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ln H Aftantf Argus. THE COM-VlKRClAlT "advantages of an . ;. ' " NKXING TEXAS. . Tbe following communication Is from a gentleman wko kit atonl iK U.l ,Vhl nm In Jimm mi). f , - " - ..... - JV.I. . U UIUVIVUI C bV VI Mexico and Texas. He speaks from personal knowl edge ol the extraordinary fertility of the toil of Tuai, lOd of the commercial advantages, at well to Mexico Tcxaa tsJ (ha United Statu, that wast follow ami cable a nneiaiioiir ..-"-- f, Ala! EwT0t:--Tfc alkabtoTbing ioptei ol Texas annexation, that has occupied the attention ol Ih American people during the last year,' induces me to vaali i'fcw remarks from as exjperienr of seme years frt Mexico and TMtas. : . . :. : . Tha finat nnesiina. mwntmt In n In mnnexion wllh Jhe subject ft,' wit ta to be benefited by annexation tlie JJorth or the Sooth I aat brought to the irresistible tonclostaa that the notthern, or manufacturing States, ,r to be tat recipients of the greatest pecuniary ad vantage. .The North will bave the markets ol Texas pened to tbeif fabrics to the amounts ol $3,500,000 at ooeeysnd the employment of some filly sail of vessels ta do the carrying trade ol that country, which the. last tjear -was donrby that aumber of foreign bottoms. Let as, bow ask what effect would It tart hart upon . f4tA A mruriim n trmAm WitK ow lit 7 Trial corf rt A m art' .scan citix as, American manufactured articles and , mencan snips ocing scmom seen in me peruana .. cities of Mexico, there would not be a port or town in .tba great country visited without 'coming in eon. .lct .with one ot them. Whal eflect, let me ask, , would annexation hare upon the trade of Mexico 1 i -Most -clearly toexclude every other nation, from any .-considerable participctioa in it. Instead of England -sending her $33,000,000, and France her tlT.OOO.OOO, -.leaving the United States but , bare $2,900,000, the ,-cene would be changed. The United Steles would (furnish the. hole amount of manufactured articles rirowt-furnished by Britain and France, thus giving to the American merchant and increase in his business of t some $30,000,000 per annum m It is this, and the fear of these inevitable results; that .TauseslBriiiars and France to oppose the annexation of e Texas to the United States. Shall we not guard and I fcater the interest of our own commercial sons, to whom this great nation is iodebtedfor so much 1 Shall -their furtnses be controlled, ay I made and marred at v lie whim or caprice of our oldest and most uncom promising enemy, the European capitalist T- Tbefpeo- $)eo( this greahnation have said, in a manner not to be misunderstood, No ! And who shall gainsay their ver rsltett t It. will surely not be the manufacturer, ship owner, of merchant, of the northern and middle States. iThey areloo well known as intelligent" men to oppose .Joi important and advantageous a step. It will not, .'.most certainly, be the planter of the South. They are too proverbially intelligent and liberal in their opinions a taobject Upon the score of rendering- of less value their Id and sometimes wornout lands. ' Tbey do not wish to see a rival cotton and sugar-growing nation along : 'tide of them, and that nation under the control ol sche . nng Britons. Britain, she Who has expended millions of money to shake off her dependence upon them; by converting Lais, In spite ei. Nature's negative, into a .;- cotton-growing, country. And now, after her splendid y failures in India, she turns her longing eyes towards the , lair plains 61 Texas, where, according to tbe estimate , ol a very' distinguished American; there- aresktfated -iMte and bettereottcw rands than upon? aW tbe balance of the g'obe. It is to prevent England and Engl shmen from telling them we will not take your cotton, being able to get Irom our adopted child, Texas, all we re- ,. quire thati the Sooth desire annexation. The South haveooly to retain their present importance by annexa tion, whilst the Nsrth- wHr-flot only hare thrown into their bands the entire trade of Texas,. but, in addition, tvur-fidns nt that of Mexico. Is thia of no importance f (he North! Is St not of equal importance to tbe ' Whole nation 1 What but England's manufactures lives ho the control, as it were, of the commercial V world1 1 : What is the only cfieclfcupon her fdr ward and '' Insolent' ''srWe1 : Nothing but' her dependence upon these States lor. the raw material. She is aware of her dependence nrton-u, DdJthal it is that makes her so . - adverse to a JwuTHon wnv tbls-couatry To save her millions from elarwtfdn, she .has pot'srstained her ' ; wbmrl arrogance towards1 America. Let her, by her 3 remwercial treaties', keep tbeJnteresto ofTexas and (he Called States separated, and sowfyoo wilpsee her "okl from fine strain! Let her become enabled to stip 4 ply herself i(lv.oUons from Texas, and soon you will we her making adiMhction in favor of Texas staples. 