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Holmes County Republican. [volume] (Millersburg, Holmes County, Ohio) 1856-1865, September 04, 1856, Image 1

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J. Cas&h Ed10' ai Proprietor. . 1 . - Office-Washington Street, Third Door South of Jackson. Terms --One Dollar; And Fifty Cents in idTance.
TOK 1. MILLERSBURG, HOLMES COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1856. -: ' : . NO. 2.
Poetry.
From the Ohio Repository.
TOBACCO UNION.
Com old and roung and hear me tell
Row atrong tobacco emokere smell;
Who lore to smoke their pipei ao woU
Thai for tobacco they would tell j
. Their right to aooi&l Union.
Tber Jwmyf rend the atmosphere;,
Ad yon may know when they are sear,
Though not a word from them yon hew;
t . Their breath grow utronger every year
, . While in this smoking Union.
i Thpy dean their pipe-etemi wtth a wire, -Then
fill the bowl, and pat in fire, -And
smoke tzB it does quite expire;
Nor do they ever seem to tire
In their laborious Union.
. Sometimes from three to six you'll sea
' Collected in one eomqanr,
' And every fellow ia good glee;
- ' They then most have a smoking spree-
.:!:'" A veal smoking Union.
And then the fames of itmoke win rise,
I.ike morning mitt, to meet the skiee;
But woe tc him that hath poor eye.
Unless he takes his leave and flies
Away from such a Union.
Vith impudence they oft prerama
To Tex all persons in the room
Who can't endure tobacco fume,
And they most leare or meet their doom.
In such a wretched Union.
Some keep their money from the poor,
And send the hungry from their door,
Then hast away to some one's store
And spend it for tobacco more,
.". To born in smoking Union.
Those who in utter darkness lie
Hay in their error live and die
Before those persons e'er will try
Them with the gospel to supply
To teach them Heavenly Union.
I wonder how snch folks can say
They hare Religion, every day,
And love the Lord, and love to pray, "
When they his memory smoke away
Id guilty eonacfoaa Union.
Then there are some who take a chew.
Although it often makes them spew,
And makes them drunk as Bacchus, too.
The practice they will still pursue
. . At th expense of social Union.
Sometimes within their neighbor's door
They'll cast, their quids, some three or four.
And spit on carpet, hearth or floor
Bometimes a gill, or even more;
And talk of social Union 1
Oft'times within the Churrh youH view
That persons there will sit and chew,
. And spit upon the floor, or pew,
. Until it spreads a foot or two;
And sing of Heavenly Union I
. The quid is oft so large within
' The juice runs out and stilus the chin.
Which often makes the children grin;
And think think there is ho little sin
' In this tobacco Uninn!
Miscellaneous Matter.
THE SINGLE COMBAT.
A TEXAN INCIDENT.
It was in the wilds of Texas, before
law and justice had extended their pro
tecting wings over that lovely country,
that a traveled-worn, weary-looking young
man was seen to urge his jaded steed to
wards a small village but a few miles dis
tant. His pale and intellectual face was
overshadowed by a melancholy expression,
which was painful to witness in one so
young; his thin compressed lips seemed to
onvey the idea that he was bent upon
some object which he was determined to
accomplish; and an occasional gleam from
his dark, keen eye, revealed the courage to
perform it. He rode slowly on, his tired
steed cropping a few blades of the tall grass
s he ploded wearily along.
' "So this is Rutland, and it was near this
spot that he was slain," mused Harton, as
he listlessly dropped the reins, and fell into
it deep revery. His horse, feeling the reins
npon his neck, stopped to eat the grass
wandering along to cull the tempting
lunches. A sorrowful, painful expression,
stole over the yonth's face; his jaw fell,
-and a burning tear stole silently down his
pallid cheek. It dropped upon his hand,
and aroused him. : Dashing his arm hasily
asross his face, he grasped the rein, and
sinking the spurs deep into the somewhat
rested steed, h ; entered into the village
It was about dusk, though sufficiently
light for him to distinguish the inn from
the other buildings, both by its size and a
small sign which was swinging from the
toof. Several persons were seated at the
-door, and as he stopped the landlord rose
and ordered bis horse to be taken care of;
"and well fed, mind you," he added, as he
noticed the state of the weary animal.
Like all other villages, there was consid
erable commotion upon the arrival of a
stranger, and every one stared at Harton.
One in particular, a rough, surly man,
seemed struck' with his nppenranee. Be
fore any question could be asked, or expla
nations given, the landlord announced sup
per, each rushed pell-mell to obtain a seat.
