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True American. [volume] (Steubenville [Ohio]) 1855-1861, February 01, 1855, Image 2

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Cme Jincrirk'
Z. BAG AS, Xditer..
The J ewiih Rabbis, who lived and flour
ished in olden time, claimed and exercised
tupremc dominion over the minds of the
people. The Roman ecclesiastic?, who are
their legitimate successors, havo maintain
ed, nnd wherever they have had the power,
havo exercised the same dominion. Who
has not vend the maxims of their councils,
that those who do not suhmit to their de
cisions, aro worthy of death ? and their
blasphemous assumptions, which declare
that they havo a divino right to say what
is hw and what is gospel, and the people
arc bound to say amen. It was by this
oneeision on the part of the people, which
- enabled Pope Julian, in 1510, to depose
and to anathematize Louis, King of France;
the masses submitting to the bull which
he issued, condemning all who were found
aiding tho French monarch.
It would be a very easy matter to mul
tiply scores of cases, establishing by the
most incontcstiblc historical testimony,
where most withering consequences to
Church and State have followed such as
sumptions and such submission. To yield
the right of freedom of thought, or of pri
vate 'judgment, is at once to yield the dig
nity of a man; for what is it which con
stitutes man's real dignity, but the right
) which he possesses to determine for him
self in all matters pertaining to his person
al interest, whether as a moral or as a so
cial being?
To examine into the foundation of his
faith, whether in morals or in politics, to
correct his errors to ascertain the truth,
and fearlessly to assert and maintain it, at
taches a dignity and an honor to an intel
ligent being, which casts into the shade
all the glory, and all the honor acquired
by those who tacitly submit to the dicta
tion of political tyrants or ecclesiastical
It is highly commendable to venerate
the names, aud tenderly to cherish the me
morials of our fathers, and of the wise and
the good who have lived in every age and
every nation; and to throw the mantle of
charity over what we conceive to be error
in either their principles or their practice.
y But to hold with a death-like grasp to ci
pher a political or ecclesiastical party, sim
ply on the ground that our ancestors were
of-a particular faith, is preposterous in the
extreme. Tt is to say that they were per
, feet, and above the possibility of error.
TCis to close tho door against all improvc
, meat; for it is upon the right of private
judgment, that ell reforms ere founded.
We knew that it has been confidently as
serted, that to allow men the privilege of
Jjrccdom d thought, is to open a wide door
ipr anarchy in the State, and tor herosvin
Church; but if over recrimination were
Ouc of the privileges guarantied to ev
ery man by our Constitution, is tho "free
dom of speech," each being personally
responsible for the abusoof tho same.
It is with regret, that we hear of those
disgraceful scenes that have become too
frequent in our land, wherein men, whoso
sentiments upon some particular subjects,
happen to be repugnant to the feelings of
a portion of the audience, aro interrupted
by the hissings, and- aro sometimes sub
jected to the pcltiugs of an ungovernable
mob. Such rowdyism is not only disgrace
ful to any community, but injurious to the
cause it may advocate. It is an argument
to which error or fanaticism will never
Wc claim to be a freo and intelligent
people. Why not act as such, and not. de
scend to deeds which a savage would blush
to own ? No persons have the right to iu
terfero with the free expression of the sen
timents of any man, or prevent those from
listening to him who wish to do so. If he
propagates doctrines that arc erroneous,
and dangerous to the civil or religious wel
fare of the nation, those can be found who
are able to refute his sophistry, and set the
subject in its true light. If he is a poli
tician, and has betrayed the interests of
his constituents, they can meet him with
a weapon more effectual than the hootings
of an infuriated multitude. They consti
tute a tribunal before which he must stand,
which will meto out his dues, and from
whose judgment there is no appeal. No
person can be compelled to listen to what
he docs not approve ; and if he cannot stay
without interrupting the speaker, he should
leave, and let others hear him.
The course adopted by many editors in
our country, is calculated to encourage such
acts. If a man, no matter what his poli
tical teuets may be, should be greeted with
tho 'cries and groans of an outraged people.'
