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J' CASKEY, Editor aad Proprietor. OFFICE Washington Street, Third Door South of Jackson. TERMS-One Dollar and Fifty Cents inj4d?ace VOL. 6. MILLERSBURG, HOLMES COUNTY, OHlOi THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1862 BRS. BOJilX at BIGHAMj PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS, MILLEESBUBG, O., tar"OM hi the room former! occupied tr Dr. Irrioe Marc SS,8fl. 8. K. CRAWFORD, M. D. Physician and Snrgeon, QOt on Main at, form riy ocrapied b Doctor Ebrlght 3T7RG-, OHIO. DR. C. W. BEVIXGEIt, Physician and Surgeon, MTDDKETOW. O. Professional calls promptly atttended to. Sept. 12, 186J. DE3STTI STEY. J E. ATKINSON In MiUffikrg Again, j TEADY, WILLING AND WAITING to pi jLvform all operations ia bis line wita neatnevi and U tie latest itjle. fOfllc OT0r MnlTanc's .Emporium. Oetober 14, 1 861 olOtf J. P. AJLBABT, DENTIST, MILLERSBTJKQ, O. Artificial teeth in serted on Gold, Silvur. Vulcanite fc 'Porcelain base. Teeth Extracted, 'Cleaned or filled. Satisfaction warran ted. Office a few doors west of Weston's Saloon. JTct.28,1860.-j1. BENJAMIN COHJV, DEALER XX Of Every Description, COR. OF JACKSON & WASIIIGTOXSTS.. ailLLERSBURG, O. CASKEY av iNGIiES, DEAL EIIS IX BOOKS & STATIONERY, Millerslmrs:, Ohio. PXiAIN fc FANCY OF -ILL LIXDS, XEATLT EXECUTED AT THIS OFFICE. FOR SALE. Jk C.YORWOUK, at the JTiUerstitiTrg annerj 9 1ist a BUGGY AND BUFFALO WAGON, For sale verv cheap. Jenaarj 31, 1SC1 24tf TO THE PUBIiIC. A"W A.ITS, baring purchased Worlej and 9 Judson'i improved Sewing Machine, is still on knd to Trait on the public in Lis line In the way of a jarrnen- jyi am also acnt for said Machine, and can recom saend it as the beet now in use, for all pu rposes. CALL AND SEE IT OPERATE. AboreJno. Caret's Auction Room. 8ent.20.1360.-n5n33. xi "WaITJ. HERZER & SPEIGLE, SUCCESSOSS TO E. STEIN BACIIER A C'O., Iprobucc & dommission 1IER CHJLJTTS, Dealers in Flow, Grain, Hill M,Salt Fisb, Wtte anJITalcr Lime, PTJECIIASERS OF Wheat, Rye, Corn, Oats, Seeds, Dried Fruits, Butler, Eggs, Wool, r c. ir 7 i,is-4FILLERSBURG' - BAKER A: WHOLF, Forwarding end Commission AMP DEALERS IX SALTFISH, PLASTER, WHITE AND WATER LIME. rnncnASEns of FLOUR, WHEAT, RYE, CORN, OATS CLOVER AUD TIMOTHY SEED, ALSO. Butler, Eggs, Lard, Tallow and all kinds of Dried'Fruits. "WAREHOUSE, MILLERSBTJRG.O. Sept. 18,1856 4tf New Tailor Skop. MESSRS. HENDERSON & JACOBS res pcctfully inform those -wanting clothes made tb.it they have taken the room immediate Iy over Mulvane's Store, where they are Prepared to give JFits at all timed and at reasonable prices. Their long experience in the business enables them to guarantee satisfaction. Fashion Plates rcg nlarly received. HENDERSON fc JACOBS. Millersburg, Octl.lBGl N ETW , B? SHSESHOP! ONE door West from .J. Mnlrane'a store, in the room formerly" occupied aa Post Oflico, where the under 'tffaed it prepared to do all kinds of work ia his line, es- Fine City Sewed Work. a neb. a manner as net to he excelled vest of the Alle Chenlts. SQ WOEK. WARRANTED, and done on rea 'oBfcbl terms. REPAIRING done neatand ,onssbort otic " i JC IS.,1 hare on hand, at asjent, a lot of home made and eastern Boots and Shoes vjMh for ready pay twill ellonsnehterms that you .caaaot f all to buy. Please try me onee, and call soon. 'r E.U.UUX.L. OIL! OIUI OIL!!! TTAVINO had constderaMe experience in the oilta .11 tinea, penonall, w are prepared.to make all the TOOLS mefessaiy for boring wella, and pumping oil, andonr ire'detlJedlj aheadljn'rtjird to power, or fnel nd to obtain the power.' WE DEFY COMPETITION ither in aljle of Enrtnei or price. Wo make englnn from Z to luu none power, ror wnicn moure power is r " CH AP1T AN, BARRETT & CO, Wooter, Marci 58 lS81.-t2tf THE BEST. THELaEGEST, THE CHEAPEST, LA NT rer before broncht to Milleriburg , for sale at the - BOOK STORE. From 50 Cts. to 7 Dollars Army Correspondence. HEAD QUARTERS Co. C. 67th Reg't. O. V. PAW PAW, VA., Feb. 18. 1862. Fsiexd Casket; While at Camp Chase near Columbus, Ohio. I -wrote to yon saying that I would soon write to you again, but owing to surrounding circumstances, which hare been unavoidable, I hare not had the time to write but two or three letters, to any one, since I was home on Icrloogb, ai wc leu Ubio the next day attcr I got back to camp, and we hare been mo-ring from place to place erer since; staTin" but a day or two at one place, and there withont any accuimuouauons wiiaiever. as mis iicgi roent has no means ol transportation, after we leave it the Rail Road, only that which nature gave us, and marching in that way we can not take .with us our baggage, and so we hare to leare behind to follow up by chance. One week ago we were ordered Jroni Newburg, which is twenty three miles this side of Cum berland, to this point, twelve miles distant. which we marched on foot, and after we arrived here we had not where to lay our weary bodies; so the boys went to woik and earned rails irom wherever they could find them, and built on large camp tires, and laid down upon the snow to while away a few hours in sweet re pose; and in this way we had to camp for four days wltl.out any shelter but the starry canopy of high Heaven; and the fifth night Co. C, the color company of the 67th Rrg't, (minus the colors,) was ordered out on Picket Guard, and there had to stay fur twenty-four hours, again without any shelter; the sixth night we had our tents and were very comfortably fixed, when on the afternoon of the seventh day, we received marching orders, to attack a brigade of Rebels, camped twelve miles south of this point, on the Bisr Cacapow River; and, at four o'clock von could see the field officers mounted on their gal lant