Newspaper Page Text
2. AQAS, Editor .WEDNESDAY, DEC 28, 1855. THE TRUE AMERICAN Th TauB AKtiCA i published every Wednesday, in Steubenville, Jeffomoa county, Ohio, and edited by Z. Ra.t, on the following trms: . v ; ft One Tr. invariably m unce, jn,wu TERM3 OP ADVERTISING. " Aui annum 13 line or less. 3 weeks or leu 11.00 Every subsequent insertion, .. 25 One qaare turee mouths' 2,50 Oaaiauare six months, . 5,00 Oh square one year 8,00 One fourth eolumn per year 15,00 One third column per year 20,00 One half column per ysar, 30,00 i snnn VUG CVUHIMI Jm Professional and business cards per year, 5,00 When there is no contrset made and llmnum twrof insertions is not marked on the funis or adrertiiteuienU at Ihe time they are handed in for publication, they trill be con' inn ed in until they are ordered out, and charged by 'the square Another Political Backslider. The pilots of the Democratic boat, are one after another, leaving the pilot house, and it is to be reared, that by the Ides of .Nov. 1856, there will not be officers enough left on board to row the vessel up "Salt River." F. P. Blair, Esq., the thampionof Democracy, in the days of Andrew Jackson, is no longer numbered with the "unterrified," he has lost his first love and fallen from Locofoco grace. Every thing connected with the Demo rratie party is marvellously out of joint. We live in an age of great degeneracy. Who would have thought it ! Francis P. Blair, the very embodiment and personi fication of the Democratic party in its p Jmy day, has publicly repudiated the udminiatrau'on. The present position of Mr. Blair, so long the popular editor of the Globe the accredited organ of the Democratic, party of the nation is a blow to- that party, which will be felt through the length and breadth of the land; The Washington Union has been trying to create the im pression that his son, Montgomery Blair, appointed to office by the present admin istration, is a "simon pure" of the first water, and that he does not sympathize with the views of his father. Montgom ery is out in a letter denying it, in the most positive manner. His letter was not published in the Union, but the Amer ican organ, is urging the publication of it. . We should like to see it published in the Union and iu all the Democratic papers f the country. Would it hot be a good idea to apply the expunging process to the name of Francis P. Blair, where ev er it occurs in the Globe,, so that it may never again be looked upon by the pure eyes of the dear democracy ! Read his letter which we publish in our paper of this day; it speaks for itself, and it speaks volume. Congress that is no Congress. After 23 days of fruitless working, and Wire working, the house of representa tivef appear to be no nearer an Organiza tion than the day they assembled on the 3rd inst. Banks stands at from 104 to 1 07. Richardson at 74 , Fuller has worm ed op to 40 and there are a few scatter ing or floating voles. We have deemed it improper to occupy space in our paper in the record of the numerous ballotings as they are matters of but little interest, un til aomething is accomplished. There has been some sharp shooting both upon the Slavery, and the American question, but it is no more than a mere prelude to what is likely to occur, should the house become organized. Sam is there and so is Sambo and they are ready to show iheir hand when the proper time arrives. There will be more shaving and skinning in Washington this winter, than will have taken place in any barber shop, or Slaughter house in the west. Tm Dollar Niwspaper. There is probably no newspaper in this country, that is moro anxiously expected, or, more warmly welcomed than the "Dollar News paper" is, by its numerous subscribers.?--Its coming, gluddens their hearts, and drives dullness from their hearth-stones. It is an unfailing antidote for the "blues," which are apt to be troublesome to those who have nothing to employ thoir thoughts, duriug the long winter evenings. The farmer will find its Agricultural depart ment to be especially interesting, as its ar ticles arc written by practioal and scientific farmers. The publishers have on hand Three Original Novelctts from three of the most popular writers of the day ; whose names are a sufficient rcccommcudatiou for their works. The following are their re spective tales with the Author's names, viz: "Tho Border Rover," by Emerson Ben nett, Ksrj., author of J'Prairie Flower," "Clan Moreland," etc., Tho "Prisoner of Prescott," by P. Hamilton Myers, Esq., author of "Bell Brandon," Misers Heir, etc., and "Mabel or Darkness and Dawn," by Charles J. Peterson, Esq., author of "Cruising in the last War." Send on'jour names immediately to be in time for them. Terms one dollar a year in advance. Six copies ?5,0O. Ad dress A. H. Simmons k Co., South West corner of 3d and Chestnut Streets Philada. letter of Francis P. Elair, Esq., To the Republican Association of JfasV inglon Republican Rooms 853. 