Newspaper Page Text
tfonntB i A 1 ' F . i , , , , J CASKEY, Eiiter aiid Proprietor. OFFICE WashiogtoH Street, Third Door Soath of Jackson. TERMS One Dollar and Fifty Cents in idfance VOL.6. ' MILLERSBURG, HOLMES COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1862. JNO. 25 ilsssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssH' DBS. BOJLIXG & BIGHAM, PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS, MIJLKERSBURG.O., CF"OflSte In the room former)- occupied bj Dr. Irvine it r VIS, Ml. S. K. CBAWF.OKD, Si. 1. Pfcysician and Snrgeon, OC5ce.oniI.lo t,form rlj occupied bj Doctor Ekrlght OB. V. W. BOVINGEB, Phy sician and Snrgeon, M3DXCuBrrO"VVTT. o. Professional calls promptly atltended to, Sept. 12, 1861. DENTISTBY. J E. ATKINSON In Hkikrg Again, T XL4DY. WILLING A5D WAITING t- per- Xvform all operations in his line with neatness and in me latest sljle. OlBc cm-r MnlTnne'a Emporiam. October 24, 1861 10tf J. P. AliBAN, DENTIST M1LLEHSBT7KG, O. A' rlificial teeth in- -TA. serteu on bold. .Silri'.r. Vulcanite t ? Porcelain base. Teeth Extracted. Cleaned or filled. Satisfaction warran ted. Office a few doors west of Weston's Saloon. Xcv.28,18G0.-jI. BENJAMIN COHN, , deals u SUBS JiAtfMUslW , Of Every" Description, C?0JJ. OF JACKSON & WASHIOTONSTS. ailLLEItSBirRC, o. CASKEY & IiVGIiES, DEALERS IX BOOKS & STATIONERY, Millerstmrji, Ohio. PIiAIti &. FANCY , - of Alt USDS, SEATLT EXECUTED AT THIS OFFICE.. NeTdloringSlLop. J"0 W. JACODS, qrE PECTFULLY informs the XVrpnMic tbtt he ho taken the. rooo?s toitoed'&teir oTer toe uook Store, where he Intends carrring on the Tailoring Business In all its va rious branches. Garments of all kinds made on short notice and SAFSFACTRN WAEEANTEP.- Cutting done to order. All work done under rar own rer- 1 -snnal supervision, and neatness and daraUlit w.ll a.Vrjjrs be considered. He is also a gent for QtLCBCATED WKWWGr MCHESGS! TO THE PUBLIC. AW A.ITS, having purchased Wrtritfy and Jud.-ona improved Sewing Machine, Isstill on hand to wait on the. public In his line in tbeVay of a J am also agent for said Machine, and can recom mend it as the best now in use, for all purposes. CALL AND SEE IT OPERATE. AboreJna. Carey Auction Room. fiept,20,lS50.-n5mS. - A. TValTS. HERZER & SPEIGLE, SCCCKSSOSS TO E. STBUVBACIIEB & CO.j (proimce & tfommissum Dealers in asssssssssssH. "i riAnr.i,rs'n m 1 Ainn A3 i ssn iin in ann us ?r iimiff Wlieat, Rye, Corn, Oats, Seeds, Dried Fruits, Butter, Eggs, Wool, Ac. TTT,T.TVRKTlTITlO O BAKER Ac WHOLF, rorwardina; tnd Commission AXJ DEALERS XX T.TFTSW: TLASTER., WHITE y ALSO. tter, Eggs,Jiard, Tallowand kll kinds w oj urxea j?r.uus. 1 TrATtT-HOITRBsrrLLERSBURfl.O f-3ppVl8,.1855 Itf '-ln.'Vjt fron?. Mulrane'a store, In the room --baTupied"aa Post OBlcot where the ander- C&y ScwecTWork. v-.r" not to b excelled' west of the Alle- JcyxuL.WABKANTED. and done on rea- .iUlIl3"G done'neafand on short ;,oXeonliand, as aatat, a lot of home made . "tots and Shoesifolch for readr nar.l will Jtrcis that 7Cjcaiottailto bor. Plfae JtL i ,1 . .j. - w t nm tl biulderable exsertenee in the oil bn "oaaj,, are'prepmd to make all the storeuj;. i-pM InraBVe.eCw' .UiPi do ;-,Buffafo?- Mtchttrt waurie,ilarcli, 2L 4 ,.. it u.rfi 'tnA"snO.OlTION Of pnrn in stOI,TMtSI" v --repovprisre bstT APESTi RNS mtg, for tale tt the isssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssm tt(M.I Vt kkkkkkkkK UTt, vfTtVi store 9B71W1LB ollars Clay-Eaters of South Carolina. olina. TA Northerti'gerjtloman in The Conti nental Monthly, gives what we bare no reason id doubt is a perfectly truthful ac count of his adventures ''among the pines" in South Carolina Ihe following 13 a apart of bis naraiive of a journey fiom Ueorgetown to a plantation in the JNertn easlern part of the State. His compan ion, the driver of the horse hired for the occasion, "was a very inteligeot native African, named Scipio vbo "hired his lime of his mistress, aud obtained his living bj doing odd jobs around the streets and wharves or Georgetown. J Night overlook us at the end of thi second day's travel in the midst of a fur est, uncertain where we were, and half dead from exposure to the stertn; but after sev al hours of bard riding, we. found ourselves drenched to the skin -and benumbed witu coldj befoie the door of a one story log 'cabin, tenated by a family of poor whites. The rain was fulling in torrents, and the night was as "dark as the darkest corner of the dark place below." Wo were in the midst of what seemed an endless for est of turpentine pines, and bad seen no human habitation for hours. JM.ol know ing where