steeds riding to and tro up and down the liue of five Reg'ts of Infantry, one of Cavalry, and two Batteries of Artillery, and in thunder ing tones giving commands of on to victory. After we had marched abont four miles, we came to where the roads forked and we all took the left hand road, and after we had marched five miles on this road, it was ascertained in some way that the rebels could retreat across the Big Cacapow toward Romney, and the or der came back to our Reg't which was in the rear of the advancing column, and, also, to the 13th Indiana, which was in advance of our Reg iment to about face march, and go back and take the right hand road to cut off their retreat, and follow that road until we would strike the Winchester pike, at Big Cacapow, and there wait for the signal of our advance which would lake place at daylight, by the attack on the other side of the river. Wcreached ourdestin- I alion at three o'clock in the moniine, and were ordered to halt and lay down and rest the best way we could, but that we should not build on any fires as it was too close to the enemy's camp. You may imagine that there was not much sleep mat nigut.asiiie uoys lect were ail wet by crossing the swollen streams that run across the road; and, besides it was too oold to aleep without any camp fires. We laid there till eight o'clock in the morning and there was no signal of attack, therefore, we wereorJeied on and went about one-hull of a mile and enme to the river, then you could have seen men run ning in every direction to see where it was the most shallow to cross at; some offering a dollar to be taken over without getting wet. One Lieut. laid down in a fence-corner and" began to cry, saying. !iiaiediUl!itwvaivttp genretrj someooinjTi uieir uoois ana siocKings nnn rolled up their pants and drawers to keep them from getting wet, but it was useless; when it rame our company's turn, our Captain took the lead and went "ploughting" through, with boots on. and pants down, and the ivholc com pany followed likewise. After we had crossed the river about one-half of a mile, we were met with a mcs'sage informing us that the rebels had been routed, and thirty-three killed, fifty-six taken prisoners, seventy wounded, and the bal ance escaped. Among the prisoners taken was Col. Baldwix, a general, three captains, five lieutenants, and the balance were non-commissioned officers and privates. We were ordered to halt and build on fires, to dry ourselves by; we did so, and made preparations for staying there all night; but after we had got our beds nicely fixed, and ourselves dry, we got orders to match back to camp that night yet; then you might have heard some tall swearing from a good many of the boys, that they had to cross the riveragain, which was about three feet deep. I pitied one small boy very much, as he thought he would go where it was not so deep nnd cross, and he thought that he would cross over a riffle, but after he had got about hall way through the current was so swift that he could not balance himself, fell down nnd lost his gun. and could not find it again, and got wet from the top of hishead to the bottom of his feet. One old man in our company, (Hexkt Exk.) also fell down in the river, but did not lose his gun. I came very near being court-martialed, for disobeying orders on that march. Before wc left camp, th? Colonel told us, that who ever broke ranks and was found away from his company would be arrested and court-martialed, and if it was a non-commissioned officer, would be set back into the ranks and receive only privates pay; while going to attack, I stayed in ranks all the way, but on our return I left the ranks nnd ran on ahead of our Rcg't,and also the 13th Ind., and got back into camp two hours before the Reg't did. Some one told the Col. that I had gone ahead, and he went back and gave our Capt. a regular going over for not keeping his men in ranks. I should not have left the company if it had not been coming back tp I camp. As lar as lljc men were concerned luey were very well satisfied that I had came on ahead, for I told those that had been left in camp to make coffee and get supper, that the Reg t was coming back and would be hero Ir abont one hour. Before I left the Reg't I told Lt. Col. Vobhis that I was going on ahead as it was very tiresome for me to walk the way they were doing, they would stop at every little stream so long to get over and then run to catch up, and then go slow and then stop, and then march again, and, in so doing, it was hard er on a person than marching fast, Lt. Col. did not say anything to the contrary (as he is a gen tleman in all respects) and therefore I took it for granted that I conld go; but for all he was not in command, but it would be a God's bless ing for the Reg't i f he wrs. In my last letter to you, I puffed our Colonel Tcry much, but at that time I did not know much about him; but now I shall countermand all that I have said heretofore, and give him a Euff to, but in a different manner than I did eforc. Our Reg't to-day is in the poorest con dition of any Reg't' that is in the tented field, all owing to the management of affairs, which the Col. Commanding is so shamefully igno lant of military tactics that ho does not know how to command. a corporal's guard, let alone a Reg't of nine hundred as good men as erer left their pleasant firesides, borne and all that was near and dear to them, to do battle for their country. Although to-day there are not more than five hundred fit for duty on account of dis ability from sickness; yet they are willing and able to do as heavy fighting as any other Reg't in the field, if they had a leader that they could place implicit confidence in. Jf