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True American. (Steubenville, [Ohio]) 1855-1861, May 23, 1855, Image 4

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Deep Cultivation.
Charles Barnard, in tho last n timber of
the farm Journal, makes tho following
satisfactory communication On this subject.
Wa hate never had a doubt as to the ad
vantages of judicious Rubsoiling.
Uaviug directed my attention somewhat
to a deeper cultivation of the soil, and ad
vantage arising therefrom, in the fall of
'52, 1 purchased a Michigan Double Plow,
mid used il for plowing my oats stubble,
(drat hauling out the manure which cover
ed but a part of tho field,) and plowed it
to the depth, the mauure and a greater
part of tho top soil, it gave the field a dif
ferent appearance than it ever presented
before. A subsoil of five or six inches
seemed but a poor prospect fof a crop of
wheat, and the question was frequently
asked. "What do you expect to raise on
that field?" However, I prepaied ground
drilled in the wheat. It came tip uncom
monly well and soon covered the ground.
As to the average yield I cannot say, not
having threshed all yet. But I am confi
dent thatf on tho manured part there was at
least twenty-five bushels per acre. To the
remaining part of tho field, applied 330
lbs, of Jordons phosphate of Lime per acre,
which did not benefit tho whout much, but
had an astonishing effect on the young tim
othy forcing it to such a growth as to in
jure the wheat. Tho grain on this part
was purfect and weighed heavier than the
other, but the" wheat did not shell out
hence less tho yield. In the spring of '54,
I used the same plow for corn, plowing the
same depth. I plowed abont six acres
with it, leaving one acre in the middle of
tho field, for I used a common plow, pre
pared the ground and planted tho corn.
It came up equally well all over the field,
and no difference could be seen for two or
three weeks, when thero was a marked dif
ference in tho color. That on the subsoil
ed part was a pale yellow, and looked rath
er sickly, while the other was a dark green,
and looked more like making a crop.
This had a tendency to doubt on my part
as to its answering for corn. Bnt as the
season advanoed so did the corn, particu
larly that which grew on the subsoiled part
vof tho field, and in a few weeks there was
also a marked difference in favor of that
subsoiled, and the yield was one-third more
per acre, and of asuperior quality. I have
also used it. for vegetables, and find the
same ' beneficial results. I will add that
I havo full faith in subsoiling, and believe
the Michigan Double Plow to be prefera.
tie to any other that has come under my
Settitg Out Trees.
On the opening of early spring, a large
proportion of onr readers are particularly
interested in any plain, simple directions as
to the best manner of setting out trees, and
especially so, when in that way, common
fatal errors are avoided. Let us therefore
1. Do not set them deep- This is the
secret of the grand discovery of tho great
law of vegetation, for which Russell (,'oiu
stock asked the small sum of one hundred
and fifty dollars :
"That the "seat of life,' in a tree or plant
is just at the point where the earth should
cease to cover the foot of the tree. If cov
ered deeper it strangles the tree at said
seat of life or forces it into sending forth
suckers, which stifles all healthy progress
in the trees."
Now, the discovery is not a new one,
that trees must not be too deeply planted ;
certainly no deeper than they were when
growing in the earth previously. With
out doubt thousands of dollars worth of
trees aro annually lost to our country by
this simple error.
2. Put nothing but pure and finely pul
verised earth around tho roots. Many
persons are told ther lands want manure,
ashes &e., and not having time to manure
and ash their whole field, they as a substi
tute, put these substances inta the holes
for the trees, and mingle it in tho earth
with which they cover the roots. This is
all rong. The soil may need manure and
ashes, but these should be composed in the
soil before allowed to come in contact with
the fibrous roots of tho young tree.
3. Mulch tho tree after setting out.
Mulching consists in piacing the manure!
bo it new or old leaves, tanbaik or whatev
er is used, loosely on the Burface of the
pronnd for a considerable space aronnd the
tree. On no account mix it with the soil
in transplanting.
4. Tho first step, and most important
in prepaiing for a fruit yard, is to thor.
ouchlv drain the soil. The tree cannot bo
healthy and vigorous witHout this.
6. Take cate of tho tree after setting it
out. Many persons do not bestow as much
labor on a tree, which ought in ten years
to yield an income of ten dollars per an
num, as they do on half dozen hills of po
tatoes. They do- not seem to bo aware
how great the difference is between the
quality and quantity of fruit on a kindly
treated, well fed tree and that of ono half
starved nnJ dwarfed. Let it be always re
membered, that whatever is worth doing
at all, is always worth doing well. Am
A spirit of kindness is lovely in the aged,
beautiful in tho younrand indispensi ble
to the comfort and happiness of a fami-
The First Index Expwgatorius.
That most narrow-minded aod bigoted
monarch, Charles V., has the honor, orin
faniy rather, of being the author of tho
first Index Expurjratoriua. ' In tho year
t546, being desirous of arresting tho pre
press of the new opinions in Flanders, he
directed the theological faculty of the Uni
versity of Louvain to draw Tip a catalogue
of such books as ought not to be road by
the people. Ten years later, this cata
logue was by an imperial decrco much en
larged. Tho pope did something of the
same sort, but only with referenco to his
own temporal dominions. But in 155!),
Paul IV. resolved to frame a catalogue on
the most rigid principles, and mako its ob
servance universal. This Index was ar
ranged in three divisions. The first con
tained the names of authors whose whole
works were interdicted. The second em
braced the names of those authors some of
whose works only were specified and for
bidden. Tho third pointed out certain
anonymous publications which were un
lawful to be read. To which was added a
list of more than sixty printers whose pub
lications were all forbidden, no matter in
what language they worn printed, or what
subject they treated. This was the origin
and foundation of the famous Jndex Ex
purgatorius, by which Homo has been
striving to reduce the world to the darkness
of the middle ages. The condemned books
were doomed to the flames; and severe
penalties were decreed against those who
should neglect to give them up. The pro
mulgation of this barbarous decree spread
consternation throughout Italy; but not
withstanding the reluctance and hesitation
manifested in certain quarters, the work
of destroying heretical books commenced
and went bravely on in all parts of that
country. All libraries, public and private,
felt the expurgating progress. An im
mense number of books were consumed.
