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Holmes County Republican. [volume] (Millersburg, Holmes County, Ohio) 1856-1865, April 17, 1862, Image 1

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J CASKEY, Eiiter aiid Proprietor. OFFICE WashiogtoH Street, Third Door Soath of Jackson. TERMS One Dollar and Fifty Cents in idfance
VOL.6. ' MILLERSBURG, HOLMES COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1862. JNO. 25
ilsssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssH'
DBS. BOJLIXG & BIGHAM,
PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS,
MIJLKERSBURG.O.,
CF"OflSte In the room former)- occupied bj Dr. Irvine
it r VIS, Ml.
S. K. CBAWF.OKD, Si. 1.
Pfcysician and Snrgeon,
OC5ce.oniI.lo t,form rlj occupied bj Doctor Ekrlght
OB. V. W. BOVINGEB,
Phy
sician and Snrgeon,
M3DXCuBrrO"VVTT. o.
Professional calls promptly atltended to,
Sept. 12, 1861.
DENTISTBY.
J E. ATKINSON
In Hkikrg Again,
T XL4DY. WILLING A5D WAITING t- per-
Xvform all operations in his line with neatness and
in me latest sljle.
OlBc cm-r MnlTnne'a Emporiam.
October 24, 1861 10tf
J. P. AliBAN,
DENTIST
M1LLEHSBT7KG, O.
A' rlificial teeth in-
-TA. serteu on bold.
.Silri'.r. Vulcanite t
? Porcelain base.
Teeth Extracted.
Cleaned or filled.
Satisfaction warran
ted.
Office a few doors west of Weston's Saloon.
Xcv.28,18G0.-jI.
BENJAMIN COHN, ,
deals u
SUBS JiAtfMUslW
, Of Every" Description,
C?0JJ. OF JACKSON & WASHIOTONSTS.
ailLLEItSBirRC, o.
CASKEY & IiVGIiES,
DEALERS IX
BOOKS & STATIONERY,
Millerstmrji, Ohio.
PIiAIti &. FANCY , -
of Alt USDS, SEATLT EXECUTED
AT THIS OFFICE..
NeTdloringSlLop.
J"0 W. JACODS,
qrE PECTFULLY informs the
XVrpnMic tbtt he ho taken the.
rooo?s toitoed'&teir oTer toe uook
Store, where he Intends carrring on
the Tailoring Business In all its va
rious branches. Garments of all
kinds made on short notice and
SAFSFACTRN WAEEANTEP.-
Cutting done to order.
All work done under rar own rer-
1 -snnal supervision, and neatness and
daraUlit w.ll a.Vrjjrs be considered.
He is also a gent for
QtLCBCATED
WKWWGr MCHESGS!
TO THE PUBLIC.
AW A.ITS, having purchased Wrtritfy and
Jud.-ona improved Sewing Machine, Isstill on
hand to wait on the. public In his line in tbeVay of a
J am also agent for said Machine, and can recom
mend it as the best now in use, for all purposes.
CALL AND SEE IT OPERATE.
AboreJna. Carey Auction Room.
fiept,20,lS50.-n5mS. - A. TValTS.
HERZER & SPEIGLE,
SCCCKSSOSS TO
E. STBUVBACIIEB & CO.j
(proimce & tfommissum
Dealers in
asssssssssssH.
"i riAnr.i,rs'n m 1 Ainn A3 i ssn iin in ann us ?r iimiff
Wlieat, Rye, Corn, Oats, Seeds, Dried
Fruits, Butter, Eggs, Wool, Ac.
TTT,T.TVRKTlTITlO O
BAKER Ac WHOLF,
rorwardina; tnd Commission
AXJ DEALERS XX
T.TFTSW: TLASTER., WHITE
y ALSO.
tter, Eggs,Jiard, Tallowand kll kinds
w oj urxea j?r.uus.
1 TrATtT-HOITRBsrrLLERSBURfl.O
f-3ppVl8,.1855 Itf
'-ln.'Vjt fron?. Mulrane'a store, In the room
--baTupied"aa Post OBlcot where the ander-
C&y ScwecTWork.
v-.r" not to b excelled' west of the Alle-
JcyxuL.WABKANTED. and done on rea-
.iUlIl3"G done'neafand on short
;,oXeonliand, as aatat, a lot of home made
. "tots and Shoesifolch for readr nar.l will
Jtrcis that 7Cjcaiottailto bor. Plfae
JtL i ,1 . .j. - w t nm
tl biulderable exsertenee in the oil bn
"oaaj,, are'prepmd to make all the
storeuj;. i-pM
InraBVe.eCw' .UiPi
do ;-,Buffafo?- Mtchttrt
waurie,ilarcli, 2L 4 ,..
it u.rfi 'tnA"snO.OlTION
Of pnrn in stOI,TMtSI"
v --repovprisre
bstT
APESTi
RNS
mtg, for tale tt the
isssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssm tt(M.I Vt
kkkkkkkkK UTt, vfTtVi
store 9B71W1LB
ollars
Clay-Eaters of South Carolina.
olina.