Lt. Col. Vob his was Col. of the Reg't, then it would be what every man in the regiment desires; (only Col. Bn'ssiiNBiNDEn, which translated into English is Brnsh-maker or Brush-binder;) and then there would be Dew hopes, new life, nnd joy beyond anticipation, among all hands iu the Reg't from officers down ,to every man that now forms this Reg't. Wc have the material to make a Reg't to be excelled by none; if wo only had the right kind of a commander", which wehave not; nnd if we still have to be bored with our pres ent leader, in less than sixty days our Reg't will become perfectly demoralized, which has a fair beginning already. Every innti is down hearted and sinking almost in despair to think that their lives have been placed under such a 2poftcand contaminated leader, who is nothinz more than a foreign adventurer and impostor ana entirety incompetent to penorm tne duties, that are assigned to him as a Col. of an Ameri can Reg't of soldiers, who arc not need to any tyrannical government or treatment, such as lie would like to wieKrovcrtaem. IJoTon.orany other man, think that because a man enlists to fight for his, or our common country, that as soon as he docs so he becomes a brute? Me thinks I hear "the response eoming from the heart of every humane being that is left in the beautiful State of Obio, No, No. I know that I can speak for the soldiers, personally, that be cause tney nave enlisted and become soldiers of the United States, that it makes them none the less destitute of the principles that make a man:, and for my part there are iust as fine feelings slumbering in my bosom to-day as there ever were before I became a soldier. While, men rank on the same level in this country with other men, they are very gentle and mild; but as soon as they gain superiority over other men, as a Colonel, (that is seme men not-all) then their kindness, their mildness, and their persuasivness leaves them, as the leaves leave their lofty boughs, at the approach of the many frosts ol hoary winter, i do not know that it is worth while for me to verbalize on that subject. But, furthermore, I would. say that the line officers of the Reg't have sent in charges and filed their specifications to the proper authorities of the btate ol Ubio, and at Washington for his removal, time will now tell whether we will have a new leader or not; and my most heart felt wishes are thatLt. Col. Von nis may supercede him and that shortly. For he is a man that is worthy of any positicn that the Government can bestow upon him. He is an honorable and uprigh t man, and one that would look well to the interests of the men un der his command, and if men were sick he would see that they were well taken care of, and well provide for, which they arc not under the pres ent commander. If 1 bad the eloquence of De mosthenese or Cicero, I' might then do justice to the benevolent character of IiU. Col. oanis, but, as I have not, 1 will wait and let time roll, on in its madened career and see what it will bring forth, hoping my anticipations soon to be realized, and LL.Col: Vobbis, Colonel of 67th Reg't, I drop this subject.- Ocr company generally has very good health, with the exception of about twelve, who have the measles, but not very dangerous, and as far as company raattersare concerned.onr company is very well pleased with their company offi cers who are excelled by none in tbo Reg't. nnd wlio see well to the interests ol eacli man in the company. 1 think that t.iey are better liked by ihcir men than any other officers now in service, and each man will stick to them as long as life exists throughoutlhc whole campaign. V here we are encamped now is a very Dcan tiful loc-ition. situated on the Grand Po-' tomac. surrounded on all sides by lofty moun tains, with nuge pines rearing their green boughs up to high Heaven, as'if to point us to the great Being who shall decide the great con test, which is hovering over us with dark and gloomy forebodings of the future. The God of all battles only knows when, and how our great national altairs will terminate, and in wnat shape. I conld tell very easy how soon our troubles would be over, it the affairs were all in my hands. I would make a grand charge on the rebels and run them into the Gulf of Mexico, and then I could stand there and hear them im- , plure for mercy, and as they would try to make-J thore, 1 would knock them in the head witli me butt of my rifle and bring their life to a close immediately, and then "peace to their ashes," forever. W e have about twenty-fivo thousand troops at this point, nil of whom are very anxious for an engagement with the enemy, and when that comes to pass j ou may expect to bearof some daring decdsofbjnvt'rx,J)yjhe-J gallant band orCoTCrJedon by theirofiiccrs who are noted for their bravery and undaunted cour iure. 1 think with Banks and Lander's divisions, that we can make clean sweep of Winchester and Leesburgh, and achieve a glorious victory. Vt e heard yesterday of the capture ot UuGkner, Floyd, Pillow, and Johnson, which I think is most too much to be true: but if true, it is a deadncr on the rebels in that part of the coun try. We are making out our pay rolls for Jmuary and February, but I do not know that it will do any good as wc have not received our pay for November and December yet, but it is like ly that wc may before the war termiuates, that is it it docs not terminate too soon. To-day puts me in mind of spring very much. as we can hear the spring birds, pouring forth their melodious praisi-s among the branches of the tall pines upon the surrounding mountains. The day has been very warm and pleasant over head, but very disagreeable under foot, as the frost is coming out of the