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THE OHIO .DBMOC
BAT: rr TERMS. felfc in advance, 2,00 at the end, BY MITCHENER & MttlEWS, "Where Liberty Dwells there la my CouutrV Cicero. and 82,55 afW the expiration of Ac year. Wew Philadelphia, May 2, 1844. VOL 5, NO. id, WIIOLE MM I ! ; OF THE" SYSTEM OP MAN'S.HBERTY. Wan is a physical being, subject to natur and con sequemly to necessity. Born without our consent, our . organization is independent of ns, and our, ideas come to us involuntarily. , Action is the sequel oi of an im pulse communicated,by a sensible object. i I am thirsty and see, a well can I hinder myself from wishing to drink of ill . But I am told the watei is poi Jsoned, and I abstain from drinking. Will it be said, tbat in this case 1 am free? , Thirst necessarily determines me to drink. The discovery ftf poison necessarily de. termines me not to dritilt. . .The second motive is stron ger than the first, and I abstajn from drinking, But an imprudent man, it fa laid.will drink. In this case, his first impulse may be, will be , strongest fn either case the action is necessary. He who drinks fs a madman but the actions ot madmen are not less necessary than those of other men. A debauchee may be persuaded to change his conduct. This circumstance does not prove that he is free; but only, that motives can be found sufficient to counteract; the effect ot those which fontttrly acted upon him. Choice by no means proves liberty; since hesitation nly finishes when the will is determined by the sum chit motives; and man cannot hinder motives from act ing upon his will. Can he prevent himself from wish ing to possess what he thinks desirable? No; but we are told, he can resist the desire by reflecting upon its con sequences. But h-s he the power of reflecting? Hu man actions are never free. They necessarily pro ceed, from Constitution, and from received ideas 'strengthened by example, education and experience. The motive which determines man is always beyond his power. V Notwithstanding the system of human liberty men have Universally founded their systems upon necessi ty alone, If mclires, were thought incapable of influ encing the wilj, why maire use of morality, education, legislation, and eveo.of religloh? We establish insti tutions to influence, the. will; a clear proof ot our con viction must act upon, it, These institutions ere neces sity demonstrated to man, , , , The n'eWsslty that governs the physical, governs also the moral world, where everything h also subject to fiie same lay.. jtfeMius, , USEFUL ADVICE "ip SOME SORTS OF .... ?EpPLE. When jfo'u are totroducgd. td a stranger, be sure to ask and find out all his business,, and pump as much as you can, out of him; because questions are the very keys of knowledge. ... . . , . , You should always look ahead; therefore, never do that to-day which you can do tomorrow. , Always avoid selfishness;,jhere6reJilnerer do that ycurseii wnich you can procure any body else do do. If a secret be commffcicated to you, be, vejy careful to keen it; and to make sure work of it get two or three lohelp Jou. ; . If you are unmaried and in love; take to writing ver ses; nothing sooner gives a patient relief, and coraiort. . If your mistress be be cruel, make some more verses. andasirher pardon on your knees, and kiss her hand through jierjjlovS , jv , . ... .When you,- have become tired of her company, ex cuse vourpelf, for leaving her, by saying it is so good mat a my? answers your purpose. ,. If.you are martiefl give s.hqtt answers to your wile, for leaMsaicJis. soonest mended. , . , f If K?Vfrei.not fond of her, look as cross as you feel: nothing ch4fra,Uke sMerity, . .- . w . If yo,u are fgljdof her, lef rfhe world, know .Jt, by kissinj.herahdrJalking tenderly to her, and looking sweety at.her, in company. . ... -,-. ,,, , When your wife.is in a passion, remember and fly ipto oriejVourself;, the way to stop a fire iq t(ie woods is q.kindl'e' aticfUler to meet it, and thus extinguish the whole, . itti l -i 'i, ..