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Spirit of the times. [volume] (Ironton, Ohio) 1853-1858, January 29, 1856, Image 1

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IRONTON, LAWRENCE COUNTY, OHIO, TUESDAY, JANUARY: 29,' 185Gi" WJME EM
l.'.V
;7i
THE SPlftlT OF THE TIMES,
'l8 Ptm.ifiHEO EVERY TBW15AY MOBNINO
I - IN BODUEBif UIX)CK. tUH-ROAD BTBKET,
Muic IWNTON, OHIO. ,; r. : .
J v BY tEBTE'ft HOOD.
TEKM-4: Two douiu A Tf At, 01 oil Doixil AM)
II rrr ctirrt, If itd in lnee. - -
, KJ! No nbMripliM difCMiiniied Willi arretrapt
rtptM. Advrtltmni iiwrttd at ib cnnomirr
fatal ona iqnara (tt llnet or leu) 3 Iniertiont 1,00
for ach iuhMqnanl Insertion. 8 e.: for ona
month, ifi tr tnraa moatbi, 93,001 (br lit montht
,0O; for onavaarWDO. i .
IT7- 8ulM!itarn.Poitmiar and athara Inwretlad
will nlaaa bear in mind lha tAw or nwrnrra.
I. BuhMribara who do not give aipraaa notica to tba
aonlrary, ara aonaidared aa wiahinf to conliooa lhair
aubaeription. . . ' .. .
. If aabaerlbxra ordar tha diaesntlnnanea of their
,papara, tha pabliaaera may aontinaa to aand lham un
til all arrearage! ara paid.
3. If aubicribera refnae ar nefleet to loka their pa
para from the olnaa to which tbcjr ara directed, they
' are held ratponaible nntil they have aattled tha bill,
and ordered the paper to be diaeontinaed '
4 t f auheeriberi remove to other plseee without In
forminf the nubllahara, and the paper la aant to the
former direetlon, they are held reaponaible.
S. The Coarta have decided thai refuin to take a
paper from the office, or removing, and leavinr ituii
called for, ie prima facia evidence of intentional fraud.
(. Poatmaatera are reipena ible for the auhaeripiion
of a Mwapaper, or maaatine, aa long aa they allow
il to be received at their office, after it ia uncalled for
or refined by the peraon to whom it ia directed. The
Poetmaeter General raauiree that a written Bote (hell
reryi
dead in that office
, gong of the Spade.
Give me the ipede and the man that can nee It I
A fig for your lord and hie aofl lilken hand I
Let the man who haa atrenglh never atoop to aliuae it,
Give it back to the giver the land, hoya. tho land.
There'a no bank like tha earth to depo.il your labor
The mora you dtpoait the more you ahull have;
If there'a more than you want you can give to yout
neighbor, , .
' And your name ehall ba dear to the true and the
brave. .' . ; '
Olve me the epede Old England'a glor),
, That faahionrd the field from the bleak barren moor
Let ua apeak of he praiae with balled and atory,
, While 'lia brightened with labor, not laruiebed with
gore. .
It waa not lha aword thut won our heat battle,
Created our commerce, and extended our trnde,
Cave food to onr wivea, our children, and catile j
. , But the Quean of all wcapoua the apade, boya, the
epada.
Clve me the apado, there'a a magic about It
That turna the hlack aoil into bright ahinlng gold I
. Whnl would our fatbera have done, boya, without it,
When the lamia lay all bare, and the north winda
blew cold t ;
.Where the toll foreat atood, and the wild beaata were
- : yelling, , . . ,
. Where our atout-hcarled anceetore ahrank back
afraid,
The eorn-atack ia raiaeeT, and mankind claim a dwel-
. Then hurrah for ona true friend the apade, boya,
theapade. - ,
P ILII1PECA.IL.
' THE BANKHSrO SYSTEM. '
In in addren to the stockholders of tlieUni
ted States Bonk, at their meeting in ll3r?7 Mr.
N. Diddle, the president of that institution,
slated that fire hundred and forty- Tour Banks
had been established in different part of the
country. He added that one hundred and forty-four
of these Banks had been openly declar
ed bankrupt, and that about fifty more bod sus
pended business. '.. -'
Mr. Gallatin, in bis "Considerations on the
Currency and Banking System," published in
1831, gives a list of three hundred and twenty
nine State Bunks tl en in operation, having
nominal capitals of the amount of one hundred
and eight million three hundred thousand eight
hundred and ninety-eight dollars. This sum,
added to the capital of the United Stales Bank,
made the whole nominal capital of these insti
tutions upwards of one hundred and forty-three
millions of dollars. - - ' ...
' These Banks issue notes which serve as sub
stitutes for coin.
, They grant credits on their books, and trans
fer the amount of credit from one merchant to
another, -v "" ' -
' They receive money on deposit. x : a
They buy and sell bills of exchange.
' They discount mercantile notes.
They buy and sell public" stocks.
"' All these are important functions, and if on
ly one of them be ill performed the community
must suffer inconvenience.
..The Banks are scattered through nearly all
the Stales and Territories which compose our
Union 1 but they may all be embraced in one
view, inasmuch as they all substitute paper for
specie, and credit for cash, and are all en
dowed with privileges which individuals do not
possess. - . . .. ' '
' By their various operations immediate and
remote, they must affect, for good or for evil,
every individual in the country. Banking is
not a local, temporary, or occasional cause. It
ia general and permanent. Like the atmos
phere, it presses everywhere. Its effects are
felt alike in the palace and the hovel.
