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' .- 1 ' i ' : w he already exnw-jedtfur full and hear WaABeiirtenee in Uoeoudemnatioa, embraced ' im the fcorth reholotieii. of the Know Nothing ' order, and the eeatinente of retigioai intoier- eeoe end aatioaal prejudice on which it i heatd W believe that waataoem eviw, ei v tbet political, aocial. moral, or rellfioua, may ' niat in oonieqnence of the large influi of lor eigi poputotion wbioh baa heretofore taken place, would only do eggraTaua vj m uf tin. f the nrotcriptive policy of that ord. v We alw approve the sentiment of the third ." teaolntion, and hold that all religion! quettiona should be excluded from the political arena, fohtica hu to do with government, and gov ornment haa no concern whatever wan rell- ' gion, ewept to protect each, citiaen in the free - enjoyment or wuaiioever ion n u u ' have embraced. r . , . We do not know that we have any particular j ftbleetioa to the firth iwolutipnt except ao far aa It may impiy approoenuu w w - oaea; and except, also, that it may, perhaps, be eonstrued aa atipnaliaing all who do not ' aobecribe io the doctrines set forth in uus pii ihm s "enemiea of Dtmocracy, and of the Un . ' ion and the ConsUtuUon-" .,- From any such ' .rfn.iinn we certainly dissent. We believe ; -y we faiew that there are many as devoted " friends of all three, aa are to be found in the : country, who refuse, and will, perhaps, eon- tinne to refuse to stand on tnis piauonn, nu ' we never saw any nee in treating faUih-i, eerUinly there is none in solemnly rtnioinf it As to the sixth resolution, we do not know that we care to say much. Perhaps it Is well ' enough for the Democratic members of Con tress to adhere to their nominee lor ttpeaaer, having made it, out, we thought at first, and we - think still, the nomination risen was a nry m advised one. It could be eonstrued in no oth . er wsy than as indicating a determination to involve the present interests of the Democratic party inextricably with the policy of the Ad . ministration on the slavery question, snd there . fore indicated, in our judgment, more regard for the fortunes of certain men, than for the ' welfare either of the party or of the country . But it is in regard to the. first and second res olutions that we especially desire to be explicit. 'The declaration that Congress bss power nei Tther to legislate slavery into a territory, nor to exclude it therefrom, is, in our judgment, ut terly false. It is false in view of the great ' . principle' of law, so well established, and s0 naivenally recognised, that the right to govern . territory follows its acquisition. It is fslse in 'view of the Constitution of the United States, which has placed the territoriea'under the leg. ' Wative control of Congress. It is false in view of the Nebraska Act itself, in which Congress assumea, not merely ordinary legislative author ity over the territories, but even the power to prescribe for them the very framework of their government. It is false by the admission or the author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act himself, whose followers seem not to perceive, thai in passing such resolves, they are contradicting bis opinions, and pronoui.cing censures upon some of the most prominent acta of his life. We protest, then, against this declaration i and we do so, not simply because it is untrue, but because we believe that, however it may be, ao long aa our territorial possessions sre confined to their present limits, a conjuncture - will aoon arise, when the exercise by Congres, ' of the' power thus denied, will be of the most ' ' vital importance to the interests of freedom. ' - If the declaration contained in the second ' resolution, '-that the right of the people of each ' particular territory, to establish ' their own constitution or form of government ; to choose and regulate their own domestic in stitutions of every kind, and to legislate for themselves, ia a fundamental principle of all free government," ia intended aianenuncia ; tion of any principle growiruut of the Con stitution of the United States, or admissible ' under it, we deny the doctrine in toto. If it be iutended merely ss an expression of a prin ciple' of. abstract natural law, then, when . guarded by the proper limitations, we give it . . our hearty assent. But we cannot perceive tbatin this sense, it hu any application to any : peading question or controversy, for we deny that by that law of nature which is thusappeal- ; d to, the people of the territories, or those of . any other locality, have the right either to . : tablieb slavery or recognize Its existence. It is aa outrsge upon the Declaration of Indepen dence, to quote that immorta) instrument in support of any alaim of natural right toestsb lish slsvery, for Met deelarea that "all men acbotn rare, snd avxi.t and endowed with etftain rnaucasata, rights, among which are ' rife.uszaTr and the pursuit of happiuess," - The truth is, that this assumed right is a mere . t of oppression, with the perpetration of . , which by one sovereign Slate, another sorrr- vign Stale does not inter fere, simply because " -he (-ovetnateat of on country