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All co-nman'cstloas forth" paper should be accora
PnII by the name of lh- tutbur; not nets tsarilr to:
puUiatUoa, bnta- n evidence of good fai'hoa'lii
iTorier nftmi'S arc of u . eilft'-clt. to dccJpLfr. bec&UM
f 'b- m'lt ruannT la "LIcn thcr an wrl'Auu
Dear woman! Strange It is that she
Such opposes Involves;
And very deep a man must bo
Who that enigma solres.
Just view ber as she, smiling; stands;
A paradox is there;
Look at her soft and dimpled hands
Yet how she bangs her hair!
How woT.an studios to unite
Economy with taste:
But spite of that you'll find I'm right,
She loves a little waist.
In such soft arms there seems to bo
Just strength to wield a fan;
But still you'll And how thoroughly
She shakes a poor young man.
Her n assuming modesty
The mind "itli wonder Alls;
But then .i-.t sec how easily
She pi'is on lots of frills.
But v. Oman's heart is kind and warm
' If-r faults are trivial, small;
Her beauty lends to all a charm
Iler love atones for all.
U'm. J. C. TtvjVir, in 1'. T. Sun.
BILL SSIILEY'S SCABE.
Bill Smiley was a light-fingered, en
terprising young man, who improved
his leisure by appropriating other peo
ple's property whenever he yot the
chance. He was :i jobbing carpenter by
trade, but his chief occupation was that
of a railway theif. Tne method he
adopted was" to travel short distances
on the diiTfrent suburban lines, with
the object of picking up .stray umbrel
las, hand-has and other portable :ir
tr:ti which were insufficiently guarded
by their owners. He had an innocent
way of rushing from a railway carriage
just as the train was moving oil', seiz
ing, in Ills hurry and confusion, some
Ijoiiy cNc's flit-'nrcor umbrella from
theVaek. On the comparatively rare
occasions when his mistake was dis
covered before it was too late to rectify
it, his profuse ."poiogies were generally
acsrpt.'d villi mere .r less credulity.
But, as a rule, he managed tog.-t. clear
away with his spoil, ami, so skillfully
.and cautiou-s'y did he conduct his op-jr-
lions, that he has never yet l)cen con
victed, though he was painfully con
scious that the police had their eye
upon bin .
One evening, feeling inclined for a
little excitement, he took a third-class
ticket at the Charing-Cross station on
the District ilailway. London, and
strolled dnv:i on the platform. Keep
ing a sharp Iookout-as he lounged aiout
waiting for a train to the West End, his
attention was attracted by the suspi
cious demeanor of a tall Vankce-look-ins
man, who seemed anxious to avoid
observation, and made his way to the
far end of the 'station. He carried a
carpet-hasr, which hecarefullv nlaccd on
the ground, while lie walked up and
down in front of it. Bill remarked
that, when any one chanced to ap
proach, the man mounted guard over
.the carpet-bag in a very resolute man
ner. He tried the experiment himself,
and felt convinced that the contents of
the bag must be valuable. As the re
sult of deliberate observation, became
to the conclusion that the mj'sterious
stranger was not easy in his mind about
having the bag in his possession, from
-which it was not difficult to surmise
that lie had not come by it lawfully.
"While these reflections were crossing
Uill's mind, a train came into the
Ktation, and, in the midst of the confu
sion which ensued, he saw the stranger
take a step forward and accost a pass
ing guard. A few words were ex
changuil between them, during which
Bill yielded to a sudden impulse which
prompted him to seize hold of the
stranger's bag and make off with it.
Before there was a chance of his de
linquency being dicovered, Bill had
leaped into the train, which was already
beginning to move. He felt a little bit
disniayeu at what he had done, for he
wis accustomed to act with much more
circumspection. The chances were that
the stranger would immediately com
municate his loss to the railway ofii
oials, who would at once telegraph
down the line. This uncomfortable
prospect caused Bill to break into a
cold perspiration, for familiarity with
the danger of being apprehended for
robbery had not bred contempt for the
ordeal. But by degrees he begau to
breathe more freely as lie recmleeted
the stranger's evident reticence. If,
a? Bill suspected, the man had reasons
for desiring to conceal his identity, he
might prefer to put up with his loss
rather thau create a disturbance.
But still Bill did not feel at all com
fortable, and he hastened to stow the
. bag under the seat, so that it might not
attract the attention of the guard in
cisc he was warned to look out for it.
While he was thus occupied the passen
gor who was seated opposite to him ob
"That ain't dynamite, is it, mate?"
"Xo," replied Bill, with a grin,
though he was secretly vexed at his
movements having been noticed. "It's
tho coat I'm agoin' to wear to-night
-wlicn I have supper with tho Prince of
AVales and the rest of tho- royal fami
ly." But, strange to say, the facetious re
mark of his fellow-passenger made an
uncomfortable impression upon Bill
Smiley by suggesting to his mind a
very disquieting suspicion. He had
hitherto assumed that the bag con
tained valuables of some kind orother;
out on that point- of course, he had no
actual knowledge. Now he came to
think of it, it was possible that the con
tents of the bag might bo very differ
ent from what lie had bargained for.
This view of the question assumed an
omiuous signiticance when he recollect
ed the demeanor of the stranger and
his outlandish appearance. Bill was
familiar, like even' one else, with the
recent Fenian outrages. Supposing the
strangerbelonged to the dastardly irang
who went about causing death and des
olation by means of infernal machines!
Bill could not help shifting uneasily
in hisseat when he thought of tho bag
reposing snugly underneath him. It
was very easy to scoff at the notion of
its being the instrument of a diabolical
outrage. For some reason or other he
fonnu it impossible to dismiss the sus
picion from his mind. His fellow-passenger's
aimless remarkseemed to have
acted upon him like a revelation, and,
in spite of himself, his suspicions began
to grow into a son; of dreadful forebod
ing. He now recollected that when ho
lifted the bag he heard a strange rat
itle inside it. and the sound was repeated
nT.kn he was putting it under the seat, j
.inning as this circumstance was, it
- helped to increase his uneasiness.
