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THE OHIO DEMOCRAT.
TERMS. $1,75 in advance, 2,C0 at the end, "Where Liberty Dwells there Is my Oomitry.'-Ciarw. and 82,25 after the expiration of the year . BY MITCHENER & MATHEWS. icw Philnrfciphin, May 9, 1844. V0L5.N0. 17, WHOLE NO, 225! A BUI of Fare uot a Fair Rill. At the dinner table of one of our principal hotels yes terdayit matters not which, names being unnecessa ry fijr Qur purpose there sat two men, plain in their apparel and unpretending in their appearance. They seemed to enjoy,- with a keen re'.ish and healthy ap petite the good things set out before them, and paid their court to the wine with a freedom that would have done credit to more experienced bons vivants. "Great house this, David," remarked one of them. "Reckon it is," said David; "but I find it is a plaguey sight easier to eat their fixins than it is to read 'era in print." "Read 'em!" retorted David's iriend; "I'd scorn to read 'em: I didn't come here to read, I come here to eat.' "But how are we to come at the best feedl" said Da vid, "if we can't pick it out?" "By doing," rejoined his friend, "just as we do at a breakdown, when old Ned Morgan, the Fiddler, plays the 'Boston Beauties' by begginning hpre at the top (pointing to the head of the bill of fare, leading down the middle, and taking a turn at everything as we go -along." "Good as wheat!" said David let us dig in;"- and without any further ceremony they commenced opera tions. , It need not be told that they did ample justice to the several dishes of which they partook, besides drinkig deeply of the wine. When they had fully got through! smoked their cigars, talked of their lucky trip down, and congratulated themselves on the advantageous pri. ces at which they had disposed ot their com, they in a swaggering 'd n the expense' kind of tone called lor the bill. The waiter thinking they alluded to the bill of fare, handed them one. On the back, or on one side of every bill of fare there is a list of the wines which the house is prepared to furnish, with the price affixed to each. The list of wines, instead of the list of dishes, .happened to present itself to our Western friend, and the waiter noticed that in looking over it he suddenly became somewhat nervous. "Three dollars is three, and two dollars and fifty cents iis .five dollars and a half, " said he, aloud, "and .two dollars is seven dollars and a half, and; three is i is ten dollars and a half, and one fifty is twelve dollars, andfcetflung the bill in a passionate manner before him on theitable, saying to the waiter- "Look here stranger, I thought I knew a little of cipherin' but its a huckle berry above my persimmon to calculate that; besides I think its a rascally take in, to pile it on for all the wine my .friend and I drank, in that way, But I don't care a 'Cuss; send the boss here, and if he says I'm to fork over lor all that bill, I'll do it. I reckon, however you needn't trouble to turn down a chair for me any more. Of course when I go up to Indiana I can say I dined at this great hotel. Your dinner," he added, still addres sing the waiter, was fust rale - I'm ready to sign for that 'value 'received;' but the way you figure it for the wine is a caution!" The waiter, who was now, for the first time, permit fed to disabuse his gues his guests, informed Ihem that he did not present them the bill of fare as the one which was to te footed; that the whole amount which they had to pay was: for dinners 82, and for wine $6,50. Every thing was now acknowledged to be right, and the two Western men assured the waiter that they would patronize the the establishment when they next visited the city. N. O. Picayune. ' A WESTERN GIJttL. The Van Buren (Arkansas) Intelligencer records a .rare instance of presence of mind and extraordinary courage in a young lady ot that neighborhood. Mrs, Steward, of that County, and a niece, a young girl, were fording Frog Bayou on one horse; the stream was high and the current very rapid. They were accom panied by Miss Steward the daughter, on another horse. In the act of fording the stream, Mrs. Steward and the girl were thrown from the horse, and the little girl floa ted down some fifty yards. Miss Steward, the daughter, very coolly rode to the opposite bank, sprung from her horse into the stream, swam after and rescued them both, beaiing them safely to the shore. The little girl was not caught until after Miss Steward had swam a bout fifty yards. Spring