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I CASKEY, mter ari Proprietor. OFFICE Washington Street, Third Door South of Jackson. TERMS One Dollar and Fifty Cents in Advance VOL.6. MELLERSBURG, HOLMES COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1862. N0.31. IlltttB RS. KOlilN & BIG HAM, PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS, MILLERSBURG, O., jy Office lii tht room formerlj- occupied by Dr. Irtin. March IS.Sil. S. K. CRAWFORD, M. D. Physician and Snrgeon, 0M ob Hata t,.Aina tlj cccspfed ty-Dodar Ebrlg-ht ivm-.T.TiTT?SHi i urz-, OHIO. JIB. Ci W. BUVINGEB, Jiysician and Surgeon, MTDlDIETO'CTrN, O. Professional calls promptly atttended to. S.pt.12, 1S61. . . DEISTT I STEY. . J E. ATKINSON Is fiilkrekrg Again, j KEABV, WILLING AND WAITING! to per form all opentioni in LU line with neatneys and u ixreu tijie. JtMo over Mnlranc's mporiam. 0UMr2t, ItSI BlOtT JT. P. AIBAiV, DENTIST. A1 rlificin.1 teeth in scried on Gold. Siivi'.r. Vulcanite fc sPorcelain base. Teeth Extracted, 'Cleaned or filled. Satisfaction warran ted. Office a few doors west of lesion's Saloon ryr.23,18C0.-jl. BENJAMIN COHN, DEALZR IX 13,1, 3)-MASS OfETcry Description, ?0it. OF JACKSON & WASHIOTONSTS.. MILLr.nSBDKG-, O. CASKEY & INGLES, DEAL EES IX BOOKS & STATIONERY, i , i MillerslmrK, Ohio. PJOAIiV fc FASTCY Or ALL L1XD3, TtEAILT EXECUTED I- AT THIS OFFICE. FOR SALE. Jk. C..TOUW0RK, at tb UillersbnTrg annerj , Jiara a1 BUGGY AND BUFFALO WAGON, For sale Terr cheap. JaaiarySl, lS01-2Jtf TO THE PUBLIC. AW A.JTP, -having parchawd Worley" and Judxon'i improved Sewing- Machine, is still on .hand to Taitontbepnblic In Ms line In tha wajrofa garni en.. ty i am also agent Tor said Machine, and can recora xaead it as the best now in use, for all purposes. CALL AND SEE IT OPERATE. -Abore Jno. Carey's Auction Room. Sept. 20.1SG0. n5ra3. A. WjlIT?. HERZER & SPEIGLE, SCCCESSOSS TO E. STEIIVBACIIER & CO-, pxohmt & commission JIIER.C 111 JY T S , J Dealers In fkr, Grain, El StnfF,SaIt Fish, White and Water Lime, ,it7bcttawh:k3 of tWheat, .Rye, Corn, Oats, Seeds, Dried Fruits, Butler, Eggs, Wool, ic. MILLERSBURa, O. U yl.lStt 41 BAKER & WHOJLiF, Forwarding end Commission JiXP DEALERS IX SALT-FISH, PLASTER, WHITE AND WATER LIME. puccnASEcs or FLOUR, WHEAT,RYE, CORN, OATS CLOVER AND TIMOTHY SEED, ALSO, Butler, Eggs, Lard, Tallow and all kinds - of Dried Fruits. ' ' ' WAREHOUSE, MILLERSBURG, O. SepL18,185G 4tf New Tailor Shop. TITESSRS. HENDERSON" t JACOhS res--JjuL pectfully inform those wanting clothes made that they have taken the room immediate ly ovcr.Molrane's Store, where they are Prepared to give Fits at all timed and at reasonable prices. Their long experience in the business enables them ,to" guarantee satisfaction. Fashion Plates reg ularly received. HENDERSON fc JACOBS. Millersbnrg, Oct 1, 1861 v NEW BOOT & SHOE SHOP! ONE door West from J. UotraDes store, in the room formerlx.6ccnpUd as Post OlSec, where the nnder .aigoed la!pre pored tadaallliinds of work la hisllne,es ciall7 Fine City Sewed Work. a vmch a manner a cot to be excelled! vest of the Alle fhenles.' 3TVf QBK WARRANTED, and done on rea vsonabl termaA . 9 IEJP-A-IDctHTGt- done neat and on short XTB I haye on hand. 'as atrent, a lot of home made M eastern Boots and Shoes w tilth.-for readj paj I will swoancQunni inai 70a mt dbj. nease trrmo once, and -call soon.- . II. HULL OIL! EI OIL!!! vXTAyIN0 ha4eonsidej n slsess. perionallr. iri experience in the oil In prepared to make all the B.esiry for borlojiwtlli, and pomplngCeSiiii onr portable as .well as statlosarj JBaJM SJT4JAI rTIWdti atitad Is regard to power, or fuel nsed to attain th pewtf? ' 's , VVE DCFY COMPETITION ,Mfcr ia stria o Ssctnes, or- price. Wo make engines pom z 10 xuu norse power, lor wnica moure power it re & 'it J: CllAPM AN, B ABKETT 4 CO. Wootr, March 28 lMljItf . THE EST; THE.IiAKGEST. t.&t.i THE CHEAPEST, LOT OF Wi TBI V -.rer batoro brosght to lUllersburg, for sals at the &?n M JSQOK STORE. Fi?Oiti'.50 Ots; to 7 Hollars Poetry. Poetry. A SONG FOR THE TIMES. BY J. H LEWIS. Ob, God of Justice, rule the storm That sweeps o'er all the land, And down let sons of freedom strite Bach ruthless traitor band; And let the Patriotic flame Burn warm and deep and high, While Liberty and Union arc - Our glorious rallying cry. Spirit of God-lilce Washington, Come from tby home abore; And fill each patriotic soul With light and truth and lore; Ab thou didst rear a temple here Beneath each stripe and star. Which all the nations of the world Bare honored from afar. Millions of souls both true and good Have crossed the deep blue sea, To worship at its holy shrine Among the brave and free. And shall that temple, reared in blood. The shrine of traitors be? Speak out, ye sons of noble sires. Speak out, ye brave and free. The time has come vhen freedom's sons Must rally in their might, And when secession's host must be Forever put to flight. Then, God of Justice, rule the storm That sweeps o'er all our land. And down let sons of freedom strike Each ruthless traitor band. Army Correspondence. From the 20th Regiment. ON BOARD THE MAGILL STEAMER, FT. DONELSON, Monday, Feb. 17. Dear .Parents: I am well. Ft. Donelson is ours. TLc rebels have surrendered, and 'we occupy the Ft. The white flag went tifi at 8 o'clock on yesterday morning. Skirmisliinfr commenced un Tuesday Jasc and continued Wednesday and Thursday till 3 P.M.. when the engagement commenced by our gun boats open ing lire on the Fort. 1 bare commenced several letters, but did nut bare time to finish them, so I will now give you a short diary: Tuesday wo left Cincinnati for Paducah ar rived there on Thursday evening, and start im- imcdiately lor t. iionelson, and at J 1 . 