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X. JtAQAjr, Witor WEDNESDAY, AUG. 29," 1855. T32 TETTE AMlSaiCAJr- TT T AmW . publihl ry "Weddw. tft 8tMbTIK Jfferto eonoly. 04U, r f . B. 0o, nl KUud by Z- , .rtrtifiUowlngUrm: ? . a On t. invariably In dvo, tT0 ; 'rt-nVfa n? ADVERTISING. ' Om Muare 13 line or law. S Of 1 1 .00 irif UlKJBnik, lliacrkivn, ..4 On tr ihre months' r " Om qur: sit month, ; . . , , , . Ot fcinsreon yor v fonrth. column p yr. On third column pt yew, . Om half oolumri per yr. ' 0 column per yr, Timitnul and buine card pr year, as 3,50 S.00 "" 8.00 1S.0O 90.00 30.00 50.00 5,00 VL.. ,K.a 14 nil enfkirtet madan mil tba OVID br of intcrtiooa ! not markd on th curd or dt (rtiwitsnu at lha tlina they ar handed in for publication, they wilt beeoft inued in until I hay are ordered oat, and charged by the tquare, EE?T7BLX0AB STATE TICKET. ro ooverkor : SALMON P. CHASE, of Hamilton. in tORMlVT- OOVIRXOR! THOMAS H. FORD, of Richland". TOR ATOITOR OT STAIR : FRANK M. AY RIGHT, of Champaign. ton bkritart or btats : JAME8 H. BAKER, of Ross. TOR TREASURER OT 8IATE : WILLIAM H. GIBSON, of Seneca, roa jrnot or ths suprrmr court : . I For the Full Term,) JACOB BRINKERHOFF, of Richland. (Fur the Yucancy.) CHAS. 0. CONVERS, of Muskingum. TOR ATTORNET GENERAL t F. D. KIMBALL, of Medina. TO MEMBER Of BOARD OP PUBLIC WCRK8: ALEXl Q. CONQVER. of Miami. , AHERI0AH COUNTY TICKET. . TOR RCTREBESrATITM. P. VeCURDY, C MEND1 NHALL. ' tor Sheriff. JAMES R BLINN.' For Trtmrer. JOHN McADAMS. Fur County Recordtr. GEORGE BE ATT Y. Tor Proeecuting Attorney. ' JAMES M. SHANE. Far County Commisrioner. JOSEPH B. McGREW. For Surveyor. WILLIAM S1MERAL TOR CORONER. ROBERT McINTYRE TOR DIRICTOR OF INFIRMARY: JOHN HARTFORD. THE AMERICAN PARTY OF OHIO. At the Annual Session of th Slate Council, held in Cleveland, June 5th, 1355, the follow ing Platform of Principles a exprewiveof the otimntof IheOrdurin thiu State, wai adopt d and ordered to be published to th world iter the slgnaiare of iw.eincer : Vft proclaim to Hie world the following PRINCIPLES OF TUE AMERICAN PARTY OF OHIO. I. Th unlimited freedom nf Religion die connected wl:u politics hostility to ecclesias tical ii.fluence opou th otfrnru of government equality of right to ail naturalixed Eiui grant who aw thoroughly Americanised, and iwv no temporal allegiance, by reason nf their religion higher than that to the Constitution. II. So interference with the right of eiti tconhip alsndv acquired by Foreigner, and tb prufction of Iw to all who honestly eroi grate from love of liberty ; but the exclusion of foreign pauper and fKiou, and a refusal to eitenJ the right of luffrage to all who come hereafter until tliey shall ha resided 21 year lit the United State and complied with the cattiralitation Law. III. Opposition to all political organization composed "exclusively of Foreigner, aud to Forela Militar Compauie, aud to all attempts to exclud th Bible from School mpportod by the government," lv. 81avery i local not national : we op poi it extention io any of our territories, and th iucreaie of it polilicul power by the ad tninion into the Union of any Slate State or otherwise; and we dein.iud of the General Gov ernment an immediate redress ot the great wrong which have been inflicted upon the cause of Freedom aud the American character by the repeal uf the Missouri Compromise, and the introduction of Slavery into Kausae in vio lation of law, by the force of arm, and the dt traction of the elective franchi:. V. In humble imitation of the witdom of Washington, we oppose all intervention in the affiir of Foreign States ; yet on ill proper oc aion, we wiU not withhold our sympathy from any people aspiring to ho free. VI. Me support American Industry and ge nius against the ad veme policy of Foreign na tion aud facilities to internal Jund external commereo by the improvement of river and harbor and the eonatructiou of national roads uniting the various sections of the Uuion. VII. The Union of these State should be made perpetual by a faithful allegiance to the Constitution. VIII. In State policy we lealously advocate Retrenchment and Reform a modification of the present opres-tive system of Taxation and liberal sytsU'U) of Public Schools. THOS. SPOON ER, President, John E. Ktrs, Secretary. Speeches' at the Market Honie. We have not time this week to say all tint in justice is due to the meeting and ptecbes yesterday. The crowd which lad gathered in town, being too great for any of the public Halls, assembled in the Market House, and were there addressed f jr several hours by Hon. 8. P. Chaee, tan didafe for Governor, Thomas Ford, Esq., candidate for Lieut. Governor, and Hon. John' A. Bingham. The earnest attention " given to enoh of the speakers, by the