To the customs of trade which Banking in
troduces, alt are obliged to conform. A man
may, indeed, neither borrow money from the
Banks, nor deposit money in their vaults 1 but
if he buvs or sells it is with the medium which
they furnish, and in all his contraota be must
have reference to tne standard or value which
they establish. There is no legal disability to
carry on commerce in the sale, oia-rasmonea
way t but the customs of Banking have intro
duced practical disability. It is no longer
possible for the merchant to buy ana sell for
ready money only, or for real money. He must
give and take credit, and give and take paper
money, or give up business. ' :; '
. - Bank paper is not legal tender in the dis
charge of private debts 1 but it has become, in
point of fact, the only aotual tender, and the
sudden refusal of creditors to receive it would
pttt il but of the power of debtors to comply
with their engagements. ' v
Credit, the great rivaljof Cash, is completely
controlled by the banks, and distributed by them
as suits their discretion. . .. ' .
' These institutions may. contribute little to
the production of wealth 1 out they rarnisn tne
means to mitny for the oecruiaid'on of wealth ;
they appear to be the chief regulating cause- of
the present Ktsinotuton 01 weaun, ana as suca
are enutiea to pamouiar giioiuiuu.
-.''In conving England." says Mr. Jefferson,
" we do not seem to consider that like premises
'induce like oonsequenee. The Bank mania
ia ons of the most threatening of these lmita
lions) it i raising up moneyed aristocracy
in our country which has already set the gov
ernment at defiance,' and although-forced to
yield a lilt i on ue nm assay 01 meir strengtn,
their.DtinoiDlet are nnyielded and unyielding,
Tbey have taken deep root in the hearts of that!
Class from wnion our legislators are urawu, ana
the sop to ceroerus, trom lanie as Deeorae hu-
tnrv. Their principles take hold of the good,
lhair pelf of the bad and thus, those whom the
ara ennhiatinated or suborned From their duties.
That paper money bos some advantages must
be admitted 1 nut tie souses are isoinvetenten
and that it. by. breaking up the measure of rat
lie, makes a lottery of all private property, can
not be aeniea, onau we ever oe aoie 10 put a
. Constitutional veto upon RT' '
' These are forcible remarks Those which
follow, by another writer, plaos the subject in
somewhat different, but not leas striking point
at -rtew. ' '; . ,'' ' .
' "in most diiqutsilibns upon the noxions ten
dency pf Banks, much stress has been laid op
a the taJHies Iheyjtave a power to Inflict, by
iceaaiveSSans and conseauent bankruotcy.
and by creating and circulating permanent
eteess of currency. Could these two evils be
voided, many beliars that Banks would be
Motioa. -t ttgrs to difltt. iaa.aot of
tboea wke hsiee tba.8uUr imip1t&WU.'a..ite'V. V-u'iH ' J
with a liberal cspltsl, will ever endanger their
solrenoy by extending their loans 1 , nor of those
who believe that Banks controlled by specie
payment, can circulate a aermsntni excess of
paper, And yet, I iniuk 1 ean perceive a por
tentious power that they exercise over commer
cial enterprise. I am of opinion that they can
circulate a rrmporory excess or paper, which,
iromtimeto time, nnas a correcuve in a. run
upon the Banks for specie t that this temporary
excess is sncoeeaeo oy a temporary deficiency.
one extreme invariably tending to another) that
the consequences of this alternate excess and
aenctenoy are, in tne former cose to impart an
uimuo excitement, ana in tne utter an unuue
depression to commercial enterprise . that the
effect of the former is to create an unnatural
facility in procuring money, and to enhance
unnaturally the trioe of commodities 1 while
that of the latter is to produce an artificial scar
city, and to cheapen prices artificially 1 that
the victims of theje vibrations are the great
body of merchants, whose capital and average
deposits cannot always command discounts)
that the gainers are a few intelligent and shrewd
capitalists, the magnitude of whose deposits
commands enormous discounts at all times, and
who, being behind the curtain, know when to
buy and when to sell. I am of opinion that
those vibrations inflict evils which close not
with mercantile speculation that they tend
to unhinge and disorder the regular routine of
commerce, aid introduce at one momenta
spirit of wild and daring speculation, and at
another, a prostration of confidence, and stag
nation of business 1 that these feelings are
transferred from the counting-house to the Are
side 1 that the visionary profits of one daystim
ulate extravagance, and the posit ivo losses of
another engender spleen, irritation, restless
ness, a spirit or gambling, and domesiio'inqm-
etude.
" I appeal to the commercial history of our
country, during the last seven yearn, and to
theaching hearts of many of my fellow-citizens,
for the truth of these reflections.
" I wish not to be misunderstood. Let no
one suppose me so weak ss to attribute every
unroriunnie speculation, ana every nuctuation
in prices, to an undue management or organi
zation of our Banking Inst itutions. That would
be a roily, from the imputation 01 which 1 trust
the preceding remarks Will rescue me. There
are commercial fluctuations, and they are
w holt some. They invigorate enterprise, and
their benefits are directly felt by all. There
vo Hanking alternations, and they are highly
deleterious. They intoxicate enterprise, only
to enfeeble it) and the benefits are restricted
to a few.
