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True American. [volume] (Steubenville [Ohio]) 1855-1861, December 15, 1858, Image 1

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J. Mu Imtniitl, gctoleij to mmm $nferal$, filtrate, Science, anb (General Intelligence.
Z. RAGAN, Editor and Proprietor. STEUBENVILLE, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, December 15, 1858. VOL. 4 NO. 50.
Presidents Message.
Fellow Citlzent of the Xenaie and House
of Brprenentatlvea i -
When wo compare the condition of the
country at the present day with what it
was one year agoot tho meeting of Con
grcss, wo have much reason for gratitu ie
to the Almighty Providence which litis
never failed to interpose for our re'ief, at
the most critical periods of our history.
One year ago tho sectional strifo between
the North and South, on the dangerous finally (.ettled.
and the political power of the State was in Under this act, should a majority reject
their own tunas. tho proposition ottered them, "it shall be
Had Congress admitted Kansas into tho deemed and held that the people of Kan
Union under tlio Lccoropton Constitution, sas do not doeiro admission iato the Union
tbo Lugioluture mighf, at its very first sea- with said constitution under the conditions
pion, Lave submitted tho question to a vote set forth in said proposition." In that
of thepeoplo, whether they would or would event ttie act authorises tho people of the
not have a convention to amend their con- Territory to elect delegates to form a con
stitution either on th" slavery or any other stiu;ion and Stato government for them
selve9, "whenevor, and not before, ascer
. . I .t a t . i , I T t "-. .11 .1 . i- n . ...
crous contributor to thousotul enterprises wun provisions ana tents ior me army, ana iiaKe ouy, inrongn we inainn territory,
of tho early settlers.; It has paid tho ex-1 carried away several hundred animals. hss had a powerful effect in restraining the
ibis diminished the supply ot provisions hostile leelings against the United rjtaiea,
o materially that General Jobtjstanjraa which existed among the Indians in that
; obliged to roJuoe too -rations, and
censes of their governments ana legis
lative assemblies out of the common treas
ury, and thus reliovcd them from a heavy
Under these circumstances, nothing can
be better calculated to retird their materi
al progress than to divert them from their
useful employment, by prematurely exci-
rations, and oven
with this precaution there was only suffi
cient left to tubsist the troops on til the
brat of June.
region, and securing emigrants uf the far
West against their depredations. 1 his
will also be the means of establishing mil
itary posts and promoting settlement along
Our little army behaved admirably in the route.
their encampment at Fort Bridgcr under I recommend that the benefits f our
these trying privations. In the midst of land laws and pre-emption system be ex-
question, and hivo a1pted all necessary
means lor civile sweetly euect to tho will tamed by a ccos-s, duly and legally taken, tins angry political contests among
of the majority. Thus the Kansas quca- that the population of said Territory eoual selves for the benefit of aspiring lcadors. tho mountain, in a dreary, unsettled, and tended to the people of Utah, by the esta
tion would have been immediately and or exceeds the ratio of representation re-1 It is surely no hardship for embryo gov- inhospitable region, more than a thousand bhshment of a land olhce in that lerritory.
quired for a member ot the liouso of Rep- ernop, senators, and members of (Jongress, miles from home, they passed too severe I 1 have occasion also to congratulate you
less, and thus terminate the war without I French ministers in all peaceful measures
the effusion of blood. In his efforts ho to secure by treaty those just concessions
was efficiently sustainad by Congress. They to foreign commerce which the nations of
eubjeot of slavery, had again lecomo so Under thee circumstances, I submitted resenta'ives of the Congress of the United to wait until the number of inhabitants an J inclement weather without a murmur, on (he result of our negotiations with
intense as to threaten the peaco ana per t0 Congress tho Constitution thus framed, Stato?." Tho delegates thus assembled shall equal those of a single congressional 1 hey loosed forward with conhdenoe for Uhina.