crowd assembled, is sufficient evidence that they were no ordinary efforts. Mr. Chase took decided grounds sgninst ifee present unjust Democratic taxation. Every man should pay taxes upon what ho ie worth, not upon his debts. The jroanner iu which Ohio is interested in the Slave question was clearly set forth by the able speaker. Ohio consumes, and there fore- pays tlio duty upon onetnth of the nnttre importations into the United States. This umkos her national taxation amount to about seven .millions of dollars annually This money wo find is used by the nation. tl administration for thb improvement of Southern rivers and harbors, wiien, on account of Southern influence, like appro , jiriativui cannot" be secured for improve jueut.of (lit Ohio river and other Northern rivers and harbors. It is also used for the luroh We of nKh Pnu'hfrn tmitorr ai tba Meeilla Valley, to accommodate Tex as and Southern railroad. If the admin istration could succeed in the necessary negotiations, it would be used in the pur chase of Cuba, and for the perpetuation in it of another Slave State, with its undue politioul influence ia the affairs of the na tion. Oar money is alsd used for the cap ture and returuittg to slavery of poof over whipt men, women and children, who had fled from the Southern tab, in the vain attempt to find peace and .liberty in the fr North, Our money ie also used in paying, the expenses of roeo who are la boring hard to permanently establish sla very in Kansas and Nebraska. At the same time the appeals of honest settlers, who have emigrated from Ohio and other Free States, to those territories, find no bearing in the administration's cars, for adequate force to maintain the dignity of the nation and its laws, and suppress ma rauding Missouri Slave owners, who in vade those territories, abuse, threaten and mnrdcr peaceable settlers, and by force would introduce and curse those beautiful territories with slavery. Thus in every aspect, has Ohio, not only a moral but al so a pecuniary interest in the slave ques tion. ; But we forbear further allusion to the able speech of Mr. Chase. This speech, and his dignified deportment, will secure him many votes in this county. Of Mr. Ford's wit and sarcasm, we shall not pretend to give even an instance, and thus do him injustice. Every stroko was weir made. His exposition of the aims and objects 6f Americanism was clear, and such aa should forever" cl.ee the cars of truth-loving men, against the vile slan ders and misrepresentations of unprinci pled politicians. True Americanism wo'd make our America, not only the happy home of the native free, but also the asy lum of all ovpmsed. W maintain and contend for the manhood and liberty of all men, At tanght by Jefferson, our car dinal maxim is that all men, of whatsoev er clime or color, have natural unalienable rights. America is the home of the free. Hither they come from all parts of the world, with outstretched arms we receive them, and with warm hearts welcome them. We proscribe the incoming of none but vagrants and folonB, who would be fitted upon us by their government. We say to the foreigner, whohoncstly seeks ourshores for love of freedom, corao in and dwell with us, and partake of the blessings and comforts of our free and extended coun try, and our just laws. And after you shall have been with us long enough to be come thoroughly atsimiluted with us in habits, acquainted and indentified with our peculiar popular government become thoroughly Americanized then shall you become invested with tho privileges of a citizen. This rule, which has been prac ticed from the beginning of our govern ment, is necessary not only for tho native but also the foreign born, for the faith ful perpetuation of our free government fcr the benefit of our children and. theirs. Roman Catholics are opposed because A mericans think that citizens of thi3 Re public should acknowledge allegiance to no princo, potcntato or power whatsoever. True every man should worship God ac cording to the dictates of his own con science. But it is dangerous to allow cit izens, especially men high in office, to ac koow'edge any temporal powr, higher than our own government, We believe that members of the Roman Catholic ohurch so acknowledge the Pope of Rome. IIcDce we consider it unsafe to trust them with power, especially foreign born Ro manists, who by education and habit en tertain greater reverence and submission to ecclesiastical powers than native Ameri cans. , Mr. Bingham delivered one of his usu al brilliant addresses, in characteristic for cible style. He traced the growth of the liberty sentiment in this country, from the first Puritant. The same great question of I reedom still demands our attention. The American Republican claims