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.. t .. ( TERMS $1,75 to advance, $2,00 at the end, "Where Liberty Dwells there la my Country. ."Cicero. ah4 $2,25 after ths expiration jf the year BY MITCHENER & MATHEW& New Philadelphia, joveinber litis, 1844. Y0k5,:No-4UVIi0LEN0.252 t 4 V - THE I ' BY M. C. BILL. A I tat ont fair evening down by the lake aide, fTo' enjoy the tool breeze Irom its silvery tide As I at there and gazed on each beautiful acene-i On the opposite wood and the meadow ao green On, 'twas beautiful! yet, as I sat there alone, 1 thougnt, coold I heal trie tweet musical tone. And see thy mild eye as it glanced o'er the wave, Oh, merhought such a scene that an angel tu ig'rit crace. 'Twas a fairy-like scene, yet I could not but sigh. My soul was alcrte", flo kind glance met ray eye. 'Twas a fairy-like scene, 'yet I could not but grieve, For I beard not thy voice on that beautiful eve; ' to 1 grieved and I sighed till 1 slept; then I thought '' That I gazed on the worlds the Great Author had wrought,- 'Till my eye was soot drawn to a beautiful star, Wbiih blushingly twinkled in glory afar. As I gazed oh that star in its heajjjrjiy1 light, Methought it expanded more fair and more brightj Enraptured I gazed, and it changed as itgrew First tbjf beautiful eyes ere disclosed to my view; Then thy ''Why red iip',"' then the whole of thy form, Then my he a rl sndmy soul weft afl taken by storm; I advanced io embrace yea, 1 made a bold dash, And-fell into the water all over ketsplash! Cazenoma,N. Y. 1844. ' ; PELEG . PONDER; OR, THE POLITICIAN WITH.OT A SIDE. , BY JOSEPH C. NEAL. Behold Mfn. On he puxzlit over Hie returns of the State fcleetlon, In Wring in vain to willsfy Ills mind at to the result Of the approaching Presidential content. h is a euriotis thing an unpleasant thing a very embarrasing sort of thing bUt tt'e truth must be told; if not at all times, at least some times; andjruth now compels the declaration, that Peleg W. Ponder, let him travel in any way, cannot arrive at any conclusion. He never had one of his own. He searcely knows a con clusion, even if he should chance to see one belonging to other people. And, as for reaching a result, he would never be able to do it, if he could stretch like a girafle. Results are' beyond his compass. And his mis fortune is perhaps hereditary, his mothers name having been Mrs. Perplexity Ponder, whose eaithly career came to an end, while she was in diibfta'iion as to which of the; various physicians of the place should be calleo. in. If there had been only one doctor in town Perplexity Ponder might have been saved. But there were many; and what cou d perplexity do in such a ease? Ponder's farther was ran 6ve by a wagon, as he flood debating with himself, in the middle of the road whether he should escape forward, or retreat backward, There were two methods of extrication, and between (hem both old Ponder became a victim. How then could their worly son, Peleg, be expected to' arrive at aeMMWrsfonf He ft vef doe's. Yet, for one's general' comfort and particular happi ness, there does not appear NT be any faculty more desi rable than the power of "making Cfp t&e mind?' Right 6r wrong, it saves a deal of waf and tear; and it pre sents ah infinite variety of trouble. Commend As to the individual who closes upon propositions like a nutcrack er5, whose promptness of way lias a sledge-hammer way with it, and nits" hails continually on the head Genius may may be brilliant talent commanding; but Vhatis genius of what is talent, if it lack tha which we may call trie clinching faculty if it hesijates, veers and flutters surfers opportunity to pass, and stumbles at occasion1! To reason well is much, no doubt; but reason loses the race, if it sits in meditation on the fenee when competition rushes by. . Under the best' of circumstances, something must be left to nnz'ard. fneft' is a chance in all things. No man can so calculate adds in the affairs of lile as to en sure a certainty. The screws and linchpins necessary to our purpose have not the inflexibility ol a fate; yet they must be trusted at some degree of risk. Our can dle may may be put out by a puff of wind on the stairs let it be sheltered ever so carefully. Betsey is a good -cook-and yet beef steaks have been jlroAicrtve of stran- . gulation. Does it then follow from this, that we are never to go to bed, except in the dark, and to abstain from breaking our fast until dinner is announced) Cm may pause and reflect too. much. There