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LiBEftTAB, ibi PATRiA.''cicro-lvhcre Uberi? dwells, there is my Coup
BY ITTCIIEEn & MATHEWS.
PO I I TUY.
TO THE EAGLE.
it a, d riRPiVtu
Bird of lb broad tnd sweeping whig,
Thy ome U high In baevtn, . " .
Whin wide the iiorun their banners fling,
Aud lh Unipeu clouds ir driven.
Thy throne ! on the inonnlaln top:
' Thy flaldi the boundless air,
Th hour? peaks that proudly prop 3
TbesMes, thy dwelling! s're.- 2
Tlinn 'tint Ilka a tiling of light
Amid the noontide liiazs:
Tlie midnrajr tun h clear and bright;
It cannot dim thy gr.e,
-Ttn? pinions, to the ru'lilns tilsst,
; iV ljr ilia bursting billows spread.
Whore the ra.pl pinnies, hurry psal,
v:' Like eit enjelMf the dead, '-. -'
Tunu ai t perched aloft on Hie lirelllng r.raj,
Ami Hie wuveu urn while below.
And mi, with 11 IntstB thai cnniiol let,
' 'Winy ruh In an eudlex llnvr.
Again thou heat plumed thy wliii fur flight
To lands beyond the Mm,
And awny, Ilka a spirit wrnnilied lu light
" Thou nurruist, wild and free.
Thou I'.urrieet over the myrlnd ware.,
And H on Iraveitthein all behind;
.Thou iiweepMl that place of unknuwii gravis
Fleet aa ilia tenipeat wind.
When the night etorm gathers dim aud dark,
With a ahrill and boding acreom,
Tliou rualieit by the foundering hark
Quick sa passing dream.
Lord of the boundless realm of air,
lu thy Imperial name.
The hearts of the bold and ardent dare t
The dangerous path of f.iuie.
Beneath the shade of thy golden wings. '
The Romau lesions bore. ,
From the river of Egypt's cloudy springs.
Their pride to the polar shore.
Fur (lieu they Ibiiglit, fur llioe they fell,
And their uatli wua on time laid;
To thee the clarions raised their swell,
' And the dying warrior prayed.
TI11111 wurt through un age of death and fears,
Tint imnse of pride and power.
Till tlie gathered rage of a thousand' year
Durst forth in one awful hour.
Aud then a deluge of wrath it came,
And the nationa shook with dread;
And it swept the earth till ila fields were flame,
And piled with the mingled dead.
Kings were rolled in the wasteful flood,
With the low and crouching slave;
"And together ley, in 1 shroud of blood,
The coward nd the brave.
And where was then thy fearless flightf
"O'er the dark mysterious sej, .,
. To the land that caught the settling light,
The cradle of liberty, .
There on the silent and lonely shore,
For ages I watched alone,
And the world in its darkness asked1 no more
, , '-Where the glorious bird bad flown.
But then came bold and hardy few.
And they breasted the unknown ware,
I caught afar the wandering crew,
And I knew they were high and brave,
I wheeled around tbe welcome bark,
- As it sought tbe desolate shore', "
i And up to heaven, like t joyous lark,.uu
My Quivering pinions bore.
And new that bold and hardy few ' '
', ' Are a nation wide and strongr '. i
. Amid danger and doubt I have ledthem through,.
And they worship roe in song; :- ' "
And over their bright and glancing arms, "
, ' On field, and' lake jand. sea, , '".".,
With n eye. that fires,, and a spell that oharms,
I guide them to tiotory." . ' '
FREEDOM OF MIND. I call that mind free which
la not imprisoned In itself pr in seat, which recogni
ses in all human beings the image of God and the rights
of his children, wnich conquers pride and slotli, and of
ten itself op a willing-victim to the cause of mankind.
I cell that mind ftee, which is not the cretture of ao
' eidental impulse, but which bends events to it, own
improvement, acts upon en inward spring, for an immu
- table principle which it has deliberately espoused.
I call that mind free, which protects itself against the
-..usurpation of society, which does not eower to human
opinions, which feels accountable tot higher lair than
fashion, which reipec ta itself too much to te slave of
. .the man or the fewi .