1 iho almosKtMire -ewkisioncl like staples from the "United States, 'Next the 'Aracrioa shipping interest man receive k blow by onerous tonnogc-dulies and ' diriioittotfWg duties levied upon importations ' in Bri uinh over Unifed States bonomv" " hall w sit tsmely by and see those results brought i ' about 1 Give Britain and British interests the control - of this mattei) aiwtVthey will most assuredly arrive. - Kholl the Americana be told by a people 3100 tniles wway rom os, and not more -our friends than wolves are ( James: Yon slrttll Dot annex 'Texas; you have already tao much territory? ' And while she has a face n4 remonowwnceiurned toward us, her heralds are tell -1iof ometlgantie cohquest in the Bia'stj'behind her i 'lwckT Sairw be told these, ay,' more, than these thing,- 1f hypocritical and emting England; she so - anaioos to keep tbe balance of power equal only ex- 1- ospting when the balance shall accrue In her fa vor 1 What American (s theie who loves bis country, ay, his n whole toontry, wiH say nay to 'Aanneaiion-ofTes at ! It any, let him enlighten himself by a careful and 'taWld.triew of th subject in all Its bearirrgs. REi m'i t;')t .'' 1 ' 'ii, I . i .. Vast alio of JUondon. TRacitf pf"todonoi)ilnsover 10,000sts., courts, . anJalleys, l60,lX'hoiies-and public edi6ces, andnear . iritwo millions of inhrfbitan-tsv it covers a space ol 18 , soiare oule, and it is over tbity nilas 4n eiroumler. eoce. .In otfcrr wonls, it is morr;hn seven -limes- ns large o .iiy,i)4 New York. ""Tbe Sp(mH(vornmeot cost thirty milftbns of dol- Uft yeaaad -Istrbh the. greatest diflttury' that i, u m bt-rawort from-thffpeoplA The income of the Span - Wi blrewicWy s seV-My miHioWoHollnrs a year, and 8 ihiltdneom4- wholly exempt from taxation t Th(a I kiot beamy f Uie-"Churcfc and"' State sys- -It should te obaeiveft that on the second flay ot the meeting ol Congress, -Joiieph'H IitgwsolLlke orlrfj ajnbr fr ire fWu itb, an ve rrpiict, - of'hls Intention er rnrroduft a bill to amend the natural tt-itJoti law rif ttse-Uniieil res. ": : CorircUK!c( -Mr. Polk receSares precise! the same number of .Electoral Votes, one "-hijored -wnii seyen't J clsf Mhj VaA;.nrea)'teciyi.' to'iM,i"The jwbr t eeeoWil.'tujBt.l baa put thin- right . . , ,t ,.Tn imhr Ik ri MAion,' orweting, thatr no nrr I, sJm h lWwfiiaVWji3ltothe''f'hf iA -onffr; g; :afer POLK'S DECLARATION OF PRINCI PLES. Mr. Polk was addressed at Nashville by Mr. Niol. nlsoo, in behalf of the citizens, and maile an admirs ble, manly and patriotic reply which is reported as fbl towot-'- ' ' ' ' " I return to yin, sir, and to my fellow-citizen whose organ you are, my sincare and unteigned thank for this manifestation ot the popular regard and conn" dence, aw for '.he-eongratttlat kmt vhkb you have been pleased to express to in , jipon the termination and re sult of the fat' political contest. I am fully sensible that these congrataiations are aot, and cannot be per' sonal to myself. ' It a (he eminent success of our com mon principles Which was spread such general joy over tho land. " The poUliehi atrtwate tftrou'rft which the country bad just passed has keen deeply excilfog. Ex traoirtnary causes have existed to make it so. It has terminatedit is now oTer and I sincerely hope and believe has been decided by fue tobef and settled judg ment ol the American people1. In exchanging mutual congratulations with each other upon the result of the late election, tn Demo eratar party should remember in calmly reviewing the contest, that the portion ol our fellow-citizens who have differed with us in opinion'fcave equal political rights with ourselves; that minorities as well as majorities are entitled to' tlie full and free exercise of their