- i & Always mland haye the last word; because a man Of business sb.Q.uld.neverJeave it unfinished. ... Spend your evenings, at the tavern; apd then your tr- ill l ji i. j ' wne wiu uc uciiguiixi ,ip ra ycju o)i your 'return. When you walk otit with her, keep a few paces be- wreher, by way of eminence. . , .,',., hefi Jou ride iu a chaise with her, look Well to the right, and ta k principally to your horse; this will ore- seryje family peace. ,s , , . ,. v " j Teirtiet; of her faults elo'fqlks; nd then others can have, the benefit of yonr advice as. well as she. .... Never ( praise her for her virtues lest it make her Tarn and assuming." T ;r v; .CURJOUS,, SERMON. An English . ', paper contains the followingurious discourse said to haye been, lately" delivered1 by an ec clesiastic preacher at gxford: ' . ,(. . . tj )( I am notone of your fashiftfable.ffne' spoken mealy mouthed pitchers. I tel youtthe plain truth. What Are your pastimes? Cnrds and iceftddltag and dan cing, guzzling and ginning! Cnn ypu be,.sai:d by dice? No! Will tlie"foiir kn tvr"s give you a passport to Hea ven? Nol Cftn you fiddle youluelves into a gppd birth among the sheep.' Ni! Vorf v!ll dance yourselves to damnation" among the goats! You may guzzle wine here, but you'll want a drop of water to cool your tongue hereafter! Will the prophets say, "Come here gamester ana teach us the long odds!' Tis odds if they do!' , Will the martyrs rant and swear, shnffle and cut w'ith'yoti?' Ntrt 'The martyrs" are no shufflers. Yon will be cut in a, ay you'littlp expect. Lucifer will come With his reapers sndsick.es and forks, and you will bi cut down, end bound, anc.' pitched, and carted, and housed' in hell! I wfyl not oil my lips with lies to please you! 1 tellvou the plain truth. Ammon. Mammon and Moloch' are making Bethoroft'hofybr you! Prolane , and tell Ifirstl But pray to Belzebub to escape his clutches. And what wil) be hia ansWi Til see you dd first." . ;-THE RtJUNO PASSION. . ;;( , Thf Dufc ofprmond wli("Was a true pattern of po lileness.Vas visiied ftwmoiitnts before bis death, by a Germnn Barofi. hV:a's a)s,one one e('the politest men of hiil'mrv-' T,hV pukVTeeling'hirnsell dving, desired to. be ion've'yeS to armbait, wheti, .drnicg toward the baroiihe said:"Excuse me sir, H I shotild make some grimaces'ln your presence, for my phyai clan tells me I am at the point of. death." '.'Ahl my lord duke," plied the barony fl beg that you wil not put wretches! I haye beard you wrangle and brawl one another before mer "I'll see you d I tell you, the day will Come, When you s;ilj v yournlf. nndvr'lhe least couitraitit 6n my -accodnu" i my TEXAS-ITS. IMPORTANCE-WEALTH, &c. i I TO THE PEOPLE OF THE 21st CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT op PENNSYLVANIA. A treaty has been Ri'gned for the Annexation of Tex as to the territories of the United States, ,1 bow feel cal. led upon to state to you, my fellpw-citizens and late con stituents, the grounds of my acquiescence in this mo mentous measure. l I have thought much upon this subject, and endeav ored to give it a candid and impartial consideration, which has produced the most decided conviction in my mind, that it is ot the highest importance to the welfare and happiness of the whole country, and especially con ducive to the great interests ot you who so lately honor ed me -fvith your confidence and support. To the United States as a nation, it gives a compact territory, which is so essential for defence in war and so useful in peace, by removing all cause of collision aris ing trora infraction of revenue laws and from disputes about common rights in navigating rivers. Eight years ago, Texas gained her independence on the fields of San Jacinto, and has ever since maintained it. She has been recognized by the first powerSjOf Eu rope, has preserved the character of an independent find sovereign state through all that timo, and now as thor oughly severed from Mexico as the latter republic is from the Kingdom ot Spain, to which she belonged not more than twenty two years ago. I cannot perceive bow the right of Texas to negotiate with foreign powers