As it happened, Harton was seated next to
Jied Maley, or "Bloody Ned," as he was
called the man who had so particularly
noticed him upon his arrival. For some
cause, Harton felt uneasy; he could not
account for it, yet he intuitively took a
strange dislike to his neighbor, and drew
his chair as far off as possible, like one
who apprehends some hidden danger, and
would avoid the object. The meal silently
progressed, and each as they finished, rose
and resumed their scats at the door Har
ton, although he was hungry when he took
his scat, and the dishes before him were
tempting to the aipetite, could not eat. A
disagreeable sensation took entire posses
sion of him, and ho reluctantly rose and
joined- the others. Ned remained some
time at the table before he completed his
meal, and ordering a cigar as he passed
through the bar, he took his seat, which
iad been reserved for him. He gave a
supercillious stare at Harton, and taking
bis cigar from his mouth, asked,
... , "What brought you to this part of the
country?
eBusiness," coldly replied Harton. ,
, . Business! ha, ha, ha! this is a pretty
place for business T and chuckled over the
idea. "Why, there never has been but one
man hero for that purpose, and he, poor
fcllov "
I
l " - - -
What f what P anxiously required Har
ton. "Why, died, of course," laconically re
plied Ned; and looking coldly around, with
a deadly smile, he added, "but aot of star
vation." "By the by, Ned," exclained the land
lord, "how was that little affair P
"Oh, nothing, only a trifle. He came
down here on business " he sneeringly an
swered, as he cast a glance at Harton, "and
I settled his business for him. The fact is
the fellow insulted me," he carelessly con
tinued, "ana you know the balance.
Harton appeared strangely- agitated dur
ing this shot recital, and it was with a low
hissing sound, that he asked :
uHou had you been insulted P
"Oh he refused to credit me," was cool
ly replied. .
"Did he know you P
"Even-body knows me."
"But did he know you P persisted Har
ton.
"I say, stranger" said Ned, turning full
upon his interrogator, "down in these parte
we never answer those kind of questions.
"But I must have an answer," retorted
Harton, passionately.
"Must!" sneeringly replied Ned.
"Yes, must, and will," exclaimed Har
ton.
"Ha, ha, ha must and will ha, ha,
ha!"
"Do you mock me," said the young man,
thoroughly aroused ; "then know that I, a
brother, have come to revenge your victim's
death."
"Young as he was, his appearance was
striking to witness. The pale, intellectual
face had grown pallid from intense excite
ment; his thin lips were firmly compressed
with rage, and every feature expressed his
cold, calm, desperate resolve. He stood
the personification of revenge. JNed was
awed, and involuntarily arose from his seat.
"lou you his brother, and so young.
he exclaimed ; "what would you have S
"Your death V and as he spoke he hast
ily drew a dagger and sprung upon him
"this is mv atonement.
The assault was unexpected, but the
desperado was prepared, from habit, for
all species of attacks. He wrenched the
weapon from the hand of the daring youth,
and cast it across the road, and with a
slight effort, tlirew him at his feet
"So you wduld try that game, would
you P and he gave him a severe kick in
the face with the heel of his boot. "I have
a mind to break every bone in your treach
erous body.
The landlord and his guests interceded
at this moment, 'and prevented him from
putting his threats into execution. Harton
was lifted from the ground, almost sense
less; but, as he was borne to his room,
he cast a defiant glance at his opponent.
Nod quietly took bis scat, and in a few
minutes was as calm as if nothing had oc
curred. "He shall not escape me," moaned Harton,
as he was laid upon a couch ; "he murdered
poor Edward without cause or provocation,
and what law and justice cannot accom
plish, 1 will.
His calm, determined voice, flashing eye,
and firmness of purpose, was noticed by
those around, who seemed to sympathize
with him.
What do you expect to ao; compas
sionately asked the landlord ; "Bloody Ned
is the terror of the neighborhood."
" There is a God," replied Harton, in a
touching, almost inspiring "voice, which
struck deep into the hearts of his hearers,
"who strengthens the weak, and upon him
I place my trust and reliance."
One or two slowly left the room'; those
words, uttered as they were, had touched
a chord within their breasts, which had not
vibrated for years. The excitement, fatigue
and injuries which he had undergone,
threw Harton into a high fever; and the
landlord, calling his wife to attend him,
started for the only physician in the place.
One of the men who had assisted in car
rying Harton to his room, stepped in front
of Ned, who was calmly smoking his ci
gar, and feelingly said: .
; "Ned, I wish you would leave these parts
for a few days." V
"WhatP passionately exclaimed the
ruffian, starting up.
?Why, go away only for a few days."
"What for."
"On account of this young man he
swears he will kill you."
"Hill me ! ha, ha, ha r contemtuously
sneered Ned. "Why, he is only a child."
