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ths nreserii -session, the neoeseary' provis
ion for meeting these liabilities. The- publio debt on the 1st of July, 1858, tho commencement of the present fiscal year, was 825,155,977 CO. Daring the first quarter of the present year the sum of 810,000,000 has been no gotiated of the loan authorized by the act of the 14th June, 1858 making the pres ent outstanding publio debt, exclusive of treasury notes, $35,155,977 68. There xtna on the 1st July, 1858, of treasury notes, issued by authority of the aot of Do- camber aou, ico, uureaeemea, me sum 819,754,800 making the amount of actu al indebtedness, at that date, 854,910,777 66. To thid will be added 810,000,000 during the present fiscal year this beirg the remaining half of the loan of 820,000,. 000 not yet negotiated. The rapid Inorease of publio debt, and the neoessity which exists for a modifica tion of the tariff, to meet even the ordin ary expenses of the Government, ought to admonish us all, in our respective spheres of duty, to the practice of rigid economy. The objeot of this expenditure should be limited in numbers, as for as this may be practicable, and the appropriations neces sary to carry them into effect, ought to ba disbursed under the striotest accountabili ty. Enlightened eaonomy does not oon. tiist in the refusal to appropriate money for rnnatitutional purposes, essential to the defense, procress and prosperity of the Republio, but in taking eare that none of his money tsuaii De wasted uy misuiuugc' ment, in its application to the objects des jgnated by law. Comparisons between the annual ex penditures at the present time, aud what ft was ten or twenty years ago, are alto gether fallacious. The rapid increase, of our country in extent and population ren ders a corresponding increase of expendi tures to some extent unavoidable. This is constantly creating new objects of expend' ituro, and augmenting the amount required for the old. me quesuuus, iuu, re, Wn these obiccts been unnecessarily mul tiplied ? or has tte amount expendod upon any or all of them been larger than com ports with due economy? In . accordance with these principles, the heads of tho different executive departments of the comment have been instructed to reduce their estimates for tho next fiscal year to the lowest standard consistent wUb. the efficiency of the service, and thk duly they have performed in a Bpirit of just coon. oray. The estimates or tne ireaury, ur, Navy and Interior Departments, have each been in some degree reduoed j and unless a eudden and unfoiaieen emergency fhould ariso, it is not anticipated that a deficiency will exist in either within tho present or the next fiscal year. The Post office De partment is placed in a peculiar position, different from the other departments, and to this I shall hareafter refer. I invito Congress to institute a rigid eorutiny to ascertain whether the expenses in all the departments cannot be still fur ther reduced j and I promise them all the aid in my power in pursuing the investi gation. I transmit herewith the reports made to me by the Secretaries of War, of tho Navy, of the Iaterior, and of the Postmaster Gen eral. They oontaia valuable information and important recommendations, to which I invite the attention of Congress. In my last annual message I took oc casion to reccommend tho iinniediato oon. struction of ten small steamers, light draught, for tho purpose of increasing tho efficiency of the navy. Congress respon ded to the recommendation by authorizing tho construction of eight of them. The Tirores3 which ha3 been, made in execu ting this authority is stated in the report of the Secretary ot tDO iMavy. i concur Wi'h him in opinion, that a greater number of this class of vessels ia necessary for the of nrotectincr in a more efficient manner the persons and property of Ameri can citizens on tho high seas, and in for im countries. a3 well as in guarding more effectually our own coast. I accordingly recoommend the passage of an act for this. purpose. Tho sucscstioos contained ia tho .report of the Secretary of the Interior, especially those in regard to tho disposition of the iublio domain, the pension and bounty and system, the policy towards the Indians and tho amendment of our patent laws, are worthy of the serious consideration ot lion cress. ..,.? ,' The Post Office Department occupies a position very different from that' ot the other departments. For many years it was the riolicv of tho covornmcnt to render this a self sustaining department; and if this cannot now be accomplished ia tie present oonditioa of the country, we ought to make aa noar aa approaah to it . as may bo practicable, . The Postmaster General is placed in most embarrassing position by the existing laws. He is obliged to carry these into effect. He has no other alternative. He finds: however, that this cannot bo done without heavy demands upon the troasury over and above what is reoeived forpos. tage; and these have been progressively Snnreasinff from vear to year until they amounted for the last fisoal year ending ' on the 30th June, 1858, to more than four millions and a half of dollars; whilst it U estimated that for the present fisca year they will amount to 86,290,000. Thncift iinmti ftrn exclusive oi iuo auuuu 8700.000 for "oompensa