POMPOSITY. A facetious gentlemen travelling in
the interior fifths State, on arriving at his lodging
place in the evening, was met by a hostler whom he
thus addressedi "Boy extricate that quadraped from the
vehicle, stabulate him, denote him sn adequate supply
of nutritions aliment, and when the ' Aurora of morn
lhall again illuminate the oriental horizon, I will award
yeu.a pecuniary compensation for your amiable hespi
talitf." - Tbe boy not understanding a word, rati into
the house saying, "Mausser, hara Frenchman wants
to see you."
- New Bhirch of iducatioit. A neighboring school
,, . master specifies tbe branches taught in his school in the
following wordst "Latin and Greek Rudiments, Na
tural Theology; Hiitory, Moral Philosophy and Pay
. . ro?rt' Q"rterly in Advance." . This last accomplish
went strike lis animporlantchapter.ini moral ethic,
. and, we trust the day i not fur distant when it may be
generally taught K school.- " , f
: ET A :iib-ditor announces that the editor of tit pa.
per is unvroll, and piously adds -"all good paying sub-
scrlbsisar requests! to matte mention ufliira in their
,, P'y'. the other ela's nee I not do it; as the prayers of
iiio wirhcii avail nnin ni.
V. : vi ' . :. '. tr
4 v,'Pfn-n,,'!lS - s,l'itiuo in. ihe pee'.
Vt'. l ic; u v.tr. pointing,
NEW PHILADELPHIA, OHia,.JUURSDAY EVEN IN
THE FAIR PENITENT. ? i
li w etrening. The let tJf of the eeu "
un full upon the richly painted windewK of
the abbey, and threw "dim religinu light"
upon the marble floor beneath the fretted pil
lire that roMe on all tides. A vouns female
Hrevied in virgin while, advanced up the aisle
with iow and irregular nfepe, bar wye timidly
bent upnn the ground,, and her lovely lock hnlf
shading her countenance in which health end
innocence seemed to viewiih each other which
should add moi beauty to Tenure ho form of
which was beauty itself. '
She topped for a moment ae"Vhe reached
the open portal of the chapel thaf formed a re
ceae on one eide of the aisle, add thea turned
into the rereae, entererJl a confeeeional, aud
fell upon her knees. ;. f f . ,-. - jd
Whar?ignorahl einfcoiild tbi ewet-J' tm
have committed that required absolution a! the
hand of her holy father confeasorl
We nhill ee, "
Having fir el pronounced her aecuMomed
prsver with a timid voice, she seemed to gaiii
confidence by this art, and proceeded to relate
firt, litr little so.is of contumacy toward her
alinol mietieee, (for though bordering on wo
manhood, she had not left the convent echool;;
then her little ine nf actual communion, te
nrvinji the grave! for the lkt. At length,
though the hnd evidently not concluded her
confesion. ehe made a full slop, a if reluctant
to proceed farther.
"Come; daughter," eirlaimed the pneat,
"preceed; ou ritual not permit a fale pride r
d-licacv 10 aeter yoe from that full confeoion,
wi'hout which absoluiiftn were vain. What
"I'm afraid In tell ytu, gend father."
The priest aaid someihina to eocoureg ber
hut the pretty peniient mil hesiiiied and a
ehe covered her aweet face with her two hnde
a if afraid to have it eeen. Ilia tear made their
war between her pretty finger.
"Come, corner eaid the holy father, 'this
mint not he. 1 must interregtevou. What
ie ill Have you done anvthing to injure T
offrnd ynnr pond pirenta?"
'Have you been reading in wicked books?"
. "I have not been reading at all, father."
"Did you play or laugh last Sunday during
"A great deal worse, father!"
, The priest began ta be eeriouslv alarmed,
yet he did not know how to frame hi questio s
o bs to avoid suggestions, which if he houl4
be wrong in his stiepicioa, might rendor the
rsmedy more miecheivou than the disease.
At Uet the young beauty, as if by d'e
rale effort, relieved him I'rera his emuarra-
mer't. - -
Father," Mid ehe, with a trembling and
half nuppresHfd voice, "1 will tell you all if
Heaven will give me the strength to speak.
But. pray he indulgent, good father! It wat
the first time and 1'ari tiur 1 never thought
much harm would come nfil, Beaidsr, it was
not my own fault, it waa partly hi. And he
is so very handsome ton (the good priest
trembled,) and so fond of me; he used to fol
low me, abexit wherever I went; he seemed to
think and care about nobody but me,'' She
paused a moment ar.d then coutinurd. 'Well
father, one night after I hid retired te rest, 1
would you believe it? I found him to my
chamber.' The holy . father groaned aloud,
l never could tell how he got there, for I shut
the door carefully, as 1 always do.'