"You should . have heard him speak ;
there was something in his voice which
was more than the words. You had bet
ter leave." -
Ned gazed at him in astonishment, and
apjieared puzzled at his eomrad's conduct
uuu liiumuun.
"What, run away from a Vry t T loavo
never V ' he shouted, with his blood
aroused.: "Talk to me of leaving by h 11
will kill him on sight !" and he stood
glaring around, like a tiger watching for
his prey; and if you don t leave hero, 1 11
move you too." '
The man straightened himseli; an an
gry flash passed across his face, and he
assumed a threatening attitude; but sud
denly relaxing, he walked slowly away.
Not so with Ned ; his bad passions were
aroused ; he had been foiled in his revenge,
and determined to seek satisfaction. His
face was illuminated with a fiendish smile,
which struck horror into those who wit
nessed it, for it proclaimed death. He
drew a large bowie-knife, and started up
the steps to Harton's room. Those around
dared not to interfere with his actions; tear
restrained, and certain death would have
followed intercession.
The youth lay in a high fever; his parch
ed lips were compressed into each other,
and his large flashing eyes seemed start
ing from their sockets, his pale face was
almost livid, and two bright spots glowed
upon each cheek. . He raved of his broth
er, ' his unsuccessful attempt at revenge,
and cursed the despoiler of his happy
home. The blood trickled down from the
gaping wound upon his forehead, and add
ed to liis gastly appearance.
Bloody Ned entered the room ; Harton
grew fmntic at his sight, and leaped a
.... -
maniac from the couch towards him. The
landlady shrieked and fled from the room.
Ned felt his nerves give way, astrtuh flash
ed upon his mind he was to contend with
a madman. There was no time for thought ;
Harton sprung upon him at a bound, with
a cry ot exultation. 1 he ruffian was pre
pared, and made a fiendish sweeping thrust,
but aimed too high. The maniac seized
the arm which held the weapon, and there
commenced a struggle, such as none ever
before witnessed. The hot, scalding breath
ot crazy tiarlon tanned his cheek; the
froth flew in flakes from his burning lips ;
and those eves seemed sinking into the des-
parado's souL He exerted his utmost
strength, but it availed nothing. The fe
ver raging in Harton's veins, and his brain
was on fire. It seemed to invest him with
superhuman power, and his fingers hung to
his opponent's arm with the tenacity of a
vice. They felt as if they were entering
the flesh, and JVed gave a groan of anguish.
His strength was failing; that grasp it was
impossible to snaKe on, ana he determined
to place all on one single effort. Drop
ping the knite, ho wound his loose arm
around Harton's form, and, drawing him
closely to him, endeavored to wrench his
other arm from the vice-like grasp.
The maniac gave a yell of delight as the
weapon fell upon the floor, and quick as
lightning loosened his hold, and seized the
now almost exhausted ruffian bv the throat,
The fingers grew tighter and closer; in
stead ot relaxing, they seemed to increase in
strength. Ned wildly struck at him, but
the blows were harmless. They gradually
grew less and less, and hnallv ceased. His
eyes started from their sockets; his face
grew black, and his tongue protruded from
his mouth. A few gurgling sounds came
trom his throat, and he sank back utterly
exhausted. The maniac grinning with
fiendish delight, retained his hold, and he
fell with him. His face was lit up with a
maniacle expression of exultation, and he
sank his fingers deeper into the already
stifled throat. One grasp, a heaving of
the chest, and a gurgling sound, proclaim
ed the death of the desperado.
About ten minutes afterwards, a crowd,
which the landlady had collected by her
shrieks, came pouring into the room. The
maniac was still over the prostrate form,
his fingers sunk deep into the fleshy part of
his victims throat, and a cunning, malig
nant smile illuminating his ghastly counte
nance. They gently raised him, without
his making the slightest resistance, and
placed him on a couch. Every effort was
made to resuscitate the form of Bloody
Ned, but it was too late; his spirit had
fled.
Harton sank into a profound slumber,
from which he was not aroused for hours.
When he awoke, he regained his faculties,
but still lattored under a high fever. It
was some time before he entirely recovered,
and the dreadful conflict appeared to him
as a dream. Years have elapsed, but ma
ny still remember the "Single Combat,"
and the death Bloody Ned. Phila, Mercury.
Clippings.
Dr. Franklin recommends a young man
in the choice of a wife, to select her "from a
bunch" giving as his reason that, when
there are many daughters they improve
each other, and, from emulation, acquire
more accomplishments, and know more,
and do more, than a single child spoiled by
parental fondness.
Gustavus Adolphus knew how to put
down duelling. Two officers asked his per
mission to fight a dueL Leave was grant
ed, and the King came as a spectator.