potuity of the confederacy. The appli- with all thrj officers already elected neccs- " shall first determine j by a vote whether district. They surely ought not to be relief from thsir country in due season, and You were informed by the last annual
cation tor the admission oi lvansaH as a saTy to put tho state government into it is the wish ot tho people ot the proposed permitted to rush into the union wun a in mis tney were not disappointed. message thai our minister naa been in
state in tho union, losicrea mis unnappy operation, tccompa'itcd by a strong ro state to Do admitted into tho Union at population less than one haitoi several on me secretary oi war employed an lis strutted to occupy a neutral Position in
agitation, and brought the whole subject com .Herniation in favor of the admission of that time, and, if so, shall proceed to form the late counties in the interor of some of I energies to forward them the necessary the hostilities conducted by Great Britain
oooo more before IJongrcsa. it was ttie i Kansas a Stato. In tho course of my a constitution, and take all necessary steps the States. J his was the condition ot supplies, and to muster and send such a and trance against Canton. He was,
desire of every patriot that such measures iong publio lift I buve never performed for the establishment of a Stato government Kansas when it mado application to bo military force to Utah as would render re- however, at the same time, directed to co
of legislation might bo adopted as would nnv official uot. which m the retrospect, has in corformtty with the federal constitution." admitted under the Topeka con9itution. sistance on the part or the Mormons hope- operate cordially wiih the British and
romove ttie excrement iwm wi diuwb, anoru d mo more heartieit satisfaction. After tots constitution snail nave been jsesiaes, it requires some time 10 rcnaer
and confine it to the Territory where it Ttj admission eould have inflicted no possi- formed, Concress, can-vine out the princi- the masi of a population collected in a new
legitimately belonged. Much has been 1 ble iniury ca any human being, whilst it pics of popular sovereignty and noniotcr- Territory, at all bomogenodus and to unite
done, I am happy to say, toward the ao- WOuld, within a brief period, have restored vention, have left tho " mode and manner them on anything like a jixed policy. granted appropriations sufficient to cover the world demand. It was impossible for
comphshmcnt ot this object during too i reioa to Kansas and harniopy to tho Union of its approval or ratification by tho pecple Establish the rule, and all v,ill look forward tho deficiency thus necessarily created, and me to proceed further than this, on my
last session ot uongress. la tbat event, the slavery qurs'ion would ot tne proposed States to be " prescribed to it and govern themselves, aiso proviaea ior raising two regiments or own authority, without usurping the war-
The Supreme Vourtot tne untteaBtateS cro tbu have been final! veottlod. according by, I iw and tbey "shall then be admit- liut justice to the pcopl of the several volunteers, "tor the purpose ot quelling making power, which nnder the constitii
had previously decided that all American to the leernllv expressed will of a mai.iritv ted into the Union as a State under such States requires thet this rule should bo es disturbances in the Tor ritory of Utah, for tion, belongs exclusively to Congress.
citieena have an equal right to take into 0f the voters, and rinpular sovereignty constitution thus fairly and legally mado, tablished by Congress. Bioh State is en- the protection and supply of emigrant Besides, after a careful examination of
the Territories whatever is held as property would thus havo been vindicated in a con- with or without slavery, as said constitution titled to two Senators and at least one rep- trains, and the suppression of Indian bos- the nature and extent of our grievances, I
onder tho laws ot any oi me owes, ana stitntional manner. may prescribe. rcsentative m Uongress. Should tne poo- luiuos on tne ironucrs." uappuy, mere did not believe they were of such a pres
to hold suoh property there under tho With ray deep ennviotions of duty, I An election was held throughout Kansas, pie of tho States fail to select a Vice was no occasion to call these regiments in. sing and agravated character as would
guardianship of tho federal constitution sb 0ould have pursued no other course. It is in pursuance of tho proviuions of this Act, President, the power devolves upon the to service. If there had been, I should have justified Congress in declaring war
long as tho territorial couaitton snau re true that as an ludivtdual I had expressed on the Bcoond day ot August last, and it Senate to select this oiheerirom the two pave telt serious emoarsassment in select- against the Chinese hmptre, without ma
- I " T.I 1 j' 1, " . I I 1. . 1 1 . . l l L I.J-l 11. a. .nn.MI.MMh..Wl .1 am.. MnM t.i. K . K. hi. . ...
main. an opinion, uoia Dcioro ana aurmt; mo ruuuueu in lue reicouou, uy a larco inuior- uiucsi. cunaiuaiea on iuo iwt.
This is now a well established position, flcBaioQ of tho convention, in favor of sub- ity, of tho proposition submitted to the the death of the President
and the proceedings of tho last session mittine the remainincr clauses ofth-i con- people by Congress. This being the case, ident thus selected by the
were alone wanting to give it practical ef- Ltitution, as wall as thatconcerntng slavery, they are now authorized to form another President of tho United States. On all gerous expedition. Thus it has ever been chastisement which had then but recently
feet. The principle has Djen recognizee-, t0 tbo people. JJut, acting in an official constitution, preparatory to admission into questions of legislation, tho acnators irom ana tnus may it ever oe. been inflicted upon the Uhinese by our
in some form or ether, by an almost unani-3Uaraeter, neither myself nor any human tho Union, but nut until their number, as tbe smallest States of the Union have aol The wisdom and economy of sending Squadron, in the capture and destruction
mous vota of Congress, that a 1 oratory authority bs the power lorejudge the pro- ascertained by a consul, shall equal or ex equal vote with tho-o from the largest. sufficient reinforcements to Utah aro es'ab- of the carrier forts, to revenge an alleged
r ino game may besaia in rejnra to me ahed not nnlv bv the pvent. hut in ihe I insult to our liatr.