Welll" exclaimed the confessor in an . enx
ioue tone, 'what more,'.,
Oh father the worst i to come. That
night in particular, it wae last Tuesday, father
he looked; an very handsome, and seemed eq
very fond of firieaod in short '
'But exclaimed (he pious priest, with a sud
den show of indignation, 'did your mother ne
ver warn you of tbe terrible danger ef such
conduct? Did sho never tell you the fatal con
'No, lather! interrupted the fair patient,
'she never told me there waa anything wrong
in being fond of such a very beautiful cat
A eat? was it a cat!'
Yes, father! a large, beautiful white Ango
la, that I wa so wicked ae to ateal from the
pastry cook's, opposite where we live, and
have kept him concealed in my roctn ever
'In nomine Patrii et Filii el Spiritui Sane
ti te abtolvo, said the good priest, and never
did he prenouooe the word with a more full
and gratified feeling of pious satisfaction.
FloueUTivi. John Neal tells ofa Baltimore
lawyer, who being employod to defend a man
charged with cutting Umber on hie neighbor'e
land, buret out in the following drain of iudig
nant eloquence; "Look at him gentleman of
the jury. There be Blende,' walking about with
the cloak of hypocrisy in hi mouth, trying to
undraw tbree oak tree from my client' pock
Emphasis. A writer on English grammer
give Ihe following eiampleon wreog empba
sis: A clergyman, on reading the twenty-aev
enth verse of Ihe eighteenth chapter ef the first
book of Kings, generally placed the emphasis
on the word denoted by italic. "And ha
apake to bia sons, eaying, Saddle me, the ate,
and they saddled him!" . :'
"Murder Most. lotn.."-rTbey say that
there ie a place in JVcw Hampshire where they
cut (Ip old maids to make dried applet!!! A
our nchanse papers.. SaK.Eit, roU t
That ancounl for the fact that, all Ihe dried
arplr in the market at evctlaatir j -our.'w
J - TUB VET
'8'iiind the ln(id " limbrel e'er moiilham.fnd
The BmikDilt is VETOED, the people are Tree.
No more shall the Bank With itt vast rsonied power,.
O'erahadow Ihe land, our right to eevour:
Pound priuciplo triumph, Ihe vict'ry's achieved,
The poor man and orphan will now be relieved.
In vain dnesurpers attempt to obtain 4x
The wealth of the nation, in.thi wide domain,
To wield t .r the purpose of making then great,
While Tyler the heln. of the great ship ol Btate,
That has outrode the storm of the dirk Fiscal seas,
While her "star-spangled banner" flotU bigb in the
Though some may regret, (but that daf theylwill rue,)
That they fiied upon Tyler, the Brmald the true;
The earns, yer before, et trday, l appears,
.ltjt!jasj.lf -g lwyrmackia by Silive.
Old-fashtened Deinocracv now is revtvert,
Our national honor is once more retrieved:., .
Aristocracy staggers aniTsoon will lie Tow,
While Democrscy onward, like rivers, shall flow
by highlsnd aud glsn, where the Mute sits attired,
In the wiltfuees of nature, with Alpha inspired,
To illumine the path ef ihe great and, Ihe good,
Who true to their country in peril have stood.
Hence we'll tune up our harp and to Tyler we'll ting,
Till woodland and dale with eur mutio thill ring,
Till the hills ahail re-echo the news o'er the deep,
That Banks and Mnnopulitts are put asleep;
And our seamen proclaim in each far-distant cime,
That America needs Nie Biddl to chime
To the lune of Twelve Millions, to make it good luok
Far Bntone to nurrlnau the most oftho stock.
Mouarchial zealott may bow to itt nod,
Bus our ftee republic that worships ne god
But the Author ol Nature (whom alone we adore,)
Fisrals, Banks, Clay, snd Biddl will ne'er worship
The legslia of monarch by none here ie worn.
For where ALL are monarclii.no mat'ar is known.
Tie with y that we hail the bright dawn of thit day;
It brightens oar hopet, drivet the shadows away,
Which long has enahronued the land f the free,"
And free from Clay's Bank Bill it ever shall he;
For though the Bank awindlera may labor snd try
T revive the Greit Fiscal now luiil up lo dry,
'Twill all be in vain, for the People will sayi
"We'll have nothing to do with the Bank Bill
or CI AT.'
