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JCOl Xeoll Xcoll leol troo H-00 t&oo 10X0 iixo: SJJO nan 8J0 6M 8J0O 1OJ0O 13J30 11J00 1U00! QlSO M.OD 0M UJUO ibjuo 1X00 tSJOO 2OJ00 2S.00 SJJD9 OJSO LU UJOO Deatns iad Marriages gratis. Local Notices, lint Insertion, lu cents per line; subsequent insertions cents per Special Notices and Foreign AdrcrfW' per cens. auuiuuuai Business Cards, not exceeds 5 l""t Administrators' and editors' Notices 1 I I wk 1J30 tVSl J wt ijo ixo iwfc af tso no 150 too mo J0 4J0O OJU W JO -00 O-S" Cmo J J in w noo is-uu lyr. 10.00 liCO ISM) County Officials Cox PjiaiJudjt. - Willia U. PrObaU JudOt. - - THOU 1 AEXOK. Proeeattina Attornty, - L.B.1IOA011XD. County CUrt, - - K. W.TaxrrmLL. Akerlf, - - - - - 3XHIS BCTlia. Atuittnr ... Josrrn II. NZWTOX. Recorder. . - - W.CMCIMWHX. Treeturer. - - Gottlixi uniu- 1 , Al'lfWOUXl. i!mmUthmeri. I JOS.GlUKOIS. ( Vi. Watrcr. - IL II. BOBIKSOS. - A.B.GOXSIS. iLciun Allison, JJoax IL SXITH. Surveyor, Ceromr, Infirmary Directert, (WXIKIliGTOXCOTIII, Church Directory. 31. E. CHURCH, Meeting, Thursday evening at 7 o'clock. EVANG. LUTHERAN CHURCH. SERVICES KVEEV OTHEIl SABBATH, AT 10S6 o'cioca: A. fii-, ana services cicrjoiw h.Kntn0. PrsrerMeetlnreverv Tues dareVenini. Sabbath school every Sunday morning at II o'clock. KeT. II. . crouse, ras tor. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. mw . a imnnT.T.ASn PiSTOILlIOia Inr service at 11 o'clock- Sabbath school ll o'clock. Evening service eo'elocfc Prayer meeting every Wednesday evening at ii O'CIOC. GERMAN LUTHERAN CHURCH .SERVICES EVEBY SABBATH AT 100'- ClOC C, A. JK. ooaiujixuwii emacher. Faster. Societies. Snsrta Lodge, No. 126, F. & A. Mason. tat rVimmnnleatlons Jnne 6tb. July 4th. August 8th, SeptemberSth, October 3d, October .iss. xtovemueru, Mlllertbura Chapter, No. 86, B. A. M Begnlar Con vocations June 13th, Julrlltli, August 15th, September lifn, October 10th, N o- vemeer ssn. -"j.jjsr, . P. KILLBUCK LODGE, I. O. O. F., No. 81. Meets every Tuesday eveninr. in theirhall ' InCommercialBlock. GOTLEIB GEBBEB, K. G. C 3. Vooanxs, Sec' v. Railway Time Tables. Railway Time Tables. Cleveland, Mt. Vernon & Columbus R. R. GOING NORTH. Xo.1. No. 3. No.B. Xo. 13, Ace'm. Cln. Ex. Loc Ft. Acc'm. Cleveland, 10,20 am 7,20 pm. Hudson. 9.00 " K.19 " S.tOom Cnyh'ga Falls,M3 ' t, " Akron; 8,13" Kew Portage, 1,66 8,11 " Clinton. 70 " 4,52 " llsrshlivillc. 7.1S " 4.S1 " 5,10 " 4.08 " 3,40 " a,08 " 28 " 2.10 " OrrvUlc, 7,03 " 4,11 Apple ureek, o,n " rrederickb'g, tfi! " HolmesviUe. 5.44 " 34 " 12,15pm 3,37 " 111 " 31 11,00 " Millersbnrir. 5.Mam 3.03 1U.I9 " 0,49 " 9,14 8,25 ' 8,02 " 77 " 7,16 " (V5iam KiUbuck, S.62 " Black Creek, 1,55 " Gann. 23 " DanvUle, 1,51 " Hovard, 1,38 " Gambler, 1,58 " Mt-Vamon 1,13 " Mt. Liberty, . 12,19 " Centerburg, 12,0a " Condlt, 11,51am Sunbnry, 11,40" Galena, 11,5;" Westervllle, 11,18 " Columbus, ....... 10,15 " Cincinnati 0.00 " 7,33pm o,m 8,30 6,00 5,33 6,16 4.40 3.25pm Through Freight leaves Millersburg 12,08pm GOING SOUTH. Xo.lt. N0.8.V No. 4. Xo.2. Acc'm. loc-rtr Clev. Ex. Acc'm. Cleveland 8,20am 3,15pm jinason, .... ... o,aoa la v,u Cuyh'gaFalls 9,80?' 10,00 Akron 10,45 " 10,17 New Portage 11,15" 10,38 Jlinton. 11.50 " 10.55 4,58 " 5,27 " 5,27 " 8,01 " 6.2J " Marshalville, 11,33pm 11,14 " urrvuie, ........ z,u - Apple Creek, 2,55 ' Freder-ksbg. 3,52 ' HolmesviUe 4.12 ' Mlllersburg, 4.SI ' KUlbuek, 5,18 Black Creek 5,51' Gann, 0,41 Danville, : 7,26 Howard, 7,49' Gambler, 8,13 Mt- Vernon, 6,08 am 8,43 MU Liberty, 6,48 Centerburg, 7,12 " , Condlt. 7,50 Snntmry, 8,12 Galena, 8,24 ' Westervllle,' 9,05 " ....... Columbus, 10,00 " Cincinnati, 2 30pm 114 " 6.37 " 12,15pm 7,00 " 12,35 " 7,17 " 12,45 " 70 " 12,59 " 7,15 " 1,17 " 1,31 " 2,05 " 2,22 " 2,SS " 2,48 " 3,04 " . 3,29" . 3,43'.' . 4,00 " . 4,12 " 4,18" . 4,36 " 4.45 " 10,30 " Through Freight leaves Millersbnrg 4,11 pm At MASSILLON BRANCH. Going South. Goinir North. Clinton. 6.15 pm 7.28am CanalFolton, O30 7.17 " Millport, 6 45 " .7.03 " MassUlcn, tW ' 0.18 ' G. A. JONES, Superintendent. Atlantic & Great Western RAILROAD, THE Great Broad-Gauge Route BETWEEN THE East and the West. East and the West. Summer Arrangement, June 8, 1874. (Eastward.) SfflTIONS. No. 2. No. 12.. Leave MiUersburg Akron nrsr S.08PM 852 flXS " OSS " 7.18 11 8 850 " SSSvO::::::::::: 11J5 " . I12J0XX 10.10 11J5 " l2Jt5ni C01T7 Jamestown.... JLrriTe Salamanca .... HornellaTllle.. Co-sin , Elmirft 2.12 " 3.13 " 4J0 " aso 20 " 6.15 " aos " 8JJ8 " 10.08 " 10.33 " 12.S6PM 10J3" 7sa " 8X0 " 7 jam Bostona.Bingh'ton Boston TisNew YOrk 10.001K 4.50 PM 6J0 450 Going West-Leave Akron at 6:42 a. m. and 7:08 p. m.; arrivo at Cincinnati at 5,00 p. m. aud$;00a.m. Sennits a day view on the entire length of the usa.uehanna and Delaware Division of the Erie Ballway, embracing the most romantic scenery upon the continent . No. 1 SCPBESS, Daily. To this train is attached a SLEEPING COACH, which runs through to New York without change. A first class passenger car Is also run through to New York without change, by this train, for the 4ccWnmodlition 'of those who dtTsQt desire sleeprng coach location. No extra charge Tor bm in tuis tarougu car. For further Information as to time, fare and connections, apply to the local agent, asking for tickets via. the ATLANTIC AND GREAT WESTEBN BROAD GAUGE BOUTE. No "stop-over" allowed upon local tickets. Local passengers must purchase tickets to their ant stopping place, and may then rolror thae from tbifpdili to destination. W. B. SHATTUC General Passenger and Ticket Agent. CINCINNATI, O. P. D.COOPEB, General Superintenduit, Cleveland, Ohio. Steel Rail! Doutte Track J BmOBET OHIO 8, H, ti the ONLY ROUTE by vrhlch hqltjeri of tao 4ie csauea to vleft tne cities of BALTIMORE. PHILADELPHIA, New York and Boston, At the cost of a ticket to New York or Boston only, with the privilege ofvisitlng (5 the ONLY ROUTE from the WEST TO NASlllSGTON CITY. Without a long and tedious Omnibus Transfer inrougu uammore. The ONLY LINE RUNNING MAGNIFICENT jjai caus, ami Palace Drawing Room Sleeping Coachea From St Lonls, Cincinnati and Columbus, to Baltimore and Washington Without Chanoe. Tickets for sale at all Ticket Officers in the South and West. THUS. C. BARRY, General Passenger Agent, Cincinnati, Ohio. L. M..COLE, Gen'l Ticket Agent, Baltimore, Md, 25T1 J. Holmes Old Sorloa Yol. XXX. A Political and Family Journal, Devoted County MlLLERSBURG, HoLMES CoUNTr,:'0., THURSDAY, AUGUST 13, 1874. to the Interests of Holmes Republican. County, and-Local and General Intelligence. 