5 Accident. A man by the name of Corckoran, a laborer on the S. & I. R. R., lying on the track, a short distance below this place, on Sacurday evening last, was caught by the cow-catcher on a locomotive, and carried some distanco beforo the train could be stopped. They brought him back to town immediately, and procured medi cal assistance, but it is feared that his in juries are fatal. Ho is supposed to have been intoxicated. Proclamation Against Invading Nic aragua. The Union, of yesterday, contains the following proclamation of the President of the United States : A Proclamation. Whereas informa tion has been received by mo that sundry persons, citizens of the United States and others, residents therein, are preparing within the jurisdiction of the same lo en list, or enter themselves, or to hire or retain others to participate, in military operations within the State of Nicaragua: Now, therefore, I, Franklin Pierce, President of the United States, do warn all persons against connecting themselves with any such enterprise or undertaking, as being contrary lo their duty as good citizens and to the laws of their country, and threatning to the peace of the United States. I do further admonish all persons who may depart from the United Stales, eith er singly or in numbers, organized or un organized, for any such purpose, that they will thereby cease to be entitled to the protection of this government. I exhort all good citizens to discounte nance and prevent any such disreputable and criminal undertaking as -aforesaid; charging all officers, civil and military, having lawful power in the premises, to exert the same for the purpose of main taining the authority and enforcing the laws of the United States. In testimony whereof, I have here un to set my hand and caused and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed to these presents. h. a. Done at the city of Washing ton, the 8th day of December one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, and of ihe independence of the Uni ted States the eightieth, FRANKLIN PIERCE, By the President : W. L. Marcy, Sec'v of State. CoLtHBUNA County Mutual Insu rance CoMFANY.-Amidst the reverses and calamities which have befallen corporate associations through the length and brd'th oi onr country, this company, ever since its organization, has given demon strative proof that it posesses a soul, re garded by Dir.e persons, as rather an unu sual ingredient in corporate bodies. Ev- er faithful to its promises, it has prompt ly .paid to the unfortunate of its members the last cent to which they were entitled. We are informed that the company has a considerable number of policies in this city( which will expire sometime iu next month. Mr. Pritchard the gentleman ly Agent of the .Company will be here by the 8th prox., to remain a few days at the Washington Hall 'There is nojlusurance Company which we cart . with more freedom recommend to" the favor of our citizens than the Col umbiana Cou'nty Mutual. SSirYeKterday,(Chiistma8) passed off pleasantly in our city. Religious services were held ra the principal churcheh, in commemoration of tho greUest event that ever transpired in our world's I istory the advent of the Saviour of sinners, . Those who were not engaged in relig ious exercises, employed the day in what they regarded as innocent amusements. . One fact we take great pleasure in record ing.' We did not ace, or hear of any per son being under tho influence of iutoxca tkjj liquor, during the day. , We hope ur fiknds may enjoy many euch happy fafa'jml 'tie wJ circle fever Jose it flariM,. ;.'