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fY 3 ' S'S-f V.'i . f Oske EStor and Preprletor. : Ofiee-Wasbiartai Street, Tklrd Wr Soitk f Jacksen. v y . Tcrnsj-Ose Dollar ud Flflj ti i Ii iirae :f xiiclv M.emburgholm april 5, isgo., NO. 33. mm iii i in n i . iv r x il i a i - . . iii w ai . a -r" v i i i a v m n jv- wiiii ' xkw a x -i r a-. ac -- - iiii- 11 .am - - a. - ' a: .saw-" r i - st-i i t. . - m V V . Ill III 111 v I I ill ,1 I I I I - i ? HIT . 1 I I I .' 1 IL I II III II 111 1 I III - I I -III: jl I I II II I I s x. m iw v ii v 1 1 . iii i in . i i r ' i vi i w iiwiuA iia n 'ill- i - tw n AW -XaW " - awaWawaaaunw-- VS a - aT - -Ar w l AW- "V V A.'VIT IlF 7ity . . . ' . i " " - .1 11. Li' J 1 Stuxt, Tiiu Don Boon or Jtxxam IflLLERSBUEG, OHIO, w . 1M gaWriWro fc nid withia tka yer. Attar tW jear expires. . 2.00 TEX LAW Or NEWSPAPERS. X.' mi wilrtnnl Mwaiim to wHttlrir a. If mabmor&m onler tb cfijeonti Muse of thrir Hlitw iiit toM4 UaiMilill U MkMriten xgUet ar rfn to Uk? their mm (m th aaiee to wkiek the; arc dinetad. tbr an Ma laiaiaaibti U1 thejaattia their bUls.udotdar taa iiiri aiwatinnea i. If enj amkacriben pkt to uothn pUoe wltlit laa in tha publisher, an their paper I aeat to fcaaMralraattoa, taej are held napeaeible. a. Tha CearU hare decided that nrfuUnf to take aevaeeer ireai tae aaiee, or remaeuif aa tearing to ealiea iar, ui ft imiatU eridenea af iatestiaaai fraad. TERilS OF AD VERTISING: ' nil im,oMS,AKaaQCa. Qac quare, one veek .1.00 i&aca aubaeqnenl iBaeruoB.Dnaer J mua UJ Oae bo aire, 3 ma 'a, changeable at pleasure 3.00 Da 6 - do - do 5.00 Do 13 . - :- : do ': ' 8.00 Fawrta colon, I jt, eltaagaablc qoartcrly 20.00 Half solama do do . do 30.00 Turlf Jdttrtin, at ao time ta exceed ilmiimi at aleaeare, aad United rtrleUr their en tauudiate boaiiieai, will be charged tl&JO. U aaeiaiw area, aot exeeedior mix Urn, will laaarard eae rear (or $j00 ; aad rear! adrertiaera' Card will mm laeiTnn iiijm iiipTi k ieiUranmt taaaed. or Ineerted aader the ef ffveetaj ffosi , and Vmmml ewaia aarertlpe will be eaarrea ev per eeau more una ui Uig mi Ad9rtiswut cluvrgeable hj the qure Business Cards. JOHN W. V0EHES, attorney at CnU, MILLERSBURG, O. OFFICE, one door East of the Book Store, upstair. - v- ?a April 22, 1853-2ii35yl. ; ; G. W.EAMAGE, PHYSICIANS SURGEON HOUBESVILLL OHIO. , R nnrlfally iaforsa the paMie that he has loeatrd maMau ia im adore vulofe, for toe practice of at t3T OFFICE t-r doom west of ReedVeor- Anrt, loan T3D30U. J. E. ATKINSON, Millersburg, Ohio. IS ROW PREPABEB to fomi-h to ardor all tha dtSnent kinda of artalicial Teeth, from aoe ta an sura bm. jjtr-imcm, ai aauaL as Ur atieet. DE. T. G. V. BOUNG,' ' IVIUjILeKSBURG, O: rIANKFUIi for past favors, respectfully tender bis professional services to the pub lic. Office ia the room formerly occupied by Air. Irvine. x : April 15.1858 T2a34tf.': JUL EBBIGHT, pljnstrian anb Surgeon, MILLERSBURG, O. -SMsee aa Jacks Street, aearlr 09900110 the otpire Honae. (Residence on Clay. Street, opposite the Presbyterian Church. BENJAMIN C0HN, RIM-MADE CL0TDI1 Of all Descriptions, COR. OF JACXSOX b . WASEIGTONSTS STORES & LAKE, DENTISTS, Wooster & Millersburg. DB, K E. STOKRS, . IS IS O QS3 t?, M' JtRUernburgm O. , Office over J K Ebchs Store Boom. Dec 1.1859. ' ' - - CASKET & INGLES, SKU.EBS Ef- ' MILLERSBURG-, O. ':. : ; . PLAIN &EANCY - Of all Mnds, neatly executed &JT THIS OFFICE. BAKER & WH0LF, Forwarding and Commission ASP OBAUBS Dl - SALT FISH, PLASTER, WHITE AND WATER LIME. - j . rusoHasna or '. FLOUR, WHEAT, RYE, CORN, OATS, CLOVER A ND TIMOTHY SEED, ALSO, Hotter, Eggt, Lard, Tallow and aU hind of Dried Fruits. WAEEHOUSE, MILLERSBUEQ. O. 8irt.l8.1856-4tt EACH CLACKSMITH SHOP I - MILLERSBURG, OHIO. -TOTTTST .TOT?D A "NT HAS opeaed a saw Blacksmith B bop on Mul Ant ho ar Street, waat aide, a abort distance north ol C ber ryhobBea' BUna, whara ha ia fully prepared to aa all ' - - ' - - ' . work ta hu line ot Duaweai oa a uvr hwuv, m ivaaoB aale prices aad In a . "Workmanlike Manner. AQ who want their work well done and at reasonable arteea, should call at Jordon'l shop. He shoes horses for oae dollar cash, and does other work proportionately lew. JOHN JORDON. Mfnerstmrf . Aag. 11, ls9 61 Business Cards. Poetry. AN EVANGEL. j the a ear to be " ' A Hfted leaf Vest qtomiBr by, - 1 BeBeatktheblMoflMawea; -A yellow leaf aad annnwr's sigh - Passed vita the breath of erea. , It was a weird like messenger Of darkness aad decay A lonely, moornful traveler - To poist the weary way ; -, The seztoa wind woald surely pass To burr all the flowers. ' And leave bis shape upon the ilis manock ta the bowers. ' ,; -. " . -- t,. .. - Aad still as deeper grew the ea. . A blood-red dome raised high Its disc, abore t!e clooda betaeea. ' - The earth and ciiwsua sky ; Aad the flood of glory shone v. Down golden ristas bright; , , , Till darkness elaspt-d a starry soae Around the waist of Kight, And then I knew September kept Within her burnished hall . Aa .rgic wild, aad serer wept O'er Summer in ber poIL I ancstioned then the sleepless Kigbt, Upon ber ebos ear, Chasisg their fiery steeds of light. Led by the vesper star ; And asked, "What meed is to be woa . - Within the nrand of years, - That Summer's golden belt's oadoue, . When