Whether his adventure had flurried his
serves, or his state of health rendered j
lim liable to morbid fears, it is certain
that he soon became" firmly convinced
:that the prize for which he had risked
'his liberty was an infernal machine !
-which might blow him to atoms at any
The facetious fellow-passenger, re
marking Bill's perturbation, -which
plainly showed itself in his pale face,
jrood-naturedlv asked if he was ill. and
) offered to put the window down. This
friendly interference caused Bill to col
lect his scattered wits and to reflect
seriously what he had better do. His
impulse was to seize the bag and hurl it
into the darkness. But he was re -
strained from doing this, partly from
fear of the consequences and" partly
from a lingor'ng hope that his booty
might be reallv valuable after all. If
an explosion resulted from the bag be
ing dropped into the tunnel, he would
be immediately apprehended as the au
thor of the outrage. On the other
hand, some fiendish machinery might
be at work iaide the bag" at that very
moment, which rendered his hesita
tion almost suicidal.
llus last reflection brought on a sort
of frenzied desperation which impelled
him to take immediate action, lie ieit
he could not sit still another moment
and risk being blown up, even on the
chance of his booty proving valuable.
He resolved to get out at the next sta
tion, and leave the bag to its fate.
After all, he whispered to himself, it
was more than probable that, even if
the contents of the bag turned out to be
innocuous, they would not compensate
him for the risk the possession of the
bag would involve.
Bill did not stop to reflect that his
last argument was rather of the "sour
grapes'" order, nor did it occur to him
that he was, perhaps, imperiling the
lives of his fellow-passengers by leaving
the bag behind him. His onlv anxietv
was to"' get awav from it, and, const?-
qucntly, on reaching the next station,
which was Victoria, he suddenly jumped
up and got out of the train; hut, before
he had time, to make good his escape,
he was hailed from behind by several
voices, including the guard, who came
and touched him on tho shoulder.
"Hi! You've left your baggage,"
said the official, curtly.
Bill turned round involuntarily, and
beheld his facetious fellow-passenger,
standing in the doorway of the carriage
he had just left, holding the fatal bag
in one hand and gesticulating violently
with the other. It was a trying mo
ment, for, while Bill shrank from lay
ing a linger on the bag, he did not
midiateall knowledge ol i t would at !
runw finiv in ivniii iimriir f i n
once arouse suspicions which would
leau to unnleasant disclosures, inas
much as several persons had seen it in
his possession. A wild idea of 'ppkiajr,
safety in flight crowed his mind for an
instant, but on looking round, he per
ceived that several of the passengers in
the train and nearly all the people on
the platform, including the porters and
guards, were staring at hini. This
publicity was too much for Bill Smiley's
modesty, and he hastened to put an
end to the scene by claiming his prop
erty. He walked" up to the railway
carriage and received the bag from'his
late fellow-passenger, who remarked:
"Young man, if it hadn't been for
me you would have had to dine at
Marlborough House in your second best
suit, which would have been a pity!"
Bill thought this was the most ghastly
joke he had ever heard in his life; but
he did not say so. In fact, he was too
agitated to speak at all, for directly
the bag was put into his hands he again
heard the ominous rattle inside it. He
lii ahnulri bivn flrnninn.l it ,, I
frightened was he by
3d was he by the sound. Bllt
all the while he was conscious that a
good manj' people were looking at him,
which was a new source of danger,
for. as we know, he had the strongest
reason for not obtruding himself too
much upon the public gaze.
He therefore made his way as
ly as possible through the crowd and
up the staircase. Once in the street, he
imagined he would have no difficulty
iu disposing of the bag. Meanwhile,
however, every time he moved the rat
tling sound inside it sent a thrill
through his nerves, and he almost gave
himself up for lost. So cruel was his
suspense that an explosion would have
been almost a relief, if it had left him
in a condition to realize his sensations.
At length he reached the street, but
under tho first lamp-post stood a po
licemau, who eyed him very suspicious
ly as he approached. Perhaps he knew
Mill by sight, or guessed from some
subtle indication that the bag was not
in its proper ownership. Bill would
have handed over the bag with his most
fervent blessing, if that would have sat
isfied the official; but, of course, it
would 'have been sheer folly to do so.
The very nature of the contents of the
bag might get him into serious ditli
culties. There was nothing for it but
to assume an air of bravado, and swag
ger past as though he had a perfectly
easy conscience. This he succeeded in
doing to his own satisfaction, but un
fortunately the constable still seemed
to have his doubts about him. When
Bill glanced over his shoulder he per
ceived that the officer was strolling
leisurely after him, apparently for the
purpose of keeping him in view. This
vigilance was especially embarrassing,
for it compelled him to avoid anj ap
pearance of haste, and prevented him
from carrying out his design of depos
iting his burden on the first convenient
Half dead with sheer f right, and in a
fever of suppressed excitement, Bill
made his way in the direction of Vic
toria Street, holding the bag with the
utmost tenderness, yet longing to drop
it and Like to his heels. On turning
shortly, however, he perceived that the
policeman was still steadily following
in his wake. Probably the truth was
that the otiicer was only pursuing his
beat, and had forgotten Bill long ago.
But unfortunately, this soothing" reflec
tion did not occur to Bill at the moment,
and, in his desperation, he availed him
self of an expedient which suddenly
presented itself. The street door of a
house happened to open just as he was
passing, and a maid servant came out
on the doorstep and looked up and
down the street- Before she had per
ceived him. Bill had coolly placed the
bag in her hands, and was preparing to
"Hi!" exclaimed the girl. "What is
"For your master," answered Bill,
"I ain't got no master. Hi! stop!"
cried the girl, raising her voice as he
"I say, mate, somebody's a calling of
you!" said an officious errand boy, as
Bill plunged across the road.
"Hi! Stop there! You're wanted!"
cried another passer-by, in stentorian
There seemed to his excited imagin
ation a general disposition on the part
of the by-standers to impede his flight,
and he hastily concluded that it would
be wiser to yield to the hue and cry.
He would, stick to his story that he had
been told to leave the bag at that par
ticular house, and he probably would
succeed in making the girl believe him.
