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True American. [volume] (Steubenville [Ohio]) 1855-1861, December 26, 1855, Image 2

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Que Imcricdit.
2. AQAS, Editor
.WEDNESDAY, DEC 28, 1855.
THE TRUE AMERICAN
Th TauB AKtiCA i published every
Wednesday, in Steubenville, Jeffomoa county,
Ohio, and edited by Z. Ra.t, on the following
trms: . v ; ft
One Tr. invariably m unce, jn,wu
TERM3 OP ADVERTISING. "
Aui annum 13 line or less. 3 weeks or leu 11.00
Every subsequent insertion, .. 25
One qaare turee mouths' 2,50
Oaaiauare six months, . 5,00
Oh square one year 8,00
One fourth eolumn per year 15,00
One third column per year 20,00
One half column per ysar, 30,00
i snnn
VUG CVUHIMI Jm
Professional and business cards per year, 5,00
When there is no contrset made and llmnum
twrof insertions is not marked on the funis or
adrertiiteuienU at Ihe time they are handed in
for publication, they trill be con' inn ed in until
they are ordered out, and charged by 'the square
Another Political Backslider.
The pilots of the Democratic boat, are
one after another, leaving the pilot house,
and it is to be reared, that by the Ides of
.Nov. 1856, there will not be officers
enough left on board to row the vessel up
"Salt River." F. P. Blair, Esq., the
thampionof Democracy, in the days of
Andrew Jackson, is no longer numbered
with the "unterrified," he has lost his
first love and fallen from Locofoco grace.
Every thing connected with the Demo
rratie party is marvellously out of joint.
We live in an age of great degeneracy.
Who would have thought it ! Francis P.
Blair, the very embodiment and personi
fication of the Democratic party in its
p Jmy day, has publicly repudiated the
udminiatrau'on.
The present position of Mr. Blair, so
long the popular editor of the Globe the
accredited organ of the Democratic, party
of the nation is a blow to- that party,
which will be felt through the length and
breadth of the land; The Washington
Union has been trying to create the im
pression that his son, Montgomery Blair,
appointed to office by the present admin
istration, is a "simon pure" of the first
water, and that he does not sympathize
with the views of his father. Montgom
ery is out in a letter denying it, in the
most positive manner. His letter was
not published in the Union, but the Amer
ican organ, is urging the publication of it.
. We should like to see it published in the
Union and iu all the Democratic papers
f the country. Would it hot be a good
idea to apply the expunging process to
the name of Francis P. Blair, where ev
er it occurs in the Globe,, so that it may
never again be looked upon by the pure
eyes of the dear democracy ! Read his
letter which we publish in our paper of
this day; it speaks for itself, and it speaks
volume.
Congress that is no Congress.
After 23 days of fruitless working, and
Wire working, the house of representa
tivef appear to be no nearer an Organiza
tion than the day they assembled on the
3rd inst. Banks stands at from 104 to
1 07. Richardson at 74 , Fuller has worm
ed op to 40 and there are a few scatter
ing or floating voles. We have deemed it
improper to occupy space in our paper in
the record of the numerous ballotings as
they are matters of but little interest, un
til aomething is accomplished. There
has been some sharp shooting both upon
the Slavery, and the American question,
but it is no more than a mere prelude to
what is likely to occur, should the house
become organized. Sam is there and so
is Sambo and they are ready to show
iheir hand when the proper time arrives.
There will be more shaving and skinning
in Washington this winter, than will
have taken place in any barber shop, or
Slaughter house in the west.
Tm Dollar Niwspaper. There is
probably no newspaper in this country,
that is moro anxiously expected, or, more
warmly welcomed than the "Dollar News
paper" is, by its numerous subscribers.?--Its
coming, gluddens their hearts, and
drives dullness from their hearth-stones.
It is an unfailing antidote for the "blues,"
which are apt to be troublesome to those
who have nothing to employ thoir thoughts,
duriug the long winter evenings. The
farmer will find its Agricultural depart
ment to be especially interesting, as its ar
ticles arc written by practioal and scientific
farmers. The publishers have on hand
Three Original Novelctts from three of the
most popular writers of the day ; whose
names are a sufficient rcccommcudatiou for
their works. The following are their re
spective tales with the Author's names, viz:
"Tho Border Rover," by Emerson Ben
nett, Ksrj., author of J'Prairie Flower,"
"Clan Moreland," etc., Tho "Prisoner of
Prescott," by P. Hamilton Myers, Esq.,
author of "Bell Brandon," Misers Heir,
etc., and "Mabel or Darkness and Dawn,"
by Charles J. Peterson, Esq., author of
"Cruising in the last War."