to form alliances or to transfer her territory to another government, can be questioned. In 1 8 19 we ceded Tex as to Spain. In 1822 we recognized the independence of Mexico. In 1825, one of the first acts of the new ad-ministration'-Mr. Adams President, Mr. Clay Secreta ry of State, both uniting .in the measure was the offer to purchase Texas from Mexico, in the face of the sol emn protest of Spain, and while war was still pending between that kingdom and its revolted province. The important fortress of San Juan d'UUoa, which comman ded the principal port, and almost the entire trade of Mexico, was during all Ihis time in the possession of Spain, and was not finally evacuated until December 23 1825. The naval warfare did not cease for many years afterwards; Spain actually not recognizing the indepen dence of Mexico until after Texas had established hers,i If there be any lorce in the objection, that Texas is still unrecognized by Mexico it would have been much stron ger to theproposed negotiation of Messrs. Adams and Clay in 1823; for Mexico was then not only unrecogni zed by Spain, but, Also, by other ot the principal pow ers of Europe. This proposition was made less than six years after we had by solemn treaty ceded Texas to Spain. Nor is there at this moment any war pending between Texas and Mexico, other than by paper bulle tines, and even this has been suspended by a late armis tice. W hat wrong then is done to Mexico? What will she lose? Not Texas! for that is already!' lpst. There will be no loss; Mexico will gain a peaceful and friend y neighbor, having both the will and determination to guarantee the integrity of all her actual territories a gainst any European power. The law ol nations au thorizes this treaty with Texas, lor her independence is recognized and established. Our treaty with Mexico is rescinded by the revolution in Texas, just as our t prior treaty with Spain was abrogated by the successful re volt of Mexico herself. It is not tully and absolutely vereign, until she is recognized by the power fro n whfch she has been severed by the revolution,, n This power must necessarily, be the very last among nations ito recognize such independence. ' This people were first invited to settle the wild- kods Sof Texas by the King oi Spain, and afterwards, encour aged in extending their settlrments by the very govern ment of Mexico all under the pledge or the protection of those rights, held so dear and sacred by ever Amer ican. A disregard of these pledges and attempt at sub jugation, were met on the part of the people,-ot Texas by resistance and, successful revolt t which now consti tute inem as sovereign ana inaepencem people. , , i-( i The vast territory, nearly three hundred thousand pquare miles, which belongs to Texas without any con flict witft -the actual possessions of the republic of Mex ico, starting from the Gulf, is. bounded on the south, by that noble tfver the Rio Bravo del Norte, to the point wherelhat beautiiul streambreaks forth from its moun tain passes, a,nd thence north is separated to the -westward from the well known Santa Fe province by a strongly defined natural boundary of mountainous and jprairie country; . which,- it , not uninhabitable, , will for a long time be left free to the Indian, buffalo and ro ving trapper. yu . .,. ,. ... , , The most indisputable proot exists that Spain in 1819 when she sold Florida to the Union, and the latter ceded Texas to Spain, had actually instructed her minister to acknowledge, Jfneccs3ary, our title to the whole of Tex as a part of the Louisana territory, purchased by us in 1803. ,.. , , .. i ,( ., . ; ..,( 1 The question of annexation has been discussed in the Various newspapers .pjiblished over the : country. Every ine, who trusts in the perjpenuity of oji'f Union, of which to true American ever doubts, knciyvs that the bonds of connection have strengthened with Ibe increase of terri tory, and that the cohfederatcsystem h'-autifully adapts- Itself to any extent or country; i Local legislation by Congress or its interference with th strict