mus be action, conclusion result, or we are a failure, to all Intents and purposes self-cOhfessed lailure defunct from the beginning; And such was th' case with Peleg W. Pbhder, who never arrived at a coneldsibh, or con trived' to'reach a resirU. Peleg is always1 "stumped" , fce "don't know' what to thirilf" "he can't tell what to ay" an unfinished geritlemah, with a mind like a dusty garret,- full as it were of rickety furniture, yet no-thing'serviceable-broken backed chairs- three legged fables; pitchers without a handle; cracked decaliters and fractured looking-glasses,-ihat museum of mutilations, fi wkfch' housewifery rejoices, yndef the vague, but . lever-realized hope that these lhMgs may eventually come in play." Peleg's opinions lie about the work shop of his brain, iii every stage of progress, but the last . chips,, sticks and sawdust enough,, but no article rea dy to send home. . 1 Should you meet Peleg in the Street with "Good mor ning; Peleg' bow do you find'yonrsell to-day?" "Weltt-I don't know exactly-I'm pretty no, not very ' pray, how do yoU'do you"; yoursein" Now,. if a man does not know- exactly, or nearly, how Be is, after being up for several hours, and having had abundant time to investigate ihe circustances of his ' oase, it is useless to attempt it with Peleg. "How do ydu you do," puzzles himhe is fearful of being ; ysh, and and of making a reply which might not, beTully justified by after reflection. His hel'd rrmy be about to ache, and he has other snpiciourfeelings.. , ' "People are always-asking me how 1 do, and more than hall the time, 1 can't HI; there's a good many different sorts of ways of feeling beiwixt and betweem very sick; 1 tharrk yortf and half dead, I'm obliged to you;' and people won't stop tcr hear you explain the : matter. They want to know riyht sntacWj when you don't know right smacfc-ymitself. Sometimes you feel . thing a coming; and jnst titer you feel things a-going ' , And nobody's exactly prime "alBhe while. 1 ain't, any Kow; I'm kinder so; just now, and I'm sorter toiher way just after. Then;, same people tell you that you look very welj, whtn you'dc-n-'l feel very well; how then!" At fable, Peleg is not exactly sure what he will take; nd sits looking slowly up and down (he board, delis ting what he would like, until the rest of the company have finished their repast, there being ollen nolhiig leu which suits Peleg's hesitating appetite. ' , Peleg has never married; not that he is averse to the connubial state; on the contrary, he has a large share of the susceptibilities, and is always partially in love. But lemale beauty is so various. At one time, Peleg is in dined to believe that perlectionjlies in queenly digUity the majesty b'ften empress fills his tirfe'aihj and he looks down with disdain upon little people. He calls them squaby,' in derogation. But anon in a more domestic mood, he thinks of fireside happiness and quiet bliss, declining irom the epic poetry of loveliness, to the household wile who might be disposed to bring him hi slippers and to darn the hole in his elbow. When in the tragic vein, he fanbies a brtlnette; and when the sun shine is on his soul, blue eyes are at a premium. Should woman possess the lightness of a sylph, or should her charms be of the more solid achitecture! Ought her countenance to beam in smiles, or will habit ual pensiveness be the more interesting! Is sparkling brilliancy to be preferred to gentle sweat ness? "If there was'nt bo many of them, I should'n be so bothered," said Peleg; or if they all looked alike a man couldn't help himself: But yesterday, I warned this one, to-day, I want that cne; and how can I tell,- it 1 should get this or that or t'other, that it wonldn't soon be somebody else that I really wantedl That's the dif ficulty. ' It always happen's so with me. When the lady's most courted, and think's I ought to speak out, then I begin to be skeered, for fear 1 haue made a mis take, and have been thinking I loved her, when I did'nt May be its not the right one; may be she wont suit, may be I might do better, may be I had better not veuture at all. I wish there was not so many "may bes" about everything, especially in such affairs. I,ve got at least a dozen unfinished hetotships on hand already." But all this happened a long time ago; and Peleg has gradually lost sight of his' fancy for making an addition to his household. Not that he has concluded: even to remain a bachelor. He would be alarmed at the bare mention of such an