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i4 : I III "I ill A J. Caskey, Editor ant! Proprietor. Office-Washington Street, Third Boor South of Jackson. Terms: One Dollar and Fifty Cents in Advance. VOL. 4. MILLERSBURG, HOLMES COUNTY,- OHIO, THUKSDAT, MAY 31, 18G0. NO. 41. -. . t -" - IS N7BLI8HSD BVEHT THUBSDAT. VimMm smn.tam Dooa eeim Jacuo - MILLERSBURG, OHIO. TERMS OFSUBSCRIPTION: Mail BuWrbr i baae. $1.50 Paid wilbia the year 2.00 After the year expire 2J0 ','-' -. TBS LAW Or M1WSPAPEE8. I. Baoaertbsn whe do aot girt expreai aorlc. to the eautcary.ar. .aaaiderW Mwiaoiaf ta eeattaae their aab aeriptioaa. a. If eabecribe warder tb. djaoonUna.af. ef their p. pan, the pabliaher eaaaoatiaae tonad them ant il ail lllllill. are paia. a. If the anerucn sgie T renee to ran their Him fceaa to .So. to which theY mn directed, tbejr vl kild immoeaibmttU tbayaattw their biUa, aad order the paper. dineoaUnaed- 4. If any .oieeribera. remoT. tm another place wlth.nt lateanag the pabliaher, aad thetr paper ia nt to th. (oner dirwrtion, XuJ am bold rep.nibU- 4. Tb. Carta hare .ccided that refa.tnr to take a alip.r flora th. ofnee,r ram.Tinr aad learing U un called tor. B wnmMtmoM mmet VI uwmiwiai ua.u. TERMS OF AD VERTISING: reoxraoi una, ob less, hub a BQCaaa. Om sonars, one week $1.00 subsequent insertioB, nader 3 rooe U.2o Oa. sqnaxe, 3 mo't, changeable at pleasure 3.00 Tin 6 do do 5.00 D . 12 do do 8.00 Fonrth eoIamB, 1 yr, changeable quarterly 20.00 Vr.w 1 J- j j in nn aviuma u w . X3T Ytmrlf Jdtttrtitm, at ao time to exceed ear ...T..,enaageaMe at pieuan,H iimisea nnroj mp thair .wa immediate boxinera, will We charged $15.00. rT" fian'aes. era, not exceeding in line, "will be Inserted eae year for t&M ; and yearly adTertiatr.' Card wiU to taaerted .a. jeer rer .. ' tgr AdVerUannente teaaM, r Inasrted ander tb. bead ef Special ffotxcMi, aad Untu wasaa wnran eaeota, will ka .barred M per cent, eaore thaa th. atxT. ratas. Lcfl AtrtUtrntrntt eharraWe ty th. aqmare au ee ei airrpt at in. .puea vi m puuhbuh. Business Cards. JOHN W. V0EHES, attorney at MILLERSBURG, O. o FFICE.one door East of the Book Store, op stairs. AprU 22, 1858 t2b35j 1 . G. W. BAMAGE, PHYSICIAN&SURGEON HOUESVILLE, OHIO. Reapertfallr Inform, the pabHc that be ha. located bimaalf ia th abor. rillaje, for the practice of hi. profeaaioa. ty OFFICE for doom west of Beed".eor Utu Aar 4, 1839 TS.50tt J. E. ATKINSON. TtST, Millersburg, Ohio.' rl nOW PREPARED to furabh to order all th different kind, at Artibrial Teath. from one to an entire aeL fT'OIIot on llaia Mreet, two doora eaat of in. tfoliaf. nfllee, ap .taira, Joa. , 18SS-41 DR.T. G. V. BOIING, IJJtgsiriiM & fnrgcou, IVnLLEIlSBURG, O. THANKFUL for past favors, respectfully tenders bis professional services to the pub lic Office ia the room formerly occupied by Dr. Irvine. Arwil I5,1858-a2n34tt DB, EBBIGHT, ?l)i)0trian Qixb Surgeon, MILLERSBURG, O. Oftlca aa Jaekaea Street, aearlr apposite the ieapira Hoaae. Residence oa Clay Street, opposite the Presby teriaa Church. BENJAMIN COHN, it Of all Descriptions, COX. OF JACKSON fc WASHIGTOXSTS MaXLERSBCItG, O. ST0BBS & LAKE, DENTISTS, "Wooster & Millersburg. LB. M. E. STORES, ttt ygR 9 Tlillersburffi O. Office over J E. Kochs Store Room. Dec 1,1859. CASKEY & INGLES, DEALERS DC MlXIiEESBTJRO, O. PLAIN & FANCY Of all Muds, neatly executed AJT THIS OFFICE. BAKEB & WHOLE, Forwarding -and Commission JtZJE nc IT .I jy t s , . axp DtALsms or SALT FISH, PLASTER, WHITE AND WATER LIME. rnaoBAsna or FLOUR, WHEAT, RYE, CORN, OATS- jlaj v liKAjiD TIMOTHx SEED, Butter, Egg, Lard, Tallow and all kinds of Dried Fruils. warehouse, millersburg, o. Sept. 18. 1856 4tt EACLE BLACKSMITH SHOP! . MILLERSBURG, OHIO. JOHIST .TOEPAN. TTA8 opened a new Bloekamith Shop oa Mad Antho4 AX.y otre.t, weatuae, a. norc distance nonn oi uner ryholmea' 8 tore, when he is fully prepared to do all work ia hi. line of bunaeM oa a ahort aotica, at reaaoa- aowpneaaaadiaa Workmanlike Manner. An who want their work well done and at reaaoaable prices ahould call at Jordoa'a .hop. He .hoes bone v, wuu cun, ana aoe. other work proportionately law. JOHN JORDON. HUIeraborf , Aug. 11, 186951 From the Chicago Press and Tribune. "HONEST OLD ABE." The People's Candidate for President. "RAILS AND FLAT-BOATS." Biographical Sketch of Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln is a native of Hardin county, Kentucky. He was bom on the 12th day of ebraary, 1803. His parents were both from Virginia, and were certain ly not of the first families. His paternal grandfather, Abraham Lincoln, emigrated from Rockingham connty, Virginia, to Kentucky, about 1781 or '2, where a year or two later be was killed by Indians, not in battle, but by stealth, while be was la' boring to open a farm in the forest. His ancestors, who were respectable members of the Society of Friends, went to Virgin ia from Berks