the road might lead us, and feeling totally unable to proceed, we dttlir rained to ask shelter at the.shaoty for the Ulffllt. In answer to our summons a wretched looking, half clad, dirty bed ragged woman tbruat her .head from the doorway, with the inquiry -'Who are jar' "We'ro only massa and me, nd de boss and we m half dead wul de coid, said Scipio; "can't we cum in out ef de rain !" "SitaDers,', Vf pl'ed woman, eyeing us as closely as the darkness would per mit "you'l fiud tnghty poor fixins bar, but I reckon ye can come in.'1 Entering the bouse, we saw by the light of a blfizeing pile of pine knots, which roared and crackled on the ueartb, tual it contained only a single apartment about twenty feet square. In front of the fire place, which occupied the, better half of the room, the floor was the bare earth, littsred "over with pine chips, dead cinders live coals, broken pots, and a lazy spaniel dog. Opposite to this", at the other end of the room, were two low beds, which looked as if they had been "slept in for ever and never made up." Against the wall aud fireplace, stood a small pine ta ble, and on it was a large wooden bowl, from whose mouth protruded the bandies of'several unwashed spoons. Ou the right of ihe fireplacd was n razeed rocking chair evidently the peculiar properly of the mis tress ott'lbe mmisli'U, and three blocks ol pinelogs, sawn of smoothly, and made to serve for seats. OveT-against it lowered a high backed settee, something like that on which 9 Set Huldy all alone, t When Zake peeped thru the wirfiler" and on it, her hand rating partly on her arm, partly on the end of the settee, one small bale fool pressing the ground, the 'jlher, ub the part of the person wnicu is supposed to require stockings, in a horizon- il direction reclined, not nuray, dui ner Southern cousin, who, 1 will wager, was ecidedly the pfellier and dirtier of the two. Uur entrance did not seem to dis concert her in the least, for she lav there unmoved as a. marble statue, her large black eve rivited on my face, as if seeing some nondescript animal for the first time. I stood for a .moment transhied with, ad miration. Iu a somewhat extensive ob servation of her sex, in bolli hemispheres, I have never witnessed such a form, such eyes, such faultless features, and such wa vy, black, luxuriant hair. A glance at her dress a soiled creasy, grayish linsey woolsey gown, apparently her on)y gar ment and a second look n the fitce, "which on closer inspection, had precisely the hue of a tallow candle, recalled uie to myself and allowed me to complete the survey of tbe premises. The house was built ot unbewn logs, seperated by wide interstices, through which tbe air came in decidedly IresU it not health-giving currents, whiie a, large rent in the roof the ram gave the inmates an excellent opportunity for indulging in a shower baih, of which they seemingly. need. The chimney, which bad intruded a couplo of feet into the room, as if to keep out tbe cold, ana tbreatened momen tarily to tumble down, was or sticks, built up in clay, while the windows were of tb.ck unplained boards. Two pretty girls, one of perhaps ten, and the other of fourteen years, evidently sisters uf the unadorned beauty, the mid dle aged woman who had abraiied us, and the dog the only male. member et the household composed the family. 1 had seen negro cabins, but these p-ple were whiles, and theso whites were South Car olinians. Who will sav the days of chiv- valryra over, when such counterparts of feudal serfs still exist! Afierl had seated myself by the fire and the driver bad gone out to stow tbe horse away under the tumble down shed at the back of the house,- the elder woman said to mo. "Reckon .ydr: wet. Ben in the rain!" "Yes, rnadame, we've been out most of the,day, and got in the river below here. viiidje! 10 mean the run. l reckon its high now." "Yes, tbe horse had to swim for it," I riplied., "Ye orler strip and put on dry clothes to "Thank youinadame, I will." Going to .my portmanteau, which the darkey bad placed near the door, 1 found it dripping wet, and on opening il I discov ered that every article in it had undergone the right of total immersion. "Everything is thorwuglily soaked mad nme. 1 bball have to dry ' myself by yonr fire: .Can you set me a cup of teal "Right sorry, stranger, but I can't. Hain.t. a morsel to eat or drink in llio house." Remembering that our excellent hostess of the Dight before had insisted on filling our wagon box witn a quantity oi-coicKen fixtns" to serrt us in an emergency, and that my brandy flask was in my India rub per coat, 