With him came the provose Marshal
Now, gentlemen," said - Gustavus to the
combatants, "fight till one of you is killed :
the Provost Marshal will hang the survivor.
The officers shook hands.
"Short visits are the best," as the fly
said when he alighted on the teapot instead
of the sugar basin.
Falsehood, like the dry rot, flourishes
the more in proportion as air and light are
excluded.
Snooke says the prettiest sewing-ma
chine he evsr saw was about seventeen years
old, with short sleeves, low-neck dress, and
gaiter boots on.
"Did I hurt you," said a ladv the other
day, when she trod on a man's foot. "No,
madam, I thank you, seeing that it's you;
if it was any body else, I'd holler murder."
A "camp follower," top hcaw, at a late
regimental parade, excused the irregularity
of his gait by saying that he was trying to
mafth after two tunes.
"Say, Sammy, why don't your mother
mend that rip iu your trousers ?"
"jix, Blip's crono tr the sewing circle, Vu
make clothes for poor children."
The Rev. Cotton Mather, the famous In-
dependeht minieter of New England, in
the seventeenth century, promulgated a
ukase that no mother should kiss her infant
on the Sabbath day.
A man was once selling a horse. The
would-be purchaser inquiring as to his leap
ing powers, asked, "would he take timber?"
"He'd jump over your head," answered the
other; "I don't know what you call that,"
G rattan, referring to the prince Regent
and the Catholics, once said "they have
abused him in every possible shae; first,
they have abused his person, of which he
very vain; ana secondly, they have
abused his mistress of whom he is very
fond ; and thirdly, not content with all that,
they have praised his own wife. Poor
Gentleman, ho is sadly used. Moor's
Memoirs.
A negro was hrougot np before the May
or of Philadelphia for stealincr chickens.
The theft was conclusively l iroved. "Well,
Toby," said his honor, "what have you got
to say for yourself P "Nuffin.butdisboss:
I was as crazy as a torn cat in lub, when I
stole 'ar pullet, cos I miget linb stole do
big rooster, 'an I nebcr done it. Dat shows
'clusively bat dio nigger was laborine under
dolirinm do tremens."
From the London Times.
Frightful Earthquake in the Moluccas
Frightful Earthquake in the Moluccas--Eruption of a Volcano
Three Thousand Lives Lost.
The Indian mail brings advices of anoth
er of those dreadful earthquakes for which
Temati and the adjoining localities in the
Moluccas are proverbial. An eruptioa of
the active volcano on the lsiand ot tireat
Sangir, in long. 125 decs 50 min. E., and
lat. 3 deg. 50 min., N., has occurrcL The
northwestern part of the island of Great
Sangir is formed by the mountain Awu,
which has several peaks, the highest being
about 4,000 feet above the sea. On the
west side the mountain runs very steep in
to the sea, at the height of the large village
Kandhar, however, falling away to a low
promontory.
Between 7 and 8 o Jock on the evening
of the 2d of March, a sudden and altogether
indescribable crashing noiso was heard,
which indicating to tie Sangirese an erup
tion ot the volcano, filled them with con
sternation. Simultaneously with this, tLe
glowing lava streamed downwards with ir
resistible force in different directions, bearing
with it whatever it eucountered on its des
tructive course, and causing tho sea to boil
wherever they came in contact. The hot
springs opened up and cast out a flood of
boiung water, which destroyed and carried
away what the fire had spared. The sea,
obedient to an unusual impulse, lashed the
rocks with frightful violence, dashed upon
the shore and heaved itself with a wild
haste against tho land as if it strove to over
master the fire stream.
This frightful picture of destruction, the
horror of which was increased by the shru-ks
of men and beasts, the wild roaring of the
tempest, and the crashing of thousands of
trees torn up and carried away, was followed,
about an hour later, by peals of thunder
which shook the ground, deafening the ear.
A black column of stone and ashes then
shot up from the mountain to an immense
height, and fell, illumined by the .glare of
the lava, like a shower of hre upon the
surrounding country below, producing a
darkness that, only now and then momen
tarily broken by tho flashes of lightning,
was so intense, that people could not discern
objects close at hand, and which completed
their confusion and despair. Large stones
were hurled through the air, crushing what
ever they fell upon. Houses and crops,
which had not been destroyed by fire, sunk
and disappeared beneath the ashes and
stones, and the hill streams, stopped by
these barriers, formed lakes, which, breaking
over their banks, soon proved a new source
of destruction.