pnovinceof the States becoming impossible, when national objects and interests engross its attenjlon,.,, In a confederacy of great extent, threatof disunion, .when confined to so small a sphere as the limits of asingle State, cariy with them no cause for alarm, and can never instil into the most traitorous bosom any hopes of success. , , ,; ; '. ; The elevated mountainous districts of-Texas extend on the southwest to within one hundred miles of the fjlulf coast. Itshigh tablelands, with its.hiljs.and val. feys, wijl be best adapted to the growing of grain or rai sing stock, which class of labor is appropriate to the small proprietor and freeman.' The division, between a planting and farmjng district, is marked by the .best natural boundaries, and so edict ol man can',change it There is neither necessity nor eVtu'sV ter extending slave labour beyond the alluvial districts bordering on the Gull and Lower Reel river, nor can it be so extended by law. -. Th'e rich lands pi this region, running, three degrees further south than the best sugar lands of Loui sana, must alwavsh settled, if ltnexed',.by popula tion whyseinterest.wUl be American.. . jr j , . ,i, This section otffexas, wbica'must chiefly be i su- gar growing regioti, and, therefore, identified Willi that portion of Louisiana now engaged in the same culture, will unite in supporting the great principle of extending full and adequate protection, to American products and industry. Sugar is a crop fthich must always look to the home market for the surest sale and most certain re turn. We shall, thus, gain in the south-west a power (uUccession of strength upon that great question, which so defeply involves the interests ol your district. I can didly believe that it will not be long before a majority ol the people of the south, when their labor is thus diver ted into different channels, will become convinced of the sound policy of protesting and fostering American in dustry. This willnot only be importantand decisive in favor of such policy, but , will be eminently calculated 'o harmonize and perpetuate our institutions, a result to be hailed with gladness by every patriotic heart. I am no advocate for slavery, nor would I see it introduced into one region, unless I were at the same time assured that it would withdraw it from anoter, dtthat without increas ing it in the aggregate. Thefanneiation ofTexasmust soon be followed by the voluntary abolition of the insti tution of slavery in our neighboring States, Va., Mary land and Delaware, and also indeed in Kentucky and Missouri. We can all truly rejoice in its withdrawal from our immediate vicinity. I am satisfied that the best interests oi that class of our fellow beings, original ly brought to, and forced on these States by British ra pacity and injustice, and who must always be a marked and distinct race, as long as they abide among our own people, will be best consulted by securing the only out let, the only hope which has ever presented itself, of their acquiring an independent home, or attaining a position elevated and equal to the people amidst whom they dwell. Such a refuge is offered beyond the Rio Bravo, amongthe Meiicap.andSqulh American nations, who have no prejudice asto cast or color. The treaty is now with the Senate to be confirmed or rejected. You, as a part of the great A merican family, are called upon to consider how it affects your own im- meJiata interests, as well as those of the nation to which you belong. The inhabitants of Allegheny county are a mineingi manufacturing, commercial, agricultural and naviga ting people. Every interest of those several branches of industry will be vastly promoted by securing to us, under our present tariff, thus extended by annexation o ver all its territory, the entire markets ot Txas. The navigation of Red river, one of the chief tributaries ot the Mississippi, furnishing one thousand miles of navi gation into the heart of a rich country, now a dividend and common right, will then be exclusively our own; to that add the importaMJ'iven, the Trinity, Brazos, Col