3NTOTBCT Sorloa. Vol. IY, No. 52. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. Physicians. Dbs. rOJLEREXE & WISE, PHYSICIAN'S AND SURGEONS. MILLERS burg. Ohio. Office Hours Wednesdays, rrom'l too o'clock r. li-anaonsatumayi from 9 o'clock x. K. to 3 o'clock r. K. 34tf W. C. STOUT, IL 1). .iTru'vsm np v.. rtATiXES. M. rv. ECLEC. tie Physician and Surgeon, Oxford, Holmes County, Ohio. Special attention given to uironlc ana x emaie jjucuo. unuimMwu free. Office hoars from 9 A. M. to 3 P. on a, , I . 1. Vmt P. P. POMERENE, M. D., PHYSICIAN OHIO. AND SURGEON, BERLIN, ill DR.S.'NVILSON, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, OFFICE ASD rMmh TVrct V.fhrtr Street. 'Wooster. O. AH accounts considered due as soon as servi- rj are rendereo. ut J. G. BIGHASI, IL D, miTOniv BtTTlREON. MILLEBSBURG, Ohio, omce ana jsesiaence, as dvuui f1 " wasninirton street. DR. ESOS BARNES. PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, OXFORD, .OHIO. Omce hours, Saturdays, rromwo'ciocK . to 5 P. X. W. IL ROSS, M. PUVSICtAV AND SURGEON. MILLERS. burir. Ohio, omce rnree aoors xss oi Uhler & McDowells Store. Residence, sec nmi door santh of T. B. KailTs corner. Office days, Wednesday and Saturday af ternoons. u Attorneys. A. J. BELL, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. COLLECTIONS promptly maae. uacewTiij,iniwii A Co.'s Bank. J. & J. HUSTOX, ATTORNEYS AT LAW", MlLLERSBURG, O. Collection! promptly aitenaca so. uuh up- Collections tiromptly attended to posits tho First National Bank. Photography. COURTNEY A APPLETON, x3Ecoa:oc3-E,PSZErEas, Corner Main & Depot Streets, MiUersburg, - Ohio. Dentists. W. R. POJIEROY, MECHANICAL & OPERATIVE .DENTIST, Omce lnitegcispacn's ssnuuing, dtctmw well's Liotningstorc. J. JE. ATKINSON, DENTIST, MiUersburg, Ohio. Office over Gaschc & Nussbanm's Hardware tore. " Hotels. KURD HOUSE, ORRVILLE, O, NORTH OF R. R. DEPOT, S. UEBMAS, prop'r. l-rains going nenn in the morning stop thirty minutes for breakfast. The Hnrd House Is fitted up in first-class style, and Is one of the best houses on the P, F. W. & C. R. B- Country people will find it to their Interest to stop at wis nouse. EMPIRE HOUSE, J. HAMPSON, Proprietor. Passengers conveyed to ana from tne cars, tree oi cnarge. sS-General Staze Office. ltf BUTLER HOUSE, WEST END MAIN STREET, MILLERS- This House is In Rood order, and its guests will be weu carea tor. iu I one aster- House, Directly opposite Passenger Depot, ORRVILLE, OHIO, the Junction of the PM F. W. & C R. R. and j. , ju. V O. V A. ... TtinvnAwlv fitted nn in the most aonroved style, is now open to the public, and will be ready, on the arrival of trains, either day or nignt. S7tf A. SCO VI LL. Proprietor J ahes Sxtdf.b, Clerk ROCEKI C MAZWILL JonHT. Maxwell. R.C.&J. T.MAXWELL, RETAILERS OF CLOTHIITCI CLOTHS, CASSIMEJtES, Gits' FuTDisMnc Goods ! HATS, CAPS, TrnnlsjValises,li'otlons,&c MAIN STREET , THiXlox-Hl'tolx.x-n;, - Oxilo. The First National Bank OF MILLERSBURC. OHIO. n ROBERT lonc, President. B. C. BROWN. Cashier. DtRZCTOIlS: IlQtlET LQJ10, W. M. GlBSOK, l8AAC'PCTNAlf. 1I.NEWTOS, John K Koch, Ja., Dr. Joel l'o)4ini sr. Discounts Notes, -Receives Dtpos- ites, and Transacts a General Banking Business. THE MILLERSBURC IJACBIirS COMPANY. .ire now running their Shops, and are ready to do all jobs of repairing in their line. They IiaTO on hand and for saie. Threshing Machines and Horse Powers that can't be ex. celled, at lower prices tnan ean ue nau else whore. They have on hand. Sulky Hay Rakes, Road Scrapers Plows, Points, Road Scrapers, Farm Bells and Cast-,.. lnn nf all VlAo ? Persons wanting anything In our line vfl lindlt to their interest to call as we intend f sell at low prices tnis season. March ntb. lfa-tf. RAINSBTJRGr & HOOVEI LIVERY, JPccrt and Sale Stable. Hear of American Block, MlLLERSBURG, - - OHI'J. B6y- Firtt-Class Rigs, :au be had at an y time. lafe and reliable, 9tr MlLLERSBURG MILLS 6. FEHRENBACH, Uaa DnrchaMd the 11 111 ers bo nr Mills and now in readiness to accommodate all, who may lATor mm wun CUSTOM WORK The Mill is one of the very best, and so el rort will ue spared to please customers. t : flour; feed, &c Kept cons tan tl j on hand. Ilifhe&t market price pua tor All Kinds of Grain. G. FEUREXBA CM. Millexsburg.O. Sltf notarial, fTUIE nndcrsigaed will write wjth neatness. aecmrar j u unpiKo,' Deeds, Mortgages, Powers of Attorney, Liens, and Wills, Take acknowledgments of the same; Protests Notes, Drafts and Bills of JZxchange; Make out Partial and Final Accounts for Ad' ministrators. Executors ana unaraians, for filing and settling estates in the Probate Court. sr.: Notary Public Office over Long.Brown A Co's Bank, Millers unrg, cr wnri C. I. BEEGLE, Plain i. Ornamental PLASTERER. Work warranted. All orders promptly ex. ecuted. Orders to be left at J. IIULVANE'S store. 18 Attentionl Husicians ! JJew 2yCn8ic Store J. C. Ewina, 3 OPEN IN G a Music Store on Main Street, Ohio, where he offers for sale . oDTXHira rrBT'ijeireiJT ouire. miiiersDnrir. PIANOS AND ORGANS ! ! of the best make, at the LOWEST LIVING kaiims. xvery instrument xuny warranted, Satisfaction given in every case. Stools and Spreads for Pianos and organs kept constantly on SHEET MUSIC and MUSIC-BOOKS, on hand. Music ordered at any time. Teach' ers will find it to their advantage to call on him. Call and examine his stock of Organs,xc Coffins ! Coffins ! AT OXFORD, O. J- SHEPLAR, HAS on hand, at Oxrord, Ohio: a flue Stock ROSE - WOOD COFFINS ! Common Cofflns made to order. Keeps a FINE HEARSE,. . And will attend Funerals at any distance. Call at March ant's Rooms. 