""This lasted some hours. About mid
night the raging elements sank to rest; but
on the lollowmg day about noon, they
again resumed their work of destruction,
with renewed violence. In the meantime,
the fall of ashes continued without inter
mission, and was so thick on this day that
the rays of the sun could not penetrate
through it, and an appalling darkness pre
vailed.
Scarcely recovered in some degree from
their fright, the inhabitants of this desolated
part of Sangir were again disturbed by an
eruption on the 1 7 th of March, which des
troyed many fields aud a great number
of trees on Tabukan side.
Since then the volcano has remained
quiet, and the only symptom of its working
has been the smoke rising up in all direc
tions from cracks and fissures in the ground.
The streams of Lava on the slopes are still
so slightly cooled that people dare not ven
ture to any great distance from the shore.
According to the, accounts of the natives,
the top of the mountain does not appear to
have undergone any material alteration. .
On the other side of Kandhar, on the ex
treme north point of the island, the ap
pearance of the devastation which has been
caused, is if possible even more frightful
than what has token place at Taruna. For
here, where formerly there were to be seen
extensive fields bearing all kinds of crops,
and thickly planted and endless groves of
cocoanuts, we now find nothing but lava,
stones and ashes. The liquid fire at this
point, seems to have flowed from the moun
tain with irresistible force and in prodigious
quantity. Not only lias this fearful flood,
as it were, buried the whole district and all
that was npon it, but after having caused
this destruction over an extent of several
miles, it was still powerful enough on reach
ing the shore, to form two long tanjongs
(capes) at places where the depth'of water
formerly consisted of many fathoms.
A number of other districts and places
have been, some wholly destroyed, others
greatly injured by the fire.
The loss of life, has been great It is
estimated as follows, in the undermentioned
districts : Taruna. men, women and children,
722; Kamlhar, men, women and children,
45; Tabukan, men, women and children,
2,806.
The greater number met their death in
the gardens. - They fl.xl in all dirwtions,
but were overtaken and swallowed by the
fatal firestream. Some tried to save them
selves in the trees, but were either carried
awny with them, or killed by scorching
heat. At Kalangnng and Tariang the
houses were filled with people, who were
stopped in their flight by the lava streaming
down on all sides and the streams of boil
ing wnter, and who met thoir death under
the burning ashes and the tumbling houses.
Many who had reached tho shore and
thought themselves safe, liecame a prey to
the furious waves, and many died through
sheer despair and agony.
Mr. Lewis Kent, son of Deacon Seba
Kent, of Pawtucket, Mass., died on Thurs
day last, from the loss of blood occasioned
by tho extraction of two teeth. Mr. Kent
has been engaged for a number of years in
building railroads in the Western country,
and although naturally of great physical
powers, he returned home much reduced
by that scourge of tho West, fever aud
ague. To this fact is undoubtedly to lo
attributed the result of a dental operation.
PawtucJcel Gaz.
A Mrs. Heady, who has been teaching
music in New Orleans for the past twenty
years, has received intelligence that, by
the decease of a relative in England, she
has fallen heir to 1250,000.
From the New Orleans Picayune, Aug. 14.
The Great Storm at the South--
The Great Storm at the South--Terrible loss of Life.
The rumor which prevailed yesterday, of
the destruction of Last Island m the late
storm, is probably too true. We have on
ly some general reports of the greatness of
the disaster, and a few vague particulars
of the loss of individuals and families.
The accounts brought from Thibodaux aud
Berwick's Bay, by the Opelousas Railroad
last evening, are confirmatory of the inun
dation of the island, the destruction of the
buildings, and the probable loss of a great
many lives, reaching, perhaps, to six or sev
en score. Iu the mean time the anxiety
to learn the particulars is very great ; and
the means of communication between the
city and the scene of the suffering are very
slight.
Last Island is an island in the Gulf of
Mexico, which has been for some years
' made a summer resort for planters and their
families from the interior parishes of La
fourche and Attakapsa, and some from .the
city. It is distant from the main land ct
the mouth of the bayou abont twenty miles ;
the nearest land ;s hve or six miles distant,
The island is about twenty-five miles in
length, and from a half to three quartsrs of
a mile wide only three or four feet above
the level of the Gulf. It is exposed to the
full sweep of the waters and the southern
breezes, which have made it a desirable re
treat in the summer months.
This year the island is reported to have
been well patronized, and the anxiety is
therefore intense to leam who were exposed
to the stotm, and what losses we have to
deplore.
The ordinary access by the city is via the
Opelousas Railroad to Bayou Roeuf, and
thence by steamboat to the island, going
and returning twice a week by the steam
boat Star. The Star appears to have been
wrecked in tho storm, and the reports be
low make the wreck the only refuge of all
that remains of the submerged island.