ground, which makes it very muddy and bad to get about. We had no fire all day and could keep our tents open as it was so warm and beaulilul. The Jlillersburg Band is here, nnd are all in good spirits. Their music seems to do one's very inermost soul good, more so because it comes from home. It makes one think of many a pleasant hour that has been spent in- Millers burg. Some of them are very highly delighted at the prospect of getting home by the first of March, as they think that they will be dis charged at that time. Company (J, sends their kindest regards to the Soldiers' Aid Society, not lorg since organ ized in Millersbnrg, for a nice lot of chickens and turkeys, which they received by express, from the President ot the bociety, although 1 am very sorry that the citizens of Millersbrrg blame me very much for finding those fowls. JNow all that 1 did was to cut their heads on when they came to the Head Quarters of the Society, and I never as much as asked where they came irom, for i did not want to know, all that I cared for was that we would get them, therefore, I did not ask any questions about where they came from. But one thing is cer tain, they came in cood play, for the next day after they got to camp we marched, and they were very nice lor a cola luncn along toe road. As the taps have beat for lights out, I shall bring this epistle to a close. More anon. 1 remain, very Kcspccttully. 1 ours. J. W. CAMP CUMBERLAND, Knox Co., Ky., Feb. 15, 1862. Sisteb Martita: This morning finds your correspondent seated on an old cracker box, scratching his head for a few ideas, to make up this week's communication. But, as I was on duty last night. I feel more like sleeping than writing; but, "J '11 try." Well, in the first place, I will tell you something more about our grub. Since we came to Dixie, we do not get any soft bread; but draw hard crackers. When we first drew them, some of the boys crumbled be cause they were so hard, and said, they had found out what tnc hundred dollars oouniy is for, "to buy a set of artificial teeth, when the war is ended." But when we drew rations of flour, tbey soon took a wonderful liking to crackers, and were glad to get tbem again. As we had neither experience, ingredients, nor means for baking wheat bread, we made some about as digestible as whet-stones. I can hard ly tell you what it looked like; but I am sure it was neither white bread, nor light bread. "Wc had not even salt to put in it; so wc mixed up hatches or flour and water, put them into sheet iron pans, and set them on the fire to bake. The outside was soon burnt black, and was sad, sadder, saddest; but as we had been working on the roads, and wcro tired and hungry, we managed to down them, snapping our eyes like a toad swallowing grasshoppers. But I fear some of the cooks, and guests, too, 'swore more than good boys ought to do. When we get corn meal, wc bake it into cakes, or make mush of it. Instead ol milk for our mush, we have sharp appetites. Well, I will try to give you a sketch of our march from London, to our'present en campment. Wo left London on the morning of the 10th. The ground was conjtdcrably frozen in the morning. The greater part ol the day was warm and pleasant. The road was good, nnd we marched 15 miles, with but little fatigue to the men. Wo traveled in "heavy marching or der," that is, we carry our.kiapsacks, haversacks full of provision, canteens full of water, cartridge-boxes full of amunition, guns, sabers, nnd saber-scabbards. Some of us carry flora fitly to sixty pounds weight. Feb. 11. Quite a snow-storm in the morn ing, but pleasant in .the afternoon. "We march ed 12 miles and encamped for tho night. Zol-L-corrr.s's army passed nlong this road, as he marched from Cumberland Gapho Wild-cat. He also retreated along the same way. The robbing, thieving rebelsalmost ruined the coun try overwuicn mey passeu. iiost oi lue uiuuu people had their fences burnediheir stock.aud fowls killed, their grain, hay and fodder taken away or destroyed, their bec-hiv'es robbed, and cane syrup carried away, or kpilled on the ground, their dibhes. broken, and beds carried away, some of the men killed, and others taken prisoners, and carried off, and tte women and children, left in such destitute circumstances, in old houses, without windows 'or daubing, to suffer more than tongue or pen can tell. I will try to give you some idea of their.destitute cir cumstances, describing one of the many poor hovels that we passed. It was an old rickety building, and looks as though it had been aban doned many years ago; but to our surprise, on looking in at the open door, we beheld a specta cle which I shall nut soon forget. A poor destitute woman and .three little children, clothed in rags, were hovering around the fire. I believe the only furniture in the house, was a few boards on which they slept'. People that were in good circumstances were left in a manner beggars. If I live to' get home; I can tell you many tales of misery and suffering, which al most beggar description. And, strange, but true! there are people in our own proud State, in a civilized country, who will'form whining, paltry exenses in fayorof this wicked rebellion! One citizen said to us, "I am glad, to see.you, 1 would rather see jou coming than to have a thousand dollars in gold orsilver piled down for roe." A number ol them offered to go with us to Cumberland Gap, to bush-whack the rebels, as they call it. They slip through the woods," hide behind trees, logs and rocks, aad shoot the rebels, Indian fashion. They are great ona ousn-wliacKing. f , Feb. 12. Weather pleasant. CWc.mar'ched 7 miles and encamped on the Cumberland River, five miles below the ford, to,await the forma tion