Autumn's finger sears. And King October's srowa of grain -Falls 'neath old Winter's snows, - That yield when April's tender rain - is kissing op the pose t" And low and deep a voice came out The starry sweep, aad said. . O man, the Wisdom doaot doubt. That has these changes made, From evil still evolving good The wholesome Irssua see, ' And o'er it humbly ponder, brood Twas written ail for thee I" E'en ia the storm-cloud's angry dia A golden pnge appears The prism bow of promise ia A baptism ot tears I —Louisville Journal. —Louisville Journal. Miscellaneous. Speech of Hon. Thomas Corwin. The great tpeeb of Mr. Corwin, deliver ed in the House on tha 23d and 24th of January last, has just made its appearance in tbe blobe. It occupies twenty-two solid columns of that paper, and at this late day we must content ourselves with publishing the few specimens subjoined: THE HIGHER LAW—QUESTION STATED. Oca of your statesmen of the South, whom I have bad tbe pleasure of knowing for a good many years I allude to Mr. Stephens, of Georgia in a recent speech said that be was in favor of Mr. Seward's higher law, not exactly in its application, but bo said, that if it be not better for tbe while man as well as tbe black man, that one should be roaster and the other slave, they had no business with slavery, and should surrender it. I give the substance but perhaps not the exact words. All who have read that gcutloinsu's speech to the people of Georgia will know that I quote him fairly. That, I think is tbe true phil osophic ground upon which to put it. If it be belter that the negro should stand in the relation of slave, better for all concern ed, then slavery is. right. If the converse be true, then slavery is wrong, and of course, if possible, should be peacefully abolished. Thus this vexed question is sta led and submitted to the world by a living, (ending Southern statesman. Let calm reason and fair discussion by those whom it' concerns ascertain the truth. The path of duly is then made plain to alL ' I am not now and here about to argue for either side of the question thus gener ally propounded ; but one thing I will say : it is not a good thing for while or black men to hold negroes as slaves in the State of Ohio, because we bare tried it. We are sure it is better that the black slave should not be where the white man has to work by the side of him. It is better, we think, that the work of our state should be done by its while men. We have conclu ded without any doubt, that wherever tbe whito man can live and work, there, at least, no system of forced labor should ex ist It has been ordained that man shall "earn Lis bread by the sweat of bis brow." There are but very few men living on the face of the earth, if they live honestly, who are not compelled to do something, by head or baBd, or both, for tbeir own sub sistence. For instance: in the whole fif teen Southern Slates there are only about four hundred thousand who own slaves. Mr. Keitt, (in his scat.) Heads of fam ilies. Mr. Corwin. I was speaking of the beads of families. That may involve an interest of two million people, . Let it be so. I am not particular about it. There are eight million white people at the South are there noli I wish there were one hundred million, for I want the South to be strong. A great majority of tbe South ern people must labor at something, as I doubt not tbey do. Ibey wbo owa stares are the exceptions to this old role. I am not about to make any inviduoasor ungra cious remarks on these two classes of peo ple. I am free to admit and happy lo say, with truth, thai, North and South, we are tbe mcst favored and happy people that ever lived in tbe tide of time, and I think the history of tbe world will prove it. But we will not allow ourselves to think so; we are like Mr. Brown in the farce we will allow ourselves to be. "excited !" . As there is no hostile flag from any part of the globe to disturb the repose f our thir ty millions of free people, we, of course such is tbe frailty and unsatisfied nature of a - f 1 I m . .a man will nod cause tor teanui conuici at least among ourselves. - And yet I would, under no circumstances, rote to furnish men and means to carry on war abroad merely for tho sake of avoiding internal strife. I prefer whnt I am sure, if we are not a doomed people, is easy and practic able, to pot our passions and party amnios ities under recognizance to keep the peace where we are. r . DOCTRINE OF THE FATHERS. The Republican parly does claim, and has always claimed, aud the Democratic parly always claimed until about tbe yeas- 1852, throughout all tbe North, that Con gress bad plenary and nqueslionsble pow er, ander tbe Constitution of tbe United States, to prohibit oejrro slavery ia Terri tories; and that it is the duty of Congress to exert tbat power whenever slavery did not exist m any Territory where the white man could live and work. - My Democrat ic friend from Ohio (Mr. VaJlandigham) stated nere a tew days ago that tbe Veto ocratic party had bees wrong upon that object meaning that tbey had heretofore conceded this power and msuted on its ex erctse. "" Now it is certain to look at it his torically, tbat in tlie progress of your Gov ernment, the first founders of it did pro ceed upon tbat principle. The ordinance of 1787 was made nnder tbe old Confed eration ; il was made by very many of the men woo satin tbe convention which form ed tbe present Constitution of the United Stales; and Virginia, by all her delegates, voted for tbat ordinance. - .