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W E PNESDAY,"juYy"22, 1857.
Z. BAOAK. Editor THE TRUE AMERICAN, The True American is published every Weduesdsy, in Steubenville, Jefferson county, rhi:. i -.i: j u o -.i.r.ii xiiiu, auu vuuuu uy u. aua:v, uu luviuuuwiug terms. : One dollar and fifty cent in advance. Two dollars within six months. Two dollars and fifty cents at the close of ha year. - No paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except at the option of the Editor. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Onesquare 12 lines or less, 3 weeks or less $1 ,25 Every subsequent insertion , 31U One square three months,, 2,50 One square six months,. .b,W) One square one year.. . . , ,8W One fourth column per year, 1500 One third column per year,, 20,00 une nan column per year, SO.OO One column per year, 511,00 Professional and business cards per year,. .5oo When thero is no contract made and tlm num ber of insertions is not marked on the cards or advertisements at the time they are Landed in for publication, they will be continued in until they are ordered out.and charged by the square Principles of the American Council Of fiteubenville, Ohio. Wi, whose names are hereunto subscribed, do hereby adopt, and agree to be governed in our political action, by the following princi ples,: 1st. None but Americans to rule America. 2d. The Union must be preserved. 3d. No Foreign interference iu American affairs. 4th. No union of Church and State. 5th. Inviulability of National Treaties. Cth. Personal morality indispensable to office. 7th. An open Bible, without note or com ment, in all our Public Schools. Bth. Thorough reform of the Naturalization Laws. 9th. A capitation tax that will exclude foreign paupers and convicts. 10th. No appointment of foreigners on diplomatic posts. 11th. Strict economy in tha administration of the Government. 19th. No interference with the right of citi -aenship already acquired by foreigners, and the protection of law to all who immigrate from love of liberty, but uncompromising opposition to Political CatholocUin, whether in tin person of an American demagogue, or a foreigu Ecclesiastical Despot. County Convention. Monday ibe 10th day of August has been fixed by the Amiricau executive committee and the Republican central committee, for holding a County Conven tion at RICHMOND, to nominate candi dates for the several County Offices, to be filled by election in October. Primary Meetings will be held on SATURDAY, the 8th of August, in the several Town, ships and Election Districts, for the Ap pointment of delegates three for each Township and election district to county Convention and one for each Township and Election District, to meet in conven tion with like delegates from Columbiana county at a time and place hereafter lo be fixed, to nominate a candidate for State Senator. At these primary meetings all persons having the qualifications of electors who are opposed to the principles and prac tices of the present National Administra tion, are requested to meet. United in sentiment upon all essential principles in volved in the Campaign, let Americans and Republicans cordially and zealously unite in action to defend these principles. We hope that the attendance at the pri mary meeting.! will be full, and that good and judieious men may be selected as del egates, eo that we may inaugurate the campaign by the nomination of a Ticket worthy of the suppon of the people of the county, and by them to be elected triumphantly. To the Americans and Republicans of Jefferson County. At a meeting composed of an equal number of Republicans and Americans, held in Steubenville, late in the month of May last, after a full and free exchange of views upon the differant political issues of the day, it was resolved to constitute a corresponding committee, of two mem bers from each party, which was accor dingly done, and by said committee the following letter ws printed and rent a brond, through the county. Steubenville, June 1st, 1S57. Dear Sir: Wo take the liberty of writing to yon, respecting the political campaign just upon us. Americans and Republicans have counseled together, and have agreed to unite in opposeing the fi libustering, pro-slavery administration at Washington, and nil its supporters. Up on this basis a large majority of the in dependent voters of Jefferson county can land. We have the power, am, nothing tout divisions and dissenlions amongst ourselves can place that power in the iiands of the minority. United in sen timent upon all essential principles involv d in the campaign, we ought to unite in action to defend these principles. Will you, without delay, consult with Americans and Republicans in your Township, to establish that harmony and union, which we are happy lo believe, now exists in our Township. After such conference, please writo to us what the feeling is among the friends of the good oftuse. When harmoay is properly estab lished, a Convention ill be called, and without separate organizations, but in Common Council, we will place in nom ination such a ticket as this harmony will enable .us io elect. "We are informed that similar action will be taken throughout the State, and Ohio will, therefore, again record her ' vote in opposition to the principles and Pleasures of the slave oligarchy, these .Freebooters, and their pliant tools and willing advocates amongst us-the slaves tF PAJML IINFLIJEKCB. .'