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Spirit of the times. [volume] (Ironton, Ohio) 1853-1858, June 28, 1853, Image 2

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SPIRIT OF THE HUES
' Ttfilaj, June 28 1853 f
It 1.RBTE AXO n, P. COItr. Etrtna. j
A I .aiwl.il Dvmneraay. an rual lw for fUpul-
lire A ImuiiM Ari.iwracy,. linouiKj.iKm u(
wwmrrklrt mid tlrp!luu. KuC -Jawr,
Th r.lnd aVtll twt ha M fcr.v.l.-B-W. ,
Tlw man at m (liiiil Iim not haait ham with mii
Um oa lliW back, Nor liTotfil fkw, kouinl
ad afarmi tU Aa laitlwtaly by tit n
-V 11. f AlMI,ll. Mm Anwrienii Xew.paper Agent,
la . Aml Mr this parwrlntlit- rills.
I BM. York. an Philadelphia, aixl it duly
teowti! itk alaartUamonia rl ulitoripttont
fat it ratal! ? HU rce-'U'U will I' norcW
t an reyrtwnw. Hil Olfio? BOSTON, Sroilay'.
nUilfiirt New YORK. Trtbaim UuiMlng! PHII.A.
M&HJ.l U. W. Miavi Tuinl id Clv-auu. trMtt."
STATE ELECTION.
, CLCcnex tit?pat, oct. :muj
ro.a oovnsxoii,
, LIKtT.OOVKaVOR,
1I0XX3 BUSS, of Allow.
.- BiaiurrARV OF CTATI",
VllLUX TKEVnl, of Franklin.
TRKASl'KKB OF HTATfi,
. J03K a. bsssuu, of somca.
! JftWH OH HITRKMB COURT,
inOHAIV. BAETlir.of RicliloaJ.
ATTORXKY fiKXKRAU
ClCt'X W. IfcCWt. of JcflVncn.
I OA ID OF Pl'UI.IC WORKS
WAYNE UD, of I'ickewsy.
To Corrcsjsaienfuu "Propriety
will find his communication in another
column, ondfhough vo mut differ with
him in sentiment as ho has anticipate ),
yet we leave our readers to make (heir
own application, without comment from
us.
' Croakers." soems to tako a difTorenl
view of the subject, nnd hi a commuiiica
tion is also inserted. Wo leave those
who consider themselves called upon in
this matter, nn 1 tho Register at issue,
and hope tho jury, after hearing the evi
dence, may decide impartially, uninflu
enced by any portion of tho "bacon."
"A citizen" upon the samo subject, h
informed that his communication is de
clined, as wo cannot consent to make
the Times a vehicle of personal obese,
though his shafts -be directed ege-inn
friend or foe.
"B. J." The communication of B. J.
on the samo subject, in a fi ma'c'a hied
was receive 1 after t'le paper was up or
would most certainly have been publish
ed. Will insert next week ndev.'ed.
Our neighbor seem; to have stumbled
upon a hornet's nest, we hope be may
be fortunate enough to escape without!
felting stun.
EJS by .Maiett, is a ccra nuni-)
ei!cnps?isinjago.ilydc5rejofnier-..I1e
it, an i is uousiicn ine onpnn; ci a m:n i : coun'rv!
ibat by proper cnltjre. and" exercise, j Whig principles once favored the es
fright become useful to society, an 1 J iblishm'nt of a national bank, an I
tz ornament of us possessor, let we
think there could be some slisht a! era
lions made that would materially bene-
fit the composition, and in Hopes that
we may receive the true name of the
authoress, (tkst is ever kept secret if i contracts force of public opinion pro
desired) we have postponed its publica- cured a repeal of that law, an I win ' ora
tion for the present, an I shall consider
ourselvs highly complimented bv per
mission to make our suggestions in re
gard to this or any other composition
with which shs may favor us.
There is probably no place as densely
populated as ours, tint doss not pos
sess min is sufficiently imaginative, fan
ciful, snl ideal, if properly cultivated
and combine I with tho material, to be
come conspicuous as litorar.v w.itcrs,
aside from tho elevation of soul, tho in
ward consciousness of the superiority
acquired by a prupsr degree of mental
culture over thoso who rely upon the
physical un l material world for their purso on I swor I," an 1 yet when in pow
happiness, which is alone tho offsprina er ma le no effort to repeal it, but by
of proper mental develnpemsnt. And,
none should be discouraged if their first!
effort does not present that perfection
which is only acquired by rigid scru
tiny, end untiring pereeveranco
Vuntiuj. Marcj's IastrarlioDs-
We rejoice that our government
through Secretary Marcy.has reprove!
the system of aping, that has pervailed
to so great an extent among our foreign
ministers. It is the duty of our officers,
at nome and abroad to act the same The following assertions are worthy
example of republican simplicity in of their origin: ' the cxtrovopance of the
dress. And a departure from propriety j so-called Democratic party," "tho reek
in this wspoct, should bo as much a'lessness of their eenernl nolicv:" In
cause for removal by uheadministrtion of:
! onenuing aDroa.-i, as it ij among
the people at home, who never fail to
ro-
ouU ondue arrogance in their oificiais,'
at the bu-l.'ot box.