"With this object- he retraced his steps,
gathering assurance as he walked, but,
as ill-luck would have it, who should
stroll up at the same moment but his
vigilant enemy, the constable.
"Hi! You've made a mistake. This
doesn't belong here. There i3 no name
on it," said the girl, as he approached.
"What is the matter?" inquired the
constable, in a casual way.
"O! nothing, i ve made a mistake,
1 1 suppose,- as the young lady says so,'
. answered Bui, hastily,
He mechanically held out . his hand
j for the bag as he spoke, but failed to
! grasp the handle, and it fell through
' his lingers on to the ground. Bill
started back in consternation, fearing
his last moment had come, and simul
taneously he felt himself collared by the
"Hullo! young fellow. What dots
this mean?" exclaimed the officer.
Bill, who bad closed his eyes in an
agony of apprehension, ventured to
open them again, and perceived that
! the shock of the fall had burst open the
bag, the contents ot which were scat
tered upon the doorstep. To his amaze
ment, thev consisted of a miscellaneous
collection of silver plate and jewelry,
which made quite an imposing display.
The articles had evidently been bun
dled unceremoniously into the bag, and
were, no doubt, the" proceeds of some
The constable naturally concluded
that it was his duty to escort Bill to tho
nearest police station to make the nec
essary explanations. During the jour
ney, BHl's reflections inclined to bitie
ness as hn realized how foolishly he haa
abandoned a rich prize. The metallic
rattle which had 'startled him had been
due to careless packing.and, altogether,
he. pereeh ed that he had fallen a vie
tun to a senseless scare. IScedless to
say, his ingenious story of having re
ceived the bag from a nameless
stranger was not considered satisfac
tory, and as the valuables were identi
fied by a pawnbroker in the Strand,
whose premi-cs had been burglariously
entered during the evening. Bill re
ceived the full credit of the transaction
and was rewarded accordingly.
Dangers of Competition in Girls' Schools.
One of the practices most energetic
ally relied on in the higher class of
girls' schools is that of the competition
of one scholar with another. In some
of them this competition is terrific. It
extends to every subject; it becomes so
keen as to put each girl who is in the
foremost rankm a fever-heat of omnia- '
tiou before the examinations. In somo
cases it overmasters every other feeling
for the time being. No doubt, from the
schoolmaster's point of view, it is tho
very thing he wants. In his professional i
enthusiasm he aims at' the highest
mental result. He is not professionally
interested in the health or the special .
nervous constitution of his girLs; he
docs not regard them as each one a
medico-psychological entity and prob- ,
leui. I don't say this b way of re- :
proach. All good men try to attain tho j
highest result in their special depart- !
meiits. The educator has no means of
knowing the constitution and hereditary ,
weakness of his girls that the mother i
of one died ot consumption, that tho
father of another was insane, that
neuralgia is hereditary in the fami- i
ly of a third, that one has been J
nervous, another had convulsions i
when a baby, another has been
threatened with water in the i
'--"-- ul -"- ""-- cuuuauun ami
tra'nmg have not taught him to
nonce or Know uio meaning 01 narrow
chests, or great thinness, or stooping
shoulders, or very big heads, or quick,
jerky movements, or dilated pupils, or
want of appetite, or headaches, or irri
tability, or back-aches, or disinclina
tion to bodily exertion. But all these
things exist in abundance in everv b
school, ana the girls handicapped in j
that way are set into competition with
those who are strong and tree from
risks. It is the most nervous, excitable
aud highly strung girls who throw
themselves into the school competition
most keenly. And they, of course, are
just the most liable to be injured by it.
All good observers say tho intensity of
feeling displayed in girls' competitions
is greater than among lads, and that
there is far more apt to arise a personal
animus. Girls don't take a beating so
quietly as boys. Their moral constitu
tion, while in some ways stronger than
that of boys, especially at that age, suf
fers more from any disturbing cause.
The whole thing tak"es greater hold of
them is more real. S. Clonston, M.
D., in Popular Science Monthly.
A Musical Hit.
We have heard of a man who forgot
his own name when he called at the
post-oflice for a letter, and was going
home to ask who he was, when he heard
a man in a wagon speak to his horse.
The name happened to be the same as
his own, and he hastened back to the
office to take advantage of his recov
ered identity. There is a curious storT
in musical annals of a Polish singer
named Yaneiwicz, who spent a profes
sional season in London, lodging at the
West End. One dav. after navinsr sev-
! eral visits, he called a hackney coach.
and having seated himselt, was asked
by the coachman where he wished to
"Home, 7M071 ami: you go me home,"
said Yaneiwicz, who knew very little
English, and tried to express himself
partly with the help of French.
"Home, sir? but whcrcV says the
"Ah, me not know. Do name of de
street has e'shcape out of mv memorv.
I haf forgot him. Vat shalll do ?"
The coachman smiled.
"Ah, you are gay ! Come now, you
understand de musique, ch-'
"Music! what's that to do with the
"Ah vous vcrrcz J you "shall see."
He then hummed a tune, and inquired,
"Vat is dat?"'
"Thattune? Why, that's Malbrook."
"Ah, dat is him Malbro' Street!
now you drive me home.'' lojtfft's
Foreman Allin, of the Springfield,"
Mass., armory, who is something of a
meteorologist, has a novel explanation
of the gradual equalization of climate
north and south that at the south be
coming colder as that of the north be
comes warmer. Every storm he thinks,
is due to electricity, and the railroads
and telegraph lines, with their steel
rails and wires, forming as they do a
network of conductors all over the
country, tend to equalize the climate.
A woman with six gold rings on
her hands was found in the streets of
New York, unconscious from cold and
exposure. It is strange that she did hot
think to put on another ring before
vesturing out in thegwinter. 2f. Y.
Since the appointment of the Na
tional Convention there, Chicago is
said to wear its hat on one side and
smoke a cigar at an angle of forty-fiTe
degrees. N. Y. Comviercial-Adveriiscr.
i How It Feels to Bo a Burglar. .
