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4 VOLUME 24, NEW PHILADELPHIA, 0., OCTOBER 23, 1863. NUMBER 45. J General IffcClellan on the Penn sylvania Election. Orange, New Jersey, . . October 12, 1863. ) Eon. C. J. Riddle Philadelphia. Dzab Sir: My attention has been called to an article in the Philadelphia Press, asserting that I had written to j the managers of a Democratic meeting t Allentown disapproving the objects , of the meeting,' and that if I voted or poke it would be in favor of Gov. Car tin. I aw informed that similar asser tions have been made throughout the State. It has been my earnest endeavor j heretofore to avoid participation in part; . politics and I am determined to adhere to this course. I But it is obvious that I cannot longer maintain ailenoe under such misrepresen-1 tations. N- I therefore request you to deny that I have written any such letter qr entertain ed any such views as those attributed to me in the Philadelphia Press; and I desire to state clearly and distinctly that having some few days ago bad a full conversation with Judge Woodward, I find that our views agree, and I regard his election as Governor of Pennsylva nia called for by the interests, of the na tion. I understand Judge Woodward to be in favor of the prosecution of the war with all the means at the command of the loyal States until the military power of the rebellion is destroyed. I under fetand him to be of the opinion that while the War is urged with all possible decision and euergy, tho policy directing it should bo in consequence with the principles of humanity and civilization, working no injury to private rights and property not demanded by military ne cessity and recognized by military law .among civilized nations; and finally I understand him to agree with me in the . opinion that the sole great objects of this war are the restoration of tho unity of the nation, the preservation of the Constitution, and the supremacy of the laws of the country. Believing that our opinions entirely -.agree upon these points, I would, were it in my power, give to Judge Wood, ward my voice and my vote. I am, very respectfully, yours, GEORGE B. M'CLELLAN. 'The Hcbcl Wanderers & Exile. There is a sorry set of official fugi tives At the South, who, like the first-born Cain after he bad raised his hand against the life of his brother, have bcomc wan derers noon the face of the earth. It is remarkable, observes the N. Y. Post, that from Jeff. Davis down to George iSanders there is scarcely one of them "who has a home to go to, or the means of getfinj there if be hod. Davis' own itiome is near Yicksburg, where a small army of Unionists is encamped; Judah P. Benjamin would find an ill-reception in New Orleans, just as Mallory would in Florida; while lleogan can't get to Texas, and Memminger does not wont to get to Charleston. Slidell and Ma son, the rebel ambassadors abroad, should they be recalled by their govern ment, as it threatens would find no rcof of their own shelter their heads, Mason's house being in n part of Virginia where loyal troops congregate, Slidell's having been confiscated some mouths ago. At the same time many of tho lesser lights o rebeldom, such as tho Governors of the States of Louisiana, Missouri and Arkansas, driven away from their capi tals, are herding together like frighten ed deer in some covert of Texan. T. 0. Moore, Taos. C. Reynolds, and Harris Flannigan, who by a pleasant fiction dub themselves Governors respectively of these States, were at the last reports the guests of Governor Lubbock, whose .own trunks were packed ready for Bight, And waiting only for the tap of one of Banks' drums to be off in a jiffy. Oar Gold and Silver Mines The Million's Wealth. The auriferous mines within the lim its of the United States are vast in num ber and of untold productive power. Our resources in gold and silver are ,equal to those of the most favored for itign nations. This fact, in view of our increasing national debt, the absorption of which rests upon our ability to promptly pay the interest, and ultimate ly the principal in pld, is one of trans cendant importance. California is now producing 70 to 80 millions of dollars' jprtll 9f per annum, while Color ado U producing at least six millions. The following tables show the estimated .production of gold iu California from its discovery to the present time: 1848 $50,002 1840 8,106,678 J8M) 48.241,168 1851 84,181,855 1862 80,160,000 1868 . 99,864,768 J864.... 90,000,760 1866 79,969,608 ,1866.. 88,716,608 1857 85,666,065 1868 84,043,287 1859 88,055,767 1880 - 74,068,750 1861 70,000,000 .1862.... 