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Holmes County Republican. (Millersburg, Holmes County, Ohio) 1856-1865, October 21, 1858, Image 1

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J;3Caskey, Editor and Proprietor.
Office-Washington Street, Tfciri Boer'Soath of Jackson.
Terms:-0nc Dollar and Fifty Cents ! idTaiff.
VOL. 3.
NO. 9.
jmIb' the silent twilight hour,
, i ' In that pause 'tween Bight and day,
'ffheb the spirit wields'a' power
-- Over time long pass 'd away;
. iSark shadows throng arond me.
And peer from out the gloom;
Many-forms that blessed mychildhood,
iLongEinceslurabering in thetomb!
. . i'Smile upon. me through the glooml
In. that silent twilight hour,
" " Mem'ryj opes her .bearded store,
Hopes that know nor bloom nor. flower.
Lire again and die once morel
Past thoughts of power and fame reveal
: Their .vanity and pride:
0I only felt what those did feel
,. Who lived and hoped and died,
, tVho lived and loved and sighed.
-' iln'thy silence, mystic twilight,
J Oft a loving face appears;
One whose presence made all sunlight,
d Though her dow'r was grief and tears.
Long years ago she perished.
In all her guiltless bloom;
But ray heart its love has cherished,
. " .Still embalmed within her tomb;
'Still she comes in twilight's glooml
Latest Information About Lions.
It is n belief very commonly enterained
that the lion is the fiercest and most for
midable of till wild animals the recogniz
ed superior of nil the' rest the "king of
the forest!" in which he prowls with un
disputed sway, devouring whatsoever seems
good in his own eyes and agreeable to his
appetite. It may not be generally known
that once opon a lime a lion and a Bengal
tiger were brought together in nn amphi
theatre, to try their powers in a single
combat, and that the tiger killed .the. lion;
and that when the tiger' was subsequently
pitted against a buffalo, the buffalo killed
the tiger. This, however, is a fact on re-'
cord, which we have met with somewhere
in the course of our miscellaneous reading.
Other facts, have recently become known
to us through Dr. Livingston s I ravels in
Africa, which will probably tend to de
pose the lion from his prescriptive supre
macy as monarch of the wilds. As these
present may be considered the latest infor
mation about lions, and are minutely illus
trative of their linbits and relations with
other beasts of the forest, it may not be
uninteresting to such of our "readers as
have not seen Livingstone's work, if we here
extract and shape them into n continuous
description. It will be shown that the lion
is by no means as formidable as is usual
ly supposed, and that, so far from being
superior to all other animals, he holds
among them a comparatively subordinate
pos tion.
"When a lion is met in tho daytime,"
says Dr. Livingstone, "a circumstance by
no means uufreequent to travellers in these
parts, if preconceived, notions do not lead
them to expect something very 'noble or
'majestic,' they will merely see an animal
somewhat larger than the biggest dog they
ever saw, and partaking very strongly of
the canine features; the face is not much
like the usual drawings of a lion, the nose
being prolonged like a dog's: not exactly
nsour painters make it, though they might
"earn better at- the Zoological Gardens;
their ideas of majesty being usually shown
by making their lions' faces like, old women
in nightcaps. When encountered in the
daytime", the lion stands a secimd or two
gazing; then turns slowly round, and walks
as slowly away for a dozen paces, looking
over his shoalder; then begins to trot, and
when he thinks himself out of sight, bounds
off like a graybound. By day there is not,
as a ruie the smallest danger of lions which
ate not molested attacking man, nor even
on a clear moonlight night, except when
breeding; this, makes them brave almost
any danger; aud if a man happen to cross
to the windward of them, both lion and
lioness will rush at him, in the manner of
a bitch with whelps.. This does not al
ways happen, as 1 only became aware of
two or three instances of it. In one case
a man, passing where the wind blew from
him to the animals, was bitten before he
Could climb a tree; and occasionally a man
on horseback has been caught by the leg
under the same circumstances. So g;ner
al, however, is the sense of security on
moonlight nights, that we seldom tied up
our oxen, but let them lie loose by the
wagons; while on a dark, rainy night, if a
lion is in the neighborhood, he is, almost
sure to venture to kill an ox. His approach
is always stealthy, except when wounded;
and any appearance of a trap is enough
to cause him. to refrain from making the
last suring. This seems characteristic of
the feline species .When a goat-U picket
ed in India for.th'eT purpbseof enabling the
huntsman to shoot a tiger by night, if on
a.plh'm he would whip uff. the. animal so
quii-kly by a stroke of tho paw. that no one
could lake, aim. To obviate this, a small
pit is dug aud a goat is picketed to a stake
at the bottom; a small stone is tied in the
ear of the goal, which makes him cry the
whole, night. When the ligur sees the
appearance of a trap,, ho walks rouud and
round the pit, and allows the hunter who
is lying in wait, to have a fair shot.