orado, iCio Bravo del Norte, and many other smaller but navigable streams, and we behold the jvpsf demand from that region on the boat builders and mechanics of the Ohio valley, adding at least one hundred steamboats large and small, yearly, to the many now built for the wants of Western navigation, Our boats, which will benefit by the great' carrying trade between Texas and her sister, States, will in return forour lnanufactureaof .iron, cotton, wool hemp and glass, and the products oi the farms and ftwestsi carried there, receive and bring back hen cotton and sugar, her rice and indigoand probably even her coffee and other "tropiqal products. . ;, , . y , .... ,". ' The Santa Fe trade, which has already-becomtiso lu crative to many amqng you, fctftild be cut off froth us by la foreign,-atld by no means, hecessaril, frktldly pow er, whose territories intervene between us find thatregion if tliu tri!ylioni4'i'f: lo r-e r .tffied. "Manchester wa gons, arid Hartley's strong harness will no longer serve ,to cafrry Americah domestics and Pittsburgh wares a cross the prairies, to be converted at Santa Fe into bul lion and Mexican dollars, i,... ( On the other hand, with our territories bordering on New Mexico, this trade .would soon be vastly increa sed; for a Pittsburgh steamboat with cargo on board, , can ascend the Red liver to a point less than three hun dred miles remote from Santa Fe, the present 1iiark,at which our traders meet those from the region of Chihua hua. ' ' ' To the entire people of the United States this question fa of vast and weighty; mdment. If the treaty for; the annexation should now be rejected, the re-action of feel ing in Texas must then inevitably render it a commer cial dependency, in fact, it not in name; of Great Bri tain. '.You may rest assured that even should a free trade treat jt not be concluded between England and Tex Jts, that the latter will-so modify addrelax her tariff by discriminating duties, augmenting the imposts upon flour,graiDibeef,-pork,iardandsuchiartides, whilst ta king off those on iron and all its manufactures, glass, cotton and woolen fabrics and similar articles, thereby Excluding Amerioah products, and admitting England's tree of duty. Such is the avowed policy of Texas; as a ieperate Republic, and thus, even without a treaty with England that country will monopolize he (markets: But it will not.end here. Texas, like Gibr atta and Por tugal to Spain, will be made the great entrepot and chan nel ot British commerce, by mean's of which her active merchants will, :indefiMce of all imposts and tariffs, tot only'flood the inlerior of Mexico with(.British wares but ttirough the channels of the Tfihity, Sabine, and tied rivers, glutipur-uwn country with. multiplicity of every kind of her extensive manufactures, breaking up our very best establishments, ani carrying,, ruin and bankruptcy into every manufacturing district of the U nited States. - V" - ' ". ' The Imports which we m ust receive lrom abroad, in stead oi'betng brought, as they now are, chiefly in A merican vessels into our ports, will, toescape thedoties, ie carried to Texas, lo.be sntuggieA fnjo the U. States. This willimjalr, if not destroy our great navigating in terests on the high seas, which it has always been the policy of our government, to foster. . This was. clearly foreseen by- Mr. Van Bureiy.wlWy, in , his despatch to Mr, Poinsett, the "American Minister to Mexico, on the 85th Augt1829,,lhe, very.fijst yr of .General" Jack son's ainiRistjatiodlrrtCily-allttdeS'fa this question of smuggling, .when i$tructfog4hat Minister ..to endeavor to procure the annexmtotjt Texas to this Union by a purchase and cession from. Mexico. 4 . : ; .,.., i Butjthe evil does not, cease 'With' the injury to the shipping interest. Our revenues from imports on for eign commerce, necessarily falling short of the wants of the government, we shall be forced to resort to direct taxation , id support support and maintain the government.- ',.