74,000,000 otal $1,040,350,672 The whole extent of the Rocky Moun tain ranges in the States of California and Oregon and the (Territories of Col orado,' Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico and Nebraska, abound in mines of gold and silver. Immense regions are yet open to the explorer; and there are mines yet undiscovered, whose prob able yield will render insignificant our former successes. Pbentioi says we are likely to have all sorts oi ships upon the water, but, unfortunately, little or no statesmanship Jutland.,,. Attempt to Destroy the New Ironsides by a Torpedo. On Monday night, Oct. 5, a daring but unsuccessful attempt was made by the rebels to destroy the frigate New Iron sides, lying near Fort Moultrie, by a tor pedo. Tbey employed for this purpose a small and very swift Bteamer, segar shaped, and showing but a very Btnall j portion above the water. She was man-1 ned by a crew of four persons, consisting I of Lieutenant Uassett, who was the com mander of the party, an engineer named Toombs, a fireman named Scott, and a pilot whose name is unknown at the pre sent writing. As soon as the stranger was made ont she was hailed and challenged by En sign Howard, the officer of the deck. The only re"ply received was a volley of musketry. Instantly all hands were pi ped to quarters, and the marines, the earliest on hand, answered with their ri fles to the volley of the stranger. They seemed to produce no effect upon the coming craft, which, dashing on with all tbo speed it could make, soon struck the frigate on the starboard side. Instantly a terrific explosion followed. The Iron sides trembled from stem to stern. Vast columns of water thrown up, and de scending, extinguished the fires of the venturesome steamer. By the fearful shock some sailors lying on the gun deck of the Ironsides were thrown with vio lence up to the under surfuce of the spar deck, and one of them had his leg bro ken by the fall. This wss all the damago that the New Ironsides sustained. As soon as her guns could be brought to bear upon the rebel craft they were opened, and when the smoke of the first fire cleared away the stranger was no longer visible Only the circling waves where it had gono down and a few objects floating or strug gling in the watermarked the spot where it had been a moment before. On the following morning Captain Rowan, thinking it not unlikely that some of the rebel crew had been picked up by vessels of the surrounding fleet, ordered a search to be made; and on a coal schooner from Philadelphia Lieut. Glassell, of the rebel navy, and a rebel sailling master, named Toombs, were discovered. Tho lieutenant had already assumed the garb of a Union coal car rier, for which he had paid the captain of the schooner the sum of three hundred dollars and a gold watch, and was pa tiently awaiting- on opportunity to get back to Sullivan's Island, iu which ef fort the Philadelphia skipper had cov enanted to aid him. Tho three persons were chained together and taken in irons to Port Uoya!. From all that we cau learn of the s range cruft, she was built expressly for tho purpose of destroying tho New Iron sides, and" was constructed by means of a public subscription circulated in Charleston. Five months havo been consumed in getting her ready. Her hull, though long, was narrow and shal low, affording room only for her engines and n crow of four or five picked men. Projecting thirty or forty feet bcyund her bowswasuu iinmenco torpedo, which, although exploding by percussion as in tended, had no other effect than to jur the frigate it was meant to annihilate. Who cnu tell if our "ulligators" or "devils," such as straddled the stem of the Weehawkeu in the iron-clad attack last April, would have been more suc cessful than this cosily appuratus of the enemy? Our machine never had an op portuni'y of testing its efficiency; but we can judge of what its effects would havo been, I should think, by tho result of the grand rebel experiment last Mon day night. . A Cold Winter in the Weit. People in" Wisconsin, Iowa and Min nesota, mav look out for the hardest winter seen for many years. There will be more cold days the mercury will run lower, and the snow will be deeper than before'siuce '4T. This is the first fall, Bince the winter of '57 that the brook trout have commenced leaving the small creeks for deep holes as early as September, and the first season since then that the muskrats have double-walled their little hillock homes. These and certain other little fnlliblo signs knowu to the sportsman and hunter, in dicfrto a winter of unsual severity. It is our opinion that the river will close at least two weeks earlier than last year. La Crosse Democrat. Deepest