1 sent bcipio out for them. Our stores disclosed boiled chicken, ba con, sandwiches, 6weet potatoes, short cake buttered waffles, and "common doin's" too numerous to mention, enough to last family of one for a fortnight, but all com' pletely saturated with water. Wet or dry, nowever, the provisions were a God-send to the half-starved family, an'l their heart: seemed to open to me with amazing rapid ity. Tbe dog got up and wagged bis tail and even tbe marble like beauty arose from her reclining posture, and invited me to a seat with her on the bench. The kettle was soon steaming over the fire, and the boiling water, mixed with a little biandy, served as a capital substitute for tea. After the chicsen was re-cooked and the other edibles "warmed up' the little- pine table was brought out, and I learned what I had before suspected that the big wooden bowl and tbe half doz en pewter spoons were the only "crockery" the family possessed. I declined the proffered seat at the table the cooking utensils being anything but in viting, aud contented myself with the ".brandy and water; but forgetting ibr a moment lus color, 1 motioned to the dar key who was wet aud jaded and much more hungry than 1 was 10 take in place offered to me. The negro did not seem inclined to ao so, out me woman, observing my gesture, yelled eut, her eyes flashing with anger: ".No sar! no darkies eats with us. Hop yer don't reckon yerself no better than a good-for-noihio , no account nigger ! 1 beg your pardon, madam; 1 intended no o tie use. bcipio has served me .very faithfully for days, and is' very tired and hungry, i forgot myseit-. This mollified the lady and she replied: ".Niggers is good enough in their place, but warn't meant to 'socials with white folks." There may have been some ground fur distinction in that case; there certainly was a difference in t ne -specimens 01 tue two races then before me; but, not being .one of tho chivalry, it struck me that the odds were on tbe side of tbe black man. The whites were shiftless, ragged and starving; the black well clad, cleanly, en ergetic, and as much above tbe others in intellect as Jupiter is above a church stee ple. To be sure color was Bgainst bim, and he was, after all, a servant in the laud of chivalry and of servant owners. Of course the woman was right after all. She soon resumed the conversation with ibis remark: " "Reckon yer a stranger in these parts; whar d've come from!" "From New York, madam." "New York! wliar's that!" "It's a city at "the North:" "Ohlyas; I've bearn tell on il; that's har the CJunnel sells his turpentine. Quite a place, ain't il!" ics, quite a place, bometning larger than all South Carolina." What d'ye say! Larger nor South Carolina. Kinder reckon tain't, is it!' "Yes, madam, il is." "Du tell ! Tain't so large as Cbarles'n, is it!" "Yes; twenty times larger than Charlcs- ton.r Lord a'raassy ! How does all the folks live there!" "Live quito ns Well as they do here. ' "Ye dou't have no niggers there, does ve?" "Yes, but.none lhat are slaves. "Have Ablisherners-tbar, don't ye! Them people that go agin tho South:" "Yes, some ot tuetn. "What do they go agin the South for!" "They go for freeing all the slaves. Some of thein think a blackjian as good as a white one." . f W "Quar, that; .yer an Atmsherner, am 1 ye!" ".No, I ra an old-tasbioned wnig. "What's that! I never heord on them pre." "An old fashioned' whig, madam, is a af man whose political principles are perfect, and who is as perfect as his principle's." That was a ''stumper for the poor-wo-. J.. . 1 . , man, wno evidently aia not unaersiauu, one-half of the sentence. '-'i 1 "Right sort of folks, them," she said in a. half inquiring tone. "Yes, but they re all dead now. "Dead!" , "Yes, dead beyond the hope of resur- recttou." "I've heerd all the dead war to be resur rected. Didn t ye say ye war one on em 1 Ye aitTl dead yet," said ihe woman, chuck ling at Having coruered mo. "But.I m more man nail aeaa just now. "Ah," replied the woman, still laughing "yer a chicken." "A cniCKeu i woai s mat : ''A thing that goes on tu legs and kar- kles," was the ready reply. "Ah, my dear madam, you can out tais me." "Yes, I reckon I kin outrun ye, tu. Ye" ain't over rugged." Then, after a pause, she added: "What d'ye, 'lect that darkey Linkura for President for!" "I didn't elect him. I voted for Doug las. But Lincoln is not a darkey. v. "He's a mulatter. then;t.rre;neera''he war," she replied. '.No, he s not a mulatto; besa ran splitter." . -. . Uailsplitter! Then hes a nigger, thure.'l. . ,"No, madam, white men at the North plit