, That we hail with joy and hope the recent brilliant success of the Re publican party in the States of Maine, Iowa, I Tn A l it it A Tnwt w r.-l r Hin a t A Anil rosi nrfn T Y hnf nin tht fnnta tn fhn stacA r ' ' t mi . . , tt xta' trust those victories area foreshadowing of . , , , . . . . ; otnorssoon to come, Dy which the Ifreo most largely predominates, the triumph of , ' ' ... , . . the anti-slavery sentiment has been the most thorough and complete. Here in the old Keystone, where the strength of the new party organization is incalculable, the originators and advocates of the Nebraska States shall present one solid phalanx of opposition to the aggressions of slavery.' " "Is this unbroken testimony of deed and speech nothing? Will the South unite with this Northern Know Nothing movc- mnnt nninifitirl TOtli tTia CAntimnnta nf tn swmdle, and apologists and supporter, of c5!llism and(Wm? WilltheSouth the "pecu har institution, were most cm- .... , . .. , .. phatically rebuked and condemned. . , . , , - , . James Pollock, the eloquent campion ., , ... . , ' 1 r imineil.q tnon. who. likfi (instnn. trnve lan. of Freeeom, whose position on the Slavery . . . . . . . question met the cordial approbation of the ;ke Louisiana lovcd to honor,' Free Soilers and was publicly endorsed by graced tho genate IIall ? wm the Whig them, received the unanimous support of . of th) gouth into it? j Mk tho 1 1- . r rv - i . i . j i i - - the Know Nothings, and was elected by over forty thousand majority! At the same election, nearly a unanimous anti slavery delegation to Congress was elected; and in districts where Know Nothingism was most largely in tho ascendant, the ma jorities for the anti-slavery candidates were the most overwhelming. Of one hundred members of tho House of Representatives of our own State Legislature, more than two-thirds aro said to be Know Nothings, and strongly anti-slavery in sentiment ! And yet, in the face of all these facts, the Union asserts that Know Nothingism is a pro-slavery movement," designed to 'swal- ow up Free Soilism." As in Pennsylva nia, Know Nothism was an important element in the elections, the anti-slavery sentiment swept everything before it, rebuking dough- faceism as it had never been rebuked be fore! If additional evidence were wanting to establish the position that Know Nothing ism is not a "pro-slavery movement, as charged by the Union, we have it in the fiery editorials of tho Southern newspapers, and the denunciatory harangues of South- luminod even ;n and fennent ;n tMa em Congressmen and politicians, like Keitt, of South Carolina, and Wise, of Virginia. he highly concentrated "chivalry wc mean the 'fire-eaters' regard Know Noth ingism as an 'institution' essentially North ern in all its features, and hostile to the "peculiar institutions" of the South. To show how the Know Nothing movement is regarded at the South, wo subjoin an ex- Thankscivinq Day Appointed by Editors. The Governor of Missouri, for some reason we do know, failed to appoint a thanksgiving day for the State; where upon the editors of the Western Watch man issued upon their own responsibility the following proclamation, to bo observed throughout tho State: Be it known, That we, the editors of the Western Watchman, do hereby appoint this (Thursday) thirtieth day of November, in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and fifty-four, to bo observed as a day of Thanksgiving, by all to whom these pros ents may come, who feel disposed to honor this proper and time-hallowed custom. And we recommend that all unnecessary labor be laid aside on this day, for the pur pose of reflecting on the goodness of Al mighty God to us during the past year, in order to stir up in our hearts emotions of thankfulness and praise. Done at the Western Watchman Office, in the city of St. Louis, on the morning of said day, Anno Domini, 1854, iu tho sev cnty-ninth year of the Independence of the United States of America. By the Editors. God tave the Commonwealth of Missouri, 8A liquor seller in Wooster has been fined $25 for selling contrary to law, and gave bonds in a thousand dollars not to sell liquor. His groggery was declared a nuisance, for which he was fined $65. His fines, costs, and attorney's fees cost him about 8200. American Works in England. 'The London Athenaeum has Mr. Bently's au thority for saying that tho following sums have been paid by his firm for American copyrights to threo American writers that to Washington Irving 2,450; to Mr. Prescott X2,495; and to J. Fcnnimore Cooper 12,590 in all 17,525, or about 887,675. IQrThore is said to be a man in Wor cester who has lived so long on corn bread that his voice has becomo husky, his hair had turned to silk like that which grows on tho grain, and his toes are covered with corns. HaTMr. P. Soule has resigned his mis sion to Spain, and John C. Breckenridge has been appointed hw ruecewor. Whigs of the South, why did you break up your old party organization? Did you not do it because the Northern wing of it was too much Abolitioniztd t Did not tho Northern members say to you, 'let us agree to disagree upon the question of slavery,' and sooner than agree to this, did you not break it up ? Will you now enter into a new organization with theso same men, and agree to disagree upon the same subject? If your devotion to the Constitution and tho South made you break up your old party organization, will you trample upon that devotion in joining a new one? I now ask the Whigs of the South, and they are gallait men, whether they will abandon so in the other Free States where and brCftk up their old party, with its saints, i i i . i- its-coniessors, ana