To the ordinary law-abiding citizen,
with the standard convictions concern
ing the heinous criminality of house
breaking and robbing, the matter of
fact and business treatment which a
professional cracksman gives to his
( flagrant "operations" is quite appall
' ing. The interviewer, at once feels
that he is in the presence of a person
age who is more than an outlaw. He
dwells in an entirely different realm of
thought and activity. All of his finer
instincts and qualities of mind and
moral sense are either entirely uprooted
or held in strictest subservience to an
iron and sin-hardened will. The man
before you has no moral sense. He
takes.a manifest pride in what every
right-minded and true man loathes and
"How do you feel when you are alone
in a house at midnight running such
terrible risks?" asked a reporter of a
"There, now, you have got as much
nonsense into that question as they
usually do. In the first piace, midnight
is not the usual hour when a house is
worked. Things are not so quiet gen
erally as they are two hours later. And
then, if it were midnight, what of it?
Midnight, except to cowards, is no dif
ferent from any other hour, only as it is
a great deal "safer for those like us.
Alone in a house? It is a little shaky
at times, but generally safe enough; but
that isn't the way a house is geuerally
worked. There should be two, and
three are better. Terrible risks? Wo
don't think of it in that light. There
is something always fascinating in the
risk, and it isu't considered objection
able. What do wc think? How do we
feel? Now, look here, there isn't much
time nor occasion for thinking aud feel
ing outside the job to be done. Your
sentimental chaps don't want to be
prowling about nights on an of these
delicate 'rackets.' The man who is
going to stop in a bedroom of a strange
house at two o'clock at night, to consult
his feelings had better keep out of that
bedroom. The man who proposes to
enter this profession wants to run slow
on the thinking and feeling line, es
pecially when on duty. Those parties
who are farthest away do most of the
feeling over what they call burglars."
"What precautions are generally ta
ken when a house is to be worked?"
"That depends upon how many are to
do the job. If there aro two or three
in tho gang one man will generally
gather in the swag and work the rooms
while one stands iu the lower halls and
another keeps watch outside."
"How is it when there is onlv one on
"In that case a shrewd 'un gies slow.
Most of these paper account; are of
rackets by green 'uns, so careless and
bungling that they deserve to get
nabbed. In nine cases out of ten
where a man gets caught it is his own
"It seems to me that the majority aro
not up to your high standard of the
"Perhaps not, but when a man goes
it alone in a house he should be mighty
careful. That don't mean that he
couldn't be bold, for it's just
boldness that people don't count on.
They don't get ready for it. You
sh uild always be sure of two ways to
get out, and to get out oay, too. You
should try the worst job l&st, that is,
go into the most risky room after the
others have been done. There arc some
jobs where vou can't help waking the
folks, and then they must be kept stid,
anyhow. Here is the most delicate
point of working a house, and one must
keep his head on his shoulders."
"But, again, 1 want to know how a
man feels r"
"Well, if everything goes smoothly,
it's mighty fascinating going through
a house, especially if there are two or
three 'supers' ami a 'leather' or two to
rake in. It acts like a tonic. It braces
a man's nerves all up. He feels differ
ent from what he does any other time.
I don't suppose a good 'un is ever much
afraid, but he's mighty anxious, and he
feels that every power in him must do
its level best, aud not go back on him
once. The fact is, it's all out of the
usual run of human experience, and
somehow ho feels at first that his is a
different world, and because he feels so
h likes it. After awhile he finds these
rackets to be the only real and satisfac
tory life to him, and he follows it, not
because it's the easiest way to get
money, but because he's somehow held
to it, and can't take to the common
ways of men. I tell you that a man
who h:is got well worked into this pro
fession is unfitted for anything else.
It's his trade, and there are a good
ninny reasons why he can't learn an
other, especially with all the world down
"Do you mean to say that you enjoy
the risk and danger of being in a house
in the night?"
"There you are again. I tell j'ou
that generally the risk is not in the
house: that conies mostly after you get
out of it. In the house the chances are
in the operator's favor; when he i.s out
of it afterward, the chances arc often
tho other way."
I should not think there would be
much zest or excitement in a midnight
tramp through a dwelling."
"It is not the zest, as you call it, that
invites a man, but there" is something
about this getting the better of
all precautions and laws and in
genuity that is fascinating, although it
is true" that a good many of them do it
for the money alone, and don't at all
relish the way of getting it. Mind you.
a good deal I am telling you I have got
from others who have followed the busi
ness a long time. It isn't all my own
"When a house is to be 'worked,' is"
there a regular plan of operations ar
ranged, or do you trust to circum
stances?" "There is a right way and a wrong
way to do everything. Aside from
that, a man must trust to his wits, and
act according to the occasion."
"H w does an operator feel when ho
is confronted by some inmate?"
"In the first place, lie feels that
something must be done pretty quick.
Dodge 'eiu if you can. but no fooling,
anyhow. Do anything short of killing,
if necessary. The women are the hard
est to manage, except a man who can
wake up cool and has his weapon
handy. That is the time that tries a
man and puts him on his metal. If it
comes to that it's rather desperate for
somebody, but a man has no business
to run such a risk unless there's a big
stake. The funniest experience
I ever had was when I went
into a bedroom one night
where there was one man asleep.
"I was at the bureau drawers and
looking into the glass. I saw him sit
bolt upright and look at me. I turned
pretty quick, you may believe, but he
nevef stirred nor spoke. Ididn't move
after turning round, but looked at him
and he at me. I very soon saw that he
was not awake. T gathered up the
swao- and walked round the Ded to the
door; bat his eyes were on. ms all the
while. I got out of. the room safely,
and he never spoke nor afterward made
any disturbance. I didn't stay much
longer in that house."
'How is it about the women?"
"They are curious. Some of them
will bury themselves under the bed
elothes, while others will spring at you
like a she tiger. A good many will
gladly let you take anything yon want
if you will only keep awa lrom them.
The fainting kind is the best; they are
soon laid out. The 4schreecher3' make
the rumpus; they are no way reason
able. There is only one thing to do
get out of it the easiest way possible."