Coal Mink is the Uni verse. The coal mine of-Monkwear- mouth was visited by a party Of members of the British Ar s , . :ution, among whom were four ladies. The depth of this mine from the surface is 1,900 foot, and the workings -of coal underneath nxtond to a distance of two miles from the stmtt. About 300 persons are employed in it, and 600 tuns are mined dally. The heat at the bottom varies from 84 to 90 Fah., and the miners work in an almost nude state. Of all the pursuits by which men gain a living, there is none more toilsome, more dangerous, or more areaa ful in all its circumstances and surround ings, than the life of him who wins coal from the mines. Many of the Catholio churches of New Orleans daily offer up prayers, mass- Its aud other devotions for peace to our bleeding country. This is done in ac cordance with a pastoral letter from his Grace the Archbishop, issued incom pliance with the suggestions contained in a letter received from the Holy Fath er. It was exactly similar to the one Bent by Archbishop Hughes. Joan W; Reese, of Oirclavillo, Ohio, has sued Governor Tod for $30,000, for damages resulting from his arrest and 1 imprisonment in Fort Warren, Continental Wars in Europe and America. - Look at the twenty two years of Eu rope end at the less than three years of America, and what is the comparison of power that the two continents have shown? Russia had in the field at one time in those great wars, for a great battle on her own territory, one hundred and thirty-two thousand men, New York State alone has sent over two hundred thousand men to the field up to the pres ent time. All the allied States, in the largest army tbey ever brought togeth er, could muster but two hundred and eighty thousand men. New York and Illinois would more than equal this, while New York and Pennsylvania would out number it by over a hundred thousand men. Ordinary battles in Europe Wo fought by thirty and forty thousand men and it was esteemed a tremendous array of powor when armies of one hundred thousand or one hundred and fifty thou sand confronted one another; but we on one side alone havo over half a million men under arms, and, in addition to nu merous smaller forces, keep in the field three armies whose numbers range from one hundred thousand to one hundred and fifty thousand men. On the Penin sula the Army of the Potomac nunibsr ed one hundred and fifty thousand; and at the battle of Gettysburg, when it was smaller than it bad ever before been, it had for duty seventy thousand men on the second day. When Napoleon, in the series of bat tles at Leipsie, lost sixty thousand men iu killed, wounded and prisoners, Eu rope bad put him down. Though that sixty thousand was from an army of one hundred and sixty thousand, he was cverthrown by the loss. But in the past summer the successes of our Northern ar mies deprived the rebels of over ninety thousand men, and they are not yet ruin ed. Napoleon claimed six victories in his brst campaign in Italy, and claimed to have killed and wounded ten thousand of the enemy. Six victories on , either side would be very cheaply purchased iu our war at that price. Bull Run quite equals that average in carnage, and that, it has been said, was not a bailie at all. At Eckmubia, out of seveaty-fivo thousand Napoleon lost four thousand in killed and wounded. With about the same number or less engaged at Get tysburg and Chattanooga, our loss was at least four times that. Such is the difference in spirit and tenacity between two men or two sides of the ocean. At Waterloo, Blucher and Wellington had together two hundred and fifty thousand and Napoleon one hundred and twenty ulC'isand men. The French lost, in killed, wounded and prisoners, thirty thousundrand the Allies, iu killed und wounded, only seventeen thousand. Such was I he great day of Waterloo, that changed the fate of Europe. At the battle ofAntietam the rebel loss iu killed, wounded and prisoners was about the same as that of Napolcou at Water loo, and our loss in killed and wounded wus probably about two thousand less than that of the Allies. But the total number of men at Antietam on both sides was at the very leait one hundred and fifty thousand less than Nupoleon, Wellington and Blucher altogether had on "the bloodiest day that Europe ever saw." From such numbers it may be seen that our continental war, iu mugitude and in the desperate character of its bat tles, dwarfs that of Europe entirely. N. Y. Herald. The Price of Baltic At tho battle of Areola, tho Austri ans lost iu killed and wounded, 18,000 men; the French, 15,000. At Hoheulinden, the Austriau loss was 14,000; the French 6,000. At Austerlitz, the Allies, out of 80, 000 men, lost 30,000 in killed, wounded, or prisoners; the French lost only(!) 