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Itr Am. J. m 4W .a4"W m fl y m ' NT y ' sy ill i ' - - v I. CASKET, Editor and Proprietor. OFFICE Washington Street, Third Door South of Jackson. TERMS-One Dollar and Fiftj Cents in Adrancc .... - VOU 5. JSIILLERSBURG, HOLMES COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1860. NO. 19. Business Cards. 'W.t.ILLtBQS. M. B. Ds SILT A. HlJSON & DeSILVA, isorj House. MILLERSBURG, OHIO. BXJim STinriAcasx,) QR( S cd. tatlos, Akraa.0. S lw l Aaron, u. L STEINBACKER & CO., pto&ure & Commission Dealers in IW, Graa, II Stag SaU Teh, White and Water Lint, it, fa, fa, 1 FUBCHASEBSOF ' TFleaf, i?y, Corn, Oat, Seeds, Dried FruiU, Butter, Egg, Wool, bc. M.M.SPEIOIiE, Affent, iUfji,im-uMILLERSBURG' BAKER & WHOLF, Forwarding and Commission .U E IZ C II.l.VT s, AMP DEALBK8 19 SALT FISH, FL ASTER, WHITE AND WATJS& hi MX. pubchasem or FLOUR, WHEAT, RYE, CORN, OATS CLOVER AND TIMOTHY SEED, . - ALSO, Butter, Egg, Lard, Tallow and all kind -;: ' of Dried Fruit. . WAREHOUSE, MILLERSBURG, O. . Sept. 18, 1856 4tX. J. G. BIGHAM, M. D. PHYSICIAN & SURGEON. RKSHECTFULLT announces hit resdinesa to give praaipt Attention to mil professional call.. Us is permitted to refer to tbe Medical Faculty of the UoirenitT of Michigan, and to the Medical iacultj of the University of the Citr of Stw Yorli. . .Fredericksburg, 0-, Sept. 20, 1860 n5m6 JOHN W. VOBHES, attorney at flfe, MILLERSBURG, O. OFFICE, one door East of the Book Store, up stairs. April 22, 1858 v2n35yl . G. W. EAMAGE, PHYSICIAN& SURGEON H0U1ESVILLE, OHIO. T essisxstfallr inform, the public that h. ha. located Xvhimself in the above Tiling, for the practice of his miofemtos. Car" OFFICE four doors west of Reed'.oor AS,18S TSniOtf. J. E. ATKmsbxi Milleisbu'rg, Ohio. rl NOW PREPARED to fomUt t anler all the different kinds of Artificial Teetn. from on to an entire set. fyOffic oa Main .treat, two doors oast of Dr. tsuiiag s omce, up stairs. Jane , 1869 42 ." DR. T. G. V. BOUNG, MILLERSBURG, O. THANKFUL for past favors, respectfully tenders bis professional services to the pub lic Office is the room formerly occupied by Vr. Irvine. April 15,1858 v2n34t DR. EB RIGHT, JJIjnsinan anb 0urgcon, MILLERSBURG, O. Onlce otm Jstckan Street, early spp if the iaapire llonse. jy Residence oa Clay Street, opposite tbe Presbyterian Church. . BENJAMIN COHN, READHW10THI1 :Of all Descriptions, COR. OF JACKSON & WASHIGTONSTS.. uixERSBime, o. ' PLAIN & FANCY J8B PBffif am Of all kinds, neatly executed !a.t this office. CASKET & INGLES, DEALERS IX - WTT.T.KFtSBUBGr, O. To the Public. WAITS, haTinj purchased Wnriey and -tlL Judson's improved Sewing Machioe, is still d Band to wait on tbe public- in bia line in tu vajr of a garment. 3Tl am also agent tor said Machine, and can rscom saattditas tbt beet now in use. for all porposea.- .AND SEE IT OPERATK A bore Jne. Carey's Aaction Room. . Sept. ,1860n5mS. A. WaITS. Pasfcionable Tailoring AS. LOWTHEB is carrying on the . tailoring business in all its various branches in Rooms over M VI TAKE'S STORE. His experience and taste enables him to ren der general satisfaction to those for whom he Joea work, and he hopes by industry and close application to business to receive a liberal share pi patronage. ALL WORK IS WARRANTED. Hi prices are as low as it is possible for nsaa to uva at, - MiUersbnrg, 18G0 n41tt NEW D0QT& SH0ESH0P! ON soot West froai J. Mqlrane's store, in the nx.m formerly occupied as Post OBce, where the under signed is prepared to do all kinds of work in his line, ee BsdaUy Fine City Sewed Work. la each a manner as not to be excelled west of ths Alls, gheaiaa. QT WORK WAR BABIED, and done oa rea sonable terms. fX5F.XHZlSTGt cons aeataad oa short H. Bf I hare on hand, as agen, s lot of boms made aajd eaatarn Boots and 8 hoes which for ready pay I will sou oa such terms that von cannot fail to buy. Please ' Ma u oo"i Jt.iI.UUW Senator Wade's Great Speech. In the U. S. Senate Dec. 17th '60. Atl'oclock, Mr. POWELL'S (Dem Ky.) resolution was taken op. Mr. WADE (Rep, Ohio) said: At tune like this, wnen tbere seems to be un usual excitement, I have very little efficacy of any argument. But I must say, when in this very chamber, where we have all raised our hands to Heaven and taken an oath that we would sustain the Constition of the United States, we hear it said by many Senators that we are on the eve of a dissolution of this Union, aod that your Constitution is to be trampled under foot, silence under such circumstances seems to be akin to treason itself. We have listen ed tocomplainls from the other side of this chamber patiently, and with ardent desire to ascertain what they were. But I con fess I am ucable to understand what it is of which they complain. Tbe party which has lately elected the President, and prospectively coming into power, have never held otnee under mis Govern ment, nor any individual of them. There fore, it is manifest that that party have as yet com mi ted no act of which anybody can complain. It any one Has rears as to to what may hereafter ensue, they are mere apprehensions nothing else. bare suspicion a fear rising out of un warrantable prejudices. I wish to ascer tain in the outset whether we are right, for 1 tell gentlemen here if they can con vince me that I am holding any political principle that is not warranted by tbe (Jon stitution under which we live, or trenches on ther rights, they need not ask me to compromise, for I will redress their rights myself when 1 am wrong. JSo man need approach me with a