"When a lion is very hungry, and lying
in wait, the sight of an animal may make
htm commence stalking it. In one case a
man,' while stealthily crawling' towards a
rhinoceros, happened to 'glance behind him,
and found to his horror a lion stalking him,
he only escaped by springingup a tree like
a cat. At Lopupe, a lioness spring" on
the after-quarter of Mr. Oswell'o horse,
and when we camo up to him we found
the marks of the claws on the horse, and a
scratch on Mr. Oswell's hand. The horso
on feeling the lion on him sprang away,
and the rider, caught by a wait a-bit thorn,
was brought to tbe ground and rendered
insensible. His "dogs' savo3hirq, A'n-
Erio-HJv gentleman TCnntam Cfc'rmsrton
wasumrised in the same way.- thonirh not
huntitifl-the iion-at-the-time. but turninir
round he shot him dead in the neck. Bv
. V . . . . .
accident a horse belonging' to Codrington
ran away, but' was slopped by the unul
catching a stump; there he remained i
prisoner two days, and "when fount! the
whole space around was marked by th
footprints of lions. They had evidently
been'afraid to attack the haltered horse,
from fear thai it was a trap. 'Two lions.
came'up. by night to within three yards of
oxen-tied to a wagon, and a sheep tied to
ailree, and stood roaring, but afraid to
mak'e'a'spring. On an other occasion, one
of our party was lying sound asleep and
unconscious of danger, between two na
tives. behind a. bush; the fire was nearly
out at their feet, in consequence of all be
ing completely tired out by the fatigues of
the previous' day; a lion came up to within
tbree'yards ofthe fire, and there commenc
ed roaring instead-ofraakiDg n-spr.ng; the
facttf;their ridingx; being tied loathe
bush was the only reason the lion had for
not following his instinct, and making
meal of flesh. He then stood on a knoll
three hundred yards distant, and roared all
night, and continued his growling as the
party moved tiff by daylight next morning.
"Aothmg that L ever learned of thelion
would lend me to attiibute to it either the
ferocious or noble character ascribed to it
elsewheie. It possesses none of the nobili
ty ofthe .Newfoundland or bt. Bernard
dogs. With respect to its great streugth
there can be uodoubt. the immense mas
ses of muscle around its jaws, shoulders
and forearms proclaim tremendous force.
They would seem however, to be inferior
in power to those of the Iudian tiger.
Most of those feats of strength that 1 have
seen performed by lions, such as the taking
away of an ox, were not carrying, but
draggii g or trailing the carcase along the
ground. They have sprung, on somo oc
casions, o- tho hindouarters of a horse:
but no one has cvere seen them on the
withers of a giraffe. They do not mount
on the hindquarters of an eland even, but
try to tear him down with their claws.
Messrs. Oswell and Vardon once saw ihrte
lions endeavoring to drag down a butfalo,
and they were unable to do so for a tune,
though ho was then mortally wounded by
a two-ounce ball.
This singular encounter occurred on the
16lh of September, 1846, and is thus des
cribed by Major Vardon in a letter to Dr.
"Oswell and I were riding this afternoon
along the banks of the Limpopo, when a
wnter buck started in frout of us. ,1 dis
mounted, aud was following it through the
jungle, when three buffaloes got up and af
ter going a little distance stood still, aud.
the nearest bull turned round and looked at
me. A ball from the two-ouncer crushed
mto his shoulder, an ! they all three made
off. Oswell and I followed as soon as 1 re
loaded, aud when we were in sight of the
butfalo aud gaining on him at every strid ,
three lions leaped on the unfortunate brute;
he bellowed most lustily as he kept up a
kind of running fight; but he wa, of
course, soon overpowered and pulled dwn.
We had a line view of the struggle, and
saw the lions on their hind legs tearing
away with tedih and claw-s m most fe
rocious style. We crept up within thirty
yards, and kneeling down blazed away at
tho lious. My rifle was a single barrel,
and I had no spare gun. One lion fell
dead almost on the buffalo; he had mere
ly time to turn towaids us, seize a bush
with his teeth, arid drop dead will the
slick in his jaws. The seco d made off
immediately, and the third raised his head,
coolly looked round for a moment, and
then went On tearing and biting the carcase
as hard ns ever. We retired a short dis-
lance to load; then again auvnuced and
fired. The lion made olF, but a ball that
lie received ought to have slopped tiiui, as
It went clean through his sliouiaer-biade.
He was followed up and killed, after having
charged seveial times. Both lions were
males, it is not often that one bags a
brace of lions and a bull buffalo m about
ten minutes. It was an exciting adventure,
and I shall never forget it. . . . The
butfalo had, of course, gone close to where
tho lions were lying down for the day;
ana they, seeing nun lame and bleeding,
thought the opportunity too good a one
to bo lost.