opin ions and- judgments, and that the rights of all. whether of minorities oY majorities, a sd'ch, are entitled' td' equal respect and regard. In rejoicing, therefore, over the success of the Demo cratic party, and of their ptincipres, fn the late election, it should be in no spirit ot exultaiion over the defeat of our opponents, but it should be because, as we honest ly believe, our principles artd policy: are better calcula ted than theirs to promote the true interests of tbe whole country. In the posftibn in which I have been placed, by the voluntarily and unsought saffi ages eT 01 fellow-citizens, it' will become my duty, as it will be any pleasure, faithfully and truly (0 represent, in the Executive, de dartment, of the government, the principles and policy' of the jjreat'partr of- the country who have elevated me to It: but at the same time, it is propeYttiat I should de clare, that I shall not rega'ttl myself asrthe represerita live ot a party only, but of the whole people of the United States; and, I trust, that the folore policy of the Government may be snch, as to secu'e the happinsss and prosperity ol iu. without distinction of party. FREE BANKING, alias FREE SWINDLING. The whig majority in our Legislature are about to make one most important advance in the cause of free)-' don), 'fhey have a shuddering abhorrence ot the idea of free trade, but-free banking is all the go, and will doubtless be adopted in tin-pan, and registered on the statute books by the clerks of the two houses. Let those woo want to make money and bave no scruples about the means of so doing, keep on the look oat, and profit by the proverb, "make hay while the'sun shines.'' Any person can obtain the titles to land upon credit if they liave not money, and any person can obtain state stocks upon credit, or by sharing the spoils with a stock jo'-ber of Wall street. Any person therefore, can start a bank in this day of bank freedom. Where is the use in working for money when we can all make it our selves out of mere naoer and lamn black 1 The whie Legislature is about to emancipate man from the 'thraldom imposed upon hira by his Creator, requiring that he "should Cart his bread by the sweat kit his brow." But in the mean time don't forget to look ahead for breakers. Free banking in making-paper money, has never yet tailed to result in free swindling Ohio Statesman. 1 If" At Raleigh, N. C,Mr. Clay, during bis visit; from whence be fired that Texas gtra'which "Kicked back and kabcketthe owner over was presented with a splendid silk vest, and by the fair lady hands, too, that made it; lor which he aweetly re- ;urned graceful thanks, pledged himself to wear it on tbe day of his inaifgufatior, held it up to the witness ing crowd for the compliment of -their applause, and told tha people that twenty-two of. the States weuld vote for him so that be cocrid wear U. Does, not this vest of right belong to Mr. Polk?' It was presented, to be wem by thetext President; on the day of his inauguration, -it was only a sngnt error 01 ihe young lady, hr placing it in Uie keeping of tbe wrong mat.. NEW YORK 'SENATORS. ' . We were led into error by ourexe'nange papers Irf're- gard to the appointment! Messrs. Marcy arid Savage as Senntors from New York. We karn from the Al bany Aigus, that on Saturday afternoon, GoWBouck (ippointed the Hon. Henry A. Foster, U. S. SeflatoT, to supply , the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of (he Hon. Silaa Wright; and tha rlon. IJaBielK. JJictc- nson to supply the vacancy occasion by the resigna tfbn of the Hon; N P. Tallmadge., These vacancies caving occurred durjng the recess of the Legislature, (he Executive appoints, under tbe constitution of tbe United States;-Until . the action of tbe Legislator. Phila. Times-. ..W .. Hard Times. It is thought that the cry Of hard times now so universally prevalent among the whtgs, will gradually die a way as they pay up tbetr bets to the democrats. Lexington Gaz. The cry would die away ranch TSOoner if tbey could inly get clear of paying their bets to the democrats. 