threat that the Gov' ernrnent is to be destroyed, because I hope that I have now, and ever shall have, that sense of justice that when any man shows me I am wrong, I shall be ready to right without threat or compromise. Now, what is it of which gentlemen will complain! When I left my home in the West to come to this place all was calm, cheerful and con tented. I heard of no discontent, an i np prehended there was no cause to interrupt lie harmonious cause ot legislation, idid not learn, since we adjourned, any fact in tervening tbnt could at all disturb the pub lic mind. 1 did not know that tbere lind been any encroachment lipon the rights of any section or any individual, inereiore. I came here expecting we should have a barmonions session. It is very true that the great Republican party, which has been organized ever since you repealed the Missouri Compromise, wlncb gave you four years ago tull warning tual its strenglu would result as it bas resulted, and 1 sup pose any man might have supposed things would have resulted in the same way it is true this party has carried the election ; but 1 do not suppose anything growing out of tbe election is the cause of tbe present excitement in the country. Now, who is it that is complaing Is it the minority 'that they have subjected to an oppressive and aggeessive Government. No such thing as that, Sir. We might suppose that 84 years ago, when the leaders of that glorious .Revolution met in Philadelphia, there to draw up a bill of indictment against a weak king and bis ministers, they bad been at a loss what they would set forth as the cause of their complaints. But they had no difficulty in setting them forth, and so that great article of impeachment will go down to posterity to justify them for all they did. Let ns, then, suppose the old patriots bad been the Ministers of the Crown, cr members of the British Parlia ment of tbe dominant party that had ruled Great Britain for 30 years previous. In stead of dignifying what they did as revo lutionary, who would not have hanged eve ry man of tbem as traitors ! They would ask what right have you, who have had the Government in your own hands, who have been Ministers doing everything that has been done, to set up here that you have been oppressed and aggrieved by the ac tion of that very Government!. It would have been au act of treason, and nothing less. Now, they who sit here the leaders of this modern revolution, they are in a position to complain of the action of this Government for years past! Why, they have had more than two-thirds of this Sen ate for many years. You that complain, represent but little more than one quarter of the free people of the United Biat.s; yet, you have prevailed for ten years past in tbe Cabinet of the President, and in the Supreme Court of the United States, and nearly every department of the Govern ment. Those who voted with you have dictated the policy of tbe Government. Is it not strange that those who occupy this position1 come here complaining that their rights have been stricken down! But what is the cause of this great excite ment which undoubtedly prevails in a por tion of our country ! for, if the newspapers are to be credited, there is a reign of ter ror in the cities and large towns of tbe Sonlh that looks very much like the reign of tenor in Paris during the French Revo lution. We hear ol Northern men being sent back, or scourged and tarred and feath ered, and no inquiry made in regard to tbe cause. I do not suppose the regular Gov ernment, in limes of excitement like this, is really responsible for these outbreaks of passion. If the States where these outra gres prevail were a foreign government, and if they were really authorized by tbe con stituted authorities, everybody knows, if it were the strongest government in tbe world we would declare war in one day. But what bas caused this great excitement! I will tell you what I suppose it is. I do not so much blame the people of tbe South, because I think they have been led to be lieve that we to-day the dominant parly, who were about .to take the reigns of Gov. ernrnent, are their mortal foes, and stand ready to trample their institutions under foot. They have been told so by our ene mies at the North, and they would not hear us at all. Now, I wish to inquire can didly, honestly, and fairly, whether the Southern gentlemen who complain so have any reasonable grounds for that com plaintI meaa when they are really in formed as to our positron. The Northern Democrats have said we hare Personal Lib erty Bills in some few of the Northern Slates, which would somehow trench upon your rights to recapture rudaway slaves a position that in more than two or three cases bas not tbe least foundation in fact. But if these laws are really repugnant to the Constitution they are utterly void, and tbe Courts would declare them so at any moment. . Therefore I am glad to bear Senators on tbe other side say they do not complain of those bills. Your men have given up this bone of contention, this mat ter of complaint, which Northern men may have set forth as a grievance more than any one else. Mr. MASON said that the repeal of these laws would furnish no satisfaction to the Southern States. Mr. WADE I understood the gentle man to say that he did not know as they had been injured by them. These laws were not intended tp excite the South, or to put tbem in any position of degredation, as the Senators supposes. Tbose laws against kidnapping are as old and common as tbe law itself. I believe tbe slate of Virginia has one to-day as stringent in its provisions as any of tbose of which you complain. And here let me say, because tbe subject occurs to me, that the Senator from Virginia seems not so much to point out any specific acts that the Northern peo ple have done that are injurious to your property, as something he takes to be a dishonor and a degradation. 