Utetrroa Europe.
Per steamer Kiaga;e, arrivod at Hali-fr-x
June 22d we are informed that tho
English andJVcnch fleets have positive
Jy sailed far the dardanelles. The pos
sibilities of war wero decidly strong.
Rates of insurance in Turkish and
Russian ports have tiribled in price.
; iti Of July Celebration.
-At a -meeting at die school house, last
eight, it was resolved to have a Sab
bath School celebration at this place
on the 4th day of July, and that an invi-
tatlon be extended to Sabbath schools
rwn the surrounding country to meet
will! oa for 4hat purpose. We aiaD
leers that the Ironton xsas RaoH
to hat a. Jic. Nic on thatoccasion.
Klekffu liquor Law.
The vote upon the Michijran Unuof
. Law, embodying the principal provisions
( the Maine La wi About four to one
'Tavor of the lew. - , . ..
wllffXffUr
Committee on Resolutions reported
Ifrcussod and adootut as follows: ;
Jtwilv I, 1st, .thct the' principle of
,thq,Wh,ig party .are-bcsf'cnlcudittel H
I'romcu.tho we I rem or the Po pie an I
the. crowth of the Stale: V nd the history
oiie relation thows hat their policy is
the foundation of tho pros pcrity of the
country.
Snd. That the cxtruvogaoco ofihoso
called Democratic party in expenditures
and in tho recklessnssa or their general
policy, v.ofind new sad continual reason
fir using our best exertion to engraft
Whig principles into tb o policy of the
Stato
8 J. Thet we, the Whig of Lawrence
county, in convention assembled, rnew
our faith, end promise eocb otiicr to con
tinue our labors to promote the Whig
causo.
4th. Thntoar nnniine fcr Xlovcfnor,
the Hon. tsiaso Bnncnt, is wonhy
ho honor of beinq the Governor of the
;l.i d Sia! of tho Union, and wo will
cast our lull voio for liinu and thnt our
other nomiiiaiious for Suito offioer.t uicoi
our hearty opprobntio'n.
It will bo seen by t?-.e ul'eve, that not
wiilislnn.ling tho opioioiM -tfmany whig
editors In the cnniraiy, wkig principles
have vitality In them, consequently the
party is not dead, but tho formula or
resolutions are brought in requisition to
"engraft them into tho policy of the
State," to prove that they ore "best cal
culaied to promote the welfare of the
people, end the growth of the State;'1
"that the policy of whig principles it-tho
foundation of the prosperity of the coun
try.;
Now pause for a moment, and reca
pitulaio. Look citizens of Lawrence
county not to cur extracts, but to the
resolutions themselves, and ascertain
what you aro requested to do. Is there
a principle laid down for your approba
tion or disapprobation in the whole cat
hIo.'uo of resolutions and proceedings?
Is there a single rule of action prescribed
by which you are to judge of tho prin
cipled you aro expected to odvoca.e?
Is there u single measure of public poli
cy set forth by the notable committee of
three, an i adopted by the meeting, as a
sui le to which you may direct your po-1
liticai barque? Is there set forth rAcre
a lone measure adopted in the past, or
pont asteriel in the present or in the
future s round which you can rally to the
support of your own interests, or those
i ot the stater Decide tins pamt, an I
j show us whietry as it is, an I what the
.0j;cv of whis kjriflation, thM afford
faunJation of the prosperity of the
' j centralization of powr wli; orators !
' .now dcriare those measurf-s obsolete. !
(Whig principles once established a
bankrupt law, and gave to inlividuals
, u2ai OTlvi. , -mttia.o ihoir nwn
tors became mum upon the subject.
Whig principles oppose 1 the annexa
tion of Texas, and denounced as rob
bers an I pirates, our brothers anl sons
that volunteerel to maintain tho honor
of our common country against the re
peated abuses of Mn'cin usurpers and
tyrants. Whig principles having been
discountenanced in sivin,? awr.y the
money arising from thcsale of public
lands; re-assertel their principles of
favoritism by giving the lands them
selves 10 corporate companies. Whig
principles opposed the enactment of a
sub-treatuiy law, as a "union of the
by their assent to, an I action under its
provisions, gave the flat contradiction
to their former pretensions. Whig prin
ciples in Lawrence County at least,
have again resorted to the only means
by which they ever gained general pow
er, viz., an attempt to rally tho people
oioanl the nans, to excite tlcirpas
sior.s, and ask them to go for the party
blin ifold and trust to their venerable
lea lers, for such measures as in their
superiority they may chance to devise.
view of the unparallelled schemes of
fraul, extravagance, and corruption that
a few months past have exposod, we
aro astonished at the cool effrontery and
etupidity of that resolution.
Nw if the people are willing to go
into the market, subject to sale ot any
prico tcJi'g leaders may chooso to bid
for them, it is their business, and we
have no right to complain of their choice
but simply say it is set ourt.
We do not pretend 10 say that whig
principles have no beneficial features in
them, for the vary good reasons that we
010 not informed what lb ?y are.' Neith
er are we so bound in-party wews u to
epprove or denounce any measure of
public policy becausa it rosy be bro't
forward by the one party at the other.