of the brigade. The regiments here' at pres ent, are the 1st and 2d Tenn.,f 7th Ky., 49th Ind., 16th Ohio, Col. iluxDr's Cavalry, and the Dth Ohio Battery. , . Feb. 13. Weather warm and pleasmt as May. J Ireb. 14. Cool with snow 05- the top of the mountains. One hundred ancL'fifty of Col. MuxDr's Cavalry crossed the river and went within sight of the enemy's breastworks. They killed four of the enemy, took two prison ers, captured nine horses, seven cavalry guns, and returned without the loss of a man. The road crosses the river at the bend where it ap proaches nearest to the Lap. Ihe distance from the ford to the Gap", is 1-f miles. There area great many rumors afloat, about the num ber of men and cannon at the. Gap; some say there are only two regiments,, some say there are more, and others less. One report, says, they have only six pieces of Artillery, and an other says that they have forty1. Scme-lhink me rtQeis win noisianu usa ngar, oinersiuinK they will, and, that the contest will be desper ate and bloody. 1 think a few days will deter mine the matter. What lue result will belies behind the impenetrable vail offuturity. There will no doubt be many anxious hearts at home, awaitingthe result of the coming contest. ieu. 15. io-riay, the snow is about three inches deep, and the -weather quite cold. On Thursday 'we had the spring fever, nnd went in our shirt-sleeves. To-day, we have the cEills, with overcoats on. Direct letters to A-ondon, Laurel County, Kentucky. lours, allcclionately. WILLIAM BUCHANAN. Miscellaneous. FROM SHADOW TO SUNSHINE. BY HORACE GREELY. For nemly six months, counting from the day of the battle nt Bull Run dihCfini- filure, a heavy load rested upon tlie heart of the Nation. That defeat was so need less, so unexpected, so utter it evinced such incompetency or insincerity on the part of our military leaders, such incon stancy and mutual distrust among our sol dters, and evoked such exhibitions of cow ardice nnd baseness among the people that its incidents and fruits intent well have driven a hero to despair. The sudden disap pearance ot the JNational nag from ntne tcDllis of the dwellings which had till then proudly displayed it, the downcast gazo and bated breath of .the great major ity oi loyal citizens, the unconcealed or thinly disguised exultation of those who in the loyal States at heart sympathised with the traitors, the gloating zest where with every shameful detail of the panic and flight was blazoned in the leading European journals, the eager and confident deduction of aristocrats and reactionists that the Union was irrevocably broken up, and that wo were far more likely to dis solve into five or six nations thau to be reunited into one, the slowness (for a time) of recruiting, the meagerness of our pecuniary resources, and the narrow limits of our Public Credit, all pointed to our National dissolution as me liable and all but accomplished. The check at Wilson's Creek, the abandonment of Western Mis souri, the surrender ot Lexinrrton the re pulse nt Belmont, the stupid sacrifice at Ball's Bluff, formed a succession of dis heartening incidents which well-nigh broke the National heart. Impartial observations were led to esteem the slaveholding Con federacy a fixed fact an ugly one, indeed, but none the less certain or staple on that account. To European authorities and journalists of despotic or monarchist ten dencies, it seemed as absurd to talk of re storing the Union as of resubjugating boutli America to ispatn. True, the clouds were not altogether without n silver lining. The capturo of Hatteras, the defeat of 2,000 rebels at Springfield by the Heroic charge of Fre mont's body-guard of barely 300, the reduction of fort Koyal, the brilliant af fair at Dranesville, and some minor sue cess, contributed to save the drooping spir its of the if eople from sinking into uter despair. Yet, to a superficial glance, the rebellion seemed as, strong, as compact, as defiant, on the 1st of the. current month as it had done the day after Bull Run, or at any former period. And the popular' dis satisfaction with the torpor and ineffect iveness ot our vast armies was impelled quite as much by despair of success and desire speedily to know the worst, as by confauent and joyous nope that activo and earnest welfare would soon terminate the rebellion. Tho victory of Mill Springs, near Som erset Kentucky, first broke tho spell which was fast paralyzing the National energies. For this victory wo aro primarily indebted to the rebel chief, who, finding his supplies running short in a barren, destitute, thinly-inhabited region, and missled by a spy's assurance that wo had but two or threo regiments in front of Somerset, resolved to advnnco nnd suddenly altnck rather than brave the certain evils of either .standing Btill or retreating. Ho mnilo his dash and was badly routed, which only proves, not that he decided unwisely, but that he was missled by false information. Zolhcoffe fall, Crittenden fled, their force lost its tents, magazines, and guns, nnd was all but destroyed; so Crittenden is stoutly ac cused of treason and reproached as an in capable commander beside being an iucu- lable sot! Had he retreated without fight ing, he would probably have been accused still more roundly of betraying the rebel couse by imbecility and cowardice. Hard is the lot of the unlucky, but especially of the unlucky in war. The victory at Mill Spring was the vir tual destruction of the routed army, num bering nearly ien .thousand men. It cannon, tents, wagons, horses, ammunition and provisions, (such as they were,) were left in its entrenched camp or lost at the crossing of the river. The men, with their small arms and knapsacks, so many