countv. Pennsylvania. De- scendents of the same stock still reside in the eastern part of that State. Mr. Lincoln's father, at the death of hit father, was but six rears of age, and he grew np literally without education. He removed from Kentucky to what is now Spencer county, Indiana, in 1816. Tbe family reached their new home about the time the State was admitted into the Un ion. The region in which they settled was rude ana wild, and they endured for some years, the bard experience of a frontier life, in which the struggle with nature for exist ence and security to be maintained only by constant vigilance. Bears, wolves and oth er wild animals still infested the woods, and young Lincoln acquired more skill in the use of a rifle than knowledge of books. There were institutions here and there known by the flattering denomination of "schools, but no qualification was required to teacn beyond "readin, "wntin and "cypberin," as the vernacular phrase ran, as far as the rule of three. If a straggler supposed to understand Latin happened to sojourn in the neighborhood, be was looked upon as a wizard, and regarded with an awe suited to so mysterious a character. Hard work and plenty of it was the or der of the day, varied, indeed, by an occa sional bear hunt, a not unfrequent deer chase, or other wild sport. Of course when young Lincoln came of age he was not a scholar. He could read and write, and had some knowledge of arithmetic, but that was about all ; and as yet, he had but little ambition to know more of what was to be found in books. His attain ments otherwise were not to be despised. He grew to be six feet four inch 5s in stat ure, was active and athletic, could wield the axe, direct the plow, or use the rifle, as well as the best of his compeers, and was fully up to all the mysteries of prairie farming, and fully inured to hardship and toil. . , Since be arrived at age he has not been to school. Whatever his acquire ments are, they have been picked up from time to time as opportunity occurred, or as the pressure of some exigency demand ed. At twenty-one hi removed to Illinois, and passed the first year in Macon County, in active labor on a farm, where be and a fellow laborer, (named Hanks,) SPLIT THREE THOUSAND RAILS, in the year 1830. It will be interesting to the millions before whom be is now placed as .... . . I V .1 a candidate tor me nignesi omce in tue gift of a free people, to know that he once managed a Jlat boat on the Ohio River. the anecdotes which be sometimes relates to his friends of his maratime experiences before the introduction of steam on the western rivers, are indescribably laughable. From Macon County be went to New Sa lem, in what is cow Menare County, where he remained about a year. Then came the Black Hawk war. A company of vol unteers was raised in New Salem and the surrounding country, and young L:ncoln was elected captain a success which, be has since said, gave him more pleasure than he has ever since enjoyed. He served with credit during the campaign, and becume popular. Returning to Sangamon County, be learned the art of surveying, and pros ecuted that profession until the financial crash of 1837 destroyed the value of real estate and ruined the business the result of which was that young Lincoln's survey ing apparatus was sold on an execution by the sheriff. Nothing daunted by this turn of ill luck, be directed his attention to tbe law and borrowing a few books from a neighbor, which be took from the olhce in the evening and returned in the morning, be learned the rudiments of the profession in which "be has since become so distin guished, by the light of a fire-place 1 About this time the Whigs of his coun ty conferred upon him tbe nomination for the Legislature. He was successful in this and three succeeding elections, by triumph ant majorities. While a member of the Legislature he first gave indications of his superior powers as a debater, and he in creased, by frequent practice, his natural faculty for public speaking. He improved industrionsly the opportunities that were offered of self-cultivation. From the po sition of a subaltern in the ranks of the Whig party, a position that was appropri ately assigned him by bis unaffected mod esty and bumble pretentions, he soon be came recognized and acknowledged as a champion and a leader, and his unvarying courtesy, good natured and genial manners, united with an utter disinterestedness and abnegation of self, made him a universal favorite. During his legislative period he contin ued his law studies,and removing to Spring field, he opened an office and engaged ac tively in practice. Business flowed in upon him, and he rose rapidly to distinction in Lis profession. He displayed remarkable ability as an advocate in jury trials, and many of his law arguments were master pieces of logical reasoning ' There was no refined artificiality in his forensic