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The' Reflector Publishing Co. ' Entered as swond elui man matter at to. postoifio at Aimm StTBSCIUPTION BATES. WITHIN THB COTOTT. tt Mid ! advance or wlthla the jrtar: On rar i-r: months... !! Ic-t ?in4 .KilW V wMB, th. . year) , Ob taar. ,... v OOTBIOK TUB COONTT. JW. Tr II paid la advance or wlthla tha year: Tare. Months ........... tt Month flu raar ...... .IS . ..It It Mt paid Ui edvano or wlthla tba Oa Taar ,l" THURSDAY. DECEMBER 80. 1909. DEPENDS ON THE MAS. That th. commission form of gov ernment does not necessarily make perfect management Is shown by Wichita' experience with it com missioners who have been In charge a year. Already 1 out a petition t( recall one of them. The Beacon says: "Mr. Roetael when elected was re garded at one of the most valuable men on the commission and was giv en the most Important department that of public Improvement. ' That, lie Is not now regarded as valuable . official Is hi own fault, or rather the fault of his temperament He Is an obstructionist rather than a con structionist In publlo Improvement matters, and In his management of the street department be has added fully 11,000 per month to the ex pense without keeping up the stand ard of service. Notwithstanding the facts it 1 not at all certalf "st Mr. Roetael will be recalled." In first class cities when a certain proportion of the cltliene petition there 1 a special election to deter mine whether or not the commission er shall be retained. No such pro vision applies to second class cities. The experience of Wichita does not prove that commission govern ment is not a good thing. It does show that like every other form of tjovernment It depends on the mar Three good commissioners can ife a city good government and If they are really the right men and do not loaf on the Job they can secure better results than a council that is not earn est and determined. But If one com missioner, as In Wichita, Is incompe tent It means a much larger Injury tkan if one councilman out of eight la not equal to his task and the con sequences are much more serious. This example shows that because a man is called cemmlsloner instead of councilman and draws a liberal sal ary does not Insure hi absolute fit ness for the place. The commission form has many good features and properly managed Is unquestionably a nceess but it is not a cure-all for municipal Ills and while human na ture i as It is there is the same chance of mismanagement as under any other system. , ' ' Not satisfied with branding Dr. Cook as a faker, says an exchange, they are now telling that he .Is a Democrat. Apparently they mean to stop at nothing in the effort to dis credit the poor man. V BAD STATE OF AFFAIRS. According to the old sign It the palm of your left hand Itches you will receive money or shake bands with someone. If your left hand itches you will pay your debts. We know people whose left hand hasn't Itched for several years. Downs News. SYMPATHY' NEEDED. Our heart goes out to Mr. and Mrs. Wlard, formerly of DeSota, They are moving to Missouri, which Is not so bad, but to Texas county, which is adding Insult to Injury, and the county seat Is Houston, which Is an aggravation of the flesh. Just think of good Kansas Republicans moving to Houston, Texas county, Missouri. It Is enough to give on a chronic case at the blues. Lawrence Journal. A BOOK OF VERSE. Harold Barnes, formerly of Abi lene but now superintendent of the echools at Princeton. Indiana, has published a number of his poems In an attractive booklet which he en title: "A Book of Verse." The poems rang from grave to gay and many of them will be remembered by Abilene people a having appeared first while he resided here. Among them is the anthem used yet sung by the Abilene high, school. There is a Rileresque touch to many of the vpiws that appeals to the lover of the qtialnt aide of life while others liae a teaderneas that Show sympa thy with the world's deeper aid. It is a csest creditable collection and Jlr. Barnes' many friends here wil! t, gisd to hsre bis -verse In penna t '-'H form. CAUnuimuU) ON liiK TAUH-S''. From a letter from Congressman Calderhead: . : ; - J have not time to write much con cerning the new tariff law, but I know It 1 a better revision of the tariff along protective lines than' the country ever had.. There Is no oc casion to be afraid of the opera tion of It, unless It be that In some places we made the tariff too low. The fact Is that our Imports for Aug ust, September and October, this year, are many millions ' greater than tUey were the same months last year, when