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A MIXED DECISIGII
SUPREME COURT DECIDES BOTH FOR AND AGAINST RAILROADS. THEY MAY STILL MIKE COAL But Muit Sell It Before Shipment Power of Congreee to Regulate Affllrmed How Roads May Evade. Washington, May 4. It baa been many a day since a decision of the supreme court of the United States has been received with so much inter est as was manifested yesterday In the decision of that court in what are known as the "commodities clause" cases affecting the antraclte coal car rylng railroads. These casei had been decided by the United 8tates cir cuit court for the eastern district of Pennsylvania, favorably to the rail roads in that the clause pf the Hep bum rate law, which prohibits Inter state railroads from carrying commo dities manufactured, mined or pro duced, directly or indirectly by the roads was declared unconstitutional and the general impression had been that that decision would be affirmed by the supreme court, When, there fore here was a reversal Instead of an affirmation, the interest was much magnified. When again It was found that th reversal was based on techni cal grounds and that the effect was really favorable to the railroads senti ment took another turn and those who had been anxiously awaiting the announcement of the result found themselves much puzzled. The judgment was announced by Justice White, who, while be read from an elaborate printed opinion, de clined to give out anything more than a lummary, showing the net result of the court's finding. Analyzed Justice Whites decision is mat congress urn nut hublcUw constitutional authority in the enact- meni ox me comiuuuuieo pimwiuu on the other hand It was held that the government construction of the pro vision had been entirely too compre- nenslve. As construed by the court th miA nhlect of the clause is to pre vent carriers from being associated In Interest with the commodities transported at the time of transports transported at the time or transports- tion, hence that the law only prohibits th. transportation of article, wnen they have been pr oduced by a railway company which has not, In good faith, parted with them, when the company owns or controls, In whole or in part the commodity to be transported and when the company has an interest direct or Indirect in the commodity In a legal sense. It was especially held however, that the prohibition does not apply to the ownership of stock in a producing company, but that a carrier may own stock in such a company and at the same time transport the product of that company. Summed up, the act only compels companies to disassociate themselves from the products they carry and the contention from the government that the law applies to the ownership of stock and prohibits the transportation of commodities simply, .because they have been produced by a railroad com pany regardless of the fact that the company has parted with them Is un tenable and impossible of enforce ment. It thus appears first that the commodities clause Is a vital and operative statute with respect to all products, such as coal, which the rail road companies actually own at the time of transportation and that the railroads must sell such products to some body else before they can law fully ship them and second that unless the act is promptly amended so as to Include stock ownership, the railroads can escape the law entirely by con verting their direct ownership of coal properties Into stock ownership by the organization of subsidiary coal com panies. The effect of the decision under ex isting conditions Is favorable to the railroads and the government lost on practically alt points except In the sustenatlon of the principle Involved. In holding that congress had not gone beyond Its authority In enacting the law the court concedes the right to legislate and It Is believed that If so disposed congress might enlarge and antend the scooe of the provision. Hence, while the railroads gain a nHtiMi vtMnrv tne government Is not confronted by a constitutional bar from further acting in the direction of nnntrol nt the roads In the matter of the shipment of their own commodi ties. All In tha President's Hands. Washington, May S. The senate tariff bill. In the section which deals with the maximum and minimum proposition, has In the Judgment of tariff experts, one very important feature. It nractlcallr vests in the president the power to declare a tariff war acalnst any nation or to retrain from any auch war. It Is given to him to decide whether any nation Is dis criminating against the products of tha nnited States In Its system of du ties. This sennit th coverament through th state department and the other agencies provided by daw, to xoak agreements with other nations s to trade and tariff concessions wake can b mad