In attacking an animal, the lion general
ly seizes it by the flank near the hind leg,
or' by the throat below the jaw. Dr. iiiv
ingsloiie considers it questionable whether
ho ever atlemprs to seize an animal by the
"The flank is tho most common point of
attack, and that is the part be begins to
feast on first; The natives and the lions
are very similar in their tastes in the selec
tion of tit-hits; an eland may be seen dis
embowelled by a lion so completely that
ha scarcely seems cut up at all. The bowels
and fatty parts form a full meal for even
tho largest lion. The jackal comes sniff
ing about, and sometimes suffers for his
temerity by a stroke from the lion's paw
lying him dead. When gorged, the lion
falls fast asleep, and is then easily dis
Hunting' a lion witn aogs involves very
little danger as compared with .hunting the
Indian, tiger, because the dogs-bring him
out of cover aud make" him stand at bay,
giving the hunter plenty of time for a de
liberate shot. ' i
"When game is abundant, there you
may expect-lionsln 'proportionately large
numbers. They nre ' never seen In. herds;
but six or eight, probably, -one family, occa
sionally hunt together. One is iu much
more danger of being run over when walk
ing in the streets of London, than he is of
being devoured by lions in Africa, unless
engaged in hunting, the animal. Indeed,,
nothing that I have seen or heard about
lions would constitute a bariier in the way
of men of ordinary couiage and enterprise.'"
The lion's "roar," which we have been
accustomed to hear described so wonder
fully awful and lerific. turns out to be no
wise, very remaikable. Dr. Livingstones
af the "majestic roar of the king of beasts"
as a piece of bombastic exaggeration.
"The snmo feeling,"- ho says, "whjch, linj
I induced the modern painter to caricature
1 the h'on,-has- led "the- sentimentalist to con
i sfder the lions" roar the most "terrific of all
, ... , T - - 1 ,11 I
earuiiv-soumis.- it is. inueeu,- wen caicu
lated to inspire fear, if you hear it in coin-
hiimtion with the tremeudiously loud thun
der ot that couutrv, on a night o pitchy
dark that every flash of the intensely vivid
lightning" leaves you with the impression
of stone blindness, while the rain pours
down so fast that your fire goes out, leaving
you without even the protection of a tree,
or the chance of your gun going otf. But
when you are in a comfortable house or
wagon, the case'is very different, and you
hear the roar of the lion without any awe
or alarm. The sillj ostrich niakesa noise
as loud, yet he never was feared by man.
To talk of the majestic roar of the lion is
mere majestic twaddle.
A fact which will probably surprise
most people is that, the Jion "seldom at-
acks full g.own animals; but frequently,
when a butfalo-calf-is caught-'by hira-the
cow rushes to ;the rescue, and a Ioss"from
her often kills him." In more than one in
stance Dr. Livingstone met -.vith the carcase
of lions that had all appearauco of having
received their deathblow from a buffalo.
He thinks it questionable that a full-grown
buffalo is, ever attacked by a simple lion.
"The amount of roaring heard at night on
occasions when a butfalo is killed, seems to
indicate there are always more than one
lion engaged in tho onslaught." Ho states,
as a circumstance known to him, that a
herd of buffaloes on' ono occasion kept n
number of lious from their young by tha
males turning their heads to the enemy,
while the cows and theyoung ones remain
ed quietly in the rear. "One toss from a
bull, he says, "would kill the strongest
lion that ever breathed." We are told fur
ther: "Lions never go near any elephants,
except the calves, which when young are
sometimes torn by them : every living thiug
retires before the lordly' elephant, yet a full-
grown one would be the more easy prey
than the rhinoceros; the lion rushes off at
the mere siht of this latter beast."
Tho lion may bo considered as deposed,
then, from his reputed supremacy in the
forest. Ho has been reigning by a false
title, or rather, he has only been said to
reign, while in fact he is a inero freebooter,
lhakliig havoc .where ho can, but having.
meanwhile, to ko.-p a sharp mok out to his
own safety, lest some stronger brute thnn
he should bring linn to an untimely end.