All the journals that cling to a different
faith, relate the details of the outrage with
a zest that shows plainly their corrupt and
vitiated principles. This is not the kind
of treatment that a freeman should receive
at the hands of his fellows. If the prin
ciples ho inculcates are dangerous to lib
erty, let them be fully and boldly exposed
by the press; but let not the attack be a
personal one. Let him meet with the se
verest rebuke that can be administered
the silent contempt of an enlightened
I, We have been favored with the 2d
and Sd Nob. of the American Eagle, pub
lished in York Pa. It is a very neat
paper, nnd from tho specimens wc have
seen, is ably conducted. II. F. Thomas,
editor and proprietor. Bro. T., although
you aro three days in advance of us in
order of time in your first issue, we hope
you will not think us vain, if wc should
iudulgc in the impression that wc are one
degree ahead of tho "Eagle" in point of
stvlo and mechanical execution. Please
send us the 1st No.
J3? We havo received the January and
February numbers of tho fifth vo'ume of
Arthur's Home Magazine. Mr. Arthur
has discontinued the Home Gazette, merg
ing it into the Magazine. It is needless
for us to say anything by way of recom
mending Mr. Arthur's publications, for he
is favorably known to the literary world.
The terms of the Magazine are:
One copy for one year 82
Two copies "
Three 41 "
Four " "
Address (post paid) T. S. Arthur & Co.,
107 Walnut street, Philpdelphia.
allowable, it is at this point. To permit
dead men's bones to say to us what wc
-.iust believe, and by what law we n.u.?tbe
governed, u the climax of absurdity.
Man, by the charter of his creation, Is the
equal of his brother man, and he possesses
the same rights and the same privileges
which were possessed by his ancestors.
The maxim of Caesar was, to regard
nothing as accomplished, whilst there re
mained anything to be done. It was by
practising upon this maxim, that the Ro
man eagles flew to the interior of Asia,
subjugated Caul, rendered Britain their
tributary, swelled the Rhine with tho blood
of the Germans, followed the shattered re
mains of Pompcy's army into Africa, and
compelled the river, which flowed into the
Adriatic sea, to bear along the news of Ro
man victories.
The true American party has done much
in this country. It has stingingly rebuked
many political hucksters and corrupt dem-
agogues ot ootn ttie old political parties,
I5ut there is still ruuuh to be done. Re
member Cajsur's maxim: "Consider noth
ing done, whilst there remains anything to
be done.'' Freu thought, free speech, nnd
freo and vigorous action, directed by the
liwa of wisdom and prudence, will regene
rate tho political world, and compel Hun
kcrisra and Fogyism to lick the dust.
JJriyYigorous arc the efforts of the Fogy
organs of this Congressional d'stri?t, to
create the impression, that the tendency of
the present American movement is to sus
tain the institution of Slavery. Now, we
are free to say, that if wc believed the
charge to be true, we would consider it
our duty to decline the advocacy of tho
movement; for we have an uncompromis
ing abhorrence to the institution of slavery
in every shape and form, whether in Church
or State. But it so happens, that the re
verse is true in regard to this whole sub
ject. Tt was our intention to show up, in
the present issue of our paper, the unfair
ness of the organs of both the old broken
down parties in this part of the State; but
finding an article to tho point in an ex
change, we copy it entire. Read it, Ohio
Patriot, Cadiz Sentinel, Cadiz Republican,
American Union, and Steubcnville Herald,
and please copy.
For the True American.
Mr. Editor: In perusing the Ameri
can Union of this city, of the 27th Jami
ary, we were somewhat astonished, as well
as amused, at what seemed to be an effort
upon the part of the imported editor of
that paper, to identify the Teachers of this
county, who were in attendance at the quar
terly session of the County School Exam
iners, then being held in ths city among
whom were quite a number of ladies with
the supposed or fabulous Know Nothing
organization. The editor says:
"A convention of Know-Nethings has
been in session in this city for a day or two
nast, and delegates were in attendance from
different parts of the State."