ffeeUv by a proc- lamatloi of tne president witnoot ins necessity of anything la th way of legislation of treaty agreement fuHO HT TEE PST ALL SECURED IN ONE DAY BY ROOSEVELT EXPEDITION. Three Monareha of th Jungle Slain by th Former President, one by Kermlb Niirahl. British East Africa, May I. Four Hons are trophies of x-Prel-dent Roosevelt's camp in the Han hills and the 200 or more native fol lowers are Joining with Americas party In the celebration of the unusu ally good luck. The Hons were bagged aaturaay ana Col. Roosevelt's mighty gun brought three of them to earth, each on the first ahoL Thus one of Mr. Roose velt's fondest ambitions has been real wort and ha la nroud. too, that the fourth of the Jungle kings fell before the rifle of his son, Kermlt. wno, How ever, took three shots to kill nil quarry. Both father and son are Jubilant It was their first lion hunt, and so magnificent a kill was far beyond their expectations. But lions have been plentiful In the hills tor tne pa.i mnnth and the Enzllsh hunter. W. W. Selous, has been out for several days laying plans for their extinction, how well be succeeded can be seen irom the results of Saturday's chase. noioiu at the actual shooting were not brought down to Nairobi yester day from the camp, but it was declar ed that In each case a single bullet from the ex-presldent's rifle sufficed tn hrin down his Hon. From this it Is presumed that Col. Roosevelt is living up to the reputation- wnicn ue has gained here of being a crack shot All of the lions were of normal size. and after the natives had dragged them together in the grass they per formed the usual dance around the trophies. EVERYTHING TAXED THERE 0REAT BRITAIN PULLS HEAVILY ON ALL SOURCES OF REVENUE. p.,0. nd Race With - Dr.,dnouahts Re- Germany for Dreadnoughts Re quires Additional income. i-nndon. Anr. 30. Accumulated de whlch tne "e"1" M mVulJ called In - J0Ternmenf. budget which chancellor of the ' Dra,BntBi , tne houS8 0f ' ,td. e made to bear 178.810.000 deficit of (he fiscal year incurred by the old age pensions and the race wun uer many for Dreadnoughts. "Socialism and confiscation,- m ..aithv classes are already crying and a few are clutching at the hope that the house of lords, which repre sents these classes, may throw out the budget entirely, but this is lm- nmhahia. Increased Income taxes. death estate and legacies, duties, a tax of 20 per cent on luture mcroaw " h. v.ina nf lands due to the enter prise of the community, taxes on motors to be devoted to keeping up of the roads, stamp taxes on sales of property are the principal levies upon wealth. Th rnvarnment gets Its revenge for the rejection recently by the lords of Its licensing bill, Dy increasing w taxes on some classes of public hnAa and the customs excise duties on spirits. A tax of three pence on the pound on aaies oi npuor m nu i. .tan imnosed and this likely to an tagonise both the Uouor Interests and the worklngmen. On the otner nana lh. la Hap nra nlacated by provisions made for labor exchangee for the un employed, expenditures lor anores tatlon and the promise of an Indus trial Insurance scheme, as well as the satisfaction of knowing that tne nen are to carry the greater share of the load. The new taxation bears Beavuy on corporatlona. The only features at-r.niina- tha United States are the In crease In the tobacco tax, a tax of three pence per gallon on petrol ana heavier atamp duties on stock trans actions. Charged With Smuggling Chinese. Ro.wpII n. M.. Anr. 30. The fed eral grand Jury yesterday returned an Indictment against Buwaro, rm ui Bl Paso, Texas, former chief of police of that city, on the charge of conspir ing to smuggle Chinese Into tne uaueo rn.ip. rink la allexed to have car rled on operations from El Paso, bring ing the aliena into Wis country irom uiIm Fink was given a prellml nary hearing here several months age and was bound over pending action oj the federal grand Jury. He was subs, nunntlv released In bonds of 15,000 pro vlded by local business men. .lavlni failed to appear yesterday, United ntatoa Juda-a William P. Pope declared the bond forfeited. Fink Is believed to be in Mexico. Th triumphs of the scholar th pub- no regards aa inamouai; in proweas of the athlete la popularly held to -tabllah th name aad fam of hi col lege. Of course, this I un reasonable, for th reputation of a university a aa tnatltntlom of laaralna ihnnM da. pond apoa th liberal education ah give to tho witflln bar gat. But It tt suite tru that, despite th noai- lenft vaaanfta hv It ahnuld Bo da anv th pibllo aontiaa to pay hotnag to ran rather tbaa brain, la o tar aa Si lJ , SOUTH SWEPT BY TERRIFIC WIND THAT LEFT DkrH IN ITS WAKE. -. SIX STATES SUFFER LOSS Win Are Dawn and Lei of Life and Property can oniy awnmmra Until Communication is ' Restored. Louisville, Ky., May 