Nevertheless, he is very far from being a
harmless animal. When pressed with
hunger he does sometimes kill men, and
even cat them provided he encounters
one alone,- and without arms to defend
himself. Ho is likewise a dangerous crea
ture to atlack, as if he cannot gel out of
the way, he stands at bay and springs up
on tho nearest comer with stupendous fu
ry. The reader has probably heard that
Dr. Livingstone had once nn encounter
with a lion, of so serious nxharacter, that,
while narrowly escaping' with his life, he
bears the effects of it to this hour in a dis
abled arm. While living as a missionary
among a tribe of the Bechuanas, the cattle
folds of tho village were -everal times vis
ited by lious in the night, and thu- many
of the cattle were destroyed. To put an
end to these ravages, the people, at Liv
ingstone's suggestion, turned out to hunt
the enemy; it being well known that if one
iu a troop of lions is killed, the others .take
the hint, and leave the scene of the disas
ter. "We found the lions," says out trav
eller "on a small hill about a quarter .of a
mile.iu length, and covered with, trees. A
circle ot men was formed round it, and
ihey graduallly closed up, ascending pretty
near to each otherBeing down below on tho
plain with a native, schoolmaster, named
Mebnlwe, a most excellent man, I saw one
of the lions sitting on a piece of rock with
in tho now-closed circle of men. Mebalwe
tired at him before I could, and the ball
struck the rock on which the animal was
silting He bit at the spot struck, as a dog
does at a stick, or stone thrown at him;
then leaping away, broke through the open-,
iug circle, and escaped unhurt. The men
were afraid, to attack him, perhaps on ac
count of their belief in witchcraft. When,
the circle was reformed, we saw two other
lious in it; but we were afraid to fire lest
we should strike the men, and they allow
ed the beasts to burst through also. See
ing we could not get them to kill ono of
the lions, we bent our footsteps towards
the village, in going round the end of the
hill, however, I saw ono ofthe beasts sil
ting on a piece of rock as before; but this
time he had a little bush in front. Being
about thirty yards off, I took a good aim
at his body through the bush, and fired
both barrels into it. The men then called
out, 'He is shot, he is s .ot!' Others cried,
'He has been shot by another man too; let
us go to him !' I did not see nny one else
shoot at him, but I saw the lion's tail erect
ed in anger behind tho bush, and turning
to the people said, 'Slop a little till.I load
again." .When in the act of ramming
down the bullets I heard a shout. Start
ing, and looking half round, I Saw the lion
just in the act of springing upon me. 1
was upon, a, little height; be caught my
shoulder as he sprang, and wo came to the
ground below together. Growling horri
bly close to my ear, ho shook me as a ter
rier dog does a rat. The shock .produced
a stupor similar to that which seems to bo
felt by a mouse after the first' shake of tho
cat. It caused a sort of dreaminess, in
which there was no sonso of pain nor f el
ing of terror, though" I was quite conscieus
of all that was .happening. It was like
what patients partially under the influence
of chloroform describe, who see all the op
peration, but feel not the knife. This sin
gular condition was not tho result of nuy
mental process. Tho shake annihilated
fear, aud allowed no sense of horror in look
ing round at the beast. This peculiar
state is produced in all animals killed by'
the cariutora; and, if so, is a merciful pro
vision by our benevolent Uiealor tor lessen
ing tlu pain of death. Turning round to
relieve mysell ot ihe weight, as lie Had one
paw on the back of my head, I saw his
eyes directed to' Mebalwe; who was trying
' i .1 . - J! .l f . i:r..
to snoot Jiimniuuisimice ui icu ur nueeu
yards. His gun, a flint one, missed firo in
both barrel; the lion immediately left mo
and attacking Mebalwe, bit his thigh.
Another man, whose life I had saved be
fore, after he had been tossed by a buffalo,
attempted to spear the lion while he was
biting' Mebnlwe. He left Mebalwe and
caught this jnan by the shoulder; but at
this momenf the bullets "he had received
took effect, and he fell down dead. The
whole was ihe'wo'rk of a few moments, and
must have been a paroxysm of dying rage.
Besides crunching the bone into splinters,
he left- eleven teeth-wounds on the upper
part of my arm. A wound 'from this an
imal's tooth resembles a gunshot wound ;
it is generally followed by a -great deal of
siougiung nun aiscuarge, ana pains are ten
in therparl periodicnllly afterwards. I had
on a. tartan jacket on the occasion, and. I
i i - i , - , -i i .
believe that it wiped off all the virus from
the teeth that pierced the" flesh, for my two
companions in the tray have both suflerejl
from the peculiar pains, while i have escaped
with only ihe'incbn'venieuce of a false -joint
in my limb.
Latest Information About Lions. THE BROWN SILK DRESS.
"Why, Eliza! what a strange choico for
a wedding diess! Your other 'dresses are
in very good style, and you have plenty of
them, considering the changes in fashion
but a brown silk dress to be married in !
what a fancy in a girl of eighteen!"
" Its true, my aunt, that my choice may
seem somewhat somber, but you know very
well 1 am about to become the wife ot a
poor mechanic, who depends on his daily
labor for support. As the wife of such a
man, I must necessarily limit my expendi
tures to my circumstances, and have tho t
it better to purchase something which would
be useful for sometime to come, thnn to
consult my appearance as a bride for ono
short-evening especially as I see no stran
"There is something in that. There is
my Maria's vvedding'dress. She will nev
er wear it again in the world. She had a
white satin, with a lace dress over it. Un,
he did look beautiful! I do admire to
see a handsome bride.
Yes, it is very well for those who can
afford it. But. it would be quite absurd
for mo to purchase an expensive dress for
one or even a few evenings, when by the
expenditure of half the money, I can pro
cure that wh.ch will be serviceable for years.
But come, put on -your bonnet, and stop
over to our new house. It is all furnished,
I value it more highly than I should if it
were oot so near my mother's."
ihere, William has left this small par
lor, this sitting room, and three chambers,
to finish. at his leisure, when ho is out of
employment: Seo how everything is ar
ranged so hiiifdy for mj work."
"You don t say you are going to do
your own work !"
"Certainly I do ! There B but ono ap
prentice, and I think it strange if I could
not do it with ease."