rails." "An' white wimmin tu, p'raps," said the woman, with a contemptuous' toss of the bead. "No, they don't," I replied ; "but white women work there.'' "White wiroruen work tharl" chimed in the hitherto speechless beauty, showing a sett of teellr ofiibePexacl color of her skin yallcr: Whatdu the' du!" "borne of them attend in stores, some set type, somo telch'Scuool, nnji some wo.k in lactones "Du tell! Dresstnico, and make mon ey!" "Yes," I replied, "they make money and dress like fine ladies; in fact are fiae la- dies. I know one young woman of about your age lhat had to get ber own educa lion, who earns a thousand dollars a year by teaching; and I have heard of many factory girls who support their parents and lay up a great deal of money by work' login the mills. "Wal," replied tbe young woman, with a contemptuous curl of her matchless up per Iii), "schule marms am t line ladies fine ladies don't work; only niggere does that bar. I reckon I'd rulber"be 'spectacle than work for a Iivin . I could but think how magnificently the lips ol some ot our glorious xankee girls would have curled bad they beard tbe remark, and seen the poor girl lhat made it, with ber lorn, worn, greasy dress, bare. dirty legs and feet, and her arms, neck and face so thickly encrusted with a layer of clay-mud lhat there was danger of hydro phobia if she went near a wash tub. Ke steaming my involuntary "disgust, 1 replied "We at the JNorth think work is re spectable. We do not look down on n man or woman for earning their daily bread. We all work. "Yes, and that's the why ye'r all such cowards, said tho old woman. "Cowards PI said, "who tells you that !" "My old roan; be says one on our men can lick five of your Yankee men. rerbaps so. Is your husband away from-homei ' "Yes, him and our Cal. are down to Charleston." "Cal. is your son, is he !" "Yes, he's my oldest, and a likely lad he ar tu. Ha s twenty-one, and bis name ar John Calhoun Mills, lie g gone a troopm it with his fadar." What, boih gone .and left you ladies here alone! "Yes, the Cunnel sed every man orter go, and they warn l to be abind the rest, The Cunnel Cunnel J looks arter us while they is away." 'liut 1 should think tbe Colonel looked after you poorly giving you nolhiog to eat." ' Oh ! ii's ben such a storm to-dav, the gals couldn't go for the vittles, though it tain t n great way. We r on bis planta tion; this house is his'n." This last was agreeable hew;, and it oc curred to me that if we were so near tbo Colonels we might push on, and get there that night in spite of tbe storm; so I aid :' "Indeed; I'm going to the Colonels. How far is tbe house from here!" "A right smart six miles; it's at the cross roads, xe know tue uunner, du ve!" "Oh yes, I know him well. If his house is not more than six miles off, 1 think ne had better go on to night. What do you say, Scip!'' I reckon we d better go, massa, ro- plied tbe datkey, who had spread my trav- ling shawl in the chimnev corner, and wns seated ou it drying his clothes. "Ye d better not, replied the woman ; "ye belter slay har; lharVa right smart run twixt here and the Cunnel !?, and lain I safe to cross arler dark." "If that's so we'd belter slay Scip: don't you think so!" I said to the darkey. "Jess as you like, massa. W e got tru wid de oder one, and I reckon tain't no worse nor dat." "The bridge are carried away, and ye'll have to swim shore," said the womaiu Ye'd better stay." "Tnank you, madam, i think we win," replied, after a moment's thought; "our horse has swam one of your creeks to nightt and I dare not try another." Lhad taken off my coat, and had, been landing during the grearter part of this conversation in my shirtsleeves before the fire, turning round occasionally to facilitate the drying process, and taking every now and then a sip from the gourd containing our brandy and water; aided in tbe latter exercise by the old woman and the eldest girl, :who indulged quite as freely as I. did. "Mighty good brandy, that." at last said the woman. "Ye like bfindy, don't ye ?" "Not very much, madCn. I fake it to night because I've beeKxposed to the Kslo'rmarTd )l' stimulates the circulation But Scip. .heiedona-lilie-spirits. He II get tbe rheumatism because he don't." "Don t like dem oOK ot spirits, massa; but rumalicsneber trouble me." "But I've got it mighty bad," said the weman, "and I take 'em whenever J can get 'em." I rather thought she did, but I reckon ed" her principle beverage was whisky. "You have the rheumatism rnadame, because your bouse is open; a draught of nir is always unhealthy." "I oilers reckoned 'twar