as had knapsacks and did not 'dis card them to accelerate tbeir flichll hard ly slopped running at Knosville, fully 75 miles," from tho scene of their defeat. Probobly less than Three Thousand of the whole number are this day in the rebel camps; for volunteers whoso first experi ence in campaigning has been so rugged as theirs are apt to make for their homes when a forced and precipitalo retreat in that direction dissolves their cohesion and compels each to seek safety and sustenance wherever he may hope to find them. He whose first experience as a rebel soldier is summed up in three months of exposure, privation, and hardship, ending in a crush ing detent, is very likely to improve the opportunity afforded by a disorderly flight to get out of the way of a repetition of that discipline. The battle of Mill Springs resulted in no mere defeat of the rebel ar my of East Tennessee, but in its partial annihilation. Not less conclusive were the initial suc cessess of the Burnside Expedition. That expedition was so long in preparation that the rebel leaders understood its destina tion before it startled quite as well as did its projectors, and made their preparations accordingly; and their exclusive control of (he spstem of bouthers Railroads enabled .them to concentrate troops and munitions to any. desired extent. But when, after displaying its strength at Annapdis and again in hampton roads, in full view of many rebels, amorg them were doubtless some spies, that expedition steamed slowly to Hatteras, and there encountered temp est by which several of its most imporlaut vessels were wrecked, being compelled to remain there not days merely but weeks, patiently working a craft that drew nine feet through tortuous channels over a, bar whose highest water was but eight, and seeing stores sacrificed and precious lives in the process, it may be fairly concluded that its strength was fully known to the rebels, and their preparations for defence made accordingly. They might have a bandoued Roanoko Island; they might have placed 25,000 men within its de fences; they chose not to exceed 5,000, because they deemed that number suffi cient. In fact, -it did not serve to test the strength and prowess of its loyal conquer ors, who swept its chief stronghold at tho first charge as though it had been a brush fence, and captured ail who did not prompt ly flee from the island as if they had been so many sheep. When it is teen that our total loss on that island was less than two huudred, European soldiers will hardly be lieve it was fortified at all, or, if forlffiedj that it was seriously .defended. The capturo of Elizabeth City, with the destruction of the rebel flotilla which had there taken refuge when its stockade across Croaten Sound was forced by our fleet, af fords a single example of the systematic falsehood whereby the South was goaded into and has been made to persist in rebel lion. The Unionists have "ho more wish to burn a Southern city than to rob a church. Hampton Va., was the first vil lage committed to the flames, and a howl was immediately sent up by tho rebel press over the Vandalism of the Yankee miscreants who thus charged upon the homes of the innocent and lowly ; yet a few days established incontroveriibly tho truth that it was fired exclusively by rebels under tho express order of Gen. Magruder! So Elizabeth City was wontonly, madly, diabolically fired by the routed and fleeing traitors, with no more excuse or chance of advantage than can bo derived from the hope of making the ignorant and simple. believe the detested Yankees the authors of that shameful ruin. How long can a people be thus deceived and misled to their own destruction. Our recent and overwhelming triumphs in the capture of Fort Henry on the Ten nesseo nnd Fort Donelson on the Cumber land forts by which the rebel lenders vainly sought to bar tho entrance of the armies of the Union into their fighting Stale I leave to be narrated and discuss ed in oiher columns than this; but one significant fact stands broadly out on the faco of the record which cannot bo gain sayedand is in substance admitted by the rebels. After the capture of Fort Henry three or four small wooden gunboats steamed up the Tennessee River through the entire extent of tho State to. which it gives its name, and to tho .head of steam boat navigation at Florence Alabama tlfe whole distance through a cotton-growing region, nnd one which, unlike East Teunessee, had been utterly submissive to the traitor authorities ever sinco the pre tended Secession of their State. In that voyage of 250 miles up an important riv er, and back again to its mouth through tho heart of what is kuown ns a rebel region not one shot was fired nt cither of tho Un ion vessels, not one feeling of hostility was manifested, but ovidences of welcome nnd ofjoy were ovorywbero proffcredj hospi talities and gratuitous supplies were press ed upon our officers: volunteers to man their vessels wcro readily obtained; grave men wept with joy nt tho sight of tho old flag under which they lived, and meant to die; and ample nssurance were given that, if arms could but bo supplied thousands on thousands would eagerly rally through out that wholo region for the ovoithrow of despotism nnd terror aud tho ro-estab a lishment of the mild and beneficent of the American Union. And onr officers were positively assured that the pretended pop ular vote ot iennesseo tor Secession wts carried by violence and intimidation, after the pattern of Pro-Slavery triumphs in xi.uns;i5 mat u uiu not emDoay tno true sentiment of the people, but only of the desperate, traitorous, oveibearing faction which, by means of secret associations and pass-words, has conspired to