i proven the wisdom of our
minister bas executed his
eminent skill and ability
vindicated, and a fruitful source of danger Let, which loft thapenblo of tha territory lawfully framad and presented to Congress principle with tho character of a govern-1 eon. the commander of (he forces, in In conjunction with tba Russian plenioo
ous dissention am mg thorn hos been ro- "'perfectly free to firm and regulate their by Kansas, beforo its population shall have ment instituted by ssvcreign StateB. I addressing the Secretary of War from herniary, he has peacefully, but effectually
moved. demestio institutions in tboir own way, sub- reached the designated number, jn or ts it presume no American citizen wouia aesire port Bndeer. under date of October 18. cooperated with the hnglish and French
While such has been the beneficial ten-. iefit only to tho constitution of the Unitod to bo presumed that, after their Bad expo- the slightest, change in the arrangement. 1057, expresses the opinion that "unless plenipotentiaries; and each of the four
- A 1 J " . .I I .1 . ... II a I Oi!ll ' 1 . - . I I
densy ot your lcctsiativo proceeaing's out- states." nonce tn resisting iuo icrruonai laws, mey sun. is 11 not unjust ana unequal w iue a for ent he . from the nature powers nM COIlcll,ae(j a Beparate treaty
side of Kansas, their influence has newhero it WOuld equally have violated tbo great will a'tnpt to adopt a constitution in ex- existing States to invost somo forty or fifty 0f tle country, a protracted war on their, with China, of a highly satisfactory char-
been so hupry as within that lemtory principle of popular sovereignty, at the press violation ot nn act of Uongress. va- thousand people, collected ma jl crntory, (the Mormons.) part is inevitable." This acter. The treaty concluded by our own
itself. Left to manago and control its own f umlatiou of our iustitutinns, to deprive ring the session of 1856, much of the time with tho attributes of sovereignty, and I he considered necessary to terminate the plenipotentiary will be presented to the
war " speedily, and more economically senate.
than if attemnted bv insufilCient means." T am hannv in annnnni-A that ihrnnnh
peka organization and all resistanoo to the gates elected by themselves tho trust of tuttoa. Agam, nearly the whole ot the United btates. tne meantime it was my anxious the energetic, yet conciliatory efforts of our
territorial government established by Con- training a con.titution, without requiring last session was devoted to tho question of For these reasons I earnestly recommend desire that the Mormons should yield consul general in Japan, a new treaty has
, I ) 'l .k.ai1.MMi! An. . 1 .. 1 .1 . 1 . 1 i. 0 At.. T ... .n ..n.ll ill. mm.riM .f . -.it...! wlii.l. .dull I . 1 . . ... 1 . Q . . . . - . . -
cress uavo dcbu uuauy ub",uuuh. otncm to subject tneir oonsiiiuenis to tou miuwiuu unuvr iuu jjeuuiupwu tuui
serirom tae two aave leu serious emoarsassment in select- against ine unmese empire, without ma
list. In case of ing them, so great was the cumber of our king another honest attempt to adjust them
t, tho Vico Pros- patriolio citizens anxious to serve their by peaceful negotiation. I was more in
Senate becomes country in this distant and apparently dan clined to this opinion, because of the severe
had a neht to cone into tne union, enner oeedioM ot the convention, and deo ara tha ceed tuo ratio reauired to elect a membei
s a free or slave State, according to the constitution which it had framed to be a to tha House of Representatives. ratification of treaties and of Executive opinion of those who, from their position The event has
will of the majority oi us peopie. ine nulluy. To hare done this would have It is not probable, in the present state of appointments. All tun has workea aa anj opportunities, are the moat capable of neutrality. Uur
iust equity of all the States has thus been been a violation of the Kansas Nebraska tho case, that a third constitution can bo xirably in practice, whilst it conforms in forminir a correct iudirement. Gen. John instructions with
passage of a general act, whioh shall obedience to the constitution and the laws, been mnnludfld with iht imnir. winch
natural consequence that fine Territory now tiouble. exnensc. and delay of a second tution. Surely it is not unrcasonabla to provide that upon tbe application of a tcr- without bavin? to resorito military force, fniv hp meMsrl tn maleriollv iitnmpnl
ppears to be tranquil and prosperous, and lootioa. It would have been in opposition require the people of Kansas to wait, before ritorial legislature, declaring that the tcrri- To aid in accomplishing this object, I our trade and intercourse in that quarter,
attracting increasing tnousanas oi immi- to many precedents in our history, com- making a tuira attempt, untu iuo numoer tory contains a numper oi lnuanuanis, deemed it advisable in April last, to ties- and lo remove from our countrymen the
grants to make it their happy home. mencing iu tho very bo9t ago of the repub- of their inhabitants shall amount to ninety- which if in a State, would cntitlo them to patc two distinguished citizens of the disabilities which have heretofore been
The past untortunate experience oi ivau- m;o c the admUsion ot Terntones or Stales wree tuousana iour nunorea aua twenty, eieoi a mcmoer oi congress, hbuuh uoiuo united States, Meisrs. fo well and McUul- imposed upon the exorcise of their re icion.