On the contrary we always have, and
shall expect to oppose measures that
we believe to be erroneous, though they
tvay have the sanction of the democrat
ic party. While on tbe other hand, we
shall advocate such measures, aa in our
judgment promote the general good
though they may be the offspring of the
opposing party, and we consider the
man that upholds every measure of bis
own 'party, awd denounces alike ever
measure of the opposing party, without
regard ' to" the principles involved, as
more dangeirotis to bis friends Mian to
Lb'n Sot. . ., ; '
FortheSprltoftheTirass.
CROAKEB, AD CROAKING.
Messrs liton: --In the last Remittor
was an article an lor the pungontanl
significant hoad of "General Crooker,"
containing how much? of raro wit end
strange genius. In my "mtnd'e eye
see the writer's sage countenance illu
minatod, as he trsnscribes the rich effu
sionsofhis mind, and at ha cops the cli
max of this great effort and styles it
"General Craaker," how he clops his
bands In fschool boy" glee, chuckling
to think of the rasrvcllous effect it may
pro.luee, an 1 the "foojings" of tho strange
beine, this "Ccncral Croaker."
With him I ask who is he? Ho says
he is always about, conspichoutly "cron
king." He assays to paint htm, but no
the brush an I pjllct fire nut his un
plements, and he stands him out un
painted "croaking." "Ho is tmall in
mental calibre," sad failing in the
family but. (let ino pursuo his strain)
as w great mind passes along, in pur
suit of romo grand object which has
peri hod itself in tho clouds, not mind
ing those things of "little consequence '
that be around him, and if in his absorb
tion he crushes him boncath his great
foot, and he cries out of the injustice, his
voice is hushed in tho epithet of 'croak-
er. "in temperance matieis iibisjum
as good a temocrance man as anybody
yet he is in partnership with the hot
tie." Sad failing! If when great minds
arc soaring high in 'discussion' of some
great project, making use of tho warm
outpourings of popular feeling, for their
own selfish aggrandizement and gain;
f then his voice is heard however,
"smnll in calibre," advocating tho im
mediate goo I of his fellow citizens,
then comes down upon him in wrath, the
i- ,
epithet "uuisiucr croamnj.
In his great fort at Ironton, he is
perfectly at l o:ne and surely he pcrmi
no rust to gather, on his tools in town,
an I out of town ho is sure to give the
pople thiir due character, according
10 his estimation of them." When
great minds and long purses in the pur
suit of favorite schemes and glittering
bauides, overlook the welfare and in
fr;n:e upon the rights of the citizens,
anJ thc"M-.' mental calibre," i bro
'mo requiition dettrdins thoe rights,
tien is hear 1 a vo.ee: "incite not the
poor against the rich," by "cro.ki.i:."
Now Messrs Editors, I have not the
honor ofbin? acquainted with "Gen.
Croaker," but sincerely hope that he
mav continus to croak until he awakes
a whole chorus of "croaks"
"And all crslt, croax, cnik cnaltinj,"
And believe ras ever a great lover of
"CaOAKF.ns."
For the Spirt of the Tim.
Messrs Editors: Inasmuch as you
declare the columns of your paper open
for discussion upon all subjects of gen
eral utility, and- as I am a subscriber to
your paper, I hope you will grant mc
the privilege of responding to the senti
ments expressed in the last Register
upon the subject of "croaking." And
while I acquiesce in the general senti
ment expressed, 1 shall treat the sub
ject a little more seriously, and hope
to make a pr ictical application.
Who the e liter designates as "Gene
ral Croaker," 1 am not aware, but mu;t
say if we have a "General Croaker,"
I think we also have Major Generals,
Colonels, Captains, Lieutenants &c.
down to Corporal croaker, to say noth
ing of a regiment of subordinates, ready
to chime in with a general chorus of
slang and abuse, to the pillars of society
and the public benefactors of the town.
Now i do say it is unjust and improper
that common people who have never
manifested talent sufficieut to acq' ire a
standing among the wealthy, should be
allowed to poison the minds of the low
er classes, anl try to set "the curs"
against their superiors, that give them
work and the means to live. Say what
you will, the true end of government is
f take care of the rights of property,
and those possessing property, from prin
ciple, from benevolence, as well as ne
cessity, will take care of the poor, and 1
am glad that the Register, has ventured
to reassert this great truth. I honor the
man that can come out despite the noise
and opposition of tho rabble, and pro
mulgate the important principles which
have been lost sight of 'by the benevo
lence of the better classes, yielding to
the continual croaking of the poore"
classes; while the laiter show less dispo
sition to be satisfied now than ever be
fore, and are continuity croaking about
the natural equality of man, just as if
tho veriest laborer in tuwn, besmeared
with mortar anl powdered with brick dust
should bo privileged to step into the
finest parlor, and iread upon the rich
Brussels carpet, or seat himself in the
velvet cushioned chair disfiguring every
thing he comes in contact with. And
yet this would be no more absurd than
that he should be allowel to be "croak
ing about, and promulgating his low,
vulgar democratic notions in the stieets.
to ttw coaiinual annoyance of the re
fined and -wealthy portion of society.