"This evil of Banking fluctuation, ends not
with the mercatvilo community. It extends to
everything that commercial enterprise reaches.
t L - L - tk. r....n 1 ,.
11 llljutcs ilic luiilicr mm fciic uibiiiuiiiu, ii. me
precise ratio of the vacillations of public feel
ing. . . ."
" t ne injuries wnicn 11 nas inmcieu nave
been as universal as the insinuation of Bank
paper) and the peculiar manner of its opera
tion renders it doubly interesting. It does not
affect the wealthy man, because he can always
control discounts; but it falls with single and
dreadful severity upon the industrious poor
man, whose capital is not sufficient to command
permanent accommodations i upon tne inexpe
rienced, who purchase knowledge by a sacri
fice of nronerty, and upon the merchant whose
skill and sagacity are superior to his wealth.
Against a power so tremendous, what barrier
has been erected ? Against a power which, dt
different periods, has baffled the legislative
wisdom of our revolutionary sages, of the gov
ernments of Europe, and of Great Britain: what
check have we imposed ? Tin intkrist ao
count or xacii Bank. As well might Canute
have controlled the waves of the ocean with a
breath."
The view which was taken of the subieot by
a committee of the New Vork Legislature, in
lolo, is well deserving 01 attention. . . .
"Of all aristocracies." they said, "none
more completely enslave a people than money ;
and in the opinion of your committee, no sys
tem was ever better devised so perfectly to en
slave a community, as that of the present mode
of conducting Banking establishments. . Like
the syren of the fable, they entice to destroy.
They hold the purse-strings of society j and by
monopolizing the whole of the circulating me
dium of the country, they form a precarious
standard by which all property in the country,
houses, lands, debts and credits, personal ana
real estate of all descriptions, are valued 1 thus
rendering, the whole community dependant on
them 1 proscribing every mn who dares to ex
pose their unlawlul practices: 11 ne nappens
to be out of their reach, so as to require no fa
vors from them, his friends are made the victims.
So no one dares complain. '
"The committee, on taxing a general view
of our State, and comparing those parts where
Banks have been for some time esiaunsnea, wun
those that have had none, are astonished at the
alarming disparity. Theysee, in the one case,
the desolations they have made in societies that
were before nrosDerous and nanny 1 the ruin
they have brought on an immense number of
the most wealthy farmers, arm uiey anu vneu
families suddenly hurled from wealth and in
dependence into the abyss of ruin and despair.
"If the facts stated in the foregoi ng be true,
and your committee have no doubt they are,
together with others equally reprehensible and
to be dreaded, such as that their influence too
frenuentlv. nav. often already oeginsto assume
a species of dictation altogether alarming, and
unless some Judicious remedy is provided by
legislative wisdom, we shall soon witness at
tempts 10 Control ail seiecuuus iu "mi m i
nnniiti mi thA ulect ons to we very legis
lature. Senators and members 01 Assemoiy win
be indebted to the Banks for their seats in this
nun in . and thin the wise ena oi our civti in
stitutions will be prostrated in the dust pf cor'
ma..: Ana Aftlmit nurtl mifliniT." '. " ' '
Not a few of those who have a personal in
terest irt the oontinuanoe of the system, ac
Irnnwbirlue and (lenlore the evils it produces,
Tmiasn. hnvH found no men more sensible
of those evils, than some of the officers of
banks.- They retain their offices on the same
principle that they would, if they lived in Eng
land, retain offiecsnnder a government which
thev could not admire. To the established
avatem of a country, whether political or com
mercial, men may deem it expedient, perhaps
believe it neeesaary to ooniorm ( out mil new
not prevent their discovering tna ueoewniy iw
afrmfaf inn. i
nnnf theae M-nllemetL Mr. Jonn w mte, tnt
Cashier of the United Slates Branch Bank at
Raltimnra. makes the following candid and cor
root statement, m letter to a late Beorstary
of tho Treasury, under .date or reoruary row
man. . . -'' '"' ' ".
' Looking back to the peace, a short period,
fVo.1, in lha aaemnrv of averv man. the wretch-
mA mimt at I ha Anmnov for thd two SUCCOttUiDg
years, cannot.be overlooked i the disasters of
1819, wbioh senousiy aneoieu tue cuoutnawu
nea. nrhnertv. and industry' of every district in
the United States, will long be recollected,-
A auden and Dressing soaroity nrevaiieu m tne
spring f lildr numerous and very extensive
failnrea took nlaoe at New York. Savannah.