19tfebl A. J. SHEPLAR. LOOK THIS WAY ! A. WAITS, Fashionable Tailor HAS JUST RECEIVED THE S A it Slier Styles FOR 1874, In his New Room. One Door West of Bird's ciotning store. Work Warranted to Fit! And made in the Latest and Most Approved oijies. I am still Agent for the Singer Setoing Machine ! And keep Needles and Oil, of the best quality, (say Call and see me. 34m3 GEORGE SCHNORR, DIAUX IV Family Groceries, PROVISIONS, Ac. Main Street, MiUersburg, O. Notice to Teachers. fTUIE BOARD OF EXAMINERS or Holmes X County, O, will hold Examinations of Teachers for tt,e coining year, in RoomNo.7, of Union School Building, at MiUersburg, on SATURDAY. . SEPTEMBER Sth; OCTOBER 3rd and 31st NOVEMBER 14th andSSth; NASHVILLE, September 19th; WEDTSBORG, October 17th: al character, signed by at least two rcsponsl. ble persons, will bo required of each candl. date. Thesetestimoniaismnstbeplacod In ,mneu envelope, unsealed, and addressed with the name and post-office of the candidate and nrcsentedon the dav of examination. A fee of Be cents Is reanired of crerv cnmll. date In advanccof examination. By order of the Board, LEWIS A. BEEBOUT, Clerk, Jan-TI-atf. WM. H. GAEP, Meat Market ! PROVISIONS, In Basement of Block. American Boarding House, Over Frcj's Jewelry Store. Board by tlic Day or Week. Meal a at All Hours. lott BV These Examinations will open a.t BK o'clock, A.M. The class will not he open for admission gf ajibltcauts alter 10 o'clock. No one is fully competent to engage a school till after obtaining a certificate from the Board of School Examiners. Testimonials of cood mor GROWING UP. Oh to keep them still around us, baby darlings, reau ana pure, "Mother's smile their pleasures crowning, "mother's kiss their sorrows' cure: Oh to keep the waxen touches, suna'y curls, and radiant eyes. Pattering feet, and eager prattle all young iiic s lost raraaisc: One bright head above the other, tiny hands, luat ciuog sou ciaspeu. Little forms, that close enfolding, all of Lore' best eifts were rrasDed : Sporting In the summer sunshine, glancing Bidding aU the bright world echo with theii ieaness, careless mirth. Oh to keep them: how they gladdened all thy path from day to dav What gay dreams we fasbioued of them, as in rosy sleep they lay; How each broken word was welcomed, how cscn struggling mougnt was nailed, As each bark went floating seaward, love bedecked and fancy -sailed! Gliding from our jealous watching, gliding ifuui uur enuring uoiu, Lolthebrareleavcs bloomand burgeon; lo the shv sweet amis unfold : Fast to lip, and cheek, and tresses, steals the maiden's bashful joy; Fast the frank bold man's assertion tones the acce ts oi tne ooy. Neither love nor longing keeps them; soon in Those young hands will keiza their weapons, built their castles, ttlant their flnirpi-B ULUEI LAI ALA till I Soon a fresher hope will brighten the dear eyes we trained to see; Soon a closer than ours in tlrose wakening ucaiw w in ue. SO it is, and well it Is so; fast the rirer near luc main. Backward yearnings are but idle; dawning nerer tr.owi azain: Slow and snre the distance deepens , slow and sure uie iina.i are rem; Let ns plnck our autumn roses, with their so ucr uioora All the Year Round NO LICENSE. To Voters at the August Election, on the Question of License in the Constitution. Xlie Constitutional Conreutiou wliich recently adjourned in Cincinnati, in corporated no positive provision or tie elded policy in that instrument relative to the traffic in intoxicating liquors; but in their discretion, leferred the subject to the people, as embraced in the following propositions : FOR LICENSE. "License to traffic in spirituous, vin ous or malt liquors, under such reguln tions and limitations as shall be pre scribed by law, may be granted ; but this section shall not prevent the gen eral assembly from passing laws to re strict sncli tralllc, and to compensate in juries mulling therefrom." AGAINST LICENSE. Xo license to traffic in intoxicating liquors shall be granted; but the gen eral assembly may, by law, restrain or prohibit such traffic, or provide against evils resulting therefrom." Should the New Constitution be adopted, one or the other of these will form a section of it. If the first, then will the organic law of the State au thorize the granting of LICENSE to traffic In spiritous, vinwos r malt liquors. Those who shall vote for this proposition, argue that "the use of in toxicating beverages cannot be prohi bited, but by license, may be regulated." Their sale will bo restricted, conse quently a less number of consumers," "Opportunity anil, .freedom. Jo .drink will obviate excessive indulgence," Only responsible and respectable men, will procure license, thus the business will be taken from the lower and dis reputable class of venders," "The State' and county revenue will be in creased, and taxes correspondingly lessoned." Let us briefly examine THE FACTS and sec whether these things arc so. If, in the present advancement of socictyl tho use of intoxicating beverages can- ot be prohibited by law, how, by per mitting their sale, can the consumption be dlminUhed-or regulated! Will those inclined to their cups be more readily refused drinks in a licensed, than an unlicensed saloon? Will not, rather, the proprietor who pays for the privil ege of vending,be the more anxious to sell, that thereby he may get his money back ? A ill only a limited quautlty be sold a customer, after which, to him, the bar will be closed ? or rather, to pay for the license giving authority to sell, will liquors not ie dealt out,'so ong as money will come in ? How will or can you regulate the thirst for strong drink, or the inclination to satisfy a perverted appetite by a license? II you cannot, to attempt to regulate an evil or a vice by legalizing it, is a danger ous, experiment, and if applicable to drunkenness, why not to profanity? to lotteries? to prize-fighting? to polyg amy and prostitution ? LICENSE WILL NOT DECREASE DRUNKENNESS. NESS. Throw the guard of law around' the rumseller's business, and you recognize it as legitimate. More respectable men will patronize it; they will influence others, and soon a class of citizens, not before addicted to drinking, will be come drunkards. The large army of conflrined inebriates will be recruited