Send on'jour names immediately to be
in time for them. Terms one dollar a
year in advance. Six copies ?5,0O. Ad
dress A. H. Simmons k Co., South West
corner of 3d and Chestnut Streets Philada.
letter of Francis P. Elair, Esq.,
To the Republican Association of JfasV
inglon
Republican Rooms
853. 5
Accident. A man by the name of
Corckoran, a laborer on the S. & I. R. R.,
lying on the track, a short distance below
this place, on Sacurday evening last, was
caught by the cow-catcher on a locomotive,
and carried some distanco beforo the train
could be stopped. They brought him back
to town immediately, and procured medi
cal assistance, but it is feared that his in
juries are fatal. Ho is supposed to have
been intoxicated.
Proclamation Against Invading Nic
aragua. The Union, of yesterday, contains the
following proclamation of the President
of the United States :
A Proclamation. Whereas informa
tion has been received by mo that sundry
persons, citizens of the United States and
others, residents therein, are preparing
within the jurisdiction of the same lo en
list, or enter themselves, or to hire or
retain others to participate, in military
operations within the State of Nicaragua:
Now, therefore, I, Franklin Pierce,
President of the United States, do warn
all persons against connecting themselves
with any such enterprise or undertaking,
as being contrary lo their duty as good
citizens and to the laws of their country,
and threatning to the peace of the United
States.
I do further admonish all persons who
may depart from the United Stales, eith
er singly or in numbers, organized or un
organized, for any such purpose, that
they will thereby cease to be entitled to
the protection of this government.
I exhort all good citizens to discounte
nance and prevent any such disreputable
and criminal undertaking as -aforesaid;
charging all officers, civil and military,
having lawful power in the premises, to
exert the same for the purpose of main
taining the authority and enforcing the
laws of the United States.
In testimony whereof, I have here un
to set my hand and caused and caused the
seal of the United States to be affixed to
these presents.
h. a. Done at the city of Washing
ton, the 8th day of December one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-five,
and of ihe independence of the Uni
ted States the eightieth,
FRANKLIN PIERCE,
By the President :
W. L. Marcy, Sec'v of State.
CoLtHBUNA County Mutual Insu
rance CoMFANY.-Amidst the reverses and
calamities which have befallen corporate
associations through the length and brd'th
oi onr country, this company, ever
since its organization, has given demon
strative proof that it posesses a soul, re
garded by Dir.e persons, as rather an unu
sual ingredient in corporate bodies. Ev-
er faithful to its promises, it has prompt
ly .paid to the unfortunate of its members
the last cent to which they were entitled.
We are informed that the company has a
considerable number of policies in this
city( which will expire sometime iu next
month. Mr. Pritchard the gentleman
ly Agent of the .Company will be here by
the 8th prox., to remain a few days at
the Washington Hall
'There is nojlusurance Company which
we cart . with more freedom recommend
to" the favor of our citizens than the Col
umbiana Cou'nty Mutual.
SSirYeKterday,(Chiistma8) passed off
pleasantly in our city. Religious services
were held ra the principal churcheh, in
commemoration of tho greUest event that
ever transpired in our world's I istory the
advent of the Saviour of sinners, .
Those who were not engaged in relig
ious exercises, employed the day in what
they regarded as innocent amusements.
. One fact we take great pleasure in record
ing.' We did not ace, or hear of any per
son being under tho influence of iutoxca
tkjj liquor, during the day. , We hope
ur fiknds may enjoy many euch happy
fafa'jml 'tie wJ circle fever Jose it
flariM,. ;.'.;?.. : :
THE PLAINS.
The St. Louis Republican says, the
idea generally entertained that tho im
mense arid plains lying between the Mis
sissippi and Rocky mountains, must for
ever remain unsettled and uncultivated on
account of the scarcity of water and fuel,
is likely to undergo a change. Scientific
men are now exploring these plains, or
prairies, and from (he little we hear of
ther researches, the prospect appears good
that an abundance of coal and water can
be obtained at a small outlay of money
and labor. Successful experiments have
been made in testing the practicability of
boring artesian wells, and the result is
most satisfactory. In one instance, near
the Pecos river, about the thirty second
parallel, at the depth of six hundred and
fifty feet, the greatest abundanco of per
fectly pure water was obtained. Besides
this the operation developed the existence
of coal beds, easily accessible, (and, as
far as the experiments have progressscd
evidently underlying the whole of that
immense country.