-.. . Why are we, I ask again, to bedenouc eed as bad men for desiring to act as our fathers acted I Wo wish to do just wbat tbey did under similar circumstances. - We desire, if tbe country cives us power, to do all things rightly ; and in doing so, we turn lo the brip-tit examples of better davs tor our guide. Unhappily fur us, the North and the South have no confidence in each other, and madness rules tbe hoar. You thiok you have diverse and opposing interests. This is all a mistake, a great mistake, - Whatever promotes the interest of Alabama and Mississippi, is, in a national point of view, equally favorable to me mteresu of tbe state of Ohio. One gentleman has spoken of Ohio as an empire State. If she be such a Slate, is not Alabama made stronger by the con neclion with a strong rather than a weak State ! In any national conflict Alabama has a powerful ally. In this view, it is loo plain for argument tbst every State is in terested in the prosperity of every other, aud each ia the prosperity and happiness of all. We are not rivals, we are brothers. And here I may ask, without egotism, why is young Uhio so powerful! . Kentucky is older by many years: whilst with- a climate and soil unsurpassed by few, perhaps none in tbe Union; with people surpassed by no community for en terprise, for courage, for constancy, for all the qualities which give character. and in fluence and just pride lo stales, Ohio cer tainly from cause, ba9 very far exceeded ber elder sister in developing wealth, pop ulation, and all tbat constitutes a strong and powerful Stale. Why is this so f The cause, I thiok, will be found in facts bich give Ohio no cause to bonst of her self, but in. that very institution which forms the topic of all this debnte. Ken tucky is my native Slate. I know her well: I knew her great men, and love tbem and honor tbem; but Ohio and ber, side by side, joined in heart as well as neigh borhood look at them, and you will see the difference between thein to which I re fer. "MY COLLEAGUE, MR. COX," AND THE RESERVE PEOPLE. My colleague, Mr. Cox, spoke of a meet ing upon the Western Keserve, in Uhio. lie is a young gentleman, a rising man. nd if he does not get bad habits upon the Democratic side of the House, may come to something some day hence. Laugh ter. He amused himself with the comic power he possesses, in imiiatiug the nasal twang of the Yankees of that Reserve. It sounded strange lo you, as it did to bim ; and so it did to the army of Prince Rupert at Martsraon Moor, when the ancestors of these men rushed into battle against toe chivalry and curled darlings of tho Court of Charles L Whnt happened then ? Something worthy to be noted and not for gotten. Stout Cromwell and his uncoi.- uerable Ironsides, wben tbe day was well nigh lost, charged with resistless fury up on the proud columns of tbat host of gen tlemen, as tbey were boastfully denomina ted, and lo I Prince Rupert and his host were no longer there. They were scattered as the dried leaves of Autumn are before the storm-blast of the coming Wiuler. That same nasal twang rang out on that day, their Well-known war cry, "The sword of the Lord and of Gideon." These Yankees are a peculiar people ; they are an industrious, thriving, pains taking race of men. - The frailties of these men grow out of their very virtues, those stern virtues which founded liberty in Eng land, and baptized it in tbeir own blood up on Bunker Hill, in America. Tbey will do so again if there is. a necessity for it. It a hard matter to deal with men wbo do verily believe tbat God Almighty and his Angels encamp round about them. What do tbey care for earthly things or earthly power I . What do they care for kings and lords, and presidents ( They fully believe tbey are heirs of the King of kings. In the hour of battle tbey seem to themselves to stand, like the great .Hebrew leader, . in tbe cleft of the rock; tbe glory of tbe most high God passes by tbem, and Ibey eaten gleam of its brightness. If you come 10 conflict with the purposes . of such men, tbey will regard duty as.everylbing, life as nothing. So it appeared in oar war of tbe Revolution. . WHAT THE REPUBLICAN PARTY PROPOSES. Mr. Clerk, it is my wish to show that the Republican party, which proposes to pro hibit slavery id- JerrUortet,n, in tbat prin ciple, following tbe example oi tue men ot the revolutionary period, both before and after the adoption of tbe Constitution. The ordioanceTH 1787, prior to, or rather eotemporary with, tbe Constitution, shows tbat tbe men wbo, under tbe Confederation enacted tbat ordinance, thought it most wise and beneficial towards slave and free Slates both to prohibit slavery in the North western Territory. Now, if these men were wise men if they were patriots then wbat is the Republican party t It propose lo continue their policy ; to imi tate their example; lo follow in. tbeir foot steps; and this is all on tbe subject of sla very which we propose to do. Were the men of 1787 wrong, then indeed in this particular is tbe Republican party wrong. If they were right in the policy which die taU tbe ordinance of 787, then is tbe ; Republican party right, and the Democrat ic pany wrong totally, entirely wrong. Bat yoa say this ordinance was not cled noder'tbe Constitutron, but prior to a . 