Ironton baa justly acquired the repu
tation of belsjg a 'motfo" few,' for be-
nevoIsnCB, temperance smd nrdftillly,
an I if our cWitiell WBuiif just take; dii
last coMMdn ,hrlj arid ( on oHi
nance to prevent gnjf, bnd from hbiiiing
his superiorsin ritrik 1 . think we cdUl I
present a perfect S)sten1 wdfthy Of bll
initiation.- jr ... -
' I am aware Messrs Editors, that in
expressing tlie viewa thai 1 and many
others in common with me cherihh upon
this subject, (bat 1 shall conflict with
your expressed views; but there was a
timo in by-gone days whon such princi
ples were odUte I by our government,
and 1 ask every candid man if tho low
and vulgar common people have not
bocn trying to degrade the ttell brol,
decent portion of society, and bring
them down 10 their own level, ever since
thoso principles were abandoned. Let
Ironton at Last, return to first princi
ples, and ducard that wor.l, fit only for
"ucmajOuei
and cnak-jr reform.
PKOl'lUEi'V.
Marcy's Isitraction.i to Ministers.
Consuls ftndSo uretariet of Leg&llm.
If this Adiiinistraiion duos not give
salisluclion In u 11 tho politicians, wuen
teriuiii a t on li Join U-Jicl that it will con
duct ouriNutional and l orui0u Alliiirs in
kucli a iiiuuiioi as to beul liio warmest
approbation oliho Aiiiuru-uii pouiile, At
Vv uahin.toii drmius un.i siiitfcuius lire
ouing luppoj on, un i octiciui iiiuriy
lias lately issuoJ a circular to "our rep-
reaciiiauvfit ubrouJ," wherein he gives
ilicin to und rotau 1 mat ttioy njve u at-
leu.t to tlieir.iuiits, luirly represent this
country, u customs on 1 inicrents, and
nut apu the lollies ui:l vices ol the lor.ls
and nobles of foreign countries. Mm
isivrs and Consuls am required to con
form us much us uussiliio to Franklin
s.iiiplicity, and the (Juii'uls un.l Sacruta
riti ol'Legdiion must pursouully utteu l to
tliuir duties, or lurleit their place.-. We
hail th,s rolorui with deli. tit, bee.iuse a
fair re j res n anon of Am r t;t.i viuw cus
toms 4111 j ft.iupliw'ity at loi'uiu courts can
not t.o othrAe ttiaii give an impetus to
the tp til 0.' lie, ujIi a iis.n, we h v-e
lia.t u.ter 1110 late uulp.11.1 uJiuiiiistra
tion, was calculated to lo.-tvr adverse
bi'iiicipics. To die Plum dealer uro we
iiideb.vd lor the lollowinj extracts from
the circuia ; L'h.ll.cutlu Advertiser.
We give the follown g vxtti ct rum in
structions to 111 nhttr.-i;
"In perioriiiing the ceremonies ob
crve.l upon llic uccaion of his reccp.
lion, the representative ol tlio Uu.ntel
810104 will 'jotifurm, as fur as a consis
tent with a just sense of his devotion to
republican institutions, ft the customs
of the country wherein ha is to resi le,
and with the rules prescribed for repre
sentatives of his ra.ik; but the ilepaii
ment would encourage, as far as prac
ticable, without impair, n ; his usefulness
i wscuuiii.;, .
li
in ,w simple dress of au Am r.can ct.-1 uunm of lo:jblf'ul , ,
z .. o.oul I there be cases W!,t:; i...-a . bJ , of ( m reforn ,( vain m
e nn t be .)' . omg t . thj character, , fc j rrom aw,
ul me rorei.n govcmm-.U w. h.ut Jem- , . beouforr.o I fot a time,
rre it to na public ... !..e,i. the nearest h bKS, , upon cor.
appr acl, to it compatible 'lh ,'u Let principle.. An act for 'tho sup
perlorinance of hi. tlui.es. ,s earnest y , Jofl of enlif0 lra , in .pir;tuous
recominen e 1. ,P,ayy ;
usages is inuin.no. ... .c -.r
.he example ofour fir.t an I most d.st.u-
ttu.Miej reprcscmauve u royoi i
than the practice which baa eince pre-,
vnnea. 11 is 10 ue rereue.i mat ti.ere
ever was any departure in this respect
fo m the example of Dr. Franklin. His
tory has recorded an 1 commended this
example, to congenial to tlic spirit of
our political institutions. The depart
ment is desirous of removing a I nbtac-
ics iu a return 10 mc sunp e on 1 unos -
. . . 1
tentations cou.se which was deemed si
proper, and was so much approved in
and was so much annrove l in ,
l hu fcarliftsl ilnvsof lln Ws-nnt.lio J; i
our purpose to cultivate the most ami
i
cable relation with all countries; an I
this, we believe, con be effectually done,
without requiring our diplomatic azents,
abroad to depart i i this respect from what
is sui:ed to l tie general sentiment ofour
fellow citizens ot horn. .All instruc
tions in regard to what is crlld diplomat
ic uniform' or court dress, bsin with
drawn, each of our representatives in
other countries will bo left to regulate
this matter according to his own eense
ot oroprie:y, an.t with a
tiuo respect io
tho views of his government as herein ex
pressed.