1. Dispatches gathered throughout the South by the Associated Press Indicate that from 50 to 75 people met sudden death in th great wind that loosed havoc ihrnnrhnilt the eeCtlOB. Th number of Injured is probably thre fold th Hat of the killed, and It will probably b several days befor a oompiew list can be gathered. While the storm, which reached the South 'from tn upper Mississippi val ley early yesterday, left It car on Mississippi, Arkansas, Kentuoky, Ala bama, Missouri and more remot" states, Tennessee perhaps suffered the most severely. It is substantiated that 38 people were killed. What the property loss, what home lessness, how many uprooted houses caught fire and were burned, how many heads of livestock ran bellowing Into the storm when their folds were split by the wind, cannot yet be told. Tales of Incidents came filtering through the wire desolation from time to time but there was no way check ing and verifying them. The storm In many ways played sardonic tricks with It's victims. It hurled James Jackson, an aged man of Montgomery county, Tenn.. 20 yards from his ruined house, snapped his neck and he was found 'thus Fri day. It ripped 20 church steeples from their belfries, stood them point up in the earth or hurled them Into tree tops. It tore up the battlefield ol ( ranklln, Tenn., like the cannister did in the Civil war. After scattering all the benches in the grandstand at Latonla race track, Ky., it whirled a. fence scantling through the front win dow of George Tlbbetts' house Into a pile of dishes and through the kitchen wall Into the yard. At Chattanooga it played tricks with delivery wagons and with the roofs of 12 story build ings. Several persons were injured at Waldons Ridge, a suburb. Celebrated First Inauguration. Alexandria, Va May 1. President Taft attended yesterday in this city a celebration of tho 120th anniversary of the first inauguration of George Washington and the laying of a cor ner ton In dedication of a park to the memory of the first president VIoe-President Sherman, Speaker Can non, Gov. Swanson of Virginia, the commissioners of the district of Col umbla, a large congressional party from Washington' and distinguished guests from a number of states sal In the stand with the president as tin notable parade passed In review. Every branch of the United States ser vice and some of the most famoui of the military organizations of th old. djpmlnjpn were represented, in. th Imposing array of troops. ' President Taft made the Journey from Washing ton and return In an automobile. A New Turklah Cabinet Constantinople, May 1. Tewflk Pasha finally succeeded In forming new cabinet to preside over th destl nltles of the Turkish empire, a task he undertook reluctantly when some of the Infiuentlal member of the com mittee of Union and Progress dls played opposition to mlml Paaha re suming his bid post of premier. Mehmed V. drove through the street! In democratic fashion Friday on hli way to the mosque to offer up the reg ular Friday prayers. The pomp and ceremonial that formerly attached to the function during the reign of Abdul Hamld were altogether lacking and the subjects of the new suuaa mu . -,.,.i.t. M democratic maanei and accepted It a evidence of ths beginning of a more Ueaent ruie. Burled In Snow 2 Hour. naiiinrnam. Wash.. May 1. AUve . ennirinui and scarcely Injured John Watklns has been rescued aftei being burled 26 hour beneath ZS leei nf annw in the valley of the Cacad river near Rockport, Wash. An aval anche had overwhelmed aa engi ra nantn and ela-nt men wers bur lei AH but Watkln were resuceo la a hort time, two erlously Injured amiiT.an men worked It hour! digging Watklns out He had been carried 200 yard from wher thi camp stood, and was not struck by rocks or trees that came down th slide and was enabled to breath th air In tha snow. Tha aiaunhtar does On. London, May 1. A peclal dlapatei dated Merslna, April 18, aaya that am a ratfni at Aatloeh til Kesaab. ti th southwest of Aleppo and thai ihara Kaa been a ilauihtar of Armel tans la both town. Th dispatch addi that detail are unoptaiaasi at i alaa. Faralnn Cersoratlena Out Jaffaraoa CUT. Mar 1. Th BOOM yesterday paaaed a bill prohtbltloi toralga corporations from bolllni stock In domestic corporatlona la th tat. Thla la aa echo of th Standard A GuEAT SECOND OATHERINQ OF THE SO CIETY OPENED WITH FAVOR . ABLE PROSPECTS. EMISENT f.'EN ARE PRESENT Dr. Trueblood, Addrlna First slon of th Great eatrnring, Stat Present Position of th Movement Hhlraro. Mar 3. The second na tional Peace congress opened with every prospeot of being the great aat Catharine of Its kind ever held In America. When Robert Treat Pain of Boston rapped for order, Or chestra halt waa filled to the limit, and In tha audience were acorea of eminent political economist and