The importance of these discoveries
which have been under the direction of
the Government, can hardly be overated.
With abundance of water and fuel easily
obtained, there is no reason why these
vast regions may not become the seat of
a thriving population. Thorn hedges
may answer the purpose of fencing and
railroads may transport such building ma
terials as are not supplied by stone quar
ries and clay beds. .
Washington, Dec. 10, 1853
The. annexed letter from Francis, P.
Blair, Esq., was presented and read at
the regular meeting of the Republican
Association of this city, Saturday evening,,
the 8th instant, and the following resolu
tion were unanimously adopted, and also
one urging Mr. Blair to reconsider his
determination to decline the Presidency
of the Association. .
Jiesohed, That the thanks of this As
sociation be presented to Francis P. Blair
llsq., for his able and highly satisiactory
letter, showing that the present Adminis
tration has departed entirely from the
Jeffersonian principles relative to the
government of the lemtories of the Uni
ted states, and has become but utile bet
ter than a working model of John C.
Calhoun's Nullification and, Disunion
doctrines. '
Jtewlved. That a copy of the letter and
resolutions be offered to the city papers
for publication, and be issued in pamphlet
form for general circulation, to strength
en tho hands of Republicans, to unite all
discordant opinions, and induce good men
of all parties to use their influence to bring
ihe Government bark to its original prin
ciples' of Freedom, and to stand upon the
issues therein presented, in the next
Presidential election.
Lewis Clepjiane, Sec'y
Silver Spri.no, Md., Tues. Dec. 12,
1855.
G entlehen ! Having relinquished pol
itical employment, and, to avoid encoun
tering again its anxieties, addicted myself
lo country life, I am constrained to decline
your invitation to join the Republican As
sociation of Washington City, although
tempted by the honor of becoming officer.
Yet I feel it my duty lo say, that in the
main I concur in the aims of the Asso
ciation. To exclude Slavery from the
Territories of the United States, and to
rebuke the violation of the Comprises
which were made to stand as covenants
between the Slave and Free States to eff
ect that exclusion, are, in my opinion,
the most important movements which
have engaged the public mind since the
Revolution.
The extensiou of Slavery over the new
Territories would prove fatal to their
prosperity ; but the greatest calamity to
apprehend from it is the construction of
the confederacv, on which ihe welfare of
the whole country reposes. Every con
quest of this element of discord, which
has so oftened threatened the dissolution
of the Union, increases the danger. Every
surrender of the Free Slates invites invas
ion.
The cause which ycur organization is
intended to promote may well draw to its
support men of all parties. Differences
on questions of policy, on constitutional
constructions, of modes of administration,
may be merged to unite men who believe
nothing but concert of action on the part
of those who would arrest the spread of
Slavery can resist the power of the com
bination now embodied to make it
mbrace the continent from ocean to oc
ean.
The repealing clause of (he Kansas bill
is predicated on the nullity of the clause
in the Constitution which gives Congress
the power 'to make regulations respecting
the Territories' of the United Stales. Yet
nothing is clearer in the history of our
Government than that this phrase giving
power to Congress, Mo make regulations
respecting ihe Territories' was meant to
give it the power to exclude Slavery from
them.
Mr. Jefferson's resolutions-of 1784, de
claring 'that there shall be neither Slavery
nor involuntary servitude in any of the
States' laid off in the Western Territory,
was subsequently renewed in the Con
gress of 1785, which added 'that regula
tion shall be an article of compact, and it
was so voted unanimously by the delega
tions of eight Statcs'out of twelve.
It was passed by the unanimous votes
of all the States by the Congress of 1787,
which sal. contemporaneously with the
Convention forming the constitution, and
that Constitution gave Congress the pow
er 'to make regulations respecting the
Territories,' and moreover affirmed the
validity of 'the engagements entered into
by the confederation' one of which en
gagements was that made by the regula
tion excluding Slavery from the Territor
ies. Thus the Congress of the conleder
ation and the Constitution united in
giving a double sanction to the exclus
ion.