TA Northerti'gerjtloman in The Conti
nental Monthly, gives what we bare no
reason id doubt is a perfectly truthful ac
count of his adventures ''among the pines"
in South Carolina Ihe following 13 a
apart of bis naraiive of a journey fiom
Ueorgetown to a plantation in the JNertn
easlern part of the State. His compan
ion, the driver of the horse hired for the
occasion, "was a very inteligeot native
African, named Scipio vbo "hired his
lime of his mistress, aud obtained his
living bj doing odd jobs around the streets
and wharves or Georgetown. J
Night overlook us at the end of thi
second day's travel in the midst of a fur
est, uncertain where we were, and half dead
from exposure to the stertn; but after sev
al hours of bard riding, we. found ourselves
drenched to the skin -and benumbed witu
coldj befoie the door of a one story log
'cabin, tenated by a family of poor whites.
The rain was fulling in torrents, and the
night was as "dark as the darkest corner
of the dark place below." Wo were in
the midst of what seemed an endless for
est of turpentine pines, and bad seen no
human habitation for hours. JM.ol know
ing where the road might lead us, and
feeling totally unable to proceed, we dttlir
rained to ask shelter at the.shaoty for the
Ulffllt.
In answer to our summons a wretched
looking, half clad, dirty bed ragged woman
tbruat her .head from the doorway, with
the inquiry -'Who are jar'
"We'ro only massa and me, nd de boss
and we m half dead wul de coid, said
Scipio; "can't we cum in out ef de rain !"
"SitaDers,', Vf pl'ed woman, eyeing
us as closely as the darkness would per
mit "you'l fiud tnghty poor fixins bar, but
I reckon ye can come in.'1
Entering the bouse, we saw by the light
of a blfizeing pile of pine knots, which
roared and crackled on the ueartb, tual it
contained only a single apartment about
twenty feet square. In front of the fire
place, which occupied the, better half of
the room, the floor was the bare earth,
littsred "over with pine chips, dead cinders
live coals, broken pots, and a lazy spaniel
dog. Opposite to this", at the other end
of the room, were two low beds, which
looked as if they had been "slept in for
ever and never made up." Against the
wall aud fireplace, stood a small pine ta
ble, and on it was a large wooden bowl,
from whose mouth protruded the bandies
of'several unwashed spoons. Ou the right
of ihe fireplacd was n razeed rocking chair
evidently the peculiar properly of the mis
tress ott'lbe mmisli'U, and three blocks ol
pinelogs, sawn of smoothly, and made to
serve for seats. OveT-against it lowered
a high backed settee, something like that
on which 9
Set Huldy all alone, t
When Zake peeped thru the wirfiler"
and on it, her hand rating partly on her
arm, partly on the end of the settee, one
small bale fool pressing the ground, the
'jlher, ub the part of the person wnicu is
supposed to require stockings, in a horizon-
il direction reclined, not nuray, dui ner
Southern cousin, who, 1 will wager, was
ecidedly the pfellier and dirtier of the
two. Uur entrance did not seem to dis
concert her in the least, for she lav there
unmoved as a. marble statue, her large
black eve rivited on my face, as if seeing
some nondescript animal for the first time.
I stood for a .moment transhied with, ad
miration. Iu a somewhat extensive ob
servation of her sex, in bolli hemispheres,
I have never witnessed such a form, such
eyes, such faultless features, and such wa
vy, black, luxuriant hair. A glance at her
dress a soiled creasy, grayish linsey
woolsey gown, apparently her on)y gar
ment and a second look n the fitce, "which
on closer inspection, had precisely the hue
of a tallow candle, recalled uie to myself
and allowed me to complete the survey of
tbe premises.
The house was built ot unbewn logs,
seperated by wide interstices, through
which tbe air came in decidedly IresU it
not health-giving currents, whiie a, large
rent in the roof the ram gave the inmates
an excellent opportunity for indulging in
a shower baih, of which they seemingly.
need. The chimney, which bad intruded
a couplo of feet into the room, as if to
keep out tbe cold, ana tbreatened momen
tarily to tumble down, was or sticks, built
up in clay, while the windows were of
tb.ck unplained boards.
Two pretty girls, one of perhaps ten,
and the other of fourteen years, evidently
sisters uf the unadorned beauty, the mid
dle aged woman who had abraiied us, and
the dog the only male. member et the
household composed the family. 1 had
seen negro cabins, but these p-ple were
whiles, and theso whites were South Car
olinians. Who will sav the days of chiv-
valryra over, when such counterparts of
feudal serfs still exist!
Afierl had seated myself by the fire
and the driver bad gone out to stow tbe
horse away under the tumble down shed
at the back of the house,- the elder woman
said to mo.