'Solitude," not sweetened. Submitting ene'sclaims to the Ohio Legislature for a seat in the United States Senate, and undergoing the Corioinizing process ol de- featt A clerevman in i neighboring town recently gave his audience notice to hold a meeting for the purpose of de ciding what color the church should be white washed. One aniont mke iv -Louis Phillippe, says the Punch, ha sent 'ovtr to the Grand Tuik a doll, worth 10,000 francs. We ars astonished atthisi .is we cannot see what France wants wilb another Arm , p(aador in Turkey. . 1 Reduce the Postage. A. resolution has been seen in trodueed in the Ohio Legislature instructing the Sena, tors acd Represen'atives in Congress from that State to vote fbi thednctlomBfthe prtem rates or postage. YlAn 11 inois editor says he la ely met a man who was carrying his hand in a sling; upoh who being io- tiittiredrt for- veason; replied that one of the candi- pates had iqueezea 11 so nam iut uc uou uu irau, M since. tJ-Itiswifttbata friend residing near New. York, hastentoutjrJjSOetO aid Father Mathew in hispre- nt difficuliies -, V . . . 'We are where tWy-evevStoure been. At the recetit eleetMin lav' 'Massachusetts, the towns irt Lexington Grmconl, an.lChatlestown' the soenen ofthe earliest Jennie lor American liberty , g tve Demoeratit ma jorl- MR. TWINTY.ElCIiTII CONGKESS, .,. SECOND SESSION. ..' VV-UISGT n, il.nnl Eiiing. ) v:: ' , . - Don, a. U4 J' " Col 3ro'j' The e w quite s dcu o slulton f uins 111 ill Sumi lii-Hny. ... f Tlx Clmir siiniiiim-ed lie a'amling eommittes. Mr Mnrh id nutria hli first iifjrinc e. Mustrs. Henry A. Foatersnd Dxiiiul S. Dik'nsnn; ap. jointed by' llis Guvorsor nf NmvY.uk, lo fill tho va liancies of Messrs. Wright a'rf IVlmvlgp, eia intro lurail ind qualified ' B til gond Dannie i';f" Mr. Atchison's re-tlicud fium Mi'so.j eredantial w-re rsid. Mr. Tiippfn said ihit lie was favored with the onm-mii-aioh tf prnsanting 10 the Sunite the new State Con tltution uf Iowa Tarrilary, S'td t mi miirial 01 lie ter ttitrial Lajiclnture p aying rlmt said Teiriiorv baad inittsd ai an inda;endanl State into iha Feilernl Un on Mr. Tappsn represen ed that l.uva had a fe-lera1 popula tiou of 83,000 a greater number than die Cnnttiiutinns requisition. The sulject was referred to the Juil ii iar cnmmMtee, and t'le papers were ordered lo tw printed All Imil the ymmg brido of tlm I'riirie!! We welcome our blooming vnunc sislwr into tlm erinmnn family, will' a kis-t all round. What 1 fi ia. hmim i g buxnm, e- y uig lis he i', to be suri-1 Gud bleat lier Deinn crrt'o to the core. Postkgt Mr, Merrick gave notice of a bill for the reduction4 of PoMag. '.. lI'lUiE OF BirRESENTATIVES. The Speaker annnunreil tlie stuuding Cooimittees. which were read by the Clark. On motion of Mr. Dromgo'ile 'tis Ituse'' resolved it elf into a co iinii tee nf tlm whole un the Slate of th C.iinn (Mr- Cave Johnson of Ten n in the Chair,) and 'onk up the- b:ll introduced by Mr. Duncan, providing for in uniform day throughout ilia Union, fur the election nf Electors of President and Vice Piesident of the Uni ed States. " WASHtsrrwiD. 10,-1841. Texas and Oregon The Chinese Treaty Nmiinaliens beore the Senate Reference of Abolition Petitions, tpc James G. Bennett, Esq. ' The importance ofthe Texas question at the present period engrosses much conversation at the capitol, and in your metropolis must be the all-absorbiag topic The apprehensions of difficulty with Great Britain on this subject, are, in my opinion, unlonnded, in the pre sent state of affairs. , Mexico cannot, dare not, make any declaration of war without the approbation of Great Britain, and (Sreat Britain will not be made a party to such a movement with Fran ' as' her opponent John C. Calhohn, in his letter to Mr. King, at Paris, check mated the English government by obtaining concurrence in his view from MGulzot, the French Minister. This was masterly" movement, made at x cris is when England night hav been considering the policy of aid ing Mexico: The internal difficulties iaf mexieo might be supposed, by some, to aid the policy of Santa Anna in a declaration of war against this country, in' order to unite hk government, but such policy would be fatal to his power. You will remember, that originally San ta Anna professed and evinced the greatest friendship for our government and admiration for her institutions- in fact the formation of that Republic was based upon the principles of crnlf confederation. Having succeeded in bis views atlhal period, and established a confeder al! ve govertimgttf, he foudd occasion afterwards