- In 1839, our exports to Texas, which was then recog nized by no other power, amounted tooneandihreequar ter million of dollars; bu! now, Instead ofr having dou bled with her population, they have dwindled down to two hundred thousand dollars in value; being not one- seventh of what thty were in 1839. In that year those exports toi Texas embraced over one-fourth of the total exports of our manufactures to all the rest of the world. As a tariff man, 1 have always viewed the home as the best market for our mnnulactires,hd where such mar kets oau be extended"with honor and propriety, it would be madness in the advocate lor the protection of domes tic industry to oppose such an extension. These mar kets are beyond the rivalry and jealousy of other na tions, and and must forever remain exclusively our own. Should Texas be refused admission Into the Union, she must become a most dangerous theatre tor foreign intrigue, from which the most deplorable consequence to our welfare may ensue. Indeed, at some future and not distant day, we may be compelled, for the salety & perpetuity of the Union; to gain by neon quest what is now to.fretely offered for our acceptance. - But with the coast of Teias added to ours, we should then have nearly the entire shore of our own great sea, the Gulf of Men ico, and would then not only be beyond the reach ot smugglers, but would also set at defiance any attempt at invation, dlapcted against the New Or leans or the great outlet of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. . j v Now, my fellow-citizens; having gave you my views on this subject, let me recall vour attention, without refer ence to Florida, to the acquisition of Louisiana, with out which we should not at this moment be the united and happy people which constitute this grealnation. Yet that noble purchase was not without opposition of a decidedand indeed most violent character. However, no patriot of that day lives to regret that addition to our territories. ! I am, fellow citizens, Your grateful and obliged friend, WM. WILKINS, Washington, April 13, ffii ,. " ' .The Oregon Question settled. The following speech made by some Western Ajax, settles the question about Oregon at once. "Whar, I say, whar is the individual who wouldgive up the first. fcOt, the flrst outside shadow of a foot, of the great Oregon? . There ain't no such individual. IiTalk about treaty -occupations to the country over whish the great American eagle has flown! I scorn1 treaty occu pation; d.j-e-n treaty occupation. Who wants a par cel ol low flung" "outside barbarians" to go in cahoot with us, and share alike a piece of land that always was and always .will be ptirVty Npbody. Some people talk as though thev wereaffeereti of England. Who's afl'eer- td. Haven'-t. we liek'd her twice, and can't we lick her again? Lick her! yes; just as easy as a bear can slip down a fresh peeled saplin. Some skeery folks talk a bout the navy of England; but who cares for the navy? flQlhers.say she is the mistress of the ocean. Suppose she is ain't we the masters ot it? Can't we cut a ca nal from the Mississipi to the Mammoth Cave ,'of Ken tucky, turn all the water into It, 'and dry tip the ocean in three weeks? Whar, then ;would be the navy? It' Lwould be no whar. t' There. never' wdnld have been any Atlantic cwahJ.it it hadn't been for the' Mississippi, nor never will be after we've turned the waters ot that Ibig drink mto the Mammoth Cave When that's done, you'll see all their steam" ships and'their saill ships they splurge so much about,' lying high and dry. flounderin like so many turtles left ashore at low tide. That's the . way we'll fix 'em. Who's affeered!", . A CocKN,EY"FcT.-'-During Henry Clay's sojourn in New Orleans, he was pointed out to a cockney as the great American Statesman the Mill Boy of the flashes'.' "Boy, did yen Say?" ays the cockney. ,rYes," said his infdrfhafit, "the Mill Boy of the Slashes. 