Newspaper Page Text
At OFFICE Washington Street, Tird Door Sonth of Jackson. J CASpy, Editor and Proprietor. TERMS One Dollar and Fifty Cents in Advance, MIIIiEBSBURG. HOLLIES COUNTY, oAlO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1862. VOL.6. NO. 28. DBS. BOIilJVG & BIGHAMj PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS, MIILERSBURG, O., tjTOlEce iu the room formerly occup ied hy Dr.Irrlne March IS.SS1. S. K. CRAWFORD j M. J). Physician and Snrgeon, Office on Uatn it, formerly occupied by Doctor Elright Tvrnr.T.TrpgTtrnR, OHIO. DB. C. V. BUVKVGEB, Physician and Surgeon, MIDDLETOW. O. Professional calls promptly amended to. Sept. 13, 1SS1. DENTISTRY. J E.ATKINSON In Mcrsbarg Again, j EEADV, WTI.UKG AND WAITINR to per form &U operations in his line with neatness and in the latest style. tOfflc over 3InlTRne Emporium. October S, JS61 nlOtf J. P. A JOB A IV j DENT 1ST, MILIiBESBtTEG, O. A rtificial teeth in serted on Gold. Silvia-. Vulcanite fc JPorcelain base Teeth Extracted, Cleaned or filled. Satisfaction warran- ted. Office a few doors rest of 'Weston's Saloon. Xcr. 28.l860.-yl. BENJAMIN CO HIV, DULXB 13 Of Every Description, COIt. OF JACKSON & WABIIIOTOXSTS.. HILXriCSnURK, o. CASKEY fc IA'GIiES, DEALEES IX BOOKS & STATIONERY, MillerstourK, Oliio. PliAEV &. FANCY OF JILL LISDS, NEATLY EXECUTED AT THIS OFFICE. FOR SAjLE. Jfc C. VORTVORK, tt th JlillersbaTrg annerj hare a BUGGY AND BUFFALO WAGON, For ale yerjr cheap. Januij-31, 1861 2-ltf TO THE JLUB.IC AA7"ATTS, haTlng purchawl'Worley and Judson's improved Sewinj Machine, is still on hand to irait on tbo public in his line in the rraj of a gannen.. Zfl am also agent for said Machine, and can recom mend it as the best now in ne, for all purpose. CATiTi AND SEE IT OPERATE. AboreJno. Carey's Auction Room. Sept.20,lSC0. n5m3. A. "WaITS. HERZER & SPEIGLE, SUCCESSOSS TO E. STEINBACHER & C'O-j jprotmce & oEommission Dealers in fkv, Grain, Hill Stuff, Salt Fisli, White andWaler Lime, rTJBCET AS3HRS OF Wheat, Rye, Corn, Oats, Seeds, Dried Fruits, Mutter, Eggs, Wool, etc. M71.1S6I-4?IILLERSBURG'- BAKER & WIIOLiF, Forwarding and Coiiimission JtlJE J2 C MA NTS, ANT EEALEES IX SALT FISH, PLASTER, WHITE AND WATER LIME. PURCHASERS OF FLOUR, "WHEAT, RYE, CORN, OATS CLOVER AND TIMOTHY SEED, ALSO, Duller, Eggs, Lard, Tallow and a7 kinds of Dried m rmts. WAREHOUSE, MIXLERSBTJRG,0. 8ept.l8,185C 4tf. New Tailor Shop. MESSRS. HENDERSON & JACOliS res pectfully inform those -wanting clothes made that they have taken the room immediate ly over Mulvane's Store, where they are JPrexiared to give Fits at all times and at reasonable prices. Their long experience in the business enables them to guarantee satisfaction. Fashion Plates rcg nlarly received. HENDERSON A JACOBS. Millcrsburg, Oct 1. 18261 NEW mm & SHOE HP! nrNE door West from J. Mulranea store, in the room 'formerlroccuDied as Post Office, where the nnder- tlgntd is prepared to doall kinds of work in bis line, es- eciaiij ' Fine City Sewed Work. nnch a manner as not to be excelled west of the Alle- gheniei. E3T OKU w aiu;a. TEU, and done on rea 'aonable terml. 3RE!r? .A TR.TKTf done neatand on short notice. N. -B. I haTe on hand, as agent, a lot of home made and eastern Boots and Shoes which for readj pa; I will sell on such terms that you cannot fail to buj. Please trr me once, and call soon. iSrji - i,.u.uui.u Jol26,1860 48tf OIL! OILUJOIL!!! . H AVING had considerable experience In the oil tar mess, personal., we are prepazeu u.w an mc TOOLS necessary for boring wells, and pumping oil, and our S? i ortaoie as weuu ewiiiuumi j are decidedly ahead In regard to power, or fuel used to obtain tne -power. WE,DEFY COMPETITION either in stylo of Engines or price. We make englnf r.M t , n iiki nftra.nnwer. lorwuicu uiuutc ninn in iv- CHAPM AN, BA11RETT & CO TToonttr, March 28 1861-s2tf THE BEST, THEiEABGEST, THE CHEAPEST LOT OF err before brought to llillersburgr, for sale at the BOOK STOBE. 1SS it3K From 50 Cts. to 7 Dollars Poetry. THE PROHIBITED SONG. In compliance -with the request of sereral persons, we reprint the admirable poem by Whittier, which the Hutchisons were not allowed to sing on the other side of the Potomac tSen. Kearney and Gen. Franklin hav ing solemnly declared it to be Incendiary, whereupon Gen. McClellan has forbidden them to sing within his lines at all. Onr readers will notice that this poem is suggested by a famous hymn of Martin Luther. N.Y. Tribune. "FIN FESTE BURG 1ST UNSER GOTT." (LUTHER'S HYMN.) We trait beneath the furnace blast The pangs of transformation: Not painlessly doth God recast And mould anew the nation. Hot bums the fire Where wrongs expire; Nor spares the hand That from the land Uproots the ancient evil. The hand breadth cloud the sages feareil Its bloody