The trade of the printers and booksellers
was ruined. Tho disastrous effects were
felt not only at Venice, where so many
books had for a century been published,
but also at Lyons, at Geneva, at Zurick, at
Basle, at Paris, at Leipzic, and at Frank-fort-on-tho-Maine.
Not only were the
books which had been written by Protest
ants, and by those who were suspected of
favoring tho new opinions, destroyed, but
even those which contained any notes or
scholia written by such persons. All the
works of Erasmus, and also the editions of
Cyprian, Jerome, and Augustine, which
ho published, were condemned, because
they were polluted with his critical anno
tations. Upon the death of Paul IV., a
new Index was published by the Council
of Trent, which was more select and dis
criminating. It included a great number
of Protestant authors, but it omitted some
Popish ones, whose sentimeuts were so
similiar to those of the Protestants on cer
tain points, that they had been put into
the first Index. From this epoch com
menced the barbarous practice of defacing
and mutilating those portions of certain
works which were considered worthv of
condemnation. This was sometimes done
by besmearing tho heretical page with
some black adhesive substance, which rcn
dc.ed it illegible. Sometimes the prohib
ited portions of a work were covered with
prints taken from other works, so as to
present a most wonderful appearance.
Sometimes the condemned pagesor parts
of pages, were wholly or partially torn
out. Dr. Baird't Sktteha of Protestant
ism in Italy.
Kn ow Nothing Progress.
The Know Nothings of Massachusetts
held a State Convention in Boston, on the
1st inst. Tho attcndcncc was large.
Hunker officers were thrown overboard,
aud thorough auti-slavery men substituted
by largo majorities. Tho question of sla
very was fully discussed, amid much excite
ment, and resolutions adopted declaring
tne nostnity or mo orucr to slavery, iierc
are the resolutions :
Resolved, That whilo tho American
party of Massachusetts fully recognizes the
rights of tho States to regulate their own
domestic affairs, we claim and shall under
any circumstances exercise the right to re
lievo tho Federal Government from all con
nections with, and responsibility for the
existenco of the Sectional Institution of
Resolved, That wo discountenance all
attempts to stifle the freedom of discussion,
and the freedom of action upon all tho
great moral questions of tho ago, and will
resist any attempt to exclude from our
ranks any person on account of his opinions
upon such questions.
This is progress ijn the right dircction.
Wo hail it with joy. It is said that the
order in this Stale have placed themselves
substantially on the same ground. Bcu
Rules Tor Improvement.
Bo charitable in thouglit as well as ac
Be open for correction ; if you are in
the wroti'r, acknowledge it frankly.
Bo virtuous in mind and body, and let
your thoughts be always pure.
lmprovo yourself by all the means in
your power, mentally and phyuically.
In studying concentrate your thoughts
and ideas solely upon the lubject before
Never be ashamed of nravincr. "Gal
npon the Lord in thy trouble, and ho wil
answer thee.
Persevere. Never give up a thing unti
you nave tried every every possiblo way.
Bo trulv Dolito. Lord Chesterfield savs:
"Good breeding is benevolence in trifles, to
the preference of others to ourselves in the
littlo aflairs of life."
'little Children. "'
Ah, these lit tlo children! little witches!
pretty oven in all their thoughts and absur
dities! See, for examplo, yonder little fol
low in a naughty fit, ho has taken his long
curls over his deep' bluo eyes tho fair
brow is bent in a frown the roso leaf is
pushed up in defiance and the white shoul
der thrust forward. Can any but a child
lotk so pretty, even in their naughtiness?
Then comes tho instant change-flashing
smiles and tears as tho good comes 1 ack
all in a rush, and you aro overwhelmed
with protestations, promises, and kiss
es. .
They aro irresistible, too, these little ones
They pull about the scholar's pen tumblo
sommcrsetts over his hooks, and what can
you do? They tear up newspapers-li ter
the carpets break, pull, and upset, and then
jabber and talk unintelligible English in
self-defense and what can you do for your
self? "If I had a child" says the precise man,
you should see!
lie docs havo a child and his child tears
up his papers, tumbles over his things,
and pulls his noso like all other childrcn-
and what hai tho precise man to say for
himself? Nothing. lie is like every body
else "a little child shall lead Vvn."
Poor little children, they bring and
teach us human feelings more good than
they get in return. How often does the
infant, with its soft check and helpless hand,
awaken a mother from woridliness and ego
tism to a world of new and higher feeling.
How often does the mother repay this, by
doing her best to wipe off, even beforo the
time; thedew, and fresh simplicity of child
hood, and make her daughter too soon a
woman of the world as she has been.
The hardened hcai t of a worldly man is
touched by the guiltless tones and simple
caresses of his son; but ho repays it in time
by imparing to his boy, 'all tho crooked
tricks aud ways that have undone him
self. Go to the jail the penitentiary-and find
the most sullen, brutal, and hardenedthen
'ook at your infant son.