1 '' ' "A most hexeeKent hidea that tor my journal," said the cockney, and drawing out his note book he made the following memorandum: 'In the West and Southwestern' portions of the U.S. men live to an incredible age. Up to the age of seven jy-fiVe they are denominated feys." ' ADVERTISING. " ' The rilass of those who attempt to do business, have a very imperfect notion of the imense advantages of advertising. Many a man gives: hundred dollars a year for a' favorabW'stand, yet grudges an hundred for advertising, not redacting that a hundred men wbuld be made acquainted with his business through' the news papers where one would pass and observe his store, tho' In the most favorable1 location: : There are a few who understand this matter and'are making 'fortunes, while thousands around them are toiling in like pursuits bare ly to live. "and often failing ift that.-rriv. , y. Tnimme. PnnosoPHY'does not Consist in denying ourselves the natural enjoymentS-whlch pleasufably ; occupy some moments of ourllfe-fl'me. and'Tvhich should be regard ed as as an equivalent for the troubles with Which our path is strew'ei.l TfS ! impose on ourselves useless self denial, and as it wie;"w'stody how to' inflict it, is a spe cies of insanity. ' ' V " v : .uy'l r 1 PROPORTION. '. An Irish clergyman once broke the thread of his dis course, and thus1 addressed the1 congregation:" My dear hearers, let me tell you that lam just now half through with my sermon, but as I perceive 'your im patience, I will say that the rematitrng half is not more than a jiiarter as long as. that you haw hajd." .4,, '-( . 1 11 ' h .Rewards of Merit .-'Sam, said one: little'urchin to another, the 6thelay,""Sam,- does ydur school-master ever give you any rewards of merit? ". 1 ' :. ' ' . ji "I 'spose he does," was the rejoinder." "He gives roe a lickin, regulariay every day, and says I merits two?": -i- ;' "'i '-. :.'' fThe tbllowing is not a bad specimen of the ha yoc sometimesymade'bjhhese who write compliments rV note Ift the Utird persoh:-"Mr. A. pTesehts his com pliments to Mr. B, have gdia bat which (s hot his, if He have got a a hat which is not yews, ho doubt they are ue expected one. , i , j , ... Drimo!. A writer in the Knickerbocker defines franscendentallsni as follows; It If clear as mud! I ''IvfinprihmsibiUlyMUyiftiimUyatioKmentnessim. ' : ftf.i'-'1- ':-'. v - A CHAPTER ON VICTORIES Dialogue between Ilederal' Mortbant and a Democratic Farmeri '' '.'"' .' Merchant! Well, Mr. what do you think of the political prospects of Van Buren? ; ' "'-, . Farmer. I think that we are certain of success.' ' Mer. Have you heard of the glorious whig victory in Connecticut? tr ' . I -"ri c ta Far. Do you call it a victory to hate lost more than five thousand votes since 1840? In that contest you: earried Conn, by over six thousand, aDd at the late elec tion you could not elect your Goveinor. '" . Mer. But what do you think ofour victory in Mary land? Il .". : i. ! . . i Far,-1 think that Maryland is, as she always has been, federal. - - . , . . v Mer. Look at our recent victories In Pennsfrtvahlt : what do you think of the election of Pollock to fill the place of Frick. t. ii .. . i.J. n . - Far. Frick was a federalist, andPollock is a feder- alist; and hence there is no change in that district.- Mi Don't these victories indicate the comina- sue cess ofClay?; :" ( .. ,. , .,, v- Far. I uhdetstand a victory to be Mlntor1 f riacd that was before opposed lo you: The federalists have had no such victory. 'But what do yod think'ofoui ha- . ving carried New Hampshire by ELEVEN THOUi SAND majority, an increase.of more than five thou sand since 18401 . u Mer. Oh yes, but that is only one biace that von have gained. ' . . s ,. Far. The democrats carried New Orleans Jh On late election, for the first lime in the history ol ourtoun try. ' "'"'.' Mer, I forgot that I . Far. In 1840, Cleveland ave a federal maioritv of 300; at the late election the democratic ticket was carried by a majority of 40 votes. -i , . Mer. ' Yes, but we elected our candidate in Am A 1 J legheny district in Pennsylvania, by a majority of TOO. t'-i.-t i- i ,,. . 