rain is dropping; The poison plant the fathers spared All else is overtopping. East, West, North, South, It curses earth; All justice denies, And fraud "and lies Live only in its shadow. What gives the wheat-field blades of steel. What points the rebel cannonT What sets the roaring rabble's heel On the old star-spangled pennon? What breaks the oath Of the men o' the south? What whets the knife For the Union's life? Hark to the answer: Slavery! Then waste no blows cn lesser foes In strife unworthy freemen. God lifts to-day the vail and shows The features of the demon I O North and Smth. lis victims both, Can ye not cry, "Let Slavery diel" And union find in freedom"? What though the cast-ou t spirit teat- The nation in his going. We who have shared the guilt must share 'The pang of his o'crlhrowingl Wliale'cr the loss Whate'cr the cross. Shall they complain Of present pain Who trust in God's hereafter? For who that leans on His right arm ias ever yet forsaken? Wliat righeons cause can suffer harm It he its part lias taktn? Though wild and loud And dark the cloud, Behind its fold His hand upholds The calm ky of to-morrow! Above the maddening cry for blood. . Above the wild war-drumming. Let Freedom's voice he heard, with good The evil overcoming. Give prayer and purse To stay the curse ' Whose wrong we bhare. Whose shame we bear. Whose end shall gladden Heaven! In vain the bells of war shall ring Of tiinmphs and revenges. While still is spared the evil thing That severs and estranges, But, blest the ear . That yet shall hear The jubilant bell That rings the dell Of Slavery for evcrl Then let the selfish lip be dumb. And hushed the breath-of sighing; Before the joy of peace, must come The pains of purifying. God give us grace Each in his place To bear.hislot, And, murmuring not. Endure and wait and laborl (LUTHER'S HYMN.) Miscellaneous. From the Wide World. NIGHT WITH A SCOUT. BY LIEU. S. HENRY SYMONDS. The daily duties of camp life Lad grown monotonous, and I was glad to lake the place of an invalid officer wLo bad been detailed for picket; and after an early breakfast I made my appearance on reg imental lino with two dajs rations as quickly as any one. It was a beautiful morning, and. tho largo detainment left camp in excellent spirits. After a march of some four miles, we baited at the head quarters of our guard, on "Barrett's Hill" so called, on tbo Alexandria and Leesburg turnpike, divided our men, and placed our first relief. Picketing is quite enough day times unless they the guards are attacked and I grew restless before noon the second day, and obtained permission of Col. Griswold to take four men and go outside the lines for the purposo of scouting. I passed down the lino of tho railroads for some three or four miles, finding a hill covered with rifle pits, the recent works of rebels and below this their work of distruclion to tho railroads, done just previous to their retireing to Fairfax court House. For miles the rails, with sleepers attached, are removed in long bodies of forty to six ty rods, and slid down over the embank ment; beyond this the sleepers have been gathered together aud burned, and in these fires rails havo been heated and twisted around large trees. It is said that this work of destruction occupied two reg iments of rebels nearly two weeks; it would not take half tho number of ener getic Northern men three days to repair the injury. Upon my return to quarlers I discovered a rebel signal-station, and surprised the rebels, engaged in cleaning several signal lanterns. 1 also picked up a young fel low who told several stories but liiunly claimed to bo n deserter from tho 1st Regiment Virginia Cavalry, then stationed at Ccnterville, After reporting what I had seen, at head quarters, upon my" return, I was requested to accompany one of our scouts on a tramp outside the lines that night, an offer which I very readily accepted. I was sitting in tho apartment occupied as headquarters, watching a gamo of euchro played by two captains, a surgeon and a lieutenant, when Col. Griswold called mo to the door. s-fiThis is Mr. Tyler, Lieu. Svraonds," said' he. by way of introduction. "Good-evening, Mr. Tyler. "When do you wish to start J asked I, "As soon as you are ready. Havo you a revolver. "Yes, sir." " Your sword will be a burden to you." "With this hint I repaired to my quar ters and left my sword in care of ono my men, and returning Tyler was lighting his pipe, and already for a start, so we sallied out together. It was a fine starlight evo ninp; and none too cold for such a tramp. Wo were challenged at the three posts which we bad stationed on tbe turnpike and after giving the countersign at the last one, we passed out into the tract of country which lies between tuo outposts 