"My heart, what strange fancies you have !
To be sure, it is well enough if you can
bring your mind to it, but but then folks
do so differeut now-a-days. Thcro is my
Maria; shell s moved into an elegant house
all furnished fioni top to bottom. She
keeps a great girl to do the work, and a
little on- to wait ami lend. Oh, things do
go on so beautifully, I promise you."
"tier husband is a young lawyer, is he
not? is ho wealthy i'
"Oh! he is very well off. He does nol
get much practice yet, but 1 dare say he
will in lime. He has a interest; besides,
Maria would never have married a mechan
ic their hands get so hard and black,
and their complexion, especially if they
are exposed, gets so brown. I would not
wish lo hurt your feelings, but 1 do think
that for pride's sake, for the sake of the
family' you might havemade a different
"Oh, aunt, excuse my laughing I
have yet lo learn that a man's honest oc
cupation, whether it produces hard hands,
whether it gives the cheek a brown or a
pale hue, is any disparagement to him.
You must get acquainted with William,
and hear him converse. You will not
think of his hard hands, and his animated,
intelligent countenance will drivi hisbron
zed skin quite out of your head. But come,
you do 1 1 say any thing about my luriu-
ture and you must seo my nice closets.
"Oh, your furniture is well enough. The
less you have, the less you will have to
lake care of, you kuow."
"Yes, we could not get much furniture.
I insisted upon William taking the money
which my grandfather left mo, to pay off a
few hundred dollars which heowed for
this place, in order to enable us to being
even in the world. We have both such a
horror of debt, that wo are determined nev
er to incur any if we can help it. Seo what
n nice precs for bed clothes this is !"
"Why, what a quantity of bed and table
linnen ! it is really nice, loo. You havo
more than my Maria has, I declare."
"Yes, I always want an abundance of
such things. This drawer is filled with
towels this is my ironing sheet and blan
ket, and this closet contains my tin and
wooden ware."
"I declare, Eliza you are a strange,
thoughtful child. I must tell you ono
thing about Maria that mado us have a
good hourly laugh. Tho Monday morn
ing after she was married, tho girl camo
to ask her where the tubs were, and don't
you think tho child bad actually forgotien
to buy a tub, a clothes line, or pins! She
said it never popped into her head. But
la ! it wasu't strange she had never been
used to do anything of tho kind.''
"I believe, nunt, I have shown you all,
now. We will go if you please. I hope
you will not let my brown dress, or Wil
liam's brown hands, frighteu you away this
"Oh, no! But as' I must lako the stage
for Maria's early in tho morning, you must
allow me to retire early."
"What fellows theso Yankocss nro for
combiuing elegance and usefulness," said a
southern genilemen to himself as ho stood
on tho piazza of the hotel in the town of,
V'Sir," said he, addressing' himself
to.a venerable looking man near utm, ','cau
you tell me who, reside in that,e!egant
cottage where the .grounds are laid out
with so much taste i '
"Oh, that is Squire Bill Thorndike's.-
You must be a stranger in these parts not
lo know that.
"I am, sir; and sinco he seems such a
prominent member of society, I should be
happy to kuow something of his history."
"Oh, there is nothing at all, sir. His
father was a man of great learning, but ho
nearly run through a fortune trying to live
in style. He died, and left three boys.
Their mother, who went. from this place
was a woman of strong sense. She sold
the property, paid off the debts, and had
enough left to buy that little house lo the
left. It has but two rooms, and there is
a garden attached to it- Here she put her
boys out to trades. One to a mason, one
to a wheelright, and this Bill to a carpen
ter. Bill married the widdow i crry's
daughter, bhe was a right good scholar,
and she made an excellent wife. They got
along wonderful!. Everybody wondered
how it was. lie did not make better wa
ges than other men. It was' no mystery
to me, though, for I watched them pretty
"You never saw a great display of fine
ry such as laces and Bounces, and furbe
lows; you never saw him, before he kept
a horse, riding much for pleasure, sso.
they both pulled ono way, and took their
pleasure in being sober, lUditsinous ana
useful, and now they reap their reward in
being universally respected. .Now there
ain't a man that has so much money lo let
as bquire lhorndike, and he is never hard
and screwing about it as some are. He
isn't stingy either. Ho has taken the two
children of one Lawyer Willis to bring up,
and he does as well by them as ho does by
his own. Lawyer Willis' wife was a kind
of cousin to Squire Thorndike's wife. She
was a dashy, showy girl. You'd have
thought tho richest folk on earth were mar
ried when they had tho knot tied. Poor
fellow, he had a hard lime, notwithstand
ing, lo support his wife in style. Ho took
lo drink, and died. L have heard say that
she turned up her noso at her cousin's
match, but she little thought her boys
would be glad to go to that same cousin
for a home, while si.e V'ould be glad to
take up with the little house that Squire
Thorndike's mother lived in.