efforts. They all bore the stamp of masculine com mon sense ; and he had a natural, easy mode of illustration, and made the most abstruse subjects appear plain. His suc cess at the bar, however, did not withdraw bis attention from politics. For many years he was the "wheel horse" of the whig party of Illinois, and was on the electoral ticket in several Presidential cam paigns. At such times he canvassed the Stale with his usual vigor and ability. He was an ardent friend of Henry Clay, and exerted himself powerfully ia his be half in 1844, traversing the entire "Stale of Illinois, and addressing public meet rigs daily until near the close of the campaign, when becoming convinced that his labors in that field would be unavailing, he crossed over into Indiana, and continued bis efforts up to. the day of election. The contest of that rear iu Illinois was mainly on the tariff question. Mr. Lincoln, on the Whig side, and John Calhoun, on the Democrat ic side, were tbe heads of the opposing electoral tickets. Calhoun lale of Zebras ka, now dead, was then in the full vigor of bis powers, and was accounted tbe ablest debater of bis party. 1 hey stumped the State together, or nearly so, making speeches, usually on alternate days at each place, and each addressing large audiences at great length, sometimes four hours to gether. In these elaborated speeches, evinced a thorough mastery of the princi pies of political economy, which underlie the tariff question, and presented arju ments in favor of the protective policy with a power and conclusiveness rarely equaled, and at the same time in a manner so lucid and familiar and well inspersed with happy illustration and apposite anecdote?, as to establish a reputation which he has never since failed to maintain, as the ablest lead er in the Whiz and Republican ranks in the great West. In 1846 he was elected to Congress, and served out bis term, and would have been re-elected had bo not declined to be a can didate. He steadily and earnestly op posed the annexation of Texas, and labor ed with al! his powers in behalf of the Wilmot Proviso. In the .National Con vention of 1848, of which he was a mem ber, he advocated the nomination of Gen eral Taylor, and sustained the nomination by an active canvass in Illinois and In diana. From 1849 to 1854 Mr. Lincoln was engaged assiduously in the practice of his profession, and being deeply immersed in business, was beginning to lose his interest in politics, when the scheming ambition and groveling selfishness of an unscrupu lous aspirant to the Presidency brought about the repeal of the Missouri Compro mise. That act of baseness and perndy aroused tbe sleeping lion, and he prepared for new efforts, lie threw himself at once into the en test that followed, and fought the battle of freedom on the ground of his former conflicts in Illinois with more than his accustomed energy and zeal. Those who recollect the tremenduous bat tle fought in Illinois that year, will award to Abraham Lincoln fully .three-fourths of the ability and unwearying labor which re sulted in the mighty victory which gave Illinois her first Republican . Legislature, and placed Lyman Trumbull in the Senate of tbe United States. The first and great est debate of that year came off-between Lincoln and Douglas at Springfield, during the progress of tbe State Fair, in October. n e remember tbe event as vividly as though it transpired yesterday, and in view of the prominence now given to tbe chief actor in that exciting event, it cannot fail to be interesting to all. Tbe affair came off on the fourth day of October, 1854. The State Fair had been in progress two days, and the capital was full of all manner of men. The Nebraska bill bad been passed on the previous twenty-second of May. Mr. Douglas had re turned to Illinois to meet an outraged con- stituency. Ho bad made a fragmentary speech in Chicago the people filling each hiatus in a peculiar and good-humored way. He called tbe people a mob tbey called him a rowdy. The "mob" had the best of it, both then and at the election which succeeded. The notoriety of all these events had stirred up the politics of the Stale from bottom to top. Hundreds of active politicians had met at Springfield pecting a tournament of an unusal cbarac ter Douglas, Breese, Koerner, Lincoln, Trumbull, Matteson, Yates, Codding, Jobu Calhou (of the order of the Candle Box,) Joon M. Palmer, the whole house of the McConnells, Singleton, (known to fame in the Mormon War,) Thos. L. Harris, and a host of olhbrs. Several speeches weca- made before and several after the passage between Lincoln and Douglas, but that was justly held to be the event of the sea son. We do not know whether a challenge to debate passed between the friends of the speakers or not, but there was a perfectly amicable understanding between Lincoln and Douglas, that the former should speak two or three hours