"What if vou go through a house and
"That is always 'cutting up,' and
that accpuuts for the ridiculous things
which some men do who are really
smart at it. It is a rule with a great
many operators not to go out of a place
without something. Why, when I was
beginning, I have taken a pin even, so
as not to leave without anything. It is
this idea that gets men into trouble.
They will take things that will 'give
them away1 when they know better.
But the long heads will not often do
that." Boston Herald.
We note with much satisfaction the
growing desire to adorn and beautify
homes and villages. It is a good sign
of the times that this desire to combine
beauty with utility in the architecture
of houses, the laying out of grounds
and the cultivation of flowers increases
so rapidly. And with this goes a de
sire to remove unsightly objects from
houses and grounds and streets. Wo
hope this spirit will spread all over the
hind, and we arc sure it will result in
It is not necessary to have much
money to begin with. If is necessary
to begin to think upon this matter.
First thought, then the creation of a
strong public sentiment in favor of im
provement, with intelligent ideas of
what ought to be done and then the
money will be cheerfully given, gratu
itous work done aud decided improve
ments brought about. What follows?
Home becomes a more attractive
place within and without. Unsightly
objects vanish. Good roads and side
walks and better fences enhance the
neat and pleasant appearance of the
The village gets a name for neatness
and beauty, for noble trees, lovely
flowers and green sward. The value
of property increases. Men and women
become neater in their attire and take
better care of their children. Pub
lic buildings lose tiiat dismal, neglect
ed look too often seen. The morals of
the people improve. They have begun
to think, and one thought leads to an
other. Improvement in one direction
leads to improvement in many direc
tions. A moral reformation follows.
Kindly fellow-feeling replaces the cold
isolation of former times. Meeting each
other face to face, uniting in common
work in village improvements, breaks
down old partition walls, gives pleas
auter themes for discussion and rouses
a real brotherly interest all through tho
Now, dear reader, these results aro
worthy of attainment, and they lie
within your reach. But they will not
come without thought and work, some
trials, more discouragements and not a
few defeats. Still the ends are so im- .
portant as to warrant all the outlay of
thought, time, strength and patience. ;
Begin at once. Organize a society if
you cannot get more than two mem- !
bers to start with. Others will fall into
line. Lay your plans through the win- ;
ter, and hold stated meetings (say once .
in four weeks) to discuss the various
subje -ts which will more particularly
engage your efforts as spring comes on.
Here are a few of the topics which it
will be well to consider: The plauting
of trees, and where to place them in
yoitr village, as also the preference to
be given to this or that kind. Shall we
set out oaks, elms, maples, evergreens
or fruit trees in this place or that?
Fences' gates, walls ami hedges might
well be discussed. Then take up the
sanitary condition of the village, and .
the subject of lights, of wells, and
water for public uses to supply the
needs of man and beast, and in case of ,
lire. Also streets, and how to improve
their appearance, should be discussed;
cemeteries, and their improvement;
and nuisances, and how to abate them.
Having discussed these subjects dur- .
ing the winter, and having aroused
public "interest and obtained some
monev, go to work in the spring in real ,
earnest. How different the village will ;
look when that unsightly dead tree is
removed, or that tumble-down out
building; old rags taken out of win
dows and new panes of giass put in; the '
lawn carefully mown; trees set out by
the roadside, a.nd flowers aud ivies
around the homes; sidewalk repaired; i
new walls ami fences put up; a frch !
coat of paint on this building or that; j
the old pond-hole drained oil"; the neg
lected cemetery repaired and beautified;
trees set out around the school house; ,
a good pump in the old well, or a ;
fountain erected: lamp3 on the com
mon, and the spirit of improvement all
abroad in the village and working revo
lutions in doors and out; also in dre3s, '
manners and morals.
You cannot do all this at once, but j
begin. Do not be discouraged, but ,
keep on. Others will help you. The
crustiest neighbor will sooner or later
fall into line. ' Pride in the appearance
of the village will grow: outsiders and
old residents returning will speak of it,
and. best of all, you will leave a legacy
to posterity for which children's chil- ,
dren will hold you in grateful remem- ,
brancc. Do not talk about this and do ,
nothing, but organize and begin work
in an intelligent, earnest and practical ,
way. Golden Rule. i
Tiothchild's Wonderful Orchil'.
French horticulturists are at present
greatly interested in a plant at one ol
M. de Rothchild's celebrated hothouses
at Ferrieres, near Paris. Perhaps the
strangest of the strange family of or
chids, Vaivln Loivi, was discovered by
II. Low in 1817, in the hot. damp forests
of Borneo, where it climbed to the top
of the highest trees. Its long leave,
which not rarely measured a yarn or
inore in length, appear small if com
pared with the length of the clusters oi
buds, which reach a length of thrF
-ards. Each cl aster of which there
are at present eleven in full flower a
Ferrieres-numbers 2"0 buds, all ilov
ering at the same time, which are so
different in appearance that sido by side
they may be easily taken for distinct
species. " The plant was bought in 1876
for a large sum of money, but at present
it is considered worth $25,000. It is-reported
from Italy that in the garden of
Marquis Corsi Salviati, in Sesto Flor
iento, the Vanda Lovoi is also at pres
ent in flower, which is the first time it
has ever flowered in Italy. Pall Mall
DEATHS Ef 1SS3.
Orer 140,000 People Killed by Accident
in 18S3, Not Including the Multitudes
Swallowed Up by War and Pestilence
An Unprecedented Kecord Noted Dead
Iu tho United States.
A TEAR OF DISASTERS.
The following gives in tabulated form
the estimated loss of life by accident
during the year:
1-13. Floods in Europe (estimated) lto
2. Capjizlngr or a boat in Xortb. Caro-
2. Cave-in at Auburn, X. Y
3. Boiler expfc sion at Iuskepon, Mich. 4
3. Loss of the ocean vessel E. Good
T. Loss of the ocean steamer City ot
9. Mine explosion at Coultersville. 111..
1. Holler evplnsion at Bethlehem. Pa..
0. Burning or the ocean ship British
kmpire. ... .. ..... ............