haa no right to . totrfsM Uh the- exercise of governmental V pw by that of another, but which rests upon ; jm principle of natural law or justice. n" j-; We have tbas stated, freel, what we ap- . . prove cod what we disapprove ia these resolu- V lions. .Perkapa tbei ia more of the latter than ,.',4if.tlie' former we have not stopped to adjust jueely tb tMiaace between mem. The pre - ' ' - aaakaa W -H ririaa aMtaM nni yawiWfm- fwa . W avjgl www -vais vm inn 't eleae aoatret out Oetioa. ' We are member of - hO gntst DemboraUe Party, The great ideas ; ..ttasaa wbieh it ia founaea, are among the most pronaaoonvicuoaaoi ounnieueot. ,,Wf r- Hfor aor aeaatrr aaa saankind, sad wt 'p Us m$t hnght sad glotiona v )M4er taw ark of iU awtiti- '' 't&iJXfzZx i and (aoaca Sf--f rsjt av syar as aweav fUl away VirOiwaM , v - ,T'V jsa. if K; ;. U atsewat art. aaa aH ao saeoMage f a aew w -i- 4 saauci at itaAioa a Wlinto rSal'; ; pre !a to tal Us lanaa In a ysatariMCa Court, instead T twelve, astt jw a ttanda. ' Tali wlHaaerata as a peat saving of espeasa, and, yet, we think, nuke the taeaaa anasqiaaUy ftaqueat to answer ike ends or jostle. Amu has alas been introdaead by some oth er atember to transfer th erimtaal Jurisdiction at the Probata Court back to the Comtton Plea. The passage of such an act would, in our rudiment, injur and Impede the adminis tratioa of jnstie It would opetato unjustly towards persons charged with offenses, by keep lag them In duress ami suspeasa for months, in soma lastaness from November unlit May, for want of a court to try them. Another fatal objection to transferring that Jurisdiction back to the Common Pleas would be the derangement It would produce In the business of.tbat Court. Criminal cases always having a precedence over civil j the civil dock etiu ths Common Pleas, was, under the old system, generally kept ia a state of confusion by th interruption of criminal business. Civil suits bsve frequently been continued in our courts for want of time to try them, Just in consequence of that court being clogged with criminal business of the most trifling character until parties who were trying to recover rights, or redress injuries, were weighed down and ruined with coat bills. . The Snail Hot law. A novmant ia now being made in the Gen era! Assembly to repeal the Law prohibiting the circulation within this Stale the sins II notes of the Bonks of other States. If we are to have a small note currency, by all means lei those notes be the issues of Banks within this State. A large shsre of tho worthless curren cy that died in the hands of the people of this region of Ohio during the Isst great financial revulsion were the small note spawns of "Ken tucky Tnut," "Newport ay Fund," and other equally rotten concerns in Indiana and the1 District of Columbia. The Pusionicts will make no political capital by repealing the small note law. I ai Boads ia Lawrence County. Tns other day a farmer from Mason town ship called upon us, and in the course of con versation remarked that from that neighbor hood, including Mason, Symmts, Aid and Windsor, that probably thirty thousand bushels of whest, besides lsrge quantities of oats, beans, dried fruit, pork and lard had been wag oned to Gallipolis since the lot harvest. The people of those townships would, we are satis fied, prefer to bring their produce to this place if there was any means of transportation.. But unfortunately there is no road over which a load can be hauled. The wants of the people of those townships as well sa the wants and interest of Ironton demand that a good road of some description shall immediately be made between thia point and Marion, and if Gallia will join, let it be built to Gallipolis. A road from Ironton to Marion can be built the present yesr if all persons immediately interested in it will combine their energies. The movement should commence in the agri cultural townships. We think that if the Rvssblls, Thomas Lamicrt, Wm. Kmowlton, Nath, Davisson, the Bkumhelds, T. C. Taos, John LunciroaD, and the other enterprising men in that region of the county would put the thing into motion, they would meet with en couragement in this plsce j and before another yeer passes away we would have such a road as would enable men to drive over with safety at all times and seasons. Let THiaa sa a Road to Pine Cnnn. It is about four miles and a half by wsy of La Grange Furnace to the top of the bill this side of Pine Grove ! from that point to Kcllev's Mills there is now as good a road as there is in the county. If this four or five miles from Ironton out were msde we would then have a good road to Kel- let's Mills, connecting us with the fertile val ley of Pine Creek, and the rich agricultural re gion of some two or three townships in Scioto county. Ths Naaaowa ar Coal Gaovs. If there is power o make specific appropriations for roads, let there be about f 1000 appropriated by tbe county to make a good and safe road across the narrowa at Coal Grove. That is a roacl travers ed by at least one half of all tbe people o' the county that visit Ironton. If the people could vote on tbe question they would say let the requisite amount of money be appropriated. 