12, 000. - At Jena and Auerstadt, the Prussians lost 30,000 in killed and wounded, and nearly as many prisoners, making nearly 60,000 iu all; the French, 14,000 in killed and wounded. At the terriffio battle of Eylau, the Russians lost 25,000 in killed and wounded; and the French 20,000. At Friedland, the Russian loss was 11,000 in killed aud wounded; and the French loss was 8,000. At Wagram, the Austrians and French lost each 25,000 men, or 50,000 iu all killed and wounded. At Siuioleoski, the French loss was 17,000 men, that of the Russians 10,000. At Boredino, which is said to have been the most murderous and obstinate ly fought battle on record, the French lost in killed, and wounded, and prison ere, 50,000 men; the Russians about the same number, making in all 100,000 men in one battle. At Lutzen, the French loss was 18, 000 men; the Allies 15,000. At Dresden, where the battle lasted days, the Allies lost in killed, wounded and prisoners, 25,000 men; and the French between 10,000 and 12,000. At Leipsie, which lasted three days, Napoleon lost two marshals, twenty generals, and about 60,000 men in killed, wounded, and prisoners; the Allies 1, 190 officers, and about 40,000 upward of 100,000 men in alll Beside there were several others of minor importance to the foregoing, as to the loss of men, but large in the aggre gate. There were those of the bridge of Lodi, a most desperately contested fight, the famous battle of the Nile, a sea fight in which Nelson lost 895 men in killed and Wounded; and the French 5,235 I men in killed and wounded, 8,005 pris oners, and 12 out of 17 ships engaged 1 in the action. . LITTLE WILLIE. Somo have thought that la oar dawning In our being's freshest glow God is r earer little children Than their parents ever know; And that if you listen sharply, Better things than you oan teach, And a sort of mystio wisdom Trickle through their careless speech. How it is I cannot answer, But I knew a little ctild. Who, among the thyme and clover, And the bees, was running wild And be came one summer evening, - With his ringlets o'er his eyeif And his hat was torn to pieoes, ' Chasing hees and butterflies. "Now I'll go to bed, dear mother, For I'm vorjr tired of play !" . And he whispered, "Now I lay me," In a kind of gentle way; And he drunk the cooling water From his little china cup, And said gaily, "When U'b morning, Will the angels take me up?" There he lies, bow tweet and placid. And his breathing comes and goes Like a lepbyr moving softly, And his olieek is like a rose; But his mother leaned to listen If his breathing could be heard "Oh I 1 she murmured, "if the angels Took my darling at his word!" Night, within its folding mantle, Hutb the sleepers both beguiled, And within its soft embrncings Rest the mother and the child; Up she etartclh from her dreaming, For a sound hid struck her ear, And it comes from little Willie, Lying on his trundle near. Up she started, broken-hearted, For it strikes her ear again; And his breath, in louder fetches, Travels from his lungs in pain; And his eyes are fixing upward On some face beyond the room, And the blackness of the spoiler From his cheek hath chased the bloom. Never moro his "Now I lay me" Will be said from mother's knee ; Never more among the clover Will ho chase the bumble bee. Through the night she watched her darling, Now drspairing, now in hope, And about the break of morning Did the angels take him up. IDit anli Wiflinjnt. OIIUHNAL AND SELECTED BT OUANVILLH H. PEPPER. ; Sheep are reckless they gambol, frequent the turf, and dou't think it any harm to be blacklegs. A tiuvkieb on one of the railroads speaks of nulling "iron clad" doughnuts for sale at one station. finnn dii-t mtikc.q hnnlthv nliililron : nnil tlin .. . , I South Sea Islanders think healthy children mako gO"'l diet. "Massa," said Stimlo, "one of your oxen is dead; 'todcr, too. 'Fraid to tell of bolf at once, for fear you couldn't bore it !" In good society we are required to do obli ging things to one another; in genteel society we are requited only to say them. The soul of a miser is so shriveled that it would have more room to play in a mustard seed than a bull frog would in Lake Michi gan. A rruLiu writer thinks that much might be gained if speakers would observe the miller's method always shut the gate when the grist i out. A damsel not far distant is said to have a mustache on her lip. That may be. We've knowu such cases, but then they didn't grow there. BAACHELons are a much-abused class of people; but it is much better to be laughed at lor not being married than to be unable to laugh because you are. While passing the Exchango Hotel, recent ly, we overheard the following: "'Ar'y, 'op hup, hand go down to Mr. 