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Abilene weekly reflector. (Abilene, Kan.) 1888-1935, December 27, 1888, Image 3

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High on the granite walls the fcni'.ders, tolling,
Heaved up the massive blocks and slabs to
"With swart and streaming brows and straining
Under the summer's blaze.
And higher yet, amid the chills or autumn.
Tier upon tier and arch upon arch arose ;
And still crept upward, coldly, wearily, slowly,
'Mid winter's sifting snows.
From stage to sta;ce up springs the master
builder. Instructing, cheering, chiding here and there;
Scanning with scrutiny severe and rigid
Each lusty laborer's share.
Anon his voice to those most distant shouting
Through the hoarse trumpet makes his orders
Or utters words like these, to rouse and hearten:
"Build well, my men, build well!
The ropes are strong and new, and sound the
The derrick's beams are equal to the strain;
Unerring are the level, line and plummet;
Let naught be done in vain!
"Build that these walls to coming generations
Your skill, your strength, your faithtulnes
shall tell;
That all may say. as storms and centuries test
The men of old built well!"
And ever thus speaks the great Master-Builder
To us, where'er our "journey work" may be;
"Whate'cr the toll, the season, or the structure,
Build well build worthily!"
. & ISroicn, in Journal of Education.
Difficulties Encountered in Tilling
Farms in Norway.
Something of the Farmer anil Ills Eco
nomic Methods Every Square Foot of
Lund Utilized An Ingenious Hay
While traveling in Norway recently,
the writer had an opportunity of ob
taining1 some practical information in
connection with farming in that
country, and the following remarks
are intended to illustrate the typical
condition of the peasantry. In certain
portions of the south, principally in
the Christiania district, comparatively
large farming operations are carried
on. he contrast Dei ween JNorwegian
farms and those he has left behind at
home, must strike the least observant
tourist Yet, though he sees much
that seems to him rude and antiquated,
one soon finds there are not a lew les
sons awaiting the agriculturist in the
land of the vikings. So adverse are
the conditions under which tho Norske
farmer struggles, that the latter must
be almost "after the manner born."
And it is not too much to add that, to
an average farmer, certain bankruptcy
would result where a Norwegian can
make his bread and prosper.
The first impression of any ordinary
Norwegian farm-steading is not very
favorable. A cluster of houses, small
and aged, crowd around a large dwelling-house,
which generally looks
somewhat dilapidated. I Jut this ap
pearance is deceptive; for the walls
being of wood, they look old in a few
years, and become blotched and seared
by the weather. The roof is of the
same material, or, in the case of the
principal building, either of red tile or
slab. Sometimes the dwelling-house
is painted white, when the affect is to
relievo the sombre aspect of the group.
The walls are usually stout and thor
oughly weather-proof, planks about
four inches thick being used in their
construction. These planks are placed
edgewise on one another, crossed and
countersunk at the angles, and calked
in the seams with dry moss. A skin
of thin wood is placed over the outside,
while tho interior is lined smoothly
with boards. Inside there is an air of
comfort and cleanliness. A table
stands in the center of the chief room;
and along tho wall a bench runs, which
serves for chairs, of which there is
usually a deficiency. From pots on
the floor, ivy is sometimes trained up
wards to the roof, giving the room a
festive and refreshing look. Not un
frequcntly, the worthy farmer is proud
to have the dresses of his daughters
hung in conspicuous positions, in order
that swains who call may see that the
damsels are well provided with gar
ments in case of a matrimonial al
liance. The cowhouses are generally an im
provement on those usually seen in En
gland and Scotland. The building is
larger, and more space is allotted to
each animal, while a clean wooden
floor is ordinarily beneath the cattle.