Such as he is to you, such to some moth
er was this man; That hard hand was soft,
arid delicate that tough vciee tender and
lisping; fond cyc3 followed as he played
and ho was rocked as something holy.
There was a time, too, when his heart, soft
and unworn, might have been molded to
to the questionings of his Maker, and been
sealed with the seal of Heaven. But harsh
hands seized it and it is over with him
for ever.
So tho tender weeping child he is mad
tho callous, hearties man, of the all believ
ing child tho sneering skeptic, of the
beautiful and modest-the shameless aban"
doned; and this is what the world does for
the little one.
A Temperance Story.
One evening last week we took our place
at tho supper table of a Cincinnati and
Louisville packet. Supper and convert
tion had progressed some beforo wo were j
son tod. 1 An animated discourse was coin? !
1 ,.,,,, ,
on 'twist an excecaincrly sober-faced lady
and a gentleman, on the subject of temper
ance. "Oh!" exclaimed she, with horror depic
ted on her thin lips, "I do despise the
whiskey drinker."
The gentleman dropped his knife and
fork, seized her hand and giving it a hear
ty shake, we thought tears were going to
drop from h"s twinkling eyes.
"Madam," said he, "I respect your sen
timents and the heart that dictated it. I
permit no person to go beyond mo in de
spising tho wiskey drinker. I have been
disgusted on this very boat, and I say it
now before our worthy Captain's face.
What, I ask you, can be raoro disgusting
than to see well dressed, respectable, ay,
virtuous looking young men, whoso moth
ers are probably even now praying that
the tender instruction by which' their youth
was illumiuatcd, may bring forth precious
fruit in their maturity. I say, to see such
young men step up to tho bar of this boat,
and, without fear of observing eyes or the '
, .. e , 1 . ... ,
w.w... ........ . V....j,..tV..V.U ).,1U, , y
zenly ask for old Bourbon, or Rye, or
Motiongahnla whisky, when in thatbarthey
now there is tho very best of old Oogniac
J6y"Villiain, I vaut my vig"
"Which wig, sir!':
" Vy, my vito vig, in tho vooden vig box,
vtch I voro Yeducsday vos a vcek, ven
I vent to the viddow Vaddle's vedding."
"I'm worry much wexed at your
wulgar pronunciation, Mr. Walentine. You
should say wig not vig. And if you are
going wishing, you had better take your
wcl wet west that you had had on at the last
meeting of tho westry."
"Come, rest in this bosom," as the
turkey said to the stuffing.
"Ours is n common lot," as the toads
.'aid when they got into the clover field.
"That's my impression,1' as tho die said
"If you bito me, I'll bito you," as the
pepper-pod said to tlie boy. . . .
B3uWe loam from the Lancaster papers
of yesterday, that a murder was committed
in the South part of that county a few days
since. The name of the murdered man is
John Lutz; his aon-in-law, named Barr,
is supposed to be the murderer. Ilarrit.
Sky-Light Daguerreotype Booms,
rj. V. WISER, respectfully announ
' ces to the iubtie, that he lias recently re
fitted and refurnished lha rooms, comer Fifth
anil Market streets, in a style inferior to mine.
11a haparud no pains or expense to make his
rooms pleasant, where one aud all may take
pleasure in visiting, and where all who wish
may lie supplied with Daguerreotypes of the
finest lone, true to the life, at veiy leasonnble
rules, and will take great painf to please all
who may favor him with their patronage.
DR'i'"ns corner of Fifth and Market streets,
immediately over H aisled 'a Shoe Store.
Steubenville, Jan. 1, 1855.
PTUIE partnership heretofore existing be
I ween A. F. Scott of Wellsville and D iniel
Me Curdy of Richmond Jefferson county Ohio,
in the Middle and harness business was on the
lfiilt day of April lb55, dissolved by mutual
con-cut. The bnsiuess will Mill be curried on
in Wellsvillu mid Richmond as usual, the said
D. McCurdy is authorized to collect all debts
due the simp at Richmond, and will pay all
debts contracted by or for Raid shop.
npril 21ih '55 3-t pd.
U. S. Shaving1 and Hair Dressing
T EWIS STEVENS would respectfully
inform. his friends and the public ihnt he
has taken a room adjoining the U.S. house
where he is r?ady at all times to wait on his
patrons in his line, in the most polite manner,
end would be phased to receive a liberal share
or patronage.
april 24ih 1855.J' ' -
J 4
C Corner ot .Market and Ohio sts. ; (ior-
f Wm. Millga.v, Prop'r Cadiz, if.
D"Tlie above named house has been thor
oughly rcfitled and repaired, and every ,filcn-
tinii will be paid to supply tho wnnls of the
traveling community. 1 liosiatiliug is large anu
extensive. A liberel share of patronage is re
spectfully solicited. - WM. MILL1G AN.
Cadiz O., march l!lst '53-lf
Misses GEORGE & SCOTT have en
tered into copartnership in tho aboye business,
in New Alexandria, aud beg leave to announce
to the citizens and community that they are
prepared to give general satisfaction to nil who
may give llieni a call in their line ot butsmess,
Missus Gkouuk & Scott.
New Alexandria, Ohio, April 5, '55.
.HBE1! and fashionable hair dresser.
Razors set, aud all kinds of Surgical in-
slrtimenls put in good order. Room under
the Mechanics' Saving Fund, Market St., near
the V ahington hull, between ol. and 4lh. st
april 5th, IC'55.