is upon us. Rosy-tinted, liie-breathing, hap py, buoyant Spring is with "us, giving increased and Increasing happiness to evry animated being. How glorious are the- works of creation! how mighty and ' unsearchable that great "first' Cause" which called them into existence ! . Every thing around us gives pleasing prospects of abundant harvests; ev. rry obejet feels the genial influence of stimulated vital ity. Even the tiny birds, as the poise their shadowy . forms upon the vibrating twigs of the blossomed lruit tree, redolent with the aroma of its exuberant sweets - carol forth their joyous notes of happiness. The lit tle lamb-kins frisk their pliant tailsthe junior pigs, in all the buoyancy of careless existence,' are playing a1 'hide anil seek"' in the 'fence corners; and wr own old cock is lurvriating at. full length, upon the fermenlihg dung-heap at lh-i s'aU! -Dm. Crisis. A son of Erin once accosted a reverend disciple or Swedenburg thus: Mr. , you say we are to follow the same bu siness in Heaven that,we do in this worldl'. 'Yes, that Is in perfect accordance with reason for the Creator himself is not idle, and why should his crea tures beV - . Certainly not they are immortal as the Creator himself.' , . - ,'Then I should like to know, your honor what they will find for me to do, for I am a grave digger in this worldl' It is hardly necessary to add that the reverent Gentle men was completely ttotplussed, and left Pat without giving the required information ' Seen? in a' ' Down East " Printing Office." Jim. what are you doing there on the floor!' ' 'Why, Sir, 1 have have had a shock. : ' A shock!' ,: ' . . , , .'Yes, Sir.' ' ,; , . J ;, , . 'What kind of a shockt.' 'Why, Sir, one if yout subscribers came in during your absence, and offered to paya years' subscription, which produced such an effect upon, me that I have been perfectly helpless ever since." '. "v". '.. 'No . wonder, Jim; but cheer up; tf yoK survive this Von are safe, -as there is liule prospect o( another such catastrophe hi this .office.' A." ' "' ', GOOD. A few days ago; the Cio. Adv. puUWicJ , a humbug story representing Mrs. Clay as being "a market woman," and that she might be seen -during her husband's absence. -knitting in hand, diiecting the labors of the workmen in the fields" of Ashland. The Pontiac Jacksonian copies the story and says: "Only think how Mrs. C. would look striding over Ashland, "knitting in hand directing the labors ot fifty "sleek and fat" negroes Shades of Hogarth! It is only necessary or the Whigs to add ior the purpose of gulling the people completely, that Mi s. C. has raised the ambition of her hens to such a degree that the old ones all lay goose eggs. These are hatched every elev en weeks by a pegress in feather "unspeakables." Que ry which is the most soft and verdant, the little web-loot ed, dough eating miniatures of ganders and geese, or the individual who invented the twaddleV The Difference. "If gentlemen will not allow its to have BLACK SLAVES they must let its have WHITE ONES, for WE CANNOT Cl'T OCR FIREWOOD, AND BLACK OUR SHOESi AND HAVE OTJR WIVES AND DAUGHTERS WORK IN THE KITCHEN." Kwy Clay. 'The wages of the Laborer should bear a just pro portion to the prices of the necessaries of life, and alj attempts to depress them below this equitable standard are, in my opinion, at war, as well with the dictaies ol humanity, as wilh a sound and rational policy. " "The workingmau is to Society what the Mainmast is to a Ship." Martin Van Buren. Social Intercourse. Without friends what is man? A solitary oak upon a sterile roclt, symmetrical in its form, beautiful and exquisitely finished, outrivallingthe most lauded perfection of art in gracefulness and gran deur, but over which decay has shaken her black wing, and led its leaves blighted; its limbs contract as they die; its roots, rottenness, and its bloom, death, a scathed lifeless monument of ol its pristine beauty.. When the rebuffs of adversity are rushing us earth-wan', when the clouds look black above, and the muttering thunder of misfortune growls along the sky, when our frame is daisied by the skeleton hand of disease, or our senses whirled tn the maelstroora chaos of insanity, when our tears are yet flowing upon the fresh turf of departed in. nocence; in that time it is the office of friendship to shield us lrom portentous storms, to quicken the fainting pulses of our sickly frame, to bring back the wander ing star of mind within the attraction ot