Little or no bedding is given. The
lovel of tho cowhouses is in most cases
raised high enough to allow of a space
beneath, into which tho refuse is resru
larly swept through an opening in the
Outside tho buildings, one is apt to
ask: Hut where is the farm? Look
about you. Mountains hem us in on
all sides, there is no room for fields as
we know them at home; but grass
grows luxuriously among the rocks,
with occasionally a patch as large as
an ordinary villa-garden. There, tho
farmer cnts a portion of his hay-crop,
on which his horses and cattle are
mainly dependent during the eight
winter months. But his hay-field is
yet wider spread. Glance upward some
fifteen hundred feet, there, where an
opening qccurs in the dwarf-birch, and
you observe the diminished form of a
man busy at work. This is the farmer,
a thorough mountaineer, cutting the
grass which grows on yonder nar
row ledge of rock. He has been
up since early morn and will
probably not descend till evening.
Not a tuft of grass will be left un
gathered; not a foot of level ground on
that steep and rugged mountain side
but will be visited, and its small crop
carefully removed by the industrious
bergsman. If he has a wide stretch of
fjeld (hill-pasture or moorland) in his
boundary, the farmer erects wooden
sheds in which he stores his hay till
winter, when, by an ingenious contriv
ance, he has the whole rapidly and
easily conveyed to the valley. A
familiar object in a Norwegian glen is
the atrong steel wire which stretches
from the foot to the summit of tho
mountain. Down this wire the bundles
of hay are expeditiously sent without
labor, and then carried on sledges to
the steadings. Without such a method,
many weary journeys would be neces
sary ere all the hay required for a long
winter could be brought down. It ap
pears the Norwegian farmer borrowed
the idea of this hay-telegraph from his
brother hillsman of the Tyrol about
eight years ago. The hay crop is the
product of natural grass, no seed being
sown, nor any admixture of clover be
ing used.
The cereals are generally oats and
barley; these are planted wherever
there is a likelihood of their growing.
Small patches from twenty feet to as
many yards square are common; while
not unfrequently the cornfields are
Dut a name, lor tney meander like a
stream in all directions among the
huge bowlders and bare rocky hillocks
which compose so great a part of the
surface of a farmland. The heads are
usually very light, and their appear
ance would cause a painful smile on
the face of a Western farmer. Still,
the people cheerfully sow and thank
fully reap their scanty harvest, con
tented if Providence gives them suffi
cient for their few wants.
The method employed in drying the
hay and corn crops is different from
that which obtains in this country. In
the former case, poles are erected on or
near the patches, and between them
ropes or long sticks are laid till a sort
of six-barred railing is made. On these
bars the hay is laid, and dried in a
most effective manner. The corn, on
the other hand, is tied in small bundles
and impaled on poles placed at inter
vals in the fields. These poles are
about nine feet high, and capable of
holding ten sheaves each. The grain
is thus elevated above the ground; and
should a rain storm set in before it can
be conveyed to the granary, little
results, for half an hour's wind and
sunshine thoroughly dries the crop.
In the great valley of Voss, the fields
are more extensive than those just de
scribed. Indeed, a field of two to three
acres can be seen on more than one
farm near Tringe.
V ith regard to the potato crop, the
same kind of miniature farming occurs,
only "much more so," as Mark Twain
would saj A seed is dropped here and
there wherevor a possibilit exists of its
taking root. In the Ncerodal, the
writer noticed potatoes growing on a
bowlder, where a soil of about eighteen
inches had gathered or been placed.
The "field" was a triangle, whose sides
were each about twelve feet in length!
Turnips would appear to be outside
the economy of a Norwegian farm.
Though a wide area was visited, em
bracing Bergens-Amt,' Hardanger and
part of the Sogno district, not a bulb
was visible; a curious feature, consid
ering the importance of such a crop for
The portion of the farm given up to
crep and failow is styled the in-marken,
or inside fields; between that and the
field are tee out-marken. The latter
are reserved, as a rule, for tho cattle
during winter; the hay being allowed
to grow in the summer while the cows
are at tho scrlers on the mountains.
Manuring is not resorted to as a regu
lar part of the routine; tho fields are
left from time to time for three or four
years, by rotation, in grass.