-The first exerted the power of enacting
Mr. Jefferson's interdict of slavery in the
territories then held by the United States,
to which it had previously given an im
pressive sanction by adding, Thia regu
lation shall be an article of com pact, &c.
and the Convention guaranteed this 'en
-The Blacksmith shop connected
with the foundry of Messrs. Sweeney '&
Co., , in Wheeliog, was destroyed by fire
pn Friduy evening laat loss $1,000,.
gagemeni,' entered into under the confed
eration, by declaiing it 'valid,' and em
ployed the same terms, 'regulation of the
Territories,' to transmit the power here
exerted to future Congresses. In the face
of this history and the letter of the Con
stitution granting the power to make what
ever regulations it deemed fit respecting
the territories of the United Slates, the
authors of the Kansas and Nebraska bill
deny the constitutionality of all the regu
lalions which excludes Slavery from 'the
Territories, and set at naught all the pre
cedents that confirm then, which have
followed it uninterrupted succession, from
The other clause in the Constitution,
empowering Congressto pass laws to pre
vent the emigration or importation' of
slaves after 1808, show the fixed purpose
of the founders of our Union to limit the
increase of this evil. The consequence
was an inhibition, which prevents a South
Carolina planter, who has slaves in Cuba,
fiom bringing them to his home planta
tion : and to remove this obstruction lo
the increase of slavery within the Union,
and open Africa the supply the demand
made by the new act, the , Nullihett are
already called on by their Southern allies
to lend their aid 'and certainly those who
embrace Mr. Calhoun's doctrine, as stated
by Mr. Douglas, that 'every citizen has
an inalienable right to move into any of
the Territories with his property, of
whatever kind or, description,' the Con
stitution ' and compromises notwithstan
ding, can hardly refuse it. It was on the
annexation of the Mexican territories that
Mr. Calhoun asserted this principle, to
unsettle the fixed policy of the nation, be
ginning wiuV libera of the Declaration of
lnacpenuence ; anu ne appuea u mine io
the compromise of 1820 and 1850. Mr.
Douglas thus sums up the position taken
and the result
Under this section, as in the case of
the Mexican law in New Mexico and
Utah, it is a disputed point whether Sla
very is prohibited in the. Nebraska coun
try by valid enactments.
The decision of this question involves
the constitutional power of Congress lo
pass laws prescribing and regulating the
domestic institutions of the various Terri
tories of the Union. In the opinion of
those eminent statesman who hold that
Congress is invested with no rightful au
thority lo legislate upon the subject of Sla-
very in the Territories, the eighth section
of the act preparatory to'iho admission of
Missouri is null and void, while tho pre
vailing sentiment in a large portion of the
Union sustains ihe doctrine that the Con
siilution of the United States secures to
every citizen as inalienable right to move
into any of the Territories with his prop
erty, of whatever kind and description,
and to hold and eDjoy the same under the
sanction of law. Your committee do not
feel themselves called upon to enter inlo
the discussion of these grave issues which
produced the ngilalron, the sections,
strife, and the fearful struggle of 1850,'.
From this it appears that tho Compro
mises of 1820 and 1850 involved the
question of ihe validity of the law of
Mexico excluding Slavery from the new
ly ceded Mexican territory, and the law
of our own Congress excluding it from the
North of the line of 36 deg. 30 min. Mr.
Douglas's Committee report recommen
ded thfct as
'Congress deemed it wise and exped
ient to refrain from deciding the matter in
controversy, then, either by affirming or
repealing the Mexican laws, or by any
act declaratory of the true intent of the
Constitution, and thejexlentofthe protec
lion afforded by it to slave properly in
the Territories, so y5ur committee are
not prepared now to recommend a depar
ture from the course pursued on that mem
orable occasion, either by affirming or re
pealing the eighth section of the Missou
ri act, or by an act declaratory of the mea
nin? of the constitution in respect to the
3
legal points in dispute.'
These passages are quoted to show that
the issues made by Mr. Calhoun, as lo
the constntionalily of the two Compro
mises of 1820 and 1850, were expressly
left open for judicial decision by the com
miUee, who nevertheless swept away, b
a clause subsequently added to their bil
not only the Missouri Compromise of
1850 which left untouched the Mexican
laws prohibiting Slavery in the ceded
Territories, and which Webster, Clay,
Benton, and all the leading lights of the
Senate (with the exception of Mr. Cal
houn) pronounced valid and an effectual
restriction.. .
This repeal Was the adoption of M r.
Calhoun's nullifying doctrine in txtenso.