liberty not only for tho white race, hut also forthe black. The two great political parties of this country are now so arrayed. The ad ministration party favors slavery. The mags of the people oppose slavery and its extension. But our space and time warn us to slop. We have already said more than we expected. But have given a very imperfect idea of the three great speeches. Tbey were good seed, and well sown. Their abundant fruit will be roaped the second Tuesday of October next. The Union Again- Stuart, in his paper of tho 28th inst., says: "Mr. Merideth having declined the nomination tendered to him by the Re publican Convention, there being no other lawyor belonging to the Know Nothings, as a last resort the Convention nominated James M. Shane. We quote from memory. We would most recpcctfully say to Mr. 8., that if iie will take tho trouble to poll the Bar in Steubcnvillo, he will find a number of members who would be prepared to in form him that they are 'right on the goose question.' Does he desire- to institute comparison between the moral standing and legal qualifications of the' two candi dates now' in tho field for the office of Prosecuting Attorney? We pparo his man, unless we are pressed into this mat ter, and then we pledge oursclf that we'll mke the fur fly. It is sn onsv hsk we harp data l go upon. The American Ticket We this day hoist in the columns of the True American the County ticket as indi cated by the popular vote of the American party of Jefferson County, to be support ed at the approaching election. In two cases the ticket ia varied from the'majority of ballots, by declination on the part cf the candidates selected. For Representa tive, Mr. Abner L, Frazcr had a decided majority over any other candidate, and was aW well supported in the Republican con vention yesterday, notwithstanding his let ter decliuiug any nomination, as heretofore published jn the True American. The Coroner, Mr. McElroy received the popu lar nomination, but his personal arrauge. ments forbade his accepting tho nomina tion. In both the above coses of deeli na tion, the candidates next highest on the ballets are given. In supporting this ticket we feel great pleasure in being able to point to oyory candidate, not only as good Americans, but as men of ptcrling worth, and well qualified to discharge the , duties of the various offices assigned to them. In this respect the American party had excellent timber to select from. Not a name was mentioned at any time for nomination but that would have been creditable to any ticket. The American party has shown its dispositon for needed reform, by pre senting for election to office, an array of men bo well qualified as those named iu our ticket. We therefore enter the con test with renewed assurranccs, that in a good cause even our country's under good men, a glorious triumph is already secured. , ! A&rThe Daily Union of Saturf" the 25th, contains an article, purporting to be an acoountof tho Republican meeting held in the office of John Shane, Esq., on tne previous evening; in which the Editor gives us an additional display of his ten deuoy to vary from the truth. The fol lowing is a true statement of the facts, as they occurred : We were invited in;o the ' meeting by John Shane, Esq; at that time there were some ton or eleven per sons in the room. After we had been in some time, it was moved that we should tako tho chair ; Mr.' Allison after some consultation, seconded the motion, which was then negatived. Abner Andrews then moved that the former motion be consider ed an insult to the meeting, which was carried. We then made some remarks to the effect that wc considered tho last mo tion as an insulr, such as no gentleman would offer us in a publio meeting. These are facts, and the whole course of some persons, indicated that it was, on thoir part, a preconcerted affnir ; and they made a "cats paw" of a verdant youth, in order to shield themselves from the infamy they knew they would otherwise incur. This boy, we believe, has no sympathy with the Republican party, aud is ho far devoid of the feelings of a man, as to become a will ing tool, to do the dirty work of the Mc Cooks. Tho Editor of the Union in glo rying over this uffair, makes a new draft upon a brain that is ever fertilo in coining fahthoodt; aud says that we renewed the quarrel with the Editor of the Herald in the street, and after mutual crimination and recrimination, invited him out to set tle the matter in old Kentucky fashion. This Stuart knows to be false ; yet, bis petty malice could not forego the opportu nity of manufacturing slander--(in which practice has made him perfect) for the purpose of gratifying his predominant pro pensity, We have heard of no person havinc any claim to the