and the latter reply in just as little or as much time as he choose. Mr. Lincoln look tne stand at two o clock large crowd in attendace, and Mr. Douglas seated upon a small platform in front of the desk. The first half-hour of Mr. Lincoln's speech was . taken up with com pliments to his distinguished friend Judge Douglas, and dry allusions to the political events of the past few years. His distin guished friend Judge Douglas had taken bis seat, as solemn as the Uock-Lane ghost, evidently with the design of not moving a muscle till it came his turn to speak. The laughter provoked by Lincoln's exordium, however, soon began to make him uneasy ; and when Mr. L. arrived at bis (Douglas') speech pronouncing tbe Missouri Compro mise "a sacred thing which no ruthless hand would ever be reckless enough to dis turb," be opened his lips far enough to re mark, "A first-rate speech !" This was the beginning of an amusing colloquy. "Yes," continued Lincoln, "so affection ate was my friend's regard for this compro mise line, thnt when Texas was admitted into the Union, and it was found thnt a a strip extended north of 36dg. 30inin., be actually introduced a bill extending the line and prohibiting slavery in tbe north ern edge of the new State." "And you Toted against tbe bill, said Douglas. "Precuely so, replied Lincoln : "I was in favor of running the line a great deal further Souih." . "About this time, the speaker contin ued, "my distinguished friend introduced me to a particular friend of his, one David Wilmot, of Pennsylvauy." Laughter. "I thought," said Douglas, "you would find him congenial company." "So I did," replied Lincoln. "I had the pleasure of voting for his one Pro viso, in one way and another about forty times. It was a Democratic measure then, I believe. Al any rate Gen. Cass scolded Honest John Davis of Massachusetts sound ly for talking away the last hours of tbe session so that he (Cass) couldn't crowd it tnrougn. Apropos of Gen. Uass; it i am not greatly mistaken he has a prior claim to my distinguised friend, to the autho ship of Popular Severeignty. The old General has an infirmity for writing letters. Shortly after the scolding he gave John Davis he wrote bis Nicholson letter Douglas (solemnly) "God Almighty placed man on earth, and told him to choose between good and evil. That -was the orign of the Nebraska bill V Lincoln "Well, the priority of inven tion being settled, let us award all credit to Judge Douglas for being the first to dis cover it." It would be impossible, in these limits, to give an idea of the strength cf Mr. Lin coln's argument. We deemed it by far the ablest effort of the campaigu 'from whatever source. The occasion was a great one, and the speaker was every way equal to it. The effect produced on the listeners was magnetic. No one who was present will ever forget the power and ve hemence of the following passage. "My distinguished friend says it is an insult to the emigrants to Kansas and Ne braska to suppose that they are not able to govern themselves. We must not slur over an argument of this kind because it happens to tickle tbe ear. It must be met and answered. I admit that the em igrant to Kansas and Nebraska is compe tent to govern himself but," the speaker rising to bi3 full height, u I deny his right to govern any other person without that person sconsent. lhe applause which followed this triupbant refutation of a cun ning falsehood, was but an earnest of the vic tory at tbe polls winch followed just one month from that day. When Mr. Lincoln had concluded Mr. Douglas strode hastily to the stand. As usula, he employed ten minutes in telling how grossly he had been abused, but recol lecting himself, he added, "though in a per fectly courteous manner" abused in a per fectlycorteous manner ! He then devoted half an hour to showing that it was indis pensably necessary to California emigrants, Santa re trader aud others, to have organ ic acts provided for tbe lerritory of Kan sas and Nebraska that being precisely tbe point which nobody disputes. Hav ing established this premises to bis satis faction, Mr. Douglas launched forth into an argument wholly apart from the po sitions taken by Mr. Lincoln. He bad about half finished at six o'clock, when an adjournment to tea was effected. The speaker insisted strenuously upou his right to resume in the evening, but . we believe the second part of that speech has not been delivered to this day. After tbe Spring field passage, the two speakers went to Peoria and tried it again with identically the same result. A friend who listened to the Peoria debate informed us that after Lincoln had finished, Douglas, "hadn't much to say" which we presume to have been Mr. Douglas' view of the case also, for the reason that be ran away from his antagonist and kept out of his way during the remainder of the campaign. During this exciting campaign Mr. Lin coln