Newspaper Page Text
Terms of Advertising
Deaths and Marriages gratis.
.Local Notices, lint Insertion, 10 cent! per
line; suosequenwnsemoiisocenii per line.
Special Notices and Foreign Advertisements
d per ccni. auuiuuuiu.
Business Cards, not excecdingf lines, H
Aidmi'nisfratoTs' and J2x ecu tors' notices 12
'"yjteu frtP: Tboxas Amok.
fmetxting Attorney, - L.R-UOAG1.AJ.-B.
t,CnntCiert, -' ' JOBX-SjOSK.
"Sljrt -- - JixrsS.MeCom!.
TiJfi . . jMirK II.XZITTOK.
Jftunnfer ' - - - W. C. JICDoWIXL.
jwaxKi - . Gottlieb gibber.
' c AB'X WOEKXAX.
xuu ... Joshua Sfoxaguc
Coroner. - - - HlXETSHAFFSB..
MflMMiirtwfi Jons Shabp.
Railway Time Tables.
Railway Time Tables. Cleveland, Mt. Vernon & Columbus R. R.
XeaTe Mount Vernon,
- - uambier,
Frederieksburr. SSI "
" Apple Greet. -fi:0S. "
OrrTiUe," 10 "
n ft 'Manhalhrnie, 7:14 "
" Clinton, ,7:31 "
" Akron, S.-08
' Undson, 635 -Sir.
at Cleveland 10:10 "
7 -Way Freight"
Leave Cleveland, 4MF.1L,
Hudson, 830 A.M. 5:23 "
Akron. Haw . uaa "
-Clinton. 120 Mi -.16:40
xarshaiiTUie, iz:i-. n. --
OrrTillc, . -, 1:15. ," 730 "
Apple Creek,' 2U01 " 7:44 "
FreierJcksb're, :40 " 81 "
" HolmesTille, 33 " 8:13 "
Millersbnrg, S.-23 ' 8.-27 "
,' Killbnck, , , 40 "
' ft Black Creek, 433
" Gann. S.-23 "
" Danrille, BJ3 "
" Howard, 633 '
f"vlGainbieo, .47-" ,
R. C. HURD, President.
R. C. HURD, President. G. A. JONES, Superintendent.
Pittsburg, Ft. Wayne & Chicago R.
Pittsburg, Ft. Wayne & Chicago R. TRAINS GOING WEST.
No. 1 Xo. t No. S No. 3
, , Fast Ex. I'ac Ex. MaiL A'ight Ex.
.rittsbarg, i.ua.m. U.1UA.U. -ijuA.x. xjjup.x.
Bocnester 2J0 " 1033 " 83 " 3.0S "
Alliance, 5.10 " 1.10r.xJ133 " 3J0 "
Orrrillc, - 6.46 " Sjn " l.4Sr.x. 7.25 "
Uauflerd, BJSi " 59 " .4.28 " 9.20 "
.tii..l r9.20 " 510 " 5.00 " 9JS "
Presume i 49.43 &ju" 6.10a.m. 10.05 "
Forest. 10JG " 75 " V 1138 "
Uma, 12JSPJI. 9.15 " 9.03" 120a.x.
rt. wayne, xor.x. usa - hjo 2.4U
'Plymouth, 4.45" 2i3i.x. isr.x. s.05 "
WO " (LM) " 6.30 " "
TRAINS GOING EAST.
No. 8 No. 2 No. 6 No. 4
Mail. Fast Ex. PacEr-NightEx.
cnieaxo. 5.151.x. a.2u.x. 53r.x. 93Ur.
Plymouth, 9.15 " 12.0-Jr.x. 9.10 " 12J0A.X
FU Wayne, 12.20T.X. 2.20pm 11.45 " 3.25 "
Lima, 2.4S 47 - 1J0A.X. 6.15 "
Forest. 4.00 5.08 " S.00 6.28 "
C.OInl r5.SS" IX) ' 4.30" 8.03 "
Vreluil0l diiJOAjc.ejo " 4.40" 8.25 "
Mansileld, I23rx73l" 5.10" 83"
OrrriUe, 2.13 " S30 " 7.11 " 116 "
Alliance, 4.20 " 110" 9.00" l.ior.x.
Uochester, t57 " 1.121.x. 1130 " 8.39 "
Pittsburgh, 8.10 ? 220 " 12.25P.X. 4.45 "
No. 1, Daily except Monday; Nos. 5, 7, 8, 2,
and 4 Dally except Sunday; Nos. 3 and c.
F. R. MYERS. Gen. Ticket Agent.
C., R. I. & P. Railway.
Gotnj Weit. Goina Eutt.
8TAT10KS. TacEx. Ex.MaiL AtLEx. Ex.Mail
-No.1, ao.3. No. 2. -No. 1.
Chicago, 10,00am 10,00pm. 4,15pm 7,0IUm
ji.ngiewooa, - iu,su 3,43 o,3U
Joliet, ItfOm 11,55 2,27 5,03
ijiSalle, 2,19pm 2,22am. 12.18 2,33
11.30a ml 1.50
Rock Island, 0,45V
WestLiberty.9,10, Iowa City, 10,00 y
Des Moines, '8,15am
lio.UiTer,ar.lO,OIU. 11,00 dep.4.43 5,50
-Nos. 1 and 4 daily except Sunday; Nos. 2 and
8 daily except Saturday.
6 Breakfast.! Dinner f Supper.
Distance 493 miles. Trains arc run byChi
Cannects at Council Bluffs and Omaha with
Missouri Bivcr Steamers for Benton and all
Upper Missouri RiTer .Trading IVjtsnnd Un
ion Pacific Railroad.
M. E. CHURCH,
HUGHESy PASTOR, SERVICE EVERT
Sibbath at 10 o'clock, A. M and 7 o'clock,
P. M. Prayer Meeting Thursday crcuiug.
EVANG. LUTHERAN CHURCH.