. . In this good voik we ask your prompt and .hearty co-opnration. Hopping to hear from you favorably in due time, we remain Yours Truly, W. R. LLOYD, Z. RAGAN. H. G. GARRETT, MARTIN ANDREWS. ' Committee of Correspondence. To the Principles set forth in this cir cular, it ia expected that every American and Republican will adhear opposition to the ''pro-slavery administration" and to tne ''Slaves of papal influence." It is not to be presumed that the members of the Union party can harmonise iu their views upon all the minor points of national and stale policy, but upon the issues now before the people they can unite. Let us then go forward in one unbroken col umn, as the true friends of freedom, and of American nationality, and thus achieve such a victory over Slavery and the Slaves of papal influence, as will lay the common enemy low in the dust. To the Americana of Ohio. The undersigned, members of the State Central Commute, announce that a Stale Convention will be held in (he city of Dayton, on Wednesday, August 5ih, 1857, io nominate a State Ticket for the approaching October election. Our or ganization is no longer a secret, but open to the Iree and active co-operation of all who favor our principles, and feel an in terest in placing before the people of Ohio, good and true men for the various offices to be filled. We hold for example, as cardinal max ims of public justice and private duly, to the following rules of faith and action : The Federal Union must be maintain ed. The reserved rights of the States must bo respected. The Union of Church and Stale must be prevented. The rights of conscience must be guar anteed. American interests must be prompted. An American nationality must he cher ished, Sectional agitation must be terminat ed. Foreign paupers and criranaU must bo excluded. The naturalization laws must be a mended. "Squatter Sovereignty t' and alien suf frage must be repudiated. Americans must rule America. There is nothing here not taught in the Constitution of the United States, and nothing here repugnant to the spirit and letter of that instrument of liberty and law. Josh. Clark, Daniel Scotf, W. P. Young, S. L. Collins, T. J. Keller, Jas. darner. Jas. F. Torreiice, Park Beman,. A. J. Thorpe, Jas. Creidler, I. 0. B. Rennick, W. B. McCarty, Wm. B. Mason, Seth Eiey, 15. L. SweiLmd. Robinson Fra-ier, J. F. Charlesvvorlh, Isaac Ba'es, Henry L. Monison, Henry Cope, ihos. O. Ware. Republican State (Invention. At a meeting of the Republican State Central Committee, in conjunction with the Republican members of the Legisla ture, aud other distinguished Republicans 1 1 oin various parts of the State at Co lumbus on the fourth of January, 1S57, alter mature consideration it was resolv ed that it was expedient to hold the State Conveutioti of the Republican party of Ohio for the nomination of a State ticket at Columbus, on the 12Lh of August next. Iu conformity to this request, the State Central Committee announce to the Re publicans ol Ohio that tlie tleligate.s from the various counties of the State will as semble in the City of Colombus on Wednesday, the 12th day of August next, at 10 o'clock A. M., for the pur pose of putting in nomination candidates for the following offices; for Governor, Lietitenaut Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer of State, one Supreme Court Judge, and one member of the Board uf Public Works, and the transaction of such other business as may be proper for the occasion. The Republicans of the several coun ties of Ohio, unless they shall otherwise agree, will meet at ilieir county Feats on Saturday, the 8th day of August, being the Saturday precccding the day of said State Convention, and elect delegates thereto in the proportion of one delegate for every five hundred votes given for the Republican candidate for President at the election in November, 1850, and one for each fraction of votes equal lo, or over one half of said number. The total num ber of delegates by this basis will be 377, ami from each County will number as follows: We omil the appointment except for this immediate Beciion of the State, to wit: Carroll 4 ; Columbiana 7 ; Harri son 4; Jefferson 5; Tuscarawas C; Bel mont 4-3 Wm. Dennison, Jr., J. Sullivant, A. P. Stone, Robekt Nell, L. G. Van Slyke, N. II. VanVorhes, N. II. Swayne, Cyrus Prentiss, F. 0. Sessions, Geo. Hoadley, J. H. Coultk, A. S. Latty, Geo. M. Parsons, Jacob UeatON, 0. Follett. Republican State Central Committee. Columbus, June 22, 1857. From the St. Clal rsville Independent Rep. J3TAt a meeting of the Central com mittee of the American party of Belmont County at fet- Chumille O. on Saturday July 11th 1857. The