character of a gentleman, who does not pronounce the motion of the boy Andrews, in good keeping with the char acter of his logal instructor. The manner in which the Herald notices the matter in tho Daily of Saturday the 5th, is not very creditable, either to the heart or the head of the Editor. While there is no untruth stated, the style in which the facts are given, shows that the Editor indorses the proceedings in rela tion to us, and is rather pleased with the result. In the Daily Horrid of tho 27th. Mr. Allison purports to rive a more de tailed account of the affair, in reply to Stuart. In that article Mr. Allison, either intentionally or otherwise, makes a false impression in regard to onrself. He knows full well that the severest term we used, was that no gentleman would attempt to past; such an insult upon us under those circumstances. He also knows that when we met him upon the pavement, after tho crowd had passed down stairs, we spoke to him in the most pleasant manner, assuring him that wa entertained toward him the kindest feelings, and that nothing in the shape of a threat, by word or gesture, es caped u?. Yet, with all these facts star ing him full in the face, he has the mag nanimity, virtually to endorse, by his "Delphio style," the vilo slander of the Unioq. We have lived for fifty years, and never to this hour have we "invited" man or boy to try their manhood in a dis graceful fight. It would bo passing strange, if at tbis time of life, we should become so far lost to a sense of propriety, as to make such a proposition to Mr, Allison. We shall say nothing upon our right to participate in the deliberations of Friday evening. We leave it for the public to determine, whether or no, as an opponent of Slavery, and a tupportcrof thb Repub lican State Ticket, we should be' deprived of a scat in a Republican meeting. AaTUut aecMwities acam eompell aa to call upon our . subscribers to send in their subscriptions. . Uur fame is con stantly occupied in editing and publishing, and we cannot afford to employ an agent to travel and collect. We need money with which to pay our bands; why then do those who are in our debt, withhold from us our just dues ? Our political enemies are doing (11 they can by day and by night to put our paper down, but if our patrons do not trash us, by withholding from us their subscriptions, we are safe. The promptness " of oar Waynesburg, and Uuiontown friends' is gratefully acknowl edged. Wo had intended to reply to Mr. Larimer in . our editorial columns in this issue, but have been happily relieved by our correspondent "Visible." At one time we were under the impres sion that we had perhaps erred in our first notice of the conduct of Mr. Larimer, arid had actually written an apology, when lo ! his article published in the Daily Union of the 14th inst, deprived us of the luxury of confessing an unintentional er ror; and threw us back into the middle of the prcoeding w&k. In that artiole, by a garbled quotation of our foot-note to the communication of a correspondent, on the Bubject of conscience, he makes us to say precisely the reverse of what we did say.- We had not noticed that trick when we said in a former number of our paper that Mr. Larimer's Btyle was that of a Christian gentleman. Wo now say that we never have detected in any political trickster a more dishonorable act, in con troversythan the one above referred to. With this remark we dismiss the gen Umap, and hope not to have occasion to refer to him again. For the True wcricu, MR. RaoaN : In the American Union of July 8, we see an article headed "Rev. Larimer on Ragan." . This wo thought a strange caption, but after reading the ar ticle through, we thought it equally so. But we design to notice only a few things in this communication, aa they mostly re fer to yourself, and you may dispose of them as you think proper. We will first notice the following Article of the A. R. Churches' creed, as given by Mr. Larimer. "All associations whether formed for political or benevolent purposes which bind their members by oath to obey and keep secret lavs and principles tho nature and tendency of which are not known to them when they take such oath are inconsistent with the spirit and genius of Christianity, and arc to be avoided as ensuaring and dangerous." After Mr. L. giving this article as above, he asks the question : Did I take higher grounds on that subject than our church has done ? We answer this question affirm atively. For this article can have refer ence to noue but secret oaths taken by per sons who are unacquainted with the prin ciple, nature and tendency of the Bame. If we are not very much mistaken, Mr. L. did not read this artiole to his congrega tion ; but stated that he had the Rituals of the