pressed the slavery issue upon the people of Central and Southern Illinois, who were largely made up of tbe emigra tion from Tennessee, Virginia and North Carolina, with all the powers of his mind. He felt the force of tbe moral canses that must influence the queslion, and he never failed to appeal to the moral sentiment of the people in aid of the argument drawn from political sources, and to illuminate bis tbeme with tbe lofty inspirations of an eloquence pleadidg for the rights of humani ty. A revolution swept tbe elate, t or the first time a majorty of the legislature of Illinois was opposed to the Democratic administration or the Federal Government. A United States Senator was to be elected in tbe place of Genera Shields who had yielded to the influence of his less scrpu- lous colleague, and against bis own and better judgment, bad voted for the Kansas- Nebraska act. lhe election came on, and a number of ballots were taken, tbe almost united opposition volin steadily for Lin coln, but the anti-Nebraska Democrats for Trumbull. Mr. Lincoln became apprehen sive that those men who had been elected as Democrats, though opposed to Judge Douglas, would turn upon some third can didate, of less decided convictions than Judge Trumbull, and possibly elect a Sen ator who had little or nothing in common with lhe then inchoate Republican party. To prevent such a consummation, he went personally to his . friends, and by strong persuasion, induced them to vote for Trum bull. He thus secured, by an act of self- sacrifice, a triumph for the cause of right, and an advocate of it on the floor of the Senate, not inferior in earnest zeal for the principles of Republicanism, to any mem ber of that body. Some of his friends on the floor of the Legislature wept like children when con strained by Mr. Lincoln's pesonal appeals todesertbim and unite on Trumbull, it is proper to say in this connection, thnt be tween Trumbull and Lincoln tbe most cordial relations have always existed, and that the fueling of envy or rivalry s not to be found in the breast of either. From his thorough convictions of the growing magnitude of the slave question, and of the need of a strong effort to pre serve the Territories to freedom, Mr. Lin coln was among the first to join in tbe for- . e 11 l.i: .1.1 ... jiTVl malion of lhe Republican party, althougH tbe public opinion around mm was strong ly adverse to that movement. He exert ed himself for the organization of the Re- publican Convention held in the State. 1 this was in Bloomington in May, 1850.1 His speech in that Convention was of sur- power and eloquence, and produced great effect. In the contest of that year, it it er A to a I so Mr. Lincoln was at the head of the Illino; electoral -ticket, and labored earnestly. though vainly, to wrest tbe Slate from the grasp of the proslavery Democracy, with tbe "walking magazine of mischief. as Douglas has been appropriately called. at its bead. We need not refer to the Great Cam paign of 1858, so fresh is the recollection of all readers, farther than to subjoin the result of the vote on members of the Leg islature, to wit. For ABRAHAM LINCOLN 125,275 For ABRAHAM LINCOLN 125,275 For STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS 121,109. By reason, however, of the flagrant ap portionment of the State in Legislgtive Districts, by which a majority of the members aro always elected by a minority of the people, Mr. Douglas was, as is will be known, returned to lhe benatc. Abraham Lincoln in private life is lit erally unimpeachable. Among all who know him his most acceptable, and at the same time appropriate soubriquet, is that by which he must widely know: "HONEST OLD ABE" The Four Ohio Votes. During the progress of the third ballot for President, says the Chicago Press, the steady increase of Lincoln s vote raised the expectation of his friends to feel that he was about to receive tbe nomination When the roll call was completed a hasty footing discovered that Lincoln lacked but 2 J of an election, the ballot standing for Lincoln 23l, Seward 180, scattering 34 necessary to a choice, 234. Before,the vote announced, Mr. R. M. Corwine, of the Ohio delegation, who had voted for Mc Lean up to that time, and three other del egates, viz: R. K. Enos, John A. Gurley, and Isaac Sloes?, changed their votes to Lincoln, giving him a majority of the whole Convention, and nominating him D. K. Carter, the Chairman of the delega tion, announced the change of votes, and before tbe secretaries bad time to foot up and announce the result, the vast audience burst forth simultaneously into irrepressi ible shouts. A deafening roar of stento rian applause arose from immense multi tude such as has never been equaled on the American continent, nor since the day that the walls of Jericho were blown down. From Punch. The Pope Selling off. The Pope is going to sell at auction all his stock in