1 ' There is not people enough in that neighbor hood to build a road. The Commissioners should tske the mktter in hand. Good roads throughout the county would lead to a more social andjriendlinlercourse among the people and would add at least one third to the actual value of the land. The Iron B&ilroad Iron Eegion. Thirteen miles of tbe Iron Railroad were completed the 1st of January, 1853. Mr. Richards, Secretary of the Company, ai our request, has kindly furnished us with a statement of the amount of stock in the road, also the amount of bonds issued by tbe compa ny, and the earnings of the road during the past three years. The figures stand aa follows : Capital Stock subscribed, ' . 9123,700 CO paia in, - I1T.9BG 18 yet due and unpaid, 6,734 84 Ufifflids is!1 "nor cent-,, . 60,000 00 The actual cost or the road with its equip ments f 167,966. The receipts of the Company for freights and passengers have been aa follows: ' For tbe year 1 85 J, 30,857 II " 1854, ' 31,696 84 " , 1866, , 28,066 83 . .' ' ' - ' V : . t l ii i Total earnings in three yearn, 190,497 77 Thus do th fact show that in three years this road hu earned for freight and passengers $14,030 (4, more than one-half it original coat. Tbe construction of only about ten miles mare will connect this road with all tbe rail ways in the State, aad form one of th main connecting finks between the Ohio Railways rand the river, aad also connecting the Ohio improvements with those f Virginia and Ken tacky W bat risk ia there, we ask, in lb investment of capital in th I to Railroad. ; No freak of fortune, no act of th Legislature, no maneu vering of other companies, can ever remove from th line of thi toad, the inihautbl bed of froa ore aad Hon coat through whfth the j'Baitroadl pass.' Tfc money that this saihrey ha already earned aa been prtn eipally forftwifktiaf pig metal from th Pama- Ma,aJ el taebW along th line of taasteBweep?Ma4.: .'J', O ; Tfe atni ta)tHsrtif tCtf twin &V-iZ&;i&M-mm - ' v-r T -v';-v - ''"-'''' - . - ..'V., stoat coal and iron or, vita a good soil abov laesa,'. ir'iiiyr'1... Therefore, who will nndsrtak to say that ther i any risk ia puttlngaaoney latothis road. Those soauetated with this iron region mus know that Ibis will b on of tlre.W paying road In tk Stat of Ohio. . t- . W - W wish that capitalists that hav fund to invest in Railroads snd manufactures could be mad acquainted with Ibis particular region. Do they know that thfte sre already sme any furnaces, making from eight to ten tons per day each of pig metal t and that here la a town nst sis years old, with three Rolling Mills, a nan Mill that makea 320 kegs of nails per day, foun dries, factories, snd mscbine shops, already making thia on of th leading point for iron manufacture ia the oountry ? . ' If manufacturers in the East who sre now making ten per cent .on their capital, would come here, they could; with the same skill, eu rgy, and management, make fifty percent.. ' Alt that thia region wants is men and money to develop its immense resource now imbedded in the earth. - ' - : ' Albert O. WMtoa. A raw days since, while passing on the cars from Columbus to Cincinnati, 'we had tbe pleas ure of meeting Mr. Waitoa, fotmerly an Engi neer on. the Iron Railroad, and well known to the early inhabitants of this place as a gentle' man of unexceptionable character and ti ster ling worth. He ia now a member of the firm of H. II. Goodman at Co., Stock and Railroad Agents for the West and South. Their office is at No. 7, Wall Street, New York. . The business of their sgency ia to sell city, State, and county bonds, negotiate loans, pur chase nil; &c. We have before us tbe month ly oircularof'II. H. Uooduam k Co. It con tains quotations of the prices of the stocks and bonds of all the Railroads in the United Slates. We, in common with his numerous friends, re Joice to see Mr. Whiton in the ascending scsle of reputation snd prosperity. Mr. W, was traveling with Ws. A. Crocs ra, of Bos ton, President of the Locomotive Manufactory, at Taunton, Mass., where the celebrated Detnpfel Coal Locomotives were first msnufnc tured. Mr. Crocker is one of the leading busl nessmenofNew England, thoroughly versed and practically skilled in the working of metals. He wss wide awake to know something rela live to the immense mineral resources of this iron region on the Ohio river. He is just such a man as we would like to have here to carry on manufactures, and in building up a large manufacturing city at this point. JSSP To Town Subscribers, The regular Carrier being sick, it is proba ble that many will fail to get their pa pers. Such as fail, can get ihcm at the office. . ' - -.