"Reckon .ydr: wet. Ben in the rain!"
"Yes, rnadame, we've been out most of
the,day, and got in the river below here.
viiidje! 10 mean the run. l reckon
its high now."
"Yes, tbe horse had to swim for it," I
riplied.,
"Ye orler strip and put on dry clothes to
"Thank youinadame, I will."
Going to .my portmanteau, which the
darkey bad placed near the door, 1 found
it dripping wet, and on opening il I discov
ered that every article in it had undergone
the right of total immersion.
"Everything is thorwuglily soaked mad
nme. 1 bball have to dry ' myself by yonr
fire: .Can you set me a cup of teal
"Right sorry, stranger, but I can't.
Hain.t. a morsel to eat or drink in llio
house."
Remembering that our excellent hostess
of the Dight before had insisted on filling
our wagon box witn a quantity oi-coicKen
fixtns" to serrt us in an emergency, and
that my brandy flask was in my India rub
per coat, 1 sent bcipio out for them.
Our stores disclosed boiled chicken, ba
con, sandwiches, 6weet potatoes, short cake
buttered waffles, and "common doin's" too
numerous to mention, enough to last
family of one for a fortnight, but all com'
pletely saturated with water. Wet or dry,
nowever, the provisions were a God-send
to the half-starved family, an'l their heart:
seemed to open to me with amazing rapid
ity. Tbe dog got up and wagged bis tail
and even tbe marble like beauty arose
from her reclining posture, and invited me
to a seat with her on the bench.
The kettle was soon steaming over the
fire, and the boiling water, mixed with a
little biandy, served as a capital substitute
for tea. After the chicsen was re-cooked
and the other edibles "warmed up' the
little- pine table was brought out, and I
learned what I had before suspected
that the big wooden bowl and tbe half doz
en pewter spoons were the only "crockery"
the family possessed.
I declined the proffered seat at the table
the cooking utensils being anything but in
viting, aud contented myself with the
".brandy and water; but forgetting ibr a
moment lus color, 1 motioned to the dar
key who was wet aud jaded and much
more hungry than 1 was 10 take in
place offered to me. The negro did not
seem inclined to ao so, out me woman,
observing my gesture, yelled eut, her eyes
flashing with anger:
".No sar! no darkies eats with us. Hop
yer don't reckon yerself no better than a
good-for-noihio , no account nigger !
1 beg your pardon, madam; 1 intended
no o tie use. bcipio has served me .very
faithfully for days, and is' very tired and
hungry, i forgot myseit-.
This mollified the lady and she replied:
".Niggers is good enough in their place,
but warn't meant to 'socials with white
folks."
There may have been some ground fur
distinction in that case; there certainly
was a difference in t ne -specimens 01 tue
two races then before me; but, not being
.one of tho chivalry, it struck me that the
odds were on tbe side of tbe black man.
The whites were shiftless, ragged and
starving; the black well clad, cleanly, en
ergetic, and as much above tbe others in
intellect as Jupiter is above a church stee
ple. To be sure color was Bgainst bim,
and he was, after all, a servant in the laud
of chivalry and of servant owners. Of
course the woman was right after all.
She soon resumed the conversation with
ibis remark: "
"Reckon yer a stranger in these parts;
whar d've come from!"
"From New York, madam."
"New York! wliar's that!"
"It's a city at "the North:"
"Ohlyas; I've bearn tell on il; that's
har the CJunnel sells his turpentine.
Quite a place, ain't il!"
ics, quite a place, bometning larger
than all South Carolina."
What d'ye say! Larger nor South
Carolina. Kinder reckon tain't, is it!'
"Yes, madam, il is."
"Du tell ! Tain't so large as Cbarles'n,
is it!"
"Yes; twenty times larger than Charlcs-
ton.r
Lord a'raassy ! How does all the folks
live there!"
"Live quito ns Well as they do here. '
"Ye dou't have no niggers there, does
ve?"
"Yes, but.none lhat are slaves.
"Have Ablisherners-tbar, don't ye!
Them people that go agin tho South:"
"Yes, some ot tuetn.
"What do they go agin the South for!"
"They go for freeing all the slaves.
Some of thein think a blackjian as good
as a white one." . f W
"Quar, that; .yer an Atmsherner, am 1
ye!"
".No, I ra an old-tasbioned wnig.
"What's that! I never heord on them
pre."
"An old fashioned' whig, madam, is a
af
man whose political principles are perfect,
and who is as perfect as his principle's."
That was a ''stumper for the poor-wo-.
J.. . 1 . ,
man, wno evidently aia not unaersiauu,
one-half of the sentence. '-'i 1
"Right sort of folks, them," she said
in a. half inquiring tone.
"Yes, but they re all dead now.
"Dead!" ,
"Yes, dead beyond the hope of resur-
recttou."