Charleston." and New Orlsitts "In 1825 1 there
was a great convulsion among Banks and other
moneyed institutions in the-State of New York
in 182 a j the soar city of money among traders
in that Slate, and eastward, ia tba winter of
1837. and 1838a was distressing ana alarming j
failnrea of Banks in hod Island and North
Carolina, and amongst -tho raanufaoturers of
New England and this Bute, eaeiacieriM ine
l ut vaar i and ralellieeioe is
tha refusal o( soma of the princinat Banks of,
Latter to Mr. Gallatin.' by raMiooUr Now
' Georgia to redeem their notes with specie a
lamentable and rapid succession of evil and
untoward evonts, prejudicial to the progress of
productive industry, and causing a uaiurui ex
tension of embarrassment, insolvency, litiga
tion, and dishonesty, alike subversive of social
happiness and morals. ' Every intelligent mind
must express regret and astonishment, at the
recurrence of these disasters in tranquil times,
and bountiful seasons, amongst an enlightened,
industrions, and enterprising people, compara
tively free from taxation, unrestrained in our
pursuits, possessing abundance of fertile lands,
and valuable minerals, with capital and capa
city to improve, and an ardent disposition to
avail ourselves of these great bounties. i
." Calamities of an injurious and demoralis
ing nature, occurring with singular frequency,
amidst a profusion of the elements of wealth,
are well calculated to inspire and enforce the
conviction that there is something radically er
roneous in our monetary system, were it not
that judgment hesitales to yield assent, when
5 rave, enlightened, and patriotic Senators, have
eliberstely announced to the public, in a re
cent report, that our system of money is in the
main excellent, sdd that in most of its great
principles, no innovation can be made with ad
vantage." The "grave, enlightened, and patriotic Sen
ators," to whom Mr. White alludes, are those
who, with Mr. Smith of Maryland at their head,
made a report, in the year 1830, in which they
represented certain kinds of Bank paper as
being as good as gold, and even better than
gold. I f their opinion is correct, it ought to be
confirmed. If it is not correct, its erroneous
ness ought to be exposed , for error in such a
subject as this, maybe productive of incalcula
ble mischief. Vong eon Banking.
From Weston, Mo-Atchison Girei up
Politics. '
The St. Louis Democrat of Dec. 31st
contains the following telegraphic des
patches. ' 7
WestOn, Dec. 20. The Argut of this
morning containing an editorial, evident
ly written under the supervision of ex
Senator Atchison, announcing to the
people of Missouri that he is no longer
before them, in connection with tho
position as a candidate for U. S. Senator,
or any other office, State or federal, .
The Argut is authorized to return
thanks to his Democratic friend?, and to
those Wbigs who honored him with their
votes on severs, ballots for U. S. Senator.
Mr. A. is pledged, a citizen, to a gallant
support of all our rights in the States,
and in the Territories : and he promises
to address the people on the subject of
politics, at riatte city, on tne urst Mon
day in February next.
The Democrat also has tho following
editorial :
- It will be seen from our special tele
graph dispatch from Weston, that Atch
ison has been compelled to abandon the
political arena.
The infamy he has brought upon him
self, by his conduct for the last few years,
has forced ever the most reckless of his
friends to give him up, and he is now
compelled to subside into a state of re
tiracy, in order to relive his friends from
tho obloquy which his name woald en
tail upon them. .
We take some considerable credit to
ourselves for having been influential
driving this reckless demagogue from the
political arena. - -' ' - . v
Whatever objection may the
oretically exist to the pitching in of a
President's Messago upon a chaotic, un
organized House and the subioct is
certainly not free from intrinsic diiBcul
ly we hold that a House which has
wasted four weeks in abortive attempts
to elect a presiding officer haa no right
to comnlain of the act. If it be an in
novation, so is the prolonged chaos of
the House an innovation, and the more
objectionable and mischievous of the
tWO. ' - '" -- ' ; .-''
But especially do the impotent cavils
of men like Mr. Dunn fall innocuous on
the nublic ear. or excite only jeers of
derision. "A ereat public indecency,"
is it, Mr. Dunn, that the President sends
in his Message to an unorganized House?
lio, oiri tne "iiiueijoiicy muom
chaos, and those whose paltry spite or
base ambition havo prolonged that chaos!
They not tne r resilient are responsi
ble for the innovation which their fac
tious - course has rendered necetsary .
They not he will be held responsible
therefor by the People. Hit only fault,
if any was that of-undue deference and
.a a w as
nrocrastinatton. naa ne Bent in his
Message in view of the critical state of
. . . nl-. .Ua U.I .ton
our roreign neiaiiuus uu iua uiuu u;
of the Session, he would have been ful
ly justified and sustained. And now we
trust it will be henceforth a rule of the
Executive to send his Message to either
house of Congress which may be organ
ized at farthest on the third day of the
Session. . If the other House chooses to
remain unorganized for a month or more,
so be it; if it chooses not. to receive the
Message, that is a matter of the smallest
practical consequence. Let the Presi
dent do hit duty, whoever, may evade
theirs. Whatever errors this Message
may contain, (he issuing of it In advance
of the organization of the House is not
to do auueu to ins puuioei. xv. . a
fainev v: ..;! V-;;. ' , ,. ; -.. . ,.
. ' - - aaaaa.aaaaaaaamaBaaaBaaaaasawiaaaaB
Females in the LobbV at Wammo
TOrf. The Washington correspondent
of the Cincinnati Times, says that female
Doliiicians are verr numerous' at the
CbdLioI , . , v ,, .',
y, During a session of Congress they are
particularly busy.; Most of them come
from tha Southern and Western .States
the wivea or widow of M. C.'s and
govewimeat Vofficer, .-Some i of , ase
ladies ara admirably, posted . op in. the
political butory; of our . country insy
nnderstand many of the tricks and tram
mels of legislation, and always find out
the weak aid of new .- or ; doubtful
member. As solicitors foe office In be
half p(;Jrjepds, .they. ar .inafatigabU
nd.irraatsUDitr n sr S invr
tsiX AWHB4lrW ere ail diijy
oaDera ta Se'trait t . the, number is now
jt.f H WHiti " Vwf;
JE2 MI22iLY ,DIIIRClIE.
: Pram the Dublin Vitivaratty Magailne. '
ir ' BEYOND IHS R17EE.