to change his views and it then became necessary to create a counteracting effect by the abuse of this government and her institutions, which was" easily accomplished through a subsidized press under' bis control. Tbe effect thas produced has cbrrt pelted Ms opponents in Mexico to openly' adopt similar'vletrs and opinions while secretly tbey are mown to be trieaaiy to tbe adoption and couutinuance of a cortfederatviv system similar to ours, and' which was established whWSanta Anna came into power, No true policy therefore can prompt binvto make a declaration of war against this country it unite the people ot Mexieo, and'without tbe approval of Great Btltaio, be dare ndt, cannot, pursue such a course, A single blow would extend the bound aries ofthe United States to the Pacifirr Ocean on tbe the west bad the Isthmus ot Darien on the South; and thus end aft dispute as to Texian annexation. This muchyod may depend upon there will be no war with Mexico' 6r England on flif Texan question.. But different; far different; is-the question of Oregon, as the Briiish'government have a longing prospective eye to- the advantages resulting from the possession of the na vig'able points of this territory, and as they have seciitiTa squatter's position, owing to trie long delay and suspension of negotiation, it will not be an easy matter to remove them without force. The negotia-' (ions on this subject will soon' be brought to a elose and then some definite action? will take place, but not before. ' THE TVLER TaCATT RHCSSITATED,' Mr.'McDuffie; agreeably to notification heretofore, given, inrrodtrced the followingr Joint resolution for tbe Annexation of Texas to (he United States. Resolvid. by the Senate antTHouse of Representatives of tbe United States, in Congress assembled, That the eompactef annexation and union between the said Uni ted Slates add the Republic of Texas, signed by John C. Calhbun, Secretary of State, on" ' the"part of the United States, and' Isaac Van Zandt, on the twelfth of April last," be,' and the same is hereby declared to be the fundamental law'of union bet ween the' said" United States and'Te rts, to aoolv as the supreme authorities ofthe said Republic' of TexSm shall agree to the same, And it shall be the duty of the'Presldent of the United States, so soon as he shall be officially notified, of such agreement on the part of Texas, to announce tlie same by proclamations Resolved, farther, by ttve authori'y aforesaid, That it is understood and intended that whatever was stipulaltd to be done' immediately , or at it fixed period after the exchange of the 'ratifications of the aforesaid compact, should be done immediately, or in a like period after the Supreme authorities of Texas shall have formally agreed to these resblutions. : '' ' ' "V On motion of Mr. AtreherV the resoluti6n Wre refer red to the Committee on Foreign Relations, where they may remain tot several days, or several week, at the dlscreribn of the commiuees ! Mr. Benton's proposition in opposition: J Mr; Bentoir.'ardse,' after the' reading of Mr.- MDof fie's resolutions; and sblenwlf and" decisively announc ed to the Senate, that on to-morrow he "should introduce a bill providing for the annexation of Texas to the United Stafes. We learn from the hondrable Senator, thst it is his bill ol tast session The difference between tbetwo propositions of Mr McDufite'and Col. Benton, Is as broad as tbe space of lountry In litlgatio; and the position of the parties in the conirovt-tsyMs naost-fweresttog from their decided h' jstility, in pliin scop, prhicipre, rtme, and mannei 'fn the consummation of annexatiorr.' The proposition of Mr McDuflile Is simple and direct; the plan ol Col Senton involves the topograph, the geography, the ell-, mate, ihedipomacy, the civil, poliiicnl, diplomatic, re ligious, financial; commercial ar.i; natural hlsiffry v Texas, and inciderttallv ol Mexico.' But it involve a jrea'er queaiion thaneitlirot the foregoing, ihe ques tion or the expediency of a compromise net betweeq the the North and the South on the wihjecl of slaveiy, in iffii prospective pa 11 icon of Texas bclweeS the aboliti. oniats and the slave holder Washinctow, Dee. II, 1814. ApplicaVon to Supreme Court to Release Uuv.rtwr Dorr dominations from AVw York Vity.