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Spirit of the times. [volume] (Ironton, Ohio) 1853-1858, January 29, 1856, Image 2

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' ' : r UM9C-I m vwmi aa ia
; r.f f -fOluo Peajoeraet to tbe ossJHag
v 1 V ;'V M fti WrtJi I fct nm
' ' Vv la beta; the nmh or eosatworni, ni p
SpnuiUikg m rly to wbt m Udlridut)
, ikKk aichl uiM ciUMr ftoai thU dMimiioa,
; m (h tay aeaiM vkMfe w our m flt km-
- Aa la Ban il relation to the Uoket ptwenv
;' e4 by t6i OoTiitioo, at to the oe which my
' tokwmbleat CineinaaU. w dealw toUte
- eipJJciUy whatwe approve ana wbb wwui.
; apprere.la thoie reaolnUoaa. ' .- 1 '
i ' : w he already exnw-jedtfur full and hear
WaABeiirtenee in Uoeoudemnatioa, embraced
' im the fcorth reholotieii. of the Know Nothing
' order, and the eeatinente of retigioai intoier-
eeoe end aatioaal prejudice on which it i
heatd W believe that waataoem eviw, ei
v tbet political, aocial. moral, or rellfioua, may
' niat in oonieqnence of the large influi of lor
eigi poputotion wbioh baa heretofore taken
place, would only do eggraTaua vj m uf
tin. f the nrotcriptive policy of that ord.
v We alw approve the sentiment of the third
." teaolntion, and hold that all religion! quettiona
should be excluded from the political arena,
fohtica hu to do with government, and gov
ornment haa no concern whatever wan rell-
' gion, ewept to protect each, citiaen in the free
- enjoyment or wuaiioever ion n u u
' have embraced. r . ,
. We do not know that we have any particular
j ftbleetioa to the firth iwolutipnt except ao far
aa It may impiy approoenuu w w
- oaea; and except, also, that it may, perhaps,
be eonstrued aa atipnaliaing all who do not
' aobecribe io the doctrines set forth in uus pii
ihm s "enemiea of Dtmocracy, and of the Un
. ' ion and the ConsUtuUon-" .,- From any such
' .rfn.iinn we certainly dissent. We believe
; -y we faiew that there are many as devoted
" friends of all three, aa are to be found in the
: country, who refuse, and will, perhaps, eon-
tinne to refuse to stand on tnis piauonn, nu
' we never saw any nee in treating faUih-i,
eerUinly there is none in solemnly rtnioinf it
As to the sixth resolution, we do not know
that we care to say much. Perhaps it Is well
' enough for the Democratic members of Con
tress to adhere to their nominee lor ttpeaaer,
having made it, out, we thought at first, and we
- think still, the nomination risen was a nry m
advised one. It could be eonstrued in no oth
. er wsy than as indicating a determination to
involve the present interests of the Democratic
party inextricably with the policy of the Ad
. ministration on the slavery question, snd there
. fore indicated, in our judgment, more regard
for the fortunes of certain men, than for the
' welfare either of the party or of the country .
But it is in regard to the. first and second res
olutions that we especially desire to be explicit.
'The declaration that Congress bss power nei
Tther to legislate slavery into a territory, nor to
exclude it therefrom, is, in our judgment, ut
terly false. It is false in view of the great
' . principle' of law, so well established, and s0
naivenally recognised, that the right to govern
. territory follows its acquisition. It is fslse in
'view of the Constitution of the United States,
which has placed the territoriea'under the leg.
' Wative control of Congress. It is false in view
of the Nebraska Act itself, in which Congress
assumea, not merely ordinary legislative author
ity over the territories, but even the power to
prescribe for them the very framework of their
government. It is false by the admission or the
author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act himself,
whose followers seem not to perceive, thai in
passing such resolves, they are contradicting bis
opinions, and pronoui.cing censures upon some
of the most prominent acta of his life.
We protest, then, against this declaration i
and we do so, not simply because it is untrue,
but because we believe that, however it may
be, ao long aa our territorial possessions sre
confined to their present limits, a conjuncture
- will aoon arise, when the exercise by Congres,
' of the' power thus denied, will be of the most
' ' vital importance to the interests of freedom.
' - If the declaration contained in the second
' resolution, '-that the right of the people of each
' particular territory, to establish
' their own constitution or form of government ;
to choose and regulate their own domestic in
stitutions of every kind, and to legislate for
themselves, ia a fundamental principle of all
free government," ia intended aianenuncia
; tion of any principle growiruut of the Con
stitution of the United States, or admissible
' under it, we deny the doctrine in toto. If it
be iutended merely ss an expression of a prin
ciple' of. abstract natural law, then, when
. guarded by the proper limitations, we give it
. . our hearty assent. But we cannot perceive
tbatin this sense, it hu any application to any
: peading question or controversy, for we deny
that by that law of nature which is thusappeal-
; d to, the people of the territories, or those of
. any other locality, have the right either to
. : tablieb slavery or recognize Its existence. It is
aa outrsge upon the Declaration of Indepen
dence, to quote that immorta) instrument in
support of any alaim of natural right toestsb
lish slsvery, for Met deelarea that "all men
acbotn rare, snd avxi.t and endowed with
etftain rnaucasata, rights, among which are
' rife.uszaTr and the pursuit of happiuess,"
- The truth is, that this assumed right is a mere
. t of oppression, with the perpetration of
. , which by one sovereign Slate, another sorrr-
vign Stale does not inter fere, simply because
" -he (-ovetnateat of on country haa no right to
. totrfsM Uh the- exercise of governmental
V pw by that of another, but which rests upon
; jm principle of natural law or justice.