Know Nothing order in his posses sion. This unqualified declaration came from Mr. L. in the pulpit: "Yes, my Christian hearers, perhaps some of you have sworn to keep the secrets of this Or der, without understanding its objects, its nature and tendency. Not that any of its objects are in themselves sinful ; but it is a secret society I have their Rituals.' But Mr. L., as Invisible said, was pleased not to exhibit them to his congregation. For well ho knew that his author would have disgraced him, therefore he passed the assertion on the strength of his own veracity. If there are any such Rituals in existence, Mr. L. must have been the depository for some society and betrayed his trust, and violated a solemn oath by revealing things which he had sworn most solemnly not to reveal, or he has taken his ritual, which ho has published in the Union, from a perjured scouudrel. Any one can see by Mr. L.'s Ritual, if it be true, that no member haa a right, or can expose any law of the Order without violating a solemn oath. Now one of those tliliige io evidently true, viz : Mr. L. or the author of his ritual have perjured them selves, or the said ritual is talse. Which of these things are true, we will not take the responsibility of deciding. But make the best of it, and Mr. L.-could not have been in possession of facts sufficient to war rant him in making tho declarations he did make in the pulpit, for he did not know them to be true. If ho had said that hn was in possession of a ritual purporting to be the ritual of tho order commonly term ed Knrw Nothings, which ritual he be lieved to bo true, and if true, persons be longing to said order could not enjoy the privilegos of tho church, the case would havo been quite different. From issuing a Bull that any person belonging to the order designated or called Know Nothings, could not enjoy the privileges of the church, we cannot but think Mr. L. was in this case acting tyranical, and that the rules of the church of which he is a minister did not require such action at his hands.. This we think is just as plain as the fact that a ritual, or any, thing else, cannot bo secret and at the same tiino public. , We would uot wish to dictate a course for our Rev. friend to pursue, but only to drop a few ideas, hoping they may prove useiul to him, if not here, when he goes to the West to form a new acquaintance and give an example of truth, houor and hon- esty to a confiding people. 1st Never state anything as truth which you do not know to be true. This, Wayland says, is speaking falsely. We may give our opin ion but we must give it as our opinion and not as the truth. . For instance, you say in your commu nication of July 8, in the way of self-com-meudation, that many have been intimate ly acquainted with yon for near a Score of years, as a man and as a minister and have thought you honest Now friend L., every one who has ever read your article knows that you did not know what these men thought of you ; they may have thought you honest r dishonest. '" .They may have said they thought you were honest, or they may have entrusted matters to your care which would cause yon. to believe they thought you honest. But I doubt very much whether any of your numerous friends or acquaintances will say as much for you as you have said for yourself. ' ; Again, Mr. L. says in regard to Mr. John M'Laughlin and Hon. Samuel Mc- Nary, who were present on the occasion, "men of known intesrrity, known as men, as christians, and as politicians in Jeffer son county long before Brother Ragan or his upstart American party was ever heard of, and whose names will b e held in grate ful remembrance long after Sir. Ragan arid his invisible ' Know Nothing (which I know all about) shall have gone to ashes." Now we do know that Mr. L. did not know that the names of these two men will be held in grateful remembrance long after Mr. Ragan and his upstart American par ty. This party has been effectual in the destruction of the two old parties, which wo think will cause it long to be remem bered. And I doubt not its stand ajpiinst the monster Slavery will be recorded on our country's history and read by her lib- I crty-loving sons for ages lo com?, I have no doubt but, tho principles of this party will be the prevailing principles of the pre vailing party, long after we who are now engagod in their advocacy, together with all who oppose freedom, shall have bid a final adieu to this earth and all cares. We feel a delicacy in saying anything about the actions, either religiously or politically, of the meu whoso names are introduced by Mr. L. as references. Perhaps ho has taken this liberty without their consent. The name of Mr. M'Nary is identified, I believe, with the passage of the law known as the