tion for the mail service performed for the two houses of Congress and the other de partments aHd effioers of the government in the transportation of free matter. The cause of these larco deficits k main lv attributable to the increased expense of V . .. i T- TOCO J.L. transporting the mans, m iou mo mm naid for this servioe was but a fraotion hnira fonr millions and a quarter. Sinoe ' i w. vpat it has been annually inoreased uu til in 1858 it has reached raoro than eight millions and a quarter; and for the aervico of 1859 it is estimated that it will amount to more than ten millions ot aouars. " The receipts of the Post Offioe Dopart ment oan. be made to approach or to equal its expenditure, only by moans or mo leg " islation of Congiwu. In applying any remedy, care should be taken that tho peo, nlfl shall not be deprived of the advantage! whioh they are fairly entitled to enjoy from .tha Post Offioe Department. The prinoipal romodics rooommended to the oonsidoration of Concrete by the Postmaster General, are to restore tho former tale of postage nnnn sioclo lottcrs to five cents: to substi tute for the franking privilege the delivery luxe iw uaiufi ""-b- - -v...v.j v . .u ontidoS fA nninw it. nf nnn Jjffioe; stamps for their correspondence, and to direct the department, in making- eon traots for the transportation of the mail, to confine them to the payment ot the sum necessary for this singlo purpose, without requiring it to be transported in postooaoh-. es or carriages of any particular description. Under the present system, the expense to the government is greatly increased' y requiring that the mail shall be carrjjrf n such vohiclcs as will accommodate' passen gers. This will be done without pay from the department, over all roads where the travel will renvworat) the contractors These recommendations desorve the grave consideration of Congre33. 1 would again call your at.ention to tbe con; truo ion of a Paoifij railroad. Time and reflection have but served to confirm me in the truth and justice of the observations which 1 made on this subject in my last annual mcssag, to which I beg leave re spoctfully to refer. it is treoly admitted that it would be in expedient for this government to exercise the power of constructing tho raciuo rail road by its own immediate agents. Such a policy would increase the patronage of the executive to a dangorous extent, and introduco a system of jobbing and corrup tion which no vigilance on tbe part ot fed eral offioiala could either prevent or detect. This can only bo done by the keen eye, and active and careful supervision, ot indi vidual and private interest. The construc tion of this road ought, therefore, to be committed to companies incorporated by the States, or other agencies whose pecuniary interests would bo directly involved. Con gress might then assist them in tho work by grants of land or of money, or both, un der such conditions and restrictions as would secure tho transportation of troops and munitions of war free from any chargO and that of the United states mail at a fair and reasonable prico. The progress of events sinco the com mencement ot your asi session Has saowu how soon difficulties disappear before a firm and determined resolution. At that time such a road was deemed ly wise and patri otio men to be a visionary project. The creot distance to bo overcome, and the in tervoains mountains and deserts in the way. were obstacles which, in tho opinion of many, could not be surmounted. Now, afterUio lapse of but Jsinle ysar, these obstacles, it has been discovered, are far less formidab'o than they wcro supposed to be; and mail stages, with passengers, now pass and repass regularly twice iu each week, by a cemmort wagon roaa oetween San Francisoo and St. Louis and Memphis, in loss than twenty-live days, lhe service has been as regularly performed as it was in former years years between New York and this city. Whilst disclaiming all authority to ap nropriato money for the construction of this roiu', except that derived from the war ma kins rrowcr of tho constitution, there are important collateral considerations urging us to undertake the work a,s speedily as nAaaiKYa The first and most momentous ot ese 18 that Buch a road would be ft powerful Do. of union between the States east and west of the Roky Mountains. This ?s so self evident as to roqniro no illustration: jjut again, in a commercial poms i view, I consider this tho great question of the day. With the.eastcrn front of our republic stretching along the Atlantic and its western front along the Pacific, if all the parts should be united by a safo, ea3y, and rapid communication, wo must neces sarily command a very largo portion of tho trado both of Lurope and Asia. Uar re cent treaties with China and Japan will open those rich and populous empires to our commerce, and tho history of tho world proves that the nation whioh has gained possession of tho trade with Eastern Asia has always become wealthy and powcnul. Lne peculiar gecgrapnicai position oi Cali fornia and our Pacific po-s.osuons invites American capital and enterprise into this fruitful field. To reap the rich harvest, however, it is an indesponsable prerequi site, that we shall first have a railroad, to convey and circulate its products througn- out every portion of tho Union. Besides, such