n" j-; We have tbas stated, freel, what we ap-
. . prove cod what we disapprove ia these resolu-
V lions. .Perkapa tbei ia more of the latter than
,.',4if.tlie' former we have not stopped to adjust
jueely tb tMiaace between mem. The pre
- ' ' - aaakaa W -H ririaa aMtaM nni
yawiWfm- fwa . W avjgl www -vais vm inn
't eleae aoatret out Oetioa. ' We are member of
- hO gntst DemboraUe Party, The great ideas
; ..ttasaa wbieh it ia founaea, are among the most
pronaaoonvicuoaaoi ounnieueot. ,,Wf r-
Hfor aor aeaatrr aaa saankind, sad wt
'p Us m$t hnght sad glotiona
v )M4er taw ark of iU awtiti-
'' 't&iJXfzZx i and (aoaca
Sf--f rsjt av syar
as aweav fUl away
, v - ,T'V jsa.
if K; ;.
U atsewat art. aaa aH ao saeoMage f a aew
w -i- 4 saauci at itaAioa a Wlinto
rSal'; ; pre !a to tal Us lanaa In a
ysatariMCa Court, instead T twelve,
astt jw a ttanda. ' Tali wlHaaerata as a
peat saving of espeasa, and, yet, we think,
nuke the taeaaa anasqiaaUy ftaqueat to answer
ike ends or jostle.
Amu has alas been introdaead by some oth
er atember to transfer th erimtaal Jurisdiction
at the Probata Court back to the Comtton
Plea. The passage of such an act would, in
our rudiment, injur and Impede the adminis
tratioa of jnstie It would opetato unjustly
towards persons charged with offenses, by keep
lag them In duress ami suspeasa for months,
in soma lastaness from November unlit May,
for want of a court to try them.
Another fatal objection to transferring that
Jurisdiction back to the Common Pleas would
be the derangement It would produce In the
business of.tbat Court. Criminal cases always
having a precedence over civil j the civil dock
etiu ths Common Pleas, was, under the old
system, generally kept ia a state of confusion by
th interruption of criminal business.
Civil suits bsve frequently been continued
in our courts for want of time to try them, Just
in consequence of that court being clogged with
criminal business of the most trifling character
until parties who were trying to recover rights,
or redress injuries, were weighed down and
ruined with coat bills.
. The Snail Hot law.
A novmant ia now being made in the Gen
era! Assembly to repeal the Law prohibiting
the circulation within this Stale the sins II notes
of the Bonks of other States. If we are to
have a small note currency, by all means lei
those notes be the issues of Banks within this
State. A large shsre of tho worthless curren
cy that died in the hands of the people of this
region of Ohio during the Isst great financial
revulsion were the small note spawns of "Ken
tucky Tnut," "Newport ay Fund," and
other equally rotten concerns in Indiana and
the1 District of Columbia. The Pusionicts will
make no political capital by repealing the small
note law.
I ai
Boads ia Lawrence County.
Tns other day a farmer from Mason town
ship called upon us, and in the course of con
versation remarked that from that neighbor
hood, including Mason, Symmts, Aid and
Windsor, that probably thirty thousand bushels
of whest, besides lsrge quantities of oats,
beans, dried fruit, pork and lard had been wag
oned to Gallipolis since the lot harvest. The
people of those townships would, we are satis
fied, prefer to bring their produce to this place
if there was any means of transportation.. But
unfortunately there is no road over which a
load can be hauled. The wants of the people
of those townships as well sa the wants and
interest of Ironton demand that a good road of
some description shall immediately be made
between thia point and Marion, and if Gallia
will join, let it be built to Gallipolis. A road
from Ironton to Marion can be built the present
yesr if all persons immediately interested in it
will combine their energies.
The movement should commence in the agri
cultural townships. We think that if the
Rvssblls, Thomas Lamicrt, Wm. Kmowlton,
Nath, Davisson, the Bkumhelds, T. C. Taos,
John LunciroaD, and the other enterprising
men in that region of the county would put the
thing into motion, they would meet with en
couragement in this plsce j and before another
yeer passes away we would have such a road
as would enable men to drive over with safety
at all times and seasons.
Let THiaa sa a Road to Pine Cnnn. It is
about four miles and a half by wsy of La Grange
Furnace to the top of the bill this side of Pine
Grove ! from that point to Kcllev's Mills there
is now as good a road as there is in the county.
If this four or five miles from Ironton out were
msde we would then have a good road to Kel-
let's Mills, connecting us with the fertile val
ley of Pine Creek, and the rich agricultural re
gion of some two or three townships in Scioto
Ths Naaaowa ar Coal Gaovs. If there is
power o make specific appropriations for roads,
let there be about f 1000 appropriated by tbe
county to make a good and safe road across the
narrowa at Coal Grove. That is a roacl travers
ed by at least one half of all tbe people o' the
county that visit Ironton.