--', Kew Democratic Paper We understand that arrangmenls ere in progress to establish a Democratic pa per at Cincinnati that $10,000 are al ready pledged towards purchasing ma lerials. Il is very desirable that the en terpriso shall succeed, because the de mocray of the . first metropolis in the West sre without any organ that repre sents their opinions. The Enquirer once was a democratic paper of sterline worth. But it has fall en! ; it is no longer the voice of the un terrified masses ; it no longer fires its readers with zeol and enthusiasm in the great cause of human rights, We re gret this, because, in times past, it was one of the most fearless, and intrepid expounders of true radical democracy in the West. Its identity with the Mi ami Tribe -its silence in regard to the outrages in Kansas upon the people there, and upon the principle of popu lar sovereignly, es well aa Its complicity with the banking interests of Cincinnati, and its efforts to uphold those rotten con cerns, which have swindled the people out of so much of their hsrd earnings, ell indelibly mark it es unworthy of any further support of tho democratic party. Some time since, when Gen. Pierce's administration was popular, the Enquir er joined its fortunes to that adminis tration, and in consequence thereof, its editor received the appointment of U. S. Marshall for the southern district. It has been ostensibly the organ of the administration faction, which is now dwindled down to office-holders and place-hunters. But if we mistake not, the Enquirer men, through' the agency of the Miami tribe, are doing what they can to secure the nomination of Mr, Douglass, at the Cincinnati Conven tion. That journal has unmistakabl) joined iisell to those interests which are entirely alien to -the sentiments of the democracy, and it must of course take the fate of all those who attempt toob struct the populsr will. We say to our brethren in Cincinnati, go ahead, establish your piess one that banks and commercial interests cannot choke nor ffiuzrle, and it will receive a cordial support from the democracy in this part of the State.' Shall tbe office of School Commission rib abolished! Somc Know-Nothing in the present General Assembly, has introducsd a res olut'ron to abolish the office of State Commissioner of Common Schools. This is strictly in. keeping with the te nets of a psriy. thst "loves darkness rather then light" When tbe office of State Superintendent ie abolished, we presume the next movement of the K N.'i will be to abolish th entire system of Free Schools and Libraries, for they are averse to the teachings or ths order. If our will could be law la the prem ises, We would have a superintendent in each eounty, and materially add io the powers of the State Superintendent. Th Stt Common School system is an inatiiutioa of more reel precticat Im portance than tf other Siota inititn tion together.; ' Kino-tenthl of b poU lory.1a paying their School tea, a Me ratta taeWM U hwmULti 'm4JV - .' :',;,iv .v,.,; t,.,,' Welcome f Weloomo It to tho Xnaki ' M the recent Dsinoerstlc meeting tn Portsmouth, Witts A. HoTcaiss, well Itnown In thS psrt of Ohio, a an abl lawyer and in Upright man, declared hi Identity with tho Democratic party. Mr. Cviaiao, of Gallipolis, ha, for some time psst, been acting' with the Democ racy Both were promlnenl members of the -old Whig parryi Each bae repre sented bla district In. tbe! Legislature; the one In'th House, the other in the Senete. Tbir mind were always too liberal nd progressive for their politi cal associations. But when the Know Nothing order supplanted the Whig par- ,iyHthese mn could not, like many of their arsociates, embrace tbe int'olsrenc of thst Order for the place end power it might give them. '-, SST Wc call attention to an inter esting communication on the "Ore Potaa Sea, written by a gentleman, whose habits of reading and scientific research are of such e chsracter, es to entitle It to respectful attention. Ws cordially welcome him to our columns, snd hope to have the pleasure of placing his letters in' the Tints frequently here efter. ' Athenoum.. Therb will be a meeting of the Iron ton Athenoeura at the office of Edward Jordan, on Friday evening, February 1st, at half-past 6 o'clock. A discus tion will be had upon the "Monroe Doc trine." Bsj3 Tmerk hi s been good sleighing in this vicinity foity miles south of Cincinnati during tbe past four weeks, The burghers of our town have been enjoying it. Business has been dull, but sleighing end clean streets have pro duced a season of unuiual goyety and enjoyment. Sleigh rides and parties have boon the orcjer. A few evenings since, there was a grand party .at Thomas W. Means' consisting of the young citizens of this place, Portsmouth, and the iron re gion. , But, while it ie a time of joy to many, it is a season of grief to others to those destitute of employment, fuel end pro visions, of which there are many, espe cially in all the large towns and cities, For the Spirit of the Time. Open Polar Sea Why it is io. Om the 45th page of "Elements of Geology," by Alonzo Gray and O. B. Adams, they say, "Tbe most remarkable current is the Gulf stream, which flows past the eastern coast of South America, spreading through the Carib bean Sea, enters the Gulf of Mexico, when, being pent up, it rushes through the straits of Florida to the banks of Newfoundland j there it is mel by another current from Baffin's Bay nd deflected towards Iceland, Spitsbergen and the northern patUof Scotland." "In this great river of the ocean there flows 90 million cubic feet of water pet minute, or 2500 times the amountdischarzed by the Mississippi, The polar current from