The power of Congress to make laws ex
cluding slavery forever from its Territo
ries as such, was denied, and all the Ter
ritories weie opened to Slavery on the
ground of ihe 'inalienable right" of every
citizen " lo move into any otlhe lemto
ries with his property, of whatever kind
or description," and the law of squatter
sovereignty was superadded, andsubstitu
ted for the. sovereignty of the United
Slates over the public, domain. Thus lell,
at the citation of Mr. Alchison, supported
by the coalition effected between the
Whigs and Democrats of the South, un
der the pressure and through the intrigues
of the nullifiers, Mr. Jefferson s noble
principle, endeared lo the country both
for its' moral grandure and poTitical wis
dom. It is the first thought uttered in
the Declaration of Independence ; and to
the denunciation of the King of Great
Britain for the crime of bringing Slavery
to our shores, it adds, as the deepest ag
gravation, that 'he has prostituted his
negative by! aurpressing every legislative
attempt to prohibit or restrain thia exe
crable commerce."
The first legislative attempt lo restrain
the progress of the misohief which the
King of Great Britain visited upon thl
country, was Mr. Jefferson'a resolutions
excluding slavery from the Territory ol
the United Stales in 1784 the next was
that introduced by Rufus King in 1785
all receiving lhe'vorcs of two thirds of the
States of the Confederacy, and the las
ihrj unanimous vote
The fourth movement was thai of the
Convention in the Constitution itself, pro
viding against the importation of slaves
after 1808, declaring the binding validity
of the engagements entered by the Con
fess of the Confederacy on the Govern
ment of the United Stales, to exclude it
from the territory, and securing to the
new Government Jhe power of making
similar provisions for future acquisitions
of territory. The fifth regulation lo re
strain the progress of Slavery was thai of
the compromise of 1820 the sixth, thai
of 1850. ., ; . .
It is remarkable that although these
great measures had their origin with the
Democrat- leaders, Fedeial and Whig
eaders of greatest renown united in their
support. Tpe constitutional provisions
on the subject had the unanimous suf
frage of all the illustrious men In ihe Con
vention of Ihe United States , and from
the silence on the subject in the State
Conventions called to ratify the Constitu
tion ; it may bo well presumed that these
also were unanimous in their approval of
what had been done under the confeder
acy and in the new Constitution to re
strain the introduction and limit the ex
tension of Slavery. And may not men
of all parties, now unite to restore what
the patriots of all parlies, during the first
seventy years of our Government, con
tributed to establish T
The work of restoration is simple and
easy, if the men who abhor the late inno
vation on ihe long-settled policy of the na
lion can be induced to relinquish petty
differences on transitory lopics, and give
their united voice, in the next Presiden
tial election, for some man whose capaci
annually at the polls.' The Democracy
which is bred in caucuses and cabinets, is
a sort of hot-bed species -suited to tlie
taste of epicurean politicians, whose ap
petites are their principles. ; Incumbents
and expectants of offices and dignities
claim a sort of patent right in the ma
ehine of Government to create a Democ
racy adapted to their purposes. Their
innovations in the machinery, are contri
vances to renew iheir privileges for' new
terms, and the people are the subjects who
are to be used up in it to pay tribute for
this privilege, and fake pride in the skill
of -ihe operators.: C.i, V
The telegraph wires and the Cincinna
ti Convention are lo bring all the master
ly combinations of the Administration in
contact with the masses at the appointed
time; But will the wires work ? 'Un
doubtedly the people, far and wide, will
hnve their instructions from the opera
tors j but the response1 will probably be a
thunderbolt to those who1 have violated
their lights, spurned theyr remonstrances,
and, as a consequence, lave arrayed broth
ers from the -different sections of the
Union to shed each other's blood, in civil
war, on the plains of Kansas;
Yours, respectfully, F. P. BLAIR.
- The Candidates for Speakership.
We find in the New York Herald of
ihe 5ih inst., the following sketches of
the lives of the candidatea for Speaker
ship : j " .
WILLIAM A. RICHARDSON.
Mr. Richardson was born in Fayette
Co., near Lexington, Ky., January 16,
1811. His father was a Virginia farmer
He died when William was only fix years
old, leaving four children to the sole care
of their mother. She belonged to the
one of ihe first families of
n I .
ijr, uu.v u..u vUu...6 . ' Vi,:.,: t a rn.U ,,,,1 .,,. nf hi
V II 1 1 1 1 It lu IUIIIVI wiiu "-
on to oppose the isstfe which the present
Administration had made lo control it.
The contest has grown out of Presiden
ts! aspirations. The decision of the peo
ple at the polls, in choosing a chief mag
istrate will end it. Senators will easily
brothers died in battle.