healthy" she re plied. "Ye Yankee folks have quar no tions." I looked at my watch, and found it was nearly ten o'clock, and feeling very tired, said to the hostess: "Where do you mean we shall sleep !" "Ye can take tbar ar bed," pointing to the one nearest the wall, "and the darkey can sleep bar." motioning to the settee on .which she wns sealed. "But where will you and your daughters sleep! I don't wish to turn you out of your beds." T'0h! don't ye keer for us; wo can all liunk together; doae it afore. Like to turn in now!" "Ye, tbank you, I would;" and with out more ceremony ll adjourned to the part of the room and commenced dis robing. Doffing my boots, waistcoat and cravat, and placing my watch aud purse under the pillow. I gave a moments tbo't to what a certain not very old lady, whom I 'had left at home, might say when she heard of my lodging with a grass-widow' and three .young girls, and sprung into bed. There I removed my unmentiona bles, which, were still to damp to sleep in, and in about two minutes and thirty sec onds sunk into obliuon. A few streiiks ef grayish light were be ginning to creep through Ihe crevices of 1, j- &- 1 the logs, when a movement at tbe foot offday the bud awakened mb, and glancing down ward I beheld.the youngost girl emerging from under the cltohes at ny feet. She had slept there, "cross-wise all night. A stir in the adjoining bed soon warned me that the other femenines were preparing to follow ber example; so, turniag my faco to tho wall, I feigned to be asleep. Tiiei toilet was soon made, and tbey then ou etly left Scip and myself in full possession of tho premises. The darkey rose as soon S3 they were gone, and coming to ma said: "Massa, we'd belter be gwine. l'se got your clothes all dry, and you can rig up and breakfast at tbe Cunners. Tbe storm bad cleared away, and the sun was struggling to get through the dis tant pines, when Scip brought tbe horse to tbe door, and we prepared to start. turning to tbo old woman, I said: "I feel greatly obliged to you Madame, for the shelter you have given us, and would like to make you some recompense for your trouble. Please to tell me what I shall pay you. "Wal, stranger, we don't ginerally take in lodgers, but seein' as how there are two on ye, and ye ve bad a good night on it, I don t care if you pay mo two dollars." i bat struck me as "rather steep ' for common doins', particularly as we had fur nished the food and "the drinks:" yet saying nothing 1 handed ber a two dollar bank note, bus took it, and held it up curiously to tbe sun, then in a moment anded it back, soymg "I don t know nolh in' 'bout money; hain't you got no silver!" 1 fumbled in my pocket a moment,' and found a quarter eagle wnicu! gave her. "I bain t got nary a bp o change, she said as she look it. "Oh! never mind the change, rnadame; I shall want to slop and look at jou when comeback; I returned good humoredly." "Ha ! ha ! yer a chicken, said tbe wo man at the same lime giving me a' gentle poke in the ribs. Tearing she might; in ibe exhuberance of ber joy at tbe sight of the money, proceed to some more deci ded demonstration of affection, I hastily stepped into tbe wagon, bade ber good bye and was oft. We were still among tbe pines which towered gigantically all around us but were no Iong'T alone. Every tree was scanned for turpentine, and the forest was alive with negro men and women gathering the "last dipping," on clearing away the stumps and underbrush preparitory to the spring work. It was Christmas week ; but as I afterwards learned, 'the Colonel's ne groes were accustomed to doing "half tasks" at that season, being paid for their labors as if tbey were free. Tbey stopped heir work as we rode by, and slnred at us with a sort of stupid half frightened curios ity, very much like tbe look of a cow when railway train is passing. It needed but little observation to calculate that their status was but one step above tbe level of the brutes. As we rode along I said to the driver: Scip wbatdo you think of. our lodging!" "Mighty pore, Massa. Niggers live bet- ter'n dat." "Yes," I replied, "but these folks des pise you blacks; (hey seem to be both poor ud proud. Yes, massa, dey ra poor cause dey won't work and dey'm proud 'cause dey'r white. Dev won't work 'cause they see de darkey slaves doin' it, and think it am be- neaf while folks to do all tbe darkies do. Dis habin slaves keeps dis whole country poor." -"Who told you mat i x askea, asion hed at hearing a remark showing so much 1 reflection from a negro. "Nobody, massa. 