1 . a Mm -9 it, ana mat under an1 by virtue or toe Constitution, we have no power to prohibit slavery in the Territories br eels of Con gress. Ixrtusnow.ee wbatttefrthersevii on that subject; and, particularly, let us observe what ther did. I most insist on the point of examining into what tbe elder men ot the Kepublw did, for Ibis reason: these men made, pondered, stadied, adop ted tbe Constitution. They bad great ven eration tor it; and all of them wbo acted under it, whether in legislative,' executive, or judicial capacity, took a solemn oath to support and not to violate ik If they were honest (and I think we will scarcely dispute it,) then, if they did violate the Constitution, they were ignorant men, and did not understand tbeir own work as well as we saffet here assembled'. - I think the characteristic modesty of this House -will scarcely assort tbe latter proposiUonl I THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE AND THE POWER OF CONGRESS OVER THE TERRITORIES. . Passing by many facts in our political history which threw some light on tbe sub ject before, let us pause a moment at tbe year 1820. Hot long before this time we bad passed through our second war wiih great Britain. At that time, I began to look out upon tbe political afiairs of the world with that interest which novelty and importance would inspire in all young minds. 1 read tbe arguments in the Mis souri case wilb a great deal of care. Al though the sentiment of tbe country was generally ngainsl Hie, I then formed tbe opinion that Missouri bad a rtghi to come into the Union with slavery. I thought that right was founded upon tbe treaty stipulations by which that Territory was acquired. Row, sir, who were they, disputing at that lime about this question of the ben efits of slavery, the disadvantages of sla very, the evils of slavery, looking at it in all its aspects, social, moral, political f Ibey were the men of 1820; tbey were men who bad just emerged from that strug gle with Great Britain, second in impor tance, as they thought, only lo that in bich they conquered our independence; they rejoiced that ibey bad come out of it with reputation to the country. Their hearts were American. Whether Demo crats, Republicans or Federalists, they were all Americans; all party lines had been obliterated.. We know that the period to which I refer was called the halcyon period of the Republic. God knows it was a lappy day in the public jitl.-urs, compared with the present. What did they dof Just what we should do to-morrow, if we were like them. Tbey admitted a Slave State because they were bound to do it, either by treaty obligations or by those fraternal relations that must exist between the Stales ; and they said that slavery nev er should exist in the territory north of Missouri. You snv that tbey Lad no constitutional power to do it. Is it to be supposed tbnl tho men of those days did not understand tbeir coustiiutional obligations t There were Mr.' Monroe and John Quincy Adams, and William H. Crawford my Georgia friends can understand wbo I mean when I speak of bim a man, in my memory, quite as illustrious as any citizen that has ever lived in that great Slate. ' He was Secretary of the Treasury in tho Cabinet of Mr. Monroe. ' There was Mr. Smith Tompkins, afterward Judge of the Supreme Court, a man whom everybody wbo knew him will now remember as one possessing great learning in matters of constitutional law, as well as in common and civil law; a jurist, in the best sense of tbe word ; an old -fashioned man, in tbe best sense of tbe word ; a man of large and well-furnished bead, and sound patriotic heart.. He was Secretary of the Navy. Mr. McLean was not at that time a member of tbat Cabin et. Il remained for General Jackson to bring the Postmaster General into tbe Cabinet but he was in familiar association with that Caminet. But who was he, 1 ask you, whose only function it was at that time to give constitutional law to the Cab inet! Who was the "Attorney General, who bos nothing else to do but that, or would have nothing else t do if we had not imposed extra official duties upon him f William Wirt was the man, a Virginian. presume my honorable friend from Vir ginia who sits before me now, Mr. Bocock would have bad some doubt about tbe pro priety of bis own opinion upon legal and constitutional points, if Mr. Wirt had dif fered from him. John C. Calhoun "of South. Carolina was also a member of tbat Cabinet. This very question the power of Congress , to prohibit slavery in tbe Territories was submitted to tbat Cabinet, Was Mr. Monroe an Abolitionist f Doubtless, like others of b"s compeers of tbat period, be did entertain the opinion that wherever tho white man could labor with ad- antage, it would be better to prohibit slavery ; but that was not the question submitted to him bim of tho revlouliou- ary era; hira an honored influential pat riot from tbe time of our independence up lo tha constitutional era, a contempora ry of the