absord all power into his hands. Say, if you will, that these statements are onesided, the great fact of the passage of those gunboats up and down the Ien uessee without receiving a shot or encoun tering an evidence of hostility above Fort Henry, remains in all its force. .Fancy rebel squadron passing up the Penobscot, the Connecticut, the Wabash, to the head of navigation, with similar absence of hos tility and evidences of welcome, its officers being invited at Bangor, at Hartford, at Terro Hau'e, to a ball not nt all of tho Armstrong or Minie variety. Snch a re ception is utterly out of the question. ibis war, unless prolonged by new treacheries or denser stupidties on part of our own omcers, draws plainly to its close. A rebelldom fomented without a grieve ance may subside as suddenly and as cause lessly as it arose. It would not be strange if to-morrow s telegraph brought tidings mat iNew uneans, Mobile, uaiveston, or even a whole State, had secession and the restoration of the Union. But it is more discreet to presume that the latter end of this atrocious conspiracy against ttio laws of God and man will be marked by atroci ties which surpass any that have preceed ed them that its destination will give birth to new crimes, new outrages, and (if possible) new fnlshoods. We must not expect an unbroken series of triumphs, even though the back of tho rebellion is broken, but that the clouds that lately hid tho skies, though scattered, may still have power fitfully to obscure the sunshine of National integrity, security, and tranquil lity. But let each resolve that no reverse shall daunt, no obstacle discourage him henceforth, but that he will freely do his utmost to sustain and strengthen the Gov ernment in its nrdous struggle, and the 4th day of July will see us once more unit ed, delivered from all our perils, in full en joyment of tho bfessings of order and peace. The Desertion of Clarksville. Clarksville, so suddely deserted by tho rebels after the fall of Donelson before tho war had a population of about 6,000, and was considered oue of the most flourish ing business points in Tenn The rebels deserted tho town two or three days before our troops occupied it, the stores being closed and many of tho houses de serted. A letter from .1 loyal source states that the evacuation ot the town was a most sudden as well as ludicrous opera tion, and adds: On Saturday the people of the placo and the two or three regiments garrisoned here, received intelligence that the Yan kees were rapidly being whipped back to tbeir Northern homes, and a general jolli fication was at once indulged in. But, alas, there 's many a slip between tho cup and the lip. They had hardly begun to feel the effect of their carousal, when, lo! nnd behold, who should appear upon the scene but the brilliant heroes, Floyd and Pillow, with some items of information which hardly confirmed their previous ve racious accounts of the evening before. There was then mounting in hot haste sure enough. The Lincoln gunboats which according lo tho yesterday's accounts had all been sunk or crippled, were supposed to be in immediate proximity, and but few of the doughty champions of the South thought it best to stand upon tbo order of their going. An Alabama regiment stationed here chartered a steamboatfor- tunately lying near by, and went nt once. A Colonel of a iennesseo regiment gave orders to his men, who occupied tho fort- fications below tho city, to prepare to march, and upon visiting tho fort an hour afterwards found only eighteen of them, stealing horses, mules, and every descrip tion of conveyance attainable, were already in full persuit of their Alabama brethern in arms. I need not state that Pillow and Floyd did not eithei tarry long in Jericho, but pressed on with the spediest of them. It had only been about a week before that both of these, distinguished re bels, together with Buckner, had passed through Clarksville, and had received Rot little lionizing. Both Pillow and Floyd had been called an to make speeches, and responded in tho most blood thirsty of ef forts making glad the harts of all rebell dom hereabout by the promise of a exter mination of each and every Lincolnite who had dared to polute tbeir soil, Referring to the surrender of Fort Henry by Gen. Tilgham, Pillow" said, with the peculiar grammatical elegance of the South; "But gentleman I never did surrender, and so help me God, never will surrender. Me and Gen. Buckner, and Gen. Eloyd and our gallant troops, and are now going down there and we will sweep every Yan kee son of them lack lo their own homes." Great applause, nnd hurrahs for Pillow .Gen.- Floyd also piesented himself, and made equally brilliant promises. Gener al Buckner, who nlono of the unworthy trio said nothing, was thoonlv one of tbem who stuck to his troops, and included him self in the "ungenerous nnd unchivalrous"' lorms which Gen'". Grant snw fit toimposo upon him. I need not add that upon their return, neither Floyd nor Pillow stopped to favor the good people of Clarks ville with any further promises of Yan kee extermination, nnd I doubt very much whether they would 'have taken much stock in his promises, even if he hiidr Cookies. Three quarters"' "of n cup; of sour milk or cream, one cup of sugar,-and one egg; flour enough to roll. Fuikd Potatoes, No. 1. Beil your potatoes, nnd when cool slice them; season with pepper nnd salt, havo ready some hot molted butlor or fresh lard in a pan, and fry n light brown. -sipgle ile it Cultivation of Cotton Lands. A bill has been reported in the Senate by Mr. Wade, from the Committee on Territories, which contemplates the occupa tion nnd cultivation of tho islands in South Carolina where the sea island colton'is grown for one year, and taking the supir intendance of the negroes that are now: un employed and' in a starving condition.