"Ah, sir," continued tho old man, "this
is a changing vvoid; but, to my mind, if
folks would be more prudent and industri
ous, and give up hankering after things be
yond their means, there would be would be
more real good done in the world, aud few
er changes."
Latest Information About Lions. THE BROWN SILK DRESS. Lieut. Allen's Battle with the
Tho Portland Standard, Oregon, of Sept.
1st, makes the following statement of the
circumstances connected with the killing of
Lieut. Allen by the Oregon Indians:
There is a division among the tribes
west ofthe Columbia river relative to fight
ing the troops. Somedesiro to fight, .and
others wish to make peace. Ouhi and
Qualehein decided to remain hostile, while
Cothaute and Choshoskan, with their fam
ilies, were for peace. The latter separated
from the hostiles, taking with them their
families, and were proceeding towards Sim
coe. They met Maj.Garnelt's command, and
the chiefs entered his camp with a flag of
truce; they represented themselves and
their people as friendly. But an Indian
who was with Gnmelt's command reported
that, n'nioiig those Indians were, four who
had been in the fight, against Robiitson,
ami that the chiefs had lied when they
said ali in their camp were friendly. This
induced Major Garnell to retain the chiefs
as prisoners, mid to order Lieutenant Allen
with a detachment to surround the Indian
camp while the Indians were asleep.
Accordingly, about three o'clock on the
morning ofthe 15th, he, with ono or two
of his men, went into the Indin camp, while
the lemainder wero stationed in readiness
to firo at the first signal ofdistress. Lieu
ennnt Allen attempted to rousu them from
their sleep when one of them jumped, up
and started to run away, and Allen fired
at him. At the discharge of his gun tho
whole camp was aroused, ami Allen's men
outside fired indiscriminately into the camp
ono s'tot taking effect in tho body of Allen,
from which he aflorvvards died. Tho In
dians are reported to have not tired at all.
They were all taken prisoners, and the four
who were in the fight with Robertson were
slain and tho remainder set at liberty.
A Lunatic Girl Kills her Father.
Wo learn from Mr. Adams, (Alams &Jew
ett) who returned from Warren yesterday
morning, that during the night of Monday,
a daughter of a Mr Hamilion, of Johnson
Township, near there, killed her father by
cutting and smashing his head as he lay in
bed. The girl had onco been in iho Luna
tic Asylum, and had been restored to rea
son, but a recent fit of sickness had again
deranged it, and on the night in' question
sho came down stairs, procured a light' and
with axo in hanJ, proceeded to the bed n
which were her father and mother, and say
ing that they were bad people, and must
live no longer, orsomothing to that effect,
struck her fatlicra blow with the ax across
his lower jaw, crushing it, and continuing
her strokes upon other parts of his head,
each blow being in itself mortal. The
mother in the meantime hadgotoutof bed
and after a long and severe struggle, suc
ceeded in wresting the ax from tho daugh
ter and securing freedom from further vio
lence. Tho 'daughter was brought by
Sheriff Lyman to the Newburgh Asylum,
yesterday morning. Review, 13A
Beneficial Results of Advertising.
We understand, through the agent of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, that tho receipts of
that company nl the agency in New. York
have increased eighty-six per cent, since
the company commenced advertising in the
Now England papers, in April, 1857.
Tho advnntnges of advetising can tiever be
appreciated in theory; the principal results
nro the convincing arguments iii favor of
the system. JNew lork owes her unpar
alleled success in a great measure to the
liberality of her merchants, not only in ad
vertising, but intcircnhiiing New Yofk pa
pers, containing' their advertisements all
over the counlrr.
The Overland California Mail.
There were great rejoicings in St. Louis
on Saturday last, on the arrival of the first
mail from San Francisco, overland, under
care of Mr. Butterneld one of the contrac
tors and Mr. Bailey, mail agent. The
mail was but twenty-four days from San
Francisco; shortening therefore our mail
facilities with the Pacific Coast some ten
days. Of course the time will be improv
ed when arrangements are perfected, so as
to reduce the time to perhaps twenty days.
This mail is to be a semi-weekly one; Tho
St. Louis Republican of Monday; lltb,
Nine years ago, when the discovery of
gold in Ualifarnia led to the immense emi
gration in that Stale, it was regarded as an
expeditious trip if made from the Missis
sippi to the Pacific in eighty to one hun
dred days. Thousands wero occupied a
much longer time, and hundreds perished
on the wayside. The establishment of this
mail route, and of tho route from St. Jo
sephs to Utah, and thenco to Sacramento,
has changed the whole current of things;
and it is now demonstrated on a first trial,
and under adverse circumstances, that it is
practicable to carry mail and passengers
from St. Louis to San Francisco in twenty
four days; and this will be reduced if nec
essary below twenty days. We rejoice
over this result, because we have all along
predicted it could be done, not precisely on
the line over which the travel has been
made, and because it must soon become
the great mail route between' the Eastern
and Western oceans. Our citizens will
not now wait for a semi-monthly communi
cation across the Isthmus, when they can
avail themselves of a semi-weekly mail
by the overland route, thereby gaining time
aud additional facilities. Very soon, too,
the stages will be crowded with passengers,
called by business or pleasure to travel
hast or West, and not a year will have
passed away before this route will be made
perfectly secure by the establishment of
stations at short distances, where settle
ments will grow up, aud the accommoda
tions will bo as good as they wero thirty
years ago between bt. liouisand rhiladel
Mr. Baily, an agent of the Post Ofhce
Department, wo believe, was the only- pas
senger who camo through last night, the
others having stopped at Springfield from
fatigue. Mr. Baily being called out by
genilemen who had assembled at the Plan
ters House, on the occasion, gave a brief
but interesting history ot his trip, iho
great difficulty in the was the wnut of wa
ter, in somo of the deserts, but this was
remedied to a very considei-able extent, by
the foresight ot the company, in sending
water forward for the use of the animals.