.;?.. : : THE PLAINS. The St. Louis Republican says, the idea generally entertained that tho im mense arid plains lying between the Mis sissippi and Rocky mountains, must for ever remain unsettled and uncultivated on account of the scarcity of water and fuel, is likely to undergo a change. Scientific men are now exploring these plains, or prairies, and from (he little we hear of ther researches, the prospect appears good that an abundance of coal and water can be obtained at a small outlay of money and labor. Successful experiments have been made in testing the practicability of boring artesian wells, and the result is most satisfactory. In one instance, near the Pecos river, about the thirty second parallel, at the depth of six hundred and fifty feet, the greatest abundanco of per fectly pure water was obtained. Besides this the operation developed the existence of coal beds, easily accessible, (and, as far as the experiments have progressscd evidently underlying the whole of that immense country. The importance of these discoveries which have been under the direction of the Government, can hardly be overated. With abundance of water and fuel easily obtained, there is no reason why these vast regions may not become the seat of a thriving population. Thorn hedges may answer the purpose of fencing and railroads may transport such building ma terials as are not supplied by stone quar ries and clay beds. . Washington, Dec. 10, 1853 The. annexed letter from Francis, P. Blair, Esq., was presented and read at the regular meeting of the Republican Association of this city, Saturday evening,, the 8th instant, and the following resolu tion were unanimously adopted, and also one urging Mr. Blair to reconsider his determination to decline the Presidency of the Association. . Jiesohed, That the thanks of this As sociation be presented to Francis P. Blair llsq., for his able and highly satisiactory letter, showing that the present Adminis tration has departed entirely from the Jeffersonian principles relative to the government of the lemtories of the Uni ted states, and has become but utile bet ter than a working model of John C. Calhoun's Nullification and, Disunion doctrines. ' Jtewlved. That a copy of the letter and resolutions be offered to the city papers for publication, and be issued in pamphlet form for general circulation, to strength en tho hands of Republicans, to unite all discordant opinions, and induce good men of all parties to use their influence to bring ihe Government bark to its original prin ciples' of Freedom, and to stand upon the issues therein presented, in the next Presidential election. Lewis Clepjiane, Sec'y Silver Spri.no, Md., Tues. Dec. 12, 1855. G entlehen ! Having relinquished pol itical employment, and, to avoid encoun tering again its anxieties, addicted myself lo country life, I am constrained to decline your invitation to join the Republican As sociation of Washington City, although tempted by the honor of becoming officer. Yet I feel it my duty lo say, that in the main I concur in the aims of the Asso ciation. To exclude Slavery from the Territories of the United States, and to rebuke the violation of the Comprises which were made to stand as covenants between the Slave and Free States to eff ect that exclusion, are, in my opinion, the most important movements which have engaged the public mind since the Revolution. The extensiou of Slavery over the new Territories would prove fatal to their prosperity ; but the greatest calamity to apprehend from it is the construction of the confederacv, on which ihe welfare of the whole country reposes. Every con quest of this element of discord, which has so oftened threatened the dissolution of the Union, increases the danger. Every surrender of the Free Slates invites invas ion. The cause which ycur organization is intended to promote may well draw to its support men of all parties. Differences on questions of policy, on constitutional constructions, of modes of administration, may be merged to unite men who believe nothing but concert of action on the part of those who would arrest the spread of Slavery can resist the power of the com bination now embodied to make it mbrace the continent from ocean to oc ean. The repealing clause of (he Kansas bill is predicated on the nullity of the clause in the Constitution which gives Congress the power 'to make regulations respecting the Territories' of the United Stales. Yet nothing is clearer in the history of our Government than that this phrase giving power to Congress, Mo make regulations respecting ihe Territories' was meant to give it the power to exclude Slavery from them. Mr. Jefferson's resolutions-of 1784, de claring 'that there shall be neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude in any of the States' laid off in the Western Territory, was subsequently renewed in the Con gress of 1785, which added 'that regula tion shall be an article