Time Is a river deep and wide f '"' ' .
. And while along its bank we stray, , t
We see loved ones o'er its tide
"' Sail from our sight away, away.
'. Where are they spedthey who return
No more to glad our longing eyes 1
They've passed from life's contracted bourne,
To land unseen, unknown, that lies
... Beyond tho river. . .
'Tii hid from view j but we may guess
' How beautiful that realm must be l
For gloamings of its own loveliness, , .
In visions granted oft we see.
The very clouds that o'er it throw ' ' "'
- Their veil upraised for mortal sight,
With gold and purple tintings glow,
' Beyond the river.
And gentle sirs, so sweet, so calm,
Steal sometimes from that viewless sphere ;
. The mourner fuels their breath of balm,
And soothed sorrow dries the tear,
And sometimes listeni ng ear ma y gai n
Entrancing sound that hither floats j
The echo of a distant strain,
Of harps' and voices' blended notes,
. Beyond the river.
There are our lov'd ones in their rest j
They've cross'd Time's river, now no more
They heed the bubbles dn its breast,
Nor feel the storms that sweep its shore.
But there pure love can live, can last
- They looked for us their home to share
When we in turn away have pass'd
What joyful greetings wait us (here, '
Beyond the river.
, lady Killen. ,
Reaoer, did you ever see those thingt
called Lady Killers T If not, look at that
shawl-wearer and that Shanghai-coated
individual. See how they strut. Those
are Lady Killers. Those are the in
dividuals that create (in their own es
timation) such a "smash up" among the
dear creatures' hearts. They are the
assassinators who kill at every glance
who, with a mere wink, a cuil of the
moustache, can captiyale a lady's heart.
See bow gracefully Mr. Shanghai twirls
his little silver mounted cane, with what
a dignified air he is talking (o Mr. Slab
sided shawl-wearer. One would judge
the weight of an empire was upon his
shoulders from his manner. That dare-
colored hat is Wotn in mere eccentricity,
nothing more. Look at his legs ; those
are tights ; yes, those are model tights ;
they are honor'a safety-valves for he
can stoop to nothino low. They
walk our streets as if millions or money
were in their possession ; they drive fast
horses, driflk nothing so plebeianish as
brandy Longworlh'a Sparkling Cataw
ba is the least they can think of attend
none but fashionable balls, and operas
are their delight ; always have the first
sleigh ride of the season.
But let us peep behind the scenes ;
let us follow them home. They are
clerks measuring tape at twenty dollars
per month. How do (hey afford such
outlays from so small a pittance ? asks
the reader. The only answer we can
give is, that merchants break smash
fail, periodically. This may probably
answer the query. ,
A Letter from an Ohio legislator.
The Columbus correspondent of the
Clermont Sun says the following is a
copy of a letter from a member of the
Legislature to a hotel-keeper in Colum
bus : c '
Mr. of the Hotel Col-
lumbus Ohio i want you to maik way
for me at yore hotel So i can have a
rume on the fust (lore. I suppose youre
hous air tew stories hi besides the Sel
ler & 1 want my rume next the kichun i
reckun i will want the rume while the
ledgisleater meats of which onerabel
bodr i am a member and i liv next the
line ov the Stait bv indyanny in the stait
ov Ohio, the onerabol members in the
Stait ov indyanny las year paid a doler
and for board pur weak, but then vit
ties were hyer then nur now and 1 think
vou ort to do a trilul better i want one
or two cheers in the rume ana a Dute
jack and my butes blaked onst a week
on. suntUfla.,.,. ,-...;:.A. .: .''
"Yours til death, . G R L
v."P. S. rite positively & say if I can
get the rume direckt yore letter to the
r a. I a-a TI r
Rare oi tue secretary oi uanyu oune
counsel in this county aa, they told me
when i was nominated to let em see all
mi politikel corresponduns.
"yours, , , . , . u n u
Pretty Goon Joke 1 Schouler, of
the Cincinnati Gazette, tells a good
joke upon one , of his Know Nothing
brethren. ' He says: -
"One of the best jokes of the season
is followtnet When Mr. Uann, oi in
diana, made bis personal explanation
M . . . r . , ...
the other day, ne made use oi tne wonts
often auOted, 'that Caezsr had a party
and Anthony a party, out nome naa no
party' in this Honse. It appears that a
warm and lubilant memoor or the Amer
lean party in New York, who probably
is not wan read in classical literature,
addressed' a Ions letter' to Mr. Dunn, in
which he wanted to know why in fa 11
Rome should have a party in Congress,
when -that fbtcigff power bad ruled A
merica for the last twentyrfive years.
Ex-Governor Slade, ought to send some
'school marms' into the ivmptre uty
' This fellow is, we presorae, a pretty
fair specimen of the) Know Nothings; in
ew York. : - 1 ..;.',
Canst thou abolish an evil, simply by.
removing tha indications, thereof I - As
welt mlghtat thou think by atopplog (hy
watch to atop the march of, time.s i In
etriU, as in tares, tba root most bs erad-
Icated.-,.
He shall become immortal wh6 li'vetb
to beiilblaed by one. without fault."1
laAeoHi at mo fnoo ior. nis peg nose
' wtftteH liat.n.ey,'turit:up.5i:
. DBS 8 8.