1 think 1 feel as sensitive on that subject as any other man, if I know myself. I would be the last man who would advocate any law, or any act, that would humiliate or dishonor any section of this country, or any individual in it; but, on the other hand, let me tell those gentlemen I am exceedingly sensitive on that same point, whatever they may think, and bad rather sustain injury tban in suit or dishonor, and I would be as unwil ling to unflict it upon others as I would be to submit to it mysell. 1 never do either the one or the other, if I know it. But I have already said these gentlemen, who make these complaints, have for a long se ries of years had this government in thei own hands. I may say that these gentlo men who have raised upon this floor tbei bill of indictment against me, have been the leaders of the dominant parly for years therefore, if there is anything in the legis lation of the Federal Government that is not right, you, and not we, are responsible for it. We never yet have betn invested with power to control the legislation of the country for an bour. 1 know that tbo charges have been made and rung in our ears that we have been unfaithful to your Fugitive Slave bill. The law is exceed ingly odious to any free people, and de prives us of all the guaranties of liberty that the Anglo saxon race have considered more sacred than anything else. Mr. GRLJb.N said perhaps tbe action on this law bad not injured anybody, but be complained of the public sentiment. He knew it was impossible to reclaim a slave in nine cases out of ten, and they risked their lives if they made the attempt. He thought the law no more obnoxious than any in case of scoundrels who rob and steal. I Applause in tbe galleries. Tbe UilAlK said tbe galleries must be cleared if tbe applause again was heard. Mr. WAD, Never mind, let tbem cheer the Fugitive Slave law if they please. Mr. MASON said he should insist, on order if the indignities of the Senate did not cease. - Mr. VVAUi!i lb would be a poor remedy for-a free man in humble circum stances to be taken under tbe provisions of thisbilltobe earned, where! Where be came from. Thee he might be carried into the market place anywhere in a slave Slate, and what chance bas he I Ibis man may be kidnapped and carried into ev erlasting Slavery, and does any man who has a regard for the sovereign rights of the States, sit here and complain that Slate could not make a law to protect her own people against invasion and seizure ! I believe of all men those who have made the most of these complaints, are the last who would rise here and deny tbe power of a sovereign Slate lo protect her own citizens against any fedral Legislation whatever, lhen liberty bills have been made, not with a view to degrade the South, but with an honest view lo guard the rights of their own citizens from unlawful searches and seizures. I was exceedingly glad to hear Senators on the other 6ide say that tbe repeal of these bills will not relieve the case from tbe difficulties and I have beard it everywhere that the people of the Free States are unfaithful in executing the Fu gitive Slave law. It has been said, under such circumstances here, that, although -I was sure as to my own State, yet I could not rise to aay I did not believe a word of what they were sayirg. I never did and never could, until our enemies here rise in their places, and.with a magnanimity I commend, have said this was not so. My colleajyie (Mr. Pugh.) with a magnan- mity forwbicb I give bim my thanks, bas stood forth to testify that, in tbe State I part represent, .Republican Judges, Courts and juries have fulfilled this repul sive duty with perfect faithfulness, and so said tbe Senator from Illinois (Mr. Doug las,) and so 1 understood tbe senator from Indiana (Mr,. Fitch) to have said. There fore, the calumny is removed from us, so far as the statements of our political ene mies can doit. I know our Courts feel themselves bound to administer the laws just as they find them. Let me say, to gentlemen of tbe Senate on the other side, where you have lost one slave by the un faithfulness of legislative tribunals, we have bad ten men murdered by your mobs against law. I cannot take up a southern paper but I read of men who travel for business, but you wait upon them by some Committee and tell them to return. And what is the cause! Why, Sir, you come from Ohio, and tbey don't inquire what party you belong to. Many of these acts nave been done under circumstance that ould disgrace a savage. We have no security in traveling nearly over half of the Confederacy especially tbe Uulf States. don t care what a man s character may be, and if he never violated any law under heaven, but if he comes from the North, if he has exercised his political rights and voted for Lincoln instead of somebody else, it is an offense punishable by indigni- ty, by stripes, and by death. And you, whose constituents are guilty of all these things, can stand up and accuse us of be- unfaithful to the Constitution of the land ! I make the assertion here, (bat I do not believe in the history of the world there ever was nation or a people where a law so repugnant to the general feeling was ever executed with the same faithful- ness as has been the most repugnant Fu- gitive Slavs Law. You have a law in South Carolina by which you take the free citizens of Massachusetts or any other State and lock tbem up in jail a penalty. If the poor man cannot pay the jail fees, eternal slavery stares him the face.