If the people could vote on tbe question they
would say let the requisite amount of money
be appropriated. 1 '
There is not people enough in that neighbor
hood to build a road. The Commissioners
should tske the mktter in hand.
Good roads throughout the county would lead
to a more social andjriendlinlercourse among
the people and would add at least one third to
the actual value of the land.
The Iron B&ilroad Iron Eegion.
Thirteen miles of tbe Iron Railroad were
completed the 1st of January, 1853.
Mr. Richards, Secretary of the Company, ai
our request, has kindly furnished us with a
statement of the amount of stock in the road,
also the amount of bonds issued by tbe compa
ny, and the earnings of the road during the past
three years.
The figures stand aa follows :
Capital Stock subscribed, ' . 9123,700 CO
paia in, - I1T.9BG 18
yet due and unpaid, 6,734 84
Ufifflids is!1 "nor cent-,, . 60,000 00
The actual cost or the road with its equip
ments f 167,966.
The receipts of the Company for freights and
passengers have been aa follows: '
For tbe year 1 85 J, 30,857 II
" 1854, ' 31,696 84
" , 1866, , 28,066 83
. .' ' ' - ' V : . t l ii i
Total earnings in three yearn, 190,497 77
Thus do th fact show that in three years
this road hu earned for freight and passengers
$14,030 (4, more than one-half it original
Tbe construction of only about ten miles
mare will connect this road with all tbe rail
ways in the State, aad form one of th main
connecting finks between the Ohio Railways
rand the river, aad also connecting the Ohio
improvements with those f Virginia and Ken
W bat risk ia there, we ask, in lb investment
of capital in th I to Railroad. ; No freak of
fortune, no act of th Legislature, no maneu
vering of other companies, can ever remove
from th line of thi toad, the inihautbl
bed of froa ore aad Hon coat through whfth
the j'Baitroadl pass.' Tfc money that
this saihrey ha already earned aa been prtn
eipally forftwifktiaf pig metal from th Pama-
Ma,aJ el taebW along th line of
taasteBweep?Ma4.: .'J', O
; Tfe atni ta)tHsrtif tCtf
twin &V-iZ&;i&M-mm
- ' v-r T -v';-v - ''"-'''' - . - ..'V.,
stoat coal and iron or, vita a good soil abov
laesa,'. ir'iiiyr'1...
Therefore, who will nndsrtak to say that
ther i any risk ia puttlngaaoney latothis road.
Those soauetated with this iron region mus
know that Ibis will b on of tlre.W paying
road In tk Stat of Ohio. . t- . W -
W wish that capitalists that hav fund to
invest in Railroads snd manufactures could be
mad acquainted with Ibis particular region.
Do they know that thfte sre already sme any
furnaces, making from eight to ten tons per day
each of pig metal t and that here la a town nst
sis years old, with three Rolling Mills, a nan
Mill that makea 320 kegs of nails per day, foun
dries, factories, snd mscbine shops, already
making thia on of th leading point for iron
manufacture ia the oountry ? .
' If manufacturers in the East who sre now
making ten per cent .on their capital, would
come here, they could; with the same skill, eu
rgy, and management, make fifty percent..
' Alt that thia region wants is men and money
to develop its immense resource now imbedded
in the earth. - ' - : '
Albert O. WMtoa.
A raw days since, while passing on the cars
from Columbus to Cincinnati, 'we had tbe pleas
ure of meeting Mr. Waitoa, fotmerly an Engi
neer on. the Iron Railroad, and well known to
the early inhabitants of this place as a gentle'
man of unexceptionable character and ti ster
ling worth. He ia now a member of the firm
of H. II. Goodman at Co., Stock and Railroad
Agents for the West and South. Their office
is at No. 7, Wall Street, New York. .
The business of their sgency ia to sell city,
State, and county bonds, negotiate loans, pur
chase nil; &c. We have before us tbe month
ly oircularof'II. H. Uooduam k Co. It con
tains quotations of the prices of the stocks and
bonds of all the Railroads in the United Slates.
We, in common with his numerous friends, re
Joice to see Mr. Whiton in the ascending
scsle of reputation snd prosperity. Mr. W,
was traveling with Ws. A. Crocs ra, of Bos
ton, President of the Locomotive Manufactory,
at Taunton, Mass., where the celebrated
Detnpfel Coal Locomotives were first msnufnc
tured. Mr. Crocker is one of the leading busl
nessmenofNew England, thoroughly versed and
practically skilled in the working of metals.
He wss wide awake to know something rela
live to the immense mineral resources of this
iron region on the Ohio river. He is just such
a man as we would like to have here to carry
on manufactures, and in building up a large
manufacturing city at this point.
JSSP To Town Subscribers, The
regular Carrier being sick, it is proba
ble that many will fail to get their pa
pers. Such as fail, can get ihcm at the
office. . ' - -.--',
Kew Democratic Paper
We understand that arrangmenls ere
in progress to establish a Democratic pa
per at Cincinnati that $10,000 are al
ready pledged towards purchasing ma
lerials. Il is very desirable that the en
terpriso shall succeed, because the de
mocray of the . first metropolis in the
West sre without any organ that repre
sents their opinions.