Your correspondent believes that this is
only one of those every day misadventures
of persons who misunderstand their call
ing, and arc ever on the watch to cry
"mad dog !" In common with the Teach
crs, we consider the attempt as exceeding
ly ungenerous; uot only because Know
Nothingism is antagonistic with the Teach
er's high calling and his fitness for it, but
because they are thus placed in the same
category with "midnight assassins," who
iu their "unseasonable conclaves," plot
the "destruction" of the "fair fabric of
our Constitution." We hope, however.
that nobody is hurt, and, as a self-consti
tuted sentinel, we warn community against
these fables of imported and Jesuit con
ductors of the press. Wc think that Ba
ron Munchausen, Gulliver, Robinson Cru
soe, Sinbad the Sailor, and the Arabian
Nights, arc pretty good "yarns," and see
no call for these paragraphers of the press
to improve on them. Qui Vive
,The Ohio Patriot comes down with
a vengeance upon the Salem Democrat, for
what the Patriot claims to be an inconsis
tency on tho part of the Democrat, in re
gard to the American move the Democrat
being a Free Soil paper. If there was one
idea contained in the comment of the Pa
triot, we should be glad to give it entire,
as a matter of special news. But as there
is nothing but words, and they of very ob
jectionablc character, we hope tho Patriot
will excuse us for not giving them a place
in our paper. Perhaps the Patriot will
say, that this is "wasting our sweetness on
the desert air."
jflapWo will now outer the names of all
those to whom wc have sent the four first
numbers of our paper, and who have not
returned thorn, on our regular list of sub
scriberssatisfied that no honorable man
will bo disposed to decline paying for the
paper .after receiving four numbers. In
our first issue, wc requested those who did
not Wish to take the paper, to signify the
same by returning it in tho next mail.-
Some few have done ?o it is all ridit
and several new subscribers arc daily added
to our list. We are thankful to our friends
in various parts of the comity for their ef
forts m our behalf. It shows that, our ef
fort to iinpro? the truth upon the public
: 1.. .i
mum in yiypcnv appreciateu. An ex
change say., that "hard times is a vcrv
hard-hearted excuse for not subscribing for
a good paper. These aro the very times
the newspaper press should receive a lib
. oral support, in order that it may be the
v tetter enabled to keep the public posted
: c : .
-in uu muucia vi importance.
Please thin!; of these things, and re
.rncntbr r thai onr books arc still open for
For the True American.
Written language No. 1.
ncters presented to the eye, which we call
Theso characters wefe at .first rude pic
tures. Thus, to denote that ono man had
illcd another, they drew the figuro of one
mau stretched upon the earth, and of an
other standing behind him with a deadly
weapon in his hand.
But these pictures could do no more
than delineate external events. They could
not exhibit the connections of them, de
scribe such qualities as were invisible to
the naked eye, nor convey any idea of the
words or dispositions of men.
"To supply, in some degree, this defect,
there arose in process of time, the inven
tion of what are called hieroglyph ical char
acters, which may be considered the sec
ond stage of the art of writing. Hiero
glyphics consist in certain symbols, which
are made to stand for invisible objects, on
account of an analogy or resemblance which
such symbols were supposed to bear to the
objects. Thus, an eye was the hieroglyph-
ical symbol of knowledge, a circle of eter
nity, which has neither beginning nor end.
"Hieroglyphics, therefore, were a more
refined and extensive species of painting
pictures, delineating tho resemblance of
external visible objects. Hieroglyphics
painted visible objects, by analogies taken
from the external worldi-'
From hieroglyphical symbols, writing
advanced to simple arbitrary marks. A
peculiar character was appropriated to each
object and idea, without reference to the
word by which such object or idea was represented.
This was an improvement on the former
methods, but was objectionable on account
of the great number of characters required.
Of this nature are the characters used to
represent the Chinese language. They
number, it is said, about seventy thousand.
Hence, to read and write them, is a study
of a lifetime.
Men at last became sensible of the im
perfection, the ambiguity, the tediousncss
of this method. They observed the same
syllables frequently recurring in the names
of things. Hence they invented an alpha
bet of syllables. By fixing a particular
mark or character for every syllable in the
language, the number of characters neces
sary to be used in writing, were reduced
within a much smaller compass. Thus,
the word agriculture, which required by
tho former method ehven characters to re
present it, by this required but four, one
for each syllable. Though this was an im
provement on the former method, yet the
characters were very numerous,
Decision on the Ohio Liquor Law.