It is desirable that the minister or
charge d'affaires sho,.ld establish the le
gation in as central a position as may
beconveniont to the metropolis, near tho
government to which he is sent. It will
be his duty to see that it is kept open
every day, except Sunday an lefedays,
from 9 o'clock in tho forenoon until 3
o'clock in tho afternoon. Tho secreta
ry attached to it, if thcro bo one, must
perform, in person, all the services which
properly devolve upon him, except in ca
ses of sickness or leave of absence. In
such cases it is enjoine I upon the minis
ter to appoint an American cit'iam to
represent him, if it can be done. There
is an obvious impropriety in devolving
upon a foreigner the duties which beloni;
to the secretary. It is necessary to be
thus specific in these instructions, for it
has frequently occurred of latter years,
that tecietaries of legation have as this
department is informed, employed cleiks
...I .11. . r '- '
wnoaa sueztance was lorcian. to conv
despatches and do other official duties
which pertained to themselves, j
The practice, which, it is feared, is'
unon ths increase, is so obviously
wrong, that the President is resolve I to
cause it to be discontinue I. The corres
pondence between the government and
the legations of the Unite ! States must
be guarded with the utmost secrecy even
as relates to our own citizens.
To submit t! to the examination of a
foreigner will be regarded as an indiscre
tion in the offender, demanding immedi
ate deprivation of office. The first duty
of a subject is considered fidelity to his
sovereign. Foreign clerks may justly be
regarded as unsafe depositaries of tho
secrets ofour diplomacy in the legation
where they are employed.-The possibil
ity that a revelation of our secret state
papers may occur in this manner, is suf
ficient to excite fears on the subject, and
requires the strict observance of thea
bove instruction. '
tfxr Is anniiithlns for the Consult!
Tho Presi lent) irt the performarlce of
hisdwies, cd-rceivo fllai ne nas no ai
ttfrna ive but to manifest Jiis decided dii
apprdbiuldn of the a'nti-Arnoi'lciirt prot'
itces arid ieidencie, which are 100 pal
pable lit our consular establishments.
Thore ate many of our ciiiens(young
ninia at linmu and abrn.i t. who are anx
ious of acquiring a knowlelite of one 01
another ol the contiuenial languages of
Europe a knowleljro winch, in niter
years would be valuable to the govern
ment and to the people. And it ia rec
ommenced to our consuls to procure
such assistants confident that llioy will
be found equally effectual and more
trustworthy.
Upon cxirrlnatlon it Is found that no
returns have beet: recelvo I from several
of our consu'a o, and that iti some of
those transmitted I'ten are apparontly,
irregulorities in the niateracnt required
to be maile semi-onually to this depart
inont. If there be but a solitary fee paid
at a consulate during a twelve month,
it must bj reportel in the future; an I if(
nine u r(iici vd 1 , iiiu, mvi ,nuo M..-- v ,
reported. In every instance whuro an
official service is performed, tho consul
will be particular to inclu te the amount
r nnlrri 1 tfntrufor. in his rcDnrts to ihis
tlepurtmeiit. 1 ne omission iu inline mo crmneiit me inline naio rRpnynr"i n
rpons require I by instructions, will bo 0an of fifty millions, or the accesion
rcuorielns a suilicient cause tor removjof ,(, province of Asterlan I, on tho
ai Irom ollicc. Caspian Sen, the Sh-ih of Persia refu-
"
Wi e a .hitre is a location for the Um-
ted Siuiesanl a tousulaio at the same an I Swiizerlon I ha I not been re -tore 1, 1 7.To nake inquests r-spectini In
place, consuls are not authorize I Imre-J uUt U was ihoit.ht ihey soon woul I, .not-1 nncCSt insane p.-rso')s i liotsf ail deaf
a t-in as if .sin nnui.nnrla Tlilei ' ...:.L .... Cm . il.a Vltinaj nriritf U'ni fl'ht' .1 1 1 1
ofter to isHue or vise
duty devolves upon tho legation as the
higher authority of llio two.
This department is i Tor no 1 thnt in
,u0r..,.
some countries our consuls thinx to im
part dignity and i.npo tance to the place
...Unrm ,l,a Ll.l'iail la ll.nilll- llO
h " .. i.l'
uii... it ' . . . v
clerks in their cmploymont "Ln t- hau
ccllicr." This is done without anv war
rant in law or by instructions; it is imt
in harmony with theusa;cs in their own
couutrv. If lei to it by a desire to im-i
itate what they see abroad, th motive
for it is ns r.pn-honsi Ht r.s the practice.
Consuls will not bo at liberty hereal
tir, to ihunt themselves from their con
su'ar district., unless upon leave obtain
el from this department, whit h will only
bo piven in ur'cut cases und for com
paratively short perio Is.
All tin instructions her;toforiiauel
'rim this department in rclotin to con
sular uuifir.ii, are hereby revoke I. Nei-ilu-i
the propriety nor the utility of any
reulatien on this subject is perceive I.
The Governor of Connecticut anl
the Mains Law.