Constitution itself, who knew all the motives and reasons, ihe pros and cons why this power was put in, and that was left out, of that instrument which, as eloquent- temarked -tbe Other day, is so delicate pieco of machinery ihnt if it be deranged in a single spring the whole falls into chaos. This man, a contemporary of tbst period. wbo studied tbat complex and delicate work, knew the object of the whole and the function or each of its parts i asx, id he not understand the nscs and deaigd of tbat work as well, nay, much 'better, than we, his degenerate successors t Tbat question, I repeat, was submitted to bis Cabinet, not a single member of which, I believe, is now alive; and tbe testimony of Adams is tbat they were unanimously of the opinion that the bill - prohibiting slavery in that' territory north of laltilude 86 deg. 80 mini whs a constitutional law. LATER AUTHORITIES AND' DBCI8IONS. It may be remembered tbat tbe legisla live power of Congress over Territories came before tbe Supremo Court of the United Slates as n question directly or incidentally involved in a casi which was brought frorn that Ten-it orr, I think ia tho rear 1828. Tha whole court Uies sgroed that Congress aioue could f gislalo for Territorial, should be born io mind that this was tbe same court, but not tho ; same judges wDicn decided tbe famous case of Dred Scott.- What did Mexico aav-when she ceded territory to us f - She ceded1 it the United States; not lo South, Carolina or to Georgia, or Massachusetts; but to the United States. -She sail that the right to make laws for this people, is now transferred to the United States. - Tie lo cal law ana regulations in all such c&ses remain iu full force, except whet ibey con 4 : :.L ,u f.. .. ... : e . i j U1V W,IU IMS VSOMUHUVU UI . I UC J UILCU Slates. . The deed of cession was made to tbe Government of the United Sates, snu t:;at trovermnnt, by con sequence, has by virtue of treaty, tho power to control the territory. 1 bare given you the opm ion of Chief Justice Marshall. There are other decisions of the Supreme Court, which 1 may bemfter refer to, recognizing Uongress as tbe only legislative power which can rightfully make laws for a Terri- torry, until that lerrttory. becomes a Slate.. ': ... tt i Now, let me look a little lo our opinions tbe opinions of learned gentlemen eloc ted to represent the people. It - was ob served by the gentlemen from Mississippi that, in the "compromise of 18o0, as b will continue to call it, the power to make laws for the Territories was abandoned. Now, if any one will look into the laws of 1850, organizing the Territories of How Mexico and Utalt, they will fiud that while tbev organized a Legislative Council and a lower House of Representatives, in each of those organic laws tbey provide tbat tbe laws made by the Territorial Legislature should be returned to Congress, and if dis approved by Congress, should bo null and roid. . bo far from surrendering this great principle, now become established by juri dicial decision, as well as by the laws of Uongress, Congress expressly retained ihe power to annul the laws of the Terri lory. Sir, I listened to tho debate upon tbose mearures of 1850 for many month. Mr. Webster was, I think, very nnjustly condemned by a portion of the people of bis own binte, because, tliey said, bo sur rendered this great right 1 have lived too long to be much a am zed al anything; but have been utterly astonished tbat it should have been asserted that either of the illustrious men wbo figured in that discus sionClay or Webster ever surrendered tbe potter of Congress to prohibit sJarery in the Territories of the United states.' Tbey declared, in their speeches, that they believed they had tbat power; put that the territory coming from Mexico was fee, aod that no power on earth, except Con gross, could ttke slavery there, unless tbe - law making power of thai territory bad planted it there before we squired iu - All the courts, State and Federal, up to-1854, had delrmined that slavery is the creature of lo cal law, or long local usuage recognized law ful sbicu wa but another formula. for tbe expression of that principle. -: - j. Mr. Clerk, I find myself at a loss toun derstnnd how it is posssible for tbe gentle-' men on the other side to rid their minds of the crushing weight of authority which presses against, them, upon this subject, either as to tbe policy of restricting slavery, or tho power of Congruss to dojl. Will they assert tbat tbe men of 87 were mis taken in tbe policy, and tbat Congress and the executive departmeut, from .