01 the two contending armies. We naa pro ceeded a short distance in silence, when the scout asked if I knew how to drop quickly if we should meet any one advan cing. Upon being assured that I did, he admonished me to have my revolver in readiness; and then I noticed that he car ried his in bis hand. Some distance passed in lively conveisa tion regarding the movements of the army and the incidents of several recent scout ing expeditions; but as we reached tho summit of a high hill, be requested silence and the walk was continued as quiet as possible, tbe scout stopping several times and leaning bis ear toward the ground to listen for footsteps or voices. The first sound which' broke" the stillness was the the loud barking of a dog, which the scout hushed by a low whistle, continuing until the dog stood by his side. A few mo ments nfter, approaching a house, he said he would find what news was there, and we entered without knocking, and I was introduced as Lieu. Smlib. There' were three females, apparently a mother and two dapghlers, present, and two rather ragged boys. The scout "said good eve ning' and placed'a chair by the fire for me, and another by the table for himself, then took up a pair of shears, snuffed thecatidlo, cut a couple buttons off his coaf, and re marked that it was a pleasant ovening. Durirg the stop here, Tyler smoked with the mother and purchased a pipe of her. which he praised hishlv: ioked with the daughters, engaged tbe oldest in repla cing flic buttons upon his coat which be bad cut oft, and keeping up witu lue wnoie family a rununifir conversation, rather figiit and lively, but apparently of no use for in formation; but the visit was ot great vaiue and the scout obtained much information without asking a question or appearing to tako tho slightest interest in the matter. A social smoke with the mother and a few attentions to tho daughters were better to him ibnn all the questions ho could have asked: so after call of half an hour, he started on again, and we were well on the road he said ; "That's a valuable family to me, so I keep in with the mother and court the daugh ters. They like it because it's pleasure I like it becauso it's business." During the evening we stopped at two other houses, at both of which my com panion made himself perfectly at home laughing and joking with the females of the family, with all of whom he seemed to be quite a favorite which fact I could not account for, as he was by no means a handsom man, but rather tbe reverse. After we left tho third place, I speke to him regarding that point. "Ob?' ho replied, "I keep in with the woman by talking a great deal, and by bearing all thty havo to say. I' laugh and joke with them, and keep my tongue running when theirs are not, and in this way I get all the news from them and they don't know they havo given me a word. Then a kind word and an occasional six pence to a favorite child, or a little spaik ing for a grown daughter, adds a great deal to the friendship of a family. Whan we were some four or five miles outside of our lines wo advanced cautious ly and in silenc?, frequently halting in the deep shade and listening for several min utes, and then proceeding again. I should judge we were eight miles from our line of pickets when we stopped m a thicket, and my companion, directing mo to remain quiet for a few moments, crawled off on his bands and knees. The moments seem ed long that ho was gone, and I just be gan to feel my situation lonesome, when be returned, as ho went. lie crawled close to where I lay, and placing his face near mine whispered to ask it I telt the least frightenad. Of course, I exclaimed that I did cot, and ho said, in the same low tone. "We are quite near them, crawl low and close to me, if wo are challenged, make no response, keep as quiet, as death ; should they approach us, wait till you can see them distinctly, if there be only one, leavo him to me; if two, or more, you lake the right hand ono from you, unless too far off; make sure work if you fire, iind re tire immediately, being prepared for an other attack. Keep cool now ho added, as we crawled out of the thicket with our revolvers ;n our hands. We had gone in this manner, perhaps, fifty rods, when a loud, prompt challenge of "who comes there!" greeted our ears. I laid as snug to tho ground as possible, and tried to be very quiet, but it seemed as though I never breathed so loud before; my heart beat quite distinctly, and it was with the great est efforts that I repressed a desiro to cough and continued to enjoy tho pleasures of a tickling in the throat; but the pickets did not discover our whereaboats, and after lying quiet until wo wero chilled lo tho bono, 1 followed my companion back in tho same manner that we