THE PRESIDENT OF THE U. STATES,
Returning, te Ih hit objection'-, -the bili to incor
porate the Fiscal Hank eftht United State,
Auguet 161811, .
To Me Sennfe of the United Slates:
The lull entitled "An act to incorpu-aie the
eubucribers to he Fical Bapk of the United
8 ie," which riginatd m tbe Senate tiae
hen considered hv me. with a eineere deire
in rnnf.irin mv ac.ioii in recsrd In it, to that of
Ihe two Houee of (longres By Ihe ennati
tutinn it ia made UIV nulv. either to approve
bill by signing it, 'or to return U with my ob
ieclion to the House in which it oii(jinate-l,
I cannot ci)ncieniioiily'gie it my approval,
and I proceed to discharge the duty it quired
of me by the constitution to give my icatons
The power of Conjree to create a lMnttonel
Bnk to operate per se over the Union, ha
bed, a qtiestien ef dispute from the origin of
oti' ffovt-rnment. ivien itissijesuj auuiinsii-
ec'lV esteemed fortheir high intellectual endow
uionts. their virtue, and their patriotism, have.
in regard to it, entertained dillerent anil con
fiiciinir ooinioti. Conareri have differed.
The approval of one preeident ha been follow .
l by ihe disapproval of anoiher. The people
at different limes have scquiecea in oecision
boh for & sgmi. The country ns oeen,
and still is, deeply agitated by iiis unsetiieo
. ;,, p , - ....
question. It win suinco lor mo i b ioi my
own ooinion has been uniformly proclaimed lo
be sgainst ths exercie of any such power by
this Government. On all suitable occasion;
during a period of twenty five years, the opin
ions (hue entertained have beea unreaervedly
expressed. I declared it in tbe legislature ot
my native wate in tne nouse oi . ui mo v.
Statea it has been openly vindicated by me.
In Ihe Senate chamber, in the presence and
hearing of many who are at this time members
of that body, it has been affirmed, in speeches
and rsports there made, and by votea there re
corded. In pspular aasembliee I have unhes.
itatingly annouocsd it, and lbs last public de
claration which I made, and that but a short
time before the late preaidential election, 1 re
ferred to mv previously expressed opipions ss
bsing these then entertained wh ' full
knowledge of the opinions thus entertained,
and never concealed, I waa elected by the peo
pie Vice President of the United Sistee. By
Ihe oecurenesof a contingency provided for by
the Contitution,and arising under an impres
sive dipensstion of Providence, I succeeded
te the Presidentisl office. Bofore entering u
pon the dutieeot that office,! took anoaih that
I would "preserve, proteei, ; and defend the
Conatitutionofthe Uniled 8ttee." Enter
taining the opinions alluded to, and having la
ken this oath, ths Ssnale and tbe country will
aee that I could not give my eanction to a mea
sure of the character described, without eur
rendering all claim to ths respect of honorable
men all confidence on lbs part ef tbe people
all eslf-reepect-r-sll regard for roorsl and re
licioua obliitalions: without an obsei vance of
'which no Government-cart b prosperous, and
nr. naonla can bs happy.;- It would be to com
mit a crime ehicli 1 would not wilfully commit
to oain env sarjhly reward, and which, would
- jutly subjeot me lo the' ridicule and -acori of
all vir luoue meB.. "'' t . -..t . ,
v I deem it entirely unnereMet J at th is time to
ntr, noon the reiii" whirh have brpughi my
mind to the con v-tioc Ucel and entenaia on
(J, AiwUST 26, 1841
tin auhjarl. Thy have ben ovr tnd over
n vqtn repeated. If some uf thoa who have
preceded me in (his high office have entertain
ed and avowed d iff-rent opinions, i yield all
coiitinencv that their ennvictioa were sincere:
I claim only to have ihe same meseurs me'rd
out In myself. Wiihnut Komg further into Itie
rgummt, I will ay th, in l.okine In the
powers of ihie (iovernnmtil lu collect, sef1
keep, snd rttshurae the public revenue, aid in-
cidentally lo reirula'e th commerce ann rt
change, I have not hee i able to tiify rii
ef that Ihe establishment by llu gnverncmnt
nf dieisounvin llis ordinary acceptation nf tlmt
term, w a oecemary means, or n riemnn.
ded by propriety '! execute lhrn.e powr.