The farmers themselves are worthy
of more than the brief description
which can be given here. A life of
constant activity and mountain climb
ing has bred a class of men scarcely to
be excelled. They are tall and strongly
built, with no excess of flesh, for they
are always in training. Their athletic
frames are supplemented by good
humored, honest faces, always ready
to break into a laugh. A uniform suit
of pilot-cloth does not, however en
hance their appearance. One does not
readily associate the Sunday clothes
of a navvy with the Norwegian farmer.
Their former dress, which some of the
old men retain, is more becoming. And
happily, we still find the true moun
taineer's costume in some of the more
secluded districts a broad hat, short
jacket of home-made cloth, ornate with
bright buttons; leather knee-breeches,
and heelless shoes of a soft tough hide.
Tho never-absent knife hangs suggest
ively at the right side. Add limbs of
large proportions, :i frank face, a back
as siraignt as a soldier s, and you see
the typical fjeldsman. The farms of
Soebo and Skjcegadals will be familiar
examples to the tourist.
In the summer months, female serv
ants, or the daughters of the farmer,
tend the cattle high up in the fjeld,
living in sceters or cabins, where they
prepare cheese and butter.
Excepting for such luxuries as coffee,
sugar and tobacco, the farmer in Nor
way can be independent of the outside
world. His fields and stock give him
food and clothing; while from the tim
ber on his hillsides he builds his houses,
and manufactures his furniture. There
is no lack of plate in those little farm
houses; the hostess can muster quite a
display of silver mugs, spoons and
drinking-cups. Some of the spoons are
worthy of special notice, for the pat
terns are delicate and chaste. A fa
vorite kind is that with the thin twisted
handle. Any Sunday or fete-day, one
may also observe the profusion with
which the female population adorn
themselves with silver and gold. The
arrival of a steamer in some of the less
frequented districts is enough to stim
ulate the wives and lasses to attire
themselves in all their bright costume
and filigree nicknacks. It is occasion
ally the fortune of a wanderer among
the fjords and fjelds thus to witness
these gathering of the women-folk.
Many of the ornaments and plate find
their way to shops in the larger towns,
and also to hotel parlors, where they
lie, tempting objects to the tourist
matron and miss. On inquiring into
the cause which led to the Norske
women parting with their adornments,
we were informed that it was generally
done by intending emigrants.
There is no feudal principal in Nor
way. The land is held by its owner
absolutely, without any tenure from
the king or superior. Property thus
reqnires no charter, and the owners
have never been subject to military
service as vassals. The facility with
which property can be transferred is
refreshing to one who contemplates
the complicated and costly machinery
of the law to be encountered in other
countries. A stroke of the district
judge's pen is sufficient under the sim
ple laws of Norway.
On a death of a farmer, his children
sons and daughters alike have the
property equally divided among them.
Should the farm be insufflci.-nt for all
their wants, an amicable arrangement
is usually made, by which the surplus
relinquish their shares on payment of
a compensatory sum, and settle else
where, or emigrate. It might seem
that this system of subdivision would
ultimately result in impoverished hold
ings; but, as justly remarked by Mr.
Samuel Laing in his Diary, the reason
that such an issue is prevented lie3 in
the fact that in Norway the land being
held in full ownership, "its aggregation
by the deaths of co-heirs and by tho
marriage of female heirs among the
body of landowners, balances its subdi
vision by the equal succession of chil
dren." There is no aristocracy in Norway,
unless it be that of successful enter
prise and labor. The farmer owns no
superior, is uniformly polite and hos
pitable to all; while servility and
obsequiousness are utterly foreign to
his nature.
Sufficient has been given in this
short sketch to enable the reader to
form an idea of Norwegian farms and
farmers. If it should occur tc any one
to inquire why it is that m6n tei.1 year
by year in a hard and constant strug
gle, where farming is a task of tho ut
most difficulty and hazard, we feel
sure the reply, and only reply, is this,
that the land they till is their own.
They love it, for on it their fathers
lived many oi them can trace their
ancestors as far back as the grand old
days of the vikings and they, unless
compelled by force of circumstances,
are happy to reap and sow the same
acres season after. With all the forces
of nature arrayed against them, these
men can show that their small hold
ings feed them and their children; and
make them the backbone, the strength,
of gamle Norgc. Bailouts Monthly.