UTii another column will he found
the decision of the Supreme Court of Ohio
on the Liquor question, which has been
the subject of much speculation since the
enactment of the law by our Legislature
Yv'e aro glad that tho question is now dc
cided in accordance with common law and
common justice.
ffi,By reference to our advertising col
umns, our readers will see the prospectus
of Putnam's Monthly Magazine. This
magazine is one of the best that is pub
lished in the country. As a literary work
it has no superior. Its contributors are
all Americans, and many of them aro men
of great ability. No family should be
without this valuable periodical.
8J?odey's Lady's Book for January,
is a brilliant number, containing much in
teresting matter. Yv'e refer our readers to
the prospectus in our advertising columns.
&"Wc publish the present issue on pa.
per manufactured by T. Hanna & Sons.
It is quite equal to any we have heretofore
lerWe refer our readers to the adver
tisement of the Art Journal, to be found
in this day's paper.
jaj.,Our readers aro referred to the es
say on Language, in this number of our
paper. Rend it, and give the author a
fuir hearing.
The faculty of speech is one of the no
blest and most valuable a beneficent and
bountiful Creator has conferred upon man.
By this curious and wonderful contrivance
the fleeting breath becomes the index of
the soul, tho divulger and interpreter of
the invisible thought, and the great bond
and medium of social intercourse."
This endowment, more than any other,
distinguishes him from the rest of God's
creatures. It is from it the gift of reason
derives its great, intrinsic excellence and
By the emission of a few simple sounds,
his thoughts, desires and purposes are made
known to those about him. "Words are
the links of that electric chain upon which
thought flics from mind to mind, and feel
ing from heart to heart."
Says an able writer on language: "If
man had not possessed this or some other
extensive power of communication, that as
tonishing system, which wc call the hu
man mind, would have remained in inac
tivity, its faculties torpid, its energies un
excitcd, and that capacity for progressive
improvement, which forms so important a
part of the mental constitution of man,
would have been given in vain, would have
been uuknown except to him who gave it."
But if man had not the art of preserving
his thoughts, however correct and vivid ;
of retaining his expressions, however clear,
elegant and eloquent, they would fly from
his lips to mingle with the winds. They
would die w ith the speaker, or be but faiut-
ly transmitted to future generations, at last
to fade entirely from the memory of man
or to be mingled with fables.
But possessed as he is, with the art of
transcribing his thoughts, they continue
sounding on through all time to all gene
If, then, written language alone gives
permanence to thoughts, we may truly style
it tho art of arts. Wc worship tho art of
printing, but this art is below it, above it
and beyond it. It is the genuino lever of
civilization. Tho press is only tho instru
incut of the pen.
This art is of human origin. The date
of its origination is unknown, but it is sup
posed not to have been invented until man
had much improved tho faculty of speech,
which, like every other faculty, is susccp
tible of progressive improvement.
"At first men thought of nothing more
than communicating their thoughts to one
another, when present, by means of words
or sounds, which they uttered. After
wards they devised the further method of
mutual communication with one another,
when nhxent, by means of marks or rhar-
The Supreme Court of Ohio delivered
the following opinion upon the constitu
tionality of the law enacted by the Legis
lature of this Stntn o?tliubjcct of vend
ing ardent spirits:
Frederick Miller v. the State. In error to
tho Probate Court of Clermont county.
Thchman, C. J., delivered the opinion
of the Court. Held
1 . That, for aught that appears in the
journals of the Senate and House of Re
presentatives of the General Assembly, the
act of May 1, 1854, entitled. "An Act to
provide against the evils resulting from tho
ale of intoxicating liquors in the State of
Ohio," was constitutionally enacted.
2. That the provisions of the Constitu
tion (Art. 2, sec. 16,) that, "Every bill
shall be fully and distinctly read on three
different days, unles, in case of urgency,
three-fourths of the House in which it shall
be pending shall dispense with this rule,"
docs not require that every amendment to
a bill shall be read three times.