- .. --. -J.G. Bennett, Eq: I send you below an exclusive report of, Jhe morion made to d'ay.by F. C Trcadwell, Esq, in the Supreme Court, for a writ of hakas corpus lo bring the body o' Governor Dorr ;to this city for discharge Irom confine ment. It will be read with interest by your readers and most especially by the legal profession. Mr. Trcadwell, who wia admitted last week in this Court, presented bis application by moving, in behalf ol Governor Dorr, that a writ of habeas corpus issue forthwith to bring Governor Dorr lo Washington, and ?ive him a opportunity to sign a petition for a. w.tit of error in his own behalf, and to prosecute the sarce, to Liheend th.it the w lole record of the, Supreme Court of 'he State ol RXode Islund in said case may be certified in due form of law to tbe Supreme Court of the United States, and Ihe errors therein corrected. The facta in this case, as briefly slated, are: ... First. That said Thomas W4 Door was indicted for treason against the State ot Rhode Island aforesaid, at Newport, at Ihe term of the Supreme Court of Ehode Island holden oh the fourth Monday of August, 1842. and tried in pursuance of said indictment, and a verdict ol guilty having been rendered by the jury in the case, was, on the 25th day of June, 1844,' sentenced to " be imprisoned in the State's Prison at Providence, in the. county of Providence, for the term of bis natural lifei and there kept at hard labor in separata confinement.' - Second.That a suspension of the sentence foi one day was allowed by Ihe Supreme Court of Rhode Is land, for the purpose of preparing a bill of exceptions, "with a view to suing but a writ of error to the Supreme Court of the United Slates," and a bill of exceptions was thi n prepared Third. Tbat the Court refused to suspend the execu tion of the sentence, and to a Wait the decision ofthe case ;by the Supreme Court of the United Slates upon a writ of error, although notified that the imprison ment ot the defendant would disable himv from prosecuting this defsnee. Fourth: That tbe Inspectors of the States Prison 'utterly refused to let' aaid Thomas W. Dorr, sign or see a petition for a writ of error as aioresaid. ., . (, , Fifth' That the Governor of the State of Rllode 1st fand reldses, and, as he alleges, for want of power, to let said Dorr' sign or see such a petition. Sixth. Tbat sundry citizens of Providence aforesaid have signed a petition to this honorable Court for a writ of error, or lor a writ of habeas corpus, which petition is now presented with this motion. Tbe points relied upon for a rerisal of . this sentence were over-ruled by the Supreme Court of Rhode Island and are Firat,-.'Tfet the act of the State of Rhode Island for defining and punishing treason is repugnant to the con stitution and laws of the United States, and that the. crime of treason cannot be committed against a' separ ate State, but against the United States, and Mr. T. cites Burke's report, page I04G, to sustain this point. Second. That Mr. Dorr was Governor ot tbe Slate duly elected, under the people' consiitutidna repub. lican constitution and form of government, which facts will be presented. . ' ' Third.Thitt the whole record shows tbat if Gover. nor Dorr levied war at all it was against the United States, and cannot be enquired of by any State Court. , The authorities relied npon as giving jurisdiction 0 this ease to the Supreme Court of tbe. United States were quoted by Mr. T., as follows: First. The third article of the.tfonstitution Of the United Slates which vests this power in the court Second. Tbe 25th section of the juditiary act of 1789, which prescribes the mode of its exercise by writ of enrol. Also, That the writ ol haWs corpus is 1 writ" of right, the privilege of which, under the Constitution ot the United States cannot be suspebded, but in two con tingencies mentioned in tbe second clause ot tbe 9th sec- ion of article 1st. Tbat the necessity for the writ of habeas corpus in this case, arises, because the Supreme Court the State of Rhode Island and the inspectors of the State prison at providence, have thrown impedi. ments in tbe way of the exercise of the constitutional right of Governor Dorr to have his defence examined by that tribunal, whose province it is to construe the constitution and laws of the Union, The motion was submitted and the argument will