"I've heerd all the dead war to be resur
rected. Didn t ye say ye war one on em 1
Ye aitTl dead yet," said ihe woman, chuck
ling at Having coruered mo.
"But.I m more man nail aeaa just now.
"Ah," replied the woman, still laughing
"yer a chicken."
"A cniCKeu i woai s mat :
''A thing that goes on tu legs and kar-
kles," was the ready reply.
"Ah, my dear madam, you can out tais
me."
"Yes, I reckon I kin outrun ye, tu. Ye"
ain't over rugged." Then, after a pause,
she added: "What d'ye, 'lect that darkey
Linkura for President for!"
"I didn't elect him. I voted for Doug
las. But Lincoln is not a darkey. v.
"He's a mulatter. then;t.rre;neera''he
war," she replied.
'.No, he s not a mulatto; besa ran
splitter." . -. .
Uailsplitter! Then hes a nigger,
thure.'l. .
,"No, madam, white men at the North
plit rails."
"An' white wimmin tu, p'raps," said the
woman, with a contemptuous' toss of the
bead.
"No, they don't," I replied ; "but white
women work there.''
"White wiroruen work tharl" chimed in
the hitherto speechless beauty, showing a
sett of teellr ofiibePexacl color of her skin
yallcr: Whatdu the' du!"
"borne of them attend in stores, some
set type, somo telch'Scuool, nnji some wo.k
in lactones
"Du tell! Dresstnico, and make mon
ey!"
"Yes," I replied, "they make money and
dress like fine ladies; in fact are fiae la-
dies. I know one young woman of about
your age lhat had to get ber own educa
lion, who earns a thousand dollars a year
by teaching; and I have heard of many
factory girls who support their parents
and lay up a great deal of money by work'
login the mills.
"Wal," replied tbe young woman, with
a contemptuous curl of her matchless up
per Iii), "schule marms am t line ladies
fine ladies don't work; only niggere does
that bar. I reckon I'd rulber"be 'spectacle
than work for a Iivin .
I could but think how magnificently
the lips ol some ot our glorious xankee
girls would have curled bad they beard tbe
remark, and seen the poor girl lhat made
it, with ber lorn, worn, greasy dress, bare.
dirty legs and feet, and her arms, neck and
face so thickly encrusted with a layer of
clay-mud lhat there was danger of hydro
phobia if she went near a wash tub. Ke
steaming my involuntary "disgust, 1 replied
"We at the JNorth think work is re
spectable. We do not look down on n
man or woman for earning their daily
bread. We all work.
"Yes, and that's the why ye'r all such
cowards, said tho old woman.
"Cowards PI said, "who tells you that !"
"My old roan; be says one on our men
can lick five of your Yankee men.
rerbaps so. Is your husband away
from-homei '
"Yes, him and our Cal. are down to
Charleston."
"Cal. is your son, is he !"
"Yes, he's my oldest, and a likely lad he
ar tu. Ha s twenty-one, and bis name ar
John Calhoun Mills, lie g gone a troopm
it with his fadar."
What, boih gone .and left you ladies
here alone!
"Yes, the Cunnel sed every man orter
go, and they warn l to be abind the rest,
The Cunnel Cunnel J looks arter us
while they is away."
'liut 1 should think tbe Colonel looked
after you poorly giving you nolhiog to
eat."
' Oh ! ii's ben such a storm to-dav, the
gals couldn't go for the vittles, though it
tain t n great way. We r on bis planta
tion; this house is his'n."
This last was agreeable hew;, and it oc
curred to me that if we were so near tbo
Colonels we might push on, and get there
that night in spite of tbe storm; so I
aid :'
"Indeed; I'm going to the Colonels.
How far is tbe house from here!"
"A right smart six miles; it's at the
cross roads, xe know tue uunner, du
ve!"
"Oh yes, I know him well. If his house
is not more than six miles off, 1 think ne
had better go on to night. What do you
say, Scip!''
I reckon we d better go, massa, ro-
plied tbe datkey, who had spread my trav-
ling shawl in the chimnev corner, and
wns seated ou it drying his clothes.
"Ye d better not, replied the woman ;
"ye belter slay har; lharVa right smart
run twixt here and the Cunnel !?, and lain I
safe to cross arler dark."
"If that's so we'd belter slay Scip: don't
you think so!" I said to the darkey.
"Jess as you like, massa. W e got tru
wid de oder one, and I reckon tain't no
worse nor dat."
"The bridge are carried away, and ye'll
have to swim shore," said the womaiu
Ye'd better stay."
"Tnank you, madam, i think we win,"
replied, after a moment's thought; "our
horse has swam one of your creeks to
nightt and I dare not try another."