The company has more than two hundred
stations on the road. Mr. Bailey believes
that all the difficulties which attend this
trip will be overcome ir. a short time, and
he proclaims the whole enterprise "a per
fect success." Tho Indians gave them no
Mr. Bailey stated that at least four days
time were lost on the trip from causes
which will not likely occur again. The 1st
402 miles from San Francisco to Los An-
gelos were traveled in eighty hours the next
282 miles from Los Angelos to r ort I uma
in seventy-two hours and twenty minutes;
the next 2G0 miles from liort l uma lo
Tucson in seveniy-oue hours forty-five min
utes; the next 360 miles from Tucson to
Franklin iu eight v-lvvo hours; the next
428 miles from Franklin to Ft. Chadbourne
in ono hundred tvvenly-six hours thirty
minutes; the next 282 miles from Ft. Chnd
bourno to Colbert's Ferry (Red River) in
sixty five hours twenty-five minutes; the
next 192 miles trom Colberts ferry to i't.
Smith in thirty-eight hours; the next 318
miles from Fort Smith to Tipton in forty
eight hours and fifty-five minutes; tho next
100 miles from Tipton to St. Louis eleven
hours'and forty minute;.
This mail, of course, brought the latest
news from the Pacific Coast. The particu
lars of the death of Lieutenant Allen, of
tho army, who was reported as killed by
tho Indians, are given, by which it appears
that he may have been killed by his own
men; The Portland (Oregon) Standard
of September 1st, says:
We havo the statement that the circum
stances connected with the killing of Lieut.
Allen were somewhat as follows: There is
a division among the tribes West of the
Columbia river relative to fighting troops.
Some desiro to fight, and others wish to
make peace. Ouhi and Qualehien decided
to remain hostile, while Cothaute and
Choshoseknn, with their families, were for
peace. The latlcr separated from the hos
tile, and taking with them their families,
were proceeding towards Sitncoc. They
met Major Garuett's command, and the
chiefs entered his camp with n flag of truce;
they represented themselves and their peo
ple as friendly. But an Indian who- was
with Garnet's command reported that
among these Indians were four who were
in tho fight against Robertson, and that
the chiefs had lied when they said all in
their camp were friendly. This induced
Major Garnett to retain the chiefs' ns priso
ners, and to order Lieu. Allen with a de
tachment to surrouud tho Indian camp
while the Indians were asleep.
Accordingly, about 2 o'clock on thn
morning of the 15th, he, with ono or two
of his men, went into the Indian camp,
while the remainder were stationed iu read
iness to fire at Iho first signal ofdistress.
Lieut. Allen attempted lo rouse them from
their sleep, when one of them jumped up
and started to run away, and Allen fired
nt him. At the discharge of his gun the
whole camp was aroused, and Allen's men
outside fired indiscriminately into the camp,
one shot taking effect in tho body of Alleu,
from which ho nf'terwards died. Tho In
dians aro reported to have not fired at all.
Thoy wero all taken prisoners, and tho four
who were in the fight with Robinson wero
shot, and tho remainder sot at liberty.
The Indian war is getting to be a seri
ous affiiir. Major Garnett had a brush with
the Indinns on tho Okanagan, killing six.
Many ofthe Indians alarmed nt Maj. Gar
uett's summary justice are said to have fled
to Iho British Possessions.
On Snake River, in Oregoh, one field
wmk (Fort Taylor) is finished, and CoL
Wright with his command were to cross
the river and take the field Aug. 23d. An
army letter from there says:
Two days ago, August 20th, three In
dians appeared on the opposite bank, wav
ing a bloody shirt as they rode up and
down. After going through this perform
ance for about half ah hour, they fired a
gun at our camp and rode off. This we
suppose, was intended to be an Indian de
claration of wan
The truth is, the hostile tribes are in tha
highest state of confidence" from Col. Step
toe's defeat, aud it will take a severe thrash
ing to reduce them to order. The hostiles,
who" went down to Walla Walla to see Col.