SERVICES EVERY OTHER SABBATH, AT
o'clock A. JI. Prayer Meeting every
mrsday even lor. Iter. 31. P. fogclsong,
U. P. CHURCH.
BEV. W. M. GIBSOS, PASTOU-HOURS FOR
iserviccauij, o ciocK, a. x. sabbath school
10H: o'clock, a. x. Prayer lueetinirThurs-
ay evenings at7J o'clock.
REV. A. S. MILHOLLAXD,PASTOR.MORN-ing
service at 11 o'clock. Sabbath.sclioo!
W 0 clock. "Evening service en o'clock
f Prayer meeting every Wednesday evening at
GERMAN LUTHERAN CHURCH
SERVICES EVERY SABBATH AT 10 O'clock,
a. x.. Sunday School at 9. J.U. N'un
Des. POMEREXE & AVISE,
PHYSICrAXS'ASD SURGEONS, MILLERS
burc.Ohio. omcc Hours Wednesdays,
from 1 to 5 o'clock r. u., and on Satuniavs
from 9 o'clock a. x. to 3 o'clock r. u. 3Uf
J. Wi GUTHRIE, II. D.
PHYSICIAXiASD SURGEON". Office in first
building north of Post-office, Wooster, Wayne
County, Ohio... Office hours, Wednesdays and
Saturdays, from 9 to 12 a. h, and from 2 to 4
p. if. All accounts considered due as soon
as services rendered.
. AP- STOUT, M. D.
SUCCESSORXF E. BARNES, M. D ECLEC
tic Physician and .Surgeon, Oxfoi-u, Holmes
County, Ohio. "Special attention given to
Chronic and Female Diseases. Consultation
free Office hours from 9 A. M. to 3 P. on
Tuesdays and Saturdays. 39m3
P. P. POMEREXE,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, BERLIN,
r,TfpHIO. " - " ltf
i iwiii i; tn n.. itoss,. m. d., 3
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, MILLERS
burg, Ohio. Office First door West of Cor
ner iormerly occupied by Mulrane. Uesi
ilence, second door south of T. B. RailTs
corner. Office Uays, Wednesday and Satur
day aTter&cons.r ' ltf
DR. S. WILSOX,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, OFFICE AND
Residence, West Liberty Street, Wooster, O.
All accounts considered doe as soon as servi4
ces are rendered. ' sta
J. Q. RIGHAit, M. D.,
'PHYSICIAN '& SURGEON, MILLERSBURC,
Uliio. omcc and Residence, at South part or
Washington Street. ltf
DR. JOHX I.EHMAX,
tterman Physician. Treats Chronic Diseases,
especially Female Complaiuts, with great
success. Office ou East Liberty fctreet, Woos
T. L. PIERCE,
PRACTICAL & OPERATIVE DENTIST, Up
stairs opposite the Rook Store. All work ex
ecuted in the best manner, and warranted
to give satistaction. ltf
MECHANICAL 4 OPERATIVE DIWriST.
Millertburg, Ohio. Office Two doors West
of Commercial Block. ltf
- - - . '. i.i u i , : i . i. '.
DAVID F. EWIXG,
ATTORNEY AT LAW-Offlce.1 doois catof
ine -aiionau!Ai.t. ,. , sju
"C-'"1 H. d. Mcdowell,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, MII.LEItSBURG.O
Office Second floor in McDowell's buildins
wot of the Court House. itr
"JOHX W. VORHES,
ATTORNEY AT" LAW, MILI.EUSIlUltG O
Office overthe Book Store jr '
A. J. BELL,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. COLLECTIONS
promptly made, omceaoorclmg.llrown
& Co.' Bank. ltf
J. SI. liOMXSON,
'ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT IA W,
uiiiiiiumi, w. tiiuce oer 4inn
store, opposite the Court lloiue. it'.t
X. K. IIOAGLAXD,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
MILLERSUU1W, O. -J)lt
1 '-.AJBolitlccH and ITamily JoiirhaT, Devoted
MlLLERSBURGj'lHOLMES" CoijNT-Yj' Q., THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 1872.
County, ami local and General Intelligence.
Vol. Ill, No. 18.
OBRVILT.E,'0 XORTH Of LB. DEPOT,
ivin.narcroit, prop'r. a rains going norxn
in themorning stop thirty minutes for
breakfast. The Ilurd House is fitted up
in first-class style, and is onetf the best
bouses on the P., F. H'.IGE. R. Country
people will find it to their Interest to stop at
A.- J. HAMPSON, Proprietor. Passengers
conveyed to and irora tne cars, ireeorcnarge.
aa-General Stage Office. "ltf
WEST END MAIN STREET. MILLERS
bnrr. Ohio. JoscrH 11CTLZX. Proprietor.
This House Is in good order, and its guests
wiu oe wen carea lor. m
at'vtv cni'vrvnn . i fnnnil at his
residence, in Kiolertownsnip. riv
address, Shreve, Wayne Co., O.
Whes you wast any
Or anything that is tcpt in a
Pirst-Class Drug Store !
THEY. HAVE THE
Very Best of Everything in
J. & G. ADAMS,
Do a Ceneral Banking, Discount and
MAKK COLLECTIONS. AND 'SELL' BEV-
OFFICE IX T. B. RAIFF'S CORNER,
Hurrali, : Here.
A UEW SUIT
THAT., EITS !,
"AVhere did you get it?"
"At Lex Bird's."
'How much did it cost ?"
1Q rWiJ JJU A
"Oh, no ! only Twelve Dollars."
"That is Clieap.",
- sells ev-erylhiiigi. cheap.
He has a Big Stock and more
cbmiitgi" He says' lie can't' be
be undersold by any one.; ,Ue
cial Block, Millersburg, O.
IWds; llfflBS? Lamps:
. .-;,-a u u
. f - - Ev .