Lhad taken off my coat, and had, been
landing during the grearter part of this
conversation in my shirtsleeves before the
fire, turning round occasionally to facilitate
the drying process, and taking every now
and then a sip from the gourd containing
our brandy and water; aided in tbe latter
exercise by the old woman and the eldest
girl, :who indulged quite as freely as I. did.
"Mighty good brandy, that." at last said
the woman. "Ye like bfindy, don't ye ?"
"Not very much, madCn. I fake it to
night because I've beeKxposed to the
Kslo'rmarTd )l' stimulates the circulation
But Scip. .heiedona-lilie-spirits. He II
get tbe rheumatism because he don't."
"Don t like dem oOK ot spirits, massa;
but rumalicsneber trouble me."
"But I've got it mighty bad," said the
weman, "and I take 'em whenever J can
get 'em."
I rather thought she did, but I reckon
ed" her principle beverage was whisky.
"You have the rheumatism rnadame,
because your bouse is open; a draught of
nir is always unhealthy."
"I oilers reckoned 'twar healthy" she re
plied. "Ye Yankee folks have quar no
tions."
I looked at my watch, and found it was
nearly ten o'clock, and feeling very tired,
said to the hostess:
"Where do you mean we shall sleep !"
"Ye can take tbar ar bed," pointing to
the one nearest the wall, "and the darkey
can sleep bar." motioning to the settee on
.which she wns sealed.
"But where will you and your daughters
sleep! I don't wish to turn you out of
your beds."
T'0h! don't ye keer for us; wo can all
liunk together; doae it afore. Like to turn
in now!"
"Ye, tbank you, I would;" and with
out more ceremony ll adjourned to the
part of the room and commenced dis
robing. Doffing my boots, waistcoat and
cravat, and placing my watch aud purse
under the pillow. I gave a moments tbo't
to what a certain not very old lady, whom
I 'had left at home, might say when she
heard of my lodging with a grass-widow'
and three .young girls, and sprung into
bed. There I removed my unmentiona
bles, which, were still to damp to sleep in,
and in about two minutes and thirty sec
onds sunk into obliuon.
A few streiiks ef grayish light were be
ginning to creep through Ihe crevices of
1, j- &- 1
the logs, when a movement at tbe foot offday
the bud awakened mb, and glancing down
ward I beheld.the youngost girl emerging
from under the cltohes at ny feet. She
had slept there, "cross-wise all night. A
stir in the adjoining bed soon warned me
that the other femenines were preparing to
follow ber example; so, turniag my faco
to tho wall, I feigned to be asleep. Tiiei
toilet was soon made, and tbey then ou
etly left Scip and myself in full possession
of tho premises.
The darkey rose as soon S3 they were
gone, and coming to ma said:
"Massa, we'd belter be gwine. l'se got
your clothes all dry, and you can rig up
and breakfast at tbe Cunners.
Tbe storm bad cleared away, and the
sun was struggling to get through the dis
tant pines, when Scip brought tbe horse
to tbe door, and we prepared to start.
turning to tbo old woman, I said:
"I feel greatly obliged to you Madame,
for the shelter you have given us, and
would like to make you some recompense
for your trouble. Please to tell me what
I shall pay you.
"Wal, stranger, we don't ginerally take
in lodgers, but seein' as how there are two
on ye, and ye ve bad a good night on it, I
don t care if you pay mo two dollars."
i bat struck me as "rather steep ' for
common doins', particularly as we had fur
nished the food and "the drinks:" yet
saying nothing 1 handed ber a two dollar
bank note, bus took it, and held it up
curiously to tbe sun, then in a moment
anded it back, soymg "I don t know nolh
in' 'bout money; hain't you got no silver!"
1 fumbled in my pocket a moment,' and
found a quarter eagle wnicu! gave her.
"I bain t got nary a bp o change, she
said as she look it.
"Oh! never mind the change, rnadame;
I shall want to slop and look at jou when
comeback; I returned good humoredly."
"Ha ! ha ! yer a chicken, said tbe wo
man at the same lime giving me a' gentle
poke in the ribs. Tearing she might; in
ibe exhuberance of ber joy at tbe sight of
the money, proceed to some more deci
ded demonstration of affection, I hastily
stepped into tbe wagon, bade ber good bye
and was oft.
We were still among tbe pines which
towered gigantically all around us but were
no Iong'T alone. Every tree was scanned
for turpentine, and the forest was alive
with negro men and women gathering the
"last dipping," on clearing away the
stumps and underbrush preparitory to the
spring work. It was Christmas week ; but
as I afterwards learned, 'the Colonel's ne
groes were accustomed to doing "half
tasks" at that season, being paid for their
labors as if tbey were free. Tbey stopped
heir work as we rode by, and slnred at us
with a sort of stupid half frightened curios
ity, very much like tbe look of a cow when
railway train is passing. It needed but
little observation to calculate that their
status was but one step above tbe level of
the brutes.
As we rode along I said to the driver:
Scip wbatdo you think of. our lodging!"