idea. He could not consent to be shelf'd in that decisive manner. But he has subsided ed from active "looking around in pursuit of his object into that calm irresponsible snbmissiveness, character istic of the somewhat elderly bachelor, which waits un til she may chance to present herself spontaneously, and "come along" of her own' accord. "Some day- some day says Peleg; "it will happen some day or oth er. What's the use of being in a hurry!" Peleg- W. Powder's great object is now ambition His personal affairs are somewhat embarassed by his lack of enterprise; and he hankers greatly tor an office. But which side to join) Ay, there's the rub! Who will purvey the loal and hshl For whom shaft Peleg shout! Behold him, as he puzzles over the returns of the State Election, laboring in vain to satisty his mind as to the result in the Presidential contest. Stupefied by figures perplexed b contradictory statements bothered by by the general hurrah; what can Peleg do? "Who's going to winf That's all I want to' know,' exclaims the vexed Peleg; I don't want to waste my time a blowing out hi the wrong person, and never get a thankee. . What's the use ol thatl There's Simp kins says 1 Sfmpkins, says I, which is the parly thai can't be beat1) . And Srmpkins turns up his nose and tells me every fool knows that; it's his side; so I hurrah for Simpkin's side as hard as I can. But then comes Timpkin's Timpkin's side is t'other side from Simp kin's side, and Tirhpkins offers to bet me three levies that his side is the side that can't be beat. Hurrahl says I for Timpkin's side! and then 1 can't tell which side. , "An for the newspapers, that's worse still. They not only crow all round, but they cypher it out so clear, that both sides must win, if there's any truth in the cyphering book; which there isn t much about -election times. What ttf be done? I've tried going to all the meetings I've hurra'd for every body; I've been in all the processions, and I sir a liule while every evening in all sorts of bead quarters. 1' ve got one kind of documents in one pocket, and (other kind of docu ments in t'other pocket;' and as I go home at night, I sing one sort of song as loud as lean bawl,, half ihe way, and try another sort of song the rest of the way, just to split the difference and show toy impartiality. I1 I only hatfivro1 votes,- a couple of 'em how nice it woudbe. . ' -- v. ' "But the best thing'tliat can be ddtie now, I giiefas my character is established both ways, istojum in qui etly till the row is all over, Nobody will miss me when they're so busy; and afterwards, when we know abou' it, just look for Peleg W. Ponder as he comes down the street, shaking people by the hatd, and saying how we have used them up. can't say so now, or I I would fof J1 am hot perfectly dure yet which is 'we,l or which is 'them.' Time enougn wnen tne election over." ' ..,;.'., It will' thus be seeh'that Ponder is a remarkable per son. Peter Schlemibl lost his shadow and became mem orably unhappy in consequence; bufl what was his misfortune when compared that of a' man who has no sidel What are shadows if weighed against sides! And Peleg is almost afraid that he never will be able to get a side, so unlucky has he been heretofore, Hebeginst to dread that .both' sides rhay be e'cf'e'ated;' arid then, let us ask, what is to become of him! Must he starid a side! ' ; ' ':''! ''- : . "' O Here a re ', beautiful sentences from the pen' of Coleridge. Nothing can be more eloquent noising i more true:' . ' : "Call not that' man wretched, who Whatever else he suffers as' to pain inflicted, or pleasure denied, has a child for whom he hopes, and' on' Whom he doles. Poverty may grind him to the dust, obscurity1 may cast il darkest mantle over him, his voice may be unheeded by ijtse among whom he dwells, arid his face may be unknown to his neighbors; even pain.;may rack (lis joints, and sleep flee from his pillow bui he has a gem with which he, 'would not part for wealth defying com putation, for fame rnlin'e'world'sear, or for the swisetest Meep that ever fell on mortal'eeye. THE TRUE NOBILITi. Lalor, jntiustryd virtue, bo hand In hand. Idleness aftd leisure lead to wicltedness, imoraliiy anil vice. Down with aristocra cyall aoblliiy, save the nobili y of Ime virtue and iitnesl industry. Toil, either of the brain, the heart, or ithe harjd, is the only irue manhood; ihe.onlylrue nobility HORRIBLE INHUMANITY. CRUEL TREAT ' MENT OPA SAlLOlfcV ', Edward Shrewsberry, a seaman on board the whale ship