-? The while population have almost, entirely left that part of the country, and the'pro visions there have been in. a greatimeasu.ro consumed by our troops, leaving' the ne groes, sonio twenty or twenty-five thou sand nearly destitute. The b'll proposes the appointraent-cf. a board of three receivers for the State;of Soulh Carolina and Georgia by the Presi dent, with the consent of tho Senate, io manage and use all property which may be committed lo them by tho military au thority ; and they re to let the use of any portion of the lands which shall be com mitted lo them for a period not exceeding one year, payable either in money or .in a share of the produce of the same. The board is to be empowered to lay off the lands for tenants, and to purchase fools, seeds, animals, &c, that maybe necessary to be used on any precinct, but the cost is not to exceed $10 per acre; aiso to employ superintending agents, and make-provision for the employment and support of ne groes who may bo thrown upon their care. An appropriation of 20,000 is to be made for the purposes contemplated. Mr. Edward L. Pferce, Government Agent at Port Royal, has made a full and interesting report of Seceretary of the Treasury, in which he describes the condi tion of the inhabitants and plantations in the region abandoned.by the rebels on,- tho the coast of South .Carolina- and Georgia the section of country proposed to be cul tivated anfl cared for. Fourteen islands are now protected by our troops; on these there are 195 plant ations voluntarily abandoned by theirown- ers. iuere are a number of other islands likewise abandoned, but not now under the. protection of, onr arras. He- states that there are now on the islands abont'8; 000 "persons negroes, formerly slaves and he reckons an average of forty lo each plantation. But there aro some thousands of these people about Hilton Head. .and. and Beaufort, many of whom have escaped from the main land, and thus he -states that wo have m all between 10,000 and 12,000 black South Carolinians undetour protection, whose number 13 "constantly in creasing by accessions from the main land. He says: Ibis week forty-eight escapod from a plantation near Grahanlville, on '9 fuuln l.iurl, held by tho rebels, led -by tho driver, and after four days of trial and per il, bidden by day and threading the watera with their boats by night, evading tho reb el pickets, joyfully entered our' camp at Hilton Head. It is worthy of note that the negroes now within onr lines are there by the in vitation of no one, -but they were on lha soil when our army began its occupation, and could not have been excluded by vio lent transportation. A small proportion have come on from tho main land, evading the pickets of the enemy and our own, something easily done in an extensive country with whose woods and tracks they are so familliar. ,- That is lo say they wero the inhabit ants of this region, forming eighty-two and eight-tenths of ils total populatfon, and they remained while the disloyal'por tion fled. Mr. Pierce gives an interresling acccunt of the manner in which the plantations were managed, The white proprietors were seldom residents. They confided in an overseer, who very frequently had sev eral plantations in charge,and visited thera in turn, each being actually worked under the supeiintondanca of a black "driver," who dealt out rations to the bands, set them their tasks and looked to their dae performance, and punished those guilty of offences. These drivers must be intelligent men ; and it is remarked that, notwith standing the dispersion of oilier laborers, quite generally remain on the plantations. Mr. Pierce says, justly, that the knowledge and experience of these men may be made useful in the future in securing the pro ductiveness of these island?. The people do not eat their meals to gather in families but each by himself. They have church on Sundays, one of their own color, preaching, and prayer-meeting once or twice a week. Mr. Pierco found them generally truthful nnd trustworthy, as, indeed, is evident, when wa remember the "drivers," and that many negroes ara used as pilots, and in other lesponsible po sitions. Like all men degraded by slavery, they are flatterers; but they are tactable, not indolent, and easily managed. Tboy very generally express a desire to bo free; and Mr. Pierce remarks that many of their escapes havo been conducted with a cour age, forecast and skill worthy of heroos. But many of them show peculiar ' timor ousness of persons who have been depend ent on tho direction of others. Moreover, most of them have confidenco in us. They wero assured by their masters that wa would sell them to Cuba, 'ihe terror of this made them fly from us. Others re mained by the plantations, rather than sep arate from their families by flight; thesa took their chance, as they thought, of ex to Cuba. They show great local at tachment a virtue remarked iu lha West Indian negroes, also, by Mr .Sewll. After careful examination and experi ence, Mr. rierce states uis conviction that is possible, by proper care, to make "of theso people "partially in this generation, and fully in the next a happy industrious, law-abiding, free and Christian people." Sfell and Define. In a school whero tho class was exercising in spelling and de fining, the teacher gave out tho word leaflet." "L-o-n-f 1-e-t let leaflet a little leaf," sung onta bright eyed little girl. Tho next word was "bullet." "B-u-1 bul 1-e-t let bullet, a liltlo bnUP screamed out a red-headed chap; which put an end lo spelling nnd denning for that afternon.