'Arrir's hand husk ' i in hif 'e 'us hnny hash hor hoak to muke ha 'ammer 'andle." At a hotel table one boarder remarked to another: "This must be a healthy place for chickens." "Why so ?" "Because I noversee any dead ones about." A HAN advertising for a wife modestly says: "It would be well if the lady wore possessed of a competency sufficient to secure her against the effects of exoessive gr.cf iu case of acol dcut occurring to her companion." A bachelor editor, sensitivo iu relation to bis rights, objects to taking a wife through fear that if she should have a baby, his cotempo raries, who habitually copy without oredit, would refuse to give him credit for it. , ' Pbkxtioe laughs at tho heading, "Astound ing robbery," which frequently appears in connection with some fraud on the Government. He says he occasionally sees oases of astound ing honetty, but robbery no longer astounds. "Mb. Jonks"' said a little fellow the other evoning to his sister's benu, ' I wish you wouldn't praise our Ann Maria's eyes any moro. You've made her so proud that she wont speak to ooueln Laura, nor help mother the lowt bit." It is useless to talk aboul "love in a cot tage." The little rasoil always runs away when there is no bread and butter on the ta ble. More lovo originates in a full flour-barrel than In all the roses and posies and woodbines that ever grew. "Samsit, my darling, where is your book?" "I know where It is." "Well, where!" ""Why, it's only lost a little kinder in the barn, or round out doors summers, I guess ; p'raps in the garret, or behind the wood-pile." Little Sallio was teaching her younger brother the Lord's Prayer. They went on smoothly till they arrired at "give us this day oar daily bread." "No, no, Sissy we want oake! and he refused to proeeod until the de aired amendment was made. Fabmeb B, was slttlngln the oouotry church, He had been working hard in the harvest field, Hands were soaroe, and Farmor B. was dosing The loud tones of the minister failed to arouse the farmer, until, nt length, tho time waning, the good man olosed the lids of the Bible, and concluded as follows: "Brethren, the harvest la plenteous hot the laborers are few." , "That's so," cried Farmer B , "I've offered , two dollars a day fororadlers, had oan' t get m aitoai. Lost iu ao Alabama Cave. An army eorresoondeut. wrlliuir from Cave Spring, Ala., gives the following Incident of an adventure in a cavo near that place: Half way up the mountain is the en trance to what is termed "Saltpetre Cave." The rebels have worked it since the opening of the war, and the materi al, it is said, besides being plentiful, is peculiarly valuable. Excited by the sto ries concerning the cave, I repaired, with a small company and a piece of candle, to the big thing nnder erouud. naif bent over we entered the cave, a strong current of cold, chilly air almost extin guishing onr light. Tho passage Is ex ceedingly narrow, and at some points it was only alter toe greatest exertion that we succeeded in squeezing through. Hundreds of dark isles lead from the main passage, and following which and exploring the principal chambers in a direct line with the way we were moving along, we left tho main passage, and, crawling on our hands and knees a dis tance of twenty or thirty feot rose in a spacious chamber, hung with dripping stalactites, and quaintly carved, appa rently by master artists. Led by a spirit of adventure and an unsatiablo curiosity, we traveled on from chamber to chamber, climbing huge rocks to higher aisles, descending ledges, crawling and stopping at intervals, un til sheer exhaustion dictated a halt Turning in what we supposed the direc tion of the cave's mouth, we traversed path, after path, crept through narrow fissures, and passed through lofty cham bers that echoed and re-echoed our hasty footsteps, until a light appeared. The sound of a voice reached us, and in a moment a negro appeared, who crept through a small aperture, and who had evidently wandered about for hours in these labyrinthian passages, unable to effect an exit. His frightened features had their effect on us, and we began se riously to discuss whether we knew the way from the cave. Apprehension quickened onr stops, and, burryiug, we entered what seemed a familiar apartment that offered Bafe egress to the main passage. To our surprise, there was bat one woy of exit, ond that by the way we entered. It was evident we were lost. Another hour passed in a fruitless effort to extricate ourselves. Ilope had almost expired. and