eas naa eniorcea mi icsauu b iicu Biic;ujr ,nt0 tho Union, without n previous vote ot vunug mis unci pouuu, iuo uaimuu UUv m wm x tcaiuuun w uua0 i0n, w utan. i ney nore wun mem a Tim treaty will be submitted lo tho Sen-
taught, that resistanca to lawful authority, peppi0 approving thi-ir constitution. of tho States, as well as the great business tbe inhabitants to be taken and, it found proclamation addressed by myself to the ate without delay.
under our form of government, cannot fail jt j, to 08 lamented that a question in- interests of the country, demanded that the sufficient, then, by the terms of this act to inhabitants ol Ulah, dated on the sixth of It it njy earnest desire that every mis
in tho end to provo disastrous to us smnors. gJenificaut when viowel in its practical cf- people oi tne union shau not ior a tuira aumonzo tnem to proceea "in meir own that month, warning them of their trua understanding with the povsrnment of
Had the people of the Territory yielded fccts on tho people of Kansa, whether time be convulsed by another agitation on way to irame a btate ccnstitution prepar. condition, and bow hopeless it was on Great Britain should be amicably and
obedience to the laws enacted oy tueir ieg jjj 0no way or the other, should have mo Kansas question, oy waiting ior a aiory to aamission into me union, i aiso their part to persist in rebellion against speedily adjured. It has been the mis-
islature, it would at the present moment Uinea gU3Ua flatuoof excitement through- sbort time, and acting in ooodicnce to law, recommend that an appropriation may do the United States, and offering all those fortgne of both countries, almost ever
have contained a large additional popuia- ont tne country. Thia reflection may Kansas win guao into tne union wuaoui maao to enaoio toe rresiuens w who should submit to the laws a lull par- sinoe the period of the revolution, to have
tion of industrious and enterprising citizens, ova to D0 a lesson of wisdom and of too slightest impediment. census of Kansas. don for their past seditions and treasons, been annoyed by a succession of irritating
w no uavo ueuu uovem-u '"o warning tor our lunner guiaance. rrao- uu .. vh.v TT r,vov"" vu..,w v v. ai me same time, 1 aureu tnoss wno and dangerous questions, threatening their
borders by the existence of civil strife and I .ioaliv considered, the question is simply be applied to Kansas, ought to be extcn- Utah, when contrasted with what it was ,honld persist in rebellion against the friendly relations. This has partially pre-
organized rebellion. whthcr tho peoplo of that Territory should ded and rendered applicable to all the ler- one year ago, is a lubject of ooBgratula- United States, that they must expect no vented the full development of those feel-
It was tne resistance w nguwiu ainuuu- grgt come into the Union and then change ntones wuiou muj uiuu3r ocu uuiaiuu iwu. x n mcu iu . vt lurmer lenity, out look to oe rigorously ,Dgl 0f mutual friendship between the
ty and tho pertevenng attempts to estap- provision in their constitution not into the union. i reoeuion, ano oost wnat it migat, tne dealt with according to their deserts. people of the two countries, so natural in
l-.t. -. M aaHMn km rwx iinnnn run i 1 1 - in ttiini nii Attack ra noifiBr w n n nnnriTi riTiiii inn Brnnraa rr w nn nnnnrn m anr mn 11 lruii r. z a t At . . 11 i . m m .