1 see it myself. "Are there many ofjjttse poor whites around Georgetown!" "Not many 'round Georgetown, sar, but great many in da up-country har, aud doy'in all alike poro and no account; none ob 'em kin read, and dey all eat cIa" . ... hat elay, L said "what do you mean by that!" "JJidn t you see massa, how yaller all dem wimmin war! Dai's 'cause dey eai clay. De little children begin tore dey can walk, and chew at it till they die; dey chew it like 'backer. It makes -all dar slumacs big, Jike asyojcirh"and 5jjles-Alre- ''g"esIion." It am mighty un- healfy." "Can it be possible that human beings do such things! The brutes wouldn t do thai," "No, Massa, but dey. do it; dey'm poor trash. Dai's what de big folks call 'em, and it am true; dey m along away lower than the darkies." By this time we had arrived at the run. We found the bridge carried away, as the woman had told us: but its abutments were still standing, and over these planks had been laid, which offered a safe crossing for foot passengers. To reach these planks, however, it wss necessary to wade into the stream for full filly yards, tbe run baviug oveiflowed its banks. for that distance on either side of the bridge. Tbe water was evidently rising, but as we could not wait, like tbe man in the fable, for it all to run by, we alighted and counseled ns to the best mode of making the passage. Scipio proposed that he should wade in to the first abutment, ascertain the depth of the stream, and then if it was not found too deep for tbe horses to ford to that point, we could drive that far, gel out, and walk to tbe end of the planking, leading ibe horse, and then again mount the wagon at the further end of the biidge. We were sure the horses would have to swim in the middle of.the current, and perhaps for a considerable distance beyond ; but having witnessed his proficiency in acquatic per formances, we had no-doubt his getting safely across. The darkey's' plan was decided on, and divesting himself of bis trowsers, he waded into the rnn to take the soundings. While be was in the water my atten tion was attracted to a primed paper,, post ed on one of thajjifles near the roadside. Goiug up to itl refisfollow8: 1 $150 REWARD. ? , , . v November 12lb, his mulk.t0 itjiiq Rati nwv.sjom tho subscribe; 0nJpn Sara. Said boy is stout-built, five, feet nine ioche3 high, 31 years old, weighs 170 lbs., and walks very erect, and with a quick rapid gait. The American Msg is tattooed on bis righ arm above the elbow. There is a knife cut-over the bridge of his nose, a fresh bullet wound in his left thigh, and bis back bears marks of a recent whipping, He is supposed to have made his way back to Dinniddie county, Va., where he was raised, or to be lurking in the swamps in mis vicinity. ,. The above reward will be paid for h confinement iu any jail in North or South Carolina, or Virginia, or his delivery to th subscriber 00 bis pfantation-at Dec. 2, 1860. D. W. J The name signed to that hand bill was that of tbe planter I was about to visit, Scipo having returned, reporting th stream fordable to the bridge, I said to him pointing to the notice: "Kead that bcip." He read it, bnt made no remark. "What does it mean lhat fresh bullet wound, and the marks of a recent whip pings' tasked. "It means .massa, dat do darkey hab run nwav, and ben took; and dat den dey shot bim, and flogged him arter tbaf Now he hab run away again. De Cunnel's mighty hard on his niggasl "Is be! 1 can scarcely believe that. "He am, massa; but ain't so much to blame, nuther; they'm awful bad set, most ob em so dey say. Our conversation was here interrupted by our reaching the bridge. Alter safely walking tbe plat.k and making our way to he opposite bank, I resumed it by ask log "Why are tho Colonel s negroes so par ticularly bad 1" "Cause you see massa, de turpentine business hab made great profits for sum yars now and de Cunnel hab been get) in ich berry fass He hab put all his money, jess -so fass as he made it, into darkies, so as to make more; for lie s got berry big plant ation, and need nuffio'iutdarkies to work it to make money jess like a gold mine.