TflSllFR & M'FEELY have just re
ceived, nnd are now opening a prime lot of
Uoots ami ohoes ot every variety, to winch
they invite the attention of their Iriouds and
the public in general, naeing purchased for
cash we will bo enabled to offer greater induce
ments linn) ever.
Ladies' lading Gaiters from 1.25 eents up
wards. Childreus' Shoes, from 25 cents up
wards. Trunks, Carpet Bags, etc., at low pri
ces. Call then ou FJSiR A MiVlILY,
Mar. 2'J, lt55. On Market t. below Third.
By Rev. T. II. Stockton.
IIIIS highly interesting book contains
" 420 pages, neatly executed, wish Small
l'ica type, on fine paper, 12mo. Trice in cloth
1; in sheep, $1,2.) ; in half morocco. $1,50.
A liberal discount given to agents and book
sellers, by A. H. ENGLISH & CO.,
Jan. 1st 1855. No. 7a Wood sUfitts. I'a.
I. 0. 0. F.
0. 0. P. meets every second and fourth
Fridays, at 6J.,' o'rlick, p. m., in Jefferson
Lodge rooms, Tu Third Street, over Garrett's
Store, I), li. liurchard, U. I'., Geo. B. Means,
S. W., John Waggoner, Scribe.
Jefferson Lodge No. G, I. 0. 0. F., meets
every Tuesday a' C 12 o'clock, p. m., in their
hall on Third street, over Garrett's store. Geo.
II. Means N O., J. L. Ilolton, V. 0., Jas. 0'
Ncal.'jr., Secretary.
Good Will Lodgo No. 143, 1. 0. 0. F., meets
Tl.nrilot, at ft 1 .0 ,,'t. ,. t- n m in tliiir
oh Fourth street, over Realty & Steelnum's
A- 9- Wnrthii.gtoii. N. G., D. Filson,
IV. O.. T. H. Robertson Secretary,
Feb. . 1855.
HE subscribers have on hand, and ii
-"- tend keeping on hand a good supply ot
corn,; Oats and Mill feed. Also a good supply
of GTuceries, generally kept in grocery estab
lishments, South west corner of FourOi tnd
Adams street, Stoubenville Ohio.
Jan. 1, 1655. MEIKLE AND STARK.
South Fourth street, Stei'benville, Ohio T.
D. Hamilton, Proprietor. The above named
House is situated midway between the Steam
boat LanJing and Railroad Depot, rendering
it a convenient stopping place for Travelers aud
others visiting the city. Jnn. 1, '55.
A NUMBER of enterprising AGENTS,
to sell either by subscription or at sight,
"Coltcn'b U. S, GassaTi'kr," a highly valuable
and popular work ; which lias given general
satisfaction whersver circulated, and is an in
dispensable appendage to every man's Libraty.
Men of experience in this business, may find
n profitable employment, as n literal commis
sion will be allowed. For further particulars
address W. F. McMASTERS. Local Ag'f.
Jan. 18, 1855. Steubenville Ohio.
Wholesale I)ruj. House.
fTHE subscribers have on hand a lar c
and well selected stock of Drues. Cliemi.
cals. Paint. Dve Stuffs, Oils. Varnishes, Brush-
cs, ratent men en os, 1 enumery, im rg cat in
ruments.Dasuerreoty no stock, Gliiasw are, etc.,
etc., which they offer very, low either wholesale
or retail. Deolers will find it. to their interest
to ex-imine our stock nnd prices, as we arc de
termined to sell asinw as any house in the
West. Orders promptly executed, aud personal
attention paid to shipping. "'
D RUG EM PORI UM , Market street, two doors
below the J (furroii Branch Bank.
Slcubeuville, Jan. 1, 1855.
Grist Mill and Grocery' Store.
T HAVE in operation at tho "Union
Mill," west end market street a run of stone
for grinding corn, rye, barley ric. I am pre
pared to sell corn meal, nt wholesale or retail
at the mill, and at my store, where I keen on
hand family groceries und produce nt low pri
ce lor cu-h or country produce
Steubenville March 15 Ion M' Fkhly,
Barbers and Fancy Hair Dressers
flMIE subscribers would announce to
the citizens, of Steubenville and vicinity
flint they hnyo entered info co partnership in
the above business, nnd nre ready to wait nu
customers at their establishment, where prompt
attention will be given to those who favor them
with a call.
Shop on the Kortli-enst corner of Third nnd
Market streets, under the store of Messrs
Dougherty, Stoubenville. Ohio.
nar. 29, 1855. LEETCH &. HOPKINS.
The Subset iber hnving made preparation to
start the Woolen Manufactory at Harvcy a
Mills, Union Port, Jefferson Co., where he will
nianufacture Flauebj, Blankets, Satenetts and
Cloths for the Farmers on reasonable terms.
Also will receive at the different Stations on
S. A I. R- and Wm. M'Cnrty's 8tore. Steu
bcnville, Alexander Station, Rced'a Mill, also
at Wm. Finney's 8tore. Cndix. at which points
tha wool will be shipped and goodsreshiped at
prices vareing from 25 cts. to 31 eta. for Flan
nels and Blankets per. yd., and f-otn 40 tn 50
tor Hatineit and cloth per ynrj.
April, 5th '55. ROBERT ARTHUR.
ana k&nixiB, ibiru street, amoininir
Court House, Steuben villa, . Jau. 1, '$5
fkFFICE South Fourth St., near Conns'
DryO,Mid Store, Steubenvillo, 0. Jn. 1.