Baffin's Bay is divided on meeting with the Culf stream, one portion be ing supposed to run under the latter to the south, and the other to flow on the surface be tween the Gulf stream and the coast of North America." Now as water is more dense and heavy at about tbe temperature of forty-four decrees than water when either warmer or colder than 44 degrees, it is reasonable to con elude thai the Gulf stream, on arriving at high latitudes north, becoming cooled down to 44 degrees, runs under the colder and consequent ly lighter water ; keeping at the bottom of the ocean until, as its course points out, it arrives in the norlbern sea between the northern coast of Russia and the Arctio Pole, where it is again pent up where it must necessarily rise to the surface displacing the colder water which makes loom by passing southward through Baffin's Bay and probably through Bebrmg's strait and other outlets causing that flow of ice toward the south observed by nearly all navigators of the northern seas. if any one will take a terrestrial globe and look at the Atlantic ocean, must see that even without trsde winds, the tides arrested in their westward course by tbe continent of America would, as is well known, rise several feel bigher in the Gulf of Mexico then the Faoific, snd thereby furnishing an abundant supply of warm water for the Gulf stream, which enables it first, by being warm and light, to pass over the current coming from Baffin's Bay, which, being colder, passes a part on first meeting and the residue, as fast as it finds room along down the ooast, passing under tbe Gulf stream to the south ,- and aecondly in passing northward it cools nntil it arrives at the temperature which makes water heaviest it falls to the bottom and is prpelled into the Northern ocean several degrees warmer than the freeting point,' and much warmer than tbe atmosphere, giving rise to immense fogs, clouds and snows which, de scending south, assist in forming immense ice bergs, glaciers, 4c, encircling this open sea and forming an almost unsurmoanlable bonier in our attempt to reach the far north. The writer of the above ia quite confident that the Gulf stream is sufficient in quantity of both wa ter and caloric to keep an open sea somewhere in the Arctic reg ioa, but having' no data or oth, er guide at ban d than that of a globe, cannot, with any decree of certainty, undertake to poiril out its locality j if we suppose that it pursues a straight forward course in the Arotie region it would meet with, Snd be thrown. .op by the shoals north of Russia and Siberia, but again its course can be changed by deep channels or by shoals ot by both and rise in quite a differ ent locality.' The above is written with the hpe that some person having the necessary qualification will further iuaidatthi theory or ahow ita utter fallacy. ' , , ,. ; - . rVv. vr '''. ir-r rr f SUZABKTH. AwretLT Soooaarr-Mr. Wm. Alcorn a native of Ireland, but recently from Princeton, New Jersey, and ' a young gentleman or aign praaw aaa Minl of ttuolor-.Ift the -Praabjrltttei 1r olocteal salaarf Cotamboi. S. C. dropped dead & jpff ir, jlry 'ret " rK4Uljv . THlBTy-FOURTH GOKGRESS, -.. -1 : : ' :. '! FIRST SESSION, i 7. 'Jf..i . WasaiaoTOiLJan. lfcV. frovae. Mr. Cllncmao offered a re solution that, during the calllog of the roll no debate or personel explsnailons shall be in order, and thia rule and the rule limiting members to ten minutes in lebata shall not be suspended, except bv the unsnimous consent of lb Houss, : -Mr. Clmgmsn thought insi tne nous had deiensrstsd into a mere debeting -. " .1-- III..I. , A ... society j voting wss iuuio uhij v suit in an election than discussion, be cause the letter seems only to influence parties end factions, and increasing the difficulty. , . : .. a. a .a . a. ' Th resolution wss adopted, and tor House then proceeded to vote lor apest r. th ballot resulting follows : ' a, . i i an . V..1I... uanas , wenarusun vv ) r 81 ; Pennington 8 I Campbell of Ohio and foner and roster eacn i. ie cesssry to a choice, 102.' ' Mr. Uollsx cave a history oi tne piu rality rule in 1840, aaying that before its doption, eieht similar propositions nan come from the Democrats and one from the Whigs. The Democrats then claim ed to have a msiority, but,, owing to a defection in their ranks, they could not all unite upon a candidate Tor speaker The Republicans ere now siinilerly sit ua eJ. and should nave tne uoiieui oi ...., , , . r the rule. The Democrats denounced the Whigs ss bitterly then ee they do the Republicans now. Mr. Bocock said that if this were a squabble between national parlies, there could be no serious objection to the plu rality rule ; but the old w nig party was white as snow, compared with tbecrim. com. guilt (speaking politically) of the Republican party, and wnrn no saw me rule likelv to result in the election of a sectional candidate, if adopted, he would be justified in standing here till the crack of doom in resisting il. Mr. Humphrey Marshall and Ham of Illinois, in replying to Mr. Grow, earnestly denied that Henry Olay lavor ed the passage of the Missouri roilric tion. Harris, in addition to other documents, referred to