the tariff was .the Dlngley bill. When the tariff Is too low, the import on that thing Increase. The general charge made by the Kansas City Star and Times, and -th Topeka Capital,' that the tariff was not a revision downward Is false. The law Is not a club In the hands of our enemies. The real club 1 the easts with which our friends believe these falsehoods with out making any effort to ascertain the facts. For instance, we did not touch the woolen schedule except to reduce It In a few places; yet the clothing deal ers have advanced prices and they say it was the tariff. There was not the slightest increase of any Item in the woolen schedule. .Possibly, the jobbers are taking advantage of the Ignorance of their customers. t Except upon the articles mentioned below there was no increase In the cotton schedule above the rates h.rnd orlKlnally in .the Dlngley law, and which were collected during the first four years oi tnav ibw. v that time, some cases were appealed from the appraisers to the courts, and the courts held that the ap .ninans must admit certain high class cotton goods upon the basis of the countable threads to we .qua. inch, counting the threads of both the warp and the woof. This had the effect of reducing the rate upon these high class cotton from . 70 cents a square yard to 7 cents, and on other grades of high class cottons from 45 per cent ad valorem to 2 per cent ad valorem. Wherever we m chanted the duties from ad valorem duties to specific duties, but these duties, were not higher In any case excepting the hosiery, than In .v. nriHiml Dlngley law. In the hosiery we increased the follows: On hose valued t mora than II per doien pairs, .m no cents per dosen to 70 cents per doien, and on hose valued at more w . . . han 11 nil than 1 and not moro i ... .(...Mil from BU w so doien pairs, and on hose vatued at more than 11.50 and not more than 12 per doien pairs irom iu - oa AAtita nr dosen, these values remain the same as be- The reason for tnw vu " jarg. number ! "7 bouses, like Marsnau rm . Chicago, during recent years went to Germany and bought the raw mater ial, took it to ,tne iaow p ta tha output, then took the output of their own factories In 11. ni nd sheared on we finished them up. folded them, and .k.iu them with the name of what- ever house they were selling to. and chipped them to themselves, in this country. The wage In Germany were from 20 cent to 80 cents a day. while the wages In the Philadelphia mills for making the same class of goods were from 2 to M a day. They could lay down the Imported hosiery cuu.u ,ii. mills could make them, and so most nl Alir manufactories were cioseu up. while they imported 70 million pairs in eight months, ending iHovem first, 1908. Upon men's and boys' cotton gloves valued at not more than $ per doien the duty was changed from 45 nr cent ad valorem to 60 cents per dozen and 40 per cent ad valorem, and on bleached cotton clotn noi ex ceeding six square yards to the pound, valued at more than 7 cents r sonar yard from 4 centa a yard plus i cents per yard, to 5V4 centa per sqaure yard plus i f" quare yard. These are all the Increases In the cotton schedule. W put a specific rate which was new upon mercerised roods, because the process baa been discovered since the Dlngley bill was enacted. la th Iron and steel schedule there were great reductions that are never mentioned. For Instance, we rduced the rates oa Iron ore from 40 centa a ton to 15 cents a ton; on pig Iron from $4 a ton to 11.50 a ton; oa scrap Iron and steel from 1 4 a ton to $4 a.toa. Every ton of It takes the place of a ton of pig Iron in making steel. We reduced steel rails from $7.10 to 11.50. aad steel billets and blacksmith's bar iron from ft to $1.76, and so oa through th entire iron and steel schedule except In structural Iron, where we reduced the rat from 810 a ton to 18 a ton. We reduced the rate on printing paper from It to 11.75, and put pulp on tb free list We took tha tarlif off hiu ;s .md reduced the tariff on boots and shoe' from 25 per cent to 10 per cent, nd uuon sole leather from 20 per cent to 5 per cent and on upper leather and so on through all th. leather, from 20 per cent to 7 per com The highest percentages of Increase were upon champagnes and .wines and branaies, afid silks and laces, r We reduced sawed lumber from $3 a thousand to 11.25 a thousand; lumber planed on one side from f 3 .... id . to 2, planed or itnisuer .m. planed or finished on four, ioes from M to 12.75. 