sympathetic kindness, the "oil and balm" of peace into the yet fes tering wound, and deliver the aching heart from the object of its bleeding affection. "Attention the Whole." A major of militia, in Pensylvania, who had recently been elected, and who was not overburthened with brains, took it into his head on the morning of parade, to go out and exercise a little by himself. The 'field' se lected for this purpose was his own stoop. Placing him self iri a military attitude, with his sword drawn, he ex claimed; Attention the whole! Rear rank, three paces march!"' and he tumbled down the cellar. ' ' His wife, hearing noise occasioned in falling, came running out and asked,:-. . , . "My Dear, have you killed yoursel? "Go into the house woman, what do you know about war?" Irish Potatoes. A well-formed and experienced farmer says, in the Gardner and Practical Florist, that he is well satisfied that the productive power of seed potatoes is much diminished by suffering them to be come over ripe, and he gives good reasons for his be lief. He digs the potatoes before the vines are dead and places those intended for seed inpitsdugin a shady, airy situation, not more than six bushels in a pit. covers them with straw, and theft with earth two or three feet In greater bulk they may ferment, fie says that the great error is late planting and late harvesting: all kinds should be planted very early, and all should be dnr as soon as the growth is completed. Stiuw Bonnets In 1817, when straw bonnets first became general, it was common to trim them with bunchs of artificial wheat or barley in ear, on which the following lines were written: Who now of threatening famine dnrn complain, When every female forehead teems with erain! See how the wheat sheaves nod amid ihe plumes, Our barns are now transferred to drawing-rooms; And husbands who indulge in a-tive lives. To fill their granaries may thrash their wives. To Writers. Never r.x-press what you should sup pretsi nor nr.-press what you should F.x-press. Com-prcs your ideas into as small a space as may be, and you will never need to press others to listen to you; neither will you op-press them with the length of your dis. course; but you will m-press them with the wisdom of your remarks. Thus you will never DE-jiress the spirits of your readers. 'What do you call an impression?' asked a young lady of a typo. 'This,' said he kissing her, "beautifully registered too.' 'Then take that as a token of thanks,' she replied, slapping him in the face. Pray don't batter my form,' begged poor typo. Then keep it Hacked up,' retorted the miss. Saving Fuel. Paddy, when toll a stove would save Just half his usual fuel, Replied, "Arrah then, two I'll have, And save it all my jewell." SoMETnmo for TnB Typos. " of my existence give me wv-'s" said the printer to his sweet-heart. She Immediately mdae a at him, and planted her between his ii.. "Such, an outrage," said Faust, looking ft at her her, "is without a ." A miser in Altona gave an entertainment to a few friends. When the juice of the grape had evaporated, he waited on a justice, and begged to be committed to prison on a charge ol having robbed himself often dol lars,' . ' . " ' A good way to manage a gun that has been loaded a long time, and which you don't tike to,fire, for fear of a burst, or a, breach of the piece it is to leave it out doors at night. It will be pretty sure to go off before morning. - ' . . .. . Col, Bentoo. Col. Bento'' has entirely lost the hear ing of one car, and suffers from a disagreeable sensa- ,ilon iii-it," '" :""' ' '''' . v. "i': '; ----- Whissery in a Ilufli Mu. Gaylorp, who for a short period labored as a Minister in the Univcrsalist faith, but who has recently -ntcrcd into the study ot Jaw, was recemly invited by the whigs of Hamilton to address their Clay Club, he said he was willing to make an address, but not being in favor of Clay for President, he feared what he should say might not prove pleasant he had left the whig ranks and was in favor of the principles and the men of the democratic party. And such a deluge of abuse and billingsgate as the good whigs let forth upon the young man has seldom been witnessed. That's Whlg- gery, all over. Mr. Gaylord is one of the most promising j-oung men in Ohio. His eloquence is surpassingly bold, chaste and attractive, and his mind well cultivated. Having investigated thehistory and the principles of parties, his own instinct told him that he was by nature a democrat. Honorable