Martha; on a recent voyage,' recovered $l(k) of Joseph T. Wheldon, the Captain, Jot- cruel treatment. The plaintiff was confined oti days in irons in the lure hold, and was repeatedly flogged... , .According to the N. V. True Sun, Captain Wheldon is a perfect brute. "When about to flog this sick sea man, ihe captain took oil his cout rolled up his sleeves tied his suspenders around bis waist, and told his help less but undismayed victim that he intended to give !uui something by which he should remember him to the uay ot his death. This threat be accomplished to ihe let ter the young man exhibited the lngiiiiui bears io tbe jury; aud when the dauntless but iiubeito respecuui sanor told him, "1 have a record of your ireaiuieub Capl. Wheldou, in black aud while," Hie urule lepatj, 'I'll put it down, U d d n you, iu black and red. I'll give you the Victoria snipes, you d d English ;" and after giving him six or seven lashes, every one of which cut to the quick, aud stiii the blood spout ing ail over hitn, he would taunt him wiiU 'bow do you like that, eh U d d n you.' '1 his beautiiui exeirr pliucaliun of human nature ennobled and diguitied Willi absolute power uu board a whaler, was continued, ac cording to the lesiuuouy of some ol the witnesses, lor an Hour aud a hall; aim accoidiug to all ol theui, ' until tne sick man hung, moaning wiia agony, us il dying, and linally faiute4 awy in tue rigging. . but it was noi tu this man alone thai the lieiid'uiiecied bis diabolical ina- ice; tne whole crew were treated iu a similar manner throughout the voyage; a period ol ihiee or luur years. At Madagascar, Udward Ureble was flogged severely with a rope, on the bare back. ' He was seized up to the main rigging on the star-board side of the" ship. lie was beaten with a piece ol the top-gallaui-btace; three, quarters ot an inch thick, lie Was beaten .until he was senseless; he hung by his wrists, his back was much hraied, and in a wietched contliugn;. jie, was black and blue irom the waist to the crown ol his bead.. .. " A mulatto boy ou board asncq the captain for some thing to eat; saying he was hungry Ihe captain kicked him about the deck, beat him severely and sent hnu up to the top gallan t cross-trees keeping him there dui ing a severe rain storm irom 13,-at noun .until 5 o'clock in the afternoon. He Wa3 men called by Captain Whel don, who ordered a gun to se handed alt from the waist, ordered him to strip off all his clo.hing, lashed him with his belly on the gun, hands and feet lied close to the gun and ordered all the foremast hands to snike him three blows each, with an oak stave, and lurbid him ever a'ite going into the forecastle. ,c -The same boy was severely used the night previous- to the ship's arrival "off Sandy Huk.' , YANKEE3 IN ENGLAND. Ths London Corres pondent of the Atlas thrrs writesr - A Yankee has opened a siore here far the sale ol various articles of American manulacture. The staple article is clocla, .but an article entirely new and in grei.1 demand here is the American Rocking Chair. The Yankee has" a flaming handbill out, puffing his rucking chairs, and speaking most eloquently of their having been recommt-nded by Washington Irving in his stery of Rip Van Winkle or Some other work; but I am not able to give you the important particulars o'n the sub ject, not having had lime tn peiu.se the whole bill. By the way, tfre is no use to talk about "Yankee tricks," for I "calkulate" the English have got theireye teeth cut, and are up to' dodge or 16'' that beats the Yankees high and drv. An American bad a capital trick played upon bun in' this town last weelr, As he was walking up Market street, a biul? looking English sailor approached him, and in a half whi.per asked him if he wou'H like to buy some segars. The American observing the sly manner of the sailof, at once suspect ed that the segars were smitgglcd; arid not feeling very concsentious about cheating her majesty's revenue, he told the sailor he would" like some if he could get them cheap enough'. The sailer begged him tO'be cautious, and to follow' him to his bohr'ding honfee, but not to ex pose him for the' world. The sailor walked quietly ahead and the Yankee tried to look innocent, and follow- him apparently as unconcerned as if he was not about to made 20 by purchasing smuggled tobacco. They arrived at the sailoi's boarding house, and precautious turned, and the s'ailot dretf from under the Bed" twenty cases of prime Havannas. A box was opened; the Yankee tried a