The very best and all styles, constantly on
CHURCH LAMPS, STORES, SHOPS.'
HALLS, &C, &C,
CONSTANTLY ON nAND.
The very best
A. S. L0WTIIER,
Ahove"iaxwelVs Qlothtng Store.
A LL werk'Ciitrufted In-Inn hands
XA. lu&ilo nil
in the latest 'tl6; mint durable
manner, and fcuanmteeM to give entire t-ati-rartion
in every case. Give htnl a trial.
We arc al-o-agcnt for the Howe sou ing Ma
chine, and keep oil hand Nccllcs, Flluren and
findings; oil hy the bottle or gross.
air a. S. l-owTHEit.
For Good FLAVORING BX
TRACTS, , 'GO TO THE
HAVING PURCHASED THE GROCERY
and Provif ion Store of C. F. Leety, Main
Street, and havior refitted the rooms in rood
style, and added largely tO'the-stockTand is
nowpropared to furnijti all fhQ may favor
him with' their patronagertrith ererything in
nisiineot iraae, sucn.as
Canned Fruits. Figs.
&c. &c. &c. &c,
,A1I of which will be old.at the
Lowest Market Price
Wines and Liquors,
Soluble for medicinal pnrpo&es. which be will
not tell by thedriot, ' ' , ;
Glre him a call when you want anything in
LI 18 ilUC.
At the old "Herzer Corner."
Mmersbure.O Aug. 1,1871. 50tf
lias' purchased the Mlllerabnrar Mills and i
now in readiness to accommodate all who mar
iavor mm ita
The Mill Is one of the verr best, and no ef-
ion wui ie spareu to piease customers.
FLOUR,, -FEED,, &C
Kept constantly on hand. Highest market
price paia xor
All Kinds of Grain.
Hollersturg lime ' Sin !
i mileeastof town,
on Tiii mAxweli. fabji.
milE undersirned would resDectfullv an-
L nonnce to the Dublic that ther have con-
sbaudjr uu ubbii, n. migit &iiu, a supenur quiu
"yoi J. j ' . '
And are prepared to fill all orders promptly.
mS HECKER & BURNET.
Uobbbt C Maxwell.
Jobs T. Maxwell.
R.C. & J. T: MAXWELL,
: :- - ? x
1 RETAILERS OF
fills' FDiisis Goois!
MAINI 'STBEE1 ,
TVT1 1 1 erbiirc - Olilo.
Tlie First National Bank
- Oil. 3 a. . - -
ap'.lil Piii ii
ROBERT LONC, President.
B. C. BROWN. Cashier.
W. M. CIBSON, Ass't. Cashier.
Robert Long, W. .U. Gibsok.
. U. iiROWN, 1XCI3 aiAYERS, i
UBERKTHOLMES, JOHN fc. KOCH, JR.,
Da. JOEL POWEBEXE.
Discounts Notes, Receives Depot
' ' 'ties, and Transacts a'.General
. U Ml 'ao.ji.K'Jnirt.'ailt'
Lwould resDectfullv announce that I keen
constantly on hand a goal supply of
Fresh Groceries and Pro
at low figures. FRESH MEATS of all kinds
can be hail dally. East Room, Critchuelir.
Uul ding, opposite the Court House.
- . . j .
J J. XV II VI U -UlUUUl
Karserj Stock ! rruii&ndFIswer FhUs!
Address F. K. PHOENIX,
Bloomington Nursery, 111.
C00 Acres; Slstyear; ISGrecnhniHes. Apple
l.OWl yr30: 3 jr., $.; 3yr..f40; 4y,K0;
4 Catalogues SO cents.
&Tii9(i IrrtayJ Agent wantnl! Allclns
)cLVwfficsof working people,ottitherret
oongorlt, make more monerat work for us
In tlieir spare moments, or Jill tho time, than at
anvthinrelse. Particulars freu. Address i.
btinsoni to., fortland, Me. 51
NEW STORE, '
S. Tidball i Son,
Are now opening one of the largest and
finest stock of goods ever before, shown in
Their stock sonsists or STAPLE A FANCY
PRY .COOPS, XOTIOX
mis leifcfeli Mrs.
"Boots & Shoes1,
all of. which will be sold low, for CASH or
PRODUCE. Don't fail to call and- see our
good.' and prices before purchasing.
WANTED. ' '
100,000 lbs. of Wool'
delirered at our store In BLOOMFJF.LD' O
iorvrnicu me nignest price in casn win uc paui,
S. TIDBALL & SON.
CLARKS P. O, June G, 1872. i42tf
: Flour, Feed,
J. P. LAEIMEK,
HAXTNQ removed my store to one door west
of X. P. ilcCormickV store. I intend to
eep a nrst-ciass iiour, teea ana rronston
I hare purchased a stock of
Such as Coffee, .Tea, Sngaf,SyTuprCarbon Oil,
Kentucky Hominy, Peas, Currants, Or
anges, Lemons, Raisins, Figs,
Also, Marvin's celebrated SUGAR, LEMOU
auu. ami ritr..v.ii
Cigars, .of Vie, best manufacture.
Tobacco, all kinds, at leholesale
All mods sold at small uroflts anil delivered
to any part of the town.
HIGHEST ritlCE rAID FOR
Corn, Potatoes, liea ns aitd ountry
Frodube, Furs & Sheep Pelts.
THE OLD RELIABLE
'- ... A
WOULD respectfully inform the citizens ol
Holmes and adioimnr counties, that
they are prepared to do all tiuds or work of the
Latest Apreif Styles!
n short notice, and at prices to suit custom
ers. We use none but the Tery best material,
and no not hesitate .to warrant every job that
goes out of the shop. ; 1 ' yj
SHIRES, SNYDER & K0RNS.
w- GEORGE: SCHNORR,
- . 1.
ip-Tomr jaxt TnE1
Best Tlresit Jaclei
XOW IX USE,
Call on THORNTON BOUNcf
Agent for the - ' " -
Anltman & Taylor Machines,
Of llansOeld. O. Mtf
LATEST FASHIONS !