3. Every reasonable intendment is to be
made in favor of the proceedings of the
Legislature. It is not to be presumed that
tho Assembly, or either House of it, has
iolated the Constitution. When, there
fore, it appears by the journals, that a bill
was amended by striking out all after the
enacting clause and inserting a "new bill,"
so called, it cannot be presumed that the
matter inserted was upon a different sub
ject from that stricken out; especially when
tho matter inserted is inconsistent with the
title borne by the bill before such amend
ment. This is the more obvious since the
Constitution provides that, "No bill shall
contain more than one subject which shall
be clearly expressed in its title." (Art. 2,
sec. lb.) JNordocs the tact tnat tne in
serted matter is called a "new bill," prove
that it was not an amendment.
4. No bill can become a law without re
ceiving tho number of votes required by
the Constitution, and if it was found, by
an inspection of the legislative journals,
that what purports to be a law upon the
statute book was not passed by the requi
site number of votes, it might, possibly, be
tho duty of the Courts to treat it as a nul
lity. But it docs not follow that an act
that was passed by a constitutional major
ity is invalid, because, in its consideration,
tho Assembly did not strictly observe the
mode of procedure prescribed by the Con
stitution. There arc provisions in that in
strument that aro directory in their char
acter, tho observance of which by their
sense of duty and official oaihs,and not by
any supervisory power of tho courts.
5. Neithor the 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th or 8th
sections of the act under consideration,
properly construed, is repugnant to the
Constitution. In saying this, we do not
mean to affirm that the Legislature has the
power to wholly prohibit traffio in intoxi
cating liquori in this State. Without de
ciding whether the Assembly has anypow
er over this subject in virtue of tho geno
ral grant of legislative power in see. 18 of
Art. 1G, in these words: "No licenso to
traffic in intoxicating liquors shall hereaf
ter bo granted in this State, but the Gen
eral Assombly may, by law, provide against
evils resulting therefrom."
6. A violation of cither tho 1st, 2d or
8d sections of the act, subjects the offender
to the penalties mentioned in the first
clause of sec. 8. It is not necessary, in
order to incur these penalties, that all three
sections be violated.
7. If a sale violate all three sections, the
offender may be prosecuted under cither
of them; and his conviction or acquittal
will bar a prosecution, for the same sale,
under cither of the other two sections.
8. But a conviction or acquittal, under
the 1st, 2d or 3d sections i3 no bar to a
prosecution under the 4th.
9. To convict for a violation of the 2d
section, it is necessary to aver in the in
formation, and provo on the trial, that the
seller knew tho buyer to be a minor; and
to convict for a violation of the 3d section
it is necessary to aver and prove, in like
manner, that tho seller knew the buyer to
be intoxicated, or in the habit of getting
intoxicated. (Birncy s case, 8 0. R. 237,
followed and approved.)
10. To convict for a violation of the 4th
section, it is necessary to aver in the infor
mation, and prove on the trial, that the
place where the liquor was sold, was a place
of public resort. And the proof must also
show that it was a place where liquors were
habitually sold in violation of the act. A
single sale does not make the place a nui
sance, or tho seller a "keeper," within
the meaning of the act. A series of sales
is necessary.
11. No order to shut up, or abate the
place, can rightfully be made, unless the
nuisance continues to exist at the time such
order is made. Unless, therefore, the
Court is satisfied that, at the time of mak
ing tho order, the place is kept for the sale
of liquors in violation of the act, no order
should be made. For it is tho unlawful
business, (and not the place, per se,) that
creates the nuisance; and hence, where the
business has ceased, there is no nuisance
to abate. No man's property can bo for
feited as a punishment for crime, the Con
stitution providing, that no conviction shall
work a "forfeiture of estate." (Art. 1,
sec. 12.) Hence there is no power to de
prive a man of the use of his property, un
less it be necessary in order to abate an ex
isting nuisance.
12. The order is not to be directed to
any officer. It is not an order to be exe
cuted by an officer. It is an order to the
person convicted, obedience to which may
be enforced, if the nuisance be continued,
by attachment for contempt of Court.
Tho order being mnAo, it tho convict cease
to keep a house of public resort, of the
character named, or referred to, in the 4th
section, ho need give no bond, and having
so ceased, no attachment can properly be
issued against him. But if he desire to
continue keeping such house of public re
sort, he must, in order to avoid an attach
ment, give bond. He has his election, to
quit keeping a house of public resort, or
to give bond and keep it without violating
the law.
From the Harriibu'g Telegraph.