a railroad through our temperate lat ude. which would not be Impeded by t'io frosts and snows of winter, nor by the Ironical heats of summer, would attract to itself much of tho travel and tho trade ot nil nfttinna Tlfliisinff feotWCCD. EuropO and Asia. On the 21st of August last, L;eut. J. N. Maffit. of the United States brig Dol phin, captured the slaver Echo, (formerly the Putnam, of New Orleans,) near Kay Verde, on the nost of Cuba, with more than threo hundred African negroes on r - board. The prize, under the command of Lieut. Bradford, of the United States Na vy, arrived at Charleston on the 27.th of August ; when tne negroes, tnree nunarou and sixty in number, were delivered into tho custody of tbe Uuited states marsnai - .... ii for the district of South Carolina. They were first placed in Castle Pincknoy, add afterwards in Fort Sump ter. for safe keep insr, and were detained there until the 19th of Rnntombar. when the survivors, two hundred and seventy one in number, were delivered on board the United Slates steam er Niagara, to bo transported to tho coast of Afrioa, under tbe charge ot tne agent of the United States, pursuant to the pro visions of the act of the 3d of March, 1819, "in addition to tho acts prohibiting the slave trade." V nder the second seouon of this act. the President is "authorized to mako suoh regulations and arrangements as he may deem expedient, for the sate keeping, support and removal peyonn me .. . - TTIJ Pl.l.. f nil .n.li limits oi me unueu amies, ui necroes. mulattoes or persons of color," captured by vessels of the United States, as r i n i it., ht t-.t r tho may oe aeiiverea to iue wuhuui vi district into wbioh they are brought; "and to appoint a rroper person or persona re sidim? on the coast of Afrioa as agent or agents for receiving the negroes, mulattoes nr nemnna of color, delivered from on board vessels seized in the prosecution o tho slave trade bv commanders of the Uoited States armed yessels," A doubt immediately arose as to th construction of this act. - It is quite clear from it9 terms that the President was au tliorizcd to provide "for the. safe keeping, support and removal" of these negroes up till the time of their delivery to the agent on the coast of Africa; but no express pro vision was made for their protection and support after they had reached the place of thoir destination . Still, an agent was to be appointod to reoeive them in Afrioa; - - . . mnn(rreaa intended ho should desert them anu 11 COU1U UU6 uavu uvvu ouuwiu . iuo I at tba moment they were received and turn them loose on that inhospitable coast to perish for want of food, or to become aia tho victims of the slave trade. Ilad this been the intention of Congress, the em ployment of an agent to reoeive them, who is required to resido on the coast, was un necessary, and they night have been land ed by our vessels anywhere in Africa, and left exposed ti the sufferings an! the fate which would oertainly await them. Mr. Monroe, in his special message of 17th Deoember, 1819, nt the first session after the act passed, announced to Congress what, in his opinion, was its true construc tion. He believed it to be his duty under it, to follow these unfortunates into Africa, and make provisions for them there, until they should be able to provide fur them- selves. In eommunionting this interpreta tion of tho act t3 Congresa, be stated that some doubt h d been entertained as to its true intent and nicaning, and he submitted tho question ti them, so that they might, "should it be deemed advisaoio, amend ine some before further proceedings are had under it." Nothing was done by Congress to explain tho act, and Mr. Monroe pro ccedoi to carry it into execution according to bis own interpretation, inis, men, ue came the practical onnstruotion. When the Africans from on board the Echo were delivered to the Marshal at Charleston, it became my duty to consider what disposi tion ought to be mado of them under the law. For many reasons, it was expedient to remove them from that locality as speed- ily as possible. Although tho oonduct of tho authorities and citizens of Charleston, in giving eountenanco to the execution of the law, was just wnat mignt nave ncen expected from their high character, yet a orolonsed continuance or tnree nunarea Africans in the immediate vicinity of that city, could not have failed to bcoorae a source of inconvenience and anxiety to its inhabitants. Where to send them was the question. There wa no portion of the coast of Africa, to which they could be removed with any regard to humanity, except to Liberia. Under these circumstances an agreement was entered into with the Colon ization Society on the 7th of Seplembei last, a codv of which is hcrowith transmit ted, under which the sooiety engaged, for the consideration of forty-five thousand dollars, to receive these Africans in Liboria from the agent of the United States, and furnish them during the period of one year thereafter with comfortable sholter, cloth ing, provisions and medical attendance, causing tbe children to receive schooling, and all, whether cbiMron, or adults, to bo instructed in the arts of civilized life, snita ble to their oondition. This aggregate of forty-five thousand dollars was based upon an allowance cf one hundred and fifty dol lars for eaoh individual, and as