31. on Friday heard heavy cannonading when we were twelve miles from the scene of action at 4 o'clock come within 1 mile of our floating bat teries, four in number, and two gun boats threw shells into the enemy. They were pour ing it into us shells falling thick around us. One went into one of our batteries, destroying its rudder. At 5 P. JI. firing ceased and our boats fell back. We slept that night, with our arms, on the boat. The next morning, at 5 P. M left for the extreme right of right wing, and at 8 o'clock heavy firing again commenced, by Artillery, Gun Boats, and I-fhntry, and pass ing' around from the extreme right, about 10 miles, pass several batteries ot Flying Artillery; some planted, others dn the way to new posi tions, at 9 o'clock arrive at our place, the fir ing then is in good earnest, charge after charge of infantry, and peal after peal of Aitillery Artillery passing us as fast as horses could run, .Infantry on the double-quick, and the wounded soldiers coming otl the held, some shot in the neck, side, limbs, and in every conceivable place, some walking, sumo on litters,- some in ambulances. Some few saying we were beaten. others, and one in particular, who bad an-eye shot out and an arm shot off, his head tied up. and blood all over said, "Boys we can uhtp than. I got a good one and do not deny i t boys, pitch in." We then unslung knapsacks and changed positions, where the grape whistled over our heads in great profusion We were then ordered to fix-bayonets cartridge boxes brought to the point null with cap boxes unbut toned -when our Colonel asked if any were not able to go, to step out of ranks. Aot a man flinched. We then took our position on the ex treme right of right wing of reserve and if men fell back we were to make a charge of bayonets. We ntoved two or three times when we expect ed to be the next moment in the clash of arms. At 1 o'clock heavy guns cease firing; but still charge upon charge of infantry, 150 yards apart, on our right wing 12 firing ceases. At 4 P. SI. firing of infantry on our left wing, when Gen. Smith took the redoubt, at the point of the bayonet, running up on the' top of the breast wotks, before he fired a gun, though the rebels were pouring canister into them all they time. Tney. were the 2d Iowa boys. At 4) firing changes to the right a few rods in front of us, when we move up through shells flying over us intended for the reserve. 5 o'clock firing ceases and then I went on guard for the night. We kept everything in readiness so that in 30 seconds wc could have everything in its place. gunson our arms. c. On Saturday evening a Colonel came over and cried, Smith has taken the further redoubt. All night were firing ol pickets, sometimes a dozen shots in a minute. iiuth sides were at work building breastworks all night, were chopping and falling trees, pounding, getting things fixed as well as possi ble. Un Sunday morning at o'clock, a cry of "white flag on the Fort" the rebels having surrendered. Cheer aftcrcheer went from Reg't to Reg't, from Brigade to Brigade, and from lull to hill. At 11 we receive orders to go on guard of the prisoners to Cairo. I then went to one of the hospitals. It was a horrible sight to see the dead and wounded 22 were dead here. At 11J4 we went to tho boat, crossing the lower redoubt, the scene of the hardest fighting. Here lay dead soldiers, most ly rebels, some killed three days ago, dead hor ses, clothes, blankets all over blood, swords, broken guns, dismounted cannon, balls, shells, canister,, equipage, Ac, strewn every place, trees cut off and splintered up -vith cannon balls, rebels coming in under -flag of truce, Reg'ts pa rading, guards posted, and then the Star Span gled banner waving over all. Then went to the boat, where wc hare 15,000 prisoners, after dark our band played Red, White and Blue. A great fire to be seen up the river, supposed to be the burning of Clarksville, as two of our boats run up the river on Sunday with furnaces, ready to throw hot shot. Buckncr, is our prisoner. Floyd has escaped with his whole Brigade, some of them say he Was killed by his own men, for endeavoring to escape, but 1 think we will meet him again: Pillow also escaped during the night. Johnson is our prisoner. Wc have, I think taken not less an d perhaps more than 1 0,000 st an d of arms. Our loss is great, perhaps 800, 1 think not more. The 2d Iowa lost in killed and wounded not less than 200. 