Enow Jfothingism and Slavery.
history has been evidently that of a pro
slavery Whig, but we speak now only of
I 1,; ...,..i. t t :..
Tee Democratic Union is Stoking itself r . ., ,
uovernor, is a c ree ooii icmocrai ana t u-
exccedingly ridiculous by its efforts to iden
tify Know Nothingism with the pro-slavery
movement. As wo observed on a for
mer occasion, this is a 'trick' on the part
of the Uuion (a rampant pro-slavery, anti
Know'Nothing organ) to create a schism
between tho friends of Freedom in the
North, and pavo the way for a triumph of
the Slave Power. But the game, however
adroitly played, won't win. We are coolly
told that Know Nothingism is a pro-slave
ry movement, (if so, why docs the Union
oppose it?) and has already completely
"swallowed up Free Soilism I" This will
be news to the friends of Freedom in the
sionisi. wi mo senators ana iteprescnia-
tives elected, enough is known to bo toler
ably certain that a reliable man will bo
chosen to the United States Senate, and
effectual provision made for protecting the
inhabitants of the State against tho fugi-
tive Blavo hunt.' " '
"Thus have acted the Know Nothings of
Massachusetts. How spoke they ? I will
read a resolution from a Know Nothing
Convention in Norfolk, Massachusetts :
" 'Resolved, That we hail with joy and
hope the recent brilliant success of the Re
publican party in the States of Maine, Iowa,
I Tn A l it it A Tnwt w r.-l r Hin a t A Anil rosi
nrfn T Y hnf nin tht fnnta tn fhn stacA r ' '
t mi . . , tt xta' trust those victories area foreshadowing of
. , , , . . . . ; otnorssoon to come, Dy which the Ifreo
most largely predominates, the triumph of , ' ' ... , . .
the anti-slavery sentiment has been the
most thorough and complete. Here in the
old Keystone, where the strength of the
new party organization is incalculable, the
originators and advocates of the Nebraska
States shall present one solid phalanx of
opposition to the aggressions of slavery.' "
"Is this unbroken testimony of deed and
speech nothing? Will the South unite
with this Northern Know Nothing movc-
mnnt nninifitirl TOtli tTia CAntimnnta nf tn
swmdle, and apologists and supporter, of c5!llism and(Wm? WilltheSouth
the "pecu har institution, were most cm- .... , . .. , ..
phatically rebuked and condemned. . , . , , - , .
James Pollock, the eloquent campion ., , ... . ,
' 1 r imineil.q tnon. who. likfi (instnn. trnve lan.
of Freeeom, whose position on the Slavery . . . . . . .
question met the cordial approbation of the ;ke Louisiana lovcd to honor,'
Free Soilers and was publicly endorsed by graced tho genate IIall ? wm the Whig
them, received the unanimous support of . of th) gouth into it? j Mk tho
1 1- . r rv - i . i . j i i - -
the Know Nothings, and was elected by
over forty thousand majority! At the
same election, nearly a unanimous anti
slavery delegation to Congress was elected;
and in districts where Know Nothingism
was most largely in tho ascendant, the ma
jorities for the anti-slavery candidates were
the most overwhelming. Of one hundred
members of tho House of Representatives
of our own State Legislature, more than
two-thirds aro said to be Know Nothings,
and strongly anti-slavery in sentiment !
And yet, in the face of all these facts, the
Union asserts that Know Nothingism is a
pro-slavery movement," designed to 'swal-
ow up Free Soilism." As in Pennsylva
Know Nothism was an important element
in the elections, the anti-slavery sentiment
swept everything before it, rebuking dough-
faceism as it had never been rebuked be
If additional evidence were wanting to
establish the position that Know Nothing
ism is not a "pro-slavery movement, as
charged by the Union, we have it in the
fiery editorials of tho Southern newspapers,
and the denunciatory harangues of South- luminod even ;n and fennent ;n tMa
em Congressmen and politicians, like Keitt,
of South Carolina, and Wise, of Virginia.
he highly concentrated "chivalry wc
mean the 'fire-eaters' regard Know Noth
ingism as an 'institution' essentially North
ern in all its features, and hostile to the
"peculiar institutions" of the South. To
show how the Know Nothing movement is
regarded at the South, wo subjoin an ex-
Thankscivinq Day Appointed by
Editors. The Governor of Missouri, for
some reason we do know, failed to appoint
a thanksgiving day for the State; where
upon the editors of the Western Watch
man issued upon their own responsibility
the following proclamation, to bo observed
throughout tho State:
Be it known, That we, the editors of the
Western Watchman, do hereby appoint
this (Thursday) thirtieth day of November,
in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred
and fifty-four, to bo observed as a day of
Thanksgiving, by all to whom these pros
ents may come, who feel disposed to honor
this proper and time-hallowed custom.