camo, to a ro spectful distanco from tho guard; then walking along tbo road n short distanco from tho guard; wo nttemptcd lo ap proach them in a second place, with tbo samo result. Hctreating a second time, wo moved somo ways bofore again approaching, and then in a very cautious manner, and we were rewarded for our pains, by being able to lie in a thicket and listen to conversa tion carried on by two or thrco of their pickets. Wo laid horo perhaps half" an hour, when wo mado a stir in tho bush and wero challenged; in a moment or two nf torwards, tho scout put his lips closo to my ear whispering: "I shall get up, when I havo got twelve or fifteen feet off, you follow me !" and he stood on his feet. I had just gained my feet to follow him, when, the flash of a musket dazzled my eyes, and a ball passed somewhere between bis body and my own. I experienced a choking sensation, and it seemsd as though my heart had jumped up into my mouth; I h'ardly know what I might have done, had my companion now turned about and warned me to keep ouiet. with an oath. I was was as cool instantly, as I ever was In my life. "Lay down, whispered tbejscout, and 1 Jay myself closo to tho crbund. "Now face them," and turned my jbend and face di rectly toward the spot from whence came the Hash, ana we lay iqus lor some mo ments in tho most perfect silence, which he finaily broke, by saying : "Back out, now, carefully." And we did back out, most cautiously with our revolvers in our bands, until we were removed to such ft distance that it was safe to get up and walk away. Then we left the line of pickets entirely, being convinced that we could;be unable to learn anything further of importance, aud desi ring to take a look at another part of the country before daylight. We had pro ceeded less than a milej'when a dog bark ing furiously, ran down the road toward us, tho scouLallowed him to-npprbach us very close, growling as be was, theacaught him under tho threat with his left hand, struck him a powerfu!4blow between the eyes with the butt ofhis revolver, then patted him several times, calling him a good do'g, and let him go; after this treat ment, the dog followeds about for somo time, wagging his tail .in high glee. When within some two miles of our lines of pick els, we left the turnpike, crossing fields of cultivated lands, and n piece of young woods in which the rebels bad erected bush-houses, which they? occupied in pref erence to rag-houses, after our Government commenced balloon reconnoitring, and previous to their retiring'from this position. We lay in ono of those, bush-houses for hours, or until day-breaL-,.qir nn unsuccess ful lookout for signals from tho residence of a notorious rebel. These hours which were rather dull and uncomfortable my companion enlivened by relating several anecdotes regarding his campaign in Mexico where ho was a scout, and finally, ha told me how our folks ob tained correct information regarding tbe forco of the rebels at Munson's Hill, pre vious to our advance to and beyond that place. The Hill seemed to be covered with encampments, and jis seen from our lines it bad the appearance of being sttong ly fortified; and yet what seems very strange was the fact that although the po sition commanded our advance, they never fired a shot at us. Tbimystcry puzzled the heads of our army, extremely, and fi nally Tyler was dispatched to learn what he might. It was a dark night, and he, clad in a rebel uniform and armed with a musket, proceeded cautiously towards the Hill, eluded the vigilance of their pickets, passed through their lines, and stationed himself between tbe camps of two different regiments. Very soon after an officer passed that way, who ho challenged, and who in turn gave him the countersign "New Orleans." Gaining that, he laid aside his musket and passed through the several camps, learning that they were not half as strong as they appeared, and what looked from our lines like guns mounted, wero only stove-pipes and logs of wood in position. The next day our forces moved forward and occupied the Hill, and met with not the slightest opposition. At daylight we prepared to return; a colleague of my companion met him with orders from Gen. Morel to accom pany a large forco on a scout towards Hun ter's Mills, and I wended my way back alone, within our lines. Our Ohio Forces. From a table in the Stale Journal, mado up from tho tri-mothly reports of tho of fice of the Adjutant General, wo learn that Ohio has 53 regiments of infantry,and 4 regiments and 8 companies of cavalry, and one regiment and six batteries of ar tillery, now in service beyond the limits of of the States. These troops are distribu ted as follows: 17 regiments of infantry, 1 regiment and 5 companies of cavalry, and 3 