By the arrival of the Opelousas cars this
afternoon we hope to have further de tills,
and pray that the accounts heretofore re
ceived may have been much exaggerated.
In the meantime we subjoin such items
as we have been able to gatner. The fol
lowing letters will show the excitement
caused by the reception of the disaster at
Brashear City, and the promptness with
which steps were taken to send relief to the
survivors:
Brashear City Hotel, )
Wednesday, Aug. 13 t, P. M. J
Eds. Pic: John Davis has just got here
from the Last Island in a small boat, and
reports Last Island swept of all the houses
by the storm of last Sunday night, and that
137 lives were lost by the disaster. Ihis
is the amount hurriedly ascertained at pres
ent.
BECKWITH'S BAY, Aug. 13th.
In great haste. We have just sent the
Maj. Aubrey to tho assistance of the suf
ferers, who are cliDging to the hull cf the
steamboat Star. She starts thence in an
to wood at this
EUGENE DALY.
Mr. Davis, above referred to, wo are in
formed, is tho keeper of the oyster saloon
beneath John McConnell's restaurant, in
Common street in this city. He succeeded
in getting his wife, we learn, into a place of
salety, and then started to procure aid.
He was accompanied to Berwick's we are
informed, by the engineer of the steamer
Star, which he left on Tuesday morning.
The depth of water on the island, refer
ring, as we understand it, to the highest
portion, is reported at five feet. The wreck
ot the steamboat Star is stated to be lying
on the island, near where the hotel of John
Muggah formerly stood.
Ihe nseof the inundation is said to have
peen of unparaPjled rapidity, the hight of
five feet being reported to have been attain
ed in two minutes ! Although we were to
read "hours" instead of "minutes," it will
not be difficult to understand what a wild
excitement and fearful havoc it must have
caused, with no succor at hand.
All the houses on the island were swept
away, and it is particularly reported that
most of those staying at the hotel, were
drowned.
A list of reported victims, we are inform
ed, was forwarded to Brashear City or Ber
wick's Bay, but we have not been able to
find any one in the city who has brought
up a copy of it with him. We have, how
ever, heard the names of a few of those al
leged to have been drowned, and give them
as. they have reached us; but without
vouching for their correctness; Mr. Herr,of
this city; Wm. Rochelle,of Pattersonville;
Mrs. Como, (name probably otherwise
spelled) of Pattersonville; John Muggah,
co-proprietor of the hotel, wife, five chil
dren and brother; Mrs. Masked and two
children, of franklin barkeeper of the ho
tel, name n it ascertained.
It is staled that there were about four
hundred persons on tho island at the time
of the disaster; and the number surviving
on the wreck of tho Star is estimated at
from 250 to 275.
Most of these reports, with numerous
others to be traced to no reliablo source,
were curious throughout tho c'ty last
night, and iintunilly created great excite
ment, which will not be allayed until we
have a fuller and minute particulars of the
disaster. It may be safely inferred, how
ever, that tho worst of it, as a whole, is
given in our version of it, and that efficient
aid has been forwarded to the survivors.
The fact of a list of those sacrificed having
been made up, shows that on the spot the
survivors were collected, and iu a position
to aid themselves, at least to some extent.
We hope to see those belonging to this
city back by this evening, and enable us to
give a complete and exact accouut of the
sad occurrence.
It is stated as from an authentic source,
that a few years ago the French Count
Boulbon and General Walker would have
united in an expedition to conquer a portion
of Mexico, had not tho Count stipulated
as a sine qita nan, that slavery should not
be allowed in the new State to be created.
Walker would not consent to this.
Political Matter.
Thomas Jefferson on -
Extension.
It has been heretofore shown that Clay
and Webster, honored leaders of the Whig
party in its palm days, were earnest advo
cates of that Kepnblican policy of slavery-
exclusion from the lerritones. It is no
less an important fact that Jefferson, who
has been styled "the founder of the Demo
cratic party," occupied precisely the same
ground. Nor did he hold this opinion tac
itly; he sought to give it efficiency by pos
itive legislative enactment.