probably be opened on Friday. There is reason to be lieve tbat the motion will be granted. . December 121844 CON GTIESS. .' J The Senate, to day, after, passing upon much unim portant business, spent tbe remainder ol Ihe day in ex ecutive session, and adjourned over till Monday next fo afford time to the standing committees to mature the business before them. 1 in the House, Mr. A. C. Dodge presented the con". jiiinii '-r.ti-ot.i r rnJ; Jw.lik Y nniiAn,:..M - 3UIUHUJI Ul IUC K?ldtc VI jwwa, Wiiu lire apiibttliuu w that Smte lor admission into the Union;' whicd Was re ferred to theXotmnhtae on Territories, end ordered to 'be printed. A number of petitions were presented and referred; and some abolition petitions, presented by Mr. biddings, were laid over, on notice of debate, tm tbe question-of their reception. .Tbe .standing committees having called o (or reports, Mj. C. J. fogefsoll, from tbe Committee orj Foreign Affair, reported a joint re solution for tbe annexation of Teias to tns u. btatef. which was referred to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, and ordered to be printed. Washington Globe.. Sunday might sajdthat, il he had Ihe power, he would hang a bell to ona of -the planets, and make its peals reach to-tbe remotest corners of tlie gUiWieHing the people tbat the end vf Ihe world was at. hand. "Gora mighty, nrsssa, you'd nebber, gila ropr long enough for dot bell," remarked a rather sceptical ol f ngr stand inz near the pulpit. ILouiaviJte Cour'er. Iir Boston a in New York and" PMlHpWa", the Whigs forsooktheit own 'ticket to t Very great extent, at the municipal electidn the other dajr; "asd voted lor he Natfve-candillates, We' have ilwaye'lnted out this Whig and Native Sympathy1',' a, awimiaii I 1 ..na... a Mosev pttR'TKXAii. A' resDtatioD.,hs(i been 'intro- luced into the South' Carolina Legislature; 'imj-Uirieg ; into the ctinsiiiuiiunalityand ability of South CHrolisa oextetd pecuniary assistance to the Kepublic ol I. LATER FROM BUENOS AYRES. m- By the arrival (hi monitor or llm i-arqua Creole, o,f. Bsltitnorer' from Buenos Aj'res, October, liih, aasl Monteviileli 19;li, we learn by Ciptaia Norris that there, was a' great excitement prevailing at Buenos Ayres, in conseqwlice ol the United Slates Brig of War Bain- biidge, having been fired into by tho Buenos AyresSujt adron, in eiiitfring the Harbor ol, Sionlerileo. " " ' , Tbe frigate Congress being In the. harbor al rtietiinf . , j got immediately underweighjand- went 'off tN "hartW and demanded fedress, which was limnedinlelfr'TrjmpIl- ed with the commander of Ihe Buenos Ayreen sqna dton hauling down hi colors in three miTiatesafliff fti, request. The squadron bad captured an .American-, barks and schooner, and had released live baik, I m no? the schooner. On the 11th of October, at' Montevideo, Commander W, J-New"an' of the United SJatcs brif Bainbridge dfo(rerhrmsell in consequent a' rerC rimand he liad received Irom his superior officer.' "''' We have recived this morning Ihe "British Packet of October 12th which speaks ofthe seizure ofthe vei sols or tbe Argentine Squadron off Montevideo, 'bp Caps Vobrhis of the United States ship Congress. This ac-, count is a one sided statement of the editor; from whiibj wecan get no clue as to the righrof the ease. V:' " "' The same parper contains advices frota Brazil wfci b , show that serious disturbances had again broken out )ra Pemambnco requiting a reinforcement of troops ;ia .hat quarter by the government. ' " ' ; :i ; fft 1" v ig MISSOURI SENATORai. ; . -.. The Hon. Thomas II. Benton has been elected av United States. jSenatoi from the state of Missouri lur sixr years from aad after the 3rd of March, 1845.,' If Mr.. Benton lives until the expiration of the .term for which- he has just been.chosen, he will have been a Senator lorTH IR TY years. It The Hon. D. B. Atchison who was chosrn tj tl 'lie vacancy created by the dea h ol Dr. Linn, hits alsol been elec ted for six years from the 3rd bfMarch, 1643. Reception op the President Elsot ahv Nash ville. A vast concourse ol citizens met Mr. Polk an ihe 28th ult. at Nashville, on his return from a visit to General Jackson. . The procession was joined by se ven militar compshics. Mr, Pplk was addrtssed in behalf of the citizens by the Hon. A. O. P. Nickolson, to which he responded in