What ran 'he Inral di-cnuttisi of l'i bunk b'
loilo with tho coUeelinit, sle kenpmj!, nu
dmburiii); of Ilia revenue 8u far a the riie're
dicounling of paper is concerned, it is quite
linmaienul lo ihi qmalloti whether lite ill
cnunt i obtained at e Stnte hank or a United
State Bank, Tlioy are boin qu1lly locul
Snth beginning and both ending in a local ec
cnminndatiun. Whet nifln-'icehve Jncel dis
count, granted b any furn) f bunk, in I If
re)ultinc of 'he currenry and the exchm veel
Let the history of IHe lain Unilkd 3 atee liiiik
aid u in answerinit this et-iiiry.
For neverel year afier the establinhiiieni f
lht iomiution, it denlt aimo-.i eaclimnsiiy in
local diecoun'e; and during that period the
country wan, for ihe mnet pii, diaappiiinttd
in Ihe conqjiiicr'i anncipaled from lie inror
p'irelinn. A iiiiifnnn rurirniev " not p'ti't
ded, exchanges were noi rrsu'aieii, and hr.l
or iii.iiiinu tulrlfiri lo ihu aen,l cir'ult-
lion; and in loaii Hs emiarr!iimeiit nsn in
come so groat, that the linectors petiliitnea
Connrexe to repeel thai article of therhnner
which inal it notes reri-ible everywliere
in payment of ihe pun'n: Hur-.. I lied, iiji lo
that period, denlt in but a small extent in ex
change", either foreign nr dnmelr , end as
late a 1823 itr oppratione in that line amomii
ed to a little more than fven million of dul
lara per annum. Avery rapid augmentatinn
soon after occurred, and in 1833 He iiealmg
in exchangee amounted to upward of one bun
dled million of dollars, including ihe tales nf
it own drafif; and ell these immense Irani-actions
were effected without Ihe employment nf
extraordinary mean. The currency uf the
country became snund, end Ihe neitnciatmn
in th exchangee were can ied no et Ihe Iciweni
pns'thl fRlee The circulation w nii;inael
11 more than 20,0011,000. and the note of the
biink were regarded equal to pe.cie alt over
Ihe country; tbus showing !mot exclusively,
that it wat the rapacity lo deal in exchange,
and not in local dineimnw,.. which furt.i'hrd
theae' fecililtesi and advantages; It mhy be
remerker!, Inn, that nnlw ilh-laii'tinf tl.e int
. rneeae irBnai-Hon ol the hank in the purchase
of exchange, the li)e iiktninerj vtere merely
nimiinal, while in the line nf discount-, the
suspended debt wa ennrnious, snd p'oved
most dinattrnn to ihe bunk enn rouniiy, lis
power of lecal discount he, 'n f et, proved
to be a fruitful r-ource nf lavmiieicin and cor-
rupiinn, alike r!tructive to ihe public morale
and the general weal.
The capital invested in hanks of discount
in Ihe United Siaie. created lv th States, st
Ihi lime, exceeds 350,000.000 of dollars;
and if the discounting nf locul paper could
have produced uny beneficial effect, the Uni
led Slate oujiht lu posse the soundest cur
rency in ihe world; but the reverse is lament
ably the fact.
Is the measure now under consideration of
ths objec.itmable characlsr lo which I have l
ludedt It ie cliarly en, unless by ths 16 h fun
damental article ef die llih section il l made
otherwise. That article is in the following
"Ths dirsctors of the said corporation shall
establish one competent office of discount sod
deposite in anv Stale in which two thousand
ahsres shall have been subscribed, or may bs
held, whenever, upon the spplicstion, of Ihe
Legislature of auch Slate, Congress may by
law require tlie same. And the ssid directors
may establish one or more competent oOices
of discount snd deposite in eny Territory or
District of the United State, end in any Slate
with the assent of auch State, end when es
tablished, the aaid office or offkea shall be on
ly withdrawn or removed by the said dtrectore
prior to the expiration of tins charter, with the
previous assent of Congreaa: Provided, in re
spect to any State which ahall not, at the first
session of the Legislature theretf, held after
the paasage of this act, by resolution, or other
usual legislative proceeding, unconditionally
assent or dissent lo Ihe establishment of auch
office or offices within it, such assent of the
said State ahall be thereafter presumed: And
provided, nevertheless, That whenever it ahall
beeome neceeoary and proper for carrying into
execution any of the powers granted by tbe
Constitution, to establish an office or effioes
in any of the States whatever, and tbe estab
lishment thereof shall .be directed by law,: it
ahall be the duty of the said directors to estab
lish auch office or office accordingly. " ' i
It will be eeea that by Ibis clause the direct
ors are inverted- with the. fullest powsr to es
tablish a branch in any Slate: which has yield,
ed its assent; and having .once established such
branch, it ahall not afterwards be withdrawn,
except by order of Congress, Such aeaent
is to be implied, and lo havo the force and
sanction of an actually expressed sssent, pro.