dip lomat of this and outer countries, and hundreds of delegates appointed by governors, mayor and all kinds of organization.. President Taft who la honorary nreildent of the congress, and Sec retary of War Dickinson, its presi dent, were unable to be present, out an address by Secretary Dickinson, tha name that he delivered recently be fore th Hamilton club of Chicago, Count von Bernstorff, Amnassauor from Germany. was read at the meeting, as waa a hrtAf letter from President Taft, In which he told of his hearty sympathy with the alma of the congress. Welcoming addresses were maae oy Gov. Deneen on behalf of the tate, and Mayor Buss for the city, ano. Rev. A. Eugene Bartlett, chairman of the reception committee, also greeted th delegate. "A World Petition to th Third Hague conference- waa presented by Miss Anna B. Eck stein ot Boston. Th chief paper, of the session was raad bv Dr. Benjamin F. Trueblood, secretary of the American Peace so ciety, hi subject being "The Present Position of fhe Peace Movement. Dr. Trueblood sain in part: r.at me sketch in the barest out lines what has already been accom plished. The interpretation will take care of itself. a hundred years ago there was ... . Bn.i..ff in ATlstence oreanized to promote appeal to the forum ol reason and right in tne adjustment oi International controversies. To-day there are more than 500, nearly very Important nation having Its group of peace organizations. Their constituents are numbered by tens of thousands, from every rank and class la society philanthropists, men of trade and commerce, educators and Jurists, worklngmen, statesmen, ruler even. The nosltlon which the peace move ment ha reached Is no leas distinctly determined by the practical attain ments of arbitration. Within th past 20 years so rapid ha been the tri umph of arbitration tnat more tnan 100 International differences have been disposed of by this means, or be tween five and six a year for the whole 20 yeara. Arbitration la no innrar an axnerlmant It I the set tled practice of th nation. A score ot disputes to-day go naturally to aroi tratlon wher on gives rise even to talk of war. "The first Hague conference, ten years ago, gave us the permanent In ternatlonal court ot arbitration, which has now been In successful operation for about eight years and disposed ot aavaral Imnortant controversies. This court waa strengthened and Improved by th second Hague conrerenc two mara am and bv th admission of th South and Central American states to It has become the arbitration court, not nf tha noweri that gathered at Th Hague In 1899, but ot th entire world. This tribunal la now laaini practically all the International differ ence not adjusuoi ny aipiomacy. "Another step of still greater mo ment was taken by th second Hague u.rnuina In the direction ot provid ing a perfect substitute for tore la th settlement ol international niuer anraa It voted without a dlSSMlUnl delegation tor th principle of aa In t.nattnnal eonrt of arbitral Justice riih inma alwava la service aad anMina- rerular setalona.' imnna- the aiatlnculahed men at tending th congress are Ambaaaadoi r..ni jnhann Helnrlch voa Bernstor". t Germany, Hennas d Lagereraata nvoy trosa Sweden; w U nines minister: Alfred Mitchell af th British n kaaar. and Dr. Halvdaa Koat of th Calveralty ot Norway. c j foi&i 7 ' i - Asa - af ! 'H'lll'Hi" i - Znr ; '''""'""""'TnrMiiiiiii iiiiiiiir ti.liii,.iiaiiilililir ALCOHOL 1 VEB CHI sJmilatuigteRxiilOTlRceuBvl IlnidicSioaalJJowkr urn wn ProraotesDiapsltorOVflftt1 npssaPjCoalalitsaclitvl Opiumofphlne narMlHil WOTMAHCOTIC. AnarRpmfitofnrClTOflp uV. SniStnmarh niirrtOrl WcnjCartvalsMiiwewi nessMtdLossorsuyw- JifSiiiASijnsWtor KEWY0HK; "J-fjjtffl!1!?!!! jfT 4M rw8 m aWiiliiii' -Jh-aaaaawaa-- Exact Copy of Wrapper. LEAD THE WORLD THE POSITION UNITED 8TATBS SHOULD TAKE REGARDING WORLD-WIDE PEACE. BUSINESS MEN INTERESTED Representative Bartholdt of Missouri Thinks it Gratest Moral issue Now Confronting the Na tions of Earth, Chlcaao. May 4. The morning e ainna nf the Peace congress to-day were given over to the business men and the women. George E. Robert, president of the Commercial National bank of Chicago, presided over the commerce and Industry session, and the speakers made It clear that the business Interests ot tho country were In hearty accord with th aims of the promoters of World-wide peace. Tmea Arhuckle consul of Spain and Colombia at St. Louis, talked on "Civ ilizing Featurea of International Com merce," and Marcus M. Mark oi New York, president of the National Association of Clothiers, on "Business Wat, Want Peace." Other addresses were made by Belton Qllreath of Bir mingham, Ala., and W. A. Mahoney of Columbus. O., and William J. Calhoun of Chicago. Representative Bartholdt, of Mis souri was one of th principal speak ers