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ABILENE WEEKLY REFLECTOB, ABILENE, KANSAS, JAMTABY 10, 1907.
A LASTING ATO ATTHOTHIATK holivav Birr Tb3 Christian Life BibI An up-to-date Teachers' Bible wkfe com plete Helps, Reference! and Map, and containing in addition all the verses In the Bible covering the great theme of the CHRISTIAN LIFE, tuk tubjttt in in lymMic ttlir Large, clear type. Popular prices. AiK VOVR. BOOKUIXEIt. JAMJQS POTT CO, . - - - MWW TQHK. GAUSE6UTN06URE Interatate Commerce Commission Finds Plenty of Reasons for a Car Shortage. V. . THE REMEDY IS NOT SO EASY Problem la One Deeper Than Mare Lack of Cara and Engines I n- volvoa Evary Factor In Railroading. Washington, Jan. . The causes, "tat not the cure for the ear shortage in the Northwest and the conssqusnt ooal famine in North Dakota have been determined by the membere of the Interatate commerce commission participating In the recent bearing at Chicago and Minneapolis.. Franklin K Lane, who aerred aa chairman of the Investigating committee, Wednes day lied his report with the full com mission and eent It to President Roose velt who ordered the inquiry. He finds: "It la a fair Inference from all the testimony that the real cause of the ooal scarcity -In North Dakota was such an abundance of westbound traf fic at the head of the lakes that cars wero not available In the congested state of that terminal, for the carry ing of Coal to North Dakota a com paratively short haul for a low class commodity." In his letter of transmission to the President Mr. Lane says the report will be followed in due course by the apeclal recommendations of the com mission as a whole as to whatever leg islation, If any, may be deemed advis able. Mr. Lane, In bla report, sums up the conclusion of the commissioners, in the following: "The problem Is one that la much deeper and much broader than a mere lack of cars and engines. It Is one In which Is Involved every factor In rail roading, the construction, operation, maintenance and financing of the rail road. The Inability of the shipper to aeonre a car may be only a symptom of a deep seated and organic trouble. The real cause of car shortage may lie In the too conversatlve character of the management of the road, or In the unfitness and Incompetency of Its operating officials. It may flow from an Incomprehension on the part of the directors of the full duty Im posed by law on a common carrier. It may arise out of a policy In railroad operation which gives primary consid eration to speculative stock operations. It may come from an Inability to se cure funds so to fit Itself that It can discharge Its duty. It may follow In a time of exceptional prosperity from an Increase In traftio which could nol reasonably have been anticipated. it may result from an Inability to secure labor and material necessary to the proper enlarging of the railroad's' facilities. "This enumeration of causes la not exhaustive. It could not well be com plete without giving consideration to many Industrial and economic (actors which at first glance would appear remote and unrelated. Clearly, the problem of transportation la so close ly Interwoven with the fabric of our commercial system and so closely re lated and ao lnter-dependent are the various activities of our Industrial Ufa that one may not lightly aay what are the multitudinous consid erations which necessarily enter into o simple a question aa the reason why a railroad car la not at once forth oomln when ordered. Veak Women T max and alibis woman. tbn it M laaat oaa rtobalp. M with ihstwsr, two Snatuna staaaoaibul Oh hi local, tst Is smut anal, see both on haportan. aoth miMlil St. abooe-s NltM On fc LomL Br. Shoot's BasMUtm la Oonatltnrtnnal , TtoUrmm Dr. ghoc'iNl(htCBT-litaofcl ma MtaM naaoattory naaadr. whOs Da pas's annaarlra Is wkoilT aa totaraal aS , aa. Iks iaannalrs nMbas Urasaost Saa . hiHth taa Momtr ei aa nana, I all blood aOi Tm "Wlets Oei. as Ms jrkeblJaroiiilaaa. Ha aaaoeas anrhaai, amis kml 1 aaaaaiaa, walls Sao atmMis. t sow saa tanaaa. aim ml slii ! i" visof