-1804 to 1821, were mistaken :n the point of. con stitutional power I . Where is - tbe : enor mous egotist to be found who will assert that he understands, to-day, tho Constitu tion of tbe United States belter than Pres ident Monroe and his entire Cabinet did in 1821! " i '-..; CHIEF JUSTICE MARSHALL'S OPINION. Now, it wns declared by the Supreme Court as early as 1810, that the power to govern tho Territories arises under the pow er to acquire territory, or under tbe clause of the Constitution authorizing Congress to make all needful rules and regulations re potting the territory and other property of the United States. - So much for 1810. Now, seme years bars elapsed. In 1 Pe ters, page 611, there is av reference to the same question, and the law is laid down in the same terms as in 1810. lathe meantime, savs Judge Marshall, "Florida continues to be a Territory to tbe United states, governed by tbat clause of the con stitution which -empowers Congress to mske all needful rules aud regulations re specting the territory of other property of tbe United States. lie goes on: - Perhaps the ' power -of governing a Territory belonging to tbe United Stales, which bus not, by becoming a State, ac quired tbe means of self-government, may lesnlt necessarily from the facts tbat it is nut within the jurisdiction of any particu lar Slate, and is within the power aod ju risdiction of the United States. The right to govern may be tbe inevitable evose- q'uenee of tbe right to acquire territory. wnicnever may oe the source whence tbe power may lie derived, the possession of it is unquestioned. vv:' v- ' -' Tbese Republican traitors, these dopes. these insurrectionists, these one hundred and thirteen men who- were, as yon say. by intendment) at Harper's Ferry with Jihn Brown these men have committed no sin but that of believing with Judge Marshall, and with the Supreme Court up to the year 1828, in the opinions tbey en tertain. I shall show, by and by. the tame doctrine now held by the Republican par ty was carried forward by an unbroke cur-, rent of decision up to the year 1852. ' ' JUDGE WAYNE IN 1853. In 1853, a Terr few weeks before tbe lab. d oat ion el tha Kansas-Nebraska hill, there was as optoios prononneed by Judge Wayne, at tbe December term of tbst court, in which' be said t ' . . .... "Tbo Terrifory, f peaking of Oslifersis) bad been ceded as a con quest, and wss to be pre served sad gowned aa such, until the sovert eighty to which it panned (the United States) bad leeislnted for It. " He proceeds 1 -.- : V- " Tbst sovereignty was the United Btstss, en- drr the Constitution, be which power had been given lo Congress to dispose ot aad make all seedful rules sad regulations concerning; the territory or other property belonging talbeUai- tol ataua-V- : v .- . ... THE PROOF COMPLETE. 'Then.'! any. from the earliest period of our Govvraineut duwn ta I853.ererr nnd v ll aa-raav- lag to it : oilskadceef polities: ajf the court of tbe country, sit ever M regarded tbe qcesttna as clearly nettled, as rhs Repnblicaim sow hold it. I wish thai speech of mine, aa Calf as it (nee; impcrfrct as it is, to be auasidered ss "Corwin Apology fur KrpablicaBDin. nr. liarclav wrote -As Apology lur Quakerism,' a capital book, with a ecod deal ef sap Be is it. My Ap ology for Republicanism may not be quite as auuioritne. .., . THE OLD WHIG DOCTRINE. which the Whig party always inculcated upon this snlijeet,are the cardinal doctrines of tbeke- publicaa party ; aad the only constitutional doc trines they have enunciated were born of a vio lation of those sros Whig doctrines is 1854. Tlie Krpublicaa party had serer bad a name, and never had aa exist aace, in that form aad that name had it not bera tor the proceedings of that Congress in 1854.- -1 suppose that every man will admit this.. And why I Why wm tbat treasonable party, as yoa now denominate it. brought iu to existence T Do yon suppose that all the people of the Xorth are iuane T 1 would bke aa inquest of lunacy to try the questiaa. ssd I would snow whers tha insanity is. It was in that Tear, 1354, that you proposed to rcnon nee this doctrine of the control of Congress srer the Territories. , Jt was then you determined to de part from that compromise of 1850, to which my friend from Illinois Mr. afcClernand just re-fe-rrvd me, aud with which I am satisfied. Why wss I sal is tied with it I ----- !. In the brut place, when the compromise meas ures of 1850 were passed, I was aot a member of the Senate. I wss a member of the Cabinet hew tbey were brought to President Fillmore, sud I said that every one of tbose bills should be approved. I did it upon the same consider ations precisely, which hare brought me to the conclusions 1 bare announced to-day. ' DRED SCOTT. oi tue Uovernmcnt with pcrtect respect, but 1 undertake to say Uiat neilbcr Mr. Clay nor Mr. Webster could ever have been led to believe tbst tbe Supreme Court of the United States a-onld decide that Cosercss bad ao power to ler- Ulnte over the subject of Slavery in the Territo ries. I shall aot here attempt to discuss the Dred Scott decision, for 1 have passed over that DEMOCRATIC REMINISCENCES. ¬ cratic party of the North. Dt wurbmi mUal atai boHtan. Laughter. A celebrated maa in oar country has said tbat tbat maxim ought to be changed to "de morUUnUiilnmm tenm." I take ibat proposition and silopl it. I do aot mesa to accuse tha Democratic party of any erianvez- cept of being once in the right aad afterwards pursuing the wrong, ily colleafue from the Dayton district, (klr. Vallcndighom.) ins spirit t csndir. told us tbe other day lUoi the Deiuo tra.ic party of Uhio had beuu wrong on this question ui slavery. I wish to show itmt he wss right in that declaration, arcording to his view of i", sad that if he would just change that word "wrong into "right, tbe Lleruocraac party were right accordine to tha doctrines af the fathers of the Government; but they wandered away from the instructions of Muaes to the worship of Aab- ttrulb, and otner diabolical divinities. 