segar and pronounced it "first rate." The sailor offered him the lot for less 'than the duties would amount to, which arc enormously htgtron tobac co. The Yankee bought the rot, and that night had them cautiously taken to' his boarding house in a cab. The next morning, on opening-' a Case, he found them piled in Cro&ways, and in suh a mnnner that 120 se gars filled a case made to contain 2501 But this was not the best part of the joke. The segars, with the ex ception of the case opened'' by tbe sailor, were "long nitiaa " anMi nhimBflp nH AnM 'tfMflftKflrhllGPttfl for a "penny a grab!" The Yankee was done out of some 20. He dared not apply for redress, and, it he had, it would have been hard finding the pretended sailor, for he was beyond question & "land shark," who?iad'nver been out of sight ot bis native shore in his life, and who merely assumed the seaman's garb -to accomplish his ends w'hich'he did to some purpose. ..; -J Thine, as ever, . - P. T. B. ; AntsTocacrJop WEAt,fH;-We very much fear tSere is growing up in this country arj aristocratic feel ing, fodhded on the most fleeting of all acquislons wealth. It is developing itself in a thousand ways, and in the most absurd mannen And what isinost singular. is, that the suddenly made rich; the most grossly igno rant, uneducated and vulgar df this class, 'make th most display, .and discover the least regard for the hum ble condition of Jile from which th'ey4 themselves ha ve emerged. -.' '1 ' EXT'REMissj At the very momerlt thafher majes ty, Queen Vicfbria was walking' on a gold embroidered scailet cloih, which was spread from the'.royal barge to; ihe can'inge,to keep her from touching the earth with ber royal feet, another woman a poor shirt maker- was sfandins before a mtiiistrale clainin? the aid of the law to force her remorseless employe!', to pay her fof making aMozen shirts, iltwpawhaif-penmj apiece! These two Womeh' are both tn the iiffege of God, and God of justice will a list judje beltfCen thorn-! THE TEXAS MISSION.-The Nashville Union, of the 15th inst. saysi , , ' . ., . f - . 1 ' "Major "Donaldson leaves his 'plantation, near the Hermitage, to day proceeding overland to the Missis sippi river, on his way to the Texan capital; and we cannot but participate in tbe painful emotions with which the word "farewell" will be exchangee1 between himself and his venerable patron, jrlcnd and relative, "the sage of the Herni itage " In view of the advanced age of General Jacksqp, it is more than probable that they may never meet again. A relationship next to that of father SM son, if Indeed, it be sot equally near assured .hat nothing short ot a sense of duly t, A J countiy could have induced an acceptance of the mis sion. Nor, for this patriotic reason, wottla the aqkd vKTBfuN advise him to decline it. , "The diplomatic agency ol this Government in Tex as is, at this moment, the most important mission a- broad although it ranks with those ot the second class, its high and important duties require the talents of one every way qualified for the first foreign mission on the globe. We congratulate the administration on having been able to secure the services of one so eminently qualified in all respects for the station, " whose tho rough knowledge of tbe relations subsisting between the two Countries, and whose intimate acquaintence with the prominent statesmen ot thfr? find that Government win place mm tn tne enjoyment ol advantages which cannot fail to secure to us the most desirable results." NEW EDITION OF THE HOUSE THAT JACK. BUILT. BY 0. F. L, DETROIT. V-ailtd Slates Treasnry.: This is the house that Jack built. Public Deposits. This is the malt that lay in the house That Jack built. Nick Biddle, . . This is the rat that eat the rha'lt That lay in the house That Jack built. , Oen. Jackson. This is the cat that caught the rat' .. That eat the malt , That lay in the house That Jack built. , Federalism. . . i This is the dog that worried the cat . That caught the rat. That eat tbe malt That lay in the house ' That Jack built. The People. This the cow with a crumpled hdrnf That tossed the dog That wonied the iat That caught the rat That eat the malt That lay iu the house That Jack built. Hard Cider and Beef Hurra of 1840, 1 ilia is uic luaiucu an iu ijuiu That milked the cow. with a' trampled horn! That tossed the dog That worried tie cat That caught me rat That eat the malt That lay in the house' That Jack built. Henry Clay. This is the m in all tattered and torn Tliat milked the