batteries of artillery are in Virginia; 25 regiments of infantry, 2 regiments and 2 companies of cavalry, and 7 batteries of 1st regiment and 2 independent batteries, aro in Kentucky; 8 regiments of infantry aro in Maryland; and 2 regiments of in fantry, 2 regiments of cavalry, and 6 bat teries of artillery aro in Missouri. Nine regiments are in camp in this State, com pleted and awaiting marching orders; and 8 regiments nearly completed will bo filled by the distribution of the 52d and 61st regiments. Five regiments aro organizing that haoe 400 to 700 men. When those regiments are all completed, Ohio will have in the service of tho Federal Government, 75 regiments of infantty, nearly 8 regi ments of cavalry, and one regiment of 12 batteries and 1C independent batteries of arlilery. A Good Name. Havo you not found it so, young man, you whoso well known virtue has placed you in a position which you occupy with a feeling of commendable pride. And you whose famo has been Iho target of envious tongues, havo you not seen a good nmno to be tho only breastplate that is impervi ous to tho poisoned shaft of calumny 1 Gold nnd tnlents, what aro these without n character? A light to render darkness visible; a gilding, which with contrast makes substanco more revolting? Cher ish it, then, all yo who possess it. Guard it carefully, for depend upon this, its puri ty once tnrnished, the unweary effort will hardly restore it to its pristine lustro. Let it attend you through thojournoy of lifo, crowning your days with peaco and happi ness. Tho rectitude that won it will en grave upon your faco a letter of recom mendation lo peoplo of every nation and tongue. And when tho treasure is no longer needful to you, it shall doscend to your posterity, a legacy with which mil lions would not dare to be compared. Bombardment of Donelson. Tee bombardment of Fort Donelson by Commodore Foot's flotilla on Friday was terrinic, and would doubliess have been successful but for tho rebels luck in disa bling three of the assailing gunboats. The flotilla consistinff of the iron clad boats St. Louis, Carondolel, Pittsburg and Lou isville, and the two wooden beats Conesto ga and Tyler. The lino of battle was formed of Jbriday when about two miles from the fort, the flag ship taking the extreme ri"ht. An account says: We kept advancing slowly and steadily for about half an hour, when the order was given to slack tho engines so as just to prevent tho boats from drifting down tho current. The firing then increased to a tenfiic rale on both sids. I he enemy poured 32 and 94 pounders into our ves sel with great ettect, and our gunners re turned their eight inch shell and 64 pound rifle balls with great skill. We had not been long in the heat of the action when a shot from tho enemy s water battery car ried away the flag staff of the St. Louis; almost the next shot took away tbo cbim ney guys of the same boat. A well sent ball from the St. .Louis soon struck tbe flnrr staff of tho enemy, which was located in the top of tbo fort at a good distance Trom tbe battery. Ibis terrible nralastau about a half an hour, when a 64 pound ball from the midle battery of the fort struck the tiller ropes of tho gunboat Lou isville, rendering tho steering apparatus of that boat unmanageable. About the same lime a shot entered one of tho win dows of tho pilot house of the Carondolet, morlaly wounding the pilot, William iin ton. Thus the controle"of our boats was in a manner lost. Shortly after this a 32 pound blill penetrated the pilot house of tho St. Louis, mortally wounding ono of the pilots, F. A. Riley, injuring two other pilots, and slightly wounding flag officer h oote. I here was nve men in at tbo time the four I havo mentioned nnd a young man, the correspondent of tho Cm cinnati Gazette, Of tho five tho later on ly escaped injury. In addition to this damage the shot struck the wheel of the St. Louis, so as rhaterialy to effect its working. For a short time tho vessel was unmanageble. The Commodore, wounded though bo was, jumped up and attempted to right the ship but found it impossible to manage her. Tho relieving tackle was then tried, but it could not be successfully worked. Thus'lhree of our vessels were disabled by accidents that do not happen once in a hundred times. The men on board of all of them were unwilling lo give up the fight. Tho enemy had been driven from tho lower battery and their firo had slack ened perceptibly. Jo fight in such a cur rent, with ruderless boats, would, the Commodore know, bo worse than folly. Reluclnntly, therefore, he ordered a slow retiracy. Our vessels then stopped all their engin es and floated slowly from their position. They had been within two hundred yards of the fort. Tho enemy soon saw tho con dition of