the testimony ol ueneralJes sup, in support of his position, saying thai Jessup was present et the time, end took notes. Mr. Grow referred to the declarations of Mr. Clay himself, in tbe Sonate, 1851, to show that the latter lavored tne line of 38 30. After aome further debate, Mr. Cling man offered a resolution, that, for one week, unless a Speaker be elected, no lebate shall be in order, unless by unan imous consent. The resolution was adopted by a ma oriiy of 45, and the House adjourned. Washington. Jan. 22. House Mr, Boyce moved the following preamble and resolution : . Whereas, our relations with Grea Britain are of a most threatening char acter. indicating that we may be on the eve of startling events; and whereas, it . a 1 fl is the imperative duty oi ine no use at this juncture of imminent peril not to abdicate its great mission, but fulfil it by organizing if possible on such a basis ss will give lorce to our uisiracieci coun' try, end enable it to present en un divided front to the common enemy therefore. Resolved, that the conservative ele ment of this House unite in a sincere effort to elect a Speaker who will re present the (treat idea ol peace lor our , ,.i r " .' . selves, ana tne swum iur mo bkuukci. Mr. Stephens hoped the gentleman would be permuted to state tne lacts up on which be made the announcement that we are now on the eve of a war. If it were so, he knew nothing about it, Objections were mado to an explana lion, end on motion Dy lviorgan ine re solution was laid on the table McMullen made an ineffectual effort to rescind the resolution which precludes debate. ' . Mr. Tvson offered a resolu'ion that anv candidate for Speaker who shall a anv tune heroalier receive tne mimes number of votea from a quorum, though less than a minority of all the votes uolled. shall be declared elected, pro vided that the Speaker so chosen, and eich of the other candidates shall have the appointment of the standing com mittee in proportion to the number o ha vole rasoaci veiv.icmTou u but no candidate whose, vote shall be less than 25 shall be entitled to any o iha annointments under the resolution The resolution was laid on the table, snd the Houe sgsin- voted forSpesker, iha ballot resulting as follows: Banki fll. Richardson 67. Fuller 29, Campbell of Ohio 5, and fennington, anorter anu Porter, one each. Iwo more uaiiota were had, the last resulting precisely as bove. '"' The House then adjourned. Washikoto", Jan. 23. House. Richardson stated that he was sincerely desirous that the House should be organized. It had been inti mated here end elsewhere, that there might be en election should he and oth er candidates retire irom tne contest. Gentlemen with whom he acted would bear testimony that the position he oo cupied wss not of his own seeking, end from which he wes anxious to recede to relieve the House from embarrassment, Ha would, if possible, retire to day, but will to morrow from the candidacy of SneakershiD r.. n . m . LI. Alr. Dow.lell oiiereu a preamoie uec laraiory of our Divine Providence, for innumerable blessings, end concluding with a resolution that daily sessions of the House be opened with prayer, end the minister ot tne city oi wasnmgion b reauestedrto perform the solemn doty The resolution wesadonud. ' ' r Tba House then again voted t bsoks nr.. n:.L...l... nil . ir1l. A , rtamri. bell of Ohio 5 J and rorter, -uorro on Ale., Williams and Pennington, ach one. Necessary to a choice 08.' ") Mr. Rust offered a a resolution ex pressing tbe sense of the House, that if Banks, Richsrdson and FulUr pre vent tbe use of their uemes after to-day iha insurmountable" obstacle to organi astio would be removedj.ond tbe pub-. R interest thereby promoted. The Hob refuW by a ti ot to lay the resolution on the Jable. T , - , Tlia Kaaia ahaa favasd to order (be subject aeftordIn1xoeirlJH to mof IDS fious loan ujuuiiiom. .ri -i......w QLRinnft. A messBe ws read frtfm the President of the U. S. saying that clfcgmstencse had occurred to stop the course of government In Ken ess, producing a condition of things, to which it wes incumbent on him to eall the attention of Congress, and to urgent ly recommend the adoption of such mea- aa lhai nxlaanc IttSV reOUUe. H elludes euloffisticsny to in pruiufi" th Ksnsss-Nebrssks set, and tne system of government and lews which it was Ssssed to put Into operstion. While ebraika had been successfully orgsn- iseJ, an organisation had long-oeen ao- lavml in Kansas, attended OV serious un- flrnliUa and mbarrssrment. partly from local maladministration tnd pertly from unjuslinsble interference iron) tne mnao. itsnts of other Steles, with views foreign to the interests and rights oi tne tern Gov. Reeder. insteed 01 constant ng lance In the dischsrse of his duties, himself set the exempt of violating the law, arid duty impelled Ilia President to ramnva him. . ' . ' . ! ' . 