vided in respect lo soy State which shell not
at first session of the Legislature thereof, held
after the passage of this - act, by resolution or
other usual legislative proceeding, uncondition
ufy sssent orr dissent to Ihe establishment of
auch office or office within it, such sssent of
aid State shall b thereafter presumed..
VOL. 3 NO- 32. WHOLE NO $4
The assent or dissent ie lo be expressed tut
conditionally at the first session of the Legit'
Mure, by some formal legislative act',., snd if
noi so ei preened, lis sssent is to be implied
. and me direcler are thereupon iovested with .,
power i uch lima thereafter ae they my
tilrr. to establish branches which cannot af
terward hs withdrawn, except by resolve ef
Const is . N matter, what may be the s.aue
which may oper le ith the Legislature, which
either pievent ii from epesknii?,: or addressee "'
itself lu in wisdum, to induce ielay, iuatnsni
i in be imulirH, Thi iren iue is lo give to
....... I i:
way to no circum-iances it utmeniii"R,anu
inflexible It is thelaseuage of ibe inaitsr" to
the vulval an unconditional answer is claim- 1
ed for'livuh; and delay, postponement, or , in
eapariij to nae-, produce an implied assent,
winch i evSr ifJ$9-wrneH!.!i ,Many-of ih
State elections have a ready iakn place, with
on I any knowledge, n th perl of Iho People ' ?
that uch quao'ion was to eeni up ; j
The Representative may desire n suhmisiion of th
question lu llieir constituenta preparatory to tinal action ,
upon it, hut this hish privitscei denied; whatever may
he the motives and views "enteitaioed by th Repreaert ;
Ulivcs of Hi People to induce delay, their assent is lo 1
be pre-uniKil, and is afterwards hlndg.. unlet their ..-'.!
dii-riiil shall be unrandilionally expressed at lhair firit (..'
sen-inn artnr the pitsae o.fllii bill Into law. Thoy
may. by fnrnial resolulion. declare Ihe cruealiorr of ai-
sen or inseiii in o uiiuvviooti onu -m. t-. , . ,
in opuosition lo their espress declaration t the contia- t
-rv, their absent tat be implied. Case .Innumerable f
rni'ht he cued to miinilest the irrationality of such art lv
intermirs. I.et one or two in addition suffice.- Ths i.
popular brsm-h nl'llie legislature inny evpiess it di- '
eiilhyaii unanimous vole, and ila resolution nuy be :
, ilt-liiu'ted by a tin tola of ihe Senate, and jot Ihe astent "''
ji tu bo in'iiilied. Moth trn-lie of the teg'wlatitre may
cnni-ur in n rasolutinn of decided distet.t, end Jst the
G-ivernor tnav enerl the ttlo power conferred 'on htm
hv ihe Ktiitrt Consltlution, and- their legislative action i
he defeated! and yet Ihe assent of the legislattv sulhor- t.
ity is iiiijiiied, and the dirortors ofthit contemplated in- , r
' :iiutinn sremithoiised in'eublih a iwaiichor branch- vV
es in such" Slate wheWer tlny may find it conducive
te the interest ofllie stnckholdersto do so: and having
once established it, ihoy ca-i under no circumstances i
withdraw it, exi ept by act ufCongress. 't he Stale may ;
ati. rm Js -jrotiiatox-.insttitch unjust' InRtrence'.hut h ;
tiii'"ire,tv ia'golie. Its assent is implied by its failure or
inability to act at iu first session, and it voios eaii Dev.
r afieiwards be heard. To in ferencrs so violent, and .
ui tliov seem to me irrational, I cannol yield rhf oorr-t-eut.
No court of justice would or could sanftion tlienr,
wilhotit reverm- nil llmt it eslahliahed in judicial pro
ce.ei'inj. hy inlroducinjr presumptiuws at variance with
fact, and inferences at Ihe expense of renfon.. A S.'nto
in a condition of duress would be presumed to spenk, ,
as an indiviriuil. manacled and m prison, niiglil be pre- F
turned lo he in the enjoyment of freedom. Far better .
to sny to the States hoidly and frankly Congress Will
snd suhniia-iion demanded.