He removed to Illinois al the age of
twenty-one, and was a member of the
Legislature of that State for several years
In 1846, he raised a company of vol
..Lon ilm noiiAn a ilpmanil is hiiRK-
, 7 v i c!iei1 caP,ain ' 0,1 1,16 fie,a of bal
eu uj t niui...a, .. ,-. -o-. v. , , . , , p .
I i i rt i lie Ufc uutim M www-., w.
and nones oi me iiuure, wiucu aiuma
Mini i it Im uvnt nnnnimriiiul v Plpptnil
. m I liailllili uw v ' uh-ij juww
uourr I " . ...
frrentl v disimumshed himself, lie was
Tlio Administration has staked
on the support of the party of privilege
of class interest which makes it a unit.
Itconfides in thesuccess which has crown
ed the'Oligarchy everywhere in the Old
World, and secured its triumphs on ihe
. T' 1 . 1 I 'PI,.
maxim, "imiue ana conquer. j
Whigs and Democrats of ihe South are a
combination to carry inlo the next Presi
dency some candidate absolute in main
taining the repealing clause of the Kansas
bill, which nullifies the principles of the
wounded, but did not faint. Before his
return from Mexico he was nominated
and elected to Congress, and has ever
since remained a member of the House.
He is a Democrat in the technical sense
of the term, to the backbone, is in favor
of the Fugitive Slave Law, and all the
other compromise measures Nebraska
and Douglas. He is what is railed a
'good fellow,' jolly, stout how-fare-you
1nn.:nn ornl BAAmin nnA tVia m nut nnn,
Ordinance, the provision of the Lcmstriu. 6 . ... , i
i .u , nnA nit ihp u ar man his party could have nominated
lnn mnln tn ntVO hum pflPPt- 811(1 nil llXfl
turn iiiuwj ...v ,
P.n.nnn!... ItrhSnTl llQVP llPPTI ftl :i(!fi in
e .u -.i ,n,.i;nh nf go" tot the Nebraska bill and squatter
nnrsii!nrr of them, with the sanction Ol 9 . . .
r ... Tint sovereignty, but not for admitting Mates
rr .1.. mBjn,i,. f.,MB to Ihe noliev llch allow 8 P1""'" of W,ve5 M he
Mijiiiiiiiii rim liiwlm n imm
of the Liberty party for President. CoL
Marshall graduated at West Point in
1833. He graduated h June, and startad
immediately for Wisconsin, where At
served as Lieutenant Under Gen. Scott la
the Black Hawk war.
Jn 1813 he wa appointed Cwloatl of
regiment in the. Mexican Warii Co.
Marshall marched his regiment by land -from
Memphis,' Tennessee, to Saltillo in
Mexico. ' He started in July, and arrived
at Camargo about the 1st of November.
Col. Marshall shared freeljr in all the
fatigues arid d:fficul(ie! of the expedition.
In 1.847 he returned to lis farm in Henry
county, Ky., and was elected to Congress
by the Whigs In 1840. He- was a very
active supporter of the Compromise
measures. In 1851 he was re-elected to
the House of Repfesentativea In 185?
he was appointed Minister td China, and
resigned hi seat in the House of Repre
sentatives. In 1854 he waa recalled from
this mission by President Pierce. Last
August he was elected to Congress by
the Know Nothings, by a majority of up
wards of 2.S0O. r. .
LEWIS P. CAMPBELU
Mr. Campbell waa born in Franklin,
Wan en county, Ohio, . August 8, 1811.
His father Was1 a Virginian by birth, and
removed to ihe North Western Territory
in 1796. He was admitted to the bar in
1836. In 1840 he was a candidate for
Congress against Colonel J. B. Weller,
now Senator from 'California. . He' was
five months on the stomp. " CoC Weller
received a majority of 59 out of 14,000
voles cast. . Hie majority at ihe previous
eleciion was about 1,200.'' f "
Mr. Campbell continued to devote him
sdf lo the practice of law exclusively up
to 1818. At the same bar were Tom Cor
win, Woods, and some other men of note,
In 1848 Mr. Campbell waa elected to
Congress as a whig by a majority of 450
in a district which gave about 1,300 ma
joiity against Gen. Taylor. In 1850 he
was re-elected by 900 majority.1 'In that
year ihe Legislature gerrymandered' hia
district, with the hope of defeating hia
re election ; but in 1852 lie was again
returned by a majority of 250. The dis
trict continued strongly t democratic, but.
equally strong in favor of Mr CampbelL,
HENRY M. FTJLIER.