Experience of a New Yorker In the
Marshes of Jersey.
"The Hackensack meadows, over in
Jersey, is about the best place to hunt
for frogs."
So spoke a Fulton street marketman
the other morning.
"Last winter," ho continued, "I dug
eleven dozen frogs out of one hole on
Sprout branch of Saddle river. An or
der came to me for eight dozen, and as
I had not a jumper in my winter pit at
home, and not a nose was to be seen
above water, the prospects for my $42
for that eight dozen frogs looked blue.
But I took a jaunt over to the branch,
and after looking over the ground
found a hole that seemed likely, and
all at once the idea jumped into my
head to drain it and dig out the sleep
ing beauties. Water-logged wood and
leaves had formed a natural dam at tho
little pond's outlet, and it only took
half a day's work to cut the dam away
and then bail out the water which
would not flow, and there I had tho
whole naked bed of tho pond spread
out ready for my work.
"With a couple of flat boards strapped'
to my feet so that I would not sink, I
went over tho mud with a scoop
shovel, turning it over to tho depth of
about eight inches, and out of that lit
tle pond I took eleven dozen table-size
bullfrogs not very fat, to be sure, and
awfully drowsy; but I soon remedied
that by soaking them at home for a
couple of days in warm water. A frog
takes in water through the skin, you
know, and every conscientious dealer
soaks his frogs before he sells them.
My winter frogs woke right up in the
warm water, and when I delivered
them were lively and plump."
"If the frog has one enemy he has a
thousand. Herons eat him, and so do
ducks, snakes, fishes, kingfishers, owls,
crawfishes, and most every water in
sect that lives. Man is not his worst
enemy by a good deal; and when a man
is willing to pay enough for a frog to
enable the hotel to"pay me3 a dozen for
them, then I say man deserves every
frog he gets. Yes, there is money in
frog hunting for one who knows how,
especially in winter. I have what 1
call a winter frog-pit at home, made
up of several tubs of mud and warm
water in a room kept at a mild tem
perature all the time, which I stock
well in the fall, and sell from when the
marshes are frozen up. It is an old
country idea, and is common in Paris,
where they never see a frog half as
big as our bullfrog from one year's
end to the other." N. Y. Mail and Ex
How Some of tho Delusions In Sun Pict
ures are Produced.
There are various ways for providing
surprising results in photography,
things that in one age would have been
called magic, but in ours recognized as
scientific tricks. The ghost picture,
for instance, in which a shadowy ghost
through which material objects are
visible is seen between natural atti
tudes and occupations. This is pro
duced by an almost instantaneous ex
posure of the figure that is to do duty
as the ghost, followed by a full expos
ure of the figures and properties that
are to appear natural. Another novel
trick was shown recently in a photo
graph reproduced by a prominent trade
journal, which presented the photo
grapher, seated at a table, playing
chess, with himself sitting on the op
posite side of the table, while he him
self stood up in the background looking
at his two selves playing.
The figures were all on the negative,
which was produced by three succes
sive exposures of the plate, parts
thereof being masked each time by a
black velvet shutter- Still another
trick is that by which a person who
likes that sort of thing may appear to
be photographed riding on a flying
goose or a fish or any other desired
style of ridiculous locomotion. This
is done by the subject holding upon his
lap a huge piece of white or sky-tinted
card with the fanciful figure drawn
upon it. His face appears above the
upper edge of the card and seems in
the picture, joined to the funny little
body mounted on the goose or fish.
The statue picture is made by about
the same device. Photographic Beview.