76 were killed and more will die. The rebel loss must be enormous; they say they hurried over 500; and the fields arc yet strewn over with the dead. This is Monday at 12 o'clock .and wagons and ambulances going la and from with the dead.. Twas a dear vic tory but a glorious one., Our men fonght like soldiers. But the whole Southern Confederacy cannot drive us out of this. As to the' fortifi cations they were certainly immense extending for ten miles nlong the river, with guns' varying from 6 to 142 pounders and not. leu than CO of them. Steep hills covered with branches, cut down through each other, so it is almost im possible to climb over them. As we pass down the river the works are certainly immense. Their arms are of different kinds', varying from revolving rifles, seven shooters, to flint locks. Their best thoy threw into the river, as this Lrnorning after the river fell our boys found some splendid rines. Many ol them had only small rifles. As to dress they have no regular uni form, mostly janes cloth. 1 bey are a bard iook insr set of men. As to their full number they were not less than 20 or 30,000. Ours about 50,000; but in the first place ours did not exceed 20.000. On Saturday evening we had some two or three lines on three sides ol the enemy, uen Grant was commander, also Wallace and Me' demand. Gens. Floyd and Pillow command' era of their forces, the other two were only sub' ordinates. These are only notes taken at this exciting time, and perhaps many quite incorrect as we can get no true report of anything only what, we see. I have a few trophies, a Confederate Ten Cent Bill, which I will send home. 1 his is secesh paper'taken from the surgeon's depart ment, I bare some bullet's, etc. Will write soon again. I remain son, GEORGE N. ELLIOTT. Miscellaneous. AN INTERESTING SKETCH. RETREAT OF NEY. BY JOHN S' C. ABBOTT. One of tbe most memorable deeds of fortitude nnd heroism recorded in tbe annals of war was preformed by Marshall Nej, in tha retreat from Moscow. With a division of five thousand men be was cut off from tbe remainder of tha French army. Kulusoff, the Russian general, with 80, 000 men including numerous cavalry, and 200 pieces of artillery, had effectually blocked up bis passage. Key, with bis little band of half fam ished soldiers, wavering in their languid march, with guns defective nnd dirty, with but six peices of cannon, rushed upon tho hostile batteries, nnd maintained tbe une qual conflict, in tbe vain endeavors to cut his way through tho masses of the foe, until night darkened tbe field-. Then at midnight, with no thought even of sur render, bo ordered his troops to turn upon their tracks, nnd march back again into the wilds of Russia. With nniazement the troops heard this command, which, without hesitation they obeyed. It was a cold, gloomy winter's night. Tbe frozen ground was covered with snow, and the blast pierced the worn out clothing of the soldiers. For two or three hours they traversed, in darkness, tbe savage wasto till they came' -to n small river. Breaking the ice, lo seo in what direction the current ran, Nev said: "This stream must-flow into the Dneipere. It shall he our guide." The feeble band, cold hungry and wearv struggled along until they reached the Dneipere. Its broad and rapid current was clogged with floating masses of ice aud in one spot only, to which a lame peasant conducted them, was the ice suf ficiently firm for them to attempt a pas sage. And even here it was necessary to pass with the utmost caution. JNey wrap in bis cloak slept for an hour upon the snow, while his troops passed over in sin gle file. Tbe ice bent and crackled under their feet. Tbey'then attempted to pass the wagons over, ladened with tbe sick and wounded. The frail surface broke, and several of the wagons sank beneath the ice. A few faint cries were only beard, as sufferers disappeared in their cold and icy sepulcher. By crossing the Dneipere, Ney hoped, in a long detour, again to reach the army. The Russians followed the feeble band in its retreat, keeping beyond musket shot, but firing incessantly upon their victims with artillery, from every available eminence. Napoleon was at Orch'a, waiting, in tbo most intense anxiety, to bear tidings from Ney. Four days had passed with out oven a rumor of bis fate. Tbe whole army was looking back across the Dneipere hoping to catch a glimpse of his advanc ing columns, or to hear the report of his artillery. At the close of a day of solici tude and watching, another wintry night enveloped in its gloom these retreating woe strieken armies. Napoleon was partaking of a frugal supper with Gen. Lefebvre when a shout of joy was beard in tbe street, and tbe words "Marshall Ney is safe," fell upon the bis ears. At. thai moment a Polish officer entered with tho tidings of the Marshall 'was n few leagues distant, ou tho banks of the river, harass ed by pursuing Cossacks, and in want of immediato assistance. Napoleon sprang from