Mr. Fuller was born in Wayne county.
a., in June, 1820. His father was from
onucciicui, Mr. Fuller was educated
al Princeton. He has practiced law at'
Wilkesbarre since 1841. He was a mem-
ber of the Pennsylvania House of Rep
resentatives one year, In 1850 the whigs
ecled him to Congress. Hia seat waa
contested, but he held it.. He ran for re-
cction, but was defeated. . He has now
been elected as a Know Nothing, and
possesses the advantage of coming from
great State and, as the old woman
said when she made the two shirts for
le minister for nothing, 'that's some-
ung.'
built up with our Government will unite,
accept ihe isue tendered by the Admin
istration, and make the repeal of the re
pealing clause of the Kansas act para
mount in the impending contest for ihe
Presidency, all will be restored that has
been lost to free institutions, by opening
the Territories North and Souih, to Sla
very. The Compromises of 1820 and
1850 being restored, there will not be an
inch of llie territory of the United Stales,
onco exempt from Slavery, on which it
can legally intrude ; and Mr. Atchison's
says that is a privilege nol enjoyed by
the 'Original thirteen.'
NATHANIEL BANKS
Mr. Banks was born in Walthatir, -Mid
dlescx County, Massachusetts, ort the
13th day of January 1816. As his mid
die name indicates, he is descended, on
one side, from the Prentiss family of New
Hampshire,
Al ihe age of twelve years he began
to work in a cotton factory. At later
age he assisted his father, who was a house
carpenter. He nexl learned tire mac'hi
' trarle. and worked at it in Waltham
I J a .. ..a ' ' vw,
attempt by an armed lorce, to carr, i ij Ho neyer haJ any 8ch(0,
the nuitincation Pi.. ... afier ,,e wa8 Uvelve yeaW of nge,
which gave firm to ine nansas um, win, . .,.,, ,,,,. bpi100i
like Ihe attempt ol h.s prototype, ivir. - . . coni)ijere4
houn, to give etlecl to oouin wrouua n.u-
lification, be paralyzed by the iroyn oi - baf
an indignant nation, maue potent oy an
honest and firm Executive.
And there will end the career of ihose
ireiillemen who arrogate to themselves the
xclusive tutelage of ihe Democracy oi
ie country, as ended that of Mr. Cal-
hnun and his Droselvtes, who took the
peculiar chanre of the. "State Rights'
party. They sank, under the universal
conviction thai their zeal for Stale righu
was an ardent passion to rpach political
and began practice in Boston.
In 1854, Mr. Banks ran for Congress
as a candidate of ihe regular democratic
convention in his district, and of the
Know Nothings, and was elected by
about seven thousand majority. The ad
ministration democrats bolted the nomi
nation on account of Mr. B's opposition
lo ihe Nebraska bill. - .
Mr. Banks has a wife and two children.
The National Convention of the !
American parly for the nomination of the
Presidential ticket has been appointed to '
meet on the 22J of February. Some of .
lie lending American Organs are opposed
lo a nomination so early, and think it ,
had bolter be deterred to the first ol June v
or there about s, by which time, it is i
thought, the republicans and the
emncracy will have shown their hand. ?
Apart from this consideration, we think '
that the proceedings of this week in"
Congress will show the expediency on "'
the part of the Know Nothings of wailing f
a little longer. ' There are a good many '
rough corners in the organization, a
national parly, that want shaving down ,
before they can expect to run their two,-,
lagienger buggy around the course, We
are glad to see that they are beginning1 to a
find it out. N. Y. Herald. V '-
ITn la n mtnA Im-tLiiur man Willi fiOmP
... .t, U avMniriimhliltr in & 7
power, - tu of lhe cIerical and Puritanic op
(lie DIOOU oi urn lieu) 10 .... unn...n .tillp.1
.11 IICniHIILU H 111111 vy L v -
much to estao- , . , w. L
Silliness which cuarauicnitu h iuhiiujj,
Mr; Banks is fond of retirement; al
though he has had a boisterous political
life. All his studies, even that ol law
have been pursued principally in private
institutions it had cost so
Intl. .