revoiuiwuury guvciuuiuu nh nurceablo to themselves, or accomplish tne " u jnima pudb . uW.. -U;...vw. .u i ne msirucuons 10 tnese agenis as wen as themselves and so conducive to their co.n
Topeka constitution, which caused mo very game object by remaining out of the power of admitiing a new otate into tne mis rooeuion snouia no suppressea ana a copy 0f tho proclamation and their re- jmon interests. Any serious interruption
people of Kansas to commit tuo grave error Tjni0D an(j framing another constituUon Union, however smau may ds me numoer me iuormons cc-mpeuea to yieiu ooouiBnoe p0rtg tre herewith submitted. It will be 0f the commerce between the United States
n a. A . j .1. M. ... ,.tn..AM.i. . . i . n ... n. i..i. m...i. .ama aiimh. nn. i m ,na .nn.iiiniinH ami, n . int.. an nrnni" i i . i
in either i Ul ,VB iuuunu, j f u;ju uv, i .u vumiuuuuu auu .uo no. u uiui seen oy mei
la my opinion, to do cxercisea ueiore vuu i to aocoujpusa tais ouject, as i lu.uruuu i tnat tl
point of population shall amount to tne ratio re- you in my last annuu message, i appc-ins- ,ons expressed by Col. Johnston in the ever existed on the face of the earth which
of refusion to vote for delegates to the con
vention to frame a constitution undor the
law not to be denied to bo fair and just m
in accordance with their will ?
biba TIia nnlir
. , IOCUIW, uu J r .. .. . .. . . , . - . . T"?t. 1 -4 . V
its provisions. This retusai w voto nas oeen faot j. tuat tno 0bjCC; wouid Dava been quired by the act tor tne admission oi ea a new governor inBtoaa oi -onguam preT,0U8 October, as to the necessity of could do to each other ao much eood or ao
tne prouuo souroo 01 u iuo mnh sooner attained, ana tno paoinoation uubub. xmu vuis uceu j,n.,,uuOV u Uv.. v,, w -v jienaing reimorcemenis 10 uian. in mis much harm.
nava tOlIOWea. iU VUBir urauiuv Hi ma .c Af.., mnr pnnflrli IV Cltuntfld. had It ruic. IU8 COUUirV WOUiU ug cauayv't iuouuuo vi luugg uu, wuiu'uu. I inV itftt in&t intV 116 hrmlV imDr?SSea I Fa,i- n nn llrnia nMm-nl 1 1.11 imt.
territorial governmint they disregarded tho been admitted as a Stato during the last the evils and misfortunes to which it has on personal safety, had found it neoessary with the belief that the 'presenco of the ified to inform you, that the long pendinr,
prinoiple, absolutely essential to the work- geflsioa 0f Congreia. been exposed by the Kansas question. to withdraw from the territory. To pro- armv hero and the Isrga additional force controversy between the two governments,
r ..M Mtf MAAflnmAf thai1, a mil. CiC n..M !tV auM Ka nnSiiat rt fr 17 A tai tnnf Ihaoa mi nil t(ttava inri f a mtri In Am . i " 1 t I 1 m V - . . .
ing oi our iurui B,.vu., .u.. . jj rooommendation, however, for tho , UUU,BU " .uu,u ,."." 6 : VU,V" " . T.7 "R naa De oraereu to inia i erruory, in relation to the question of visitation and
jority oi tnose wuo ?uw um iuu uiojuntjf
who may remain at homo, from whatever
oaueemust deoido the result of an elec
tion. For this reason seeking to tako ad
vantage of thoir own error they denied the
mnthoritr of the convention thai oleotcd
to frame a constitution.