trade of relics, his peepsbows and his miracles and other valuable effects. The sale will comprise all the juggling ap- apparatus of the Holy Catholic (Jhuich Among the tricks will be observed the Winking Picture of Remin, the blood of Janaurius, and the vision of La Salette. All these will be warranted in good work ing condition, and wilh each lot will be furnished a table of instructions, showing how to do the trick. After the sale for instance, when the blood of good St. Jan auris is intended to be liquified to gullify the faithful, His Holiness in person will at tend the few first molting days, and will superintend' the sanguinary dripping as chief cook. The holy relics to be sold are expected to realize a very large amount, No mat ter how great the antiquity may be, they will all of them be found in capital condi tion, care having been taken from time to time, to renew them whenever tbey show ed symptoms of decay or wearing out lhe hair shirt of &L filtrnus has been re cently fresh sleeved, and the odor of Sancti ty will be preserved to cling to it, although for fear of some infection, it not long ago was washed. St. f eters coat is also in first-rate preservation, notwithstanding the wear and tear to which in pious exhibition has been exposed. Tbe waiscoat of St. Timothy will like wise be disposed of y the rumor that the moth was in it, being quite unfounded, as was only six mouths since that, although warranted "original," the vestment was re made. Particular attention will, moreover, be invited to tbe trowsers of St, Peter, which, just having been seated, will last for some years longer, before the ovner will be put to the expense of fresh repairs. The slippers of St. Vitus have been new- topped, new-sided and new-soled. By tbe appended declaration of his Ho liness, the Pope, it will be proved to a dem onstration, that the linen shirt of St. Fil- thius is the same identical garment which was worn by the good Saint ; and a vouch will be given, with the bunion of St. Limpa, and the toe-nails of Saint Elavpes, attested by the signatures or crosses of tbe laitblul, by whom tbose sacred relics have been cut out. 'A rumor is afloat that Cardinal W. will favored with the post of auctioneer, for which his lordship is very eminently hited. ly lTtA Democratic organ in Ohio says . . . ,J.. that she could scarcely breathe. 'Dont try, my good soul,' replied the candid phy prising sician, 'nobody wants you to. Louisville Jour. , a ia, i m ' Thb "Dighitt of Beis' Niggers." slave's speech on the relative standing the races, and tbe superority of slavery freedom, is reported by the Petersburg (Va.) Express, of a late date, in this wise : In front of the (Jentral Warehouse, a philosophical darkey, leaning lazily against one. of the wheels of a dray, thus deliver ed himself to a brother Jehu, who was dis posing .of himself similarly: "All niggers ought to feel do dignity of bein' niggers, 'cept free niggers what dunno what digni ty am. Dis minute I'm wuff about fif teen hundred dollars," and he rave a dem onstrative gesture with his left fore finger, "and a heap o' white folks can't say dat for tfcyselves. Now dar," and he pointed "gentlemanly vagrant, "is a white man; couldn't turn hisself into money to save his life. More'ndat,he ain't wuff nuffin, dunno BufBn, and he won't do nuffin. feels de dignity ob do fack, and dat's what makes me say what I do say." "lhe Democracy has never before found it difficult to keep together." If the De mocracy hnds it extremely diincult, we hope it won't trouble itself with tbe effort. An old lad v once complained to her doctor of to on It of no -. lis be The Rail Splitter. The Baltimore Exchange, in speaking of Mr- Lincoln says : He is comparatively an unknown man. and has filled few onices, and if he com mands the confidence of tbe people of the .Worth, be does so simply as the represea tativeof their sentiments, and not because he has shown himself to possess any very high administrative or executive capacity, Does the Baltimore 'Exchange remem ber that Gen. Taylor was an "unknown man" until he measured weapons with Santa Anna at Buena Vista, and where he finally won a victory, after being whipped three times without knowing it! Does the Exchange know Tom Ewing learned his hrst law by the light of pitch pine knots, and while tending salt kettles, at day wages ? Does the Exchange know that Tom Corwin learned bis first lessons by the light of a tallow rag, when he lay disa bled from a leg broken while "teaming" supplies to Harrison's troops, on the Lake frontier, in the war of '12 ? Does the Exchange know that Mr. Fill more was once a practical fuller, and first learned how to practice American industry and then how to protect it ! It is tbe essence of folly to say that Mr. Lincoln has not shown himself to pos sess any very high capacity, when the very fact that only thirty years since be was a