1L, THE BANK dUARANTT DECISION. A decision of the federal court on riHa has nut the Kansas bank guar anty deposit law out of business for the present and probably permanent ly, it follows a similar uecwiuu . tpn nullified the Nebraska law and tie tame fate will probably overtake Jbe AklRhoma law. Three cases were submitted to ine court and have been argued at length bv the state officials for the law and (h. ninintlffs against It?. One. ra hrnmht bv Frank S. Larabee, stock; holder of the Exchange State bank of Hutchinson. He asked for an in. lunctlon preventing the bank com' mlssloner from enforcing the law as to that bank. Thi Injunction was .ranted. The bank directors ana stockholders had voted to participate In the guaranty lav and had paid In the guaranty deposit- to me sw treasurer before Larabee brought his suit. The court noias inai ui in junction should apply in the case ana that the money deposited by the bank Is not to be used for any pur pose except to be refunded to the bank. in other words, according to juuge Pollock's decision In this case, a sln: gle stockholder of a state bank may, If he brings proper action, prevent that bank from entering into ine privileges of the guaranty law, even though a large majority of the stock- niar had voted the nans: raw m .., ntv association. This de- .uinn alone would have seriously crippled the guaranty law for the reason that there is nanny a bank in Kansas where one stoA holder could not be found who would oppose the scheme of guaranteeing Aanrtflttfl. - . The second case was brought by a large number of state banks. The state banks asked for an Injunction because they did hot want to tartl clpate in the law and It was asserted ht the fact' that other banks parti cipating really made the law 'com pulsory. 1 He dismissed the casef the state banks. The only way these banks can get Into court is the same method employed by Larabeejrhen tainnrtion will probably .be 1- ued preventing the operation of theJ law and that bang aione. Th. third case was brought by ai the national banka of the state to the enforcement of, the law. The national banks contended that the state was discriminating bb' them when It passed the guaranty law as the comptroller of the cur rency had held that th national banks could not participate in any state law guarantee bank deposits. In answer to the prayer Judge Pol lock In his decision granted the In junction in the following language: m tha case of the national banks the right of complainant may not be protected In any other man- y a broad decree, a writ of nj a nr aave lisue . . vn ,m.in la force prayea in ine,uiu, until the further order of this court on the giving and approval by the Judge or clerk of this coun oi In the penal sum of 150,000. condi tioned as by the laws provided." In the course Of his decision, uu.. pnok mused on the constitutional ity of the guaranty law as follows: "In the light of authorities It must be held, a legislative enactment that confers special privileges ano nenem. on a class which by the law, and not by conditions are denied to another class, In the same business or calling, and which privileges and benefits so conferred on the favored clas may be and are employed to impair and destroy the business of those Belong ing to the excluded class, Is Inhibited by'u. Prorislon. in th. Fourteenth linn b. true. I thing In a case such aa this where the business conductei In t),e AUU wui. " same city, town or locality and raj competition, on class " with Ui other." I In his decision granting the Injunc tion against th guaranty law Judge Pollock give the tt a chance to disprove the evidence of th. national banks and th. agreed statement of facta that waa presented to him by th. lawyer a both aide f the case. A bond of 160,000 was re quired by t!he state in prosecuting th ease further. In the eveat that the ease Is appealed to the United State court of appeals tha the in junction granted now by Judge Pol lock against the guaranty law would hold atitil th ease was derldai In Ue higher court. 60 the $17,150 now Jn Uie guiwniitee fund in mi i can be raised, no asseesmonis can l levied and tt Is probable that B'mi of the money on band could be used to pay any bank's losses. , Bank Commissioned Dolley - and kiovernor Stubbs have Issued the us ual proclamation uuaupiaiuiut buuuv the dectldn which spoils one of their ftt pontics! scliei ef. Their pU' lit Is, "We can t pass any laws wunooi the government taking a nana ana stopping us it Isn't fair." But to the average thinking man It seem rather healthy sign; that there I government balance wheel that pre vents states from making themselves ridiculous. It may be that a guar anty law can be framed that Will be In harmony with . JJatlonal ; law