ATTORNEYS' AT LAW, Stoubenville
Ohio. Office corner of Market and Fourth
streets, second story. Jan. 1, l?9.
Bank Exchange.
SALOON, Wu. Pattkrso.v, Proprietor, op
posite Citizeus' Hank, Third street.Sleubonville,
Ohio. Oysters wholesale and retail. also,
Toysand Notions. Jan. 1, 1855.
. J. & 0. O'NEAL,
(Successors to Alexander Doyle,)
ms:SIOiN MERCHANTS A Steamboat Agen
Ware house comer of Market and Water streets
Wharf boat at Market street Landing
January 1, 1855.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Steubcnville.
Ohio. Office under Kilgore Hull, Market
street. Jan. I, lb55.
1? W. EARL, Proprietor, corner Mar
ket and High streets, near the River, Steu.
beuville, Ohio. Jail. 1'55;
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Stoubenville,
x Ohio. Office on Third street, between
Market und Washington. Jan. 1, 55.
Thatcher & Kerlin,
second door below Market, Sletibenville
Ohio, keep constantly for salo and mnke up to
order, Cloths, LassnnercR, and Vestings. Also,
Suspenders, Gloves, Shirts, Cravats, Hosiery,
nud Furnishing Goods generally.' O0rdcrs
respcctlully solicited. Jan. 1, oo.
Wesley Starr & Sons,
Wharf, Baltimore, attend to the sales of To
bacco and nil kinds Western Produce, Pro'
visions, Ac, Ac Ian. 1, '55.
A TTORNEYS AT LAW. Office at the
...'I iii'i ,rt i unit uiiu miti nr, miei iQ, ..j-u
site the Court House, Slcubeuville, Ohio.
January 1, 1855.
J. & J. M. SHANE.
TTORNEY'S and Counsellors at Law;
will promptly attend to nil business en
trusted to them. Office, Kilgore buildings,
Market Street, bleubenvtlle Uluo.
January 1, 1855.
J. II. II 1 1. I.I-tl. R. BIIERQAHDJ JR.
AT LAWr. Office, Market street, opposite
Washington Hall, Steubcnville, Ohio. Prompt
attention to collecting and securing claims.
Agents for obtaining Pensions and Hounty
Lands. Land Warrants bought anu sold.
January 1, 1S55.
A. H. DOHRMAN & Co.,
"POUWARDING & Contniisssnn Mcr
chants, for the sale of Flour, Grain, Bacon,
Lard, Hotter, Wool. Seeds, Dried Fruits, Sail,
Nails, Window Glass, Merchandize and Produce
in general, Steubenville, Ohio.
Frnzicr it Drenoen, Steubenville, 0.
II. H. Collins, Pittsburgh. Fcim.
Win. Holmes ii Co., do.
Hozoa, Fruitier, Cincinnati, jnn. 11
Marble Establishment,
VI LLP., Ohio. All kinds of Marble Work
done to older. On hand nt. all times, Water
Lime, Plaster Paris, nnd the bes quality of
Grind Stones. L. BORLAND.
Steubenville, Jan. 1, 1853.
PUBLIC, Warrenton, Ohio, will carefully
attend to nil business entrusted to him in the
counties of Jefferson, Harrison nnd Belmont, in
the Stnte of Ohio; nnd Brooke and Ohio conn
ties, Va. Office opposite the Western Hotel. -
January I, 1b;5.
OFFICE at his residence, on Fourth, be
tween Market and Washington streets.
Steubenville. Jai). 1, '55;
A TTORNEY AT LAW, Steubenville,
Ohio. Refers :o Hon. Wilson Shannon,
Hon. Win. Kcnnon, sr., Hon. Benj. S. Cowan,
nnd Hon. T. L. Jcwett. Office on Market, st.
below Third street. Jan. 1, '55.
BoolcseUtr, Stnfionert, Paper Dealers, Jllanlc
Hook Manufacturers and Bonk Binders,
TJEALEBS ut Wholesale and Retail, in
School, Classical, Medical, Theological,
Miscellaneous, and Blnnk Books, Ruled and
Plain Cap, Post and Note Paper, Printing und
Wrapuing Papers, Wall Papers and Borders,
School, Coiinling-IIouse and Fancy Staioncry.
Merchants und others desiring to purchase,
will do well to cull and examine our stock.
The highest market price paid for Rags.
North sido of a
lit, 1 1 Fourth street,
Jan. 1, '55.
Steubenville. Ohio,
Boots! Boots!! Boots!!!
TTAS on hand, and is manufacturing,
Gents' French Calf Stitched nnd PcL'ged
Kip aud conrse Boots nnd Shoes. Also, Ladies
Misses and Childrens Gaiters, Kid, Morocco
and Calf Boots, Buskins und Slippers ; nud
keeps in store a large stock ot Eastern work ol
the latest style, all of which he will fell low
for Cash, at his fashionnhlu Boot and Shoe store
Markut otreet, Steubenville, Ohio.
Feb. 1, lMS-Duion.
New Boot and Shoe Store.
p . A. TONNEIt has ou hand tho larg--
est and best assortment' of Boots, Shoes,
Hats ami Caps that havo ever been, offered in
this part of the country. s he is doing exclu
sively a cash business, lie can and will sell
wholesale aud retail cheaper lhan any other es
tablishment in the city. All who wish to pur
chase, will please call at the new Boot and Shoe
Store of E. A. TONNER,
Market street, between Fiflb and Sixth.