following proposition for a county Convention was submitted and unani mously adopted. COUNTY CONVENTION. Confident that a majority of the voters of Belmont County are not only opposed to the teachings and practice of the mod ern Democratic party and in favor of the cardinal principals of the American and Republican parties, but that they are also unwilling, with this unity of principles and feeling lunger to fight against each other in county mutters, for the benefit of our common enemy and tho enemy of our common County. We therefore the Central Committee of the American parly of Belmont Coun- ty, do herebv appoint SATURDAY SEP TEMBER 12th, 1857, as the time, and ST. CLA1RSV1LLE the place for hold ing a MASS CONVENTIONS be com posed of ail persons opposed to the Dem ocratic party, in favor of the leading prin ciples of the American party and opposed to the extention of slavery into Territory " now free," for the purpose of making county nominations for the October elec lion, and appointing delegates to. a Sena torial Convention. On motion Committee recommended Sept. 14th' as a suitable time for holding said Senatorial convention and Flushing the proper place. On motion the committee appointed the following delegates to tho State Conven tion to be held at Dayton Aug. 5th. O. J. Swaney, E. Shallcross, C.L Poorman, Isaac Welsh, Noah Scott, John Davenport, with power to appoint substitutes. On motion it was resolved that the call for the convention be published in ihe Independent Republican and Belmont Chronicle adjourned sine die. John II. Johnson, Noah Scott, J. P. Brewer, C. M. Poorman Geo. Criswell, American Ceulr.il Committee. From the Portage County Democrat. Since the subject of Slavery has re cently been brought before the public mind in this region, by the debates in the General Assembly at Cleveland, various recollections and thrilling anecdotes of Slavery and the Slave I ladn. are revived in my mind. If the following narrative will add to the interest of your paper, ph ase insert it. 1 was one of the multitudinous throng who hung with rapture upon the lips of JJA.NEL WEiisTEn, when he delivered the Centennial Discourse at Plymouth (Mass) in 1820. The outburst of eloquence in that oration, which electrified the audi ence above everything else contained in it, was an allusion lo the Slave Trade as then carried on in Blistol, Rhode Island. The allusisn to Bristol was so evident that all undejstood it. We all knew that ships were fitted out in that port, perhaps every year, for the coast of Africa, for slaves to he sold in Cuba and other places. I call to mind this moment the tones of the voice, the expressive ges ture of his uplifted rtn, pointing, as we understood it, to the verv spot in the ad jacent State, where the scene was laid. We seem, said he I quote fiom reco! lection to hear the clanking of the riv its in the murky dark dens of shame, where in midti'glit hours inanicles for the poor sons of Africa, to be torn from their homes, to be immured in the hold of the Slave-ship, either to perish in the middle i passage, or to end their days in hopeless toil on the plantations of Havana ! is nme io sptan out juts linal sentence in the apostrophe to Bristol sent a thrill through the hearts of the assembled thousands, a few feet only from a part of the 1 anions rock, mar which our lathers of 1777 erected a Liberty Pole! And were the citizens of Bristol and Newport en titled to such celebrity? Was the S ate of Rhode Island the seat of the Slave-owner and Slave-trader, on ly in centuries long since passed away ? Yonr correspondent lived for years a near neighbor to a gentleman who was well known to be an owner of a planla lion in Cuba, and was acqunnted, also, with seveial persons who had been en gaged in the Have-trade, on the coast of Africa. So that he knows what he says, and whereof he affirms and writes. Mr. P., a gentleman well known in Newport, one day related fo your cor respondent, in presence of several other persons, the following narrative : Mr. D., of Bristol, went on one occa sion himself to the coast of Africa for a cargo of slaves, in one of his own ships. On the return voyage to Cuba, one of his slaves, a woman, broke out with the small pox. lie well knew that if the disease spread, the mortality would be fearful. He separated the poor woman from the rest of his live stock. Humanity, indeed required this course, a3 well as regard to his personal interest. And we will sup pose his heart was touched with sympa-" thy for his unfortunate captives, lest the pestilence should seize his whole c;;rgo and bring others to a watery grave. He put the poor woman, not indeed into his own cabin, where he or some of the ship's company could soothe her sorrows with I a cup of cold water ; or supply her wants Iroin the medicine chest j but lie put her up on the round top. Whethei he direct ed that a shelter should there he formed to protect her from the cold dews ofnighl or prevent her droi ping in ihe ocean as lite ship lurched in the gale, my inform ant could nut