The Enquirer once was a democratic
paper of sterline worth. But it has fall
en! ; it is no longer the voice of the un
terrified masses ; it no longer fires its
readers with zeol and enthusiasm in the
great cause of human rights, We re
gret this, because, in times past, it was
one of the most fearless, and intrepid
expounders of true radical democracy
in the West. Its identity with the Mi
ami Tribe -its silence in regard to the
outrages in Kansas upon the people
there, and upon the principle of popu
lar sovereignly, es well aa Its complicity
with the banking interests of Cincinnati,
and its efforts to uphold those rotten con
cerns, which have swindled the people
out of so much of their hsrd earnings,
ell indelibly mark it es unworthy of any
further support of tho democratic party.
Some time since, when Gen. Pierce's
administration was popular, the Enquir
er joined its fortunes to that adminis
tration, and in consequence thereof, its
editor received the appointment of U. S.
Marshall for the southern district. It
has been ostensibly the organ of the
administration faction, which is now
dwindled down to office-holders and
place-hunters. But if we mistake not,
the Enquirer men, through' the agency
of the Miami tribe, are doing what they
can to secure the nomination of Mr,
Douglass, at the Cincinnati Conven
tion. That journal has unmistakabl)
joined iisell to those interests which are
entirely alien to -the sentiments of the
democracy, and it must of course take
the fate of all those who attempt toob
struct the populsr will.
We say to our brethren in Cincinnati,
go ahead, establish your piess one that
banks and commercial interests cannot
choke nor ffiuzrle, and it will receive a
cordial support from the democracy in
this part of the State.'
Shall tbe office of School Commission
rib abolished!
Somc Know-Nothing in the present
General Assembly, has introducsd a res
olut'ron to abolish the office of State
Commissioner of Common Schools.
This is strictly in. keeping with the te
nets of a psriy. thst "loves darkness
rather then light" When tbe office of
State Superintendent ie abolished, we
presume the next movement of the K
N.'i will be to abolish th entire system
of Free Schools and Libraries, for they
are averse to the teachings or ths order.
If our will could be law la the prem
ises, We would have a superintendent in
each eounty, and materially add io the
powers of the State Superintendent.
Th Stt Common School system is
an inatiiutioa of more reel precticat Im
portance than tf other Siota inititn
tion together.; ' Kino-tenthl of b
poU lory.1a paying their School tea,
a Me ratta
taeWM U hwmULti 'm4JV
- .' :',;,iv .v,.,; t,.,,'
Welcome f Weloomo It to tho Xnaki
' M the recent Dsinoerstlc meeting tn
Portsmouth, Witts A. HoTcaiss, well
Itnown In thS psrt of Ohio, a an abl
lawyer and in Upright man, declared hi
Identity with tho Democratic party. Mr.
Cviaiao, of Gallipolis, ha, for some
time psst, been acting' with the Democ
racy Both were promlnenl members of
the -old Whig parryi Each bae repre
sented bla district In. tbe! Legislature;
the one In'th House, the other in the
Senete. Tbir mind were always too
liberal nd progressive for their politi
cal associations. But when the Know
Nothing order supplanted the Whig par-
,iyHthese mn could not, like many of
their arsociates, embrace tbe int'olsrenc
of thst Order for the place end power it
might give them. '-,
SST Wc call attention to an inter
esting communication on the "Ore
Potaa Sea, written by a gentleman,
whose habits of reading and scientific
research are of such e chsracter, es to
entitle It to respectful attention. Ws
cordially welcome him to our columns,
snd hope to have the pleasure of placing
his letters in' the Tints frequently here
' Athenoum..
Therb will be a meeting of the Iron
ton Athenoeura at the office of Edward
Jordan, on Friday evening, February
1st, at half-past 6 o'clock. A discus
tion will be had upon the "Monroe Doc
Bsj3 Tmerk hi s been good sleighing
in this vicinity foity miles south of
Cincinnati during tbe past four weeks,
The burghers of our town have been
enjoying it. Business has been dull,
but sleighing end clean streets have pro
duced a season of unuiual goyety and
Sleigh rides and parties have boon
the orcjer. A few evenings since, there
was a grand party .at Thomas W. Means'
consisting of the young citizens of
this place, Portsmouth, and the iron re
gion. ,
But, while it ie a time of joy to many,
it is a season of grief to others to those
destitute of employment, fuel end pro
visions, of which there are many, espe
cially in all the large towns and cities,
For the Spirit of the Time.
Open Polar Sea Why it is io.