Mr. Tappan, of New Hampshire, in a re
cent speech in the U. S. House of Repre
sentatives, while exposing the discrepancy
between the present Slavery policy of the
Democratic party, and that of the earliest
days of the Kepubhc between Mr. Buchan
an and Air. Jetterson, gives a tact not so
generally known as it should be, showing
the intent and scope of the original Jetter
sonian ordinance. The following quotation
from Mr. Tappau's speech we specially com
mend to those professed anti-Slatery Dem
ocrate who belie their profession by adher
ing to a party organization, which, while
retaining its old name, they cast off its old
principles :
"Therefore, when we assert our intention
to adhere to this time-honorad policy, and
say to slavery, 'Ihus far, and no farther,
we intend neither to dissolve the Union
ourselvec nor suffer it to be disolved by
others. Sir, what is the history of slavery
prohibition in the territories f I can barely
glance at its rise and progress, as I pass on
to other matters. Mr. Jefferson himself is
the author of this legislation, and if the
doctrine we now contend for be treason then
was Mr. Jefferson a traitor ! On the first
day of March, 1784, a committee, consist
ing of Mr. Jetterson, of V irginia, Mr. C hase,
of Man-land, and Mr. Howell, of Rhode
Island, submitted to Congress a plan for
the government of 'the territory ceded, or
to be ceded, by individual States to the
United States, embracing all the territory
between the 31st degree of north latitude,
which was then the southern boundary of
the United States, extending westerly to
the Mississippi river. This plan provided,
among other things that the territory should
be divided into nme states, designating
them by name, and defining the particular
boundaries of each. It also contained the
following provisions, which has been the
basis of all the subsequent anti-shivery leg
islations in regard to the territories:
" 'That after the year 1800 of the Chris
tian era there shall be neither slavery nor
involuntary servitude in any of the said
states, otherwise than in the punishment of
crimes, whereof the party shall have been
duly convicted to have been personally
guilty.'"
A motion being made to strike out this
provision, sixteen voted to retain it, and
seven against it. Seventeen votes were re
quired to retain it so it lacked one vote.
Mr. Jefierson voted in favor of retaining
the provision.
Three years later, it met with belter suc
cess, being incorporated into the celebrated
ordinance of 1787, applying to the .North
western territories. Had Mr. Jefferson's
policy prevailed three years earlier, Slavery
would have been excluded, under its oper
ation, from the states of -Alabama, Missis
sippi, Tennessee and Kentucky. A com
parison between these States, and the States
of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, made free by
the ordinance of 1787, shows conclusively
that the former would have been much
more advanced in wealth, intelligence and
prosperity. As for the general peace and
harmony of the Union, it would never have
leen disturbed by the fierce contest between
the antagonistic elements of Slavery and
Freedom, which have since convulsed the
country. What Mr. Jefierson, the founder
of the Democracy, proposed to do in 1781,
the Republican party propose now; viz:
to restrict Slavery from all the Territories
of the United States. i
The Proviso.
We ask every Republican to read to his
neighbors and those he may meet the Pro-s
viso luserted in the Army Appropriation
Bill by the House and stricken out by the I
united vote of the great majority of the
Senate who are supporters of Fillmore or
Buchanan. The Proviso is in the following
words:
"Provided, however, and it is hereby de
clared, That no part of the military force
of tho United States, for the support of
which appropriations are made by this act,
shall be employed in aid of the enforcement
of any enactment of the ImxIv claiming to
be the territorial legislature of Kansas, until
such enactment shall have been affirmed
and approved by Congress; but this proviso
shall not bo so coustrued as to prevent the
Pw.T,ik-nl from employing there an adequate
military force; but it shall be his duty to
employ such force to prevent tho invasion
of said Territory by armed bands of non
residents, acting or claiming to act as pos
se comitahis ot any otneer ot said Territory
in the enforcement of any such eiuicfiiieiitsV
and to protect the persons anil property
tnercin, ana upon tne national highway to
said Territory, from nil unlawful searches
and seizures; and it shall be his furtherduty
to take efficient measures to compel the
return of and withhold all arms of the United
States distributed in or to said Territory in
pursuance of any law of tho Unit.-d Stats
authorizing the distribution of arms to the
States and Territories."
It will be seen that the President is no
wise restrained bv this Proviso from up
holding and enforcing tho Constitution and
all the laws of the United States, and put
ting down all opiosition thereto, uo matter
by whom made; on the contrary, he is at
liberty to employ the whole Army for that
purjHise, nnd to call out in addition the
Militia of every State in the Union, should
ho think proiier.
tW W'e learn from the Belmont Chron
icle, that the Republicans of Wheeling, Va.,
are determined to hold another meeting,
and vindicate the blessings-of Libervv ajid
the Freedom of Spwh.
Letter from the Hon. James
Myers.
To some of our readers out of. Ohio, it
may be necessary to say that Jambs Mysks,
List year Lieut Governor of our State, has
ever been one of the very pillars of Ohio
Democracy. A few days since the Democ
ratic party of his district offered him tha
Congressional nomination which he decli
ned in a handsome letter on the- ground
that he could not longer act with a party
that supports the Cincinnati Platform. Ha
was invited by the Coniiinittee of Arrange
ments, to address the Convention at Fre
mont, Wednesday. Below we give his ans
wer to this invitation : '
TOLEDO, July 30, 1856.