which the Kansas law apparently to not4-and until Kansas has such' a law' It Is better iff without any. The disastrous results of the Oklahoma law In encouraging wildcat banking has proved an objeqt lesson that does not add respect to Mr. Bryan' plan of regulating finance. Kansas should be thankful that It found where It stood early In the game. ' THE LAND SPECULATION. We don't agree very well with John Bunyan Adams of Butler county on political matters in these parlous times, but In one thing we are with him. During a call here the other day after some discussion of politic, Butler county's leading Republican "regular," who Is also a banker, re marked that the land, boom.in Kan sas bears many earmarks of the mem orable boom of the late '80's, a state ment that can not be disputed. He believes a halt In the rise of land prices would be a good thing, ana we bellevrf it would. The uapiuu not long ago quoted the statement of a Nebraska banker that land prices had advanced to such an extent in that state that farmers were not making 5 per cent on their Invest ment. The same may be said oi Kansas. The prevailing prices for land are not based on the returns, but are speculative. Notwithstand ing the high prices of farm, product the average return on present land values Is hardly 8 per cent, and this has been shown by several different methods of analysis. It Is the ex perience of landowners who rent to tenants that 3 per cent is nearer the average return than 6, though where a particularly fortunate com bination can be made -with .alfalfa and hogs, the return'may be higher. Farmers have prospered and are re tiring to towns, renting out their land, or are buying automobile and building modern" 'residence on; thfe farm, but.lt should be remembered that they made their money on lower land values. ' . ' The land speculation hae been a paying enterprise so far, but phere lands have advanced, as they bave in many counties, by 10 or even 16 per cent a year for a period of four or five year longer, it becomes an Important question where th limit la going to be set, and therefore at What point and at what time the necnlatlon Is suddenly going to stop, as speculation always does wdden lyi .and without warning, and with oma person totally unprepared and taken by surprise. We have heard of Instances where men have bought land for, say. 15.000, borrowing 14,000 or even M.500 to make the purchase, and at hlgn prices. Such nnrchasers can not pay out with . prevailing return, on the Investment, I tinn onnrlnnes for . unieaa mo iuw....- ' . . . ni.. inn., math- a penoo oi year.. - latlon 1 causing considerable unfav orable comment among some of the most conservative bankers of Kansas and Kansas City. Topeka capital, DON'T WORRY. The Chicago Tribune Chinks that the Republican party la facing a crisis on the tariff question. Don't worry. The Republics party is always facing . ori.i.. it has managed ' to pull through'all right In the past, and it will pull through all right In the fu-, ture. Mr. Cummin. 01 low, cu not ruin the Republican party any more than Senator Grimes, of Iowa, could ruin the Republican party year ago. W aw Senator Teller, of Colorado, walk out of the Repub Lean party on the J" lican party on th Hver quesuou along just Don't worry. I all rlgbt- Th Republic party Freeport (111 ) Journal. ADVERTISING KANSAS. ; . ... tuwk. 'Kansas, a little story of a great state," 1 " . 1. th. advertising of a Kansas railroad printed lh the Chicago Tri bune last week. This is but one of many similar advertisements appear ing in the metropolitan paper, east .... MiutulDol. "Kansas a stijje ..v rumiircea hsve never been .cratcaVd." Ail of which makes . 1 a 1 f. h Kansas, who toou rai . knows thst in material resources and lu educational advantages Kansas Is a great state. "... It may be Judge" Le1'11 vtl! rn ae!nt Stubbs. -He klo If arr- l,tAf t i " lilJso.or burltiiiro LifiD OF Women's Suits AT HALF .'. One of the most remarkable sales in the store' 9 history of .Women's Suits. . Choice of our entire stock of Women's Suits at ONE HALF the original selling price. The styles are right - They are varied. The price range 5 is a wide one and from the simplest to the most elaborate. HALF PRICE. We have only twenty-five, suits left to sell at this price. First come; first served. Girls' and Misses' Coats all priced for quick selling. Girls' Coats in 2 to 6 ye,ar size are now offered for about half to a third off. . ':' " .. ''. .. ,v jf. - - : i f, . v,,i '.'..'- rf...-' f . '". "..-';'..'