eaaattaaa, fiei ee nml Sanaa, anastas aocasianewsS at, mow. aa aanr. take Or. Saoae awMio Taliaaaimiinitit iiiiiimIsjIi Hi hiss aeaaaa'vstaaiiaaln.aseaawai kin l . w w . J O f S) Wm "The e.ni'triut of a reciprocal de murrage bill vlil not. build railroad, track, .equipment, enlarge and sim plify terminals, nor transform Incom petent operating officials Into first class railroad men; but It might stimu late, Energize and hi some cases, rev olutionize the methods of delinquent railroads so that they would render the service which they were created to render. This la the theory of re ciprocal demurrage. But that of Itself It will enable the railroads to ren der adequate service Is not demon strated by experience. "The need for additional legislation to reach the seat of the trouble la ahown by the conclusion of the re port, wherein It la said: "If the Interatate commerce commit tee IS to be vested witn power to make rules under which railroads shall bo required on penalty to furnish can to shippers, this commission should also be empowered to make rule under which free Interchange of oars shall be effected, or to require railroads engaging In Interstate com merce to make aush rulea for their own protection and provide for their enforcement" 100 MUCH PROSPERITY. E. P. Ripley of the 8anta Fe 8aya Em ployes Are Too Independent Ow ing to Demand for Labor. Chicago, Jan. 6. One of the most serious conditions this country Is fac ing today, Is the Indifference and dis regard which the employe haa tor the Interests of the employer." This statement was made Friday by B. P. Ripley, president of the Atchi son, Topeka and Santa Fe In telling of the reasons which bad led bis com pany to establish a pension system af fecting nearly 30,000 employes. Asked for a reason for this condi tion, Mr. Ripley said: "Too much prosperity, or at least too much business. The demand for labor and for all classes of the em ployed was never so great, and never before did the supply fall short of the demand. The demand has becom' so sharp in the railway service that many of the employes have assumed a scorn ful Independence and do not seem to care about the Intereats of their employers. The necessities of busi ness have compelled ua to hire many new men, who are not aa competent aa the old men. Add to this the fact that they knowthey will have no dif ficulty In getting work elsewhere and It Is difficult to get them Into good ahape andXo maintain a proper dis cipline. Vfbe Santa Fe la trying to overconje this tendency to disregard the cfnpany's Interests by Showing the Vien that the company haa their lntSTests at heart" trinnrfa In Ohio Vallav. TniUananolla. Ind.. Jan. 8. Southern TniHana la threatened with the worst flood In years. From several places come reports of great numbers of persons moving out or tne low lanas. The Ohio river at Evansvllle Friday night stood at 37 feet, two feet above tho dancer Una. For a hundred miles along the Ohio the low lands are under water. Fifteen public schools were closed Friday on account of tne mgu water. At Taylorvllle, the Wabash river overflow caused over TOO cltl sena to move to higher ground. Santa Fa Wreck In New Mexico. Albuquerque, N. M. J an. .5 Sante Fe passenger train No. 1 westbound col lided head-on with an east bound faat freight train at Coniales etatlon, 100 mii wAai nf hara at 6 o cloak Friday morning. The passenger waa running at full apeed when it struck the freight which had failed to take a aiding. Three men were fatally and five were seriously hurt All were Mexicans who wara ririlne- In the smoklnn oar. Te englnemen aaved themselves by Jumping. Exploring Coast of Greenland. Copenhagen, Ju., I The Duke of Orleans anauoaeea that he intends to start a new expedition next spring to penetrate aa far aa poealbla along the northeast coast of Greenland. The parpoee of this expedition la to Jola tao Danlah expedition under afylios Krichsen, which left last June to ex plore the same eoaat He Waa Lincoln's Engineer. Lebanon, Pa. Jan. (.Daniel Car eta, died here Friday of paralysis, agii TI years. Ho waa bora la Oerllala, Pa, and eervad M years aa aa englneerof of the Pennsylvania railroad. Genua took President-elect Lincoln, oa the eve of alt inaugeratlon, through the perikma midnight Joaraey from Harris berg to Washington. - at JihM Bank Cleaed. St Joseph, Mo. Jan. t The stnie bank examiner Wadoaaday Burning took charge aad elaasd the Bask ef Cattw capital located at it 7 S .