It may he aaid that ihe direc tors may not ebt-bli!r ; f
branches under audi circumstances. I5ul this is a que v x
tion nf power, and this bill invests them with full au
tlinrity to do so ' If the Legislature of New York, or :
Tennsylvania, or any oilier e'lale, ehould be (bund to be
in such condition at I have tnprmstd, eotrld i Ihero be " !
anyasuirityXurnithed.Bffain tuchastep ort the part
nf the directors." Nay, ie it nol fairly to be-presumed t
that this proviso was introduced 'or th to! purpose of
meeting the contingency referred lot Why els '
should it have been introilucedT nnuisuDnm tv - I
Senate, whether t nan be believed that any State ' i
WOUin IM IIRSIjr IUIH inuj,iuf.i, .iii. .uvii.gtuNvr
things? In a great measure ot puuue interest tneir pat
riotism may be successfully sppealed loj but to infor"
their assent from cirenmttancos at war with such infer
ence, I cannot but regard as calculated lo excil a feel
ing at fatal enmity with Ihe ptace and harmony of th
country. I mnt thereforo, regard this tlaute as assor
ting the power to be in Concrete lo establish offices of i
discount in a Slate, not only without its assent, but I
famst its dissenl; and (o regarding it, 1 rannol sanction- ',
it. On general principles, the right in Congress to pre
scribe terms to sny Slste, implies a superiority ol pow
er and control, deprives the trsntocfion of ail pretonc ;
to compact between them, snd terminal!, ss we bve js -seen,
in the total abrogation of freedom of action on ihe -
part of the States. Hut further, tlie State may erpree,
afler the most solemn form of legislation,, its. dissents . ,
which may from time to time thereafter be repeated, in
full view of its ewn interest, which can nevci be sepa
rated from the wi and beneficent operation of this-
Government; and yet Congress may, by virUe of th
last proviso, overrule its law, and upon grounds Which
to such State, will appear to rest on" a constructive ae-- j" J
eesMly and proprielv, and nothing more. I regard the- t,.
hill ns asserting for Congress the ngbt to, ineorporai " ' j
United States Bank with puwer and right I establish J ;
offices of discount and deposit in tbs several States of j. . j
this Union with or without tlieir consent; a principle to j , .
which I have alway heretofore been oppotsd, and J
whirh nan never obtain mv sanction. And waiving an
other considerations growing out ef it other provision!.
. -. . ti i : l :. It! u
I return irtoine nouae in vmui vi5i",
these my objection, to itt approvaU TVLER.
Washington, August 16, 1841.
Novl Combat. A few day age,a large?
Newfoundland dog dashed into the lake at
PJtsvillo.in pursuit of two beamiful swana and
their cygnets, who were tranquilly navigating
the lake. The parent ewana immediately pre
pared to convoy their charge out of danger, the
male bird gallantly bringing op Ihe roar, like a
man-of-war protecting ita convoy. The dege
emboldensd by thsir flight,, gave chase still
more vigorously, when the male swan sudden
ly tacked about, and by a dexteroua manoeuvre
sprang from the water and perching himself on
k.. ...ailant'a back, instantly sank bim. The
dog had nothing for ii but lo dive, which he . -did
lo a coBsiderable distance, and on coming j -:
to the surfacs made tbe best of his way out and
home, regardless of the whistle of his master
while the beautiful bird arched bia neck, aod
sailed Uiuniphantly after hie convoy.JBn. pa
" Wvm witt too HuaT. 'Where ware yno ,
hurlV aaid a friend to one who fcd received v
aa injury in a personal recentre. .'Wae It near
the vertebral4 No,Tjo,'""'',llnr 'it
was near the race course ' ' ; u
; , UtoauaNCE. "Ye, gentleman oF tlie 'jury, i
these wolves of Kentucky, wheo all nitm i
looked in the arme of Moipheus, atep forth; at i
the ailent hour of midnight, and devour whole j
litter ef pi,1-" - . ' ' , ' i
-' ' " ' ' ' : " , ' ;" ' '
A Bcll.'-'You all know, follow citizens,',
that I f oughl,,bltd and died in th C" ; 1
tiea.T ''V: i ....''' c ''-' ' ' '