- It is a monstrous law, revolting to the feelings of humanity, and in conflict wilh the Constitution of the United States. r , i e I don I say this by way of recrimination. 1 know the excitement prevaidmg tbe coun- try, and do not wish to add a single coal to the flame. Nevertheless, I wish the whole truth to appear. Then, what is it ! You have the whole legislation of the country: vou own the Cabinet and the Senate', and I may add you own the Presi- j . J.i n -i jo. , t. dent of the United States, as much as you own ibe servants on your plantations. But I can't see why Southern men rise iid j j; r ,; f ii,: n .r T , , , , .... ciuuicuw a u ,o possible to point out any acts of which tha Ronnhlinan rrnrtv lino hppn frniliy n( i,t.:t. i .i: Tl r .... derstand that Senators who juslifyjlhe over- UKU ,UU tBU WIUUI.IU. 1UCICIUI. A UU throw of this liovernment. who would break it up and resolve it into its original elements, do it on a mere suspicion that the Repulican party may somehow eHect their rights. Now, what doctrines do we hold detrimental to you ! Are we the set- ters forth of any new doctrine ninder the Constitution I I tell you, nay. mere IS no principle neiu le-uay uy iue great xve- publican party that bas not bad tbe sane- tion of your Government for more than . . . seventy years. Xou have changed your opinions , we siitnu w ucre wo useu w siauu. stand on the Slavery question in the place formerly occupied by the most rever ed statesmen ot this nation, every one 01 - - . . . . them, Washington, Jefferson, Monroe, Ad ams, Jackson, and Polk inclusive. And that revered statesmen. Henry C av. , , , . , , . , iw blessed memory, with bis dying breath as- serted the doctrine we hold to-aay. Why, then, are we held up before tbe communi ty as violators of your rights? It is late in the day toac cuse us of harboring these opinions. 1 ben, wuat doctrines do we noid that are complained of? You don't com plain of our Liberty bills. You don't com plain thai Mr. Lincoin is a violent man and will probably do any injury to you. Tbe Senator from Georgia (Mr. Iverson) told us he had no apprehnsion Mr. Lincoln would do any act in violation of the Con stitution. Mr. IVERSON said he had said no such thing. Mr. WAUHi said be understood tbe Senator to say so, and he understood the grievance to be that the Chief Magistrate, . wuu iue power ui iuu umeiuuicui, uuuiu do away with Slavery in ten years. Mr. lVJiiKbON said be said tbe Kepub- 1 ican party might do injury. He thought r. Lincoln would violate the Constitu tion, when be could with impunity. Mr. WADE It is of no great conse quence what the Senator said. I say that Mr. Lincoln s character, from bis yontb up, has been such that you have no right to draw anv inferences that he will tressDass I on the right of any man, and if you bar- , .i :1 uor any oiuer suppersiuou ii. is 111 conso- quence oi uuwaruieu prejuuice, uomiug else. I have listened to arguments here f liiit a w,t Thntr era in VArv rronAi. , . i i j i j ,t i al terms, very loosely drawn, and I do not know where to meet you at all. Is there anything in our platform detrimental to your rights, uu ess that in modern times J O ' I vou set up a different construction of the Constitution from ours ! We follow in the beaten track, but you have switched off, as. it were, upon another track, and as sert your doctrine to be orthodox,tbat is all. Mr. POWELL. (Dem., Hy.) called the Senator's attention to the -case of Gov. Dennison, and asked if be justified it. Mr. W ADb said that lawyers and Judge might differ, tie thought (jov. Dennison s action founded on a decision given by Jude Stausburv of Kentucky, and on a precedent set by the Governor of Kentucky. Mr. POWKLiLi wanted tbe Senator to answer his question. Mr. WAUt was not going to be cate chised in a any question of law. Mr. POWELL, said be despaired of get ting an answer. He wanted to know if tbe Senator was in tavor ot a rigid en forcement of the Fugitive Slave Law. Mr. WADE said he did not know as he was a witness in this case. Mr. POWELL said he had a resolution to offer. . Mr. WADE declined to give way to be catechised any longer. Mr. POWKIJ, sa d ha shnn d not have called for specifications if he did a t want to be catechised. I Mr. WADE I have shown that the l.. ,!.:. , u; , . . . 1 . . . ,PL n ... 1 Ullliunu, unity uavo UUhUUIV lu luuimmu I 01 mpoiu. 01 legislation. iuo xveuuuu- can party in the North, and in Ohio in par- lieu Iar, hold the same opinion, so far as J. to with regard io this peculiar inslitu- ,ioB ., . . , 11 Mi- j .- : I tion that is held by all civillized nations in the world. We-don t diner in public sen timent from England, France, Germany, or Italy, or any other civilized nation on God s earth. 