1 He elludes to the misiiirected zeal of propagandists, and the cleshing of slave rv ami anti-tlaverv interests as the ori gin of the mischief, end emphaticelly condemns the enons w amicipoie i force the determination oi tnai question in this inchoate state. The first legists- live assembly, whatever may have been the informalities in the election of mem bers, wss, for ell practical purposes, a lawful body, ami in Ini1 connection me President viewed Reader' conduct re garding the removal of the sest of gov ernment, and Reeder's refusal to aigrt bills pnad by that body, the ill-ieei-im in that territory has now reached such a pitch that it threatena the peace not only of Kansas, out tne union. Relative to the recent convention which framed the Free Stale Constitu lion, he says it was s psriy end not the people who thus acted contrary to the principle of public law, the practice under the Constitution of the U. S. and the rule of right enJ common sense. m. . ,H 1 1 . a ine movemeni in opposmuu i hid vv stituiional authorities in Kansas was re volutionary in its chsracter, and should it reach a point or organized resistance would become treasonable insurrection and it would be the duty of the Federa Government to suppress it. The ereat popular prerogative ot sou . . sovernment must be respected, ine V I . . in, President further says it is his duty to - I . a nreserve onior in ins lorruury, auu dicaiB the laws, whether Federal or Io cnl. ami nroiect the people in the full enjoyment of self-government, from all enchroachments from without. Although the serious and threatening disturbances announced to him by Gov. Shannon in December last, were quieted without any effusion of blood, there is reason to ap prehend renewed disorders there, unleis decided measures be forthwith token to prevent them. .... He concludes by ssying thet if the inhabitants of Kansas shall secuie a Stale formation, and there shell be a suf ficient number, the proper course will De to cell a Convention oi jjeiegaiaa io prepare a Constitution, and recommends the enactment of a law to that enact, in order that admission into the Union may be in a lawful and proper manner, end lhate special appropriation be made to defray any expenses which may become requisite in the execution of the laws or the maintenance of public order in that territory. - 1 , .. ' , M Jarubt 24. House. The proceed ings were opened with prsyer. Mr. Fuller said it had been his desire for weeks to withdraw his name as a candidate for Speaker, and he had so expressed himself to his fiiends, but as they had considered his name under theirr control, end not his own, he bad permit led its use without making any further public objection. He now wished to withdraw, and have it distinctly under stood. He tendered his acknowledg ments for the suppoit received, and for the uniform kindness and courtesy wun which he had been treated, and express ed the hone that the difficulties hereto fore existing, may now be seltlsd by some mode of adjustment agreeable to themselves, eatislaclory to meir consul uents. and honorable to the whole coun uy. The HouTe then resumed voting for Sneaker as follows Banks 06, Orr 68, Richardson 12, Csmpbi'll of Ohio 3, Scattering 5. While the Clerk was calling the roll for the election of a Speaker, the door keeper announced the message from, the President. " Cempbell (Ohio) objected to its recep tion. A sudden excitement sprung up all over the Hall, venous eentlemen de manding to know tbe character of the communication. Amid turbulent voices Mr. Orr was heard expressing the hope thst the President's Privete Secretary might be permitted to state his errand. ii . ... . l -i !k. i n- Llies oi uo on wun me eieuuuii i voi der I Order ! 1 : ' Mr. Craige claimed the right lobe heard, declaring that he represented a district in North Carolina, which was the first 10 declare their Independence from Greet Britain. What be further said, wes lost in confusion end cries of Go on Craige! Heerhimt end Order! near Iv all the member being on their feet. Mr. Craige would let. gents . know that he waa not one put aown oy men noise. .Mr. Bsiqe In the name of God: and my country, I am ashamed of these proceedings,- V--Vi:;(';.-';'v:'-v Mr. Craigs And ! em ashamed to hav a colleague who object to the ex arniaA of m tlehtt. ' . ' ' ' 'y - Renewed vociferations! Order I Call the roll I and an intense excitement. The Clerk esssyed to apaak. j?. Mr. Giddinii Hear him I hear him 1 Mi'. Craige quiet being partially re aw, .... ... -p to nuw will ins lussaeuge, io. hi business is here,- Renewed cries of tttilkt I Down in front ! ' ... '. Mr." Campbell, of , ObiO, made ' hi point. ' Nothing is in order except tbe election of gpeeker. 1 " ' Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, moved thet the meaaaga o re:eivea, ana amsuua to prewlou question. v Haopbrey Marshall That's right, I aacood th motion. ' ' - t i Mr. Craita and Mr. Campbell with- if iw their points, the latter delaring bat it III maintained., bla objection!, The motion of Mr. Stepbeai was (hen ; sgrssa io or ss majority. - . : , a n rtsuu or th vote for speaker vti announced aa rulldwi j i ' . MJanke, o Orr, 8j. Fuller, 19; Richardson, 6 i Campball, 8 1 scatttrln. 8 necessary to a choice 101. ' The private secretary of tbe President then aonouneed a messsge in writing from the Presldsot, If it pleased the House io receive It, ; '. Mft Crslse It 1 (he pleasure 'of the House, - ,,, 'i'. . .; , 4..... The reading of the messsie waa or dered by 22 majority. 