B, F, nETTINffl
ver Voorhcs & Hudson's SUiro aud TinStore,
JI.nlnStreet,MiIlorsl)iirg,0. - v
All work rntnileil to him will rwclio promnt
intention and u III be iiinile up in the
I-.a.test Style I
And in the bct and miKt durable manner.
W arranted to give rutin- .atMaction.
CIVE HIM A
A New American Watch,
OF the Waltham make, for sale cheap, at
THE TWO WORKERS.
Two workers In one field.
Toiled on from day to dav;
Both had the same hard lab ir,
Both had the same small pay;
With the same blue sky above.
The same green grass below,
-One soul was foil at love.
The other foil of woe.
-One leaped up w(Ut the light.
With the soaringctthe lark.
One felt it erer night.
For his soul was everdark;
One heart was erer dark;
One heart was ever gay;
One wotted with many a groan ;
One whistled all the day.
Ona had a llowenclad cot
Beside a merry mill;' '
Wife and children near the spot
Jladoit sweeter, fairer still;
One a wretched hovel had
Full of discord, dirt and din
Xo wonder he seemed mad
Wire and children starred within.
Still they worked In the same field,
Toiled'on front day to dayr
Roth had the same hard labor.
Both had the same small pay;.
Rut they worked not with one will
The reason let me tell:
lo! the one draak at the still.
And the other at the well.
THE TWO WORKERS. Lake Erie, Wooster & Muskingum
To The President and Directors the Lake Erie.
Wooster and Muskingam Valley Roy Co:
Gentlemen: In presenting the results
of the surreys for your road, I beg
leare to call your attention first to the
general principles which controlled all
The iuceptire idea in your enterprise
is, without doubt, the cheap delivery of
coal to tiie Lakes, which 'marks It as one
wherein the lowest possible gradients
should be the paramount object ;in. se
lecting a location. Xor, should light
grades favor the coal only ; as the re
suit ou all other completed routes con'
necting the coal basins of 'either Ohio
or Indiana with the lake srstem, war
rants'yoil In anticipatins and preparing
for an immense return tonnage from
the Lake Superior and Canadian iron
ores seeking the coal mines for reduC'
This tendency of the ores to seek the
fuel instead of the fuel seeking the ore,
is. insurmountable, inasmuch as it arises
from the fact that nearly three, tons of
coal are required to smelt one ton of the
With these views constantly ,as.our
guide, lam happy to report' that your
location has been completed, ready for
construction, except a few minor're-
rittings,xand?.4 J!nfeblj?!rlifroin tne'
valley of the IValhonding, in Coshoc
ton county, crossing the. main water
shed of the State through1 Harrisville
marsh, in Medina county, and. reaching
the harbor of Black' Hirer, on Xke
Erie, in Lorain county, a distance of
eighty-seven miles, favorable beyond
all anticipation or precedent, having-no
gradient in cither direction exceeding
fif teen feet per mile (15.81).
TABLE OF GRADIENTS.
Total length of lescl road bed JLWms
oui v too reet pcrmne
ascending north, ? . 15.31.
fronl Tito's Teet permllc
r n-omstotorcetperniile J ' "
asconiliug north,- " 2.57
descending north,- ' '-' 3.C9
descending nortli, S1.1S
. . .Total .
Total ascentln fecfnorth'wanl,.
nescens - "
You will notice by the above' that
more titan one-fourth of the.whole dis
tance, is level, and that one half the
length is either level or less than five
feet per mile, and'thlit acoal'train pass
ing northward would encounter in all
but twelve and, S2 hundreths. miles of
rades, 'ranging 'from ten to llfteeirfeet
oermile. Of the latter srades (13ft.)
frAhis'tllrectToTi! tli? iWest 'stretch is
one and twentv-scven hundredtlis miles,
anditiie av.erage. length' ilfty-sue hun
These facts are certainly 'most Te-
markablc under any circuinitances, and
the more so-when wc' take'lnto'consid-
eration the rugged nature' of the coun
try for over half the distance traversed.
The relative value to the future of the
enterprise resulting from these extreme-
light grades, will be readily' appreci
ated when we remember that other
estern roads, and in fact railroads,
commonly, in the United States, work
long gradients of from forty to fifty-
two feet per mile, witli excellent prollt
to the roads.
The pecuniary value of gradients of
such lightratCknporka freight road will
prooauiy oe oetteraipprcciaieu uy no
ticing the- immturim capacity of the
same engine off different grades. '
Thus: x forty-ton engine with sis
drivers will draw, oil a slope of 15 feet
per nnle,jtvcvle hundred and forty-sev
en tons, egualf.0 sizty-trfo loaded cars;
out on a Slope oc nity-iwo icet per
mile, thcsam enginoj can only draw
five hundred and nliietysix tons, equal'
to (nearlv) tlilrtvcars? Now. if the
engines baloaifed to their full capacity
on cadi gradethc coatin a given dis
tance wijl' necessarily be the same, and
if the rcsSlt le reduced) to dollars and
cents, yoSjwiUiperceivejliow prollt di
minishc3."Jis guiles increase. For in-
tancc, 11 $10-pcr!car be the through
rate iipoirfcompcting roads between two:
points, thj road havingj flfty-two (32)
feet iicr mile will receive lor drawing
her maximumtrain huffSOO, while that
having bui llftecn'feet per mile, for ex
pending Hie same foreefj-i-ceives $020.
You will notice "fronniie statistics of
completed. roalls wliich'-is given beloW,
that only.ijiicCliiri.ll the gross receipts
are net prolit. Xor,-, if we suppose the
former to be a fair average road, and to
be performing her work with the aver
age result, the proceeds would divide
200 for cost of operating, and $100 net
profit. XoWjiuthc two cases in ques
tion, as both engines are exerting the
same power over the same distance, the
cost for the triple necessarily the same;
thelattcr road'wpuhl therefore how,
2d0 as (lie oost'and $12o'tiie net profit.