Steubenville, Jan. 1, 1855.
LAR. T WILL net tho warrant of any claimant
A under flie new Bounty Lnnd Act, for one
dollar, on his sending me a statement of his
case, and enclosing the fee, In advance, a dol
lar gold piece, nnd four or rive postage stamps
besides. Address me at Baltimore Mil., post
paid, (ill the 15th of npril next, after which to
Hev York,
W. 0. SNETHEN, Eormerlv Solicitor
April 1G 3-t of the General Land Office.
A large and splendid stock of Goods in the la
dies' Department ; also, a very heavy stock ef
Uoods tor men and ooys wear, In ourUlotu and
Clothing room, which will be sold at low prices
0 suit the times.
N. B. 5000 yds. Carpeting of every grade
and pattern, which wecau dispose of at prices
to suil everybody. . . r
Store Rooms Corner 3d. and Market street
opposite Public Budding.
pnl,5-3mo. DOUGHERTY 4 BRO,
l'Ai'Sifi HAMiit
VB are now receiving one of the lar-
geet and best selected Stocks of ' '
ever before offered. Our Stock is all new this
Spring, and comprises tbe latest and best styles.
It consists in part ol ' '
of new and beautiful design".
j . AKD ; l
Chamber Papers,
in every variety of style and quality.
Transparent Window Shades, Figured
ana tfiainywitn Jfutuans latent Fix
tares; Plain, Green, and Blue, and
nnd Fireboard Screens, in grent variety of pat
With an extensive assortment to select from.
ve expect to please those who may give us a
all m -uuwiu.il c uo
Booksellers, SlnltonerR and Paper Dealers
Market Street Steubenville, Ohio.
March, 1 1655.
rTMIE American Monthly Mapnzino for
March, Devoted to Literature, Biography,
Sketches, Stories, Travels, Adventures, Arts,
Sciences, General Intelligence, Ac. Together
with a variety of editorials; correspondence, mis
cellany, the whole making, when bound in a
volume, as large n collection of good reading
matter as ran be found in any Magazine in the
country. The present number contains a life
like portrait of General Sam Houston, together
with a Biogrnphical sketch. Tkems $'1 per vear
in advance. Single copies 25 cents. A liber
al discount made to agents.
AGENTS. Good, smart, industrious agents
wanted in every town nnd city in the United
Stales .Office of the Magazine, 5 and GScollay's
Building, Treinout llow.
Send in ynnr orders ns soon as possible.
Boston J . Federheti it co., Felridge it co.,
and Win. V. Spencer.
IV w York Ross t Jones.
Bhiladelphia J. . Robert a it CO.
nllimore Wm. S- Crowly, it co.
HO. GARRETT, has just received
' und now opening a large nnd fash
ionable stock of Spring Goods, having been
purchased in the Eastern Cities within the last
b days at reduced prices, I am prepared to off
er customers greater bargains than ever. The
Stock consists in part of Plain Black ami Fan
cy Colored Silks and Satins, from 50 cts. to
$1,50 per yard, Striped nnd Barred Silks, Sic.
Chullis Lawns, Barege, nnd other Dress Goods,
chi-aper than ever before offered in this market,
up. 5, '55. H. G, Gaurut, No. 100, 3d st.
g MEETING awl Pillow Case Muslins
all wl :th, qualities nnd prices, Sheeting
Muslin line quality, from 8 cts. tolSJcts. per.
yd.. Bleached Muslin, good article from CV cts.
to 10 cts. per. yd. Irish Linen, pure linen,
Irom Jl cts. to 7a cts. per. yd.
. np. 5tli, '55. H. G. Gabrktt, 3d. st.
T ()N NETS, newest style, Uoiiiiet Satin
Silk and Ribbon, in great variety, Collars,
spencers, I mlersleeves, hoosiery, Ij loves, Milts,
Lace, Edging, silk nnd linen ' han. Ac. cull ut
11. G. CiAituhrr's, lid. street.
Transportation Offick,S. & I. R.R,
Stoubenville, April lUth 1855. j
i I'll EIGHT TliAIN is now running
to Newnrk, leaving Steubenville daily,
(Sundnys excepted.) at 5 o'clol k a. m.
Shipment lo all slnlions, except Uninuport,
Cudiz, Fnirview and New Market, Urirhsville,
Port Washington, N-w Comerslown, J.nlnyelti!.
Cesliocton, Adams' Mills, Dresden and Newark
must be pre paid.
Shippers will please'roncludellieir shipment
nnd riceive their consignments previous to 6
o clock each evening.
np 17, 1K15. tlenerul Freight Agent.
J. R. SLACK & CO.,
PAPER DEALERS. Market street, nbovo
Fourth, smith side, Steiibe nville, Ohio, keel
constantly on hand nod for sale, a large and
well si-lecled stock of Mii-cellaneolis nud School
BOOKS: l'luin and Fancv STATIONERY
Writing and Wrapping J'APtttS, 1JL,AM
BOOKS, etc, etc.: all of which ihey will hell
on tho most favorable leruis at wholesale or
Country merchants nnd other dealers will be
supplied at very low wholesale prices.
J. R. S. fe Co. are prepared to furnish the
best American Magazines, as early as they can
be received by mail. They also keep on hand
a choice supply'of biiklt usio. Jnn. 1, oj.
Sevastopol Not Taken!