affirm. At any rate, .Mr. D. soon found the woman would die al the lop of the mast. And what should be dune with this poor colored daughter of Eve ? Must her dark skin remove her to an heaven wide distance from all hu man communication ? Is there no sympa thy now in man's obdurato heart for this child of Africa 1 Mi. I), tampered with the sailors to throw her into the sea. but they could obey their Caplnin to navi gate the ship they were willing to man the rigging ; to venture on the yard arm to furl the sails by midnight, or at noon day, even though in the sail the careening ship should dip them in the briny wave They could expose life to save the ship out they would not obey the supercar go in this deed of murder. His tempting oiler ol money they spurned. They would not pocket the offered price of blood .' He then said, "if you will keep it Secret at home, I will put the poor slave out of her misery, myself." Whether they pledged their word or not, is no part ol die nairitive. Ihe presumption is, they answered not a word. They were horror struck at Ihe thought of such a deed of darkness. But the poor woman was soon missing. Our Bristol Slave- trader, with his own hand, gently, we presume, let her fall from the side of the ship ; a few screams were then heard, and all was silent, save the commotion iu the ship's wake. She slept beneath the ocean, there to rest till the last trumpet. In due time our hero arrived safelv at Havana ; placed bis slaves on his planta tion, and came home to his native town. Doubtless his family and friends greeted him with a cordial welcome. The sea men were discharged ; each sought his home, and kindred, and friend. But did his associates in the ship keep the secret ? Who has never heard the proverb repeated? Murder will out ? One day his brother said to him. Your secrets is betrayed. The sailors have told the whole story. There is but one course for you. Immediately take your passage for Havana; go before the Court and complain against yourself for com niiting that slave lo the deep. By the laws of Cuba it is only a misdemeanor punishable by a fine. Take your trial ; plead guilty j' pay your fine, and then come home. It you are brought to trial here you will be rescued. You cannot be tried for the same offense more than once. It is a maxim of law, that no man shall be put in jeopardy of life or limb more than once for the same offense. Tried and punished by the laws of Cuba, you will be safe from arrest and trial in America." He followed his brother's advice forthwith i was tried in Havana ; paid his fine ; came home, safe now excep from condemnation in public opin ion, and from the reproaches of a guilty conscience. Mr. D. belonged to one of the most respectable families in the State of Rhode Island. Not many years since, a gentle man of the same mime, and I presume ol the same family, made quite a figure in Congress, Does any one ask how your correspondent know? this narrative to be true ? 1 have the same reason to believe it to te precisely as I have related the facts, as you would have to believe any striking occurance of general notoriety in Hudson or elsewhere, if related to you by any respectable citizen of Ravenna. In view of notorious facts like the a hove, and similar atrocities forever occur ring in Slaveholding lands, we may well exclaim, like Daniel Webster: "I call upon the bench of civil justice to vindi cate the majesty of the law, by bring ing such offenders to condign punish ment." "The pulpit is false to its trust, if it fails to expose the criminality of Slavery, and denounce upon its perpetrar tors the punishments of heaven and earth." CLERICUS IQThe Pacific Advocate of May 1 1th has an able editorial on "Temperance Moral Suasion Prohibition;" in which the influence of that paper is fully ami distinctly committed for the principle of prohibition. He has no fuith in moral suasion on this subject, and therefore looks to legal suasion as furnishing the only hope of the drunkaid. The same paper of 18th of May quotes an article fiom ILtrpcr's Weekly, in which a correspondent, speaking of the Legislature of the Teriitory, says: A bill was passed submitting the ques tion of State Government to the people in June. The people will undouotedly vote for it, and you may expect Oregon, in les3 than a year, asking for admission in to the Amcricau Union. The question of siavcry will then be submitted to the people, and ihe result is very doubtful. Unquestionably the pro-slavery party are gaining ground and numbers. The large donation of land to early settlers (6-10 acres) with the sparse popu'ation, will greatly influence many to vote for it who otherwise would not. The editor opens upon this in tones of earnest protest, and utterly dissents from the statement lh.it "the pro-slavery party are gaining giotind and numbers." He says that these statements have also been published in the New York Tribune and Nalionul Era, a:id that such reports are untrue and injurious to the cause of free dom. But we will quote a few sentences from this article: Wo do noi see what is to be gained by such statements. They arc generally made by journals of a given type by journals which affect a horror of slavery yet ihoso journals could not take a more certain method to bring about ihe very thing they profess lo depricate. We liHve even les lo say in favor of those who write such letters from this coast and Territory, than the papers in the East which publish them. Il argues for them a deficiency of sense a great amount of mental dullness or a wilful, moral obliquity, entirely reprehensible. We uso tin's strong language, without knowing, or caring to know, who may have written such letters. We could not say less if a near relative, or a dear friend, had done what wo here reprehend. We hope Oregonions At least, while there is not a single paper in that territo ry to advocate a slave State here, and while there are no leading men of any party in favor of it, will refrain from writing letters lo tho East, setting Ore gon down as certain, or probable, to go for a Slave Constitution. It is not true. It will do harm. Nothing but fraud or violence can bring about the adoption of a Slave constitution for Oregon, unless it should be such indiscretions anil perver sions as those to winch wo have made reference. We do not believe fraud is designed in any quarter; nor have we any fear that a resort will be had to violence, It would be well if papers, really op posed to the extension of slavery, and not merely fond of the excitement they are able to keep up, became it pays and circulates their papers h would he well, we say, if they would make a note of the above; and remember that ihe croak ing that is sporl lo them, may be death to thecnuse they are ostensibly idtntified with. Nothing can more weaken the hands of those who are on the ground and have the fighting to do -the renl sac rifices to make the real dangers to face, than to be endlessly shouting defeat in their ears; and nothing will more certain ly carry a bad cause on to success' than such aid and comfort. Let us have done with this. A Curious Will. -The Worchester (Masi.J Transcript gives the substance of the will of the la'.e Jesse W. Good rich, of that city, well known as a strong advocate of the temperance cause. The document itself covers fifty folio pages, and there is a codicil containing sixty- lb rce double columned pages of printed matter. Among the bequests are a copy of ihe Holy Bible lo each of his brothers, sisters, executors, &c, sixteen in all. Each successive owner of the volumes is to sign a "family teetotal pledge that they will neither make, buy, sell, give away or use any kind of alcoholic or intoxicat ing liquors, either for drinking, culinary, or medical, surgical or sacrimcntal pur poses, or any tobacco, for the purpose either of chewing, smokeing or snuffing ; and that by precept and example, and in all ether suitable ways, at all times and places, to discountenance all such uses." Other provisions of this curious will are thus given : He then orders his executors to sub scribe for one copy, for each of them selves and his reletives, of some good temperance pnper, advocaleing ihe dis use of tobacco, and legal and moral sua sion combined," fur the suppression of liquor, thirty copies in all, for twenty-one years. He then bequeaths $200 to each of his living sisters, provided they, each of them, within one year, sign the "family and teetotal pledge." He then divides his property, subject lo all other bequests, among his relatives, payable every fifth, tenth, fifteenth and iwentie'h year, provided that at the expi ration of each period they shall make af fidavit that Ihey have kept the anti-liquor, anti-tobacco pledge in its full extent. "Pleasing to Record." Rev. A. Crooks gives in iho Wesleyan, under the above heading, a very interest ing ease of emancipation from slavery in North Carolina, which we have not seen noted in the secular papers, br. Crooks, by the wbj', is the only surviving one of the three Wesleyrn ministers who were ejected Irom North Carolina several years ago. lie is engaged in active service we believe residing in Delaware Co., 0. The statement of Br. Crooks is in these words i "While the government of ihe United Slates is exerting its powers, and taxing its ingenuity to break down all the safe- guaids of liberty, and to lasten slavery upon Kansas and the nation, and to re turn the panting fugitive to all the fiend ish barbarities of American oppression, the most extensive slaveholder in Guil ford Co.. N. C. his excellent christian lady, and Abel Gardner Esq,, a worthy inmate of ihe family, are makeing their quiet journey over the mountains of Vir ginia, bringing men and women his property, according to North Carolina law to freedom, and to pleasant homes in Ohio. "The Gentleman to whom I have in troduced you, is G C. Mendenhnll, who as principal counsel for Br. McHrideand myself, made a plea of three and a half hours. I assure you, it afforded me un speakable pleasure to entertain these royal gents, as I did have the pleasure, on last Thursday