bis cbnir, seized the informant by both arms, and gazing into his eyes, ex claimed. "Is that really true f Are vou sure of it! I have two hudred millions of gold in my vaults at the Tulleries. I would have given them all to save Marshall Ney." Instantly Eugene was despatched with five thousand men for the rescue of tho Marshall. Eagerly the soldiers left their bivouac fires for their midnight march. For six miles they toiled along through the snow nnd over an unknown pnthroften stopping to listen if tbey could hear any sound of their lost friends. The river, which was their only guide, flowed drear and chill at their side encumbered with vast mases of ice. Gloomy forests of evergreens frowned along their path, and no sound but tbo tramp of Eugene's bat talions disturbed the silence of the night. At length Eugeno ordered bis artillery to be discharged, as a shoot to call tbe at tention of bis friends, listening anxious ly, they beard far oil in tho distance, in apparent response, n feeble report of mus ketry. The Marshal bad not a single piece of artillery left. Both parties, how ever, understood the language of their guns, nnd they bnstened to meet each other. They were soon united. Officers nnd sol diers alike threw themselves into each other's arms, and many of these war-worn veterans wept for joy. The reunited band forgetful of past perils and' the still greater ones they wero yet to encounter, returned rejoicingly to Orcha. As Marshal Ney, with soldierly simplicity and unostentation, gavo a recital of tbo dangers and difficulties he had sur mounted and the hardships he bad endured. Napoleon grasped bis hand, and immortal ized him with the title of tbe "bravest the Irave." Aram NaDoleon said in ref erence to the same achievement, in words which will never die: ,lBellcr is an army of deer commanded by a lion, than an ar mv of lions commanded by a deer. During this retreat an unnatural mother. who was one of tbe camp followers, weary of nursing her crying child, threw it into tbe snow to perish. JNey chanced to wit ness the inhuman deed and lifting up the child soothed it tenderly, and restored it to its mother in the sledge, commading tbe mother to take charge of iti But soon again tbe woman whose heart was render ed callous by misery, threw the child into the snow. The Marshal again rescued tho little one, and took it under bis special protection, carrying it for some lime in his own arms. I be indignant soldiers hurled tbe mother from the sledge, and left her to be picked up by Cossacks or to parish on the frozen ground. Tho little orphan was watched over with the greatest care by the soldiers, as they covered it up with furs and blankets in one of tbe sledges. Tbe child was carried, in the' arms of soldier, through all the horrors of tbo passage of tbe Beresina, and surviving tbe hardships of the most disastrous retreat recorded in the .history of war, at lengtli reached .Paris in safety. In the passage of tbe Beresina, which soon ensued, Ney again displayed bis he roism through scenes of horror which have rarely been paralelled, and never surpass ed on this globe. The genius of tbe French engineers speedily threw two bridges across the stream. I lie brench army consisted of but 27,000 fighting men, and a disor ganized mass of 40,000 stragglers. While the phrensiett mass wero struggling over these bridges, the Russians from tho adja cent heights were hurling upon them ,i storm of shot and shell. Sixty thousand Russians manned those batteries. Ney, taking with him but eight thousand troops, plunged in the densesl'masses of the foe, drove them before him, and took 0,000 prisoners. Through tho long hours of a winter's night this horrid scene of tumult and car nage continued. Thousands were crowd ed from the bridges into the icy stream, and sank with shrieks which rose above the thunders of the battle. A fearful tempest arose of wild and smothering snow. Tbe black mass of men and wag ons, enabled tbe Russians to direct their guns with more unerring aim. The howl ings of the storm, the gloom of night,' tbe flash and roar of artillery, the explosion of shells and whistling of balls and bullets, the cries of unset and the smirks of tbe dying, presented a spectacle which has given the Passage of the Beresina perhaps the most prominent position among all the horrors which have occurred in this los.t world. Tho numbers lost have never been fullv as certained Thousands were swept to an un known burial. But, in the Spring, as the ice melted, twelve thousand corpses were dragged from tho river, Rebel Prize and Desperation. The gun boat South Carolina, Lieut. Hopkins, captured the rebel steamer Mag nolia, bound from New Orleans to Havana, with a large load of cotton, off Mobile bay, on tbe 19th ult. i ho Magnolia is a large side wheel steamer, built by Vanderbuilt at .New lork for tbe Southern bteamship Company. Tho boarding officers found the ship on fire, and wero three hours in extinguishing tho flames. The Captain, Wm. a. bhacnon, ot JNew. Urleans, and crew, in all 