17EIST, Market street, litis 111 store an
excellent assortment of CONFECTION E
RIF.S. itc.nurehased expressly for this maikel
Ruisii.s by the pound or box; Crackers, choice
brands; 'JurruutsjUandies; jjates; mines; .Lent
011s: Fies; Citron; Gum Urops; Know A ol lungs
Jenny Liud Drops; Cukes of all kinds; Nuts oj
all kinds; Hints; ire L-racKers, 1 ovpedoes, cc.
Parties furnished with round, vrutt, LadyCak
and Ice Cream.
Great inducements offered to Country merch
nuts and others, w ho wish to purchase by thu
quantity, or bargains 111 Uiiilectioueries,caII
at . t K1S I S,
Jan. 1, '55. Mnrkel. St., Steubenville,
Dr. John McCook.
fiFFlOE on the second floor in front of
v the Union Office. 3d street Siciibenville,
nnd opposite the Citixena Bank. -
Olhcu hours licin 0 a. m. until 12 a. in,, nnd
front 1 p. in. until 6 p. 111. At nil other hours
unless necessarily absent, he mnv be found by
ihosfe requiring his profevaional services at his
residence on 4th street, three doors snnih r the
Catholic Chapel and opposite the North Public
school house. april 24 aJt.
City Root & Shoe Store,
WASHINGTON HALL Building, room
formerly occupied by J. & D. Scott, Market
sl Steubenville. ohio. ,
Just opened the largest, best and chenpest
Slock of Hoots, Shoes, J runks, Uarpet-lings,
etc., ever ottered in this market. . J hesubscrihei
is determined to do business on the Cash Sys
tein nnd offers grent inducements to Cash Buy
ers, and will make it the interest of all to pat
ronize tho Uity tfooi ana onoc store.
May, 1st. D. SC0TJ
Closing up and Selling Out.
. Great Bargains Lifore gitimj East.
T ALLEN announces to tho Ladies and
" Gentlemen of the city nud vicinity, that he
hns commenced selling off the balance of a
large nnd beautiful stook of Dry Goods, rem
nants, also 30 remnants carpets. Sale to con
tinue for 2 weeks. All who are anxious tn get
good bargains will call at the store of. J. Allen,
comer 3d street, near market, Steubenville.
March 29, 1B55, ' - 1 ' ' .
Landreth's Garden Seeds.
SUl'J'LY of Lundreth's Garden
Seeds, including Vegetable, flower and
herb reeds of the choicest kinds, for sale at thk
Hook Store of J, R. SLACK & CO.
Mnrch 29,1855,
' " 1 RUNK WAREHOUSE, No. 101 Arch
street between Thirduud Fourth, uptt airs- four
doors below Union hotel Philadelphia. '
. January 1, 1855, ' ' . .
, . . AND .. - .
7 Qj & Ji SCOTT.
n M ? OF 1855. .' 3 JO
J0.case9.of tifcr goods now; received jpd
eoeninc at th(J bid stand. comDrisins Ihm
the richest, nnd mtist fathibhftblu selection of
Uresa Goods, millinery, straw goods mid Trim
mings of the present seashn. llsvlnir been nilr-
ehased at the present greatly depressed price
in new ji nu ruiitaeipnia, we are enaoteu
to offeroar customers grester inducements than
ever. , SlLKS.- Go.id block, silks from 63f to
1,75.. Plum colored black , silks from 75 to 1,25
Striped and b.tr'd do. ' Satin' de cheue, :tnrc
satin black and white watered mantilla silks Ac '
Challis, Persians, the richest and moat beauti
ful rhnllis. Persians, all wqol delaines, bar'd,
striped, do. gingham's, prints' Ac. Good prints
selling at 6 to 8 cents tr yard, tine front 10 o
wide muslins at 6J cents, heavy sheetirgs at
6 cents pir yard. Bleached muslins, good ar
ticle st 0; tine do 0 to 1U. fcxtra2L to 15c,
Pillowcase muslin and linnen sheeting. Checks
tickings and flannel's at very low prices. - Mil- '
linnery goods, 50 cartons of NEW BONHET
ribbons in every variety. 40 pa Bonnet Silks
of tho most deaii libit) colors. Crapes Paltons
and Florences. 150 cartons French and Amer
ican Flowers Bonnet Frames neatest shapes.
Illusion Blonds; silk trimming lace's, crown Ii
uiiigs. . Merchants and Milliners supplied at
Eastern prices. SILK and STRi BOH
NETS. SO cases of the newest shapes and
styles of spring bonnets, good bounds from As
cents to one dollar fine do from one dollario
$6,00 comprising English straws, swisa braids
Napoletau laces c. Silk Bonnets of the latest
French styles aud of the richest qualities front'
tho lowest, tn the finest French bonnets ever
opened in this city. TniMMiwos, The finest
stock of Dress Trimmings of every thing new
and desirable. Embroideries of the finest qual
ities Frence collars as low as 6jc and up as
high $5,50 chemists under slrevesjaciiict und
swiss inserting Ao. Lisle Thread, silk aad best
quality of kid glovea. Hoisery of all -prices,
some ns low ns 6 per pr. .Removal, on th'
1st day of April wo will remove into our new'
building, one door west of our present store
room, which we are having -fitled op in tho'
most modern Style. TJie tecoud and third
floors we are hnving fitted up for our millinerv
epartment.ntid having secured the services of
nu experienced millner from one of the most
fashionable milline-y establishments in the city
of New York to superintend that departmeut,
when we will be enabled to supply our custom
ers with every thing new nnd desirable In thnt
department. G. A J. SCTT.
March, 29 1855. , . .