' Dress should be tha expereision of
character. It ia so to some extent, in
spite of the laws of fashion. Fashion,
that would cast all into the same mould ;
compel all to wear mazarine blue dres
ses, ribbons, and even shoes t or maroon
or straw color aa the leaders fancy fash
ion, thai would compress all waists into
smaller dimensions i fashion, that thinks
all feet a little too large. 1 say in spite
of fashion soms little of character is
still Indicated by the dress.
Some wear gay, gaudy colors, which
say that the wearers are dazzled Dy
some as yet undefined sense of existent
beauty, without power to analyze or har
monize. They can see things that are
pslpable.'and painfully apparent, but
are all unconscious of little delicacies,
of nicer shades. '
Others wear the most unobatrusive
colors without trimming or ornament.
The language of this dress is suffering,
sympathetic or personal, or present or
firospective. It says the wearer cannot
ook upon the beauties of nature, can
not hear tha music of the spheres, can
not feel the positive life, while sin, suffer
ing, and death are abroad in the earth ;
all the beauty is dimmed, every flower is
stained by tha tear of sorrow, every melo
day ia drowned in the groans of agony,
all life ia in the presence of death. It
is the dress of prayer.
Others wear dark, strong fabrics, and
these tell of work ; of hope, energy, and
determination. Tbey . assert present
power, are able to remove evils, and in
nope and faith thoy apply themselves
cheerfully to work.
Othors again wear the dolicato, the
gossamer, the beautiful ; and these (011
or rest. It may bo the child-like repose
in our Heavenly Father's power, wisdom
and love. The storms of life mey dark
en, and the boat may be learluliy lash
ed by the furious waves ; but this says
"my faiher's at the helm." :. The groans
of the sick end suffering may reach their
oar?, but this dress expresses all or con
fidence in tho Great Physician. They
hear the prayer of starving Humanity,
knowing that if they ask bread thoy
shall not be mocked with stones, if they
ask fish they will not be offered serpents.
Oh ! the trusting, loving faith of the
beautiful dress I
Then the tiehr, oppressive drers tells
of the slave unconcious of bond's or if
awaking to conciousness, the. fearful
want of power to break the fetter?, the
unfitness tor sell-reliance and ireeaom.
The close.-thick dress tells of se-
cretivenoss, -vantof confidence, suspici
on, foar. disannointen.
The onen child-like dress tella or in-
nocence. candor, honesty : ana so oi
. .
every style of dress when worn in con
formitv with the fancy or taste of the
wearer.
What we ask is, that dress may be at
ware the true expression of, may cor
respond with, may be adapted to . the
character of the wearer. '
Whe can tell how painful to me is
some oppressive evil that tike a great
cloud obscures the light, casts on me
its shadow,, and banishes joy Irom my
heart I How painful must be the con
trast to me if 1 am compelled by others
to say, by my dress, I em joyous and
eav. while my heart signs weary anu
sad. . ' ' '
Who will ask me to wear the fragile,
the gossamer, when the hard, rough work
of life surrounds me, when I must gird
mvself for tha fiehl T who can tell how
much I need tho protective strength ol
the armor or mail I '
Who can toll how aweet my rest in
the All-Fathers love I Who dare ask
me to wear the somber and dull when
my spirit is radiant with light, bedecked
with lewels ol love i
If none can tell how hopelessly deep
is my erief, how difficult and severe my
labor, how joyous and ugnt my me oi
trust'ute love, who can decide what 1
shall 7 decide what to me is trueoriaiae i
Who shall say that I must not do with
alt my might what no hands find to do ?
or ssy I do not serve while I stand and
wait! - Mart A. Iqrbet.
: Take up the cycle of history that pre
ceded the advent of Constantly, and
ct mpare it, with the present period ; and
is there not an entirely different expres
sion on the face of things, so far as con
ception of humanity and influence of
philanthropy are concerned i . con
trast ".a Roman holiday," its ; butchery
and its blood, with a . modern anniver
sary that clasps the round world in its
jubileo,' and see if humanity has not
been helped by religion. Or look back
Lupon ..Grecian art and refinement, and
tell me what oration or poem, or pantne
on of marble beauty, is half as glorious
as the plain brittr free-school ;'the asylum
of industry ; the1 home for the penitent,
the disabled and the poor. -
;josT Like Yoo.-r-In. the early part or
the eighteenth century, a larmot was con
domhed to suffer the extteme penalty of
the la w lor cow-stealing. His wue call
ed to See him a Tew daya previous to hia
execution, to take a last farewell, when
ahe.aaked bim,:-r ,x. , .; .,.,
"My dear, would you like the children
to' see you executed !" '' "' .-,
r c,o,m feplled lie, 'what most they
come for ..i"f. -Hi, i . '..'.. ).?
"That's iust like, you." aaldihe wife,
"you never wanted the children to nave
Bllljr vujuruivui.
,if. How ,t oo Muca.-r-Locke aaye the
way ia.vto do,ona thing aye ;timar,w
;ii Constant oottpation prevent terapta-
HOD.
tiod hears the heart without the wows
bu,;h,e ney,,h.eari4ev,w.oriU
'the heart..,. -r:-'Arj;:'
. Freight tor the Wert." -j
From the local columns of lha Balti
more Sun we extract the following ar
ticle relative to tba freighting businesa
of the Baltimore and Ohio- Railroad,
which for the present season has been
unprecedentedly large t ' -..