hugo drops of sweat oozed from our over-excited forehead. Our candles were almost burnt out. No footsteps wnero we were. Night was coming on. Headquarters would doubtless be re moved before dawn on tho following day, and a night in this dismal cavern, with a prospect of being left there to starve, seemed inevitable. We had been separated from tho main party, aud here we stood, fear-relaxed, gasping as though tho air grew hotter every inlnule, every sense of hearing em ployed to its fullest capacity. The ne gro was speechless. Ho was as firm as the lofty walls that shut us in. He Was slightly bent forward, his eyes wide open and lips agape, a perfect statue of a sa ble Hamlet listening for voices from the spirit world. His appearance was lu dicrous, but I bad no disposition to laugh. My muscles were relaxed. I grew pale ; my clothes wero saturated with perspiration. We stood silent as death, drinking in every sound with the acnteness of per ception known only to men dangerously circumstanced. I could count the heart pulsations of my comrades, and every breath seemed quick and labored. Sud denly the negro started as if he caught the sound of a footstep. We turned to ward him as he exclaimed, "Golly, Mas sa, I hears dem." He started In the di rection of the sonnd, and we followed him to a lofty chamber, at least one hun dred feet in length, eighty feet in width, and thirty or forty feet in height. From one extremity of tho capacious apart ment we discovered a faint glimmer of light at the other extremity, and we were soon greeted by sounds of voices, left the cave cured of my adventurous proclivities, and declaring that I would not soon be caught under ground, alive and voluntarily, without a guide. The New Fashion in England Women us Smokers. The custom of smoking by women has lately been introduced in England, and, according to the Court Journal, is like ly to become very prevalent. That au thority says: "Fashion holds such a ty rannic sway over society that we need never be surprised at seeing the most astounding changes of manners, customs and dress brought about by its magio inQueuce., High waists, short waists, no waists at all, chimney-pot bonnets, flat bonnets, povrdered hair, disheveled hair, rouge, patches, enamel, hoops, far thingales, crinoline, high heeled boots, sandals, high -dresses, decoleltees dresses have all had their day; we have lived to see the time when duelists and four bot tle men no longer exist, and when eery man, high and low, rich and poor, old and young, indulges in the German and Dutch luxuries in the short pipe and mild Havannas. But a most startling change is likely to 'come over the spirit of our dream;' ladies belonging to la creme de la creme of society have in troduced cigarrettas. We could men tion many of England's aristocratic daughters who openly indulge in mild Latakia. A clever cotemporary has al luded to 'fast matrons;' let ns hope that anmarried ladies will be Blow to follow the example of those who would intro duce the noxious we?d Into female socie ty. If Belgrave ladies seal, their lips against pleasant contact by such a cus- . torn, let the outer circles bold aloof, and j believe tbat there is aught celestial aud ' godlike in entering into such unfragrant oloods." - , .- v r. . 1. I-.1' : : I . ... ' '; r.a 11 ma 6wl 1 'hI 1:1 Edward Everett's Lite ol Wash ington. We append the concluding paragraphs of Mr. Everett's memoir, as furnishing at once a specimen of tho style, and some very sensible remarks upon the subject of Genius, by way of defiuing that much misunderstood word, and justify ing its application to General Wash ington: , . ... "Akin to the argument against his military capacity, is the question wheth er, generally speaking, Washington was a man of genius a question not to be answered till that word is explained. Dr. Johnson calls it 'that power which constitutes a poet, and. in that accepta tion Washington certainly was not en dowed with it. As little did he possess the genius of the orator, the man of let ters, the sculptor, the painter, the musi cian. The term is so habitually, not to say exclusively, appropriated to that na tive power, which enables mau to excel in science, literature, and the Sue arts, tbat those who aro destitute of it in these dopartmenta are often declared to want it altogether. But there is a genius of politicofcand military skill of social influence, of personal ascendancy, of government ; a genius for practical utility a moral ge nius of true heroism, of unselfish patri otism, and of stera public integrity, which is as strongly marked an endow ment as those gifts of intellect, imagin ation and taste, which