and candid and sincere, could he hesitate to join the ranks that battled for the cause he believed was right Go ahead, friend Gaylord "press onward" here's our hand strangers we are, but we know you welU A thorn in its vitals has Hamilton Whiggery! Cin. Enq. HENRY. CLAY'S DUELS. ''TIIOO SHALT NOT KILL." ' BY AMOS KENDALL. Dialogue between a Deacon and his Minister on the sub-. ject oj 'the Presidential Election. Deacon I come to advise wilh you as to the course which, as a Christian I ought to pursue in the next pre sidential election. Minister Well, what are your difiicultiet.1 Dea. I am a true Whig, and I hope I a true Chris tian. In 1828 I was much inclined to vote for General Jackson on account of the great services he had render ed the country, but you advised me that, as a true Chris tian, I could not do so, because he had set at defiance the laws of God and man by fighting a Duel. The Whigs now present us a candidate for the Presidency who has fought two duels, and been an accomplice in a third. What am I to dol Min.l have heard that Clay was duelist, but have never inquired into the particulars. Dea. I have; for I thought it my duty to do so when called on to put him at the head ol the nation to see the laws faithfully executed. Shall I give you the particu lars? Min. Go on. Dea. Here is a "Biography of Henry Clay" written by his particular friend, George D. Prentice. At page 30 we are told he accepted achallange from Col. Da viess; but it was adjusted. At page 45 is an account of his first duel. Here are the words of the Biographer viz. "Mr. Clay brought a resolution before the house the Kentucky House of Representatives that each member for the purpose of encouraging the industry of the coun try, should clothe himself in garments of domestic man ufacture. This resolution called into exercise all Mr. Marshall's talents of vituperation. He denounced it as the project ol a demagogue, and applied a variety of ep ithets to its auihor which no parliamentary rules could justify. Mr. Clay's language in reply was probably of a harsh character, and the quarrel proceeded from one stage to another, till accoiding to the laws of honor, which every Kentuckian of that day was taught to rev erence, no alternative remained to Mr. Clay, and he was required to challange his antagonist. The chal lange was accepted. The parties met, and the first shot was exchanged without other effect than a slight wound to Mr. Marshall. On the second or third trial, Mr. Mar shall'sbnll gave Mr. Clay a slight flesh wound in the leg, and the seconds now interfered and prevented a con tinuance of the combat." This account is given by a friend and apologist. But it shows that Mr. Clay was the challanger and that twite or !hrier, he deliberately attempted to take avaj the life of his fellow man. Min. But does not the Historian sny Mr. Clay has repented of this early criinel Dea. lie says "we have no doubt, that Mr. Clay er red in this affair with Mr. Marshall, and it is said that he himsclflooks back to the incident with disapproba tion and regret," If there had been any sincere repent ance it would have shown itself in his subsequent con duct. So far from that, some seventeen years afterwards he publicly proclaimed his determination to commit the same crime if he could find an antagonist, and the nex year did commit it! Min. Let us have the particulorsl Dea. Prior to Ihe election of President by the House of Representatives in 1825, it was charged in a inter pub lished in Philadelphia, purporting to be written by a member of the House, that Mr. Clay had bargained to Tiake Mr. Adams President on condition of receiving preferment at his hands, whereupon Mr. Clay publish ed a card in the newspapers wh cli concluded as follows: viz. " proiumnce the member, whoever he may be, a, BASE and INFAMOUS CALUMNIATOR a DASTARD AND A LIAR, and if he dare unviel himself and avoic his name, I will hold him responsible, as I here admit my self to be, to all the laws which govern and regulate the con duct of men of honor. H. CLAY." Mr. Clay was then Speaker of the House of. Repre sentatives, and it was from that high station that he thus hurled defiance at the laws of God and man, shocking all the moral and religious feelings of this great na tion. ; Min. But no Duel grew out of that, I believe. . , Dea. No; but it was not in consequence of any re traction or repentance on the part o( Mr. Clay, as the e vents of the next year amply demonstrate. Min. Go on. . Dm