The Convention, notwithstanding, pro
eeeded to adopt a constitution uuexcep
tionable in its general features, and provi
My rooommendation, however, for tbo ,ut 00u"0 " w-ma J.- 6 7 V
. i . i i . . I rule x retroRneehva annhoation. and ex-
lmmediate admission or jxansas, laiiect tor,- . . r i t. ' lw,
posse comiiaiuB, iu too exeouwou m uo wer- the chief inducements that caused ...h h.. hnn iminKtw .,i;.i.t.,l Tha
iiiiiiitLiiuia auiuiaoiuu ui u.uauoi aitviA w i . . . ... . n t . ,Aii l - - wivhi u vwvm Miwmw w wujuvivut
meet the approbation of Congress. They olule. Bt;te wUl0D 8Ctl0g uP.n lD0. P"" aw8 0Merea ; " m army ti,e Mormons to abandon the idea of re- caim on the part of Great Britain, forci
deemed it wiser to adopt a different meas P011.01 lU0 . 8"""u'i y .-. sistingtneauinontyoi me uniteu otates. bly to visit American vessels on the big
ore for tho settlement of the question. For toxmi 18 institution, elected us legis.a- sity ior aaopting mese measures is now A less decisive policy would probably geas in time of peace, could not be eus
my own nart I should have been willing to lurB ?nu 0lU8r ,ulu.0r u uww V" uBluUUOv..u, haTe re8Uiteu in a long, oiooay nu expen- tained under the law of nations, and
vield mv assent to almost any constitutional P"ea ,0 eDtcr tB0 umon 0 tn of oeptomber, 1857, tov. sivo war. had been overruled by her own most emi
measure to accomplish thia object. I, The rule ought to be adopted, whether Young issued his proclamation in the itjrli These gentlemen conducted themselves nent jurists. This question was recently
therefore, cordially acquiosoed in what has wo consiaer its Hearings on tne peupm m iui uu muepsuuou ouYmuigu, uuuuuuuii w my enura aumauuuu, mm rcnuuicu i brought to an issue oy tne repeated acia o
i rinelisa compromise, ana l tne xerritonea or upuu iuu pBU)ia ut iuo u jiuipun w uj v. biuo m useiui icmtci iu cAcuuimg ma uuuiua i uriusn cruisers, in poarumg anu aearcnin
.. . V .. - . .' Ui-. Uf f iU- J ;.!... fl,. TTnlf.l Kt.t.a Ima.. inn nn ... .f ll . 1 . l il.n.K .( .1. -
luuujr w mo ocuuuo uid- ouh; ui tuo wuinu uuawD uuufj iuw vut i uiicutiuua wi iuo gwciuiuciii. i out mercnnnt vessels in mo uuii oi fliex
been called the
uonaoie io iw KnisrMwuio0.u , .. .,,.. ,jm . . 0f cxistine States,
mng ior me suumissiuu ui w .jr int0 ,be Union." unon the terms sen sions which have prevailed m uongress own Territory oi utan. uy mis no ro- It also affords me irreat satisfaction to ico and the adjacent seas. These acts
. .-i . ii i :. i .u ii.. m: - i iL . n.u.i.. if a . . i . ... -
lily UU1U1UU iuov wwiw w J, i
r- j xt.v k. n'i,:a JTniicr tho ordinance whioh
tne Jansas anu icuiaoik w ui wo . . ., .
the all important question whioh had alono the Locompton constitution, the people of
1 lllJtU Territory: and vet the on- Kansas tod claimed double the quantity
principles of international law upon this,
subject, as laid down by the government ',
of the United States," in ihe note of the
Secretary of State to the British minister x
at Washington, April iOth, 1858 which '
secure the vessels of the United Sta'es
pon the high seas from visitation or
search in the time of pence, under any
circumstances whatever. The claim has
been abandoned in a manner reflecting
honor on Ihe British government, and
evincing a just regard for the Uw of na
tions, and cannot fail to increase the ami-
cablo relations between the two countries-
The British government at tho same
time proposed to the United States that
some mode should be adopted by mutual
arrangement between the two countries,
of a character which may be found effec-
ve without beinc offensive, for Torrifyin?
the nationality of vessels suspected on
good grounds, of carrying false colors,
ihey bare also invited the Unitod Slatei
to take the initiative, stid propose measures
mr tins purpose. Whilst declining to as
sume so grave a responsibility, the Secre
tary of State has informed tbe British
government that we are ready to receive
any proposals which they may feel dis
posed to otter, having this object in vier,
and to consider them in an amicable spirit.
A strong opinion is however, expressed,
that the occasional abuse of the flag of
any nation is an evil far less to be depre
ciated than wuld be the establishment
of any regulations which might be incom-
natal) ie with the freedom of the seas.
'his government has yet received no com
munication specifying the manner in which
tho British government would propose ta
carry out their suggestion ; and I am in
clined to believe that no plan which can
be devised will be free from grave embar
rassments. Still, I shall form no decided
opinion on the subject until I shall have
carefully and in the best spirit examined
any proposals which they may think prop
er to make.
I am truly sorry that I cannot alio In-
form you that the complications between
Great Britain and ihe United States, ari
sing out of the Clayton and Bulwer treaty
of April, 1850, have beon finally adjusted.
ai tne commencement of your last ses
sion, I bad reason to hope that emancipa
ting themselves from further unavailing
discussions, the two governments would
proceed to settle the Central American,
questions in a practical manner, alike hon
orable and satisfactory to both ; and thil
hope l bavo not yet abandoned. In my
ast annual message, I stated that overture
bad been made by the British government
for this purpose, in a friendly spirit which
cordially reciprocated. Their proposal
was lo withdraw those questions from di
rect negotiation between the two govern
ments ; but to accomplish the same object
oy a negotiation oeiwecn tne British gov
ernment and each of the Central American
republics whose territorial interests are
immediately involved.