Gentlemes : Your invitation to attend
and address the great Fremont and Dayton
Mass Meeting, to be held at your place on tho
6th of Aagust, has been received. I regret
that a former engagement, which compels
me to leave for the East to-morrow morning,
will prevent me from being present upon
that occasion. -
It would be a source of great pleasure
to me to be present at your meeting, and
contribute any influence that I might have
to the cause of i reedom, the great battle
for which is now being fought in this conn
try. The result of the present politcal
contest, I believe, is fraught with the most
important consequences to the dearest inter
ests of our common country, and must fix
its future destiny, for all time, as to slavery
extension. -
The people-are now called upon to decide
whether slavery shall spread over the fairest
portion of our country, and whether the
slave-power shall control the action of this
government for its particular benefit, or
whether freemen and free labor shall ocenpy
and cultivate our new territories, and whether
this government shall be controlled only
for the best interests of the whole country.
I consider the crisis has arrived when we
cannot escape responsibility for our action
upon this question ; we must choose between
slavery and freedom in our territories. For
one, 1 have no second choice in such a
contest, I shall be found on the side of
freedom. Make Kansas a Slave State, and
all is lost to freedom ; make Kansas a Free
State, and it will secure freedom for all of
our present territories. Kansas is the key
to all the wide-exlended territories beyond
her open it to slavery, and you will curse
and the country with an evil for
which there will be no remedy; and will
deprive free laborers of an inheritance which,
justly belongs to them. What a contrast
would such a course be to that pursued
by Jefferson and his patriotic contemporaries
who consecrated all ot the territory belong
ing to this country, in their day, to freedom !
Let the free people of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois,
Wisconsin and Michigan evince in this con
test their gratitude to those disinterested
patriots who bequeathed them freedom for
an inheritance instead of slavery, by exten-.
ding to the people who may inhabit Kan
sas andother territories, like privileges which
we enjoy. How ein a man, who has a
particle of patriotism burning hi his bosom,
reflect upon the consequences that must
inevitably result from the decision of the
great issue now before the people, aud yet
suffer partizan leaders, who expect to have
the aid of the united slave power to give
them place and emolument as the rew.-d
for their apostacy to the rights and interests
of the North, be influenced to cast their
votes to bh'ght the best interests of his
country.
1 would appeal to my Democratic friends
to cast aside all prejudice, weigh well the
great question now pending in this cam
paign, before casting their votes for men
whose election will give force and effect to
the slave interests, mereiy because thev
claim to be the nominees of the Democratic;
organizationan organization which has,
at the bidding of the slave powor, repudi
ated, on the subject of slavery, every princi
ple of lhos. Jefferson, the great apostle of
Democracy and founder of the Democratic
party. , -
1 hope there is sufficient intelligence and
independence of party discipline, to decide
this question in favor of freedom.
1 am, with great respect,
Your obedient servant,
JAMES MYERS.
R. P. BUCKLAND. &c., Committee.
JlT A Gentleman who wrote from Bos
ton to a friend in Concord, N. 1L, inquiring
if they did not intend to get up Buchanan
"meetings" in that place, and if they wan
ted "anything," received as a reply:
"I don't know. When Pierce was up
we had something to fight for, but it is no
use for us to raise a hue and cry now, and
all your funds will be of no use. To be
candid with you, I think the game is up. .
At any rate there is no use to send money
up here, tor it is conceded by Wells aud
our mutual 'long friend' of the Patriot, that
the d d Black Republicans are good for at
least 8,000 over Buchanan. You need not
tell this to P , however. He had bet
ter average about the funds as soon as pos
sible, fur if we are to be beaten we must
put a good face on th matter, and go down
with flying colors. When you go to Wash
ington you had better mudge George to
como home for a while. By the way, think
of it, Congress sitting all summer, it must
bo hot as h 11 in Washington.
"Is 'Choate going to fizzle out in letters,
or is he going to brush up his hair and go
inro it ? If he stumps it, mind you, we
want hira. That Sumner affair was a
i)er' for us. I don't believe the sneaking
dlow was hurt half so bad as it was repor
ted, and he's now playing off. I wish all
the rails between here and Massachusetts
were pulled up, for just at this time, and
tho most imiortaiit of all, the State is lit
erally overrun with Massachusetts !kI"
tiouists, and you hoar them squeaking
about 'Fremont in every hotel But thia
can't last forever. Are you getting out
any dcuments t
Yours, hastily,
' A Fremont meeting held at Dubuqu
few dnvs since, is represented to have been '
the lv2st politiol racing t hdwt
of the Jlisncwippi. .

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