Wright, said they had no wish to make
peace; that the whiles were always talking
of war, but always wanted to mako peace,
and tho first lo sue for it. This is true,
aud shows the necessity of teaching them
a new lesson. I heir conhdence, however,
may induce them to meet us, when we shall
have an opportunity of wiping out the dis
grace of the past. The lime for temporis
ing with these tribes is over.
For some nights past we havo seen the
light of fires ahead, which shows that the
Indians are busy in burning the grass on
our line of march, to .impede our column,
by cutting off forage for our animals. For
tunately we bad rain last evening, and it is
raining again to-day. This may save some
of the grass for us.
liillard f. JJorsey of Los Angelos. lata
Register of ihe United States Land Office
was killed on Sept. 6th, by his father-in-law
W. W. Rubottom. A quarrel arose
between Dorsey and his wife, and she thro'
fear of her life fled to hei father's house,
fivo miles, leaving her child of 4 months
with his father. Dorsey went to the Louse
of his father-in-law, Mr. Rubottom, where
tho following scene.waa enacted i
When Liorsey rode up to the house; Mr.
Rubottom, who was seated on the piazza,
in conversation with Mr. Newmark, arose
from his seat and remarked, "Capt, Dorsey,
1 have one request to make, and that is,
that you do not enter my gate." Deceas
ed said, "I'll come in or die, and will end
it right here," Mr. Rubottom again ad
monished him, "for God's sake Dorsey, do
not como in." When Mr. Rubotton saw
him walk up towards the house with pistol
in hand, he went into an adjoining room
for his shot-gun. When he returned, Dor
sey was on the piazza; they met and fired
simultaneously, Mr. Rubottom's load en
tering tho side of Dorsey, just below the
collarbone. The shot from DorseyVpistol
missed the mark. The deceased ran fifteen
or tweenly steps after he was shot, and ex
pired. His wife was present all the time,
but it was useless to interfere in the mat
ter, is Dorsey was fully armed, having a
six shooter, a pair of derringers, and a
knife on his person at the time of his death.
Hereafter, of course, California news
must be looked for by the Western papers,
and id that respect St. Louis "will stand in
the position heretofore occupied by New
York, and Cleveland papers will have news
from the Pacific two days or mora before
the N. Y. papers can furnish it to our
readers. The overland mail is a very im
portant movement not only to the public
generally, but in particular to the Missis
sippi Valley.
The Mammoth trees of California.
On the 23d and 24th of June I visited
the celebrated Mammoth Tree Grove, in
Calvoras county, accompanied by brother
J. D. Blain and brother H. Bland and lady.
We reached tho grove at four r sr, on the
23d, and put up at the "Mammoth Tree
House," the only public, indeed, the only
dwelling house at the grove. The accom
modations were satisfactory. A semi
weekly paper, entitled the Big Tree Bul
letin and Murphy's Advertiser? is edited
and printed on the stump of what is called
the big tree, though it is nol by any means
tho largest tree in the grove. There are
ninety-six of those wonderful trees in a cir
cuit of about ono mile. These trees do not
stand alone, but in a forest of large trees,
generally pmo and cedars. They are, tru
ly wonderful, and like our great lakes ona
must see them fully to appreciate their
'dimensione. Sugar pines, eight feet in di
ameter, and more than two hundred feet
high, standing in tho near neighborhood of
theso wonderful growths, seem mere sap
lings iu the comparison. "The Father of
tho Forast" lies in the stately grandeur on
tbe ground, having been blown down no
body knows when, his huge form measur
ing one hundred and twelve feet in circum
ference, and by estimate four hundred and
fifty-feet in length. I say by estimate for
the top is broken off three hundred feet
from the root. But as the tree is eight
feet in diameter, where it is broken, it is
reasonably supposed, judging from the
general taper, that ono hundred and flty
feet must be added to complete length.
"The Mother of the Ferest" excites com
miseration. There she stands denuded of
her bark one hundred and twenty feet
from the the ground. This was done abont
four years ago, and yet, so tenacious is sho
of life, a few green tufts still adorn her
head. The frame work of the scanouing
is still standing, and the spiral stairway,
formed by large pins driven iuto the tree.
We did not ascend this stair way, as tha
gentle manly conductor thought the pins
milit not bo reliable. "The Big Tree"
was cut or rather bored down soma time
aco. The level stump forms tha floor of
nn arbor, in which, as stated above, is tho
editing and printing office of the Big Tree
Bullettin The but log some thirty feet
long, lies, on tho ground, and is ascended
by a neat stairway of twenty-six steps.
The trees aro perhaps all named. Besides
those above meniioned, there are "the
Two Guards," "The Three graces," "The
Twius," "Hercules," "The Hermit," "Tha
Beauty of the forest," etc bomo take
the names of tho several States and of our
distinguished men. Winfield Scott is a
tree of most noble dimensions and propor
tions, and most grandly represents the no
ble, dimensions and proportions, and moit
grandly represents. the noble chiefton whose
: !..'- t. i . .'t t?
name ii. oears. out enougn aooui me pig
trees. Wonderful are tha works of God!
Bishop Scott Letters - 4

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