Our innovating Democrats, who pui
under foot the representative principle 5
who violate the known will of, their con
. : 1 k t
aliments ; who rcorn ineir insiruciiuu w
It 1 r 1 - l!iAniii,A
.u. .I.pv have commuted i e lias a great luuuoew, ir "'
culc .v6 . . , ,
. h .nfWM Hal condemn acquiwi uj m- u u.... .
ihr conduct ihat the are not democrat- for". E"d. knowledge of the principal
. -1-... f .i.:. lanmiaffes of Northern and Southern bu
U anHnflrtaa tUltn 111 U1H I11KI1 1 1 LUUH ui men o m m
infallibility, read out of the Democratic rope. ii.ugn not an auvoca.e ....
Mulnp Mpw Hamnsh re. Uonnect- l"a 'an "'"" .v...,..-.-,
liai j i taiiivf 1 -9 I , ' " i a 1
I J A. . fc I ...MM .n!, nana f lioutt f1r4nU tt IT Infill
MA. VArt- Ppnnsv van a. h o. In- u iw - 6
;u now A vi , 1 , . , in,
Minliiiran. TliilUllB. WMCOnSID Hllll V "Huvr 111 '
i...... u..-.,!. .Kpu will not .,h.nit to bw countenance would seem to indicate
1 ' .1 . C wtt I n a ftP iim it nmach i
.1.. ...:il .1 tl.A.A i.,p rPnrPHPnlntiVPii. K fvt . r .
IHC TV i VI IIIVV wbw---- I ... , , i
who have set up a test which must forev- ke, would Uo the genueman u
.1 . ... Hio.iritf
t,l.... t.....i r :.. ...,l., l,nt,B. Mr. warsnau was ourn x .
. . . .i ... Kv.. Januarv 13. 1812. Hia father was
bartered away rignia secureu 10 mem u.i - ; .. . ,
L .,Lx .nnn !.., iht TV. Judge John J. Marshall, of Louisville,
L -t. iA. u.l,. nrffnn!M- nephew of tho. old Chief Justice-Mar-
f ... .1 r ,u- shall. Judge Marshall was educated al
linn it inlirnpr hill 111 tllp. ITiaII Of the 6
. - Princeton, New Jersey, where he too
s.' iu lr. ftf flur oraat Reoublic. ihe first honors of his class. ' Col. Mar-
that its Democracy springs up from the shall'. grandmother' was riater to Chief
flnnrm he! in ths fresh air ot our justice warb.iau, so mat m marsuais n
wide-sDread country : and that ill "rich his veins 'all the: blood of the Marshalls
harvest,, imparting health, strength, and Hia mother fa the only aister of James
.1 '
., . mil n t ii U y .
C7f It is now a settled mailer that, the j
first church erected in Kansas will be un ,;
der the auspices of the Unitarians. -.The
sum of five thousand dollar has been '
raised in the denomination for that pur' i
pose, and an agent is now on his way. to M
lhe territory to superintend the work."1"'
The edifice is to be located in Lawrence. t
Rev. E. Nute will be tho pastor of the so-
The Amoriciiri party of Wheeling
are thoroughly - reorganizing their forces "
lor the approacinng cnartor eiecuon' ia ij
January next. . They carried last January, i
every thing tucy nominateu on their gcn--v
cral ticket, and they think they can dp U ;.w
again, success to them. ; , v? . r.r' -
'Sam' in 11hob Iai.AND.-The Providence;'
Transcript says that the American organl-
zation is strong in that State, and without '
any doubt willcarry the electloh'next eprinir;
They' will be the dominant party, and most
I
unquestionably will preside over the inter-
esti of the State of Rhode Island at least for
another ycar.'
louowea it uninterrupted succession, irum mm vj ..- - .-. t, v . , . -.nj;.i,Ul
'the foundation of tbl tGovernme9t,,Jjthe. third that of -ITpti-b79rT.l .to.cur..wh.yiii..: i W- W u!iU
C7Barnunu it is rumored, hna fuiletl, T.
Ho had endorsed for Jerome and Co., a'
extensive clock firm in Connecticut; who.
are reported Id have an abundance' to'k
on hand to cover theiif liabiliticsy but' th'
. , -, tU.ts -..-'- P ' .
clocks won t go t . ... ...
fcrBe cautious about reilng $5biUa n,
nowplate, of the Stale Bank of Indiana,.
S th.S are exceedlngty well execute .
counterfeits bn that same plate. ' ' .
' AtBAwvj Dec. 2Wrhe Sopremfl Court
of the 7th Judical Pitiet of New, orki.
haa decided the Prohibitory. Uir ,'w1t.1,
be constitutional. The prosecutions under
the law, will Immediately comrJlCuce.4,
Rochester. ,! Ta V". .t K '

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