Resolutions Adopted by the American Wo
man Suffrage Association At Its Twen
tieth Annual Meeting, Held Recently In
The American Woman's Suffrage As
sociation, at its twentieth annual meet
ing, affirms that the establishment of a
representative government, based upon
the equal suffrage of men and women,
is superior to all other political issues;
therefore, it declares itself non-partisan;
it appeals to the good men of all
parties to do justice to women, and it
urges the friends of suffrage to work
and vote for the election of legislators
who will work and vote for woman suf
frage. We rejoice in the steady growth of
public opinion during the past year in
favor of woman's equality, legal and
political; in the good results of suffrage
in Kansas and Wyoming, in the public
spirit of twenty-two thousand Boston
women who have just paid a voluntary
tax to vote for school committee, and
in the more active participation of wo
men than ever before in the Presiden
tial election.
Whereat, by acts of Legislature twelve States
have already extended suffrage to women In
school elections, two States on liquor licenses,
and the State of Kansas on municipal elections;
liaolvtd. That In every State the Legislature
should be asked, as a first step, to extend suf
frage to women in municipal elections.
And whereas it is expressly declared in Art. 2,
Sec. 1. Par. 2, of the U. S. Constitution, that
"each State shall appoint in such manner as the
Legislature thereof may direct" the Presiden
tial electors, therefore
Jicolred, That in every State the Legislature
should be asked to extend suffrage to women in
Presidential elections.
Rttolctd, That we call upon Congress to sub
mit to the States a sixteenth amendment to the
Federal Constitution, prohibiting disfranchise
ment on account of sex.
R'.tolced. That the action of the Supreme
Court of Washington Territory in declaring wo
man suffrage unconstitutional is both unsound
In law and an outrage upon justice.
Whekeas one-half the citizens of Ohio, "of
mature age and sound mind, not convicted of
crime," are taxed without representation and
governed without their consent, in vlolat on of
the principles of the Declaration of Independ
ence and of representative governmpnt;
And WHEnEAS the Legislature of Ohio has ap
pointed a commission to decide whether the
State Constitution needs any revision, and if
so. what amendments are desirable; therefore
Haolved, That the American Woman's Suf
frage Association urgently represents that no
amendment Is so desirable and so Imperatively
needed as to strike out the word "male" from
the suffrage clause of the Constitution of Ohio.
Menolced, That to facilitate the work of this
Association a Bureau of Information or Lecture
Bureau be established at the headquarters of
Jie American Woman Suffrage Association, 3
Park Street, Boston, and that all members who
are willing to serve as lecturers or organizers be
requested to send their names at once to the
Secretary, with permission to place such names
as the Executive Committee may deem advis
able, in a special column of the Woman' Jour
nal. Hesolted, That thanks be extended to the re
porters and the papers they represent for the
kindly manner in which they have served this
Association, and to the people of Cincinnati who
have so hospitably entertained our delegates.
Woman's Journal.
Hollow Objections of Some Anti-Suffragists
Against the Enfranchisement of Women.
"They say that weighty arguments
are brought against us when we ask for
the perfect freedom of women, but,
when you come to the objections, they
are like pumpkin devils with candles
inside hollow, and can't bite.
"They say that women do not wish
for the sphere and freedom we ask for
them, and would not use it. If the bird
docs like its cage, and does like its
sugar, and will not leave it, why keep
the door so very carefully shut? Why
not open it, only a little? Do they
know, there is many a bird will not
break its wings against the bars, but
would fly if the doors were open?
"Then they say, "If the women have
tho liberty you ask for, they will be
found in positions for which they are
nut iiueu: n two men cumoeu one iaa
der, did you ever see the weakest any
where but at the foot? The surest sign
of fitness is success. The weakeot
never wins but where there is handi
capping. Nature left to herself will as
beautifully apportion a man's work to
his capacities as, long ages ago, she
graduated the colors on tho bird's
breast. If we are not fit, you give us
to no purpose the right to labor; the
work will fall out of our hands into
those that are wiser.