1 ' , ine message ws ihe earn a lent to the Senate on Kansas affair.- After hiving been read, it wis laid on th la bia, and the House then adjourned. LATER FR0H EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE AFRICA. , v 1 : .-. New York, Jn. 23. ' The Africa arrived with Liverpool date op to th 8ib. . The new consist merely to the extension or peace rumora received by (be lsst arrival. .Russia's answer to the proposition could not possibly be expected before tbe 10th, but would probably be delayed aome days longer. Il is anticipated thet it win contain neither in absolute as. sent nor refusal, but will name counter Siropossls to be settled by renewed con erence. .,,;' The feeling in England continues war like, and in France again becoming so. Th Russians are Incessant in prepare-' lion for the Spring campaign, nothing oi importance Irom Ihe Cri mea, the docks at osbastopol were blown up by the French on the 23J of December. . ; , Asia presents no new feature. . t The news from Great Britian is not of much importance. The grend council of the allied Gen erals haa been opened at Paria. The conference in relation to the Sound duea ia indefinitely postponed, end Sweden is making active warlike preparationa. . later. The Berlin papers spesk .not unfavor ably of the disposition of Russis to con sider the allies' positions. , Asia. The Russian army took up its position in Ksrs, December 81 ; the troops being quartered in town, leaving a small detachment of Cossacks to oc cupy the fortifications of Sohauly and Dagh. ( . . At Yienakieni, a village on the road io Erceroum, the Russisns had collect ed large stores of provisions. The Rus sian general is apprehensive of an attack upon Kara by Selim Pacha, ar,d has consequently concentrated ell his avail-abt-sjprces at that point, . Selim Pacha is encamped in the mountains of Derci Baynom. An attack on Erzeroum by the Russians is not considered practi cable at present, in consequence of the exhaustion of the troops end the state of the roads.. . ... , .Russia. Advices from Okhotok state that the allied fleet quartered in the Gulf, without finding the cennon buried there by the Russians, The Grand Council of War, assem bled et St. Petersburg, is principally engaged in the question relating to forti fying the strategic points inroushuut the empire. The fortification at Kiew will be finished before the close of the winter. , ' The railroad from Moscow to Si. Pe tersburg is lo be protected by redoubte placed at intervals along the tine, esch to be occupied by a batallion of infant ry and militia. . The council of war at Constantinople haa directed the allies to use all efforts hn deferice of Eizeroum and Trebizonde. jt j s confidently asseited that Austria will submit a peace proposition to ihe German diet, and call on tbe diet to support them. : ' .?; ' V - '...'.' Crimea. Dates from the Crimea up to Christmas., The Russians increased their fortification over lnkerraan, . and unmasked new batteries on the left of Tchernays. : ' - , ; General Pelissier remains In ihe Cri mea, and General Martinpie ects as his proxy at the council of war progressing at Paris. The recent storms occasioned no in jury to vessels of j war. .. Italy. Excitement created at Rome by the report that Mexico has suppress ed its legation and wiihdiawri her min ister. Archives said to be already pack ed up. . " ;'-', '. - .";..-'; ' ' Washinoton, Jan 22 1. Asiid the many . conflicted statements with reference to our foreign relations, information from an authentic source warrants the assertion tbet so far from a special message being in preparation in relation to our foreign affairs to be sent to'either House of Congress, it bss not, at any lime, been contemplated much lass been the subject of Cabinet coasultation, though this Government has demanded the recoil of Mr. Cramp ton and the British consuls engagft -in recruitir-g for the Crimea, ; Il can be confidently etated that there has been no purpose in., or Out ol the Cabinet looking for the withdrawal of Mr. Buchanan from England unless at his own request.; V: The negotiations between Great Britain are still open, despatches hsving been sent out by the lest steamer; and noth ing has occurred to change the aspect Of our relations sbroad since the last President's Message. ; v " v Mr. Boyee's resolution, offwed in the House to-dayrdtelanng our relations with Greet Brilairj of ao critical a char acter aa lo indicate that we may be on tbe ave of startling events, was not, a some supposed, submitted with the con. sent or knowledge of the executive, but waa Mr. Boyee's independent position. Mr. Buchenen . writes that no rual prospects of peace are entertained by the British Ministry, and England, is preparing th largest fleet aver floated, lor operatiana against Ru in . tho, spring.;- -' "' " 'A.h '.- ' S' Louit Napoleon- U ntili anxious to sxtricSt bimelf from the war, having , obtained ell tbo doaired preatige of the occasion. :4t-t '''i.i'V. .ri'-'.'.'..:-.' . Gn. Caaa is preparing & speech on tbe question of slsvery iflhTrritOrie, for Thwreday, probably. -" '-'r. v'- i-'v aalfca.