us wnoie army oi mar tyrs, and fall abject and helpless into tho clutches of this new order, with its past of pauperism, and its future of abolitionism and consolidation ? Will the Democracy of the South go into this new order? Will they abandon thoir old cause of State rights and Constitution? Will they desert their old flag which they have waved so often in tho breach and over the field, and have il- ncw order? The member from Massachu setts, (Mr. Banks,) the champion of the Know Nothings here, abandoned the Dem ocratic party because it wat not Free Soil. Una ho become pro-slavery? Shall tho South contract this alliance? What a pic ture rises up. I here stands tho sculptur ed genius of socialism and proscription, grinning hate against the South, with tho tract irem tne neryspeecnoiiur.r,eur,oi saturnalia of emancipation in tho front, coutn caronna, recently ueuverca mum- whie tlie member from Massachusetts is gress. Wc commend it to the attention of gecn ; (he back ground flying vMy with those ot our l'ree sou tnenas wtio may abnorrcnce from tho 'black hearse of slave- have hecn misled and deceived t.y tne at- rv his footstcps lifted un with lurid tempts ot sucn papers as tne democratic garc of a burning convent in Charlcstown. Union ana iNew xorK inoune, to identity If tWs picturc be real will tbe goutn bo Know Nothingism with the pro-slavery drapgcd into it? If such there be, I pray movement. Hear the champion of slavery: nnA t,nt r,n;nr mw ,u ? !,.,. V I V" JA U1IUU HIV jll I U 1 IMUJ UU) ALA V llitl 1 lJ J "Will the South then go into this new what thc paintcr 0f tbe sacrifice of re organization, because it is pauperism en- cnia dId ;n sk;il, throw a mantle over the listed against weaitti and charters, and the featUrcs of the victim. Mr. Chairman, I establishment of a system of social slavery? have discussed this new organization with win sne go into it because ot its Abolition as much impartiality as I could bring to tendencies? Do they not exist? Has bcar upon it. I to wound no one; not the National W hig party disunited be- but I would tave die South and the char- cause of the Abolition tendencies of its nMor nf nnr Tannin from dnnror and d. JNorthern wing r W ill this wing have less moralization.' Abolition feeling under a new organiza tion ? Will those Northern Democrats who Messrs. Fink and ikon, of WhceJ abandoned their nartv because they said inS navo the steam ferry boat r " T- l 1 ii 1-1 . 1 Al H it was allied with slavery, bo more mode- ""lerenango or tne central unio com- rate Abolitionists in the new party ? Do W and havc contracted to run nil their M 1 . tn it not such materials make up the Northern IreiSnt ana passengers to Wheeling tor Know Nothing party ? Is not its object inrco yenrs at ' Pcr power and place ? Will it not, then, seize upon all the elements of strength which can carry it into power? and aro not the elements floating about at the North, and eager for coalition, tho Abolition and Free Soil element?" They have been strong enough to shatter an old and powerful or ganization, and will they lose their virus and purpose in a new one ? What, too, have been the practical result of this new party? J?A fellow in the jail wishes he had the small pox, so he could break out. He has tried everything else, he says, but ho can't come it. Washington, Jan. 29. The Star says it has received letters confirmatory of the excitement in Cuba, and is daily expect-' ing to hear of an outbreak. The Star has reason to believe the President will issue a In Massachusetts alono.it has Proclamation. truing the Kinney expedi- been victorious through itt own strength ; tionists against an infraction of the neu- ' 4..i:i l l !! . i and what see we there? Is not the Abo- MBmJ T' " VIK 10 n lition and Free Soil flag tho only one fly- 0CCUPatim2; ,., ing? How Btand its members elect? I New York, Jan. SO. The bark, Ar rcad an extract from tho correspondent of gyle, from Glasgow for New York, loaded the National Era (an Abolition paper) of with pig iron, ran ashoro, five milea south November 23d, 1854. The miter is Bta- of Square Inlet, on the night of tho 28th, ted to be J. G. Whittier, co-editor, I be- and is going to pieces. The fast life-saving licve, of the Era, and a distinguished Abo- apparatus cannot be rendcicd effectual, litionist of Massachusetts, who, as much as One man reached the beach. Four of tho any other man, is booked in refcrenco to crew, and ono passenger were drowned; its politics, particularly Freo Soil: five others aro clinging to the bowsprit. " 'C. L. Knapp, of tho eighth district, Manchester. N. IT.. .Tnn ai -n,. is an old Liberty man, true as steel. De Witt in tho Worcester district, Trafton in the eleventh, Coomins in the fourth, Dar mell in tho third, and Burlingame in the fifth district, are also Free Soilers. N. P. Banks, Jr., is triumphantly re-elected from the seventh district, against the combined opposition of the Pierce Democracy and the Whigs. Of Davis of tho bixth, and Hall of the first, wo have no very definite know ledge. " 'Gardner, (lie Governor elect, stands openly plcdgod against tho Nebraska fraud and -tho Fugitive Slave Law. His pant Know-Nothing Convention, to-day, nom. inated Ralf Metcalf, of Newport, for Gov. crnor, Vice Rev. Moore, who is ineligible. Cincinnati, January 30. At Mount Pleasant in this county, about fifty women attacked and demolished a large quantity of liquor, belonging to & tavern-koeper, and dragged tho owner through the liquid, which stood six incheg deep on tho floor. Boston, Jan. JU. General Wilson, (Know Nothing,) was olected to the Uni ted StaUa Sonato, tbta morning, by a ma. jority of one, in cut Senate.