there h"d been considerable mortality among them, and may bo more before they reaoh Africa, the society havo agreed, in an equitable spirit, to mako such a deduction from the amount as under the circumstances may onDear iuat and reasonable. This cannot bo fixed until we shall ascertain tho actua number which may become a charge to the iocicty. it; was also distinctly agreed, that under nooircuiu'stances, shall this government h noiin tm,:n for any additional expenses. a(3ablodesire to confrm to tbo wishes of tion. Tbcv assured me that ai-'er a caro m iin(-;An ihflv won d ha rerm.'rea to ""'"7" , . , t ;, expend the sum of one hundred and x.fy nllnrann onnh individual 1U COmplviU" dollars on each individual in comply with the agreement, and they would have nothing left, to remuncrato them for their caro. trouble and responsibility. At all events, 1 could make no hotter arrangement, and there was no otner alternative, cu ring tho period when tho government itself through its own agents, undertook tho task of providing for c iptured negroes in Afrioa, tho cost per head was very mucu gruuiur. There havinir been no outstanding ap propriation applicable to this purpose, I could tot advance any money on the agree ment. I therefore reccommend that 'an appropriation may bo made, of the amount neoessary to carry it into encos. Other captures ot a similar cnaracter mav. and nrubably will bo mado by our naval forces; and I earnestly reccommend that Congress may amend the socond sec tion of the act of March 3,1819, so as to freo its construction from tho ambiguity which has so long; oxisted, and rendor the duty of the President plain in exoouting is nrnvisionS. T recomend to your favorable regard, tha local interests of the district of Colum hid. As the rondenoe of Congress and the'oxcoutivj department! of taegovornmen ma nnnnot fail to feel a deep concern in its wolfaro. This is heightened by the high character and the peacetul and orderly oon rinnt nf ita resident inhabitants. I cannot conclude without performing the agreeable duty of expressing my grati fication that Congress so kindly responded to tho rcoomraendatin of my laat annual menace bv affording me sufficient time bo- fnra the close of their late session for the examination of all the bills presented to me for approval. Th'u change in the practice of Coneress has proved to be a wholesome reform. It exerted a beneficial influence nn the transactions of legislative business and elicited the geteral approbation of the country, lrenabled liongrsas to adjourn with that dignity and deliberation bo aq coming to the representatives of this great rflnnb io. . without navmg crowaoa into general appropriation bills provisions for eign to their nature, and of doubtful oon utitnrinnrilitv and exnedioncv. Let me warmly and strongly oommond this pre cedent, established by themsolvcs, as i guide to their proceedings during the pres ent session, jamo duuuaah( Washington City, Deo. C, 1858. SADDLERY. REMOVAL. TOHN N. MYERS, bega leave to inform J the Dublic, that he has removed his estab- -. . . . r . .. r lishmem, ior me mauuiuctuie ui Saddlery, Harness, Upholstery, &c. To the North-West comer of Market and r .i, otraota. in tho room receutlv occunied CUU1VU owwww, . , , - I bv G. H. Glasgow, where he is prepared to furnish his former patrons, and tne puono in narai v.th better stock of all articles in hin Una: than heretofore, and Cat reduced prices. BTRemember the place: sep29:tf JOHN F. OLIVER, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Steuben viLifc, Omo. riFFICE on Market street, immediately vF opposite the Jetlerson Drancn nana, nov.3 '58-tf. IUS: o.i T RECEIVED 40 Hogsheads N Sugar, and for sale by .ne 16 J. I, U vv. Ojt 'fac aincrifan. Z. BAQAiIf , Editor STETJBENVIIjIjE. -VEDNESDAY, . ..DEC. 15, 1858 TEEMS 07 5UBSCBIPTION. The Tbu Amine la published every Wednesday, in Steubenville, Jefferson county Dliin, and edited by Z. Haoak, ou tbe following terms : One dollar and fifty cents in advance. Two dollars within six months. Two dollars and fifty cents at the close of the year. No paper discontiuaed until all arrearages are paid, except at the option of the Editor. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Ooegquare 12 lines or less, 1 insertion... .$1,00 .".in it . ft- " " Z " .... 1, " " " 3 " .... 1,50 Every subsequent insertion 31 One column per year, 100,00 Professional and business cards peryear,. .5,00 When there is no contract made and the num ber of insertions is not marked on the cards or advertisements at the time they are handed in for publication.they will be continued in until they areordcred out.nnd charged by the square The President's Message sets very differently on the stomach of the editors of the New York Tribune and those of the New York Herald. The Tnoune says :. "To undertake to reiuto, wr.nin ine compass of a newspaper article, all the sophisms, misrepresentation, distortions and positive untruths that are crammed into a modern Pro-Slavery President's Message, would be preposterous. The beat that can be done is to select a few of the worst and wickedest, and hold them up to general reprobation, leaving the public to infer from these the charac ter and drift of the residue. We propose therefore, to confine this article to Mr. Buchanan's mis-statements with regard to Kansas and the Lecompton struggle of last winter." Here follows two columns of sharp and close argument against the President's statements on tne lvansas question. The Herald, on the other hand, says : Finally, taking up this message with entire confidence in the experience, wis dora, discretion and decision of character which belong to its author, we finish the - . . .. . . I'.! 