"They say women have one great
mid noble work left them, and they do
it ill: That is true; thev do it execra
bly. It is the work that demands the
broadest culture, and they have not
even tho narrowest. The lawyer may
see no deeper than his law-books, and
the chemist see no further than the
windows of his laboratory, and they
may do their work well; but the woman
who does woman's work needs a many
sided, multiform culture; the heights
and depths of human life must not be
beyond the reach of her vision; she
must have a knowledge of men and
things in many states, a wide catholicity
of sympathy, the strength that springs
from knowledge, and the magnanimity
which springs from strength. We bear
tho world, and we make it The souls
of little children are marvelously deli
cate and tender things, and keep for
ever the shadow that first falls on them,
and that is the mother's, or at least a
woman's. There was never a great
man who had not a great mother it is
hardly an exaggeration. The first six
years of our life make us; all that is
added later is veneer; and yet some
say, if a woman can cook a dinner or
dress herself well, she has culture
enough." Olive Schrcincr, in Wo)ian's
The women of France are anxious
to vote. Unlike their sisters in Ameri
ca they do not want unlimited suffrage,
but suffrage in order to protect their
rights. To be particular, they ask to
be permitted to vote at the election for
judges. And this demand, or request,
seems to be a reasonable one in view of
the facts. Naturally many women
are interested in the divorce cases
that come before these judges for de
cision. They claim that the judiciary
ignore their rights and are inclined to
favor the men because the latter have a
vote. If this is the fact it is a woful
commentary upon the administration of
justice in that country. Detroit Free
The Government needs woman be
cause she is different from man, and
views things from a different standpoint,
and only by the combined counsel of
tha two caa the best result be attained.
A. Lorln? Tribute to a Departed Leader
In the Cause or Woman Suffrage.
In a letter lately written to Mrs. Lucy
Stone, Clara Barton says:
"It gives me pain to be compelled to
decline your generous invitation to at
tend your annual meeting of the Wo
man Suffrage Association at Cincin
nati; but there is a deep pleasure in
the thought that you remembered and
desired me to be with you. Nowhere
would I so gladly speak my little word
for woman, her rights, her needs, her
privileges delayed and debarred to
gether with tho grand advance of the
last thirty years, the budding and blos
soming of the seed sown in darkness,
doubt and humiliation, scattered by the
winds of conscious superiority and
power, and the whirlwinds of opposing
wrath as on the green, native soil, the
home of the early labors of its sainted
citizen, Frances D. Gage.
"Dear, noble, precious Aunt Fanny,
with the soul so pure and white, the
heart so warm, the sympathies so quick
and ready, the sensitive, shrinking
modesty of self, the courage that scoffed
at fear when the needs of others were
pled; the friend of the bondman and
oppressed, who knew no sect, sex, race
or color, but toiled on for freedom and
humanity till the glorious summons
"If only five minutes of her clarion
voice could ring out in that meeting
McGregor on his native heath 'Twere
worth a thousand men.'
"I pray you, dear friend, whose voice
will reach and be heard, try to point
out to the younger and later workers ol
the grand old State, the broad stubble
swarth of the scythe, and the deep
blazing of the sturdy axe of this glorious
pioneer of theirs the grandest of them
all whose sleeoing dust is an honor to
"It is nothing that I am not there;
but you, who carry back the memories
of your girlhood, your school life, your
earliest labors, to lay them on this
freely proffered altar, where then there
was no room for tho tired foot, nor
scarce safety for the head, it is much;
and it points with unerring finger to
the hands on tho dial of thirty years in
the future. We need not see it then,
for it is given us to foresee it now.
"God's blessing on this work and on
the meeting, and on all who may com
pose it."
Woman As a Citizen.
"Woman as a citizen will compel the
State to a higher function than that ol
merely policing property. She will
police manhood and womanhood. She
will make rulers what Plato dreamed
of their being 'the guardians of so
ciety!' The preservation of morals will
be as much to the State as the protec
tion of vested rights now is. Woman's
voice will be lifted resolutely against
that crowning barbarism of civilization
war. She who suffers most from its
horrors; whose whole nature revolts
against such a crime whose every
physical feebleness indisposes her tc
the brutal arbitration of the sword, will
use her new-found power to end this
wickedness and folly under which
Europe groans to-day. Woman will
carry her religious nature into the
State, not to establish a State religion
tho last new religio-political "fad"
but to keep alive within the body of its
laws and institutions the spirit of essen
tial religion, which will make the State
the conscience of the people. Man has
fashioned tho true form of the State in
our own free, self-governing democ
racy. Let woman breathe within it the
truo spirit, and we shall see a city ol
God coming down out of Heaven upon
earth." Rev. Eebcr Kcwton.