10. Xewhall House Are at Milwaukee,
1 . Plan ter'"s Iloiisc flre'nt'St" "Louis. Mo.
14. Circus fire at Berditchetr, Unssm....
14. Bailway accident at Camertoza,
15. Fire in London, England
16. Loss of the ocean steamer Ancs
Jack ... . ............-..-----
IT. Mihap to the ocean steamer Un
iin6.... ... . .. ----
17. Loss of the ocean steamer Jo-eph-
13. Boiler expfosionatMansrteld. La....
IS. Gunpowder explosion at Amster
19. Sht icing' of the ocean steamer Um-
2J. Tiaitifiiy accident" near Los Angeles,
:i. Sinklnij'ofthe'oceanVhip ForvarM.
I. Powder-mill exp1osion near Oak
17. Lo-s of a Gloucester fish-boat
1. Gales in Great Britain
S.V. Foun.fering or the ocean shlpl'lack-
29. LoS'j ot the Italian steamer Ansonia.
W. Snow-slide at Crested Butte, Col
1. Panic in a lacorv ac Bombay. India
1. Three vessels !ost o:f CanlStf. Enu'. .
1. Mishap to the ocean steamer Black-
2. Gules on the English const
fi. Kallwsy accident in Hungary.
5, Itailroad collision near K:rrood. O.
6-23. Ohio.MUstssippiand Missouri Riv
6. Snow slide in Co'orado
C. Wreck of a Cana.liau steamer
C. Lois of the cean Fteumship Ken
i. Loss ot the ocean br&antine 'Ami..
. Two vessels ioton the Bni;iih coast
V. Uukiiown steamer lost olf Ifarieb,
Vitljff ............................ ....
0. Boiler fcxpli)ioii at TaylorviHe. 111...
!'. Uurninfr of the ocean steamer (Jem.
14. Marine diastors oft Yarmouth. En?..
115. Diamond mine disaster, Biaidv.ood,
liT. Railroad acid-nt nearGnlion, O....
10. Fire at KaiUonl. Emr
2). Panic in a tcdool in Xew Yik City..
20. Marine disasters on" the Kiiri-h coast
22. Wreck ol' oce.n steamer Uusjiliorus.
2H. Fire at Moniatfue. Mieli
SS. Los of the ceeuti steamer Dickinson
4. Less of the steamer Yazoo near New
6. Gales on the EnplU.li coast
8. Fire near Frederick. Md
9. Loss of the oan steamer Navarre.
9. Gales on the English couu
11. Fneat Brownsville. Dak
12. I.ossof a Norwegian Imrk...? :
15. Fire at Sleepy E.w, Shun !
19. Railway accident in Loudon 4
2.j. Snow avaianehi' in Armenia 15U
CO. I.o- of a vessel off Ho'vhead, Knsr.. 2S
31. Tiiif-tiout i-xpltxion at Belmont. Mo.
SI. Floods iu Russia IS
15, Hotel fire at Albion. la 3
17. linking-f three ratts in India 62
19. Explosion of lire-works in bwiter-
Collision or steamers olT the Spanish
Fall of a wall sit Saeninvnto. Cal C
Lake schooner Tuo lii others lost 7
Dynamite explosion at Loperucca,
22. Cyclones in the South (estimated)... 177
2-5. Fire at Warsaw, Austria 1G
27. Railway collision noar Battle Creek,
27-9. Cvc.ones in Texas 12
29. Steamer wrecked near Toulon.
Franco ... 7
2S. IhirniiiR of the ocean steamer U nip
30. Sline explosion near Ashland, Pa... 5
3. Mine accident at New Glasjrow. X. S. 9
3. Railway accident at Harvard City,
5. Powder explosion at Portsmouth, -
5. Earth luake in Persia icstimated).. 0
Oil Fire at Jersey City. S. .1 t
Cvclones in Missouri and Kansas.... 14
1 1. Railway collision near G lasgow.Scot-
Explosion near Lisbon. Portugal.... 4
Cyclones in Wisconsin and Illinois.. Cl
Burning of tho steamer Granite
Loss of the schooner Petrel, Iiko
Loss of the Wells Burt, LakeMiclri-
gan . 10
21. Fire at Oporto, Spain 5
21. Loss of the Jenny Liml, Lake Michi
Loss of tho ocean steamer Pilot IS
Fire at Vars, France 4
Cvclones in Indiana 22
Well accident m Selmylerxille, N. Y .5
Cave in at KhtCoii-liohoekeii, Pa.. 3
Brookvn hridi-c disaster...- 12
:'x. Capsizing of a schooner at Boston.. 0
el). Fire at Lynchburg. Va 5
31. Capsizingof a canoe at Ilersoy, Mich 3
1. Boiler explosion near EastSaginaw,
10. Capsizing of a boat at Payroll. Ftah f
12. Fall of a building ut Kaluga, Russia. 10
Vi. Explosion ar Scutari, Albania 150
14. Fire at lvesnc-s. England 4
15. Balloon lost m the Jlediterranean 3
Iti. Theater panic atSuiidenand. Eng
18. Mississippi and Miouri River Moods
21. Cyclone at t hi.licothe. Mo.. 3
finKiugoi ine ocean snip v.aiior.i..