cow with a crumpled horn1 That tossed the dog That worried tne cat1 That caught the rat . Thai eat Ihe malt That lay in the house That Jack buili Frclinghiysen. - . This is the priest all shaven and shorn . That married the man all tattered and torn ' Unto the maiden all forlorn That milked the cow with a crumpled hern' That tossed the dbg' " That worried the cat That caught the rat That eat the malt ' That lay in the house . That Jack built, yj Democratic Trivmph in 184T. , , ' 1 This is the cock that crowed, in the morn That awoke the priest all shaven and shorn That married the man all tattered' and torn Unto the maiden all forlorn ' That milked the cow with a cromjiledliom' That tossed the dog ' " That worried the' cat ..... That caught ihe rat ,' : k . That eat Ihe malt That lay in'the house - ' V ' That Jack bui v ' "' ' PnOBADL dly. The following language is ascribed to i of Richmond while1 Governor of the Canadas, the Duke of Richmond! while Governor ot the Panadas, and is repor ted by Mr. H. G. Gates, of Montreal, who was presfnt when it U was uttered: " The Duke a short time prior to his death, in speaking of the Govirnment dfthe United Stales, said: "It watt Veak, inconsistent and bad, and could not long exist- It will be destroyed, nought not, and will not be permit, ted to exist; for many and great are the evils that have .originated from the existence ol that government Tbe curse.of the French Revolution, and subsequent wars and commotions in Europe, are to be attributed to '.example, tind so long as it exists, ho prince will be saff upon his throne; and the sovereigns of Europe are aware erthan hispolaf, arising undoubtedly ftom the son's at ofit, and they have ever determined upon its destruction; traetion being constantly exerted so near Ms equator and havrcome loan understanding on Ihe subject, and never varyingTmuch more .than one degree.'. Ligh ,bave determined on the means to accomplish')!; and they decreases -as- tha squ'ar'e of the distance,, increases,-' will tmmtually Autctd tytvttcnimrtoqti&wtt. .therefore as rJupiter is five times.: farinet from Vaulting Aiumnon. An American; some time ago; admiring the statue ol Peter the Greaf, at St. Petersburg was desirous of getting on the back ol the hot e '-to he clambered over the railings and got np behind the and while comfortably sealed, was seen and dismounted I y ihe police, and fined 500 roubles. ' Upon complain- t ig on the enormity of the fine, he was coolly told if he vithed to ride with great men he must expect to pry a 've y high price; .: .' . INTERCEPTED-LETTERS. ' Tbe following jrt d'ipiril we Cd4 id the Burlingtod Democrat! ! ' " - ' ' ' ' No.L Ctu to Has t. ' ' ' : Dear Barry What tbe d 1 do you mean by pub. licly .disowning mel Your letter has turned all my cakes ta dougb, and spoiled the mOst beautiful schema that tver was invented. I was "doing" the abolitionists' finely, and had almost persQaded some of them that you" were the true representative of the ".liberty party," wneti your confounded letter was published in the newspapers; Nay, whilst at a public meeting in the act of proftng you an abolitionist "in principle," I was met with the- declaration, under your own sign taanuel, that 1 had served such treatment at your hands. When, at th shades at Ashland, in despairing accents, you exclaim' ed, "Help me, Cassius, or I sink!" although (heat- empt y&s almost hopeless; I plunged into the stormy ocean of politics, buffeting the waves of unpopularity: 1 little thought that this unkindest ctit of all" would ever come from him 1 sought to save. If you had by a ju dicious use oi the ambiguities of language, gently in. sinuated that, in some respects, I ''misapprehended your opinions," the meaning of your letter would have beeif succeptible of stlch an explanation here as would' have? satisfied our northern friends- while at the south a very different commentary might have been made from lha same text. But your unfortunate letter is a perfect stumper. It can't be made to reaa more man one wayj and whenever I speak, lam told yott have denounced mt ,a imposle r -The whigs destxust mej the Abo- lilionisls despise me; and the Locofocos laugh at me In short, my position has sunk to a level with your prospects: my schemes have failed; my hopes have died away; ray plots have been disconcerted; and in a few days (should I survive the lidicule which every where. attends my progress,) 1 shall return to Kentucky a wiser if not a better man, exhibiting to the world S me laneholyiusiance of disappointed hopes mortified vanity and unsuccessful ambition: : ' - f" CASSIUS. 