Govemoh Sevm ium, of Connecticut
in his message deliver I on the 4th inst.,
thus bil lly expresses his dissent from
1 h-i popular leolin in favor of the
"M t'lie Liquor Law;"
It is much to bo rcgrete l that it should
hn lhon 'lit alv soLIj in anv nuarler to
iinuors. better known by tho i.ann of
lh" Slate where orij,inale , anJ wllich ig
mmen(l3 , as a fn, ,c for le,isIatio
h baa lo.i none of its objectionable
. - .- - haa
elictel. On tho contrary, it is seen
more plaint v than e:r thnt it strikes at
the fiun lation of rights which if once
overthrown, will i..nve tha door open for
any arbitrary exercise" of power a major
ity, however mail ta nil, may choose to
inflict. An orki.iul inherent convic-
,. - .- -, 1..
I I nn nl ih, inniKticn nf tho n,nnoi.,l la1
k.,l,,.. .t.un Tlltann I .. 1 t r.
- . .j-..
. , . P.. ...i . ...n ...:
.... J . . . '
U winch the recent decisions ol the
courts b .vj lent the weight of high legal
authority.
Without any means of ju lging to what
extent fur her effins. be ma e to in
g 'ifl such a law upon our statutes, and
nnl (MiiitfMt.rin r ihui it woul I hornmn
mo to go into any inquiry of the sort,
orpie-umoto question the propriety of.
any course of action upon the subject
which an honest preference of opinion
may suggest, 1 shall hold myself pre-
nu,-il frii- nnu ai,.f r.nptf. TIim aiililp.-t
0f temperance, separated Irom politics,
an I calmly a I Ircssin; itsell to reason
and ju I jmjiit, has my warmest sympa
thies. That it can yet bo prom Me I in
any o:her way has not boun proven by
the nitfireiit means which have been
employe I to advance the cause.
The New Steam Eugiuc
Wo examine I yesterday, this new
machine invented by Mr. EnwAno D.
Tiuplett, of VVashinjtton City, and;
wh.ch ha calls, Tij coJ totter safety
oicuri engine. i ins engine lilts o:cu-
p.tjt.rin i.eti,i,u ai ins '"ve..torior,vVehavo no nalienca in ran line nil..
twenty years past, and ho now seems
all others
....
When we saw it in opera-j
tion uworke
rfe-i very s uooiniy ana wen,
fu,,7 elual.10 an n,8" or J" pressure
enzr e we have ever seen, lho pnnci
pie by which Mr. Triplett's engine is
propellel, is as follows:
A jet of cold water is injecta I into
the generators, whinh is formed immedi
ately into steam, highly rarifie l. The
steam having no space to exist in tho
generators, has lo form an exist. ncs in
the cy 1 in lers, by the departure of the
pistons, which power of deportuie is
equal to tho amount of water injected
iiiiuiiiogoiiBiiitori.. as given by the men I or the government.
Tho generators aro formed of two cyl-j The leader, Hung sew tseuon; who as
in ters each, the external one is neatly sunns! the title of T'hae-ping-wan?
bored out, an ICSaimernal one is turned j Great Pacificating King, is said to be 41
off, so as to fit the external one within years old, tall with red face, sandy
the distance of one-sixteenth of an inch.1 bear l.&c. Man v others a ra brieflv da
So these cylinders form a thin heated
surface between. Tbe fire passes through
the external an I all round the internal
cylinder keeping both their surface, con
tinually, heated. The water when in
jected, passes all round this heated stir-
lace, ana is converted into steam acting
on the piston. -
l here are two pistons and two cylin
ders, aclinz aa two c moons, one fiirinz.lmav attain longevity here and the ban
the other loading, in Mr. . Trii-lstt's piness of Hsaven hereafter. But if you
presnt ino lei, but the. sama principle' still penerve in your obstinate stupid
may be applied to one cylinder, on both j ity, when you come to gnaw your own
ends aa in the ordinary manner of high navels, it will be too late to repent, , - A
prossute engines. ifonprtU. , special proclamation.", :.
FOCQ DAIS LATER mI EUROPE'
Kew. York, Jana H. The, Stfrtmer
Akim wlih Llvernool .date ia the 4lh
inst!. srrive'j at this port dC midnight, 1 ANACT Defining the Juris llciion and
last niuhi. i lltcgulatin ifhe practice of Probate Courts
' GENERAL INTEl.LIUEJXCE. 1
The debate on the Government of i
India, in the British Parliamont had j
been postponed. I
Tim Puria Bourse had fluctuated
greatly during the prosent week, but
.1 ,1.. nmn ninllMfa anllearo I CBsier,
Nothing new had transpired in rela
tion to tho position of the French Gov
ernment in regard to the affairs of tho
past
By d docree of tho Emporor Flaxsee 1 ,
ma 'now be imporlod into France for
seod, free of duty. The French crops
wero in good con lition.
In ra alistion for the Austrian Alii
ance, Franco has made a formal demand j
of Belgium, of fifty millions francs for aid1
nn lered to that country in the time ofi
L iuis ri illippe.
Vv have nothing new irom 1 uritoy.
The Sultan was making every prepare-
non nir
Nothing further has como to hand from
Russia. '
From Porsio, wo learn that tho Czar
of itui-sia hasdemitnlol f ora that Uov
.In oil ir.