evening Mr. M. is of Quaker parentage became the proprie tor of slaves by first marriage. "His present wife, whose whole snnl is in the good work, is an intelligent Qua keress. They are in process of freeing all their slaves, eighty in number, and worth in the North Carolina market a bout seventy thousand .dollars. Fifty have already entered the promised land, and the remainder will enter ere long. In the mean time, to make all 6afe, there liberty is secured by will, in case of the death of the testator. "In this prais worthy tribute of seventy thousand dollars, to the precepis of virtue, we see the good fruits of riht religious training on this subject. "Years ago, Patric Henry said, he honored the Quakers for their noble ef forts in ihe behalf of iho freedom of the African race. "Anil had other religious denomina tions imitated this worthy example, long since, would "liberty have been proclaim ed throughout the land to all the inhabi tants thereof." The Sono of The Hundred Forty and Four Thousand. We had a full choir one day ; about forty in all. It was well balanced in its seveanl parts, and well directed. In its size, appearance and power it was a country luxury. It was no hired quartette. They sung for the lovo of it. And doubtless the music was richer and sweeter to my ear, because some proininant voires there had just be gun to make melody in their new hearts unto God. They were the first fruits of my labor here. The choir was in the niiddt of the psalm beginning : "High in the heavens Eternal God, Thy goodness in full glory shines." They were singing it to " Old Hun dred." The grand old music filled the house, and with it the thoughts and de votion of the psalm wete lifting the hearts of the true worshipers to heaven it was good lo be there. Beside me sat sn aged and honored homo misionary, " Father II." Almost three score and ten, and worn with deepest trials and heavy toils, he yet has his thirty preaceing stations, and his ten churches, to whom he admin isters the ordinances of his master. I saw that his soul was rising. Now he sung a note or two ; and now he beat the time, and now his eyes wandered from the choir to ihe heavens. 1 knew where his thoughts were. They had outrun his weary feet in the lifo-pilgramage. The singing had done its service for him. I saw thai his ear was opening to other music. And so I whispered to him, " What singing that will be of the hun dred nnd forty and four thousand I" exnect to hear them," was his thoughtful earnest reply. His eyes fill ed with tears, and I think the deep joy of faith and hope never shed purer ones. Good old man, and toil-worn servant of God, I think he will hear them. How often since have those words come lo my mind, I expect to hear them ! Is this your expectation f You love music and are perhaps a member of the choir, ring in social worship, partake of the common mania lo hear renowned vo calists, are excited to raptures by a full orchestra. And it is well. Do you expect to hear that choir of the " hundred forty and four thousand," and their "new song?" N, y. Observer. Principles Always. The Brooklyn Times and Eagle are much disturbed that the Star still retains its old principles, turning neither to the right nor to ihe left, bui holding tts own steady, evenhanded course. And this, these journals think, will bo the death-blow to ' fusion" in the Fall campaign against Democracy. We are sorry to cause so much pain to our amiable cotemporaries but, in chari ty, we say to them that Americans bom on the soil, or supporting American prin ciples, cannot bow the knee to Spoils, re gardless of Principle, We shall be happy to further ihe defeat of whai we deem a corrupt and foreign Democracy, thai has controlled too often the political fortunes of Ameriotf, but in defeating the ao-called democracy, we want the banner of Amer icanism raised high above the smoke of the battle, a sign and an encouragement to the true American heart. We want 'Americans to rule America." We must hare this cardinal doctrine maintain ed, and he who supports that doctrine shall receive the support of the Star. As regards that other question," the ques tion of slavery," we know the American party to be opposed io "slavery exten sion ;" we know they are willing to say, and act, alwrys, in that spirit. Let, there fore, our friends not fear. The masses will preserve Americanism, and at tiic same time restrict the bounds of slavery. A union for principle, but not spoils a union without sccrifice can only be effec ted. Let the Republicans come up in the same spirit, and Democracy is bea ten. Brooklyn Star. W'Ym following is from a late issue ol one of the Cleveland papers: Dr. lloss, one of the principal champ ions of the divine right to enslave Afri cans preached on Sunday in one of the Presbyterian churches of this city, and accidentally blundered upon an unpleasant heresv in the oncniiiL' hvmn. The firsi four verses went off swimmingly, but, on coming to the fifth, ihe reader's face turn ed suddenly the color of a blood beet, and his voice sank