2 ','. 1 - ' No. 2. Hkkry to Casiicf. .- ... . : . Dear Cassius. "Does your anxious mother know you're out!" 1 feel myself compelled to ask you this important question, on account of the extreme verdancy Uisplayed in your last communication.' Can It be pos sible that you, my friend arid pupil in the noble science iof electioneering, could for a moment have "miscon- i - ... ceived my views" in writing the letter of which you so bitterly complain! Are you not sufficienty "up to snuff" to know, 'that "circumstances alter cases," and that th letters of pnblic men, must always be shaped to' meet the exigencies ot the time! When you went as a mis sionary to the north for the purpose of whinning the sup port of the "liberty men" to our ticket, I .enteitimei strong hope that the object f your missfop. would lav been accbmplised without injuring the eause at no'me. But to use yoitr own expressive phrase, "all our cakes are tu-ned to dough,' aud the e'ltreme ardour with' which you wooed the Abolitionists lost me ten then sand votes at the south for every one it gained at the north. You wilT therefore see, that I was placed in a "fuliarly perple'iirnredicameQt" ( . Between the two stools ol slavery and abolition i was every moment! In danger ot falling to the gtouridj and ine rascally liOCOiocos looaea on wun a malicious giiu upon their countenances, rejoicing at my distresses', and laughing at my miseries. What, then' could I do! I felt that "stlf-preservaiion is the first law of nature." and I thWfbre cut you publicly, in order to prevent m southern friends from cutting me. Bat. be it understood between us, that though I have publicly disowned you; in private I entertain towards you the strongest feeling'' of gratitude, and admiration! In fact, my dear Castas though I don't feel disposed at present to brag upon our relationship, I consider yon a perfect trump, and if you will only play your cards a little more, discreetly, we shall hold the winning kand, and you' will receive from me, as a reward for your devoted service, a mission more pleasing and profitable than any which yon have hitherto undertaken. - , P. S. Our prospects are becoming gloomy. The "Star of the East" has been terrably pbscured. Though I have tried to seem "all things to all men," 1 fear I shalf be nothing to nobody. Cassius, console yourself in affliction by the reflection, that you have become a mar tyr to the cause of friendship! and remember, Whenever you see any of our friends a liule down at the mouth, to "congratulate them upon the result of lite August and September elections." v- : . .. .11 t , -1 JUFXTR . Do any of our readers wish to' lift (heir eyes abd minds above our earthly squabbles' for a short time! If they do then let1 them look towards the southeast a Uttle after sunset, and they will see a large bright star, of a silvery while. That star is JupHer, a planet enligbti' ened by our sun, Bui placed atthedistance of 490,000,000 ot miles from htm, so that the rays ol light which eme our eye from thatstar, travel about 900,0C0,(loO o'f mile, before they reach us. . which journey they perform in about one hour fiftytwo and a hall minutes, at the rtje 0f aDolU 100000,000 miles a minte to Ltthe rale of CO a minule, and, count count 900,000,000' Uuhe rale of CO a minule, and count 10 boors a day. wou reqUire68 years and 163 day's.'' Jupitei is 89,000 miles is diameter; ot he would make' 1400 globes, each equal in' sin to our earth. , He , is nearly in a perpendicular position, bis inclination being only 1 deg. 18m. 47s., so that the length ol' 'days and nights, and the climate-, are uearly uniform, from pale to pole, and at all times'. There can be no violen 'nrma tnr hnrrirane. as- lhe.w thinp ariM imm on a partofa planet being much more, healed than other' i'$ 'parts, which ffdin the position ol Jupitet .cannot be the case there. Hiseijnatorial diametei 000mUes gresi- I the son- than ' wis are, and as the square of fife -'iaf twenty five, 'hi quantity', ot , light ia tweh'ty-fiye-'' timea less' than ours. Heat, at ber' things beiogf' equal, decreases in the same ratio, but a more dense' atmosphere gr a planet co'inpo'sed of lighter materials," . both of which things are properties of the more' disJ , 'ant planets, may so modily heat, as to make Har-r' schel himself, at the dlstcnce of 18,00,000,000 of milea as comfortable a residence, tfbur planet at ihedistanc'