and the demand lor intoxicating liquors correspondingly increased. Statistics invariably show a larger number of dramshops compared to population in those States where license, to fell In toxicating liquors arc granted. Like evidence establishes a rapid increase of drinking houses iu the same State, com pared with its condition and morals, than when under the "No License" ystcm. New York and -Massachusetts are fair examples. In the former, with but a brief trial of six mouths under the anti-license law, intemperance and committals for crime decreased to an extent which astonished every one. In the cities of Albany, Utica, Syracuse, Auburn and Rochester nlonc,t!ic records show two thousand less police arrest tli an for the corresponding previous and following six months. Such was the experience all over the State, ftign as license was restored, saloons, Intem perance, violation of law, :j.d punish ments therefor increased fiom twenty- four to two hundred per cent. The same is true of Massachusetts, and the figures substantiating the fact may be seen at any time. Including the laws f Plymouth Colony, In 183G, over two hundred stringent license enactments live been in ioree in that State, and every one proved a failure in regula ting, restricting, or diminishing the traffic In alcoholic drinks. The result in Massachusetts Is that experienced by every other Liccnso State iu the Union, erllled by ttie history of all European nations. The uuifoim and certain ef fect everywhere has been that with li censed tippling houses, drunkenness, drunkards, crime, povt i t. i.tl uUuess, have steadily increased, bearing plen tlfully their bitter Dead Sea Fruits, As tho places ot temptation become more convenient and inviting, young men are the more liable to he lead to their ruin. TO RETAIL WILL PREVENT WHOLESALE. say the advocatesof license. Grant i and what then? Will any person drink the less? 'EstablisTf !ecr houses, and those who now ouly'spend iheir money for the beverage and drink it when done their day's labor, will then spend money and time both. Ale shops, plen. ty, will be opened convenient to work shops and other places of business, and soon the amount of liquors retailed and drank, will' double that purchased by wholesale. BESPONSBLE AND.BESPECTABLE MEN, only it is claimed, under the licen law, ean purchie the privilege to sell liquors. Are sure assumptions verified by facts? Will truly respectable men keep whisky saloons? AV1I1 not the li quor interests reqnire persons in such business to be In sympathy with their customcrs,aud under the'daily demands of the traffic, license would soon be sold so cheaply, that irresponsible and "mer cenary 'melt- could .purchase them' at will. Ton cannot estaClish an 'arostoc racy of. dram shops' among a people who deprecate and detest monopolies, If the rich man alone can buy a license to sell to his patrician customers, the poor man in defiance of law supply the plebeian consumers. Pennsylvania grants license, and, among the twelve hundred saloon keepers in the city of Pittsburgh, the pressure of the whisky interest compelled the licensing of many men who rank very low even among the "baser sort." In the cities of New York and Brooklyn, among the twelve thousand liquor sellers there, are reck oned hundreds who arc far from beinj either responsible or respectable. From a high priced licens at first.the whole sale and retail liquor dealers, suppor ted by the moderate and habitual drink er, forced a reduction until men, with but little money and no reputation can secure the authority aud sanctioned of the State to sell the vilest of adultera ted poisons under the guise and label of common spirituous beverages. It would be the same jn Ohio. A business which produces the natural results of disease, crinie, poverty, wretchedness aud death cannot be made respectable or honorable. LICENSE WILL NEITHER INCREASE REVENUE, OR DIMINISH TAXES. The financial history of the world long ago established this fact beyond dispute. Official documents, prepared by the General Government, directly show that the traffic intoxicating liquors cost the several States of the Union in round numbers, $700,000,000. It bur dens the Republic with 800,000 paupers, at an annual cost of $100,000,000. The price of crime from intemperance is f40,000,000. The waste of grain and fruit, at an average cost per bushel, $50,000,000. The loss of productive in dustry is estimated at $225,000,000. The ggregate expense of the rum traffic, In all its bearings, is put down in fig ures amounting to $187,000,000 per annum. But a comparatively small portion of this immense sum finds its way into State" or county treasuries in payment for license. Beside the ex penditures in money, 100,000 persons, from the effects of intoxicating drinks, are sent to prisons and almshouses; S0,000 to drunkard's graves aud more than 200,000 children reduced to want and beggary. The license State of Pennsylvania, spent during the year 1870, for liquors of all kiuds, $152,003,- 945, and for schools and school purposes $5,800,420. She had engaged iu the liq uor business 78,000 persons, and but 17,- 870 school teachers. Her statistics show 24,000 criminals, four-fifths of whom were made so by drink. But if revenue be the-object, why Hot authorize all to sell who may apply? Give the poor rumseller an equal chance with the rich, and if every tenth man wishes to buy a license, sell it to him aud fill the treas ury! SUCH ARE THE RESULTS. of a traffic voters are culled upou to say, whether or not, it shall be licensed in Ohio. Let them consider well before they, by any act of their own, throw around it the sanction aud protection of law. The proposition should not be regarded as partizan in its character, but rather as involving great questions of Constitutional Authority, Political Economy aud Christian Morality, to be decided by the judgment and will of all parties and people. The very Proposi tion in question virtually admits traffic in intoxicating liquors as a beverage to be a wrong inflicted upou society, and provides that the General Assembly may pass laW3 "to compensate injuries resulting