of compact, and it was so voted unanimously by the delega tions of eight Statcs'out of twelve. It was passed by the unanimous votes of all the States by the Congress of 1787, which sal. contemporaneously with the Convention forming the constitution, and that Constitution gave Congress the pow er 'to make regulations respecting the Territories,' and moreover affirmed the validity of 'the engagements entered into by the confederation' one of which en gagements was that made by the regula tion excluding Slavery from the Territor ies. Thus the Congress of the conleder ation and the Constitution united in giving a double sanction to the exclus ion. -The first exerted the power of enacting Mr. Jefferson's interdict of slavery in the territories then held by the United States, to which it had previously given an im pressive sanction by adding, Thia regu lation shall be an article of com pact, &c. and the Convention guaranteed this 'en -The Blacksmith shop connected with the foundry of Messrs. Sweeney '& Co., , in Wheeliog, was destroyed by fire pn Friduy evening laat loss $1,000,. gagemeni,' entered into under the confed eration, by declaiing it 'valid,' and em ployed the same terms, 'regulation of the Territories,' to transmit the power here exerted to future Congresses. In the face of this history and the letter of the Con stitution granting the power to make what ever regulations it deemed fit respecting the territories of the United Slates, the authors of the Kansas and Nebraska bill deny the constitutionality of all the regu lalions which excludes Slavery from 'the Territories, and set at naught all the pre cedents that confirm then, which have followed it uninterrupted succession, from The other clause in the Constitution, empowering Congressto pass laws to pre vent the emigration or importation' of slaves after 1808, show the fixed purpose of the founders of our Union to limit the increase of this evil. The consequence was an inhibition, which prevents a South Carolina planter, who has slaves in Cuba, fiom bringing them to his home planta tion : and to remove this obstruction lo the increase of slavery within the Union, and open Africa the supply the demand made by the new act, the , Nullihett are already called on by their Southern allies to lend their aid 'and certainly those who embrace Mr. Calhoun's doctrine, as stated by Mr. Douglas, that 'every citizen has an inalienable right to move into any of the Territories with his property, of whatever kind or, description,' the Con stitution ' and compromises notwithstan ding, can hardly refuse it. It was on the annexation of the Mexican territories that Mr. Calhoun asserted this principle, to unsettle the fixed policy of the nation, be ginning wiuV libera of the Declaration of lnacpenuence ; anu ne appuea u mine io the compromise of 1820 and 1850. Mr. Douglas thus sums up the position taken and the result Under this section, as in the case of the Mexican law in New Mexico and Utah, it is a disputed point whether Sla very is prohibited in the. Nebraska coun try by valid enactments. The decision of this question involves the constitutional power of Congress lo pass laws prescribing and regulating the domestic institutions of the various Terri tories of the Union. In the opinion of those eminent statesman who hold that Congress is invested with no rightful au thority lo legislate upon the subject of Sla- very in the Territories, the eighth section of the act preparatory to'iho admission of Missouri is null and void, while tho pre vailing sentiment in a large portion of the Union sustains ihe doctrine that the Con siilution of the United States secures to every citizen as inalienable right to move into any of the Territories with his prop erty, of whatever kind and description, and to hold and eDjoy the same under the sanction of law. Your committee do not feel themselves called upon to enter inlo the discussion of these grave issues which produced the ngilalron, the sections, strife, and the fearful struggle of 1850,'. From this it appears that tho Compro mises of 1820 and 1850 involved the question of ihe validity of the law of Mexico excluding Slavery from the new ly ceded Mexican territory, and the law of our own Congress excluding it from the North of the line of 36 deg. 30 min. Mr. Douglas's Committee report recommen ded thfct as 'Congress deemed it wise and exped ient to refrain from deciding the matter in controversy, then, either by affirming or repealing the Mexican laws, or