21 persons, were made prison ers. The captain and first engineer, being perfectly desperate, were double ironed, and the prize was towed into Ship Island Roads and delivered to Flag Officer Mc kean. An account says: Tha value of the vessel and cargo elev en hundred and seventy bales of cotton- is estimated at a quarter of a million dol lars. I he desperation of her orbcors is a striking illustration of tho terrible earnest ness of tbe foe with whom we have to deal, The owners of tbe cotton agreed with Capt. shannon that he should deliver his cargo to the consignees at Havana, or, in event of bis finding capture inevitable, be should destroy tho ship. Tbe reward of a success ful issue of the enterprise was to be one thousand dollars more than bis pay. When Capt. Shannon saw that there was no hope of escape from the South Carolina, Lobnd the connection pipe nnd tbe sea cock cut, hoping by these means to sink the vessel. He also had the cotton fired in several dif ferent places, nnd tho engineer tied tbe safety valvo down, exhausted the water in tho boiler, and tried to blow tho ship up. He succeeded in bursting one of the boilers, nnd a plate from it went crashing through the deck, nnd struck the second engineer in tbo side, inflicting a wouud from which he died in about five hours. His face was horribly mangled, the nose being knocked off nnd bis eyes nnd teeth being torn from their sockets by too flying coals and ashes. His name was Wm. Wild, from New Or leans, an Englismnn by birth. He was about thirty-five years of age, and leaves a wife and four children to lament bis tragical death. Proper Appreciation. a just appreciation of party platforms in this day of our country a peril. In ac cepting the nomination for Governor ten dered him by tbe Union Convention of bis Stnte he says: I have not seen tbo resolutions which your convention has passed, and, with my ideas of duty in this great national emer gency, consider it of little importance that I should know what they are. I do not feel bound Tiy party resolutions or party platforms. My duty in the present condi tion of public affairs is to my country, and to do all in my power to preserve tho Fed eral Constitution, and restoro the Federal Union. This has bcon my position sinco tbe commencement of tbo struggle to main tain the Federal Government and put down rebellion, and this will continuo to bo my position until this great work is fully ac complished. From Nashville. It is "glorious lo behold" ibis strong- bold of rebeldom, with our old ensign of tbe Union floating from Ibe Stato Capitol, and a big federal army stretching out on tbo various suburban avenues with a grasp so bnarenn and herculean, xou will be glad to know the condition of Nashville, if you do not fancy the "reliable regular dispatches have fully apprised vou, think it fair to say that all the slate ments regarding' a powerful Union senti- t -i .t, mi... raent iiere are ma merest oosn. anai me elements' of such n sentiment exists in tbe Capital of Tennessee is very true. But up to this day, just two weeks after Gen Buell look possession, not ten Union 'rest dents of Nashville dare to peep. About all the positive decisive, flat-footed people long since seceshed, and they have now fled towards that "rast ditch" where, and only where, you know ihey propose to "die." Those left behind are the mass of quiet folks who haven't much taste for up roars, who have no party dogmas which disturb their rest, and who would about ns willingly live under one stylo of govern mcnt as another, provided they can be protected in their avocations nnd homes, Tbey have juslseen one great army driven from tbe city in utter consternation, and think it not impossible the present victors may soon meet with reverses and in tbeir turn take to their heels. I he shop keep ers, and mechanics and mild-mannered gentry of Nashville therefore do not pro pose to treasure up rath for themselves in that possible evil day by now quickly put ting on Union badges and shouting for Uncle Sam. They are very quiet and very observant. Tbey nre "waiting for the facts." They say very nearly nothing, but Keep up a busy stylo ot tninking. A few there aro wtio communicate wiin Gen. Buell on the sly; but they must not bo known. And this is nil we find of that volcanic explosion of Yankee Doodle we bnve been promised just so soon as our ar mies could protec the Union men of Nash ville. And yet, I regard Nashville as in a much more hopeful condition than that of .Louisville when Kossou crossed the Ubio with bis legions of Corn Crackers and Hoosiers. So soon as the people here be come convinced that we nre among them with both the determination nnd the power to put down rebellion and put up federal authority, wo shall have very nearly a unanimous people for tbe Union; and in my judgement such conviction will take place not long hence. It is believed that tho policy of our Generals is to nurse and cultivate the ge nial loval feeling hero until it shall reach sufficient force to justify a popular move