day laborer on a farm proves that he has a capacity equal to any attainment. The papers that oppose the Republi can party ought to have enough of sense left to drop tbe subject of Mr. Lincoln's former humble position for the very fact that be has overcome the embarrassments that cluster around the path way of the bumble-born and tbe poor, but stamps Mr. Lincoln as a man of giant mental strength. But the Baltimore American says that Mr. Lincoln is not an "educated gentle man," and that his life is "obscure." That paper says: We cannot resist comparing this nomi nation with thnt of the Constitutional Union Convention. Only think of it John Bell, the educated gentlemen, the experienced statesman, tbe man who has brought ability and dignity to the dis charge of important official duties; and "Abe Lincoln," tbe disputacious village politician, the stump orator, whose highest qualification has been an off hand popular manner, and a rough wit, and whose pub lic life is as obscure as it is unmeritous. Comparisons, truly, are odious, but tbe people will not fail to draw them. All we can say is that while Mr. Bell was acquiring his good manners, Mr. Lin coln was splitting rails, laying worm fence, and tending bar to gain a livelihood, and get a little ahead, so as to reach tbe profes sion Mr. Bell so well graces. ATI we ask of our opponents is to ad mit that "Abe Lincoln" once, with his mend "Hanks split 3,000 rails in one year; and that he tended bar without being his own best customer, and without rob bing the "tilL" The Little Woman Heard the News. The correspondent of tbe Chicago Jour nal writes from Springfiild, III., Lincoln's home as follows: Perhaps some reader will be curious to know tow "Honest Old Abe, received the news of his nomination. He had been up in the telegraph office during the first and second ballots on i nday morning. As tbe vote of eacb State was announced on the platform at Chicago, it was tele graphed to Springfield, and those who were gathered there figured up the same vote, and bung over the result with the same breathless anxiety as the crowd at the Wigwam. As soon as the second bal lot was taken, and before it was counted and announced by the Secretaries, Mr. Lin coin walked over to tbe Slate Journal office. He was silling there conversing while the third ballot was being taken. When Carter, of Ohio, announced the change of four votes, giving Lincoln a ma jority, and before the great tumult of ap plause in tbe VY igwam bad begun, it was telegraphed to Springfield. Mr. Wilson, Telegraphic Superintendaot, who was in tbe office, ltstantiy wrote on a scrap of pa per, "Mr. Lincoln, yon are nominated on the third ballot," and gave it to a boy who ran with it to Mr. Lincoln. He took the paper in his hand, and looked at it long and silently not Seeding the noisy exulta tion of all around, and then rising and put ting tbe note in his vest pocket, he quiet remarked, "lheres a little woman down at our house would like to hear this. Ill go down and tell her." Cleveland Herald. is uur reaaers rememoer what we j . have given in relating to the finding of a female body near Jersey City, anchored in the bay to a barrel of pitch, and which body was identified as that of Mrs. Rich ardson a frail woman who had been leading a very dissolute life. Her husband, who t had parted from ber on account her liasons, and the man who bad been one of ber victims, asserting confidently that the remains found were hers, and an exciting tale was told of her murder by her young paramour, a prominent mer chant, and of his flight. After all this Mrs. Richardson is alive and well in New York, end her aforesaid husband certifies the fact, but says there were marks on the remains fouud like those he knew to be the person of his wife. Gas Compniks to bi Usib vr. The Phonranhie Hews nredicts the destruc tion of the gas company monopoey by the introduction of a gas produced by inpreg nating super heated steam with coal tar. is found to contain one half less oxide carbon and twice as much bicarburetted hydrogen as common gas, and is, therefore twice as valuable. It is also very durable, and after being kept for five months in gnsometois, it exhibits no change and left deposit. One of its merits consists in ..1 - i e ia , i oeing entirety iree irorn suipnurreuea hydrogen. Its practical utility will soon tested. Young Man, Think of It. Recommend to the consideration of every young man, the following whoUoma advice, copied from the Springfield (Mass.) Republican. It was handed to as by a friend who is not now a "young man," but who knows the truthfulness of these lines by actual experience and observation. "If there w anything in the world that a young man should be more thankful for than another, it is the poverty which necs sitates bis starting in life under very great disadvantages. Poverty is one of the best tests of human quality in existence. A