Om the 45th page of "Elements of Geology,"
by Alonzo Gray and O. B. Adams, they say,
"Tbe most remarkable current is the Gulf
stream, which flows past the eastern coast of
South America, spreading through the Carib
bean Sea, enters the Gulf of Mexico, when,
being pent up, it rushes through the straits of
Florida to the banks of Newfoundland j there
it is mel by another current from Baffin's Bay
nd deflected towards Iceland, Spitsbergen
and the northern patUof Scotland." "In this
great river of the ocean there flows 90 million
cubic feet of water pet minute, or 2500 times
the amountdischarzed by the Mississippi, The
polar current from Baffin's Bay is divided on
meeting with the Culf stream, one portion be
ing supposed to run under the latter to the
south, and the other to flow on the surface be
tween the Gulf stream and the coast of North
America." Now as water is more dense and
heavy at about tbe temperature of forty-four
decrees than water when either warmer or
colder than 44 degrees, it is reasonable to con
elude thai the Gulf stream, on arriving at high
latitudes north, becoming cooled down to 44
degrees, runs under the colder and consequent
ly lighter water ; keeping at the bottom of the
ocean until, as its course points out, it arrives in
the norlbern sea between the northern coast of
Russia and the Arctio Pole, where it is again
pent up where it must necessarily rise to the
surface displacing the colder water which makes
loom by passing southward through Baffin's
Bay and probably through Bebrmg's strait and
other outlets causing that flow of ice toward
the south observed by nearly all navigators of
the northern seas.
if any one will take a terrestrial globe and
look at the Atlantic ocean, must see that even
without trsde winds, the tides arrested in their
westward course by tbe continent of America
would, as is well known, rise several feel
bigher in the Gulf of Mexico then the Faoific,
snd thereby furnishing an abundant supply of
warm water for the Gulf stream, which enables
it first, by being warm and light, to pass over the
current coming from Baffin's Bay, which, being
colder, passes a part on first meeting and the
residue, as fast as it finds room along down the
ooast, passing under tbe Gulf stream to the
south ,- and aecondly in passing northward it
cools nntil it arrives at the temperature which
makes water heaviest it falls to the bottom and
is prpelled into the Northern ocean several
degrees warmer than the freeting point,' and
much warmer than tbe atmosphere, giving rise
to immense fogs, clouds and snows which, de
scending south, assist in forming immense ice
bergs, glaciers, 4c, encircling this open sea
and forming an almost unsurmoanlable bonier
in our attempt to reach the far north. The
writer of the above ia quite confident that the
Gulf stream is sufficient in quantity of both wa
ter and caloric to keep an open sea somewhere
in the Arctic reg ioa, but having' no data or oth,
er guide at ban d than that of a globe, cannot,
with any decree of certainty, undertake to poiril
out its locality j if we suppose that it pursues
a straight forward course in the Arotie region it
would meet with, Snd be thrown. .op by the
shoals north of Russia and Siberia, but again
its course can be changed by deep channels or
by shoals ot by both and rise in quite a differ
ent locality.' The above is written with the
hpe that some person having the necessary
qualification will further iuaidatthi theory
or ahow ita utter fallacy. ' , , ,. ; -
. rVv. vr '''. ir-r rr f SUZABKTH.
AwretLT Soooaarr-Mr. Wm. Alcorn
a native of Ireland, but recently from
Princeton, New Jersey, and ' a young
gentleman or aign praaw aaa Minl
of ttuolor-.Ift the -Praabjrltttei 1r
olocteal salaarf Cotamboi. S. C.
dropped dead & jpff ir, jlry
rK4Uljv .
-.. -1 : : ' :. '!
'Jf..i . WasaiaoTOiLJan. lfcV.
frovae. Mr. Cllncmao offered a re
solution that, during the calllog of the
roll no debate or personel explsnailons
shall be in order, and thia rule and the
rule limiting members to ten minutes in
lebata shall not be suspended, except
bv the unsnimous consent of lb Houss,
: -Mr. Clmgmsn thought insi tne nous
had deiensrstsd into a mere debeting
-. " .1-- III..I. , A ...
society j voting wss iuuio uhij v
suit in an election than discussion, be
cause the letter seems only to influence
parties end factions, and increasing the
difficulty. , . :
.. a. a .a . a.
' Th resolution wss adopted, and tor
House then proceeded to vote lor apest
r. th ballot resulting follows : '
a, . i i an . V..1I...
uanas , wenarusun vv ) r
81 ; Pennington 8 I Campbell of Ohio
and foner and roster eacn i. ie
cesssry to a choice, 102.' '
Mr. Uollsx cave a history oi tne piu
rality rule in 1840, aaying that before its
doption, eieht similar propositions nan
come from the Democrats and one from
the Whigs. The Democrats then claim
ed to have a msiority, but,, owing to a
defection in their ranks, they could not
all unite upon a candidate Tor speaker
The Republicans ere now siinilerly sit
ua eJ. and should nave tne uoiieui oi
...., , , . r
the rule. The Democrats denounced
the Whigs ss bitterly then ee they do
the Republicans now.
Mr. Bocock said that if this were a
squabble between national parlies, there
could be no serious objection to the plu
rality rule ; but the old w nig party was
white as snow, compared with tbecrim.
com. guilt (speaking politically) of the
Republican party, and wnrn no saw me
rule likelv to result in the election of a
sectional candidate, if adopted, he would
be justified in standing here till the
crack of doom in resisting il.
Mr. Humphrey Marshall and Ham
of Illinois, in replying to Mr. Grow,
earnestly denied that Henry Olay lavor
ed the passage of the Missouri roilric
Harris, in addition to other documents,
referred to the testimony ol ueneralJes
sup, in support of his position, saying
thai Jessup was present et the time, end
took notes.