- He goes up lo Virginny to buy niggers; and up dere now dey don't sell none less dey'm bad one, 'cept when some massa die or get pore. Virginny darkies dat cum down har ain't gin'rnlly of much ac count. Dey'm either k:nd o good for nuffin', or dey'm ugly; and de Cunnel'd rather hab de ugly dan de no account nig- gas" "How many negroes has he! "Bout two hundred men and wimmin, believe massa.", "It can't be very -pleasant for his family fr remain in snr.h nn nt rtf thn xrnv n!nffl. will 1 such a gang of negroes about them, and no white people near." "JNo massa. not m dese times;, but, tbe missus and de young lady isn t dar now. "Not there new! The Colonel said nclhiii to me about that. Are you sure !" "Oh yes, massa: I seed em go off on the boat to Charles'u most two weeks ago. Dey don't mean to come back till things are more seined; dey m atraid to slay dar." "I sh6uld't thiuk it would be safe for even the. Colonel there, if a disturbance broke out among the slaves." " Twouldn t be safe den anywhar; but the Colonel am berry bravo man. He'm better than twenty of his niggas." "Why better than twenty of his niggers. "'Cause dem ugly niggas an gin'rally cowards. -De darkey dat is'quietlv, 'spect- ful and does bis duly, am de brave sort; ey'll fight massa, till dey'm cut down." New Water Wonder. We noticed a paragraph going the rounds a few weeks ago from a Troy, N. Y., paper announcing that a Mr. Hagan, of that city was heating a stove -of his inven tion by cold water, and put it down with Payne's water gas a humbug of the first water. Ihe lroy limes now says: A few weeks since, it will be recollected, we announced the discovery, by E. W, Ha- ger, of this city, of a new principle in the theory of combustion ot water, ana its ap plication to locomotive engines, steam- snips, .stoves, fcc. Since 4I10 first publicexhibitjp-Um4ot .watefcstovj-Mrr-flaganTias made several experiments with it in stoves of different patterns and sizes, and with various grates and in nil cases has been successful ; and now, upon tbe authority of the inventor and several sientific gentlemen, who have investigated the matter and beenconverted by tbe evidence of things seen, we aro per mitted to announce that there is no longer a shadew .of doubt of tbe successful work ing of Mr. Hagan's discovery. It is-a fixed fact, au fait accompli, and whethor appli ed to the' simple purposes of stoves, or to the driving of the engines of the monitor, it is alike a success, at once invaluable and revolutionary. In a few weeks when everything shall be pefected to give the public the benefit of this discovery, we shall publish a full description of tbe stove, explaining all the uetaus, anu snowing toe now a simple mat; ter has been overlooked by all who have preceeded' Mr; Hagan in endeavoring to render water gas combustible and valuable to the world. in If all A Rebel Letter. The following ex tract is from a letter found in an old wal let in Fort Clinch, Fernandina, Florida, after its occupation bv tbe Union forces: Nashville, Tenn., Febumy 26, 1862. "Dear Son I haven't much time to write lo you, for we are retreating from Nashville. The d d Yankees have driven us out of this place. Thjy are a bout thirty thousand strong and fight like devils. 1 am afraid they will take Steph hens, for he only left here yasterday. f I dont think the South can bold out mucn onger, for the people are starving lo death ind so are the soldiers up this way. I and tbink tbev will rebel against themselves. Won't it bo awful for us now to -give up to the d & 1 ankees I , all his by The flag of the Fifth Ohio was riddled by forty e.ejMObuliiits at the battle of Win chester TbVflai!,. .staff received threes The flag 'of. 'the Fourt?ffib Indiana got twenty eight balieVaoloa through' it in the same bloody .contest. Two color' bweri were killed. he t Gordonville Junction. This is said to bo the new stronghold of the rebels; a new Manassas but, wheth er it will be as easily taken as the-old one, remains to be seen. Tho situation at Gor donville Junction and Manassas Junction are described as remarkably similar. In front of the latter is Bull Run, in front of the former is Rapidan River. The banks are of ihe same formation as those of Bull Run, but tbe stream itself is wider and deeper. Between the Rapidan River and Gordonville the surface of the country is hilly, the. hills being quite: available for fortifications as those in front of Manassas. It is covered with dense forests, too, in many places, which will impede military operations to a large extent. These no doubt will be cut down, as they were near Centrevilfe, and the trees will be used .to obsuct the roads, and for tbe construction of abattia. A dispatch lo ibe Philadelphia Inquirer rgives-lhe following as ibe posilion of the rebels. Geri. Johnson's array is now encamped along a line in extent lhat is to say on the semi-circle formed by the Rappahannock. Tbey . are distributed in array corps, the same as they were on the Potomac, at tbe points where they are most likely to be attacked. These points e five miles north of the town of Orange, at tbe bridge