cur fleet and redoubled their fire. They ran to the lower bateries and open ed them on us with terrible force. I for got to mention in the proper placo that one of the guns of tho Carondolet burst in tho midle of the action, and that the Pitts burg received two balls below water mark, causing her to leake rapidly. We replied well to Iho reinvigoralcd foe and tired the last shot. Our fleet retired in good order, and an chored two miles below the fort. The in juries lo the gunboats was not very great. We had silenced ono of their battejios, and driven tho men from several of the other guns. Too battle was pronounced by several old men-of-war's men, who had participated on our side, the hottest they had ever seen. Commodore Foole said it wis the most terrific firing ever done at a bombardment. Shocking Casualty. Tho Pittsburg Gazette relates that on Thurdsay morning last, near tho Corry station, on the Philadelphia-andErie Rail road, a woman named Costello, when kind ling the firo in tbo morning dipped a hand ful of shavins into a bucket of crude petio leum and then set firo lo tbem, causing such a great flamo that sho upset the bucket and fired tbo inflamablo oil bydro- ping tbo shavings into it. Tho husband and children wero lying in bed in the same room. Her screams attracted the attention of people outside, who dared not venture into the fire, nnd thoy called upon her to corao out. She replied that sho would not conio without her chidren, and seizing one ono of them the eldest, aged two years in her arms, sho attempted to make her escape, but by this lime was overcome by strangulation, and had to remain and be burned with the building, which was soon in ruins. Tbo husband somehow managed to escape, but so badly burned in his efforts to save his family that ho can not survive, Tbo mother was taken from the ruins a blackened, charred mass, with tho remains of tbe child still in her aims both bodies burned to tho bone, tho cook ed flesh quivering in detached portions from the trunks, the exlreraeties almost en tirely consumed. Tho youngest child,aged one year, was burned lo a coke-like mass, with scarcely tho semblance of a "human being left. O Jennings Wise—his death Whilo standing within tbe room where lay tho favorito son of Henry A. Wise, the Surgeon camo in, nnd stepping up to the couch of tho wounded man, examined his countcnanco with a calm scrutiny, as if endeavoring to fathom tho doep ro cesses of tho heart of this enemy of his country, who wns about to pay a dobt al ready too long deforred both for tho cred it of his country and that of a onco honor ablo name. Lifting himsolf partially on one elbow, ho turued his faco toward tho Federal Surgeon in charge, nnd said: "When I am sufficiently recovered, do you think I will bo allowed to go homo t i. in - nl 1 r on my parole ot uonori nor. j-hh. in quirer, Prices. .Under the above caption, the Boston Commercial Bulletin gives tho following intereeling items, showing the fluctuations in prices. According lo the table before alluded lo, piices generally wero highest iu 1819, and lowest in 1843. Beef was highest in 1855, and lowest in 1843. Its. average price for ten successive years, was below nine dollars per barrel. Pork was highest in 1837, and lowest in 1845. Its average prico for ten surcessivo years was below twelve dollars per birre!. Codfish was highest in 1859, and lowest in 1843. Flour, that most sensitive of articles, was highest in 1837 ; an importations of bread stuffs into tbo United States, to tho ain't of five millions of dollars, having occurred in that year. It was lowest in 1821. Its average price, for forty-four years, has been $6 46 per barrel. Rice, which is an article of food with two-thirds of the hu man race, was highest in 1819, and lowest in 1844. Coffee was highest in 1819, and lowest in 1849. Tn the latter year, it was sold at about tho same price as the duty levied u8on it at the Custom House prior to 1833. Its average price for the last thirty years has been about 9 cents per pound. The consumption of coffee in tho United Slates has increased, since 1833, from forty-four millions to two hun dred and fifty-one millions of pounds. In 1834, tho consumption was three pounds per head; in 1853 it was eight pounds. Tea was highest in 1832, and lowest iu 1855. Iho consumption ot this article has increased from thirteen million pounds in 1834, to thirty-six millions in 1858. lis average price for the last dozen years has been below .thirty-eight cents per lb. The averago duty levied upon it at tbe Custom House, prior to 1833, was thirty- two cents. Alubcovado sugar was highest in 1819, and lowest in 1842. Tho con sumption of sugar in tho United States has increased from ono hundred and ninety-five million of pounds in 