therefrom." Will any person admit the State would be justified in selling the privilege to one man to PERPETRATE AN INJURY upon another, aud then punish him by fine and imprisonment for that which it gave him license to do? On the other hand, would it not be unwise, unjust and impolitic for the State to sanction or protect ajraflie whicli entails an annual loss of millions of dollars upon the in dustry of the country? fills our prisons with paupers? our asylums with insane and imbecile? fosters disease and idle ness? is an enemy to education? a foe to Christianity? a degenerator of the human race? a destroyer of society? would bias the judiciary? influence TfgTtaTTnrrr-7TTnV-lnrtil tn ilm statutory sanction of other evils and vices? THE SYSTEM of granting license to traffic in spiritu ous liquors ts indefensible either on the ground of private gain or public reve nue; aud It is earnestly urged that ev ery voter, who believes the vending of intoxicating liquors as a beverage to be an evil, to vote, oil the 18th of August next, against Incorporating into the or ganic law of our Commonwealth an ar ticle empowering the Legislature to au thorize, sanction and protect the same. Let all remember that what Is "morally wrong, cannot be made constitutional ly or financially right." Honestly aud fairly consider the pro position to grant license to the traffic In intoxicating liquors, and Iu any and every possible light, you will find it to be against the best interest, peace and happiness of society. Therefore, not only vote against it yourself, but use your utmost Influence to persuade others to dollkewisc. J. K. Rukenbrod M. C. Stevens P. C. Young W. D. Henkle Rev. S. Y. Kennedy Rev. C. L. Winget Rev. W. R. Spindler Rev. W. R. Spindler Dr. J. M. Kuhn Jacob Heaton R. H. Garrigues On behalf of the Columbiana County -Temperance Convention. The Next Exposition. From the inception of the Cincinnati Exposition to the present time there have been no backward steps. When it was simply a local exhibition, can fined chiefly to the merchants and man ufacturers of Cinnlnnati.it ranked first among the displays in the country of the arts and sciences. Year after year its sphere has continued to broaden, Each successive autumn exhibitors have been attracted from a wider territory, until it stands to-day, pre-eminently the representative American Expos! tion. Its fame is known from one end of the country to the other, and when last year, the Fine Art Committee sought to increase the attractions of the gallery of paintings by borrowing from some of the famous collections of Europe, its members found no difficui ty in securing what they wanted. Ex hibitions of a similar nature, under taken in other cities, have been organ ized on the plan furnished by our own a delicate compliment to the sagacity and judgment of the Cincinnati Com missioners that has probably not been unappreciated, snd which well shows the reputation the Exposition has throughout the land. The success that has attended the Commissioners is due, first, to the in defatigable energy and sound common sense that have marked their work; and, second, to the experience whicli each succeeding year .makes richer and more valuable. The chiel executive officers of tho Exposition have been educated in the business of conducting great exhibitions; and as the officers of one year have retired to make room for new men, the new men come thorough- familiar with all the details, and are new, therefore, only to the dignities of office, and not to the knowledge of the necessities of the duties. They have gone through all the grades of this great practical school, and worked their way up by their ability and perseverance, The splendid success they have won has been fairly earned and is richly de served. There is no reason to doubt that the Exposition of 1874 will excel those that have preceded it. Wendell Phillips said, in the old abolitionist times: "Re member, you can not be the equal of your ancestors,- unless you excel them as they excelled theirs." It is in the full spirit of this remark that the men who are at the head of the Commission ers for this year are pushing things. We suppose there are many who fancy that it will be impossible this year to repeat the glories of the Exposition of 1873. We only say just wait and see. The officers arc doing an immense amount of labor, and the results they have al ready secured are astonishing. Widely ns the Exposition last year was adver tised, the coming one has been adver- sed mere widely still. Many as were the lines of railroad over which reduced rates of fare were obtained a year ago, more extensive arrangements have been made for this year. Large as was the space devoted to display in '73, there Is more in '74. Last year the catalogue showed seventy-eight classes in whicli premiums were to be given. This year there are nearly Dinety. Last year the umber of premiums given was eight hundred . This year over eleven hun dred arc offered. A million printed forms, advertisements of the Exposi tion, have been sent out, and arrange ments are perfected to make the Expo sition known throughout all parts of the country. More applications for pace have been received up to the pres ent. tlm&. Jhaisliad bei--Te?;iYeHnst: year, and the applications already at hand make it certain that every State east of the Mississippi will be repre sented, and many of those west of it. In Special departments also this year's Exposition will be peculiarly rich. The horticultural display will be by all odds ahead of that of any previous year, and the fine art department will have some of the finest paintings in New York, and a collection of engravings from Phi ladelphia that is famous the country over. MoreeYcr, arrangements are In progress which, it is hoped, will secure -some of the famous paintings of this city that have not yet been exhibited. No citizen of Cincinnati need fear that the Exposition is not going to main tain its pre-eminence as the most con- plcuous and- comprehensive display of the industries and arts of the country now before the American people. By September, business, that already