"Mighty pore, Massa. Niggers live bet-
ter'n dat."
"Yes," I replied, "but these folks des
pise you blacks; (hey seem to be both poor
ud proud.
Yes, massa, dey ra poor cause dey
won't work and dey'm proud 'cause dey'r
white. Dev won't work 'cause they see de
darkey slaves doin' it, and think it am be-
neaf while folks to do all tbe darkies do.
Dis habin slaves keeps dis whole country
poor."
-"Who told you mat i x askea, asion
hed at hearing a remark showing so much 1
reflection from a negro.
"Nobody, massa. 1 see it myself.
"Are there many ofjjttse poor whites
around Georgetown!"
"Not many 'round Georgetown, sar, but
great many in da up-country har, aud
doy'in all alike poro and no account;
none ob 'em kin read, and dey all eat
cIa" . ...
hat elay, L said "what do you mean
by that!"
"JJidn t you see massa, how yaller all
dem wimmin war! Dai's 'cause dey eai
clay. De little children begin tore dey
can walk, and chew at it till they die; dey
chew it like 'backer. It makes -all dar
slumacs big, Jike asyojcirh"and
5jjles-Alre- ''g"esIion." It am mighty un-
healfy."
"Can it be possible that human beings
do such things! The brutes wouldn t do
thai,"
"No, Massa, but dey. do it; dey'm poor
trash. Dai's what de big folks call 'em,
and it am true; dey m along away lower
than the darkies."
By this time we had arrived at the run.
We found the bridge carried away, as
the woman had told us: but its abutments
were still standing, and over these planks
had been laid, which offered a safe crossing
for foot passengers. To reach these planks,
however, it wss necessary to wade into the
stream for full filly yards, tbe run baviug
oveiflowed its banks. for that distance on
either side of the bridge. Tbe water was
evidently rising, but as we could not wait,
like tbe man in the fable, for it all to run
by, we alighted and counseled ns to the
best mode of making the passage.
Scipio proposed that he should wade in
to the first abutment, ascertain the depth
of the stream, and then if it was not found
too deep for tbe horses to ford to that
point, we could drive that far, gel out, and
walk to tbe end of the planking, leading
ibe horse, and then again mount the wagon
at the further end of the biidge. We were
sure the horses would have to swim in the
middle of.the current, and perhaps for a
considerable distance beyond ; but having
witnessed his proficiency in acquatic per
formances, we had no-doubt his getting
safely across.
The darkey's' plan was decided on, and
divesting himself of bis trowsers, he waded
into the rnn to take the soundings.
While be was in the water my atten
tion was attracted to a primed paper,, post
ed on one of thajjifles near the roadside.
Goiug up to itl refisfollow8:
1
$150 REWARD.
? , , . v
November 12lb, his mulk.t0 itjiiq
Rati nwv.sjom tho subscribe; 0nJpn
Sara. Said boy is stout-built, five, feet
nine ioche3 high, 31 years old, weighs 170
lbs., and walks very erect, and with a quick
rapid gait. The American Msg is tattooed
on bis righ arm above the elbow. There
is a knife cut-over the bridge of his nose,
a fresh bullet wound in his left thigh, and
bis back bears marks of a recent whipping,
He is supposed to have made his way back
to Dinniddie county, Va., where he was
raised, or to be lurking in the swamps in
mis vicinity. ,.
The above reward will be paid for h
confinement iu any jail in North or South
Carolina, or Virginia, or his delivery to th
subscriber 00 bis pfantation-at
Dec. 2, 1860. D. W. J
The name signed to that hand bill was
that of tbe planter I was about to visit,
Scipo having returned, reporting th
stream fordable to the bridge, I said to him
pointing to the notice:
"Kead that bcip."
He read it, bnt made no remark.
"What does it mean lhat fresh bullet
wound, and the marks of a recent whip
pings' tasked.
"It means .massa, dat do darkey hab
run nwav, and ben took; and dat den
dey shot bim, and flogged him arter tbaf
Now he hab run away again. De Cunnel's
mighty hard on his niggasl
"Is be! 1 can scarcely believe that.
"He am, massa; but ain't so much to
blame, nuther; they'm awful bad set, most
ob em so dey say.
Our conversation was here interrupted
by our reaching the bridge. Alter safely
walking tbe plat.k and making our way to
he opposite bank, I resumed it by ask
log
"Why are tho Colonel s negroes so par
ticularly bad 1"
"Cause you see massa, de turpentine
business hab made great profits for sum
yars now and de Cunnel hab been get) in
ich berry fass He hab put all his money,
jess -so fass as he made it, into darkies, so as
to make more; for lie s got berry big plant
ation, and need nuffio'iutdarkies to work
it to make money jess like a gold mine.-
He goes up lo Virginny to buy niggers;
and up dere now dey don't sell none less
dey'm bad one, 'cept when some massa
die or get pore. Virginny darkies dat
cum down har ain't gin'rnlly of much ac
count. Dey'm either k:nd o good for
nuffin', or dey'm ugly; and de Cunnel'd
rather hab de ugly dan de no account nig-
gas"
"How many negroes has he!