1 tell you transiy you win never find a community who are in love ith your peculiar institution. Now, the Senator from Texas told us Cotton was King, and could overrule, by its influence, (I do but use his words) and compel men to come down that it had subjects in Eu- rope. I will say to that Senator that they are rebellious subjects, and we talking very disrespectfully of their King. They the you tbey sympathize with those you call Black Republicans. Therefore. I hone ve shall hear uo more of the toast that .... . , I' Cotton is King," and it going to overrule I 1 ty. in for It to we are of we pU and est the the we as to of that not that .1 tend the lull .... my if been as 1 of to all nations and bring them under its foot and stool. It never will be done. But have our Southern friends any complaints to would prohibit, if we bad the power, Slavery from invading another inch of free ing soil territory of this Government. Island here to-day. I have urged it to half a million of people, probably, and they stand there and they have commissioned roe to stand there forever, and so help me God ! I will. I say to you, while we hold this doctrine to the end, there is no Repulican, or convention of Republicans, or paper, that pretends -we have any right in your States to interfere with jonr peculiar in maritine slitutions. On the other hand, our plat under form repudiates the idea that we have any right, or intention even to invade your in in stitutions in your own Slates, Now what do you complain of? You are go- fn8 t0 brea UP guverament. You are go- mg to luvolre us in war and blood out of a mre 8llspicifn ,UJlt Bnali transcend that going to proceed upon ine suspicion m.-u proo We ably he might. I have disavowed anv intention ?B the part u-iH you as to us. i on say tie came from one sec know wflJie,?!pr- What,f h?" Mr- Wade appealed to gentlemen on the other side to sav Government. I say. in my pnrate ca tell pacily, 1 never yield to anything by way of make of the platform ! I tell you frankly that we did lay down the principle that we which we stand here to viudicaU. How would you be justified in the eyes of the civilized world to take so monstrous a posiiioa, and to predicate it on a mere suspicion? We don't love Slavery. Didn't you know it before to day? Kverything remains as it did a vear ago. iitit all at once when we meet nere, 1 naa all Bloom- 8B1 p!le'' rise P anJ 7 c on the eve of breaking up this government. Seven or eiht Sia(fS e gin? hos. tile government and they look imploringly over to us and say, "you can prevent it." What IcanwedoT lou nave not coniieceM(iea to tell us what you waut done. If we should give up ,h. rrii, f the nonn r nnrl t.tfcplin vonr Dint- form. I don't know but you would be satisfied, and 1 think the Senator from Texas (Mr. Wig- fall) rathr intimated, and the Senator from r, ... . it!mn teJ thalvif we wol,ia tane what is exactly the Charleston platform, on which Mr. JJrecken- ridge was placed, and give up that on which we ; r,f JL, s 8 ' Mr IVERSON said he wished the Senator would read his speech before he quoted soninch from it. He had not said they would be satis- Vfyi, Iverson's speech, rf.1OTrtp.i the Globe, that he sunnosrd there would be no oven act ou tne pan oi air. lan- e"1"- "u the power ot tne uovernmeni wouia be so executed against Slavery that it would not last ten vears. and continued: Then vou are nQt going t0 wail tor anv 0Ter. act, but are (JtTUt U11 y l U I UCOAiUi " - uwjia. i saw uu,i.ui- thflt cnB possiby work you any inconvenience. We have bren faithful to all the laws. It ie "t. then, that Mr. Lincoln is expected to do "J J r . . on won t wait tor any. uut anticipating tnal ,hP Government mav work vou an miurv. von will put an end to if, which means simply this that we intend to rule or ruin this Govern ment. There is where it comes. We do not like vonr institutions, you say. But wo never liked them any better, and yon might as well have dissolved the Union at any time as now. We stand precisely where we stood, repudiat ing vonr institution as a matter of morals, bnt. admitting that, when it isontot our jurisdic tion, we have no hold upon it and bo design npon it. Is there anything in the character of the President elect of which vou complain? Has he nut lived a blameless lile, never viola ted any law; has he committed any viula tion of duty? Why then are you supicious that he will? Now, then, I have shown that bavins the Government in your hands all the time, you have brought it to the verge of .de struction; and the people, believing it was time the scenter should depart from vonr hands, have placed it in more competent hands. If this is you have no constitutional right to complain, nhnn n-a nil Jionrnnr nnv i nlont inn on tfi ma br . , , , , ::,, , ii xDis brines me hereto the question of coiopro- misc. The first day of this session a Senator rlaP" aKd offers a resolution to inquire into the evils between the different sections, and to as' certain what'could be doue to settle the ditricul As to compromise, 1 supposed we had agreed that the day of comprt luisrs was at an end. The most solemn we, have made have been violated, and where are they? Since 1 had a seat in this Senate one of considerable an tiquity was swept away from our statute book; and when in the minority I stood op here and J w withhold your hands-that it was asacrcd compact between sections what was , ;, . ,,: K,t nf Congress, and could be swept away by the satne majority that passed it. That was true, fact, and true m law, and it showed the weakness oi compromises, iiuw, lumv speai t,,at j viewof tlle maBner in compromises have been treated, 1 should think hardly any two members of the Democratic P"1? col".u ,eacu ulu" lu ,lUB ,JCB aHJ ............. " w,tlni,t am, la A ivtmni.imn ompromise without a smile. A compromise bo brought about after Uie experience have had, is absolutely ridiculouu What we to compromise? I am one of those who went with zeal to