almost to a whisper. What was the matter ? The congrega tion referred lo their hymnbooks, when a broad smile ran like a wave of mirth all over the house old deacons hit iheir lips, and strove to look grave, and the younger class of the congregation almost laughed right out. The last verse pronounced a curse upon the oppressor, aud bretthed a prayer for the suffering bondman. Shades of the supreme court and the fugitive law, what a position was that for a minister who openly contends that sla veiy is of God, and sanctioned and sail citlied by Heaven ! The reverend gen ileman was for a moment nonplussed the situation was uncommon tight but he rallied, and Droved himself equal to the occasion, by shouting to ihe singers, with a face like an Indian summer sunset altera storm, "You will omit the fifth verse." Tiik Runaway SLAVKS.Yesterday we announced the elopement of three slaves from Henry county, Kentucky, on Sunday the nrrest of one, in Indiania escape of the second, and death of the ihird, by being shot by Wm. Mead, one of the pursuers. We have since learnetl that an inquest was held on the body of the murdered negro, and a verdict ren dered in accordance with the facts stated, and that a requisition will he made on the Governor of Kentucky, for Mead, on the charge of Murder. We are also in formed by Capt. Claxon, of Ciurollton, Kentucky, that Mead, after pursuing one of Sanford's negroes three hundred yaids, caught him; when an unknown elderly white man approached Mead, with a rifle threatening to kill him il he did not re lease ihe negro. Mead, having dischiirg. ed tho contents of Ii is pistol previously, when he killed the oilier negro, deemed it best to obey the command, when the fueitive disappeared in ihe woods, J he unknown intruder was supported in the back ground by a young man, supposed to be his son. Who ihey were, or where they came from is still a mysery. tin cinnatia Commercial. The Defalcation Question. The great question of "what has become of the people's money ? is gradually being ans wered. It is not owing, however, to any exertion of the part of either Mr. Breslin or Mr. Gibson. A late article headed the Grecnsborough Bank," published in the Denton (Md.l Journal, exposes the trans actions of Mr. Breslin as a Wild Cat Banker. It certainly presents a picture of very promising usoect. so far as the Democratic Treasurer is concerned, In the first place, $25,000 are taken from the Ohio Slate Treasury to start a swin dling concern in Maryland $15,000 more being needed, the notes of Memphis Bank, worth 40 cents on the dollar, are put in to mako up the deficl, and render ed of par value by being redeemed from ihe cash investment before referred to. This then by this curious mode of fioanc iering, became $40,000 the amount that was needed for starting ihe "Bank of Greensborough. Without giving any further details, we hold this sufficient (o prove the rascally propensity of one of the parties connected with the late defal cation. Mr. Morgan, late Auditor of State was well aware of the defalcation of Mr. Breslin, and often declared that he 'was as corrupt as hell,' or words to that effect. As lor Mr. Gibson, we still aa here to our belief that he must be a parly to the defalcation. His duly was plain ns lo Ii is discovery of Breslin s deficiency and unless he was strongly interested he would have exposed it. &FThe New York Times predicts t fall in the price of sugar. Just now there is a concerted movement among the speculators to keep it up, but it will not avail: 'Ihe prospects for a full crop are highly encouraging. The high prices which have ruled the nast two years have stimulated production, while they have caused a diminution ot consumption, nu the natural consequences are, increasing stocks and a tendency to lower prices. Besides, the cron ol Louisiana promises tn h nonrln four times greater than it was last year, aud the yield of Maple Sugar has been mucn larger man it over wa before known." - . : Simnose vou are lost in a tog, said Lord C. lo his noble relative the march ioness s "what are you most likely to be?" ... ' f I l.i "Mist, or course, ' repneu iier,iauyenip Hopeful Signs. The Buffs.! P.. press in the course of an article on its own course, anu tne issues of the day says : We are in favor of a Registry law. and the purity of elections, and when Irish men, citizens or not attempt to commit frauds on election day, we do not pur pose to pass iheir conduct by without proper remark. We proscribe no man on account of his religion, but when we see a sect which yet holds a foreign al legiance, deliberately planning and pa ving its way to political power in this Government, we shall not hold our peace while the miichief is being consu mated. We should be derelict in duty as a public journalist, if we remained si- ent under 6uch circumstances. We are Republicans so far as we regard Republi can principles right, and best calculated to promote the peace, prospeiity and hap piness of the nation, and only so far. When the party diverges from the true path, and fails to perform its mission un der its plighted faith, we must part com pany wilh it. The Syracuse Journal, another Re publican press publishes the above, anil thinks it is " the right kind of talk." Distressing Calamity Four Yowno Ladies DRov'ED. About 5 o'clock Friday evening a party consisting of three young gentlemen and four young ladies, were taking- a sail upon the large pond situated in the easterly part of Webster Mass., when one of the gentlemen lost his hat , the course of Ihe boat was alter ed for the purpose of picking it up, but without changing the pos-.ton uf the sail, consequently the boat lay broadside to lo the wind. A gust came, immediately capsizing the boat, throwing the whole party into the water. 