(,' . ' - 2.98 Coats for 1.99 5.00 Coats for 3.50 7.50 Coats for 4.98 10.00 Coats for 6.50 12.50 Coats for 7.50 Misses' and Girls' Coats 6 to 14 years sizes are now offered; . k 15.00 Coats 12.50 10.00 7.50 5.00 u Largest Exclusive Dry DR. COOK AND THE N. V HERALD . When the New Tork Herald print ed Dr. Cook's exclusive story of his Arctic1 explorations on September 2, It said editorially: - ;., , That there should be some In- cruedullty Is not surprising. Old Her ald reader member the doubts) with which Stanley's story 01 now he found Livingstone was received In many quarters. True, that wa the Herald' own expedition conducted by a man (elected by itself and under Its own auspices, Dr. Cook' achieve ment Is his own and stands upon bis own word. -'. When the University of Copen hagen made public Its report the oth er dar. the Herald said: That Is what the Herald said edi torially In presenting on September 1 Dr. Cook' first story, canieu ex clusively to the Herald from Lerwick in the Shetland Islands, proclaiming to tt world that he had reached the nnliv JThe finding of the University of Copenhagen, published this morning, are that Dr. Cook' report of the ex- edition ubmltted to It '1 th same as that printed In the New Tork Her ald during the months of September and October last;" that it is laeklng in details of astronomical observa tions and practical work, and that "the committee therefore Is- of the opinion that the material transmitted ...,.in. nn nroof tbal vr- vw reached tn8 poie. In other words, the opinion of the i...i la that Dr. Coor ciaim is not proven, which Is not precisely the same thing aa declaring iu m not reach the pole, although aome esteemed contemporaries hast en to give it that interpretation, wa. otbers go still further and declare t k . "fraud." Commenting further on th. devel opments in the Cook affair, th. Her ald says 1. rather amusing to note sap ient, superclllleu I-told-you-M' up on Dr. Cook first story ny jou that in their greed to obtain th. story from th. column, of the Herald. European edition nd published H, m.ny of them without any credit to tb. aource from which It i' Thia theft, to which th. Herald calls' attention, was Very general. 1. rov-RR A SANTA CLACST x,. c... ri.MT Tes, sny little man. there Is Ssnta Clause, thank God! The world would Indeed ne mot without oaa. It is true that be does not always 'wear blte beard scd drive a reindeer tesm noi . -, ways, you know but wht does It PRICE for 9.50 for 7.50 for 6.50 for 4.98 for 3.50 robEib Goods Store in County . matter! He I Santa Claua wtth the big, (lovlng, Christmas heart, for all' that: Santa Claiis with th .kind thought for . every one that make children and grown-up people beam with happiness alt day long. - And shall I tell you a great secret which I did not learn at the postof- floe, .but It 1 true au tb. same or how you can always be sure your let ter so to him straight by th chim ney route f It 1 this: send along , with them a friendly thought for the boy you don't like; for Jack who -punched yon or Jim who was mean to you. The meaner he wa th. harder do yon resolve to make It op; not to bear htm a grudge. That i the stamp for the letter to Santa Claus. Nobody can stop It, not even a cross- draught in the chimney, when It ha that on. '. ' Because don't you know, Santa Claus is the spirit of Christmas; and ever and ever so many year ago K.n 11,. riur hhTa RAhT waa born after whom we call Christmas, and wa cradled In the manger out In th. (table because there was not room In the Inn, that Spirit came in to the world to soften the heart of men and mate tnem rave one an other. Therefore, thst 1 the mark of the Spirit to thl day. Don't let anybody or anything rub It out. Then the rest doesn't matter. Let them tear Santa' whit beard off at the Sunday school festival and growl In his bearskin coat. These are only his disguises. ' The step of the real Santa Clau you can trace aU through tb. world a you have done here with me, and when you stand In the last of hla tracks you will find the Blessed Babe .of Beth lehem smiling a welcome to you. For then you will be bome. JACOB A. RIIS. Advertised Matt. Advertised mall for week ending Dec. 10. 10. Letterr: France Bae C It Barker. J. N. Chllder. Geo. E. Oeo fary. J. N. Lande. HI Belle Moott, Mr. O. W. Miller, a B. Mlllege, Schlender Popper Co., Bchadber. Mra. Ora Stone, Frank Watter. Jack. Tatea. - " ' , Cards: Mrs. K. Baker, Bonnie Booster, Frank V. Cory (I), Dennett Campbell, N. O. Culp. A. A. Engs trem, Frank Eptman, Mrs, Emma Goraman, F. R. Halk, C. H. Kerr. W. H. Hurett, lay Mama, v. nauu- fflsa, Mecy Martin, Mrs. E. borw. Pert Ross, Mrs. Aos Jem- inn. Mrs. Ada Fnnios, Mrs. r. 1.. r. -. White, K. WAR!