"Bout two hundred men and wimmin,
believe massa.",
"It can't be very -pleasant for his family
fr remain in snr.h nn nt rtf thn xrnv n!nffl.
will 1 such a gang of negroes about them,
and no white people near."
"JNo massa. not m dese times;, but, tbe
missus and de young lady isn t dar now.
"Not there new! The Colonel said
nclhiii to me about that. Are you sure !"
"Oh yes, massa: I seed em go off on
the boat to Charles'u most two weeks ago.
Dey don't mean to come back till things
are more seined; dey m atraid to slay
dar."
"I sh6uld't thiuk it would be safe for
even the. Colonel there, if a disturbance
broke out among the slaves."
" Twouldn t be safe den anywhar; but
the Colonel am berry bravo man. He'm
better than twenty of his niggas."
"Why better than twenty of his niggers.
"'Cause dem ugly niggas an gin'rally
cowards. -De darkey dat is'quietlv, 'spect-
ful and does bis duly, am de brave sort;
ey'll fight massa, till dey'm cut down."
New Water Wonder.
We noticed a paragraph going the
rounds a few weeks ago from a Troy, N.
Y., paper announcing that a Mr. Hagan, of
that city was heating a stove -of his inven
tion by cold water, and put it down with
Payne's water gas a humbug of the first
water. Ihe lroy limes now says:
A few weeks since, it will be recollected,
we announced the discovery, by E. W, Ha-
ger, of this city, of a new principle in the
theory of combustion ot water, ana its ap
plication to locomotive engines, steam-
snips, .stoves, fcc.
Since 4I10 first publicexhibitjp-Um4ot
.watefcstovj-Mrr-flaganTias made several
experiments with it in stoves of different
patterns and sizes, and with various grates
and in nil cases has been successful ; and
now, upon tbe authority of the inventor
and several sientific gentlemen, who have
investigated the matter and beenconverted
by tbe evidence of things seen, we aro per
mitted to announce that there is no longer
a shadew .of doubt of tbe successful work
ing of Mr. Hagan's discovery. It is-a fixed
fact, au fait accompli, and whethor appli
ed to the' simple purposes of stoves, or to
the driving of the engines of the monitor,
it is alike a success, at once invaluable and
revolutionary.
In a few weeks when everything shall
be pefected to give the public the benefit
of this discovery, we shall publish a full
description of tbe stove, explaining all the
uetaus, anu snowing toe now a simple mat;
ter has been overlooked by all who have
preceeded' Mr; Hagan in endeavoring to
render water gas combustible and valuable
to the world.
in
If
all
A Rebel Letter. The following ex
tract is from a letter found in an old wal
let in Fort Clinch, Fernandina, Florida,
after its occupation bv tbe Union forces:
Nashville, Tenn., Febumy 26, 1862.
"Dear Son I haven't much time to
write lo you, for we are retreating from
Nashville. The d d Yankees have
driven us out of this place. Thjy are a
bout thirty thousand strong and fight like
devils. 1 am afraid they will take Steph
hens, for he only left here yasterday. f
I dont think the South can bold out mucn
onger, for the people are starving lo death
ind so are the soldiers up this way. I
and
tbink tbev will rebel
against themselves.
Won't it bo awful for us now to -give up
to the d & 1 ankees I ,
all
his
by
The flag of the Fifth Ohio was riddled
by forty e.ejMObuliiits at the battle of Win
chester TbVflai!,. .staff received threes
The flag 'of. 'the Fourt?ffib Indiana got
twenty eight balieVaoloa through' it in the
same bloody .contest. Two color' bweri
were killed.
he
t
Gordonville Junction.
This is said to bo the new stronghold
of the rebels; a new Manassas but, wheth
er it will be as easily taken as the-old one,
remains to be seen. Tho situation at Gor
donville Junction and Manassas Junction
are described as remarkably similar. In
front of the latter is Bull Run, in front of
the former is Rapidan River. The banks
are of ihe same formation as those of Bull
Run, but tbe stream itself is wider and
deeper. Between the Rapidan River and
Gordonville the surface of the country is
hilly, the. hills being quite: available for
fortifications as those in front of Manassas.
It is covered with dense forests, too, in
many places, which will impede military
operations to a large extent. These no
doubt will be cut down, as they were near
Centrevilfe, and the trees will be used .to
obsuct the roads, and for tbe construction
of abattia.
A dispatch lo ibe Philadelphia Inquirer
rgives-lhe following as ibe posilion of the
rebels.
Geri. Johnson's array is now encamped
along a line in extent lhat is to say on the
semi-circle formed by the Rappahannock.