maintain the principles the liepublican party, lu a constitutional way we met and nominated our candidates. You did the same. The issue was made and went to the people with it. and. although usually in the niuority, usually beaten, the lusiice of our principles and the bad adminis tration of the Government convinced the peo- that a chance ought to be brought about, alter trying your utmost, and we our ut- moBt' we beat you. yvebeat you on the plain- and must palpable issue ever presented to American people, and one they understood best and now, when we come to the capital, tell you that our candidates must be inaugu rated and administer the Government precisely their predecessors have doue. it would be humiliating and dishonorable to us if we lis tened lo a compromise by which we should lay aside the verdict of the people. When it comes that, you have no Government, but anarchy intervenes and civil war may follow, and all the evils that human imagination can raise may be consequent upon such a course as that. The American people would lose tbe sheet-anchor Liberty, whenever it is denied on this floor a majority lairly given shall rule, l Know what others may do, but I tell you that with verdict of the people in my pocket, aud standing on the platform on which these can- -. :. 1. ...... . -..u, ... courtesy or generosity. Tbe absolute right, most sacred inat a iree people can bestow any man, is their verdict mat. gives mm iitia w uv uiiiw. wit.,. . uaunui . . - , ,j. . ,11 . ,here. cannot stand anywhere: nnd friends, any other verdict would be as fatal they believed if the result of lhe contest had the other way the Republicans would have threatened disunion? He claimed that if Mr. Lincoln was an honest man, he would adminis ter the Constitution faithfully. 1 say to you, far as I am concerned. I will yield to no com promise. I do sot come here benrinir one. It would be indignity to the people I represent if WH 10 "tad D recreant to .the ngmaoi my EL "l' lLtoJSi & i?oo justice to others as to exact it from them, you would never rise toask for compromise. Many J0" f1"58 hT.' 1" 5 ''J,! , ""ZnnlJZ otTeuZZ and destroy yield. Therefore, I would not eBtertain a . !r P"Pc,'y proposition lor compromise. This long.chronie controversy mnst b met np- ( ii. f for fi uin it the ate on the principles of the Constitution. I hope it may be adjusted, but I know of no way except that laid down by the Constitution of the Uni ted States. When we go astray from that, we plunge ourselves into difficulties. There are dif ferent ways of construing it, but. in my judg ment, it is the wisest Constitution ever yet or ganized, and I am willing to stand by it, I ask tor nothing more. There is another subject about which I ought to say something. It is claimed that you have a right to secede at yoor pleasure. I cannot find any warrant for doctrine like that in the Constitution. In myjudgraent, it would be subversive of constitutional obliga tions. If that is so, we have bo Government. It would reduce this Union to a mere conglom eration of States, to be held together at tbe will of aay captious member of iu The State of South Carolina is a small State; but, probably, if she was sunk by an earthquake, we should hardly had it out, except by tie unwonted har mony that would prevail in this Chamber. I say this from no ill will. I think she is unwise. I would be willing to let her go out if we could do so without an example fatal to all govern ment. But, standing here, my wishes must be controlled by constitutional duty.- I don't see how any man can contend that a State can go ont ot the Govern ment at pleasure. The ques tion was reviewed thirty years ago, and receiv ed a verdict which it was supposed had set it at rest forever. By Gen. Jackson, and the men who surrounded him, it was pronounced a delu sion, and utterly disruptive of all Governments. Yet, here it is to day, blooming and fresh. Mr. Calhoun, even, held to the doctrine that we have power to make war on a State. You will find this doctrine in his long letter to Gov. Hamilton. I acknowledge to the fullest extent the right of revolution, if yon so call it a right to destroy the Government and erect another on its ruins more in accordance with your wishes. But when you undertake it you undertake it with this provision. If you are successful, all is right. Vou are heroes. But if you are defeated you are rebels. That is the character of revolution; if sncess- ful all well; if unsuccessful the government treats them as traitors. He did not see a cause to ap- prchend that any party intended to make war on the seceding Stales; he only asserted the right to do so if they saw fit. He would not, howev er, counsel or advise any party to do it. He would be very tender with the rights of the peo ple who are about to break np the Government under which they had deliberatly come to the conclusion they could not live but he appre hended that the posiiioa of the .Republicans would compel them to take austere ground. mi iioun a oi.uc Mxcucs, i ucy cnuiim leuugiuc her right to go ot itof the Union until she gains Magistrate is to execute the law in every Bartof the Government. He cannot be released from this obligation. Nothing in the Constitution of the Lnited States will warrant his saying that uinrrla otnf hqa fri I Ion Ha is atrnrn I1.1t: to tm,w ti..-t Kt.iti, !..- secnl-d. and t mv no respect to resolutions that declare that she has done so. In doing this it does not follow that 1. . 1. v. .... 1. .. . . n ,.1. 1 j 'unsfc lu.iotr wm upi.u u, ...uc.wu.,.