'( I
Uin'omntic relations between Austria
wiiii&miMiii 11. w .- -o
inrriinml llio war foot in.'.
The grape cron in Sicily was likely
to prove a pur inl failure.
Dales frr.m Liberia, of the 7ih ult.,
"
, ,hat President Robert, was proba-,
L .. .... ...I. I TU Til flllV Willi firOS-
"r- -
' iiuivua,
porous
E urope and the United States.
The rja of t! 'united Siaten is but
eni'-scven'ti less than that of Europe, in
c'.u iinir the two islan Is. Its popula-
- I . L - I . . . L
!,,on1 css nan o-.e-e
as iar,o. itiu pupuiutiun ui ajuii-jio
averages seventy-one to the square mile,
while ihal of the Lnitcd S:atc is but
seven.
Russia has eight times ns much Eu
ropean territory as any other nation,
an I twenty million- m ire of population.
Hr population, how, v.-r, is but thirty
1 1 ihj squire mile, wh i that of Belgium
.... .r -i II l. . it:
ia 031. ui ills uniiei aiates .tiassa
th.isets is the most densely people I,
huviii! 127 to the stiunru mlc. Texas.
tho largest iu aiet of the States, has
2J.0U0 more square miles more tern
lory than the empire of France, and
nearly twice as much as the United
Kingdom of Great Britain an I Ireland.
Tli population of the Unite I States will
surpass that of Groat Britain in five
years, anl probably overtake that of
France by the next national censii". If
the whole territory of ih) Unite 1 S ates
were equally distribute I omonj; tho in
habitants, it would give every man,
woman and i hil I, freeman an I slave, a
a farm of 90 acres; while in Europe
each individual would receive but nine.
If this country were as densely pupu
lated as Belgium, the number would
make the cnoim us aggrcate or 1,2:27,
910,137; a sum equal to thu present in
habitants of ihe whole world.
It is an nstonding statement, which,
di 1 it not rest on the plainest evidence,
woul I be incrnlibn, that in the Islan I
of Jamaica there arc more mmmun c wis
ut of a population of 333,000, than
nearly in all Lon Ion, wan a popuia
tion of two an In hnll millions. It is
thus prove I that in a West India islan I
the church coinr, is six t in js that nf Lon
don. In five towns of Scotland there is
art ntgreeate population of 141,000, of
which onlv 42,500 atten I church, Icav
in 102,503 who never enter a church,
or are unconnected with any relieious
denomination, The Duke ol Argyle has
just sai I in an address delivered in Lon
don, "the stato of a great portion of the
population was more deplorabln than
the haathen lorn of Alricn. Ihe streets
j of nur i-ities," ti l led he, "demand more
of (he missionary spirit than mi lit be
required under the plains of In lia."
" The Tse of Frulti
Instead of stan ling in any fear of a
general consumption of ripe fiuits, wo
icarl thi'tn positively conductive to
health. Tha very mala lies commonly
assu., e I to have their oriri i in a free
use of apples, cl.e.' e , mellons and
wild b erries, have beiMi quite on prev
alent, if not equally destructive in the
seasons of scarcity. T icro are so many
errono im notions entertaine I of the bad
effects of fruit that it is quite timi that a
promilvlte havinit foun iation in
J.omnjo ge0.c an'(basel uptn tho
niiniiiilaiiiit t i iVI n miici n I
should 03
cnntllion
, D0 observed in this narticular depart- j
mont ol physical comurt. IH,) one. we
jma .j, ever lived longer, or freer from
tho p8 0 dsm of diS3a e by disrarlini?
,h, delicious fruits of the land in which
he finds a home. On the contrary, they
are nccsary for the preservation of
health, and are therefore cause I to make
their appearance at the very timo whon
the condition of the body operated upon
by deteriorating causes nru always un
derstood, requires their grateful renova
ting i if u nee.
Wo fin 1 in the North C.una Herald a
description of the revolutionary chiefs,
scribe I, as, for example, Yatiz-tsew-tsiui
is thirty-five years old, marked with
smallpox, wears mustaches, die. The
proclaraationon of the insurgent chiefs
is a ourious document, running mainly
according to Gospel history, and closing
in tin energetic style: " worship the
true spirit; become men once more, and
be no longer fiends; when perhaps you
. l !. I ' I .lV
IAWS0F0HIO.
PUBLISHED by AUTHORITY.
' CHAPTER I.
Jurisdiction Of Probate Court
Sec 1 Be it enncie I by tjie General
Assembly of the State of Ohio, There is
ainhlihed in each county of this Sit
Probate Court, wliich shall be hold.at
trie county sent 01 eacn county: .
EXCLUSIVE JUltlSDICTIOH Of PROBATE
COCRTS. .
Sec. 2 The Probate Court shll have
exrlusivo iurUilirlion in Prnluln nl
Tes a nent try matters,' excrpt as herein
0ftcr provided.