constitute the poet or artist. Without adopting Vir gil's magnificout but scornful contrast betweeu scientiGc and literary skill, 011 the one hand, and those masterful arts on the other, ly which victories are gaiu ed and nations are governed, we must still admit that the chieftain who, iu spite of obstacles the most formidable, aud vicissitudes the most distressing, conducts great wars to successful issues that the statesman who harmonizes angry parties in peace, skillfully moder ates the counsels of consistent assem blies, and, without the resources of rhet oric, but by influence mightier than au thority, sec ares the formation and organ ization of governments, and, in their ad ministration, establishes the model for ofBciul conduct for all following time, is eudowed with a divine principle of thought and action, as distinct in its kind as that of Demostbones or Milton. It is the genius of a consummate man hood. Analysis may describe its mani festations in either case, but cannot de fine the ulterior principles, It is a final element of character. We may speak of prudonce, punctu ality and self-control, of bravery and disinterestedness, as we speak of an eye tor color and a perception of tho graco ful in the painter, a sensibility to the sublime, tho pathetic, and the beautiful in discourse; but, behind and above all these, there must bo creative and anima ting principles; at least as much in char acter as in intellect or art. The quali ties which pertain to genius aro not the whole of genius in the one case any more than tho other. The arteries, Ibe lung?, and the nerves are essential to life, but tbey aro not life itself; that higher something which puts all tho organic functions of tho frame in motion. In the posiession of that mysterious quality of character, manifested in a long Wte ot unambitious service, which, called by whatever name, inspires the confidence, commands the respect, and wins the af fection of cotemporaries, and grows up on the admiration of successive genera tions, forming a standard to which the merit of other men is referred, and a liv ing proof that pure patriotism is not a delusion, nor virtue an empty name, no 0110 of the sous of men has equalled Geokoe Washington. " An educated man ought to know three things: First, where be is that is to say, what sort of a world he has got into; how large is it, what kind of crea turcs live in it, and how; what itis made of, and what may be made of It. Sec ondly, whero he Is going that is to say, what chances or reports there are of any other world besides this; what seems to be the nature of tbat other world. Third ly, what he had best do under these cir cumstances that is to ' say, what kind of faculties he possesses; what are the present state and wants of mankind; what is his place in society; and what are the readiest means in his power of attain g happiness and diffusing it. The man who knows these things, and who has his will so sub to do what he knows he ought, is an educated man; and the man who knows them not is uneducated, though he could talk all the tongues of Babel. Rutkin. The Memory of a Mother When temptation appears, and we are almost pursuaded to do wrong, how of ten a mother's word of warning will call to mind vows that are rarely broken Yes, the memory of a mother has saved many a poor wretch from going astray. Tall grass may be growing over the hal lowed spot where all her earthly remaims repose; the dying leaves of autumn may be whirled over it, or the white mantle of winter may, cover it from sight; yet the spirit of her, when he walks in the right path, appears, and gently, softly, mournfully calls to him when wandering off into the ways of error. Mnt of those men and women wbo are most brilliant, facinating and gentle in society at large, reserve their demon, their evil temper for some unfortunate borne slave on whom tbey think tbey can vent it safely, since the viotiin does Dot complain. A bad temper prefers one victim oat of a family; on that one It vents its spite, indulging all the others, that it may hare defenders with the world. ":L.y ' V . ,v ... . j ,,..fi :i!. i .y - : The Beard. T Nature baa supplied the must oroen kind with beards, and in very" ancient times the use of a ntot upon It was an known. In Greece, the first instance of having occurred in the reign of Alex ander the Great This warrior ordered the Macedonians to be shaved, Jest the beards of bis soldiers should afford han dles to their enemies. The sarcastic Diogeues, when he once saw -some one whose chin was smooth, said, "I am afraid yoa think yon bare great ground to accuse nature, for having made yoa a man and not a worn s6.rt In