ment Tor the establishment of a Union Provisional Government, nnd gradually bring ou a successful counter-revolution which shall result in the destruction of tho traitor leaders and the formal expuuging of tbo entire secesh record, thus placing the State exactly where she was and be longs, That this will bo accomplished at an early day there is much reason to be lieve; and it seems evident that the result will be accelerated by'a somewhat earnest popular movement in the Eastern part of the State. We have but a portion of the army here that is intended for this column, but it is known we already outnumber the traitors in effective men to an extent which gives us every needed advantage. A very im portant feature in the results recently ob tained here consists in the deprivation of the traitors of their commissary stores, and cutting off their means for manufacturing arms. Ibe amount of provisions abandon ed by them here in their frantic flight is immense. More than six hundred wagon loads of bams, pork and lard have already- been taken, nnd new discoveries are being made daily. Their new and nmplo armory for the manufacture of small arms is laca- ted here. This establishment not being needed by us is to bo converted into a hos pital. Ordinances almost without limit have fallen into our hands, Thus are' tbe traitors deprived of exactly those things most needed. Most of the places of business of Nash ville still remain closed, giving tho city s very dogged, sulky appearance. Tiiis is not however the eftect ot chivalry, but ns easily explained as the absence of the gar vanic unionism the newspapers have prom sed us. Ihese business men have sudden ly ascertained that their onlv currencv is likely to prove worthless. INor wishing to decline this trash from their customers to whom tbey bnve paid it, and having de termined no louger to receive it, tney pre fer for the present to close up, look on and reflect. Yesterday I witnessed a military execu tion. An order was issued by lien. .Nel son directing his division to appear under arms to attend the execution ot a private in the 24th Ohio. This was all that was generally known until tho entire division, together with that of Ueneral Unttenden, took position in an open field which has an ampitheatre depression, when there slowly entered a spacious central area kept vacant for tho execution, a small procession bead ed by a band blowing tbo dismal death march, then four privates bearing an un- painted pine coffin, then the prisoner in his ordinary uniform, his hands pinioned and banging in front, walking between two clergymen, and then a detail of eight men in command of a Corporal. This solemn little cortege morched quite around the open space nnd took a position near the centre. Tho coffin was plaeed on the ground and the prisoner placed standing along by it. At this time tbo Major of the 24 Ih Ubio rode into the space, dis mounted and read in a loud, clear voice tho order from General Buell commanding the army, reciting tho proceedings ot a court martini held in Fedrnary, at Camp Wickliffe, Ky., bv which it appeard that privnte Mitchell Conncl. of the 24th Ohio Regiment, was arraigned, plead guilty, and was convicted of stiooiing nt, wmi iiueui to kill, a superior officer, who was a corpo ral of tbo guard then on duty, and by tbo Court sentenced to be shot. The order of General Buell was dated March 4th, np- proYcd tho proceedings of tho court and directed tho sentenco to bo executed in tho is so be Division, on the 5th of Marcb, between the hours of four and five p. m. Prompt ly alter reading this order the prisoner Knelt over his comn, his chaplain on one side and his priest on the other, who of fered prayer in his behalf. Ho was then blindfolded, and left standing alone by his coffin, facing the corporal's guard, who, with all their mnskets loaded savo one, stood ready to execute the terrible penal ty. The dreaded word of command came. "Ready !" and how I could have turned away from the spectacle. But by force of will, holding my eyes upon the doomed man quickly followed the words "aim. fire!" The dreadful volley broke the still ness, and the poor fellow dropped lifeless upon bis coffin, and in a few minutes rolled at full length upon the ground. The terribly impressive scene concluded, the large forco retiredAto its camps. The forty-first regiment is hero. Lieut. Col. Wiseman has resigned nnd gone to Ohio. Col. Barnett and staff have just arrived. The following batteries belong ing to this regiment 'are here; Cotter's, Standard's, Kennedy's, Konkle's, Cock bill's and Barlleti's nnd perhaps others. I have seen many of tbe officers, and learn they are all well. Many of the fine mansions of tbe secesh gentry, in tbo suburbs, were found vacant, and furnished excellent quarters for our general officers. I am now writing in the stylish abode of the Hon. A. H. Ewing, who made a stand Tor tho Union, but fi nally "lost bis rights," seceshing. and is now following the vagrant traitor Camp, heartily sick, it is said of his folly. J . The Expedition to the Georgia and Florida Coast. The telegraph made brief mention of tho capture of Brunswick, Ua., nnd r ernaudina, kin. We give below a few additional particulars: I he first point of tbe coast approached by the fleet was the 'town of Brunswick, Georgia, the enemy abandoning their works and precipitately flying at the ap- groach of our gun boats: it tvns taken pas session of, and tbe gun boats left in charge. This gives the government tbe control of the whole coast of Georgia, from South Carolina to Florida, Brunswick being dis posed of, tbe fleet moved twenty miles fur tber, to Cumberland Sound, the -entrance to the harbor of Fernandina, Florida, When tho expedition come in sight of Fort Clinch, tbe rebels were discovered making hasty flight, and fired two or three random shots from the barbette guns cf tbe fort. The shells of the fleet however, caused a hasty evacuation, and Fort Clinch was immediately taken possession of, and tbe flag of tbo Union raised on an old staff which bad so long been disgraced by the traitor colors. This is the first of tho old Southern forts of the Union that has been recovered since tbo proclamation of President Lin coln declaring that they must all be re stored to the Union. As the fleet approached the fort a train of cars was observed leaving Fernandina, and as tbo track runs some three miles a Iong tbo shore of the Sound, Com. Du pont sent one of the gunboats in pursuit of her. An exciting raco took place, the steam er throwing shells at the flying train, some of them falling in such close proximity, that some of the fleeing rebels jumped from and took to the bush. Among tbe lat ter is said lo have been the late Senator Yulee,of Florida, accompanied by his serv ant. The train, of course, outran the gun boat and thus escaped. The old case-mated bort.Ulinch having been taken possession of, the Uuion flag was speedily raised. Jjrom the eight rebel eartworks aban doned by tbe enemy, twelvo largo guns fell into our possession, including one large rifled cannon of 120 pounds calibre. Five were found in Fort Clinch, nnd tho others were in tho earthworks. . The rebels had hastily removed a portion of their guns, which were said to bo at St Johns, further up the Hound. An expeai tion was preparing to go up to capture tbem when the Alabama sailed. Consid erable ammunition was also captured, nnd the same evening th3 rebel steamer Dar- tinglon, loaded with wagons, ammunition nnd camp equippage, was also captured while endeavoring lo escape. The expedition accomplished its mission on the 4th of Mnrch, the anniversary of the inauguration of President Lincoln Brunswick is connected with all the great Southern lines of railroad. By a canal re cently constructed, it is connected with tbe Altamaba, and by the rirer and tbe rail road from Macon to Atlanta with the two great lines which connect the Atlantic with the Mississippi, and which bnve tbeircast em termini at Charleston and Savannah, and their western at Memphis nnd Ticks- burg. Into ibese run tho more northern roads from Kentucky, Tenncssco nnd Mis souri. Ibe lino of the Brunswick nnd blor ida Railroad penetrates n large portion of tho great cotton belt of Soutb-Western Georgia, and runs through vast tracts of the richest cotton lands. -The magnificent harbor of Brunswick, with its ease of access, depth of water, se cure nnehnrnnre. fine climate nnd capability for irapreguable defense, all indicate this place as an unsurpnssed silo for a commer cial and marntiroe port. Its position is nenrlr midwny between the Chesapeake and tho Southern Capo of Florida, nnd it nearer to Ibe Mississippi than any other Atlantic part, its distance from Vicksburg being about GOO miles. JJ"Tbo Pope continues in a veiy crit state. Ho has frequent attacks of fe ver caused by indigtstion, and his legs aro swollen that he cannot go abroad,- and has to be rolled in a chair to pass from room to another. It has been remark ed, not without uneasiness, that for sever al days ho bad been affected by a dispo sition to somnolency, and cannot by any means be diverted from yielding fo it. Tbis is tho most seriouj sympton of tha Holy Father s malady. , in of cut the At off, her Affairs at Nashville. We glean the following interesting items concerning Nashville from various sources. We quote from a letter to tho St. Louis Republican dated March 1st: "The rebel capital of Tennessee has grown wonderfully quiet of late, and its people less sullen than when we first enter ed. Ono after another they come slowly along the walk, universally wearing a black felt hat, set down with a jam upon their heads, the crown out of shape, and every inch of crumpled brim hinting strong ly ns bat can, that sorrow dwells beneath. Tho remaining inhabitants of Nashville go about gloomy and taciturn, moping from store to store, seldom looking strangers in the face, and giving that idea of smothered hate which makes tbo beholder determine to keep out of dark alleys after night fall. THE LADIES CONDESCEND A LITTLE. At first the