Railway collision near Helena, Mon-
Theater fire at Dervis. Italy v 47
Fish boat sunk o!f Newfoundland... i
Storm ut Chatham, England 4
Fire near St. I'eiorsburtr 14
Well accident near Lackawanna, Pa. 3
Cyclone in Wisconsin 3
1. Rail vay collision near RusH.'lai. Pa.. 7
1. Cat sU.ngof a boat near Blfa!o 4
3. Launching of the ocean steamer
3. Railway accident at Huddcrsficld,
3, Railway aec dent near Cincinnati. O. C
5. Boiler explosion at HuiiUvllle. Tux. 4
f. Floods in India SI
9. Railway wreck near Plainvillc. Conn. 3
10. Cyclone at SoMier City. Kan .
l'i. Fire at Milwaukee. WH :;
11. Flood RtLonilon, Out 17
11. Bomb explosi in In Tripoli 12
12. Quarry accident at Lemont. HI 4
14. Railway wreck near Batavia, X. Y".. 3
U. FIrcatCokato, Shnn 3
15. Fire at Liiitos.entmiklo. Hungary... 20
15. Storm at Barnsley, England Tt
IB. Loss of theSicCicil&n, Lake Huron-.. 4
20. Powder explosion near St. Peters-
21. Loss of the Sea Bird, Lake Michigan 9
23. Cyclone in SI ichigan 6
ZS. Boiler accident atGcddcs. X. Y 8
21. Collapse of a pier near Raltiinorc,
.' t H a- . vU
24. Accident on Lake Lugano, Switzer
land.... ........ ..... ............. &
24. Captain Webb drowned at Niagara
27. Railway accident near Mount Joy,
25. Railway collision at Carlton, N.Y.... 19
29. Earthquake Iu the Island of Ischia,
t4ljr . tij
1. Railway collision near Pownal, Yt... 7
1. Fire at Berlin, Germany 3
2. Powder explosion at Angoulmine.
5. Jail fire at Piroshlmo. Japan fl
7. Fire at Cedar Rapids la 3
. Collision of veeis off Dover. Eng. . . Vi
10. Loss of the ocean ship Sara Levira. . .1
10. Lussfhe yacht Mystery
10. Tunnel accident nt liozeman. SI. T.. 10
ID. Thunder-storm at Lincoln. Neb 3
14. Sline aec.dent at Re-lutu. England.. 12
Fire near Ath .1. D. T 3
Cyclone at and near Rochester. Minn' 33
"2. KailwMj accident near Fi rest City,
23. Heavy tW't Weils, Me 4
26. Tcncment-hou- f.re at Boston 5
2fi. Ga'f-s in the A'la::r;c lestiumtwl' 1G5
2-I. Sinking of the 1 K...-anst,--ainerWoburu IS
2. Iissoftheo ean steamer Rlroil 5
29. Yo'c&nlc eruptions in. Java (esti
28. Steamer Riverdale wrecked in New
29. Saw-mill explosion at Cincinnati, O.. 3
1. Loss of the ocan bark G. T. Jone3.. 11
1-6. Jamaica hurricane (estimated) 73
2. Hallway accident as Steglitz, Ger-
2. Storm at Grama. Italy.
3. Fire at Cincinnati. O
4. Yacht Explorer lost In Lake Eric
5. Fire at Illlopolis, 111 ...
16. Floods in Italy
16. Loss of ocean bark Britannia
19. Itailway accident near SyracuscN.Y
ia. Holier explosion at I'lttsourgn, fa..
?1 -tTIno n.rf.tVlnnt-ilt' tv!r!rtn7- Pi
21. Mine acefdentat Kingston. Pa ..
24. Railway accident at Verasaova,
96. Boiler explosion near Osakls, Minn..
8. BaIlwaycollisionatChasku,Mlnn.. j
ZS. Gunpowderexplosion In Spain ... 15
5. Vnwdpr mill ernlosion at Stegg. CaL. 40
Z$. Propeller Colorado wrecked off Buf
Fire at Katamotomura Kamada,
1. Railway accident near Naples. Italy.
1. Railway wreck at Fort Plain, N. Y...
2. Mine accident at Leigh. England...
5. Philadelphia street-car wrecked
6. Railwav collision ncarPittsford,3IIcli
7. Fall or a tree at Nettleton, Ark
8. Powder explosion at Macedon. N. Y.
10. Fall of a building near Moorhead,
10. Sinking of the ocean ship Aquita....
10. Loss of the ocean ship oyager
11. Boiler explosion at Sanita R-.chta,
Slexico.... ........ ---..-.
12. Flood at Laestrclla. Spain
13. Railwav accident at Catalia.O
IX Church" panic at Ziwonfcia. Russia...
15. Railway accident near Cornellsvillo,
IS. Railway" accident "near Cleveland,
17. Earthquake in Asia Minor
20. Avalanche inSIessIna, Italy ;.-
21. l.ady Pit colliery explosion
21. Fire at Middleton. Slich
22. Railway accident at Fort Edward,
22. Cajisizing of a boat at Newport
iowti li . . ..-
23. Factory explosion at Plymouth, Pa.
24. Gaieson theAtlantic
25. Foundry accident at La Creazot,
f i unco.... ... .............
27. Railwav accident near Chicago. 111..
2S. Dynamite explosion near Confluence,
Pa - .,........ ...... .... 7
29. Cyclone in Louisiana. Ohio and In-
u ii nH.... .... . a.....
20, Tug-boat explosion in Slobile Bay.. .
23. Floods in (Jieeeeiestimacedi
3J. Loss of the French brig Rocabersr..;
i0. Fire at Savannah. Ga
4. Factory flre at Rouboir, Franco
4. Cyclone at Springfield, Mo
6. Loss of the ocan steamer Iris
ti. Colliery explosion at Lancashire....
7. Madison. Wis.. Capitol disaster
. Tug-boar explosion. New York City.
'.. Fall of a building at Buffalo
ll-is. Gales on the lakes
12. Fire at Charleston. S. C
12. Explosion at West End. Pa
12-16. Gales on tho Atlantic
II. Loss of the L. J. Clark, Lake Michi-
lll . . .
16. Boiler explosion. Trout Run. Pa
16. Railway collision near Streator, 111..
17. Factory fire at Tlaxpan. llcv
17. Railway collision near Bradford,
IS. Sinking of the British steamer Con-
u o r. .
IS. Loss of the ocean steamer HymethU
l'.i. Capsizing of.a boat in France
21. Cyclone in Wisconsin and rkansas.
21. lJike tug Erie Belle wrecked
22. Collision of two Switzerland Iako
C l I C . ...... .
3. Loss of the ocean steamer Huso
21. Loss or the Dutch lark Judith
25. Capsizing of a boat near Dubuque-,
J tl -
20. Railway accident near St. SIcen,
x mncv. . .
.X). Runaway at Dixon. Ill
3. Fire in New York City
3. Pilot-boat run down near New York
V 1 A .