Mr. Adams was elected President by the aid of Mr. Clay's vote and influence, and appointed . Mr. Clay Secretary of State. . In a speech in the Senate at the nxt session of Congress, John Randolph character ized this coalition of known political enemies, os the u nion of the ('Eastern Puritan with the Western Black leg." Mr. Clay immediately sent him a challenge Mr. Clay's Biographer has not thought proper in the text of his Work, to give us any account of this Duel; hut in the newspapers of the dayf I find the following of ficial account of the meeting: viz.. , "On Saturday, the 8th April, at half past four o'clock a meeting took place between Mr. Cby and Mr.' Ran- dolph upon a call of the former in conseqtiehce of cer tain expressions used by the latter in a recent debate in the Senate, which Mr. Clay considered ofleiisive, and applied pefsowlly to him. "Mr Randolph was attended by Col. Tatnall, of Geo gia, andMajor Hamilton ol South Carolina. Mr. Clay by Gen. Jessup of the Army, and Mr. Johnson of Lou siana. "The parties met on the ground exchanged saluta tions, and took their stations. "The Pistol of Mr. Randolph, which was suspended by his side; went off. It was perceived to be an acci dent, and so pronounced by" Mr. Clay; immediately however, upon the report ol the Pistol, Mr. R, turned to Col. T. and said: "I told yon so." Col. T. then turning to Gen. J. observed, "Sir, the fault ismine Mr. R. pro tested against the use of the hair trigger, it was at my express instance the hair was sprung." Another pistol was handed to Mr, R. The parties resumed their sla- ions and exchanged shots without effect. "Immediately after the report of the pistols, while Col T. and Gen. J. were reloading, Col. Benton of Mo. rode up, and united with Mr. Johnson and Col. Hamilton in an effort to stop the affair, which proved ineffectual. The parties again took their stations, and the word be ing given, Mr. Clay raised his pistol and fired, and the ball passed through Mr. R's clothes. Mr. R. reserved his fire holding his pistol perpendlculary up said, "I do not fire at you, Mr Clay,' and discharged his pistol in the air. He added, "it was not my intention to have fired at you at all; the unfortunate circumstance of my pistol going of accidentally, changed my determination.1 At this instant, Col. Benton came up and said "Yes, Mr. R. talk me so expressly, 8 days ago." The parties simultaneously approached towards each other, both with extended hands Mr. R. remarking, "Sir, I give you my hand," which was received by Mr. Clay; and the affair thus happily closed." Min. But look here; Mr. Clay's Biographer in his Appendix, page 292, notices this duel, and says Mr. Clay "regrets this incident." He gives an extract from Mr. Clay's address to his lellow citizens soon after the duel, in which he says "I owe it to the community to say, that whatever heretofore I may have done, or, by inevitable circusmtances, maybe forced to do, no man holds in deeper abhorence than I do, the pernicious prac tice of duelling. Condemned as it must be, by the judg ment and philosophy, to say nothing of the religion, of every thinking man, it is an affair of feeling, about which we cannot, although We should reason. The true corrective will be found, when all shall unite, as all ought to unite, in its unqualified proscription." Dea. 1 had observed that passage and reflected Upon it. I will endeavor to give the views it suggests.- - 1. To kill in a Duel is MURDER by the laws of God and man. 2. According to Mr. Clay's reasoning, murder of this sort is to be excused because it is "an affair of feeling.' Otherwise he is without excuse. 3. All malicicious murder is "an affair ol feeling," and is excusable on the same ground. 4. How can all unite "in its unqualified proscrip tion," when men like Mr. Clay, whom society recogni zes as its leaders, apologize ior the crime and persist in committing ill 5. So.far from promising reformation in this address, Mr. Clay, avows that he "maybe forced" to fight a gain. What is his "deeper abhorence" worth his avow al on his llust 6. Is it not the surest way to arrive at that "unqual ified proscription" which Mr. Clay says is "the true corrective," tor "alF' to "unite in the unqualified pre. riplwn," from the high oflicesof the country, of all who are guilty of this awful crimel Min.l believe the blood of no murdered man is up on Mr. Clay's head. Dea. I am not certain of that. But be that as it may, it is no apology for Mr. Clay that he