people hero took little pains to conceal their dislike, but nre gradually becoming more tradable. They will sell poor articles for "good money at a moder ate price, and not fly into a passion if Con federate scrip is refused in exchange for Treasury notes. Ladies, too, appear up on the streets, and although endeavoring to seem gazing in an opposite direction, take sidelong peeps at marching columns preceded by fife and drum, nnd sometimes deign to keep the nose moderately straight wh6n saluted in military style by a pass ing officer. This slight letting dowD, how ever, only occurs when the "Fed." is good looking .and a Colonel or General. Tha time of Majors and Captains has not yet .come. Uccasionaly- a carriage oi two rolls along, with a family group within, and eb ony perched on tho box seat holding reins aud whip. One or two stately dignitaries have emerged from tbeir biding places al so, and stnnd in the doors of princely resi - THE NEGROES AND "DEM UNIONERS." negroes on way to the levee to view tha troops and gun boats. Asking one where he was going, he said to see "dem Unioners. He had been in Fort Donelson, and was brought back by his master, who fled with Pillow. "I tell you wlial, sab," said he, "Massa Linkum shoot dam straight, knocked the head off Parson Bigelow's nigger clean as if cut with a knife. Lor, how de kanister spikes did fly. Massa said Linkum used keg of nails each load." And down the street they went, with regular plantation swagger, increasing m number at every street corner. LAWN BEFORE THE COURT HOUSE Is blackened with charred remains of some gun carriges and caissons strewn around. They were burned by Floyd be fore he fled. On lots and in hollows are numbers of whiaky barrels with heads knocked in by tbo same gentleman's order.. Although many of the artificial beauties of Nashville aro destroyed, the natural ones remain generally unmarred. On the numerous fine estates surrounding, frees are budding and grass springing forth, but no signs of care visible, fences remain down, garden borders washed away, while negroes, having no masters to superintend, wander shiftlessly about, and white labor ers long ago were driven into confederate service. L noticed one old gentleman en deavoring to mend tbe gate of his private residence. After hitting everything Irat tbe nail, ho finally effected a lodgment up on his thumb, and went off simultaneously into a series of mild oaths into tbe bouse. ' Injuries to the Monitor. Tho Monitor fired between fifty andsix- ty shots, and the Merriraac at least five times that number. The statement that the Monitor withdrew from the action at one time to allow her guns to cool was incorrect.- The temporary withdrawal was occasioned by a shot getting fast in one of the guns before it was home, which it re quired some time "to extricate. There is scarcely a doubt that the Monitor was too much for tbe Merrimac. The officers nnd crew on tbe Monitor are confident that bad not tbe Merrimac withdrawn as sbo did, she would have been sunk. So statos a writer who has visited the Monitor sinco tbe fight. He also states that tho wound ing of Lieut. Werden, which occurred about tho time the Merrimac withdrew, accounts for tho failure of tbe Monitor to pursue her. Ho adds: I visited the Monitor to-day. Two shots of the enemy struck her on the edge, above tho surface, and toro up a few inches of the deck plating, and penetrated about half the diameter of tho ball, affording a complete illustration of her impregnabili ty. As tbe worst the enemy, with the most powerful guns afloat could do, tha fact, settles all questions on the point. The shots referred to aro as mere scratches on a pugilist after his antagonist has dona bis best for four boors to knock him down. On her tower, where tho Merrimac's shots struck tho square and with full force, thero are three or four indentions not exceeding three inches in depth. Her deck is blazed several placed where shots struck and ctnnced off. The wheel-houso has several similar dentations. These are all tbe marks the Monitor bears ns tho result the action. The officers nnd men de clare that they aro perfectly willing to tako her any where for all tha enemy s guns do, no matter with what skill they may be served. The Merrimac undertook; to run the Monitor down, and ran bows on, her prow projecting over her deck. The shock that tho Cumberland and Congress down. made an indentation scarcely perceptible, produced no extraordinary effect. In this attitude the two ships exchanged shots moulb3 of their guns being but a few- yards distant, and it was hera that the Merrimac was penetrated, though the Mon itor was scarcely scratched. It was doubt less tbe intention of the enemy lo board' and soma of tha. Merrimac's .men act ually jumped nboard of her. -But thero no opening or place of entrance to be. found, nor were there any man' to bo seorrw this moment tha tower began to re-, volve and the ports open, and tha men scampored back, and tha Merriraso drow probably confounded at tha result of hasty visit.