And if the tonnage in the latter case be
reduced, to(tJie sainca;tbq;i;ormer,;thc
rate per ear and number of trip? being
the same, the reduction of power neces
sary, owiug to your reduced grades be
ing a reduction jn 'cost, would stilfkecp
tlie'prVjporlion1 -reversed in,yotir,favor,
and on the samn gross receipts would
how if 'OO.ns, ,the opurirtlng expenses
a'n'd $200 aslhe net profit.
In tiie handling, itc, of promiscuous
freight, there would be an element of
ost not taken into account In the forin-
or. calculation, whero" the -number of
tons Is increased to tlio capacity of the
engine; hut it would be a small psr
cciitage in any case, and In yours,
where the great bulk of business will
conilst of roal, lumber, and Iron ore,
which are loaded and unloaded by the
shipper, and .consignee, the above fig
ures will be, found to hold good in prac
This favorable showing of grades has
not been accomplished by resorting to
great curvature, as might be supposed,
Aggregate length of straight lines. ...7U.32uis,
cuneaup 101 uegree, mm
2 to 3
J to 4
4 to 5
3 to G
" 1.85 "
Total length tabulated.
" degrees of curvature,
1586 deg. 26 sec
This cannot be properly called a crook
ed road. The larger portion of the cur-
ature occurs iii the 19 miles south of
Millersburg, upon which the propor
tion foots as follows:,
Miles of straight line 13.49
Miles of enrred line-.'.... ........ M0
Totalcurrature 890 des llmln
Xorth of Millersburg the tangents
range from three to thirteen miles i
length,- the whole showing as fol
Miles of straight line..,..;
Miles of cursed line
606 deg. 13 min
An equally favorable showing in cost
appears by reference to the accompany
ing general estimate; the quantities
average than 10,000 cubic yards per
mile, on eighty-eight miles, which .in
cludes one mile of switch from the
main yard at Black River to reach the
level of the proposed docks, from which
point tracks can be cheaply constructed
on the meadows on either side of the
river, as desired
Tills "descent was' made with a grad
of o'ne foot per hundred, for thirty-eight
hundred feet, In order to give you com
mand of a greater amount of dock
space than could otherwise be had. If
thought desirable, the descent can be
made, with a grade of twenty-six feet
per mile. It would, .however, involve
the loss of river-front, and require the
paralelling of your track for some three
miles, In .order to; .command both sides.
GENERAL FEATURES OF ROUTE.
Owing to the pendency of negotia
tions with the 'Marietta & Pittsburg
Road to use in common six miles of their
proposed VTalhonding branch, your lo
cation was commenced at a point on
iValhonding Ttiver, six miles northwest
from'Coshocton and Itoscoe, In Coshoc
ton county, and enters at once the val
ley of Killbnck, which It follows in a
general direction nearly due north for
iltty-four miles to the main summit and
head waters of Black River, making an
ascent in all of but one hundred and
,This valley has n general depth of
from three hundred to five hundred feet
below the level of the adjacentcountry
the bed of the stream being uniformly
from forty to sixty- feet' below the base
of the coal measures
For' the whole distance, the bottom ol
the valley is composed of alluvial de
posit, generally overflowed In time of
high, water. The side hill bluffs are
covered heavily with drift material,
largely coarse gravel, so that uo solid
rock excavation is encountered in the
For the first fifteen miles, the vallcy
is narrow and tortuous, and on the nintli
mile in Clark township, Coshocton
county, in order to avoid the loss of
two And a half miles of distance,! have
located a tunnel 1,100 feet in lengtli
through McXeal's Hill. I have estima
tetMt upon the supposition that the drift
would be- made through the soft sand
rock, which shows in'tho hill above the
height'of the tunnel, which, however,
sufficiently hard not to require arch
ing. Should fnture 'examination by
boring prove otherwise, it .would be.ad-
isable- to' make., additional' surveys at
ttn. point, to-teat, niorcc fully thetioni
parative cost of a route around the
From' :a .point three, miles south of
Millersbnrg, the valley becomes -more
direct in its course, requiring but mod
eratc curves, and admitting of tangents
from two to five miles long,
Tiie summit and head waters of Black
River, flowing into the Xakc, are
reached In the marsh south of 'Lodi, In
Medina' count', at a height o( three
hundred and" forty-five feet above Lake
Erie, aud one. hundred and thirty-nine
feet above the. starting point. .From,
thence northward, the. route lies in an
open country, following the general di
rection of Black; River to its mouth.
This stream lias, no valley in .the or
dinary senso ot the word simply a
primary.channel from one to three hun
dred feet in width and from twenty to
thirty feet In depth below tiie surround
ing table laud, within'whieli the stream
flows; in ordinary water, in a secondary
channel winding from' bank to bank,
ELEMENTS OF BUSINESS.