"The company's receipts for October
and November amounted to more than
ona hundred thousand dollars in excess
of last year for the same period, Judg
ing Trom the immense trade now passing
upon the road and from the heavy con
tracts which we learn have been made
by its active Western agents for the
seaaon, tha revenue must abow a Jiill
greater increase for this and tha ensuing
winter months. ,
. ''From the 1st to tha 10th instant, aa
we are credibly informed, the large num
ber of one hundred car loads, (eight
wheeled, double.) containing some eight
hundred and fifty tons, have been the
daily aveiage , of produce dispatched
from Wheeling for Baltimore and the
more, hastern markets, especially or
New Nork and Boston. . From the 10th
to the 30th inatant, inclusive, this vast
quantity has been increased to the aver
age of fully one thousand tons per day,
anJ during the firft four days of the pre
sent week the enormous amount of four
thousand six hundred tons has been
oeded and dispatched eastward from the
Wheeling station, being an average of
nearly twelve hundred tone per day.
"Besidoaihis immense trade in Hour,
pork &c, the live stock transportation
nas been fully maintained. , This im
portant and growing feature in the busi
ness of the road has been represented
by the arrival since the first instant of
from seventeen to twenty thousand hogs.
mostly from Ohio, and some six thous
and bead or cattle, mostly from tne in
terior counties of Virginia.
"The great rush of trade tins season
haa not found tho road unprepared.
Every effort has been required, nowever
to meet the demands upon the company's
nrge resources in engines and cars,
which are Said to comprise the largest
equipment of any single corporation in
tne country. ' - ., . .
"As a measure or relief the worR oi
arching the King-wood tunnel has been
temporarily suspended, and the trains
will pass through again, instead of be
ing pulled and poshed upon the zigzags
over the bridge. This not only saves
much time and labor but releases a
number of heavy engines which are now
employed in the regular operations of
toe - road. Tne condition oi tne great
tunnel ia understood to fully justify the
resumption or. its use, , about one-hall
the arching (embracing all the heretofore
threatening portion) being now sub
stantially completed under the experi
enced eye of tne . master of the road,
Mr. Bullraan. ....... ; y,.
Gen. Scott'i lTew Coat. ' '
Some of our cotemporaries are : in
terested, as perhaps oar readers may be,
in a description of a new, and some
what grand uniform coat, lately made
Tor ben. acott in this city. It Is or dark
blue cloth, lined throughout with black
and yellow silk, the collar ani wrist
bands are embroidered with heavy gold
thread, representing a running vine, all
of which are done with a nedle, and
cost 950, ihe collar -and lappela are
after the style worn by Arch-Duke
Charles, which it can be used as a
standing or rolling collar, and (he lap
pela are thrown partly over the arms.
Heavy gilt buttons adorn the coat, but
are not made to button. A rich gold
cord ia attached, between the collar and
lappel, by which the coat can be fasten
ed in front. The. epaulettes that the
General bad during the Mexican war
will adorn the coat. It will cost $180
when finished. Thia . coat will doubt
less be warn on proper occasions during
Gen. Scott's contemplated .visit to
Europe. N. Y. Mirror, 10th.
".'t& Boil white Bannel an hour in
clean soft water before making It into
shirts, and it will be no more liable to
full ud or thicken by aubsequent wash
ing, than ; red flannel. Wear, flannel
all the year, if you would be protected
from the sudden changes to which we
are so liable in this climate, s It should
always be washed in strong soap-suds,
and the dirt and grease remove X oy
aaueezing.mstead or rubbinz on a wash
board which is about equivalent to the
action of a fulling-mill J. rinso out with
warm, and never with cold water tax
iris out all the soap.'-, Cold water makes
the fibre of the wool shrink.
:J5ST The Norristown Hetsld tcllstfli
following story.' -; ..
, A somewhat singular accident. 6c'
ctirred on the .Reading railroad on
Wednesday morning last. . As the morn
ing ..passenger train was approacntng
Manavunk. the cylimier Head o tne
engine blew out. end with such violence
'ka I.A At' 'Ar' .rtffif yJntAm. 'it
llini ai nig tiiaiDubs wi,
struck a min; wliO'ws walkifigbetween
tWO Others on tne opposite tracn, enrrv
intthS ton of hia head entirely hway,
leaving hia companions uninjured but
t..A-3ik.4 .ir t
UUIIBIUDIO"! watvi.igi.wn. . f
stopped in England - 8,000 spectators
witnessrd one oiutnese sports racsHiiy
on the Keotiah marshes, where, they bad
ihe nleaaura of seeing John Jeiser km
ed by t Mike Mddea in fair JgM
fbere, was. high .bowing end large ,aums
were lost by m fWQ 9i-
SrVrr Ii tia oitirfard"'Warldf v frieind
Wb'.Voiir;.to
paRsonie eVseni1ir
wslk 1n-tl.tr ebthhit it ifiektl1eti -A;-
.wlthpet tbe'monttnt'we enfer wt;Kt-w--f-..-.
f""f .ymi'swr itidii&XMk$Ti
.a. .'a- a. -.-'1. vi L" '..
Detter man conversation as B'sorn.. .v. ;
or self iufBcWcy;' "Irf educated lsA (
versailori man' sobrHnd AtUrtG-,:--:,
He learns roorelrolr- tbari fror boekir t
in converse with living rrieti, to emimat p :
his powe.s modestly arid justly: A took " v
Is passive ; It does not repel pretension J . .
it does ' hot rebuk aniry. i iiodel, , v.
reading and stody become to maoy aat
the nurture of conceit.' If. joroe persona '; J- -value
themselves on. the books thay own, ' ,
it ia not surprising that other -aaooltl
value themselves on tha books they read. .