Mr. Grow referred to the declarations
of Mr. Clay himself, in tbe Sonate,
1851, to show that the latter lavored tne
line of 38 30.
After aome further debate, Mr. Cling
man offered a resolution, that, for one
week, unless a Speaker be elected, no
lebate shall be in order, unless by unan
imous consent.
The resolution was adopted by a ma
oriiy of 45, and the House adjourned.
Washington. Jan. 22. House Mr,
Boyce moved the following preamble
and resolution : .
Whereas, our relations with Grea
Britain are of a most threatening char
acter. indicating that we may be on the
eve of startling events; and whereas, it
. a 1 fl
is the imperative duty oi ine no use at
this juncture of imminent peril not to
abdicate its great mission, but fulfil it
by organizing if possible on such a basis
ss will give lorce to our uisiracieci coun'
try, end enable it to present en un
divided front to the common enemy
Resolved, that the conservative ele
ment of this House unite in a sincere
effort to elect a Speaker who will re
present the (treat idea ol peace lor our
, ,.i r " .' .
selves, ana tne swum iur mo bkuukci.
Mr. Stephens hoped the gentleman
would be permuted to state tne lacts up
on which be made the announcement
that we are now on the eve of a war.
If it were so, he knew nothing about it,
Objections were mado to an explana
lion, end on motion Dy lviorgan ine re
solution was laid on the table
McMullen made an ineffectual effort
to rescind the resolution which precludes
debate. ' .
Mr. Tvson offered a resolu'ion that
anv candidate for Speaker who shall a
anv tune heroalier receive tne mimes
number of votea from a quorum, though
less than a minority of all the votes
uolled. shall be declared elected, pro
vided that the Speaker so chosen, and
eich of the other candidates shall have
the appointment of the standing com
mittee in proportion to the number o
ha vole rasoaci veiv.icmTou u
but no candidate whose, vote shall be
less than 25 shall be entitled to any o
iha annointments under the resolution
The resolution was laid on the table,
snd the Houe sgsin- voted forSpesker,
iha ballot resulting as follows: Banki
fll. Richardson 67. Fuller 29, Campbell
of Ohio 5, and fennington, anorter anu
Porter, one each. Iwo more uaiiota
were had, the last resulting precisely as
bove. '"'
The House then adjourned.
Washikoto", Jan. 23.
House. Richardson stated that he
was sincerely desirous that the House
should be organized. It had been inti
mated here end elsewhere, that there
might be en election should he and oth
er candidates retire irom tne contest.
Gentlemen with whom he acted would
bear testimony that the position he oo
cupied wss not of his own seeking, end
from which he wes anxious to recede to
relieve the House from embarrassment,
Ha would, if possible, retire to day, but
will to morrow from the candidacy of
r.. n . m . LI.
Alr. Dow.lell oiiereu a preamoie uec
laraiory of our Divine Providence, for
innumerable blessings, end concluding
with a resolution that daily sessions of
the House be opened with prayer, end
the minister ot tne city oi wasnmgion
b reauestedrto perform the solemn doty
The resolution wesadonud. ' ' r
Tba House then again voted t bsoks
nr.. n:.L...l... nil . ir1l. A , rtamri.
bell of Ohio 5 J and rorter, -uorro on
Ale., Williams and Pennington, ach
one. Necessary to a choice 08.' ")
Mr. Rust offered a a resolution ex
pressing tbe sense of the House, that
if Banks, Richsrdson and FulUr pre
vent tbe use of their uemes after to-day
iha insurmountable" obstacle to organi
astio would be removedj.ond tbe pub-.
R interest thereby promoted. The
Hob refuW by a ti ot to lay the
resolution on the Jable. T , - ,
Tlia Kaaia ahaa favasd to order (be
subject aeftordIn1xoeirlJH to mof
IDS fious loan ujuuiiiom. .ri -i......w
QLRinnft. A messBe
ws read frtfm the President of the U. S.
saying that clfcgmstencse had occurred
to stop the course of government In Ken
ess, producing a condition of things,
to which it wes incumbent on him to eall
the attention of Congress, and to urgent
ly recommend the adoption of such mea-
aa lhai nxlaanc IttSV reOUUe. H
elludes euloffisticsny to in pruiufi"
th Ksnsss-Nebrssks set, and tne system
of government and lews which it was
Ssssed to put Into operstion. While
ebraika had been successfully orgsn-
iseJ, an organisation had long-oeen ao-
lavml in Kansas, attended OV serious un-
flrnliUa and mbarrssrment. partly from
local maladministration tnd pertly from
unjuslinsble interference iron) tne mnao.
itsnts of other Steles, with views foreign
to the interests and rights oi tne tern
Gov. Reeder. insteed 01 constant ng
lance In the dischsrse of his duties,
himself set the exempt of violating the
law, arid duty impelled Ilia President to
ramnva him. . ' . ' . ! ' . 1
He elludes to the misiiirected zeal of
propagandists, and the cleshing of slave
rv ami anti-tlaverv interests as the ori
gin of the mischief, end emphaticelly
condemns the enons w amicipoie i
force the determination oi tnai question
in this inchoate state. The first legists-
live assembly, whatever may have been
the informalities in the election of mem
bers, wss, for ell practical purposes, a
lawful body, ami in Ini1 connection me
President viewed Reader' conduct re
garding the removal of the sest of gov
ernment, and Reeder's refusal to aigrt
bills pnad by that body, the ill-ieei-im
in that territory has now reached
such a pitch that it threatena the peace
not only of Kansas, out tne union.