In Coshocton and Holmes counties,
the country adjacent to your line con
sists of a succession of hills attaiuing
apidly the height of, from four, bun
dred-feet, above the valley of the Kill-
buck., The soil, however, is well adapted
the growth of wheat and other or
dinary Ohio products when properly
farmed. The chief wealth of these
counties lies beneath the soil, In the ex
tensive bedsof coal and Iron. From the
lake, your great market, you reach the
first anoirtt workable veins of coal on
the south sldeof PalntCreek, in Holmes
county, a ditanco of sixty-four miles
from Black River; from this point to
Black Creek, a distance of ten and a
half miles', is what the State Geologist
pronounces "the mot prodnctiv coal
region, of the county" (Report for '70,
sige-l'C). Coal can be,, seen in every
ravine where the natural strata is ex
posed. The upper scams nearest the
hill tops being less covered with drift,
have been more readily discovered and
opened, aud having been more than suf
ficient to supply the demand fordomes
tio purposes (the only one heretofore
existing), the lower seams are but little
known. Of tiie bottom scam, the State
Geologist, ou same page; makes these
remarks : "This is a true block coal, of
fair quality, and reasonably free sul
phur. It inclines to break up in small
pieces, is quite rusty, and of rather an
uninviting appearance. The' black
smiths do not like it, as' they prefer a
softer and mote melting coal; as their
opinion, where little coal is mined, Is
potent in determining the reputation of
dilferctit coals, that from tills seam lias
not had the value it deserves." (Page
7.) "From ten to thirty feet above
coal Xo. 1 (bottom beam), U a local de
posit of, coal and iron ore, which I have
been able to trace over a largo part of
tho county west of the Killbnck.- It 1
consists of ten to twelve Inches of can
nel coal, and about the same thinkness
of bituminous coal below It, with
band of hard massive iron ore between
the benches of coal. It Is reported I
some localities as four feet thick, but
have seen it reaching a thickness of
only eight or ten inches. It Will ultl
mately become ah Important clement In
this very rich mineral region." On
page4S2: "It is evident that a great
abundance and variety of our native
ores, can be obtained from all part3 of
the count', sufficient for a very Ion;
time to mingle with and temper the
richer ores of the lakes, if they should
be brought to the country to be smelted
The Are clays are apparently pt excel
lent quality, and in quantity they would
-suffice for the manufacture of all the
fire brick and coarse pottery of the con
tinent for ages. Holmes' county will
afford many places where the fire clay
and the fuel can be taken out together
in quantities practicably inexhaustible.
Such facilities for the manufacture of
pottery and fire brick cannot long be
overlooked." I cony from the same
SECTION OF COALMEASURES—IN THE VALLEY
OF KILLBUCK, FOUR MILES ABOVE
Top of hill, gray shale, with
Gray limestone ' 4 feet.
Coal, bituminous 1 2 feet.
Fireclay .-.3 feet,
Shale ." 50 feet,
Blue limestone :. . .a feet,
Coal, seiui-cauiicl -..: to 4 feet.
Fireclay J C feet.
bnaic mm sandstone, with
mtn coal tu lect,
Coal cannel 2 to 8 feet
Shale and sandstone 70 feet.
Coal, block, lower seam 3 feet,
i ire ciay 3 feet.
Conglomerate rock 10 feet,
iiaverly sandstone.,..-,.... .00 feet,
LEVEL OF RAILROAD.
Our observations during the progress
of your surveys, 'verifies the above gen
eral section, and shows that it is con
tinuous with more or less persistency,
aud often with greater development for
the entire 24 miles to the 'iValhonding
river. Two and a half miles south of
Millersburg your line crosses the track
from a mine now working with abreast
of seven feet of very pure coal. Sever
al other mines, equally good, are open
and working elsewhere along your
The level of your road being unl
formly below the lowest coal, tracks
can be constmcted in all the ravines
and side valleys, down ''which the coal
can be delivered from" great distances
without the use of power to return the
empty cars. Casey's run, for instance.
opposite Millersburg, with its two di
vergent branches, would afford en
trance to all those seams known as the
Shrimplin's run veins, shortening the
route to market, with the additional ad
vantage that the drifts could uniformly
ascend the dip, giving the mines natur
FACILITIES FOR BUSINESS.
Itis true that the -direction of your
route is at right .angles to tiie course of
general trade and commerce, but it is
equally true that youcoincide.precisely
witii the line between the greatest sup
plies and the greatest demand for your
three specialties, viz.: coal ,iron ore ami
lumber, the supply and demand for
which are both practically inexhaust
ible at opposite ends of your route.
It is true, also, that you will fill the
gap witlt the shortest aud most direct
route possible, and with the lowest
grades of any road now built or that
can be built by any other route.
In r.-ldttlon to tills", yon make first-
class connections with other roads' run
ning east and west, stretching' across
them like a great equalizing bar, ready
to respond to.tlie favorable overtures of
any or to protect yourself by means
of the specialties over which you.will
hold an absolute control;
At Coshocton, in tiie midst .of im
mense coal fields, and surrounded witli
mines in active operation,- youUvill bp
in connection witli the Pittsburgh, Cin
cinnati and St. Louis, and Marietta and
Pittsburg' roads, which witli their
brandies and allied roads cover alj
southeast Ohio, giving access to the
coal fields of Guernsey and all southern
counties. At Oxford and Millcrabnrg
with the Cleveland, Mt. "Vernon & Co-
lumbns road, which will develop addi
tional mines right and lelt, and create
wholesome competition. ,At AVoostcr,-
with the Pittsburg, Ft. Wayne & Chi
cago route. At the summit,, with the
Atlantic &, Great Western. At. La
Grauge, 29 miles from Cleveland, .witli
the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati
and Indianapolis route, which will af
ford, lyou connection with Cleveland,
which disposes of oyer one million tons
per annum of coal alone; over'grades
no heavier northward than your own
affording the' foundation for'an eqtiitar
ble pro-rata in friechts. At 'Elvria.
ith both 'the lake shore routes' west,
and the main line to Clcvelau-i; and at
Black River with the entire shippingot
Biack'Rivcr Harbor is reputed to be
the best on Lake Erie, and although not
one dollar lias ever been expended in
dredging the channel, It has now a
depth, nowhere less than 13 feet, and
most ot the way 20 feet, for a distance
three and a half miles from its
mouth, and an average widtlt of about
200 feet, witli lwld, almost vertical,
banks. Kxtciisive meadows border the
channel to a widtlt of about 1300 feet to
the low blull's on either side. These
meadows and their adjacent slopes cau
not fail in a few years to become the
site of- manufactories more extensive
than anything now known on the lake
Your location first touches the river
a point about two miles from the
mouth in a direct line, where the bank
sliows a vertical scarpment of compact
shale for a hcirht of 43 feet above the
atcrlluc. Here it Is proposed to e-
ablisli your, main train yard, and to
construct coal dumps, by means of
liich vessels can bo loaded without
amlling. From this point a short run
about 3S00 feet upon a grado of one
foot per hundred, brings you to the lev
of the proposed docks, where your
tracks can branch in all directions1 to
meet the demand elsewhere, that will
evidently extend to the navigable por
tion of the river.