feels new life, will be fairly on Its legs again; energies repressed for a year will be working, and it is safe to count upon an attendance unprecedented in the history of the Exposition. Cincin nati Dally Gazelle. Origin of the "Fighting Editor." The John Bull newspaper edited by Theodore Hook, frequently indulged In offensive personalities in remarking on the character and conduct of public men. A military hero, who would per sist in placing himself consplcuosly be fore the world's gaze, received a copious share of what he considered malignant and libelous abuse in the columns ef satd newspaper, and determlued upon aving revenge. An officer and a gen- Thrman eenld net deintJil Himself uy calling out a hireling scribbler for hon , orable satisfaction. No. He would horsewhip' the miscreant in his den e bull would be taken by the horns. Donning his uniform and arming him self with a huge whip, he called at the office of the paper, and,scarcely conceal- I lis agitation, inquired for the editor He was invited by the clerk to take a scat in the room. He complied, and as kept waiting while the clerk, who recognized the visitor, ran up stairs and formed the editorial responsibility of his name and evident purpose. After an aggravated delay, which served to considerably increase the distemper of the officer thedooropened.and acoarse, rough-looking man, over six feet in height, with a proportionate breadth of shoulder, and armed with bludgeon, en tered the room. Walking up to the surprised and angry visitor, lie said, In a voice of thunder: "Are you the chap that wants to see me?" "You? No! I want to see tho editor of tho paper." "That's me; I'm tho werry feller." "There must bo somo mistake." "Not a morsel. I'm the head hitter of this Bull," said the fellow, bringing the knobbed end of his bludgeon In fearful proximity to tho officer's caput. "You the editor Impossible." "Doyoumeanto say I'm telling lie?" roared the ruffian, as he again raised his knotty argument. "Certainly not by no means," said the .officer rapidly cooling down, and dropping the whip at the same tine, -werry wen, then; what are you wanting wi'mer" "A mistake, my dear sir a mistake, I expected to meet another person, I'll call some other day,"and the complain ant back to the door, bowing to the drawn stick before him. "And don't let me ketch you ctming again withent knowing who r what you want.- We'er always ready for all sorts of customers army or navy civil or military, horse, foot or dra goons." The officer retired, resolving to under go another gorging by the Ball before he again ventnred to encounter the herculean proportions of the "fighting editor." uneniuecierK informed tbe occu pants of the editorial sanctum f the visit of the irate Colonel, neither Hook nor the publisher cared to face 'the horsewhip. A well knawn pugilist the landlord of a tavern in the vicinity, was immediately sent for and a slight preparation fitted him for the part In which he acquitted himself with com plete success. The story rapidly circulated and the reputation or the "fighting editor" of John Bull prevented further remon strance from persons who felt them selves aggrieved by personalities of the press. County Fairs in Ohio. Allen county, Lima, September 23 to October 2. Ashtabula county, Jefferson, Sep. toll. Athens county, Athens, September 17 to 10. Belmont county, St. Clalrsville, Sep, 15 to IS. Brown county, Georgetown, Sep. 8 to 11. Butler county, Hamilton, Oct. C. Carroll county, Carrollton, September 22 to 24. Champaign county, Urbana, Sep. 29. to Oct. 2. Clarke county, Springfield, August 18 to 20. Clermont county, Boston, September 15 to 10. Clinton county, Wilmington, Sep, 10 to 13. Columbiana connty, New Lisbon, Sep. 22 to 25. Coshocton cojjnty, Coshocton, Sep, 15 to 18. Crawford county, Bucyrti3, Sep. 29 to Oct. 2. - Cuyahoga county, Chagrin Falls, Sep, to 4. Darke county, Greenville, September 22. Defiance county, Defiance, October to 9. Delaware county", Delcware, Sep. 30 to Oct. 2. Erie county, Sandusky, September 22 to 25. Fayette connty, Washington C. H., Sep.l to 4. Franklin county, Columbus, October to 9. Gallia county, Galllpolis, September 23 to 25. Geauga county, Burton, September. 23 to 25. Greene county, Xenia, October7 to 9. Guernsey county, Cambridge, Sep, 29 to Oct. 1. Hamilton county, Carthage, Septcm- bcr.l tn j. Hancock county, Flndlay, Sep. 30 to Oct. 3. Hardin county, Kenton, Oct. 6 to 9. Hairisson connty, Cadiz, Sept. 30 to Oct. 2. Highland county, Ilillsboro, Sept. 30 to Oct. 3. Holmes county, MiUersburg, Sept. 23 to 25. Huron county, Norwalk, Sept. 29 to Oct. 2. Jcfforson county, Sralthfleld, Sept. 23 to 25. Knox connty, Mt. Vernon, Sept. 29 to Oct. 1. Licking county, Newark, Sept 28 to Oct. 2. Logan county, Bellfontaine, Sept. 29 to Oct. 2. Lorain county, Elyrla, September 30 to October 2. Lucas county, Toledo, September 22 to 24. Million! n county. Cantleld, Oct. C to 8. Marlon county, Marion, October 6 to 9. Medina county, Medina, Sept. 30 to Oct. 2. Mercer county, Celina, September 10 to 18. Montgomery county, Dayton, Sept. 28 to Oct. 2. Morgan county,McConuelsvllle, Sept. 29 fo Oct. 1. Morrow county, Mt. Ollead, Sept. 23 to 25. Muskingum county, Zauesvllle, Oct. to 9. Ottawa county, Port Clinton, Sept. 9 to Oct. 2. Paulding comity, Paulding, Sept. 30 to Oct. 2. Perry county, New Lexington, Oct. , " WWII, Preble couuty. Eaton, September 29 to October 2. Ross county, Cuillicolhc, September to 4. Sandusky county, Fremont, Sept. 30 to Oct. 3. Seneca county, Tiffin, September. 