1 will quote a little of their iron pel, from cathedral sti- tbority, in the State of Ohio, ia the year 16MB, whereby I wish to show to the Democratic par ty of the South, as it is called, how great an act they bar achieved ia baring converted the roost hardened and anomnauie sinners wbo bare ex isted in the world, f Laughter. I ' Democratic gentlemen from tha South most sum won their christian charity to this work. Tbev must remember that our Democratic Sauls ol Tarsus were on their way to Demascusin 1848 bent upon persecuting Democratic Christians of tbe South, j ou ses bow tbey divided tbe gar ments of the Southern Stephen, and stoned him to deslh. Too all rejoice, however, to see bow "a great light shown npoa I hem" in 1854, aad bow tbey beard about that time stoics from the South, aud lo 1 upon I lie instant, they donned their "sandal sboon and scallop shell, aud, with meek submission ssd pious seal, they mads tbeir pilgrimage from tha icy regions of old con stitutional faith to tha sunny realms of South ern doit J ties, where, to this dsy, they remain in "-brotherly lore. MimcleS bad aot ceased. But "who shall say whether these wanderers from their old homes may not stow weary of their sew abodes, and tura tbeir laces to Judea, crying. When 1 forget thee, U Jerusalem, may my ngbt hand forgetits canning I .. liut let me refer yoa to their heresies; bat be not alarmed, fur tbcv are all safe now : , . . - . . Retolvcd, That the people of Uhio, now.ss they hare always done, looking npoa the insti tution of slavery aa an evil, unfavorable to the lull dcvclopcment of our institutions", (truss Democndio people have bad greatly at heart that "developsmeat of our rosu lotions." . They were speakiug for the people of Ohio fur the Whigs held tbe same idea exactly with one ex ception, which 1 shall state direstly) unfa vorable to tbe lull dereiopement ot wi institu tions; and tbat, entertaining these se: imeatsv they feel it to be their duty to ase all the row ers consistent with the nations! compact, ts pre vent its increase, to mitigate here is the point on wbicb t diner witb tbem,! cad Assay araat- caU ' ., ? . ... . ... ., , . . . . The classical mind of my colleague from the Uaytun district snggesta to bins tbe etymological meaning of tbat born hie word (laughterj'erad- icste not lop U off, aot pre rent its growisg into other fields irotn tbose in wuieu K ts sow planted : but to walk into tho South aad take slavery there and grab it np provided tha Con stitution will allow it. What do you charge these Seward men with ! You say they will set accordine to the forms of tha Coastitath : that they will gel aa overruling power in the Government in this House. ; tbat they will get - : :, Ar.Ln e . t. .1 Til 1 a ifKvrnr w, tun u.H'Uv , uwi Mier iu aste willing and obedient Executive la tha White House : and then they will walk over the Coa- stilntioa. Tbat is precisely what, the Demo cratic party of Ohio proposes to do. We Whigs sever aid propose to do tbst. never be hVved that we haw say bnainass to trndioala" Slavery. Ws never intimated that we could interfere with it. . But your Deraocratia hretkrea with whom you ate now suBooistiir so happily. bettered tbat tdeutieal doctrine Too charge Mr. Seward with bariiia- iatrodneed into tha brain of John Brown the idea tbat Slavery ought ta be nprooted ia the States. I sappose ha bad sera this resolution poaned btf tbe treat Demos cratie party of Uhio ia 1H43. 1 think he lived in mat Kuue. 1 oa bare been spending asys ssa weeks seveh Weeks ia proving that Jha Brows serer would hare teen at Harper's Fit ry,sai that Helper never would have writ feu his book aJthotir-h be wrote it tws or three years befbrs Mr- forward mads tha rwnrk-s-if the aad ant Heard that William il. fee ward said there wss -an ii rrpnasihta aonfliBt" be tween nee labor sad store lore labor. - The less a man does tbe more fuss kc makes. A hen with one chicken docs more scratching lb a- if she bad a family of fifteen. - :-.-:- ' ' aa ' Punch savs he saw a father knock down t:.Lui 1 i.i lUnnKt it wss the SB VVJUTSU , WT, B"S most striking illustration of sun-down be ever beheld. " . aiamia Vtwrnra-a a Rrr. Bschelars are not en tirely lost to tbe refinement of sentiment, for tbe following toast waa given by one of them at a celebration . "The. Ladies oweet-briar in tbe garden of life.", , There are some persons who appear, to possess all kinds of sense, but common sense. The Biggest Oil Report Yet. It would seem aa if tbe oily repioo of this country is really be'ng 'tapped itr the jugular. The Pittsburgh Gisett of the 2 1st, publishes tbe . following account of what is going o ia the vicinity, ot Oil Creek, the psrtxulsrs obtained from a gen tlemen from the heart of Oil-dom. The QawUtt says: r - The commercial cauldron seems to be boiling still higher la that excited Eldorado of Western Pennsylvania, The discovery of a" new well, the next one that has been tested to the McClintock, lias thrown far in tbe shade alt otner similar windfalls of a previous date. - Three weeks ago a gen tlemen from Brawwilbs, Mercer eonnty, was offered an uteres! of one-sixth m- the Crosby well, which: had then obtained a