Relative to the recent convention
which framed the Free Stale Constitu
lion, he says it was s psriy end not the
people who thus acted contrary to the
principle of public law, the practice
under the Constitution of the U. S. and
the rule of right enJ common sense.
m. . ,H 1 1 . a
ine movemeni in opposmuu i hid vv
stituiional authorities in Kansas was re
volutionary in its chsracter, and should
it reach a point or organized resistance
would become treasonable insurrection
and it would be the duty of the Federa
Government to suppress it.
The ereat popular prerogative ot sou
. .
sovernment must be respected, ine
V I . . in,
President further says it is his duty to
- I . a
nreserve onior in ins lorruury, auu
dicaiB the laws, whether Federal or Io
cnl. ami nroiect the people in the full
enjoyment of self-government, from all
enchroachments from without. Although
the serious and threatening disturbances
announced to him by Gov. Shannon in
December last, were quieted without any
effusion of blood, there is reason to ap
prehend renewed disorders there, unleis
decided measures be forthwith token to
prevent them. ....
He concludes by ssying thet if the
inhabitants of Kansas shall secuie a
Stale formation, and there shell be a suf
ficient number, the proper course will De
to cell a Convention oi jjeiegaiaa io
prepare a Constitution, and recommends
the enactment of a law to that enact, in
order that admission into the Union may
be in a lawful and proper manner, end
lhate special appropriation be made to
defray any expenses which may become
requisite in the execution of the laws or
the maintenance of public order in that
territory. - 1 , .. ' , M
Jarubt 24. House. The proceed
ings were opened with prsyer.
Mr. Fuller said it had been his desire
for weeks to withdraw his name as a
candidate for Speaker, and he had so
expressed himself to his fiiends, but as
they had considered his name under theirr
control, end not his own, he bad permit
led its use without making any further
public objection. He now wished to
withdraw, and have it distinctly under
stood. He tendered his acknowledg
ments for the suppoit received, and for
the uniform kindness and courtesy wun
which he had been treated, and express
ed the hone that the difficulties hereto
fore existing, may now be seltlsd by
some mode of adjustment agreeable to
themselves, eatislaclory to meir consul
uents. and honorable to the whole coun
uy. The HouTe then resumed voting for
Sneaker as follows
Banks 06, Orr 68, Richardson 12,
Csmpbi'll of Ohio 3, Scattering 5.
While the Clerk was calling the roll
for the election of a Speaker, the door
keeper announced the message from, the
President. "
Cempbell (Ohio) objected to its recep
tion. A sudden excitement sprung up
all over the Hall, venous eentlemen de
manding to know tbe character of the
communication. Amid turbulent voices
Mr. Orr was heard expressing the hope
thst the President's Privete Secretary
might be permitted to state his errand.
ii . ... . l -i !k. i n-
Llies oi uo on wun me eieuuuii i voi
der I Order ! 1 : '
Mr. Craige claimed the right lobe
heard, declaring that he represented a
district in North Carolina, which was the
first 10 declare their Independence from
Greet Britain. What be further said,
wes lost in confusion end cries of Go on
Craige! Heerhimt end Order! near
Iv all the member being on their feet.
Mr. Craige would let. gents . know that
he waa not one put aown oy men noise.
.Mr. Bsiqe In the name of God: and
my country, I am ashamed of these proceedings,-
Mr. Craigs And ! em ashamed to
hav a colleague who object to the ex
arniaA of m tlehtt. ' . ' ' ' 'y -
Renewed vociferations! Order I Call
the roll I and an intense excitement.
The Clerk esssyed to apaak. j?.
Mr. Giddinii Hear him I hear him 1
Mi'. Craige quiet being partially re
aw, .... ... -p
to nuw will ins lussaeuge, io.
hi business is here,- Renewed cries of
tttilkt I Down in front ! ' ... '.
Mr." Campbell, of , ObiO, made ' hi
point. ' Nothing is in order except tbe
election of gpeeker. 1 " '
Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, moved thet
the meaaaga o re:eivea, ana amsuua
to prewlou question. v
Haopbrey Marshall That's right, I
aacood th motion. ' ' - t
i Mr. Craita and Mr. Campbell with-
if iw their points, the latter delaring
bat it III maintained., bla objection!,
The motion of Mr. Stepbeai was (hen ;
sgrssa io or ss majority. - .
: , a n rtsuu or th vote for speaker vti
announced aa rulldwi j i ' .
MJanke, o Orr, 8j. Fuller, 19;
Richardson, 6 i Campball, 8 1 scatttrln.
8 necessary to a choice 101. '
The private secretary of tbe President
then aonouneed a messsge in writing
from the Presldsot, If it pleased the House
io receive It, ; '.