1 -i reading oi it with almost unquaiinea eav isfaction. We accept it as marking s ne w political epoch, and as embracing a schedule of progressive movements which the North, the South, the East and the West will heartily endorse." For our part we read that portion reta ting to Kansas with a temptation to think it verv decided 4,eammon," and that por tion relation to Mexico, in which the President savs 'we have always cherished the kindest wishes for the success of that Republic" richly lunny a clear indication that Mr. Buchanan is as dry an old waff as the executioner who jokes and quizzes the victim whom he is about . . ... - . ! i r to choke or decapitate, uur -wisnes iur the success." of a country from whose territory we have sliced Texas, New Mexico, California, and Arizonia from whom we mean to slice "Chihuahua, Sonora, and other adjoining territories," Just as soon as a decent pretext offers " . ! ... r n must be very coroiai inaeeu i uur rrev J ,., feU fc d '?e . . ' . A t. 1.1' !- 1.:. .1 fi.in rad a an tec cuuukio iu u oicoc when he wrote that passage 5 we II wager a half dime on the fact. Gen. Scott wil chuckle, too, when he thinks of the kind and tender missives sent by his '-peace makers" at "Vera Cruz," the "Palace of the Montezumas," &c after that "hasty plate of soup." All Mexico, including her one-legged hero, will grin hugely oyer that funny passage ; and "the rest of mankind," will agree with "all the world" in considering us a very lunny ppople, tvith a niarvelously funny Execn tive.Pitfs. Dispatch. We have road this document, remark able for nothing but the special pleading contains, and regard it as the most disreputable paper which has ever miua- ted from the Executive mansion, The thing having occupied so much iipace in our paper, we have no room for comment this week. ftVPartlcular attention is directed to the advertisement of our friend Jacbson, in another column. Mr. J., has just recieved a supply of the best American and English Lever Watch es, which in our opinion, can be surpassed nowhere also an assortment of the most matrnificent Jewelry." His assortment of Spectacles, of every quality and kind is complete. All persons desiring anything in the above line cannot do better than call on-Jackson, as he is a dealer to be relied on in everv particular. He sells his wares at the lowest prices, and for just what they are. All kinds of repairing done in the bQBt style. Give him a call. Dry Goods. GEO. SCOTT &.Co., are now opening their Second General Stock of Winter Goods at reduced prices. BLANKETS & FLANNELS. All wool Blankets, superior quality, from i nn tn 18.00 per oair. Crib and Cradle do ; fine Flannels, white and red ; Shaker Flannels 23 yards wide ; Sacking and Flaid do., all P" OTT.ItrTO Broche Long Shawls ; Sqnare and Long Wnnl do : Sbemel, Cashmere, and Printed Woolen do. a una. r Api' and Children's Fitch, Stone, Martin Mink, British Sable, Vic tonnes, Cuffs and Muffs. . . .. Uloaks aud Ulotns. TtlArk and Colored Cloaks, Raglan and Circular patters; French Cloaking ctothsi extra heavy Inco do. jjress uooas. Silks. Black and Fancy; Delaines plain and rich printed do : f rencn merinoes, rara mattas, valencias, jroi oe cneven, none Laio, Robe a Qnille, Prints, Ginghams, tc. Domestics. SUntinc. Brown and Bleached, canton Flmaels. Shirting checks, Ticking. Table Linen, crash, Diaper, Ac Trimmings, Hosiery, &c 1 1 TWaa and cloak Trimmines. Velvet Rib bans, all numbers; Silk. Merino and Kid Gloves, Gauntlets, VToolon Hoods, to. Millinery Goods. A full supply of all styles of Bonnet Rib Win. French Flowers. Laces. Rushes, Netts crane. Satin Velvet, Frames. 4c. wholesale and Retail . decl5-tf JACKSON 3 JEWELRY STORE. OJUS&T AiTttiLCTIUH OS ALWAYS on hand a full assortment of Watches, Jewelry, Clocks and Fancy Goods. AMERICAN LEVER , WATCHES, just received direct from the factory, and a certificate of guaranty given witn each watch. A large lot of Morton's "short," long, and medium nib, . . GOLD PENS, each pen warranted one' year. Spectacles, Peble, Perifocal, Pulpit, Ridiae, Shooting, Double-concave, Cataract, and Double focus glasses. Particular attention given to REPAIRING Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Aa. Qalvaoizin g, Engraving, Electro-plating Ac, done to order. dec 15 58-ly ' GAli'L JACKSON. Ofncb or the S. & I, R. R. Steubenville, Dec. 1 0th 1858. - FTUIE annual meeting of tho stockholders -- of this Company, will be held at its office on the corner of 3d and Market streets, Sieubenville, ou Monday the 3d day of Jauu ary, lb59 for the purpose of electing thirteen Directors for the ensuing year. Tbe Polls will be opened at & and close at4P.M. By order of the President, J. G. MORRIS, Secretary. Attachment Notice. Jane Aon Lewis, Plaintiff, vs. , W. Brown, Defendant, an unresident of said County. 