-; v t of GOV. FOLK'S IDEAS Be Sends a Message to the Legisla ture Filled with Pertinent Suggestions. PRIMARY AND TWO CENT FARE Favors Stringent Regulation of In aurancs Companlee And Corpo rations and Adding Prison Pun ishment to Anti-trust Lawa. Jefferson City, Mo Jan. . The Forty-fourth general assembly con vened here at noon Wednesday. Lieut. Gov. John C. McKlnley pre sided In the senate and the house of representative was called to order by Secretary of State John B. Swanger, who then surrendered the gavel to the temporary speaker, Wallace Crossloy, of Johnson county. Temporary organization was effected and both houses adjourned until 10 o'clock Tuesday morning, when the governor's message was read. Gov. Folk In bis message recom mended a number of acta relating to Ufa Insurance companies, among others a standard policy for all life companies, prohibiting discriminating iM renatlna. reeulatlng the elec tion of directors and requiring non- rMnt comnanies to keep at leasi 70 per cent of the premiums receiv ed from Missouri policyholders In vested within the state. Ho alao recommended the enact- mot nr a law making It a crime for any one for compensation to lobby with the members of the legislature. Th railroads re said, should oe required to carry passengers within the state for two cents a mile. Tho should be a state primary law for the nomination of all elec tive officers. Including united States senator The election of senators by the people, lie said has long been demanded but It cannot be obtained until the federal constitution Is amended. Piihlln onlnlon will ultimately force this reform, but In the meantime the next best thing can be secured by having senatorial candidates voted for at a state primary. Ha advocated a registration law applicable to all towns of 10.000 In habitants or over and a law simi lar to that of Massachusetts should be adonted. he said, where all names are placed on the same ballot. Aa tn horBe raclne and booKmaa- In. NNimmflndnrt a law making It a felony to register a bet upon a horse race, either on a . oiacKooara or anv other substance, or to tele phone a bet on a horse race to any other atate, or to telegraph or use any device to accomplish the regis tration of bets. Ha also recommended legislation to suppress "bucket shops." nie-M child labor laws, nrohlbltlng a concern or corporation from sell ing higher in one part or me state Ihnn 1m another addfna1 a orison punishment for violation of the anti trust laws, and making tne penalty for the violation of the maximum freight law apply to persons, corpora tions and partnerships; also a stat ute providing proper penalties for rallrnait AnrnnrAMnna nr the directors emnloyes, or agents of any railroad giving rebates on shipments within the state. uhwmHm V m aa'M .Ti mil il be required to furnish each stock holder with a balance sheet of Its business once a year. There should be an annual tax In the nature of a privilege tax of 1.15 of 1 percent on tre capital atock of all corporations, both domestic and foreign, doing business In the state. Ttia atata ahnuld rearulate the charges of public service corporations In or der to prevent extortion. TO deter mlna th reaannahlanaaa nf rates there should be power to inquire In to and determine tne actual amount Invested In such corporations and to fix rates on a reasonable basis. The result of this should be to eliminate fictitious val -es. n HKnainrii lad that the naonle of each city or town be authorised to purcnaae or two ana operate any ntltltv a nnhlln natnra whenever they shall vote to do ao and to issue bonds for that purpose. ft n Mm. nrnwtnA nf tha Mnaral aaaembly, he said, to put an end to wrongs by preventing