The settlement was to be made in ac
cordance with the general tenor of the in
terpretation placed upon the Clayton and
uuiwer treaty by tbo United States, with
oerltin modifications. As negotiations are
still pending upon this basis, it would not
ba proper for me now to communicate
their present condidition. A final settle
ment of these questions is greatly to be de
sired, as this would wipe out the last re-
lumuiiig iuujcu uiuispuie oeiweeu ins two-countries,
Our relations with the great empires of
France and Russia as with all other gov
ernments on the continent of Europe, ex
cept that or cpain, continue to be or the
most friendly character.
With Spain our relation remain in an
unsatisfactory condition. In my message
of December last I informed yon that our
envoy extraordinary and minister plenipo
tentiary to Madrid had asked for bis recall;
and it was my purpose to aend ont a new
minister lo that court, with special instruc
tions on all questions pending between tbe
and throughout the country, would have quired all the forces in the Territory "to Li-tn that Governor Cumminor has nerfor- were the more iniurions and annovinff. as
been avoided, had this rule been estab- hold themselves in readiness to march at a me(f his dutv in an able and conciliatory these waters are traversed bv a large Dor-
0f lished at an earlier period of government, moment's notice to repel cny and all suoh manner, and with the happiest result. I tior. of tho commerce and navigation of
..I Tmmodififnlv tinnn tha formation of a invasion." and established martial lawfrom : a.;. ..r.: I iKa TTnilol Stotaa anil that Craa anil nn.
"...j'.t. iv Bkhftn. Kansas had calmed aouoio tue quantity ..'-r,,7Z Vc.: i.. u Ia... .u. m:. mLJ " v....wu, ....u ...... ...v., ..v, -u-
oonvuiaoa iuo j IfVnKitrun l-fQrthesuDPortof common new Antory, peopio irom umerent owes u um wrouguouu iuu Acrruory, -meae mentioning the valuable services ol Uol. restricted use is essential to the secuiity
Tenants ef the lawful government, persist- oi puuuo -fr-' - , . . ,.;.. rnsh !nto u eot thfl Droved to n0 a e threats. Forts Br darcr
r . . - l..li.la nrhiAh hurl AVAf hPntl rirfl VI fill' V I --b" -- f r . . . . o - i . nuuiaa u. .xaiiv, uir, i.uiii uiutiic, ui i ui vuu uuan... io h.uu wv.uvsh uiuqibiii
;n ihoi. first errorA refrained from exor8Chocls whion naa ever oecn previously nf ; thor Ann.l.J Rnnnl. mrAtimM n,niimt inm ...... ' j '..i .... -i ... .u. t.:
"6 " . . : ... ..j e j .nf.J n nnv State unon enter ntr tho " y'v .u.,. .-v.. ;--rrv " -- i pure oenevoience, ana wiuiom any omcmi otaiea oi mo union.
their con-, and Supply were vacated and burnt down
oising their r gut to v t y itprnai .-ntions of dition. Xhoir hrst duty to themselves is pytno wormonB, ueprive our r,rooFi ci charam Such vexatious interruptions coold not
md for twelve miles on each side of two Cv T . T ? T-
that slavery should continue, rather than
surrender their revolutionary Topeka or
. . 11.. .1 1. ...
A wiser ana oettor spun eeeiuun m pic
- I i I I LUUlBUici w pwwuiiiaaj vuui'biiaiuii vio- i wiuvu i,anuu mtviiujitiviia vuuiu ev
Construct I a ebeltcr after their long tad fatiguing t0,i nav Hnrinir lhA W inrlpmpnt winter J Ml tn exnita tha fpelincrsi flf tli rmintrf.
. i innii tat rurp.ivfl rill uu eauu biuu ui inu r .... . i t . - i . - i - ---- -----a- - j
m..j ,nnv,ttnnn0tr frnm roads, to establish sohools, to erect places march. Urdors were issued Dy Daniel u. for the ournoso of contributing to the pa- and to require the interposition of the
i tl t tha Southern boundary, of religious worship, and to dovote their Wells, styling himself "Lieutenant General cification 0f t,e Territory. government. Remonstrances were ad
a UUO iWivyMn -v . - j r i U.iA...l.:M Ik. MA.NAnn NoMffAA In. nn " tAetamnaWa Ihe an mi a - . I . . . v. . . ...