And we recommend that all unnecessary
labor be laid aside on this day, for the pur
pose of reflecting on the goodness of Al
mighty God to us during the past year, in
order to stir up in our hearts emotions of
thankfulness and praise.
Done at the Western Watchman Office,
in the city of St. Louis, on the morning of
said day, Anno Domini, 1854, iu tho sev
cnty-ninth year of the Independence of
the United States of America.
By the Editors.
God tave the Commonwealth of Missouri,
8A liquor seller in Wooster has been
fined $25 for selling contrary to law, and
gave bonds in a thousand dollars not to
sell liquor. His groggery was declared a
nuisance, for which he was fined $65.
His fines, costs, and attorney's fees cost
him about 8200.
American Works in England. 'The
London Athenaeum has Mr. Bently's au
thority for saying that tho following sums
have been paid by his firm for American
copyrights to threo American writers
that to Washington Irving 2,450; to
Mr. Prescott X2,495; and to J. Fcnnimore
Cooper 12,590 in all 17,525, or about
IQrThore is said to be a man in Wor
cester who has lived so long on corn bread
that his voice has becomo husky, his hair
had turned to silk like that which grows
on tho grain, and his toes are covered with
HaTMr. P. Soule has resigned his mis
sion to Spain, and John C. Breckenridge
has been appointed hw ruecewor.
Whigs of the South, why did you break
up your old party organization? Did you
not do it because the Northern wing of it
was too much Abolitioniztd t Did not tho
Northern members say to you, 'let us agree
to disagree upon the question of slavery,'
and sooner than agree to this, did you not
break it up ? Will you now enter into a
new organization with theso same men, and
agree to disagree upon the same subject?
If your devotion to the Constitution and
tho South made you break up your old
party organization, will you trample upon
that devotion in joining a new one? I
now ask the Whigs of the South, and they
are gallait men, whether they will abandon
so in the other Free States where and brCftk up their old party, with its saints,
i i i . i-
its-coniessors, ana us wnoie army oi mar
tyrs, and fall abject and helpless into tho
clutches of this new order, with its past of
pauperism, and its future of abolitionism
and consolidation ? Will the Democracy
of the South go into this new order? Will
they abandon thoir old cause of State rights
and Constitution? Will they desert their
old flag which they have waved so often in
tho breach and over the field, and have il-
ncw order? The member from Massachu
setts, (Mr. Banks,) the champion of the
Know Nothings here, abandoned the Dem
ocratic party because it wat not Free Soil.
Una ho become pro-slavery? Shall tho
South contract this alliance? What a pic
ture rises up. I here stands tho sculptur
ed genius of socialism and proscription,
grinning hate against the South, with tho
tract irem tne neryspeecnoiiur.r,eur,oi saturnalia of emancipation in tho front,
coutn caronna, recently ueuverca mum- whie tlie member from Massachusetts is
gress. Wc commend it to the attention of gecn ; (he back ground flying vMy with
those ot our l'ree sou tnenas wtio may abnorrcnce from tho 'black hearse of slave-
have hecn misled and deceived t.y tne at- rv his footstcps lifted un with lurid
tempts ot sucn papers as tne democratic garc of a burning convent in Charlcstown.
Union ana iNew xorK inoune, to identity If tWs picturc be real will tbe goutn bo
Know Nothingism with the pro-slavery drapgcd into it? If such there be, I pray
movement. Hear the champion of slavery: nnA t,nt r,n;nr mw ,u ? !,.,.