- every federal nghtcver her, the most lm- portant of which is the collection ot the reve- nue. There are many rights for the benefit of the beople of a Slate that might he dispensed the President could abolish the Post Offices. vuu, ji uie, uu. w 1. 1 1 1 ijje iii.ujs tiiuru They mitfht not perhaps elect officers to send here, but they could do as they liked about that. They have a right to be perfectly represented here, but if they choose to lorego that privilege it is not incumbent upon the President to force them to send representatives here. But the Chief Magistrate must collect the revenue pre- iu lurws ciscly the same as in every other State. No butte can be released irom that obiiga ion, tor the Constitution demands it. Vt hat t'dlows? If the seceding State shuts up her ports of en- try, so that ships cannot discharge their cargoes, then ships will cease to go there; if tbe Govern- ment blockades her ports tc .collect revenue.she will not have gained her ludpendence by seces- aion. If she. will feel contented to live nnder this equivocal state of things, all will be well, nut sue cannot do so. w nat win sue uot &tie must take the initiative and declare war upon the United Slates. Then force must be met by force, and she must hew out her independence by violence and war. There was bo other way under the Constitution that he knew of if a State secede and declare trtfc He did not snp- pose that there was a lawyer on the floor but who will say that the act 01 levying war is treason against the United States. That is tbe re suit and we may as well look the matter in the !!";. TbS feaaXT tr"m .Te3PU,,,K,y9 South will force an ignominious treaty from us in r ancml Hell, lo this be would answer. Well you may; we know your powers; we know your bravery; we do not wnnt to fight with you, but, nevertheless, if you drive us to the necessi ty we will use all our powers to maintai the Government intact, in all its integrity. If we are overthrown the Government will be sub- lw. If wT.sis ma rliA walr.t than rn ennae r.n I Vdt-CU IW tUVUsVEHUO W Wlllw UIUCULO UOt3 the wall. That is all there is about it. That is the condition in which we stand. I can see no power in the Constitution that will release me nenator irom mis position, neaiu nottaice the oath to support the Constitution unless on. state seceded. There was bo such immunity fur him. Tbere was bo way, then, for a State to co out of the Union, but she could demand eoua justice under the Constitution, and indi cate her grievances while tne nag ot tbe nation to go out of tbe Uaina, except by making war I waved over her. I here was no way lor a state ami vindicating Dy tne lorce 01 arras ner right to independence, and if she did this, he had a I prophesy in his mind. No man would regret I more than himselt the disruption of any portion of the United States where the people think themselvesaggrieved,if there wnsany honorable n lease frcm iu But all this trouble is a matter of prejudice superinduced by listening to the enemies 01 toe iteputuican party, n e are look ed npon in the light of enemies; we are brand ed as traitors; we are styled John Brown men; bnt if the South will secede we will preserve tne union anu await uie gionous iuture, Mexico owes England eight millions of dol lars, and asks of us protection, and she has all he elements to build up a glorious Kepublican Empire. The Kepublican prty will do any- thing for the Union. U be benator from Illinois iw th mni, publicans were going for a rciea of caualitv. and would build op a black Government. He Wade) thought it would he one of the most every btack man amona us to find a home in Central America or Lower Mexico. Then adopt the homestead policy, and we will have 6uch a powor, vesled ib native white men. as was nev er be fore seen. Men of every clime come among us, ana we win uuiid up a nation ot laooring men. Then Canada will knock at our doors, and we will have all the elements to build up a republic more powerful and more just than the world has ever dreamed of. Ho was lor maintaining the Union of the States. He would sacrifice everything to maintain it. The glorious ... 0. c Allll, 11 WO Hill Wt.C " " t., CH.l I . r .i.;,i, k. k.i ..t- .I.- m lUlirill Ul JllJT w .aa nt'ti '3 IVTLuii, nails " I .1. .. i I . n.Kn. ka An...,1. ...4 tU I old flag of 1776 will floatover this nation forev- r This cnmtol. irentlemenhiut said, would do a Southern Kepublis. Sirs, it shall ever be I dicated in the war of the revolution shall ever I con'imie to float to the breeze over lb I Ap plause in the galleries.J Washingtoa and h natrinta fmio-ht for that rood old flag, and it wi plause in the galleries.J W ashingtoa and his , F.l a:, i w.U'. - fc. ther? thoueh a humble soldier, fought to sava the iriorr oi meir uren. "' i - vwM - great cause, and went through sevenfold hard- ships for it. He beqneathed the flag of his country to his children for their protection. It was his (Wade's) protection ia youth and the glory and pride or bis riper years, and though might be availed by traitors oa every side, by the grace of God, under it shadow he would die. Mr. JOHNSON, (Dem. of Tenn..) then got floor, when on motion of Mr. Gwin the Sea- weal into txeontive session. Adjo-jmed. old U:ig of ours neversuaii, oy any act or wora ci his. erase to wave over this nation as it is. I I I I I I if . to inir , in loaf was bad "Insanity in New Orleans." Under this head the Chicago Frets and Tribune publishes the statements made by a business man of "Chicago