Black Law of Ohio, which was so odious that, if wo mistake not, it was never executed, but decided to be unconstitu tional and repealed, now many men in Jefferson county would hold in grateful remembrance any name associated with the disgraceful Black Law of Ohio ? We would not have referred to this fact, were it not that the subject of these remarks, still adheres to, and acts with the pro-sla very political party ; yet is claimed by Mr. L. to be a Christian, which we will not say is impossible, but if so, it is surely strange. Mr. M'Laughlin acta with the anti-slavery party, if we mistake not. We say in conclusion, that we do not believe Mr. L. ever saw the Rituals of the Know Nothing Order, or he would have produced them when promised, instead of the tiling whieh he put out in the Union. He de sires his friends to believe that he tells the truth. We' would say to Mr. L., if he wishes to be gratified in this respect, he should always speak the truth ; and when ho says to thorn that they may expect the Knotf Nothing ritual at a certain time, give it to them ; and uot disappoint them even if he should make an improved edi tion of the thing he put out in the Union. VISIBLE. For the True American Native Americans Should Rule Amer ica. As we have two classes of citizens cit izens by birth and citizens by adoption, it is evident from the caption of this article, that we affirm the propriety of withholding from ono class the further exercise of the privilege of joining with the other in the capacity of rulers. All persons that come to this country from foreign shores, after complying with tho naturalization laws, are us eligible in the eye of tho law to hold offices as the nativo citizens. But we do not affirm the necessity of embodying the sentiment of our caption in any of tbo or ganic laws of our country, for an ample remedy is at our command ; but we assert the necessity of correcting public opinion as to the propriety of indiscriminately elect ing citizens of foroigu birth to officos of trust und profit, or in other words making them our rulers to tho full extent contem plated by the law in prescribing tho duties of tho persons holding those offices. And wo havo too long allowed party prejudioe lo bliud us to the fact, that our adopted citizens, through the servility of office seek ers to this class for tho purpose of obtain ng their votes, have acquired an undue and injurious influence in tho election of onr officers. It is well known that con ventions charged with tho nomination of candidates, have too frequently discharged the duties of that important trust, more with a viow to their availability, than their compcteucv : for thev well knew . that whilst voters would run in the party tra cos without kicking or backing or in oth er words, would allow wire-workers to cut out the job and tell them what to do, their nominees would receivo the strength of their party. If one party greatly exceeds the other, a nomination by that dominant party, was considered ,by an aspirant for office, as almost equivalent to being cleot- ed, but if, ' as was the oase in most coun ties or districts, the vote was a close one the political strength of both parties near ly equal then comes the tug of war, for if one set of nominees could succeed in out jockeying their competitors so as to secure the votes of adopted citizens, end the float ing vote that literal course of election eering could always procure they could then rest certain of ultimate euceess. As before stated, conventions frequently nom inated candidates with the special - refer ence to'their, popularity, gained by a knack of doing tho handsome which we need not describe and hence thb plea of availabili ty, so leng and sa often , used by .calcula ting politicians--and hence the truckling of aspirants' after office, to the whims and interests of this class of voters. And a largo majority, perhaps all of this class, are opposed to the reformatory and enlight ened legislation, which the welfare of the country and Bpirit of the ago demand, and seek the enactment of measures at variance with our common good, and subversive of our republican institutions, and it matters but little to us whether they oppose the one or secure the performance of the o'thor by their own hands or with the tools that the promise of an offico was pretty certain to procure, forthe injury to the interests of our common country is the same. But the injury that we have received from their opposition is not so great and that which we might yet receive would not, perhaps, be greater than what we have and are re ceiving by having our offices filled not by men eminent for their capability and mer it, but by a class of unqualified and un principled office seekers, which this policy has