one eorpora tloa from owning atock la another and authorising quo warranto pro ceedings to b filed to dissolve any corporation a majority of the atock Id ' which M'aoqntred by a holding com pany. This waa necessary, he arged, to prevent tne creation 01 monopolies la trade and business tn the atate. The liquor traffic, ha contended, does not exist la the state as a ant tar of right but of sufferance. Yet It haa aa avMnnllnai from anthnritv denied other lateresta. The trafflo should he made to obs-ve the law Just like anyone else la ooadudlng hie mesaaga the governor Invited eonvlderatlon of ta nmnrlatv aa4 advlaahfilt aa tfca adoption of a reeolatloa making a- pneauoa to aoagraaa to eau a cob venlloa for reposing anMndnvrata to with refrrence to ejection of ansa, tars by the direct vote of the peo ple, the eatahilaheieat of tke p-tS- THE ROOK ISURO WRECK Railroad Officials Place the Dead at 32 tad the Injured at 30. Coroner's Inquest Over the Vletlma Will So Held, at Alma Monday Fixing Roapenelblllty. Topeka, Kan., Jan. 4. The Rock Is land officials here Thursday insisted that but St persons were killed and 80 others seriously Injured tn the col lision of two fast passenger trains on that road Wednesday near Alta Vista. The officials declare that the state ment attributed to the conductor of train No. 29, that he had tickets for 76 Mexlcana la a mistake. They as sert that at the most there were not over 35 Mexicans aboard the fated train. The known dead are: Julius Bur meister, aged 83, Davenport la.; Wll llam T. Miller, Soldier, Kan.; Albert Link, colored porter, Topeka; Frank Sayre, New London, Mo.; W. H. Os good, of Mitchell or Mltchellvllle, la., and 26 Mexican laborers. There are 12 seriously Injured In the hospital here. . Some of these may die. Most of the slightly Injured have already left the city. The remains of 12 charred and burned bodies, or what was left of them were brought Into Alma Wednesday Night Most of them are the remains of Mexicans, but It is Impossible to Identify any of thsm. They will be burled at Alma after they have been viewed by the cor oner's jury. The inquest to be held over the bod lea by the authorities of Wabaunsee county was Thursday Postponed until Monday. John Lynes, the operator at Volland, will be the principal witness. The officials of the Rock Island railroad were Wednesday afternoon holding an Inquiry to definitely place the responsibility for the collision. Would Protect Coal and ON Lands. Washington, Jan. 4. Senator Nel son Thursday Introduced a bill to pro hibit the sale of landa on which are altuated beds of coal, llgnlto, asphalt petroleum and natural gas In the gov ernment domain until such deposits have been exhausted. Provision Is made for leasing for terms not exceed ing one year for the purpose of having them explored. Persons making ex plorations and discoveries are to be given the preference in the right to lease and work the deposits. Standard Oil Suit Extended. Jefferson City, Ma, Jan. 4. The su preme court Thursday extended the time for the tiling of the report of the special commissioner appointed to hear testimony in the suit Instituted by Attorney General Hadley to oust the Standard Oil company, Waters Pierce and Republlo Oil companies from the state, until the April term of court Thef testimony haa not yet been complete ' . . A Six Foot Channel to Cost $20,000,000 Washington, Jan. 4. Through the war department a report by Brigadier General Alexander Maskenais on the survey for a six toot channel in the Mississippi river betweea the mouth of the Missouri river and St. Paul, Minn., was submitted to con gress Thursday. The expense for com pleting such a channel la placed at 120,000,000. - ' - Atchison Has a Grievance. Washington, Jan. 4. The city coun cil of Atchison, Kan., has filed a com plaint with the Interstate commerce commission against the Missouri Pa cific and other western' railroads al leging that the defendants operate free of charge elevators In Kansaa City, Mo., Leavenworth and Coffey vllle, Kan., but refuse to do so in Atchison. A Successor te 8. 