Cipro's time, the genuine, beardv-waa not worn by society. But the. barbula (goatee) seems to have been affected by the young Roman "swells." The beard began to revive agsin it the time of the Bmporor Hadrian. I The Britous, like the ancient Gauls, allowed the bair to grow thick on the head; and, although they shaved their beards close on the chin, wore immense tangled mustaches, which sometimes reached to their breasts. ' -: The bair, as we all know, played air important part in the Civil Wars in Eugland; and tho same rigor which the Puritan exercised on his head, he exer cised on his chin, ond trimmed his bcajd as closely as be trimmed his locks. The Vandyke beard is the typical one of this period. Peaked beards and mustaches were popular among the cavaliers, and were at least pretty generally worn. Beards were out of fashion for more than two hundred years, among the Anglo-Saxons of Europe and America ; but they have revived again, and are now, cvltivated and defended upon scientific principles. The mustache is approved because it is said to be a natural respirator; a de fense to the lungs against the inhalation of dust; and the beard is defended as a protection for the throat against cold. It bas been recommended that all preach ers who are subject to throat diseases should allow their beards to grow. Travelers in sandy regions, mitten, ba kers, and all mecbauics, should allow the beard free play. Josh Billing To Correspon dent. .) Fred. You ain't obliged to ask. a gal: mother if yu ma go home with her from a partee; git the gals endorsement, and sale in; itis proper enuff to ask her' to take yurearm, butyu baintgotno rito tu put yure arm around her waste, unless yu meet a Bear on the rode, and then yu are bcund to take yure arm away, just ns sune as the Bear gits safely by. Whip. Yu are rite; Mules live to a long age; i've known them myself to live one hundred years, and not tri. Yu are rite also, about their being sura-footed; i've known to kick a man, twise in a 2nd ten feet orf. Gortrude. Yure inquiry stumps me. Tho more i think 00 it, just that much more i can't tell. Az nere nz I can re kolek now 1 dont kno. Much mite be ced both wayes, and neether wuld bee' rite. Upon the hole i rather rekon I wuld, or I wuldeut jist az i thought best or otherwize. Phtark. Yu're mistakon; the Sha kers don't marry. Iff yung Shakers ful in lov tha are sot to weeding onions, and k 11 res them forth wittily. I kant tell ya now how much it duz kost to jine the Shakers, butt i belcve that expeuzeuzed to bee, inklooding bavin yuro bare cult and laming to dense, about $65. 1 Sportsman. Yure Inquiry is not ed zackly in mi line, butt i haste to repli, as follcrs to wit: The'tite leuth tu cut opp a dogg's tale haz uevcr yet bin futy diz koovered, but iz undowtedly someware bak ov biz ears, provided yu git the dogs concant. N. B It ain,t absolutely necesara the dog's concent ahuld bee in riteing. . -., Kate. I think Lord-Biroo wax- the author ov the lius yu spoke ov; 'twsz ether him or 'twaz Captain Kid, one cr tother. Biron waz dreadful limber' at riteing poultry, so waz Kid, but Biron waz the limbeerest. Re.mabk.ablb Occurrence. A n gro cook in one of the regiments on Morris Island lately conceived the idea of making sinkers for fish lines oat of the lead around Parrott shot. To this -end he placed a shell in a stovo and sat down, ladle in hand, to catch the molten lead as it fell. Just about the time the lead should have fused, the stove sepa rated into very minute fragments, and the last seen of the smelter was a series of involuntary gymnastics creditable to his agility but unpleasant from their ab ruptness. . .1 A ooitNTRTMAN onoe brought a piece" of board to an artist, with the request that he would paint upon it St Chris- tnnhnr AJt laro-A as I'lTn, "Rnt " rn'tnrnarl the artist, "that board is much too small tor mat purpose." tne countryman looked perplexed at this unexpected dis covery. "That's a bad job, said hej "but look'ee, Sir, ye can let bis reet bang down over the edge of the board." , A young man and a female ones apod a time stopped at a country tavern. Their awkward appearance excited tha attention of one of the family, wbo com menced a conversation with the female by inquiring how far she had traveled that day? "Traveled I" exclaimed the ' stranger, somewhat indignantly) "we didn't travel, we ridl" . Viky KnoinQ, An elegantly dress ed young lady recently entered a railway Carralgo where there were three or four genta, one of whom was lighting a ci gar. Qae of the gents asked If smoking would incommode her. She replied: "I do not know, sir; no gentleman bas ever, smoked In my presence . Y ,1' : '.