1832, to one thousand millions of pounds in 1859. Hides were highest in 1857, and lowest in 1849. Cotton, owing to tho blockade consequent upon tho civai war existing in the Unitqd States, is higher at tho present timo than during any period since the peace of 1815. It was lowest in 1845. Ihe dinerenco in the extremes of prico is greater than of any other article, it being hve hundred and fifty per cent, lite crop of this article has increased from ono hun dred and eighty millions of pounds in 1821 to twenty-two hundred millions of pounds in 1860. It furnishes more than one-lhird of our exports to foreign countries. Wool, owing to the demand for the present war supplies, is higher than at any other period during tbe last forty-Tour years. 11 was tho lowest in 1829. Tbe duty levied up on it, under the tariff of 1828, was four teen cents per pound, equal to one hun dredth per cent, upon prime cost. New Orleans in Danger. The rebels aro waking up to somo of tho dangers which begin lo press upon the commercial emporium of the Confederacy; nnd the Now Orleans Delta of the 30th of January while profpssing to believe that that city can defy any nllaek from tho sea is concerned about tbe Mississippi gun boat expedition. It says: But what is tho fact in regard to the route down tho river from Columbus? Should Columbus fall what is to prevent the ene my from sweeping down the river with its immense licet of gunboats and floating batteries which he has been so long prepar ing at St. Louis and Cairo, nnd with a hundred thousand men under Halleck, to attack us on ono side, while an expedition striking up from the sea, would attack us on tho other ? Who can answer ? Do ef fectual defences answer ? Do preparations for defence in rapid progress answer? Where aro tho defenses ! Who is engaged in tho preparations? These questions admit of no satisfactory answers. Our dependence at present for the safo- ly of tho city from tbe approach a form idable expedition down the river, is upon Columbus. I hat is the northern Key to tho Mississippi delta. That in possession of the enemy tho floodgates of inuasion will be opened, Our situation would not bo hopeless, for the soul ot -Southern men fighting a war of independance, must not dream of dispair; but wo would be con fronted with torriblo dangers and tho whole country exposed to fearful evils. On ono condition only can we realizo a full assurance that such dangers will not occur, and that such evils will never im pend. Tbe Delta asks that five thousaud men bo sent from New Orleans to Columbus. This article, from a leading New Orleans paper, and the appointment of Gen. Beau regard, their best engineer, lo command at Columbus shows that our gunboat fleet is regarded as one of the Confederate's most serious points of danger. Royal Skating. It is said that their Majesties of France have taken every advantage of tho frost this winter lo indulgo in their favorite past timoof skating. Tho Empress usually skates holding 'tho hands of two gentle men, also skating, of her suite, and thus skims along the u-o at n great pace, aud Boomingly with much plensuro to herself. In her nretty costume, and with the abund ant color, produced by exercise, in her cheeks, her "Majesty is scarcely recogniza ble, and passes almost unheeded among tho surrounding trrouns. She appears to take great delight in tho nmusemeiit. and when tho short daylight fnlls nnd it is time to depart, exclaims, "Won't you wait for me whilo I take ono nioro litllo turn ?" nnd off goos her pretty Majesty and her two nids for what she calls "un peltit tour dcplus." Tho Emperor skates as well as ho docs most other things, and every now nnd then chooses a lady from 'the suite, or good naturcdly recognizes ono standing a- mong tbe lookers on, invites her to wko a ride, fetches n chair and whirls hor nwuy before him at n great pace. Mr. Weed's Letter from Europe. PARIS, Jan 22 1862. trouble from this Government. It is said, indeed, that the Empereor will avail him self of tho meeting of his Chambers, on the 27th inst., to object to our blockade, and to the obstruction of the harbor of Charleston. This latter idea has been ventilated through tho press of Paris and London. It is a refinement or sublimation, in war, difficult to comprehend, coming as it does, from nations whose examples we havo followed. It is not long since it was proposed in England to .exterminate the inhabitants of a city in India, sprink ling its unburied dead with salt. I will not recall the alleged barbarities of France in the prosecution of her wars. Tho ac cusations of both Governments against us, if made, will be miserable pretences to con ceal selfish purpose. The rebellion of tho Sonth subjects Europo to inconvenience. They want cotton. But will