I know of uo fairer mode of treating
tills subject than by comparison witii
existing facts on other completed roads,
and would therefore call yoiirattentlon
the following, compiled from the an
nual reports ol thirty-seven railroad
companies, all in tlifs State, for the year
1R71, covering tho result on six thou--
sand one hundred and seventy-five miles
of road, of which three thousand four
hundred and fifty-seven mile3 embrace
all the completed track at that time in
the State of Ohio.
Average cost of roads and
equipment, per mile $39,235 00
Average funded and floating
debt, per mile 28,733 00
Average earnings from pas
sengers, per mile, per an
num 2,645 00
Average earnings from,
freights, per mile, per an
num ' C,3C4 00
Average earnings irom otner
sources. Der mile, ner an
num 370 00
Average earnings from all
sources, ner mile, ner an
num 9,579 00
Average operating expenses,
per mile, per annum.... uiu uu
Average net earnings, per
mile, per annum 3,053 00
Xbw, If we assume that your road
will 'be bntan1 average one in all re
spects, the above net earnings would
produce the following result for' one
year's business; -
Xinety mIIes"of net earnings .
at f j,v-yj per mue rji4,uii uu
Which' could be disposed of as follows:
Paid s per cent, on
debt $144,000 00
Paid 10 per cent, on
stock 50,000 00
Surplus cash orr .
hand. . 80,770 00
$274 700 00
The above earnings would divide
over twelve per.cent. upon the whole
cost of your, road, and would not only
keep the interest on the bonded debt
paid up, but the above surplus, togeth
er witli its accrued interest, would in 20
years more than pay the entire debt,
The above figures are abundantly ver
ified by the facts on the Mahoning Val
ley, and Hocking Valley roads roads.
The Hocking Valley road about the
same length as yours, but with her
northern terminus over 100 miles by
rail from tho lake compelled to find
market for her coal largely by trans
shipment upon other roads, shows by
her official report that she earned for
tiie first year nearly 8 per cent, upon an
average cost of $35,572 per mile. The
same earnings applied to your road
would pay over: H per cent, upon the
We have based our calculations upon
the proposition, first, that yourtroad
will have no greater tonnage than the
average of all "roads'ln the State, good
or bad, which is surely safe and short
of the mark; And, second, thatyon will
jaot bo able to carry with any more
profit to yourself over your fifteen feet
grade than the average of these roads,
a majority of which are working every
train over grades of from 40 to CO feet
per mile, whicli alone should make a
difference, o3 we have seen, of over 100
per cent, in your proportion of profits.
The following is an approximate, es
timate of the cost of your road, which
though the final results may slightly al
ter in the details, I believe is ample
suiucient to cover tne wnoie:
SUMMARY OF GENERAL ESTIMATE.
Grading, including tunnel. SSOSJM 00
Trestle bridges and piling. 10 000 CO
.truss Driage superstruction 69,000 00
Bridge masonry. 21,600 00
Culverts , 6,400 00
Cross ties , 101,376 00
Iron, t6 pound rail com-
.-. 1856.33) 00
Road crossings and cat
IIO&B ner mile.-
Stations and water stations 30.500 00
Frojr. switches, etr. : . 5 9GO ou
Telegraph ....... 3,520 00
Shops and engine houses.. 70.000 00
iiall.lst, etc .68,000 U)
Rollingstoct and tract tools
Total, per mile...
You will observe that n item appears
in, the above estimate for the probable
cost of right of way, which occurs for
following reasons. First it is an ex
penditure governed by uo fixed rules";
each road Is a latv unto Itself, and no
reliable data can be had by which to
form an estimate; and second, in a peo
ple's enterprise, like yours, born out of
their necessitiesnd undertaken by their
united efforts, it is reasonable to" expect
the right of-'wayj generally, as a dona
tion, as has been the case in very many
The increased annual income to the
farmers along the line, due to the in
creased price of their products, as the
necessary result of active competition
freights, taking ,no account of in
crease in valueof their lands, will alone
'a few years amount to a much. great
sum than the whole present value ol
the right of way.
That, active competition must for ever
exist is evident from the fact, timt you
cannot directly with six main routes
east-ward, whoso interests are naturally
divetfe that a combination among
them to maintain high rates is impossi
Mostrespectfully submitted, by,
Your obedient servant,
J. P. HARPER, Chief Engineer.
WOOSTER, O., Nov. 15th, 1872.
Do ladies obtain bargains when tliey
get worsted ?
A game of pitch aud toss A life on
the ocean wave.
V romantic death A young lady
rowned in tears.
If you want to inou- whether a tree
holIoVor not :i' H ' -
If' a mail wishes 'to' sleep hard he
must takea soft bed.
A young subscriber wauts to know If
is best.to bide your saving, or save
The reason why a drunken man can
not give an account' of himself Is be
cause ho has lost his balance.
A farmer had a calf so contrary lie
said that lie "had to pull his ears off to
make him suck, and to pull his tall off
make him let go."
A pretty girl said to Leigh Hunt,4-!
very sad you see." "O,no," repli
"you belong to the other Jewish
sect, you are very fair, J see."
"I am surprised, wife, at. your ignor
ance,'' said a pompous fellow; "have
you never seen any book at all V uO
cs," sho replied, 'In a-nnmbcr of
A mail lately niado a wager that lie
seen a horse coins at his zrcatest
peed and n dog' sitting on his tail, and
strange as It may seem, he won, but the
dog set on his own tail.