Tbey . are distributed in array corps, the
same as they were on the Potomac, at tbe
points where they are most likely to be
attacked. These points e five miles
north of the town of Orange, at tbe bridge
where the toad from Culpepper to Louisa
crosses tne ttappiaan;at uermania, wuere
the road from Wnrreulon to
Bowling
Green crosses
tbe same stream; at Fred
ericksburg; and at'Port Royal. It seems
to be the impression among1 the rebels that
General McClellan will march down the
old road near tho Potomac, taking Otco-
quan and Dumfries on tm route, ana wiu
seek to occupy Fredericksburg.
Not Whipped Since Dinner.
The New Orleans Crescent has a Rich
mond correspondent who expresses tho
public consternation in a lively way, as
will bo seen by tbe following extract:
"You will naturally desire to know how
tbe people In the Confederate metropolis
stand theso trying times for' it is evident
that we are not safe in these days of. light-
raft gunboats and high water. I answer,
in ,lbe main, we slatid it veiy well. Some,
to beshure, are down-hearted, and nobody
wears as broad a grin as they did the day
fter ihe battle of Leesburg. bull there is
universal determination to do or die
to go down, if need be wilb our harness on,
warring like a brave people to tbejast,
passed General Wigtall on my return
from dinner, and asked him if thre was
any news. "JNo, sam ne, i n aon 1 oe-
revo we have been whipped since dinner;
expect, though, to-hear, of another defeat
in the next five minutes."'
"Somehow I can't help thinking of Hal-
leck's assertion by telegraph ro 'McCJellan
. ..1 -IT r r 1 f m
tual 'tue union nag is on me soikoi j.eu-
nessee, never to be removed.' This 13 brag,
but the Yankees have, up to this lime,
stuck like leeches wherever they have ef
fected a landing. They lntrenci them
selves, and at the first spade full of dirt
thrown up bv them, our treneralsgive-ngbt
up and say all is lost, They have attacked
us repeatedly in trenches and forts, and
carried the latter invariably, whilo we, with
ihe exception of the bt. Nicholas athurs
and a few others, -"have not done a daring
thing through the whole war. Another
noticeable difference between the Yankees
ourselves is that they -fellow up their
ictims, while we squat down in our tracks
the moment a battle is ended. This is a
shameful fact, which disheartens me more
tbarr anything else. I have no bono now
anybody but God and Beauregard."
a
I'l
Flag Officer Foote.
t) th(J doct but bofcb!es about on
A. recent letter, from a gentleman who
had the pleasure of an interview wilb Flag
Officer Foote, says.:
The responsibilities or bis position, nis
wound not yet healed, but still so trouble
J. 1, . t -
t,n Mnnnt Tunllr nr lnnrh 1114
crulcne?, togemer wuii a oomesuu aiuic
tion which has already commanded tbo
. 1 T 1 .- m-
noblrusive but- most beartful sympathy
f the Nation's heart, I fear w.eigh sadly
upon him. He is as active, ns efficient,
and as resolute as over, and devoted and
deterraiued in his fidelity ot tbe cause; but
his face is sad and he ' looks weary and
care-worn. His whole array, both, officers
and men, are most devotedly attached to
him, and many of them have assured mo
lhat they wonld all follow him anywhere.
his share in the coming battle is not tbe
most important; it will only be because tbe
wisest and best dictates of prudence are a
gainsl it.
Another correspondent gives the follow
ing interresting account of religious services
hoard the Flag-Ship Benton:
On Sunday morning, the men appear in
clean bluesbirts, and tidy clothing through
out, aud tho officers in full uniform, with
.their show of gold cloth and brass
buttons, for weekly muster. At ten, they
assemble aft, on the, gun deck,, for relig
ious service. I never saw a more attentive
and serious congregation than tbe 250 men
who stood, hats in hand, in a half-circle,
around the Flag Officer, this morning, join
ing him in the comprehensivo petition for
who are afflicted "jn mind, body, or es
tate," and the acknowledgment, We have
done the. things which we ought not to
have done, and left undone the things
which weought to have done." Commo
dore Foote, laying aside his crutches, sup
ported himself upon a capstan, over which
the national ensign was thrown, and laid
prayer book upon it. Visible among
men were the muzzles of the black
guns, which peer out of .their ports, and
hills of grape and cannister, ready for use,
while once or twice the boat was shaken
the discharge of a mortar, and the
woods resounded with its long-rolling ech-
,t J. .1.. ! -. nd.. li o C Tap
oes. ne maae ui scum j !".vi
believes, with Dr.EmraonSvthat, there
"few conversions atter- inanrsi.iM
hour." and with a simple," .intelligible aU
P.hrUtian life 'and datv. it wtfl
f,vaT . . . .. sH j'i- '.n s-rl
AnnMnriari. and tne men "Pipeu uowu w
disperse.

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