11EFORE me, R. B. Smith, Justice of the Peace of Mount Pleasant Township, Jefferson County, Ohio, on the 25th day of JNovemwr, A. V. loaS, said Justice issued an order of attachment in the obove action for the sum of tea dollars and twenty-seven cents. dec 15'58-3t JANE ANN LEWIS. Mt Pleasant December 6, 1858. legal Notice. THE STATE OF OHIO, Jefferson County, bs., Court of Common Pleas. Wm, F. Murdock, et. ah) vs. v civil action. A. A. Mason, et. al. ) A. A. Mason and Nathan Whitin?, part ners under the name and style of A. A Mason Ac Co., will take notice, that Wit Ham F. Murdock, A. F. Riack and F. Murdock, partners trading under the name anc style of William F. Murdock & Co., filed a petition in the Court of Common Pleas, within and for Jefferson County, Ohio, on the first day of September, 1858, setting forth that Plaintiffs recovered a judgment against said defendants in the District Court, in and tor Allegheny coun ty, Pennsylvania, at the July term thereof tor tho year A. 1). loos, tor nine hundred and sixty-five dollars and ninety-four cents, and prays judgment againtsaid Defendants for said sum otnino hundred and sixty-five dollars and ninety-four cents, with interest from AugUBt, 14th, lor8, Said Defendants will also take notice, that they are required to answer said peti tion on tbe oth day of February, A. u. iyo. WM. MUKUUCK & Co By Miller & Suebbard, their Atty'e. declo-bt Cleveland, Pittsburgh and Wheeling, RAIL ROAD. CHANGE OF TIME. AN AND AFTER MONDAY, NO " vember 29th, 1858, trains will run dai ly, (Sundays excepted,) as follows : PASSENGER TRAINS EAST. 8,31 Morning Express, leaves Steuben' ville, 8,31 a. in., arrives at Pitts burgh 12,20, Cleveland 3,20 p- m. 12,34 Noon Express, leaves Steubenville, 12,34 p. m., arrives at Pittsburg 4,00 p. m., Cleveland 9,00 p m. 0,43 Mail Train, leaves Steubenville 9, 48 p. m., arrives at Pittaburj ,00 a. m. RETURNING WEST. 10,17 Mail Train leaves Steubenville 10, 17 a. m. 5,50 Evening Express leaves Sthuben- ville 5,50 p. m. 11,29 Night Express leaves Steubenville 11,20 p. m. CONNECTIONS Are made with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Wheeling, to and from Cum berlaiid, Harper's Ferry, Baltimore, and Washington City, and with Central Ohio Railroad at uellairto and trom anesville Lancaster, Wilmington, Columbus.Cincin natl Indianapolis, Dayton end at. Louis. At Cleveland with railroads and Bteam em to and from Toledo, Detroit, Chicago Rock Island, Rnrlington, Dubuque, St. Pauls, Erie, Dunkirk, Buffalo, Niagara Palls. New York and Boston. At Pittsburgh With the Pennsylvania Central Railroad to and trom Harnsburgb Lancaster, Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York. frVFor tickets tr all points apply at the 1 icsei omco nt me Biat" JAS. FA .OlfciU. Supt. f!n8 E. GonnAM. Asst. StiDt. dec.8, HEW FEATURES FIFTH IEAE. OF THE Cosmopolitan Art Association.' SUPERB ENGRAVINGS! BEAirnnji art jotjeu ai i VALUABLE P B K M I V M B, OSO., flIO. I This Bonular Art Assciatiofl, now In its fifth year of unparalled success, having pur- cnaseo, anaengravea on ieu,ieiTiuiB,a painting, "Tea Villagb Blacsmith," will now issue copies (to subscribers only) on heavy plate paper, 30 x 38 inches on the following Every person remitting three dollars, will eceive a copy of the superb Steel Engraving, after Herring s celebrated Painting, THE VILLAGE BLACKSMITH. Also a copy of tho beautiful Cosmopolitan Art Journal, An elegantly illustrated quarto Magazine. Also free season tickets of admission to the Eastern (or Dusseldorf,) and Western Galle ries of the Association. There will also be riven to the subscribers several hundred valuable works of Ait, com prising fine Oil Paintings, Bronzes, Sculp tures, 4c, Ac, from celebrated American and foreign Artists, Subscriptions will be received np to Jan. 1, 1859. On the evening of that date the premiums will be awarded to subscribers. For fall particulars, see December Abt Journal, price so cents, .specimen copies sent to tnose desiring to subscribe, on tne receipt of IB cents in postage stamps or com. Address C. L. DERBY. Actuary C. A. A., Eastern Office, 548 Broadway, N. Y., Or, Western Office, 166 Witer-St.. Sadusky, O, Lry Goods Cheap for Cash 1 1 ! WM. SPEER, TTAS just received his Fall Stock 0 Drv Goods, purchased in the Eastern Cities, and will sell them low for cash : Embracing a great variety of Goods for La' dies, such as Dress SiIkb ot tne most approved Stylet, Irish Poplins, Cloaks and Cloak velvet, velvet KiDDons, Bonnet kiddous, uead ures ses. Dress Trimmings.Qlovesosierr.Sbawls Delsrlnes, Collars, Embroidery, Fringe of all widths and colors also a general assortment of Gents Clothing, consisting of Broad-Cloth and CasBiroores, of all colors, and a great variety of Velvet Vest Patterns, under Shirts and Drawers, Socks, Cravats and Handker chiefs of all sorts. WILLIAM SPEER. oct 20-'58tf VARNISHES, Coach Copal, Japan, Sic liiRt roraivarl nnrl (nr aala bv . dec3 j t- -- -j III Nino i Jliavm 3D. FALL-AKB" WINTER-DRY" II. G. GAIIRETT, ! Has received, direct from Philadelphia, and baa opened at his old stand. Third, street, an nauanallr larize and extraordinary cheap stock of Drr Goods, which for stvle and quality, are not to be surpassed, if equalled, ana eiegani assortment oi Rich, Fancy Rich black silk, figured and striped, rich Main black silks, rich fancy silks of the newest styles, rich printed Bareges, rich organdie Lawns, Chillies, Crape de Espaneea, Lawul, Chintzes, etc. - SHAWLS