23 to 25. Shelby county, Sidney, September 2 to 25. Stark county, Canton, September 29 to Oct. 2. Summit county, Akron, October C to 9. Trumbull county., Warren, September toll. Tuscarawas county, Canal Devcr. Sept. 29 to Oct, 2. Union county, Mary.svllle, October to 9. Van Wert county, Van Wert, Sept. I to 2G. Wnrren county, Lebanon, September 23 to 25. Washington connty, Marietta, Sept. 23 to 25. Wayno county, Wooster, October 0 to 8. Williams county, Bryan, September 2 to 25. ' Wyandot county, Upper Sandusky, Oct. G to 9. Two' cannot fall out It .cue doei not choose. [New York Graphic.] Ohio in Peace and War. The selection of ex-Governor Denni- son, of Ohio, as chief Commissioner of the District of Columbia, calls to mind again the cotrolllng power of that State In national affairs. The place of su premacy once occupied by Virginia no w held by Ohio. Following th"Bev- olution the old Dominion held control of tho Presidency thirty-two years out of thirty-six, and for twenty-four con secutive years undir Jefferson, Madison and Monroe. In other words Virginia had four long terms and the other twelve original States one short term during tbe first five administrations. Virginia held also Chief Justiceship, in the person of the matchless Marshall, from 1801 to 1334, a period of thirty- four years. Besides this Washington's Cabinet had two Virginians in it, Thomas Jef ferson and Edmund Randolph. Vir ginia, had the Vice President in tbe sec ond Administration and John Marshall for a brief time as Secretary of Stats. In the third Administration Virginia had the President, Jefferson, and the Secretary of State, Madison. In the fourth administration Virginia had the President, Madison, and the Secretary of State, Monroe, afterward Secretary of War, who was also the head of the fifth Administration. At this period the President of the United States, the General, Lieutenant General, and senior Major General of the army are natives of Ohio. The present Chief Justice, and one Associ ate Justice of the Supreme Court of the U. S. belongs to Ohio, One Cabinet position, two first-class missions the mission to England and that of Japan are filled.by Ohio men. Besides this array an incredible number of Governors of Territories, consuls and ether important national offices are credited to Ohio. But the New Domin ion has as able, perhaps ables, men now in private life than Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, McDowcl, Waitc, Swayne, Lelano, Scbneck and Bingham. Among these may be named Samuel Shellabar- ger, Rufus P..Ranny, ex -Governors Cox, Hayes and Noyes, Valentine B. Horton, Cbauncy N. Olds, Fred Has- saurek, B. F. Wade and George H. Pen dleton. The editors of the Atlantic Monthly and the Tribune and the dis tinguished sculptor, Quincy Ward, are also Ohio men. We shall not attempt to account for the prodigal prodution in this commonwealth of strong men. Perhaps the continued maintenance of order arid the repute of tbe original New England, Virginia ond Pennsyl vania stock have had something to do in the formation of character, Ohio in Peace and War. Profits of Sheep Feeding in Nebraska. Thejfarmer who settles on the fertile prairies of Nebraskahould make "live stock" a watchword. A correspondent n that State sends us the following en couraging "showing," made by Mr. Myers, of Gage.County, a sheep farmer who has-been about four years in Ne braska. Gage County is In the south ern portion of the State; and a b'.anch Of the Burlington & Missouri River Railroad runs through it. The land Is good and the natural grasses sweet and nutritive, but It is no more than a fair average or T4DrasKa, count oi tne Platte. Mr. Myers thus "figures" tke problem of sheep farming in Nebraska, with a flock 1,000 head: 100 tons ofbaycost- i4nK-$3r'Pf,Ttu,;SuP, v300: 500 bushels of sheaf oats, $100 ; shepherd ing for S months, $150; wages for 1 man man for 4 months, $100; do. one month $30; washing, shearing, and packing wool $200; salt, $35; shedding for win ter, $50;lssesat two per cent, $70; total, $1,035. By 4,5001b. of wool, at 40c per S., $1,800; 400 lambs, at, $2.50, $1,000; total $2,800. Mr. Myers considers his allowance for expenses very liberal. He charges hay at too high a figure and the 'per centage of loss is not generally so large as stated, as sheep are subject to no disease whatever, on the Nebraska prairie. One man also could take hargeofaflock of a thousand during the summer months ; and, in winter one boy can feed them, as it is best to let the sheep run to the hay all the time, and the oats are to be fed In the sheaf. Mr. Myers further claims that if a farm er will do most of his work himself, lur ing help only when it Is necessary for harvesting, hay, shearing, c tne sheep will pay him $3.00 per head, as against $2.00 when help Is hired liberal ly. Mr. Myers estimates his sheep to be worth $3.50 each. On 1,000 sheep, the investment would be $3,500; and, as the net profit shown above amounts te $1,705, the return on the investment Is over 50 per cent. Modern Christianity. Yesterday, in company with the doc tor, we visited a deaf and dumb man ho is dying in the doorless, window- less hut we descried once before. Thanks to Mr. Isham Cooper, we were enabled to take ver a good supply of provisions for the poor people. The dumb man was Jn bed. The old wo- eai Illin ia In My llm warm." We asked her the following ques tions, which we give with her answers: "How old are you ? ' "I'm nigh on to sqventy-flve. I can't say positive,. I left my 8ge In South Carolina whar I was riz." "How did you live before we came to see you?" "The Lor' only kuows; but some oi the neighbors is very kind, and though they're right poor the helps me." "Do you belong to any churclir" "Yes, bless the Lor', I'm a Methodist Sometimes ladles used to come here and talk on a slate with my son about the suite of his soul, and they think he'll bo saved." We could not help thinking how con siderate and Christian-like (?) it was in these ladles to volunteer such a gen erous oplnolu. "Did they give you any clothing or food?" ,-Oh! no sir. They just come to talk about John's soul; and bless the Lor' think he'll be saved." "Who Is jour minister?" "Mr. S., of the church up the. hi!!. I usedtqjfoup thar; but I'm very lu an,I ain't had no warm cloths this win ter." Did Mr. S. ever help you ?" "Yes, sir : he uster come and talk re ligion." Holmes Co. Republican. Dedicated to tfio Interest .ot the BenuMlcaa Partr. to HolmM Connrr. and tn 1-. t ftplll cence. WHITE '& CUNNINGHAM, EDIT033 ASS PSG72rXT0B3. OFFICE-Commereial Block, over JTulvane's UrXXEBSBUBG, OHIO. Terms of. Subscription. tOnA VOT- tin Jnu Six months, fob TH-lTltiTljr . Tlu Rnn,wivT.l.iM.ii..iM,.. I- Ijthe best furnished