did not succeed in his murderous design. The reason why the blood ol Randolph does not rest on his head, is thus lightly given by his Biographer, Pages 299-300: viz. "In due time the parties fired and luckily for both o! them, or at least for Mr. Clay, Mr. Randolph's life was saved by his gown. The unseemingly garment constituted such a vast circumference, that the locality ot "the thin and swarthy Senator" was at least, a matter of very vague conjecture. Mr. C. might as well have fired into the outspread top of an oak, in the hope of hitting a bird he supposed to be snugly perched somewhere among the branches. His ball hU the centre of the visiile object, but Randolph was not thereand ol course the shot did no harm and no good." This shows that if the blood of Randolph does not rest on Mr Clay's head, it is not for lack of malice or of deadly aim. Min. But you say you are not sure that the blood ol the murdered does not rest on Mr. Clay's head: What didyourelertol Dea. To the murder of Mr. Cilley in 1837. jVfja. Why, Mr. Clay, had nothing to do with that Dea. You are greatly mistaken. He was Mr Graves adviser from the beginning until he went out to fight, and was clearly an accomplice in the murder. jlf; What authority have you for that! flea The authority of Mr. Clay's particular friends and of Mr. Clay himself. You may remember, that Mr Graves ofKentucky was the bearer of a Challenge from James Watson Webb to Mr. Cilley for words spoken in Deiate. ' Mr. Cilley verbally declined accepting the challenge for reasons which were entirely satisfactory to Mr. Graves. But upon consultation with Mr. Clay, it was determined to require Mr. Cilley to put bis rea sons in writing, and to state among other things that he considered James Watson Webb a gentleman. This he refused to do, because he could not in conscience, and for not admitting that to be true which he knew to befalie, Mr. Graves challenged and killed him. And this he did under the advice of Henry Clay as I shall show. Her'is a letter from Mr. Clay to Henry A. Wise da ted Feb. 28. 1843, in wh ieh Mr. Clay says; " I did not know that Mr. Graves bore a note from Col. Webb to Mr. Cilley until after the delivery of the note and after Mr. Graves received from him a verbal answer. In that stage of the transaction, for the first time, Mr. Graves communicated the matter to me, and I congratulated Mm on the fact of that answer being per fectly satisfactory and such as to absolve bfm from all obligation to pursue the afl'air further." "On conver sing together, we both agreed that, to' guard against la Hire misunderstanding and misrepresentation, it was de sirable that Mr. Cilley shouTd put in writing what he had verbally answered. " i Upon this advice Mr. Graves required a written slate" ' ment from Mr. Cilley containing a concession tha ' Webb was a gentleman; and nol being able toobtain It, he returned to Mr. Clay for further counsel. In refer. en ce to what then passed, Mr. Clay say in the same ' letter: "When on the day preceding the Duel, Mr. Graves in company wilh you, came to my room, I was infor med that he had determined to challange Mr. Cilley, & " he showed me the challange which he had drawn. Up on reading it, I thought it closed the door to all accomo- ' dation, staled that objection ahd sketched a draught in ' my mm handwriting which would admit of ah amicable '1 adjustment." ThisdVaughtin Mr. Clay's own handwriting,' was copied by Mr. Graves and sent to Mr. Cilley. It was ' jn the following words: viz. Washington' City, Feb. 23, 1837. Hon. J. Cilley; - r; ' As you have declined accentinr a commnmVaiinn which I bore to you from CoK Webb, and as by youf ' note of yesterday you have refused to decline on grounds wijitu wuuiu exonerate me irom ail responsibility grow-, ing out of this affair, 1 am left no other alternative but to ask that satisfaction which Is recotmlsed amnti? mn. tlemen. My friend, Hon. Henry A. Wise, is authori zed by me to make the arrangements suitable to the oc-' casion. Your obedient servant, . . . , W. J. GRAVES. From abatement published by Messrs. Wise and Jones (the seconds) after the duel, It appears that Mr.. Jones statedto Mr.. Wise (when Mr. Cilley accepted, the challange,) that he "was authorized by Mr. Cilley to say, that in declining to receive the note from Mr.' Graves, purporting to be from Col. Webb, he meant no disrepect to Mr, Graves, because he entertained for him. then, as he does now, the highest respect and the most kind