8. Benedlot Chsnute, Kaa., Jan. 4. F. M. Rob ertson of Wilson county waa elected la a apeclal eleotloa here Wednesday to til the vacancy caused by the death ef State Senator S. & Benedict, by a majority of mora than TOO. Mr. Rob ertson is a Kapuhlieaa. Hie opponent was fl. B. Osborne of Chaanta. . . Work On Constitution Resumed. , Oathrie, Ok, Jan. 4. Promptly at I a' dock Thursday afternoon the gavel of President Murray brought to order the soaventloa whloh M atakug thf constitution tor the new Oklaho ma. The greater part at the dele gates were present - Harrlnun Inquiry te Cemmenee. Washington, Jan. a. Chairman Kaapf aad Cssnmlaainaer Lana at the attentate eommeroe aommisaien left Thursday lor New Tor where Friday they will beajta aa lnalry lass aha ss atttloa ftha Barrimaa ralswad are- Sonets Paaaoa a Hewaa Bltt Waahlsurtna. Jan. 4-The assets Tt eraser passed a awase bO asaaad ksj tea time ha walah aatrymaa of hands U the Ore Iadlaa issaiiaOea U Montana mtf laxity with, re- m For Emergencies at Home ' Rr the Siock on the Farm Sloaovs Lminveivt Is a whole medicine chest Price 25c 50c 6 HOO Send For Free) Booklet on HoriwiCa-ttfe.Koca Poultiy. Address Dr Earl S. Sloan, Boston, Mass. i1 i A SHORT SESSION The Senate Was Occupied Two and One Half Honrs with Browns ville Controversy. ADJOURNED UNTIL MONDAY Feraker Asked for Speedy Action On His Resolution Lorfge Offere Amendment Culbertson Dis cussed Race Question. Waahlne-ton. Jan. 4. After tWO weaka nf vacation, the Senate sat foi two and a half hours Thursday and then adjourned until Monday. Tne aaaalnn waa devoted entirely to the further discussion of President Roose velt's order dismissing the negro iimm nr thn Twenty-fifth Infantry for "shooting ap" Brownsville, (Tex as), senator uumerson 01 mat aui ifefanArn th order. brln.TlnK to Its support many points o legal con struction and Justifying we action pj man mintAtlnna in connection with the affray. He closed with an Impas sioned statement of the position 01 atntti An rh nMrrA miestlon. CVUVM - O -m which he declared to be the most vi tal and dangerous problem before tne American people. Senator Foraker replied briefly, ex pressing his intense Interest In hav- 1nv anemAv action nn his resolution for an Investigation. Senator Lodge proposed an amendment to tins solu tion which has the effect'of admitting ih. DM.tii.nr. aiirhnritv aa comman der-in-chief of the army to take the notion he did and of restricting the Investigation to the .occurrence' in Brownsville. On motion of Senator Hale the .resolution waa given the right of way Monday. The senate resumed its session at noon raureJtJOThe gaUerlee were crowded nd sefiatocs evinced more than the1 usual Interest In the open ing ceremonies. Senator Foraker's resolution providing tor an Inquiry in to the discharge of the negro troops of the 26th Infantry was called up. Senator Culbertson in an addreas on the subject said great Injustice bad been done the people of Browns ville. The conduct of the negro sol diers had been very irritating. He related that on August 4, the day be for the "shooting up" of the town, n' criminal assault had been committed by one of the soldiers on the wife of a reputable cltlsen and no arrests had been made for this crime. In defending President Roosevelt Mr. Culbertson said the fact that the troops were negroes had nothing to do with their discharge. Confusion as to tho legal questions involved was, he said, responsible for the statement that the president had no authority to make the discharge The presi dent's constltntlonal authority and the aathortty gives him y the articles ef war clearly severed the saaa aad mads Ms actloa legal, ha declared. Mr. Culberson read rssolatlona re eently adopted by negro el tl sans of Boston which admitted that the seV 4 tars "shot ap the town," aad said they "were determined to da for those selves what da anlfena ef their coun try would not ao- protect them frees Insults and punish at the same Urns the authors of their misery." Mr. Cnlhersoa created merriment by saying: "I have nothing to do