Marvin Warren of Bellefontaine, 0,.
has prepared a pamphlet, Forms and dv
rcctions designed to bo a complete guidu
to Justices aud others, under tho Liquor
aw ot 1S04. lie Has Ins second ertiK
tion now on hand, which contains all ''tho
ato decisions of the Supreme Court upon
tho Buhjuct, together with . a copy of thu
Tho work is indorsed for correctness It
some twenty-five ahlo Lawyers residing 'ii
every part 01 tho Etutc. '1 he foU'owin
resolution was adopted by the State Tem
perance Convention,, held at Colnmbu
11 tho2'2d of February 1855: Resolved
hut the "Legal Forms prepared by M.
Warren,. Estj., of Relkfontaiucfor proceed
ing under tho Ohio Liquor Law, bo rec-
coiiimcndcd to the temperance meu through!
out tne Mute.
l'lticK op the Work. Single copy
83ctsj Four copies $1,00 or 25 cts. . per
copy j Forty copies 8,00 or .20 cents per
copy; Sixty copies $11,00 or 15 cts per
copy. fH'iit.to any part of the state at my
expense and risk, as soon as ordered witli
the money enclosed. Coin, bills, or post-
asp stamps, will be sent at my risk by. mail
!t I . 1 It 1 1. .
11 properiy enctoseu. ah orders directed
soon to M. Warren, Attorney at law, 13el-
loti'tituine, JiOrrun Co., O. with money en
closed, will receive prompt attention, small
order." ns well as large ones.
April 5th, 1835. ' M. WARREN)
design and principle, lor burning Coal, hns
an extra large oven, a good draft, and easily
cleaned; construction such as to meet the expec
tations of nil, and guaranteed to givo satisfac
tion fo the purchaser. Will you cull nnd see it T
os. .1 and 4 Hxtra Coal Look Stoves.
" 1 " 2 Hartley " do.
" :i " 4 Air Tight Wood do.
" 2 " 4 Premium do. do.
" 1 " 2 ya Cook or Bachelor Stovef
Egg, Parlor nnd Chamber Stoves of beautill
design, Func.y Orates, Fenders, etc., etc., all
reduced prices, nt the Ohio Foundry Wnreroomsk
Market street. SHABP CRAIG.
Steubenville, Jan. 1, lfc55. ; .
Saddle, Harness and Trunk Manufac
tory, Wholesale and Retail.
JO. Ib7, Market street, opposite Waf.li
ington Doll. The undersigned world res-'
pectfully announce to their customers and thr
public generally, flint Ihry have now in store n.
urge and splendid assortment of Saddlery,,
comprising the following articles: plain ami
Iniiry Middles, undies, martingals, Harness.
Trunks, Collars, Whips, Lashes, tc, do., man.
u fact 11 red of the best material, by the most ex
perienced workmen. Also, Mattresses of vari-;
mis kinds, made to order on the shortest notice.
Dealers in the nbovo articles' art respectfully
invited to call nnd examine oar stork before
purchasing, satisfied that we can nccoHiiuodaU
on the most reasonable terms for cash.-
Steubenville, Jan. 1, 1855. 6m
Dry Goods at Reduced Prices.
ALEXANDER CONN invites 'the t.
tenfion of hVi numerous customer audi thi
public, generally,. t the fact, that ha is new dir
posing of the balance of his large and attrac
tive stock of Winter Dry Gooia at great reduc
tions from former rices. The assortment con
prises in part, French Merinoea different shades
and quelities, Cobttrgs, Paramettas, Thibet Me-1
rinots, Persian Twills, Wool Delaines, figured
nnd plain Cashmeres, Bombasines, black Dress
Silks, plain, barred nud figured fancy, plaid and
figured do., Ginghams, Prints, etc., etc. Also,
a full niidcompleienssoitmentof Embroideries,
White Goods, Ribbons, Gloves and Hosiery,
Trimmings, Notions, etc., SHAWLS, is gra.i
variety and at very low prices, consisting of t
fine Broche, Thibet, Cashmere and the Bay Stat
Long J bawls. Also, our usual excelUut stock
of Housekeeping Goods, eompriuag aearlj eve
ry iliing in the Dry Uoods live, seeded iu fam
ilies. Call und examine befbrapuicliasiug else
where South west corner Fourth and Market tts.
Sleubcnville, Jas. t, 1855.
The Green Mountain Rotary. - -
A COOKING STOVE designed for far.
mors and hotel keepers, burning wood and
coal, and guarantied to give satisfaction Wpur-.
chasers.' Also rrxA, Aia tisbts Urge otkn and
the Star of the West. The stoves, are far ahead
of any yet introduced for baking and roasting,
in respect to Hiving fuel and for durability ara
unequalled. Mauufuotured by A. Bradley,
Pittsburgh. The subscriber keeps constantly
on hand a large assortment of all kinds of tin
Sheet-Iron und ttrnss Ware. Persona in want
of unythiug in his line wi)J save money by giv
ing hiin a call. Spouting roofing and all kind
of job work done lo order aud at the lowest pri
ces. The highest prices paid for old copper k
pewter. Store South 4th street nearly opposite
the Norton House. j. 1 J4 II. LINDSAY,
april 24th 1855. ,').... . .,
If ARPER'S Statistical Gazette of the
A World, particularly describing the United
States. Canada, New. Brunswick and hot a Sco
tin, illustrated by several maps. 1 vol. Royal
octavo, 1950 pages, full sheep. Received and
for sale by , M'Dowcll Aco.
Booksellers and 8tationers Stetibenvill ohio
March 59 1855. '

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