1 1,. , Fat. ;And in 1340, you carried the same district by1 a majority of 3,100, making a federal loss of 2400 votes'. ' :. t. . -' Mer. Well; what of that' f u .'J .'vf . Far. Nothing more than ft an evidence of ih. Pgreat changes in favorbl the democratic nartv. ' L Mer: Where else have von rained? ' " 1 " '. Far: In 1840, Detroit gave a large fedetahmhjority; at the late election the democratic Ucket was triumph, antly elected.'.1 1 i. :. Mer. Where else have yon gained. ' ' Far. At the late spring elecuonr in' New York, we have-inade 'great gains in almost every county. ' Mer. But that is no test. . i . t , Far. In the elections which have tust taken titn. in 'iMichigan, the democtaeyswept every thihgbefore them. Aim eieciea nine oineers out of every ten. Mer. Who cares for Michigan. ' '' !l " :- -Paw A&et four trials, Carey the detndcratic candi date fbr Congress, has been elected over his federal op. ponefit in the 7ih dist. in Maine. ' Mer. I am ina great hurry, I must be going. " ' ' ' Fur. Hold on, I want to tell you of a few more vie lories. " ' Mer. Dr-m yonr victories, I must go. GERMANS AND IRISHMEN, .' Your Rights and Liberties are In danger,' ' Sons of old Erin countrymen of Emmett! ' In the ' name of Liberty, wecall upon you to arise in your'strength and avenge your wrongs, and vindicate your rights. Germans! brothers of Steuben aid be Kalb! In the common name of the glorious spirits who fell in the re- volutlonj we call upon yon to rally in defence of the li. betty, that was purchased with their blood. 1 " Have yoaiofgdlten the tyranny of English nobles and German despots? If not, be on'ybur guard, for the lead ersof the whig party aremaking a desperate effort to enslave you to deprive, ou of the sacred rights, pur' chased with the blood oi our common fathers. ' ; In the large cities, the whig party have changed their' name, and now call themselves "Native Americans" they boldly proclaim that FOREIGNERS should no be allowed to hold office, or' to' become naturalized. They would make you mere "hewers of wood dn.r ers oi water," they would have you become the wtfe.. , slaves" of purse proud aristocrats. ' ',; '"'; : In the City of New York, thegreat mass of the'whiT pany, supponea uie mauve American candidate lor , Mayor, (who Is a whig) and'oy1 their concentrated li I i flUence, backed by wealth, and supportedby. fraud and", ; 4 -forgery, they carried the day. What will be the tdnsej C-'i quenct? Before the election took place, the Native. A4 . merican Whig candidates tor Mayor And other of5d?rt , pledged themselves' to'tnnj out of errlpWyrnen every" German and Irishman and in this manner, try to drive ' them from the country. . ; ' 1 Ij'-' ' - j Wetave upon ovir table the 'National Intelligencer of April 13th, it contains the result bf the New 'York elec' -tion, atid' claims it as a JrVhig 'victory. Here then,1 is a.' 1 nother eYideoce 'ol the inveterate hostility ot (he leaders ' 6fthe whig party to foreigners.'' Here is the same ha- ' (red to Germans and Irishmen, that marked the Alien '' laws of John Adams,"and the traitorous proceedings of the Hartford Convention. '.' '' '' j Germanfi,'andlrishtneal If ye be;irieX InMBy-of BoM erty, you will'aTouse at on in' defence bf your' rights,' 1 and the most sacred Institutions of your adopted coun try, ;.-,. '. .r -: t'-'i in- - i '( ! Looking-glasses fir Pigeons, In Queen' TiddViaV' ivairy, at Windsor, the dove-cote is lihM with tebkfng. 1 glasses, snd the pigeons stand for h?(lr at rthe' glasa panels, bowing and coding to the reclprcfcatlfig' compli-'; ments of their own images, and seeth to be Vastly pleas. d with the extreme:' polish of their' idmirers; ' DoubtrJ es the female pigeons partake ol hla ecjoyment most frequently, as qtiiw hatural. "V . v r, To asclrftain the weight of a horse, 'place ydtr toe ttuV AeVtYtik nimDl'a Innt WhilK tin iintnndinir ntlll .'' ' ! tWliy is' a beneroleht man like a cart horset clause he stops at the sound'of vie. . .. ,r , ' 0"Why is a love-sick htd's eye often like a tattered cjoat? Because it's full of few 4 tJ-Why is love like the wind! , BecaUsI It is oftett' fill but never ,,,,,,,.,;,, -.i,.;, ;; -ivO'.-i . t-K ; I 3r"This mut be looked into," at thoungUdy" ' said to the mirror; V - - . -V4 ' . ''-v f J! '