where the toad from Culpepper to Louisa crosses tne ttappiaan;at uermania, wuere the road from Wnrreulon to Bowling Green crosses tbe same stream; at Fred ericksburg; and at'Port Royal. It seems to be the impression among1 the rebels that General McClellan will march down the old road near tho Potomac, taking Otco- quan and Dumfries on tm route, ana wiu seek to occupy Fredericksburg. Not Whipped Since Dinner. The New Orleans Crescent has a Rich mond correspondent who expresses tho public consternation in a lively way, as will bo seen by tbe following extract: "You will naturally desire to know how tbe people In the Confederate metropolis stand theso trying times for' it is evident that we are not safe in these days of. light- raft gunboats and high water. I answer, in ,lbe main, we slatid it veiy well. Some, to beshure, are down-hearted, and nobody wears as broad a grin as they did the day fter ihe battle of Leesburg. bull there is universal determination to do or die to go down, if need be wilb our harness on, warring like a brave people to tbejast, passed General Wigtall on my return from dinner, and asked him if thre was any news. "JNo, sam ne, i n aon 1 oe- revo we have been whipped since dinner; expect, though, to-hear, of another defeat in the next five minutes."' "Somehow I can't help thinking of Hal- leck's assertion by telegraph ro 'McCJellan . ..1 -IT r r 1 f m tual 'tue union nag is on me soikoi j.eu- nessee, never to be removed.' This 13 brag, but the Yankees have, up to this lime, stuck like leeches wherever they have ef fected a landing. They lntrenci them selves, and at the first spade full of dirt thrown up bv them, our treneralsgive-ngbt up and say all is lost, They have attacked us repeatedly in trenches and forts, and carried the latter invariably, whilo we, with ihe exception of the bt. Nicholas athurs and a few others, -"have not done a daring thing through the whole war. Another noticeable difference between the Yankees ourselves is that they -fellow up their ictims, while we squat down in our tracks the moment a battle is ended. This is a shameful fact, which disheartens me more tbarr anything else. I have no bono now anybody but God and Beauregard." a I'l Flag Officer Foote. t) th(J doct but bofcb!es about on A. recent letter, from a gentleman who had the pleasure of an interview wilb Flag Officer Foote, says.: The responsibilities or bis position, nis wound not yet healed, but still so trouble J. 1, . t - t,n Mnnnt Tunllr nr lnnrh 1114 crulcne?, togemer wuii a oomesuu aiuic tion which has already commanded tbo . 1 T 1 .- m- noblrusive but- most beartful sympathy f the Nation's heart, I fear w.eigh sadly upon him. He is as active, ns efficient, and as resolute as over, and devoted and deterraiued in his fidelity ot tbe cause; but his face is sad and he ' looks weary and care-worn. His whole array, both, officers and men, are most devotedly attached to him, and many of them have assured mo lhat they wonld all follow him anywhere. his share in the coming battle is not tbe most important; it will only be because tbe wisest and best dictates of prudence are a gainsl it. Another correspondent gives the follow ing interresting account of religious services hoard the Flag-Ship Benton: On Sunday morning, the men appear in clean bluesbirts, and tidy clothing through out, aud tho officers in full uniform, with .their show of gold cloth and brass buttons, for weekly muster. At ten, they assemble aft, on the, gun deck,, for relig ious service. I never saw a more attentive and serious congregation than tbe 250 men who stood, hats in hand, in a half-circle, around the Flag Officer, this morning, join ing him in the comprehensivo petition for who are afflicted "jn mind, body, or es tate," and the acknowledgment, We have done the. things which we ought not to have done, and left undone the things which weought to have done." Commo dore Foote, laying aside his crutches, sup ported himself upon a capstan, over which the national ensign was thrown, and laid prayer book upon it. Visible among men were the muzzles of the black guns, which peer out of .their ports, and hills of grape and cannister, ready for use, while once or twice the boat was shaken the discharge of a mortar, and the woods resounded with its long-rolling ech- ,t J. .1.. ! -. nd.. li o C Tap oes. ne maae ui scum j !".vi believes, with Dr.EmraonSvthat, there "few conversions atter- inanrsi.iM hour." and with a simple," .intelligible aU P.hrUtian life 'and datv. it wtfl f,vaT . . . .. sH j'i- '.n s-rl AnnMnriari. and tne men "Pipeu uowu w disperse.