too long given us. We do not assert that all our officers have been and are of this class, but this has been the rule, and good officers the exception. And it is ea sy to oeo that whilst this policy is pursued, wo C!5fl9t advance in pro3perity-(?antiui obtain the reformation of abuses so much needed at present, nor secure the enact ment of equal aud just laws instead of the partial and inefficient legislation that haa so long disgraced our country, for men of reliablo principles, sterling integrity and eminent capability will not pander thoir principles nor clog their hands by the shackles sought to be imposed upon them, aud bccaupc they will not do so, and stoop to court the popularity before men tioned, they are not available. In too ma ny instances, when a convention lost sight of this important policy and had the satis faction of presenting Candidates of unex ceptionable character and eminent capabil ity, but unskilled in the tactics alluded to, its members had the additional satisfactson of seeing them defeated. The people gen erally begin to think that we have gone far : enough on tho downward road that it is time to bring the team round and try to get up hill again. And the remedy being in our own hands, it is iucumbent on us to apply it ; and as it is the best to begin at the foundation of the evil, we say firmly to those desirous of getting offices, if you con tinue to seek for popularity with foreign citizens with a view to obtaining their in fluence and votes, you cannot receive ours but with tho leave of the Editor, we will, at a proper time, tell what we think of el ectioneering and office seeking. On the other hand we say respectfully but firmly to our adopted citizens : you have helped us to hold the lines about long enough you have pulled one way and we have pul led another till the team is getting rather baulkv, and wo can't possibly trust all the reins in your bauds, though like some of our little boys, you are overly willing and mighty conceited; so, ns we don't drive well together, "by your leave" wc will just take tho reins in our hands awhile. The wagon and team are ours, and you are very wolcome to ride with us if you wish, but we must drive. The emigrants that have long thronged and yet throng our shores, do not all comtw from one country, but from many, it fol lows that they have various, and often con Rioting notious respecting Republicanism, and of what are their rights and privilo- ges under it. As this is a free country, they come hero with too much of a "we'll do as we please" kind of disposition. They have yet to learn that a truo republican trovcrnmeut reoulres each individual to O A govern himself and refrain from trespass inv on the rights of others, and that the lawless, licentious freedom he wiBhes to exercise, is not compatible with truo liber ty. As they find that matters here are not arranged as tbey "severally supposed they would be, they are very confident that they can mend things vastly, and soon be come quite officious to advise and assist, and the socialist republicanism of the tier man, the red republicanism of the French. and th' aristocratic republicanism of the English, all have their earnest, zealous ad vocates. And whioh shall we adopt, or shall we experiment upon each by turns or shall we cooly stand back and let all these theorists and schemers take up our tools and materials, and experiment on 4 tin tn aa f W nleaso or shall wo, with buuiu J j- ' our own hands, continue to uphold the re publioauism of our teverd forefather, and say to the advocates of all those sohools of European republicanism, tins is tne Amer ican standard, reared by wiso men and truo, and to thia standard you must all ap proximate ? ' We assert the latter, believ ing as we do, that it is the only thing that can centralize and neutralize these various conflicting theories. We assert the neces sity of doing so, for unless they are thus absorbed and rendered harmless, they must remain a mnes of irrecohciliblo impractica bilities, which will generate an antagonism that must prove injurious, and may even Jually prove fearfully destructive. And this standard and its necessity we indicate when we say that Americans should rule America. And this privilege of ' right be longs to us, for we are Americans,1 and America is ours; and we, do our adopted citizens no injury by asserting and exerci sing it. It is ours by inheritance, for oar forefathers fought for the liberty of exerci sing tbis privilege they ejected heir for eign rulers, because they believed that they themselves were better qualified to rule, than , strangers "possibly could be they successfully exercised that privilege, and bequeathed as an inheritance to their pos terity. ' Tho' introduction to the'Constitu tion 