V I V" JA U1IUU HIV jll I U 1 IMUJ UU) ALA V llitl 1 lJ J
"Will the South then go into this new what thc paintcr 0f tbe sacrifice of re
organization, because it is pauperism en- cnia dId ;n sk;il, throw a mantle over the
listed against weaitti and charters, and the featUrcs of the victim. Mr. Chairman, I
establishment of a system of social slavery? have discussed this new organization with
win sne go into it because ot its Abolition as much impartiality as I could bring to
tendencies? Do they not exist? Has bcar upon it. I to wound no one;
not the National W hig party disunited be- but I would tave die South and the char-
cause of the Abolition tendencies of its nMor nf nnr Tannin from dnnror and d.
JNorthern wing r W ill this wing have less moralization.'
Abolition feeling under a new organiza
tion ? Will those Northern Democrats who Messrs. Fink and ikon, of WhceJ
abandoned their nartv because they said inS navo the steam ferry boat
r " T- l 1 ii 1-1 . 1 Al H
it was allied with slavery, bo more mode- ""lerenango or tne central unio com-
rate Abolitionists in the new party ? Do W and havc contracted to run nil their
M 1 . tn it
not such materials make up the Northern IreiSnt ana passengers to Wheeling tor
Know Nothing party ? Is not its object inrco yenrs at ' Pcr
power and place ?
Will it not, then, seize
upon all the elements of strength which
can carry it into power? and aro not the
elements floating about at the North, and
eager for coalition, tho Abolition and Free
Soil element?" They have been strong
enough to shatter an old and powerful or
ganization, and will they lose their virus
and purpose in a new one ? What, too,
have been the practical result of this new
J?A fellow in the jail wishes he had
the small pox, so he could break out. He
has tried everything else, he says, but ho
can't come it.
Washington, Jan. 29. The Star says
it has received letters confirmatory of the
excitement in Cuba, and is daily expect-'
ing to hear of an outbreak. The Star has
reason to believe the President will issue a
In Massachusetts alono.it has Proclamation. truing the Kinney expedi-
been victorious through itt own strength ;
tionists against an infraction of the neu-
' 4..i:i l l !! . i
and what see we there? Is not the Abo- MBmJ T' " VIK 10 n
lition and Free Soil flag tho only one fly- 0CCUPatim2; ,.,
ing? How Btand its members elect? I New York, Jan. SO. The bark, Ar
rcad an extract from tho correspondent of gyle, from Glasgow for New York, loaded
the National Era (an Abolition paper) of with pig iron, ran ashoro, five milea south
November 23d, 1854. The miter is Bta- of Square Inlet, on the night of tho 28th,
ted to be J. G. Whittier, co-editor, I be- and is going to pieces. The fast life-saving
licve, of the Era, and a distinguished Abo- apparatus cannot be rendcicd effectual,
litionist of Massachusetts, who, as much as One man reached the beach. Four of tho
any other man, is booked in refcrenco to crew, and ono passenger were drowned;
its politics, particularly Freo Soil: five others aro clinging to the bowsprit.
" 'C. L. Knapp, of tho eighth district, Manchester. N. IT.. .Tnn ai -n,.
is an old Liberty man, true as steel. De
Witt in tho Worcester district, Trafton in
the eleventh, Coomins in the fourth, Dar
mell in tho third, and Burlingame in the
fifth district, are also Free Soilers. N. P.
Banks, Jr., is triumphantly re-elected from
the seventh district, against the combined
opposition of the Pierce Democracy and the
Whigs. Of Davis of tho bixth, and Hall
of the first, wo have no very definite know
ledge. " 'Gardner, (lie Governor elect, stands
openly plcdgod against tho Nebraska fraud
and -tho Fugitive Slave Law. His pant
Know-Nothing Convention, to-day, nom.
inated Ralf Metcalf, of Newport, for Gov.
crnor, Vice Rev. Moore, who is ineligible.
Cincinnati, January 30. At Mount
Pleasant in this county, about fifty women
attacked and demolished a large quantity
of liquor, belonging to & tavern-koeper,
and dragged tho owner through the liquid,
which stood six incheg deep on tho floor.
Boston, Jan. JU. General Wilson,
(Know Nothing,) was olected to the Uni
ted StaUa Sonato, tbta morning, by a ma.
jority of one, in cut Senate.

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