to-day. The idea which gave birth to the congress, he said, was the greatest moral Issue now confront inv .11 the nations of the earth. He de clared that it was not his optimism but his deliberate Judgment wnicn nn,neA him tn bellve that when that Idea once had penetrated the minds and hearts of the masses it wouiu sweep the world. Mr. Bartholdt too tne potiuuu m nations are two-faced and their at .....j. an annnkinclv inconsistent as to be untenable before the forum of either reason or morality, ne uuuu i.ia that a-nvernments did not re gard th obligation to keep the peace imposed on the cltisen oy me uu. nnnn tha nation Itself, and that by praising battleahlps as implfr ments ot peace tney actually )d their own cii Individuate is to be maintained by law; peace betweea na tions by torse." Th result of those contradltlona was, he declared, that the nation s peace wmco .-in.. i ufeauarda aa the moat priceless boon at home, 1 In foreign affaire made a mere w, . i Am nt rnrernments and rut in IUV mm- m er to be either cherished or broken at their arbitrary will. -w. m ia alnwlv but surely l no ww. .w rallying around th banners of peaca It gravitate la an aecenoing the higher plan of one common broth rhood, whence th ahoddlng of hu man blood for th aaa . ' any other purpose Is regarded as a relic of barbartem aad wnere m three watebworda or a new w.. . gaalsaUon wlU b humanity, Juetlc and pc. ln thla wward march United Statea anoum -- .--,.. nt nnr country SUO- tn luiuiiw'. - - - Urn mission. It will lend a aew slgnl- ncanc to the flag ano w.u mankind to bless it a th. emblem of their salvation s well as our. ColonVApr. I T Waited States aaanatrh boat Mayaowor, wun r ury of War Dickinson oa boar ar rived bar ysstentay, treat Jamaica, t MraJM- I on mmmi Tor Infants and Children Th Kind You Ita Always Bought Bears Signature In Use For Over Thirty Years GASTQ JIM NWMHI SMMMNV, MW ITf. BURDENS OF WAR PRESIDENT 8CHURMAN OF COR NELL UNIVERSITY ADDRESS ED SUNDAY CLUB. MAKE RICHEST NATIONS REEL Two-Thirds of All Revenue of United States Uaed to Pay War Expense (,000,000 Men In Arm. Chlcazo. May 2. President Schur- man of Cornell University addressed the Sunday Evening Club last night on the evils and burdens of war. Th meeting was tn a measure preliminary to the Peace congress which opene to-day, - " President Schurman said In part: In modern times wars are compara tively inf refluent The actual loss of life therefore, and the sufferings from wounds and Injuries, are small In our own time in comparison with what they were centuries ago. On the otn er hand, the preparations for war in modern times bear with tremendoua weight In times of peace upon all classes ot the community. And the financial load la enough to make tne rlobest nations reel and stagger. As Senator Hale has stated, two-tniras oi all the revenues of the United States are used to defray the expensea entail- . ed by past wars or necessary In the preparation for future wars. Taklna- Burooe as a wnole some- . thing like 6,000,000 people are now in arma, all withdrawn from inousinai puraulta, In order that they may be trained for war. And their main tenance la, of course, all the time a burden on the productive classes of the community. It Is estimated that Europe la regularly upending on her standing armies from 16,000,000,000 to 17,000,000,000. But thla rat qf taxation cannot ot course, go on indefinitely. It' must soon reach th limit of possibilities In all nations which are afflicted by It And aa the money raised by this bur densome taxation la expended In th main for military objects w may ex pect soon to hear a demand from th -propertied classe In all countrle that aome way be found to reduce th cost of defense and preparations for war. Partly through th Induenca of o clalistic teaching and tiU more by th advance of educatloa and th growth of Intelligence, th working classes In all countries will come to denounce the spirit of militarism, oppo th . current policy of huge military and naval expenditure and advocate th policy of International peace aad good wiu- . ' . ,,' Another fore operating agalnat mil itarism and tending to humaalse In ternational relation Is th growing intercourse among th nations on th part of tradera. travlrs,stndents aad mlssionariea. Conditions Better In Turkey. Washington. May 1. - Increasing confident obtain In the state de nartment regarding the situation in provincial Tarkey that condition will -ontlnu to improve. Thla feeling la haaed largely oa th dispatches from th, American embassy at Constant! aopl. These yesterday said that re ports from Hadjln and other place la th disturbed provinces Indicate that th troubles ar almost over. Th ar rival of th troop aad th chaag of government ha had a most ! tary affect the, aX Oil UUiatlea. th aadergreduata bj eoaceme.