they get it in tho unjust ways they seek it? Let lime furnish the answer. Tho Confede rate Stales have stronger reasons for ob jecting to tho intervention of Foreign Governments than we have. It foreed to change tho character of the war, tho re sponsibility will be upon others. But for the premature and gratuitous recognition of traitors as belligerants by franco and England, these Governments would now have been receiving tho cotton tho so much cqvet. And besides England and Franca want customers quite as much as "they want cotton. If, taking advantage of our civil war, they force us into war with themselves, or with either, they will pay dearly for their injustico. Our war with rebellion has been ono of forbearance. In all that was possible we have acted mercifully. Had it been oth erwise tho sentimentality of Europo would not havo been left to tho indulgence of artificial sympathy- becauso a harbor has . been artificially obstructed. Jan. 24. Wo aro yet in suspense and nnxiety about the forthcoming speech of the Emperor. It h feared that, by somo . understanding with England, ho will tako ground against us. Our Minister Mr. Dayton, is to have an interview with M. Thouvenal, on tho subject to-day. We wero presented to the Emperor and. Empress, by our minister, on Wedenesday evening, and passed from tbe Imperial Au dience Chamber into the ball room of tho. Tuillcries. Among tho Americans pre sented on this occasion, were Mrs. Phillip, Van Rensellaer, daughter of the late Gen. James Tallraadg) and her son, Mr. Leslie and lad-, late chief clerk in the War De partment, and Robeit I. Vanderwater and lady, of California, nnd Mr. Tree, of Chi cago. Tho Ball was of course very magnifi cent, graced as it was, by the presence of all Iho rank, fashion and beauty of Paris, numbering over three thousaud. The Em peror and Empress, with tho Princess CIo tilde, wero seated in the centre of tho Ball Room, where they remained until 12 o' clock ; and then, preceded by. .the Duke of Rassauno, Grand Chamberlain, and follow ed by the Diplomatic Corps, moved into the Supper Room a marked feature of tho eveniug, for tho supper was gorgeously prepared and served. It was, in fact, a Dinner, with regular courses, from Soup to Desert. At the other end of the Ball Room was every variety of Ices, Creams, Fruits and Comfits, for thrco hours before the Supper. Among the most distinguish ed guests were tho Dude of Malakoffand Marshall Neill. Tho Empress, in gracefulness and beau ty, is all that she has been so often de scribed. Behind the Tuilleries, in the Court, over two thousand carriages, in waiting, wero arranged in order, and with their lights added to the gas lights, caused a brilliant illumination. . Tho Emperor is but slightly changed iu the ten years that- bavo"elapsed sinco he seized the Imperial reins. Wo saw him, as now, in 1852, at a ball at the Hotel Den. Four O'clock P. M. I havo been, in accordance wilh an appointment made yes terday, two hours with tho Piuco Napo leon, who is earnest in our cause, and en courages me to hope that tho Emperor will deal justly with America in his speech. Tho interview was pleasant and satisfacto ry. Tho Prince told me that tho Emperor regretted that ho did not see Gen. Scott, for whom ho has great respect, and upon whoso judgment and opinions ho should havo placed entire confidence. The Southern Situations. Tho World of tho 5lh says from tho ro cent revelations of tho Southern press wo feel justified in making the following gene ralizations: 2. That tho total effectivo rebel array is less than 300,000 men, of which, since the withdrawal of ten or fifteen thousand by Beauregard to Columbus, soma 130, 0Q0 150,000 temaius near Manasses. That their arms aro very defective, bo ing mainly old flinflocks rifled and somo English muskets very much inferior to the small arms of our troops. 3. That in cannon, especially light field pieces, our army is in immenso superiority to theirs. Their defensive position also is an aggravation of thisdifficulty, as they aro compelledito havo batteries not only in the places wo intend to attack but also in many places where tho attack is feared. We can utilize our accumulation of cannon by biiuging them to bear only where they aio certaiu lo bo required. 4. That tho South know Iboy aro lo be attacked at every point at onco, and are certain that thoy must bo defeated' at the greatest number, if not at all their princi pal dotcnsive positions. 5. 1 hat financially the rebel government is iu a bad case, as is evideuced by the fact that gold bears forty per cent, premium over its currency. 6. Ihero is not so much enthusiasm among tho people, and there is little pros pect that any considerable number vi tho troops will enlist after their time is up.