just returned from New Orleans. The informant of the Tribune must himself be insane, or a liar of the first magnitude, or the reign of ter ror in the South is even more terrible tban it has been represented by the most ex travagant accounts heretofore published. We select a few paragraphs from the Trib une's article : PROPOSITION TO ASSASSINATE LINCOLN AND HAMLIN. The St. Charles Hotel is the center of the excitment. That bouse is the common resort of the most violent of the fanatics, who between their cups and their cursings amuse themselves with hunting up, insult ing and driving off Northern men because they are Northern men. When our friend left tbe city, the ruffians had made a clean sweep; and that caravansary was without a resident of any of tbe free States within iu walls. They had all been compelled to leave some to quit the city and their business, others lo look up more dectfnt quarters, where violence and ruffianism are not tbe rule. One evening in the read i no- room of that establishment, the crowd was assembled as usual, and as usual tbe abo litionists was the theme. Becoming exci ted, one man, said to be wealthy and influ ential, pulled out his pocket book and said, "Here are 15,000 which I will subscribe lo a fund to procure tbe assassination of Lin coln and Hamlin. Who'll swell the pile!" iu teu minutes or less, more tban C40,000 uau oeen ouereu lor Ibis lntamous purpose. and the names of the subscribers were ta- ken down. The witness of this transac tion is far from believing that this was mere gasconade. DAMNED ABOLITIONISTS HANGING BY THE ROAD. pollute the State by bavins d d Abo i emse -, 1 , - ,tJ ., - , . , tlonl.st,3 bur,ed the soil." This fact, says our informant, displays as forcibly as any- Our informant says that on his way through Southern Miisissippi by coach, (the -. . j ruuruau iraes ueing wasned away lor many mi!es) he MW lhe dead 0"f lwo m suspended by tbe neck from trees by tbe roadside. In answer to the inquiry, "For what were these men hunc f he was told. "Because they were d d Abolitionists - J 8nJ tDe excuse for the barbarity displayed 10 permitting them to remain, rotting in the sun, was, thatMississippians would not . . . rr thing else, the temper by which the ex- tremists of that section of the country are impelled. ESCAPE OF O. M. MITCHELL, THE ASTRONOMER. XER. In further proof, of the insanity, he re- ,.. .1 . t, . ....... . '" "' escape 01 i-rolessor Mitchell, Ibe well-known Astronomer of Cincinnati. He was on tbe cars, going South, and when near Jackson, Mississippi, a man somewhat . a , . .. r . , iflraed with liquor, but more with pro- slavery bate, entered into conversation with him on political subjects. The Professor was cautious and reserved s but venturino' lV , , . . w T- , 0 to say be thought Mr. Lincoln was a COU- servative man and would not do injustice to the Soutb, bis pro-slavery friend was ,. inCensed; 8nd wherj the train hat. , , .' , , . , at Jackson, jumped to the platform and shouted to the crowd about tbe station : "There's a d d Abolitionist on tha train f L h nim , L h u p, j at , .- - , - v J"'"l" iuiiiiueuim a searcn lor tne offensive specimen of. Northern opinion, but before the Professor could be pointed ont, the conductor seeing , r ,, , . . , """"S uie uauger, puneu ins oeu-cora ana lue cars moved off, and with them the Profes sor, with a whole skin. - conversation; moy uuu uu iu ujr of thing for their own use,. but llierly to pass 5?The New Orleans Picayune pnts the pocket argument to the planters, as fol- Iamq va anotner point, ibe commencement of future difficulties is apparent. South Car- olina, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi r o.-. a 1 j ,k . : "V "10 " uiiui- festatiou of a future free trade policy, in any new confederation may be establish- lisbed, is openly made. But Louisiana is scarcely prepared to abandon at once all duties upon foreign sugar. Her sugar planters are now protected by what is equivalent lo S300 bonut on every f 1,000 ,i . t -ami 1 Z "i "7, " r"cv" ''on to her industry the sugar planters art growing exorbitantly rich. Material in- terest will doubtless weigh but little in n- straining her resistance, but it is diffluent when a new government is to be formed. And one year tbe revenue from the su gar duties was greater than the value of cur sugar crop. X3It has been calculated that the great Artesian bore at Columbus. Ohio, would passing through lhe globe, strike exactly Cr.r -i r .u- ni;. ntleen miles trom tne great tninese wan,. about 250 miles from Pekin. It is suges- . ted that they can run a telegraph through tuey on't fiJ wter. They will probe- K however bave an injunction HM BP through the bole from some established line. 1ST An exchange says that "seven hun dred industrious individuals gain a respect able livelihood in tbe State of Ohio by manufacturing counterfeit money aSTlmiuisilive pecple are the funnels , . . , .,,l,wr auoltier. s-.. w, ... gai. raui crushes vanity Dy remind- us Of responsibility. 1 his method la ,rn8 orjflj for we nDOt meet vanity by denying gifts. If we or ourcbildren have beauty of person, have talents and accom- nlishmenta. it is in vain we pretend to da- pfecjat. or t0 shut our eyes to them. ..... ... Jfriendsnipooesnotconsttin words. great dinners, or unmeaning smiles.' ghow me the man who will break his last with me, and I will call that man friend, tW Western Da nor says: A cow struck by lightning and instantly killed, belonging to tbe village physician, who beautiful calf four dava old.