triumph over it is like graduating with honor from West Point. It demonstrates stuff and stamina. It is a certificate of worthy labor creditably performed. A young man who cannot stand the test is not worth anything; He can never rise above a drudge or a pauper. A young man who cannot fee! bis will harden ss the yoke of poverty presses upon him and his pluck raise with every difficulty pov erty throws in his way, may as well retire into some corner and hide himself. Pov erty saves thousand times more men than it ruins; for it only ruins those who are not particularly worth saving, while it saves multitudes of tbose whom wealth would have ruined. If any young man who reads this is so unfortunate as to be rich, I give him my pity. I pity you, my rich young friend, because you are in dan ger. You lack one stimulus to effort and excellence wilh your poor companion pos sesses. You will be very apt, if you have a soft place in your head, to think yourself above him, and that sort of thing makes you mean and injures you. With full pockets full stomach, and fine linen and broadcloth on your back, yonr heart and soul plethoric in the race of b'fe, you will find yourself surpassed by all other poor boys around you before you know it. No, my boy, if you are poor, thank God and tak courage; for he inlendes to give you a chance to make something of your self. If you bad plenty of of money, ten chances to one it would spoil you for all useful purposes. Do yon lack of educa tion ! Have you been cut short in the text book! Remember that education, like some other things does not consist in the multitude of things a man possesses. What can you do ! That is the question that settles the business for you. Do yon know your business ! Do you know man and how to deal with him ! Has your mind, by any means whatsoever, received that discipline which gives to its action, power and facility ! If so, then you aro more of a man and a thousand times bet ter educated than tbe fellow who graduates from college wtih his brains full of stuff that be cannot apply to the practical bus iness of life stuff, the acquisition of which has been in no sease a disciplinary process as far as he is concerned. There are very few men in this world less than thirty years of age and unmarried, who can afford to be rich. One of the greatest benefits to be reaped from great financial disasters, is the saving a large crop of young men. Political Items. The Republicans of Indianapolis pro pose to build a large wigwam on tbe Court House square. The Springfield (Mass) Republican, ia ' an article eulogising " Lincoln, calls him "the Republican Platform in boots." Wnllror tTl &W.urnrw I ha Vat . - - j Union Commitlee, has resigned. Hecaa--not go John Bell, being a man of conscien tious scruples! . . Tbe Philadelphia North American sup ports the Chicago nominees. Tbe Chicago Journal announces that "Abraham" Lincoln, and not "Abram," is the name of our candidate. . "' . Hon. Tom Corwin spoke in Dayton, Monday evening, to a crowded audience. He fully endorsed the Chicago Conven tion, spoke in the highest terms of Lincoln, and considered that his election as Presi- rlpnl vmilil rpenlt in rnnvinr?intr tha Sonth 0 that the Republican party was not hostile to that section of the nation. The Wheeling (Va.) Intelligencer takes strong ground in support of the Republi can nominees, and gives it as its opinion that the Bell and Everett ticket will be withdrawn. Tbe Albany Statesman (American) raises the "Lincoln and Hamlin" flag. News. A young Frenchman shot himself through the head at Williamsport, N. Y. The pistol ball entered the brain, and part of his brains escaped. Yet he lived for six hours afterwards. "The time has been,' That, when the brains were out, the nun wonl die. And there aa ead." Miss Jennie Twitchell, fonnely of tbe Old Folks Consert Troupe, was married to a gentleman in Boston, the other day. The bodv of a woman which had been burned nine years was exhumed at Roch ester a few davs since. The coffin had rotted, but the body and grave clothes were as fresh as when first buried. Almira Lewis, charged with attempting to poison the family of Hon. James O. Pettintrill, at Ogden, N. Y, has been found euilty of the crime and sentenced to ten years in the, Penitentiary. A new born infant was left on a door step in Buffalo on Friday evening last Tbe child was taken the Overseer of the Poor, and baptized by the name of "Ham lin A. Lincoln." Tbaodore Parker is said to be at tbe point of death in Florence, Italy. Mr. George Tick nor has presented 2,000 volumes of valuable books to the Public Library of Boston.; ltiTThe chief art of too way to learn how to succeed, is to attempt but little at time. Tbe wildest excursions of the . mind are made by short flights frequently repeated. The most lofty fabrics of science) are formod by the continual accumulations of single propositions.