with . the president In this matter. I ears nothing about him. My personal re lations with him are about as cordial aa those of the senator from Ohio (Foraker.) He concluded hie speech of an hour and a half by a brief reference to the aegro question In general, earing that It la the moat important question before the American people. Aa amendment was offered by Sen ator Lodge to confine the Inquiry 67 he commute'! on military Hffalrs to i nutation of fact In repaid to the yndnct. nf the negro soldiers, In that It recognized that the order was Is-mi-1 b" t! prnoifl-nt "In the exen pf ht cn"ttiitlonnl authority a immat,en.n-c'!'V Thh would tiave the effect of preventing , inf.'i-ati-n tv constitutional questions Involved In the presidents order dismissing the troops. Mr. Lodge asked tht further discussion be postponed until Monday on account of his Inability to speak because of a sore throat The resolution will ha pressed to a conclusion Monday. The senate then went into executive ses. slon and at 2:15 p. m. adjourned Un til Mondny. The House HoTtfs Short 'Session Washington, Jan, 4. The house convened Thursday after the holiday recess and adjourned after a session, of 15 ai'nutee. Immediately after the approval of the Journal the cre dentlals Of W. F. Bnglebrlght ft thai first California district to fill a va-i cancy caused by the resignation oft James Morris Olllett, and Charles O.i Washburn Of the third Massachusetts district, vice Rockwood Hoar, deceased! were read enh these two gentlemen' proceeded to the bar of the house where the speaker administered thd! usual oath. No quorum being present! and no committees being ready to! report, adjournment was taken until! Friday. . Want Less Junk and More Coal. Lakin, Kan., Jan. 4. This town la out of fuel, the coal dealers not hav1 Ing a pound on hand. Dozens ol cars have been ordered weeks agei which have been .diverted to otherl towns or used by the railway corns pany. E. p. Snow, a leading merJ chant Thursday wired .'the general manager of the Atchison, Topeka a Santa Fe road: 'Send less fruit and) Junk and some coal. People ara des perate here." The telegram express es the sentiment of the people. j No Lobbyists Wonted There. Lincoln, Neb., Jan. 4. In the Nesj braska house of representatives! Thursday Representative Whltham ob fered a resolution which provides! that "if any lobbyist shows np on that floor of the house while this body 1st In session the eergeant-at-arms is In atructed to eject him, forcibly If na cessary." The resolution waa adopta ed by a vote of 69 to 28. . Would Modify Japaneae Treaty. Washington, Jan. 4.. Senator Coast' in gave notice Thursday that on Moea day hs would call np hla resolution m that negotiations ha enterea mte wiibj Japan for a modification of the sis' lstlng treaty with that country. '- I f. V v 4 To Suppress Gambling In Havana Havana. Jan. 4. Gov. Nunes saya he will take steps to end gambling. whloh has become very nagrant aero, nanna 1 wide onen. according to Nunes, and the town of Bejuoal he de scribes aa a Monte Carlo. Stallard Paya Shortage. Sedan, Kan., Jan. 4. Otto B. Stab ' lard, the defaulting cashier of tho Peo ple's National Bank at Sedan, Kan, who last week voluntarily surrendered, waa arrested Thursday and formally charged with the embeaslement of S0, 000 of the bank's funds. It waa decid ed to arraign Stallard in February, when he will plead guilty, he says. Un til then he probably will bo released npoa hla own reoognixanca Stallard haa turned over all hla property mak ing good the entire ahortage excepting 12,600, for which he has given hla per. noal note secured by aa assignment of hla life Insurance onlk-v National Bank Note Circulation. Washington, Jan. 1 The monthly a circulation statement Issued by the - comptroller of the currency shows that at the close of tie calendar year 1904. the total circulation of aa ttoaai bank notes waa IW.16:,6. a gain for the month of tXTILt-sa. a at TVs 0V. lavvHre Cc-.-h S to'r 04 '' I"-"! I If I iUM Sly L s w e- a -3 r-aa n-.fnifi'f Hnorv aad Tor. Aa rtin'ncs? ewf at a in i ,.