by any act declaratory of the true intent of the Constitution, and thejexlentofthe protec lion afforded by it to slave properly in the Territories, so y5ur committee are not prepared now to recommend a depar ture from the course pursued on that mem orable occasion, either by affirming or re pealing the eighth section of the Missou ri act, or by an act declaratory of the mea nin? of the constitution in respect to the 3 legal points in dispute.' These passages are quoted to show that the issues made by Mr. Calhoun, as lo the constntionalily of the two Compro mises of 1820 and 1850, were expressly left open for judicial decision by the com miUee, who nevertheless swept away, b a clause subsequently added to their bil not only the Missouri Compromise of 1850 which left untouched the Mexican laws prohibiting Slavery in the ceded Territories, and which Webster, Clay, Benton, and all the leading lights of the Senate (with the exception of Mr. Cal houn) pronounced valid and an effectual restriction.. . This repeal Was the adoption of M r. Calhoun's nullifying doctrine in txtenso. The power of Congress to make laws ex cluding slavery forever from its Territo ries as such, was denied, and all the Ter ritories weie opened to Slavery on the ground of ihe 'inalienable right" of every citizen " lo move into any otlhe lemto ries with his property, of whatever kind or description," and the law of squatter sovereignty was superadded, andsubstitu ted for the. sovereignty of the United Slates over the public, domain. Thus lell, at the citation of Mr. Alchison, supported by the coalition effected between the Whigs and Democrats of the South, un der the pressure and through the intrigues of the nullifiers, Mr. Jefferson s noble principle, endeared lo the country both for its' moral grandure and poTitical wis dom. It is the first thought uttered in the Declaration of Independence ; and to the denunciation of the King of Great Britain for the crime of bringing Slavery to our shores, it adds, as the deepest ag gravation, that 'he has prostituted his negative by! aurpressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or restrain thia exe crable commerce." The first legislative attempt lo restrain the progress of the misohief which the King of Great Britain visited upon thl country, was Mr. Jefferson'a resolutions excluding slavery from the Territory ol the United Stales in 1784 the next was that introduced by Rufus King in 1785 all receiving lhe'vorcs of two thirds of the States of the Confederacy, and the las ihrj unanimous vote The fourth movement was thai of the Convention in the Constitution itself, pro viding against the importation of slaves after 1808, declaring the binding validity of the engagements entered by the Con fess of the Confederacy on the Govern ment of the United Stales, to exclude it from the territory, and securing to the new Government Jhe power of making similar provisions for future acquisitions of territory. The fifth regulation lo re strain the progress of Slavery was thai of the compromise of 1820 the sixth, thai of 1850. ., ; . . It is remarkable that although these great measures had their origin with the Democrat- leaders, Fedeial and Whig eaders of greatest renown united in their support. Tpe constitutional provisions on the subject had the unanimous suf frage of all the illustrious men In ihe Con vention of Ihe United States , and from the silence on the subject in the State Conventions called to ratify the Constitu tion ; it may bo well presumed that these also were unanimous in their approval of what had been done under the confeder acy and in the new Constitution to re strain the introduction and limit the ex tension of Slavery. And may not men of all parties, now unite to restore what the patriots of all parlies, during the first seventy years of our Government, con tributed to establish T The work of restoration is simple and easy, if the men who abhor the late inno vation on ihe long-settled policy of the na lion can be induced to relinquish petty differences on transitory lopics, and give their united voice, in the next Presiden tial election, for some man whose capaci annually at the polls.' The Democracy which is bred in caucuses and cabinets, is a sort of hot-bed species -suited to tlie taste of epicurean politicians, whose ap petites are their principles. ; Incumbents and expectants of offices and dignities claim a sort of patent right in the ma ehine of Government to create a Democ racy adapted to their purposes. Their innovations in the machinery, are contri vances to renew iheir privileges for' new terms, and the people are the subjects who are to be used up in it to pay tribute for this privilege, and fake pride in the skill of -ihe operators.: C.i, V The telegraph wires and the Cincinna ti Convention are lo bring all the master ly combinations of the Administration in contact with the masses at the appointed time; But will the wires work ? 