feelings; but that he declined to receive the note be-, cause he chose not to be drawn into any controversy with Col. Webb." Yet, after this second disavowal of any disrepect to Mr. Graves, was this duel pushed, under the advice of Mr. Clay, to a fatal termination. But this was cot Ihe last of Mr, Clay's agency. Ho was duly informed of the acceptance of the challengo written by him, and of the arrangement to fight with tha he deadly rifle. In the same letter he says: !' My belief is, that I never saw the terms according to which the combat was to be conducted, prior to tho duel, although I think they were stated and explained tf me, probably by you." (Mr. Wise.) . , That he was in possession of all the particulars, is proved by the statements of Charles King and Reverdy Johnson, Esqrs. published by Mr. Clay himself, ia which the former says, Mr. Clay showed them the-. pa pers,but the latter says: "At neither interview were wo shown the writteh challenge and acceptance orthetemw of the duel, but had them explained to us only by Mr. Clay." ,., ,' By Mr. Clay's own evidence, therefore, it appears, that he advised the written correspondence which led to the duel; that he drew the challenge; and that be knew the terms on which they were to fight Min. Well, when he knew thai the parties had ar ranged to commit mutualmuraer, did he not invoke tho power of the law to prevent itl Dea. So far from, that, he directly refused to do so! In the letter already referred to, Mr. Clay says: "Be ing the friend of Mr. Graves, I could not invoke the au thority of the police tn prevent the duel." His friends, Messrs. Charles King ahd Reverdy John, son, concur in stating, that on their urgent appeal to Mr. Clay to aid in arresting the duel, Mr. Clay replied in substance, "that we saw how he was situated. Mr.' Graves had consulted him. He ought tot, he said, to have been consulted; but having been, the honor of his friend who was the challenger, might be compromised by any advance on his (Mr. Clay's) part to arrest the progress of the affair." These gentlemen found Mr Graves with Afr. Clay ori that occassion, it being past six o'clocx in the evening, and early the next morning the awful murder Was con summated almost in sight of the Capitol! ';'ti- Mr Clay says, he did not expect the duel to be fought the next day, because Mr. Graves had hot at that time procured a rifle; but Mr. Clay,s colleague from Kentuc ky in the Senate, and one of his particular friends in the House, borrowed one about twelve o'clock at night with which the fatal deed Was consummated in the morning. Mr. Wise Who was Mr. Graves' second, has always, declared, that the Duel was caused by Mr. Clay's ad-; vice Which differed from his owtt; and Mr. Clay says in, his letters "J admit without any reservation whatever that on alt the points of the controversy respecting which he (Graves asked my opinion, I gave it to him freely, according to the. best of my judgement', It thus appears; That Mr. Clay helped to concert the murder: And, That when the plan was all complete, he refused to aid in arresting it Does not the blood of Cilley rest on Mr. Clay's head. Min. But Mr. Graves Was'Mr. Clay's friend, and he says he was bound to give his advice when asked. Dea. That may be; but can any man lawfully ad vise his friend to commit murdert Call any man, knowing that a murder was in contemplation, acquit himself of his duty to God and man without taking ef ficient steps to prevent itl With Mr. Clay, this was not "an affair of feeling" like his Duel With Randolph, He at least could "reason'' in this case. ' Min.-Is your case fully stated! ' ' Dea; No; I hare one point more. The ConatHufioiif ol the United States says: - r "For any speech or debate id either house, they (the. members of Congress) shall not be questioned in any other place." . . w , . , When Htnry Clay was appointed Secretary of Stat . in 1825, he took the following oath prescribed by law. in pursuance of ihe Constitution: TiJf. . - ; ", HENRY CLAY? do solemnly' trnar that 7 wilt support On Constitution of llie tfnitcd States; '- SO HELP ME GOD. , i- Yet the words for which he challenged and attemptel to kill John Randolph" vert spoken in debate in tin Sen ate of the United States. If Mf Clay had been a private citizen, this challenge Would have been a violation of the constitution; being Secretary of State, and ander oath to support that mstmnent, it was not only a Vio lation of the constitution, but his SWORN COVE" ' - vts