'decIarciP'We, the people of the Uni ted States, in order to secure the blessing' of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain &o." We, the citizens born in this oountry, are undoubtedly the persons di: rectly indicated bj the word ''our posteri-, ty" we are the persons to whom the 'rkh . inheritance won by the testators was more immediately bequeathed than any others, and it is therefore incumbent on us to watch and guard the various aveuuos by . which this right may lie invaded, in order to trans mit it unimpaired to our posterity. And if we have thus far shared, . with adopted citizens the high privileges bequeathed t us, even making many of our rulers, we invade none of their natural rights by ma king rulers exclusively of our own citizens. And this we should do the common go od of all, renders it necessary, and we can ia it without illegally disfranchising a singl individual. The bill of Rights asserts "that all men are born free and equal, with cer tain inalienable rights, amongst which ere life, liberty and the nurauit of happiness," and iry others may be enumerated, aa the right to perform divine worship accor ding to the dictates of conscience, the right to acquire property, 4c. And wo belicv that all persons of all creed should havo Lmplo and legal protoetiou in the eaercUo of these rights that thene are rights of which no man,, nor any association of men can have any right to deprive their fellow men, on any pretext whatever but tie right to rule to tho extent of tho authority conferred by an office, is none of these unless indeed some have become so ambi tious and selfhh, that they cannot be hap py without an office. And we are inclia -ei to think that this may be the case with aew, for we have sceu some who appaar ed to be really unhappy aimot misera bio, when tbey failed to get elected to an office. Tho monarchs and potentates of of the world assort that the right to rule is natural and hereditary that they were born to rule and the prerogative is theira- but our forefathers repudiated their doc trine justly considering that the possessors of merit aud capability, when iuvested with official authority, by tho suffrage of thoso who delegate that authority, alone have the right to rule. And do tho emigrants from other countries come here believing that they have a natural right to bear rult over U3, and that they are as well or even better qualified, let ns surrender the reins into their hands if not, let u rein them and drive on. i If they come here ambi tious and expectaut determined to seek for offioe as a necessary constituent of hap pine?s, it is time to curb their ambition, and teach thuin to seek happiness in some other direction ; but if they have no such disposition, they will submit cheerfully to the rule of Americans. If they come here to seek homes for themselves and their children to enjoy to a greater extent tho rights of civil and religious liberty, these rights are guaranteed by our constitution and laws to them as to ourselves the instant they arrive in our country. And for this nnrnnao. we bplieve that a verv larze tnaior- ity of them come here for, and compara m.K J " V - tively few would seek for office, if they . were not tampered with ambitious aud un principled men, who wish to use them as tools with which to secure their own ag grandizement. All the great avenues to competency and wealth are open and free to them the agricultural or manufactu ring, the mechanical or professional, with out uny embargo, await their choice. Ia all these and in the exoroise of all their na tural rights, they have as full and ample protection, beforo they are legally invested with all the privileges of citizenship, as they have afterward. We shall now show that the right to vote and hold office is not a natural but a conferred right. Thnt they must rcsido here a specified number of years, and comply with the naturalization laws, before they can excroise, it is well known that we had fall right to enact suoh laws sod require compliance with them is not denied by any this therefore proves conclusively that this question of franchise is ene of national policy, anil not of natural right, and as such iB subject to' any revision and alteration that may ap pear to be necessary. , But it is said that as all legal enactmonts act positively, no revision can effect any of the privileges ac quired under existing laws. ; We are well aware of that wo do not wish to disfran chise any man, for we have so ample rem edy, without doing so oue that wo can apply without invading any rights or priv. iloges, eithor natural or acquired. The li w does not say that when they hava acquired all tbo privileges, of citiion. ship, that we must also make them our in- CONCltfDED ON THIRD PAM.