'Un doubtedly the people, far and wide, will hnve their instructions from the opera tors j but the response1 will probably be a thunderbolt to those who1 have violated their lights, spurned theyr remonstrances, and, as a consequence, lave arrayed broth ers from the -different sections of the Union to shed each other's blood, in civil war, on the plains of Kansas; Yours, respectfully, F. P. BLAIR. - The Candidates for Speakership. We find in the New York Herald of ihe 5ih inst., the following sketches of the lives of the candidatea for Speaker ship : j " . WILLIAM A. RICHARDSON. Mr. Richardson was born in Fayette Co., near Lexington, Ky., January 16, 1811. His father was a Virginia farmer He died when William was only fix years old, leaving four children to the sole care of their mother. She belonged to the one of ihe first families of n I . ijr, uu.v u..u vUu...6 . ' Vi,:.,: t a rn.U ,,,,1 .,,. nf hi V II 1 1 1 1 It lu IUIIIVI wiiu "- on to oppose the isstfe which the present Administration had made lo control it. The contest has grown out of Presiden ts! aspirations. The decision of the peo ple at the polls, in choosing a chief mag istrate will end it. Senators will easily brothers died in battle. He removed to Illinois al the age of twenty-one, and was a member of the Legislature of that State for several years In 1846, he raised a company of vol ..Lon ilm noiiAn a ilpmanil is hiiRK- , 7 v i c!iei1 caP,ain ' 0,1 1,16 fie,a of bal eu uj t niui...a, .. ,-. -o-. v. , , . , , p . I i i rt i lie Ufc uutim M www-., w. and nones oi me iiuure, wiucu aiuma Mini i it Im uvnt nnnnimriiiul v Plpptnil . m I liailllili uw v ' uh-ij juww uourr I " . ... frrentl v disimumshed himself, lie was Tlio Administration has staked on the support of the party of privilege of class interest which makes it a unit. Itconfides in thesuccess which has crown ed the'Oligarchy everywhere in the Old World, and secured its triumphs on ihe . T' 1 . 1 I 'PI,. maxim, "imiue ana conquer. j Whigs and Democrats of ihe South are a combination to carry inlo the next Presi dency some candidate absolute in main taining the repealing clause of the Kansas bill, which nullifies the principles of the wounded, but did not faint. Before his return from Mexico he was nominated and elected to Congress, and has ever since remained a member of the House. He is a Democrat in the technical sense of the term, to the backbone, is in favor of the Fugitive Slave Law, and all the other compromise measures Nebraska and Douglas. He is what is railed a 'good fellow,' jolly, stout how-fare-you 1nn.:nn ornl BAAmin nnA tVia m nut nnn, Ordinance, the provision of the Lcmstriu. 6 . ... , i i .u , nnA nit ihp u ar man his party could have nominated lnn mnln tn ntVO hum pflPPt- 811(1 nil llXfl turn iiiuwj ...v , P.n.nnn!... ItrhSnTl llQVP llPPTI ftl :i(!fi in e .u -.i ,n,.i;nh nf go" tot the Nebraska bill and squatter nnrsii!nrr of them, with the sanction Ol 9 . . . r ... Tint sovereignty, but not for admitting Mates rr .1.. mBjn,i,. f.,MB to Ihe noliev llch allow 8 P1""'" of W,ve5 M he Mijiiiiiiiii rim liiwlm n imm of the Liberty party for President. CoL Marshall graduated at West Point in 1833. He graduated h June, and startad immediately for Wisconsin, where At served as Lieutenant Under Gen. Scott la the Black Hawk war. Jn 1813 he wa appointed Cwloatl of regiment in the. Mexican Warii Co. Marshall marched his regiment by land -from Memphis,' Tennessee, to Saltillo in Mexico. ' He started in July, and arrived at Camargo about the 1st of November. Col. Marshall shared freeljr in all the fatigues arid d:fficul(ie! of the expedition. In 1.847 he returned to lis farm in Henry county, Ky., and was elected to Congress by the Whigs In 1840. He- was a very active supporter of the Compromise measures. In 1851 he was re-elected to the House of Repfesentativea In 185? he was appointed Minister td China, and resigned hi seat in the House of Repre sentatives. In 1854 he waa recalled from this mission by President Pierce. Last August he was elected to Congress by