AND Broche bordered Stella Shawls, printed bordered NEEDLEWORK, Handsome sett Collar and Sleeves very .rich handkerchiefs, jaconet and Swiss edgings Inserting, and flouncings... WHITE GOODS, Piquet Cloth lor Basques, Collars and Sleeves, French and English Brilliants, Jaconet, nainsooks, Mulls, Swiss. Victoria Lawns,, etc, plain, plaid, striped and figured. HOSIERY, A full.and complete assortment. . English Straw Bonnets, Ribbons and Flowers of GOODS FOR MEN Black, Blue, Green, Drab and Olive Cloths and Casbmeretts, plaid, plain and atriped Cassi meres, Tweeds, Merino, Nankinett, Cassimeres, pant atuffs, etc. " DOMESTICS. The largest stock in town Merrimac and Cocheco prints, bleached Muslins, unbleached Sheetings, etc. As the above goods were purchased at money panic and commercial pressure prices- and also embrace a large stock to select frompersons wishing to buy good, cheap, fash ionable and substantial goods, will follow tne HOWARD ASSOCIATION PHILADELPHIA, Benevolentlnstitution, established by spe cial endowment for the relief of the sick and distressed, afflicted with Vim-, lent and Epidemic diseases. rpHE HOWARD ASSOCIATION, in view ot the awtul destruction or numan life, caused by Sexual diseases, and the de ceptions practised upon the unfortunate vic tims of such diseases by Quacks, several years ago directed their Consulting Surgeon as a Charitablo Act worthy of their name, to open a Dispensary for the treatment ot this class of diseases, in all their forms, and to give Medical Advice Gratis,to all who apply by letters, with a description of their condition, (age, occupation, habits of life, &c.,) and in cases ot extreme poverty, to Furnish Medicines Free of Charge. It ia needless to add that the Association com mands the highest Medical skill of the age, and will furnish the most approved modern reatment. The Directors of the Association, in their annual Report upon the treatmont of Sexual Diseases, for the year ending Jan uary 1st, 1858, express the highest satis faction with the success which has attend ed the laborsjof the Consulting Surgeon in the cure ot spermatorrhea, seminal weak ness, Impotence, Gonorrhoea, Gleet, Syph ilis, the vice ot Onanism or Belt-abuse, &c, and order a continuance of the same plan for the ensuing year. The Duectors, on a review of the past.roel assured that their labors in this sphere 0 benevolent effort, have been of great ben efit to the afflicted, especially to the young, and they have resolved to devote themsel ves, with renewed zeal, to this very im portant and much despised cause. An admirable lteport on spermatorrhoea, or Seminal Weakness,the Vice of Onanism, Masturbation or self-abuse, and other dis eases oi the sexual Organs, by the Consult' ing surgeon, will be sent by mail, (in a sealed envelope,) FREE or Charge, on re- CBipi OI liiUQi nmi a iur postage, wili er Reports and Tracts on the nature and treatment of sexual diseases, diet, &c, are constantly being published for gratuit ous distribution, and will bo sent to the afflicted. Some of the new remedies and metnods of treatment discovered during the last year are of great value. Address, for report or treatment, Dr. George R. Calhoun, Consulting surgeon, rtoward Association, No 2, south Ninth street, Philadelphia, ra. By order ot the Directors. EZRA D. HEARTWELL, President. George Fairchild, secretary oct 1358-ly THE LIVEE INVIGORATOR. PREPARED BT DR. SANFORD, Compounded Entirely from GUMS, IS ONE OF THE BEST PURGA 1 TIVE and LIVER MEDICINES now be fore the public These GUMS re-, One dose often re move all morbid or bad matter from the svstem, supplying in peated is a sure cure tor Choleba Moebus. and a preventive of their place a healthy flow of bile, invigor Cbolera. Only one bottle is ating the Stomach,' necessary to throw causing food to di out of the system the effects of medicine gest well, FoairriNo the blood, civingtone after a long sickness and health to. the ft? One bottle taken whole machinery, re for Jaundice removes moving the cause of all sallowness or an the disease effect' ing a radical cure. natural color from the skin. 0"e dose taken JJilliocs attacks arei . t . short time before eat nr.?. ana. wnai ia ing gives vigor to the appetite and makes hofW. prevented, by N the occasional use of tne tood digest well. the Liver IaVigora tor. Une dose often re peated, cures Chron 10 isiarncBa in lis T? 1 J !. Only one dose ta worst form, while ken before retiring, St'yuiB and Bowkl re vents the N1GUT ARE. Complaints yield al most to tdC first dose Onlv one dose ta A few bottles Will ken at night towns cure Drops? br ex the bowels gently, and cures Cosnva- citing the absorb ents, 53 We. take pleasure n recommending the One dose taken af ter each .meal will medicine as a preven tive for Fkveb and cure DYSPEPSIA. One dose of two Ague, Chill Fsveb, tea spoonsful will al ways rolieve SIOK HEADAC'UK. and all Fevers ofa ipaLiousTrri. V op erates with certainty Only onedoBeim and thousands are willing to testify es its wonderful yirtuto mediately relieves Colic, while All who use it are giving their unani- mows testimony xn its favor. Mix water ic tbe mouth with the In vigorator and swallow both together. PRICE ONE DOLLAR per BOTTLE. DR. 8ANF0RD, Proprietor, No. 345, Broad way, New York. Retailed bv all .Druggists. Sold also by Henino & Melvin, & M. L. Mili.br, Steubenville, 0. and J. C. WRIGHT, Knoxville,0. june 23'58:ly H0LT0N HOUSE. Newark, Ucldng County, Ohio. fiaiTIlE above named Hotel having been leased bv the undersigned for a term of years, it le the determination of the proprietor to mane 11 ran wuu me best Hotels in the 8tate. The House is new. being thoroughly repaired with all modern improvements, and furnished nearly new. Bedding of the first quality will be substituted, to niaKe it tn tuts, as well as In every respect a first class Hotel. The Holton House will be open for the reception of guests on the first of December, 1858, with a character that will merit pub lic favor. . J. L. HpLTON. nov24-'68-ly ' STREET! FRESH ARRIVAL OP in Steubenville, consisting in part of a Urge i . - - Dress Silks. MANTILLAS , Stella Shawls, Canton crape Shawl. real French work Collars, fmbroidcred llnm BONNETS. f the latest spring styles. & BOYS WE A R . crowd and go to GARRETT 3. dec .0)0 LOCAL BUSINESS NOTICES. C7When the American Colonies shook off the Government of Great Britain, and I adopted a liberal form of National oolicy. the civilized woild enquired, " what hat been the cause of this great revolution !" The answer was, "Taxation without Re presentation ;" and the world was satis fied with the answer. When the inquiry is now made, "why is it, that during the great pressure of the times, when one arge firm after another is being driven to the wall, Frohman & Co., still continue to do a flourishing business in their ex tensive Clothing Establishment .on the corner of 3d and Market Streets !" The answer is, "They have a large and well selected stock of Ready Made Clothing, and sell remarkably cheap." The answer is satisfactory, and all flock to Frohman's with the exception of those who are so unwise as to stay away make their pur chases, and return home satisfied with their bargains. The people are delighted, Frohman feels comfortable, and everything moves on harmoniously. Fresh Arrival. Thomas Gorsucii has just received a fresh supply of the best Cincinnati, Buck eye nd Ilopedale brands of Flour ; also, Rye, Buckwheat and Unbolted Flour j Corn Meal, Corn, Oats, and a good as sortment of Mill-Feed, which he is. pre pared to sell at reduced prices. Persons wanting to purchase anything in his line would consult their own interests, by giving him a call. Market Street, above Sixth Steubenville, Ohio. Howard Association, Philadelphia. We commend to the attention of our read era, with much confidence, tho announce ment of this well known bcvevolent Insti tution, in our advertising columns. The managers are very prompt in all their bu siness transactions, and we havo no doubt that persons applying to the institution for medical aid, will obtain judicious and skil ul treatment. WFot the special advantage of all concerned, we give general notice, that Benjamin Psarce, keeps constantly on hand, and for sale, Flour of the very best quality, Cincinnati brand, at wholesale and retail. We have tried it and there fore speak advisedly. North 3d Street, Steubenville. i"See advertisement of Dr. Sanford's Liver Invigorator. ;, CLOTHING! OLOTIIINGli E. FROHMAN &C0., RESPECTFULLY inform their friends and the public generally that their new stock of clothing for the Fall and Winter Trade, manufactured for the Steubenville mar ket at their wholesale establishment at Cin cinnati, has just arrived. It ia larger and more varied, and embraces finer articles than usual. The stock embraces Coats, Pants, Vests and Hats and Caps for men and boys, handker chiefs, Cravats, Gloves, hose, Shirts, and a full stock of Furnishing Goods, Trunks, Valises, Carpet sacks, Umbrellas, Ac. Fbobkan & Co. also keep on hand a fall stock of Cloths, and Vestings, and manufac tures clothing to order, on short notice, at pri ces that will be satisfactory to purchasers Fits warranted. . , Thankful for the very liberal patronage here. tofore extended to us. We ask for a continu ance of it, and beg to assure the public that it will be our constant aim, by dealing houora My, to deserve it. We may be found at the south east corner of Market and Third sts Give us a call. dec 8-'58 E. FROHMAN & CO. CLARKE'S FEMALE PILLS. THEGREAT ENGLISH REMEDY PREPARED PROM A PRESCRIPTION op MR J. CLARKE, M. D., PHYSICIAN EX TRAORDINARV TO THS QUEEN. -. rpilIS invaluable medicine is unfailing in the cure of all those painful and dan gerous disorders to which tha female coosti ution Is subject. It moderate all excess and etnoves all obstructions, and a speedy cure may be relied on. TO MARRIED LADIES t is peculiarly suited. It will in a short time bring on the monthly period with regularity Each bottle, price one dollar, bears tha Gov em ment Stamp of Great Britian, to prevent counterfeits. ' v CAUTION. . ' These Pills should not be taken by femalea that are pregnant, during the first three months as they are sure to bring on miscarriage ; bat at every other time and in every other caaa they re perfectly safe. ' Sole Agents for this conntry, JOB MOSES, lata L O. Baldwin, Rochester; N. B. 11,00 and 6 postage stamps enclosed to any authorised agent, will insure a bottle or tne pills oy return mau. For sale wholesale and retail by Hening k Molvin, Steubenville, O., and by Druggists yummy , 'aeciu IA A PRIME lot of Grpund. Cinuamoo Mustard and Gmger, for sale by dec 2 ' Uknisq & Melvis.