Senok Castelar thinks tho estab
lishment of universal suffrage the most
needed reform in Spain.
The Government needs woman be
cause she is different from man, and
views things from a different standpoint,
and only by tho combined counsel of
the two can tho best result be attained.
1 do not expect to live to see it, but
I have no doubt whatever that the time
is coming when the Republic will rest
on the suffrages of all its citizens, and
that, thus resting, it will be safer, and
better governed, than if supported by
the votes of one-half only, as it now is.
Judge Taft.
I have been trying to induce the
young women to turn their attention in
the direction of domestic economy for
a good many years, to study the house
hold arts, the science that underlies
the household arts, and all these years
since women have wanted to vote I
have wanted to vote Mrs. Emma P.
Lewistowk ladies on both sides
have taken a deeper interest in the
campaign than the voters. The fact
detracts not one atom from the respect
felt for them by any manly man. It is
all a confession that women might be
admitted to the ballot-box without harm
to them or the country. Lewistown
(11LJ Democrat.
The greatest heroism I have ever
found in human nature has been in the
lives of women. The man who rushes
into the thick of battle and waves a
flag in the face of the enemy and falls
pierced by a score of bullets does not
display half the heroism that every
patient and uncomplaining mother of
an increasing lamuy exnioits daily.
Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
"Ithakk God," said Mr. Horace
Davis, in his inaugural address as pres
ident of the California State University,
"that the time has come when the
treasures of the highest education are
laid open to women equally with men,
and I believe that this leaven will bi
lently work through the whole com
munity, giving a higher tone to society
and exercising a benign influence even
upon public affairs."
The generation that has come on the
stage since the war can hardly now re
alize in view of the fundamental princi
ples of American Government, that
slavery ever existed here, that the pul
pit and press, that the church and the
State ever defended it So, when this
battle lor woman suffrage shall have
been fought and the victory won, men
will marvel at the injustice and stupid
ity which so long deprived Americas
women of the ballot
SI00.000 - IMPORTANT- $100,000
$100,000 IN BONUSES
to reliable manufacturing concerns who will
locate in Abilene. Abilene is the largest as
well as the most prosperous city in Centra
Kansas. It will soon have
making FOUR lines, which will insure unw
equaled shipping facilities.
CLARK H. BARKER, President
W. P. RICE, Yice-President.
E. D. HUMPHREY, Cashier.
A. K. PERRY, Assistant Cashier
Business of Merchants, Farmers and Individuals generally
solicited. Unequaled facilities for the transaction of all
business intrusted to ns.
J. C. BOYER, Attorney and Notary.
Loans on farms and city property. Real Estate bought and sold.
Insurance contracts at current rates. Notary business promptly attended
to. Special bargains In Ity and mburbaa property.
Citizens' Bank Building,
mfr a -Trr.-rsi
Done in all its branches. MORTGAGES negotiated on Farr
Property at. 6, 7 and 8 per cent., irith reasonable commission
Also, money on Farms without commission.
At all times ; for sale at lowest rates.
Furnished on all the principal cities of the world.
Special attention given to business of Farmers and Stockmes
Personal liability not limited, as is the case with
Incorporated Banks.
Dphai Fraimi ill Cap li.
We are glYlng special atteHtlen to this department; carry the largest
and finest line or UNDERTAKERS' SUPPLIES In the city, and are pre
pared to attend to this business la all its branches.
Corner Fourth and Broadway.
E. A. HxBBsr, Cashier.
Ov individual liability is cot limited, u is the
ease iritb stockholders of Incorporated banks.
- $150,000.
i- ht- 1870.
& CO., Proprietors.
No one should purchase real estate nntU
they know the title is perfect.
m the most complete set of Abstract ,
i I lAtt
Oace oTer FosVoSee,
: ',

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