country offices in the "Did herer bring you food or cloth ing?" "No, sir; but he thinks John's soul's right-'-' The reader must pardon us; but at this point it required an effort to sup press a tendency to swear, which we imagined we left off at the close of the war. "Have you no clothing but these!" we asked, pointing to the thin cotton garments that clung like damp rags to her shrunken limbs. "No, sir; but I've put the flannel things you sent me on John. I can get along; we an't got long to live, no how, friend: an' when the boy was able he tried to kear for me." You must be saving of what we bring you, old lady; and while God gives us a little, we will try to keep you warm and fed." Poor thing! she thanked ns in her rough way, and we left, promising to keep up the work which a few gener ous heartsliavc helped us in. Columbus Inquirer, The Insect Plague. Colorado has sent us the potato-bug and we owe it a bitter grudge for the infliction. It is some consolation to know that, while the villainous insect has spread itself all over the Eastern States, it still remains to plague the Ter ritory from which it came; but the people to be affected by it, there, are so few that this consolation really amounts to little. The whole country, lrom the Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic ectan, now the pray of this insect pest; and the name of Colorado smells as vilely in the public nostrils as the malodorous. Insects to which it first gave birth. Next to this pest comes the grasshop per. It is far more destructive tnan the potato-bug, for the latter attacks only esculents, while the grasshoppers take anything that comes before them. They go through a cornfield likethe blast of a whirlwind, leaving nothing but the bare stalks behind; wheat fields, oat fields and grass arc shorn off by them, close to the ground; and if the grain has been gathered into shocks they attack, and demolish the garnered sheaves with equal thoroughness. But, while so utterly destructive, the gt ass- hoppers have not yet found their way east of the Mississippi in any great force. Colorado ha3 been overwhelmed with them; and Nebraska and Minnesota; the plains east of Denver swarm with them and the extreme western counties of Kansas, which border the plains, were last week fairly alive with them. The wheat and oats crops in these coun ties had fortunately been gathered be- fore.they appeared ;"but every cornfield in Western Kansas is to-day desolate and bare. The devastating army was slowly working eastward, at last ac counts, the farmers ahead of their line of march were gathering the green ears of corn from the fields to save them from the insect marauders. The season Is probably too far advanced to look for them, in this region this year, but bow long will it be, in the natural course of things) before the grasshopper becomes as great a burden in Pennsylvania as the potato beetle? A third insect plague of the West, but wliich has not yet reached us, is the chinchbag. It may be heard of all through Illinois, Misouri and Kansas, where It has been terribly destructive. The chinch-bug is a bed-bug mounted on wings-at least it has been so describ ed to us and it goes for a corn-field with the same vigor that dfstinguishes its congener. Jt doa not, however. alight in the flocks all over a field, as the grasshopper dees, but attacks a corn-field systematically, be ginning at the outside row, always, and advancing to the second only when the first has been destroyed. Any traveler through the State we have named will notice the singular look of every corn-field he comes to, caused by the ravages of this insect. On one side of the field he will seo from ten to fifty rows of corn com pletely destroyed, and the rest of the field green and flourishing, their ravag es having been arrested before total de struction took place. A correspondent or tne x. Jimea mentions a fourth plague the crickets. He says: In Idaho the crickets have made one of their occasional toursbelng, in sev eral places, as dense as ever was the Egyptian storm of locusts. The dis gusting creatures form themselves into hillocks under, apparently, every blade of grass, and move in myriads over fields planted with cereals and escu lents. A field is preserved from the ravages of these pests by digging a bench around it, the base being narrow then widening as it slopes upwaru.- When the insects fall Into this ditch they cannot crawl up its sides owing to Its aogle, and it is too deep for them to jump out, so that thousands or them Derish in their prison from Hunger Tills same species of cricket has visited Eastern Oregon for the first time In many yearr, and has inflicted much in jury on the crops. Millions upon min ions seem to move together, being guid ed in tbclr course by a -common Im pulse. I saw fields ot wheat at the base of.the Blue Mountains which had been cropped off close to the ground, and U. HiiuV utalkyorpotatocs nau been devoured. The lino of march of this armrseem to be to the westward. as I met them from tho elevated pla teaus of Umatella county to the Colom bia river." In their migrations they cross streams. I saw millions or tnexn at once in the Umatella rlver,they hav ing apparently entered it with the. in tention of floating to fresh pastures. They follow the course of the. current, and on reaching tranquil water swim toward the shore and recommence their devastating work on the first edible vegetation they encounter. The home of all these pests is in toe Rocky Mountains, and in the plains east of that range, where they deposit their eggs to be hatched by the hot sun. From there they spread eastward; and mo potato-bug may be only the advance courier or the legions of destructives that are to follow in his wake. So far, however, this part of the world has es caped from all but one of these Inflic tions; and we may hope, at least,.ttat we shall never nave tne tue i wm plaln of. Greeley (Col.) has a young lady who promenades the streets In an alpaca coat and linen pantaloons. "I would a't have left, but the people kinder egged me on," said a man who was asked why he qwt nil Aansas uww in a hurry.