the Know Nothings, by a majority of up wards of 2.S0O. r. . LEWIS P. CAMPBELU Mr. Campbell waa born in Franklin, Wan en county, Ohio, . August 8, 1811. His father Was1 a Virginian by birth, and removed to ihe North Western Territory in 1796. He was admitted to the bar in 1836. In 1840 he was a candidate for Congress against Colonel J. B. Weller, now Senator from 'California. . He' was five months on the stomp. " CoC Weller received a majority of 59 out of 14,000 voles cast. . Hie majority at ihe previous eleciion was about 1,200.'' f " Mr. Campbell continued to devote him sdf lo the practice of law exclusively up to 1818. At the same bar were Tom Cor win, Woods, and some other men of note, In 1848 Mr. Campbell waa elected to Congress as a whig by a majority of 450 in a district which gave about 1,300 ma joiity against Gen. Taylor. In 1850 he was re-elected by 900 majority.1 'In that year ihe Legislature gerrymandered' hia district, with the hope of defeating hia re election ; but in 1852 lie was again returned by a majority of 250. The dis trict continued strongly t democratic, but. equally strong in favor of Mr CampbelL, HENRY M. FTJLIER. Mr. Fuller was born in Wayne county. a., in June, 1820. His father was from onucciicui, Mr. Fuller was educated al Princeton. He has practiced law at' Wilkesbarre since 1841. He was a mem- ber of the Pennsylvania House of Rep resentatives one year, In 1850 the whigs ecled him to Congress. Hia seat waa contested, but he held it.. He ran for re- cction, but was defeated. . He has now been elected as a Know Nothing, and possesses the advantage of coming from great State and, as the old woman said when she made the two shirts for le minister for nothing, 'that's some- ung.' built up with our Government will unite, accept ihe isue tendered by the Admin istration, and make the repeal of the re pealing clause of the Kansas act para mount in the impending contest for ihe Presidency, all will be restored that has been lost to free institutions, by opening the Territories North and Souih, to Sla very. The Compromises of 1820 and 1850 being restored, there will not be an inch of llie territory of the United Stales, onco exempt from Slavery, on which it can legally intrude ; and Mr. Atchison's says that is a privilege nol enjoyed by the 'Original thirteen.' NATHANIEL BANKS Mr. Banks was born in Walthatir, -Mid dlescx County, Massachusetts, ort the 13th day of January 1816. As his mid die name indicates, he is descended, on one side, from the Prentiss family of New Hampshire, Al ihe age of twelve years he began to work in a cotton factory. At later age he assisted his father, who was a house carpenter. He nexl learned tire mac'hi ' trarle. and worked at it in Waltham I J a .. ..a ' ' vw, attempt by an armed lorce, to carr, i ij Ho neyer haJ any 8ch(0, the nuitincation Pi.. ... afier ,,e wa8 Uvelve yeaW of nge, which gave firm to ine nansas um, win, . .,.,, ,,,,. bpi100i like Ihe attempt ol h.s prototype, ivir. - . . coni)ijere4 houn, to give etlecl to oouin wrouua n.u- lification, be paralyzed by the iroyn oi - baf an indignant nation, maue potent oy an honest and firm Executive. And there will end the career of ihose ireiillemen who arrogate to themselves the xclusive tutelage of ihe Democracy oi ie country, as ended that of Mr. Cal- hnun and his Droselvtes, who took the peculiar chanre of the. "State Rights' party. They sank, under the universal conviction thai their zeal for Stale righu was an ardent passion to rpach political and began practice in Boston. In 1854, Mr. Banks ran for Congress as a candidate of ihe regular democratic convention in his district, and of the Know Nothings, and was elected by about seven thousand majority. The ad ministration democrats bolted the nomi nation on account of Mr. B's opposition lo ihe Nebraska bill. - . Mr. Banks has a wife and two children. The National Convention of the ! American parly for the nomination of the Presidential ticket has been appointed to ' meet on the 22J of February. Some of . lie lending American Organs are opposed lo a nomination so early, and think it , had bolter be deterred to the first ol June v or there about s, by which time, it is i thought, the republicans and the emncracy will have shown their hand. ? Apart from this consideration, we think ' that the proceedings of this week in" Congress will show the expediency on "' the part of the Know Nothings of wailing f a little longer. ' There are a good many ' rough corners in the