Mft Crslse It 1 (he pleasure 'of the
House, - ,,, 'i'. . .; , 4.....
The reading of the messsie waa or
dered by 22 majority. 1 '
, ine message ws ihe earn a lent to
the Senate on Kansas affair.- After
hiving been read, it wis laid on th la
bia, and the House then adjourned.
, v 1 : .-. New York, Jn. 23. '
The Africa arrived with Liverpool
date op to th 8ib. . The new consist
merely to the extension or peace rumora
received by (be lsst arrival.
.Russia's answer to the proposition
could not possibly be expected before tbe
10th, but would probably be delayed
aome days longer. Il is anticipated thet
it win contain neither in absolute as.
sent nor refusal, but will name counter
Siropossls to be settled by renewed con
erence. .,,;'
The feeling in England continues war
like, and in France again becoming so.
Th Russians are Incessant in prepare-'
lion for the Spring campaign,
nothing oi importance Irom Ihe Cri
mea, the docks at osbastopol were
blown up by the French on the 23J of
December. . ; ,
Asia presents no new feature. . t
The news from Great Britian is not of
much importance.
The grend council of the allied Gen
erals haa been opened at Paria.
The conference in relation to the
Sound duea ia indefinitely postponed,
end Sweden is making active warlike
preparationa. .
The Berlin papers spesk .not unfavor
ably of the disposition of Russis to con
sider the allies' positions. ,
Asia. The Russian army took up its
position in Ksrs, December 81 ; the
troops being quartered in town, leaving
a small detachment of Cossacks to oc
cupy the fortifications of Sohauly and
Dagh. ( . .
At Yienakieni, a village on the road
io Erceroum, the Russisns had collect
ed large stores of provisions. The Rus
sian general is apprehensive of an attack
upon Kara by Selim Pacha, ar,d has
consequently concentrated ell his avail-abt-sjprces
at that point, . Selim Pacha
is encamped in the mountains of Derci
Baynom. An attack on Erzeroum by
the Russians is not considered practi
cable at present, in consequence of the
exhaustion of the troops end the state
of the roads.. . ... ,
.Russia. Advices from Okhotok state
that the allied fleet quartered in the Gulf,
without finding the cennon buried there
by the Russians,
The Grand Council of War, assem
bled et St. Petersburg, is principally
engaged in the question relating to forti
fying the strategic points inroushuut
the empire. The fortification at Kiew
will be finished before the close of the
winter. , '
The railroad from Moscow to Si. Pe
tersburg is lo be protected by redoubte
placed at intervals along the tine, esch
to be occupied by a batallion of infant
ry and militia. .
The council of war at Constantinople
haa directed the allies to use all efforts
hn deferice of Eizeroum and Trebizonde.
jt j
s confidently asseited that Austria
will submit a peace proposition to ihe
German diet, and call on tbe diet to
support them. : ' .?; ' V - '...'.'
Crimea. Dates from the Crimea up
to Christmas., The Russians increased
their fortification over lnkerraan, . and
unmasked new batteries on the left of
Tchernays. : ' - ,
; General Pelissier remains In ihe Cri
mea, and General Martinpie ects as his
proxy at the council of war progressing
at Paris.
The recent storms occasioned no in
jury to vessels of j war. ..
Italy. Excitement created at Rome
by the report that Mexico has suppress
ed its legation and wiihdiawri her min
ister. Archives said to be already pack
ed up. . " ;'-', '. - .";..-'; '
' Washinoton, Jan 22 1.
Asiid the many . conflicted statements
with reference to our foreign relations,
information from an authentic source
warrants the assertion tbet so far from
a special message being in preparation
in relation to our foreign affairs to be
sent to'either House of Congress, it bss
not, at any lime, been contemplated
much lass been the subject of Cabinet
coasultation, though this Government
has demanded the recoil of Mr. Cramp
ton and the British consuls engagft -in
recruitir-g for the Crimea,
; Il can be confidently etated that there
has been no purpose in., or Out ol the
Cabinet looking for the withdrawal of
Mr. Buchanan from England unless at
his own request.; V:
The negotiations between Great Britain
are still open, despatches hsving been
sent out by the lest steamer; and noth
ing has occurred to change the aspect
Of our relations sbroad since the last
President's Message. ; v " v
Mr. Boyee's resolution, offwed in the
House to-dayrdtelanng our relations
with Greet Brilairj of ao critical a char
acter aa lo indicate that we may be on
tbe ave of startling events, was not, a
some supposed, submitted with the con.
sent or knowledge of the executive, but
waa Mr. Boyee's independent position.
Mr. Buchenen . writes that no rual
prospects of peace are entertained by
the British Ministry, and England, is
preparing th largest fleet aver floated,
lor operatiana against Ru in . tho,
spring.;- -' "' " 'A.h '.- ' S'
Louit Napoleon- U ntili anxious to
sxtricSt bimelf from the war, having ,
obtained ell tbo doaired preatige of the
occasion. :4t-t '''i.i'V. .ri'-'.'.'..:-.'
. Gn. Caaa is preparing & speech on
tbe question of slsvery iflhTrritOrie,
for Thwreday, probably.
-" '-'r. v'- i-'v

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