1 lie nearest land was Goat Island, being about fifteen rods distant. Two of ihe young meu sprang from the boat and succeeded in gelling ashore. The third came up under the boat, and it was some time befo4o he could get out, but when he did so, brought with him one of the ladies. AH efforts to resusitate her, however, proved una- valing, The other three sank to rise no more. Their bodies were found this, Saturday morning, about two o'clock I he names of ihe girls were Julia and Ann Borang, sisters, Ellen Rattlebure and ate Ferrell. The young men who so cowardly deserted them in the hour of pn-il should be held up to public scorn and the calamity should be a warning to those who go nut in a sail boat without knowing how to manage u Worcester Bay Stale. Pons, Tuesday, Juno 16. 1857. Senator Sumner left here this morning for London. The voyage was of service lo him but afler his arrival he became much worse and for some weeks seemed likely lo suffer a relapse : Un der the advice of his physicians he start ed upon a tour through the Soutti of - , , , I,, i f ranee, anu traveled agonu ueai on norse back amoung the Pyrenees, which he found erceedengly beneficial, and he re turned to Pans a week ago in excellent health and spirits. He seems now allmost entirely restored. He has devoted him self during his stay lo studying the pol itics of France, in which he has had some marked advantages. He hns seen closely and intimately all ihe leading men of all parties. Immediately upon his arri val lie dined with the members of the Institute .and has since visited Lnmertine, Gntzot, DeTocqueville, Monlalembert, and others, who, though not now active actively connected with public life, are still men of influence and of historical celebrity. Correspondence of ihe Baltimore Sun. VV ASHINUTON. Dissension Among the Utah Mormons The protection of the United Stales Laws as an Escape from Brigham Young's Tyranny. Advices from Utah by way of Californ ia confirm the reports of dissension among the Mormons, and the supposition that a large number of them will gladly exchange Brigham Young s tyranny lor the protec tion of life and property which the author ities and the laws of the United Slates will afford them. ''Jpostacu" Irom Mor- monisra will become very common, if not almost universal, after Brigham Young shall be deprived of the prestige aud the authority which the federal government has too long afforded him, by suffering him to hold ihe office of Governor lor seven years and three years after the expira tion of his term. The Mormons might well have been induced to believe that the power of Brigham Young would be as per manent as his audacity, and that the fed eral government would not presume to interfere with or control him. The California accounts of Mormon abuses are more revolting than any before received from any quarter, showing, as they do, that numbeis of Mormons who have been suspected of disaffection to wards Brigham Young's tyranny are daily assassinated by his corps of janissaries, whom he calls "destroying angels." If any part of these accounts be verified to the United States authorities, Governor Young ougnt to be, nnd it is presumed will be, apprehended and punished for felony and treason. It is not in tlie nature of things ibat such institutions can con tinue, for ihey carry within themselves the seeds of their destruction ; and the deposition and punishment of Brigham Young will no doubt disenthral the Mor mons from ihe debasing system to which their leaders have subjected them. Da. J. O. Ayeb, the world renouned Chemist of New England, is now stopping at the Burnet house in this city. He has been making a tour of tho Western States, with his scientific associates, to investi gate their remedial productions, or such as he can make remedial. We notice he has been received with marked distinction by our leading citizens of the West andara rejoiced to find they have shown a proper estimate of the man who has perhaps done more for the relief of human ills than any other American. Daily Journal, Cincin nati, 0. Philadelphia, July 18. The long contested election case for District Attor ney, was decided this morning by the Court of Common Pleas. The decission declares that Wm. B. Mann, tho Ameri can candidate, was elected, and not Lew is C. Cassaday, Democrat. .., ,