organization, a national parly, that want shaving down , before they can expect to run their two,-, lagienger buggy around the course, We are glad to see that they are beginning1 to a find it out. N. Y. Herald. V '- ITn la n mtnA Im-tLiiur man Willi fiOmP ... .t, U avMniriimhliltr in & 7 power, - tu of lhe cIerical and Puritanic op (lie DIOOU oi urn lieu) 10 .... unn...n .tillp.1 .11 IICniHIILU H 111111 vy L v - much to estao- , . , w. L Silliness which cuarauicnitu h iuhiiujj, Mr; Banks is fond of retirement; al though he has had a boisterous political life. All his studies, even that ol law have been pursued principally in private institutions it had cost so Intl. . Our innovating Democrats, who pui under foot the representative principle 5 who violate the known will of, their con . : 1 k t aliments ; who rcorn ineir insiruciiuu w It 1 r 1 - l!iAniii,A .u. .I.pv have commuted i e lias a great luuuoew, ir "' culc .v6 . . , , . h .nfWM Hal condemn acquiwi uj m- u u.... . ihr conduct ihat the are not democrat- for". E"d. knowledge of the principal . -1-... f .i.:. lanmiaffes of Northern and Southern bu U anHnflrtaa tUltn 111 U1H I11KI1 1 1 LUUH ui men o m m infallibility, read out of the Democratic rope. ii.ugn not an auvoca.e .... Mulnp Mpw Hamnsh re. Uonnect- l"a 'an "'"" .v...,..-.-, liai j i taiiivf 1 -9 I , ' " i a 1 I J A. . fc I ...MM .n!, nana f lioutt f1r4nU tt IT Infill MA. VArt- Ppnnsv van a. h o. In- u iw - 6 ;u now A vi , 1 , . , in, Minliiiran. TliilUllB. WMCOnSID Hllll V "Huvr 111 ' i...... u..-.,!. .Kpu will not .,h.nit to bw countenance would seem to indicate 1 ' .1 . C wtt I n a ftP iim it nmach i .1.. ...:il .1 tl.A.A i.,p rPnrPHPnlntiVPii. K fvt . r . IHC TV i VI IIIVV wbw---- I ... , , i who have set up a test which must forev- ke, would Uo the genueman u .1 . ... Hio.iritf t,l.... t.....i r :.. ...,l., l,nt,B. Mr. warsnau was ourn x . . . . .i ... Kv.. Januarv 13. 1812. Hia father was bartered away rignia secureu 10 mem u.i - ; .. . , L .,Lx .nnn !.., iht TV. Judge John J. Marshall, of Louisville, L -t. iA. u.l,. nrffnn!M- nephew of tho. old Chief Justice-Mar- f ... .1 r ,u- shall. Judge Marshall was educated al linn it inlirnpr hill 111 tllp. ITiaII Of the 6 . - Princeton, New Jersey, where he too s.' iu lr. ftf flur oraat Reoublic. ihe first honors of his class. ' Col. Mar- that its Democracy springs up from the shall'. grandmother' was riater to Chief flnnrm he! in ths fresh air ot our justice warb.iau, so mat m marsuais n wide-sDread country : and that ill "rich his veins 'all the: blood of the Marshalls harvest,, imparting health, strength, and Hia mother fa the only aister of James .1 ' ., . mil n t ii U y . C7f It is now a settled mailer that, the j first church erected in Kansas will be un ,; der the auspices of the Unitarians. -.The sum of five thousand dollar has been ' raised in the denomination for that pur' i pose, and an agent is now on his way. to M lhe territory to superintend the work."1"' The edifice is to be located in Lawrence. t Rev. E. Nute will be tho pastor of the so- The Amoriciiri party of Wheeling are thoroughly - reorganizing their forces " lor the approacinng cnartor eiecuon' ia ij January next. . They carried last January, i every thing tucy nominateu on their gcn--v cral ticket, and they think they can dp U ;.w again, success to them. ; , v? . r.r' - 'Sam' in 11hob Iai.AND.-The Providence;' Transcript says that the American organl- zation is strong in that State, and without ' any doubt willcarry the electloh'next eprinir; They' will be the dominant party, and most I unquestionably will preside over the inter- esti of the State of Rhode Island at least for another ycar.' louowea it uninterrupted succession, irum mm vj ..- - .-. t, v . , . -.nj;.i,Ul 'the foundation of tbl tGovernme9t,,Jjthe. third that of -ITpti-b79rT.l .to.cur..wh.yiii..: i W- W u!iU C7Barnunu it is rumored, hna fuiletl, T. Ho had endorsed for Jerome and Co., a' extensive clock firm in Connecticut; who. are reported Id have an abundance' to'k on hand to cover theiif liabiliticsy but' th' . , -, tU.ts -..-'- P ' . clocks won t go t . ... ... fcrBe cautious about reilng $5biUa n, nowplate, of the Stale Bank of Indiana,. S th.S are exceedlngty well execute . counterfeits bn that same plate. ' ' . ' AtBAwvj Dec. 2Wrhe Sopremfl Court of the 7th Judical Pitiet of New, orki. haa decided the Prohibitory. Uir ,'w1t.1, be constitutional. The prosecutions under the law, will Immediately comrJlCuce.4, Rochester. ,! Ta V". .t K '