a few brief.and.appropriate re marks. The carriage containing the Presidentelect proceeded to the Nashville Inn, where,, for tlScbalance of the day he continued to receive the( warm congralti-, lationsof his personal and poJjtical.lxieBds.. Alter night fail the volunteers turned with torchlights and transpar. encies, and paraded the whole city' over, all tbe cV mo. , cralic houses of which were elegantly illuminated y The true Course. The Boston Post says: Tnere Is. an admirable maxim of one ofthe great, lights of Dem ocracy, which it would be well for every Democrat to take with him, as his compass to help him steer satcfy . between all the devices of side parlies to draw bitn out of his course. Ifislhls , 1,', J"".'.". , m The democratic party succeeds best. ,and only wefl. . when, it reposes upon its original elements. They have stood the test of time and persecution: bave - their foun dation in .the habits, feelings, and judgements of the peo ple, .ana win 1 wnaievej; may. dc me nopes a pa iears.ui others) maintain its ascendancv long beyond our day," . , a nis uas oeen receuuy gioriousiy eiemp ir.ea in (no. ele'ciionof Polk' and J3allas. ' Letao Democrat stain his victory by folfowing for a .moment atfyT Other fan ner. It will lead Mm into the Camp of tie enemy.' " , I. IMr Bibb; Secretary ol Treasury, , came near en-t ding his official relations witj) the Grvernment; last, night, (says a Washington letter of Mondy,) by an ac-cident,-which remains as yet unexplained. His sleep ing apartment was discovered on fire aj a late bopr, though before retiring he had adopted even; , more than . customary precautions. ,The siz5 oC the JSoBLalone, prevented him from being smothered, as" .the Tug, car- .. pet, and a part ofthe lurniture were consumed before he was awakened. w- ,vj ,' ., :, -'. - From the Hartford Daily Times. ,T.- .7 THE POPULAR VOTE,,. v It is impossible at this tint X6 say .what Ihe aggre gate popular vote in the late Presidential election was, t We intend to lay the precise facts before our reader as soon as they are ascertained; giving the democratic-, fed eral and liberty vstes. ' In tbe : mean jtime, pnrhapi a .. pretty correct idea can be formed ol the result from the following table, made up . as far as. possible from (be official canvass,, and. completed by reported majorities. A Where the full vote is given, it can be relied oas nearly If not exactly correct. '' i."1: ';,.' '-. i i . ROUGH STATEMENT OF TBE. POPULAR -v. . , ' VOTEi '.;- - I r l, '.,i 5 . Cmt. Polk. . BIrsev, AND SCAT, 3,138 Pennsylvania', "'" Maryland, 1fi1.'203;. lrt?.535 35,-984 . 33,676 7, 322 " ,846 38, 318 97, 4991. ' 155,113. 149, Orjt i " 5,. 268-; 6 971 232, 465 237, 47ff - Rhode Island, New Jersey, t Ohio, . , . J 131 . 8,050 TS,T5Tf 3,970 Delaware, Now York, North Carolina 43,23-3 3Qt287 Connecticut . 32,832f 67.062 , 29,81 . Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Virginia, ' Indiana, Georgia,' 53,039 ' Hi 18-,(W9 -9,600 J. ' : B.OOffrv. : 2,250 , ' 2,309'v)' .10,000- " is.oofi 40,000 . : ; 3,500-V : K.00QE.. , I,30a, 8,000. ' '4',000!- Maine, . k , Kentucky, .". Illinois, S. Carolina, est., 9:200 Mianiesn, ; Mississippi ' Louisiana,; .', -Missouri, . ' , 'i 1 Arttansas, est.. Alabama,. r2,XKf" : Tennessee, say lOO, 815,877 893,520",. 815,877'"'' : 7fi,64 ., PollfovVr Clay, Liberty vote, , Pctk's clear tnaj.,1 n,8i9 ; The Charleston Mercury says the majority will lo 50,601. 1,1 "- ;t ' " ' J 4 How Laroe rs Tkjcas-A Texan paper answer the interrogatory, th.nsj lt cortarns3L9jK)0 sqtiare mis. and is lull as large the foi1owlng8lata umtejl;; , ' . " I ...:il ' Hon tn'tiUff' . StiV miles , '''iv';i' , Louisiana . . . i. e "r " '-a sri42r 375,fiflr 1 ' "' nnCOTT'1'''' - 04.3t 614,398' ' 1,239,797 V Mississippi, ;" . Alabama, . . . . . 50,000 " , 2.HXr,:" 37,000 87,000 " ' Georgia,""'." .".' .' South CtiroliaS, . Vlrginm, . ,t. '.i TPt;v. .'-311,000 ' - ' .3,544, 003?,': , '"'Mr.'Sv'afcKtahlslBiete'tte'r'lo lbt Wa'iloBaf hiCTIi' I. . '. X i. .. L' '--.l'--. 'It J. . I gencer, alter speahing Of ine iiui n iwirort mai i- lehded ihe'recent elkth-a ill Greece, wye 'Hint "in church Where the ballot was held, ineral ejchalip of blows was 'topped by a tustic, wbo emptied a hive ul bees m the niUist el ihe wnkt)t.'J . .v. .: . Ul.vti,0,-'oiUi'h canaeid aodwfki- , :.