An exchange says at a concert re
cently, at the conclusion of the song,
Thtre'i a Good Time Coming,' a coun
farmer got up. ind exclaimed: "MIs-
'cr, you couldu't fix the date, could you
I Holmes Co. Republican,
Dedicated to the Interests of the RAttblicM
Tarty, to Holmes County, and to local and gen
eral new 8
WHITE & CUNNINGHAM.
' " ' IDITOBS AVD TKOfHIXTOBS.
OFFICE Commercial Block, over Mulrine'i
. -Dry Goods Store. .
-Terms of Subscription:
One year (in advance)
Thn Tfi-BTT.ij.TnT TT-inttnflr Office is OQS
of the best furnished country- olllcea In tho
Anything Else But Sorry.
Once upon a time, a big, strap
ping, awrKwara youth, Iresu Irom
Vermont, entered the Dunbar Aca
demy at ByCeld, Mass., for a little
erudition, which is doled out at thi3
Temple of Minerva at economical
prices. At that place we know not
how it is at present the boys and
girls, were kept in one apartment;
only the middle aisle parted them.
One day this Vermont strippling
had been helping one of the girls
through a hard snm he was acute
in cyphering thought it not more
than' fair 'that he should 'take toll
for his valuable services; according
ly he threw his stalwart arm around
the rosy damsel and gave a sly,
rousing smack which started the
"Jedediah Tower, come up here,"
The delinquent appeared, his face
glowing with blushes like a red-hot
warming pan and looking-as sly as
'Hold your hand, sir,"' said the
pedagogue. "I'll teach you not to
act thus in this institution."
The huge paw was extended to a
horizontal line towards the instruc
tor, 'who surveyed its-broad surface
with a mathematical eye calculat
ing how manyvstrokes of his small
ferule it, would take to cover the
large number of square inches it
"Jedediah," at length he said.
"this is the lirst time you have been
called upon for any delinquency;
now. sir. if vou will say you are
worry for what you have done, I will
let you off this time without punisn
ment. "Sorry!" exclaimed the youngster,
striking an attitude of pre-indigna-tion;
"Sorry! no, sir! I am not
And I will do so again if I have a
chance. So put on, old fellow, just
as hard asyon like by the jumpin
Jehosaphat IM stand here and let
you lick me till kingdom cum afore
rd be sorry for that by thunder I
A Business Like Enoch Arden
They have had an Enoch Arden
in Oskosh. This person was de
tained by circumstances beyond his
control from his wife. She, looking
upon htm as'satifactorilyjlead, mar
ried another man and lived with
him happily for some years. Mr.
Oskosch Enoch, not being a "Mari
Sage," inconveniently returned, and
looking through the window of his
wife's new home, saw himself in ex
actly similar to the original Enoch.
But being a practical Western man,
he promptly walked into the front
parlor, and kicked the suplerflous
husband into the street Then, di
recting his wife to select his own
particular olive branches from the
plentiful stock on hand, with the
view of sending the others to their
lawful progenitor, he seated himself
in the most comfortable chair in tne
house and demanded supper. This
is hardly so fitting a story for poetic
treatment as the other, but it is
much more natural. Uo rolling on
the lawn here, and going away to ex
pire in a"garret. No stifling of feel
ings in this case, and nobly suffer
ing in silence. On the contrary,
here is determination under discour
agement and perserverancc under
misfortune. In fact, it was a sensi
ble and busine'ss-Iike 'proceeding
throughout, and we hare a very
strong belief that the original Enoch
wanted to act .in the. same, nut was
afraid to do so.
In Car With a Lunatic.
A gentleman now stopping in
Troy, INT- Y., had quite a struggle
with an escaped lunatic on a Jfew
York Central train between Troy
and Utica, a few days ago. On en
tering the car he attempted to sit
down by the side of a stranger, who
at first wished to prevent him doing
so. He finally consented, but the
gentleman, who was insane, began
talking in a singular manner, ofler
ing all kinds of threats to persons
whom he considered his enemies.
A'gentleman1 wlio occupied a seat in
front turned ardriud to see what was
the matter, but the lunatic struck
him across the head, sending that
member through the car window.
Both gentlemen then arose to leave
the car, but were pushed back, and
dared to move under penalty of
death. In a few moments the in
sane man fell asleep, and the gen
tlemen whose lives were threatened
moved into an adjoining car. The
affair caused much excitement.
A Quaker Printer's Proverbs.
Never sendest thou an article for
publication without giving, the edi
tor thy name, for thy name often
time secures publication to worth
Thee shouldest not rap at tho
door of a printing office.
Tscither do thou loal about, asK
questions or knock down type or
the boys will love thee UKc they no
shade trees when thou leavcth.
Thou shouldst never read the
copy on the printer s case, or tne
sharp and hooked container thereof,
lie may knock thee down.
Prefer thine own town paper to
any other, and subscribe for it im
Dr. Hall gives the following "cat-
lnp- nenations: 'Xever eat when
you are not hungry; nevercat when
you are very tired; never cat jut
berorc severe mental or pnysicai ei
fort; never cat while in a passion;
never eat when very low spirited;
never eat just before a bath; never
cat while greatly worried." "Will tho
good doctor please tell us when we
Irate parent: "Oh! ver don't want
go into business, don't yer? Oh !
want to be a clerk in tho post-
office, indeed! Iiy, ail your ut lor
to stand outside with your tongue
liout Tor people to wet their stamps
Youns ladies who aro learning to
skate' are putting more stuffing in
their waterfalls, and masing ouier
preparations forfaiting down on the
A Titnsville maid has had a book
keeper in her eye for some weeks-
Why Is the bone of the arm called the
funny bone? Because It Is called .the
humorous bone. -
Wise men make more opportunities