depth of 100 fret, and was regarded as one tbat promised fair. He eonralted bis friends arte declined the u vestment as being extra hazardous. Since then tbe well has been carried thirty oae feel deeper, where aa extraordinary rein waa alruck, which has been called the jugular eia of the whole oil region. . A steam pump was procured and put down, and last week op erations were begun, the result of which showed a yield of oil . which far exceeds the most sanguine expectations ol all con cerned. Several gentlemen, by actual measurement and liming by the watch, made an estimate of the amount, and their calculations gave from two and a half to three gallons per minute, or from MMly fo one hundred and twenty larrtls per day! Tbe enormouse value of this well will be belter appreciated by comparison with some of the best wells in the Oil Creek district. The McClintock, on Oil Creek, three miles from the mouth, yeilds eighteen barrels a day. The Drake yield 12 bbls. day, through its capacity is supposed to Tbe twico sa much, the pumping apparatus used being defective. ' The engineer has offered to give Mr. Drake twenty one barrels per day and take the ballanee for pumping tbe oil up.' The Barnes wall well, in Crawford county, about one forth of a mile from tbe Venango line, yields twenty five barrels daily. Iudebth ts 180 feet. When Mr. Bsraswell bad board 120 feet, he sold a man from Ohio a one sixth interest ia this well and tbe wbole tract adjoining, comprie inrr some 200 or 800 acres, for 10,000, t&OO down and the balance ia annual pay ments of the same sum. . Mr. Eratct, the Blacksmith in Fianktin wbo board his own well, ha been offered 1 1 00,000 for it. The terms he demanded were $20,000 down and a responsible bank to honor his check at any moment for tbe balance. 7 He hasaua -refused 5000 a year root for it. The Arnold , well bas reached tbe debib of 120 feet. Six or eight veins of ou have been struck, aud the proprietors are still going deeper. .The Franklin Company base bored -41 feet striking oil S40 feet, and commenced pump ing last Friday. Indications fair. Tbe Hoover well, three miles below Franklin on tha hank of ihs AHrffhanT river, bas been bored 112 feel. Oil ia sufficient quantity to pay bas been found, bat the proprietors are going deeper in search of the great vein struck by tbe Crosby well. . The well of Graff dt Painter, on Oil CreeJr.1 mile front tbe month, ia reported to be av food one. Tbey were putting up -an- engine last week and will- be pumping this week. At the mouth of Gordon Run, below Ti dioute, on tbe Alleghany, ia Warren coun ty, s well 6 feet wide was rank to the deblh of ten feet, wben tbe workmen came to a rock and stopped lo go for their bor ing tools i when tbey returned tbey found six inches ot oil oa toe rocc ana aippea off 82 gallons. Tbey sre now borring tbe rock sod expect great results. Ihere are not loss than 200 well now in various stages of progress and in 90 days it is esti mated there will lie 1000. Previous to the discovery of tbe Crosby well, tbe ex citement was excess, bat saw it baffles description.' It W pervading every class of mee, merchants, naasvu factors, mechanics physicians, lawyers, and it is said, has even invaded tbe polpib There ie sot a lawyer or merchant in Franklin wbe in not' more or less concerned in the oQ business. The farmers particularly bare become almost infatuated, and aro mortgaging tbeir farms to procure money at 8 per cent, a month tote invested in oil wells, Tbe hotels are crowded, stages are filled to overflowing, and vehicles of every sort, private and pub lic, are ia constat deaMud, though stll tbe wants of travelers are net supplied. Tbe excitement in New York city is also intense, and daily arrivals from Lhat vicinity are re ported at the bouse of eatertaiomeat, , -t It has been thought that this large in crease ia thesnrtply of oil woald detiror ate its pries, bat tae Wlowipg woulJ seem set a rest any apprsbeosiooa of tbat character. The firm of Ereliich, Bissell 4 Co, a very boery tonus is New .York, hara seal eat aa atfea lo the oil district. wbo has bargained foe all the oil prod need -by the Crosby, Drake, McClintock . and Barnes wall mUkv. daring , toe next fire years. .. He agrees to- sell tha oil at a com mission of a per sent aad to advance tea dorters on each barrel shipped to the firm in New York, who have purchased a site in Franklin at $30,000. on which they are about erecting a ery large refinery. i The character of tbe oil vanes. Soma is of a fight transparent color, and answers beslor bamnv- Other oil is darker col ored, stiff aad fwaetfaiinK, aad makes an excellent mbrwee-. . Of I bo rorraer aortia tbat produced in the Crosby mill; ef tbe latter that of the Drank and Mo- fJUatock mills, . . Saj Cascaatt. During the firing of m urate guns to Ksoxville, 111., at a meeting of tbe citizens to pay tritate to tbe mem ory of Got. Bissell. two men were killed by tbe premature aiscoarge oi toe cannon. Mr. Palmes, one of tbe Unfortunate man, left a wife and two children, and tbe other, Mr. Morrow, a wife and (bur children. THSKSHiva Mashixbs ran CAtxrOajru- Messrs, Russet of tin's place, have filled orders for fifty one Threshing machines, from California, within tbe last six months. Massillon Time.