1. To toko the proof of wills, and to
admit to record authenticated copies of
wills executed, nrovad and nltnuio.l irt
,)e COUrts of any other State, Territory
0r county. . ; ,
2. To grant and revoke letters testa
moniary, an I of administration;
3 To direct and control the conduct,
an I settlo tb accounts of executors and
administrators:
4. To enforce tho payment of tho '
debts nn l legacies of deceased persons,
an I ihe distribution of the estates1 of in
test otcs: -' ;
6 To appoint nn l remove jruar lisns,
to dirxct an I contnl thoir conduct, and
to settle their accounts:
0. To crant marriaKo licente, an I li-
nnHi- to tninifit.-rii nf thn Rn.nAl in .1-
m,.;., ,,.:--..
nnidunio persona suDiect by aw to.
guardianship:
a "
8 To make inquest i,e amount
01 compensaiion to r.o made to tho own-
of real M.b... ...U "" ' 7i
cr iong' , yo
. '. . . ' -"viiw ,V
tuaKesucIi ppfopnaion
0. In tho criminal cases heieinafter
sporifiel:
10 To try contests of the election of
Justices of the Peace.
CONCURRENT Jl'RISDICTlOlf 01 rROBATS.
COURTS.
Sec. 3 Prnlipto Couils shall have con
current jurisdiction:
1. In tho sole of lands on petition by
executors, a Iministiators and uar lianv
and tho assignment of dower in such ca
se. -t of r-nle:
2. In tho completion of real con
tracts mi petition of executors egd ad
m'nistrator8: 3. In allowing an I issuing writs o f
habeas rnrpus, and determining the va
lidity nf tho capture and detention of the
persons brought before them on sue It
wf'ts of habeas corpus.
TO ADMINISTER OATHS AND TAKE AC
KNOtVLEDOMF.NTt AND- MrPOSTTTONS.
Sec. 4 Probate Julges shall havo pow
er to administer oaths iitnll cases, where
oaths are required by law; to take tho
nc k no wl od iinet.t of deeds, mortgages, a nil
other instruments of writing, required by
law to be ackuowle Iged anl to take de
positions in all cases where the same aro
authorized to be taken by the laws of
this State.
JURISDICTION EXCLUSIVE OF OTHER PRO
; BATE JUDtiES.
Src. 5 The jurisdiction acquired by
any probate court over a niattet or pro-,
cccding, is exclusive of that of any other
probate court, except whero otherwise
provide 1 by law.
CH AP TEH II.
ORGANIZATION OF THE COURT.
Official Oath.
Sec. 6 Before any Probato Judge shall
enter upon the discharge of the duties of
his office, ho shall take an oath or affir
mation to support the Constitution of the
L'nite I Sates, the Constitution of tho
State of Ohio, nn I that he will faithfully
diligently anl impartially discharge tho
duties of Probate Ju Ige to t'le best of his
skill and ability. He shall also give an
on lertaking to the State of Ohio, with
sufficient security to be npprove I by the
boar I of county Commissioners of tho
proper county; or in the absence of any
two of sai. I commissioners from the coun-'
ly, by the auditor and recorder of the
proper county, in my sum not less than
five thousand dollars to tho effect thot
ho will truly anl faithfully pay over all
moneys that may by him be received in
his official capacity, that he will enter
re:or l all or lers,julgmentsand procee
ilin js of said court, and faithfully and '
impartially discharge and perform all
the duties of his sai 1 office; which under
taking, with his oath or affirmation en-'
dorsed upon tho same, shall be lodged
with the county treasurer, and such addi
tional or futher un lertaking may be re
quire 1 by the county commissioners from
said probate judge, from time to time, aa
the state of business in his office may -render
necessary, . ;
JUDOK NOT TO r-RACTICE tAW. : ,
Sec. 7 No Probate Ju t-to shall prac-
t:ci oi bo as:o:iatol with another aa a
partner in the practice of law in any of
,he courts of recor 1 of this State, or ap
poor as counsel before any justice ol the
peace or board of arbitrators, or referees;
but nothing in this section contained
shall prevent any Probate Judge of thia '
S.ate from finishing any business by him '
commenced prior lo the passage of thia
act, not connected with hia official busi-
ness. . . ' ', , ,
ROT TO ACT AS EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRA-.
" TOR OR GUARDIAN.
Sec. 8 No Probate Judge shall act as
Executor or Administrator of any estate,
or as Guardian for any minor, idiot, or
lunatic; and if he shall be interested ea
heir, legatee, devisee, or in any other
manner, in any estate which may bare
quired to be settled in the county whero .
he resides, all such estates and accoun ts
of guardianship shall be settled by the
court of common pleas of such countyj '
bat any probate judge who was acting '
as Executor, Administrator or Guardian ;
on the 25th day of February, 1853,. may ,
continue to discbarge the duties -thereof, ,
till said trusts can be, duly closed and
settled. '
' - orrtct.L seal. : "
. Sec. 9 The Probate Court shall havo;
a seal to be provided by the commission ;
ers of the proper county, having the same
device as the seal of the court of common -pleas,
except there shall be engraved a-'
round the margin thereof, in addition to
the name of the proper county, the worde
"Probate Corn," instead . ol the worde
Common Peoj."v All writs and pro'
I -.
Sl aiakt. V.wi
'-iJrfaiSiaaibjla).a'.ti

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