" " r .. Tu. 7..: if" If and from tho Ea'tern to the Western boun- energiej geaw.i.y w';' Vt .1 .... ""lu ! IT i happy to mtorm you that tne gov- dressed to tne tiritisn government against
vuivnuniso iuH uu., v ---v f th 8t to Congress, deeming D(1 10 W tno Iounaatlon ,B uounsmng oi unuea owes "oops ou weir maron, ernor and olher civil officer8 cf Utah, these violations of our rights of sovreignty
l'Z::."r " ; I : rhMaima unreasonable, provided, by and prosperous commonweaun. anu Hiin n nn wins, ,o ouru me ftre now performing their appropriate func and a naval force was at the same time
cousiiiuuou. iu.jv.,., ui u. vv - v- ioKot' v.inh T v.- Tf :n this incipient condition, with a gss ana tue woo e on?y peiore mem Uo(l, without resistance. The authority ordered to tho Cuban waters, with ordets
then voted ior a wovernor ana otner owe ' -' .' dm!.g:on of th. nonu'iation of a few thousand, they should ? their flanks, to koep them from sleeping of tha constitution and the laws have been -to Protect all vessels of the United States
in . . . wi9 mam nni- f i innmnnn mill i uni luiiiivi .v. i e i . . . i . : i. i . . . . . . .1..1..J. 11 1 . . . 1 ...
VJMWV.. ... K . In. .. L... II...M IhA fn.itiimAiil.1 AAniti. I firaml
members of the Legislature. This eloc
tion was warmly contested, by the two po
uuuui. - ----------- 1 - j t. ..11 ... -ja. 1.1 . -1. ,i.l- - - r
' ... . . --. 1 . 1 ii. tt: .1 ... 1 nu nirrnr. HiirnriHCH. inn tn ninnffann inn r 11 . 1 j . li u 1 ... 1 i .... r.M .....1. - ,1... .;...
HtB.to but "unon the tandamental COndl prematurely eaier iuo uuiuu, mey are ujj- - --o. r-r y miiy rcsioreu, nu peaco prevails kuruugu- on me uigu e nrai unamu i uciomiuu
.:.V.h.i..aritvof tha nnonla thereof pressed bv the burden of a Stato taxation, by foiling trees and destroying the out lhe Territory. by the vessels of war of any other nation."
wvu i"v t - r - r-- 1. I r,-irria nf riirnra TC'rt Irn I II . tt. i. I in. .u. ..... I.'e J
and tne means uecebsurv tur mo iiuuruve-1 - - , A poruon oi too ironps sem 10 uiin are i i neso ioenuio iotriTcu mo uuuuibiubu
ment of the Territory, and the advance- Those orders were promptly and effootu- now encamped in Cedar Valley, forty and even enthusiastic approbation of the
WBspuueu y""- '.5 , . 7. . i:fifl .hinli thv had demanded ment of their own interests, are thus di- ally obeyed. Unthe4thofUctobor. 18&7, four miles south west ofBalt Lake oity: American people
large majority oi iuo uj a o v nrH;nan.. pftenii auoh manta verted to very different purposes. the Mormons captured and burned on and the remainder have been ordered to Most fortunately, however, no collision
Legislature nciongca iu jl y j , . M!nn.,.f. ,niinn,rl Tha federal government has ever boen a I Green River three of our supply trains. fWnn to annnress Indian hostilities. took place, and the British trovernment
fc-rl ons v re usea to vote, in" ami- u anu uu w.--..- ... . :. , . c r - .. . t.. ; j s. . .Y.
ilaytry party wore placed in the ascendant, now States.
two governmenta, and with a determina
tion to have them speedily and amicably
adjusted, it that were possible. ' This pur
pose bas been hitherto defeated by cause
which I need not enumerate.
The mission to Spain has been intrust
ed to a distinguished cilixen of Keutncky.
who will proceed to Madrid without de-
lay, and make another and final attempt
to obtain justice from that government.
Spanish officials, under the direct
control of tbe captain-general of . Cuba,
hare insulted our national flag, and in
repeated instances have, from lime to time
inflicted injuries on the persons and prop
erty of our citizens. These have given
birth to . numerous claims against . the
Spanish government, the merits of which
bare been ably discussed for a series of
years by our successive diplomatic rep
resentatives. ' ! t -
Notwithstanding this, we have not
arrived at a practical result in any single '
instance, unless we may - except the ease
of the Black Warrior,, under the late
administration and that ' presented: an.
outrage of such character as would have
jtiftifieJ an immediate resort to war. ' All
our attempts to obtain redrese bave been
liberal parent to tho Territories, and a gen- consisting of seventy-five wagons loaded! The maroh of the army through Salt promptly avowed its recognition pi theltifSed and defeated.- Tha fr:;:st til
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