Aa knowledge grows on Ihe thoughts in , -books.'so
pedantry feeds on thai words,
and ia proud, poor, lean, end solitary -In
conversation, a man is not long in
discovering - that be alone does not ' ,
know everything, and . that, though he
were to die, wisdom would not perish , .
with hanTk$ Yarwood Papert. p B-; J ',
Explanation. Country editors some-,
times make odd excuses to their read-
a a". ffaTH ' . -,
ers lor their snort-comings, tne last , -
case we have noticed ia the follow- -
ing, from the HopkinsvilIe(Ky.) Press S
"We crsve the Indulgence ol onr read .
ers for the scarcity of editorial In this
i.-sue. Wa have attended several ?ved
dings end parties within the past day
or two, and consequently nave over
charged our appetites. " In fact, we were
let loose at a table oi gooa tmnge aaa
foundered ourselves." -
. i -
' A Good DErmiTion. At a Si.nday
School celebration, where, being very
much crowded, tho little ones ondergo
ing catechism, were pushing and bnsveb
ing each other, aa children will, the
catechizer inquirea tba definition . of :
peace. One little girl, in a peculiarly
uncomfortable place, seemed anxious to . ,
answer.' ; ,.. "-'.''.r.:-
"Well, my little girj, what is the de
finition 1", - '.-,..., ., r . J ,
"I think, Sir, it means not to byrich
when you are crowded.'.'. , . ,Jj'u-
Iwdustrv. If you have great tatent
industry will improvo them ; if moderete V
abilities, industry will supply their de-
ficiencics. nothing la denied to well .
directod labor ; nothing is ever to be at
tained without it. Remember a man'a
genius. is always in the beginning of
life as much unknown to himself as to
others Bnd it is only after frequent trial a
attended with success, that he darea
think himself equal to the endertakinga '
in which those who have succeeded nave .
fixed the admiration of mankind' .
Wise Too Lars It is told or Char lee
V., that after hia abdicatlon.ba endeavor- '
ed, for amusomeat, to make two watchee :
go exactly alike. Failing, after number
oua attempts, he exclaimed, ' Behold,
not even two watches can I: bring to '
agree with each other, , and yet, fool
that I was, I thought that! ahould be
able to govern, like . the works, of a
watch, so many nations, all living un
der different skies in different climea,
and apeaking different languages I'l, ,
Gems. The following beautiful ppt
are clipped from Putnam :-,'';. ,r,i .
Through the yellow-bearded grain,
'' Throngh the hamlet-studded plain, vve
Like a trembling asure vein . i rit
Pulsed the river to the tea,- s v., .f. f: j."
..This is a very beautiful stanza. We
rne stars naa oiossomea Drignt, -And
the tardens of the night . '; -Seemed
full of marigolds. ,.
The idee . contained in the lest two
inea is very, felicitous, and.what ia more,
has the merit or originality.: . ; .a.,.....' .
-, i aaa i . -41j"s" 'id '
Cdltitate a Chaste Stvle. Tba
nimilable Addison observes that "thexe
is aa much difference between compre
hending a thought., clothed in Ciceroa ..
language anu mat ou an oramary writer,
aa between , seeing an object, by tho
ight of a taper and that pf the sun.
The truth is, the mind is delighted with
a'fina style, upon, the same principle '
mat it preiera reguioruy, w ivuiuiiuu,
and beauty to deformity. A taste of do
pravity of tCw nature, that it should bo
considered ' rather as evidence, in soma
degree, of the moral rectitude of lie
nnattlfit,An ": f ' ' '' "' '
A colored servant sweeping 'out ! s
hotel boarder's room, found a sixpence,
which he cerried to its owner. ' ;.. y?-e'' v.
You may keep it for your honeaty,"
said he.' " r - ':?. ;
Shortly afterwarda he missed his sold
pencil case, end inquired of the aervaot
if he bed.eaen H v,-?. itfMimi'i,'
"Yes ear."- waa the reply;- :i ;
"And what did you do with it !" ':
"Keep am for my honesty, ear." ;
1 . in a Hi i i"' l i. 1 ..vV.J.:.
, ';, .v surMwaav.!! viVS- .
As my wire and 1 at the window one day, .
Stnod watciilni-aBUnWilha'aionkev. J
" A eartrjaine by, with a "broth of boy,"
if. Who waa driving a stout little donkey., ,
Tomy .wireHhenspoke,rjywairor ajolie,
"There'arelationaof yours in thateanriare.'
lATd" whioli aha replied; as tlte donkey sM
Alvyesa telattBTi mU marragt "';'..;
Tat Eaoust GovERBanat is oordiee-
ing I arge riunlbari of; mules b th' iitay ) ; f
rh'flieCrimeleo W;eirikee clue
TtibttiU "thai this IS MtiOM'mKU
ettredof BenHIngToHi i (reA letofrse XX't
t thouloT withdraw those Already ie - ,0,v".?
Among the1 nnerBisUr iis v
loog eared gentlemeirtrhe; tezX :i X::i
attSefieaatt?; '
'." ' ' il ajsSi-i tin
4 StcTA eaudteJiaU iw ; "
''mi
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OA
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