3. Loss of the Canadian .steamer Prin
7. Loss of a Newfoundland skiff
10. Loss; of the barge Enterprise, Lake
11. Ga'es on the English coast
12. Hurricane in Spain
15. Loss of the lake-ship Slary Ann Ilurl-
16. Burning of the ocean steamer St. Au
gustine i estimated)
17. Black mm hurricane (estimated)
17. Railway accident near Caiaraquie,
18. Captizing- of a boat at St. Andrews,
IS. Flood in Logan County. Ark
21-27. Snow-siides in Colorado..e?timated)
23. Freshet in Kentucky
Zi. School fire in Constantinople
21. Wreck of theoeeatisteamerSevern.. 7
24. Railway accident. uearSn em. Ind... 0
26. Eailway accident near Clear Creek,
-V a u
Eleven ocean vcsels overdue and prob
ably lost (estimated) 275
It will be scon that no mention has
been made of accidents (except iu the
case of the swimmer Webb) when the
loss of life has been less than three.
(Jreat care has been exercised iu the
compilation of the table, and the lijrures
presented will be found pretty nearly
accurate. Chicago Times.
NOTED DEAD IN 1S8J5.
The following are numbered among
the dead in this country during the past
I. Hon. Elisha II. Allen, Stinister of the
Hawaiian Islands, falls dead at tho White
li. Thatcher Perkins. American inventor.
10. Hon. Lot SI. Morrill, of .Maine.
12. Mr. S. A. Mi.dd, J. Wilkes Booth's) sur
geon at the time of Lincoln'-) assassination;
Clark .diliS, sculptor.
7. Ex-Governor Davis, of Texas; C. 11.
Sedirwick, Congressman from Syracuse, N. Y.
. Hon. C. It. Slocum. in Lincoln. Neb.
10. Hon. Marshall Jewell; Charles It.
Thorne, tho actor; General John A. Kellogg.
:). E.v-Governor Smith, of Wisconsin.
16. Stephen Hempstead, ex-Governor ol
17. George Dawson, journalist, Albany, N.
22. James Gamble, ex-Congressman, and
Charles Benton, journalist ami olh'cex.
26. The widow-of Marshall Jewell; Dr. John
SI. Duke. of Kentucky.
2S. Hank Sloukhc Novada stago-drircr.
4. Governor AlMimder II. Stephens, ol
Georgia; Colonel Harry Gllmore, famous Con
13. Ira Steward, champion of the Elght-houi
labor principle; niief-Justieo William White,
of the Supreme Court of Ohio.
25. Hon. Timothy O.Howe. Postmaster-Gen
20. Rev. Frederick A. Thayer, or Quincy, 111.
3. Hon. Charles C. Trownridge, of Detroit,
4. Peter Cooper, of New York.
5. Brigadier-General Joseph K. Barnes, 1at
Surgeon-General of tho United States army.
. Rev. Dr. A. II. Partridge, of Brooklyn,
N. Y-: Scth Turner. Boston financier.
0. Hon. Charles B. Lawrence,' formerly ol
the Supreme Court of Illinois.-in Docatur,
Ala.; Benjamin F. Cocker, D. D., LL. D.. in
25. Eliza. Plnkston, tho famous political wit
ness of 1876-77.
II. Hannah Simpson Grant, mother of Gen
eral IT. S. Grant.
12. Ex-Governor Israel Washburn, of .Maine.
21. William Slason, inventor, at Taunton,
14. Ilcv. Charles Timothy Brooks, of New
port. R.I.; Ex-Senator Casserly, of California;
Ex-Governor Charles J. Jenkins, of Georgia.
20. Archbishop Wood. In Philadelphia; Gen
eral Ewing. at Washington.
4. Archbishop John Baptist Purcell, ol
Cincinnati, O.: lit. Iter. 'William 1'lnkney, D.
1). LL. D.. of tho diocese of Slaryland; Bishop
SicSluIIen. of the diocese of Davenport, la.
7. Sliie. Litta, the prima donna, of liloorn
15. General Tom Thumb, of Mitldleboro,
23. Commodore Jeffries. United Stato navy,
at Washington; Hon. Glnory Twichou, at
21. Ex-Governor Swaim. of Maryland.
25. Hon. Martin J. Crawford. Associate Just
Ice of the Supremo Court of Georgia.
27. Hon. Montgomery Blair, of Slaryland.
1. Ex-Attorney-General Marston, ot New
1. William Wirt Sykes, United States Consul
to Cardiff, Wales.
I!. Judgo Jeremiah S. Black, of York, Fa.
i 12. Huzh Hastings. New York journalist.
1.. Junius Brutus Booth, actor.
2. J. R. Sand, of the United" States navy.
10. Charles II. Crane, Surgeon-General of
tli(Vt'nl"!- states army; Kev. D. F. C. Ewer,
if V.ir V-l
IS. General James
Barrett Stecdman, ol J-
24. Dr. Leonard D. Gales, scientist, or "Wash
ington. NOVEMBER. .
t" ?x,-4n-dStates Senator Theod6ro F.
Randolph, of N ew Jersey.
11. Commodore C. II. Co3hman, United
12. Ex-Governor Mattnead, of No-vHamp-shire.
i Pr; Lrion SIms ' " cw" York; Rear
Admiral Johnston Blakely Creighton, United
States navy, or New Jersey.
15. Rev.Labaree, D. D LL. D., of New
26. Sojourner Truth, colored lecturcsa.
' Ex-LIeutenant-Govcmor' AverhilL
Sirs. Lizzie Chri'tt'anmr i1lra.j .
of,f 'Senator Chrfstiancy, or 'Michigan.
16. Congressman Dudley C. Haskell, ol
17. General "William J. Eeese, at Lancaster,
13. Miss Auretta Hoyt,tho Indiana Temper,
20. Rev John Burt"VYrlhtthe oldest UnF
tay--Clergyman in tho country, at Boston.
22. Ex-Governor Lowe, of Iowa.
.Ne1rOri?aM?hOP Perch?- Ctl-0J -?---
.-' - " - - A - '-1 e i" A,.-' v...
i-v JLij'ti. v '